Newspaper Page Text
UrUoi Co.. Inc.
UinafK. ?R . ..V.V1 TSTiJSrt. 1 *** i ?taer-e<l Jnt.cnrr ?t 1*7 Richmond. V?* A ICU fc*i. i 0 a o JOO.Y ?lt the 1'o-l-OUIlf al n> krruiiil-cluiut uutltcr. J.yPWni.lSIl KD r-vrry clii? m ilir jfnr nt 10 t?outh jrnth I* Slwt. Kii'lurorit. > u.. I)) lhf i~lm?*?-iJii?punti llutilr* L. Uuobriiuk, txillvr ami Al>i>lU:.-S A LI. COAi.Ml/NICA llu>s tu llir 'llmt-UU ptult, iUlU uul tu IliUOlU JUiJ. lKi.i.nioM.. tuuiuwipn I. tkriuwti Liiumnp iiiuurcllUK Willi all utvul lucuU. liilAMll OiHtLS: H??h ti.?tot>, 1-tiO AfW i?rk A?c uur; >f? lurk litj, 1 inn A>ruuc ituitauiy: t imago, i'rupif ^ (ju liuuuui*; Jt u..u.lfcololuwi iiurl 'tlUiUUlK. M UM Uti' i IU.N KAXK.S l> mull. Dttlljr *ml bUilit), unt )?r, ?v.U0; 0 luuiiiu*. ?> luuuiUi. uur uiuiilU, UU KUK. Kan) i*ui;, uur jf.*r, . <1 IIIUIlUlK, fj.jlt; u IllOlltlls, Vl.ioi uur Itiuillll, ?>.i buuiiii> viillv, uiit* )i'ur, ?> uiu.aii*, }l..uj o uiuuiliii, bt> r?'m>, 1 inotilll, SO i.'i!i> ?A 1 Ui.il. (..11U1U.U attt V 111., i/NIOi null nuuuii), to ll'Ut" .. Hffk. Ultllj Mllll uul tliilijai, 1 -! iruis u ttt-ck; runuio uul), i it'lll?. If out flh-iHls \\ lio favor u- Ultti inutiu.-i ri^itn and ? lUuMratioiiv lui puOliuitinn ??i*u tu li.nc umiwiUiiDia | article* r?-tiiriir<l, ilirj n u?t iu ait ra?t? m-uii aiajupa lor ttiut |>ur|io??. M 1..MiiLi? at ink A.\-otnii;ii rutss.? Vt? l'rc>.-? Is rn lusiirl.) coiuie.l to tlic u?e fur t rojiubjii'utiun i t iiti n?-i\? >iis|i.ili !?'k ?rnliti-iJ to If m Hot Iillurw Ih- <r<tlifil in tin* paprt, ami uu>n ilie local tti*tv>. (.iitmoliei, tip tola. All ri?iu? hi ><-t>uuluu tion ul vj1 i,it UUp-itc'ir* tiMxin are- uim< rnn it'd. Tlonip of Thr iy# ,Tlmc!i-Uii>|iiiti It. l &liKViUtt'l.v I irpproiif. Fi'.lDAY, J A XL'A It V :t. 1'JlO. Six more State*' have ratified tho con stitutional amendment lor nation-wido prohi bition. This makes twenty-two that delibe rately liav?, voted away their-power to reg ^ ulaj.pj-Mioh own dome;-,tie affairs and approved Tjfe adoption of sumptuary legislation by tiio ; Federal Concre.:s Virginia, with night other | of it is Southern .s's.tors which formerly stood J staunchly by the eons:itutionil standard of self-determination, is in the list of deserters. r ? - tt- : I I Surely the French depart from the thrifty j common sense that usually marks their | thought wl n they resent so bitterly the | comparative immunity ol' the Huns from t!.? ? ; losses of war. T< put it in homely form. > Germany is ti n milch cow from which France, is t.o draw rich tribute during many year.! : to come. The farmer may and frequently does?hat i his row bitterly and cherish vio jk.1s*n desire to kicl; m her ribs; hut lie eon I aiders tho pre: -tu and prosjective yield and refrains. Ls<V - ' ' Again Senat r Sherman, of Illinois, is tii" : victim ol his L-'iise iif humor and craving j to ho rega:ded as the humorist of the pres J ent pollti al situation Last week he p- r mitted himself a di ,i( uir. v on the newspaper accounts of the si:^j.oi.?<iflihgs of the President and Sirs. Wib'im p.; Paris whit li smnded iik? ? the rantiiu; ef a i . o voad-; tii'magogtie try ing to npp al ; t . i ? judii>: a pe< uliatly ignorant a mi ch :d ?! audienco lie is talk ing liimseli' oat <t pubbe re ' ..ml eon (fefildoration fasf r than any man in Congress ? ; and that luoam a good, deal ??f sp-e.-d. | At Ctove: nor':- Island a number of volnntfer subjects had t1.'!.- t'.nats thor-'iighly v uprayed w.tii i nil tie a prm Not one of them acquired 1 malady. This would se>n '.to the layman evu'.'-nce tl.at th?- sun- way to avoid infection i to in\ito ,t and take on as many i? rms a -. ; ? ; but the dm tors have l-.' -'un to n-.i-o their tl.. ?? ? s ami question wh-'aei ti m suppu.'d fi be influenza it-ally i> t. ? ri^lu one. lP?wt-v.-r, thu fact sot:. - ? > In i; a: ? -veryhody nearly [? alv-2y<> is loa-b '. up w ? g- rin of many ?kinds, and that it is o: : y wlo-n the sy.-t m \ is prepaied to ? manna,'? i i 1? ? that ilu-y i> 'rxrCfne dauge:?? ? In I'.i iiae nd a fi .v yiars ?'/ago a sport iVI.. ; 1> !; I'l ? W a I - -111: !!.i11 |-|.!ko half it pint of dip!.tie : :?? g. : . t; m ti... > throat cf a d. - at h> al a in p tor who "-.was busy . i , d \tn that ; and 1 apparently at.d ?: 1> V.? in pi-rf- ? ? heallli. P ? p. Even before j a r- aty :? igtu-d en gstliusiastic organix- r- - - i.. ' ii.--?.i-i;?i ^'p? veteru/V a,(> :,i aI- ? ? '?? To what ipKtont sa I nee,. --. ;ij?; . -1 b> n itifment aalng w!i? .n.-ned colors I. IK' ? I : Crj$nbtcd if at \ ;. ' .-.v ?ebbcerned with patrio >:-ga 8j>V?servation of re titan ;kvljkely that the pr im ?? j-? t , exploit;! %ion of tho lighting m ?. i. > are 'back to their m-me- !:utn } : ..... t is noticeable thai m a. j,? ^tr framed t!.< <. h..? fur . .rti-rs, stnber hip, im-ignia aril <.?:?.<.r in 'its is stifliei nt in the ^ply good, fat job-: foi t ? pr,.. ,t. . . \ '?.jateop the tvea ry fail <?: ! ;? ?... v.-t, ^lU&ipCiatfOUS, national ai-.d j iaten.; ...jftonal in scope, will be eft-- ? I ia ;? ..... tm,.., when they are tbe int.jr. (.[ im- m.-ia ' bers should be well safeguarded. v-'i-? ? 7:1- ' ... A vigorous fight against the proposed pro hibition amendment to the <'on.