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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, January 09, 1919, Image 6

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? THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 1011
That is A curious attitude of mind indi- j
-r|<ated by people in this country who whoop ,
the league of peace and also oppose the '
|}| resence of troops in Russia to check the j
i^alsheviki, who are making war against |
froryb'ody they can reach ami threatening (
, raid the world.
Mrs. W. E. Corey pays STo.C'O for a coat. ;
| ';o* many scfTvrir.g Europ>ean?. or Ameri
I'cac, for that n.:.*.>:r. would the price of her
^ Taaity rave fre starvation ar.d restore to .
|heal:a ^: hzpplzzsi* P.ishtly or wrongly.
| ter er.rivari-ce :? a more ef
j|fec?iTe ? ?'' the the-ories of Boi
? i*eiriki?^2 i I uiitrpi: i college pro
EjEemoss rx~ c:rj: i.: :i a re-erinon
X>iscE.iif- c! u1 :::* ; 7*. ^ n_ : s?;ond
,tiaiHF. n:i? ? -? r.t- ?ct Cosgreis ,
i-? r ;heir c>:r.ior:5 of
tiXTL-iiiei i: . i*v:;ipert -sr.t't. -he siire en
? r-?-.r *?-. ->?<?.? tt tv> -u'lirh thty theniselves
?r<r *.hc^ publications.
iTfct cj^j>:r:-i:;y vsii wrli Editors and
?pidWLSEarri rsre'y i._- <- ca illuminating
?cf thems-river a? their victims
VTs^hi-r--- jcf;ra?.~ts fai'.ed to keep their
?"hoiu.- fires" I'-rr.ir;',: the i-haaow of the
"White iiou = e :r. the face in iignant sol
diers an * Ea.lor- a vigilant police force and
an outraged ci* Z'Vriry. TLey acknowledge
Kiv^Xat for thc.r siiiy plans, but ar?- de'^r
UL' -ed thiit noihins shall prevent them from
jr . further burning of President Wilson's Ku
w /opean addresses. In rh:.- they have passed
' ' he point of mere silliness and have entered
]y the stage of fanaticism or Bolsjevikism.
These leaders of thf.- National Woman's party
>? nre not only alienating all public sympathy.
; but they are substituting license for liberty.
and the American people may not be expected
, to tolerate it indefinitely.
.
f. Milk distributors of Philadelphia, in a
d signed statement appearing in the newEpa
f|i pers of their city, declare that they are pay
?:\ng their drivers f:om $40 to SSO a week,
{r ind-that these wages have prevailed through
'{; out the past twelve months. Neverthek.-s,
the drivers are on a strike. The distributors
f- in an address to the men say: "You admit
?, that you have no grievance ;.gain.-t us and
tliat you are ::imply on a sympathetic: strike,
| yet you are tausing suffering among thou-'
ti. Hands of babies and invalids." If the state
Iv inents made by the principal milk companies
| are correct, and they seem not to be denied,
this is one of the most unjust strikes that
this country ever has seen, and its effect
| must be to do great harm to the cause of
the laboring men.
Affairs incident to the peace conference
enter the second stage of their development,
president Wilson has completed his swing
^?around Prance, England and Italy. The
?; period of his marvelous receptions, the wild
|yt?niult of the joyous crowds, the novelty of
'the presence of an American President in
Europe, may be said to have passed. Now
to real work. Not that real work has not
been done. The President without doubt
f:Jiae accomplished wonderfully delicate tasks
? in the course of his \isits to Paris, London
ft' and Rome in conferences with tbe allied lead
L.'0rs, hut now the time approaches for the full
Piifruit of his labors. There is ample reason
'*jLtd liope and believe that the groundwork for
%an enduring peace already has been utwjt an j
i5that when the allied statesmen hold their lirst
$Adonfcrence to-day they will be found agreed
ffcon every essential point, even to a definite
iju-iilan for the formation of a league of nations.
. Plans submitted by the railroad chiefs for
fe'the determination of their properties are
litworthy of the most careful consideration of
l&'he American people, and it v.ill be strange
>kt tliey do not carry deciding weight with Con
^greBH, which must solve the t ra importation
^problem as between private and government
:rownerBhlp. They are conservative and sane,
Lnd would combine private ownership with
frtrong govcr ment conirol under a secretary
?t transportation. The best results of the
^government's experiment during 'he war
J rould be retained in a sjsiem of unification,
the avoidance of all wasteful methods
it competition and duplication, the cost of
rhich In the past has been paid by the
Kipper. To that old system there can be
return. The timo has passed when the
jplo would tolerate it. Acceptance of tho
i, or a modification of it, should taka
railroad question out of politics, where
'' aft;'
already It has found strong lodgment, give |
(lie country adequate service with unlimited
chance for development, and keep tho na
tion's faith with the owners of tho lin'js
which it took over for the war emergency.
