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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, September 22, 1918, Image 48

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045389/1918-09-22/ed-1/seq-48/

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AMERICAN CASUALTIES
TO DATE TOTAL 35,998
1 ive Hiurired and Seventeen Names Added to Published
Liots Yesterday, of Which 498 Are in Army
and Nineteen in Marine Corps.
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i| aMr|'U|^v. n?fno'* \'i*
Wtlllnm A M'\Vh*rirr. \'a
Ha. u.n?- .? r.a?i
W^* " T' rr tlf. T .
?V ?? ' hnr-i f.- ,
? v " ^* * *' i' ' ** T > I
11% -r* p llo??% M.i ? . | ,|
J'-rr, f I'jy' .. .
T' V)
l'??n Crtr*Mo, I.'ip In V-.n<>>iiT.i Mnr?t<r?
M? l>
A-*?n?llal lt< im< n< I?f.. nin
tialy
firs. Kate S. Flanagan, widow of Senator William M. Flanagan, of Powhatan County, is (he mother of nine
sans arid one daughter.-aH of whom are here shown. .Mrs. Flanagan now lives at 8UJ* West (trace Street. Five of
Iter sons are now in the national service.
Those in the pit-tare are: Top row, left to right?S miurl Coddingtoa, Stadents' Army Training Corps, Unl
versity of Virginia; OliYoriS James, Mechanics* Training School, Charlottesville; William Madison, at home; Kd
ward i.ata?o\ captain in i::-nl Reserve Corps, Waco, Texas; llobcrt Marshall, at home; i'hiliip Montague, Of
ficers' Trai' ir.g Camp i;t Ciance. Uottom com?.loha Percy, Itadio division, Ulaskshurg; Louis Valentine, at
home; M?s. ; ;an, Miss 5 ilJian. Paul ila sell.
XhhIi I. i:nii. :.,.r \Vi?
?'???'>?- I- ? l il lt.\? r. Muss.
Hi. ?' r? !? I ?? U. N u. t\ .i
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is ... .K i. . Ii . ... _
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1. .ir. Ark
? .ii'.t.i > oT-.ir it;. - i it>. >: ii ?
I.'l*'!.- Mri.* :.i.. Sip'.t i in;;, X Mix.
I'lniirle a >?. r .11 Wil'. ?..ii, x i*ii<
M ill Math w .< '. Itt Ml I. iK< X I?.|\.
I'UtSONKIt.
I .Vtllen.tlll.
J'llwtn fill .1 \ rt-. II lllils.lalo. X .1
Mill llf > .?! . . ... I ,
Kli.!.('!> IN \< TII>N.
? HI lllil ll.K.
Miirrtn \Y I. Al'aeta. ?Sa.
I'livhl l\ I ? .'r >' I ...||;.,
I?riitn:in-r.
Ilvrlwrl \V KI i . -i. X?? \v Vnrlt. X. V.
I'rlx ill.*.
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I II I l M. .li',.. .i
I'llmunit !? '. ? i; i iv , i, '.io
Holier I X W..! i>. ..-I l:i nil I ir..
i>n:t? c:- %mi v.).. un iMvr.n in
M TII?N.
< If l?l>l'.lls
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fr H'.l. .
i> a :? m ? it
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woi \t?;:i> \ ?. \? i'i?... c.i;\ i;ki-:i.v>.
Srn;. .nil.
Howard \ l;n : . . V.\ .. .-iti- . ... Nov.
I'ri\it|rs.
t il?> \? I! i \v ? ? - ii x?*v
- ? i1 M i. It. I ... ? ?;.ti? .,1. >1..
i l-;i.i !? !. ? I - ; lt. v. '.V I .|-C|.in, Pn.
j "? Ii' ' ! tV.il. .1. A.. ItiiliK I "n ,
1 ?(M MM'.i! in .m r:<r ? iiM.ur:; i m>i:
i"? .. . :i ,
f?riMir:?l
V.n. tM . . I. . I \;.
pkimim.:; (i. \. \;; r. <.ki:.vi^.v.
Kl I'liin'ili > i I * .. 4 .N .. IN
\? IION.
I". \ it ??
Klin r 11 l;. ? ., | |, imlpiph:;, |-tl
SAWDUST !N USE ABROAD
FOR MAKING PRINT PAPEfi
l.ontlon 'I'lmcm I si*Product ^Itiiiufiu'
JUl'Pil HI .\ licril.Tn. Iir rr l*5.v
|ic. Init'iilA A... -...??ili>.
