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ISftt. 1 8 H 8 XIIK DISPATCH -i, Rn|. 18 5 0 I.Wfr?l ?lunuarr 27. 1U03. lit tlic I'om-OUicw tit ttlclimoml. Vu.. UK xrcuiHl-t'latu mutter. flTIlI.lSH Kl( ?>rr,v d?> In tin* M-ar tit 10 South Tout ti ' It Iclitnoml, *?.. I>> 'llir l'lnirh-l>ls|iutvli |'u(,. Ilnltlite Co.. Inc., Cliarle* 1? Uuhiiruuk, i.uitur ami , Munuir ADDItl.*>S ALL ('t)MMI'MCA im.Vs tu ill,. llincn-liu l*altli. uiiii mil m liiai?Jiiuai?. TKI.LI'IIoa i?; Uamtulnli j. I'm ate Orumu i^viiauKe ?. iii^ m?u u)i uciiiiri inc\ai*?. ISKAMll OH'UfcS: U'uhIi iuiElon. 1-110 >??? iork Ave nue: >ch lurk tnj, fiun A % i* 11 iir* ISuiiiliuic . (.IiIuku, ieouleN l.iih ItuilUlUK. 1 ?!??.? ??l-?|?lllu. Lllltllllui Xl..-. tiuii?i:ui;. M nscKir'i'io.v ii.iri;s j\ AIH.V.Mli bv man: Daily miii sumlajr, vnt* 3 far, Mi.oj; *? lUUIItllN. ^ llll>*ll!l>, J-'. .10; uue iiuii! Hi. du ceiltn. I'anj oni.v, nut* ,?ear. t>o..*i>: ?? iniinUio. $3.30; 3 montlis ? 1. j; jut* imitiMi. cents, outlay uul)', one >ear, s*.;..'.">; moullis, a 1 limitlif?, 1)0 ceiii*., 1 nuiiitli. Mil tt'Uls. & \SV LOCAL CAKltll.lt jtr.lt \ It L: Dully, \utli tsuaiuy. . i* vents a ?eeU: uail> \\itli out Minting, 1: ceil Is a 11 week; ?uiitiii)> iitil.v. i rent*. < II our Ini'uilk Mini In*or u*> *vitti maiuiM-ripIs ami illiiolraimil*, to- |iuiiliiai \\is>li tu lime iiua\ailaiile ? rticles reluriieil. (lie) mu>t ui all ta.te? Me ml nUiiu|i> J?.r lliat |*i.r|?i?e. I .ML.Mltl.lt ul' 'I'll K ASSOCIATED PKKSS.?Jim A>**ncialcti rri'?s I* exiluM\el> enlitlt'il to the use lor VcptiliUcation ui nil itou.s tli.-iuitelle*, credited to it or urn otlirrwi>e creiliteil in tin*, paper. ami iiIm* (lie local iieu* |iulili?lie,l lirrsin.. .AM riulit*. oi repuliUcu Hon 01 special ili*patelie? tieriln are alM> reser*eu. ? lump or llie Tiiue->-Dir>pnlili. AliNiilutel.v fireproof. - With the record of two small national bank failures in sixteen months, this country promises to heroine as free from such dis asters as China, where presidents of broken hanks were beheaded until breakages ceased. Our plan seems to bo to take off their heads before instead of after the event. .Mt'Xi'AV, .MAY 1.'. I'll:'. -A government loss in March of $59,05::, 000 011 its operation of the railroads seems to make necessary no further argument in lavor 01 a quick restoration to their private owners. Hut in us manner of letting go of the tail ol this railroad bear without bring ing disaster, Congress has a problem to tax its ingenuity. Washington city, calling aloud for suffrage, local self-government and representatives iii Congress although the large majority of its residents are supposed to hold their citi zenship elsewhere?is not helping its claims any by tarnishing large audiences to cheer Debs, Dudley Field Malone and the Bolshev ists and generally lining up with Chicago and Milwaukee. While our laws generally aro based 011 sot .d principles, they have some eccentrici ties. For instance, although Victor Herger is a?J-'onvicied criminal and has no earthly chance of getting into Congress, wo must continue to pay him $*525 a month until I10 formally unseated because Milwaukee fulcrs men to make him their Representa tive; and there will be no way of recoverini; a cent. ! '''? Democrats made gains in the elec tions held on Sunday in Portugal," says a Lisbon dispatch. No doubt Republican Sena torn in this country will hud in this bit ,,f news added incentive for opposing ratifica tion of the league of nations covenant It might encourage the whole world to go Democratic, and Republican ideas of party loyalty forbid acceptance of any blessings that Democrats help to secure. In the lj^si analysis, this republic is just about a .>.14*110 'of nations by itself. It is the one important county capable of being strictly self-supporting, has more man. finan cial and commercial power available than any other and is the steadiest and most surely established government in the world. That is why we feel none of the tremors and .are none of the alarms that afflict Kurope We have learned to have absolute conlidence >n our institutions and ourselves and in t lie ability of American common .sense, resource patriotism and balance. ; Defending itself against the politicians promises to keep the American Legion .so busy that it will have little time ,0 work along those lines of patriotism and good oitizenship it has marked out for its mem bers to follow. Already the political wire pullers are seeking t.i influence it for this or that candidate, for this or that brand of propaganda, and have made necessarv denials of the statement that it has yielded" to their suasion. Should the legion so stultify itself as to permit it- n>,. as a political weapon ts career of usefulness will be ended even before it begins. ' ? The independent government of the small state of (iothii. Oi many, declines to observe the "week of mourning" ordered bv the na tional government, on the ground that it ex periences no bitter deception" through the publication of the peace treaty. This evi dence of sane thinking shows that there is Die beginning of an awakening 011 the part Of at least a iew Germans as to the enorniitv Of their country's offend in*. and the obliga tion 10 mak<- such just reparation for the wrongs inflicted as within their powi-r lies If that were to become the genera! attitude Of till German people, i' undoubtedly would Operate In their favor a* regards undeter mined payments ot the futuie. ' Senatorial opponents or the league of na tions are taking too much for granted when they say that a majority of the American people disapprove the covenant. If a noil ?f/ere taken today it is probable that seven out of every ten citizens ot this republic would he found favorable to it. 15,lt %vj,h t,|fl Republican Senators the wish is fath.