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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, July 07, 1919, Image 6

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UidStoi a> A?" ,hy T1". Tlm??-mi?i?atfh Pub
y?o2*erw ** ' Charlea ^ Uanbrook, Editor and
TJONS to The Tlmea-Dln
l'?th, mil not to Individuals.
TELEPHONE: Randolph 1.
Ptm ate Drum-It (jrlmntA
connri'llnt with all drpitrt
ington. 1410 New York Ave
nue : New York City, Kiftb
iorlt llty. Hftli
Ituildlns; Clilcujro,
in Hirtlilljs;
Colonial Trust
People'* t>a.s Itirtldluc
ADVANCE by mall: Dally
' -mHWrfrrm nu nnd Sunday, one year, $0.00;
'*. ' Br1 iH" trU R3 B months. *t.7.V 3 mouths,
SC.4I>; one month. 00 centa.
Dally only, one year, ?<i.6U
Dally only, tine year, $<>.*>0;
$1.7.1: one month, 6A rent*.
Sunday only, one year, S3.23;
fi inonth*i, $1.73; 3 months,
00 tentk; 1 mi'iilh. 30 relit*.
VICE: Daily, with Sunday,
1H cent* a week) Dally with
out Sunday, 12 cent* it
week: Sunday only, 7 cent*,
r ' It opr friend* who fnror u? with manusrrlpt* and
lliartrtttfon* for publication wli?h to hate unavailable
article# returned, they must lu all lastn ?ud Humpj
! for th^t purpose.
Associated I'rrsa In ? \clut?l*ely entitled to the use for
republication of all news dlxpMtrliCH cretlited to It or
pot otlierwi*e credited In till* paper, and also the
local AewK published herein. All rlcht* wf republica
tion of special disputcliew hrreln are al>o rf.wrtnl.
. It is hardly likely that descendants of the
Hun signers of the treaty will organize a
s society and seek to afliliate with the Auieri
can Descendants of the Signers of the Decla-_
If it was possible to regain and reconstruct
old Ananias, the Bolshevists and their rivals
In Russia would agree promptly to accept
him as joint ruler and make peace, because
the characteristic that won him celebrity
would strike a responsive chord in both and
secure for him their admiration, adulation
and cordial affection.
Henry*;Ford's suit against the Chicago
Tribune ^or $1,000,000 damages for reflect
ing on his loyalty is now in the eighth week,
with the end still not in sight, in Texas a
Bult of ex-Governor Ferguson against the
Houston Post for $100,000, on a similar
charge, was tried in two days and judgment
rendered for $10,000 damages. This shows
that the rule against speeding up in court
is not invoked to the extent in Texas that
it is in Michigan.
With the date of completion of demobili
I zation definitely fixed us September 30, those
thirsty souls who have been looking long
| ingly to the President for aid now know
approximately when a resumption of
quenchers will be permitted to them. That
?will leava a little moro than three months,
jj in which"Jtime they must Imbibe a sufficient
I quantity bf the stuff that exhilarates to last
, _them indefinitely, for on January 16 it will
disappear.Via the Constitution.
According to a story being told at the
national capital, a letter was received at the
Washington post-ofiice addressed as follows: '
"Bone-He&d Bureau, Washington, D. C."
Without a moment's hesitation one of the
letter carriers wrote on the envelope: "Trv
War Risk' Insurance." The Bureau of War
I Risk Insurance welcomed the letter and
opened it. The text ran "This letter was
addressed to the 'Bone-Head Bureau' on a
bet that ii woulck.be delivered to the Bureau
of Wrar Risk kisnVa*nce. Was it?"
The Federal Department of Agriculture has
'issued a statement in which it says that a
[ survey of the meat situation reveals that the
excessive retail prices now prevailing are not I
justified t$y wholesale quotations. That has !
been very; evident for some time. The only I
solution the department suggests is more i
strict Federal supervision. Since such super- !
) vision, heretofore lias been restricted to i
wholesale prices, one fails to see wherein '
. the consumer will be benefited unless the re
tailer is taught a needed lesson.
It is now rumored that Italy is to bo brought
into unprotesting accord with the Adriatic
solution insisted upon by President Wilson
by giving it a slice of Germany's African
colonies as a compromise settlement of its
claim for undisputed possession of Finnic. It
is believed that this arrangement will anpeii
? to the mass of the Italian people and com
r P,e,tely restore^ the former amity between
, Italy and the I nited States, which has been
i 6?mewhat impaired by President Wilson's
standpat attitude relative to the Fiume
problem. a
K,?nenkamp rn{irched his men
up the hill and now he has marched them
!| down again. With a blare of trumpets and
confident prediction of a speedy tying Un of
the country's wire business, he called what
was press-agentc-d as a great strik" of the
Commercial Telegraphers* Union. Less than
| a month later he orders the men hack to thr-ir
an acknowledgment of defeat The
?pibTic never has understood just what the
.Strike was about or what definite end it wis
hoped to attain, and it is doubtful if Konen
karop himself had as sane a view of this
point as he should have had when he proposed
to throw a monkey wrench into the machinery
jj. Of a .whole nation just emerged from a crea't
? Certainly, the strike was ill advised,
'I and it is well that it has ended quickly.