T'
Hopairlnj; the Melting Pot
?HIS House Immigration Committee expects
soon to resume consideration of various
proposals that have been laid before it call
ing for drastic legislation to prevent a rush
of aliens into this country with the conclu
sion of peaco. It is to bo hoped that the
committee will apply itself to the subject
with sufficient diligence to insure prompt
action. Wo have cause to feel that our
boasted melting pot has not been as effec
tive as it might have bceu in refining souio
of tho raw material that has como to our
shores in tho form of foreign immigrants.
Occasionally too much of the foreign elements
has been retained in the process to make a
good alloy. In many respects we have been
too liberal, and, as in tho case of tho Ger-'
mans and certain other nationalities, advan
tage in many instances has been taken of
our generosity.
From now on it is particularly necessary
that we should be careful. To fail to tako
measures to prevent, for example, tho in
flow of large numbers of immigrants bring
ing the poison of Bolsheviklsm and anarchy,
would be the height of folly, yet our present
law Is framed on a most liberal application
of the traditional idea that America should
be a haveu of refuge to men of all political
creeds. It is sometimes as important to shut
out mental diseases as thoso which would
attack the physical health of the nation. We
have, as it is, too many in our midst in
fected with the virus of I. W. W. doctrines.
Not only should Congress make stricter our
immigration laws, but likewise should it
guard more jealously the privilege of citi
zenship which it confers on aliens desiring
to avail themselves of that privilege. Many
hundreds of German-American citizens, so
called, who assumed the role of citizens under
a solemn oath to renounce all allegiance save
that to the United States, calmly insisted,
before and after we got into the war, that
their superior obligation was to the Father
land. We don't want citizens of that stripe.
We want them to be all American, and we
want to be so certain of their loyalty when
we admit them to citizenship that we need
never again have to worry on that score.
In this connection it is profitable to con
sider the statement recently made by C. II.
Cahan. K. C., head of the Canadian Department
of Public Safety, to tho effect that Bolshevlkism
is spreading rapidly through Canada, and is I
present in vicious form in all the industrial !
centers of the Dominion. As might be ex- j
pected, the spread of it is confined practically i
to the foreign elements, and tho literature '
seized by the authorities is practically all '
in foreign tongues. The Anglo-Saxon race
is not fruitful soil for anarchistic no
lions. as attested recently by the elec
tions in the British Isles. But the
presence of Bolshevikism among the for
eign elements in that country is nevertheless
a menace that will require close watching. ?
Certainly it should give warning to us against '
resuming our lax ideas concerning imml
grauon.
The Growing Tide I
ITALY ha* joined hands with Great Britain .
and The United States in pledging support j
for a league of nations. So, too, it would !
appear from certain passages in the Presi- :
dent's address at Rome, France is not as op- j
posed to the league as the first utterances t
of Premier Clemenceau would indicate. The
President returned to Paris from England
after Clemenceau had made his declaration
for a balance of power. Presumably j
before going to Italy he had opportu- ?
nity to obtain the latest sentiment in
French government circles. At all events, 1
it is significant that, in addressing the Italian !
Chamber of Deputies, the President dwelt j
upon th* unanimity of thought among all '
the allied nations in favor of a league of !
nations us a substitute for a balance of power, j
Thus the support of the President's pro- ;
gram gains steadily in strength. As far as I
the league idea is concerned, it was inevitable i
that this should be the case, for the concep- j
tion of a league of nations has been taken i
out of the realm of theory and stands out ?
as seemingly tho only practical solution of !
?. very practical problem, namely, the future ;
peace of the world.
Some authority there must be to preserve
order in the world, for with the growth of
nations the world has grown smaller, and con- j
Hiding interests among the nations have been I
brought in closer and more general contact '
with each other. The world has had a more ?
or less sorry time even in the past in main- '
mining order. If we see a : park in a corner ;
of a building we quickly seek to stamp it out. .
knowing that otherwise there is danger that :
the spark might spread to a huge conflagra- I
tion engulfing the entire structure. Vet in j
bygone years we have allowed dissensions j
to appear here and there among nations and
grow into wars, with never a thought fit' 1
j stepping ii to interfere even if. as the past J
war lias shown, a localized conflict may grow ,
quickly into a world war. I
By the creation of a league of nations it J
is not meant by any sponsor of the plan, least j
of all the President, that the United States !
should undertake to step In and put down a
row in any part of the world. What the Pres
ident seeks Is a league held together by a
common pledge to preserve order, and com
mitted to a certain net of just principles con
s'.imting ihe rode of international rights and
' obligations. Each member of the leaguo
i would undertake to preserve order in his
sphere, just as the United States now under
, takes t?> keep order in South and Central
j America, but each one would be held back
j from selfish purpose by a pledge to protect
the weak nations a:-; well as the strong. Only
\ in the event that the situation in any quarter
sot out of hand would it be suppposed that
the combined physical strength of all tho
j nations would !;<? invoked.
