-?: ?; i TTii'^V -Jr-r/f ??'H-?-^- 'i' V.
UNSETTLED PRICE THREE C
RICHMOND, VA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 8,1919. ?TEN PAGES
Interment of the Former
President Will Be Marked
by Simple Ceremonies.
HE SELECTED THE PLOT
IN VILLAGE CEMETERY
Protestant Episcopal Service Will
Be Read by Rector of Lit
tle Country Church.
'J\\ FT JO ? ATTKM> I-TNKKAI,
Urief Inscription ?n Casket (jives
Only Name. and Dales or
illrth and Death.
?J VKTi.- IJ ,Ji. Prenw. I
lection In th" i . ,?VV" ?s'
Mule couMtryl\ h!jrc-h r he' hl,<5
worshiped with hla family
? jru-StH"1" !:l"ouu^1 win, ';rj:a,,,,
HiLf of n . **,l4Y %v I * 11 t ho
of ViL-e-I'-.'vt.i, , ,l l>"' presence
I rk-inJuiiij, for Mr.
re-established ...ore than a vea- ?'
Senator Lodge aluj NJr uu'K|lt.s *;
peeled K. arrlvo e-.riv rc
.tiiii w i! >. .1 ?-?iri> to-morroiv
1111 ? BK 1\M IUI'TH>\ O.N
KUilMKU l'JCi;siu|.;\T.s CASKKT
, ? , ??>raier l'rcsld?ni'K bodv wis
i.aocd to-night lor the ;l,ht u,?,.
l'V1! 1 "UK ca?k?? Ml Which It will
V h , , lo",norr?w to Christ Church
)V:?r?-c"ockC,'V,CV,,, a,u l" "? '??? ?
only a brier iaicl-iptlo^^^/'S?
bi*hir?ih and?decauV """ ^ da,'Ja
?sirt,. itooacvelt w.,.> WAUi to he ??>.
??am sea 1 dl"Crt ''""'i co,n" i?r
VieiLciJ-ii v xT' hvtnts cunktl "<l"
? ..?a V s" A???uaceinent niav he
:.r "?rr.i,r. r.fa ??K
<* "'u'l'K ?" ?"?''i """Vu inII ti-,,"rr?T
ri5""l , Jll., AND Ki :n >||-|.
AUK lx ,,,lAN< I.
Announcement was made n *!?,?..
!Sn,na.=r""=l,l1 "r n-mS'Si
present to-morrow at the .river ^
li ve a n d *?u r?? ' v,?1e \?1M??-?nr?*en ta -
Captain ?,lti Mi.H \r!h hK.ifl1'r,KU'0,Vl
A> rr Tlicodorc lt oo.se vol 1 j 7^ MV
'kit ha I ij I \1 r *?? | i, | *#r,
. V, h- <0?'les, Mr. and \lr
^ F: i
llwiwvell :n,J Mlsa'.willJ 'Vjlfr'"'""
A contingent ol llon^h UiJer< who
"leiWlii l"."lt'1' tl,e '-oloiiftl during the
ijccuiiv MiaLv !lriV".'V,0'^ "u,se ??>"? will
^vlcc. nor runera 1
OV.S'IWH IIAV MOi a\?i
wllose W'KA 'fo^ralm" :?r
haa been that it was the home of The..
L.i rl<t V f?'",or I resident will be laid
to roat to-morrow. Whih* ih?
nation Is niournlnB the nassinK of i
Ovs'ter"rv!v !h", K,k'f "f ",e l^fl'le ot
.?Warded him ?,?rL' they
friend. u "clirhbor and a
ltoVo08VveHStMriVnKn tllV, "r
lloral tribute's :urivedU'at"S sbt" ?SOn'
Hill throughout the dav .,?i
were 'wlthhol'lf ? 1 ot tiVe donnr.s
hoJiv"ltTimilyni|"C,e'i|t ? Iil"
tlie children of the ? .i,o?inu l.ro,M
t:io sons and dnutrhters nf V. \
Roosevelt llr vl srudicd " l? .?.(- <1()IoiV'1
days hef >re their f-ith,*r i.,?. 1
inlernaljonally. ' ",0 ?oied
11 was Colonel Roosevelt^ ,.?o(n,..
niri?tmLy ltoP,thel ffi'A ?? rBcl'
?-:uVh year heV.U ? OlS;^8/1',^!;
?.iul plfts for ? he i>u;>ils lim /? .i
last Christmas nf his ilf? he wn* i .
ing Roosevelt Mosp'tal and the nres"
on s were distributed by faptnli, A vh "
bald Roosevelt. Ii was these hoyVanlT
/rirls who, contributing their neiinieR
R-Iy florlKi fnnl] t0rS" wonl trt nn Cysier
n'.A '2?f sen' io .Saramore Mm
the tribute not i!i? i,.;lst welcome
mVe?dRfh1C ??rn] Piroos ov"r
II1 led the Roosevelt homestead that
xvii * WIr?v%m for ,hom ???