-'itution has tleea decided upon by the American Motel ssoc'.ation, and from now on the fur will to fly The brewers and distillers have id so many hard knocks that they have prac Jcally retire.l from the eonte-t. and it i.-t '>bftblo than an association like that of botel men would be able to achieve better Now it proposed to have a department of education for tho Federal government, with a Cabinet ofiicer. if the faddists will just keep on awhiu and have their way, XJabinet meetings will be held in the Wash ington ball park because no hall in the city i will be large < nough to hold them Henry 1'ord. by his own j.rottd admission, is .ignorant of politics, but he is showing im disinclination to loarn. If ho pushes the fight he has, inaugurated again, t bis success ful opponent for senatorial honors he is j likely to secure some good inside views of the political game, even if he does not land tho toga, which ho professes not to want. results under any conditions. There seeius to lie strong ground for questioning the le gality of tlio resolution wliicty submitted the proposed amendment (o the States. The point is contained in the address made to the association by Lemuel 101./ Qulgg, who de clared: "The Constitution says Congress may pass an amendment when two-thirds of tho 'membership' of both houses shall deem it necessary. The present bill was passed, not by two-thirds of the 'membership.' hut merely by two-thirds of a quorum of both houses." It may be said, however, that few prohibi tion measures have been held unconstitu tional, no matter how sound the legal objec tions which were urged. Mexico Again S ION" A TOR K1NCJ, of Utah, has introduced in the Senate a resolution calling on the Department of State for information con cerning tho claims of American citizens against Mexico. The resolution inquires par ticularly as to "what steps and measures arc being taken to prosecute such claims." Thus it happens that Mexico, shut out by the world war from a place in the public's interest, looms up again as a problem of exasperat ing annoyance. Estimates that have been made place the total value of tho elating, covering damage to lift? and property, at about $200,000,000, and though the Cnr ranza government named a commission to investigate the subject, the claimants, be cause of the pronounced hostility ol" the com missioners. decided it was useless to appear. As a further complication, the Mexican government proposes, by way of constitu tional reform, practically to confiscate all the British and American oil properties in Mexico, representing an investment of $300. Of'O.OOO, of which two-thirds is American capital. The "constitution of 1!>17" Contains the provision that "in the natioi. is vested direct ownership of all petroleum and all hydrocarbons?solid, liquid or gaseous." I'.** virtue of this, it is declared. Carranza pro poses to take over by confiscation thes* properties, producing annually more than ao.U00.000 barrels of oil, the owners being permitted to operate ihein only a:* lessees, at the pleasure of the Mexican government. American oil operators protest that the:r properties were not obtained through conces sions. but by direct purchase or lease from pr.vate owners, and were developed under (lie Mexican mining laws of 1SS-L Similar confiscation is threatening mining properties, water works and various large commercial and industrial interests, and means of speeding the process are provided in sinister fashion by amendments to ih > constitution to the effect that such estab lishments shall not be closed down because of strikes, under threat of the government 1 a King over their operation. Thus the way is left open for the agents of the govern ment to create discontent among employees and use it as a lever to prod loose the private owners. Needless to say. the State Department has tiled a general protest, and the fact that Congress is beginning to agitate the question promises a lively recrudescence of the whole Mt x'.can question. Advocates of intervention undoubtedly will seize upon the situation i ? try to lorce the Washington government to dras'ic ixlri tnes, and link: > care is taken the l>oi tier once more will 11 ?; aflame with the acts of Mexican bandits seeking to profit by the situation to inaugurate a fr. ? h era t V la wlessncss. 1 ort unatelv. there has 1 ? en maintained throughout out participation in the European war a very considerable force of American troops along the border, although for obvious reasons iici much was said about it. It may also help tit" situation to have the Mexicans know, as they must know, the extent to which the I nited States ca:. go when it starts to tight. JJut most fortunate of all is tho fact that there is at head of the Amer ican government a man who. though Insisting tin proper treatment by Mexico, is not going !<? !"t firebrand jingoes force him into inter vention. Intervention will come only as a lasi re:-on. an.I if m comes it will ! ?? thorough. As to that, Carranza need have no doubt. .