i Damage done in allied countries by Ger
many is beiug taken out of the vague realm of
speculation and placed in tin; field of ascer
tained faith. American engineers estimate
France's material damage at $1.1.000,000,000,
while Belgium ha suffered to the extent of
not 1<*k;. than $3,000,000,000. This Is merely
a starter When to it are added figures rep
resenting t lie d". 'met ion wrought in other
allied countri?- and to allied .shipping, and on
top of tins i piled the cost of the conflict,
to say nothing <.t possible punitive damages,
Germany will begin to realize that It em
ployed an expensive fiddler for its dunce;
that for once at least war for it proved a
loi-lng trade, and not the "merry old war"
Prlnco Willie believed it. Payment of the
bill should so elckcn the Teutons of war, oven
to tho third and fourth generations, that they
will have no stomach for conflict with their
neighbors, and by the timo it i.s paid in full
tho lenguo of nations should be working so
smoothly as to prevent another military
cataclysm.
British. French and Hun observers of tho
war unite in tho criticism of tho American
troops in action that they wero "too Impul
sive," too absolutely regardless of their own
lives. The fact seems to bo that the Euro
pean soldiers had been trained in the careful
methods of man conservation, proper for a
long war. The Americans?American fush
ion?went in to make it a short war?
"llcaven, hell or Hobokcn by Christmas."
They wanted a quick decision, no matter
what tlie cost in lives or losses. Their plan,
as appears by results, really was the wisest
and, in the end, the most merciful. Tho
quicker and harder the decision, the less the
total casualty list and suffering and expense.
Timo, in war, takes harder and heavier toll
than the fast and bloody lighting to a finish.
That reported popular movement in Ger
many for tho return of the Kaiser is not
likely to win much favor in his sight so
long as conditions aro so turbulent. How
could a perfectly good and gentle Emperor
pluck violets while machine guns were put
putting all around, possibly at him?
One thing difficult for people in this coun
try to understand is the fact that soino of
the uatioi.s who say they are starving for
food seem to have no trouble at all raising
and equipping and supplying armies to make
war on their neighbors.
General Pershing is said to know absolutely
nothing of politics. Somebody should nomi
nate him for President with Henry Ford as
running mate and the motto. "Ignorance is
bliss: but doesn't get far away from the
starter's barrier."
Wonder if the President is willing to in
clude in his league of peace the man who
stole his stove-pipe hat at Rome?
SEEN ON THE SIDE
IIY 1113X11Y EliWAItl) WAIIXEII
f'ooqnerle.
Virginia Bright was a nifty child. Inclined to
bo domestic?
Born of a regal father anil a mother quite raa
jest ic,
She followed in the humble paths of learning
house, so she
Could grow tip rightly in the lore of domes
ticl-tee!
She figured, all the princes of the fairy books
are fake.
And men who want to marry are of more ma
terial make?
And so she kept the main chance In her hopeful
little eye
And never let a chance to learn the kitchen
tricks, get by!
She washed and scrubbed the dishes, and she
learned to mix a cake,
To stew an egg and fry the tea, to parboil and
to bake.
And when the odors rising from the kitchen
struck their faces
It wasn't any trick to keep the fellows in their
places'.
The way Virginia boiled a ham was a delight
to see.
With spices, sugar, cinnamon?a marvellous
cook was she!
A wooden Indian couldn't resist the things Vir
ginia made?
She simply put the folks who wrote the cook
books in the shade.
And ihen Virginia grabbed the fad and put her
little brains
To figuring the protein that a hunk of fat con
tains?
She got the carbohydrates down to estimates
exact
And started in to cooking down to scientific
fact.
But O, Virginia Bright! . . . your chicken didn't
taste the same!
You slipped a cog. Virginia, In the. culinary
game!
In domestic hygienics you are mighty hard to
beat,
But we can't depend upon you. dear, for any
thing to cat!
('Itnrrnnl Kplt** Onilv Thought.
"Hit ain' so fur t' heaven," said Charcoal
Kph, in a mood, "when yo' sittin' wid de oiilies'
giil in de worl* on a chunk by de river, tjssin'
pebbles in an' talkin' plumb foolish! Mull,
Mistnh Jackson?"
Still Here.
fin a prominent corner we stopped half a
minute to listen. A big fat man with a red
necktie was saying:
"It's all right for Wilson to go abroad, but
listen! You got any idea he's going t' pull
anything over, huh? You think all this callin'
on kings an' th' Pope an' everything's goin' t'
cut any Ice at th' 1'eace Table?"
A quiet little fellow with gray eyes said:
"Mow far back can you remember?"
"Me? Huh! I c'n remember back twenty-five
years when I was a boy, and?"
"That makes you less than thirty-six and
you're not married. Seems to me you oughta
shut up!"
The fat man thought It over, grunted and
turned his back. He had an engagement down
the street.
Secretary Daniels has come through with fly
ing colors. Maybe he can enjoy an occasional
yacht now, eh? '
The Unroyal! y.
