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TITE TIMES * T1IF DISPATCH EH. 1 8 9 8 Est. 1 8 A 0 Entered Januarr t7. 1908. at the Font-Ofllce at Richmond, Ya., na second-class matter. ;PrnLISI1KD erery day In the year at 10 South Tenth Street, Richmond, As., by The Tlme?-Dl?patch Pub Uahtn* Co., Inc., Charle* E. Husbrook, Etfltdr and M?nnir. AT?r)RKSS ALL. COMMUNICA TIONS to The Times-Din path, mil not to individuals. TELEPHONE: Randolph 1. Private llranrh Exchange connecting with all depart ments. BRANCH OFFICES: Waih Inirtou. 1410 New York Ave nue: New York City. Fifth Avenue Duildlni:; Chit-ago. People's lias Itiitldlnc: Philadelphia, Colonial Xra?t Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES IN ADVANCE by mail; Dully and Sunday, one year, $9.00; ('? mouths, Jt.lS: 3 months, S'.MO; one month. 00 rents. Dally only, one >enr, SO.AO Dally only, one year, Sti.50; SI.75: one month, 65 rents. Sunday only, one year. $3. i> months. SI.75: 3 months, HO cents: 1 month. 30 cents. BY 1.0CAI, CARRIER SER VICE: Dully, with Sunday. 1H cents a week: Dally with out Mimlay. 12 cents a week; Sunday only, 7 cents. If onr friends ho favor tis with manuscripts and Illustration* for publication wish to lia\e unavailable articles returned, they must In all cases send stamp* for that purpose. MKMII1R OK TIIE ASSOCIATED PRESS.?The Associated Pre** Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication ?f all new.* <11*patches credited to It or not otherwUe credited In tld* paper, and also the locnl next* puhli*hrd herein. All rights of republica tion of special dispatches herein are also reserved. Home of The Tinies-Disput ch. Absolutely Fireproof. WKD.VKSDAV, JUNE 4, 1919. Republican Senators contemplate another | "round robin" 111 expression of their dls- j approval of the league of nations. Judging by th?* reception the first one received, these political objectors would better seize on the joy as the tn<t fining symbol of their mental attitude. Even the strongest admirers of Bryan will havd'.v agree with him that Wilson is not in i touch with I lie thought and desires of the American people. (here is evidence that the President, abroad, is in closer touch with them than aro others who have spent all : their time at home. After all, understanding of the popular wish depends on one's state ? of mind rather than his location. Commerce Commissioner McChord's solu tion of the railroad question, which is to turn the roads back to their private owners "in the same condition as when taken over," sounds well and is easy to say, but getting them back into "the same condition" is some thing 10 strain the best minds the country affords. The Federal government has scram bled them so thoroughly that the puzzle of putting lluinpty Dumpty together again is simple in comparison. Senator Iliram Johnson's complaint that the league of nations withholds from the people themselves the right to pass on the question of wars in the future is pure assump tion. : im e the league permits each nation to decide for itself whether it will authorize the use of force to compel obedience to de cisions of the league, the nations concerned are nowhere inhibited from ascertaining the wisher of their citizens in the matter by sub mitting the question 10 a direct vote. Germany's ready letter writer has reached exhaustion, and to no avail; every species of whine har. been used to 110 purpose; every kind o? bluster has been called into plav, ami the allies aro unmoved; every sort of politi cal and diplomatic chicanery has been put into motion, and the. Big Four remain -adamant; the tears have been turned on, and there i- in^ympi/ihy. lis resources used up, it. remaiiv: r Germany to sign. That, or lhe ceremony of signing will b>- staged in Berlin. Norway ha followed Switzerland in refus ing lo join in a blockade ot Germany in case the German del< j;at< refuse lo sign the peace treaty. A.- both of ilw countries owe their own pre: oni s> < :n';. against the menace of Prus an militarism to .-uciitices incurred by the allie- in crushing it, their attitude of re mstam ? t > the sir.pltr-i method of enforcing the alii? >.1 vk t?.i ;? ? uld e? in 10 be inspired by short iyitcd selfishness. The allies ure not witho^.i rhe mean; to make the blockade effective, whether these countries lend their Mipp"-1 toil or not. T!.e rn!"vced al -??nee r.f Senator Martin , Iron: lie -? ? t:;jt? j:-t at i'm line 1.\ leason of ii: ? :'??! le 1 ill d ;<? ...irwot*. follow ing ;? v- ? > n' il ? i.- a p 1? : misfortune, as his !? ?!* ? ! p t? i ?; ? minority in (lie Senate was count'il on to < 1 unteract the efforts of the ma; ity 10 undo mueb of the wholesome legisiati :e ]> : ed i>> th?- present adminis- , ration . *0 influence future legislative polic:. < a .tlutary character. It is to be i hoped ; .1 few day*' rest will restore the j Democrat !? ;.d> : !?> hi-, wonted vigor, and 1 that he will soon be ablo to return to his dutic:. Vv'hi"'. ' here will be disappointment at the ! decision of the Supreme Court overruling the contention of State authorities that the way power conferred upon the President by Congress giving him control over the rail road ai d wire system* did not include su preme and conclusive authority to fix intra state rate.