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Gossip of Books and Au thors on Editorial Page. PRICE, THREE CENTS . ' Quickest Results V ^ Obtained by Using The Times-Dispatch. Columns. f ii'V 111 69?PH YEAR. ;t=Z=_! : * RICHMOND, VA., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1919. ?TWELVE PAGES. S""EB ?CLOUDY L CAPITOL Wilson Meets Democratic Congressmen During , Two-Hour Session. THREATEN DEFEAT OF BILL 'FOR COMING VICTORY LOAN Republicans Asserted in Attempt to Forcc Calling of Extra Congress Sitting. HITCHCOCK DEFENDS LEAGUE f ^ i .Claims Society Only Means of Main taining l*cacc nud Stopping Spread of Bolshevism. WASHINGTON. F'-b- 27,?Further im portant exprcuulunn of opinion on th's league of nations catnc toduy from President Wilson in hisi confercnctra at the. Capitol; from Senator Hitchcock. ? of ^Nebraska, chairman of the Foreign Hclationa Committee. in an address to the Hcnato, and lrom Senators and Rep resentatives who attended the dit.nor last night the While llouee. 4 President Wilson, Tn dismissing the -league with members of Congress, and also at a conference with newepaper correspondents, expressed confldence in iho success of the plan. He also 16t It be known, that he had every expectation of the conclusion of peace within a lc\\' moiti.hu, and in this con nectidn said thut territorial adjust U tents ?presented the meet delicate prob lem. remaining. Work on all other questions, he stated. Is rapidly nearlng I completion by* the commissions ap pointed to handle it. The ^'resident was emphatic In ex pressing ills belief that in no particular did the proposed constitution of the leajguo oonflict with the American Con stitution or with the Monroe?i>ortrlnc. He also said ho had in mind only one | imtndmcnt, designed to clarify the] clause dealing with enforcement of | territorial decrees, and reiterated that j he would not address Congress before it adjourns, and would not ask any formal expression from the Senate on 1 tho league. HELUOTANT TO OPKN AKGUMKVr ON DIIAKT Mr. Wilson was Raid to have indi cated that lie was reluctant to roopen the league constitution before the peaco conference. He was represented as feeling that with the document ap proved unanimously by fourteen pow ers, after many weeks' deliberation. It wohkl bo Inadvleable to reopen the ne gotiations unless changes proposed Wet-o'fundamental. The change ho lias lh mind was not so clawed by tho exocu ?tivfe. ... Senator Hitchcock, in addressing tho SoiiAio in vigorous support of the ' league, replied to recent critics of the v plan. He declared that the alternatives 'fceforo the world were peace with the league, or war and preparations for I war -without it: the internationalism of nations or that of "the Socialist, | the'anarchlst and the Holshevlst." Tlu ) Senator flatly denied that tho league j violates either the Monroe Doctrine or| the principles enunciated by Washing- 1 ton, and charged opponents with mag nifying what they regard as dangers and with "conjuring up a scarecrow." Senate debate will be resumed to morrow, with addresse-s by ltepublican Leader Lodge and Senator Frellnghuy een, of New Jersey. Republican. Today Senator Owen, of Oklahoma. Democrat, introduced a resolution ad I) vocatlng amendment of the league to i definitely declare that Americai. sov ereignty is not affected, while Senator Spencer, of Missouri, ltepublican. of fered a resolution proposing that the ! league be excluded from authority over "purely American questions." Both resolutions went to the Foreign Relations Committee, with prospect of action before adjournment of Congress. PIIESIDUNT 81'KNDS TWO ( liorrts IN CONFKIUSNCK President Wilson spent two hours at the'Capitol conferring with scores of Democratic members of Congress, dis ? cursing innumerable legislative af [ fairs, measures to expedite the work , of" Congress before adjournment next , Tuesday, patronage, and the leaguo of nation# and questions relating to his work at the peace conference. Throughout the President's stay, both Senate and House continued engaged at high pressure on their congested calendars, and much headway was made during the day. Ultimate fail ure of se.vcral Important measures, however, still was regarded by leaders as almost certain. From 3:30 o'clock to 5:30 o'clock a constant stream of callers tiled into the the chief executive's private room off the Senate Chamber, while the Presi dent. standing throughout, gave and received suggestions on a multitude of suhjects. At the close of the visit, the President received newspaper corre i opondents, and. with great freedom, dis ( c\i3sed legislative affair*, the proposed constitution of the league of nations ' and his Immediate personal plans. During his conferences the President emphatically reiterated his determina tion not to call the new Congress in extraordinary session until he returns from France, and asked administration leaders to so inform the Republicans who were represented by the Demo crats aa determined to defeat