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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, November 11, 1918, Image 2

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. Jered and plundered, heedless of-j
t$r4 rights of the Individual and made
terrorism a matter of studied iiolicy.
Tfels terrorism wan dlrocted not only |
Against individual!, but against nations.
n?t only hostile nations, but those with
- wnoin Germany was ottielully at pcace.
system pi espionage, corruption
Had violence extended throughout the
trprld. It was exemplified by the plots
Carried out In this country under dl- 1
rection of the government for the de
struction of munition plants and ships
before the United States entered the ,
war and by the effort of the German
government to embroil this country,
then neutral, in war with Japan and
Mexico. No capital of Europe was free
from Qcrmanisecret agents fn the years
preceding the war. and the nations j
}ived tn growing dread of the huge ;
military machlno which Germany was
building up, to the accompaniment of
* the Emperor's boastings of the "shin
ing eworfl" and German toasts to "'Dor ,
Tag" In voices which echoed around
the world.
END OF GREAT CONFLICT ?
COMES WITH DllAMATIC SWIFTNESS j
The virtual ending of this greatest 1
of conflicts has come with dramatic
swiftness. Four months ago to-day. !
the German military power, appar
ently. was at Its height. The un
checked forces of the enemy had bat
tered their way through the French
and British lines until Paris was in
danger.
L<ato in July the world was thrilled
Ath . ^ news of an allied counter-,
attack Between the Aisne ami the '
? j??rnc. The Germans were liurle.l
oack, and since that day the victorious
progress of the allies has been main
tained.
Various causes hav* contributed to
tn|8 reversal. The entrance of America
into the struggle, with her vast re
sources of men and materials, is con
ceded by the allies to have turned the
,s" One . of the most important '
e.itects of this country's act was the
lieartenlntr to an enormous extent of
. the wearied allied nations and a cor
responding deterioration of German
."i Exhaustion of German raw
material and years of semlstarvation
assisted in the process of heatintr down !
the enemy into a submissive frame of
mind Tt is also siirniflcant that the.
establishment of allied supremacy !n
"**'d almost Pvnrhrohi/cd with t>i<>
. Unification of mililnrv* control and the
apoolntment of to 'lie post of
Rtiorome cnnmnnil, Miliary com
mentators. without exc?M>t ion. lav stress
, unon the Impm-f-nro of leadership and
J**??"}"* .'>r stemming and
flnnllv turntnc the fid-.
AJIO\<3 i\nM'*ni \ i t i * \
Anr."; vnrtt. ? vr? h\i<"
Among the individual leaders., aside
from Foch. whose names stand out
most prominently, are Marshal .lofl're.
??o saved Prance in her darkest davs
or the summer <.f 1 !>l -t; Field Marshal
JJaig. the British commander; General
J etain, at the head of the French
forces; General Diaz, who, on the Ital
ic,? front, bent back last summer's'
Austrian offensivo ant] lat?*r lore
the Austrian armies to pieces In a few
, weeks, and General Pershing. .
On the German side arc Von Hinden
ourg, a comparatively <d>scure officer.
'oar)?d into world-wide fame by
his defeat of the Kussians in 1H14 and
subsequently became the idol of Ger
ar,d General Eudendorff. who,
although frequently credited with be
ing the abler of the two. never touched
popular imagination as did his col
league.
It was in Juno, 1014. that the world
was stirred by the murder in Sarajevo.
Bosnia, of Archduke Francis Ferdi
nand, the Austrian heir-apparent, and
his wife. Austria, backed bv German v.
accused Serbia of Instigating the crime,
and made demands which Serbia a< -
cepted in part. Austria would not
agree to arbitrate the demands not ac
cepted by Serbia, and the foreign of
fices in I?ondon, Paris and Petrograd
(then St. Petersburg) failed to swerve
Austria from her course. Austria
Hungary began hostilities on Julv 27,
1914. by attacking Serbia, and w'ithin
a week Germany had Joined her. while
r ranee, Great Britain and ltussla had
thrown their forces against Oermany
and Austria. As the war went on, -the
number of nations Involved Increased
until the conflict became the greatest
in the history of the world.
FATEKUI, Al lil ST I, mil,
MAltltED THE BEGINNING
Declaring war on France, Germany,
on August 1, lltl 4, threw her armies to
ward France by way of Belgium,
through Luxembourg. Fighting for
the maintenance of their neutrality, the
Belgians checked the oncoming horde
for a time, but within two months the
Prussian armies wero within a few
miles of Paris.
One of the vital moments of the war
had arrived, Id a battle of dramatic!
changes the enemy hordes were hurled
back to north of the Marne.
. ^urkey soon entered the war on the
side of Germany, and Italy joined the,
allies. Bulgaria came in' with Oer
many, and Serbia and Montenegro were
overrun. On April C, li'i7. the United
States, unable to force Germanv bv
peaceful means to conduct her ruth
less submarine warfare in keeping i
with International law. threw her
forces into the struggle.
At that time thjj.inuxiriiu government
of Russia had been'overthrow n and a
provisional democratic government in
stituted.
In Italy the armies of King Victor
Emanuel were driven back by the Aus
trlans. In France the French and
British were hammering at the German
lines- wfth little apparent results.
AMEBIC AN Tit OOPS STEM
TIDE Til It E ATEXING DEFEAT
The autumn of l?17 witnessed the
gefeat of the Italian armies and their
retreat to the Piave line. Almost
simultaneously American troops an
Reared on the western front for the
first time, while the French and British1
armies were holding positions of urate- j
gle importance from the North Sea to
Switzerland. During the winter of
, American aid became more
effective and B-ussia dropped out be
cause of the Bolshevik coup.
Germany, at the beginning of 1CMS
announced her purpose to end the war
by an offensive in France, it was h<-r
last mightv effort, and for weeks the
world wondered when the enemy hordes
would be stopped The turn hi the
hghting came on July is, when Mar
shal Foch launched the Americans and
French in an attack. Since that fate
- ful day for Germany, the allied armies
on a]) fronts have met with continued
succese.