-, treasoning by which the court justifies us opinion will appeal t?? the average layman as sound in logic and a necessary im plication growing out of the ari itself to sup port the power sought to be conferred. If. under the aft. the President has extended his control over the lines beyond ihe congres sional intent conferring the authority for their operation. Congress has itself to blame (or not limiting the extent of this control by clearer definition. The public, however, has not found fault with L'ungress for conferring extraordinary powers on the President for the period of the war. as it deemed that action Justified by the emergency, and wa- perfectly willing to surrender many of its usual rights to make the exercise of those powers effec tive, but now that the war Is over and the emergency no longer exists, there is growing impatience on Its part at the delay In sur rendering these powers back into the hands of the people where they belong. What the public expects of Congress is to romody the situation by hastening* the repeal of tho leg islation which brought it about. Government Subsidizes Itself POSTMASTER-GENERAL BURLESON, in his published defense of his action in lay ing an additional burden of 20 por cent on the user of the telegraph services of the country, says that much of the additional revenue which will be derived will go to meet a deficit in earnings caused by the low rate on government messages, lie says that this rate is now so low that the Postal and Western Union Companies carry it for about one-luilf of the actual operating cost. lu other words, the Federal government insists on a below-cost rate for the amount of business which it contributes to tho telegraph services, and the general public must put up 20 per cent more on its messages in order that governmental departmeuts may enjoy this subsidy. This is truly an astonishing revelation. Why tho government should have tho benefit of telegraph service at half what it costs to give that service is one of j those ofllcial absurdities which occasionally j come to light. This might not have been so important a matter when tho government business, prior to tho war, was about 10 per cent of the total handled by tho companies, but for tho past two years this business has been more than 4 0 per cent of the total. That means that 4 0 per cent of the gross service ren dered by tho two companies was carried at a loss of 50 per cent on operation alone. No overhead is Included in the calculation, and tho result is a manifest deficit in earnings whioh must be made up from tho rate which the public is now compelled to pay. The only known parallel to this sort of thing is found in the handling of the mails. A very large per cent of the mail matter nf the country is sent under government frank. Not a cent is paid upon it. A horse and buggy might be shipped under a congres sional frank?even a house and lot, if this were physically possible?and tho loss of i revenue from tho use and abuse of the frank ing privilege has kept tho country on a 2-cent postage basis for tho past twenty years. It has done more than that. It has made it necessary for the Post-Office Department, by ' authority of Congress, of course, to place i periodical mail on an nlmost ruinous basis. Can anybody, in his right senses, allege any good reason why the Federal government gives itself a telegraph subsidy? It might be argued that the government has some right to.grant itself a mail subsidy inasmuch as it has a monopoly of tho mail service of the country, but tho telegraph companies are privately owned institutions. They aro only temporarily tinder the control of tho govern ment, and yet for fifty years they have been called on to give preferential rates to tho government at the expense of the general i public. j The Postmaster-General is now supreme ? boss of the telegraph services. He has it in ' his power to make any reform ho chooses 1 In the operation of these services. If he has any courage at all ho will serve notice with out delay on every other department of tho government that no more half-price service will be rendered, lie will insist that the gov ernment. pay at least the cost of handling its messages, even if he does not allow the com panies a small profit. B i Another Blow in Bolshevist Campaign OLSHEV1ST. anarchist, Nihilist?call them what one will?outrages and at- J torn pied assassinations in America have . reached a point that demands the instant ap plication of a drastic remedy on the part of the authorities. When, on May Day, in genious and deadly bombs were tent. through the mails to more than a score of leaders of the nation's thought and governmental ac- ' tlvlty, it was believed the plot for wholesale murder might have been tho product of some Individual's inflamed and diseased mind. The most recent attempt to s?catter death proves that belief to havo been an illusion. ' !? wa.