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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, January 13, 1919, Image 4

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TSlIW. ""iX.'Ytlf
'""?VKsa <?? :n
ma^nymii
ti th? PoM-OttvC It
?MOOd-cJaM inattw.
rtltttRHCD fTfry d?r ifl the ynr at 10 Boulb Tenth
fitTMt. Kiofamooti, V?., by Tbe TiMiee-OUpatcb Fab*
litiMnt Co., lac., Cbulei K. lbubrnok, editor
llana*?*.
AUDKKSS ALL COJl.M l.MCA.
VWft# to The
{MU, Md nut to Luiiit lu'uUa,
ILLKl'HU.VK: Hundslyt I,
Unutdi feauuuii*
vouurctbif with nil dtiMtft*
went*.
UllA.NCH umtU; IVjuUi
ingtuo, Ml* Now A orb A*a
aue; Men kurfc City. ItiUi
A?fu?( Handing; Chtcaau,
I'eoyie'* taw liouoiiig;
rhJUatteJphiaL Colour*! Itiul
?>uuuu<g. 1
eLUSCKU'liUN KAlJsS IN
?'?...Kii, v) iiuil; ltall/
AJMj Sunday. oat ;mt, ?v.ou;
to motilb*. #*??<*; * month*.
?2.40; ono tnonlO, W cent*.
ia*ut ?""J. uuo *b.d0i
tt tuonUu, a inuuiun.
vue uiuntij, ?>5
Sun tiny unly, una year. frJ.JO;
t> moatlui, $!.?<>; H muuiiin,
UO 1 muutb, ik) cram
tiX luul crttuut.it aim
VIC*.; Lhttij, urilM ouiiua*. |
la ccjiU a WNki MU) aiui
oot oamiiij, IX c?au ?
week; euiiu?y eul>, I cents, i
If otr friend* who favor us wltii u>anu?crlpte anil
tilytr?ti?iu f?r pubOratian uuu to Uavu unavailable
'fllrfw rtrtarnrtf, they oust to all qik? mud ilaoipt
U>r that p dry use.
MKMMfc.lt of TUfc AaSlK'MrJCD t'KKSS.?The
? ?eaclated 1'rttJ ti cirlosJtel; tiillUcd to the aae for
rrpoMlcatlop ?T all netva dUiwtetin i-rcditMi to i# or
??ot otbf/wi?e rrrillt?d in this paper, and Mm iht
tec*| tt*vr? published herein. All rmbtn of reuubllca
tJuo or special ilUpatcbea herein are alto reserved.
MONDAY JANUAKT 13 1J>19.
H??h of The
Tim?a-Di*patcb.
Absolutely Fireproof.
Twenty-six complicated territorial disputes
in Europe already are on the docket of the
Supreme Court of the World, before it is
provided for or organized. It will be well
to have all the judges men just of voting
*ge and of long-life expectancy if they are
to survive to dispose even of the first few
and easiest cases.
?
'IT- Developments of Hun philosophy continue I
to bewilder ordinary sane people. Because j
.* the army ran away when the fighting be
came too dangerous and the navy surrendered
without firing a shot, both are proclaimed
"gloriously unbeaten," with apparent confi
::: der.ee that the world and history will ac
- ' ? ppt the boast as true.
?Conditions ip Berlin suggest the not al
_r together depressing reflection that the Huns
are tasting something of the fate they, with
bribery and treachery, forced upon Russia;
and are using on each other the devilish
devices of warfare that they scientifically and
with popular applause prepared tor the de
etruction of unoffending people of other
countries.
Reports from Europe 6ay President Wilson
is to abandon his policy of personal isola
tion, talk freely and plainly to tho public
hereafter, through the newspaper men, and
on his return to this country confer frankly
with members of Congress. Let us all hope
this is true, and that we shall have another
evidence that a really big man knows how
to realize and recognize his own mistakes, and
to overcome difficult situations, regardless of
^ the distribution of blame for their existence.
rilEt for wl?icli the allied peoples prayed
?o earnestly during the war at last has come
to pase?Berlin has been subjected to a night
bombing raid by airplanes. True, the hands
v.lnt.h guided the machines and released the
.. not (hose of the allies, but to
the innocent ones who lie dead it matters
-CC ?' C*mC- The KTeat fac*
is that Lerlin now knows something of tlin
puffer jig and horrors it inflicted on peaceful
inhabitants of other countries. It is a Just
retribution, and memory of the past tills the
-lhed heart to the exclusion of any eel ng
of sympathy or borrow. E
Postmaster-General Burleson has won i
egal victory in his fight fur government re
tention of the cable lines, with the av^wed
purpose of making it permanent. That he
won on a technicality makes his victory no less
decisive. The court held that the lines were
taken over for the duration of the war al
' Wftre n0t ?eizt{l untjl fact
?Ver' an(1 Uloy ?>e retained
ufitil tne war is formally declared at an end
following the signing of the peaee treaty
this mil give the Postmaster-O'eneral ample
time in which to complete his scrambling
process. The letter of the law is ? hi,?
?nd he can disregard the spirit and be as
higb-bandfd in his dealing* with these nS!
va.e properties as it pleaacs hirn to be.