Germany s ultimate defeat became
more certain as the summer advanced'
The first break in the ranks of the
central powers came with the defection
of Bulgaria late In September. Turkev
signed armistice terms the last of Octo
ber, and Austria-Hungary tendered the
white Hug to Italy on November I. when
hoBtllltleu ceased on all the Austrian
fronts. Germany attempted to brinu
about a negotiated peace, but how ere.it
.?,c'r fail,jre is shown by the fact
iPat. .V e'nlssi\rics ar?* now at Marshal
Kouh s headquarters for the last scene
of the great world tragedy.
KAiSEIt SIGNS DOCTMEXT
WHIf 51 EXACTED TllltOXE
-AJISTEHDAM, November 10.?"May
I k*. *or good of Germany. " said
the Kaiser at German headquarters i:i
$? V16j ? Saturday morning as ho af
f;> . hxed his signature to the abdication
document, according to to-dav ? Berlin
; dispatches. Jit- signed his crown and
throne away In the presence f Ci'.wi
Prince Friedrich Willie'm and Field
Marshal von Mlndenbutg, The . x
? monarch had clung to his crown t . ;'n.
^ very last moment, steadfastly refusing
the entreaties of ((rtaln members or
bis entourage. 11 inrienburg's attitude
toward the demands from hoinr for trie
'? Emperor's abdication is not yet known
,It is believed, however, that (in- neli
marshal had much to do with the Kai
ser's obstinate refusal, since tie is
. known to have long reared the dis
appearance of the Ku'.ser from the
r 'throne would utterly break what i'
tfy left of the German army morale
a"./.- Not until he was handed a telegram
from Philip Hcheidemann. the tnoder
ate Sooiallst leader, reciting the latest
mutinies In the navy and city garri
?onv, did the Emperor yield to the ab
dication demands.
Shortly after the fatal signature he
and tho crown prince left i;f:miUI
headquarters for an unknown desti
nation.
OFFICIAL STATEMENT EAPI.AIVN
>? . WKIiAY OK CAPTAIN IIEI.hlJOIIF
?? AMSTERDAM, November 10.? Be
tween 2 and 3 o'clock this afternoon
?in Official statement ? wuh received here
from Berlin explaining tho ^ulay in
" ? . I.
AIR MESSAGES TELL
OF GERMAN REVOLT
Socialist Leader Ebert Issuqs Appeal for Support of Peo
ple, Promising a Republican Form of Government
"as Soon as Details Can Be Arranged.
WASHINGTON, November 10.?Wire
! less messages from Natien, picked up
| by the United States naval radio and
made public by the State Department
to-day. purport to give details of the
revolutionary changes now taking
I place in Germany.
On the face of those dispatches, \
i Prince Max had no choice but to assign
j to the Socialist, Kbert, tho task of
organizing the new government. The
I State Department, however, makes it
i??ain. in giving out the messages that
! the department does not vouch for the
accuracy of the statements, except as
to the fact that they were sent out
from Naui'ii.
The Socialists had powerful backing
from the military. A Socialist inem
l her of the Reichstag, Wcls, started the
movement among tho troops in a
speech in tho courtyard of tho bar
| racks of the Alexander Regiment, ono
of the dispatches says. Tho regiment
then decided?a largo number of its
oflsciers participating?to send a dele
gation to the Keichstag, where the So
cialists and Independent Socialists were |
holding permanent joint sittings, fol
lowing their declaration Saturday
morning that they were leaving the
government.
Various delegations of the Alexander
and other regiments garrisoned in Ber
lin and neighboring towns appeared
in tlie Keichstag and expressed their
allegiance to the new popular govern
ment.
At noon Saturday, with these assur
ances or support, Kbert and Sehelde
mann went in a military automobile,
accompanied by troops, to the Chan
cellor. Prince Max, and declared that
they were decided to take the govern
ment in their hands. Before this dis
play of power?the Kaiser and crown i
prince having abdicated?it is plainlv
cvident that but one course was open
0 Max. This excerpt from a speech
made later by Schcidemann tells sue
< inctly the result of the interview:
"Ordinances of the government have
only validity with Kbert's signature;
ordinances of War Minister only when
countersigned by Socialist Democratic |
assistant." . i
Kbert, the new Chancellor, has Is
b tied a pronunciamento announcing
that he has taken over the chancellor
ship. and committing the new regime
to a policy of early peace, he appeals
to the people to preserve order.
DIST1 ItllAXCKS ItKPOHTUIl
IX A I.I. I'AKTS OK KM I*inn
Disturbances in all parts of tho Ger
man empire are reported in one of the
dispatcher. It is asserted, however,
that they remain almost everywhere
within "tho limits'of economic order."
I A general strike ordered by the i
workmen's and soldiers' council of Ber. j
lin began Saturday morning at H o'clock.
All works are at a standstill, it is rc
, ported, but the necessary provisioning
j of the population will be maintained,
I the Sociulists claim.
l..ittle persuasion was necessary to
win over the troops, if tho dispatches'
can be believed. Immediately the strike!
in Berlin had liegun, great processions
of strikers, with red flags at their head, |
and accompanied by armed soldiersj
I from all branches of the service,
marched from all suburbs to the in -
terior of the city.
j "At tirst soldiers and officers were
; demanded to take off their cockades
I and shoulder straps" (remove the in
signia of the imperial government), it .
is related. "To a large degree this,
took placc voluntarily. General fra- |
ternization of strikers, soldiers and j
workmen took place; many went into I
the barracks and found also here en- 1
thusiastlc reception from the soldiers.
Military garrisons of factories had left
the workshops in common with work
men and acted together with them."
The dispatch, in which Chancellor
Kbert is represented as appealing for j
order and pledging the new govern - !
nient to peace as soon as possible, reads
as follows: j
"Citizens: Former Chancellor Prince;
Max of Baden, with assent of all state
secretaries, has charged me to carry
on the business of Chancellor.
"I am going to form a new govern
ment with parties, and shall report
within brief delay about the results!
to the public. The new government
will be a government of the people.
Its endeavor must be to bring to th ?
people peace as quickly as possible ai /
to confirm liberty which has been
gained.