the Vie I' tory loan bill and thus force an extra seBSlon. Leaders were urged by the ' President to pass that and all urgent appropriation and other measures. PRESIDENT hears se.vatk D LCD ATE ON 91,000,000,000 BILL, While the President was at the Capi tol the Senate debated the $1,000,000, 000 wheat guarantee hill, Chairman Hitchcock, of the Foreign Relations r Committee, made his addross on the league of nations, and the House de bated the general deficiency appropria tion measure. . "Speeding-up" measures bore further fruit In. both houses. Tho measure validating about $2,750,000,000 in in formal war contracts was completed, both bodies adopting the conference report. The House approved the con ference report on the oil land leasing bill, but It was held up in the Sen ate. because of controversy over the California and Wyoming naval reserve ? Senate remained In session until a latei hour tonight endeavoring to purs the wheat guarantee bill and to pro ceed with the $1,215,000,000 army ap 1 prop'riatlon and other n:>noy measures The House, adjourned early bocauss of 1 the Republican organization ?onference tonight, but tomorrow It plana to pass Its;'last two appropriation bills, the sundry civil and general deficiency measures, and also take up tho amend* meht, reported today, to repeal tho 11 per <cent taxes on semiluxurles con talhed 'ln the new war revenue law. To1- further hasten action, the Senate agreed to meet at 10 o'clock each morn Intr'itintil adjournment. iOLASnKil OCCUR over |fl ., LEaisLvrivi: actio.v i* ?? Clashes occurred In ooth Senate and Honqfr; today ovor the legislative alt v--<(?ontlrtued ?n Second pace.) On Billy Sunday's Trail TODAY. -Important meeting ?r Illclioiond .MlnlatcrJnl Union to dla rr5Mi?i?0r,"nl \nniir"t Pertaining to Sunday campaign. ?.iL:i,00TMtM Sa*e **"? conduct "Lureh. Ut Sl* Jnm'8 KP'?copnI Innoh00 '? 2,3??Aomrii'i Chrutl.n Chuwb! ?^,M AUher'wlVl Coh^""*' "<"?"< ntay?~s}'a,t'Cht0n '?r hunini-n-, men "peak. M' ?* A' "* "* -Ml 7$no?n'lly Sunday rrlll preach. SrfXV? Mlaa Sue will conduct Ulble at ? "'??? .Mcthodlnt Ctiurck. **r?? rf,,nrn?-?? ?o the ciiy luwt night, nftcr nn nlncncr of ?r^he^n"',W,n "C 'n h" ?i5? pr*n!tboS^S^^Cr'M; ?' ??'* TrVn,<Hr,,,m| <od,,-r and tonight" and t^ TTho Jrr r?",rd^ b' 'Ui'lin.ondcrt, ?Jnom ulir- rndrnrnl hrrncir nt camJ?lS??n,nB ?' n,?> ?da, TOTAL DEATHS IN MED AT 17,500,099 British Empire and India's Losses Arc Given a?, 808,821 J'ires. DISK ASK IS FA TAJ f|'(> MANY j More Than Tlirce Hundred Thousand Lost lo Italy, While Four Million Armenians, Syrians, Greeks and Jcu\s \\ ore Masj?aciT(!. , LONDON. rcb. 27. The total num ber o. deaths caused by the war reached the almost Incomprehensible figure of 17,500.000. according to a com plcte summary of the world's casual ty. complied by the Manchester Guar dian. Thin number, hug.: at. it is. does not Include many deaths attributable ln ! dlrcctl>' to the war, but Includes a 1 mortality of 4.000.000 from influenza | and pneumonia, due to war condl I IioiiH. nnn '1C AlllCd lOSSCS WCTC 5 50(1 Kr?enchCCiU.iltnK: A. ,arpe number5??of rench dead. The total deaths suf Itr?a hull mCnC?tr?H P?wera arc placed | ai a little more than half the allied! Inures, or something over 2.300,000. ' 838 nvil \r,eJ?pJfe and Tnd,a lo3t; A*V?'"rVfiM.*:? 5"X' published?''^ thC ?s The article gets forth the following i I ln\?r?st'nSf facta not commonly known* Italy lost 300,000 from disease In ! meniana. SyrlansI Groeks ? a?nd?? Je^vs l were massacred by the Turks dewsi ,rn,Mlon ASerbian civilians died through massacre, hunger or disease I liS S,.?""'"" ??>">? | princesspatricia BECOMES BRIDE OF NA VAL commander I JS'u Social Event Since Outbreak j j of War Has Created Si mi- | lar Interest. LONDON. Feb. 27.?Princcss Patricia ' of Connaught and Commander Alex-1 ander R. M. Ramsey, R. .\\, were mar- 1 ned at Westminster Abbey at noon to day. No social event since the out break of the war has created such public Interest. Crowds assembled early in the day: along the route over which *hc princess j drove with her father, the Duke of j Connaug-ht, from St. James' Palace to ! Westminster Abbey. about which i throngs waited patiently for a glimpse of the popular bride. *. Tbe ?eremony was performed bv the Archbishop of Canterbury. The bride entered the abbey bv thr west door, which is used only o:i oc casions of Importance. Her gown was of white brocaded panne over silver lace, the outer gown being caught up with silver lovers' knots. She carried a bouquet present- ' ed by the "Princcss Pat" Canadian! regiment and tied with the regimcnta' i colors. The procession was led bv a choir I singing "Praise, My Soul, 'the King i of Heaven.' father bridc was =ivcn away by her j After the ceremony the register was! signed in the chapel of Kdward the i Confessor. Then as the bridal coup!