OCR Interpretation

Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, September 21, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045389/1918-09-21/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Early Delivery of Sunday Want Ad
Insures Correct Classification
VOl.I)MR ?ft
See Times-Dispatch Want Pages (or a
Service of Uneqaaled Vaiir
r"o?KK -FAIR
(Greatest Financial Bill in
History of Nation En
acted in Congress.
TOTAL OF $8,000,000,000
Not a Dissenting Vote Is Cast,
While 350 Favored Its
War. Excess Profits. Luxuries ami
AmuHemrnts Will Contribute
Greatest Portion of Huge Sum.
I Rt Ajisoeiat'd
WASHINGTON. September 'JO.?The
House late to-dny passed the war rev
enue bill, designed to raise by taxa
tion approximately $?. 1 S2.000.000 of t ???>
J - 4.000,000.000 or more needed by the
nation Tor the current >rar. The huce
measure?the largest of its kind in the
history of any nation?now go<s to
the Senate
Parage of the bill was unanimous
\ formal roll rail. dcmandH by Ma
orlty L-eader Kltchln. recorded 350
yeas." and no "nays.1 which, an
nounced by Speaker Clark, was grceted
by a roar of cheers and applause.
All possible speed in the bill's course
nrough the Senas? is aseured, accord
ng to leaders, the Senate Finance Com
mittee having concluded formal liear
ncf. I >esir?- for th<> lull'* enactment
before the November elections has been
'xpressed by leaders of both houses, but
this m considered doubtful
<"one ideration of the measure by the
House to-day prior to the votei- was
brief. An amendment by tlir House
Way s and Means Committer which
drafted the bill extending th> depic
tion allowances to and oil wells
<nd mints to include "timber and oilier
natural deposits." was ado|>ted
ftepresentati ve M oore. of Pennsyl
vania. Kepublican. renewed his propo
al for a committee to supervise u ir
expr ndlt ures. but It was disposed of oil
* point of order, as .was another amend
ment oftered by Mr. Moore, for a House
committee to investigate means of pre
venting wasteful expenditures.
I.eprcscntative tlood. of Iowa. Re.
Publican, made a vigorous, but futile.
?? SfHt for >li? amendment to provide J3.
.100 exemption for Income lines for
persons serving- In military establish
ments overseas, instead of limiting the
exemption, an proposed in the bill, to
government salaries. A substitute
amendment by Representative Austin.
Itepubllcan. to exempt all privates from
income taxation, was also rejected.
\ m;sr?>iKvr rki. \ norvr.
wim: rnoiiiTKR"
\ii amendment In the interest of
ne producers was dented considera
tion because of objections bv Hepresen
tative StafTord. of Wisconsin. l'.epUbli
<,,n. It provided that wine growers
. onlrl extract alcohol from wine and
?ell nonalcoholic beverages
?lust before the final vote. Hepresen
:<tlve I/ongworth. of ' 'hto. Republican,
characterised the bill an "a mighty
tood job." and "the best answer the
American '""ongress can give to the
whining peace proposal from Austria.
As passed over to the Senate, the
->r:ncipal revenue-producing sources o*
'he measure ? incomes. war excess
nroflls. liquors, tobacco "?nd luxuries -
were approved by the flous" substan
tially ay drafted unanimously by the
Ways and Means Committee after three
months' labor. Roughly. the total tax
?vv doubles present returns from in
ternal revenue under existing laws.
In the Senate, mounting war ci
r.enses and revenue reduction by pro.
hibition are factors entering into re
' ision. expected to be extensive. Much
^'riate sentiment exists for reduction of
?he bill's aggregate levy, while .-'or.
'rtary McAdoo alread-v has di*a pproved
Any substantial increase
FRATI. RES OF Til I*, nil.I.
Major tax features of the bill, as
transmitted to the Senate, and esti
mated yields Include:
Income tax: individuals' normal rale
increased from .'i to 12 per cent with the
?irst $4,000 at 6 per cent, and exemp
tions of $1,000 for single and $2,000 for
married persons?>41 4.000.000.
(ndlx'idual surtaxes on incomes over
S.V000; present ranges of 1 to K5 per
, ent increased from 2 to 63 per cent?j
Corporations' incomes increased from
* to 18 per cent, but with only 12 per
.ent payable on dividends distributed,
debts paid and new liberty bonds
War and excess profits of rorpora
t.ons?R0 per cent on war profits and
\:rtually doubled rates on excess I
profits, ranging from 3". to TO per cent - |
Beverages, present rates doubled -
Tobacco, present rale doubled?$341.- ]
l.uxuries and semiltixuries. 2* :uid I *>
per cent?$27 3,.">.",."1.000.
