First in News
The T.-D. Quickly Tells
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Through The T.-D.
RICHMOND, VA., THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1919. ?FOURTEEN PAGES. '?X?H ?UNSETTLED PRICE, THREE CENTS
GUNMEN ROB AUTO DRIVER ON CARY STREET ROAD
ATTORNEY-GENERAL RULES AGAINST OZLIN TAX BILL
MAKES COMPROMISE MOVE ON LEAGUE COVENANT
Highwaymen Attack Driver
in Broad Daylight on
VICTIM IS FOUND BOUND
BY MRS. GROVER C. DULA
Robbers Abandon Big Car on
Grace Street Short Time
PISTOLS DISI'LAYKI) HV TKIO
Employee of T. L. Moorr I'urcil to
Jveavo Motor by Tlircat of
Thrc unidentified htg'hwaymen held
up Percy Dowell. colored. chauffeur
for Thomas t.. Moore, of Warner. Muore
& Co.. proprietors of Du:..o|i Ms.!.-,
yesterday afternoon on the ?'.iry Street
Road, robbed him of his pocketbook.
bound him hand and foot, g urged hint.'
threw him in a clump of hughes, t .ok
possession of the automobile and made
a ?lean getaway.
The sever ? passenger <::r. vulued at
w ;ih inter found ? bandoned n
? ir.ice Street between Fifth and Sixth,
but 110 trace of the hishwaymi'i: has
been discovered. I *o I i ? e of a dosten
largo cities were immediately T;'?; tied
to be on thv lookout for the men an
swering the description given by the
The chauffeur's pockctbot-k contained
130 in ?.'urren y .ir-l his < -luffeur's
license, and in iddttlon t.. the.-e losses
Dowell was badiy scared.
Attnrkr<l at ?iiJUl o'1 I'irk.
Dowell was proceeding along the
Cary Street Hoad towaril Richmond at
?4:30 o'clock to keep an appointment
with his employer. when h< was ac
costed by a lone man walking alone
the sid? of t be road. The chauffeur
slowed down and came to a halt to
see what was wanted. As he did so ;
two other men with guns jumped out
of the bushes and ordered him out of
the car. Dowell compiled, and the
highwaymen went through his pockets,
taking his pocketbook. and. after
gauging him. bound his hands and
feet and threw him into a growth of
shrubbery. Then they got into the
j automobile and made their escape.
Oddly enough, the road was desetred
while this exciting Wild West drama
was being stuped. A few minutes later
Mrs. CJrover Dula. of Westmoreland
Place, and her chauffeur r.imc by. and.
upon seeing Dowell, who had managed
to squirm nearer to the roadi-ide. they
i got out. unbound the ords and brought
the frightened chauffeur into icich
I or N \ luuuJonrd.
Dowel! immediately reported the
Bir.ld-up to the *>ollce. and at .*> o'clock
the car was found, but the bold high
waymen had effected their escape.
The hold-up took place about .< half
Jrnile west of the belt line bridge.
One of the men was described as
wearing a dark gr? < n suit and cap.
heigh: about live feet six Inches and
weighing 1 I ?"? pounds. An imperfect
description of the other two was given,
Dowell being so Ividly scared that he
?was unable to observe anything about
them beyond that their height appeared
to be about fife feet lour inches and
weigh about 140 pounds. ' All three
were younn white nu-n.
Dowell had been in the employ of
Mr. Moore for sever;-.! years prior to
his gointr overseas, and upon his re
cent return and release from service
he wtus given his former job.
CARNEGIE ESTATE VALUED
NOW AT FIFTY MILLIONS;
Document I.envex l.rrnelr* to Former
Servants of Iron .MnMer nnd
Otv 1 'nlvfrs.il Servic >
XBW YORK, August 20.?Andrew
CarnegieV will, which is to be tiled for
probate next week, will dispose of an
estate valued at $">0.0001ooo, a!! that
remains of the J.IOO.OOO.ijOO or so ac- !
cumulated by the iron mutter in his
business career. This was learned to
day from one of the representatives of
The will is said to bo about A..100
words long. Several personal friends
and former servants of Mr. Carnegie
are to get small legacies. The bulk
of the estate, i: is understood, will go :
to members of the Carnegie family, al- :
?though his daughter Margaret, * now i
llrs. Roswell Miller, and others were 1
provided for before his death.