Her lin (delayed in transmission)?Reports
from Holland say that the former Kaiser did
not sit up to see the New Year conic In. He
said that ho didn't think it was necessary. He
decided to let the New Year get in any old j
way it could, without his nssistance. That's j
what the world gets for insulting a Hohcn- 1
r.ollern.
The Ynnlin at Verdun.
"Then orders came from tJ. II. Q. that we
wcj'H i?? advance and take Mill 300, and so wo
took it."
The above lr? a graphic description witncul
tut necessary detail, of the noUes: b-vttle along
?he American line, ,?s given 1<>* tli.it loquacious
fJeqeral Nleho ?in of the Sev'M't/-niiith.
Won lit tin. i i'ii:'te Orator weie as brier j,nd
convincing!
That man who told his soil that when ho
was a boy he could run fast enough to catch a
rabbit, licked the same kid for bragging that
hi- won Johnny's marbles.
School l)n>K. '
"Now," said tbi. Teacher, "I have explained
lo all you littio children the meaning of 'IJe
waro the I>og,' and I want you to make a sen
tence containing that nlirase. Willie?"
"Yes'm," said Willie, i tanding up on two feet,
"The boy Is seated o' glttln' bit?
"That's good, Willie; go on."
"An* bo he don't want f b3waro th' dog Is!"
Health Talks, by Dr. Wm. Brady.
Keeping Them Out la the Cold.
(Copyright. 191#. br National Nnwrnitpw derrloe.)
Corner grocery health authorities and a few
of tho revered medical elders to the contrary
notwithstanding;, over In France they don't be
lieve in taking cold from exposure. At least,
j gather as much from tho Weekly Bulletin of
Disease issued for circulation among medical
o Ulcers of tho A. 15. F. Try this over on the
cracker barrel.
"Shelter tent existence beats a sick bed.' Men
living in the open in tho bitterest weather are
uniformly healthier and especially freer from
respiratory infections than aro men housed in
the same climate."
Doesn't it look as though the army doctors
over there have shaken oft the antiquated
catching cold" delusion pretty thoroughly?
Here is a list of the diseases officially In
cluded under the head of "respiratory Infec
tions" over there:
First, mumps; second, measles; third, scarlet
fever; fourth, diphtheria; fifth, meningitis; sixth,
acute bronchitis; seventh, influenza; eighth,
pneumonia (lobar pleuro-pneumonia); ninth,
tonsillitis; tenth, broncho-pneumonia (capillary
bronchitis); eleventh, pharyngitis (soro throat).
The Weekly Bulletin of Disease further eluci
dates tlie respiratory infections by explaining
that these eleven diseases aro "passed by tho
moist discharges from the bronchi (bronchial
tubes) or trachea (windpipe), tho throat and the
nose and tho mouth, namely tho spit, the saliva
and spray."
(let that spray, you prophets. You do get it.
and get it good, when you venturo within the
(ive-f'oot barrage of anybody with such a dis
ease, unless you first put on your gauze mask.
The mask is just as essential in tho prevention
of tho spread of pneumonia or tonsillitis or
scarlet fever an it Is In influenza or diphtheria
or common, vulgar coryza.
Reading this Weekly Bulletin, one would sus
pect that the t'nilcd States Army surgeons are
deliberately llying In tho face of the grocery
philosophers and the venerable medical authori
ties of a bygone day. What do you know about
this for inspired advice to doctors at the front?
??Why Wnltf Pneumonia Won't!
"Thin out billets and barracks before instead
of after an epidemic has broken out. Whenever
a command is thoroughly shot, through with
grippe or bronchitis or there has been an out
break of diphtheria and simple sore throats, it
Is found possible as well as desirable to get
more space for the men in tho barracks, even
to the extent of putting them under canvas, and
in every instance with most favorable results.
Shelter tent existence beats a sick bed. Men
living in the open in the bitterest weather are
uniformly healthier and especially freer from
respiratory infections than are men housed up
in the same climate."
That last sentence applies not only to soldiers
in France, but also to men, women and children
anywhere in North America. .
Quentlon* and Annnrrn.
The Rite of a Weasel.?A week ago. while
trying to prevent my hunting dog from killing
a weasel, 1 was bitten by the weasel through
the hand between thumb and forefinger. The
weasel died from the dog's abuse in a few
hours. Is there any danger of hydrophobia? 1
painted the bite with iodine and It lias not even
been sore. K. II. (?.
Answer.?Yes. The weasel's head should have
been sent to a pathological laboratory for ex
amination of the brain for evidence of rabies.
Wild animal bites often inoculate rabies. You
ran bo safe If you will take, the 1'asteur anti
rabies treatment, which any doctor anywhere
can administer now.
Varicocele Not Serious.?I am eighteen years
old and have a varicocele. Is this serious and
does it leave defects? Can it be curcd, and if
so. how? B. F.
Answer.?Varicocele is a dilatation of veins.