%\ ll-li I*AII.mo |\ STI DIIOS
\n ihnTW ? mimiohy
All the students in Ovster H-iv
schools will have a half holiday to
morrow. A. I? Wll'Mnbnh ... i
eln.il. in addroKsing them to-div 'i-'Vi
them their lossons^would be suspend
h t that Vh^toU.1<,J),:iy the streets,
nut that they mlftht r>;iu?*? in revor
noighbor.m0m V ?f t,,elr
^rohIhAltl Roosevelt received
a cablegram to-day from I.leiitenant
t olone! Theodore honaevelt. Jr.? my:
(Continued on Socond"l'a?e;)
OF LEAGUE OF NATIONS
Special British Delegate and French
Kepi-eseiitatirc Present Out
lines of Their Plans.
SI'l-XIA LISTS CO.MI'AKK DATA
Bourgeois Idea Includes Compulsory
Arbitration, itcstri 'lion of Rxces*
*ive Armament and International
Cross-Country Flyers ?
Reach Mineola Field
Ml.VKOl.A, X. V., .Jnitiuiry 7.?The
distance IIIkHi between Snn Dlrcu,
a I., tin tJ f JiIm place nni coiii|ili-iril
? > rimr tinny iilrplfnte* lute lii-Unj',
tw , ,,r, *vr IiiivIiik been
hour" ",r ,M"
'he llrwt plnur Iii n\viio|i ilnwii on
field i>o. I id the llnxrllinrNl Field
m?* piloted l? Major Alliert Ii.
* 'deiitennnt I'yie %TI1H ,hc
The oilier plnnea, ull of \tlileli nr.
rived 11 Ii In half mi liour, liroiiKlit
the following: Colonel Cnstle
I Pilot). Meuteiinnl I'roetor t pns
Mender) t Captain Uenyon f pilot),
Serjeant Kriine < pnnneiiKer); l.leu
tennnt Worthing! on t pilot), l.iru.
tennrit KiniiN I |iiin?riiRcr).
??.. A." !'?? ,hr "'rinen lert for New
? ork ( Ity shortly nf(rr their nr.
rl vn I.
I Uy Associated l'rv?? ]
PAitl>, January 7.?The return to
liiri.s of President Wilson, the arrival
of I^oril Hubert Cecil. the special dele
gate of the British government on the
Hay tie ot nations, and the presence
? lure of l4r- *?n Bourgeois, the French
tepresentative on tiie same object,
marked the inauguration or exchange*
'it the definite terms by which the
league is to be constituted.
Already considerable progress has
rjfi-ii inutfe on tho various tentative
? proposals put forward, but in the re
cent absence of the President these
ha % e not taken definite form, as it is
r'xognized he personall> will take a
leading part in the tinal formulation
, ol the plan. Meanwhile, however, the
various governments chiefly interest
7' , Vv I'rc***nting outlines in quite
?i wo ri.A.N.s orrKiu:!)
?v KitITISII DBLIiUATBS
I no lJritifth plans of this tentative
nature* have been presented, oil" bv
Lor-l Kobert Cecil, tlie other by Lieu
tenant-* ieneral ,1. C. Smuts, "former
?Minister ot Defense of the Fnion of
i^outh Africa. The French plan, as
.formulated liy M. llourgeois. has also
been set forth, and these are being
! compared by the American specialists,
who art preparing the groundwork
for President Wilson.
Lord Robert Cecil's plan outlines a
broad and comprehensive? organization
i?. I ? of nations, but thus far
it w in the general terms and has not
jet been reduced to definite terms or
General' Smuts's plan Ls along" slmi
v jar lines, but more general, and is
mainly a thesis on the advantages
u, le;??-rue of nations.
i iJothi of tiiose plana are recoivinsr
careful study by the American authori
. ties and i? is declared, both are re
g.trued in a mot; favorable llir'it
I fui-:.\cii i'i.an i:m?haci:s
\i SOUK SI'UCICIC UKTAII.S
M. Bourgeois s plan, embodying tiie
; r ieiii-.i pc :nt of view, while general
also embraces a number of specific de
tai.s, including compulsory arbitration,
restriction of excessive armament, and
international tribunal and a series of
sanctions of penalties for enror.-ing
observance of the league's decisions
i l tiese sanctions induce various dip
lomatic judicial and eeonftnic meas
ures. whereby the united nations ifiay
enforce their decree.
The Americn n viewpoint, as It lr. tiow
being rotmiilate.-i bv tiie specialists as
the groundwork for the President
seeks to reach an accord, on funda
, mentals on which all agree, and pre
js-nt them in simple working form.
One of the chief of these fundamentals
is the fon.ndnuon of a league which
wi:l embrace all the nations of the
wor.d, hut not one which will estab
j Iis.i any balance of power ainonur a
| group of nations.
EIGHT PERSONS KILLED;
! EIGHTEEN OTHERS INJURED
ehnnge lluildlng Illows Two Ihidlea
plosion llletv Tivo liodies
Out og Wluiloii.
PITTSBURGH. PA.. Januarv 7.?As !
rar as is known here at this hour,!
eight persons were killed and eigh
teen injured in the mysterious explo- '
jSion that wrecked the Film Exchange
Luhding at No. sot l'enn Avenue to-,
I ugh.. \\ atchmen. equipped with higli-1
! powered llashllghts. are still searching,
( the ruins of the building for addition- i
,.i! bodies, and it is believed the death,
ji-t will be increased berore the search
( is ended.