-r t.. Cheir belief, and for the present at least they yvill not he driven to relinquish th- j.ioa that defeat of Die league, be it good or bad would mean the overthrow of Wilson and tho party that elected him. A (j. O. j.. niibusler may delay tin? adoption of the covenant, but l.t.^ill not defeat it, for public sentiment will bo strong enough to drive those engineering it to cover, and Instead of piling up valuable political material, they will lind themselves discredited before the country. liiiyiitg'Dowit the Law THK opinion given by tlio Attorney General on (lie questions of law raised by the Secretary of Commerce when the lat ter appointed the industrial commission for the lixing of prices and the stabilization of business, deserves the attention of all busi ness interests which might have assumed a relaxation of the antitrust laws during tho reconstruction period just as they were re laxed during the period of the war. Mr. Palmer's ruling, aside from tho fact that it is the first to deal with these questions which has come from that ollicial, has a peculiar signilicaucc just at this time. lie does not concern himself with the wis dom of combinations for the promotion of j business or for the encouragement of ? stabilized conditions. He insists, and prop- | erly, that it is not his function to pass judg ment on that phase of the matter. 11 is part ! is to interpret the law and to furnish to tho government a safe rule to follow in what ever movement it may undertake involving the fixing of maximum prices or in bringing together interests which may accept its in vitation to abandon l'or a time competitive conditions. It will ho remembered that the industrial commission was created by executive order and authorized to agree with producers of staples on a leve! of prices which would put the business of the country upon a stable basis. No power resided in tho commission to effect this. All it could do was to nego tiate with business interests for a voluntary agreement, and before proceeding to place any such agreements into effect, the Secre tary of Commerce called on the Attorney General for an opinion as to tho legality of the proposed plan with particular reference to the antitrust statutes. In answer, .Mr. Palmer has stated that, from whatever viewpoint the Redfiold plan mnV be considered, it is unauthorized by law and must be condemned, lie holds that the courts could not give immunity to the in terests participating in the movement, oven if those interests were invited to do so by a department of the government and even if their act. were entirely voluntary. The Attorney-General finds that such price-lixing as was proposed would have been subversive of competition, and ho shows clearly that in laying down the rule for the guidance of business, Congress insisted that competitive conditions should exist, lie cites the Sherman law. the Federal Trade Com mission act and the Clayton act as uflirma- j tivc instances of this policy, adding that Con- | gross alone has the power to undo what it j has done. In addition to the law on the subject the Attorney-General cites almost in numerable decisions of the Federal courts to the same effect. It is very clear, therefore, that reconstruc- j tion processes cannot be carried out legally j through any agreements, combinations or ; contracts, even where initiated by an execu- } I live branch of the government. If commerce j is to have a new rule of conduct, that rule ' must be laid down by Congress. The l)o- 1 partment of Justice, under Mr. Palmer, will | not consent to any evasion of the law in order to facilitate trade expansion or trade promotion or even to make possible trade stabilization. This means that tho great commercial in terests which roe I that the Sherman law and . its amendments should be overhauled must ; go straight to tho legislative power for their j remedy. None may be expected from the Department of Justice. | ~ " Increasing the Rents | MLRE is food for serious thought in tho ! I letter of "Kntro Nous," published in the ' \ oico of the People column of the Times Dispatch on Saturday, in which bo discusses i tli?