\ Hearty Welcome Waiting | f is to be hoped that nothing will occur to prevent Pre ident Uoiucare of France from fulfilling his promise to visit the United States in the summer of I 019. He can be assured of a hearty welcome. i he bonds of friendship between America and Franco have been w-lded bv this war '??? fmii.riru tible bancs thai must bind to-' get her the sympathii of the two great na tions for all time to come. In its magnificent welcome to President Wilson France has given eloquent voice to its love for America. If n .were possible for us to outdo it in th ? welcome Which we g ve to President Pom caro, we could not adequately express th^ fill lmeasure of our regard. And h cause of the eager greetings that await h.m in all parts oi the United States, occasion i.s taken this early to file the claim < ; \ irgini i to a prominent part in his en tertainment. Indeed, one cannot believe that the illustrious Frenchman himself would care to miss the opportunity to visit the State where :o much occur;. ,! ,ll(. (.a|.,v l!;i>'.s , 'f this republic to bind the two .ountries to gether. Surely he would want to visit Mount Vernon, and Yorktown, where came the glo rious victory that was made possible, in huge part. through the g.-iw. rous aid of Lafayette lletweeri Thomas .lofferson and fhe* men who in ado possible the establishment " ,ii(' l ron(',i r. public was a bond nndfsrhtandlng and sympathy tb?? would suBgcvt to the d Minguished vis itor the delights of a pilgrimage to Moritlcello i.Klimon.i J . If c,.?:.. n-;mi,e an enteriai, 111 f'ing t.? the lir.-r viiiy., ? (lf inint.,, Might ii not b.- just a well to have tho State and city go on iccord right how with Homer and His .New 'la'-k PR l'.SlI >KNT WILSON'S designation of Herbert Hoov<-i as dircetoi oi the allied work of !??: ? f in ill*- liberate.} .(lions of l.uroae i?:.iy t i I'd to receive universal approval among thci allies. Inasmuch as the 1? ; iii;? j:: t!.. relief work would nan,rally ; . i o tii" I 'nit' 'I Stale.-, from which lood and : ?: j. ? ' ianrely come, i' is log'cal that tin it in who had .'i effoctlvly handb -1 the d. ;rihi;iiu!i -.f on, food t upplio'. during the war no.iid I" : elected. Mo; eover, ,M, Hoover , |?y ti wink .n Pe l> ,um demon irated a . ge,,iu? l<?r c, ;-a,.i/;;i ion which will be no < .eiiiial in thi l u'i'er ia k of relief. It can lie taken for granted thai President ; Wihon i i >i ? .ii ? to drain the food re Kiiircc". ot ih" I'n ''d Slates, no, I he t'e ' rci ui raw nnierlal' to the extent of bri'lging about a loie ; 11 mgen< y in our own i country. <ui tin contrary i. appointment of I Mr. Hoover is the surc..t po: Ible guarantee that such a derangement will not tako placo. That wo may have to make some sacrifices goes without saying, for the taak of (ceding all these rescued millions is going to bo a tremendous one, but, after all, tho American people can bo depended upon not to with hold tho helping hand to those who are starv ing and in dire distress. Our spirit of service did not die with the war. Certain olctnouts in Congress may opposo tho granting of President WHsou'b request for $100,000,000 with which to feed tho starving people of Europe, but it is safo to say that in tho end it will be granted. Amer ica will not stop now boforo its work in Europo is completed; it will not refuse fur ther help when tho need is almost as acuto as it was in tho>time of war. It will not turn asido now when the suffering of many nations raise their voices to it for assistance. That would bo treachery. Let Congress demand the safeguarding of the funds, but America can well afford to give a few more millions in the work of construction, now'' that its work of destructkn, in which it spent bil lions, has been comploted. Whatever may be uncovered by investi gation of the Navy Department's contract with Henry Ford, it should not bo overlooked that his Eagle boats, to the manufacture of which lie turned over his great plants, are said odicially to havo exceeded every con tract requirement and will be retained as a permanent arm of the naval service. "Whore in h?1 could we send him?" tho query voiced by Von HernstorfT when askqd if tho proseuce of tho Kaiser so near to Ger many was not dangerous, should have fur nished its own answer, for assuredly that is his destination whether he goes or is sent. Count von IJcrnstorfT's announcement that he favors Wilson's league-of-nations plan is the first damaging blow it has received. "Berlin is an insane asylum," quotes Ger matiia. and the pity of it is the chief lunatic is at large. SEEN ON THE SIDE ii\ iiic.vuy KinvAim wak.ngu Tlic liig (iainr. Wherever men ar?; authored, whatever they may do, Hiores always a hunch on the sidewalk watch ing the working crew; And wherever a thing is doing, whatever the jol> may be. There is always a crowd that lines t lie curb iricludi:ig, sometimes, -Me; I "or a trick is ;n human nature To dally a b.t, cr shirk ? And we'd rather stand by And keej^an eye or ilie fellow that does the work. it may be pen or shove!, it may be spade or j pick ? There's always a crowd to watch the job, strik- ' ing never a lick; An 1 the guy who is on the sidelines, twisting t his gilded fob. Is ,he only chap in the world who Knows just how to do the job! And lie's there with the grand suggestions And tlie criticism, too? And the casual way Of hollering; "Say! That i.