| To Republicans looking in and Republicans
plooklng out there is a remarkable difference
In the aspect of the political landscape. When
;i, the Democrats had control of Congress the
| G. O. P. was righteously rampant for a Fed
;|feral budget system. Now that the go p
f is in control and has the chance to enact one
the parties stand com
vptttted, and it sees visions of park through
retent,on of old, discredited methods
,;?tth*s recanted its faith and defeated the vr-rv
"^hing to which it had pledged its word and
J.JU^honor. It is a matter of wonderment how
Uxt American people will submit to the
wasting of its resources and the misconduct
ing of its financial affairs in a manner that
would cause the officials of any private cor
poration to be kicked unceremoniously from
their jobs.
Try Him Too
tho Imperial German Chancellor at the
outbreak of tho war in 1914 and did not re
linquish his post until acts of outlawry had
I been committed which forced America to
I enter the conflict, has como forward with tho
i proposal that the allied governments put him
I on trial and not the former Emperor. Ho
assumes full responsibility, as the actual
head of the German government, for all
policies and acts of that period and seeks to
vindicate William Hohenzollern of any guilt
in connection with initiating or prosecuting
the' war.
The first half of the former Chancellor's
invitation should be accepted. The allies
should arraign him before a high court of
justice, and if he is guilty of forcing the war |
on Europe and tho world, he should be made
to pay stich price as one human life can pay.
But the second hnlf of the proposal should bo
rejected and it will be rejected. The late
Kaiser cannot escape the punishment for his
own crimes because a faithful follower is
willing to go to the gallows in his place.
It Is tho manifest duty of the allied gov
ernments to try both men and all others who
participated in the fateful decision to back
Austria in its wanton assault on Serbia, who
demanded that war on Russia be declared,
who urged that war on France be declared
and who resolved on the violation of Bel
gium, an act which compelled Great Britain
to throw itself into the great struggle. When
these counts in the indictment are disposed
of. the same court or another might call to
the bar of justice the men who planned and
executed the unrestricted submarine raids,
plotted the destruction of the Lusltania, the
Arabic, the Essex and scores of other de
fenseless passenger ships.
Not one of the arch-murderers of the Ger
man empire has paid with his own life or
his own blood for the war which they began.
William Hohenzollern and his brood of
princes came through the strife unscathed.
Hollweg. Kuehlmann, Zimmermann, Von
Tirpitz, Hindenburg, Mackensen and the rest
of the red-handed brutes escapcd with their
lives, although they drove millions of German
men to their death and drenched the Conti
nent of Europe with human blood.
Hollweg may imagine that he is doing a
heroic thing in offering himself as a sacri
fice to save the former Emperor. He may
be acclaimed by the monarchists who fought
hard throughout all the peace negotiations
to gain immunity for the men who made this
war possible and to save them for restoration
to power, if the Gefman republic should col
lapse. But it is not enough that the late
Chancellor should be brought to justice. It
is not enough that he should be found guilty,
even upon his own confession, and his life
The whole world knows that if Wilhelm IT.
in 1014 had decreed there should have been
no war, there would have been no war. And
the world knows that, it was his decision to
fight that plunged practically all of Europe
into tho maelstrom. If his accessories both
before and after the deed wish to be placed
on trial too, the allies will have no choice
but to take them at their word, but they
cannot assume all the guilt or even the
major part of it.
Paying An Old Debt
THERE are many reasons why the United
States should pay to the republic of Col
ombia a reasonable sum of money for the
property taken by force when this country
undertook the construction of the Panama
Canal. It is no more defensible for a power
ful nation to sandbag a smaller one than for
the footpad to waylay an unsuspecting victim.
And, meritorious as was the project which
the Roosevelt administration had in mind
when it perpetrated its international grab,
the fact remains that lands of Colombia were
seized, appropriated and absorbed into tho
American territorial scheme without any
recompense whatever to the loser.
The Colombian claim should have been
paid long ago. President Roosevelt himself
should have made a settlement with the sister
republic, but he could never be persuaded to
believe that he had been a party to an un
worthy transaction. President Taft should
have found means of disposing of the claim,
but he, too, held back on the grouud that
this country might bo willing to make a
payment in money for what it took, but un
willing to make an apology in the same
breath or to make any apology at all.
It remained for President Wilson to initiate
a treaty with Colombia under which the gov
ernment agreed to pay that nation for the
property it had made away with. He was
even disposed at tho outset to acknowledge
that the l.'nited Slates was not justified in
proceeding as it did in its sleight-of-hand
deal with t?he new republic of Panama.
