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69TH YEAR. RICHMOND, VA? MONDAY, JULY 14, 1919. ?TEN PAGES "?',IER _clqudY ? PRICE, THREE CENTS'
SENATORS TO TAKE PEACE PACT TODAY Foreign Relations Com mittee Will Meet and Discuss Clauses. COURSE OF ACTION WILL BE DEFINITELY DECIDED Sentiment Is Still Divided as to Whether President Shall Appear. MAY DEMAND SECRET PAPERS I.<odge Asks for Documents of Agree ment Between .Japan and Germany. Others Make Requests. mv Aiuif>ci?t?d Pr?f? T WASHINGTON. July 13.?Considera tion by the Senate of the peace treaty with Its league of nations covenant ? actually to open tomorrow with the meeting of the Foreign Relations Com tnittee?transcends in interest anything expected to come before Congress this week. Both branches of Congreps. however, i havo a buHy legislation week ahead, with the debate on prohibition en forcement legislation expected to con tinue in the Mouse and with final dis position of the agricultural and nun- ; dry civi! approprf*rion bills, vetoed by the President, to be decided. A num ber of committees, both those engaged in drafting legislation and those con ducting investigations, will hold meet ings The Senate Foreign Relations Com mittee, to which the peace treaty was sent after It had been laid before the ?Senate by President Wilson Thursday, will hold a special meeting tomorrow to decide on the course to be followed in considering the document. Although opponents of the league of nations covenant held a conicrence today, there was no indication that any plan of action, either In committer or on the floor of the Senate, had been de finitely agreed on. Sentiment In Divided. Committee sentiment as to inviting the President to attend hearings on the treaty and to discuss the various treaty questions still is divided with a number of leaders strongly opposed to such informal procedure and stlii favoring formal action by the Senate through adoption of a resolution to obtain the desired information from the President or the State Department. The immediate program for considera tion of the treaty. lt<rpul>ltcan leaders said tonight, will be its careful study by the Foreign Relatlor.s Committee. Jn this connection it Is planned to act on several' resolutions oalHrt^-trrfmr? State Department for papers needed by the committee In ItH examination of the treaty. These are the resolu tions of Chairman Lodge, requesting a Copy of the alleged secret treaty be tween Japan and Germany: of Senator Borah, Republican, of Idaho, request ing a copy of an alleged memorandum by Secretary Lansing. Colonel llouse and General Bliss, protesting against the Shantung agreement, and of Sena tor La Follette, Republican, of Wiscon sin. calling for papers concerning al leged action by Costa Rica on peace questions. Now Drafting RenervatIons. Not for some time, probablv two or three weeks, according to Republican leaders. It is planned to launch the res ervations to the treaty, which are in process of drafting. Most of this week, it is expected, will be required to study and discuss the lengthy treaty. Regardless of whether President Wilson or other members of the Amer ican peace delegation are invited to appear before the committee, it is re garded as certain that some time will be spent at tlie outset in careful study of the official draft. Debate on treaty subjects will be renewed in the Senate tomorrow with a prepared address by Senator Swan eon. of Virginia, Democratic member of the Foreign Relations Committee, who discussed peace subjects at length recently with President Wilson* House to ConNldrr Veto Bill. The House tomorrow will take up the $34.000.00ft agricultural apprpprla tlon bill, vetoed by President Wilson yesterday, because of its daylight sav ing repeal rider as special business by unanimous consent. Action is planned on a motion to override the President's veto, with advocates of the repeal pro vision doubtful of obtaining the neces sary two-thirds majority to override the veto. If the veto is sustained. It js proposed to repass the appropriation bill without change in its money pro visions and with the daylight repeal clause eliminated. The measure, it is believed, then would lie passed Imme diately by the Senate and champions of the repeal legislation forced to turn to the separate bill passed by the House early in the session for aban donment of daylight saving. To Debate Prohibition Kill. The prohibition enforcement bill, upon which general House debate ??1 closed yesterday, will follow the agri cultural appropriation bill with wide discussion under the five-minute rule. lJebate is expected to run several days In view of growing opposition to dras tic features, and a final vote may not be reached until next week. The Sen ate Judiciary subcommittee also will continue work this week on the Senate enforcement bill, In an effort to report out the measure before the House takes a final vote. Long debate, ac cording to leaders, is assured in the Senate, Indicating several weeks' delay In final