I'l.KAIJS K<m ASSISTAXTK
TO IMllCYISXT DK.NTIU friOX
"Citizens: I ask for the assistance
of you all in the heavy task which
awaits us. You know how seriously
war threatens approvisionment of peo
ple. (which is the tirst condition of
political life. Political revolution
ought not to disturb approvisionment
of land districts, not to disturb pro
duction of food nor its transportation
into towns, buj to foster it.
"Scarcity of food means looting and
plundering, with misery for all. The ,
poorest would suffer ii\ the most heavy
fashion. Workingmen in industries
would bo hit most severely.
"Whosoever takes away food or other ;
objects of necessity or means of trans- j
portation necessary for their distribu
tion commits the heaviest sin against I
all.
"Citizens: 1 urge you all. leave the ,
streets and provide for quiet and or- j
der."
Another., radio from Naiten. caught
at 2:02 this afternoon. Rives this pro- |
tarnation issued by Chancellor Kbert: I
"Tho new government has taken '
-?barge of business In order to preserve I
?he (Jorman people from civil war and
famine and in order to enforce its just
? latins of self-determination. This task
1 only can accomplish If ali authorities |
and all civil officers In towns and ,
landed districts lend to .it helpful
hands. v
"1 know how it will be hard for many
?o ? t-operate with new men who have
to '.cad 'the business of the empire, but
1 appeal to their love for our people.
tho crossing of the lines by Captain
Jlelldorf. the German courier. This
statement concludes by saying:
"Th" armistice conditions are ex
pected to be received at Berlin hourly."
This shows conclusively that final
decision of acceptance or. refusal of
the terms is no longer in the hands
of tho army command, but of the gov
J eminent at Berlin. The army command
j it is believed, is acting merely ip a*
; advisory capacity. The Berlin slate* '
mem follows:
"Regarding ihe delay In communleat- j
:ng the conditions for an armistico, the ,
following official statement is made: '
"The courier (Captain \*>n TTelldorf),
charged with the task of conveying the j
armistice conditions, sent, a wireless]
message during the night of November ;
(Friday night) from the Kil'fel '
Tower (the b;g French wireless sta- ?
lion) to the effect that he was not
able to cross the lines, as the Germans
had not yet ceased firing.
"lie evidently had been led to this
conclusion by the circumstances that
on the German side an ammunition
? dump h id caught fire and was blown
i up with continuous detonations.
? "The nnirlci was notified to this
? effect by wireless and received orders
j to cross the lines at once.
"The armistice conditions are ex
< pected to be received in Berlin hourly."
I IIKI.IKVK KOIOlKit K.MPKHOIt
IS OX WAV TO CIIATKM
GF.NKVA. SWIT/.KIM.AND, Novein
' bcr 10.?It Is reported here that Wil
liam Hohonxollerii may coine to the
; chateau (?:' his friend. Baron von IClicst,
: at /.utr, thirteen miles northeast of
l<ucerne
I The first member of the Austrian
I royalty has arrived in Switzerland witn
j an Italian permit, lie is the Duke of
] Hraganza. Additional members of the
; royal family are expected.
Reports from Germany describe tho
revolution n* continuing quietly in the
twelve principal towns and ports, |
which are now ruled l?y the Soviet,
consisting of workmen, soldiers ??nl
sallor?. The red ilag has been hoimol
e\ ery where.
The Socialists, according to tbe re
port. are demanding liiat every dynasty |
? in Germany be suppressed, and nil the
> princes exiled. It is reported that th#
If organization of public life stops in j
this serious hour, then Germany would
be the prey of anarchy aiul most ter
rible misery.
"Therefore, lend together with me
your help to our country by continuing: j
work in a fearless ami unrelenting
manner, everybody in his position, until i
the hour has come that relieves us ot j
our duty."
STOIIY OK IIOAV SOCIALISTS
GAINED TUP. rONTUOIi
Following is the dispatch in which is,
told the history of how the Socialists!
took over control of the government:
"On the morning of Saturday. Novem
ber 'J. the Socialist party declared that
(it) leaves the Cabinet. Since then
the Socialists and Independent Social
ist committee were holding a perma
nent joint sitting in the Reichstag
where soon afterwards appeared dele
gations of various regiments garrisoned
in Berlin and neighboring towns in
order to express their allegiance to the
new popular government. The building
of the Socialist newspaper Vorwacrts I
v\ as occupied by a squad of 300 rifle
men in order to protect it against pos
sible eventualities on the side of the
former regime.
"The movement among the troops
had been originated by a speech made
bv a Reichstag member in the court- j
vard of the barrack.* of the Alexander
Regiment, upon which the regiment, to- j
?ether with a largo number of its of
ficers. decided upon sending a dclega- J
t ion to the Reichstag.
"At noon the. Socialist deputies. Kbort j
\nd Seheidemann. went In a military >
automobile, accompanied by troops, to |
he Chancellor and declared that (they)
were dc-hled to take the government
In their hands.
"In the Reichstag there arrived a
delegation sent by 3.000 suitors who are !
marching in the direction of Berlin j
and are expected during the afternoon. I
't is reported that they equally arc ;
THriy to express iheir allegiance to the i
new popular government."
The reports of disturbances in all '
?>arts of the empire, the strike in Ber-j
lin and Scheidemann's speech follow:
"Renorts come in from all partis of ,
the German empire of similar disturb- I
-?noes, which remain almost every- I
where within the limits of economic
order. Everywhere workmen's and
soldiers' councils are rapidly forming.!
which act with the already existing!
?mthorities. the result of which is that
'he crrfylng on of the public service
?partly under the control of the work
?nen's and soldiers' council?continues
?o work undisturbed.
WOHKKltS AT I NDI'STUI Ali
IMjAXTS CO ox ktriki:
"Concerning tiie events of the 0th of
November in Iterlin, the. semiofficial
Telegraph Hnroau, under control of the
workmen's and soldiers' council, gives j
out the following report:
" 'This morning at 0 o'clock the j
workmen of the great industrial en- |
torprises wont on a general strike. ;
They hastened, in processions beforei
which red (lags were carried, and at '
the head of which armed soldiers of j
all branches of the service marched,
from all the suburbs to tiie interior'
of the city.