W ASII i.N'i ;'i t in. Si |'U-inl>oi' :'l Saw
'I'ft .ii.it you always su j > |.. i>?>d was
i. oil ? \ciut-ivoly for 'you t? ? flit? your
i Iwa ill.ii at a .'irrtis. I'omis to tli-j
IT: in* if -111- |1IM\ ,.|| ! |..TS. Nous print
from .Mtvwiii.. i fai-t. tii.<
; AiiturU'.iii i-.iii -1r\ Maua-in... ..f \V,i>,i
I in?T'On X. i . tiii i< in., i.i.-a iiom^
\|. orkoil iiij. n i his i-oiiiury. I<ut in.*
\ I.. o?|hji iitni^s is -.liiiiK mi> niatfiiii:
'J l|i,> !? arr. .\'.:n.i;.ine <|tn<tcs tin- I.nn
?.?,?. Timf . i t,?i|nivs:
?'Sawriiis* ,> i lt\ ?|.r<i>lurt pi'n.ltired in
<.rfc.it Itri .: . It ta 1<t-s in.- pla.c o.
iv ..nl pulp, importation of whi. lt in
14 i'!itly reilti.'c.i owing in Kuvernrnoiu
ristrh'iii n Saw.lnst paper ts' maim
fai'tuiert Ii;. Mi.. l>ons|rie Paper Mlil?
Ab?>rdo<:i. uiioie ex pi-riiiioius nav?j
lv e? in pro *r.s> for ,, coiisidcriiHe
timp. a nrl ai'.- > il! tiinK rarrioil on In
I ne hope oi e;i... .inn l'tirf lie r improve
ments."
I mportanee .,f t Iio n'?w prncoss can
not l?e ovcrosi iip.nteil. i\,r .sawdust
newsprint paper, if sue essrtil. mean-*
alleviation of lie thrcatvned ? m .?
continues American loresttv. 1 ,u. u .' r
forred newsprint to neu 'nlpl'. lales
.?itid has resulted in small papers tieins
forced out uf l>us:ne.-s'
CHINESE GENERALLY HON'T
KNOW THAT THE WAR IS ON
Mom of 'litem Who Do Are OIiIIvIouk to
DaiiArrx of (?<*i'iiiiiu
I Mini ina! lua.
N'ICW VtiUK, Septemher JI?The ma
jority i.f ihe people ?'hii)L no not
know that a world war imi. and those
'?f thom who ilo are oldivious of the
d ,Rjr.-i's "f iJerman domitia t ion of the
wov:il. said Adulpe (!ro;vi''ait. of Paris,
win. a '. er spending twenty-three y.-,n -
hi I'ekinx and llanskow, ?'hina is on
his w.i.% to his home in I ran -e.
"< '?>rmn ny has infested t'hma with
pi *>;?atida. The hinher class, or more
en 1 if;hieneil. Chinnst' have taken niil.li
stoi-K n this propaganda which lias
resuii.il in I'hina'^ passive observation
'he ? \eni:* <?I* Ihe pii;,i:i:ii. struj
n i. V h.-iriB fought ii'. I'rance and
I It- l*j itj t,i Tlii- ii 11 .-d ;ica I I'd I'hinese seem
ingiy tlii it(,i know that a war i; lit
prow >'t and the raise in wanes in.I
? he ".| ii. ? \ .. m.ide in various hu<i;
nesse- al-sorl'-i them.
' ? leritt;. ti v hi'd a stronfj Irind ia
??hi.ia. said Mf. iJrosiean. "In fact.
i p to : n^ time the l'nl!>:l States en
'??ted ih? war, ilermnny dontin.iled the
trade. lint siiwe Ameijea declared
w?r on thi- iJernian empire, whether
Mlroui.li rh elimination uf the I'-lii.a's
or i.ei | .-a mini say. the lack of fliip
pir.s trntnai! ? h i m..dii a diffcrenci
aim ;i/; t i'.. - peo,de ? of t lie ? ?fient na
t Kill.'
DECLARES HUMS WILL PUT
WOMEN IN FIGHTING LINE
t amp Hancock %le *.lr;il f>lfti,??r Jtnjs
Till* \\ III He Dime llrfitro
A find 11 i:iu Ilefent.
Xl.n.WV. ISA.. Septf.m-'er I'l That
'lernian..' wi'.i ,< it t |.er i inii-n in t n?
battle iine' hefoie admitting il<feit
and :h ;i llicv ? ill light iiltli a tour
?i^. iiprai i . ;h.i! turtle l*ru"s|jiii;t,
?a. <'? I.;. I h< i 'i ?! one 1 .\\" Stiles.
I'" hi hud i I ..ill at t'.tmp llaiii ock,
? a ii. nil:' s here
' 11'.i.i? I ;;? |. . who i nere with or
f1 ? 1 !? ' ' Ihe Slate I :<>a i d i 'f 11 ? a 11 It in
? ?on'ie.i with l'i.? ... t a nl i sh men I of
t free . 11?i j. ? m \ It.;, n v for "the treat
nti-nt i.' I..Ii.-I'.ttI.isi?, leneriiil disi-as.-s
and ..ilier maladies hi Ih" Sei'.ind I'mi
gr. j s >n.,1 111.1 rt, spent seven years
in 'Iertiian? .
II" said thai despite the fact that
he iiumlu among his warm personal
friemli ii iinv ill rnnn-'. ii" nnhje. I .if
the \n ll'viies* .an he trusted for a
niomerit w |... 11 heina ilealt with hi .in
oJheta! ~ ;i ?. ?t\ that to ''.eriti.in i I
ll< I'll-, i list lie add'jd an utter la k of
?" ahilit; u ii 1 n .li s' nation li.-u.-. on
wi' : i . :or> (?'.?at tin war-riMd
l,r .:.i ? ,ii:s
Thru i lie !?? * rtnpr In your home wl't
help to ptij ?l?r |.?;>eriNO of (Jtn*s and
Inn; r.ief? 'nmiiN-Phli'drli 'A ant
Ait i\ij| ifi'iir. ^i.ti n t?o<;d Iciinni.