action on the enforcement legis lation. Besides the agricultural .appropria tion bill, leaders plan to rush through this week, if possible, the 5605.000,000 sundry civil appropriation bill, also vetoed yesterday by President Wilson. The House Appropriations Committee plans an early meeting to consider steps to meet the President's objec tions to the limitations made in the foimer bill on appropriations for voca tional education of soldiers and sailors. Lifele difficulty is expected and leaders hcfyed that both the agricultural and sundry civil bills will be enacted before July 15, when many thousands of em ployees are payable from funds carried in the two bills. Hearings will be continued by the Senate Banking Committee on the re nominatlon of John Skelton Williams, Comptroller of the Currency, while tome action Is expected by the Senate Judiciary Committee on the nomina tion of A. Mitchell Palmer as Attorney General. ITALIAN PRINCE COMING World Tour Abandoned Decnuxe of War Will He Mnde Thin Fail. fOv Associated Press.! ROME, July 13.?Plans for a world tour by the Italian Crown Prince, abandoned at the outbreak of the war, have been revived. ? According to present arrangements, he will leave this fall, going to North and South America first. Order Trading Resumed in Rhineland Region IBv Associated Press. 1 CODliBIVZ, July n Thi i.i?. y'J.j'' Hhlnetand commlmiion jetd I??ucd n notice u? 'cIvlllTm* In the occupied nrcn* thnt trude 'W , !e r?~e*tn hi lulled Inimcdl ''' the Interior of <;pr ri-rtniJ*" . oco,,l?lcd urriiH under certain rcntrlrtlon*. Tliln teflon from PdH nVhr, 0!'.U'lal n,??"?e.itlon* been lined 'hQt t,,e blot*<>de I ndfr the orderN of the comml* e Khlnelnnd in forbidden. Shin t o"l ??d coke "voiildci'n |,rP!,ent regulation*. The !?ro ,Tl.17"H" l;nn.M",,,p'd thnt It would the removal' Tf 2ofoo*|,>|onM Jf"d"e llh/nelnnd. ol,c,,,'oa| product. In the The condition* provide thnt KO per cent of the 20.000 ton? j," i'l'rf"'" l'T"P*v? ? ,l"* "'lie* If they de ? ?Mnety per cent of all the J * mode In Orrinnn)- urre innn Ilhln?rr ? ?n Io,< bank of the Ithlne before the uir. INCREASES USE GRANTED COASTWISE EIUPLHES Ton Per C cnt Wage Raise Expccted to End Strike of Keuinen. DKCISIOX BV SHIPPING BOARD Anticipate ' nnouncement Will Serve as Basis for Settlement of Terms Between Private Owners and Workers. TBv Associate] pr?(.-k 1 WASHINGTON. July 13.?Wage in creases approximating: 10 per cent were granted today to employees of vessels operating; from Atlantic and Gulf ports by the Shipping Board. The advance announced after an all-day conference of Shipping Roard official*, is expected to end the strike of marine engineers, firemen and oilers which began last Thursday. Deck officers and seamen are affected by the increase as well as water ten ders. oilers, engineers, firemen, stew ards and cooks. While the new scale will apply only to employees on Ship ping Board operated vessels, it was said by offic ials, it undoubtedly would form the basis for new wage agree menu to be concluded between private lines and their employees. As such agreements are made, it is expccted that the striking marine workers will return to their work, thereby ending the He-up of Atlantic and Gulf shlp I J.n r;rfect for the past four days rr?r?Jn,a/-?c8ftamen J*r? *iven ?n !n k, ^ ??a ?5,? ?onth- maUUig the new , $&0. Under the new rate able ? seamen will'receive $ST? a month, an 0 ? AJthousrh -ooi aifiolal announcement wan made as to Increase I for other employees, it was understood I that water tenders, oilers and store ? keeper* under the order will have their ' f 15??e.al"^ from 580 to 190. firemen J from J<5 to SS5. wipers and coal passers i irom SG.i to J75. and deck engineers I arid pump men from ?S5 to $95 The chief stewards will receive increases or 515 a month, and cooks anil mess : men of $ 10. 1 <Tuh* waK* Kcnles are based on the ! eig'ht-hour day in port, which generally has been In effect. The board an | nounced however, that at this time , .t could not favorably consider the f th re e -watch system for deck crews because this would tend to increase the j size of the crew at this time when ! there is a shortage of sailors." The j order also provides for creation of a Joint grievance committee in the nrin clpal ports to interpret the agreement and other regulations. American merchant seamen, hereto fore the highest paid in the world, are under the new scale, officials said. Kiven another advantage over those i sailing under other flags. MARTIAL LAW~REIGNS AFTER RACE TROUBLE IN TEXAS COMMUNITY Fight Begins Over Alleged De rogatory Article Written by ISegro Teacher. rnv Associated Press 1 LO.VOVIEW. TE>XAS. July 13.?Martial law was declared today In I.ongview and the rest of Gregg County as a result of race trouble here, precipitated by a tiight early Friday between white men and negroes, and marked by the slaying of one negro oarlv todayafter he had resisted arrest. There was no I further disorder today. Brigadier-General R. H. McDill. of