"'At llrst the soldiers and officers,
were demanded to lake olt their cock
ades and shoulder straps. To a large
degree this took place voluntarily;
general fraternization of the strikers,'
soldiers and workmen took place.
Many went into the barracks, and
found an enthusiastic. reception from
the soldiers. Military garrisons ot
factories had left tiie workshops in ?
common with workmen and acted to-j
g'ether with them.*
"So far as is now known the only";
collision between tho crowd and the'
armed forces came in the case of the |
garrison of the Guard Fusiliers bar- ;
racks, but there only two ofllccl's fired '
?i shot. K is to be regretted that.there j
were three killed and one wounded.
"Taking possession of most of the ?
public building and institutions Was
accomplished without difficulty after it t
was clear tiie military had gone over
to the side of the people.
"A procession of striking workmen!
arrived at 1:30 before -the Reichstag.
A detachment of chasseurs occupied the ;
open steps before which the crowd as-,
sembled. Mcrr Seheidemann made aj
speech, saying:
I'lOO 1*1,K Altrc TOI.n THAT
1>V.VASTY IS OV KHTIIIIOWX
"'The Kinperor ami crown prince
have abdicated. The dynasty is over
thrown. A splendid victory for the |
German people. Hon* ICbert has been
requested to form a new government,'
with the participation of all branches j
ol the Social Democratic parties. The!
ordinances of government have validity j
only with lCbert's signature. The orrtl- i
nances of the War Minister only when,
countersigned by his Social Democratic ;
assistant.'
"Seheidemann called upon ttie crowd
to preserve order and to avoid d is - I
turbances. Other Reichstag members i
and some soldiers spoke front arf au
tomobile. A delegate of the oflieors' |
c?.rps of a guard battalion stated that .
officers were on the side of the pco-'
pie. Stormy applause and jubilation j
accompanied ail tiie speeches."
A Mother of the series of dispatches I
says:
"An extra edition of the central or
gan of the Social Democratic party of]
Germany, Vorwacrts. publishes the fol- |
lowing call for a general strike:
" 'The workmen's and soldiers' covin- |
ell of Berlin have determined upon aj
general strike. All works are at a I
standstill. The movement is directed |
in common by the Social Democratic
'?arty of Germany and by tiie Indepen
dent Social Democratic party. Work
men and ? oldiurs take care for the
maintenance of quiet and order. Doug
live the Social republic!
? Signed >
(Signed) " 'WiUiKMKN S A>ND
SOLDIKttS' COIWVII.,.''" !
Kings of Davaria and Saxony intend to j
abdicate shortly. . >
The population in tiie South German
states is delighted over the abdica- '
tlon of the Kaiser. There luts been'
public rejoicing near the Swiss fron
tier and iflso In A Isace-Lorrainc.
OTIIKIl KIXGS I".M'r.l'TKIl
TO (|I IT TIIIOIH TlinOM'.S
LONDON, November 10.?Emperor
William signed a fetter of abdic.ation
Saturday morning sit grand headquar
ters in presence <>f c.'own prince and
11indenburg, according to an Amster
dam dispiitch to the Kxchange Tele
graph. The crown nrince signed his
renunciation to the* throne shortly
afterward. It is believed King Dud
wig <lf Bnvnria and King Frederick
August of Saxony also have abdicated.
The ex-Kaiser and former crown prince
were expected to take leave of their
troops Saturday, but nothing has been,
settled regarding their future move- i
ments.
WIIOI.E GEAEKAI. STAFF
A ('(.'() *11'A X I US W1I.IIF.1.M
LONDON. November 10 (11:23 A. M.). '
The lormer German Emperor's partj,
which is believed t<> uicliuie Field .Mar
shal von Hindenburg, arrived at Kys
den. on the Dutch frontier, at 1:30
o'clock Sunday morning, according to
Daily Mail advices.
Fraction 11 v the whole German gon
? ral stntT accompanied tin former Km
peror, and ten automobiles carried the
party. The automobiles were bristling
witii rifles and all the fugitives wore
armed.
The ex-Kaiser was in uniform. He
alighted at tho Eysden station and
paced tho platform, smoking a cigar
e tie.
Kvsdeti dies about midway between
I.lege and Maastricht, on the Dutch
border. . ,
Chatting with the members of tho
staff, the .former Kmperoi. the corre
sp. adent says, did not look in the least
di.-Messed. \ few minutes later an
Imiterlul tram, including restnurant
an.I sleeping cars. Ian into tho station
Mnly servants \vere aboard.
The engine returned to Vise. Bel
gium, and brought back a second train
of food. The German consul from
Maastricht \arrived noon after 8 o'clock.
Dutch railway officials booh made their
appearance. and many of the Inliabl- '
tanta came to the train, attracted by
curiosity.
Many photographs wcro taken by the I
people of th? imperial party. On tho
whole, tho people were very quiet, but
Belgians among them yelled out, "En
voyagol"
Tho preparations began for tho de
parture at 10 o'clock this morning, but
at 10:40 o'clock the train was still at
Eysden. Tho blinds of the train were
all drawn.
The Dally Mall remarks that If the
party arrived In Holland armed all of
them must Intern.
IlKVOLT CONTINUES SPREADING
TO AM, PARTS OF EMPIIIE
LONDON*, November 10.?According to,
dispatches from Amslerilain and Copen
hagen the revolution in Germany is ex
tending rapidly, bvit in most places the
desired effect is being achieved with
out violence or serious disorders.
In some places, notably In Anhalt.
i Hesse-Darmstadt, and Mecklenburg
Schwerln, the princely houses are co
operating with the reforming parties
I in establishing a new order of things.
I'p to tho present the most serious
1 conflict has taken place in lvtel. The
! soldiers and workmen's councils in most
of the large cities appear to bo tie
voting their lirst efforts to organizing
the food supplies, foreseeing that any
lack of provision in this respect will
prove a fruitful source of disorder.
Complaints already have been heard
in licrlin that tho press censorship is
being exercised as arbitrarily by the I
new as by the olil recline.