But the country as a whole would not consent
to such an acknowledgment, and the treaty
proceeding languished. Now the adminis
tration is moving once more in the direction
of justice to Colombia. A new treaty is being
negotiated providing that $25,000,000 bo
paid over to the Colombians, but that no
apologies be made. Colombia has indicated
a willingness to sign such a pact and the
Senate seems ready to ratify it, although there
is a wide difference of opinion on the part of
Senators over the amount of money which i
Colombia should have. In the first negotia
tions $10,000,000 was proposed and agreed
to. Later the sum was raised to $15,000,000,
and now $25,000,000 is the stipulated figure.
A few millions more or less may not be a
matter of great importance to a nation now
used _to talking in terms of billions. This
was the attitude when the government agreed
to pay Denmark nearly twice as much for
the Virgin Islands as was originally asked.
If Colombia feels that its loss has amounted
to $25,000,000, interest included, and stands
ready to forego the apology which it
originally insisted on, the country generally
will not get. excited if Congress appropriates
the high figure and closes an unfortunate
incident once and for all.
Ono great advantage the bomb throwers
havo over the Secret Service Ir that they do
no* look for their press notices until after
the performanco.
In the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles tho
Hun delegates must havo found nothing but
unpleasant reflections.
From the Window.
From the window I look out upon the River;
It stretches wide between graasy banks
Dotted here and there by rocky breasts
Of hills doscrted.
Kstuary of the Bay. It rocks to the tides?
Rises and falls, and In its ebb and flow
Brings breezes?friendly breezes to cool me,
Or scorching south winds to parch my brow.
The River winds and runs to the Bay,
And there joins other rivers in a race
To the great ocean.
But I cannot think of my River
As a part of the ocean.
I know it where it rises.
It is a tiny spring?a trickling stream?
A little singing brook grown into Bigness
And mad with Tower.
Some men bark so much they loosen their
teeth till they can't bite.
"Brave man, brave man! . . . He went right
over the top like a brave man!"
"Yes he did! He was afraid to his boots that
someone might think he was Beared!"
Mnklnit Myself Solid at Home.
She sews fresh buttons on my shirt and gets
my laundry out; she lends me money any time
my own goes up the spoilt. She swears I'm
right when I am wrong. Come. t>oys, All up
with wine and drink a toast to a paragon:
"That Mother-ln-L/aw of Mine!"
Providence provides some .comfort for all
sorts of men, except fat men.
Time's Change.
"Not so long ago the health people were tell
ing us to substitute leguminous vegetables for
"Yeah; now they say substitute meat for
"Uh-huh. By the way, d'you happen to know
anybody who owns a potato?"
Hang the man who gets along somehow, and
crown the guy who bucks the line in an emer
At 7: A cute little Miss, 1 declare, with elusive
gold curls in the glint of her hair and a
sweet little mouth, pretty lips that invite a
kiss all around when she bids us goodnight.
At 12: With her slate and hor books seeking
knowledge to fit her for life, with a vision
of college; and a little boy waits at the gate,
as a rule, to see her safe home when she
comes out of school.
At 16: Behold, she is wearing long dresses and
a dozen boys fight for her slightest caresses.
A belle of her set. she begins to evince a
settled desire to capture a Prince.
At 20: The Queen of the debutante's ball, she
sits on a throne at the end of the hall and
blushes and pouts, as her soul seems to feel
the fervor of love where her courties kneel.
At 22: Now she has ten times denied the ru
mors that she Is to be a June bride; for
Charlie's too stout, Jhck too thin, Tom too
tall, while Dick, Hal and George are Impos
sible, all!
And so it goes on; she has reached 27 and is
still cutting men who aspire to her Heaven;
at 30 we find her Ft M picking and choosing,
but with very few men she's the chance of
At 40: As sere as a last winter's carrot she
lives all alone with a cat and a parrot. She
jUands in her splnsterhood quite perpendic
ular, but wishes, at times, she had keen less
It's a waste of time to try convincing a
blamed fool of anything at ah.
A Defease.
I know a poet-humorist,
Who borders on despair;
He's scratched so hard to raise a Joke
He's lost his shock of hair.
?Boston Herald.
Well, after all. a head of hair
Is not quite all the Jam, son;
Consider: Hair caused all the woes
Of Absalom and Samson!
Business Problems
Author, Harold Whitehead.
Profit Shartn*.
CHAPTER V.?(Continued.)
A puzzled look flashed between the brothers.
Charles now spoke.
"I fear I do not comprehend."
"You Ray you have a profit of $40,000?" They
both nodded. "And a capital of $200,000?"
Again two vigorous nods. "Now. have you
credited yourself with $12,000 Interest on the
investment?which Is 6 per cent of 1200.000?"
"So," snapped James; "of course not. We've
drawn our salary as we should, but as for the
reat?the $40.000?that Is what we have for our
Investment. What's the sense of splitting It
Into two items? By investing it oursolves we
make $40,000 Instead of $12,000."
"Kxactly," agreed Duke, "but let us suppose
that you had borrowed that money; you would
have had to pay 6 per cent, let us say, for it.