Dallas, returned to Longview todav and immediately took command with more than 250 cavalrymen of the Texas National Guard under his direction. The proclamation of martial law was signed by General McDill and liieutenant-Colonel H. C. Smith repre senting the State Adjutant-General's Department. Further arrests are expected tomor row in connection with the clash Frl wy. between negroes and white men. which resulted when a group of whites went in search of S. U Jones, a negro school teacher, accused of writing an article appearing in a negro newspaper derogatory to a white woman of this county. The negroes arrested Fridav have not been removed to another city as had been planned. ! ^Tl.,e killed early todav was Marlon Bush sixty years old. father in-law of Dr. C. P. Davis, accused with Jones of being a ringleader of the negroes. Both Jones and Davis are missing. GOVERNMENT INVESTIGATES DEATH OF SERVICE AGENT Detective In Found in Washroom of Ofliee Killhllnk In Seattle, WiiMlilngton. [By Associated Press. 1 SEATTLiR, WASH., July 13.?Govern ment agents continued todav investi gation of circumstances surrounding the death of F. A. Dowsev. Federal secret Service, whose body was found . .?j. n ,a washroom in a local office building shortly before he was expect ed to report upon results of an Inves tigation he had been making in Seat tle. Persons familiar with the general nature of Dowsey's mission declared It involved a gigantic fraud against the government. b 1 A development in the case has been the adoption by the Kfng Countv mn?^rat,C c,ub a resolution de manding suspension of Federal Shln B?arrt officials in Seattle pending conclusion of the investigation. Settle German Strike. BERLIN, July 13. As a result nf intervention by the Federation of La strike he?VieiE?2 * the transportation strike here has been effected* Traffic over subways and surface lines is ex ?6o..e i,)ft resumed on Monday, after a suspension of twelve days. RAILROADS TO LEVY INCREASED TARIFFS Executives Say Further Tax Is Necessary If Systems Escape Receiverships. MAY DEMAND 25 PER CENT Former Advances Have Failed to Absorb Heavier Operating Costs Due to War Prices. nv FRED. BSSARY. WASHINGTON. July 13?The pros pect is that the American people will I I be subjected to a further tax of 15 to ! ! 20 per cent in transportation costs j ; either before or soon after the gov- j j ernment surrenders the railroads to I their owners. Many railroad execu tives are convinced that this tax will i have 1? he placed as high as 25 per j cent if some of the railway systems ; escape receiverships. Already two horizontal freight rate i , advances have been made in an effort ' j to place the railroads of the country j I upon a self-supporting basis, but that ? j is not enough. A total of approxi- I I mately $1,200,000,000 additional revenue ) has accrued to the railroads from the | ' 15i P?V a(lv:ince and from ! the general 25 per cent raise. but that ' has not absorbed the heavier ooerat- ! ES Whlch han been laid upon | the roans as a result of successive ' ofamateriaI?SeS U,e ?-?me price j Must Mnkf lp Deficit*. It is indicated by a review of official earnings figures submitted to the In state Commerce Commission, accord- ! t.?, statements made bv railwav i executives, that a further deficit of ' $.">00,000.000 a VI*Sir TYinvit Kn rv> 1 Tk. ' *> ? p,ir must ne mane un. This cannot be accomplished bv reduc- ! I Tho railway employees i -would never stand for that. It J-an- ! not be accomplished by economy in 1 buying materials. The railroad" ad- : ministration has proven that much It ? can only be. accomplished bv charsrinir ; for service*" ^ th? ,,assen?er more I ' "a! 25 ,p?r cent Increase in ' i rA 8 by Dlrector-Oen j cral McAdoo has netted to the rail roads somewhat inore than $750,000,000. I On that basis, it will be necessary to jump the rates 15 per cent at least I in order to raise the $500,000,000. which ' must come from somewhere. If the | passenger rates remain stationary. 20 ?fr??en? T'll ,>e the Pr?bable amount | , of the freight-rate increase, j A forecast of advance returns to the Interstate Commerce Commission indi CaH?Bw the ra,lroad deficit for Mav w 11 be close to $3?.000.000, as compared with an average deficit in the pre ceding four months of $43,500,000. The months', deficit will not b? less 4 tofai J&Jimv ;000'.u?r -as niuch UH ,.wPflR'\.for ihe ^,ass T- railroads for the entlrn first year of govern ment operation. These figures do" not Include minor expenses of the rail road administration itself, which will make the total somewhat higher. Lone Heavily In Max. Operating revenues for Mav, as so far reported, were $-107,342,000. an Increase of P.3 per cent over 191?; operating revenues were $350.86 l.oooi ,,er cent: taxes were ?la,61 1.000, an increase of 1 per cent ; operat ir#7 Income wna' i $38,530,000. a loss of 46.4 per cent. The I standard return, or May average net ; operating income In the three-year test j period, was $77,426,000. This l?v.es a government deficit for