> question of increase of rentals in the city, becoming effective on September 1. Unless unavoidable conditions justify the imposition of such increased burden on that very large ! proportion of tho city's population which must house itself by paying rentals, it must i be admitted that the writer is not far wrong ! in his statement that the prospect which the ; renter class faces is liiilo short of a calamity I j And. since tho interest of this class is in- | separably identified with the. common in- j ! ">ros?. it logically follows that conditions I which impose a hardship oil it will inevitably j react detrimentally upon the city itself. 1 AsMimiug that the figures as to increased taxation on real estate and the advance in ; rentals are correct, it is seriously to bo j doubted If other items adding to "the cost of property maintenance, usually figured in. Justify the 10 to 25 per cent increase in rentals soon to take effect. This means an added burden for renters on leases for which they have heretofore paid, say, $25 to $75 In monthly rentals, of $2.50 to $?;.25 for j tho smaller figure and $7.50 to $18.75 for the larger. This would seem to be piling a I burden on the renter out of all proportion to : the additional one which property is required to sustain as a result of conditions growing i on. ot the war, and which, as to some of the ' items, bid fair to become less burdensome j with peace-time readjustments. ir. as the writer of the letter surmises, tho I higher rental rates aro. in part, based on j tho increased market value of the ground i upon which the buildings stand, as well as i upon adjoining lots on which no impruvc 1 monts have boon made?the unearned in j crement, so to speak?tho injustice of in ! creased rentals, to that extent, becomes still | more apparent, as the very class which has created the demand for rental property is J the. chief factor in causing the appreciation of these values, while those who become tho beneficiaries make this tho excuse for the j imposition of larger burdens. I Jt is evident that if the city is to continue i its growth under tho otherwise favorable ad j vantages which it enjoys for phenomenal de ? velopnient. some remedy must he found for , overcoming tho prevailing tendency to I higher rents, in which an element of the J city's population which counts for so much ? in it; upbuilding is made to contribute an j undue proportion of its earnings for shelter. It is .-aid that Republican Senators will bo gin a discussion of the peace treaty on the opening day of the new Congress. Yet not j one of them lias #ver read it. Hut what's the I difference.' their minds were made up to j oppos ; it long before ii was ever drafted, if I they could find the faintest excuso for* so I doing. | Hoboken electing a Democratic Mayor by | foilr-to-onc majority offsets the Republican . victory in Haltimoro and checks tidal wave 1 predictions. SEEN ON THE SIDE n% UUMtl' EDWAnO WARNKH Vernlfjrlng nn Old (inn. (To be suiik slowly, with terrible feeling.) Jim Jltttpson had six lovely girls. From six to thirty-three, With purchased hair and natural curls; Tho eldest girl was Bee. And Jennie was tho second and Kllzitbelh the next? When Ijlzzie wed, 1 understand. Both Bee and Jane were vexed: But accidents will happen, accidents will happen? Cupid never figures ago when love' is on lis knoes; It stands to reason thirty-three Should marry first, but goodness me, Accidents will happen in the best of familees! Jiin Jimpson's troubles were so great lie could not stand the goad; Oik- night lie stayed out very late And toted home a load. His wife called out: "What time have you?" "It's 10 o'clock," said Jim; And then tho cuckoo clock struck two And contradicted him! But accidents will happen, accidents will happen, lie thought he'd fixed the cuckoo clock by chok inR off its wheeze; Tot ho was cleverest of men? He crowed eight times and made It ten ? Accidents will happen In the best of familees. (Note: This crlino could go on forever, but there arc other things to be writ.) The Konfc. I heard a song, and the singer sang A song that was sung when tho earth was young; And its message clear round tho whole world rang? The singer sang a song, and the song is sung. Doc Talk. The pugdog said: "I'd hate to have lop cars I like that ugly beagle!" And the beagle said: "Of all the dinky little screwed up tails, that pug lias the worst!" Tho bull pup mused:: :"L.et 'em light. I've got neither tall nor cars, and they can't criti cize me." Moral: Don't worry bccause the gossips don't notice you. They can't pay attention to every body. Nothing would he more hideous than humanltv clothed in candor; hence, tho veneer. Settling; Down, "You know, .lings, I've noticed that you are j more, settled than you used to be?more steady j and reliable." "Yep. I've got to the point wher*; a good j broom arm on a woman means more to me than \ a silk stocking." In the bench show of society, pampered fools draw most of the blue ribbons. Bolshevism! Tennl*. When I'm on the court with Polly Or with Susie, Jane or Molly, Or with any other girl I chance to know. Somehow summer looks its brightest And the heavens smile their lightest. When I'm out with Maude or Beatrice or Flo, j Or with any other girl I chance to know. When I'm serving balls to Fannlo Or to Nell or May or Annie, or perhaps to Alice, May or fair Bernicc, Somehow life becomes its sweetest And my happiness completest. When I'm serving balls to Mabel or Clarice. Or perhaps to Alice, May or fair Bernlce. When receiving balls from Mary Or from Kflle, Hope or Cherry, When she says: "It's forty, love!" in accents sweet, Mow it makes my heart go bounding, llow it sets my pulses pounding And removes the sting of losing from defeat. When she hollers: "Forty, l.ove!" in accents sweet! i Business* Problems. SOI.YICD IIV UllL.