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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, June 22, 1919, Image 1

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The Paper Complete
The Times-Dispatch Cov
ers the Neivs of the World.
Working Investments
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69TH YEAR.
TOLUME CO
M'MltKK 173
ROOT OFFERS PLAN
FOR ACCEPTING OF
TREATY BY SENATE
Borah and Hitchcock En
gage in Debate on League
Covenant.
KNOX DECIDES TO CALL UP
RESOLUTION ON MONDAY
Solution of Former Secretary of
State Expected to Be Center
of Contest.
STILUS IS UITTKHIjY ASSAILED
Idaho Senator Says Hp Will Leave
Republican I'urty Should It Ap
prove Taris Terms,
tnv A?i>oelftt*d Pros*.I
WASHINGTON, Juno 21.?The league
of nations controversy in the Senate
was enlivened today by a scries of de
velopments accepted as foreshadowing
1 li?? lines Into which the iinal ratifica
tion light nu.y fall.
Kllhti P.'.ot. Secretary of State under
President Roosevelt, laid before the
Foreign Relations Committee a pro
gram for acceptance of the league with
Ci rtain reperv.it ions.
Senator Borah, Republican. of Idaho,
gave until <? in a Senate speech that
ho could not r< main in the Republican
party if it failed to take a more
definite stand against th?- league.
Senator H itchcock. Democrat. of
Nebraska, replied that no party dare<l
stand against t!..? league proposal, and
d?'dared the covenant was assured of
T??titt'.'atIon i>y Republican votes.
Jlny I nil L'p Hrmlntliin.
Senator Knox, Republican, of Penn
pylvaiua. decided to call for a show
down < f Senate opinion Monday by
bringing in his resolution declaring the
treaty cannot be accepted with the
league covenant attached.
Of these developments the ^recom
mendation of former Secretary ,Root.
presented after iwo days of conferences
lure with league opponents, attracted
widest discussion tonight because it
was regarded as embodying a plan on
which an appeal is likely to be made
for unity of action by all of those who
do not fully approve the Paris covenant.
The reservations which Mr Root
suggested should be written into the
Senate's ratification resolution would
be designed to soften the nation's ob
iltratoti. for guaranteeing the integrity
of foreign countries, and to further
safeguard the Monroe Doctrine, the
right of withdrawal from the league
and the determination of purely do
mestic problems These reservations
could be made, the former secretary
declared, in perfect harmony with the
traditions of diplomacy and without
endangering other league provisions.
.May Hrvrrxr Urrinlon.
The decision to bring up the Knox
resolution was reached after a con
ference of leaders had agreed that
some vote revealing the exact state of
Senate opinion would clarify the air
and strengthn the position of league
opponents. There were rumors tonight
that this decision might be reversed,
however, ami a substitute for the
Knox measure brought in later In the
week. But it seemed certain the op
position was determined to show its
strength in some concrete manner be
fore the treaty is submitted for ratifi
cation. . . . ,
Senator Borah made h!s threat of
withdrawing from his party during a
Hharp debate, started when the Idaho
Senator read into the Record a peti
tion signed bv twenty-eight prominent
New York Republicans, asking that the
peace treatv be ratified without delay.
Among the signers were George W.
Wickers ham, former Attorney-General,
nnd Oscar S. Straus, former ambassador
tr> Tiirkev. who were bitterly assailed
by Mr Rorali. Mr. Straus was talking
to several Senators just outside the
Senate. . ,
The speaker also quoted an appeal
of former President Taft against the
Knox resolution, in which Mr. Taft
Urged that politics should stop at the
water's edge.
Ilornli Mnkrs Speech.
"I" agree with that perfectly." con
tinued Mr. Rorali. "Does politics stop
at the water's edge regarding the
Monroe Doctrine? Yes, but on this
Hid-- of the water. And so with a mul
titude of other things in this covenant.
It is inconceivable that tills can be
kept out of politics, for the people
have no way to express themselves ex
cept through political parties."
"Was that the view of those who
signed the round robin?" interrupted
{Senator Pomerene, Democrat, of Ohio.
"I can only assume to speak for
myself#" replied Mr. Rorali. "There
never was an instant when I would not
have denounced my party as cowardly
if it had taken a stand for this league.
Air. Ma vs (the Republican national
chairman), says this is an American
question. It is. but it has two sides,
and on which side does he stand?
"I have been a Republican all my
life 1 should like to remain a Re
publican. But 1 would trample any
platform that Indorsed this treacherous
scheme, and 1 would spit upon any
platform that was silent on the sub
ject The international bankers may
monopolize everything else In the
Vnited States but they can't monopo
lize the rig at to organize a new politi
cal party.
Takfx Rnp nt Ilnys.
