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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, October 15, 1918, Image 6

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XUliSDAY, UCTOUKlt K.. 11'IS.
Home of The
Ttmei?-Dl*p?tch.
Absolutely tireproof.
It ii suggested by the Germaus themselves
that they might consider "the fall of Lm
peror William" as u coucesslou to the allies
should they demand it. The wish may be j
father to the suggestion, but in any event
it will have to be widened sufficiently to in
clude the whole viperish Holienzollern brood, j
Tliere have been few days since the Lib- ;
erty loan drive started on which President
Wilson has not bought a bond. He luis the
courage of his convictions, and is backing
his words with his cash. His repeated pur
chases furnish an example that should be in
spiring to all those who are weak-liearted or ?
t ight-fisted.
Germany has ceased to he an honored j
guest in Finland, and has been oslced to take
itself oh', bag and baggage. In its compli- j
ance or failure to comply with the forceful,
even if not polite, request will be seen how
much altruism there was in Its ready assis
tance to Finland in the establishment of in
dependence and the loan of a kinglet to sit
on its throne. The Finns may be sure that 1
the incubus that has settled down upon it
will not release its grasp willingly, but will j
have to be kicked off.
As events now seem to be shaping them
selves, i' would not bo surprising to witness
a race between the colors of the allies and
I he red flap for first entry into Berlin. The
crimson standard of anarchy already has been
raised by groups of German soldiers, and
still others threaten to march to Berlin to
enforce their demands for peace. It is not
impossible that Hie day may soon come when
Germany will bo forced to look to the allies
for salvation from itself, even as to-day they
arc saving Russia.
Secretary of War Baker, 011 his return
from the battle fields of France, has no vain
illusions on the subject of peace. He has
iieen what thM, Sillied armies have done and
are doing. atid'liG knows what there remains
to do. Full speed ahead with men and sup
plies and over the top with the Liberty loan
is the message which lie brings back to Amer
ica. In 110 other way can the people dis
charge their "solemn responsibility for their
share in the final results." His eyes have
not been blinded nor bis cars soothed by the
imooth words of pacifism which, in the face
of defeat, arc pouring from the befouled
lip* of the Beast of Berlin.
Berlin is so desperately serious in its ef
forts to deceive the people and cover up.
its defeats that it doesn't realize how very
funny it really is. For instance, the official
report of how the German armies were
booted out of Cambrai reads thus: "We oc
cupied positions to tlie rear, thus giving up
Cambrai." "Occupied position to the rear"
is good, an expression worthy of the humor
ist who indites those naive messages for
-popular consumption. He neglects to say
that the Germans were literally kicked into
those new' positions in the rear, in turn
kicked out of them and that they are still
occupying other positions, all of them more
and more rearward, with no hope <?f taking
up more than a temporary abode east of the
Hhine.
"When the devil was sick," etc , finds fresh
application in the case of L);\ Bernhard Dern
burg, one-time Germany's Minister of Colo
nies. The doctor, former disciple of Maeh
: iaveili and apostle of all that was mean and
crooked and underhanded, combined with an
ardent love of militarism, for the advance
ment of his country's proposed monopoly of
the sunlight, has undergone a most sudden
change of heart as the armies have under
gone an equally sudden change of front.
With the Fatherland's tower of world domi
nation crashing down about its ears, he be
comes a preacher of "the good, old German
3 ideal, not what is useful, but what is right
and moral." Strang*; words, these, from tho
doctor. His conversion has a hollow round,
and despite his new saintly poise he still will
, bear watching, lest he conceal a lighted bomb
-under lii6 surplice.
No warning that the success of the fourth
Liberty loan-is endangered, beyond Germany's
* plea for peace, should be necessary. That this
? most potent of all warnings has been Jaken
toTloart by the#American people is evident,
. and by Saturday night an oversubscription
~ of the $6,000,000,000 issue should prove to
> Berlin that It has made another of those
psychological mistakes for which it is no
tovious. In the flvo days that romuin nearly |
$3,000,000,000, or one-half of the minimum ;
total, must b? subscribed. That means that ;
I every red-blooded, loyal American must buy I
j bonds to the very utmost of his ability. As '
forcc is being applied to the enemy -without
limit, so must be applied the money power
to sustain iho guns and the men behind thorn.
Thero are no exemptions or deferred clas- j
siflcatlons in the list of bond registrants, i
Every ono, without exception, has his dijty to i
perform, nnd ho must porform it quickly and J
to the full if he is to escapo in the futuro
the odious charge of having refused to as
sist liis country to the measure of his means.
Five days more?buy a bond to-day.
Germany Ts Answered; Let iho War Go On
WOODRONV WILSON has closed the door
in the face of further fraudulent peace j
proposals from Germany. With one blow i
lie has tumbled over the diplomatic cards of !
treachery and deceit with which Berlin had |
so painstakingly built up .its house of hope.