Is that reasonable?"
They both agreed rather cautiously that it
Duke refilled and relit his hookah before go
inar on.
"Then In that case your profit would, have
been $28,000 Instead of $40,000." Again two hesi
tant nods. "So. for the Investment, the capi
talists who borrowed the money would get $12.
000. You two gentlemen for your work would
receive your salary while the business would
show a profit of $28,000. Tn a word, gentlemen,
you must dissociate yourselves from the busi
ness and you cannot say that the business has
made a profit until a reasonable return has been
paid to the owners of the capital.
"Tf you want to get a true view of your own
personal revenue, you must look upon your busi
ness as something apart from yourself. You
each receive revenuo from three sources which
might Just as easily be unrelated as related.
One Is your salary, another Is your bonus from
the business you work for and the last la from
your Invested capita)."
James looked a bit angry and uncomfortable,
but Charles spoke up.
"Thank you. Mr. Duke, T never realized It
that way before. I see now that the profits from
the business are really only $28,000 *.nd that is
th-> sum out of which wo must pay any bonuses
? that is. If you can show us a reasonable way
to do It."
"Well." added James, "now we have that
straightened?and I hope I'm man enough to
admit I was wrong, Mr. Duke?I suppose you
have all the facts you need?"
Duke shook his head. "No; I've ft very Im
portant question to ask you now."?To be con
tinued tomorrow.
A Daily Once Over.
The Inner Sanctnm.
A hlch-storipijjJr, smartly-dressed young lady
entered the urytb-date office of Dr. F. Klshent,
the foxiest physician In Pltchburg.
"Do you pull teeth?" she replied, haughtily.
"I sometimes extract them," replied the doc
"Yes, but why do you ? Oh, well, busi
ness first, questions afterward. On with the
gas-mitsk. nurse," said the doctor, as ho ? lov
ingly picked up a chisel hammer, and a pair
of tongs.
(In between these two?II?chapters, the tooth
was pulled out.)
"But. my dear Miss ?" began Dr. F. Fl?h
ent. after It was all over.
"Truta Ijlphe," supplied the young lady.
"Rut my dear Miss Llphe, why hftve you had a
perfectly good front tooth extracted?"
"Well, dootor, I have Just had ft part in my
new play given mo where I have to Hthp. I
couldn't llthp before, but now I can llthp
eqtSwithltely." she smiled.
'Twurse.!" cried the doctor. "Water?quickl"
But-^he fainted anyway, _ w ,
Health Talks by Dr. Wm. Brady
.(Copyright. 1913. by National Newspaper 8?rv! e.)
ISatlne Salt.
Ordinary table salt contains 9,7 to 93 per cent
sodium chloride. A cortaln amount of sodium
chloride lf? Indispensable to life. Vegetable
foods furnish lltttle of it. but foods of animal
origin furnish plenty. The meat oater can,
therefore, cut salt out of his diet, but the vege
tarian cannot. Vegetables contain considerable
potassium, which must bo balanced in the body
by sodium.
If too little salt Is supplied to the animal
economy anemia develops. And there is a di
munltlon or disappearance of the hydrochloric
acid which Is essential to normal digestion in.
the stomach. However, life can bo maintained
for a long time without any salt other than
that naturally present in foods.
if too much salt Is added to food?a habit
which many have?the Kidneys are taxed to
eliminate the excess, and experienced physi
cians and experimental workers believe, that
the excessive use of salt is one cause of Bright's
disease. When the amount of salt taken Is
greater than the kidneys can liniinate, ed-tna
(dropsical swelling) occurs. A tendency to
ward transitory edetna, and perhaps some ill -
stances of that annoying or alarming condi
tion called anglo-neurotlo edema (sudden in
explicable dropsical swellings hero and there
about the .body) may be caused by overindulg
ence In salt or salted foods.
A diet as nearly salt-free as possible is much
proscribed in the treatment of dropsical condi
tions if it is known that these conditions de
pend upon defective or diseased kidneys. Of
course, two out of three cases of dropsy arc
due to other causes.
Headaches have been relieved in other cases
by a low salt diet.
In <i description of .a series of forty-five cases
of acute nephritis (acute Bright's disease) ob
served In a base hospital in France. Urs. Vander
Veer, and Saunders conclude that the cause is
unknown, but that the nephritis seemed to oc
cur more often in people who ate too much salt
and meat. Most of the cases terminated in
complete recovery. Restriction of intake to a
quart of lemonade daily, for the lirst. day or
two. bleeding if there was marked difficulty in
breathing or much dropsy, and rest in bed on
a salt-free diet were the remedial tnenaurcM
found most beneficial.
Salt in excessive quantities provokes diar
A reasonable amount of salt with food aids
digestion and also aids the kidneys in the eli
mination of waste matters. What is a reason
able amount of salt? Perhaps two teaspoon
fuls a day. When more than an ounce a day
Is consumed (this includes salt naturally in
the food and salt added) harmful results may
?Mighty Master-Key.
