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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, December 30, 1918, Image 6

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tion ol special dlspaUli??? liere.n lire also renertttd.
MONDAY. DI-X'KMBKIt 30, 1:?1S.
The Ebcrt government has designated Jan- ;
nary <1 as a day of general rejoicing in ^cr; J
many for the success of the revolution. I hat >
is qnite n different celebration from what
the Huns anticipated a year ago, and it is
not likely they will put much heart in it.
If lgnacc Paderewski really accepts the na
tional leadership of Poland it may he ncces
sarv to erih that ancient sign from the loin -
stone saloon and hang these words up in
front of the palace: "Don't shoot tho piano ?
player; he's doing the best be can.
There is no place on the high seas for
the red Hag of Bolslievikism and piracy. The
British Admiralty has the proper idea, and
has ordered the. destruction of all vessels
carrying at their masthead this emblem of
anarchy and disruption. A like firmness on
the, part of those who control the land forces
will be necessary before world order can be
restored.
In handling an organization so vast as
the American expeditionary army and getting
the highest results, which admittedly ho did,
it was only natural that General Pershing
should step on various and sundry oflicial
toes. Hut if the friends of the owners of
those'toes, even if they belonged t<i such as
Wood and Edwards and Hell, try to block the
conferring on him of the permanent title of
General, it will be what a woman would de
scribe adequately as "catty."
General Pershing's Christmas message to
the V: M. C. A. should bring a heaping meas
ure of good cheer to that organization and
serve to restore it to the confidence of those
who have been alienated from it by the flood
of what seemed to them honest criticism.
No one knows conditions better than Per
shing, and had he not felt the truth of his
words he would not have complimented the
Y. M. C. A. "for the enormous contribution
made to the'Viioral1 and physical welfare <>f
the American army."
With Ludendorff turned author and Ho- \
lienzollern writing his memoirs, Germany, '
while it may not la4 entering upon a literary j
renaissance, at least has; the comfort of know- i
ing that its two murderers-in-cliief are en- ;
gaged in occupations less harmful than that !
to which they were trained. Out <>t their !
combined mass of written falsehoods when
they come from the press. l?y which eai-li :
will seek to exculpate himself the world af
large may he able to extiaci something of
truth in explanation of th'1 war's origin. I
If the sentiment. "Let I'm le Sam do it."
in connection with straightening <ur the Rus
sian tangle, materializes at the peace con
ference, as Kuropeun dispatches indicate may
be the case, I'm le Sam will not shirk his
just share of the bind in. hut he does not
propose and will n?<t permit (he whole job
to be shouldered onto him If the Itussian
situation is. to be ne t as it should be, then
it is an allied task, and ie> single nation
must be asked to assume such a tremendous
responsibility. To do .so would i)?? i< ;ir th'
end of the Slav Restoration movement
There is hope for lierlin if Uimietiburg
reaches it with a strong army at his back
and with the .sanction : the alli.-d govern
ments. 1 he oid ..? ul . . :i ai , tj,; i),,. jtj0j
of perhaps a majority ..f t:.. C.- ma i j?. opl.-,
ami his presence and iroii hand in tho cap
ital probably would serve a- a nucleu about
which could gather tin i.,.(<l.-iiite elements
and set up a .-trong barri--: against the I.i? ? b
kneciit forces of <1': nut. g,a i i. |.w-n with
a reasonably tree hami Ihmi.nburg could
present no threat to the |? Jni..,(,
prove a valuable factor, not onh in ,, Coring
his own country to order. 1.,, r.-moving
the menace which now bungs , darkly over
all Europe.
Dr. Benjamin Franklin, is. M:? at;iJ
this month, was the tnst otiiciai' represen
tative of this, then jut horn. i.public to
visit France. The. contrast between l.is ad
vent in Paris and that of i'lesident Wilson
is vivid as between the positions in the world
of the struggling and precarious little con
federation of rebelling colonies and tin dom
inant world power of the I'nited -t.iter ot
now. In lavish display and expenditure we
excel all the nations. Or. Franklin depended
on democratic simplicity and l.ls own shrewd,
practical common sense and crisp humor n
?
win tlio favor of an elegant, polished, friv
olous and corrupt court, lio made a tre
mendous hit. To the cynical satiety of the
time and place he was a fascinating and
vitalizing novelty. The part of Paris that
counted then went as wild over him as all
Paris and France go over President Wilson
now. The two men, so widely separated by
time and circumstance, alike have attracted
by appealing to the, best and most vigorous
human thought and imagination.
More Polities
IN face of obvious efforts being made bv the
War Depart men t to bring hack our troops
from France as rapidly as they can be spared
and transportation facilities furnished. Col
onel Roosevelt launches a now attack on the
administration that is not only unwarranted,
hut insincere. 15y indirection he seeks to
make it appear that the government is hold
ing the soldiers under the colors, both in
this country and France, longer than is
necessary.