Ilis answer its linal and emphatic. It ad- |
mils of no misunderstanding, and the Ger- ;
man people now know, if they have not re- I
alized it before, that their destiny is in their j
own hands, and that before peace can come j
to them they must utterly repudiate and !
cast out the unholy rulers who have led
them into their present plight and made of
Germany a pariah among the nations.
The President's answer to Prince Max's
ready and brazen "acceptance" is brief and
to tlio point. It is just such an answer as
might have been expected to come from him. j
It is consistent in every word with his former ,
memorable utterances, lie serves flat notice
on the German people that their present i
rulers are absolutely unworthy of trust, and
that the United States can have no dealings
with an autocracy. Germany must clean and |
put its own house in order before it can !
hope to enter any negotiations for peace. <
It must cast out the unclean things from !
within before it can stand forth and claim i
even a measure of confidence.
Regardless of any change in Germany's j
domestic affairs, says the President, there 1
can be 110 thought of an armistice until atroc- j
ities of the Hun on land and on sea have j
ceased. "Illegal and inhuman practices" are !
an absolute bar to siny sort of negotiations, j
No hands bathed in the blood of innocent !
victims can hope to reach out and grasp those
of the allies, and the outrages in France
and Belgium and the submarine murders
even now being committed are an insuperable j
obstacle to present rapprochement.
But the strongest and most reassuring por- j
, lion of the President's answer is his state
ment that even with other conditions met
there will be no action looking toward an
armistice until after consultation with the
military advisers of the entente nations, and
uothing will be done to injure the military <
position of the armies now driving the beaten '
Hun back to bis own border. It. is the mil
itary forces of the entente that have saved
civilization. Soldiers have died by millions
to bring the victory that is now Being
achieved, and no sacrifice that they have
made will be thrown away. To them will bo
left the linal decision. In their hands rests
the fate of Germany, and there is no doubt
in any mind as to what that means. It
means a war until the end, and that end the
"unconditional surrender" of a Germany .
from which the last vestige of military
power has been stripped.
A great sigh of relief- and thankfulness '
goes up from all America and the allied ua- .
tions. The tension of the past forty-eight
hifhrs lias been intense, but now the entente
and the whole world know of a certainty
that there is to be no premature peace. Let i
the war go on until a conquered Germany :
lays down its arms in complete submission :
and Koch dictates the terms in Berlin.
Allied Armies Sweeping Ahead
A LL along the western front the allied forces '
* * are sweeping ahead, forcing the Germans
from vital positions, the surrender of which
threatens their basic lines of communication
and soon must compel a general retreat to
prevent the envelopment of entire a,rmies. On
Sunday the troops under General Haig ad- j
vanced to the very gates of Douai, the key
stone of the German defense system through
out Northern Belgium to the sea. and its
occupation is only a matter of hours. With
the fall of Douai, the British will close in
the great bend which has Lille for its cen- '
ter. compelling the Germans hastily to fall
back upon their Valenciennes line for a tem
porary stand. To the south the French have
blotted out both La Fere and Laon and the
greater portion of the St. Golmin massif, and
in the further progress of this movement the ;
enemy will be forced to a swifter retire- J
mcnt, in which the whole Mouse line will '
speedily become untenable. These successes, ;
with the new advances of the French and j
Americans in Champagne and along both 1
sides of the Mouse, make easier the great !
! converging movement which will compcl the ;
i Germans to a precipitate fetreat clear back 1
to Mezieres, near the French border, to avert '
a great disaster, and in this retreat, however
well conducted, there is the promise of a j
j huge bag of prisoners.
! Under the impetus of tlie great drive now j
: being so successfully carried out in accord- j
ance with tiie masterly strategy of General 1
Koch, the Germans will lind themselves too j
badly disorganized when they reach the main ,
lines of communication with Germany to |
: make an effective stand, and with these !
1 wrested from them, it would be folly for |
' tlicin to attempt further resistance west of ]
: the Rhine, as to elect to do so would be to j
! invite virtual annihilation. Hence, at the i
| rate of progress the campaign is now mak
ing, the next few days should witness further
: triumphs which, as General March feels jus
l tilled in predicting, will clear the Germans
j out of both France and Belgium and force
1 them back on their own soil.
Daylight-Saving Change
FOR nearly five months the country has ex
perimented with the plan of saving an
extra hour of daylight by getting up one
! hour earlier each morning and by retiring
one hour earlier each night. The plan has
; been a success as applied to the summer
j months. The testimony on this point Is well
nigh unanimous, The American people have
profited by tlio change. Tlicy have enjoyed
it. Moreover, it was effected with practi
cally 110 dislocation of business or daily rou
?itie of the individual.