-VO OL'KE. Author, Harold Whitehead. I'ltOltl.r.M OF Till; I,AYKXDKIl BLOSSOMS. \ A Deception for n (ioml I'tirpone. t'llAPTKU Y. Mamie at first tried to be defiant, but when I Puke asked her who the burglar was and what | rln* had to do with it, she broke down. "Honest, Mister Duke, it wasn't nothln' for do wid .vou, you was as safe as?as anything? hint's Sly Abie, w<?t ustor wotk wid de old inan. Iion't look at me like that. Mister Duke, I swear ter ?5awd that I fixed it up wid Sly Abie not tor ko near your rooms, lie was ter work de oilier rooms, but yourn was-sacred like." I >iiU<? looked at her coldly and said: "So i his is how you repay Mrs. Uockwood's kindness. Von let your criminal friend get in to rob her. It's lucky for her we caught you. \S'f must Kot rid of you now; you're loo dan gerous to have around tho. house." "No," screamed Mamie; then she looked scared as her cry echoed around tho rooms, in lower, but just as anxious tones, she went on: "Iion't don't please send me away, lenime stay hero. If you sends mo. away he'll get me," and she looked at Sly Able. Duke turned to him and said: "Is it true you promised to leave my rooms alone if she lot you in?" With an evil leer at Mamie, lie whined: : "She never sod nothin' at all like that. She sod yer got lots of de stuff worth swlpln'?she's a l?ad 'nn and yer ought to 'shake* 'or." The distraught prirl was about to deny this, when Duke snapped: "That will do. Now I know you were lying so as to get this poor girl in your power." Then to me: "Peter, fetch a policeman." "Oh, tJawd," moaned Mamie, as I made for (lie. door. 1 heard Duke say sharply. "Go to your room and stay there, and say nothing of this to any one until I wive you permission." It was not long before 1 returned with the policeman. By now, however, Mrs. Rock wood was aroused, and by the sounds upstairs the disturbance was awakening the whole household. The policeman grabbed Sly Abie and swung hint around till his face was toward the light. "Hump, up to your old tricks, Abie?" ho growled. "Anything to say or going to keep your trap shut'.'" "Oh, officer," broke in Duke, "perhaps I ought tf say that my friend here, Mr. Peter Flint, and IT had just got in. Hearing a noise downstairs, i we came here and found our friend, who, see ing he was caught, quietly surrendered. 1 hope | we didn't frighten anybody In the house?we. j wore rather quiet, just we three. Ask him if i that is about so."?To be continued tomorrow. A Daily Once-Over. The Tonic of the Spring. Have you over tried to get in tunc with springtime nature? Have you over tried to take on the bright, joyous feeling which is indicated by the Songs of" the birds? Does not the very nature of spring make you feel like expanding, like doing more in the "way of unusual achievement than you have done ever before? Docs not the brightness of its activity make you feel bigger and better? Docs not the freshness of everything make you want to make a fresh start? With that fresh start have you not more confidence to go on? You realize that durng the past winter you have lagged, you were sad at times; yes, you we.*e melancholy and doubted your , ability lo make a better showing in any way. But the nectar of nature in spring will drive all the misgivings away. Take a car If the distance is too great to I wall:, and go out into the country district, and breathe and put yourself in a receptive mood to take advantage of what CJod provides for jad<? spirits. I..et the bird songs touch your heart, listen to the beginnings of a new season, get in harmony and crow better and bigger.?Copy right, 1013. Health lalks by Dr. Wm. Brady ) A LrUer to n I.nd Leaving Home. I 'Copyright, irtl by Nttlo,,,. N.w.u?D-r S.rrlo*.) I iSS'F'r SJ'SS-.HJ I d'alui thouKhsh0 |f,'","|,'cIO'lI,r8ththnc-Ulu your she fools ibfiiM w v "ol 8sly so' 1 klww how aliases that v .. ' '"other. of course, re mit lu... ' l\rc ;i K,,0'l I'oy. vet she is cnctj of ho w'rolffr ?'ou- faM u""^ the intlu ko aw iv iini '^.^hid ?t associates when you "yiz LV"m""rU* >'?"ai " arc teen .1 " ma,> s whole life! Seven dusting' the ?l uol,,e JU.S|! b??,l?'>?K ? ? ? umpire Gov I'd 11 ' ' ' 'he sky so blue and bright Y011 l!-i\'I> 1 bo "Pventcen than President. fronTrouV^As^ v!!u a?l'i>*ations along: that Itn.'< 'or Vi'ot? 110" aire-,?lv ?V. ",one- 1v,M,r "'Other has f/ienU aS M eakn'i1 v I"olu'y. !s a I'rett.v poor^spcci Ukc. ' * ' "*?? il parasite, anil unsportsmau Xowadays it Is hardly nccessarv to caution teetotal ism under \tli'''n'reumsSanccs 'S \nd?f".r' i n lV'.Dy ,"0lMM'-v ,0dav i he nerve ' ?.1 ???1 wj! j ?'