the mrnth of ; $38,896,000. May freight traffic, while 13.5 per i cent under the record figure for May, j 191S, is only one-third of 1 per cent I below the test-period average for Mav. j so that this year's returns are closely | comparable with those before the gov : ernment took control of operation Passenger traffic is more than 30 per j cent in excess of the test period, due j iarpely, the railroad executives con , tend. ' to troop movements, and with j the higher rates for civilian passen I gers. is producing about 70 per cent greater revenues. For the first five months of the year the net operating income of the rail roads is $104,445,000, as compared with $.j! 7,642.000 earned in the same months of the test period, leaving $213,195,000 to be made up by the government. It is shown that the five months' freight and passenger traffic Is about I o per cent in excess of the same months in the test period, hut, due largely to the higher rates in effect. ' the operating revenues for the period are $1,923,000,000. as compared with $1,363,000,000 in the test period, a gain of $560,000,000, or 41 per cent. Expenses Hnvf Advanced. Railroad expenses, however, have ad vanced in much grea^r proportion. The operating outlay for the five months of 1919 amount to $1.72S.OOO.- ) 000. as compared with $963,000,000 in ! the test period, an increase of $760.- j 000.000. or 79 per cent. The additional ! operating costs for five months, there- j fore, are about $200,000,000 in excess I of the additional revenue. Railroad operating officials believe , that operating expenses are now on about an even keel at the high level reache;! several months ago, after the last big wage advance. This is indi cated by a review of the average daily expenses for the first five months of the year 1919. This shows that, while in the Inst three years of private op eration the cost of labor and materials used in operation averaged $6 410.000 a day. it is now nverag'ng $11,480,000 an increase of 85,070,000, or 79 per cent. In the daily cost of producing transportation. As the 1919 traffic is about 5 per cent In excess of the traf fic for the three-year test period average, the net increase in the basic crept of operation is 75 per cent. This, it Is nointed out. i? at the rate of $1.700,000.000 a vear !ri excess of the operating costs In thp test neriod. The estimated defi.-it of J500.000.000 a year, to be made up bv rate in creases. Is somewhat larger than the estimates of nirector-Ceneral Hines, it should he add*d. He has stated that the deficit will rcelv be more than *400.000.000. With the deficit" nvernsrlrg more than S40.000.000 ? month, however, it ceeni? certain that the balf-billlon marl; will -he reached. And if it is. that sum must com* from the Federal Treasnrv while the rood" are in eovernment hands and "trnlrht from the shiiner. after the Treasury is closed to the railroads. MASCOT MAKisTRiPMCK Mechanic on H ?114 Smuggle* Cut Aboard Dirigible When Leaving Kn?t Fortune. PULHAM,. ENG.. July 13.?The firAri mascots to make the round trip across' the Atlantic by air are a maltese cat Wopay' smuggled on board R-34 at Kast Fortune. In Mechanic Fred Browdle s hat. and a dove carried on board by another mechanic nr t? earl?, "ay.??,h? r.e,u'*ed 1 of *1.000 for "Wopsy" in New Tork, The eat Wh&i bUPak hlR *ood which has now achieved fame, mewed Its gratification at land ing once more on terra firma. Ex-Senator J. Hamilton Lewis Stirs Capital With State ment. SAYS NEW PARTY FORMING Asserts League of Nations Issue Creates Another Alignment in American Politics. nY JUSTIN .McGIIATH. WASHINGTON. July 13.?Ex-Senator James Hamilton Lewis, of Illinois, i who, whin he was In the Senate, was known as the administration spokes man, gave Washington statesmen and politicians a shock by the interview with him published today, in which he predicted President Wilson would be a candidate for a third term. It was not so much ex-Senator Lewis' prediction that the President would seek re-election that startled the politicians as it was his declara tion of the basis on which Mr. Wilson probably would rest his candidacy. On this point Mr. Lewis said: "The message of President Wilson to the United States Senate creates a new alignment of politics in the Lnited States. It ends both old political parties. The question of today is. shall the United States continue to be a government apart from the world or a world government? May Force Condldncy. "If the opposition to the peace treaty and the league of nations shall force Wilson to be a candidate to vindicate his work in Paris, the people will not regard him as a third-term candidate.; but as a first-term candidate on the new issue for America." Notwithstanding the fact that _ ex Senator Lewis called at the White House the other day to confer with President Wilson, his statement of yes terday is not accepted as authorita tively setting forth the President's in tention to run again. It is known that] Mr. Lewis did . not see the President. | and, therefore.' could