In the first place, he deliberately ignores
the announcement made by the chief of staff
of the army a week ago that men were then
being discharged from the army at the rate
of 30.000 a day, and that orders had been
issued calling for the demobilization of 900.
000 in this country.
In the second place, he ignores the fact
that practically every transport returning to
an Atlantic port from Europe is laden with
soldiers, the wounded, thus far, being given 1
the first opportunity to return. In this con- j
unction, it is a fact which must be obvious
to Colonel Roosevelt or to any other critic ]
of the administration, that we cannot expect j
to control as much shipping space for our re- j
turning soldiers as we did for those going
over, when every available ton of American,
allied, neutral and confiscated enemy ship- j
ping was diverted to the emergency task <>f 1
getting our soldiers in France before the Hun I
could break through. v
In the third place. Colonel RoosVrelt, like
many others, appears to forget that the war !
is not yet over, even though hostilities have i
ceased, and that until peace has been actually '
signed, sealed and delivered, it would be the '
height of folly l'or the nations that must \
force this peace on Cerinany calmly to lay |
down their arms. Is Colonel Roosevelt or j
(3 en oral Pershing belter able to judge how j
many men can be spared from Furope and
how soon? If we remember right, the Col
onel most bitterly arraigned the President for
not continuing to maintain an army in Mex
ico after ("Jenoral Pershing had dispersed the
Villa bandits. Then he insisted that the job j
had not been fully completed, and that the j
troops should not be withdrawn until it was. j
Now, with a much bigger job at hand and i
not yet finally completed, the Colonel would
forthwith pack tip our army and bring it
home?except, perhaps, the regulars.
Except the regulars! There, mayhap, is
the explanation of tlifi Colonel's inconsis
tency. Regulars have no vote; the national
guardsmen and the drafted men have. The
presidential election of 1020 draws nigh.
Away with all other considerations! Forget
our bigger obligations in the war. Capitalize
the natural wish of everybody, the soldiers
included, to get the army back home, and
roundly condemn the administration for not
speeding up the home-coming. At last, an
issue!
Protection From Gold Bricks
THE Capital Issues Committee, preparing
to i suspend activities oil December 31,
urgently recommends that Congress enact
legislation to protect the public against "gold
brick" securities. During the period of the
war, this committee, which was organized
primarily to protect the government's war
loan issues from competition with get-rich
quick stocks, had exceptional opportunity to
survey the whole field of American stock
promotion activities, and discover the meth
ods by which the Wallingfords in Wall Street
tleece the innocent investors.
"While legitimate business may safely be
left to work out its own problems," says the
committee's report to Congress, "the Capital
Issues Committee feels that it would bo un
faithful to its responsibility if it failed to
warn the public respecting the enormous
losses sustained by the nation through the
sale of worthless and fraudulent securities.
In the opinion of the committee, the sale of
such securities should be restrained in times
of peace as well as in war, and strongly
urges that Congress establish adequate ma
chinery to put a stop to this trallie."
It is a recommendation thai certainly
should receive prompt attention, and appar
ently at least, the remedy may be easily de
vised. it would seem possible to set up
a permanent, agency of the government sim
ilar to the Capital Isssues Committee with
powers to supervise, and perhaps license,
every issue of stock intended to have an in
terstate circulation, or in connection with
the sale of which advertisements are sent
through the mails or published in newspapers
distributed through the mails.
On Probation
r p 111', action of the Federal government in
1 loosening certain restrictions which were
placed upon enemy aliens in this country
when we entered the war, is not to be taken
; as a blanket license to these aliens to spread
] the poisons of (Jerninn propaganda. The
! I'nited States has had enough of that sort.
of business to last it for a long time, and it
. is to be hoped that the time is not far dis
tant when the country can promptly rid lt
| self of the presence of any foreigners seek
ing to use the free institutions of America
to the ends of an alien power.
( These people will do well to act with
circumspection. The ridiculous collapse of
the elaborately woven plots of the Bernstorffs
I and Boy-I-'ds and Alberts and Von Papons
and Dernburgs have demonstrated quite
: plainly that the Hun intriguers cannot ex
j poet to win out m a test of wits with the
I Department of .lustice and the I'nited States
Secret Service. Th. y have blundered in the
past and they will blunder if they attempt
? it again; only the next time they may not
expect to be a.^ leniently dealt with.
D the enemy aliens, again t which the bar
1 tiers no longer stand, behave themselves they
j will not lie molested Hut it would be well
for them n? have dearly in mind the fact
i that t iey are on probation.