I'nd' r the law {he country must soon re
turn to tiif: old order and adhere to It through
thfy winter months. This means that the
clocks will be set back one hour in the samo
manner that they were set forward ?arly in
the summer. The hour which the nation
seemed to Iobc at that time will bo regained.
The question already has arisen whether or j
not another change should bo made;'whether i
It would not ho wiser to go right ahead
throughout the year on the present basis. i
There Is much to support this view. Al- '
most every reason for setting the clock for- ,
ward still can be urged for keeping It for- j
ward. Certainly the daylight-saving element ,
is the same. The question of saving fuel i
used for street lighting, for indoor illuml- |
nation, and evon for goneral heating pur- !
poses, may well be considered. In fact, there
is only one seriou3 objection to the proceed
ing through the winter on the present tiiho
basis, and that Is the objection raised by in- j
dustries 1 i
It is insisted by many of them that their i
workmen would be compelled to go to work j
during the midwinter months before day- ,
light unless the old schedule Is restored.
This would, indeed, be a conclusive argu- [
inent but for the fact that any factory or !
other industrial enterprise may easily change j
the time when its force goes to work. It
seems absurd 'that the whole nation must 1
give up a boon in order to accommodate a
few hundred plants that would insist upon i
their men going to work at 7 instead of S
o'clock in the morning, or U instead of 7
o'clock.
Few realize, perhaps, the tremendous ser
vice that is being rendered to Richmond In
its hour ot' sore trial by those devoted men |
and women who have volunteered to assist j
in combatiug the epidemic of (Spanish in- I
fUieuza. Never before, at least not since j
thoso memorable days of the Civil War. has |
there been such a magnificent demonstration
of public spirit in the readiness and willing
ness to make any sacrifice for humanity's j
sake. Day and night these volunteers arc '
working tirelessly, ever at the bedside of I
those who are ill, administering to those !
whom death has robbed, or performing other j
tasks and errands of mercy and helpfulness, j
Without them the pitifully few physicians I
and nurses would tind it impossible to hau'dlc j
the alarming situation. When the scourge
has been conquered and things again arc seen <
in their proper perspective, Richmond will I
know the obligation to them under which it j
rests.
!
Colorado has made its share in the war a
part of the public school curriculum. The
idea is a good one, and might well be adopted
by Virginia, whose role has not been second
to that of any other State in tlie Union.
Ninety per cent of the shells fired by the
Germans are found to be "duds," which is
trench talk for "ineffective." Percentage of
"duds" among Berlin's peace shells remains
at 100. 1
With Italy placed on half-rations, Amer
icans will not complain because its garniture
of bacon and a few other little luxuries have
been stricken off its bill of fare.
Much Ado About Nothing
nv rtoY k iku'i.tok.
A Short Sport.
Centuries ago they walloped
<>1(1 Attila, frightful Hun.
When he reached the old Marnc River
And ihey sent him on the run.
Hut old At lot out no bellow
Nor a single craven whine.
Nor did he exhibit yellow
When they chased hint to the Rhine.
l**or lie was a fight in' fellow.
Not an idiotic shine.
We have knocked him well anil often.
This old scourge of bygone year*;
Hut he wasn't any coward,
And he wan immune to fears.
How unlike the present holder
Of the pirate fine: unfurleo.
Whose two f- et are growing colder
As his force is backward hurled.
Whiner, bellyaehor, scolder.
Champion short-sport of the world.
If Attila is where he can
Watch * he progress of the game,
It's a het that he is hiding
His obi ivory knob in shame.
Severe set-backs
And grave defeats.
Divide Bill from , >?
Those l'aris eats. ? ? !
Mr*. 'Whittling See* It Through.
My wife, poor wretch, is not wont
To be surly.
She was once light of heart both late
And early.
But now, ah me, J do not dare to utter
A word anent mushrooms or apple butter
rvr daintier which set palates malo aflutter.
Her kitchen's in an awful
Hurly-burly.
She's bound to see it through though Ann
Has left us.
The maid who many weary years
lYad cheft us.
Ann's in munitions or eontliictorelting
I don't know hew much mohey alio is getting
The way in which this war thing has bereft us
We don't mind now as Hoover stamls
A-looking, ?
Since wife has seen it through and done
The cooking.
We don't think even Herbert would bo able
To find fault with the fare upon our table. ,
Kor conservation now i;-- not a fable, I
Since all the girls with Uncle Sam
Are booking.
When the final settlement comes, will it not
be. possible to prevail upon our great ally. Kng
land. to take back her sparrows?
"Aren't you going for a little sail soon?"
asked tl?e Junker. j
"What? With liiis war on?" replied the com- I
maiider of \he German highseas fleet. "I should ?
say not." !
Proofreaders will please note that a gentle
man named Kahukauilakeliimoewainulia has
stepped forward briskly to claim tIte estate of
the late Queen l.llluokaiani of Hawaii.
A I.Itlle Slier o* I,Ifp.