Between fifty and seventy-five per- !
jsons wore traced in the building bv I
the explosion ,i?. only the heroic res'- :
| cut w?rl? of the firemen prevented
the death to 1 from being doubled. The '
; terrific explosion blew two bodies
i tliiough the front windows nnd across
: the street. The hack walls of the 1
i first three floors of the building were i
blown across an ei^ht-foot alloy and
through the walls ?f two buildings j
; uoross the way. The loss is estimated
nt *1.000 000. The cause of th" nre
'?"<1 explosion is unknown, and fire I
I bureau oflicials and the head of the !
I ! companies have started an in-j
POLICE END FOOTRACE
"iJL'T4, ""St" s'"r""--l?t. :
I <ire|i Hearers Through l.nfayette 1
I By Associated Press. |
: WASIUXOTO.V, January 7.?The po
i lice put an end to a footrace in Da- :
fnyctte Square to-night between angry!
i crowds of men and three torch-bearintr 1
?sentinels of the National Woman's!
party by arresting tho women. The
j prisoners would not furnish bond and
i were moved to the House of Detention
| to await trial to-morrow in the Police
j After spokesmen of the Woman's
"?r!? ,l?? nddressed a crowd in front
of the \\ htte House lato in the dav
a fire was started and tiie women
burned a copy of a speech delivered in :
Italy by President Wilson.
INCREASE IN FREIGHTS j
I.nrxe Amount of Tonnage Will lie
l.iinded nt Hampton Iton^s
Within Ten Dnyn.
, t.T.. 'Iii'A^.'-cInteu Press. 1
i )\^SHlXaTOX, January 7.?Steady |
increase in tiie overseas movement of
freight since the signing of the armis-'
it ?.i .. an ''i^ldental accumulation!
!! /' a," ports. Is shown in
a report to-dav of the exports control
coinnihtec of the railroad <ir*minlstn(
Vrti.'r t,,? aceumulatlon is at
North Atlantic ports.
The report notes that 3-1.000 tons of
shipping Will arrive at Hampton Roads .
In the next ten days for orders anil i
ilia the?? vessels can he sent i? any
congestion."^ l" rc,lcvc freight j
These Are Major Ford's Fig
ures After Visit to De
.MUCH MACHINERY STOLEN
, Half-Million Buildings Damaged
and 250,000 Totally
IIV HOHKHT WKI.LKS UITC'IIIK.
i 1'AKIS, January T.?Tin: Ural ptlb
I iished engineering estimate of the to
tal damage done in u,e French devas
tated regions is made by .Major George
1$. Ford, head of the ilea i.'roaj lious- 1
ing research Herv.ee, alt r a survey:
; made since thft signing of the armirf- .
lice. It places tin: total bill which'
Germany ought to pay at something
Major Ford, who is a well-known
American engineer, says: "Wu have]
t checked most of the ngures reported i
by the French budget committee :
the Chamber of Deputies and we Hnd
its estimate somewhat high."
.Major Ford't, own report is now be
; ing used by Major McK .nstry's en-,
? gineering board which is preparing its 1
estimate under the guidance of the .
peace commissioners. French nisur- <
ance companies also are higliiy com- j
.'.I .Jor Ford estimates that Belgium
alone suffered from destruction to the i
amount of $2,OOO.OOo.umO, and more than .
$1,000,000,000 in loss of machinery
j stolen by the Germans.
litll A I, TO TWO STATUS .
The French devastated area is equal ?
to Connecticut and Khode Island. Half ?
a million buildings are damaged, of,
which 25O.000 were totally destroyed.
The cost of building is two and aj
half times greater than it was before'
the war. As a result, the total build-'
j Ing destruction-is estimated at 50.000,
The total cost ot" replacing destroyed |
public works and railroads is given at
>. 2.ooo,0oo,ooo. ' The Xord Railroad alone
lost l.T.'Jl bridges and :,3S stations.
Twelve hundred churches, 500 schools,
1,000 manufacturing plants and 50u
public buildings have been obliterated.;
Slightly more than 1.000 towns have
suffered 80 per cent destruction. N'oy-1
?n lltun. Soissons. Peronne, Bapaume,
ilheims and Verdun have been de
stroyed to an extent of V0 per cent.
. TWO MIM.IOV I'KOI'I.K
I.OST 'I'llKill I'l llMTI HI-:
Approximately 'J.OOO.OOO inhabitants
loj-t i heir furniUire. Cotton and woolen ,
industries lost *0,500,000. as a result;
of the theft or destruction of spindles.
The loss in linen amounted to $500,-;
Of the total of 210 sugar refineries.
140 were destroyed, including a loss >
of $25,1/00^00 in machinery. Breweries
suffered to a similar degree.
Through German destruction and
battle France lost 10 per cent of her?
timber and 6 1-2 per cent of her fire-'
Before the war, 750,000 men were
employed in the building trades. The
total building done in any prewar
; year amovr.ts to less tban 7 per cent
of construction necessary to restore i
the devastated districts.