Americans sometimes are prone tn
h^vn V" b?rn t0? l0Ud and 100 lo"g Thr-y
have been accused of being braggarts and
^a?nr?aCk?ngStooTh->V,aVe bCC"
r?r,;h their
abcu, u victorious oo?tlUsio? or the .ar""^
l.?T? I,cm told ?ot ta|k w luuch
rw?:hv.rin
starting the tide of victory it )a
Homicide figures for the vear t?ti7
presented by the Spectator show < !? .
rev.?Hl ot form i? the St over ToTc?,
former years. The ratp ha? l?'0se of
bWt investigation discloses that Tn^hJTySS
there w?e a decrease of 3.9 per 100 Si,a
4 reduction of the rate to is-t
TUs ffratifylng state of affairs i8 aUHhTn
t? th. tor, mlRratlon tbc ucLo ?, i "
w thf North bccause of war labor H ?
r<i, nood,y. to ,?c .uz'^z
loon. But, while there w .?? =?.,
?' "?">'?"? In Vhe Ccntrh^atau-fl
??a t(., ??Urn 8Uite, ,,mal?.d
ttw UW t? uto South di..rily?rly;
high, being more than twico that in any
other Bection of the United States. Virginia,
for the years 1913-16 ranked sixth jln tho
entire list of States -with a homicide rate Of
11.9 per 100,000, being exceeded only by
Montana, South Carolina, North Carolina,
California and Kentucky. Not a pretty
rccord. Even New York City had a rate of
only 4.4 in 1917, whllo Memphis topped the
list with 52.7.
Wanted, Issues for the Campaign of 1020
REPUBLICAN national committeemen.
meeting in Chicago, overlooked no
chances in connection with the 1920 presi
dential campaign, even to the opening of
their party love feast with prayer. They
arc in something of a plight. Their one big
political asset has been snatched from them
in the denth of Theodore Roosevelt. With
him alive, it is admitted even by many Demo
crats, ho would have been the party's candi
date or would have dictated the nomination,
and with his dynamic force a factor in the
campaign it would have had a bettor than
even chance to win. even bad Wilson been
persuaded to stand for another torm.
Now all is changed. Roosevelt, the party
mainstay, is dead, the G. O. P. leaders are
tossing about without a pilot, and there is
no rudder to their wobbly political ship.
Hays, whose patriotism during the war was
not regarded as 100 per cent pure, has been
endued with plenary power as to the conduct
of the campaign, which in Itself is sign of
the weakness thut suddenly has come upon
the party. He is attempting to shelve the
question of candidates, knowing that the
woods will be full of thera and hoping that
the party lightning may strike a winner.
Meanwhile, he seeks for issues and can find
none except in envenomed attacks on the
Democratic administration, if that muy be
termed an issue. His whole political vision
seems to embraoe nothing beyond the hope of
cementing the Republican ranks through
laudation of the dead Roosevelt, whom so
recently most of the old-Jine Republicans
were denouncing as a political deserter and
party traitor; playing for the women's vote
with a declaration for universal suffrage, and
carrying a long knife for the administration
and the South. So far as has been revealed,
there Is not one constructive plank in his
platform.
Even the war has not enabled the Repub
licans to forget old sectional lines, and they
seek to fan anew the feeling between the
North and the South because the latter Is in
control of the national Congress, while tho
former, so they allege, pays 90 per cent of
the Federal taxes. But even the possession
of a major part of tho national wealth would
not argue a monopoly of administrative
ability, and what this administration, con
trolled by the South, if they will have it so,
has accomplished in the past years is monu
mental evidence which confutes the Northern
jealousy. I^et it be granted that there has
been some extravagance iu the past year and
a half. Tbero was no economy in the Hun's
war-making program, and he wag met and
defeated with his owp weapons. America
1 will be satisfied when the books finally are
I balanced.
| Hays and his fellow-politicians would in*
terpret President Wilson's ideals, which al
most the whole world accepts and applauds,
as an appeal and aid to Bolshevikism, in- |
stead of what they are, a bulwark againet
it, TJie animus and traitorousnesa of this Is
? too obvious to lead any one astray. Of equui
] political transparency is the demand for the
immediate return of the railroads to their
private owners, with the implied charge that
the Democrats have seized them with the
intention of keeping them. It is the Repub
licans who have been trying to foiat upon
the country the issue of railroad ownership and j
to place the Democrats in the position of ad- !
vocating it as a party measure. This -will
be another case of a manufactured Issue
I failing them in their extremity.
Altogether, Hays is in difficulties, and the
morj be flounders the deeper he mires, lie
will have to produce something more sub
stantial than sectional hatred on the part of
the North and unsupported denunciation of
the administration before he can hope to
make the voters, ejther North or South, for
get the glorious record, which stands open
tor at) the wprjd to read, and subscribe to
hie rea} platform, which Is, ' Anything to set
back into office."
Time Flies
CRITICISE, whjch has been attributed to
members of the American peace delega
tion over the delay in getting the peace con
ference under way, may bo assumed to be
guarded in tone, and by no means hostile.