.?r'- "E-?,r usr tunity and say (to yourself of rourl'\ U.)OI'T : madc'^'a'deelsff^Uok 'to It"Yik/i'Vuni1,* I iom and you will command the respect cif aM .vol, w. ^rs.irv^r cv ??? ; ?!ry??r? r."5r,| Esrss: ! jbsj. ? ) 1?', ' h rough and through If v..11 \x in* lo yot the most mi t of 1 i fn ?v. ? I11 sarsj-r.'uw ? reason if you'wi^li. iS/'rVna^^n^W:"^ peisonal purity than them is for wo.n,! purity. P.est of luck. Tom. and m^y vou /ive up tu your mothor'* .standard. * % Sincerely your?*. NV.M. lilt AD V, .M. D. j QiicKilonN 11 ml Aunworn. si' 1 r'ibi.ni"ri^!' 'J'f',,'~*s,"0,,clng what you have be n I oiled I CfreVl .?f ,'nrfo? ,l;,? I , ! '1, . ? ' w?"Vl,,r|nK whether coffee 1 inaci* ui.li ,t |hm fnlatnr Is ail ritrlit Answer. ?Oui, uui. Hcaucoup. lird .-orpni- ler-.My Hster |s suffering from' ?i, 1 red corpuscles. W|ial medicine should Ml. |;,ki- I., build up'.' l|,;s |? |" I ' ,i, uVel'."T 'V, ',,,l,,I,pr of red corpuscles' in ' ere. l,f,i ' 11 'I'!' :t ?rwu n,a"v ""f l.tLtil conditions, and it i.s impossible to sue nJiLi f|,rlJ""r remedy without knowing ti,e nature ..f yo,ir 8,.iters irouhle. The l,e?t wav to supply 1 ron, if I hat is lacking, is in the form I 11'??'-??" A Tabloid Tale. t ome, .loin liir I'arl.r. Knock-Knees the cave man. was sitting on a rock overlooking the s.a Vverv ! then lie would pla.v a IniKe hand on ins stoni tc! and .make an awful face. (See \rVcus Som' bene s s.-venty Contours of I'r?-historkr Siiigs > I he reason for these actions was th .t Knees was I,unary. The re^M, he w hungrN uus that he was on a three days' bum and this wa.N alinoM 111 o cinl of Iho third, and In* hadir't l,i,t?ei-d as much as a baby jackadonkus* Itutr-Ncek his wife, sai near-by pulllnc -ill ??n p r0f| hairs out a k loop skin to make a gniile for little Kiglit-Toes. Huff-Xeek was hungry too. >>0 was little Wight-Tons- but thev knew better than to utter a word, but only was? going \o :.on',oT"derinb' Whcn thc,r shii' Knock-Knees was loungiiiR "licit "Knocky," she said, "if 1 think up a good plan if,?ha.V,'i a ',is frd h?r" wnlBhi. ran I have J llfth helping ami can little Kight-Tocs have -i barrel of crumbs that are left?" c ,l "Sure, if I got mine llrst," replied Knnelr Knees inannishly and punctuating liis answer with an encouraging twist of Ruft'-.Voek's iiose i lien Ituff-.VecU collected some rocks "which she carried in her skirt and visite," the caves ! C.,r !cr .1lu'w; lh", s- K,'ot;i a goodly distance, and "?i^* ?,'e ,hV'w a rock into each cave. (See , '^ u' Method of Issuing Invitations to I artics and Such" by Andre D'-fugaltv ) One by one. the cave dwellers bounced out one from every c.,ve who ea.-h had a I.Va it?f I ptimp on nis anatomy whore th^ rod- 1 ??*! Japped him. Those fortunate enough n/ have 1 t h? hnmp wort* the ones invitod. \\ lien Ituft -Xeck got home, the caver?? ?:t-irtefi o li'-nvr^a'-h will, a skin of eats. ,s4 noe liuss ^ ipe s Snniiaritv 10 Stone \e-.? of .Modern Surprise i'art ie? ??) u^toms When, finally, a crack on the bridee of t h* nose opened Knock-Knees' eve? to tho hril Uancy of lit.ff .Veek s scheme; he xvav so del lighted and proud of her that lie swunc ber .round his head by the hair ninety nines ami cnW. F y ?V01' ! of a thirty-foot Heing a Kood picker. TSufr-Neck picked ho, ?.ntf up and crawled back ii the partv JJT shr'Jdi^ilvVioo]-r,1rrSi,,p h"r- 1!"r,|'?r"' masted stir. diz/il> tooK the. tnast oida woppnS ?teiku he huge roots and weeds, the speaglJ ogeV -,,,'d' Shush! The first hashf News of Fifty Years Ago n'rom the Richmond Dispatch, May in, 1S69.) President Orant's proc- ! lamation. ordering the Vir ginia election, is siiort and to t lie point. It fixes the election for tlie tlth day of i ?luly. The constitution is 1 to be submitted entire wit h i he exception of the disfranchisement and test path clauses, which are io be voted on separately. President Grant has lost no time in doing the right thing for the Common wealth of Virginia, and at I'RBSIDKNT <;it.\NT, all times lie lias listened to Virginia's Friend. 11,0 >'??al people of this 18I3C. State, and while ho has . Riven audience to the car- I petbaggers and scaliawags, lie has tnrnnH .. ' float oar lo all of thoir .suggestions tint tho I Virginia be kept "n bondage As tlict e is a gieat deal of work to be done' in the interval between this and election, there' is no time to be lost. Harmony, mutual con! cessions, co-operation, a generous and patriotic struggle .is to which shall do most to defeat the blood prescriptlonists and plunderers are what s now demanded, dive us these and wo shall have a grand triumph. General Canby on Saturday issued a general oider to the military commissions throughout the Mate to proceed at once with the selection of registrars, and to put them to work regis tering the voters of the State The r.r/i?!. ? pliaslx.es the importance of prompt action! The confectioners of the citv have mv.^m.,1 a petition to the Mayor to suppress he ho e of un icensed candy and fruit peddlurs who V, - .est t\u HUeo M to the imhlit* annoyance and in violation of the city and State revenue laws. The body of Johnnie C'arrlmrton year-old so,, of Isaac II. C'arr ng on drowned?"