The Home Trust Company, of Ho- 1
boken. a Carnegie corporation, lias .
been designated to act as executor |
' without bond.
IS FIRST AERIAL DRUMMER :
Overall* Snlesinnn, In Flyinp: llont.
Sells $10,000 Worth on Koiir
(Rv Universal Service.i
NKW YORK. August 20.?Roland
Bassett, salesman for a big overalls
house, qualified today as the first aerial
drummer. Bassett made a trip by fil
ing boat from New York to Pougii
t""?psie and return this afternoon, with
a stop at Yonkers en route, and sold
*10.000 worth of goods. The round trip
took only four hours. The plane, which
was one of those belonging to the
New York-At lantio City line, was
piloted by C. F. Zimmerman.
twoTleFpers wrecked ?
Pullmans Attached to Train \o. - on
Norfolk and Western l.eave
Hull* nl Iloyce.
(Hy Associated Preas.)
ROANOKK, VA? August 20.?Nor
folk and Western divisional oflicers re
ported early today two sleepers and
on? coach of No. 2 train left the track
near 'Boyce, Va. Several were injured,
but none was reported dead.
Th? wreck was caused by dropping
down of brake rigging.
Spain Sends Mission to Frnnee.
PARTS. August 20.?The Spanish
government is sending a mission to
France to buy excess wiar material.
Here Is How Daylight
Saving W orks in Georgia
Illy Axxiicliilril Press.|
W ASH I\l.TON, AllKUst I'll.?This
is lion ouyKulit s:i\Iiik works in
<>eorglu, us related liy 1p resexi t <i ?
li\e laink ford. in >i speech to the
Mouse. "A 1(12111 till- Oilier tiny In
my district and county nt Ambrose,
? ?n., suit) ilmt lie got out of livjl |n
? he morn i n g lit S o'clock. ciiuul.t n
Iriiin in 7:15 o'rlnek, roil/- fourteen
miles to llotiKlun. <??.. reitelilnu
Mmiulns nt 7 illtl o'clock: ntc lirenk
f/isl til 7:lo o'eloek; mnile some
IMirelinsr h nml caught n train bnck
home nt 7 o'clock ui?l cm hack
home nt 7 i.'UI o'eloek. Accordion to
our ill n ercn t limes, he was koiio
from home an hour nnd n half ami
(TO! linek home llilrtj minutes before
PREBICT EARLf ACTION
IN RAILWIY DISPUTE
I>lrector-C*cnoral Ilinos Holds Con
ference With Hept'i-sfiitadvcs of
Six Shop ( rafts.
Ii--\TEH CONSULTS PRESIDENT
Chief Kxcrutlve Is Tohl Hate Increase
Is Xccessary or Another Congres
sional Appropriation Will lie He
(Hv Apj"?ciaiO'l I*r*'-ys >
W ASH 1 N( JTON, August 2<"??K.irly
action :?) settle unr<_-i-" In the ranks
'? i-rnp'. >ye-' - who have bevn
i i m it it d; x, - new waff** ; ncrea s^a ?*as
Ap. r a :i? h ;? .onf r-.n?e with rep
n sentat:\ es of the mx .-.op c-afts
I Mr. ctor-< ;-nera] H:n-s w. :it to the
Wh it e Hous- :.. di*. usf With Pre-d-nt
u 1 i--??n t1 ?? ji; oI?. i Hi- j;. ri .l
road administration. , While no an
nouncement was made, i* was under
th.it t he . ? t.t. ? | ? j. tii.tj was re
Vl-W.d, inelud;n^ ;h( ol.v.uus rie.-fS
I ?art inert is<> ; ri t.t-.- another
? onvre.-.-lona: appropriation to pro
vide funds for any w.?b... advan . s that
uo iiKido, >inre tlio admin in? ra -
t ?":? h:,s ? incurring .. d? Molt everv
month thin year, du- p- the fulling off
:i liii^'ni -s and the higher cost of
.a!?or ;tn?1 materials.