I
Ghostly Ruins
In War Zone
Destruction of V iliages ami
I ciCns Offers Little Basis
jar Lomparison.
WITH- TIIK l-'KK.WH AKMY IX
, I'ltANi'lv Sop: ombc r "I. ? Tin- iUiM ruc
i :i ;i uiwiit and villasos within the
i.nn" i!i? ? fpt oni operations has boon I
.-.ii < ,i| ??.? .is .0 i ii'im litUe basis fur
i inr.|?. >"??..! 11 t>f ili'' .<(>in!ii? .mil
lion ???n (i ?? A.sue ainl the < ?i .-?_?. the
work ???' demolition 1ms been uniformly
I hot oi. j; ii. Set i K mputs, l>i-j and small.
iia\c i'< 'Mi reduced to phostly ruins,
j ho fc.i Milieu Is oi walls assuming most
?y ffttiias'ic shapes: Ili?? roofs of maii.v
.l'uirr j-, hot oft of i iles and slates. look
i like s.?I'ioions of hutro 1 icasts whoso
ha. U ? Ii ive >?<-? ii In uki-n.
*.i?y?ui ofiors the < "J . ronlrns' to
'hi* ? vast a I b.n lint is ? -ri.-cio
of o: her towns. M"ntd;'li<'t was r.i/.o*l
? i i in crm:i:<i N'?;. on w.i-. alm.tsi as
too ' iy r i j. 11. 11 -; i i s s,i!l erect,
i h?* wall*: c i f iinisi n' i?ho; I SOS slill
support only jiai; iaUy collapsed roofs,
i* roiii "i disian o th- appear in require
only i''pair, hut close inspool ion shows
!hat the Hermans made j,'o"d their
boast th;*t thov v. ouid destroy the Hiwn
in i ;s entirety.
\\ !i<-n the I* oi*fh teooos Hrs* enierrtd '
the oily it was three-fourths intact at!
I- .im .-!?:! i.s w.iii p.,.- .ii.,, n ik Ii >x
J'! sivfs f. I .,1 one... The .shells
wcjc illftirilitit??d so evenly and Int-1
j }M 11 ia!l\ h.; t: ? ? ? a i.uai tt r was slicht
' ? : ml ., house left untouched.
\\ .'.it cot? hi i ii- |)C done by shells in
i lie brief I ii"o ioft to th ? i.ii'rniaii ar
tilb :was .. > cotnplished hv mines.
In soveui! places iho mines not onlv
Mow proi apx in the streets, but
> a\" I ia th.- hoii.-e ti<>nls on both
.-I'i'S. At i no f;ict -i n explosion U'i
. oo ? I a iiii- wh'.-ii lord; d'lWn tiic
" ' ' ?" " boose in iis fall.
FRENCH REFUGEES SHOWING
APPRECIATION Or YANKEES
r.rnirnlii- lo Their tiomen Offer Sol
V#nl.-r, 1*4)Iti(opn
jut i C'nrru(ft.
WITH Tlii: AM Killi'A.V A KM V
.v<?i:t?i in-' Tjn; ma km:. sepi. i*].?
I.t'i .iuf .' from liosi> ? ;.lasso.- in'which
. !ii?'in-ans I>>hs1k and die.I during June
ami early .Inly, when they barred the
Is..jis? r in a roh on Kari.-. sire returning
? ? their homes. sinoo the armies of
? ?e v rown prince have been thrown
a "SS l In- Marne Mid are l>einK beaten
'.?(?K toward the Aisae
\"a ux. Uuuri.si-h.-s, Kolleau. Torcv;
'* r"'' liny hamb'u."-. whiih were bat-!
-d lo d", ri> Ii.. kuniiro an I which'
a'"".nd with disearood and sli.l 11 oreil I
>?'1 iiipine:it, are lici;iiin;nn ?" back
then- oid popu ia I ion. The aaeii l-'renoh
. >p!e who Iiveil ihore prior lo the of-'
M\e of Mii> -J7 l ist th ifiini; '
? :t , '.'"'J are livinu in < i<a nd'>iie.| 1
? us ;?!, by the Ameriean- tvhon ih'?.vj
pi--iid * hi ouch io iin> northeast, whib;!
!h? > " w ! y and pa insta U iins |v repair
emuiK i " what was on.-e their homes
.<> a.t->rd iii?.-iii ^oine shelter.
Not hi ay is too good for Amerioan
troops ''ii i bo inaroh toward ttee new
I ron! a- I hey traverse the-e villages.
Men in new units Roint: into the line
<b> not um'iM'stitnd why il-.eso ac.-d
l-'ron.-h people stand oosule the ro'ad
offorinc v.i.ior ami tvine. potatoes and
oarrnt;,?a il that they have left?to the
:o. tliers when they bivonao. Hut as
I hey look about and seo graves wjih
Anierioan naim-s and American units
scrawled on the wooden crosses, they!