At the saine time it is believed that it echoes
in no small degree the disappointment exist*
ing in this country, and growing, over the [act
that the conferees have not got down to I
business. '
It does not nieun literally, of course, that \
nothing has been accomplished. Op the cpn- j
trary, President Wilson himself has beon !
able, through his conferences with the Pre- j
rulers and other statesmen of Great Britain, j
France.and Italy, to define the broad grounds
upon which some of the principles enunciated I
by him can be discussed and applied at the
peace conference. Now that this has been
done, however, the world generally will wait
with increasing impatience the actual as
sembling of the conference,
Under other circumstances, perhaps, there
vould be qo sueh demand for prompt aetion,
but, as has been said by others, the present
situation in Europe is one in which a race
is on between Bolshevikism and disorder, on
j the one hand, as against opportunity for or
| derly reconstruction on the other. The sooner
the peace is framed, provided it is founded on
broad principles of right and Justice, the
sooner the forces of orderly reconstruction
can get to wprk. The longer the delay the
harder will it he for these foreefs of law and
order to overcome the spreading wave of
Bolshevikism.
Viewing the situation from M.bis perspec
tive, America is perhaps in better position
than some of its allies to Appreciate the
danger of delay. Knowing, too, the anxiety
of the people to get the troops hack home,
it may be imagined that the feeling iq this
respcct among the nations that have beep
much longer in the war must commend itself
to the allied governments as a reason against
unnecessary delay,
With States north, eouth, east Mpfl we?t
falling over each other in tholr wild scramble
to clamber aboard the nationwide PVOblbi*
t lion bandwagon, even tb? New York World
has lost any laat vestige of hope H may
? i retained p( gavtog the country and New Yerfc
Ju particular, from absolute aridity. The
World, with The Ti*neerDlspiitob and 0tb?r
papers that havo stood consistently (Or
States' rights us guaranteed under the Con'
dilution, can see no border Use where Fed
eral sumptuary legislation may he checked*
believing that "With the theory and praetfee
of prohibition lodged In the nations] Con
stitution, we shall take leave of local self*
government and open the door to many other
manifestation! of centralizmtlop and intol
erance. No true zealot will be content \vlth
the suppression of a single social cus
tom. Once in command of a Federal
police force, those who would regene
rate mankind by arbitrary decree will
tind in amusements, manners, dress, dom?ftt?
affairs and religious faith and observation
new fields of activity."
General Pershing, talked of as the possible
Republican nominee for President, should
study in time the lamentable story of the
life of General Grant after Appomatto?. If
he had retired quickly with the laurels he
had won and never been President or tried
to make a fortune, the laurels would gleam
in history far more brightly than they do,
and he would have been spared untold bit
terness and misery.
Settlement of the estate of the manager
of a famous New York hotel develops that
former patrons owed him many thousands of
dollar for board. If some of these delin
quents will come forward now and reveal
bow they got their baggage out they will
eonfer on the world a new and valuable lesson
In the real thing in diplomacy.
Now that Roosevelt is dead, Republican
leaders unanimously announce that be would
have been the next party nominee for Presi
dent if he had lived until the summer of
19 20. This looks like a quick and unseemly
grab for Roosevelt's political assets, Includ
ing the remnant of his Progressive party.
J^enine. in Russia, and Bbert, in Germany,
are new instances of men unable to move ?
fast enough to keep pace with revolutions
they helped start, and not quite murderous
and reckless enough to follow to logical con
clusions the doctrines they themselves taught.
Like many a preceding experimental phi
losopher, Comrade Berger glided long and
gayly on the cold, smooth surface of Amer
ican toleration; but he struck the thin place
at last, and Just where the water Is deepest.
In resppnse to published complaints against
the mud at the great American debarkation :
camp Jn France, the War Department prom
ises to make a clean Brest of it.
Much Ado About Nothing
BY WO* H. NIWfcTOfV.
A Metl* htlec ?? t,lfe.
The youngeter, ajfed six.
Went \vi|J) us to a department
Store to see Santa Glaus.
It way a great event f?p him
When he shook hands with the old boy,
But ho wjj not eo Impressed
Aa to forget to mention some
Things that he wanted for
Chriatrnaf. Santa Clays
Wup a tall, thin man and erect.
lie wore a red roat and hoots
And a white-trimmed hat.
Than ho went to another store,
And there was another Santa Claue.
He w?b a short, fat Santa Clays,
With a blue coat and blue hat,
But he wore no hoots.
The boy eyed hlip wpnderingh*.
Byt didn't Key a word bfii'ond
Mentioning an automobile,
An airplane and a blcyclc,
At the third store Santa Claus
Was arrayed in a Pink robe.
Ant} his whiskers didn't look
Bike the whiskery of either
Of the other two.
The boy's lips quivered as
Jfe shook hands with this one,
And one could see that hit*
Favorite illusion was upset.
On the way home he was sad.
His pyes had been opened.
There wap more than one Santa
"Anyhow,"' he said, "I
F&sy enoyph to give each of them
A different Met"
We sometimes wipfc Justice would that
bandage off her eyep and t?k? a look,
We'll bet that Air. MoldakowHki, who haa
just introduced a new dance to New York, la
a loo some milker- So, bows!
What a Hollar t'?r4 ft* J)?.
Back in tbc pjd byrg n dpllar was qyjte a
piece of money end It made a regular poise. !
Nowadays it doesn't make any mere noise -that;
a feather falling en a PlUSh carpet In the h?upe
pext <ieo?'.