! Seen :.iry of War iiaker, intending kind
! i" - ''? the. *- in n of the army who had not
l the good fortune to get to Fiance, ordered
! that ih'\ wear on the left sleeve a silver
| bar fur each ;-i\ months served here, lie has
i met .in unexpected rebuff. Some soldiors
i
object to the bar as an advertisement that
they failed to get across. Yet, surely, nobody
could deny the right of some distinctive
badge to those whose good fortune or quick
zeal won for tlieni tho honor of foreign ser
i vice. The absence of such evidence from a
man's sleeve is as clear notico that he.did
j not go over as tho silver bar. The distinc
tion between the two forces?that overseas
and that retained hero?is unavoidable. It
will not exist in the hearts of the people.
They will give all who responded to the coun
try's call equal credit for courage and pa
triotism. Hut we cannot deny to good luck
and promptness their special rewards.
One just can't help liking Herbert Hoover.
His languago sometimes is brusque, but he
gets results, to the truth of which millions
of people saved from starvation will bear
willing evidence. Hut now he has fixed for
himself a permanent place in the American
heart which despises sleek-tongued diplo
macy. Nothing bettor has been said sinco
the war started than his curt message. "Tell
the pair .personally to go to h?1, with my
compliments," to the German ofllcials who,
having helped to complete tho ruin of Hel
gium, sought to negotiate with him for a
supply of food. While lacking somewhat in
originality, the time, place, circumstances and
the feeling behind the utterance make it
worthy of a high place among the "Great
Words of Great Men." And tho best part
of it is that the Germans will go to the
place where he has consigned them.
Just at the final moment, some well-mean
ing Yankee soldiers had to go and spoil tho
presidential program on Ohiristmas Day. Mr.
Wilson was running on perfect schedule, and,
just as it had been advertised that he would
do, ate his Yuletide feast with the American .
troops, but, acting witho.ut a saving grace I
of the fitness of tilings, his hosts scurried j
around and scraped up enough china with !
which to set the table for their distinguished :
guest. It was the only flaw in an other
wise perfect day. The world had expected
him to rat from the ordinary mess tins, and,
of course, with an eye to the perfection of
the settings, he would have preferred it, but
in this one respect his visit was badly stage
managed.
Of all places on earth, Venice reports tho
highest known prices for milk and worst
scarcity of it?and a canal full of water in
every street and before the door of every
served residence!
Is not the French proposition for com
pounding the interest on tho indemnity ex- '
torted in 1ST I pounding the Hun just a wee
bit too heavily?
SEEN ON THE SIDE
BY I1I0.MIV KDWAIID WAUXEH
The Season.
When Christmas comes, the rhymster digs be
neath i
Accumulated heaps of empty junk? I
Assorted bits of nothing much at all
That litter up the fastness of his trunk;
And from somewhere he rescues lines he wrote i
On holly, mistletoe, ten yards or more?
Printed a year ago, he prints again
Safely, for no one read the stuff before! ^
~ i
Purely Porxotinl. j
Header of this llere Place wants to know ;
whether any one really loves a baldheaded man. |
We don't know, Sister. We've been as pic
turesque on top as a Mexican hairless pup for
twenty years, but we've been so busy trying to !
grow something inside our head that we haven't >
had time to worry about what we look like !
outside. P/obably some one does love a bald- |
headed man, but take it from Uncle Henry,
this is no time for luxuries!
A Tip for (lie Drummer.
"Say. Mr. Selluinout," began the Boss, "I've j
just been looking over your expense account for j
the lust trip. You've done well; I don't kick at ,
the taxi bills and Turkish batlls, but what's !
all this donation stuff to Charity?"
"Ah, that's simple." said the Traveling Man. ?
cheerfully. "Since your order against inserting j
'Ineidentals' I've started to use 'Charity,' be- :
cause charity covers a multitude of sins."
I unoceiit.
" Kor Heaven's sake, Mary, why don't you go |
on cleaning'.' Why do you stand there ga/.ing !
at that statuette of Venus?"
"Yes. mum: right away. mum. Hut 1 just 1
wants t' say. mum, that I didn't break t h' arms |
oiT'n that monument. It must a been th' girl
ahead o' ine, mum!"
'I'lic Question Tlmt Morns.
"Three months, and then?"
The eyes of the soulful young man bla/.cd with i
searching Into the future.
"Ah!" lie sighed, with the fervor of a poet, j
"only three months, and then?"
A little bird lit on the window sill.
"I wonder, I wonder ... I wonder . . ." lie j
hit his nails and sighed, "i wonder if I'm des- j
lined to meet my Kate teaching her to swim, j
paddling lu-r in a canoe or rolling her on a j
barrel!" ]
And again he sighed, for it were ever thus!
?Evidence.
1 "That kid of mine,'- said Jiggins. "is a bom
j musician, lie just goes to music like a duck to
; water."
I "Yes?" interrogatively encouraged Muggins.