not have based I his prediction on any statement of the President. His prediction is generally j regarded as merely his own view of the attitude the President will assume in the event that the Senate, by spe cial reservations to the peace treaty, shall defeat the purposes of the league of nations covenant. Only Opinion of Lcivlii. Because they believed' Mr. Lewis' statements represented only his opinions and did not accurately fore cast President Wilson's ? Intention. Senators who have opposed the of nations covenant were disinclined to comment for quotation on Mr. Lewis' Interview. They said they ?would pre fer to wait for a few days to see whether or not any comment caT from the White House on Mr. Lewis I remarkable statement, and If It. were undented there would he reason for believing th-t it did, accurately fore cast the -Prcefcleut'a .indention. un doubtedly then, there would be some very ca.ndlil cxj^reHHlons of opinion about It. 5 WASHINGTON REFUSES TO FURTHER TOLERATE CONDITIONS IN MEXICO Policy of "Watchful Waiting" to be Abandoned by Officials of Lnited States. WASHINGTON. July 13.?Information obtained from the State Department todav justifies the assertion that the pollcv of "watchful waiting' with re spect* to Mexico Is about to end. The United States no longer will permit Mexico, in her own way and in her own time, to take such action as will effectively safeguard the lives and propertv of other nationals in Mexico. The Mexican government he.s been told that it will be expected to take such steps as may be necessary to guarantee that result, and take them without any unnecessary delay. Thus far there has been no threat of consequence In the event that Mexico fails to meet the expectations of the United States and other nations In establishing orderly conditions, but the representations made are understood to have been made to be of such a character that there is no possibility of the Mexican government misinter preting the determination behind them. If President Wilson actually did promise the Premiers of Great Rritain and France, as Indicated by today's cable dispatches from Paris, that the United States would intervene in Mexico unless Mexico quickly estab lished stable conditions, he has not yet communicated the fact to the State Department. U. D. C. HOPES TO SAVE FIRST CONFEDERATE WHITE HOUSE Home at Montcomrry I* Lenaed to Automobile Concern for L'mc (ik (inruur. ( nv Associated Pre** I MONTGOMERY. ALA., July 13.?The United Daughters of the Con'-^deracy of Montgomery were appealed o Sun day night by leaders of the Daugl'ers of the Confederacy in New Orleans to prevent the destruction of the first White House of the Confederacy, which is located In the business section of Montgomery. The property on which the bouse stands has been leased to an automobile concern for a commer cial garage. The New Orleans women declared that, rather than have the house de stroyed. they will begin a movement to secure the support of every woman in the South in a fight against the de struction of th? o'.l I ''me. PARTNER CONVICTED, SLEUTH KILLS SELF TO AVOID TRIAL Maron, On., Detective* Indicted for Murder nnd One Sentenced for Life. (Pv Associated Press.1 MACON. GA? July 13.?L. G. Strip ling. one of six city detectives Indicted iu coiuieot;lon with the killing of two voting men here in April, shot and killed himself at his home here today. W. 0. Swift, the first of the *f.tec tlves to be put on trial, was convicted Friday night and sentenced1 to life Im prisonment. Stripling. Swift and J. L. Stevens were Indicted for murder and the other three as accessories before the fact. Tt was charged that the detectives / ?amei up" with a tsxicab driver to t?ave Phillip Lamar and Abraham Kim brell rob a store and that the detec tives concealed themselves In the build ing and killed Lamar and Klmbrell as they entered. l?n?N Through Atlnntn. ATLANTA. July 13.?A large contin gent of Ozecho-Slovak troops, said to niimbor about 1,000. will piss through here tomorrow, en route to Norfolk, to embark for their homeland. Ron CrosB- workers announced tonight. R-34 ARRIVES IN ENGLAND AFTER TRIP OF 75 HOURS FROM COAST OF AMERICA ! , i FIRST 800 MILES j OF FLIGHT FASTEST I OF OVERSEAS TRIP! Commander Scott Discusses Time and Observations Made at Various Stages, j LIGHTS MADE NEW YORK LOOK LIKE A FAIRYLAND Upturned Faces on Broadway j Resembled Thousands of White Dots. ENCOUNTER THE LOW CLOUDSj Strike Ireland at Same Point Where Alcock and Brown Landed in Their Attempt. nv major r;. n. scott. Commander of R-:t-4. (Copyright. 