- I proceeded toward the door, the Men- ' delssohn wedding inarch was plavod , A procession of the royal family "ana 1 peers and peeresses followed, led by < the Duke of Connaught and Queen ! Mary, King George and Queen Mother Alexandra and Former King Manuel of Portugal and his wife, who was formerly Princcss Augustine Victoria of HohenzoUern. PRESIDENT WILSON WILL SPEAK IN NEW YORK CITY Former I'realdent Taft Also May Be on Program for Tuemlny Night. WASHINGTON, Feb. 27.?President Wilson today accepted an invitation to speak In New York next Tuesday, on the eve of his sailing again for France. Former President Taft ia expected to bo a speaker at the same meeting, which will be hold under the auspices of a nonpartisan committee of repre sentatives of various societies advo cating formation of a league of na tions. President Wilson is said to bo very anxious to have Mr. Taft on the program with him. The invitation to the President was extended by Governor Smith in a tole gram from Albany. The. Governor's message said: . "5n behalf of the people of the Stato of New York, I have the honor to invite ??u? l? moet with the people of this iitate at some convenient time in the near future to be selected by you. at the Metropolitan Opera House or s?mo other suitable place, to discuss with them the events which have transpired at the Paris peace conference and also vvU?ireferen,C0 lhe league of nations. The people of this State, as well as the people of the whole country are eagerly awaiting * message from you with reference to these events of so groat Importance to tho wholo world " Secretary Tumulty said tho Pros . dent expected to leave Washington for New York about 2 P. M? after the ad 4OUHo1Cwm0fn^nn?TeSB noon March J. .He will sal| from New York for Franco tho following day. Rodeheaver Criticizes Officials for Not Invitihg Evangelist to Address Pupils. 'MA" ARRIVES UNEXPECTEDLY Revivalist Explains What He Will Do on Trip Through Gates of Heaven. Mr. Sunday's nermon on "llf Arose and followed Hint*' til be found on piigc 4 of tills issue of Tlic Timefi-DlHpnfi'li. Criticism of 'the officials of the city rchools of Richmond for not Inviting Rllly Sunday to talk In the high schools of the city featured Homer A. Rodeheaver's talk from Mr. Sunday's t platform last night at the City Audl ' torium. j "Richmond one of the very few 1 places where Mr. Sunday lias not been ' invited to speak in the high schools," i said Mr. Rodeheaver with emphasis, j "\Vc arc fiorrv, and wo don't want you ? to think that we didn't want to go. ! Uth'.r cities have urged Mr. Sunday ? to speak In the schools, anil lie has I always been glad to do so. lie was s? ! poor boy himself, educated in an or ' phans' home in Iowa, liis father hav i ing been killed -In the War Between the Status. Kor this reason he has al ' wavs been glad, to bring his message to iioya and girl* wherever he goes." Solidly banked on the platform In ! the choir seats to Mr. Sunday's left at ! the service last night were between 2l>U and 300 school trustees from all over j Virginia, even remote mountain coun ties, who were in attendance yester 1 dav at the conference called at the I instance of Governor Davis. The trua ! tees were able to 'secure a reservation 1 through Judge W. !?'. Ithea, of the I State Corporation Commission, who in terested Mr. Sunday in behalf of the ? school men who were slaying oyer especially to hear him preach. Judge 1 Uhea stood by the side entrance keep ' ing track of hin friends to sec that 1 none got left out in the cold. "MA" SL'Nl)AV AHIUVBS IIEUE lLN'i:XPECTKDL.Y ' "Ma" Sunday got back last night, i The Sunday party was scattered over the hotel dining-room in groups, and Mr. Sunday was talking to one of the party at his table when "Ma sailed ir. unannounced and unexpected. Mr Sunday's face lighted up when he saw Mrs. Sunday approaching. "Why, look who's hero!" he sala. I springing to his feet to greet '.Nell. I Mrs. Sunday had just come from I Winona Uake, which Is "home to the ? Sundays, after, a hart! trip to Oregon and back. George and Biliy Sunday, little l'aul and the married daughter. Helen, were all at Winona Lake to meet their mother. TU? two.older boy a ! nro on their way to '-Urc86;i. . "If only soino people in Richmond wbuhl die or move away or get re ligion. it would bo the best place this ' side of heaven." declared the cvange , liEt last night. I SI.NDAY MAKES TRIP TilIIOL'GH 1IKAVI.