If no building were to be done aiiy
?vhere else and 500.000 men were avail
able. it would tal:e more than twenty;
years to restore these districts.
THREE MEN OF CRE W
OF TUG PIEDMONT DIE,
RESULT OF EXPOSURE
Fourth Is Insane Following Tr y
ing Exp crier i c cs .4 flo.r IT roc k
Off Virginia Coast.
IJJ;. Associated Pres.". 1
BALTIMuBK. .1 a n u a r y 7.?Tho
.ocean-going tttg Piedmont sank off the
Virginia coast las', Sunday night.
Three of her crew of ten died of ex-'
posure and a fourth man is not ex
pected to live.
The rest of the crew, all of New York
City and vicinity, were brought here
! to-day by the steamer Lake Lida. They I
had been adrift in a small boat for
eighteen hours before being picked up j
j l?y the Lake Lida.
Captain Stow said he was blown out.
of his course on Sunday afternoon in a
! terrific northeast gale, accompanied by
I blinding snow, and went aground, ho
believes, on Hog Island. The; tug.
i worked off quickly, he said, but had aj
large hole stove in her side.
She sank rapidly and there was just ;
time to launch a boat in which they :
tried to reach shore, but the storm ear- (
lied them out to sea. They were about ?
twenty-two miles off shore when res-'
cued by the Lake Lida yesterday morn-!
The three men who perished died I
earlier in the morning, and ICngiiieer j
William McAndrews went insane. He!
was still delirious when brought to
LYNCHBURG HOfJORS GLASS j
Two Hundred Prdoiv - Townsmen i
Gutlirr About FomiIvc Hoard and
I'lpre.nn Tlielr Good Wishes.
mv Associated I'resn.1
bYXCHBURG, VA? January 7.?Sec
retary of tlie Treasury Glass was the
guest at a-banquet given to-night by
200 of his fellow-townsmen. who took
this occasion to express their appre
ciation of the honor conferred upon
him and upon the city by his call to
the Cabinet of President Wilson. Sec- .
retary Glass, in responding to several j
brief speeches, spoke of the next loan. :
which he suggested should be called 1
a Thanksgiving, ? instead of a Liberty j
or Victory loan. The loan will be j
floated in April, he said. Mr. Glass,
v.-ho recently returned from the battle j
fields of France, paid high tribute to j
the valor of the American and allied i
tronps and lo Franco.
FUR COAT COSTS $75,000
Wiirlil'H (irpniml Production Will lie- :
come tlie Property of Mr*.
W. I',. Corey.
f IIV Associated Press. 1
NK\V YOltK, January 7.?The world's j
fur coat de luxe is In process of com- 1
pletion in Brooklyn. Its cost is $75,000.
and Its proud possessor will be Mrs. !
\V. 13.* Corey, wife of the steel mag- !
The most expert workmanship is
going Into the coat, and the sable pelt.s ;
being used are the best that could bo ;
I procured in the world. The work, ex- |
tending over a period of nearly three ;
months, is nearly finished, and the
product is described as a masterpiece
in subtle blending of pelts.
The coal will be forwarded to Mrs.
Corey in Paris.
AvInlor.M I, and in Durham.
DURHAM. N*. C., January 7.?Lieu
tenant K. C. Miller and Lieutenant M.
F. Brogg In charge of two Curtlss air
planes from Langle.v Field, Va., en
route to Camp Jackson, made a land
ing here to-day on account of en
gine trouble and will hpend the night
here. They expect to resume thc^
flight in the morning. They aro on
air route mall service.
Will Ask Unified Private Man
agement Under Federal
WANT SECRETARY IN CABINET
Interstate Commerce Commission
Desires Roads Be Returned
to Their Owners.
112y Actinia led I'ross. I
A.Stll.VUTOX. January 7.?Itailroad
executives have decided to rccoinmeit:l
to C'oiigrpss a system of unified, pri
vate management of rail lines, with
sti ong public control exercised by a
secretary^ o: 'ru nsportatlon in the
I'resident's Cabinet, and a reorganized
D.ierstate Commerce Commission, with
rt-gionas divisions, acting as a court
of_ last resort in rate disputes.
This became known here to-day co
it cidental with the disclosure of the '
Interstate Commerce Commission's at
titude that railroads should be re
turned to private management within
u Vcasonable period" to allow for
preparations and readjustments and un
uei "broadened, extended and ampli
fied governmental regulation."
'the commission's announcement was
made by Commissioner lidgar 15. Clark,
testifying at the .Senate Interstate'
Cornmei ce ('ommittee's hearings on
I.roposod railroad legislation, to which
the railway executives' proposed plan
v. ii; be presented to-morrow or Thurs- :
til'I'OSHS INDIII'l.MTi; I'lOltloi)
OK (;i)\KHNMK.\T OI?Klt ATIOX
The commission opposed indefinite
> otuiiinance -jf government ownership
or operation of ;ailroads at this time '
and outlined a comprehensive plan for
legislation whicii would permit elimi
nation of unnecessary competition,
pooling of facilities, government pre
scription ot maximum and minimum
i ales and standards of service, govern
ment direction of railroad extensions
atid financing and direct co-operation
between Kedera. and .State regulatory
Commissioner Woo I ley dissented in
part, advocating Director-General Mo
Adoo s proposal that government con
trol be extended for live years.