Other excise taxes, including auto
mobile sales, jewelry. 2 cents a gal
ion 011 gasoline, etc.?$27 4.730.000.
L'sr of automobiles, f't to $."<0 each
Amusement admissions $ I ivi.noo.oon
Beside these leading revenue sources,
the bill provides a general $10 annual
tax for persons in business, trade or
professions earning m<>re than $2,-">00,
and taxes on transportation, insurance,
club dues, inheritance, theaters, brok
ers. mall-order sales, bowling, billiard
and pool establishments, shooting gal
leries. riding academies and documen
tary stamp taxes.
More Thfln Nine Thousand f anes Re
ported Wltl? f'amp Devena l.rnd
in? the Idnt.
I Bv Associated Press. I
WASTfTN'tjTON, September 20.?-The
outbre.ak of Spanish influenza at live
more army training carnps was an
nounced to-night by Surgcon-Ceneral
Corgas. making a total of nine camps
in which the disease has been rlis
( covered.
The total number of cases reported
from all camps up to noon to-day
was 9.313. with eleven deaths. The
areatest number of cases, fi.figs, was re
ported from Camp Hevens. Mass. while
ramp T?fte had 1.211 and Camp Upton
N. Y., 602. Camp Devens also reported'
forty-three new cases of pneumonia,
which medical officers believe resulted
from* the influenza epidemic.
The camps included in to-night's
announcement with the number of
cases at each were: Camp Hum
phries, Va? r>6: Camp Cordon. Oa? 13s
Camp Syracuse. N. Y.. H4; Camp Mer
l rilt, ??> J<i 182, and Camp Lewis, Wash.,
How Allied Airmen Filch
Secrets from Our Enemy
Mr Ut fortunes hnic fluetu
nlnl \rrj conwlderahl j ulni'c the
e \ ent f oI diivn of August. IUI4. lint
nl the prrnrnl moment the enemy
in hualnif n bad lime of it. 'I'lie
keen-ryed flyer* of the allien have
ronl rlhu ted ni> llltle to the nueveaa
of the recent victories. and the
ablators are entitled to full eredit
for a larisr share or nei-om pllnh -
ments. In thin l*?ue nppenra a story
by If, M. l''orhe?, In nlilch he tell*
of the wonderful (hlnca accom
plished by our airmen. It contains
much that will he read with In.
People of Netherlands Suffer for
Want of Food, While Boats
Are Idle.
Gives Notice That Appeals for Amci
Ican Foodstuffs Will lie in Yuin
L ntil Nation Follows Example of
Scandinavian Countries.
I H> Associat ?'l rr?f>. I
W A.SIII.vriTON", September !.'<>.?The
acquiescence of the Netherlands cov
ernment in German threats which keep
?<00.000 tons of Dutch shipping idle
in pori. while the people of Holland
suffer for want of the food these ves
sels :ni;rht brmj:. it commented upon
in a statement issued to-day by the
.State Department to clear tip misap
prehension as to the attitude of the
United States toward exports, to Hol
The deparment cxptesses the liopc
that th?- Netherlands ernmcnt will
Jift its embargo t?ti the movement of Its
ships, which const it u te the only con
siderable unit <<t idle neutral tonnage
>ind. hi effeit. ci\f.? notice that appeals
for American foodstuffs v. til be in vain
until Holland follows the example ot
the Scandinavian countries. Switzer
land and ^pain. :tnd enters into e.jiut
able agreements w.th thr I'nited .States
and the. allies.
The statement discloses that, after
refusing to approve, a tentati\e gen
eral i: nderst and in: for the export of
enormous quantities ot food, petroleum.
ideialp and other supplies, reached in
l.oiedon last winter, i he Netherlands.
bo? in;; to the German threat to toi -
peilo even ships sailing between neutral
countries failed to avail Itself of the
offer of i he Cnited States and the al
lies t o permit the export of 10.',000
tons of bread cercala as an emergency
In spite of the free licensing of
bunker coal, for ships other tlp?ri tho>e
originally stipulated, and which car
ried :,t).(K>0 tony of cereals to Holland,
an additional .">0.000 tons, largely in
Argentina, has boen left untouched tor
more than six months.
Although t i i?- Netherlands govcin
ment hah pecn reluctant to state its
reasons lor keeping more than 50 per
cent of its total tonnage idle in home
ports, it ,s known here that this ac
tion is based on Germany's refusal to
recopnize Dutch ships no . touchinc al
lied ports as still neutral.
He n Jn ni in Itnhln Tells Washington l*o
llce lie Killed Man llot ill
flurke Station.