1)11. L1EIIKNECHT ISSI'KS
APPEAL TO POPULACE
COPKNHAOK.N', November 10.?Dr.1
Llehktiecht. the noted Socialist, who:
spent many months in prison for an
tagonizing the German government, and i
who was recently releasod. has issued
the following announcement at Berlin J
in behalf of tho workmen's and sol- I
(lii-r's counci I:
"The presidency of the police, as well i
as the chief command, is In our hands.!
j Our comrades will be released."
| The red banner has boon hoisted on
the royal palace and tho red flag is
waving from the Brandenburg gate.
DANISM IMt'?V ' H'lt STRICTLY
Gl AHIHCU 1?Y SOLDIEIIS i
COPENI I At; EN, November 10.?I'll3 I
Danish frontier is being strictly guard-j
ed by the German soldiers' council. I
This is being done, it is stated, in or
der to prevent lite escape of rich peo
ple. generals and other high olllcers.
All national cockades and the eagle
cii tlie helmets of soldiers have been
removed, being replaced by a red band.
The wearing of the Iron Cross has
I.ceit strictly prohibited. \
.MAJORITY PARTIES ALLOWED
T.IIRi:i: REPRESENTATIVES
LONDON, November 10.? In the now,
German government there will be only
three representatives for the majority
parties, namely: Erzberger, Gotheln
and Kichthofen, says a dispatch from
i *opeiih:< gen to the Bxchonge Tele-:
graph Company. The other positions
.. l>e occupied by Socialists and In- i
dependents.
XE W MERLIN GOVERNMKNT
ISSUES 1'I It ST PROCLAMATION
COPENHAGEN. November 1".?The'
new Berlin government, sjccorihng to |
the Wolff Bureau has issued flic fol- t
lowing proclamation:
"Fellow-citizens.?This day the peo- '
pie's deliverance has been fulfilled. The j
t'ocial Democratic party has undertak
en to form a government. It has in- 1
vited tho Independent Socialist party
to enter tho government with equal
rights."
DISORDER HAS SUItSIDED |
I.N PROVINCE OK MUNICH 1
MUNICH. November 10.?The dis
order has subsided in Munich, accord
ing to the latest reports. Tho where
abouts of the King is unknown. The
casualties iti the rioting are being con
fined for the most part to ofllcers who j
resisted. The Landtag has been die- !
solved. Only Socialists and deputies
are permitted to enter the building.
Looters are being shot.
SIX MORE CRUISERS Kl.Y
RE1) KLAlt AT 1IAM11URG
COPENHAGEN. November 10.?Six
more cruisers, flying the red flag, ar
rived at Hamburg last night, says a
Wolff News Agency dispatch received
here. The city of Hamburg generally
Is quiet.
German guard vessels in the mine '
field oi't" the Great Belt and Little Belt
have left their stations. Tho crewa
forced tho olllcers }o leave the vessels,
and then hoisted tile red flag.
Sonderburg is In the. hands of the
revolutionists, and the red flag has
been raised on ships there.
The crews of the German Dread
noughts I'osen, Ostfreiestand, Nassau
and Oldenburg, in Kiel harbor, have
joined the revolution. The marines oc
cupied the lock gates at Ostmoor and
fought down a coast artillery division
which offered resistcnce.
THREE GERMAN DESTROYERS
AND CREWS JOIN REVOLT
LONDON, November 10.?Three Ger
man destroyers have anchored outside'
of Stockholm, and all the guard ships j
in the Baltic have joined the revolu- )
tionary movement.
STUTTGART ANNOUNCES v
PROVISIONAL REPUBLIC I
COPENHAGEN, November 10.?At I
Stuttgart the new government has is-'
sued a proeiamation to the people an- j
nouncing the formation of a provisional'
republic. II declares that General Eb- :
binghausen and his staff had yielded
control of the city to the workmen's
and soldiers' council, whose first ob- .
ject wp.s to summon a eonstituent na- ;
tional parliament.
SAY VIC TOR V AVA* <;AINE1>
WITHOUT SHEDDING OK flbrtOD
BASEL. SWITZERLAND, November
10.?An official dispatch received by tho
Havns Agency from Berlin to-day says:
"O flic in I The revolution has resulted
in a striking victory almost without (
the effusion of blood.
"A general strike was declared this !
morning. It brought a cessation of
work in all workshops at about 10 !
o'clock.
"A regiment of Nuremberg chasseurs ,
passed over to the people. Other:
troops rapidly followed their action.
"The Alexander Regiment, after hear- !
ing a declaration by Deputy Walls,)
went over to the revolution.
BROAD STREET WINDOW
BROKEN BY AUTOMOBILE
?I. !>. Plekels l.osen Control of Car i
Wlilcli Sninsliew lloraee Wright
Store Eront.
.1. 1"). l'ickels. chauffeur for ,1. H.
Franklin, Kin Vista, lost control of
his automobile early last evening and
the machine crashed through one of
the show cases forming the windows
to the lloraee Wrluht Clothing Store,
Firs! and Broa,i Streets. The show
ease was entirely destroyed. Neither
l'ickels nor his car were damaged ex
cept for a broken windshield on the
machine.
GERMANS PULL OWN TEETH
New A ork Minister Sny* He Kenred
Allien Would Tnlie ??Eye for
Eye" iti Germany,
NEW YORK. November 10.?'"I was
afraid the French ami British might
get into Oermanj and take 'an eye
?fir an eye,' but l would rather have
the i mm mans Mill their own teeth."
:o-dny declared Rev. Dr. Charles A.
Eaton in a i;#rninn at tho Madison
\venue Baptist Church.
"They will get what's coming to 1
ihem," Dr. Eaton added. He predicted1
thai thousands of American soldiers j
will have to stay in Europe many,
months to "watch tliu German people;
devour themselves."
Noted llii|itint I* Dead.
MONTCLA1R, N. .1., November 10?j
The Hev. James Champlain Fernald, j
D. I)., author and editor, one of tho as- i
sorbite editors of tho "Standard Die- |
tionary," died from old age at his home]
here to-day. He was born in Isr>C at j
Portland, Me 11 o held Baptist Churcn
charges In M tine. Vermont and Ohio
and became distinguished as a writer.