Jtegardiny eats. a dollar used to speak with
aeme authority. We remember when the ipem?
v?ers of our Hat hack in the ojd town 0*e?ded
to give a dinner party, There M-er? to be forty
at the party, and the eommltte* went and la|<J
the plana before Bern Hlgglns. proprietor of the
O. K. Kestayrant. The men" was to be rather
elaborate for oyr town, Including rtuifed celery,
j grilled chicken, endive salad, tricolor fee cream
i and coffee.
wg asked Bern if he could do it for fj.\
I Bern figured ?n It for a day or two and then
told the committee he could furnish the layout
for 52.15. but he eeyldn't do ft for a cent lee*.
"1 would like to accommodate you boys," he
?ald, "byt the chickens alone wi!l coat me ne4?-?
ly *2, although 1 rpiee them myself,"
He didn't know that we meant J? a plate
lie thought the it w?n for the whole feed.
When we paid him the ?.80 he retired to pri*
vat* tire ant) gave the restaurant to hl? nephew#
Ben do Caajserf* says one e*n get a}J one
wants in life If he can learn to do without the
things he ean't get.
Count Jlohpmtollern and fri??d wife have
taken a modern castle in Holland and will have
their eld I'otsdftih furniture, That tremendous
pigh of relief which soqndB like the first "bla"
of a Kansas cyclone aomes from the aged Count
Bentinck.
One of the problems of peace to how to pre*
vail upon the dear girls to step knitting.
The Kaiser committee
Syiefde, all but?
In that way he reminds
y? some of Boob
HcNutt,
In jw?tl*e to them It mvot fee said that rc??
tauraieu*** av# not taking advantage of the
' gbnenee of Herbert Heover ti) Kurope te in
crease the quantity of <ood wmd to the
I patreM.
Health Talks, by Dr. Wm. Brady
t Chronic
tC^amgfau ***?? oy N*tlin'>*'
In a. previous article \ deacrlbed trachoma or
"r*il horo eyes," Which Is u vary contagious and
vary obstinate chronic eye disease endangering
the eyesight and prevailing Jn various p^rtu o(
(he country, especially In Kentucky, and the
mining regions of Virgin!* and west Virginia.
In simple cnrcnlc conjunctivitis <inflamma'
tou or the lining or thu eyelids and the cover
ing of the eyeballa) the lids look reddened and
smooth (not rough as in tiucnomu) ttpd in old
cewes the lida are thickened. There Is little
increuso of secretion, perhaps only enough to
make the lids stick together mora or lean jn
the morning. at the inner angle particularly. ?n
many instances the eyeu art- drier than normal.
ThOfo is more or Jess Itching or burning, feel
ing of dryness or u sensation as of sand or
forejgn particles in the eyes. some sensitive
ness to light, and the eyeu tire easily. These
symptoms are more annoying in the evening.
Causes of this chronic conjunctivitis arc, llrat,
unhygienic surroundings, euch as foul ulr. and
ojpocially air laden with tobacco smoke, Ineufli
eient sleep, lato hours, exposure to Irritating
dust in occupation- In aome'easoe eyestrain
due to various errors of refraction l? a factor
and tlie conjunctivitis tvlji not improve until
the difficulty la corrected by the oculist. Topers
are famous for tnelr chronic conjunctivitis, and
what one might call old tea aaaltts are likewise
subject to It. An old tea soak len't an old per
pen necessarily, but a person who drinks old
tea?tea that has been boiled or steeped for
hours. Tea or coffee Is harmless for most
people and beneficial for many when properly
prepared and t?ken Ir, due moderation; cither
becomes injurious if boiled even a few seconds.
Boiling converts the bovcrago Into a solution
of tannin.
Mild chronic conjunctivitis often proves de
pendent on chronic troubles within the nasal
cavity and can be relieved only by treatment
of the underlying condition.
A weak solution of sine sulphate and boric
acid seems to give much relief in cases of
chronic conjunctivitis accompanied with sccro
tlon or sticking of the lids mornings:
KJm: sulphate, ona grain; boric actdv eight
grains: boiled rain water or distilled water,
one ounce.
Drop a few drops in cach eye each morning.
If lids tend to atick together mornings, smear
their edges gently at night with 1 per cent
ointment of wellow oxide of mercury, or with
storile vaseline (from a collapsible tube or a
Jar whose contents have been freshly boiled to
3teriiize the vaseline).
Qantloaa and Amnrr*.
Sure remedy for Bleeding Piles.?'I am suffer
ing with bleeding piles. Is there a euro remedy
or even some relief for me".' T. K.
Answer.?The chances are even that th?
trouble Is not what you assume it is If it is
hemorrhoid*, operation is the *<ure relief, and
Immediate operation ia the only safe and sen
sible treatment.
Time to Build Is Now.
BY V. r. 3III'H:R
Director ?t T>lv|a|*n ?( r?k|li' MnrU-i and
C'ftMlnirtlss Development.
Activity of the construction Industry at this
time Is essential to the general welfare of the
country. Ae Secretary McAdoo recently stated
In directing the supervising architect to re
sume public work, "The activity of the build
ing industry will facilitate the transition of
Industry from a war to a peace basis."
This js a question that goes beyond the in
tents of the construction industry. Jt Is
fundamental to our entire program of rrcon
struolion and affects society as a whole. After
all, reconstruction must be literal as well as
metaphorical; the way to bring about recon
struction 1h to reconstruct.