"M ?. Hays cannot commit the Re
publican party to neutrality. Certain
Republicans don't want the party to
tike a definite position, because they
know the Democratic party Is tlior
ougl.lv organized, and that In every
precinct ill the United States it is fight
ing for the league of nations.
"Mr Straus is around the corridors
of 'the Capitol now exerting his in
fluence as a Republican to get the party
?ot to take a stand against the league.
Wliv Is he here? Whom does lie repre
sent* So far as I'm concerned, it j
doesn't make any difference what the
Reiiulil" jan party does. I know there 11
be >"fc.rty, mat will stand for Ameri
C In ' lus* reply. Senator Hitchcock de
clared it was plain why the Republl- I
cans dared not take a party stand
a gain so the league, because "every test
of public sentiment made heretofore
has shown an overwhelming sentiment.
Republicans as well as Democrats, for
thTho Nebrrska Senator gave, the re
sults of a number of newspapers and
magazine polls, all showing majorities
for the league, and read a long list of
Republican papers which lie said were
supporting it. , ? .
"If the Republicans defeat this
treaty" Mr, Hitchcock continued, "they
will find out what the sentiment of the
country is."
Assured of Knough Vote*.
Asked by Senator Borah If ho would I
join In preparing a measure for aj
' (Continued ou Sccond Page.)
Temporary Writ Issued
Halting Printing Pressmen
fllv Associate! Pr<>sw.l
KNOX VII.I.I-:, TK.N.V, June 21.?A
temporary writ Iiiih l>rrn liiMurd by
Federal .ludKf Knnfurd rentralnlnK
lieorjce I,. Iterry, president of thr
I iilrrnii t loniil I'rlntlni; rrfnnmcii and
AnmImIiiiiIm' I'nion nnd other defend
ant* from ntiHpendliiK. rxprllhiR, de
claring In had HtnndliiK or In liny
ivUf ivlinl*orvrr dlMclplliilntc unj
member or uroup of member* of
the In te run I lonti I union, front nun
pending or declnrlntc in hnd Mtnnd
Iiir any locnl union or reviSkliiK or
cancrllnK tlic? rharlrr of nny local
ii 11 (on In Nulri IiiirrnntloimI union.
The rr nt rn In In k ordrr la nn otll
Krotvtli of n Hull instituted l>y vnrl
oum hranclic* of tlic union In which
In ?'>iik Ii( a rrcrl* ernhlp for the or
Knnl/.titlon. ArKumrnt on thr peti
tion for recel?er*hlp will be heord
before Federal Snuford In
t'hnttanoogu July 15.
BRAZIL TO STRENGTHEN
TIE WITH UNITED SMS
President-Elect of Sister Republic
Pledges Continued Friendship to
This Country.
PESSOA IS GUEST OF NATION
.Marshall Receives Him nt "White
House unci (jives Dinner in His
Honor?Will Visit Mount Vernon
Today on Mayflower.
TRv Associate*! Press 1
WASHINGTON. June -1?Brazil will
rejoice in continuing to develop more
and more the relations that bind her
to the United States, President-elect
, Kpitacio pessoa. of the Brazilian re
public, declared tonight at a dinner
> piven in his honor by the Vice-Presi
' dent oi the United Stotes.
; The distinguished visitor took the
first occasion after his arrival here
t as the guest of the nation to express
the admiration of the Brazilian peo
' pie f ,-r this country and to pledge
! their continual friendship. It was the
entrance of the United States into the
Kuropcan war, lie said that had a
? decisive Influence on Brazil's proce
dure. i
Arriving here aboard a special train j
! from New York. President-elect Pes-'
j soa and his party were met by high j
1 government official?, and taken to a ?
private ri-.-idence set aside for their i
! use. Shortly thereafter, acting Sec
retary of State Polk called and es
| eorted him to the White House,
! whore he was received by Vice-Presi
| dent Marshall, and formally we!
j corned to Washington as the guest
: of the nation. ;
Dr. I'essoa expressed appreciation
I for the courtesies extended him and ;
| said it gave hirn great pleasure to be
I here. Meanwhile, the wife and daugh
ter of the President-elect were taken j
to a hotel where Mrs. Marshall re
| ceived them.
; The dinner tonight wa.= at the Pan- '
(American Union, with Vice-President'
I Marshall as host. In proposing a toast
j to the President and Vice-President ;
) of the United States. Dr. Pessoa said :
I Brazil's frendship "increased with the |
confidence you were able to inspire in I
! the Brazilian people, in the solidarity!
; you always showed them for the de
j fense of their rights and legitimate I
i interests, in every phase of their j
I history."