A friend of ours went to market
To lay in the supplies for Sunday.
The wife generally attended to that
And he didn't know much about it.
He knew that prices were high,
Uut didn't know they were perpendicular.
]Jo put a new twenty in his pocket ?
And hooked a largo basket on his arm.
"Why the basket?" as!<<d the wifo.
"To carry the things home in" he said.
"Oh, aw right," replied the wife.
And be went to the corner grocery
With his twenty and bin basket.
Ho spent tho twenty in two minutes.
And put all his purchases
In his right liund coat pocket.
And, while he was on tho way home,
He throw tho basket away.
Another nonessential Industry:
^taking baakctu.
Press Comment on Peace Plea.
/
Tnmpa Tribune.?We may Hafely disregard
tlies 3 political shuflles In Germany. They are
shams. It Is tlio same doubt-throwing . . ?
merely camouflage. The same old gang pulls
the wires. A change of performers will not
end the farce. The people of this country want
nothing short of unconditional surrender.
itinrlenlnn IS. C.) Xht? nud Courier.?-Wo
cannot accept Germany's,unsupported word. If
us a guaranty ?lie will surrender her navy and
including submarines, or if she will suvrender
one-third of her army on the western front, and
if she will surrender'ileta and the other great
fortresses guarding her frontier, we shall con
sent. to an armistice and a conference.
Providence Journal.?The answer to any pro
posal for ati armistice must come from military
commanders, sword In hand. Germany, retreat
ing: to her own borders on the western front i
and facing overwhelming military defeat and |
ttie capture of immense quantities of supplies
and ammunition, accepts what? A proposition |
she believes to have beer made to her that |
she retire unmolested to her own territory,
there to wage the war In any way she sees fit. |
It is vital that Washington disabuse Germany'.s i
mind of this belief at the earliest possible mo- j
nicnt.
Vii.nhville Tei?ne.i*ean.-?"The German accept
ance" appears to contain more than one joker.
Instead of a sincere aecoptance, it appears to 1
be a play fcr timfc. and the basis* for a harangue i
to the Gorman people io "arise in their might !
and resist Use invader."
Khun:)* City Tlmex.?The only peace that will !
aatisfy the people of the United States and their j
ailivs is the pcace of unconditional surrender.
Tls?; Denver Pont.?it would seem a miscar
riage of justice to permit the German people to
escipe se.vere physical punishment for the awful
crimes they have committed.
Houston ?TexanI I'ojit.?The proposal of an
armistice'will have to bo cautiously approached.
We must not sacrifice in diplomacy or negotia
tion what ottr gallant armies have so nobly won .
on the battle fi?-1 ?J.
Chicago Tribune.?While the German army '
is still in formidable heing, to enter into dls
cijb-iion 1 ; to invite disaster. An armietice our
chas'.-d at tin? price of a mere evacuation of In
vaded territory would be an excellent bargain
for Germany from tin;'point of view of the -
present perilous German military situation. We
should be foolish indeed to grant it.
'<t. I.out* Kcpubllf.?Who knows whether the ;
German reply is a sham or an honest step to- j
wards peaceV Nobody in America has the means 1
for Knowing equal to those which the 1'resldent i
and his advisers enjoy, lie may be trusted to j
detect the fraud.
\ riant a Coiixil t iitloii.?Viewed from any angle I
tie German reply to President Wilson's re
sponse i'> its overture for peace is equivalent I
?i< an announcement that it is prepared for
neacc on '.lie basis of/unconditional surrender. .
liefore an armistice Is granted Germany will :
l>e required to Give adequate guarantees that '
? very essential detail of the peace condition ;
will be complied with.
I.nmlftti Sumln.v Times.? Dr. Solf. who signs j
:' German reply to President Wilson on be- j
'talf of ihc German government, states that j
tiie latter is speaking in tiic name of the Ger- ?
man people. lie says that the German gov- ?
'rnmcrit hah been formed by conferences and j
iM agr? eine.M wilii the great majority of the ;
Ueic'istag. , Hut the question is what guarantee j
li.ivi- we of the genuineness of this apparent
democrat izatioti of tho German government'.' j
l>r. Solf. ??.?? Gorman Colonial .Secretary, has been
as jingoistic as any of the militarists In his i
demands for German world expansion, though j
of !atv he has seemingly inclined to the ma- j
joii'.y party resolution.
i.ondon Observer.?l>y itself, a suspension of \
hostilities granted to Germany at this juncture ,
would be a betrayal of the allied armies and of
<>ur cause. Germany would have used Presi- j
dent Wilson to bailie Koch. Tl re could be no i
armistice except as accompanied by such other ,
guarantees as Mould make it impossible for the
eii? my to renew the struggle.