It is never serious, but sometimes annoying and
uncomfortable. Usually no treatment Is nec
essary. Operation is the only cure for such a
state of the veins anywhere.
Wrt Haven't Any Symptoms To-Day.?What
is the cause of hardening of the arteries, and
what are the symptoms if you have it?
D. R. S.
Answer.?Causes are the prolonged autoin
toxication and circulatory strain of overeating
find lack of dally exercise, the moderate or
"temperate" use of alcohol, the toxins of vari
ous infectious diseases, including that of syphi
lis. mild, unrecognized lead poisoning in various
occupations, constant self-drugging, excessive
use of tobacco, emotional excesses. There are
no characteristic symptoms. Loss of health and
falling off in efficiency should warrant physical
examination by the physician rather than "try
ing" something.
Little Bobbie's Pa.
IIY WILLIAM H. KIRK.
1 see ware the Klser made a speech to his deer
peepul. said Pa last nite.
Me did? sed Ma.
ile did. sed Pa, a tippical Kiser speel. Pa sed.
He spoak a lot of words, but in a nutshell lie
m i-nt:
Starve for me, good peepul, slave for me,
bleed for me, <fc then die for me, & I will be
much oblidged to y..u. Can you beat it? aed Pa.
No, sed"Ma, It seems hord to beleeve that such
a man ewer reely lived. It all seems like a
nite-mair to rne, sed Ma.
I guess it is beeginning to seem like a nite
mair to the Klser too. aed Pa. Littlel did he
know what a punch Uirkel Sam had. Our bralv
boys Is certingl.v covering thareselfs with glory,
sed Pa. It maiks me think of the way we used
to sweep the foe beefoar us wen I was yung,
sed Pa.
What foe? sed Ma.
Them red men, sed Pa, them Apattches I U6ed
to fite in the S. W. desert, sed Pa.
I guess the only red men you ewer saw much
of. sed Ma. was that noabel lodge you joined
back in Wisconsin years ago. I let you beelong
to it one week, sed Ma, &. then 1 toald you to
choose between the noabel order & yure faithful
squaw, sed Ma.
I remember it well, sed Pa, thare was sum
ra>*e spirits in that bunch.
Thare' must have been, sed Ma. That was
why I dident like it. Ardent spirits has seen
thare day, howevyer, sed Ma. wich is well.
I am glad to see that everything is going
grand with our gallant trupes, sed Pa. General
Foch must be a wise old bird, the way he is
running this here cam-pain. 1 am bubbling
oavcr with joy, sed Va.
Mother will be nleesed to hear how well we
are doing Oovcr Tliare. sed Ma. J can hardly
wait to see her. She will be here tomorrow.
She will, sed Pa. Wen did this offen-siv
heegin? I
This what? sed Ma.
This offen-siv wich yure deer mother is start
ing. This move in our genral direkshun, sed Pa.
She has been planning the trip ewer since
'ast August, sed Ma.
Hut she only left here last August, sed Pa,
That is what I call lltening planning, Pa sed.'
Well, sed Pa, thare is nothing to do, 1 suppose,
*>ut to order a (?as Mask.
A whac? sed Ma.
A Gas Mask, sed Pa.
How dare you? sed Ma.
In times of war, sed Pa. a man will dare
much. Hut I was only joaklng. Pa sed kind of
quick.
You better be joaklng, sed Ma. You better be.
' Yes. deer, sed Pa. Cum on, Bobble, sed Pa, we
will go & see ii moving piclar called The Genrua
Husband.
News of Fifty Years Ago .
(From the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 9, 1869.)
General Stoneman has declined to issue an
order for tlie payment of the per diem scrip
yet held by the members and employees of the
"late constitutional convention, and there is
wailing and gnashing of teeth.
Interest paid out of the State Treasury yes
terday on State bonds amounted to about
MS.000.
The orgnnization known as the Y'rffinia State
Guard is no more. It was disbanded with "due
ceremonies" yesterday morning.
General Stoneman yesterday appointed David
Fultz to be Commonwealth's attorney for
Staunton, and F. II. Urucc for Rappahannock
County. Robert Rolling was appointed clerk of
the Hustings Court of Petersburg.
The internal revenue collections for this dis
trict in for the year 1SGS amounted to $700.830.12,
being an increase over 1SG7 of $155,580.30, an
increase duo to larger manufacture of tobacco
and whisky. ,
Two magnificent sleeping cars, belonging to
the Southern Transportation Company, passed
through the. city yesterday, en route to the
Wilmington and WeldOn Railroad, on which
tlicv will be placed for the accommodation of
the traveling public.
The treasurer of North Carolina has reported
to the legislature that he did not pay interest
on the Slate debt because he could not borrow
the necessary $305,000 he was authorized to ne
gotiate for.
All the Democrats of the United States Sen
ate and House of Representatives hnve signed
n petition for the pardon of Dr. Mtidd, and the
document has been presented to iho President.