I 11 v Associated Press
W ASIII NGTON. September -0. ? Hav
ing confessed, according to the police,
that he murdered fclva Koy. a liftcen
year-old girl, near her home at iiurke
Station. V'a.. August 0. benjamin Ku
bin. aged twenty-one. is being held
by Washington authorities for inves
tigation before being returned to the
Lorton reformatory, from which he is
a fugitive. flubin was arrested here
Thursday night and is said to have
told the police to-day that he murdered
the |Jo\ pit-l.
According to the police. Itubin said
he was loitering in the woods near
Burke Station when he met the ^ir 1.
who was tending her father's cows.
He said, according to the police, that
he killed the girl, fearing that she
would inform the authorities and have
him returned to the reformatory.
Police officials accepted the alleprd
confession made by rtuhin with re
AnIicyIIIc. N, I'., Firm Derlnrea Men
ho Have I.om I.ecu fan Operate
Mnvinc-IMcture Machine*.
I llv Associated rrcw.1
WASHINGTON, September 20.? From
fifty |o ion soldiers who have lost a
leg in the fighting abroad can be used
tr advantage as motion-picture ma
chine operators, the S. A. Lynch F.nter
prise Company, of Asheville, N. to
day wrote Senator Fletcher, of Florida.
Instruction in the operation of ma
chines would be provided by the com
pany free, the letter stated.
Fuel Administrator Garfield Says
(?'asolinelena Sondny* Are .Not
for Them.
WASHINGTON. September "JO. ?Fuel
Director Garfield to-da\ announced that
the restrictions of gasolineless Sun
days would be lifted so far as ma
chines operating for Liberty loan com
mittees were concerned. I?iberty ma
chines may carry their lrtcssagcs of
patriotism on Sundays as on other
i Severe N'orthenster Drives Two Seow*
of DredKliiR Force Axhore at
Ocean \ levr.
I Hv Associated i""ess. 1
j NORFOLK. YA.. September 'JO.? A
| severe northeastern storm, acconipanicd
hv a driving rain partially paralyzed
; shipping this afternoon and to-night.
Coast wires report high winds and a
dangerous sea running. Two scows of
a dredging forcc at work in the Chesa
peake Hay u ere blown ashore at Ocean
View to-night
Spanish Infltienr.a llampanf In .New
1 nrk and \ iclnlty. NVIth One
Fatality lleported.
i NBW TOTJK. September 20,?Spanish
'influenza claimed 'Jfifi new victims hero
to-dav. hut only one death was re
j ported In the vicinity, that of George
IS. Abbott, of Vonkcrs, who died at St.
j John's It I verside Hospital. All save
? eighteen of the new cases were aboard
j ships.
Knrljr Delia cry of Vonr Sunday Want
Ad Copy
Insures correct classification. Vlrlng
or photic It early. Phone Randolph 1.
Documents Disclosc Germany
Prepared to Start World
Industrial Concerns Notified to
Open Secret Instruction
to Mobilize.
I Hv Associated l'r-?v 1
WASHINGTON. Supieniher ?-An
other convlni'ins link in the proof that
Germany w hs preparing 10 start a v?.ir
of world conquest .it least six wet Us
before the excuse for it was offered
b> the assassination of the Austrian
heir-apparent at Sa raja vo, concludes
the amazing series of disclosures which
the American government has given to
tlie public through secret documents
brought out of Russia.
Two authenticated documents are in- ,
eluded in the final chapter of the story, (
which began a week ago with evidence
removing an\ doubt that may have ex
isted that the Kussian Bolshevik gov
ernment. headed b> (.'?nine and Trotukv,
is a tool of tlie imperial German gov
ern m e o ?.
One of ? these is an original ciriular
from the German general staff dated
June 9. IT'14. directing that all indus
trial concerns be notified to open their
secret instructions for industrial
mobilization. Another, dated November
? 'JO. 1914. is from the German naval
.general siafi. and reveals that w.thin
tour months after hostilities began in
Btirope. "destruction agents" were
ordered to Canada and the United
: States to hire anarchists and escaped
! criminals for ih^ bomb plots and work
of terror which finally played a part
in drawing the United Stales into tit?
wa r.
In addition to this authenticated evi
dence. Kdgar Sisson, who obtained the
papers tor the Committee on PnbPc In
formation. off'-rs a remarkable group
ot circulars put out in Russian text
at I'etrograd last winter purporting
to be copies of documents taken from
t'e archives of t.h<' counterespionage
bureau of the Ketensky Government,
supplemented by some from the files
of i he srime bureau before the fall <>f
the I'ur. Some of this matter has.