The construction industry is a composite In.
duetry: Is one of the natlon'c largest. Its suc
cessful functioning Is most neoessary for the
public welfare. It now needs and merits gov
ernmental support more than any other great
industry, for the reason that It has pncessarl.y
been embargoed by the government during the
war. \
The Brltlph government, whose precedent In
curtailing the building industry during the war
waa followed by our own sjovrrnment. already1
bas taken forethought in tTils matter,
Deferred .building construction Is one of the"
first portions of our war debt which must be
met, fop it provides facilities for paying the
remaining portion of the war debt and alpoi
de-creases the eost of living. Jt ia an economic!
waste to allow labor an# materials to remain
evep temporarily In Idleness, when they may in
the meantime be put into wealth and tax-pro
ducing structures.
JWoncy is not consumed In building operations,
but passes from one hand to another and still
remains in the national banking system, yet
leaves en Its way a permanent evidence of
wealth, suoh as a water power, a, highway, a
railroad, * sewer or ether necessity to the earn.
Ing power of society.
A thrifty farmer reduces his luxuries In or-1
dcr to Improve his land and his buildings; a
thrifty nation keeps up its construction pro-1
gram
T'ublic credit Is ample for all public works
The money ueed circulates through the State
ten times In the twejve months and largely
remains in *he State, while the structure tn*
duree for the benefit of society.
Since the beginning of the Kuropean war.
construction has decreased until now It Is quite
at a standstill. There Is, therefore, an accumu
lated need for building. The shortage of eon-1
struotlpn in Indicated by high rents.
The Increased co&t of building materials Is
only about half that of other commodities. The
ln<?r?a?ed epot of building materials Is onset
in some localities by depressed coat of land.
Investment In building lets always been ppn.
stdered the Htfetu investment for ths Individ
ual and hi* dependent?.
The country is probably a full year behind
In its civil construction program, amounting to
at least 15,000.601).006. This amoynt must be
caush* up and normal building continued; ?
condition of permanency arrested development
of ih? country is inconceivable
At this time of quiet in the industry, the
foresightnd who have n#*d for byjldlngi; wljl
naturally receive better s*rv(ee than when the
rush comcs on. There i$ a growing understand
ing between the building employer apd employee
of their foroperatlvo relationship, and together
they have every ir*centiy? for rendering t|ie
public efficient pervics. ,f
Co-oporatloq of J',** architectural and engl.
necring professions, of the practical contractors
and ?f the 200 odd national associations of pian
ufaeturers. etc., in the practical application Of
theft facts may be assumed as assured.
News of Fifty Years Ago
(From the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 18, 1J3P0.)
At the regular monthly
meeting of the City f.'oun*
eil, Mr- Crutchflcui. cha|rr
man of the Committee on
streets in fjenpral. made a
full report on the case of
J. H, SaJe, superintendent
of city hands, that the
charges were sustained.
Mr. Crutch field did not
mine? mutters at all. hut
brought out in detail the
facta, showing th$t Pale
had used the city hands
and eity mples to work In
. - ? ?.? ... his own garden for his own
% ^*T.l?55e benefit and profit, and that
at times wnen the hands
*-vp' and fnp mules were mu?h
ne&df-d op the streets. The chairman made a
vigorous speech urging summary action In the
ma.tt'?F, The case was postponed until the
pcjtt meeting.
Th? hi?1) waters in the James having receded,
the pymra at the pump hou.se are now in good
working ord^r, and there In no longer * scarcity
pf water anywhere in ih* city,
Tho new movement on the part of the Vir
ginia Conservatives has ereated some confusion
and dismay In the ranks of tha qpnoainp fan.
tionp; so much po that a meeting of the Grant
and cpifax (flub lias heen held and resolutions
passed Wftvnlng Congressmen to bswqre of the
Conservative committee now In Washington.
\Vella, Kye, Humphrey and Boiling were ap
pointed p popimittee to hurry to Washington
and present the resolutions nnd warnings to
President Johnson and to various" Congressmen.
Another comnUttce was appointed to cpfpmut) .
cate with or oaU on Horace Qreeley and got his
views on the conservative movement. These
epmmit teep aro Instructed to do everything
poserble to counterbalance whatever good effect
the visit of the Conservative committee to
Washington m*y have
Tne hoard Of directors of tlio Kastern Uunat'c
Asylum u-t Williamsburg have ei?,:ted Dr. p. p.
Prower. nvp?rl?trnaent of thttt institution.
the National punragt convention to be held In
Waelilngton pjj tho tfth lp?t, 1^jw|h Mndyey
and Richard Pprreeter were nominated hy th?
committee, Tpia raised a rumpus, and after an
hour or morf of rabid digctispion uindsey ?nd
FnrrOHtOr wr.re defeated and Flolda Cook and
Edward Kelson fhOth preachers) were elected
delegates.
Pftlted States Senator Henderson, of Missouri,
Kisaesssss5
FROM OTHER VIEWPOINTS
\ ,
National Problems piscuabcd for Header* of The Tjiurs>l>i*patch by
Authoritative Wrlttrs?A Dally Editorial feature.