Sixteen of his uvonty-four books were
recognized as "uthorittes on the Eng
lish language. Interment will bft At
McConnullsvill' Ohio.
Important News
. QuicklyTold
Events From Various Sources
Reduced to Minimum
Space.
LONDON, November 11 (Monday)
Emperor Charles and Empress Zlta ?r
Austria have Med from Warto|K Cakui
to Switzerland, tlie Daily Express
dent'.'8 " 'U C<>,)onhileo.i corres^ont
, IT A MAN ARMY JiKADQUARTPR^
IN NOP.T1U0UN ITALY. Nou.nibcr iO
M?rc. -50.000 Italian prisoners^
(o'irit Vi l- "it ii,a $ liavo been returned
to ltal>. Mil; mid wounded men will
be returned inter l?y wav of Swit/Vr
land. (lie repatriated soldiers say that
\ iolcn t conditions are not prevalent in
i ljOXIKiN, November 11.?"The r??w
spond-m. ,v cordon of machine ?.,??
nianned by Socialists Iimm tw.?A lu '
?'.'"""-I the vast Kr?ppdKurwolrhkH 7t'
Kssen. the correspondent adds.
,^ N^'TOX, \o vein bo r i it *m
War Trade Hoard announce!) io ?i ^
tW.?'1 ,wou'/' l,HI*mlt importation of r"*
stiicted articles from Lower California
under import license when the shin
ments are made bv the ?ti-im?hinD i
IVdro an,. San ^al^ei^o"^^8^
Mail Meamship Company. ul[
NBW x?vembcr 10.?Mayor
Hj lan has issued n dell to National
1-uel Administrator Gartteld, and In -!
otter made public to-night, makes u
plain that the police survey of the coal
situation in New York will be "arr?e,l
UiKton.8"*s f,f re,iuests from Wash- j
WASIII" :Tu.V. November 10? A note i
- "V !hr winter's fuel sup-;
plj was Ml nded i.y the United States
fuel administration to-day in a call
fur removed -irons for conservation of I
anthracite hi districts where its use in
??'?usauiption is being permit-!
ted. Ih.- lilt iiminoiiK production has
dropped from n daily averacc of ?>
.OtiiiOii tons the- week of July IS "to
1.S-6.V00 Uiv week ending November L'.
PARIS PRESS DISLIKES
ARMISTICE DELEGATES
I'nper* Point On I That They Are IIcd
reneuliitlvr.i of Junker
Clu??.
PAK1S, November 10.?The names of
the iicrnmn armistice delegates have
aroused defiant comment from the
1* rench press. Kvery pewspaper re- '
calls that after his auto accident earlv
in the war. General von Winterfel'd
(former military attache at the Ger
man embassy at Paris? managed an
espionage bureau at San Sebastian '
working against France.
Cenerai von (iundells attitude at
l tie Hague peace conference also is
recalled as indicating that the dele
gates represent the powers which have
hitherto ruled Germany.
La Verlte says \ on Wintered'*
father was the Prussian attache who
received Napoleon's capitulation ut
Syrian.
PERSHING REPORTS GAINS
American and French Forces Reach the
OuUkirtN of Sfenuy and Occupy
Hoift-dc-<*hcviol*.
\V A SUING TON'. November 10.?The
roliowins communifiue dated November
l". evening, was received here from
night Pershing's headquarters to
i.m"? -orle?i oC ,ocal operations or the
i . *oc?>nd American Armies re
sulted in considerable gains to-day at
'"any points ulopg ihe line between tiie
.Meuse and the Moselle. 'J'roops of the
r irst Army, with whom Krf'iich unit?
are operating, reached the southern
outskirts of stenay and occupied liois
de-( henois, south of the Italon. Uc
yond the eastern slopes of the heights
of the Meuse th? villages of Gibercy
Abocourt and Orinacourt were taken.
In the \V ocvrt, dc^plio stubborn re
sistance of machine guns and heavv!
artillery, troops of the SeconJ Army
penetrated the enemy's lines and drove
Itim Ironi several weil-organizcd and
strongly held position. The towns of'
?'?ll.rc W'"?, an<1 ,,ilare were taken
and the I.oise Domartin was cleared
ot tne oneijiy."
BILLION W. S. S. SALES
Work Pnmaed During I.aat >\ eek, Treas
ury Department Sn>* In
An noun cement.
t November 10?The'
$ 1.000.000.000 mark in war savings
sianips. maturity value, was passed
?Monday according to a statement made
b> the Treasury Department in a com- '
mumcaiioTj to the district war -avine* '
committee. The total receipts "in th|* !
date from -he sales of war savings'
securities amounted to $?4*> f>09 ; l & 1
this representing the purchase of
stamps to the total maturity value of
approximately $ 1.009.;,02,351
The combined riuota to be rnis-'d d.ir
ing the present year is J2.I03 '??A/n
maturity value, of which tie- District
of Columbia's portion l? H.i*:. r,4-i
In order to accomplish ' this' nuola
before the end of the vear ihe locJi i
committee is concentraUng its elTons I
on bringing about the redemption of
the pledges made in the jui.,. '
and in enlisting the membership *>?
' the J,000_Club^ to its fuVstrength!;
WARNING AGAINST SPIES
SCCr^"erire U'-r,nY{n^n< ^nnr? State
ment Appealing to Public to
"e Watchful.
WASHINGTON, November jo.?Warn
ings against any war-end reiuvV.i, ?
of the vigilant watch over anarchists"
Plotters and aliens within this cou.Vlrv
were issued yesterday bv Xttor ev
General Gregory, A. li llieia?Ti< i ?J.- #
of the bureau of Investigation
T)epartment of Justice and Rrio^-u!*
(ieneraj Marlborough Churchill direc"
SJi'Sui ?f <i,i!
no^TeiS", "ilia"!"?,:' \V?,S
their suppression durire- n.? of
'uMthh?safeCguar! 1 inp*'t'ho'Snior ih"''ff0^"
people of the 1'nllod SfZ h??f ,ho
erty of the government^ami m Prop_
?or reconatruetio^^ confront m ,,Ia.nH
intelligence departments of thrt o
navy, and tin- Department of Justice^
BLAZE AT SHENANDOAH
,nt -*purtnient Itoune Mnr.