- no sporadic Bolshevist outburst, hut 1 the first blow of a campaign against the gov ernment and all American institutions. In the cicltement following the May Day sensa tion there was feverish activity on the part . of Federal and State authorities, hut there have been no patent results. Responsibility has not been fixed, and the perpetrators are still at large and at liberty for tho creation of further designs against lite and properly. Now the second blow In the campaign of blood has heeu struck. As v.as the first one, it was devoid of results, eo far a death to any of the objects of murderous wrath was <-o:i- t ? "med, hut one or more victims were claimed ?nd damage to property done. If there doubt about the existence of a carefully laid and widespread plot following the May Day ? outrages, that doubt is dissipated now by the simultaneous attempts in various citle . The first might have been carried out by a single hand: this ia the work of a well-organized band. Where and when will the next and third blow of the assassins fall? No one knows exc-pt the murderers themselves:. Hut it will fall; be very sure of that. The minds that have devised these means of stealthy murder are poisoned with the germs of Bol shevism, and they are not discouraged by tlu-ir two failures. The next one may he more successful. No one Is safe. Any one who has attained prominence may he among the victims marked for slaughter. Even the President himself may be on tho list for ex termination. Despite the cloae guard kept over the avenues leading to persons for whom there Is fear, it Is impossible to close them all to tho crazed brains of the conspirators. Ample warning has been given. Twice the unmistakable Bolshevist alarm ban been sounded. If the next attempt is more fruit ful of death, it will be difficult to convince the public that there ban not Ir-en negligence to a criminal degree on the part, of the au thorities. It seems folly to believe that the trained minds of the Department of JukUcs and of the ospionago service which met. and defeated the shrewdest plott.lio: and ; <:li? mlrig the German intelligence ollice could produce, are incapable of grasping and rooting out tho Bolshevist evil lu the United States. It ran be done, and it must be done, if it is not ?.o grow and nourish until the institutions or law and order and liberty ar? Jeopardized. Governor Lowden, of IUiriol . admittedly J--. ! good presidential timber for the Itepuhllcana, ' but he would havo a heavy har-dl- ap In i, .' ! fact that he could not <oir.< it < M'agi, to pro-Amerlcunism. 1 ? It's a "toss-up" as to wl.i< h f ?.-i ,,f - J Ing politicians hates President Wn-on moat- - I the German Junkers, <?r Senate. Itcpuhlh anH. Both ting the tame song o! hate. SEEN ON THE SIDE OY HEA'nY EDWARD WAllXEll It's DlfYcreut Now. "Prehistoric man," Says Professor St^rr In a lecture. "Admired only fat worrjen And had no time for thin ones." Prehistoric man was A law unto himself? He could admire what he chose. Today we have to admire The sort of woman that is In style; And the style changes frequently. Just now they happen To be running rather thin, With about as much shape As a letter "I." lJut wo havo to admire them. At other times tlioy are hefty. With the general contour uf '?ht letter "S," And when styles say so. We must udnilro them. But thi strange part of It Is Tha?. they are the same girls. I-ast year's rutabaga Is this year s string bean. Prehistoric man could pick And choose, but we Must take 'em as th?y come.?R- M. Query. That lovely woman who draws her robe To ascend the Golden Stair, I wonder If she'll be satisfied with Tho little the angels wear? Tour personal opinion cf a man who has Just boan lynched Is, so far as he le concerned, en tirely ouperiluous. llaru Ltne?. "They say Smith Is getting along rotten; Is he?" "Well, I'll say that there's nothing holding him to Earth but the law of gravitation-" Just think what would happen if bumblebees were as large as elephants! llnpplncsn, "Is that young bride happy, do you think?" "She ough'.a be. In six months she's got him so scared he lies about where he's been." Climbers. Some men are born to fame and some achieve It; Some say they're forced, but?say, do you be lieve it? Fine Idea This. "Jones has a novel scheme for home treat ment of Illness." "L'h-huh? Yep? Well, shoot it." "Well, if he has sl headache, for instance, he gets some one to step on his corn and make him forget It." Natural History. A PlfT.e Bird Is a bird that sits All day on a hard rail fence. And never was known to do a thing Of the slightest consequence; i And from what 1 know and all I've heard I don't admire the Piffle Ulrd. . i Inferences. "Megalomania," said t!io Scientific Boarder, "megalomania, is u form of mental alien.it:^>ii j In which tho patient la a victim of gramlloso j delusions or exaggerated ego. It?" "Say!" growled the Slur Hoarder, "don't you I know the war's over? Ain't you got nothin' | t' talk about but the Kaiser'."' I The Laud of I.ost Loves. Say. where Is the mystic Land of L?st L.o\es Whero the sighs and the heartaches are? L>o? r. It 11?j on tho courso of the turtle doves, | 13 It hid on a distant star? .Si>. where co the t- ;:rs that are all in vain. And tho hop? a that never may come again? And what Is the state of the love that dits When it faden from tho life, of thou? Ijoos It shine again i:: a v. -man's eyes And return to the heart somehow? Or perhaps It walks through an endless day With the shades of grief, on the sorrowful v.