BY P.VI'Ij M. MAItiil lKi,
Prominent Itnnker.
If we read aright the signs of the times.
England and the United States, soon to be
joined by France, allies of the past, will be
partners rather than competitors in the future
?partners not of a close corporation to the
exclusion of others, but a partnership wide
open for any respectable new associate wish
ing to enter. Or perhaps we might more prop- !
erly term them joint trustees, with "Miters, ud- I
ministering a great public trust. If there Is
to be Immediate and intense competition be
tween their peoples. It ought to be on this one ,
and only ground: "Who will be able to save *
most, Jn order to be able to help most."
The ownership of no Jess than $8,000,000,000 I
of foreign government obligations, probably ;
billions more before we are quite through, con- !
veys to the government of the United States }
the possession of a master-key controlling the (
foreign exchange market for some years to |
Nobody Is wise enough to say today what
the ultimate disposition of these foreign bond
holdings will be. Some bonds may actually be
paid off when due, others may have to be re
newed by our government; in other cases for- j
eign governments when their bonds mature, as j
a renewal operation, may offer their own bonds :
for sale to the American investor instead of
to our government.
The war has accentuated and vastly accel
erated the growth of government responsibil
ity and Influence In business. This develop
ment Is world-wide at this time; it is natural, ;
logical and inevitable. While it wfll tend to
elevate business, there is danger that unless |
carefully safeguarded in both form and scope,
it may tend to corrupt and to debauch gov
ernment. It is this peril that we are facing at
the moment of our proudest triumph, and it '
must be our serious concern that h national
effort born In idealism should not bear the |
seeds of ultimate national decline.
The readjustment period Is pregnant with the
seeds of good or evil; what it brings forth will
depend upon the care and devotion the country |
gives to its problems. It is a period for con
structive thought, not for destructive criticism.
?Copyright, 1019.
A Tabloid Tale.
Ideas Right Around You.
If vou are an artist in any line of work or
accomplishment, and you want to be thought
original, don't get the idea that you must travel
far and wide to gain material.
Given the proper amount of technical skill.
It is the scenes we know best which we can ;
paint b'-st?the experiences which have cut In j
the deepest which we know well enough to t
write about.
Human Interest, heart Interest, is the thing
which counts when your purpose Is to catch the j
Are you aiming to Interest a few of a class, ]
or are you ambitious to be known generally |
because you touch the heart strings of hu
manity? , ? ^
Now. to touch the soul, one need not be ,
original, but to keep the attention of everybody |
it is necessary to do and say things in an un- j
usual way which pleases, or at least attracts j
A few there are who never do things like
others because they don't know any, and these :
are naturally original. |
The rest of the human family can do some- i
thing original by knowing so well what others !
do and then doing something else.
So familiarity, knowledge, close observation
are important.?Copyright, 1919.
News of Fifty Years Ago.
(From the Richmond Dispatch. July 7, 1S69.)
The Executive Commit- j
tee of the Conservative i
party on Saturday night
named Colonel Thomas J.
Evans as a candidate for j
the State Senate iri tho \
place of Mr. Branch. Be
cause of new business ar
rangements, recently made
necessary, the colonel had
to decline, whereupon the
committee n a in e d Mr.
Charles Campbell. The
Conservative Republicans
met and named Mr. Frank
C'ol. Thomaa .1. Krans. 1 in. Stearns. Mr. Stearns
Prominent.Citizen. jn {ln earnest speech de
1860. cllned in favor of Mr. j
Campbell, and urged all of his Republican
friends to support Mr. Campbell, and In order
to make sure of his election there should be
no third candidate in the field.
The funeral of James R. Branch took place
yesterday from St. Paul's Episcopal church, and
was attended by the largest concourse of peo
ple seon at such a service in this city In years.
All of tho business and political organizations
of the city were represented, and all of these
during the day passed resolutions showing tho
universal sorrow over the untimely death of
this distinguished citizen. The pallbearers
were IX T. Williams and James A. Scot.
Tobacco Exchange; W. H. Crenshaw and .Tor
dan H. Martin, of the Corn Exchange; David I.
Burr and John Purcoll. of the Chamber of Com
merce; Raleigh T. Daniel, General William Ma
hone J It. Morton. John F. (Jlenn. Dr. Hunter
McGulre. Richard E. Pegram. Richard Irby. J. U
Oftrrington, Frank G. Ruffin, Major Robert
Stiles and James B. Jones.
The last grand rallies of tho campaign for
Henrico will bo at Whlte'H Store and Young's
Mills today. At the latter place there will bo
a barbecue.
There was some fun at Chester on Saturday.
Porter and the negro Fields, the two Rcpub I
ran candidates for Congress, had a joint debate.
Afier Fields had ridiculed Porter to his satis
faction Major Robert Stiles addressed the
crowd in the interest of tho Con?c;\a ...