I been published previously in France
and in this country. The *ci rc uln rs tell
.of German arrangements six months
before (he outbreak of wa>- for the
establishment of the financial agenciee
? n bordering neutral countries, which
inter furnisher) )V>e rnone\ for the
ope-ation? of the Rolsheviki: of orders
to German banks to establish clo.se and
s-M-rc- relations with Arneri.-an and
!? in n i sli banks: of the launching or
revolutionary propaganda against I he .
r'?r_s srovernrneiu in Russia as earlc
as November, 1911. and of instructions
: to German diplomats in all neutral
countries to co-operate with agencies
c*t up in those countries for stirring up
social tin rest, strikes- and sentiment
against war, within the enemy states.
name of srnKini:MA\\
The name of Scheidemann. the Ger
man Socialist leader. already mentioneil
a? involved in the dealings of the Ger
man trovernment ?vith Rolsheviki. ap
peals attached to one of the un
authenticate?l -locuments. It is a n??ie
announcing that 1*0 kronTs have been
pl?<?d to the cr^d't of a Russian news
pap?-- and aakinc that Mhe name ,.f
S /heidemann's organ at P.erlini be ad
vised nf what appeared in the sub
sidised iotirnal.
This appendix is of circulars of which
? except in two noted cases) I have
neither originals nor authenticated
copies. A number of sets of them were
p.it out in Russian text in I'etrograd
and in other parts of Russia in the
winter (l'MSt hy the opponent** of the
Rolsheviki. The circulars were de
clared to be copies of documents taken
from the i 'ounterespionage Rureau of
the Kerensky government, supplement
ed by some earlier material from the
*ime bureau when it was tinder the
imperial government. The opportunity
for securing them cou!d easily have
been afforded to the agents and em
ployees f the bureau, for most of them
walked out when the Rolsheviki grasp
ed the government and could have
taken freelv of Me contents of their
dena rt men t s.
Some of she documents were includ
ed in the publication made in Paris,
hi'certo referred to.
The mple test that 1 hare a ppl ed
t.i the circulars is that of internal
analvM? To that they respond with
out contradiction. 1 have not relied
on them as proof, but they fit to other
fabr r? of proof, and in the light <>f |
>t are more valuable for themselves
than they were when they stood alone.
Finally. I am now able to prove that
two of the documents amontr these cir
culars?the circular of industrial mo
bilization of .Tunc 9. 1 1?. and the
agents' destruction circular of Novem
ber *2S. 1914? are authentic. T have [
thern in the original German printed
version of their official distribution.!
and I have the doubly attested Rus
sian and German record that they in
precedinc- time, reposed in the riles of
the secret service of the Russian srov
ernment. i'rom which they were taken
| by German order and turned over to
| German iepresentatires of the Ger
man government in Petrograd with
the intent of eliminating them as in- I
ternatlonal evidence against ?!',rmany, I
fSee Document T5 of my Report.')
This croup of circulars came into mv ;
hands the first week in February. 101$.
and a few days later two duplicate sets
; reached me. I prepared a digest of '
i the set and A.mbassadnr Francis cabled
; the mesnare in code to the State De- '
i partrricnt February 9.
It was nearly four weeks later before
I secured the origisals and all the j
photographs listed in my Report. Two
of these originals were of circulars 1
had seen in copy form four weeks
earlier. That summarizes the case of
the circulars of the appendix consider
ed as evidence.
Analysis of German -conspiracy matter,
with notes as prepared by me and
| cabled State Department in Ambassa
dor Francis's code February 0. 191S,
and with some added notes, as indi
Circular IS. February, 1914. -From1
' the ministry to all groups of German
hunks and by agreement with the
, A lis t ro-Hun ga ria n Government. the.1
"Cesterreichische-Kredita nstalt."
The managements of all German
hankn which arc transacting business
abroad and. by agreement with the
i A us tro-J fu nga r ia n Government. the
; "Cftsterreichische-Krcditanstalt" hank
i are. hereby advised that the Imperial!
; Government has deemed it to be ofi
extreme necessity lo n.sk the manage
i ment of all institutions of credit m
| establish with all possible dispatch
I agencies In I.uleo. Ilnpnrandn and
? Varde. on the frontier of Finland, and
! in Kergcn and Amsterdam. The estab
I llBhment of such agencies for a more
effective observation of the financial
interests of shareholders of Russian.
French and F.nglish concerns may be
come a necessity undep certain circum
stances. which would alter Hie sltuu
(Continued on Fifth Page")
Men Granted Deferred Classifica
tions Will Not Be Per
mitted to "Soldier."
Having Obtained Employment,
They Are Deliberately Shirk
ing Their Work.
WASHINGTON', September Th?
"'work or tight" decree is to b< a su
preme law of the land through the
promulgation of regulations by the pro
vost-marshal-generars oNice from this
time on to the end of the war.
Men who have obtained deferred clas
sification as essential to an essential
industry, and who do not work stead
ily and honestly at their tasks, will lie
combed out of the ranks of the real
workers, and will lose their clas*iti
I cation. This means that they will huve
to account tor themselves to their local
draft boards, and probably will have to
.serve at useful tasks in uniforms be
ccauae they failed to voluntarily ki
their country their best efforts in time
of need.