> S (<ATF.S i "When Rilly Sunday Gets to Heaven" was the entertaining subhead of Mr. Sundav's sermon last night. In his '.nimitable style of presenting a mental nicture to his audience., he carried them right along with him past the gates [nto the celestial city, and together they went nround discovering old iriends and making nev; one.3. Mr. Sunday was especially glad to discovc. i biz "bunch of Rlchmonders up there tc whom he had preached 75.000 years r.go. and while he did not say so. that bunch surely was glad to know jhat LHllv Sunday was KOing to be rlfi?nt there for the rest ot eternity. About 100 usher* gave up their seats >asl night to allow peoule standing outside the privilege of hearing Mr. Sunday. According to Chief csher Julian Tyler, tbe ushers have been doing this right along, either standing through the service, once the ctowd was seated, or going home. nil L.Y 111 TTK!ll'll''I'l) GIVEN K>" (ill A VU1) GOLD WATCH The doorkeepers got modest Billy Buttertteld, custodian of the building, off bv himself last night and in con sideration of his modesty, refrained from publicly presenting him with a handsome gold watch, bcautitullj en- j ^ At the meeting of the general com-j miltee and tinancc committee of tbe Sunday campaign. held yesterday afternoon, Important matters concern inc the closing days o. the campaign wore acted upon, deluding details for , receiving the freewill offering for Mr. Sunday. On recommendation- of the executive committee of the Richmond | Ministerial Union, it was unanimous!* tVecided at the meeting of the commit tees to Issue tickets for the last Sun- i day morning. Any church closing in | the morning will be given tickcto, equivalent to its average congregation^ Others desiring to attend can secure I tickets at the Sunday headquarters. -01 , Central Y. M. C. A. Building, beginning at 3 o'clock this afternoon. These tickets will not admit after 10.10 cclock Sunday morning. UVANtiKLIHT DKPBNDS SYSTEM OI-' COXVBKMON I Hilly Sunday defended his system of I handling converts yesterday in hiSj sermon from Mark ii. 14. H? I and followed Jlini? by declaring that j men may be converted in an instant j without ceremony and demonstration. | "If we all got religion the same way, the devil could go to sleep and take a vacation." he asserted. With but three more days of the Richmond campaign remaining, crowds continue to pack the City Auditorium to hear the evangelist, and many re sponded to his invitation to bccome Christiana following the sermon yes terday afternoon. .... ,, "Some people think that a man can t be converted unless lie goes down on his knees in the sawdust and shavings and stavs there for a week while somo old brother or sistev storms the gates of heaven." exclaimed the evangelist at the beginning of his sermon. "Some people think a man has got to lose sleep and become so pale-faced and haggard that his wife wouldn't know him before God will pardon him. Some people even go out of the way, and tlicy don't think the work Is gen uine because I don't, ask people to go down on their knees and have some bodv come up and swat ,'em on tho back and say: 'How do you feel?" "That's why I haven't four or five people running around with Ribles under their arms and faces long enough to make a lire escape out of. I want vou to sea that God Almighty has put it down in black and white that there can be a sound and thorough conver sion in an instant. A man can be con verted as quietly as the dawning of the dav and never backslide. "I am not finding fault with the way a man la converted; what 1 hope and pray for is tho fact that ho is con verted. and If you fool like laughing or crvlng. I'm not going to turn tho hose on* you and put you in a strait-Jacket I'm not particular anout what form It taken. 1 wasn't converted that way myself, but I don't propose to run around and say you nrc in tho bonds of Iniquity because you didn't got re ligion the way I did. ''We've all got to get religion In tho same way?that is, you've got to get it through faith in Jesus Christ, but It. (Continued on Second Pago.) SCHOOL TRUSTEES MEET WITH DAVIS ' j Eighty Counties and All Cities of Virginia Represented at Conference. FAVOR COMPULSORY LAWS j Educators Back Governor in Move for Longer Terms and Better Pay and Buildings. ' A notable spirit of harmony marked I tlio closing session of the Virgin!-* ; .state Confcrcncc of District School i Trustees yesterday, called by Governor j Westmoreland Davis, in the hall of the House of Delegates, to consider matters of vital interest to tao citizens or Virginia. Of the 100 couni.'ci In the State, over eighty were represented by one or more district trustees, and all the cities of Virginia were represented. '?ho sentiment ot -f* conference of tpore than 400 s-hool rr?cr. wdj a-mosi unanimously in favor of better pay for the teachers, longer school tvrms. better buildings, and a marked willingness on the p?? t of the?trustees ;o !*?;. bchtna the Governor in nccessary measure-J to bring about these results. KAVOIt CO.MPLUOKV liDLCATION I.N STATU The conference went unanimously, on record as favoring' compulsory cduc-t tion and the stepy ncccssary to secure' it. In closing the conference. Governor Davis told tho school men that he firmly believed that the conference would be productive of far-reaching re sults in the future in a general forward and upward movement _ for better schools and that the combined effect upon the State would be "electric." He referred to the children of Virginia as the "democracy of the future," ana that they must not bo handicapped by any lack of education. The matter of raising money to meet the increased demands of the tchooi-i %vas gone into at tc.v-j'.h by. Loth the Governor and Harris llart. State