The House yesterday passed resolutions call
ing on tho Secretary of War for information
ns to how many United States troops are on
duly In Virginia; how many citixeni there are
In the 8tate; and how many of them were en
gaged in the "rebellion."
FROM OTHER VIEWPOINTS
National Problems Discussed for Readers of Tho Times-Dispatch by
Authoritative Writers?A Daily Editorial i'Vature.
THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS AND OUR FAVORITE
SOUTHERN SPORT.
IIY AI.FKEU 11. W1LMAMS.
It may be discouraging news to cer
tain elements of our population in
ooinc parts of our country, but wc
must face the portentous possibility
that the proposed "league of nations"
tnuy result in strong interference with
our popular anil hitherto safo sport
of lynching, l.ast year wc had sixty
two iynchingu in the continental
United States. Our island possessions
have not yet attained to that degree
of civilization that finds expression in
twenty or several thousand enlight
ened citizens seizing one person, a
helpless prisoner in the hands of the
law. and Inflicting the death penalty
without trial or opportunity for de
fense or appeal for the protection the
law Is supposed to throw around every
accused. Of the lynchees. If a word
may he coined to describe a familiar
object, fifty-eight were negroes and
five were women. Of the Ivnchings
flfty-nlne were in the Southern States
which constitute one-third of the coun
try and supplied more than ninc-t<-nths
of tlmse episodes, and eighteen were in
Georgia. Virginia furnished one.
H. O. Wells, the famous lCnglish au
thor and publicist. In a hook on th?
league of nations. Just published, sug
gests, among many other Intricate
questions Involved in such an arrange
ment, how far the league would bo
supposed to hear the appeals of scat
tered subject nations against their
treatment by their ruling powers. He
asks: "Could a Creek village in Bul
garian Macedonia plead in the supreme
court? Could the Armenians In Con
stantinople or the Jews in Moumunia.
or the Poles m West Prussia or the
peal?" Georgia make such un ap- |
Apparently nothing can stir the con
sciences of our private citizens to ah
stent ion from the lynching amusement
or of our public officials to Induce then,
to make it at least as dangerous -is
gaming, including shooting crups for
penn.es. or cock-fighting or selling
liquor without license, or anv o ho
ma>- l,e moved
hv 1 ",'>rpst In 'ho sul.joct ?
bj observing that our habits have
caused us to be classed i? ^nd
nni r.? Kllshm:,n- nuite naturally '
"I without prejudice, with the T-rrk's '
and Bulgarians and West Prussian*
The association certainly Is not one
to be very proud of. but the qu#?st?"n '
for us to ask ourselves is whether '
do not deserve it?some of Y *! I
actually trampling on the law ni l n'"V
rules of civlllzalion: other, hv cr?v,,'> 1
with5'"1? havin* if done among!
us without our strong and sincere pro*
end U.r ? and en?rK"t?c work to |
i?T,7>r'* \* no or rlecencv In frv
Tike '1^5,^lI.' "fn""" 'r" 1'^^ i
classed JET," themof the '
Voice of the People
letter* na oat gfre the name and ad.
Bu?H?k d i? *Tr'trr- Smme will not f
publlikrd If urltrr au rrgarati, j
T? ,, '''hMdorf Itoonevelt.
i. ,lur Tho Times-Dispatch: '
t>.e lh.tf and to the world, j
1.1?, m! death of Theodore Moose
t?;.\ r?. l "V 'Ustinct shock. The
r*f- ,lhV lhe world, as well as America.
h? J?i a Kr*'3,1 "ffuro In history will
be uni\ersallj' recognized. For, haw
ajtree!!,Uw!t>,,iai"rV ?f Ua may haVft ,Hs
i t . I,n nn 'natters of do- (
lot international politics, none !
tan gainsay the fact that his achieve- i
k tl,ur'nt?' his remarkable career I
contributed much to the growth of
and to'^h inf,ueVc? 'n world a flairs !
?hrni ?i, fi "Pread of progressive ideals
country y polltic ?r our own ;
icVenrmS?,? in,lan of tremendous cour-'
age. firm In his convictions, and. right
with ^5" to ball,P for them i
} 11,1 ^ hole force of his vlbrint
wv>rJi0?ailV' "is Iove for his country ;
was a passionate one. and while he I
h.?vo erred in judgment and have'
err frierwi? es"Tus ?>1 humans must i
"or. ? c. ever questioned his
wi,?l 1 or ''Is loyaltv.
trv ?MMnaJlP?n "1,,Illlo?s in this coun
try will mourn his passing, for his
whose3 uii'iHetrnAl ev< n ""long those
COmnfamV f. i l,ere,|CeJ,e could ?ot
7-?nJ*nnna. 1 is :l rp'narkable tribute
a oartllTiM11 !f,ait\even though he was
a partisan of Intense aggressi venesq
he was admired by men or every party
Mich'?1'/ fa<V.k'?- DEMOCRAT y
ilithmond, \a., January 7, I9]s.
anil Profit*.