The facts about the now regulations
that arc being drawn Were brought out
before the Senate Committee on Com
merce to-day during an inquiry into
the ^tnte of affairs hi the great ship
building plant at 1 log Island, where
slackers among the workers threaten
seriously to hold down production of
ships far below the normal capacity of
the yard.
Charles Pi ex. vice-president of the
Emergency Fleet Corporation, told 'h<
rommilte" about the liuut for slackers !
in the llog Island yards-. The slackers 1
ate of two kinds, lie indicated, and are
not confined 'o shipbuilding plants, but
are present in most of the essential in
dustries One class consists of those
who have obtained employment for the
sole purpose of escaping the draft, ami
are useless in such employment, and a
second diss. who. having obtained em
ployment. are deliberately shirking the
work they are able to do and impair
ing the efficiency of the organization.
It ts planned to reach the military
slackers through an. examination ?<(
their claims to deferred classification
other than theii employment in essen
tial work. The industrial slackers will :
be reached by a regulation proving that
any man employed in war work, and
having obtained deferred classification
on that ground. ^hall lose such class!- '
fleation if he absents himself from his I
\? ork more than three days a month
without eood reason, such as personal i
illness or oth"r cause affecting the in
dividual and his work.
m.ac ki-:r> wii.i. hi-: skvt
TO \lon II' t.'Al'BIIT
"The TCm ->raoney Fleet Corporation."
said Mr. Pies. "in co-operation with)
the draft authorities, will sift all.
charges of slacking, and if they are
well founded, will at once dismiss the!
slackers, who will then bo put into the
army. I feel certain we will lake care
of that situation without any trouble."
Hog Island, with its 60,000 em
ployees. appears to have attracted
more than it?- share of shirkers ami
slackers. according to information'
given the committee. Haseball play
ers. pucilists. barbers, actors and men
of like callings, together with men who!
had never engaged in regular work of
any kind, have (locked^ to this plant
on account of the great demand for
labor of all kinds After having es
tablished their status in the draft as
in essential employment, these men
have deliberately laid down on their
jobs and are now v .irse than useless
to the industry. It i- this class which
influences the record of absenteeism
from work, which runs, particularly
high at the lies Island yards.
Senator Fletcher said it was the
duty of the government to protect men i
honestly engaged in essential work
against such slacking, and the mem
bers of the committee seemed pleased
to hear that the provost-marshal-geii
eral has interested himself in combing
out the useless from the useful in
essential industry.
Mr. I'iez repeated to the committee
the statement lliat he has made public
before about the prospect for produc
tion of ships at the Hog Island yards.
? mi account of the inefliciciicv of manv
of the employees, and slacking, the of
ficials of the yard are far behind their
prop ra m.
"Tney will never accomplish what
they hope at the present rate of prog
ress." said Mr. Pie/.. "They hope for
forty-eight ships this year, but with
their labor problem and basing my
estimate oti experience with other
yards. 1 will be satisfied if the yards
product twenty ships this year."
tilvc* Notice Thae (iroMrrn "Will Hc
rrl? r Kair llrturn For
Their lOfTorls.
1 Mv Assoelated I'rejis I
WASHINGTON. September 20. ? Pres-,
ident Wilson will fix the price of cot
ton, placing the i;ist of the principal
commodities necessary in rhe prosecu
tion of tnc war under governmental
regulation. despite strong pressure
from the Southern States. In addition
to determining the price, the govern- '
nient will take over control of the.
distribution of this year's crop.
The decision of the President, defi
nitely announced nt a conference this
week with Senators and Representa
tives from the cotton States, became
known to-day. Pl.-.ns to carry out the
decision arc said to be under way.
Agitation for fixing cotton prices has
been prevalent for a number of months,
owing to the rapidly mounting cost of
cotton productions and the belief in
many quarters that the staple should ;
be placed on the same basis as wheat
aud other essentials, the price of which
has been fixed. The principal factor
in the President's action is understood
to have been the shortage in the pres-I
ent crop estimated at between -1,000,000
and 5.000.000 bales.
The price to be named or flic means j
of controlling distribution have not
been decided upon. The President is ;
understood to have emphasised his
recent conference that a "fair price"i
would be fixed, but did not indicate in
any way what this would be.
Before price-filing was first men-j
tioned, cotton sold at "S cents a pound.!
Secretary Houston, II is said. Jnd rec
ommended thai C.~' cents would he fair, i
Southern Senator: deny this would he
a fair price.