Heynnlds's Newspaper < London'The power
of Germany is still in the hands of the Kaiser I
and the Junkers, though we believe that power !
i[> tottering. So long as they stand in their
place* wo are bound to take them as repre
senting the Gorman people, and until the utr
ma:i people cast them down for good tlio allies
will continue to use all the force they possess
to obtain victory so complete and so overwhelm- 1
ing that these men shall lie broken and dis
graced and go ith the mark of Cain upon
their brows. Then, and not until then, will
there bo a German people whom we can trust.
N'c peace with the llohenzollerns is the motto of
the allies.
Methods of Foch.
TOI.D III' HIMSipLF.
Two important volumes? entitled. "The Prin
ciples of War." oiul "The Conduct of War: I
Maneuvers in I tattle." were, written cy General j
Koch during the time he was director of the !
Superior School of War in Kranee.
"Remarkable works are those," says Henry)
I.each, in a recent number of Chamber's Journal,
"and a strong personality, with marvelous per- ;
cent ions, and strength of belief in tiiein, is re- j
vealfd in these pages.
"Ho puts a saying of Napoleon as a preface
to the tirst of these works: "it is not genius
that reveals to me what 1 must say or do in a
circumstance which to others would be unex- |
pected; it is reflection and meditation.'
"In those teaching days, Koch continually;
imposed upon his pupils the paramount neces- i
M'.ty of thought. That with deep and earnest i
thought, true decisions come easily and quickly, 1
is a firm belief of his. lie used to say to his j
pupils unceasingly, 'Think, and j et again think.
You wiil be asked some day to be the mind of
an army. I tell you lo-d.iy to learn to think.'
"At another Jjmc ho would tell tlios.? pupils,
with irony. 'Do you think that to wear slung
on one's hip a well-sharpened, well-cared-for
sword signifies that one knows how to light,'
"Another famous saying of his is, 'A battle
won is a battle in which one will not own one's
meIf beaten.' 'The art r.f commanding,' says
he. 'does not consist in thinking and deciding j
for c nc's subordin itej*. . . . To command has
never meant to be mysterious; on the contrary j
it imr.lfics to communicate that very thought
which animates the direction.' Then he says: !
'High 'is the command may be placed, its iirst '
t ... should always bo to give orders; but its 1
se ond task, which is quite, as important as the I
first, should be to insure the execution of those I
orders. A battle must be conducted on the
battle fleld.'
' lie reflects that modern war, to arrive at its j
end?to impose one's will on the enemy?'recog- i
ni?es only one means, the destruction of the
organized forces of the enemy. The offensive,
whether started at the beginning of the action
or as a sequence to the defensive, can alone
give results. Every defensive tattle, therefore, I
must be terminated by an offensive action, a j
victorious counterattack, or it will lead to no |
re ? '111 ' |
"Itut there is one Item among tlio sayings |
and considered statements of General Koch to
which many may be attracted now. It is thin:
"It: the maneuver battle, the reserve (that
is to say. the prepared bludgeon) is organized,
kept back, carefully instructed to execute the
single act of the battle from which results are
expected, tho decisive attack; the reserve is
huso i:uh <1 with tlio most extreme parsimony,
so th,it the bludgeon may be strong enough, the
blow as violent as possible.
' l.et loose at the finish, without any lurking
idf t of saving them, with a well-thought-out
pinu for winn'ig tho battle at a point chosen
and determined, the reserves are thrown In all
together in an action si^rpassiii <: In violence
at.d # nergy all the other phases of the hattle.
an action with the proper characteristics of
surprise, of mass and spe< d. A 1 our forces
really participate, either by -jropa.dng it.'or by;
carrying it out, in this our supreme ai ii.'
"A time may be coming i?lien perhaps*such
words will have am even keener significance I
than now."
News of Fiftv Years A^o
(From the Richmond Dispatch, Oct. 13,MSGS.)
Uunnicutt addressed a large crowd of Re
publicans. mostly negroes. In the Capitol Square
yesterday afternoon. Hia purpose was to ex
plain his position, which ho dhl in a speech of
nearlv lour hours' length. lie ci" lined to be
I tiie John the Baptist of the Republican party
in Virginia. Resolutions which had already
been prepared, cofidonintng tho action of the.
Republican central co umiltee and indorsing
Ilunnicutt and the New Nation, were adopted
by t he meeting.
There was to have been a negro excursion
to Coalfield yesterday, but whon the party got
i to the depot the necessary money for tiie train
did not accompany them and no train went out
Rev. Mr. Wall has accepted the rectorship of
the St. John's Kpiscopal Church. He will com
' tuenee his active duties November 1.
Several uptown preachers on Sunday last took
occasion to preach vigorously against the opera.
While Ilunnicutt, in Capitol Square yesterday,
was scoring the carpetbaggers fore and apt,
two of them, Governors-Wells and Judge Bond,
enjoyed croquet oil tno grounds of the guber
natorial mansion near-by.