, Tomorrow the party will visit Mount ,
I Vernon as guests of Secretary Daniels
on the Mayflower, and Dr. Pessoa will j
! lay a wreath on the tomb of Wash- ?
j ington.
! SENA TE COMMITTEE
I ADDS 20,000 MEN TO
PERSONNEL OF NAVY I
Increases Aviation Fund From
$13,000,000 Set by House
to $35,000,000.
rnv Associated Press.! I
WASHINGTON, June 21.?Revision of I
the naval appropriation bill was com
pleted late today by the Senate Naval
Committee, which ordered it reported
to the Senate. The bill authorizes ap
propriations of about $630,000,000, as
compared with $001,500,000 voted by the
House.
Most of the increase was due to the !
action of the committee in raising the. j
navy's enlisted personnel for 1920 from!
171.U00 to 191.000 men, together with
the increase from $15,000,000 to $35,
000."00 ordered in the aviation fund.
Without a record vote the Senate
today passed and sent to the House
the bill proposing Federal and State
co-operation in the national training
of persons injured in industry and
otherwise.
Federal appropriations of $500,000
this year. $750,000 in 1020 and $1,000.
000 in 1021 to start the work, with
a provision for like appropriations by
the States, are proposed, and the Fed
eral vocational education board would
he. given authority to supervise opera
tion of the plan, which contemplates
establishment of schools and other fa
cilities.
With the passage today of the sun
dry civil aivpropriation bill, authorizing
$4S3,600,00 Oof expenditures, the House
sent to the Senate the last of several
money measures that failed in the last
Congress.
D R A M ATICPR E Se?t Alio N
FEATURE OF CELEBRATION
Methodist* Hnve Clgnntle Spectacle nt
ColumhtiK, Hoprexentinnr Chris
tianity'* Triumph.
COLUMBUS, OHIO, June 21.?The
opening here yesterday of the Metho
dist centenary celebration was featured
by a gigantic dramatic spectacle, rep
resenting the triumph of Christianity
down through the ages.
The drama, suggested by the music of
Handel's oratorio. "The Messiah." re
quired a cast of over 2.500 people, ex
clusive of a chorus of 1.000 voices. The
Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra and a
huge, pipe organ provided tho orchestra
tion.
The centenary is being held in con
nection with the state fair, and it was
estimated that more than 300,000 people
attended tho opening of the exposition
yesterday.
UCE U-S0AT AT RIOT
Alaska Governor Send* Craft to laku
tat When .Native* Cnuae
Trouble.
TBv Associated Press.1
JUNEAU. ALASKA. June 21.?Sub
marine chaser No. 310 was ordered bv
Governor Thomas Riggs, Jr., to tl.e
vicinity of Yakutat village to quell a
reported native uprising there today.
The Governor also ordered the gun
boat Vleksburg to Kodlak and Port
Althrop, where cannery men are strik
ip?, and from where reports of alleged
Bolshevist activities havo been re
ceived.
"High Life Cigar*?All ftnallty."
On salo at all good stands.?Adv.
VIRGINIA BANKERS
SELECT OFFICERS
K. G. Vance, of Waynesboro,
Named President of State
Association.
W. F. AUGUSTINE RE-ELECTED
F. N. Sheppard, of Washington,
Speaker on Final Day of
Annual Convention.
NEW PORT NEWS, VA., June 21 ?At
the concluding .session of tho Virginia
Bankers' Association conferenco at Old
Point today Ii. i',. Vance, of Waynes
boro, \yas elected president for the
ensuing year; Tench Tilghman. of N'or
i ? .v.,Cfc-l?resldent; W. F. Augustine,
of Richmond, secretary, and F. D.
Majiliis. of Strnfiburg. treasurer.
Resolutions were adopted today fav
oring t >i?? W'arflold plan of turning the
railroads back to private ownership.
Tho banker* rejected a resolution to
amend the constitution allowinn dele
Kates who are officers in two or more
banks to cast a vote for each member
bank.
Among Hi" speakers on the closing
day s program was F. N". Sheppard,
connected with the L'nitcd States Cham
ber of Commerce in Washington. Shep
pard took for bis subject "A Few Items
or. the Credit Side."
Tell* of Developments.
Mr. Sheppard'#* talk was based along
the lines of the great developments In |
many lines of work as a result of the '
world war. He told of the advance
made isi airplane construction, as well
as in navigation. He held that the
merchant marine now possessed by this
country i = directly due to the war.
"The greatest lesson learned, how
ever." ?aid the speaker, "was the lesson
'>f thrift." He pointed nut the float
ing of the various loans which were
distributed among 20,000,000 people, j
many of whom now have an idea of
a bond for the first time in their life.
"Another pain of the war." said Mr.