-.n't the way to do!" When I must wield the shovel, when I must [ purli the pen. It pets my nerve to observe the crowd of lazy- ! natured men; i And 1 spit on my hands and hanker to swing my pick and try To I: noo); the blithering toplights of!" or the criticizing guy! Hut again, I've got to remember That I, too, love to shirk; I'm a son-of-a-guji If it ain't more fun Than having to go to work! Charcoal Kph'n Thongf. "Kf'n a man got no mo' sense *n t' walk into .i ! ? kin mewl, said Charcoal Kph, in a mood, i.atchally gntta git 'quainted wUi a i'.i s (iisponition, dat s all. Try a prune, Mis* *..ih Jackson." "I*nt Out the Light." 'The last word a of UooseveU to his valet.) Death cannot dim, nor passing snuff the light 'if cue who gallant makes his bravest light !? -r that great truth of Hrotherhood that stands. Ho long as i:ight, tho Master, gives commands. There is nothing on Karth that will make a man insist harder than to deny his right. Half 'he world in waiting to find out whether the other half knows what it is doing. The Slacker. "Well, Mary?I'm ? surprised! And you say that soldier kissed you?" "i'es, -Mother?O.MJli!" Over the Top. ward'" shouted the commander of tho battalion "Over the top and get 'em!" The whole battalion hung back. "Coiws on! Forward!" commanded the offi cer. "What are you waiting for?" A I.l? it' iiant diluted. "Von forget, Sir; the armistice, has been de clared V.'e can't take any more prisoners!" "T'hell with the prisoners!" yelled his su perior. "Over the top and gather helmets! You've gotta havo souvenirs, Men, you've gotta ).;? v.; 'i-m!" And with a mighty shriek of understanding I fie whole bunch went over and picked up Cer inati h^idwaru by the cart loads. Th< world !:?. ;i nee-saw and the General Public in Kitting on the long end of the board to bal ance the ?- eight. Tlie Colonel*. T!i?'M' were only three Colonels in America: Itooi-evelt. 11 I IPY. seo?v l,iiveN. i / :?>?! ,i fti'i / ???. ? ome down lo paint my garden vlr gin whl' ??. tho flakes seem playing i' ia.' I'r< . > ,? fig a :i '.i, finie seductive Arden. V.'nefe noiiyhi the g.i mbollr-* sprite of nature I a we* JI ;? v: ft if th? |r picnic*, playing in the hedges, 1> ?i< ing with never care nor fret? Haying tt.i-ir Iov?-k and making foolish pledges ? I'iedgi ?s that die when, melting, they forget! .*1 nnlenle. A rnijnlc/ii maiden from Hut to Mad llpw that were puckered no eutA That nhe mimed on tho verge i if a musical splurge * On ?i piccolo, oboo or llutcl Health Talks, by Dr. Wm. Brady The Germ-Kllllng Wen. (Copyright. Wis. by NaUuuui A?w>Mp?r Service.) Since Pasteur introduced tho conception of bacturiu aa a cauao ot disease, u prodigious hysteria of germ killing has pervaded the whole civilized world. It is no exaggeration, though It may seem paradoxical, to. suy that nearly all intelligent human beings resort more or less to antiseptic or gcrnuciual chemicals in the prevention ana treatment of diseaac?noarly all except educated physicians. The more a physician knows about the nature of germ dis eases and the action of antiseptics and germi cides. tho less use he has for these agents in his work. A surgeon well trained in Wio rudi ments ot his art and experienced in operating probably employs antiseptics loss frequently than the average layman does. It is the doctor who lacks training and skill that makos the greatest use of such chemicals. Sometimes lie uses them obviously for the purposo of assur ing the patient and tho patients friends that nil "antiseptic precautions" are being taken? w-hatevcr antiseptic precautions may be. But more often he applies antiseptics with about as vague a notion of their effect as tho layman has when he dabs peroxide on a cut or sore. Antiseptics do inhibit or delay the multipli cation ot germs, but they do not necessarily kill the germs. Germicides kill germs?direct sun light or boiling, for example, i'eroxide applied in full strength will noticeably dimiiiisn the multiplication rate of many germs, but germs will grow in peroxide, nevertheless. Germs will grow in many antiseptics, even In the noisome iodoform which old-time surgeons delighted to sprinkle around. The childlike faith a layman placcs in his favorite antiseptic is amusing to one with fun damental knowledge of the nature of infection. Hut when a doctor adopts such naive tactics as spraying the nose with some antiseptic solution with the view to preventing germ invasions or destroying or inhibiting germs that have al ready Invaded the lining of the nose, the spec tacle becomes pitiable. It is apparently futilo to search for any anti septic or germicidal remedy which will have any appreciable effect oil tho germs in tissues to the surface of which the remedy is applied. The bacterial cell is so similar to tho tissue cell ?all the body tissues and membranes are com posed of cells?that any chemical which delays tlie growth of or destroys the one will have the same effect on tile other. This explains why a trilling cut or so re Is so long In healing when you persist in applying such destructive thinys as peroxide, carboiized salve and the like* <lur.itlona and Anmrrri. Kittle Girl Going to Blow Away.?My daugh ter. age three and one-half years, seems to dislike fruit. As a baby she took prune or orange juice every day. but now It is impos sible to make ner eat fruit of any kind except under duress. .She eats everything else and seems very well, but I feel that it would be better for'her to eat l'ruit. How can 1 make her eat It? MRS. S. M. M. Answer.?How can you make the little girl eat anything she does not want? And why should you'.' 