To the Kditor of The Times-Dispatch:
fin! of our high prices and exorhl- I
dure,IV Tr8 C?,nK lo he radically re-!
S?' W,fl may as we? under
stand, now as later, that it will bo I
because of action on the part of some I
nubile" boh?lf of th* consuming I
Public. The producer likes high prices !
They can t go too high for him. After
a'fi r nri fc 50 li? 100 1>pr rent above '
renrtl. ? !?.*' asks for more, and is
readj to throw out a camouflage about
the cost of production, to deceive the
ignorant, when he well knows that his
prices are exorbitant. What matters
' ,i? pay. an extra J3O0 per annum
ii nil2 ? ' .,?* ,f Sny Pro('u^e is worth
$1 OftO fore than formerly? r am Just
*<00 ahead and 1 know it?and I am 1
to pay ano-her J.100 for another
?1.0no extra profit. 1
The other day I paid 25 cent:? for
something like a two-ply collar For
merly we paid 12 1-2 cents for four
ply collRra. and I've seen these cheap
r
Information Bureau
Inqnlrlea rrgnrrttnc nlmoal nny topic,
exrrptlnK on legal and medlcnl aub
fecla, nre nnavrered free. Am all (rt
qalrlea are anturrrd directly hy per
? onal letter, n ?elf-riitdre??ed, atamped
envelope !? required. Addreaa The
Times - Dlapnlrli Information Uureau,
Mlchmond, Va,
War Still Going On.
Catherine, Charles City Co\irthouse,
> a.?It is impossible to forecast the
length of time men who enlisted In the
navy for the duration of the war will
have to serve. The reserve is being
released as fast as is advisable. The
war is still going on, technically.
?
Mammoth Cave.
Subscriber, Farmvllle, Va.?Mam
moth Cave in situated in Kdmonson
County. Kentucky, near Creen Miver
seventy-five miles southwest of Louis
ville. It extends over an $rea of eight
or ten miles In diameter, and consists
of numerous chambers connected hv
avenues which are said to aggregate
li>0 miles in length.
Vlaeonltr.
W. M. T?.. T lam pen-Sidney, Va.?It is
due to what Is known as viscosity
.Resides the surface tension of liquids'
there is another property possessed by
their surfaces, called surface viscosity
which Is independent of surface ten
?wing to the much greater vis
cosity of the superficial films of liquids
over that of the interior, this film Is
very hard to break." This viscosity of
!uC the sea is Increased by
the addition of oil. u
? _ I'nbll.hlng Mnnle.
M. K. CI., Petersburg, Va.?Send
manuscrl'.t to a publishing house In
legible form, and if it is accented' ti>?
firm will notify you. To ni-ofec?
title it is best to have the manuscHn!'
copyrighted before submitting h
publication. There are two 'Z
selling a composition, either outright
or on a royalty basis. Any comni?!
runs a risk, of course, in suhmltMn^
music, the same as a writer of viilS
The merits of the composition anrl Mia
probability of lis being a salable num
her rest entirely with the. nnhiuViTr
Further-Information may be had hv
addresRlnr any music publishInc con^
cern. To have music copyrighted art
dr*S8 the Bureau of Copyrights A~
brary of Conr??.?, Waah^glSn^b. C.
4
w ? ??(?> rw ? i,nft4x^
E.?, m Nol,lln,B ,s to Gained by cli
nic llio occasional outbreaks of vio
lence and race clashes at the North.
ri'iVIn '? i? ""thorltiea make at least
[he Yh\t /V J 8 to detect and punish
??? i breakers. Here in the South
mm..i k .1 ?0,?etime? in bringing to
obscuri',,^pitn' eullty of the most
ami /rnm " committed with careful
tr,lft-v Precaution to secure con
V. ! I'hoHe llfiy-ninc lyi'chlturs
bvfr?i.n?mm,illcd# Practically in ' public
by thousands of people and tens <if
thousands knew who were guilty So
far an the public knows, there haA not
bton unc conviction or sincere, vigor
ous prosecution. Surely thero Is no
ui. fo f?r ?V?r|>rlMO ,n li,e wa" ?olnK
up to the Department of l,abor from
ihuten!j . ,he cotto? belt to the other
bvfhiei.le,?roeH drawn to the North
staving '.f' W:aer,eS ?.f war "me
staying there and refusing to return
to the Southern farms. 'lW lyncheri
?ni(I thoso who have sym path las ctl with
an., ata?s;sr ?L;:ha:i
{SfS.'Mf. B?r.SV%5a*tfiS
put to /ln-illWlU .b? trlC<1 by mol>s "?<1
u'lii' when accused of crime
defense 0i7!,0.rtUnlly to present their
were cull Z nan,y of- lhe 'yncheel
ku lit loss, only tnc Almiirhtv
knows. The records of the court?