Married: On the Sth instant, at tho residence
of the bride's parents in Manchester by Rev.
Will tain K. Hatcher. J. H. Taylor, of Rich
mond, to Miss S. K. Glbhs, of Manchester. No
cards.
Governor Uoreman, of West Virginia, is In
Washington. 1I? wants troops sent to that
State for the election, and thinks the (Ini)
moral effect of the presence of a few companies
will answer Ills purpose.
FROM OTHER VIEWPOINTS
" ' ** * ' * * ? * - I
t
National Problems Dlscusscd for Rcudcrs of The Times-Dispatch bjr
Aithorltutlvo Writers?A Dully Editorial Feature.
CONQRESS BEGINS ON RECONSTRUCTION.
BY ALFRED II. WILLIAM*}.
Both houses of Congress have taken
first steps toward preparing for peacc
and the far-re^chlng ahd deep-reach- .
ing process of construction that must
come with it. In the loiver House there
have been hints of getieral revision of
the Federal Constitution by a groat
convention of the people or by 'con
ventions of the people In each State to
propose amendments. The great num
ber and varieties of dangers these
methods would force upon us startle
and halt the most radical who allow
themselves to think. In the Senate.
Senator Weeks, of "Massachusetts, has
introduced a Joint resolution which may.
bring discussion Into shape. It pro
vides for a committee of six Senators
and six representatives, the membership
from each house to be divided equaljy
between the Democratic and Republican
parties and to bo cymponed of men j
elected to the next Congrens. Twelve |
general subjects, each Including a nuin- >
her of subdivisions, aro suggested for
consideration and recommendations to i
the houses. They cover the employment {
and distribution of soldiers released
from service, relations between capital j
and lubor, treatment of all public,
utilities." problems of foreign trade and
commerce, improvement of agriculture
and disposition and use of natural1 re
sources on the public domain. includlhg
water powers, mines, oil and (jus. No
reference is made to public roads.'
health or education nor to universal
compulsory military training, which
Inevitably will be among the livest!
subjects of public attention in the next/
few years.
The program suggested would em- ,
ploy the utmost diligence of the most ?
energetic and able committee fully two
years. It would involve countless;
hearings and volumes of testimony and I
argument- Yet the work must be done,
and promptly as possible. All concede
tliat. We m?y expect to- See some of
the most pressing and immediate sub
jeets taken UP and disposed of in rough
outline, details to be completed, as ex
perience suggests, by l^tor legislation
and t>\ the expositions of the courts.
The nuiStter of demobilization of the,
army will be taken up first, probably
in connection with the recommendations '
of the Secretary of the Interior for
providing lauds for the .occupancy of
soldiers. Three or four million young
men tr.kcn suddenly from civil life will
bt? returned to tt as suddenly, with
power and consequent responsibilities
vastlv increased, and after military
training and experience of war have
deflected their habits and methods of
life and thought from all their former
channels. Each rapid step the allied
armies take toward the Rhine brings
this tremendous task more closely upon
us Other countries, longer at war, !
took up the subject long before there
was a slimmer of prospect <>i the end
or an v could predict what the end
would "be. Wo have been so absorbed
in making war that we have had no
time to think what would happen with
peacc. until now peace seems to be
almost upon us. Ill fact, Secretary
l>ane seemed for a while to be the- only
man who realized that something very
liiK'and vitally Important Is to be done
when peace comes and who considered
how to give this enormous mass of
voting manhood that presently will be
upon us the best opportunity to secure
its own future and to be of the great
est possible productive and political
value to tlio country and posteritj. ,
Voice of the People
Tetter* must nlve the nameandad
tlrea* of the writer. >ame will not be
published If writer so request?.
>"ot Xeceasarlly Immune. j
To the Editor of The Timea-Dlspatch. ;
c-,r Will you please Jv-form me
whether a person who has had Spanish
influenza is Immune from a "econ'l at
tack? A htl.U\uu.
October 10, 191?.
Not necessarily so. as It is a Io"n
of grippe, and grippe victims ar^
immune from a second attack.
. llottlra nnd Battermllk. ,
To the Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch. ,
Sir,?The doctors 1?a.v? eornrr*onded
lavish use of buttermilk while th?.
Spanish influenza invasion Is on. sa> - j
inc that is a fine germ killer. t
cafled i esterday at a dairy to buy a >
duart bottle of buttermilk and was
informed that It was against thc a ;
to Eell that kind of milk In -bottle.,
that the dairyman Js subject to a;
heavy fine if he lets any buitermilk go
out of his establishment In bot.lcs, the ^
saThc aia\oW?r! Philander Docstlcks. on;
one occasion, writing on an c"tl[*lt? '
different subject, sAld. The statute
book'* are filled with damphulc laws. !
1 wonder if this one forbidding the.
carrving of buttermilk In a bottle may j
not be .suspended pending the influenza i
e^fUchVnond. Va., October 12, 1918.