Sheppard, "is the standardization of
manufactured goods. releasing ma- |
terial" and eliminating useless pat
terns." He also held there had been
a distinct advance in surgery and sani
tation and that millions of young men
have learned sclentitia principles of
personal hygiene.
linpt Itndlcnllntle Kltort*.
In discussing the draft of young
men into the army, Mr. Sheppard |
nuoted statistics which showed that
one-fourth of the men inducted into 1
service could not read or write Kng- !
lish, and many thousands of them
failed to understand the orders given
them by the officers. He declared the
efforts to Americanize these people
merited the fullest consideration and
support of people who admire and up- i
hold good government.
"There is no place in America for
those who would undertake to change
the form of our government," said tho
speaker, "whether this be done by
force or by other means. The Iron
hand of the law should be placed upon
them and they should be taught that
this country Is not an international
boarding house or an anarchist cafe."
"The part America must take in the
rehabilitation of the world." said Mil
ton W. Harrison, of the American
Bankers' Association, "makes It neces
sary for this nation to float additional
government securities to absorb with
in the next few months not less titan
$3,000,000,000 of purchases. To do this
there must be a continuation of the j
thrift which has 1 een an Important
feature of our lives within the past
year or more." He urged the abandon
ment of luxury and useless expendi
tures.
Advocate* Thrift Stamp*.
A continuation of the campaign for
the sale of war savings and thrift
stamps was advocated by Dr. J. Stan
ley Brown, vice-director of the savings
division of the Treasury Department.
Mr. Brown also indorsed the "own your
own home" slogan and declared the
movement would prove of incalulable
value to the United States.
The association applauded the state
ment that the billions of dollars which
have gone annually into drink, which
drain on the resources of the countrv
will be stopped after July 1, should be
directed Into legitimate channels of
trade. "Instead of using this monev
for something that drags up down, le't
us use it for something that will build
us up and put us on a higher plane than
even before," he said in concluding.
REFUSE TO REPEAL
DRY BILL CLAUSES
Proposed Amendment Would Per
mit Ordering of Wines and
Beers.
OPPOSE 'NEAR BEER' SALOONS
Prohibitionists Would Limit
Alcohol in Medicines to Half
of One Per Cent.
WASH F>TCt TON, June 21.?A pro
posed amendment to the pending pro
hibition enforcement bill giving the
President authority to repeal the war
time prohibition act, insofar as it af
fects the. sale of light wines and beer,
was defeated today by the House
Judiciary Committee, 12 to 5.
Wayne B. Wheeler, geneml counsel
of the Anti-Saloon League of America,
appearing today before the Senate
Judiciary Committee considering pro
hibition legislation, urged enactment
of a law prohibiting the manufacture
and sale of near beers and all malt
and distilled liquors irrespective of
whether they contain any trace of
alcohol. He said, however, he did not
favor any action against "legitimate"
soft drinks.
Would Limit Alcohol.
Mr. Wheeler also urged the com
mittee to recommend legislation limit
ing the amount of alcohol in medicinal
liriuidH and compounds, whether medi
cated, proprietary or patented, to one
half of 1 per cent. Mr. Wheeler told
the committee one purpose of prohi
bition advocates was to eliminate near
beer saloons, through which "there
would be possibility of evading the
urv laws."
Representative Dyer. Republican, of
Missouri, told the House Judiciary
Committee he was certain President
Wilson would rescind the beer and wine
sections of the war-time prohibition
act. The President will take this ac
tion next week, he said.
Mr. Dyer declined to give his au
thority for the assertion, but declared
he was "very positive" that beer and
wine will be saved. He added that he
had not received a reply to his recent
cable to the President urging that he
suspend these restrictions.
Representatives Fitzgerald, of Massa
chusetts. and Igoe, of Missouri, Demo
crats. and several other members of
the House expressed confidence tha.1
the President will take some action
along this line next week. It is safe
to say that the feeling is stronger than
ever among the Congressmen that the
United States will not go "bone dry"
July 1.
Sny? Order Sleeping.
When he learned of Mr. Dyer's state
ment, Representative Randell, Prohibi
tionist, of California, declared the
, President could not rescind the beer
! and wine sections without removing
I the entire war-time prohibition act.
"No action by President Wilson," Mr.
Randell continued, "will change my
plan to offer an .amendment to the en
forcement bill to compel absolute pro
hibition after July 1."
The committee adopted a motion by
Mr. Igoe amending section 10, so as to
t permit possession of a formula for the
manufacture of alcoholic beverages.
The amended section still prohibits,
however, the sale of pamphlets and
receipts for home brewing. The sec
tion now reads:
"That it shall be unlawful to sell,
manufacture, advertise or possess for
sale any preparation, compound, tablet
substance formula, direction or recipe
advertised, designed or intended for
use in the unlawful manufacture of
I intoxicating liquor."