super intendent of public Instruction, who explained tlie Idea which ho had been trying to get across to tho people A a State budget for the schools o? ttto State formulated from lyc:>l budgets. "Get behind it at home," was tho slogan of the Governor In tho matter of Pnancing schools and good roads. "This is a period of centralization," he de eiered, "but," he went on emphatically, raising .his voice, "1 am dead against it." lie was applaud td. t.OVKK>Oll IN FAVOR OK "IIOMfa! RULE" PLA\ Governor Davis said that he believed in "homo rule," and that there would bo trouble If the idea of a taxation commission, which .was favored by some of the . etUoetf jroen p,?t?ent;<.Twaa f"? llowed in adJtistWtf' tho matter of an' increased assessment. ? . "Soma times," declared Governot Davis, "when> we hear so much about cHiclency, i atn led to think that witu democracy ? and more honesty we would get along with less clficiency." "Virginia must give up the Idea ot yutting out a contlagration with an atomiser," the chief executive told the trustees. "It cannot 'educate Its chil dren Ait' out spending money." Superintendent Hart stated that there ?were 503,000 school children in Virginia ?"0,000 more than last year, and that 512.600,000 is needed lor the State budget. SIX menridemval DIRIGIBLE FROM NEW JERSEY TO NORFOLK Dig Airship Slops at Washing? I ton and Encounters Strong Headwinds on Potomac. ( Ry Associated Press.1 XORFOLK. VA., Feb. 27.?Lieuten ant-Commander Bellinger, accompanied by three other naval officers and two tirst-class mechanicians, went to Wash ington today in the navy dirigible air ship, the C-3, leaving Cape May, N. J., at 0 o'clock in the morning and ar rived in Washington shortly after 1 o'clock. The party stayed in Wash ington long enough to see the parade of soldiers just returned from France, which was reviewed by President Wil son, and then Journeyed to Norfolk. The dirigible landed at the naval air station at tho naval base at 7:30 o'clock, and made a perfect landing notwithstanding the darkness. On the trip down the Potomac the giant airship encountered a strong headwind, which it had to buck for many miles, but tho trip was completed without untoward incident. The of ficers accompanying Dieu ten ant-Com mander Bellinger were Lieutenant Lawrence, Ensign Johnson and Ensign Ross. RE-ENF0RCE~SWISS FORCES ON BAVARIAN FRONTIER ? Declared Former Director of Krupp j Works In Planning to Form Ncvr Cabinet. f nv Associated Press. 1 GENEVA, Feb. 27.?Swiss troops oui the Bavarian and Baden frontiers ofj Germany have been re-enforced owing' to unrest across the boundary. A dis-! patch to the Geneva Journal from Munich saya the situation in tho Ba varian capital is confused. The cen tral congress, the dispatch adds, Is demanding a Soviet government. Dr. Wilhelni Muehlon, former director of the Krupp works?, at a conference with the central committee, declared he would only work with Parliament. It had been reported he was to visit Munich to negotiate with tho Socialist leaders with a view to forming a new Bavarian Cabinet. All the aristocratic ollicers of the cavalry regiments in Munich have beep arrested. Bail has been refused Prince Joachim, the youngest son of former Emperor William, and Princo Leopold dt Bavaria, who are under arrest as alleged leaders of the monarchist movement. DISORDERS FOLLOW VERDICT Heavy Police Guard Plnred In Cor. rldora of City Hall an John Itecd Ik Set Free. PHILADELPHIA. Feb. 27.--A disor derly demonstration occnrred hero to night. when a Jury In Criminal Courts, after short deliberation, returned a verdict of "not guilty" against John Reed, magazine writer, soapnox orator and advocate ot the doctrines of Lenino and Trotaky. A heavy police guard had =been placed in the corridors of the City Hall as a result of threats that had been made by persons attending the trial, and prevented serious trouble. Many Socialists and Bolshevists were in court when the verdict wao re turned. Heed was charged with "in citing to riot." CLAIMS PERSHING DEFIES WAR DEPARTMENT ORDERS IN COURT-MARTIAL CASES Commission of Sixty From Capital and Labor to Make Inquiry Into Cause of Unrest IIV WILLIAM IlL'TLHU. LONDON, l'>l?. -7.?Stirred by Premier Lloyd (iforKe'o ringing rnll for the same unity Id the industrial world trhlvli mod the war, thus prc ventlnK a "world cataatr<>i?lie "f fectliiK America an w,ell as Kuropc,'' llrltnln'fi Industrial rongrenfi to night took Ktcn( steps toward avcrt ine n crlala. Ill a motion 1>y Arthur Henderson, hacked by the Premier, the congren*, which represents nenrly every In dustry in llritnin and more thau l(l,(HH),000 workers, voted the estab llahmrnt of n commission of ?lxty member*?thirty from labor and thirty from capital?to make an In quiry t 1. Into the causes of the present unrest* ?. Into ftcncral conditions of in dustry. X Into nncmploy meut and meas ures for Its pretention. -1. Into methods for co-operation between capltnl and labor. The novcrninent trill appoint the chnlrmnn of thin commljtec, rrhlch rrlll report to the Indestrlal con press not later than April ."