?alunl.lc. When I Ire Threaten,
<li<5
mS'AtoASLfSr"
Balliored 10|,-oth<-i-Thofp
??>'??[ y?,?nloy :.flori,oo? ,Jh?n , rr."
of the building atlre and tho flime*
rose so high i? ,llo air thn? it
abHxe ?n' i]r en,iro 1'Uildlng w.?s
ablate. 1 ho damugo was slight.
BELIEVED ALL SAVED
Navy Department !In? ^?ot |feard of
liOMea When Senile WW
Sunk by Mine.
WASHINGTON. Novemh*n 1 a
Dmiy?I><V^anment nnn?unced to-nilfu
that as far as can be determined -ill
Persons on (he steamship SeaVie 4ui L
to tha veven ofllnors and/Torrv m?l, L
ported saved last night ^rt> " rc*
- id
EXTRA SESSION OF CONGRESS 1
DEEMED HIGHLY PROBABLE
Prmnl lludy Will lie In n I) I r 11> Tnkr
l'p .\unirrout Hee*on?t ruc
tion llilln.
WASHINGTON, November 10.?An j
extra session of Congress ufler Mutch I
4, when the Republicans come into
power, seems Inevitable, By that time
there will bo such an accumulation
of prebnlns: reconstruction legislation
demanding prompt attention that tt
will be necessary to convene the Sixty
sixth Congress at once.
This was the general opinion at the
Capitol al\ei leaders of both parties
had given careful consideration to the
suggestion that an extra session tjnlght
be avoided and that the President
might not deem it necessary to issue
a special call for a sitting of Congress
before December, 1919.
A survey of the legislative Rltua- j
tion yesterday shows That the present ;
; Congress will have Its hands full In '
disposing of the revenue bill, and the '
j annual appropriation measures during ;
the remaining four months of Us life.
Indications are that 'the revenue bill
, will not be ready for submission to ,
the Senate until late this month, and j
the most conservative predictions aro j
that it will not be llnally passed before ;
; February I.
| CONSIDERS RICE RIOTS
WIDENING SOCIAL CLEAVAGE
Ilailuraa >Un I'ompnre* Condition* of 1
Working <"ln*? With Profit*
of ICnterpriHCR.
1 TOKYO. November 10.?The recent'
i food riots in Japan arc dangerous
; symptoms of widening social cleavage .
? in the opinion of Tosnio Fujiwara, a
j leading business man of Tokyo and an
authority on social cjuestions Jle con- j
trusts the conditions under which the
working class of Japan live with the
enormous profits of great enterprises,
and sees in the ostentation of the I
countless war millionaires a social ir.j
rltant which is causing the theories
of western ugitators to work on the i
minds of the Japanese wage earners.
I Mr. Kujiwara thinks that Japanese j
i skilled workmen have already acquired j
the Ideas of the Working people ofJ
western countries. lie adds: "These ,
' Ideas, unfortunately most. In a wrong j
sense, are steadily working upon the t
? minds of our working peop'e, especial
ly those In big cities like Tokyo,
| Osaka, etc. He continues:
"Leaders of the nation are therefore j
strongly urged to adopt some measures
for relief of the general discontent so
[that disaster may bo n\oided. Should
I this General discontent of the work
ing class be left without remedy, we
may havo more serious outbursts and
these may bring about a catastrophe
to the empire." _ ,
Mr. Kujiwara urges that Japanese i
statesmen learn a lesson from Ain?*ri
can and British statesmen In the;
handling of national problems. us- ,
pecially food problems. Jrnprove-mont ?
of the living condition:* of the work-!
lug classes in Japan he believed to
be urgently imperative, and this re-,
form should be Inaugurated in the
big cities of Tokyo and Osakp.
ALABAMA^ NEGROLYNCHED
FOR MAKING DISTURBANCE j
People of Sheffield Take Prisoner 1'roni '
Jnller nnil String Him
Up.
Illy Associated Press.1
RHKI'TIKLD, ALA., November 10.? i
Will Bird. a n??gro. alleged to have '
creatcd a disturbance here to-day, was!
taken from the jail early to-night by a t
mob and hanged near the banks of ilie :
Tennessee River. Authorities said B rd
had tired several shots this afternoon
and hud boasted "he would get a police- j
man " It was reported that a mob had .
started for Tuscumbla to get two other,
negroes there charged with the murder
of a policeman here last week.
Bird was captured after a running
fight with the police, during which
many shots were exchanged. The mob
demanded Bird from the jailer soon
after his arrest.
R E A D Y F0 RL E A G UEOFNAT IONS j
Theodor >VolfT Tells I.ord \orthelHTf
>etY (Government Will Work
For It.
LONDON. November 10.?"The revo
lutlon has been a brilliant and almost
bloodless success." su>s Theodor Wolff,
editor of the Liberal Berliner Tact- |
blatt. in a message addressed to Vi?
count Northclirte. The message con
tinues:
"We believe the creation of the foun
dations for a league of nations is cer- ?
I tainly possible upon the conclusion of '
peace.
"We also believe that such a league, i
in order to protect the world from new
devastating wars, cannot come about In
a few days.
"As far as the new government is
concerned, it is prepared for the funda
mental ground work of a league of na
tions."
WAR INCREAsis EFFICIENCY
C.rent Progress Mas Itren Murie in the
Use of Wireless Telrg
rupiij-.
LONDON. November 10.?The ?.tli
ciency of wirejgrss telegraphy has been
?.normously increased during the war.
a semiofficial statement issued by the ;
royal air force says. In particular,
great progress has been made in send- j
itig wireless messages from aircraft. '
In 1914 various difficulties restricted'
,:he use of wireless in conjunction with t
.airplanes. Most of these have beo.n |
.overcome, and the use of wireless com
munications from the air has been of |
.great assistance to the allied forces !