KlimliiHfe Section.
The committee made another conces
sion in eliminating section 25, which
was framed particularly for its effect
in facilitating the curbing of boot
leggers. Under the wording of the sec
tion, any person caught carrying in
toxicating liquor on his person could
I have been branded a "common nuis
ance" and enjoined.
The provision prohibiting one person
from telling another where he could
i get a drink was amended by adding
' the words, "in violation of the law."
NEW HUN CABINET
IS ORGANIZED WITH
BAUER AS PREMIER
Dr. Herman Mueller Is
Named Minister of
Foreign Affairs.
ACCEPTANCE OF COVENANT !
PUT UP TO THESE OFFICIALS
Majority Are Not Compromised
by Radical Utterances Re
garding Treaty.
RSQU^ST IS SENT TO PARIS,
Germany Asks Membership in League
of Xntions Before Signing
Peace Pact.
fBv Associated Press.1
PARTS, June 21.?A new German
Cabinet has been formed under the
premiership of Horr Bauer, former
Minister of Labor, with Dr. Hermann
Mueller, the Majority Socialist leader,
as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The other members of the Cabinet
are:
Minister of the Interior?Dr. Eduard
David.
Minister of Finance and Vice-Premier j
?Maihias Erzberger.
Minister of Economics?Herr "Wis- :
sell.
Minister of Labor?Herr Schllcke>.
Minister of tho Treasury?Herr!
Meyer.
Minister of Posts and Telegraphs?
Herr Giesberts.
Chief of tho Colonial Office?Dr. Bell. ?
Minister of National Defense?Gus- i
j tav Noske.
Minister of Food?Dr. Scbmidt.
No appointment has been made to i
the Ministery of Justice. Herr Meyer, I
the new head of the Treasury Depart
ment, Is a native of Kaufbeuren, Ba? ;
varia.
David Not Compromised.
Dr. David has been known as a!
Chavinist Socialist and more conserva- j
tive than Scheldemann, but less com- i
, promised by public utterances to a re-!
| Jectlon of tho treaty than the former j
j Premier.
I Herr Bauer, the new premier. Is a !
I Socialist and held the post of Minister
of Labor. In the course of his official i
duties he has had much to do with the
striking workmen, and recently
brought about a settlement of the
general strike in Berlin.
Dr. Mueller has become one of the
leaders of the majority Socialists since
the revolution. He was party whip in
the National Assembly. In a recent!
speech Dr. Mueller declared the former j
German Emperor was not wanted in I
Germany and that he "belongs in a i
pathological ward."
The name of Eduard David has been
linked with that of Philip Schelde
mnnn as one of the leaders of the Ger
man Socialist party in the Reiohstag
since before the war. From 1915 to
the time of the revolution lust Novem
ber Dr. David in his speeches In the
Reichstag opposed a war of conquest
by Germany.
Dr. David was a member of the or
iginal German delegation to the peace
conference, but. retired in favor of
Herr Landsberg on account of ill
health.
Mathias Erzberger was head of the
German armistice commission, and Is
(Continued on Second Page.)
RICHMOND 'SOPPOR TUNITY
A Series of Business Suggestions on Definite Means for Building a
Greater and More Prosperous Richmond.
By J. LeROY TOPE, National Authority on Business Economics.
(Article >'o. 1?,\o. 2 'Will Appear Jnne ?5)
"The World's Peace,?and Richmond, What?"
After four lone years of n hor
rible war that has shaken (lie very
foundations of (lie entire world, our
thoughts turn naturally nnd thank
fully t.<? the .subject of I'enec and
what it portends. And the think
ing men and women of today rrnlixe
all too well that- beyond the sign
ing of that greatest of ull Wdrlil'H
I'eace treaties there lurks the shad
ows of another war yet to be
fought; hue happily we are nssured
it will not be with recourxe to arms
and bloodshed.
-?.And thin war muni be fought by
the men nnd women who Mtood be- .
hind the nillcd armies during their
titanic NtTUKRiei these are they wliu
must wage and win the coming war
?a war for the reNtitiitlon of na
tions and the rebuilding of n foun
dation that must InHurc a lasting
peace for prosperity aud for prog
res*.
And In that reconstruction it In
obvious that the whole world of
commerce will lie remapped. Trad
ing channels of the past1 will be
more or less wiped away, and new
courses mapped out. Where Wur
ISurope lias long domlnnted the great
world's outside trading, other na
tions must take the place and find
n vastly greater tradings the carry
ing of raw mntcrlnls half around
the world to make into finished pro
ducts and then shipped largely back
whencc came the raw materials
must he changed?it must be since
a new economics, taught' of the
wnr, will enforce It, and new na
tions must share In proper portions
of tlint prosperity.