?. During the aftcrpoon the Premier uok called from the congress to the miners* conference. During Ills brief nhsence from the industrial feather ing, the fiery little Welshman swayed the miners' delegation and scored a point In having the na tional miners' strike postponed from M^rch 1I? to March 22, pend ing the report of the government commission's Inquiry, in which rep resentatives or the miners will par ticipate. Tlirrc Is a filrong reason to be lieve that thin vole of postponement may nvcrt the strike altogether. Assrrtlnc the only notation of the problem In liicrcnseil production, Mo^il Cicorgc prumUril that the cu*l of food of the Itrltisb nurklmrmnn'n home will have fallen by - shillings 11 T?cek by the end of March, nnil ?I mla III InK* a ?eek by the end of April. t'hecrs crrctrd bin announcement that pence prelim Innrlcs will be signed within the nest few weeks, the (irrman slgmit ure?and only that?allowing the removal of the blockade. The Prime .Minister declared be dreaded stagnation. If Ilrilaln stood still. America and France would stand still, he said, nod that would mean n catastrophe f??r the world. "Wc won the wnr by unity,'' he said amid cheers. **l.ct us have the same unity In pence."' Mr Itobcrt Home, presiding at the congress, declared unemployment wan not greater today than In 1011. The government, he said, did not favor the establishment of national factories, as that would hamper private enterprise. .1. 1J-. Thomnn, the labor leader, as serted the miners, railway men and transport workers stood for gov ernment ownership of mlaes, rail ways, Inland and coastal transport, and nddcd< ? '?There has been scandnlou.i proOteerlng and the organized workers are determined for an In creased share in the wealth which their Inbor produces.*' Republican Confcrcncc Votes for Massachusetts Man to' Sue ccod Clark. LEADER MANN IS DEFEATED Illinois Representative Rnns Second in Contest?W. Tyler Page Gets Clerk whip, and Joseph G. Rogers to Be Scrgeant-at-Arms. 't. - ., IB" A4?ocUtcd PiW*.'jv \ ,v ?' i W^aWtb??l>OR, -?freb.'tf.^Represen tative Frederick H. Gillette, of Mas sachusetts, was nominated on the first ballot by the Republican conference I tonight as the party candldato for I Speaker in the next House of Repre sentatives. Representative James R. Mann, of Illinois, ran second, with Representa tive Campbell, of Kantms, who en tered the race a few days ago, after Representative Simon D. Fess, of Ohio, had withdrawn, far behind. As the Republicans will have a majority in the next House, nomination was re garded by them as equivalent' to elec tion. The olTlcial vote, as announced by Representative lloraco M. Towner, of Iowa, chairman of the conference, fol lows: Gillett, 138; Mann, 60; Campbell, 13. Scattering five, four for Representa tive -Uohn J. Each, of Wisconsin, and; ono for Representative Frank W. Mori dell, of Wyoming. Immediately after the ballot was an- | nounced, the election of Mr. Gillette was made unanimous on motion of | Mr. Mann. NOMINATE OTIII5R CANDIDATES FOR JOI1S After a brief address b'y tha suc cessful candidate, tho conference pro ceeded with the nomination of other| candidates for offices in the House. W. Tyler Page, of Montgomery,County, j Md? was nominated clerk by acclama tion, and Joseph G. Rogers, of Phila delphia. now a House employee, was nominated uergeant-at-arms over Rep resentative William J. Cary, of Wis consin, whoes terra expires March 4. Nomination is equivalent to eleotlon, as the Republicans havo a majority of forty-five over tho Democrats in the next House. Representative Glllett, who appraised i of his nomination, made the following! statement: "I havo reache dthe goal of my ambi tion?a happiness which I suppose comes to few men. "I feci the deepest gratitude to my generous supporters, but I havo no tinge of hard feeling against any one. My ambition now will be to establish harmonious co-operation among all Republicans that we may copo success-, fully with tho prodigious problems of I the coming session." WOULD REPEAL*PORTION I OF WAR REVENUE BILL Scmilnxary Claoae Would lie Itemoved j by lloiuf! Was* and Monnn Committee. . v WASHINGTON, Feb. 27.?Repeal of the scmlluxury tax clausc in the war revenue bill, signed Monday night by tho President, was proposed in a reso lution approved today by tho IIouso Ways and Means Committee and later I introduced by Chairman, Kitchln. Tho' clause provides for a tax of 10 per' cent after May 1 on wearing apparel! and many other articles costing abovol specified sums. Mr, Kitchin announced that ho would call up the resolution tomorrow for. passage by the House. Quick notion! on the moasure is expected, with House1 leaders hopeful that the Senate will! act beforo adjournment next wcok. | During the mooting of tho Ways' and Means Committee it was suggest ed that a 10 per cent tax on furs' should be repealed, particularly In its application to thoso of lower cost. No unanimous agreement .could bo reached, however, and no recommenda tion was made. CO.UNSEL OF SOUTHERN DEAD C. P. Sanderw, for Thirty Years Con-1 ncctcd With Railroad Work, Phmn Away, fBv Associated Ptchm. 