MORE THAN T1-IHJ3Q MILLIONS FOR BACII DAY
DV AW'UBU M. AVI 1,1,1 A MS, ,
? careful figuring by the. War Depart
ment makes the cost of the American
private soldier abroad $877.47 * year,
which approximately in $2.78 a day, In
cluding bis pay. Ills clothing costs
the' goverhmcnt ? 175.03 per yeur. but
(tie net cowl, after counting salvage
and reclamation. Ik reduced to $142?<.
Kor his cornb and brush, razor and
blades, mirror, toothbrush ?nd shaving
brush ha U allowed $7.a$ and his sub
sistence (a estimated at $g&l.85 3. year,
which la $'*'l a month, or 60 cents a
day. We In paid, whan abroad, $<64 a
year. lie la the best provided and
cared,-for soldier in the world by far,
and. of course, the moat highly paid.
The calculation does not include his
anna or ammunition
The figures sucuvit some practical
thought In connection with the nego
tlatlons and other proceeding" now
more or less In progress In Europe, A
million men in arms there are coat
ing the American people $2,780,000 a
day for private soldiers only. Arid
tlie pay of the officers and the wastage
and other coat, and we get to $3,000,000
easily. That meana J5 centB a day for
each family in the country. $4.60 per
mouth. A good many families feel that
amount, especially when they are get
tint; no return for It in the way of '
food or clothing or rent or taxes paid, j
Three millions a day Is twenty-one t
millions a week, ninety millions a 1
month. The men are being hurried
home now, but the question is how
many of them are corning? Until the
treaty of peace is finally signed and
agreed to probably we will bo paying
for every day of postponement $8,000,- ,
000. Germany must bo occupied and
nobody can tell what forco will be j
needed to overawe and keep peaceful
the turbulent folk, who already nre
using their new freedom to make trou* t
blc for their neighbors, and apparently
are bent on doing all they can to atari
the Area of war anew. On general
principles and according to all the
teachings of human experience, the
more promptly and ttrongly ouch peo- i
pie nre dealt with and the sooner they j
are given to understand thai the strong !
hand la over them and ready to smite,
ihe lers trouble and bloodshed there
la likely to be.
The facts and figures should he kept
in mind by those who arc cbargcd
with the peace arrangements. Other
allied countries are not catching it i
I
Utlm MO*I clve the aaaae bs4 ?#- '
<rw ft (k? writer, flint will not be
pakif?he4 II arll?r ?? rcfMiti.
rnncrrx and PiwecTSfy. i
To the Kdltor of The Times-Dispatch: ,
Sir,?There way a time when one
could say. with reasonable assurance,
"A chiefs amang you takln' notes,
An" faith he'll prent it."
But now with espionage acts, pro
Germanism, Bolshevik isnj and other
Isms that, whatever their prefix, sprll
traitor, old Anglo-Saxon blood. Ameri
canized for centuries, \intil it draws
no breath not saturated with the prin
ciples of political freedom, tempered
u 1th the love of justice and j???acc j
founded upon rightaou?ne?n. trembles j
!cst it stain the escutcheon with *|
"damned spot" that will not "out."
Our forefather* foreguther*d in ?
new world, hunderds of years since.;
and <o them in this new world. It la >
claimed a new and great light wop per- !
mltted to dawn that enabled them to
plage a new government on a firm J
foundation, safe for a fr?-e people.:
Their was nothing new in the asplra- i
tions of fileso mru, no new desires were !
born. What they wanted, man had)
wanted and had sought from the her ;
ginning of history, had thought ttfttn j
i that he had found It. a government |
based on justice, peace and righteous-!
?less. Damocraeje* had risen and fall-'
en turnturies before the Christisn era. |
their advantages and disadvantages as]
clearly described as they are known j
now. The rock upon which they were 1
wrecked was pointed out ?.509 years
ago by the same author who sat^i, "The
specter of a despot haunts ?h? foot'
steps of a democracy." 6ur forefath
ers in this country. Americanised "I^ing
nyne" know all this, and in their search I
for the spirit to allay this demon. hit'
M?on the Idea of a representative form]
Information Bureau
i
Isnalrtea recording iIismi any topic,
?sceptics on lr|ral and mHlral anb
Irela. pre fr??. A* all Is
?jqirl** are aaawerri (llrrrDIr kr per
iopa) letter, a ?rlf-iiJdrt??riJ. Mlamprd
9?vet ope la reijplrrd, AtfSrrs* The
Times - #>i?pntch InlunMlluii flureau,
Klrhojoarf. V?.
Van Dyfcc's Address.
Mrs. M. T., L/oulsa, Va.-?-?The home
f.ddross of Dr. Henry Van Dyke is:
The Av^lo^i, pfinc-eton, ,V. J.
Miildierf opd C| vil Sfnht.
| k. I4. yf.. Richmond. Va.r^Th?! ejvii
l service board states that applications
for position under civil oervice by dis?
charged soldjere are accepted jmujer
diately after discharge.
Number of flersei.
A. G. 13., Chester. Va.?According to
figures compiled for the War Depart
ment, there were 21.106.000 horses In
the Upited States January 1, 161(1.
Since the beginning of the present
war, 580,185 have been exported to 12u
rope.
Port y-Ke venl h Infantry.