A'or will this shifting of the
world's trading benefit alone the
several nations as ?ttclit It will pro
vide vastly greater advantages for
growth and prosperity Co individual
sections of each country?and par
ticularly our own. Foreign ship
ping can no longer be controlled by
one or two Atlantic ports ?">r this
country; hut tiulf and I'licllic, as
well as even inlaud ports, must find
advantages.
This means a vast shifting of
domestic commerce from section to
section of the United States, nnd out*
of which we must fake careful pre
Iiiventory of what Richmond should
do to attain her goal for greater
growth and greater prosperity.
It is needless to remind ourselves
that, back of nil else, the last war
was the struggle for control of the
world's markets. The fast ovcr
CKowding population of Kuropcun
countries demanded most insistent
ly greater employment nnd more
moneys for their people, nnd Just
ns thnt population increases too
greatly for home ninrkets must tiic
people find extended markets for
what their hands produce.
The eight hundred million people
in Wjir Kurope?eight times our
own population?gives a popula
tion (even Including Itussln) of 107
people to the square miles In Italy
It was X!Os Germany, llllli Austria
Hungary, 1IC| France, 100; while In
the l<. S. it was only its. And Just
ns our own population, even section
by section. Increases, mo must our
trading -outside Increase proportion
ately, else our prosperity vanishes.
It requires $200,000,000,000.00 year
ly to feed nnd clothe nnd care for
those Wnr-Kuropenn countries; $82,
00(1,000,000.00 for food alone nnd an
other 940,000,000,000.00 Car clothing
each yenr.
In addition to their liome produc
tions, Great Britain, France, Ger
ntany, Austria-Hungary, Itussln. Itel
gium nnd Serbia -were buying about
*8.000,000,000.00 yenrly and of
which about $.'{,000,000,000.00'' wns
bought among themselves In trading
bnck and forth, ltemaining Kurope
was buying another 90,000,000,000.00
and 009b of it' from those wnr na
tions.
This means thnt those rtonntrles
hnd been buying some 911,000,000,
OOO.OO yearly, and with only iHr/o
of It from the United States. If wc
fake the whole world nslde from
North America, wc find It buys $14,
BOO.OOO,000.00 yearly, nnd only 1-1%
from the United States?even South
Amerlcn was buying only 1(1 'fr> of
her $1,000,000,000.00 yearly purchases
from us.
As to the United States, It takes
some $ 14,000,000,000.00 to feed,
clothe and care for our own people;
nnd nil this money must be created
froin trading?the Southeast section
must have nlmost $'-,000,000,000.00
of thnt for her own needs; nnd It
must be created In yenrly profits?It
cannot be taken from the principal,
else It will soon he impoverished.
This hasty survey of the grent
world of trading and what It means
to the world at large to entirely re
vn 111 p the whole course of trading
will serve ns a beginning and for n
better understanding of what we
shall have to say in subsequent ar
ticles ns to how it will affect our'
own city. It Is the ambition of Th?
Times-Dispatch to leave nothing
undone to build to the maximum
greater growth nnd prosperity for
Richmond and all It* people nnd In
terests. And to this end we must
begin at once the Peace Century
llulidlng of Greater Richmond?be
gin nnd prosecute the work along
well-thought-out nnd most reason
able lines for assured success.
HUN CREWS SINK ENTIRE
GERMAN FLEET INTERNED
IN HARBOR OFSCAPA FLOW
Radio Message Says
Germans Will Sign
?WASHINGTON, June 21.?That
the new C.ernian Cabinet will nlsrn
the pence Irrnly In dcelnred to ht
certain in ii wlrelenn tii?pntch from
Nnurn plrkrd up by flic Navy De
part meilt'n radio tnnii;lit. The mf?
natce wn* dntcd llerllti. and nd
drcjiurd lit tlir committee on public
I n fc > rin a I ion. It wnn unnljcrfed. Thr
dispatch ivn* badly Knrblnl. but
the nenteiice, "ilmilnc In certain,"
iv?? clear. Tliln part uf It with
reference to Cabinet clianRr.i alno
wan Intelligible s
"New Premier (In place of Von
Sebeldeniann) In Lnlior Minlnter
llraer. Provisional MlnUtrr of For
elcu Affairs In Von HernntorlT, wlio
after slcnlni; become* ambannndor.
Ilruer replaced on labor portfolio
by Slnzheilcr."'
PRESIDENT IS OPPOSED
Unless Germans Sign Peace Treaty
by Monday Night Hostilities
Will Resume.
DELEGATES MITCH AGITATED
Reports That Rerlin Cabinet Changes
Wero Merely Part of Srhemo to
Gain Tiniu Havo Caused Some
Bitterness.