-a"-. j I Wli.it fa'.e awaits all the things thai are An J the things that are. yet to be? A! as, .ve mua; v > to the lost 1 ov? z' atir l-'or the I-.!:': 03 of you and mo. Tor the kl-ses and love3 of the long ago .\. e Urn droa.ji3 wo dreaiued but couid never 1. HOW Business Problems hOl.VKU It V Hltt.No Dl'Kl' Author. li;irol:l Whitehead. CHAPTMR VII. ''While you re.ii M:i;n:.v< :t,, iJ **?'!' ; \ Bruno ? grip for 1 want to catch to Ho?t< n to read Mamie's le ; ii ?? t . i.? ;r> j ? iRrr.y for I .?I w;.:l UliUS.l.'ll? o(. i< 'in t > uj s!ie ran i i?- druiikcii father-?thank ! t miit.-iir'ht episode with Sly ,u-r ?/.. r su"h things pre , ... ) one i'jr -.ic unexpected. *1 his is what I r l a . ? M ? limn', hiikt. Mi hiui:-.. I ?? ar Sir. from th? sV.ule beoos they arst ? i cf anyhow. Hook lernlng is had none not to spoke off. missis hortosi is a '-at she sey to ?! ii nd need to t>e rained and I go K 1 to a l<:g room with lots ?.vol in board* between them. I h' her '??lie ha i ???"VV'?W n ItY ihu to thern a? wenever"th*t"' hort?n* cat I ?..? in i-.i ? * m V . a skule room. ! .. c muie room. .* all littler than me but I no :u an wenever that horton cat M i'-.-'ton I s.iy scrch me. she sey ?. .t- a r.'i ii. a:.d I sey it woman wots Hliut up In a / ' !?.?? and can't get spliced an tho kids iarf She .*?.'? ? 1 m?k a fule of her In I say it vrr.* iif ?.??<? .'.an that way afore I rum an tho V. i n.-f Tli'-Ji a he s.*/. 1 orto bo ashamed it 11 ! a,-i't s;<, j.'i cense nn a lot like that. I <? ' i rt.-i'i* h? r and she don't ho I up and ! her wh'ie no feller ever kissed her she t-<> . ?i y. ? ?'m rne back an I'm washing dishes for m.tOf s. A'o'.d shea alriKht and Buy stay her liii I gotto write you so I do. I'm h'-rry to be ll/fe this for I wanta do the level to you but wasn't I alright. MAM 113 CLlflFF." 1 ought ' i explain that as Mamie knew no other name than Mamie, Duke had laughingly a I'd "We'll have to give you a name so we'll name you 'Cleff' after tho house." and Mamie Cleff she's been ever since.?To be continued to morrow A Daily Once Over. If a Kile In the Olitre, Why \ol In ihc IIonicT 1 ?? v/ housewives know the value and con v.nleri' '? -of letter llles^for dllferent purposes. The... f.hould be a place for Itemized bills, t" i'emei.?; and reeeljitw. Then Know id bo a plnre for clippings on v ?rled h il/Je t:s pertaining to tho household. K.Kh ??? fumlMhlngw, reclties, household hints, >.te A flle will keep studio designs classified and Muri' !??!?'? who save newejiaper orltlcisme of t - different i;i!ish:ul artists of the day will ;,j,r? . i!< a !? ibaiantl.il ule In alphabetical <11 >?! ierr. v/h i I.nd no many helpful hints for ... >,.jt.d v. o? K for the oltlldren among the , i. 'i r. in. , / i.i n .Mid Iiooki of the. dsy will i,.- ii,;. t in I pj.v. the ilgltt thing to enter ?tit* :?!?! < ? iiid ijiii.-kly. If they keep child w< ii'if.i'ari) togflher In order. |'/es?.nt e.irji of itm lamlly with a file and r' <? ).<> // nii; :h eomfort It will give even to ten - yea r-oid t- a. llie, liljng pap'rfr doll, paper .ind P''rty dreis pinteriiH for the design ing outtlrig mid panting which children so love to do.?Copyright, liiia. Health Talks by Dr. Wm. Brady llyt^tcuc for Epileptic*. (Copyright. 1918. by National Newapaptr Servl ?.> ' Tho cau80 of epilepsy Is unknown. Perhaps the periodic seizures (convulsions or lapses of consciousness) aro produced by varying causes In different cases; that Is, tho condition called epilepsy Is probably not one disease, but a char acteristic of soveral different diseases. In a general way one with epilepsy should fol low these rules: fl) Never indulge in any alleged remody for epilepsy except under the personal supervision of your own physician. (2) Strive to maintain normal bowel function by mear.S of diet and habit rather than by tho use of laxatives. <3> Eat slowly?that is, masticate every mor sel of food completely; and avoid washing down morsels of food with swallows of beverage. (?U It is usually best for one with epileptic seizures to limit the meat in the diet to three meals a week. A growing child may require meat onco a day. ? 5) There is iio doubt that active open air exercise every day tends to make epileptic seizures less severe and less frequent. (6) An epileptic who uses alcohol or tobacco has practically no chance of recovery. (V) At least three pints of water should he taken each d;<y; cold water may be taken with meals, if desired, provided the water is not used to wash down incompletely masticated food. <S) Every epileptic individual should do a reasonable amount of manual labor every day. (0) There aro at least a score of worthless or fraudulent "epilepsy cures" on the market, although as a matter of fact most epileptics are not mentally defective. (10) In a general way. milk, fish, especially sea fish, vegetables, especially green vegetable*, fruit, whole or undenaturlzed cereals consti tute the best diet for'an epileptic. White Eagle's Uniform. The American Museum of Natural History has recently received as a bequest