The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion s suggestions were the first alter
i utlves to .Mr. .McAdoo's extension plan <
so far received by the .Senate Com- I
The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion's statement to the Senate com
mittee referred repeatedly to a "Fed
eral body" 10 exercise public control
over railroads, but did not specifv
whether this was to be the coinmis*
sion itHell or sotnc other agency.
The plan of the railroad executives i
on the other hand, proposes to give to ;
the secretary of transportation broad !
powers to co-ordinate and unify rail
racllUles whenever demanded by the
public interest; to distribute trallle
over various lines for the purpose of
i elieviiip-_congesftion and to require the
Joint use of terminals.
CO.H3IISSIOX AVOrbU ItH.MAl.V
COl/ltT OI<' LAST KKSOltT
To co-ordinate the agencies of gov
ernment control, the railroad execu
tives propose to transfer to the de
partment of transportation the ex
ecutive and administrative functions
now held by the Interstate Commerce
1 he commission would remain the
court of last rssort as to reasonable
ness and adequacy of freight and pas
senger rates, but the responsibility for
rate regulation would bo divided be
in een the secretary of transportation,
the commission and new regional com
missions representing groups of States,
reporting their lindlngs to the com
mission at Washington.
The proposal of the railroad lead
ers is that rates filed ? by tliem with
the government shall be reviewed bv
the secretary of transportation, who
may approve or disapprove them or re
fer them to the commission.
To make possible consolidation of
weak railroads with strong lines, joint
use ot cars and facilities, intercompany
agreements as to rates and practices,
the rail executives would amend ex
isting laws lorbiddirig these practices,
and legalize them under supervision of
the secretary of transportation. Other
feature-; of the railroad proposal in
clude l<ederai incorporation of all rail
road companies, Federal control of
railroad security issues, and establish
ment of a Federal wage board,
ritorosns ick.iit sriuiccis
III the event of adoption by Congress ?
or the policy of private ownership and '
operation under government regula- I
lion, the Interstate Commerce Conitnis- 1
s-.on proposed eight subjects for leir- i
islat ive consideration:
,. Removal of some of the present !
limitations on united or co-operative '
activities among rail and water ear- i
riers; emancipation of railwav opera- '
tion trom financial dictation;* govern- 1
inent regulation of security issues;
establishment of new relations between
Federal anil State authorities to elimi
nate the existing "twilight zone" of
jurisdictionrestrictions governing the
treatment of competitive as compared
witli noncompetitive trallle; etlicient
utilization and pooled purchases of
cars and locomotives: more liberal and
common use of terminal facilities; and
lim. tat ions within which common car
rier facilities and service niav be fur- I
(Continued on Second"Page.1T j
BILLY SUNDAY COMLS TO HICII- !
MONI) on January 12tl?. and each ;
afternoon and evening for six ^
weeks will thrll! thousands with
those startling sermons which i
have brought so many to his fa- j
mous ".SAW DC ST TRAIL."
"IK TIf.Il 1S-DISPATCH will pub- \
lish a Billy Sunday Sermon each !
morning. Fullest reports of the i
previous day's meetings, of Ma
Sunday, the music, the great
crowds and Ihe many interesting
sidelights of this wonderful cam
paign will be printed each day.
T1IOSF. WIPIIINC Till'. TIMKS
I>ISPATCH for the period of this
campaign should subscribe with
out delay, either through their
newsdealer or direct to The
Times-Dispatch. The cost for a
six weeks' mall subscription is
$1 85. and remittance should ac
company the order. For local
carrier delivery. phone Ran
REVOLUTION IS RAGING
I IN STREETS OF BERLIN
President Wilson Cables Proclamation
on the Death of Theodore Roosevelt
WASHINGTON, .January 7.?l>x
truordinury honor nan paid to (he
late Theodore Itoosrvelt In a procla
mation cabled l>j- President Wilson
and Ifmurd by AvIIiik Secretary of
State Polk Inte thin afternoon. The
??Woodrow WIImoii, President of
the 1 tilted State* of America.
??To the People of the United Stair*:
"It become* my *:id ilnty to an
nounce oltlclall.i the death of Theo
dore Hooscveli, l're*ideiit of the
I nlted State* from Senteaiher It,
I1HII, to Murcli -I, ItHH), which oc
curred at hi* home nt Sagamore
Hill, Ojster Hay, York, nt 4il.~>
o'clock in the morniiiR of January
<>. 11110. In hi* death the United
State* hnn lout one of Its most dis
tinguished and patriotic citir.ens,
nliu had cjideured himself to the
people by hi* Ktreuuous devotion to
theis line rents and to the public In
tercut* of hi* country.
"An president of the police board
of hi* native city, an member of the
Legislature and (iovcrnor of hi*
Slate, an civil service commission
er, a* Assistant Secretary of the
Navy, a* \ Ice-President and a*
I'rrnident of the lulled Stnlcs, he
displayed administrative poneri of
a NiKiiul order and conducted the
airairs of these variou* olflcen with
a concentration of effort and a
watchful care which iiTiuitted no
divergence from the line of duty
he had definitely net for hlnmelf.