! "lie certainly does' Why, 1 gave him a set of
: tools for Christmas and right away he went
j and tried them on the piano!"
??'n rinliig.
This is the lazy season for the Kariner. lie
j has nothing to do.
! All day long, in his winter-bound security, he
I deans harness and hammers up fences and gets
in wood, and lixes the barn and buys fe<-d for
, hens that don't lay and studies Hog Cholera,
i All day long he repairs the pump and puts
I new things in the windmill, and hunts around
i for that pile of fertilizer lie mislaid and burns
1 off liclds and cleans up th" woods and sorts
potuocs and helps his wife .straighten out the
i preserve bottles.
In the summer he rires blithely at I; now he
i stays in bed until 4:IS.
| Truly, when the frost is through being on the
i pumpkin and the Hiiowblrds come north, that Is
the liayday of the farmer, for be lias nothing
to do but the chores!
Illntrlnnle.
"Say!" shouted the Author, "what've \ou fel
lows done to my play? Why you've rewritten
j me prologue and changed the second act!"
I "Well'.'" inquired the Stage Man..g< r
1 "You've switched the characters and change I
the plot, and taken out all the incidental music,
and the business in thai murder scene isn't
mine, and?"
"Aw wot's eatln' y'!" rrowled the S. M. "\ ou
j got all tit' best sn,rr !,i"'1 >'ou? Yo" wrote
I that word 'Finis' at th' bottom o' your script.
I didn't, you? Well, then!"
Which convinced the Author, after all, that
be had been premature.
Health Talks, by Dr. Wm. Brady
Tpicltonin.
iCoDYrlxbt. 1918. by Newspaper Sfrvlofc)
Trachoma, or red sore eyes. or granulated
eyelids, or grunular conjunctivitis, is .1 chronic
Inflammation of the eye h characterized by
roughening of the lining of the lids, with red
nfun and congestion of the eyeballs an?i ulcera
tion of the cornea or clear part over tlx sight. i
ho that in time more or less loss of vision and
sometimes total blindness follows.
In most cases the disease begins us an actlto
purulent, conjunctivitIs, that is acute intlamma
tion of the eyes with a secretion of matter or
pus. This lasts for several weeks, and gradually
changes into the chronic inlluniniatiou. I" some
cast's, however, the onset is insidious,'with but
little intlamination, the lids merely becoming
thickened and red and drooped, so that the
patient has a sleepy look; but the granulations
may be seen on the lining of the upper lhl if
the 1 Kl Is everted for examination.
Trachoma affects about HO per cent of the)
population of Kgypt, and is also very prevalent i
among the Jews of Russia and Poland. Al- i
though rigid examination of the eyes of all im
migrants to this country has been math* by tl>?
health authorities for over twenty years, the
disease preveals in various parts of the United
States, but ehfelly in the mountains of Ken
tucky. Virginia and West Virginia. The In
dians have suffer Ad from trachoma for gen
erations back, fully L'n per cent of the 323,000
Indians in the United States being aflln'ted. ac
cording to authoritative estimates.
Trachoma is contagious from person m per
son. ami the United States Public Health Ser- !
vice experts state that the common towel is a
prolitic means of spreading the Infection.
Not every case of granulated litis is tra
choma. l!ut when any one suffers with pro
longed inflammation <>f the eyes an examination
by a competent oculist should be had. i specially j
if the patient lives or has visited in a com- I
inunity where the disease prevails or if the i
patient comes into direct contact with irnmi- j
grant Italians. Slavs or Jt.ws of the poorer
classes.
The extent and economical seriousness of |
trachoma in America may be judged by the .
fact that through the efforts of the United :
States I'ubiic Health Service five, fully equipped J
trachoma hospitals have been erected in the !
heart of the most infested regions of Kentucky. ;
l!y early recognition of the disease und vig- :
orous treatment the loss of eyesight may be
prevented
UuestioiiM and Answer*.
Navel Rupture.?Our baby. si* m ? h -
had a navel rupture at birth. Wo have used i
abdominal bands and adhesive tape cr;?s-?ross
striiis for support, but she is just get'nir over ?
a lone attack of whooping-cough and the hulg- |
in,; seems as bad as ever. Will it finally heal j
up or is tliere a better remedy'.' F. M. j
Answer.? Up lo the age of two ye;irs there ,
is a lair chance that a navel rupture ? umbilical
hernia, breech) may spontaneously close. After)
that age operation is about the only effective
remedy. Continue with your care of the hernia.
Salvaging the Disabled Soldier.
Itv 'I'. It. KII)\Klt,
Vocational Secretary of the Mllltnir Hon
pitnlx CuiiiiiiInmIoii of Canada.
In Canada we are to-day, more than ever,
convinced that we are on the right lines in
the reconstruction of the disabled soldier. We
are proving that the gospel of work is the
salvation of the man.