1 remember when 1 was a little girl?l was a great doll-boy at that age? grandma constantly threatened that 1 would dry up and blow away if 1 didn't eat canned quinces and such stuff?ugh! I've dried up considerably. I but I am still here, and I'd like to see anybody ! force me to eat canned quinces, (live the little girl a ten-years' rest, oil dietetic maxims, and j she'll pull through. I Circumcision Simple Procedure.?Dense let me know if circumcision is a dangerous opera- , tion for a sixteen-year-old boy, also whether it \ requires a specialist and what the probable i cost would be. F. 1'. K. Answer.? Circumcision is about the simplest j operation a doctor does. Alas! there are no j circumcision specialists?you have to have a j common garden variety of doctor do it. It ] will probably cost the best part of a week's : income. I Electric Cars for Freight. nv A. Illll.l.KMAlN roi.K, IU|irr( in the MalNtlonl llurrnu, Anirrlciia Klectrlc lt?ll\\ny Hoard. For nearly a century steam has moved our j fre;ght. More recently gasoline has hauled many thousands of tons O! freight in the direc tion ot the battle Ileitis of Frame. Klectrieity, the mystery of the ages, lias been neglected as a means of hauling our heavy burdens. The motor truck, which is doing wonders in the army transport service, must not he considered as a cure-all for transportation. The street car is less romantic, but consider that the electric railways are able to haul millions of tons of freight on thousands of miles of rails over which now moves scarcely one car per hour. The Chamber of Commerce ot tho United States fully realizes the importance of the elec tric railway as a valuable utility and has asked authorities to give prompt and sympathetic hearing to petitions for assistance and relief due to the unusual financial conditions. In creased rates are of vital importance to the utility, but even more important to the gov ernment is the development of electric railway freight iiau_lu-.e. The spirit ot the age is conservation. Prodi gal use of man-power cannot be permitted. Millions of tons of freight can be moved by the electric lilies with a comparatively slight In crease in the number of men in the operating force The handling of 500 tons of freight by motor truck would require at least 100 men driving 100 five-ton units. By electric railway it would require only three or four men. In deed. the same train crew could easily handle four times as much freight. Investment in rolling stoclc alone is one to ten in favor of the electric railways. Including electric locomotives. Thus the inherent oper ating conditions on electric railways realize potential possibilities that are of great signifi cance in this day of car shortage. Bong before the war the. electric railway had shown its ability as a freight carrier and Valuable public servant. For years electric rail roads in Iowa have been hauling grain and stock from the farms. Kacli of these lines is the equivalent of a steam railroad with a trolley wire over it. It is unfortunate that an electric railway in vestment of nearly 000,000.000, representing a mileage equivalent to practically one-seventh of the steam railroads of this country, many miles of which is available for freight, should be used to only f>0 per cent of its earning power. Furthermore, the economic usefulness of the olectric railway undoubtedly can be made greater for distance exceeding twenty miles than is possible for any system of highway transportation. Tho science of road building has not produced roads that stand up under fre quent use by heavy motor trucks. The main tenance of electric roads can bo figured ac curately. In many localities shippers need this valuable carrier. It should be developed. It should be fostered and released from some of the restric tions that prevent full use of its facilities. That the possibilities of electric freight haul age have hardly been touched and the effort to transport more freight is a national duty is the expressed belief of men who have given serious thought to the subject.?Copyright, 1919. News of Fifty Years Ago (From the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 10, 1869 The delegates who were appointed at the re cent conference of Conservative Virginians, held in this city, to go to Washington. In the interest of the State, are expected to assemble to-night at the National Hotel in this city and organize for the delicate work before them. The delegates have so far followed the ex ample of the conference by which they were appointed by holding meetings behind closed doors and keeping their deliberations secret at least for a while. They will doubtless follow the. same rule in Washington to-night. Married: On New Year's eve by Rev. Dr. Burrows, George C. Mounteastlc to Christiana II., daughter of K. King?all of Richmond. The venerable Dr. Thomas N. Burwell died vesterday at the residence of his son-in-law, i>r. Trent, aged eighty-two. It is announced that Hunnicutt will revive the New Nation, mainly to make it warm for the