I it alizo that ii is because Americans
foimht and died there.
'I In Mayor of l!ouresohe>? has decided
that tin; trenches occupied for many!
weeks by the marines on. tin- western
edp? s of the village shall not i?o mieil
in. but shall be Wept intact in memory
of i he frallant troops who held them
until that brttfht sunny morning when
the siormcd the ruins of the town mil
threw tho (Jf-rnians back beyond th
railway station.
ARREST OP NOTED COUNTESS
AROUSING MUCH COMMENT
Itlinior ^ii.k She Ih ClnrKcil W'llh '
Spreiii!in? I'lieinm I'r<i|ini7nndn
Aiiioiik oniclnls.
WASH IX<;T<").\', September ?1.?The
-?t-r.-s- of t'c.unioss l-'isehler von Tr^u- i
I - .ii her draw inir-rooni at th" Kris
oi l.o'ci in Kerlin has aroused much 1
* ': '"t. iiecordin^ to a di.Miiitch from
': "-da v. The (Iot'ii.ti ;a|?er? hove
?' ' '' *1 * ?"' i1 S?VO-ill ti.-lies: in 111* Oil ?t
'? '-v but ? h iriict. i ir.r i; as a
'f ? ? hi.os afair "
I *1111-ni- - <\-s I he oniintes" >?-? idiarped
* * .Ii 1'?*'??*? 11 in " p-.einsj it (i|i-><^,i nda ii ml
" 1 ni:. n> high oflicials iind dis
tinguished citizens mav be ooncerm-d
in the traitor. The countess was ac
? ?iislonvd 'o ri-?,eiv.- persons well known
in oolttj.-a' and dipioma'ic rir'-b---. the'
, advice ?ail According to th" Heulsch"
i/.eiiunsr soiiu retired diplotnals. I'rin'-e 1
'"ii r.U"lo>\. name'.v. were eons'an'lv
e? -i in her dra wins-room, where ihoy
oiot d'f. ? nt jo'i ? nn list <?- and polit ici-it>'s
Th od'-t-f Wo'I" and the iml' iienl
eni } oi-i ili ?; Imputy ISernstino.
'? ???arch was made at her residence.
aectdinK S" the di?pateh. where much
.?o>re?ior.i;do,jeo with neople of trreiil
rank part ionla rly wi'h a prince of!
p..,. iieimiH'v who i- probably
"i- Max ? ' K d". -s sao) to have'
i ... .j .?)?/,??> i!i(t no .-Ti.'cia 1 motive t< j
aiV' u '(?: ; h- ;<rrost of the <-nuiitesf.
?
CAPTUSING GRITI3H BHiPES
\ meri? im soldiers Kxpfcteil to Itrinc
llacU <l!in,? 5"jiir One* I-'roin
CvemeiiM.
\vt-ii Tin' "vv ?-\tv i v j
I :\'<:l, \ \'l?, Septemlior 21. When tlto
A III' I ..-a li ariliv l.-t'litlS lo tile t Iiiteil
.-'titles there will so with il or at j
about ih it time, many women who. [
? l.oiivb I!ni i.-l' -horn. Iiave become i
Ameii-an citizens. They have married
Aiti'-rle.'in soldiers and the indi<-a? iont
i ai*e that their example will he follow
'I b> main ol hoi s.
Murraso of men while in the service!
is not regarded with fnvor either by
the War I lepartinont or by ofiicers at
h"iidr|tii ? ' ?rsi in ICtigland. but i:oii?mii
a wm'.Jinf? has been Kiven in m?.r?
< il .1 ll or. o . ;i ||i p.
-o far th." mariiiuren lia\e been be.
?en tile Ihurlif-h R'TlS :.-ifl tiie eii
? ?e l p en. an<I !n sonie ea> > ' 'he ?itl [..
iiici wo,-it the iiniiovm of one o! th:'
. i" n - on en's >ti\ili-ry of.r:>-? of 'the
'.r;:i h at my. In such < as*s th<* >riii
h:-.- coiit iniiod in the sorvu-e of her
country ami the Rood-by.-j w hen orders
t'hV ' "e \pivssIoiV v"
SAYS HUNS WONT FIGHT
UNLESS FAVORED BY ODDS'
,f "un Vr,M K,Vr ,,rn ?? ^ nur
Hut tit*. '
' 1 1 ' "? l'A;. September 21.?
?Klines J-oley, nil cuRiiiCer
lerfiim-m. say* the Herman* are .not
?>fa nCvo ?l,VCom,C?M lhCy "av,! "0,I<H
...u,,,Vr h,; ;;:Vs- a ,cuer <?
.v;;*
oYTheIl.irliy "rV ,htf '?-kt nil i vcnest
'.'?1 if th ey?a!v!;? SP"r,S wi,'?
a horj r.fce a- *,,Pe '"ins ""
a;1
. . ,"',u I"' rforincd work in -nrl
. -'lom. T.'i
! oouraj;e trom fellows who nave
: (J 'tho' i''C./T ?>?'?? eo.hbat
Knri.iw i i 51 r,,,*rii?ns from- Central
iMncsbv ""<J interest!,,*
Ht-itriim It ili-.M ?ln*,,',An?. Australian!?.