1 SPARTANnURG. S. C., Fob. 27.?C. | P. Sanders, of this city, seventy-two years of age, president of tho Spartan burg Bar Association, and for thirty years counsel for the Southern Rail way. died in Atlanta? early today, foi? 1 lowing k brief Illness. His remains I reached 'Spartanburg today, tho fr.ne-l ral service being announced Tor to- | morrow afternoon. Mr. Saunders had i long been recognized an ono of tho ablest lawyers of tho State. Alien Property Custodian Is Nomi nated by President for Cab inet Place. SUCCEEDS GREGORY MARCH i feerred SL\ Years In Congress, and Is Member of Democratic National Committee ? Was Offered War Portfolio, but Refused. ? rBv Associated Ptaw-1 WASHINGTON.** Feb. ,27.?A. - ~ Mit chell Palmer today was nominated to bo Attorney-Gcnoral. Mr. Palmer probably will take of fice March 4, the date tentatively1 fixed bv Attorney-General Gregory for his retirement when ho resigned sev eral months ago to return to private practice of law. The resignation of Mr. Palmer as alien property custodian has not been announced, and there has been no In timation u-a to who may succeed him In that olttco. Mr. Palmer is a native of Strouds burg. Pa., and forty-seven years old. Ho graduated from Swarthmore College in 1S!) 1, and two years later was ad mitted to the bar. WAS BLECTISO TO CONGRESS I.N IOOS, sehvinc; SIX YEA as In 190S he was elected to Congress, i and servod three terms from the Twenty-sixth Pennsylvania District, becoming a member of tho Committee on Ways and Means, and framing the metal schedule in the Underwood bill. > Since 1912 he has been a member of the National Democratic Committee. In 1914, running on the Democratic ticket for the Senate, ho was defeated by Senator Penrose. Tho following ?year he was appointed by President Wilson a judge of the United Slates Court of Claims, but declined to accept. It was generally reported that he was offered the War portfolio In Presl I dent Wilson's first Cabinet, but asked to bo excused becauso he was a Quaker. When tho United States entered the war, Mr. Paltner became chairman of tho fifth district board of Pennsylvania, under tho selective servico act, con tinuing direction of the board's activi ties until October of tho same year, when President Wilson appointed him alien property custodian, Mr. Palmer married Miss Roberta Bartlctt Dixon, of ISaston. Md? and they havo ono child, a daughter, ten years PREMIER CLEMENCEAU RESUMES HIS DUTIES AT MINISTRY OF WAR Walks Unassisted From His Automobile to Office and Is Looking Well. j TBt Associated Frew.l PARIS, Fob. 27.?Premier Clemen- I ccau resumed his official tasks today. I He was at tho Ministry of War from i 10:15 o'clock until 11 o'clock this morning. This afternoon tho Premier went to tho Foreign Onice, which ho reached at 2:50 o'clock. Ho alighted jnasBisled, walked into tho building and was pres ent at a session of tho drafting com mission. M. Clemenceau did not remain long in the building. Bystanders remarked ho was looking remarkably wall, ONE GLASS OF CHAMPAGNE TO COST $25 AFTER JUNE Ileer I'vlcc* in Slew York Already Advituce From Ten to Fifteen Cent*. NKW YORK, Feb. 27.?Twenty-fivo dollars a glass?which Is merely a* the rate of $100 a quart?will be the price of Imported champagne after June SO if thcro happens tit bo any left then, according to an announcement of local dealers today. Beer has jumped out of tho "com mon drink" class. Ten cents is now the price in drinking places that for mcrcly charged 5 ccnts, and 15 cents is the new prico in the cafeu that formerly charged 10 cents. Some are going to sell "shitrt beers" con taining five and six ounces at 5 cents and "long beers" in ten and ?twolvo-ouncc glasses at 10 cents. Romper* Prenlden at Meeting. PARIS, Feb. 27.?Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of l?abor, presided over two metlngs of the labor commission of the peace conference today, the offlclal communi cation says. Discussion of tho modi fication of the constitution of an In ternational labor organization was completed. It was decided that the llrbt meeting of tho International labor confercnce should bo held In Octobor, 1919. Jl ON FRENCH FRONT Asserts Six Will Be Exe* cuted Unless Interven tion Comes Quickly. i % CHANGES ARE DEMANDED* IN SYSTEM NOW IN USE Representative Johnson, of South Dakota, Assails Chief of Forces. FAILS* TO RETURN RECORDS Declares ft Impossible Now to Tell Whether Penalties Inflicted Are Justifiable. WASHINGTON, Feb. 27.? Represen tative Johnson, of South Dakota, a lieutenant in the army during tho war, renewing: his attack in the IIouso to day on tho present coutt-martial sys tem, charged that Qcneral Pershing had refused to comply with an order of tho Wai* Department demanding tho re turn of all records of court-martial, proceedings of cases of men sentenpfed to death for review by tho judgc-ad vocate-general. Mr. Johnson declared sis men of tho * overseas forces had been sentenced to death, and that the sentences would bo carried out If somo one did not Inter vene.. He Baid it would bo imposslblo to tell- whether the death penalties wero justified until all tho records "of tho trials wero examined. ? ' Mr.. Johnson urged passages by the' House of the Chamberlain .bill provid ing for a revision of the court-martial system, saying tho existing military code did not permit of justice and was "offensive to any enlightened schse of natural justice -and to fundamental principles of lfiw.'