1D13. by Universal Service.) I'ULHAM 1100 miles northeast of London). July 13.?1 think I am a pretty fair prophet. The night we le'. New York I said we would lake be tween seventy and eighty hours in crossing. We actually did it in sev enty-five hours three minutes, as against 10X hours on the outward Journey. This is exceedingly satisfactory to me, since th?j last leg of th'i return I was made ut.der adverse weather and ! despite one broken engine. The first S00 miles of our homeward journey were the fastest. We reached a speed of seventy-two knots, which is equivalent to eighty-two mile*. but didn't keep up this speed permanently. I shall never forget the farewell sight in New York, when we circled ; the Times Tower shortly after mid I nigh*., a: ??. height of 2.0'J" feet, tteiow us lay a fairyland of lignts, and we even detected thousands of white dots representing upturned tacea between ire lant-s of lights. It was the welrcUst sight any of us had ever seen- The engines of our airship w^re too noisy,for us to detect any sound from Broadway, but we be lieved the'people down there were giv ing us hearty farewell cheers. fitronff Wind Knrouulered. Wo had a strong wind behind us when we passed ISO miles south of Newfoundland, but as we drew east ward the wind veered around and got ahead of us, though there was no great velocity. Thereafter we had light winds from various directions the whole way across, and a lot of low clouds and fog. which prevented our getting sight of any sort for twenty-four hours In the middle part of the journey. Most of the trip across was done above the lower cloud strata; the sea was not visible, which made it hard to estimate drift or speed. Just before Ireland was reached we traveled six hours at .1,000 feet. All of us were very cold, particularly after the terrific heat that prevailed at New York. We struck Ireland at exactly the same spot where Alcock and Brown I landed?Ciifuen. Kngine Breaks Dov?n. The breakdown of one of our en gines in the after-car was not as se rious as it might appear. Though this meant a loss of one-fifth of our driving power when we were 1,200 miles from Kast Fortune, it made practically no difference, because in a dirigible only four engines are used normally, except when bucking head winds. Occasion ally only three engines are necessary. Really, compared with the dangers and the anxiety on our outward ; voyage, this return was a pleasure j jaunt, and we'll have to rack our brains to provide the correspondents with "sensation." As far as I can remember, the most sensational feature was when we dis covered the cook asleep under the dining-room tahle. No?don't make a mistake. It wasn't too much of that twelfth-hour ruin which we took aboard on Hazlehurst Field, hut he was sleep ing for a perfectly excusable cause? that is. excusable in an airship. You'll | have to get the cook's own story on that point. But incidentally, I wish to thank the benefactor who stowed some rum aboard just before our departure. The members of the R-34's crew have voted to build him a monument. No. sir. we don't dare reveal the | name of this benefactor who risked | the terrors of the law in dry America j to guard us from the Arctic cold which I we experienced when approaching ; Ireland. Hnve Much Petrol Left. We have a thousand gallons of petrol i left in our tanks, which is a happy j contrast with the terrifying shortage ! while approaching Long Island. If wo , had only known what a small con- j 1 sumption of petrol was ahead or* us j we wouldn't have left any members : i of the crew behind. We might even have brought back our stowawav. To sum up the results of the tound 1 Irip: It was not as difficult as we had anticipated, though we had anxious ! momenta during^ a thunderstorm over I Nova Scotia and when the petrol was running low. I was consumed with anxiety all the time the R-34 was at Hazlehurst. he cause one of New York's famotis thunderstorms wbuld have wrenched her seaward In a jiffy. I am convinced beyond doubt that the dirigible is the only type of trans ocean voyagers, and the R-34 Is onlv a pioneer. Larger and faster craft will follow. Safety and dependable schedules In crossing depend wholly uoon petrol I carrying capacity and consistent speed of seventy or eighty knots. We all believe that the good old R-34 Ins blazed the trail for shins of quadruple her size which will make transatlantic air travel as common as sea travel la tods v. What are my Immediate plans? Sleep, twice around the clock. BELA KUN GETS NOTE Advised Bj- Allied Power* There Will Be Nn Discussion Until lie . Meet* Conditions. rnv Aimnflfttf d Tress 1 PARIS, July 13.?The allied and as sociated powers today joined irt a wire less message to Bela. Kun, Hungarian Communist Foreign Minister, declar ing that they cannot enter into a dis cussion with him until ho has carried, out the conditions of the armistice. English Observer Praises Americans BY GEN. EDWARD MAITLAND, Olmorvfr for the Brit lull Air Minis try, on Board U-IM. PI.LHA.M, EXGLAM), July 13.?I nlRh to ronvry through t'ni verbal Service our warmext tliankn, ho in for the rei-cptloa nccordfU to un l?y the I'nlted Slntm i\?vy und the ex* tremely kind aad eflicient iiNftlMtnnce put at our diMpoMnl liy the I'nlted State* naval und military authur ItleM. I hope the flight may prove, though o nninll, yet a very Import ant link between the two Kuellnh Nppiikinc couiitrlex. 