The men who are so seriously disabled as not t
to be able lo return to their former occitpa
tions and for whom it is the duty of the State '
to provide vocational re-education for sonic I
new occupation are surprisingly few. In I
France an estimate made in 1 :? 1 ?> of the per
centage of the wounded who would require j
such re-education put it at four-tenths of t
one per cent of the wovinded. In Canada we
ha-e been called upon to receive only the more
seriously disabled, as our men wcr< not re- ;
turned unless it appeared probable that they j
would not he fit for active service ag<sn. Hut j
our figures are surprisingly low. l';> to the]
present considerably less than 10 per cent of;
the returned disabled men in Canada ! ive been |
found to require re-education for some new j
vocation.
There are many misconceptions, not only as!
to the siv.e of the problem, but also ;is to its
nature. Neatly every one thinks of the dis- j
ahled from war :is consisting chief! of men
who have lost legs or arms, or r ?ve been
blinded in battle, or have suffered (?'her hor- j
rible mutilations from wounds. A recent ofli
eial statement made in Kngland is interesting
in this connect ion.
Out of every thousand cases of disablement, j
.">47 are c.f disease and 4'i3 of wounds and :
injuries. < ?f the latter, thirty in each thousand i
have suffered amputation of a leg and nine- f
teen amputation of an arm. Thirty-two is: <
each thousand are given as suffering from "iti- I
jury to eves." including an occasional case of
total blindness.
The first thing to be considered i- the de
termination of the eligibility of a man for
training nml. inextricably hound up with that. I
his direction toward an appropriate new oecu- I
pa t ion.
After t'.i. Canadian system had been in opera
tion for eight months or .so. the commission |
published in one of its bulletins the following
testimonj: "Training during convalescence is
undcrtak ?n primarily for its curative value, and I
in that direction has had excellent eff- ts. Men '
who, from the experiences they had gone j
through, were nervous, irritable, and out of key t
with a normal environment are benefiting won-;
? lerfully from the active work tif the classes
in which their minds and bodies are healthily
occupied. Their interest in life is rearoused.
and their ambition to succeed in civil life is
developed by the work undertaken."
Hut while the work has been primarily cura
tive for mind and body, a great many have
found the training received during convales-I
cence to be of actual commercial value in after
life. Already numerous Instances of this have
occurred. It is well known that a little skill in
mechanical drawing, the ability to read and
interpret a blue-print, and a knowledge of i
simple shop arithmetic of mathematics will in
most cases, enable the ordinary craftsman who
lias been disabled to become a foreman or sup
erintendent.
These things can be. and are being imparted I
to men iti our hospitals, and cases have already
occurred in which men have returned to civil
life ami taken better positions than they held]
before enlistment, in consequence of the'train
ing given them during convalescence.
In every district in Canada there has been
fotned what is termed the "Disabled Soldier's
Training Hoard." It consists of a medical of
ficer. a vocational officer, and a local layman.!
The medical officer is selected, if possible, be
cause of his knowledge of industries. The !
United Stales is fortunate in having through-1
out the country a large number of industrial j
surgeons and physicians whose .services will
be invaluable in this kind of work ?Cony
right. I'JIV I
News of Fifty Years Aoro
(From the Hichmcnd Dispatch. Dec. 1 SOS.)
It is learned that one re
sult of President Johnson's
amnesty proclamation will
be the early return of Gen
eral .tubal A. rOatly to Vir
ginia. The grand old hero
has been sojourning in
Canada for the past three
years. He will be wel
comed back to his own na
tive State, and it is prob
able he o-iii settle down in
Richmond. It is known
also that General John C.
R r e c k 1 n r i d g e. Jacob
Thompson and James M.
Mason will soon return to
their homes.
Married- On the evening of the 23d at the
1 residence of Jonas Farmer by Rev. James 10
I Gates. James 1'agv to Miss Arlannn Archer?
! both of this city.
| Married: In Norfolk on the evening of the 22d
j of December by Rev. J. U Johnson. Tiberius
! OracchiM Jones. D. D.. president of Richmond
College, to Mattie K. Ridley.
A man giving his name as Baldwin on Sat
' unlay tried to pass off on the First National
i Hank a forged New York check for $12,(100.
i The cashier held up the check and sent a tele
gram io New York. The answer proved it to
| be a forgery, but in the meantime "Baldwin"
had vamoosed,
I Superintendent Wardwell spread a big
Christmas dinner Christmas Day for (he con
victs at the penltenlia-y and for once they en
I joyed roast turkey and other good things out
I of* I he ordinary.
| The amnesty proclamation of the President
s lias been received approvingly by nearly all
< classes iu Washing'on except some of the rabid
haters of I he Southern people who go so far
as ;o again threaten Impeachment proceedings
i against the President, because of what they
term bis impudence in forestalling Congress,
i Fverv day since the proclamation was issued
! there have been callers at the White House to
! congratulate the President.