"Yankee" Allan spoke at a barbecue at Hali
fax Courthouse Saturday, and went on a special
engine to Danville <i. time to speak there at
nieht and help Colonel Thomas S. Flournoy tell
the people of tl.at .town oS the iniquities of
1'1 A.t^M*I d?01h^an on Snlurday the biggest crowd
*ver assembled in that part of Chesterfield
rountv hear.! MarmatUike Johnson. John R Lay.
George D. Wise and Colonol F. R. Farrar. of
Amelia Cour.ty. It was an all day speaking.
Jtev Solomon Poole, revenue assessor for the
i Fourth North Carolina district, has resigned.
A better paylni Job awaits him, it Is said.
National Problems Discussed for Headers of TJhe Times-Dispatch by
Authoritative Writers?A Dally Editorial Feature.
I^obbin, the horse. Is formally and
officially recognized by the United
States government ub food. The Agri
cultural Department bill. Just passed
by Congre-ss, includes an appropria
tion of $100,000 'Tor the Inspection of
equine nieut in the manner provided In
said act." Really, thero is promise
that the horHe meat business will bo
rome extorsive and Important. Pack
I ing houses to handio it arc being built
J in two Western cities.
It Is another result of tho war. In
Europe some millions of people who
never had eaten horse learned to eat
it .because they could get nothing bet
ter. They found it to be as nutritious
as any other meat, and want it now
because It is cheaper than any other.
This promises lo solvo the problem
of tl>e light weight horse?. On the
Western prairies, especially In the In
tormoun tain States, are many thou
sands of horses weighing from 650
to '.?."0 pounds, too big for ponies and
too liiilit for draft and riding purposes.
These have had a cinch?or, rather,
have escaped the cinch. They have
profited by a consistent record of In
| efficiency. While their we'.l-grown and
; full-sized brethren and sisters have been
! sold off or put to work, they have
] been left idle and fattening, living in
| luxurious ease. Now they are headed
i for the sausage mill and packing
| house. They will not be salcabla as
| meat abroad unless officially inspected
and st imped by our government. Hence
j the appropriatIon.
However, the demand is not confined
to Europe. Many people will be sur
! prised to know that in seven largo
i cities of this country horse meat now
[ is sold regularlv, after official Inspec
i tion under municipal authority. Tho
i consumers are generally European lm
! migrants, but increasing numbers of
Americans, under stimulus of the high
, cost of living and the rising prices of
beel, mutton and swine, are overcom
ing their prejulces and turning re
luctantly t>> horse. Wo need not be
surprised 'If .there burs'.-* forth an
I advertising campaign and a torrent of
propaganda on the merits of "equine
foo i products," as tho department
diplomatically describes them. Dr.
Mohler, of the Bureau of Animal In
dustry. seems to be an enthusiast on
the subject, and a delegation from
Montana which went to Washington
talked horse in a way never before
Letters mint give tke name and ?*?
Arena of the writer. Mnme rrlll net i>4
published il writer no requests.
The I.ouUlana Resolution.
To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Sir.?The following revolution pass
ed by the Louisiana Legislature, which
preceded the passage by the national
Congress of th>* Anthony suffrage
amendment, is worthy of adoption by
the Virginia Assembly:
"Wh? reus, under a government exist
ing and exercising its authority by
votes of the people It is obvious that
whatever power shall declare who shall
vote will control that government, and
"Whereas, if the people themselves
shall declare who among them shall
exercise the franchise, they are free,
and if external powers shall control
that privilege they are not free, and
"Whereas, there Is in the so-called
Anthony amendment a measure de
signed as a second attack upon State
control of its own electorate, which
will pave the way for further control
a Information Bureau.
Inquiries regarOlae almost topic,
eirrptlnK on lr^;nl mid medical aub?
jecta, ure unnnrrrd free. Aa all ia
quirlra ore uastvrred directly by per
aomil letter, n arlt-addreaaed, ataniped
rn \ elupe la required. Addreaa Tke
Tlniea-liispatch Information ilureau,
Itlchmoud, \ u.
(?asollne n ?cen?lty.
J. W. R., CUrkesviile.?In the case
to which you refer the court held that
gasoline was a necessity, and. there
lore, cwuld be sold on Sunday.
Stenmnhlp Rotterdam.
H. R. T? Richmond. ? The steamship
Rotterdam was built at Belfast In 190i
!\>r the Holland-America Co. It Is of
steel < r'istructlon, has a length of 650.5
feet. I* cadth of 74.4 feet, depth of 43.5
fe?-t. displacement of 37,200 tons, gross
tonnage of 24,149, speed of seventeen
knots, jiropelled by two screws, has
a steam pressure of 215 pounds per
square inch, and indicated horse power
of 15,000.
Declaration of War In 1812.
E. T. C., Boydton.?An act declaring
war between the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland and the de
pendencies thereof and the United
Slates of America was approved by the
President at 3 I*. M. June 18, 1S12. The
act was drawn up by William Pinck
ney. then Attorney-General of the
United States. It passed the House
June 4. 1S12, 79 in favor, 49 against,
and passed the Senate June 17, 1812;
yeas, 19; nays, 13.