MS hl"ra? h (? Ih': lH'sl "r Hit
mrn;mm
that ^t_ is .|? truth. - ,'ranc?
FEDERAL ORDNANCE PLANT
TO BE OF TREMENDOUS SIZE
Unti mated <,,*, s^-. .,H?<M>n!i_? ulldin*.
w.wno I cot in I rii51||?"Amer
ican l\ r ii ,>1)11."
The' ni^fi11.1 v''' 't!' ? , A ? St,l>?emher 21
^rKrun^'r'V i '">" ''A-ri:
?I.'Mill ffi-t Ii, !. JM, ni!' A In,
than a ini7 fwilf a?/r!
?i |>|>ro.\ itua ?y fret Th*?
s?r^r: vni w?ai
?o?t or lis
FARM LABORATORY'S WORK
I n Irrenr Injj i:M.rT|,nrnl, llrinK t on
?lurted n: Arlington Iit I . s |>c
|inrtuit-nr of Agriculture.
?a^ ^HINiITON', September 2J.?-I'm
n! t i-rt" r> ' i *<? ,lxat'"" of atmospheric
<tilnh>?tl! r n producing ammonium
l.v 1 i hA ' , T*het '<-? ?* n,,"or?ja mad"
. ixocc's hi? iiriic'ei>ii|ii!>
f. KSW,,",-^ Arli?p(..i? r"?,S
\ ory in:orvstInc results arc l???iu>i*.?!>
I'ii w 111 ,hc an??iioinmn sui
in.' ,"rlx- rnls vv"rk i.s |>fi'rifr .'on.?
,{'?!. *''??? "?>" "f the oiik? Tr jo":
n.w.' r in* estimations or the r.uroan >>'
>o,U whi.-h ,, MntliiiK thai It is !!hl?
;;uT,,siv sr:;;:;;' ,r>?&
h.i < l.e:-n pro.l.|Cft,| Vai lon'sothei p'rui;!
?-?rhe!,rSi
Oi ^sricuiniro JI? jh.-si- problems
THOUGHT HE BOUGHT MINT
St. I.nil In Man i;,yH fnr
<>iinrnntcril to l?rn Out I. s
* 'urrpin7,
? ^ ' * I-1 ^ .Mm., September '*1 v
f*-' nUitranit'Hl to turn out perfectIv
^rTnu rhVM'! rurre,l<-> merely by in*.
he S l.n-.u ior ,uc'h"?
At polico lifadrjuariiTs ho iilfntinr']
. w ? ?:,v? the name of Fran
A Mofi,n?n, as th? ??Jnve,,i?r" tahd man
from ?,,in, he houKhi the box. Hort
r ii i V? Ka-vs- inok the money, but
* Klvo ,lim ?ho machine. Ifofr-'
"'r1trvinViVfl'"fl a,"a i,Kai
Imv ?n " if ? flfet-e a not her nian. The
* ;!n affair riKKed ,Jp W(th j t .*"?
'?"ntrlvan- in his possession
MAGNITUDE OF BRITAIN'S
FINE FOOD ORGANIZATION
I m incline Amount of Money lOtprndrri
for I urehiiMP of I 'oiuln t uH n
for llrsiilc.
ASl I l\t ITON. Seplenili ?? 2I ?Th?
cmuIVii r," ,'hr or*.,?iw,i0? for
tonirolliiif, fooil which war 'conditions
?lave mi vol vimI in ?!reat I'.iit'.
shown In a spe.-i Ii <iclivoicd ri-ienllv
t 1 ? "V ,nl^r of ,Uo "rlli.sh MIiiIhVi v
|-r roxiSe/rn^S^JuK"0^
J^^r.i^-,0TBheta".b ^V?r-er
,v^,sr
't is for imported supplies; hut irraiV,
meal, and potatoes prown or produced'
at home contribute in swell the total
1 he policy pursued by the Ministry of
"?d "M, to er|uali/.c the price of a s'iven
?ommodiiy. no manor where It u
;o?P',t W the mlnatrx. and sell the
? hole of the resulting produet m ??
.at cost price Which includes fre|Kbi
.isur.i nco.and all administrative ox
Mense... Tins includes s;vh arCclert
? t, 1, ."1! nn . "ol?tors. in resncol to
?h"h there ,? a detlnile subside |?
any case the whole cost of administ i-V
ton. whether at headnuarter.VV,r ^
the I rnvinrrs. amounts to less th in
I per crni of the total turnover
All. < lynes, tlreat Crftam's food con
trol er. MMed recently that in spile
of the many months of lit, rest rioted
submarine activity through who
they have passe/1. ?ire.,i Itriialn h??
reached the ."ago of which "the whojt
reserves of the .ountrv I ,rv? i -
f<& ,hT??cdTi?^
make sure, that there shall lie no re
hiii'l"tpftWv;l|, Rh,,rr^? JVe must
T..7rlw"rfM%W 'Ty J"
Wilis, fl Ml <hrm l,Urr?",1"? and proa
| CO-OPERATIVE SELLING ?