.in all military operations.
Without the assistance of wlrHess. ?
the use of airplanes could never have :
been developed so fully as it now is. !
"Artillery, observation" by airp'.ar.o is '
among the most profitable of all the
uses of aircraft.
Far below in the batteries the wire
less operators received the corrections
from the airplane till the signal comes
Ic indicate that the right range has
been found and. later, the "Cease fire"
signal to indicate that destruction has
been accomplished.
The extended range of airc.tft wire
less leads t<> its use from airplanes on
l>ng re*t.oai.-I'ssancC, and the opcrlvtsr
in the hut on the airdrome, miles be
hind the lines, is the first to learr., per
luips of a new German howitzer em
placement, perhaps of the massing of
troops Intended to effect a surpris;, a
va;? hope, thinks to the wireless.
RULE OUT BILLBOARDS
Sonthern California Metropolis Passes
Ordinance to Iteinove Them
Kroiu Vnennt Property.
LOS ANOELES, CAL, November 9-?
Southern California's metropolis is fast
becoming a biilboardless city, Accord
ing to reports submitted to-day to |
the City Council. Of the 027 billboards j
and advertising sign hoards standing
on Juno 1, 340 have been removed, in
compliance with the new ordinance
Torbidding such advertising in the resi
dence section.
A few remaining boards are Toft be
cause of a difference in opinion over
the wording of the law, but it is ex
erted that these soon will be elim
inated.
The signs, to which the majority of
the populace objected, totaled elx miles
>f space. Determined opposition had
to ho overcome before the great pla
cards finally were removed.
"November
Breakfasts"
PostToasties
(Made or Corn)
CHILEAN BUSINESS MEN
ADOP'T PROTECTIVE MEASURES
I>nr . Tlial lllKh-l'rirrd f^abor Mut
IJc employed Jli Held to Itc
ltMpvnnllilt>
SANTIAGO, CHILIS. November 10.?
Chilean business men aro much con
cerned over the "prospects of a com
mercial war In Soutn America at the
conclusion ' of the present conflict, anil
have petitioned the national crovern
?\ient to' adopt protective measures
which will prevent "dumping:" in
Chilean markets. *
The petition was made by the Ca
mara Industrial' de Chile, which cor
responds to industries as Chambers of
Commerce do to commerce. Thu
"eainara" asserts in its petition that
t'hilean manufacturers "Will have to use
high-priced labor and imported raw
materials, and will be unable to com
pote against "dumping" methods,
which had begun* to be a menace to
Chilean Indultries even before the war.
The chamber informs the govern
ment that the coming commercial war
will be carried on by the big manu
facturing nations by fixing export
prices so low that oven after freight
and expenses are paid the goods can
be sold in <'hile and other South
American republics at what they scost
to manufacture, while high prices at
home will compensate for the loss.
.Such methods, asserts the chamber, will
ruin Chilean industries.
The chamber has suggested that the
government adopt the method which It
say.s has been tried in Canada and New
Zealand, whereby a surtax above nor
mal tariff duties is imposed on all
Roods, based on the difference between
the price quoted for the imported goods
and the sale price of the same goods
in the country of origin.
The suggestion of the Chilean cham
ber is receiving: widespread newspaper
comment In xll the other South Ameri
can republics, where it is being urged
that the example be followed.
NAVAL AVIATION STATION .
NOW KNOWN AS TINTOWN
Americans In Ireland <t?lek1y Kind
>ninrn for Towns and Tliey
Hold I'a?t.
AN" IRISH I'OUT, November 10.?Tho
naval aviation station ut one t>f the
di'.tjojer busts in Ireland is locally
known both as "Tlmbertown" and "Tin
town." It Is located on the sdte of
some old Hrltish barracks. The Hrltish
had u: e<i metal .sheets in constructing
their buildings and tho Americans, who
dislike:', metal structures, ? dubbed tue
place "Tintown." When the American
wo-ido'i buildings began to appear tho
Hritishers retaliated by calling it
"Timbertown" and both names nave
citing and become known t'? the extent
of superceding the name of the viUagu
near which the. plant'is located. Tho
"town" is ono of the busiest centers
?>t activity In Ireland, now that the
increased ocean tonnage la making
possible a regular shipment of air
planes. Here the machines are being
assembled.
<,\nsidernble work was necessarv to
1 i.v out the station. A part of a" hill
tl'M slopes down m the water had
t i be cut away to make room for some
o." tin Krcat hangars and eyerything
excepting a power plant had to be con
structed or installed. A power plant
that had been used l?y the Ltritluh in
now doing duty. Virtually all the
material had to l>o brought from the
United States, and the'ofttcers had to
contend with labor insufllclent in quan
tity and quality. *
Four (Irtnt Needs of l-'rnaee.
NEW YORK, November 10.?Myron
T. Herrlck. former American ambas
sador to Trance, to-night gave hearty
approval to the appeal made to Amer
ica by High Commissioner Andre Tar
dleu in the namo of France. Com
missioner Tardieu declared the four
great needs of France to bo labor,
credit, raw material and ships.
Now In tbe Time to l!u; a Good tied
Automohllr.
If you don't find the one you want In
to-day's Want Ads. advertise for one.
Filling Your
Oculist's Prescription
\
Meana more than merely
grinding lenses to a given
formula and placing them in a
frame.
our idea of this is to accurate
ly grind the lenses, triple check
them to avoid the possibility of
error, carefully measure the face
for the size of the lenses and
frames, adjust tho finished
glasses so that they are comfort
able and becoming, and keep
them that way as long as you
wear them.
Ask your oculist. Both you
and he will be better satisfied
if we fill the prescription.
GOOD FOR TirE EYES
DieS. SALESKI0"""*
Main and
6th St*.
223 El
Broad St
KODAK HEADQUARTERS
The next time
you buy calomel
ask for
The purified calomel
tablets that are en
tirely free of all sick
ening and salivating
effects.
Medicinal virtues vastly lm
proved. Guaranteed by
your druggist. Sold only in
sealed packages. Price 35c,

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