H. E. F., South Boston.?Most of the
rubber produced comes from the Val
ley of the Amazon in South America,
the central part of Africa, the East
Indies and a small portion from Mex
ico and the southwestern part of tho
United States. Rubber from the United
States is obtained from a number of
plants in paying quantities. The rub
ber obtained from the hevea tree Is of
the highest quality and Is known as
Para rubber, because it is shipped from
Para, in Rtsr.U. The Congo region In
Africa abounds In rubber-producing
plants. The guayule, a shrub growing
from three to five feet high, is be
coming an important source of rub
ber. This plant is also found In
.Northern Mexico, and In the south
western part of Texas.
VOKlr, Famous War Dog:.
Subscriber, West Point.?Vesle, the
most famous war dog from Europe,
and the dog that boasts of the most
human friends in the world, arrived at
New York February 26, on board the
transport President Grant. He was
taker, to Chicago, where he will be 'n
tho caro of tne mother of Junius IJ.
Wood, who, with Raymond Carroll,
found the dog. These war correspond
ents were in a car neajr the Vesle River
when a black, wooly poodle, with four
white feet and white nose and breast,
came swimming across the river. He
made straight for the car, climbed in,
drenched the occupants of the car with
one heartfelt shake, and made himself
at home. Nobody knew whether^ he
was a French or German dog until a
correspondent of the Jvondon Times
put on a uniform of a captured Ger
man officer and started to oarade past
Vt-sle. He was rescued before Vesle
chewed hlin up. There was no doubt
that Vesle was an ally. Vesle had
been a prisoner of the Germans for six
weeks, and when found he was wound
ed In tho neck. It was plain he be
lieved In "an eye for an eye and a
tooth for a tooth." Vesle was wounded
at Flsmes, where he escaped from the
Germans. He was the first member of
tho Third Army of occupation to cross
tho Rhine Klvcr. He attended the
peace conference and hobnobbed with
Foch, Clemenceau, Halg. Pershing and
other notables who always happen
about Paris. Dana Pond's painting of
the allied war council included .Vesle.
General dl Rohllant, of Italy: General
Bliss, of tho United States; General
Belin, of France, and General Sack
vlile-west, of Great Britain, grouped
around a table as if. studying a map.
Vesle squats beneath the raised foot
of General Snckvllle-West. The dog\<*
presence In this plcturo adds a touch
of sentiment and seals tho undying
glory which ho achieved in tho war.
He has his favorite corner In the Rasp
berry Club In Coblenz, which was do
nated him by Charles Schwab.
I heard lo this land. The members ar
gued tha-t the little horses canrtot be
left to starve, and that If shot on the
range they become literally, according
to the familiar couplet, "a dean hose,
a dead loss." They consume quantities
ot forage needed for animals which are
useful. Living In the open, feeding
on good grass, drinking pure water
and doing no work, they become-fat
and their meat Is wholesome. All the
argument Is for the horse as meat and
against him as a nonessential Inhabi
tant. Opposed, as an Inherited, In
grained prejudice of the averare Amer
ican citizen, with which most of us sym
pathize for no very clear reason we
can give.
The prejudice has been banished In
Europe. Those of our people Who
wero in Paris during the war overcame
It for the sound reason that often It
wis a distinct case of horse or noth
! ing. Nobody can tell how long will be
; required to overcome It here. It de
I ponds, probably, on how long hlght
| prices for other meats will continue,
i The second or third generation from
| now may see, along with dwlly air
. trips 10 lx>ndon and adjournment to
Lisbon for real refreshments after a
drlnkless meal in Richmond, horse meat
r?n every menu card and roast, .broiled,
boiled, baked, friend and stewed, at
Intervals ori every dinner table. Revo
lutions move upward. After the peo
i pie of modest means and the poor get
; the horse habit the others will follow.
! Then there will be a new competitor
' for the catle. sheep and swine pro
| ducers and the present packers. In
fact, the lust may feel the competition
; realy and seriously within the next
' year or two. so far as export business
| is concerned.
However we may sentimentalize,
' however close we may feel to the horse
, sis a friend and be disposed to regard
the consumption of him for food as
i soryhow something like cannibalism.
, there is no doubt that such use will
. have far reaching economic effects and
1 result In making what heretofore has
been a practical waste an article of
? largo commerce and a meant of great
i saving In human food costs. Inci
dentally, the new meat will be a new
I kick to the apostles of vegetarianism.
, already saddened by the spectacle of
entire nations protesting that they
'could not live and flourish and main
tain sanity on vegetable diet.
! of State electorates to the final destruc
I tlon of the liberties of the peoplp: be It
j "Resolved. That we call upon our
! sister States of the Union to declare
I tor State Integrity and the safety of
American democracy and vigorously
i oppose Federal interference or control
I of Slate franchise." VIRGINIAN.