Revolutionary <'hn.i|se Will Tnht
..I'Ihcv In French Buying Mctli
6?ls After the War.
/?>VIHKI> TO POOL I XTKHISSTi
.Vntiy l-'artorlrs in Kcfiion OrcU|ilci
hy Germans Have Been Wrerkeeil
ami Must lie Itefou'lt, .While M^iie.
Have Been Flooded.
WA.SIItNCTUX. September 21.?
! American manufacturer* who plan to
.supply materials for the Industrial re
| construction of Northern Fiance should
prepare for co-operative selling, for a
revolutionary change in French
| methods of buying Is 16 follow the
war.
A small number of central purchasing
agencies. representing groups of
! French manufacturers engaged in re
> luted Industries and assisted by the
! credit of the Krench government, will
| dual with those supplying the material. |
Scattered American selling efforts
I will not be able to meet the require
ments of the huge i> lying power of
I aov^ral thousand Krench consumers, in
i the "opinion of Pierce t\ Williams.
American commercial attache at Paris,
who reports thai unless American man
ufacturers prepare for co-operative
I Melting that they will be laboring under
a serious handicap
The Ontral IJureau for Industrial
Purchases foi the Invaded Regions, ,?
Krench s'ock company composed of
many manufacturers. has em phasi/..-U
in a r?*poi t th;<t the task of restoring
the destroyed industries is tod large for
individual and competitive buying. Its
directors are reported as equally cer
tain that it w ill be out of the ques
tion for isolated American tirais. no
matter how large or well equipped, to
meet the demand. It is with groups of
Am.etlcan manufacturers?-each group
be! tig able to supply a certain industry
with all materials and special equip
ment for its restoration?thnt the cen
tral bureau wishes to establish rel.'i
, lions
Although the French manufacturer in
? lie past has been regarded as most in
I di vidua list if among business men. the
size and complexity of the task of re
construction has caused him to accept
I such a radical change In his business
methods as collective buying. The in
[dtiMtrial rennsi met ion in France alone
his''more ' than one nation can propel ly
| jut end to. so the pooling of American
interests involves solution of the ques
tion of whether American manufacture
eis will be able to hold their own in
J competition with other nations.
Although the area occupied by the
(Germans In France the last four years
is small as compared with correspond
irt; regions in the United States. North
ern and Kastern France, with Helglum,
? were in 1914. ?.?ne of the busiest work
shops in the world. Nearly 2?>. "00 fac
tories and industtial establishments
| were in the Invaded parts of France.
and iheir output was more than 3ft per
I cent of all of France. These factories'
| output in proportion to tin; country's
toll, I nrndui tioti follows
Iron ore. ;i0 per <ent: pig Iron. S'.'.
per < ent; steel. ?f> per cent; coal, 70
per it:n: combed wool. :?1 per cent,
linen thread, 90 |tor rent: sugar, ??.'?
per rent.
? ?wners of tin- factories. of course,
have been shut off from nurmal com
niunleiit ion with their properties, but
workmen, engineers ami others caught
1 in north of I'ranee when the Herman
army rolled through there nave gracti
ally worker! their way t<> I'arlj- as
? heir repatriation has hcen accomplish
ed l>y the allied arms In many lo
calities! and in almost cuiintlee j in
dustries. nothing remains.
foul mines have been flooded, and
? > ears will pass before oo.?l w ill t?o
hulFUd from 'them again. Klertrtc
power station:* it n <1 - the transmission
lines hlvvc i:i many places been dis
mantled. the machinery lielu^ carried
off !y the ?;ermins. ann the copper
wire sold at a net ion. rractically alt
of the. equipment in th>j met a I - worUltm
plants. <ill the cotton, linen an<! wool
spinning machinery. together with
wonl-i-ombinR and textile looms, have
been S> slemat ically pillaged.
nil'I'KII AMI \ 1.1,(1% S \ICK
TAKKN KIIOM UAOtlM'.IH
Repatriated workers r? port that mil ?
t hine* have been skillful > taken apart
and all the copper and ai.oys in tne
, bearings sent into Cermanv for n>.
melting. In manj Instances, after me
was done, the iron frame was bruxeti
up tinil turned over to Herman scrap
lr?-ii dealers.
Sfeel structures have been taken
down, and the sheet-iron roof? and
steel columns and beams have etirnr
been >? nt back into <?erman> or jise-i
in the war zone. Hu-jar i en tier io.-: an s
breweries are reported to nave iieen
? umplft elv destroyed. Machine *hop?
I'nished ju.-M before the neginning "t
, the. war have bee'n razed. ami. tr. in
the rear of the battle line, the etiemc
has continued in operation certain
p'ants that would serve his purposes,
ii is believed that these will he ..e
! stroyed before retreating.
The co*t of replae'i?3 these. Indus-1
tries to-day is estimated to be about
three times the original cost, whicn
would amount to millions. The cost,
before the war, of industries known to
have suffered worst Is semiollieialtv
reported as follows;
Kra lies
Spinning and combed wool,
2;40i?,0o0 spindles liil'.Oilii.VOA
Spinning of cotton, 2,S0o,
00? -spindles . 1 .S <4.000,000
Spinning of Max, 500,000
spindles 100,000,0001
Wool weaving, .*)?>,000
looms 92.000.000
Weaving of cotton cloth.