.' , . v The Secretary of. War has adipittod r# tho unjust judgments of courts-martial v > during tho wkr, Mr. Johnson said, and'1 has Resorted to partial .palliation ? throufirh tho pardoning power. Many cases of' soldiers being sen tenced to long imprisonment or death for trivial offenses or where th'oru v.o.-u nxlfnuatinK circumstances,' were cited by Mr. Johnson. Ho told of ono case whero a machine gunner in France had been attacked by a cor poral, who had been drinlcing, and was forced to stab him to defend himself. The corporal died of the wound, and the gunner was sentenced to throo years at hard labor, Mr. Johnson said. CHARGES ARK FREQUENTLY TUB RESULT OF CAPRICE "Charges are frequently tho result of caprice and petty tyranny," ho con tinued. "Thero is no judicial investi gation or determination of whether tho charges actually allege an oflfenso and whether thcro is prima facie proof to sustain thcin. Tho power to tako a/ soldiers life, or imprison him for lifo or to indict other harsh punishment can be used by any olticer of the army, regardless of his rank and experience. There is no ofllcer of legal or Judicial training who is in authority to inter pose. Mr. Johnson's arraignment of tho In ?# court-martial system was one of the most severe yet deliv ered in Congress. In view of his In timato knowledge of army life, his words carried great weight with the members of tho House, and ho was warmly applauded. Mr. Johnson left his family and seat in Congress to enlist as a pri vate when the United States entered the war. He went to France and fought through the battle of tho Argonne, wherd he was severely wounded. JOHNSON PROMOTED FOR GALLANT ACTION He was promoted for gallant ?con duct, and camo out of the service a first lieutenant. He gave names and dates of scores of eases whero ho charged gross injustices had been done. I would not inject this discussion at this time." ho said, in beginning his speech, "but for the fact that 1 am Informed that general order No. S4. issued by the War Department in the last few days since the discussion of this question, ordered tho commander in-chief of the American expeditionary forces in France to return for revision all cases of men sentenced under court martial in France in tho Americau expeditionary forces. "The commandor-in-chief of tho American expeditionary foroos in Franco has absolutely refused to com ply with that order, and has refused to send them to Washington on the theory that the articles of war do not provide that he shall be forccd to make the return. "I am informed and believe it to be the fact that among those oases which' they refused to send back for revision' there are about six case* where men are sentenced to death and will dio unless some action is taken by this House prior to the next session." ASSERTS TRIALS REEK WITH It A Mi. LAWLESSNESS - Speaking generally of tho army court-martial system, Mr. Johnson de clared the "code and procedure under it are offensive to any enligbteneu sense of natural justice and to funda mental principles of law." "Notwithstanding heavy punish ments. the records arc legal. Herein lies the chief jjithculty. The War De partment says trials are legal. I aay they reek of lawlessness; they have not been fair, they have not been impar tial and in many instancs they huvtt not been tried at all. "High otliclals in the War Depart ment have said that the whole sys tem of court-mart.al procedure Is archaic, crude and unjust; that thou sands ot soldiers during tho war have suffered unjust and unlawful punish ments. and that there should be an Immediate revision of the system by 1 Congress." Mr. Johnson said that In numerous instances newly-Joined second lieu tenants, frightened, Inexperienced and knowing nothing of court-mnrtlal law v-V and procedure, aro detailed to defend enlisted men who aro Ignorant of tholf .$,??? rights and unappreciativc of the con-i .'~3t sequences of the charges against tfcfttn. ^ These unskilled defenders nover raised a hand or voice to savp tho men thoy are assigned to defend, but in frequent cases recommended a plea of guilty, .yXv although the penalty may be death..> \'V In tpncludlng, Mr. Johnson said: the name of a Just Ood. what can btt-.Af? said for a system that permll* of ftfehYw tragedies? "What can be r&M of general Oi*. fleers who display :ust Tor lnn?e#?$.\ blood?" ?