"In the war with Spain, he din
played sinrcuinr Initiative and en
ericy and distinguished himself
nmouK the commander* of the nnny
in the Brtd. A* I'resldent he nwoke
the nation to the dantcer* of pri
vate control which lurked in our II
nnnclnl nnd Industrial systems. It
wan by thus arrestlnp; the attention
and NtlinulatlnK the purpose of tlie
country thnt lie opened the way for
nub*ei|uent necensnry and benetlcent
'?HI* private life wa* characterized
by n simplicity, a virtue nnd an nf
fection worthy of all admiration and
emulntlon by the people of Amerlcn.
??In testimony of the respect in
which hln memory i* held by the
Kovernment nnd the people of the
L nlted Stutes, I do hereby direct
that the tings or the White House
anil the several departmental hulld
?nRs lie displayed at half staff for
a period of thirty dayn, and Unit
suitable military nnd naval honor*
under order* of the Secretaries of
Wnr unil of the Navy be rendered
on the day of the funeral.
?'Done this seventh day of January
in the year of our Lord one thou
sand nine hundred and nineteen nnd
of the Independence of the United
Stnten of America the one hundred
??Hy the President,
FRANK I,. POL.lv,
??Acting Secretary of State."
SHOULD ASSUME RISK
American Agricultural Commission
Discusses Problem of Wheat
XliW SUGGESTION IS ADVANCED i
Nutions Which Would Suirer by Ilea
son of Limited Supply Should Bear
Liurdcn of Superabundance?Ku
ropc ill Need of Seeds.
I By Associated Press. 1
WASHINGTON. January 7.?Recom- i
mendaiion that the United States take j
the initiative in formulating: an inter- >
national program of agricultural, pro
; liuction for tlio cntlro world to fore
stall a possible serious shortage of
food, feed and liber tn the next few
years, wan made to the Department of
j Agriculture lo-iiay by the commission
| sent to Europe last fall by the depart-,
; meat to study conditions.
The commission ' said conditions j
found in England, France and Italy in
dicate a strong demand for-staple agri
cultural products of this country, such'
as wheat, meat, sugar, cotton and wool j
and that priccs will be "steady and at |
a high level," if there is reasonable ;
provision for shipping facilities and a ?
co-operative etToi t on the part of the ?
allied governments to organize for pro- |
duction and distribution.
WItEAT-tM I'OIITI X<; X ATIOX S
SHOULD ASS I'M 10 IllSK '
Fearing t'nat many American farm- :
ers now will revert to their usual
profitable crop systems, which were ,
modified at serious disadvantage to ?
assist in the emergency of the wheat |
shortage during the war. the commis- '
sion urged new steps to prevent pos- j
"The commission believes that un- j
usual risks of overproduction should
; be assumed by wheat-importing na
| tions which would be the sufferers In
I case of underproduction," the report
! said. w
| "We would suggest that steps he
I taken to have the. nations now assoel
1 ated as belligerents with the United
I States# determine as accurately as may <
? be, not later than May, 1!>10. what will
be the world's needs for wheat from
! the t??20 harvest so that appropriate,
I steps may be taken to Insure an [
adequate supply. A similar arrange- !
rr.eut might well he considered in ref
1 erence to meat supplies, sugar, cotton
An interallied council, with the Sec
retary of Agriculture as the member
for the United States, was suggested1
to consider the proposal.
SKHKIl'S SUKD SITUATION
FOr\I> l.V EUROPE j
Especially serious conditions regard- ?
hip the supply of seeds In the coun-|
tries visited were found by the com-1
All countries will need to import
larare supplies of live-stock products'
and farm machinery.
The commission included W. O !
Thompson, president of Ohio State!
University, chairman: Carl Vroonian 1
Assistant Secretary of Agriculture^nnd
? ?'.v ? ? 0 er* cot,on grower. Harts
ville. S. C. I
PRESIDENT WILSON RETURNS
TO PARIS FROM ITALY !
Conference* of Premier*, nnd Stntcft
men Will ll?.K|n Thursday ..I
t. . r., ? ' !'v Press. I * I
i ARI.n, January 7.?President Wil
son has completed his swing through I
England and Italy, returning to Paris I
at 10 o'clock this morning. He was
accompanied by .Mrs. Wilson and Miss I
The President is ready for the first |
gathering of the Premiers and states-]
men of the entente powers, and the '
informal ocnfcrences will begin on i
Thursday or Friday.
Under the present scheme the reo- ;
resentatives of neutral states and the '
smaller belligerents will first meet the!
representatives of the powers with I
whom they have questions pending, t
with the object of settling them, while
the others will be free to confer with
those with whom (hev hive interests.
These conferences will concern prin- i
clpally local questions. it will be a
process of elimination which is ex
pected -o reduce ureatl.v the detailed
work of the general conference.
FIREMEN SAVE BUILDING
rinmrs for n Time Threaten Tofnl lle
*trtic<lon of Xeirport N'cnx I'm
IBv Associated Press.)