! .Sonnlor Mrirtin \ppoint* (trnnilann of!
i I.ate Senator Daniel to \nvnl
I Special to The Times-Dispatch.] i
WASHINGTON. September 'JO. John
W. Daniel. 111., grandson of the. late i
j Senator from Virginia by that name,!
'was to-day named by Senator Thomas!
j S. Martin to lie a cadet nt the Naval |
I A cm d rimy. Young Ifaniel is sixteen
i years old and lives In l.ynchburg. Sen
ator Martin nnined him as a token of
respect to the metnorj of his dis
tinguished grandfather, who represent
ed Virginia In Uu: Senate ao long.
The Advance North of Jerusalem
N a bins. toward nliicli the allied forces of General Allenhy are drawing
near, ami Tul Kcrani, which ha.s been \captu red, arc shown on the map
under Hie figure 1 in the eirele.
Arrangement* Completed to lla\c
Them Tour South, and Then
.North to Chicago.
Original Hattle Flag Floati Aheud of
I'nit as Members Hobble and Limp
Through Streets of Washington
After Serving at Sidi-Bcl-Abbe*.
W AS111N*GTON". September 20. The
liberty loan campaign for the fourth
issue "will begin September '.'S. as au
nounced. Reports that the date was
to be postponed with various reasona
credited. chiett.v the fact that the cam
paign d..te and the draft drawing wore
.?u cIuki' together that the draft might
weaken the interest in the loan, were
denied b> Secretary of the. Treasury
McAdoo to-day.
Arraiu'i-ni'-nis for makin; the cam
paign the greatest war loan dii\o kii
I.O s II u pushed. With the. arrival in
Washington to-night of a detachment
of the Kreneh Koreign Region, direct
from the west front, enthusiasm here
came to the boiling point. There were
twelve Kronen otlicerj: anil lit' soldiers,
of whom about eighty are legionaries.
Tite members of the legion expect to
lie s,-nt in a body "li a l.ibe in ? ?
trip as far south as New Orleans, north
to I'hicago and then east to New % oris.
Other members of the party will be
divided into detachments and sent
about ihe country, wherever their ser
viees will stimulate purchases of the
While these Frenchmen are working
to the success of the fourth* American
l.iberty loan, their own country is
floating its fourth liberation loan, and
they expect to hear from its success
daily by wireless. Thev were in New
York yesterday and earn-- here to-day,
fresh from the ovation accorded I hem
Members of the Kreneh high commis
sion and representatives of the United
States government. welcomed the
Kreneh veterans and women wept as
Captain I'hastenet de 'iery. in com
mand of the legionaires, hobbled to
the head of the detachment. One of
his legs was amputated as the result
of a war wound. Ahead of the unit
floated the original flac of the first
regiment of the foreitrn lesiion. for
merly stationed at Sidi-Bel-Abbes,
iirnn. Algeria.
The flag has been repeatedly decor
ated with the Paints of the War Cross.
It was the first fl r?? of the Kreneh
army to receive the military medal, and
later was awarded the. > ross of the
I.egion d'Uonneur. As a result of Its
glorious history in the great war. its
soldiers are permitted to wear on the.
jeft shoulder the colors of the Kreneh
national emblem.
Police llineloae t npnnteil Note In Wblrh
llrotvn I* *nld to lime t prnlded
M I?n t'ro writer.
Illv Associated Prey*. I
PKTKn.SBlT.fi, VA., September 20.?
Thomas Drown, who was with Miss
Mary lone Crowder when she was shot
and killed in a public automobile in
this city Monday night, was given a
preliminary hearing in Police Court
this morning and held for the grand
jury. He was not represented by coun
sel and appeared entirely calm and
self-possessed. No new evidence other
titan an unposted letter to the dead
girl, written by Brown and found on
his person when he was arrested. The
letter upbraided the girl for her ap
parent indifference to him and de
clared hls love for her In passionate
Amsterdam IMnpaloli Oeeliirc? Spreinl
Order of So* let i? DireCed
Af?ninnt Thcnt.
AMSTERDAM. September "0.?United
States Minister Vopicka and all entente
ministers who were at Jassy (capital
of Ronmaitia). have been arrested by
order of the Soviet, It. was learned here,
late to-d?v. Presumably the diplomat
ists were- seined by the Rolshoviki
while returning through Russia.
A Stockholm message also tells of
Wholesale ar.e-ts of Americans are
being made b^ order of, the Bolshevik
government. ae? oriiing to Moscow ad
| vices late to-day.
Send Your Meminjte
Into fiftv thousand of Virginia s best
homes through the Want Ads in The
Times-Dispatch to-morrow, Call Ran
dolph 1.
Say? American Connfcroftcitsive l.ed
Way to lfrivinp Germans Back
Fifty Miles.
Prussian Forces Cannot Understand
j Marvelous Adaptability of These
New Troops From the West, ami
Tlieir Spirit Is Shattered.