the complete Indian dress costume of Chief Don White-Eagle, a Cheyenne Indian who died In Franco while serving as a soldier In tho United Stales Army. Chief White-Eagle, who was twenty-nine years old, served with the infantry forces. Ho was one of four brothers lighting in France. In addition to making a name for himself a? a skilled sharpshooter, he was commended by his general for bravery under lire. lie died ot? October 21. l&lS. of pneumonia contracted lr? the trenches. Iteforo entering the service, ho was active in I liberty loan. Ilfcd Cross and war savings stamp drives, collecting thousands of dollars ff,r the government. White-Eagle's life, though brief, was varied. After graduating from Carlisle Institute, he re turned to h.s home lti the northwestern United States, where for a time he made his living as a "broncho -Jbustcr." l.ater he spent several years with a circus, after which lie organized a "wild-west show" of his own. devoting his summers to the show, and acting Indian parts in somo of the smaller plays during the winter. He also found pleasure and profit In carving figure? and groups?some quite elaborate?In soap and similar medium*?an art which he had developed an unusual ski!'.. On entering the army he left his native cos tume In the oar" of Mrs Anna Sargcant. of Jersey City, with the request that if he <itd not return it be given t^? the American Museum. The costume was lust worn during the Third Liberty loan cav pa'.vn, in which White Eagle appeared as a speaker, both in New York City and in other parts of the country. The, ro?tun.e consists of a large feather war bonnet, fringed shirt and m-'.Msslns. pipe b'ig and feather-trimme i standard. AH the fea'her work was don' by Whlt?* Eagle himself. It is now being displayed in Memorial I.'all at the Amer ican Museum. Later !t will take its permanent place among the museum's wreat col.eetlons of Indian Material, of .vhi'ii many stories as in teresting as White-Eagle's might be told. A Tabloid Tale The Nluelfi and the Wtilntlr. The woman with the lace lizziu veil spoke li : :r. Mr. Heerluck Scene*, th*?" "Mo-eri ick Bon- yes. th*> great d?te<-tlve." replt; '? tat ?::??: itary, so-. ? hat Indignantly, ami he fluked several clp.r ashes on her mlt ? What ? wrong with your husband?" asked the (let'vtive. ' : I isha ridWhv, how did you?'" i! ? v did I h; ? v you h id husband? Ah. uj. in _ - ?\v i ?re a-king for siiotl? sleuth ' repro\e?l '.lie great <!? '?? invuiun V !zsng .. t the curd she :> i I handed him u Mr- 1 i \\ IIl.--Wa.is on. .? . n> !ii ii vc'.ous, Mr. 1! .nes. There is some;. ,:it, wr<?..g wiih my hubhaud. Ho has <j l.c'l 'i.s? If up in the attic of our home, b-rrU .iiicii the iloor and he is making the r; j.-. r> -' sounds imaginable He has been in f two days now," said Mrs. Wlflle ilo the sounds sound like?" asked the s: "at d?'t ective. "1 don't ! now, Mr. Bones. That's the mys part of It. I never heard anything ike them before, although It seems to :ii ? that when I wan a child, I did hear Eornf-t Vtug ' -at resembled " '"A f-l 1 srent the mystery!" cried tho great detect v , us he smiled the air like a dog after ?.i.is i;< Ij ...1 me to your husband, madam." When they arrived at tho door of tho attic, the greit detective put his penetrating squa loopis g.asa at the keyhole, placed his 1090 movie-camera in back of the glass, and made tr-n thousand feet of Horace Whittle-Wasa'a movemen ts. Eagerly Mrs. Wiffle-Wass watched the great man's wonderful processes he put tho film through. "Now, madam," he explained, as he took the film and dissolved it in acldovinegarllc and filtered it through a common tea strainer onto the quaioopis glass cylinder, "what your hus band Is doing will be written on this cylinder in a dead language, which, for 1 will trans late for you. "Ah. madam! This is terrible! I never thought it was as bad as this:" said the great dftUutive -as lie read and wiped beads of per spiration from his brow. "Oulokl Give mo t twenty-five!" "Madam," ho said, pocketing the money. "Your husband Is practicing how to nay 'Punch, wherc's the baby?' on a 1'uiich and Judy whistle that lie bought op tho street from a vendor for fi cents < I bought ono myself once)." With a violent snort of anger, Mrs. Whitfle Wass tlew out of the room and banged the door a mighty bam. News of Fifty Years Ago. (From the Richmond Dispatch, June 4, 1069.) The order of Friends of Temperance. established since the war, Is spread ing with remarkable rapid ity. Several gentlemen In the eastern part of the city have sent on an application for a council to be estab lished here, and Kev. W. !Wollons, of Suffolk, the iead of tho order in this Sine, will be hero next week to Instltuto it. Kov. John E. Edwards, of this city, will preach the dedicatory sermon of liev. AV. J*. tVellons. the new Methodist church of Suffolk. at Culpeper Courthouse on Sunday next. John Oliver, Fields Cook, William Troy and W. 11. Lester, the committee appointed by the rolored Static convention to call on General Canby in regard to their alleged grievances in being excluded from offices, Jury boxes, etc.. performed their duty yesterday. General Canby read the petition, heard them