NKWl'ORT NEWS, VA? aJnuarv 7.? j
Flames, which for a time threatened i
the total destruction of the army port 1
of embarkation headquarters to-night,
wore confined to one wing of the im
mense frame structure by prompt and
efficient work of the army firo depart
ment. assisted by the city department.
The wing destroyed was the office of
the medical corps, and, as most of the
contents wero removed, the damago
will not oxcced *25,000,, it was esti
DISTILLERS DECLARE Willi
ON PROHIBITION LAW
Adopt Resolutions fo Make "Deter
mined Resistance to Such Revo
THREE MORE STATES RATIFY
Ohio, Colorado and Oklahoma In
dorse Proposed "Dry" Amendment,
Making Nineteen Now Lined Up.
Seventeen More Are Needed.
[By Associated Presi>.]
CHICAGO, Jnnuary 7.?Three more
| States to-duy ratified the proposed pro
i hlbttlon amendment, making: yc total
i of nineteen States that Have indorsed
i the proposal o? Congfesa. The House
I of the Idaho Legislature voted' to
! day for the amendment, but the Senate
( tabled the proposal, delaying- action,
i The act needs to be passed by seven
[ teen more States.
; .While the proposed addition to the
! basic law was ratified to-day by the
' Legislatures of Ohio, Colorado and
Oklahoma, representatives of the dis
tillery companies of the country mei
in Chicago and decided to oppose both
the amendment and the war prohibi
tion iaw, which is to go into effect
July 1, by every legal means possible.
The States which have ratified the
prohibition amendment are Kentucky,
Virginia, .Mississippi, South Carolina.
Xorth Dakota, Maryland, Montana, Ari
zona, Delaware, Texas. South Dakota.
Massachusetts, G e o r g I a, Louisiana,
Florida, Michigan, Ohio, Colorado ami
Resolutions adopted by distillers to
day dechired that the time had come
j for members of the industry to make
I "a most determined resistance to such
i revolutionary methods." referring to
I tiie war prohibition law and the pro
! posed federal constitutional amend
The resolutions adopted to-day
| stated there were 500 distilleries in the
| country, with an aggregate Investment
j of at least $1,000,000,000; that the in
| dustry actually antedated the Consti
j tut ion adopted in 17S9, and that the
[ business "has heretofore been recog
i nized, encouraged and protected by the
'United States government itself."
HIGHEST PRAISE GIVEN
TO WORK OF AMERICANS
IN EUROPEAN CONFLICT
Smashing of Hindcnburg Line
\ Gallant Achievement. Says
NEW YORlv. January 7.?Whole
hearted praise for the American army
as an institution complete unto itself
and amazing in Its functioning, was
given to-day by Senator James W.
Wndsworth. Jr., of New York, who
returned aboard the United States con
verted cruiser Louisville from a two
months* tour of England and France.
"I am extremely proud of what our
army accomplished in so short a time."
he said, and as a former member of
the Kb-st New York Cavalry, I under
stand military affairs and appreciate
what remarkable things have been ac
"I went over to make an intensive
study of the ninis, tasks and achieve
ments of our army, and have abso
lutely no criticism to make of the ad
ministration of army affairs on the
"Kor th'-eo days I visited Major-Gen
cral O'Ryan ut Monfort. where his di
vision was quartered after returning
from fiKlUlng at the side of the Brit
ish divisions. I examined the llinden
hurg Sine after its capture and con
sider t lint exploit one of the most
astounding and gallant achievements
of tiie war."
DEATHS OF ?M*ER'CAN
K .^ES IN RUSSIA
Cnhiccrnni DIhoJohcn ('annul tie* Num
ber Six Oflleer* unil l'-(J Un
I By Amclttcil Prcsti. J i
WASHINGTON, January 7.?Total
deaths among the American expedi- I
tionary forces in Northern Russia to
January 4 were given as six officers j
and 120 men In a cablegram received |
at the War Department to-day from j
Colonel James A. Ruggles, A .Tierlean '
military attache with Ambassador
Krancis at Archangel.
The casualties wore given as fol
lows: killed In action and died of
wounds, three ofTlcers and fifty-seven
men; dlod of disease, two officers and
sixty-three men; accidentally killed,
four enlisted men; drowned, one offi
cer and two men; missing In action,
sixteen e.Uisted men; wounded in ac
tion. 159; accidentally wotinded. fifteen.
Colonel Ruggles said the equipment
of the troops was complete,-the health
of the troops excellent nn^i^ au.vlo
v?ry good. ?
Defenders of Ebert Govern
ment Are Now Firing ? ::
IN SECTIONS OF CITY
Banks Are Barricaded by Sheet
iron and Steel
MAY WITHDRAW ''ROM CAPItAIj
British Holders of Large Financial
Interests in Germany Take Gloomy
View of the Situation.
LONDON, January 7.? Bed revolu
tion lias descended upon the streets
and public buildings of Berlin.
Machine guns arc crackling front
"I'latz" and "Strasse," from the wln
! dows of government olHoes and from
I roofs. Tlio defenders of the Kbeirt
1 government are tiring by platoons.
Their attackers, adherents of the Spar
incus group, are sniping incessantly In
tlie main section of the city, wlUle
rival factions of workers, strikers ff$tl
soldiers arc clashing in parks and '
other open spaces.