1 have considered it a prix liege to have ncroiupiinjrltiR un on the outnnrd vojuko a representative of the I'nlted Mated Vavy Avlntioii Service, Lleutennnt-l'ommnndpr liunsduwn and lirlnRiiic hack with u.m n reprenentntlve of the I'nlted Stnten Army Aviation Service, Colo nel llennley. i think the historic voyage of II-:M I* the forerunner of many more to come, VOYAGE OF H4 PROVES WIRELESS POSSIBILITIES Airship Never Out of Touch With Either Side of Atlantic Ocean. OPERATOR IS DUMFOUNPED Call From Boat Answered in Mid Sea Proves Surprise to Marconi Man?Long-Distance Record Is Set. nv l.int TKNANT ItKX F. D1IRRAXT, WlrelenH Officer of B-34. Pl'LUAM, ENGLAND. July 13.?The epochal voyage of H-34 demonstrates fully the inestimable value of direc tional and ordinary wireless. Never during' the whole journey were we out of touch with either side of the Atlantic?this with a comparativelj small wireless set makes the possibili ties of larger Fets on larger craft ap parent. The wireless functioned al! the way across, easily reading ?lu messages from the powerful statipns at Bar Harbor and Boston. In the first ten hours of the trip wf did flfty-five knots an hour, a won derfully favorable thlrty-ttve-knot tal wind aiding us. We were uslniaf,or>Tj two englrtCs. We talked witb the- bat tlcshlps In New York harbor as w< circled over brilliantly lighted Broad way and Times Square. The only mishap of the trip cam< Saturday when the pistons flew througl the cylinders of one of the engines This slightly lessened our speed. Other wise it had no effect. The brenkdowi was so bad that It was not possible tc make repairs. Atuionphere Very Cold. In the center of the ocean we flew at an altitude of 5,000 feet. It was extremely cold up there. The sea was extremely rough, but the airship s*ilec alortg smoothly between cloud banks with occasional glimpses of the waves 1 saw two ships on the way over? the San Klorlna, bound for Mexico, ant: the Cumberland, bound for England The wireless operator on the Cumber land picked up our call and asked "Who are you?" We answered, "We're a British air ship." The operator apparently was sc dumfounded and surprised that he was unable to reply for several mo ments. One ship offered to fire her guns tc show us her position, but it was not necessary. ,Glnd to Sight Land. The first sight of the coast of Ire land the Cllfden wireless station gladdened our hearts. We were very lucky to get back safely. The terrific gales blowing over Long Island were highly detrimental to the start from. America, and we just managed to beat an intense cyclonic storm. because the United States Weather Bureau told us to start imme diately. It was Wednesday or never. We carried a ^message from Presi dent Wilson to King George, one from the Governor of Newfoundland to the King, and another from tho Mayor ot New York to the Lord Mayor of London. A world's record for long-distancc wireless from an airship was estab lished on this trip. We talked with the Air Ministry in London Friday midnight from a distance of 1,600 miles. R-34 EASIER RIDING THAN PULLMAN TRAIN; SAYS THIS AMERICAN Colonel. Hensley Predicts Air Travel Will Soon Be Popular Method. ' BY rOI.O\KL XV. X. HENSLEY. PULHAM, ENG.. July 13.?Wonder ful! Great! Magnificent! 1 never ex perienced anything like it before. 11-31 has established an outstanding feat in world history. The voyage, so far as excitement is concerned, was uneventful with the exception of Friday when we .struck a dense fog. During the whole day and night we could not see. sun, moon or stars, but the wireless saved us. We were in touch at all times with either side of the ocean. We passed over Ireland at night. We saw the Isle of Man at 3 o'clock this morning from an altitude of 5,000 feet. Looking down from tho sh'.p we saw the most beautiful sight? a bright moon and counties* stars and below, a mackerel cloud floor above, through the clouds we caught glimpse of deep blue seas. Combined it made the prettiest picture I have cvpr seen. At no time during the Journey was there any s itn of nir sickness. The aerial aquitann rides easier than a I ullman car. As to fiod we had hardboiled eggs, meat, tea and coffee and cocoa. The menu was not hk satisfactory a-s some, but 't was satisfying. The noise of the engines was not disturbing. It sounded like the hum of a dynamo In another room and was rather soothing. I certainly predict that in the next five or six years this class of travel ? ? aerial liner?will he a practical fact. Serloa* ClnshcN in Ireland. LONDON. July 13.--Belated dls patches Ju^t coming in show that yes terday's Orange Dav celebration re sulted In serious clashes In various parts of Ireland. A veritable battle was fought between Sinn Felners on one hand and police and military at Mull'.nger. Tlpperary. Soldiers charged with their bayonets and trench tools. * . \ / y GREW THRONG Anchors at Field at 6:56 o'Clock on Sunday Morning. RETURN VOYAGE WITHOUT INCIDENT, STATES SCOTT ?. I ! Damaged Engine Breaks Down, Delaying Progress Slightly in Later Stages of Trip. GASOLINE SUPPLY PLENTIFUL Crew Fries Eggs In Exhaust Pipes of Motors and Has Sufficient Food. fBy Associated rr<>i* l Pt'LHAM, NORFOLK. ENGLAND July 13.?Great Britain's mammoth air pioneer. the dirigible R-34, arrived here at 6:56 o'clock (Greenwich mean time) today, competing her round trip from the British Isles to (ho United States and return. 