Rev. Hr. Hastl Manly. Sr.. distinguished mln
I ister. died at his home in Greenville. S..C., last
I ' 'Thl-re seems to be no doubt that General
I Grant has expressed himself strongly against
giving any further aid to the Pacific railroads
?,r any other roads.
A terr ble lire In Ryr.n, Mass.. occurred Satur
day. and n large part of the city wan laid In
1 ashes The loss will he. several millions and tho
suffering Is widespread.
lien. .Itiliul A. Marly.
I'min I-;* lie.
I K?s.
FROM OTHER VIEWPOINTS
National Problems Discussed fo*r Headers of Tlic Times-Dispatch by
Authoritative Writers?A Daily Editorial Feature.
SUPPOSE LABOR UNIONS WHERE CORPORATIONS ARE.
IIY A I.Kit 101> II. W11.MA.1IS.
Nothing that could happen in Hi's
world would or could In- funnier lJja
shifting around and putting f,?a t)la"0
important lubor unions In
and position of the corporation arm
tho present members an.l comiionenta
of tho corporations where the la or
unions now are. ir some "'lie
all-compelling practical J->ker had tho
ordering or things lie could not dtvlsc
a more delicious scheme than the pro
posed government ownership of tuii
ways and telegraph and telephone sys
tems in this country.
Take tho railways to begin with.
The moment they passed permanently
under government control, demand r??r
cheaper fares and freight rates would
arise. Sifting down, it would be dis
covered that the wages paid the rail
way men were the obstacles. 1 hen
w oil Id arise our familiar friend, the
cross-roads demagogue, who now thun
ders against the corporation, lie would
point out that the e.ngineer, working
eight hours a day, draws clown
more money in a month than the farm;
or or the farm hand gvts in a year,
working from sun to sun, and so go
on to tho conductor and the brake
nutn. It is impossible to imagine any
thing more amusing than tho presi
dent of a railway brotherhood standing
before an audience of farmers and
factory hands trying to defend his
wage and hour scale to people who
know they are paying him. Now these
same people are in cordial sympathy
with every demand for more wages
and shorter hours, believing that '.he
ixlra cost will come out of the cor
poration somehow. Flit it to them di
rect and see the difference.
Now we have general managers and
directors and stockholders going be
fore tho State and Federal commis
sions. tho President and Congress, beg
ging for a chance to live, as they put
it. Suppose all the stock holders
bought out. nobody building any more
railways except as Congress directs
and provides for. all the railways and
telegraph lines and telephones con
trolled direct, from Washington. Among
them they have a couple of million
votes, widely scattered. Against them
are 10.000.0 30 to 12.000.000 votes, de
manding cheaper telegraph and tele
phone and railway service, witli less
wages the only way to get at It. What
beii? is there? Suppose a strike agalns*
the United States government and rates
ordered by act of Congress.
Voice of the People
I.rttrr* inuat nlve the nnme nnd ad
ilrmn of the writer. Nnme will not be
pulilixlird It urltrr requests.
Not n t;ho<M of a Clinnce.
To the Kditor of The Times-Dispatch:
Sii*.?In your editorial of the 29th
instant you mention that Champ Clark
is now training to become n candi
date for the presidency in 1920. It
so, he will not. In my humble opinion,
have a ghost of a chance.
Aside from his many had breaks pre
vious to tho 1912 campaign, and his
recent war record, we find hint throw^
inir a crumb of comfort to the 1. W. W.
crowd by saying. "Mooney had a raw
' Tliat one line of five words Is enough
to consign him to oblivion. Is ^.hore
a patriotic American who would cas^
a vote for a man catering to such a
dangerous e 10? J'.1;;r}?,IC?\fO TKI1.' '
Richmond. Va . December 2S. 1913.
I'len for 1'ersonnl Liberty.
To the Kditor of the Thnes-Hlspatch:
Sir.?It would seem that the press,
which at times trios to shape public
opinion for the people's guidance and
strength, would sound with a.l its
might the warning of tho apparent ap
proaching change of one of the most
vital fundamental principles of our
Constitution, that of individual, per
sonal liberty, which is being accom
plished by the misguided and unjust
influence of prohibition, church dema
gogy For that which we call life is
not 'much life when you lay your hand
on one and say. "You shall not exercise
vour own discretion in the choosing of
that which is termed Rood and evil
We do not mean, of course, to say that
those who are teachers should dis
continue to teach and admonish in
those ways that seem to lead to health,
truth and happiness. The real trou
ble is, it seems, we have loo many
professional reformists, who are un
doubtedly a curse to this or any coun
,rv when a few men of our country
drew an Instrument that embraced
those words, "Mfe. liberty and prop
erty" thev drew a perfect law. except
that It was a pity those principles had
not been adopted, permitting of no
change or amendment of vital effect.