patiently, and said til 'a t lie. would take the matter under con sideration, but further than this made no prom ises. The interview was anything but satisfac tory to the committee. The Richmond Tobacco Exchange will here after open at SilSO A. M. for private sales. Out side tobacco Is sold until t>:30, at which time public auction sales commence. The Baptist General Association will meet In this city tomorrow at 11 A. M. There will be between 400 and 500 delegates from all parts of tho State in attendance. Tho sweetest, saddest anniversary of the year will be observed by the public of Richmond, under tho auspices of the Hollywood Memorial Association today. There will bo no procession, po tiring of minute guns, no orations, no noisy demonstration of any kind. It will be tho quiet, unostentatious and spontaneous tribute of stricken people to the memory of 10,000 brave Confederate soltjiers who laid down their lives in support of a cause which though unsuccess ful. we all know' was just. The State Treasury Is reported to be In fine condition. Just now a surplus of $300,000 Is thero, an increase of $2:i5.000 since April 1. O. R. Cosgrove, sheriff of Jones County, NT. C., was shot from ambush and instantly killed. Negro militia are scouring the county In search of the murderero. X FROM OTHER VIEWPOINTS National Problems Discussed for Readers of Tho Times-Dispatch by Authoritative Writers?A Daily Kditoriul Feature. OPPORTUNITIES IN UNDEVELOPED LAND. IIV llENTON MACK AVE, Expert in Cliursp of Iti'iountruction. Undeveloped land In tho United : States offers to tho returning soldier | and the worker an opportunity in other ! ways than agricultural use. Under proper management there is an oppor I tunlty for permanent employment in I tho forest Industry. From a physical standpoint thero Is i no reason why tho forested valleys and slopes of tho Western mountains. , where the principal future supply of timber now remains, cannot l>c han i died so as to Insure within each local ity a continuous yield of timber, and ! continuous employment In the sawmill i and woods. Many localities within the national forests offer such oppurtuni I ties. A typical drainage basin In the Western national forests may be us I turned to contain 100,(K>0 acres of pro ductive forest land. Suppose h series I of operations is planned, where tho i mature timber on this tract Is to be cut off In fifty years. If tho right methods of cutting are used, by the end of this fifty-year period the younger trees will have grown so that i the tract will be roady to he cut over again. In this way the tract can ho kept continuously productive for alii ! time. Suppose the permanent annual yield from this tract Is 20,000,000 board feet. , Thia yield would provide continuous j employment for more than 150 men. I who, with their families, would make a , i population of probably 800. About half the men would be employed In the saw- 1 mill and half In the chopping ooora | tions. The sawmill, located, perhaps. I at the entrance of the valley, would' i support a permanent community of : about 400 people. T.ie logging opera- j tlons In the woods would support an- j I gt'iT permanent community of 4"0. i This community would have to be | relocated from time to time as dlf ; ferent portions of the tract were be inK operated. Put since the einploy ? mont would be continuous the forest workers could at all times live in their | homes with their families and ni&in > ta'n a community life. j Measures could be taken to ft that ! th? populations supported by the raw | mill and tho fores', operations would develop into real communities, and not I mere shack town*. Aside from the maintenance of i proper housing and living conditions I there are two or three fundamental I community standards. These iuclud* ! provision for voting and relf-govern ! ment. f?->r schools, churcnes and educa 1 tlonal facilities, and for co-operation I.ettrra must kIvc th? nnme and nd drenH of ?h?* writer. Nnmc *>111 Dot be publt.ilicd if writer no retjuesta. Clean the Street*. To the Editor of The Times-Dlspn tch: Sir Now that th? city has been h? beautifully d*-<:orated for tho home coming soldiers, it seems to me a little time and money might have spent. In cleaning up of home of the street* Take the Houlevard, for Instance, one i of our principal drives .md promena.'-s Look at the weeds, several fee I high o:i tiie sidewalk parking; even in froni of tho Soldiers' Home. 1 heard a lady from the North, wno was here to v. ? ico:n?? or.r heroes, remark: Ric'n mond would certainly bo a beautiful cjty If sonic '>f its spo's were not so dreadfully neglected Why this reg ie t? J. II. I Richmond. Va.. May 31, 151?. U'lin Mnjnr Price Is. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir. -In Sunday's copy of The Times Dispatch 1 felt quite 'ind'.Rtiant when readme rhe following quotation from a cer- - ;:i (.Ulcer of tin* army: "Who is this Major Price, anyway?" I.e. me say to thv general that Major Price Is the chivalrous s mi of the pal lant Charles T Prize, of Hotetour".. as brave a Confederate as ?-ver drew :-ab?