Mrs, 13. M-, Wlljiamuburg?The
Fortyrseventh Infantry is in the
Fourth Division, and at- the signing
of the armistice was at St Djxier,
France. Its present location we are
unable to aive. A letter addressed
to yoyr brother, giving company, numr
her of regiment and division, as above,
with A. 10. F. added, would reach him.
JSStl* lafaatrr.
Mrs- n. A. W-, WhiLe Plains.^The
One Hundred and Twenty-eighth lu*
fantry }s (n the Thirtyrseeond pjvislen.
and pt the tim? of the signing of the
armistice was at fit. Djsier, France,
A letter addressed to your son, giv
ing company letter, number of regi
ment and division, with A. 13. f. added,
should rna^h hirn at his present locsr
tion, wherever that may be.
Uovernar lieorge CHfftea.
Mrs. |f. S. C'.j J/j-nchbyrg.:?Governor
George Clinton served p?ven terms aa
Governor of New York. He was ap
pointed to that office in 1777 and 17R0.
The Plat? Constitution adopted lp 1783
provided that the Governor should he
ejected by votes of the people- Clin
ton was elected In 1763;178firl7S&?l<a2.
jfe was followed in office by John Jay,
and at the end of his term Clinton was
HSfSin elected to fill th? office of Govt
erpor |n JSOj.
w f?-g
The Tltaiile.
Reader. Fredericksburg.?The Ti'anie
was built by/ I-farlapd Wolff, at
<liueen? Ishutd, Belfa.st. She sailed
from Southampton, April 10. 19i2, on
her maiden voyage to New York. She
struck an iceberg at lj;45 P. M., Sun
day, April 14, latitude 41 degrees 46
minutes north and longitude 50 degrees
14 minuteu went, and sank in twe pnd
one-half hpurp. Of the 2.308 persons
on hoard, passengers and crew, Sin
passengers and 688 of ih$ crew wcr?
drowned, and 705 persons were rescued
by the Carpathla. The Titanic ha<| u
displacement Of 60,000 tops and 46,000
horse ppwer, with epeefl of twenty-one
knots. 8h? was s?n feet long, nine,
tyrtwe and one-half feet hroad. and
th? height from the keel to bridge
?was 104 feet, There were eight steel
deoks. and a cellular doubje bottom
five and one-half feet through, and
the hllg# keels projected two feet f*ip
S06 feet of her length amidships. Fhe
was equipped w|ih modern machinery,
and carried Pisteen lifeboats thirty feet
long, she was owned by the* White
Star Line. The company Cfljoltsl pn
hoard, who ww paved, wm J. JSruoe
Xawax. ??MMwrinf 4tr?ct?r of the uh
In the way of cost as we are, but prpb
Ablv in proportion to their means they
.?<?ifrer fully as mych. l^rtber, ther?
is increanlng evidence of ueinonaltFSr
i ion arioMg our troops and the urlt
iniv The men are an*lou?i to get t?
their homed and fninilr.s. They |<no?>
ihu lljflUlne >3 over a?d thn victory
won. They cannot bo made to >#ndor
stand whv they arc kept In service.
The/ went to battle cheerfully bccnuoe
they cou)<l see that the conquest ot
the IIun was necessary for the pro
tection and welfare of their own coun
tries and people. Wow they ar# Uept
loafing and waiting, and for srhgt?
Many of uk here who are sqppossd
to be reasonably well Informed wowM
be unable to toll them. The formal
opening of the pcac? conference wilt
be on the 13th. Presumably the rep
resentative* of the powers at intereft
will know by then fairly clearly what
they want and intend (o agree upon,
Kvery day they spend In discussion
and parley will be costing this coynr
try $3,000,000 In cash and very mucii
more in loss of time and labor and
man power and obstruction of indue*
:ry: and every other country likewise..
The situation 1b not like that of two
countries at peace preparing: a treaty
on >>oir.e disputed point, nor like that
when there ha* be?n final surrender
of a combatant and everybody but the
diplomats has quit and gone home.
Nominally w* are yet ac war. Actually,
a large part of the expenses and tb?
evlla of war are continuing. Every
day the result can be hurrte4 Will
mean the Having of $3.000.0?0 to tbi6
fountry alone and the saving of many
nore millions to individuals. Including;
he soldiers in service, and to lndve
try and production. The solid truth la
no'nu of the countries can afford to
wait Indefinitely for the conclusion.
Probably all of th ?m wJU unite in h
call for hurry when the figures of f
dailv, hourly, monthly, annual coate
are 'realized. The finishing touches por
haps can com? after a general de
mobilisation U found to be safe. When
that point bus been rcached this a?n.
try. and probably the others, will be
willing <o allow all the time that may
be sekeil to determine the line polnte
and to take measure# for permanent
nr.3/*e and will back most eealously
and fatthfully and patiently every
?nove and suggestion in that direc
I - ion offering even a promise of success.
of government; and It was then, the
world believed that something new
had been born among rn*n through
which government could advance until
It could fill the utmost hopes of thoae
who from the beginning of time had
uttered in many languages the prayer
given final expression by the Lotine*
in "pro bono publico.