PARIS, June 21.?"Tho President Is
unalterably opposed to changing the
ultimatum. Unless tho Germans ac
cept the treaty, the President will in
sist that the .armistice be ended Mon
day night, and hostilities resumed on
Tuesday. Should the Germans an
nounce their readiness to sign and
point out that they are physically un
able to replacc Von Brockdorff
Rantzau, then the President will con
sent to wait the actual time necessary
for a new peace delegation to reach
Versailles."
This was the announcement made to
night by the American commission in
reply to rumors that an extension of
time had been granted the Germans,
in order that they might form a new
Cabinet and appoint another peace
delegation.
Reports that the Cabinet changes
reported from Weimar were merely
part of a scheme to gain time have
i caused much bitterness, especially
[ among tho French and American dele
; gates. It Is expected, of course that
' the Germans will resist to the last,
! but it is insisted that if this philander
ing is carried beyond 'Monday night,
tho allied armies will advance and
the navies will enforce the blockade.
Confidential information received to
night by tho American comtnisioners
indicates that the majority Socialists,
Democrats and Centrists are In favor
of accepting the terms and probably
will not seek further delay.
Count von Bernstorff is said to be
slated to succeed Count von Brock
dorff-Rnntzau, as foreign minister and
head of tho peace delegation. His
reported selection is regarded as a
favorable sign. When his name was
suggested as a member of the original
delegation it was intimated that he
would not be acceptable to the Ameri
can commission. If he ihas been
selected now It would Indicate that
acceptance of tho terms has been de
cided upon.
SAY AMERICAN ARMY
IN GERMANY IS BEST |
EQUIPPED IN WORLD
Personnel of 223,000 Is "Hand
Pickcd," With Best Sup
plies Ever Assent bled.
THv Assoclnted Press.!
WASHINGTON, June 21.?Army offi
cials here said today the American
army now preparing to advance into
Germany could operate as nn entity
separate from its home base for a year
or more if circumstance*? should re
quire. They declared the force of 225,
000 men probably was the best equipped
that ever had been assembled.
The personnel was described as prac
tically "hand picked." with equipment
of the most modern type. Great depots
in the area behind Coblenz wore filled
with the best of the reserve supply of
each division returned to tho United
States before the remaining surplus was
concentrated further in tho rear for
disposal.
In the event of an advance it is the
opinion here that ma First and Sec
ond Divisions will bo the active ele
ments with tho Third and Fourth as
the immediate reserve and the Fifth
holding tho third line.
DANIELS ASKS PALMER
TO DEFEND GOVERNMENT
Ile?|tief?t.H A t torne j-(;encrnl to Repre
sent Navy Department In Suit by
Oil Company.
fBv Associated I'ross.1
WASHINGTON. June 21.?Secretary
Daniels today asked Attorney-General
Palmer to place tho legal machinery of
the Department of Justice at the dis
posal of (lie Navy Department in de
fending the suit brought against the
government by the Atlantic Refining
Company to recover $2,200,000. repre
senting the difference between the ten
tative prices paid by the navy for fuel
oil and gasoline during the war and
the current market prices in Philadel
phia.
Navy Department officials said today
that with one exception the Atlantic
Refining Company was tho only oil
comnany to refuse to accept the srov
ernment's prices. The first step of tho
government In the suit was the filing
of a motion to change jurisdiction from
the district court in Philadelphia to
tho Court of Claims, which is now be
fore the District Court.
EXPECT PLANE TO START
Ilonr for ??IIop Off" of riandley-I'oge
IIombliiK Machine Tentatively
Set for 0 A. 211.
I Bv Associated Preso.l
ST. JOHNS. N. P., June 21.?The
Handley-Page bombing plane, piloted
by Vice-Admiral Mark Kerr, probably
will start from Harbor Grace tomorrow
morning on attempted flight to the
Irish Coast, it was announced here to
night. The hour for tho start has been
set tentatively for a A. M.
.. i
ALL BATTLESHIPS
EXCEPT ONE SENT
Seamen Open Seacocks and
Then Flee to Small
Life Boats. ||
SEVERAL SLAIN AND SHOT
BY BULLETS FROM BRITISH
Under Terms of Armistice No
Allied Guards Were Placed
on Vessels.
CAJLI/ED INTERNATIONAL THEFT
English Officials Indicate They Be
lieve Crime Was Ordered and
Directed From Berlin,
LONDON1. June 21.?On the very day
the German ministry under Premier
Scheidemann was giving way at Borjin/ /
to a now ministry under the premier
ship of Herr Bauer, for the purpose
of meeting tho allied demands with
respect to tho peace treaty, tho Ger
man officers aAd crews of the German
warships interned at Scapa Plow
opened the seacocks of the vessels.