29,000 looms 4 *>,000,000
Central electric stations and
distribution, lines 250.000.000
Machinery and electrical
manufacturing plants .. 500,000.000'
Sugar refineries 1 35,000,000!
I'.re weries 137.000,000
Small machine shops .... ;t50.000,00u
foal mines 900,000,000
Iron mines, blast furnaces
and steel works 2.500,000,000
Land values are not considered In the 1
foregoing tabulation, nor that of build- I
u:gs. except for coal mines, blast fur- |
na. es and steel works. Many other in
dustries were in the invaded districts,
including ice-making plants, glass 1
works, public works, gas and water- i
works, potteries, oil refineries; flour
mills, printing plants, dying and bleach
ing textile plants, food-conserving fitC
torles and chemical and fertilizer
works. Their buildings, tools and stock
represent an enormous expenditure.
UJ.CO.VSTMl ( TIOX 1*1,A NN
IIK(> AN SOO.V AI'TIOIt WAII
I-' reiicil plans tor reconstruction
bewail soon after the invasion, the gov
; eri.inem in December, l'.ilt, declaring
, that damage caused by the war shouid
| i,e a cnarge on the nation as a whole.
? This principle means that the French
: manufacturer looks io his government
I for the means of resuming industrial
; activity.
lien-rdless of what indemnities or
' reparation may be exacted from the
enemy, the indemnity desired by the
manufacturer is material" "\vith which
he may renew manufacturing activi
?,eS- tlash indemnities to the manu
facturer. the I'arls Chamber of Com
merce declared in May, 1915. are un
sound. lor with the money in his hand
.??? would not be assured of materials
noressary to recon.s.ruct his plant.'
French government ollicials i|ulekly
?realized the objection to the state un
dertaking io buy and allocate mateHals.
I Accord?t.gly. the nianufacitirers organ
I i/.ed .he Ccn'ral Association for the
j Hestor.ition of Industrial l,ife in tne
> Invaded Regions. to be conducted with
out profit and serving as a proxy of
the state. Its membership is divided
into fiiur sections; rtrst, the textile in
dustries: second, mining, metallurgical,
I machine and electrical construction in
I'ltistries; third, agricultural industries.
I audi as sugar refineries, distilleries,
?rcw??rios. Pour mills and food-conser
vation plants; and fourth, miacellan
?>ous industries. Including all .not tall- i
ing withln the first three sections.
The central association I* further |
divided into regional or trade sijb
i!omr?'rte#c, ,j10 ptir've ;e of these ho'-ig'!
Co^sslsl the association In ?he stnd'Vsl
of the restoration of Individual In.lns- '
IIMERIMNS HIT
ONE ENTIRE GOMPINY
Three German Prisoners 'Confirm
Story of Kxploit of Privates
llehind Knemy Lines.
Thought attack was coming *
l-Jvncuatu Mountni:i Village Three
Miles Be-ind liines for More Than
? 'Six Mourn After Night Attack t?y
1'atrol in Alsaare.
WITH Till: AAIKKIOAX KOTICKS OS
Tin;. [/JrtKAlNK KUUNT. September 21
?Two lone American privates prowl
ing behind the German line in Alsaco
on voluntary putrol work forced a
whole company of Hermans to evacua'.s
u small mountain village nearly three
miles behind the lines for more than
six hours
The story was first learned in Its en
tirety by questioning German prisoners.
?Several days ago two privates ?
Jones and Hourke are their names?
asked permission to go on a patrol.
They left our lines at sunset, mario
; their way easily-a?To?a "no man's land'
and entered a ravine between t?")
I mountain posts held by the enemy.
I Once they ' approached within a few
: yards of the German outpost, but they
i skirted it and continued on their way
| through tin; valley, matting rapjd
progress Seeing none of the enemy
patrols, they made their way four kllo
' muUrn (two and a half miles) behind
; the German line*, whin suddenly they
i lound themselves Iti the outskirts of x
\ lllaKe.
In the clear star-lit night they saw
j Germans moving about in the atreetp.
"i.et's take a pot shot at 'em," said
' IJourke.
"Vou're on." replied Jones,
j Whereupon the two Americana, far
front re-enforcements, turned their
i rttle* loose and soul n dozen bullota
I i.it.ling into thu innin street of the
village.
A wild yelling greeted the first
I volley. Germans were seen running
about them. S'-veral !-hota were fired in
the direction of the Yankees, who again
opened fire.
There was a light answer from th*
German riticmen. The Americans
turned and tied to the darkness of th?
ravine as fast as their legs could
carry them.
About midnight they made their way
j b:i<-k to our lines. The return was
, slower, because they feared an am
; buseade was prepared f?>r them. Thev
icported the result.- of their trip to
| the company commander, and polntel
'out on a map the line of their prowl,
, finally fixing the village Into which
thev had fired.