carpetbaggers, for whom he seems to feel a mortal hatred. The first issue is expected to appear next Monday. About $45,000 have been disbursed by the city of Richmond since the second day of January in payment of interest on the city debt. About $ If,,000 more have been paid out for other claims. In December last there were weighed at the city scale house at the Second Market: hay, 7S.95U pounds: oats, 69,500 pounds; fodder, 15,000 pounds; shucks, 19,070 pounds. The eily ganger's report shows that in the vear 186S ho gauged 3.600 barrels of whiskv, si:.ty-two barrels of ruin, fifty barrels of apple brandy, eighteen barrels of gin, twenty-five casks of brandy, fifteen casks of wine, sixty live barrels of vinegar, 595 barrels of oil, twen ty-eight barrels of turpentine, 1,190 barrels of molasses and twenty-seven hogsheads of mo lasses. Mayor Chahoon has been requested by Gov ernor Wells to appoint two extra pollccmen for duty at Iho capitol building, to be compen sated by the Slato. The negroes of Richmond will hold a meet ing at Kbenozor Church to-night to appoint dele gates to tho National Universal Suffrage Con vention soon to be held In Washington, l^ewis Ulndsey expects to head, the delegation, if ho cau J?cL enough votes to-night. J , FROM OTHER VIEWPOINTS National Problems Discussed for Readers of The Times-Dispatch by Authoritative Writers?A Daily Editorial Feature. ROOSEVELT'S TRIUMPHS OVER PHYSICAL DEFECTS. 11V ALKU1CU II. WlM.IAHtS. Kvcrywhcre In the country arc young men beginning life with more or less serious physical defects and tending to bo discouraged by them. Every man likes to feel himself nbio bodied and capable of doing a man's full part in life and is depressed by the knowledge that he is lacking. Mil lions of examinations for military ser vice have resulted in unpleasant shocks to thousands and have sent them home with sore hearts, too many of them to brood over what the doctors told them until the ambition, hopefulness] and guo<l temper that should attend . and illuminate young manhood give I place to hopelessness and melancholy or morbid sensitiveness, cynical bit- j terness and constitutional resentment | against success and happiness. 1'er- j haps the most really practically useful lesson to be learned from the career ; of Colonel ltoosevelt is for men of tiiat kind. lie began life practically an Invalid. Ilia eyes always were bad. He could see nothing without glasses. Ills lung* i were weak. His nervous system was , disordered. He was a homely man und the grimaces andgrin s that be- ; came so familiar to the public, effects of nervousness, made his face nil the more unprepossessing. Many doctors ?especially those who did not l.ko him?believed his mind to he wrong, at times. Vet he overcame all this. : Whatever opinions might have been and are held of his character and pur poses, all must acknowledge that lie was a big and strong man in the world and did an enormous quantity and variety of work. He was Amer ica's most distinguished citizen until I'resident Wilson came forward. The catalog of his achievements is long and his activities included almost every direction of human endeavor. Whether ills method was right or wrong, he built the i'anama Canal and on that one work a man might bo content to rest his claims to fame. He took the frail and defective body that nautre had given him, studied its defects intelligently and frankly . and with tireless determination l>ui!t it until it endured the most extreme! tests, lie did not spar** ur coddle him- j self. He made his body capable and then used it for the most strenuous : tasks. Never resting nor abating ills j energy from 111? ? time he was twenty. ' Voice of the People l.ettrr* moat give the name anil ad- I Urcaa of (be writer. Snme trill hoi b? published il writer 10 rrquriti, One Soldier Not i'niil. To the Kditor of The Tlme.s-Dispatch: ! Sir. ? 1 have been reading in the ! papers every duy about how the boys returning from France wounded are i paid so quickly after their arrival at ! the debarkation hospitals. 1 have been ' back in the States since December 1 IS, and not a "louie" in sight yet. What is all this newspaper talk for, or is it Just to kid the home folks ; along and make them happy. < >n December It a provision was made whereby overseas men could draw their back pay simply by mak ing attidavit to that effect, in "the ab- , sence of a service record. It may be that at the -iiher hospitals in the coun try they really are looking after the men from overseas, but this place is j evidently asleep. If you can tind a man who has re- j eeived his pay, 1 would like to know \\ l.o he is. AIXIKKNON ME ICSS. liase Hospital, Camp I.ee, Va., Janu ary 7. 