Many of the larger vessels?battleships
and cruisers?wore sent to the bottom.
Some of the smaller craft were bcached.
Only a very few remain afloat.
Under the terms of the armistice',
t according to the British Admiralty,
these interned vessels were manned
only by Germans. \V"hen' the ships
were settling deep the Germans took
to the boats, some of which, refusing
to surrender, were shelled, and a num
ber of tho Germans killed or wounded.
Eighteen destroyers were beached by
tugs; four arc still afloat, while tho
remainder went under.
Pinna Cnrefully Mnde. ? ; ??
Tho wholesale sinking of the Ger
man ships, which wero surrendered
under the terms of the armistice, was
carefully arranged by officers and
crews. All explosives had been re
moved. and, therefore, the only means
of destroying tho fleet was by. opening
the seacocks. The ships went down
slowly, with the German flag, which
the crews had hoisted, showing at the
mastheads.
The crews, composed entirely of
Germans, under the terms of the armis
tice, which did not permit of British
guards aboard, took to the boats when
the vessels began to settle. While
making for the shore the boats wore
challenged and called upon to sur
render. Some of them ignored tWS
summons and were flred upon, a few
casualties resulting.
This stroke apparently was an entire
surprise, and the first news reached
London through a correspondent, who,
was Informed by farmers in the neigh
borhood that they had seen the Ger
man ships sinking, with their flags
aloft.
Itrport Officially Confirmed.
The Admiralty at first denied the re
port, but later confirmed It and Issued
an official statement The Gorman
officers and crews have been made
prisoner. None of the officials tonight
would offer an opinion as to how thoy
are to he dealt with.
The statement, which was Issued by
the Admiralty, says:
"According to the latest reports from
Scapa Flow all tho interned battleships
and battle cruisers have been sunk
except, tho battleship Baden, which Is
still afloat. Five light cruisers have
sunk, but three have been beached.
Eighteen destroyers were beached by
local tugs. Four destroyers are still
afloat. Tho rest of the destroyers have
sunk.
"A German rear admiral and most
of tho Germans from the ships are
now in custody aboard British ships.
Some boats from the ships refused to
stop when ordered and were fired on.
A small number of Germans wero killed
or wounded.
"In accordance with tho 'terms of
the armistice, the German ships were
interned with skeleton crews as care
takers and without British guardai
aboard."
Mnke-ITt? of nigh Fleet.
When the German high seas fleet
surrendered last November and was
taken to Scapa Flow. It comprised
nine battleships. Jive battle cruisers,
even light cruisers and fifty destroy-,
ers. As far as is known, all the ships
are still at Scapa Flow.
The battleships at Scapa Flow are
the Kaiser, Kaiserin. Koenlg Albert,
"Bayern. Markgraf, Kronprinz Wilhelm,
I'rlnzregent I,ultpoia. Grosser Kuer
fuerst and the Frederlch Dcr Groase,
averaging about 25.000 tons each. Tho
battle cruisers are the Seydlitz, Hln-'
dcntnirg, Moltke, Von Dcr Tann and
Dertlinger.
The sinking of the German fleet !n
Scapa Flow may bo regarded as the
greatest international bank robbery in
history, whatever its minor aspects
may be. Britain must account to the
allies for whlxtever loss may have been
suffered, because she was the self
appointed receiver of the fleet. Dis
position of the former Kaiser's armada
has never been definitely determined
by the allies, although various sug
gestions have been advanced, Including
apportionment among the allies and
sinking of tho whole fleet at sea.
I Only the barest details grudlngly
admitted by the Admiralty have boon
given to the public so far, but It Is
safe to perdict that an uproar and de
mand for a parliamentary investigation
will follow publication of the iul}
news.
llrltlMh Pride Hart.
Not only is British pride fearfully
hurt by tltis twelfth-hour German
laugh, but tho national conscience is
strung because of the responsibility
assumed as curator of the German
fleet. Altogether it Is an embarrassing
contrast to the joy pa*ann raised over
the Ignominious surrender on Novom*
her 22 last.
Scathing comments aro to be ox*
peoted from the French press, InasH
much as France had counted upon ac?
quiring some of the German ships to
build up her own fleet, and had rigidly
opposed tho suggestion on sinking th?
fleet at sea.
"This tardy scuttling of the dlshon*
ored German fleet will not add luster
to the German reputation," said the
Express, "it is doubtful If anybody
is to blame."
Commenting on the sinking of th*
German ships at Scapa Flow. Adralra.1
Sir Cyprian Bridge* said tonight:
"This plcca of jjra'.ulioua iniquity

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