For those guarantees in the main can
not be improved upon, and that one's
"personal liberty" is the most vital,
for life is weak indeed when fettered
I with some one else's abrupt demand
not to exercise our own judgment in
| ordinary life of self-control, as a gen
|oral principle. .
i The dishonest love of gain, and the
inordinate vanity of man are the dan
! gets to love and truth and man's gen
I oral good welfare.. The time is fast
i approaching, if not almost at hand
! when we shall have a country tilled
; with a lower mental vision, or coward
ly plodders, stifled tinder a cowardly
church demagogy. It would he better
for a while that tho last ehurch in
Virginia were lying in ashes and the
Imanv indiscreet, misguided ministers
I plowing in tho fields than to have our
actions interfered with by undue force
I In our homes and dally lives. This
! country of ours was destined for a
government where all people of the
e: rth might come and live unmolested
InnulHe* regnrdlng nlmi.Kt nny topic,
excepting on leenl and medlcnl wiih
fect". nrr answered free. An all In*
nnlrles nre nn.werfd directly by prr
Honnl letter, u ?<elf-nd(1re?*ed. ?tnn.ped
envelope 1* required. Addreaa The
Time* - ninpatell Information Uureau,
ItSi'hmond, Va.
The House of Hanover.
I II It., Ashland, Va.?The House
nf' Hanover was the dynasty of the
former German Kingdom of Ha novo .
The electors of Hanover became H e
sovereigns of England between 171 I
'?ml* 1H17 when the succession was
broken by the ascension to the throne
contrary to the llanovarlan Law. of a
woman. Queen \ ictorla.
Neutralising Strait".
O S K, Richmond, Va.?" Neutraliz
ing straits" is adoring such wate -
ooen to passage, or all vessi.is,
regardless of nationality. An Utopian
project is a plan or proposal consid
ered excellent, hut >'?|,rn/VhA H,uc
cause it represents an impossible state
of perfection.
Tanning ShrepAUln".
wash tho skin aipl remove all fleshy
m t or from the inner surface, then
clean the hair or wool with warm
water and soft soap and rinse well.
Take one-fourth pound each or com
mon s-*lt and ground alum and ?n'
ivilf ounce of borax, dissolve in hot
water and add suilleKsnt rye meal t?
make a thick paste, which spread on
the flesh side of the skin. Fold !
lengthwise. the flesh side in, the skill
no nc unite moist and let It remain
for ten davs to two woeks In an niry
..?id shady place, then shako out and
remove the paste front the surface
and wash and dry. For a heavy skin
a second similar application oflhe
salt and alum may bo made. After
ward pull and stretch tho skin with
the hands or over a beam, and work
on the fleah side with a blunt knife.
owm.r \! i". . ? ,x-?l?t?<liolUcra nn.J
,V.? l"'1 bo, oul 1,1 u,e MOl look -
I k on, and maybe helping to stir tho
V "Gainst lhe heartless exactions
of 1 lie railway men. To come to ?
familial hist mve. suppose a holder of
wbo'i.T 8lu,?k Seaboard Air Line
lMm.. ""M''1 "I""0 roal '"onoy to hei-i
rv',,,'i ,1'al,ru?;? "nil open new couii'.
i?} 'x?S5 rosr
holy war uuiilnst tho rallroail and tele"
i~M i! l,1rol,u'rl|r'Od? for their own greed
In kcppIcK ?? ("?,??}? a,,,, r(llcM? K,Ll"
cud Krcsit "l,orl. anil. In tho
would Ih.d iheVr'V.rotVjrhoodsVan ' "m"
"M rV" 'heir mimes T^ '
would''h? "r Lho corpo ra Uo us they
!hr u',:,,,r''lR-!.|r;nr r" Si
? \ l i i J an lo:,rM "omethlng
?t?iilv ?r ti? happen to them from
-JSi'^VSK}
a?!1
m.r. ?,,JSrio"tronaoVvUb<.,;? "lit"
bruT,r.<," s:;r?l v.?'v"v;"J
MSMWMi
dertakim to p/u IS?
tho corporation l.v L-nvrr Place of
ship or other^^t^rpuM'lc nu-n.\n0r
a lot of fun. and tho tJl Jl , havo
! K'JM.^'r.Vnn'. or'V?"
lor ,,f , r o,; rfn,S1il,,d Opinions.
k^vfssi 'X!
. vic?"t?r.r;"cr.'.lT v
">?' Wat BoJer, !3 I','*,' SI"'"""1. are
i ways ii?> .? ' that w111 ^j.