Such Is the news received this even
ing from private channels by at Idhfct
three big financial groups in the "cfly" i:
? London's Wall Street?where Infor
inutiou .sometimes is ahead of that
which reaches the government.
Thus appears to be contlrmed the
| sinister but accurate prediction In tli?^.
: dispatch cabled on December 12. say- >>'
I ing that It would be very difficult fOt:.
I the new government to avoid a crnsli ?
i within the ten weeks Intervening until
j the national assembly elections are >
According to alarming private ad- i
vices to London financiers, all ^l\e 1
j banks in Berlin are barricaded by shept
j Iron and steel plates. 7W*i J;
| HOPE OP STAllU-ITY IS : '.^1
SAID TO UK VSHAT'l'MU^ir,^
The hope of the German capitalists
, for a stability of government baife^
I upon the national assembly elections
! Is apparently dashed because of Ihd
: impossibility either of a national as
i senibly or even an election In . .Hie
present revolutionary maelstrom i^n
'1 lie possibility of the ICbert govern
ment withdrawing from Berlin, leav
ing the capital to the raging BedsCS^
seared In tlnanclul circles as a desper
ately dangerous policy, lest. fiushed"bv
success, the violence of Llebknccflf's
followers increase and the v to ic&%>
seethe bt-yond Merlin's confines and'en
gulf the iin. 'strlal and commercial
i centers, devouring the very vitals of
j British holders of large financial 'ln
j terests in Germany take a gloom?*
view of the situation, anxiously awaia.
! Ing further Information through thcl\k "
j private channels. ? *?
! A "Frankfort telegram to the news*
I ^ol't'ken. at Copenhagen, says
Berlin will soon bo completely fao
| la ted. wj
| The Wolff Bureau has removed *f?s
.headquarters to Frankfort. The Ebert
! government is expected to follow. tar
j ter a last desperate effort to stem tJlQ
"Bed" tide by storming police head
quarters, "where Chief of PollSo 1
i KIchhorn Is delving the TCbert gov
! ernmont's order removing him."
! Civil war in all its forms has begun.
? Lying beside a wall, a correspondent
! witnessed- many loyalists engaged in
a sharp rifle battle with adherents of
the Spartacus group in Ihuor den
Many conllicts and serious blood
shed are feared to-night, when "the
government Is scheduled to stornj po
Llcbknecht boasts of the support' b(
nearly all soldiers In and around
Berlin. ?? 'V
SI* A HTAf'tTS (iltorp Si: I/.lis ?
C1HICF liKIOIW I$A"\Tv
A (Jeneva dispatc-li to-night says tljat
the Spartacans at Berlin have* seized
t he Belchsbank (Imperial Bank, chief
German official banklnc institution),
and other important buildinirs in tho
' central part of Berlin. Women are
1 participating in the street fighting.
| Advices from Copenhagen to-night
i said that German officers and marine!]
j Saturday attempted to overthrow tho
j soldiers' and workmen's council at
| Ouxliaven, near Hamburg. A violent
| battle ensued. Loyalists recaptured
I the barracks from rebels and are. hold
ing the town. Leading citizens are
held as hostages.
From Berlin to-night comes a mes
sage saying that there are rumors ot
a strong impending reactionary move
ment. At a mass-mooting of the Ger
man National Union youths cheehfd
i the ex-ICalser and urged the re-estab
! I-ishment of the tnouarehy.
| Trouble Is brewing in the Spartacus
group as a result of the dismissal ot
j Chief of Police KIchhorn.
The Foreign Office refused 'to alloto
the correspondent to go to I'oson ba
| cause the Poles would hang out Brit
ish tlags on his arrival and the Ger
man:* would tear them, causing more
The Polish forces are nearing Brom
! berg, the civilians of which town are
I in (light.
The Germans have exacuated Vllna.
j At Bouschon (Silesia) German re-en
? forceinents havo arrived in arm
I FINAL CLASH tntHIT
ItlOADV TO BBGI1
l>r. Karl Llebknecht, the Sparta<}ilS
I leader, has been seen here and theiro
I about the city organizing hiH troops
I for the final fight, which, tho corre*
r-pondent says, is expocted to De^lh
j verv soon.
Hundreds of persons are reported
i fleeing the city.
Beports from Berlin Monday, relayed
I through Amsterdam. Indicated a difc*
turbed condition of affairs In Berlin
| Sunday due to another attempt of too
SDurtacus groui> to obtain control' of
the city. and. thereby, of tho central
I Gorman Kovernment.
Tho ultrn-radicul forces opposed
the Rbert government. selJtod severkl
tiowspaper plants. Including thof.o ,of
the Tageblatt, Vosslscho Zeltung, Lo
kul Anzelger. Vorwuert/ and Morten
Pod. together with tho oince of "the",
Wolff Bureau, tho semiofficial nc
agency.. ' v
IN CONTUOI. OK WinKf
Apparently the government"stlH:
tallied control of tho German wl
service, for contemporaneously
these reports of revolutionary actly
on the part of the Sparlacun fa^
cm mo- an cfflclat wireless mcawflt*
n1arlug Germany was about to
' ?)4 ' V vil "
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