Uniform of the K. Iv. K?" j
To the Kditor c-c 1 he Tlmes-Dlspatch. I
o.r?Flftv or more years ago one
of the greatest institutions the South
ern country had ever known up to that
time was creating no little excitemc-nt.
V few of my friends who are aware
that I knew a great deal about the
once famous I\u Klux Man have ?ftesi
asked inc questions concerning the
much-talked-about hideous regalia of
tlie Klati.
The Richmond College students, now
clothed In khaki, march three times a
<lay from the college campus to the
iness hall on Broad Street to get tnelr
meals. Just now the hoys are wearing
the influenza masks. If In the place of
the khaki suits they wore white gowns
Information Bureau
inquiries ret-irding olpioat itny tople,
I ticrpiinK oa legal and nedlcnl ?ub
I jects. are *n*?fred free. A? all lo
t qulrlca ore nnmvered airectly t>y per
! aunul letter o ?elf-a?iare?ae?J. -lamped
envelope la required. Artdrc?? lh?
j TIuicm - UU|i?tcli iuXormailoj Uureuu,
! iiit-uuioiitl. Va.
Soldiers and Citizenship^
Subscriber, Newport News.?I'*oreign
ers serving In the army may !>ecoine
American citizens without regard to
tlie length of time they have been in
this country. This is a change m the
naturalization laws enacted within a
few months. x
Composition of Water.
Miss I. R. W.\ Richmond?Water is
a chemical compound of hydrogen and
oxygen, formed by the union of two
volumes Of the former with one of the
latter, or, what is the same, containing
11.136 per cent by weight of hylrogen
I and 88,86-1 per cent by weignt oi
] oxygen.
The Tnnks.
Curious, Suffolk.?The "whippet"' la
the light or ?"baby" tank. They tie
very fast, and have the cat3rp'llar
tread, so that they can advan.'e over
very rough ground. They are t'v? type
that did such good service 'n the
American offensive of July and August.
They cost about 110,000 eaah. They
carry two men and have two .-.inchlnc
! guns (Marlins) each. The tu-ka aro
> the heavy machines, like the IVUannia. j
which has become famlliitr pwr heie
In its use to advertise tho Tdh^rtv |
i loans. The United Slates has ad >(.t?-d
another type, more llko the frertch
models?, in which the caterpillar tread
does not run over the' top of ihe ma
chine. but Is protected by the bony,
which Isj built ovor it- T'.tt-sc heavy
tanks are armed with th.-en or lour
machine guns or with smtll cannot.
These cannon are of the thirty ?sovoa
millinietec or one and onu-half-lnch
type, but sometimes heavier guns, sucli
as the Hi>vouly-tlve-jnlllnietor, or thrqe
Inoh type are used on It. M ray thou
sands of those aro neoded Tuoy ope
rate in fleets of a dozen or more, and
sometimes a score of these fleets pre
cede tho infaitry.
In peaco we learned tho ilant;ers of
great ac<.*unrulatloj!S in a few handy of
capital arid producing power, in war
we have leaned that they arg neces
sary for tho barely, advancement and
development of the . nation. Trust
busting hqa gone out of fashion. In
peace and In war we have had put
beforo uu vividly both thn danger and
tho value ot labor organization. The
limitation and direction of thes# and
regulation of their relations with each
ot!?*r uiid the country will be pressing
upon uh urgently with tho process of
readjustments of prices and general
conditions. . They will present ono ot
the most formidable and complicated
problems that ever "challenged states
manship and constructive Intellect.
AH who observe must realize that
tjio war has been conducted hero
largely on jsuffrance. The government
has been forced to depend on tho prac
tically unanimous support of the pub
lic regardless of the law and Consti
tution and of the powe'rs conferred and
limitations lixcdv by them. Every
where we read on placards and In ad
\ c-rtlsements "by request" of the gov
ernment, or the President, or tho food
administration, or somebody, this or'
that will be done. This means that
the patriotism of tho peoplo lias given
to requests of the authorities the force
of law, although really they had be
hind them no la\y and sometimes were
precisely contrary to it. That Is mag
nificent and beautiful, but It is not
safe No government, especially one
dependent for Its action on the will of
a bare majority, can atTord to depend
on unanimity. This war is popular.
We may. almort certainly will, be com
pelled to face struggles and be part
of large movements, apart from war,
and on which opinion will bo divided,
which will demand combination and
concentration of all our powers and re
sources. Foresight must prepare for
SUeh conditions.