?Senator .Fames Hamilton l.pwia, of
111 i nrt is. arrived to-day from :i trip to
Krance and Kii gland.
"It was the 1 *11 it o*l States whose
eounierofTensive led -The way to driv
ing- the licrmanx llfty miles to the
rtrir." said the Senator.
"This humiliation tit" the 'iceman
military l>\ the fresh troops of America
?has rilled Germany with a sensation
oi wonder and terror.
"The spirit of iicrmau monarch** and
the German miliiar.i captains lias heen
sha t tered by the k no w ledge that the
! people of Germany have awakened
realize that Prussia has brought upon
Germany the weight and power of
America, which means the end of Ger
man domination and the destruction
of what wns the hope of the German
people?a great commercial and scien
tific people in what was a peaceful
t iermany."
Iii these words. Senator Lewis, per
sona! envoy of the President to Great
ltrltain. France and the battle front.
| summed up the changes in Germany's
morale wrought h\ "America's answer"
through the crusaders under Persh
Senator Lew is. who escaped de.it h
and whose return was delayed when
the transport Mount Vernon whs tor
pedoed '.'00 miles off the |? rench coast
while he was aboard, was enthusiast c
over the manner in which American
troops are acquitting themselves in the
i face of the enemy.
The President's spokesman ill the
j Senate saw Ihe rulers of some of our
allies and the commanding generals o"'
ihe armies at t hr front. Facts of
transcendent importance were revealed
to him. one o: the things he learned,
he declared, was that the nerve and
i confidence of the German people are
'crumbling through the fear inspired
'by the indoinitability of the American
j light ing men.
Continuing. Senator Lewis said in
"Three important things are now es
tablished?the submarines have failed
in their purpose of starving Kngland.
of destroying the commerce of France.
I and of preventing America from land
1 ing her soldiers and supplies at the
battle front. The German generals'
, boast that :?00.o<>0 would be the limit
of men *vc could ever land has been
answered by the landing of 300.000
American soldiers a month and. as I
saw in one port. SO.000 in one day.
"I was struck with the unity of har
monious feeling toward America ex
pressed by the leading officials of the
allied countries.
"Premier t'lemenccau expressed to me.
his wonder at what wc had done and
spoke of our soldiers and our officials
having shown a quality of achievement
that surpassed any prophecy and frank
ly admitted that our coining and our
performances proved the salvation of
{ the hour."
llerlin "Fnrliid*" Selr.are of <;prniitn
Shipping to tlrplnre Spanish
SAN SERA ST 1 AN. September L'0.?
The situation between Germany am'
i Spain has again taken a serious "turn.
The final word of the Berlin govern
ment regarding the I'-boat controversy,
according to authoritative Information,
is thnt Germany "forbids" Spain to
> sfiro German tonnage for Spanish ves
sels sunk, :>.s Spain has threatened to
1 '|e.
The German ambassador to Spain is
quoted a? having said in private con
! versat ion:
"One country, more or less, against
us makes little difference." v
Declare* t?ernuiny l? Itenrfr to PartU
elpnte In Prunnwert lC\change
of Ideaa.
AMSTKRIiA.M, September '.'0. -A Ger
man government note delivered at Vi
enna. according to dispatches from tha!
; city late to-night, lauds the Austro
II ti n gar lit ii pf ace proposition, and adds:
| "Germany l.s ready to participate in
the proposed exchange of ideus."
Hcdjas Tribesmen Cut Off
Retreat of Ottomans
East of Jordan.
_______ f . }
British Close In Further on
St. Quentin and Le
Germans Fight Desperately to ChecJc
Adranrc of French Toward
Chemin-dcs-Damcs. |
Il'.v Assm-latcrl Pr-{?. I
The Holy Laltd is aflame under, thQ.
im pet us of a mighty jirokr by. tho
I'tritish. Knench and friendly i Arab
forees. and *Turk." from the Jordan
ltivcr eastward to the .Mediterranean
seemingly are in rout.
Added to their already heavy Io"?ea
in ki'uuiuI. men killed, wounded or maiTu
prisoner and stores captured in BeJT
gium. Krancc, Italy and the Balkan*,
the Teutonic allies. Judging from ijfs't
reports of the hostilities begun again.-sl
tin- Uttumau in Palestine. arc in for
lui-ther extremely hard usage.
In less than a day lieneral Allenby's
I ritisli forces, aided by French troop3
and natives under the lias of the Kins:
of the U.-djas, struck the Turkish line
j over .< iront of sixteen miles and pene
trated to a depth of twelve miles, tak
ing more than :i,OOU Turks prisoner and
overrunning the entire hostile defence
syxiem. Hallway and highway junc
tion points were captured and stropg
forces of cavalry at last account# weyo
! well in advance of the attacking t$OQtt**?
threatening to carry out a turning
i movement against the fleeing Turks
which might prove disastrous to them.