-r In defense of the South under Fltz liuRh l.ee. Major Price has been an ofllcer for : many years of a crack commar.d of 'he ! national guard cyf this city and a phy sician nf distinguished ability. If he Incidentally made any criticism of the 'condition <>f the returning troops. It is ; urtbollevablo that he could have ln I nqul rles regarding nlniost nnr topic, excepting on Ir^nl nnd medical mil>. Jtcls, are nunvrrrd free. A* nil tn (lltlrli'M nre nnaivtrerf directly l?y pcr aonnl letter, a aclf-nUdre.??c?. Mnmprd en* elope l? required. Ad Jrcta The Time a-Din patch Information llureau, Iticliinond, Va. ?123rd Infantry. J. IT. S., Sr., Richmond.?The regi ment to which the company you men tion belongs Is due to arrive at New-: i port News the Jam of this week or ths ? lirst of next week. Diamond Found In Virginia. Header, Richmond.?The diamond to which you have reference was found I in Manchester (now South Richmond),' j in 1S55, lin alluvial deposits which i furnished no clue as to tho place where tho diamond originated. When discovered it weighed 23 8-4 carats, other than what you state, we have] no information as to what finally be came of this diamond. IPosslbly r remains In the possession of heirs of tho Individual mentioned by you a.s : its purchaser. Idcjuor Production. W. O. A., Charlottesville.?The esli I States in the calendar year 1913 was ! tO,lRl.SfH barrels, as against 60.S17.37i> barrels in 11)17 and 5S,633.6-4 in 1016. Pennsylvania brewed the largest num ber of barrels in IMS. tho number be ing S. 17 1,1",7. During the fiscal year ending June 30, 191s, there wero 57.- i 651,88-1 taxed gallons of whisky pro-: duced in the Culled States; 2,342,921! gallons of rum; 6.756,667 gallons ot' gin; 167,267 gallons of high wines This outimate, of course, does not. take into account illicit production. Flret American Ship Torpedoed. Mrs. C. R. W., Richmond.?The tanker Guitliglit was the first American ship to be torpedoed by a German submarine. It was struck without warning on j May 1. 11* 15, at 12:50 o'clock P. M., off I the Sciliy Islands. It was bound for Rouen laden with a cargo of gasoline ami wooden barrels of lubricating oil and was flying the American flag. The vessel remained afloat and was later, towed to Crow Sound, Scilly, the next day. Tho captain, Alfred Gunler, died ot heart dis-aso induced by the shook and two o?f the craw, who Jumped over board. were drowned. Before the end of another week this outrage v/as over shadowed by the crowning Horror of the l.usitanta, torpedoed May 7. 1015. CJrand Admiral von Tirpitz, former Secretary of the German Navy, is re garded as the sponsor of submarine warfare. Advantages of Federal Reserve Hank ing System. W. T. R.. Boydton.?'The Federal Re serve Bank system enables the banks; of the country to concentrate theirj reserves under one central control. | where they constitute a much stronger j basis than if scattered among thou sands of Independent banks. Under, he Federal reserve system a safe and 1 -lastie currency becomes immediately j available wherever it is; needed, nnri, j also, member banks have a Mite source from which to get loans whenever they are needed. The system gives a ! greater sense of security to the pub- i lie nnd also to the Individual banker. 1 ft also furnis'nen a means of making payments between one part of the country and another at a minimum of expense, and provides a method of financing government need's with little or no dLsturbanco to general finances. i among the workers to secure their j economic and soci.il welfare. I l'ennancnt forest communities based on continuous forest employment woul<l inake of the forest worker a family man instead of a hobo. Those i determined to ho hoboes would be eliminated, but those who wanted set tled employment could have It. With such a system In vogue many of the labor difficulties In the lumber Indus try would bo ended. And such diffi culties cannot bo settled by model camps, for a camp, however model, in no substitute for home. The natural resources of the United States offers still further opportunities for tti? returning soldier and other workers. There are many million (irros of grazing lands throughout tho We.-tern Stntes which can be utilized for their benefit. There are also ex tensive areas of coal lands. A big, undeveloped coal field lies In the San Juan Valley, In Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado. A proposition has already been before Congress to build a government rall | road to tap this region. But the most I extennivo coal fields yet undeveloped 1 within the jurisdiction of the United ? States are In Alaska. The Matanuaka. coal lands in that territory are to bo | opened under a leasing system, though a large portion of them is to he re tained for exclusive government utlJl zatlon. In Its handling of the opera tions In tliesn eoul fields the govern ment lias a rhanoo to set a standard for proper labor conditions In the roln ; ln?r industry. The government railroad in Alaska, In addition to tapping the Matanuska coal fields will "open up vast areas now Inn i lit n t? ?