^ Mayo's Bridge a few davs air, i a, }"5? ?T ten miles below the cl tyo n Sa. o r,i..?a'?U \ brought to his grief-stricken parents. The president of the State Acriciiiii.mi cicty has issued a stirring amlTracSu'anp^I to the Virginia people to sustain the societv is one of the most efllcient means to adv^m.I th! general welfare and thrift of the state A great fair must be held next fall. Mate' A The commissioner of the revenue decides that railroad refreshment cars are li'.bi^ . as hotels, liftuor dealers and tobacco ?e??ers ami th.it the railroads are liable for , u "'! taxes on each refreshment "ar. lhrC0 IU I?t'ly "'w'nu^e'V'rolfncco^fnto'Vhe^oj^o ":,y ?'? very A? < orbln, of Now York r^nnta/i ?. ? _ millionaire, was married Sstu'rdav to Mis* r,n me (Jrant, 3i3icr of I'rcaldcnt Grant. FROM- OTHER VIEWPOINTS ? ? ? ? 11 11 J National Problems Discussed for Rentiers of Tlio Times-Dlspntcli by Authoritative Writers?A Dally Kditorial Feature. IN A FRENCH CATHEDRAL. IIV J A M ICS limUlCK I,A t;<>ll'I'O\ Vlrsliiln Minintrr Willi the Aitterli-un l-'ort-rn In Krnnce. 1 have Just returned Iroin a visit to a famous cathedral of France? Saint Julien's. in Le Mans?ranked by Richard I,e Galllcnnc us one of the leading cathedrals of France and the most unique of them all. It was not my ilrst visit. I had been there several times before, but only for a very short while each time. This afternoon I went to really get ac quainted with it. line cannot grasp the wonder of it in a few brief visits, one must needs linger there, loiter through its vast areas and absorb Its atmosphere. The exterior view of Saint Julien's is most imposing. The lofty pilej crowns the summit of a hill command-j ing tlif illy of l?e .Mans. The hill is the j -aricitnl necropolis. It is a natural fortification. The soldiers of Home tlrst captured and then defended It. I'arts of the old Koman wall aro'still there. The great cathedral on the hill top dominates the city. Kmut every direc tion it can be seen. l-'or five klloine- ! ters outside the city it is a landmark.! Its natural elevation adds to its im mensity. Its great bulk, sustained by . its living buttresses, looms majestic- I ally before the vision. The view from the cathedral tower i is magiiitlccnt. For seven or eight kilometers outside the city, perhaps further, the observer beholds the fields j and woods and distant hills. I.ike sil- j ver ribbons the Hi vers Sarthc and llulsnc gleam in the sunlight. I.ittle j farms appear like patches on the land- ' scape. Orchards are dotted here and there. Smoke from railway engines is; seen in puffs and rolling clouds. The city lies, below, closely built. Its j more than 30.000 roofs in full view. | (?n* sees its boulevards, avenues, squares, gardens and bridges. Majes- , tic cathedral churches tower above the, houses, but none compares with Saint. ! Julien's. Immediately below and about the cathedral lies tlie ancient city. There are narrow streets like lanes, I paved with cobble stones. Here |s the; house <?f (jueen Iterengere, the widow ; of Richard Cocur de I,Ion, who ruled l.e .Mans. Here is the bishop's palace ? (Place du Chateau), a splendid sped-I men of sixteenth century nrcitecture. j Next to that is the building that! sheltered King I.ouis XI. In 1107. Here! is. in part, the ancient palace of the; founts of Maine, in which was cele brated the marriage of Matilda, daugh- j tor of Henry 1 of Kngland. t<' Geoffrey Plantagenot. Their son, born In this house and christened in Suint Julien's Cathedral, became Henry II. of Kng land and father ?>f Richard the Ki"n llerated and King John.- of Magna Charta fame. Here Is thr house of Ada in and Kve. the Piller-Rouge (house "f the Red Pillar), where the! public executioner lived; the house of Paul Scarron. a poet of the seventeenth century, built on the foundations of a twelfth century house. On thesei houses are seen some of the red tiled roofs, now moldy and overgrown with1 yellow lichens. For "Bourpes. Autun, Ivc Man?, avee I.'.ni ouges. Furent jadis lea quatre villes rouges." "Bourges. Autun. I.e Mans, I.imouges. we are told. Were known as the four red towns in days of old." The interior of the cathedral is as impressive as its exterior. Reduced to tlgur'-s, for the sake of hard details, the nave (to the cross-aisle of the transept) measures feet long. 3f> feet wide and 7S fret high. The tran sept Is 17 4 feet long. The choir is 114 feet long and 111 feet high. There are thirteen chapels. Kleven of these are 113 feet deep by 10 1 -2 feet wide. The chapel <>f the apsis Is 53 feet long. Tii ?