1 ho R-34 poked her nose out of the clouds northeast of the village. and after circling the flying Held three times, glided gently to the ground, and ten minutes later was housed In the dirigible shed. The voyage from Lone Island was without particular incident, seventv flv^?K,>,eted ln "PProximatolv sen enty-flve hours. r ? ,SJlou^a from those on the field greet low nn u 1 S,leh,1 ?f the ,0?* 6rayBbldv iou on the horizon. .As the R-34 proached the field she dropped from a height of 5,000 feet to 3.000 feet. Th? "f". ^ho wcre to aid the airship h, landing were ordered to their nosi ci?cledatheWfliMd HUent.ly 08 1110 3l>'P lower. dropping lower and ? When Major G. K... Scott her com,* Into tfoiitVart ,rn^"eilvered the atrshfp hli? p?sttion tor the landing, the watir ballast wns released to steadv h<?r ahH a rope was thrown from the bow.' Th! ppe was grasped by eager hands an* moved across the'field Unn nf k .iv.here th0 de"cato opera quickly OStSit'JSS^ Military I land IMaya. PtayS'-Tl';? SSf^gS"?j a5 if,: Z'% nn"' chSn?d trains of See. the Conuuering nVn n0mcu-, A? the Hh|P was warped into the shed the band nluved ??U'oph the Home Klres Burning." U ing theCIshT.? tnflS ,\?? '"tent '? watch li a,"P to noticc the music, while nHrtihi tr ?u the Pr?Pellers made It ln audlbie o the men in the R-3 4. I lie tired, unshaven, but smillnir men who composed the crew oulcklv $ from tl>e gondola and were on th? i!VlaVmLy and wUh many slaps on the back by the ofilcers and sol ?.~m gathered on the field. incident?y^Hh0rV,e .has been without incident, said ^laior Scntt ??urA want breakfast." U" After breakfast and while eniovinc the belated luxury of his little black fheCalrsh?ln "S,?0' being permitted on ine airship, Major Scott told the stop ? ?Ure rcturn <"??ht as follows: it li! e.e8timfttcd that wo would make he Jaid ?\vSV?ntJr eiRhty hours." wv } 2 made It in seventy-five behind "un nn^We had a *lrong wind oeninn us, and we covered th a flr?t 800 miles in about elsht houro. When nlnlnK OVvf" NeW York We Could wavinc flr0e crowds in Broadwav waving to us as we passed, but we lould not hear them because of t'he noise of the engines. Knconnter Head Winds. / t?ri5i>Ulh ?,f Newfoundland we encoun fl. winds, and our progrers fx oni then on was slower. We trav toG 5 000anfe?.eraSre^heJ8:ht of from 3-0^ ????..? ; f ? and found much low clouds and fog. Once we saw nothing u - fog for twenty-four hours. ' \Ve struck Ireland at Cljfden and made good progress from there al ^?n7?ftvUr stee.rlnR engine broke down 4 ona tVi n,orn,lns- w* started with left sallons of gasoline, and had 1,000 trinVeonre ,naturilJy pleased with the trip, all of us. I expect Important chansos in the size and speed of fu s"venatvStoP3e'i^ Shl^? lhat W,U travel ' en*> to eighty miles an hour and anything." en?UKh to crawI through Colonel WS ?hn Lnlted States Army air 'service, as he climbed out of the car. "We were lost thWW^> day. because the fog was so ' u ,mlC? n0t ft pl,ot al t'he sun, moon, stars or horizon but we coast We nf U f!n(1 stnj<>k the Irish I -v? . ?e passed over the Isle of - Man about 3 o'clock this morning, and n Aseiil'"0"0 ' ng ab?\'p the clouds, wit wis the hXSM beautiful sight. Above was the bright moon; below soft fleeev Clouds touched With all the colorS of thi rjiinbow and far down below occa Ki?,1al V .fouM be spcn the dark deep blue of the sea. But we did not have time to admire the beauty of the scene. Sufficient Pood Served. i ?oon Passed over Liverpool and then other cities and towns, and here n? ian?f; e. 8Uffereri no hardships and no Inconveniences except that we had no hot water for shaving OuT eggs were cooked on tne erhaust of the en *rnd we had plenty of good food and i ofTee, tea and cocoa to drink No whileS,tberC,(L fr?i" air sickness and wlule the sen below was tossed by a fn rnmfi ? e WPI werei movlng along In comfort on an even keel. . "Ftogular airship service between anVsooif" Amer,ca ,s bound to come The members of the crew were eag~ erly surrounded by friends, who were waiting: at the a.rdrome. Georgre Ora* ia!j' J. cbief eigineer, proudly car ^l0tl. b|a kitten, which was born at Last Fortune. The kitten suffered no Inconvenler.^e c'.urlng the trip and manifested its deught on reaching land >j iKA'ffl;5 "? I ,, ''We were never out of touch with f?t ?? ?ri!?'r ? u*h wa m"f- a lot of fog. said Lieutenant R. D. Durant, the wireless ofilcer: "Jt was hot In Vew York, cold in the middle Atlanlto and. you see what it Is hore. We ?lcnaied two ships the Cumberland, and o5t .aT . Ing to Mexico. When they asked us who we were we said that we were 1 British airship from New York to Bug-' ;7<,