- ? mi' ?oai area Inaccessible. Tt Is estimated that Alaska contains, in its valleys, which lie between Ice-covered tnountalne. about 65,000.000 acres of potential u pr icul tu ra t land now covered by a mea.ger growth of timber. The pro jected lines of government railway# nro jroing to penetrate. In Alaska, the last American frontier. Jn view of the combination of min eral. forest and agricultural resources to be opened In that vj?t country, nearly all <>f which is still public land, Ala i:a ^should present one of the most promising areas now left on the globe for those seeking a new start in l!fe. Another Scandinavia her" awaits de velopment. The government railroad is the first biic stop in this devclop n\< i:' If this n>iw country is to he an opportunity for the soldier and the worker, and not for the speculator, a colnn;xatlon policy must be the next step in rs development.?Cop'.Tight, l :??:?. tended to convey any reproach upon the morale of this splendid army that passed In review alonsc our "beautifully decorated str**'3 under the scorching rays of the sun. It Is to be hoped that when the next contingent arrives they can bivouac on our several city parks, where they can enjoy sand wl> !it s. Ice ere am, cake, lemonade, etc.. In old Virginia picnic style, and Jarc* printed f?rds to deslg n.i'o the location of the different unite. ? .'r:< "ds a*'d relatives c.i:i enjov their com pa n y. W >T KTOL7RT. Richmond. Va., June 3, 151 Books and Authors .... . u.tidu.n aata ic.ative to new forms of government insurance a?>d rights of officers and en li.-:ed men h>no:.il?ly discharged from th" service. A.-? catnp Insurance officer at ' 'a;:tp Lee. it is t'aptain Dy-ar's duty to inform the soldier .ibout to h* dis charged .if l?is valuable rights and pr;v i'evs uiidfr * !>?? war risk insurance act. This publ.. ttion presents in brief com pass all needed information for the soldier on the subject. "Jlmmle illgglns," by Upton Sinclair ? HaiiI .?? T.i veriglil >. la a sensational and controv-rsial novel that cannot be eneslv described ar.d classified In a few words. The author appraises It as the best book he h:n ever written. Cer tainly. it Is very interesting, though the reader is advised to lie on his guard against th* appeal of socialistic ?ioctrlnt\ with which the hook it, plen tifully equipped. Though the Incidents narrated are vouced for as real hap penings. with a change of names and locality, th* author's purpose Sr. writ ing the story is evident by the adroit ness with which he compels sympa thetic Interest in the victims of v.-jongs depicted with lurid pen. "Wlneshurg, Ohio." by Sherwood An derson <R. "W. Huebsch), is a group of ta.es of Ohio small-town life. V.'lthout any obvious striving for effects the author startles ys not only by the un usual treatment of tho elemental themes upon which his work Is based, but by the form of the hook which is neither tho conventional novel nor a group of unrelated short stories. The result Is to make the reader aware that underneath tho surface of a sleepy, commonplace, sordid. Middle "Western village lie* the material for comedies and tragedies that the creative artists of all ages have utilized. The types are all distinctly recognisable, but never exaggerated. There are no Btage lovers, no black villains, no handsome heroes, no perfect women. There are only real people, disclosed In all their weakness with occasional flashes of strength, with their human desire to be good ?as they know virtue?and their yielding to human impulse tha^ .we call wickedness. Unaffectedly and simply, with a reticence that Is tfar njore pow erful than tho overemphasis that an inferior artist would apply, the author Introduces its to the inner emotional lifo of the school t*acher, the minis ter. the. newspaper reporter, the hotel keeper, the banker's daughter, the vil lage physician and others. It is as if he admitted us behind tho scenes of a marionette theater where the strings and wires were being manipulated to produce the Hlinple effects of walk ing, dancing, gesticulating. The au dience sees but wooden figures, and is blind to tho process upon which their movements depend. This record of men's motives is terribly revealing. It will servo the fiction reader as psy cho-analysis has served the student of psychology. One realizes that there are no deadly commonplaces except to tho Ignorant and unseeing and that every life is potent with drama, though in some livefl there may be but a single moment of c-llmax An Ode to Virginia. Virginia! Virginia!! The home of the free? Birthplaco of Washington. O* Jackson and l.?ee? How glorious thy fabric, llow great the victory won! Tho home place of John Marshall, Great Henry, and Jefferson. Virginia! Virginia!! I.and of liberty! Bearing the noble shield, ?We will follow thee! Ring out the cry of freedom. Let It bo on every breath! Tell it to every nation? "Give me liberty or death"l Virginia! Virginia!! llow honor thee! Mother of noble heroes. The home of the free! Emblazon they grand banner? And thy sons will lift It high? With "Sic Semper Tyrannls." Saying, so Tyj-ants shall die! t Virginia! Virginia!! Mother of the Free! Thy laughters pure and true? Kver dear to thee! Celebrate thy martyr sons And tho cause for which they bled! All honor to these fair ones? Thy daughters?living and dead! CHAS. N. FRIEND* Chester, Va.