> chapel of the vestry is 5'J feet deep and 33 feet wide. Figures, however, cannot convey the impressions made by this imposing in terior Standing within the west por tal. with stained glass windows of the j eleventh and twelfth centuries on each1 side (among the oldest windows in Krancei. looking toward that cele brated Gothic choir tone of the most1 wonderful In Kurope). beholding those chapels. th'Se pointed arches with their graceful lines, that forest of columns with their varied capitals; g.tzing upward to the majestic vaulted celling, letting the> immensity, the an t i q u it y. the sentiment, the atm os- - Voice of the People. Letter* must give the name ami ad drrti of the writer. Nnme will not bl published if writer so requests. For Whose Urnefll. To the Kdltor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir.?What is the working "status" of our Public Employment Bureau? that Is, for whose benefit was this char itable institution established, and is still being conducted at an expense to the taxpayers of about $>;,000 or more per year? In the classified advertise ments on May 13 our city newspapers carried about 100 advertisements for help wanted, male and female, and rifty or tnrro advertisements by men and women asking for situations in this city. (>n ibis date our Public Em Inquiries regarding; almost any topic, excepting on legal and medical sub jects, are answered free. Aa all in fulrles are answered directly bjr per sonal letter, a self-addressed, stamped envelope Is required. Address Th? Times - Dispatch lalormatlon llurcao, Richmond, \ bl. M. P. Co. 144. Anxious Mother, Richmond.?We have no information as to the present location of this unit nor as to when it will return home. lllabre, Ariz. I Reader, Clayvlllc.?Bisbee has a! population of about 10,000. It has two' daily newspapers?the Ore, iui evening paper, and the Review, a morning paper. Certainly there Is a "general delivery" for tho mail. Mark Tools With Nitric Acid. R. C. S., Clinton.?To mark tools warm them slightly and rub the steel with wax or hard tallow until a film gathers. Scratch the letters on the wax, cutting through to the steel. A little nitric acid poured on the writing will quickly eat out the letters. Wash off tho acid and remove the wax with a hot rag. and the letters will be se curely etched on the steel. Deadweight Tonnage. C. T. M., Richmond.?Deadweight tonnage expresses the number of tons of 2,240 pounds that a vessel can transport of cargo, stores, and bunker fuel. It is the difference between the number of tons of water a vessel dis places "light" and the number of tons it displaces when submerged to the "load water line." Deadweight ton nage is used interchangeably with deadweight carrying capacity. A ves sel's capacity for weight cargo is less than Its total deadweight tonnage. Cross tonnage applies to vessels, not to cargo. It is determined by dividing by 100 the vessel's closed-in spaces. The register of a vessel states both gross and net tonnage. Mnssncre of the Innocents. Miss J. M.. Williamsburg.?The "Mas sacre of the Innocents" is a favorite subject with Italian and Flemish painters, representing the slaying of the children of Bethlehem by the sol diers of Herod. Among tho most fa mous examples are thane by Guidl Rent, in the Bologna Gallery; Tin toretto. in the Scuola dt San Rocco, Venice; Daniels da Volterra, in the 1'illzi. Florence, and Reubens, in the Munich Gallery. The scene Is usually given with much realistic detail, stress being laid upon the endeavors of tho mothers to save their Infants. Herod was King of Judca from 40 lo 4 B. C. Matthew II., 16. represents him as hav ing ordered tho massacre of the chil dren of Bethlehem In order to exter minate the child Jesus. , phero, tho beauty ami grandeur of il all lill the soul, one marvels and worships. This mighty pile was four centurion iri building. It was the successor of lesser temples dating back lo tlu fourth century. Begun in I li?? eleventh century, this structure represents ar chitecture of the eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth ami fifteenth centuries. O nits exterior, liullt into , the southwest corner, is a huge boulder, a water->y6rn block of red granite. Krom whonce it came or when it w?s placed there no one Knows. It seems undisputed that the stone Is a menhir, or I'ruid stone, used for centuries hy the pugau priests of ancient Gaul as an altar. In this cathedral the father of I Coeur <le I.ion was christened. Tho body of Itichard's Queen Is buried hero- Her sarcophagus lies in the south transept, with tier Image, life size, sculptured upon it. Just olf the north transept, in the chapel of the baptismal font:;, |j< the tomli of Charles of Arijou, Karl of .Maine, who lived In the fifteenth century. Mis sculp tured figure, m armor, lies upon it. In the north transept are memorials to King lsouis the Saint, Adam * 'hnst* laln, Bishop of Eij Mans in tin: early fifteenth century; Cardinal Fillastre, Rene the First of Anjou, King of Sicily, and his wife, Vohtndc d'Aragoti. In the south transept is the big organ, built there between 161'J and 1585. with beams and consoles wonderfully carved. The cathedral still bears marks of its sack by the Huguenots in 15G2 and by tho revolutionists in 1753. Tho passing centuries make their contributions to these mighty monu ments of human genius: These lofty piles represent the labors of indi viduals. their prayers, their spiritual aspirations. They represent the com munity, the state, the nation. Alas, oppression also plays its part. The spirit, the ambitions, the cravings, the superstition*. She longings of a people are here reflected. Tlieae cathedrals are history In stone and art. in them one seeft the soul of France. Pure beauty, nobility, generosity, grandeur, gro