Nineteen months of vast combat and
tremendous test have demonstrated to
tjs that the socialistic Ideal of banish
ment of competition and independent
ownership of property, and the oppos
ing ideal of unrestricted rule of
strength and acquisition of property
and power, alike are futile to carry ii
people through strain. Neither can
make and maintatn u supreme and
right ruling nationality such as the
United States will be inv'ted by the
world and fate to be. We have Been
that tho refusal of a great mass of
capital on one side or labor on ths
other to support the war would have
paralyzed the government at time of
crisis. and that any captious Insistence
on State, local or Individual right*
would have hindered us sorely. Means
mun and will be found to make these
dangers impossible. The quickest and
nearest way will not be by revision pr
amendment of the Constitution. ?/It
will be by voluntary action of the
.States, taken while the spirit of patriot
Ism and unity is yet hot, to require
co-operation of their otlicials In the
conduct of their Internal affairs iu ac
cord with statutes of Congress. The
States are doing that in a limited way
with roads, sanitation and agricultural
development. The Federal govern
ment has not the right to force on us
any of Its measures In such matters.
We Invite and welcome its aid We
will extend the same policy and prin
ciple to the wider and deeper and more
complex problems.
to their kuet!s, these with masks
would make a column of the student
soldier boys a perfect camp of Kti
Klux Klan. so far as uniform or re
galia are concerned. K. K. K.
liiohmorid, Va., October 12, 1918.
Books and Authors
Philip Goodman, of New York, an
nounces for early publication a book
of poems by Kdward S. Van Zlle, en
titled ' Songs of the World War " Mr.
Goodman also announces for publica
tion In November a new edition of
"Talcs of Mean Streets," b> Arthur
Morri.'on, to contain a foreword by the
author and a preface by II. E. Menc
ken. "Damn" by H. L?. Mencken from
the same' publisher, which recently
appeared in a fourth and revised edi
tion. is again to be put on the presses.
"The Story of Silk." bv Sara Ware
IJas?ett, is a recent Issue by the Ponn
Publishing Company. When Monsieur
llretton is callcd to tho colors of
France, his wife and two children,
l'iorro and Marie, carry on the work of
silk-raising. -This is not an easy task.
They have to gather daily fresh mul
berry leaves for the bjiby silk worms,
disentangle the fragile threads when
they become twisted, and do a thou
sand and one things they have never
dreamed of. There are some good
times along with tho work, and when
the harvest of silk la gatheered they
feel amply repaid.
"Thrift," by Orison Sweet Marden
(Thomas V. Crowell Company). Is a
message frotn a famous lav preacher's
pen. In tune with the spirit of tho
times, and the government's constant
war preachment. As a nation wo are
learning to save, and it Is not only
enabling the government to win tho
war, it Is also putting a pew moral
fiber Into each Individual. "Economy
is Viot meanness, it Is managing," and
as this suggestive book Illustrates, It
is applied not alone to one's money,
but to his time, energy and interests.
There are eleven chapters In Dr. Mar
den's latest book on such subjects as
"A Safeguard of the Future." "Can
You Finance Yourself?" Every page
contains things worth quoting.
"The War In the Cradle of tho
World" Is the title of a book by tho
Well-known woman war correspondent,
Eleanor Franklin Egan, to be publish
ed immediately by Harper & Brothers.
The author Is virtually the only civil
ian who has been allowed to enter tho
British war zone in Mesopotamia since
tho beginning of military operations
there. In "The War In- the Cradle
of the World" she describes the' en
thralling sights she witnessed and the
remarkable experiences she underwent.
Traveling alone up the Persian Gulf
from Bombay on a British troop-ship,
she was received at Basra by Major
General Sir George MacMunn. under
whose protection she followed, with
tho aid of maps, the whole course of
British operations. Arriving at Bag
dad tho author becamo tho guest of
General Maude, visited all the lines
of defense and was shown everything
of Importance in that wholo region
famous as "the "Cradle of the Race"?
home of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob,
and terrain of tho most ancient civili
zation. Then followed two months In
Mesopotamia which nco also described
in "Tho War In the Cradle of tho
World"
Bonds!
You're offered bonds'?the bonds of
slavery are offered you,
Tho War I.ord's strong security that
always through
The years to c >me you shall obey his
will; the bonds of fear \
That in another holocaust of war in
some not distant year
You may be menaced and your sons
mu3t pay tho price
In vain; the bonds that easily may
cost the sact Mice
Of safety for the nation In the years
that should behold
A universal broihurhood as tho days of
peaco unfold!
You're offered bonds?tho promise of
your government to pay
You many-fold tho truasuro you shall
lend to it to-duy.
Its pledge to add In Interest a Mir and
honest sum:
Collateral?Its billions In tho plenteous
t lines to come;
Security from any luiuro war. and in
depniHleneo. , . . Those
Written .all are in tho bonds that ho
who r<iadH litem seen
The proud*" Golden for tho world. . . ?
You're olYoi'od bonds to-day? ,
Which will you havi Your cnolcol
You know what you mmr pay!
?D. O. Bickers, In Macon (Q?u) Telon
graph.

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