Naturally, the commander received
the story with considerable suspicion,
bellevl/g the boys were "stringing"
him. Wui their tale was true. Our ob
1 servers reported the village unoccupied
by the Germans, who were not se?n in
the town until late the following fore
! noon. This, too. wa* communicated to
headquarters. Hut the two facts wero
j not immediately connected.
Klnully the story of the i?u private*
was confirmed when three Uermxn
. prisoners wire questioned.
"Why did vou evacuat.; village
? a few mornings ago?" asked our In
1 telligencc officer of them.
I "A lot of jour men opened fire on us
one nl^ht. We thought a big attack
was* coming and retired lister ?'?
: reoccupied the place, after our patrols
had gone' "tip in daylight and dis
covered thai no Americans were there."
That was the reply of ont prisoner.
He looked exceedingly ' crestfallen
when he learned his Company had been
I routed by two Yanks.
tries. The central association, under
tut general .Jaw governing it" opera
tion. was unnble to concern itself in
?u? h enterprises an the purchase and
distribution of merchandise, and this
lefect was corrected by the organiza
tion in August, 1316. of the stock com
pany known as the Central Bureau for
Purchases.
Without the support of the Slate,
the central bureau could not begin op
erations. ho the French I'hiimlitr of
Deputies enacted a law. August ?>. 1!>17,
providing a preliminary credit of '.'.>0,
fifin.ono francs to be used for making
purchases Dire-tors of the central hti
reau and the Ministers of Commerce
and Finance made a formal agreement
on October I. 1317. that definitely com
misted the Kroneh government to the
principle of collective buying of re
construct ion materials.
?fly the agreement, the bureau buys
.?? ti ?l distributes mai'-rial* and equfp
ii" nt afi"r nropos?d mirchases have
b. en Hptirovcd by the Ministry of Com.
mil i's accounts are subject to
;? udit by !!??? inspector-general of fi
nances. * Mih?r provisions of the agree
Micnl ms?k**s "he burciti under strict
government control.
I'urcheses are not now being made
hv tl'?e bureau foi before the work of
remlring the war's dama?* can be un
dertaken. the war must first be won.
(?nil 'orin.?go is too valuable for even
rhe. import of material necessary be
fore industrfi' reconstruction can be
ain. Meanwhile the hurequ is prepar
ing estimates of maleri"?N that will
bo ti?ed"d by ea?'h industry. Of equal
importance in the preparation is the
work of establishing contract with
prospective supply, so that all will be
ready for the signing of contracts with
th'> slanting of a peace treaty.
The bureau, according to advices re
ceded here, is anxious !o get In touch
with American manufacturers, but has
let it l?e known that it would be of
little u<o for individual American Arms
to send catalogues, or enter into pre
liminary correspondence. A report is
sued bv it declares that individual and
competitive huvincr is out of the ques
tion. and the collective selling Is f a
i vored to meet France's collective buy
ing.
I ATLANTA LAD DESCRIBES
SENSATIONS IN AIR RAID
; n* tnnlifnfil liy Hur.tlnc of Mhrnp
nel ?From Dozen Antlnir
ernft (inn*,
| ATLANTA. ?JA., September 21.??
t'harles M. Kimball an Atlanta boy.
now al the front, tells in the following
letter how it feds to be in the ntidst
of an air. raid in France:
"I was awakened by the bursting of
I shrapnel from a do7.cn antiaircraft
guns." he writes, "not more than 300
I yards away, and in a few seconds came
the first thundering report of the air
bombs.
?*1 crouched defenseless at the foot
of a tree after running from my dog
lent, and was wearing my steel hel
met and gas mask. The air bombs
dug four boles so close to me that 1
could throw rocks ftom where I was
| standing and hit in one each time,
j "The raid lusted about two hours,
and when the 'all clear' was sounded
I I was satisfied that if there is a hell
on earth It is to he near the objec
tive of air raiders and with the hum
ming of mortars, the awful flaring of
searchlights, the bursting of shrapnel,
the boom of (he antiaircraft guns, the
rattle of machine guns and the burst
ing of the. air bombs, all round you.
and in fact eoverinB you with dirt and
with nieces of shrapnel tearing tha
bark from (he tree to which you are
clinging. .
"As I crouched beside that' tree and
looked al the women and children- ly
ing flat upon their faces unable even
to speak. I wondered how long suuh
torture Is going to last. Sur^lv' npt
verjv long, for light and justice being
upon our side wc can not help but
win."
Mutt'* Strencth C'ontn I.lfr,
KAXKAKKK. !Mj. September 21.?
Walter MoOurdy's strength c6et" him
ht-t liiV lie was a farn) ban 1 'AtnftloyQd
on, a. farm near here. When a heavy
selfbmder became jnmmed with"* plow
in taking it from a barn. Mct'urdy 11ft
i ed it clear of the ohnlructlon-. 1m
i mediately afterward he comnlnined of
pains - in the stomach, dying In- lepa
? han ten minutes. . >
*>niv In llie ??mr to huy n xrooij as?'|'
automobile rhenp. I.ook n< the "AaU|
Tor S.:lc" cnlnmns. and If joh fnlltX
find iv(tn( you ?nnt, write nn nifyonr.
HClf. . ? ? ?,!(

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