1 Itl'J. Tlir Five 1'olnlN Mlanlnn. To the Kditor of The Times-Dispatch: j Sir.?Your note in this day's issue | relating to the poverty on tiie lower i Kast .Side of New York City, true j though It is. falls far short of th* facts of the case. There is a destitu- ? tion absolutely appalling and indescrib able, multitudes ever on the verge of starvation and an untold number suf fering from malnutrition. It is the most congested section on the face of i the earth. South of Fourteenth Street j and east of Third Avenue is a popula tion of over half a million people, rep- : resenting over half a hundred nation- ! ahties, literally the ends of the earth ! are gathered together. and as many j Information Bureau i (?qn!rtra regarding almost nnj topic, j excepting on legnl and medical sub ject*. are iB?urrr<l free. Aa all I n qulrlea are ananrred dlrecfly by per sonal letier, a aelf-uddrcaacd. aiawped envelope la required. Addreaa The Tlmea - IHspiitcIt Information llureau, 1 Ittchmond. Va. Husband in Kr?nce, Mrs. I*. I. H., Surry, Va.?It Is Im- ! possible to determine from tlie address ; you give what division in France your husband is with. Ily Water to Philadelphia. P. C., Camp I-ee, Va.?Go to City I Point, take the boat to Norfolk and ; from there you can siiip direct by j water to Philadelphia. For other In- , formation apply to your ticket agent. Cflmmandn Not Located. Various Inquirers.? We are unable to locate the Fofty-fourth Infantry, the Three Hundred and Twentieth and j Three Hundred and Eighteenth In- [ fantry, and the Three Hundred and Twenty-ninth Infantry. (?'nod Honda Association. S. .T. (?., Petersburg, Va.?The Good Roads Association will meet at the Jefferson Hotel. Apply to George P. Coleman, State Highway Commissioner, for information as to what course to pursue in securing improved highways. Service Stripes. A. K. F., Richmond, Va.?Two red stripes on right arm denote an hon orable discharge. One purple stirpe, left arm. denotes embarkation?the sol die.r had embarked, but returned to the Cnited States from mid-ocean. One gold stripe on right arm denotes six months' service overseas. One gold stripe on left arm denotes a wound, line blue stripe on the left arm de notes under six months' service over seas. One white stripe on the left arm denotes six months' service in the United States. Phonellea. B. P. C., Amherst. Va.?Phonetics in its broadest sense is a study of the whole range of sounds, articulate, mu sical and otherwise. In its restricted sense it is confined to articulate sounds of human speech. liven in this re stricted sense it is still broad enough to lncluda the subject of the acoustic or mechanical side and the anthropo logical or philological side. It may dis cuss simply the speech vibrations that cause any particular sensations on the human ears, or it may include an in vestigation of the manner and causes of the changes the articulate sounds of a language undergoes as it develops. The study of phonetics is widely ad vocated by philologists and by many of the most thoughtful teachers for three reasons: (1) that persons may speak their mother tongue correctly through thus learning to know the proper val uation of its sounds; (2) that thev may learn successfully the pronunciation of other languages, to which a knowl edge of their own is the best intro duction; (3) that those who wish to study philology may have a key to that science. And the sounds of our language cannot be successfully studied or explained without some use of pho netic spelling. Hundreds of phonetic alphabets have been proposed, but the only one that has made progress and bids fair to become general (naturally with some modifications) is that of the Association Internationale I'hoetique This alpahhct took form between IS85 and 18x9 in proposals made by Paul Edouard Pansy, a noted Frcnch pho netician. ,1 ho llvct to mature age arid was the father of sons who won honor for him and thoir country. Probably if he had been content to live on the com petence oh Inherited and give his tltne to pleasure and sulf-liidulgcncc, ho would have died before forty without having made a name or place for him self or added 0110 thing to the world to bo remembered for him. If he had moped and complained continually against the fate that de nied him the eyes given to tho normal man and good lungs and the vitality of the average boy, he would have spent what life he attained tin invalid or sought early death. In Maryland the other day a young man who had been rejected for the army committed suicide after having spent a year be moaning his misl'or*"*,es. and no was less ot a defective ,?nyslcally than Colonel Koosevelt was at his age. Sev eral hundred thousand men born the same year with ltoosevclt grew up physically perfect. Many thousands of them died long before he dtd and not one of them became the potent force in the world that he was, although, doubtless, some of them have been and are better balanced and as good men, or better. There is no purpose hero to discuss his merits as statesmen or political leader, or bis motives or character. The one fact sought to be brought out is that he conquered defects of the body which have driven many an other man to despair or Inaction and tiMcIessness. What ono man can do another can do. Those who are tornpt <*<l to givo themselves up as hopeless cases or bad physical Jobs have but to look at this shining evidence to tho contrary. Not every cripple or half blind man or defective or apparent weakling can be President and have his name in history?or build Panama Canals anil be bitterly denounced or ceaselessly praised for It, according to the political or personal feeling of those discussing it. The great ma jority of such unfortunates can learn from this example, however, that, after .ill. there are