tesquencss are found together. Sculp tured saints, horned demons, hideous gargoyles mingle in a queer democ racy. All are m perfect harmony. Though the minds that wrought their dreams and fancies in stone, in glass, in wood and on canvas were centuries apart, yet there jm iio jarring note nor discord. In tiie riot of imagery, sym bolism. fancy, spiritual aspiration of varying periods thero is a marvelous unity of soul The silent worshipers who came and went tltis afternoon, bowing reverent ly before t he iV saints and symbols, and kneeling at the altars, even as their forbears have been coming anil going, bowing and kneeling :u this same trmplo for nine centuries, and for ?"ven centuries In the temples preceding this, are parts of a great whole. Th-y link the present with the past. The keeper of tiie tower, the beggar at the ? loor, tiie elderly wo man in the south transept near the tomb of Uer'-ngere. seeking contribu tions f<>r a memorial to Joan of Arc, tiie artists ..rawing and painting In tiie aisles, the children in the south portal asking for pennies, all are in tegral parts of Saint Julien's. They will pass on ami out. Their children and their children's children will fol low in the same ways. Old orders will change, giving place to new. New systems will prevail for a while, only to succeeded by others. But Saint Julien's will remain unchanged. That ground Is too valuable for hotels, apartments, stores and ware houses. Even to the cathedral walls may How the tides of commerce, llither they may come, but no further. Saint Julien's will never become a. "downtown church" I.ike Gibraltar, that mighty temple stands, and will continue to stand, ancient, yet mod ern. apart from life and tiie bustling: ways of the world. yet belonging strangely and vitally to them, a land mark, but something more?an insti tution, a history, a living, breathing sou I. Intensely human are these levia thans of architecture, gray and stained and weather-beaten with tiie storms of centuries. What secrets they con tain! How wise they are! And how eloquen I plo.vment Bureau was enpaged in securing for a "negro employment agent" labor for a brickyard near New York City, to be shipped the same night. Various other help has been placed by our Public Employment Bureau in positions out of the city of late. Therefore, the writer and others interested wish to know whether this I ubllc Employment Bureau is being conducted for thrt sole benefit of tho users of help In this city and its bonaflde citizens, or for whose benefit? If it is for the benefit of any one lhat chooses to apply the writer and other taxpayers feel that ou; city fathers should not be ?o generous to outsiders and more Just to Its taxpayers and citizens. CITIZEN. Richmond, Va., May 14, 1919. Books and Authors. The Princeton University Press will publish early In June "A Book of Princeton Verse, II." The first volume in the series appeared in 1916, and was edited by Alfred Noy?a. Henry van Dyke, class of 187.1, contribute a pre face and two poems to the present collection, though its contents consist chiefly of poems by undergraduates and graduates of the past four or five years. Those who have seen the material are most enthusiastic about it. Henry Campbell Black, editor of the Constitutional Review. whose book, "The Relation of the Executive power to legislation," will be published early in the fall by the J'rinceton University Press, has recently written a pamph let entitled "The Enemy Within Our CJates." It deals with the menace of Bolshevism in the l.'nited Staets. and an edition of J00.000 copies is being distributed by the National Security League." "The New Morning." by Alfred Noyes (Frederick A. Stokes Co.), Is a volume of verse that represents tho deep and vigorous reaction of the poet to the great inspiration of the past four years of world stress, and his vision of a new mornintg on earth. Says Professor Henry Soidel Canb.v, of Yale: "He delights in an idealism radiant with beauty, and optimism and faith. 'His fire is twentieth-century firo and his diction bears the accent of our time. Furthermore, his ardour to uphold tho ol,d verities, lest we forget God and morality and idealism, is so fervid, that he carries the reader with him. lie can stir our emotions for the noble, the beautiful and the pure. It is in such vigorous senti ment, rising to the heights of romance, and casting a glamour over the deeds and thoughts of men, that Noyes la most impressive." If I llnri fliddcn llorsr*. j If I had ridden norses in tho lists. Fought wars, gone pilgrimage to fabled lands. Seen Pharaoh's drinking cups of ame thysts. Held dead queens' secret jewels in my hanos? I would have laid my triumph.? at your feet. And worn with no ignoble prido my scars But I can only offer you, my sweet, The songs I made on many a night of stars. Yet have I worshiped honor, loving you; Your graciousness and gentle cour tesy. With ringing and romantic trumpets blew A mighty musifc through the heart of me, A joy as cleansing as the wind that fills The open spaces on the sunny hill*. ?Theodore Maynard in the New Wit4' nets (London).