" "lohir win', ? f-?niHvPr'V<',,,l,?- counled
Individual lndon.nl?, e',uc?ted Public,
liberty , Its r!r lina rv ' ?r personal
the onlv thine t!m\ u*0; '* "bout
?nil action. jt |? wroSg lt'f'"Rht
j Hmvrys 1,1, i ft. NaA;
j h?,:?7ot":0r?J|?r^Cy thurr1''8 IrV le,,e,'^
! more. It seem*." i, . may love God
learn to love Coil i if 1 cari
more s,antIv 0,1 P^monalely.
th.it ahsolutc|v" imthlnir f-'sJ8
I Kxcept while wo ' can. mat
trenches I rerVivo ?V , "r? the
'every mornlnir t. ? . communion
the easier for V>w. . 'l to he all
of my prayers" ' " '"tain 'his object
^undav.'^hese' Mii'ps'OUB'1 '*'rance on a
, certain IO meet rnany /ati'S 7"so""bly
I 'ntj their whit? ... little Kil ls wear
manv Chinamen uni'l'.r""1? frocks. and
dr.-Hs tlieinse^vej! iiT, u"ihr^?- They
clothes and Kir..i] i their best
And rain o, s|, , ^U/ V" , 0"?try.
vv iti. hi,,, ,;is troasur! ^'1.^ bur,n.KS
and carries it unf iri,,i . > (I ur,'hrella
It never V, / :ov,! hia Proud
"'?her. but invarlai.lv n i? umbr???.
a"?'?ir of local che?P black
one of the barracks whvr!.'^ Go ,nto
, meil are housed .'4hcso yellow
1 ri\\ U""k "'ero ' t' "V head of
bre|hi. which the own ? black um
most darliriK possesion if h us ,^is
' .VIIP|?080 it is t ?
>?od> knows hero u-hv h,m- No
C hinaman carries an m,?i CT.y ^unf1ay
I 'rvin s. ,'obb in Vi e ?-i a* wr,l*?
| ?"mini;" moral.) , ' (,lo,ry ?r the
, subject for psycho-aiafy",,. i",or?tlnij
under th'Jir own\nprll|trc|,^llnf:inK out
berss -Traditions of 'In Kbert Cham
famous and beautiful vnin?UrKh'" t,lat
been recognized for sel r'-fi that has
1 ions as a classic r . ? era' senera
lections and momdricV of thnV'Jf recoN
that was before (hat hiJinn rRh
became a modern ciiv ,ii-?toric town
almost loo vears a^n uh f written
was hardly more than a \T,i ? ,uuthor
years, it brouielit jfim iil? of twe"t>'
ance with Sir \Vali ! J" ? acquaint
stnble. the great i iViKi ^ ' /viUl c'on
with all the whs aiwl \he l?i? tlm<
who gathered in literary men
?lavs, with old people Vl UlOHC
100 years whose memor?#f? y and
to the middle of the eiph!?Leiu baok
and who had known inhf century
well and others of .h^? " !,lnd Bofl- ?
these told him about the Kdlni?d- uAM
those elder vears i,n,i '''inburgh of
his book. l*ortv-five v PUt M a11 l?to
is lis. he revised tl.vJ0ars lalcr. |n
many parts of it and .V"n<\J*ewritlnJr
introduction hon 'ho lt?lbcd in ?"
t?ook and the assistant i? wr,tc th?
from the famous l-;dinbifrJ?? recelvod
.vouth. This presellt ? u 8 of bis
?litional in.roducUon bv on? a'i atJ"
descendants. c K s , ?i,.'; , nc of his
newly-edited the' work ?rtf.ra# who ha3
a lory notes anil conner'iin /?e explan
inl.iirRh of ivh eh ho i "^lhe 0,(1 Kd*
the ICdinburgh of to-day?? t<?lls wlth
" and nlpcs
a doucoC{ad'iiilve' anVa"!?? 'V s.t,r|lng.
When he livd o.i ?} canty fere,
here; he ,aml "Plowman
1;,U "tho^lj,.10 reL'ht when he donn'd
K i n't I It! ,'10 KU" w,th 'be sword
He cross'rl tho ?/>t, .
And he thrito o" the hri'nv P that ??nk,
ho wan safe 0wr KV(?0tca? t,ra"'<
I'"landers. rc t0 a '"tch In
' n!s?nderXllf" f?'' h'3 au,d c?ni
A"' " grand. f?r ,h<, dced a ?omcthlng
Pri,,,,a.n0,!,a!;iJ! ",i0?t b? King's
Our I ?av"lde's>e'rv,,d in hlsK <h? l)rai?e
An' it's belter no' i SOfTer davs
Than fail to celebrate wlm veh?i,h,ner
T"a"
My ?f ,,av? h0 ,0U|es

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