opportunities for thern; that with deterrninat .on and courage to conquer adverse fate and circum stance. they can build for themselves bodies which they may use to be of vast use In and to the world and ?c compllsh results which will make their ! i ves we 11 worth ttie living. different languages are spoken. As a rule the better class of Immigrants do not remain in the city, only the very poor, destitute and dowji-and-outs. There are less than 100 benevolent organizations of all kinds trying with very limited means to do what they can to neutralize the awful condition <?! things?feeding, clothing and min istering in untold ways to the sick, the suiTering. the sorrowful and sad. trying to snatch them out of the jaws ot hell itself. The success lias been phenomenal. The work with which the writer is connected, the Five Points Mission, is one of the oldest In New York City, having an honorable record of nearly three-quarters of a century. For this long period it has been busy among the poorest of the poor, reaching out the helping hand, feeding and clothing little children, educating and training them, and helping to brighten many shadowed homes. it would take the ptn of the Recording Angel to fully tell the story. It would strain the pages of your paper and the patience of your reader were I ti< attempt to tell the story of ihe work of the Five l'olnts Slisslon. and of the men and women o: mark it has saved and given to the country ? one Governor, Judges, lawyers, mer chants, teachers, hankers, etc. being on Its roster. It has more than paid. Thank you for your discriminating note. <I!EV.) THOMAS S. BOND. Richmond. Va., December 31. l'JlS. o? Books and Authors Captain II. G. Gilliland while a pris oner in Germany came Into personal contact with Ambassador Oeraid dur ing one of the Litter's visits to the camp, and tho friendship formed at that time has been continued snuo the captain's escape. The English edi tion of iiis "My German Prisons" hears the following dedication: "To Am bassador Gerard, to whom every Hrit isli prisoner owes a debt of grati tude which can never be paid." This t'Ooli, when published in England, was inhibited by the censorship; but now that the stern conditions of war are lifted, it will appear, enlarged and freed of restraint, under the imprint of Houghton Mifllin Company. In view of the fact that the London Saturday Iteview has been, formerly, not very pro-American in matters lit erary and political, the confidence it is professing In our imagist poetd is most gratifying. Perhaps the recent gettin^-together of America arid tho allies lias caused a new capacity for sympathy and understanding of Axner ican "ultraism" among the foreign literateurs. "Vividness, vitality and concentration, beauty and originality of expression, may be looked for in the work of Amy Lowell. '11. D.,' and John Gould Fletcher," writes a critic, in the Saturday Iteview. "What have we to put beside their strength, the audacity of their richness, but an apnthy of out-worn tradition, some ex pression of a past we so imperfectly explore?" A three-volume imagist anthology published by Houghton Mif llin Company embraces the most im portant imagist poetry in America. Miss Iyouise Hasbrouek, author of "Mexico, from forlez to Carranza" (Ap pleton), seems to have an exciting tim>? wherever she goes. After leaving wild arid turbulent Mexico with its bandits and Villas, she acquired a farm and fruit orchard half way up a moun tain in the Catskills. Here the rat tlesnakes abound and they have formed a pleasing habit of sunning themselves on the lawn qf Miss Hasbrouok's small estate. Immediately adjacent to her living-room windows, where the moun tain abruptly goes up. a bear has been prowling. The neighbors are out af ter him, though his presence is not in the least disturbing to tho dweller in this surrounded house. She merrily writes on. Hut it seems unnatural for a woman to be so fearless you say? and the secret is out?-Miss Hasbrouek lives in deadly fear of the web cater pillars, borers and such "wild fowl," which have made her orchard of "Ued Macintoshes" a constant battle field. Miss Hasbrouek could have been seen any bright morning during the past summer, dressed in lighting togs, fear fully going forth with an exterminator, resolved to "finish" her many torment ors. Next year, she says, she is going to have a bumper crop, and wo believe, her; for a woman who can write such an entertaining book as her story of "Mexico" ought' to be able to raise good apples, oven though it be neces sary to annihilate a few thousand bugs in the raising. MnrN to n llecent Arqunlnlnnce. (For The Times-Dispatch.) A week ago I had not seen your face? A week ago we walked alone, apart: To-day you live enshrined within my heart, And thoughts of you all other thoughts efface. In dreams, I hold you in a fond em brace; With waking consciousncss the tear drops start. What magic have you, what surpass ing art? I am unworthy of this sudden grace. We may not understand Love's my stery, Or by terrestrial law lis limits set: A week?a few short days?it can not bo; Long ages gone, in some far star wo met. 'Tis no blind ohanco that brings you back to me; We meet again, for Ix>ve cannot forget, ?BUETT HOLLAND. /