Meanwhile, along the shores of tlio
.Mediterranean naval units were clear
ing the coastal roads of the enemy by
their gunlire.
I In addition to the large number of
[prisoners taken, threat quantities of
i war materials had fallen into the hands
i I tiie allied troops, and the presauro
!:igain*t the enemy was going oii l)n*
a hat ed.
The predicament of the Turks- i*
' heightened by the operations of tho
ll'-djas tribesmen on the eastern side,
, of the lordan. whieh w ill nre.ent tbein
from taking refuge across th?* stream!
in the .lordaii Valley, and eompel thetrf
to right their way out of their trouble
west of the river as b<*st they may.
M \ M <;KI?M \ Vs KII.I.K.n
i.n i>i:i*i:\m-: ot* >idki iiks
! Although there has been somewtli^T
of a let-up in the. intensity ol the light
ing from the region of St. ljuontiri to
I (.'amhrai, in (lie Krench theater, both
; th. Mritish and Krench armies huvft
! been able materially to better their post
! tions in front of both Camhrai !iud St.
t.Mientin. Moevres. lying to the. west
j of t'ainbrai. over which there has-been,
such intensive lighting for more ?}hi?rt
: a week, in which the town several
! times chanced hands, now is definitely
! British. The large nutnber of German
dead strewing the ground around It'at-%
test the value they placed at Moevre.5
.is a point of strategic value, in the do
fei.*-e of ?"a mbra i.
To the south on boih sides of .~t..
?.>uentin the British and Krench hav-3
moved in more closely the jaws of tli'o
nipper whieh '? being poised ultimately
to pinch St ynentin out of the battle
line. Most of the tierinan strong point j
which have been the means of holdh'g
, back the nllie.l troops in this rojrlou
have been overcome, and apparcYitfv it
i- only ,-i matter of time when Ocuvri!
Koch will give the order for th.* pres
sure of :ho pincers and the capture*e*
. St. ( JtienI in.
In the region northeast of s'oia-io >s
the iSermans are still using machine
guns in large numbers to hold back the
| Krench from further encroachments on
jth>* Cliemiii-des-Oamcs positions, and
?also are launching heavy counte?
j attacks in efforts to expel the Kr?hMt
from positions they have attained.
Notwithstanding these strenuous ef
: forts, however, the Krench have rained
further ground northeast oJ Vallly.
nu.vs fumn.\itm\i. >ihtjs
l.ittle additional lighting has devel
oped on the front held bv the Ame.ri
| cans north of St. Mihlel". but Arnnr
Ican long-range guns are heavily shell
ing the big Herman fortress of Met*.
In Macedonia the British. Serbians.
Krench and Greeks continue hard after
the liulgarians. driving the enemy be
fore them and taking large numbers of
In Northern Russia the allied troops
hitve gained additional successes over*
the enemy forces
LONDON. September 20.?Oil five dif
ferent fronts the Hermans and their
allies suffered serious reverse in tho
] last twenty-four bitirs
In the two far-distant theaters of
I war. Macedonia and Palestine, the Rui
i gars and Turks, with their German
auxiliaries went down to hcavv defeat,
j and the allied horsemen are'dashing
hard on the heels of the routed foe.
A battle rages on a 100-mile front
, in Macedonia. Along seventy miles of
it the Hulgars are fleeing in disorder
before the Serbs and Krench. who have
taken another .'.,000 prisoners and '
eighty guns, bring rhe total of cap
tives near the l'O.OOO mark. r?n tho
right the British have joined tho
Greeks, and have taken TOO prisoner?
In Palestine Sir Kdmund Allenhv. tbn
twentieth-century Crusader who lib?-"
rated Jerusalem In a sudden smash on a.
| fifty-mile front between the River Jnr
dan and the sea. has ripped a hole info
i the Turkish Nablus front, and through
it his cavalry is pouring Into the Ot
toman rear, advancing nearly twenty
miles and still "on the go." 'Threa
thousand Turkish prisoners have Keen
counted: more are coming In, .?
A Turkish force of nearly '
in danger of being trapped. Vr?;n
tnr<*^ Hide* Allcnhy'.n troops art m#n-*
aeing it. nnd there are on1y'"lh'' difficult
hills of Kphraim to escape to
most nnii,i,tt>r of u .m
The British drive against the Turk
ish Nablus foreeR, though only tn lt?.
Initial stage, already stand* nyt u? one.
of the most brilliantly conceived ?xr#.
teglc coups of the war.. ' Its ultima^?
;iv.< . {' iiA tu

xml | txt