Richmond. Va.. July 4. 1919.
Books and Authors I
I "The hand of Strong Men," by A. M.
Chlsholm (the II. K. Fly Company.
New York), Is a story of romance and
; adventure In the cattle country of the
I Far Northwest, by the author of
"Precious Waters" and "The Boss of
I Wind River." The book Is Illustrated
I by Frank Tenney Johnson.
It Is the literary flaw>r and the
1 artistry of "The Fledging." by Charles
' Rernard Nordhoff fFloughton Mifflin
Company), which makes It distinctive
among war books. Certain chapters
of the hook wero printed in the At
lantic while Lieutenant Nordhoff was
I still in France. *'
....... v/i one ot the most Important
: books of the war, the offlclal history
of the "Lafayette Eacadrllle."
Frederic Arnold Hummer, author of
I The Web." "The Battle Of the Na
I tions." etc.. has Just been accorded the
t honor of having one of his novels. "The
Ivory Snuffbox" (Written under the
pen name of Arnold Fredericks), select
ed by the National Library for the
Blind, of Ureat Britain, for translation
j by the Braille evstem into a book for
I touch reading. The book, which com
prises. when made up for the blind,
three large volumes, weighing fifteen
pounds. ha? Just been completed. The
work of making these books is entirely
don* by hand, and is hence a very
long and costly operation. Only a very
few can be made each year, and the
selection of a novel for this purpose
| la. therefore, an unusual compliment.
"The Bounder," by Arthur Hodges,
I has been one of Houghton Mifflin
j Company's most Interesting problems
lot this season, but, like most caprlc
, lous offspring's. It la a favorite at
home. The variety of public opinion
expressed In regard to this realistic
i novel of New York life has placed It
i In the class which has either strong
| friends or violent enemies. Its re
. views, many and positive, are embraced
i by these two extremes of opinion:
I The New York Sun caustically de
j scribes the book as a 'literary rough
house." The Philadelphia Press jays;
"It Is a good deal to say that Ameri
can literature ts being enriched by
work that almost Indisputably spells
genius, and yet It Is no exaggeration
to say that readers of Thackeray or
of Dickens must have felt much tho
name When first t/hey read 'Vanity
Fair' or 'Dombey and Son," as the
reader now feels who peruses Arthur
Hodge,s' "The Bounder.' "
Rarely does an American hook re
ceive the attention in English papers
that Is being given to Zona Gale's lat
test novel. "Birth." While this volume
here was received by the most dis
cerning of American critics as a work
of unusual ability and fhterest, It
would almost seem as though It were
to remain for England to accord It the
enthusiastic reception which It really
deserves. This Is not to say that It has
been Ignored In this country?rather
that It has not realized the predictions
of Its friends or of those leading critics
who were certain that It would go
to a far wider circle of readers than
have Miss Gale's previous writings.
.Certainly If the published reviews may
ibe taken as a criterion, there is In
England a practically unanimous en
dorsement of the story as a great piece
of work, a work about which there
can be no two opinions. Here, for
example, are a few lines from a Lon
don paper which may be said to be
typical of English literary reaction to
the novel: "Miss Gale's style In her
new novel. 'Birth,* Is notably limpid
and free from ornament. At times she
suggests Jane Austen and sometimes
Mrs. Meynell, with the midnight oil
strained away from her prose. . . .
We have stressed Miss Gale's style be
cause very lew women novelists have
ever exercised the patience necessary
to reach her pitch of craftsmapshlp.
She must have disciplined herself as
rigorously as It. L. Stevenson. And her
style Is the apt vehicle for an easy
invention of incidents, wide human
sympathy, keen observation of life in
an American township, a gay, kfnd
humor, and an insight into character
at times almost uncanny; not less so
when disclosing the motives of men
than when dealing with the foibles of
! women. She understands what very
! few women can be brought to admit,
I that tho spiritual side of a man's love
Is far deeper and more subtle than that
of a maid. This is a remarkable noveL
Miss Gale's nicety and daintiness are
based upon a strength that Is almost
"Unidentified Soldier.**
The following lines were written
a'fter visiting the graves of the Ameri
can soldiers In Cralgton Cemetery and
reading an Inscription on one of the
simple crosses: "America: Unidentified
Soldier, 10-6-18."
Hero unmarkod thou art! Thy ss
Chamber Is thine own. Wrapped In
Silence, thou alone oan'st fathom
Depth of mystery; and link thys
[To a world unknown within tn:
I Slumber. Touching the Infinite,
Thou canst rrasn
muu Hione oan'st fathom the
Depth of mystery; and link thyself
To a world unknown within thy
.Slumber. Touching the infinite,
I Thou canst grasp the destiny unseen;
i Yet in thy ailftnce there comes between?
; Carved with thy life and saorlflce
Keen?a Monument of Peace!
God knowa thee and thy numbart *
Merrytetta. Goran. -J,

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