The division Into legislative, Judicial
and executive (mark the sequence),
with their separate powers were de
tail*, however liapplly O' nnhapolly
adapted to the purpose of putting foto
execution the Infrplred idea of a repre
sentative democracy; and though Pat
rick Henry could * ay. That It saulntfl
toward monarchy, and Benjamin
Franklin could pass It with the re
mark. thai they who would submit
n derpot deserve nothing better, yet
none of this was in deprecation of the
id'-.i of representative t(ovtrnm?ni;
and ye.i one cannot pick up a
paper or megar-ine. ?f listen ? '* a dis
cussion "among the learned" In public
places without seeing or hearing un
w*rraiu< d. ungur-i't''0, unpatriotic Crit
icisms of the only branch yf the lf?v*
eminent which truly embodies the idea
for whieh rivers of biobd Iibvb been
Khed, and ii-hicb our forefathers ot
many generations ot Americanism h*- i
lievid Inaolred. end that body Is Con-f
wreKs. Belittled besmirched. with
none so poor to do It reverence," y? t
it. snd It alone. incloses the #?w?l of
modern discovery, and go It slow or j
go U fajit. It is fhe symbol of repre
s?nt.at|vfe government, and through |t,
and not through an executive, nor ?
; judiciary. muM representative gevern
> ment live or Ate. <3- 8. V/.
I Oreen Bay. Va., January t. 1119,
! _ ? .
I 1
Books and Authors
Among the spring publications of
Robert M McHrlde fU Co, will be a
new novel by Valentine Williams,
whose rojnuncc of tha German Rearet
| Service. 'The Man With th* Club
l foot." has just appeared in a second
I edition Mr. Williams's new book Is te
' he called "Oakwood of the Secret Rnt\
vice." and will tell some further pd* ,
I ventures of the hero of bis earlier
' novel.
j Edward D. Trowbridge is the author J
of a book on Mexico which in to be"
j issued In January. "Mexico Tp*Pay
i and To-Morrpw" ta th# title of the
j volume, which ie a et>mprehena}vs
i statement of the general situation in
Mexico, political, social, financial SPd
I economic, with jincient M^slco i?nd the
Sjianish conquest as the background
Tlie work Is of timely lntev*ft a9 ??>
i up-to-date study of Mcsjcar) offgtrs.
jr> "Kastem ^;xr)Jorst^on J'ast and
; Kijture," announced for earjy publics'
| tlon by Robert M. Mr Bride & Co., tor,
! W. Flinders 1'etrie briefly rwviewo fhe
I discoveries that have b^en rr>a4e jo
I A?|a Minor, and points out the IfPr,
; portance of taking adequate steps }p\
J Mesopotamia and Palestine tf> c^f>r I
j serve the buildings and other treas
ures of activjty which, in the past,
Turkish cpntrol has lftrgt-ly preverU?<J
the archeologiet from exploring.
"Java Head." by Joseph Hergephelmei*/
(Alfred A. Knopf), (s a pov^J pf th^
American merchant maripe ?t tb? b
ginning of the graat clipper ship era.
It Is laid Ip ,Salem, when thM eBy
was still a port rich with the traffic
of the Kant Indira; a story of phojaftc
ahip masters, chtjrqilng giris, arid s?>i
aristocratic Manchu woman Ip f-srptlpe
and jades and crusted Ko|d. ThfM I8
a drama as secret tn<j po)^pn?u^ as
opium, lovely old gardens, with
trees and greep lattices, e|P7
sha<ie<J strtets epdlng 4t th.e harbpr
with tbe brjgs unload In?/ Ivory from
! Africa and tbf ships crowding op their
topsAils for C'antot). ]t Is * rorpaqt(e
novel-7-and yeL true-^r?ther than *
study pf drab mappers; there (p pp.
purpose in it other thap tb? pleuppre
to be found in the tspcetafle pf lfft
Knpporled by high couraijc apd made
b?autiful by women Ip peacenk shRwi?,
"If you offer your <;ar gn?} chauffeur
for the free ntte of another,1' says John
A. Post Jn his little book, "AutbjnebJle
I,iabjllty and How to Peal With It,"
jpst published by B. P. fjptton & Co.,
batiPK his opinions \ipop cqqrt 6f> >
cision,s in various gt^teg. "ypij re
main responsible; but if one hprrows
your PJtr operates it 4t hi? pwp
risk. Jn till cases where the pwpeV
has rrntion to know (hat ])a is. eqtnipts
ipg his ear, to operate, \e> pome "op?
who is incompetent to do po without
dapger tp the public, he le reTOpnslbIa
Also, if he undertakes tp leach ppothep
to drive his car, he takes thp rlpk,
but probably poj if the Pupil owns tl)?
car unless it Is pursuant to spme con.
tract of selling:. When your chauf*
fcur is operating tho ear Jn tbft course
of his employment, partly pr wholly,
vqu are repponclblf; as though yoti were
so doing. But if at Ihe time lie wag
solely proceeding upon Ills own prlvat#
business with or without your consent
you would not be liable."
The Tree.
1 think I shnll never }iee
A poem |ove|y as a tree.
A tree whose hungry mouth la pre?t
Against the earth'5 su'fiqt ripwjpg
breast: **
And lifts her leafy arms to pra^t
A tree that may In anmmer wear
A nest of roblps in her hair;
fnon whose bosom snow has lsi#;
Who ItHlimHl'ly Jives w|U? rgip,
Poema are mad* i?y fpplti like me. ;
But onlyJSod can make a ireg.
. ^Jvyo* KUwer. 4a the hltfimry

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