-it'llnKiCVtri? year the stories of those
conHuilve n?mi ov.idencc seemed to be
eu"ltlesH uhi Wnn "rored themselves
i i,?ir... . u ,,en allowed to confront
T>ie vorf. 8 an<1 Present their sides.
Ihe very purpose of courts is to i>ro
, I , such deliberate and impartial
hearinK.s; and we nullify that purpose
t IiIm wh?n"? excuse. There have been
.h'i'sss;!:
. orT ?!v- w? v '? !.??} ?
?? e 'f'aKue Of nations, should
it be organized. may not provide for
interference in the internal affairs of
an> participating country. The Amer
fcnsrttwsss
..Irn"jis"r,t "r'iSdjss&fv?"
win.ls ??.?nHi .VP. ha<1 Brattered to the
? V.|R. the doctrine that each Sini
of the South most notably?have nrove.i
K'??"5-?" s^aa-'stH
ston. If it does no more, will cause ?
SSiHSi
years" anderSjUb?rMS """ "cent
was made on them ' Cottrf ?0<?, Profit
vanced 100 ner tton has nd
cotton fartorPes) r (in
?"'t. to be liberal !?{ .. Por rPnt
? he manufacture of ihio i?aj that
twice as much n?I. this collar costs
that formerly (t?a v2f formerl-v- and
for 8 cents at th#? ? ?? acK0> ?t ?o!d
tail, n t S en would Mfc , Sc,llnB. ro
il tost 2 cents to , ,k?'y ,n?an tl,:"
vents, or three time* Yto ? ,!t~so f>
was added before it rl>\? i? .'?'nal cost.
Now. the cost nf ,h" user!
* cents for the sami^enn" w^lll<l
IHThV ^ad^^M^.Vfo0
't: fn?t instead roflV N?.t 11 bi:
profits'oV 11?e?rn-in if acl ^
produced for 4 cents article that is
profl't'? iKromrkwhlaf ""trasreous
pretty pood authority if on
to the retail merchant P?""
rect. he will hn-? . .. ? this is cor
reply. or else wi?, Ws-*'?? S;,-v' i:i
condemnation of^"hi yp.,bV h?' ,t,,P
manner of camounai?e? raiJinJ y ??!"e
issue belnir nnii* ^ rals,n- a false
The 11tie?t'nti i common method.
paid 2". cents- ?'h*a m T1 *' on,,: '
what that collar cost him*?1 know*'!
"n his counter?thaV "'i1,11
saler's cash nrlce ni.. i. e whole
eharffes. \ fj0 not nU Mn,pnrtn"'ln
these flfruren h.?. ?.L * , n!m fo c'fv?
to ask. if the , m " h'\ve l>"? rlrrht
first eoVt'L.d ceTn^w?. h0tWon ?*>??
the difl'ereneft hetu-enn greater ti>nn
I iw?rst$13&2TM
life, are fVir .r the necessities
: ft w.ar;
| nichmond, VA.. JanuaryCgTTmr
Books and Authors
1 i'r3,yiiF
? fective co-operation between ? he Rrtt
ish and American navies thit l'
| Potent a factor in the wlnnVn^ 0f th2
iPEBKW
WtiS
Verrill's "Cettinp Together with T ?ilt
America." for it com,. ,t ,i llh T^atin
when the brltorinc nf nr?? nioment
social relaVfon^ wfth tbeTaMn'"^ an"
ican republics is, for hp t ^r"
in our history. beinR- general v r?? ,C
nizerl as one of the cVuoHl nr?iT?p"
which we must immedl-ite'iv ?I~ mj
solve. And Mr. WrrUi's^ littJ h? ?nd
it contains only 200 nace?j ?? ?
Pact of forceful prcnenUtloT nf
reasons why we have not
ter with I.atin Amorloi ?,??? # l;
of advice as to the 1thlni^rl*ofor? ?n,f1
before we can hone 0 nn,st f,?
ler in the future #h^ p0t T" anv bf>t
pnst Mr Verrlll ilT" ,VV? h*v? the
edsre, for he hil SP?eaks, knowl
mncJi in Central and^ Sont,hi0<1
and the West Indies^ ?nH ^i?Amorin
respects to be 'hfl" ^T ?",Pr
-norpnee. .elf-'lSSo^0^
j-deTd"
If any author in a Tone time has'dnn"
nvrh hnrr! hittlncr s(?ii&M i nft
the shoulflpp at oortaln of ^1% ^roin
"haroct-r.otics which we\u"r
about, hut never are willing tn I
knowledge. to at- .
Silhouette.
For The Times-Dispatch.) ??'t
Some lifeless grass,
1-rost sculptured white
And crumpled leaves ' ?
Not answering lipht. -I
An arch ttnwinped,
All torpid, dull:
Clcnr srals of ice .
For winter's hull.
?r?y nilst down ways
That songs havo sped, ? fjj
And on far skies
Trees leaning, dead.
VIRGINIA ST^UT.

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