Mr. Hiiii;s prom. <* d the shopmen's
iead.-rs that he would give car. ful con
siders t ion to all the facts presented
unci would endeavor to reach a tinnl
decision in the near future, indicating
? hat he will order into c fleet anv
enanyes in the wacp scale without
re.erj.-.^ The demands to a board for
.nrestU'a Hon. The shopmen'? demands
nere presented in the spring to the
bo.rd of railway waues and working
conditions, which took extorsive tes
timony, and then divided evenlv for
and against a raise.
on on the demands
eventuaMv "? - ;.-. ri in the recent un
au. hor:/e i strik.- i:i many sections of
It was claimed by the union official.*
trirtt th>- wages paid rallroa'd shopmen
a-e materia.:y low.-r than those paid
Vr;V;,t0 ;,,tl,,?*ries and it,
sn.(.yards j:?i navy.yards under gov
ert.'j'.ent contro'.. Tile niinitnunt rat<"*
p.ti?i 1?> th? r;iil:-r#ads now i< r.v c^nt.s
.?n hour whi h is asked to he advanced
ifntne?H8' *xn ,ncrcpe of 25 per cent.
I nt,. ,.ie shopait-n s demands are out
of the way. Mr. Mines is nor takinir
up t!..- demands of oth'-r class.-- of o'i -
TEN AMERICAN FLYERS
LEADING FOUR TROOPS
IN CHASE FOR BANDITS
Car rans ft Cavalry Also Re
portal to Have Taken ip
fHv t'niversal Service.)
M A RFA, TK.V., Augrust 20.?Ten
American observation airplanes, with
machine guns mounted, were leading
the tour ;roops of the Kighth Cav.ilrv
:n pursuit of the Mexican bandit's
across the border from Candeiaria.
lex . this evening. I'our planes went
with the cavalry when the tr ops
?'ros?e?ed the line, four more wore s-.-tit
from K1 I'.is.i this mortiinR and two
planes were sent from McAllen,
Heavy ? nils and rain have in'or
rupted wireless communication with
I'arranza cavalry has left Ojlnapra in
pursuit of the bandits. It was under
stood here the Mexican pursuit will
tie conducted independently of the
The rain today obliterated the ban
dits trail, arid tile soldiers were un
able to make much headway. That the
handils already had been encountered
was shown by a teleeram from Colonel
Lung ho me, which said one observation
plane had returned and a Mexican had
Seen slain twenty miles from the bor
One horse also was killed and the
Mexican rider Jumped upon the horse
of his slain companion and fled with
?evera\ comrades of the hills. More
cavalrymen are stationed at half a
dozen places near that part of the bor
der, and. while no intimation was
Kiven out at the office of the depart
ment commander, it was regarded
likely other . troops would be sent
across the line.
TWO JAPANESE STEAMERS
ARE REPORTED AGROUND
One I? *>nid to He in DnnKerotis Posi
tion .Near Victoria,
fBy Associated Press.)
SKATTLK, WASH.. August 20.?Two
Japanese steamers, the Yoinei Maru and
the S'hinbu Maru. early today were
aground on the shore of the Straits of
Juan de Kuca, according to wireless
messages received here.
The Yomei was said to be in a
dangerous position on< Race Rocks
about seventeen miles west of Vic
toria, B. C. The Xhinhu grounded on
Benticks Island. Both went ashore in
a fog last night, it was reported.
Kind Si HO Cnne*, of t'liolern.
TOKYO. August 20.?Cholera has
broken out on Formosa, and the gov
ernment has declaretl a. finirantlne
against the island. Move than 200
cases have been found.
C. A. O. Sunday Outings
$1.05 Round Trip, Old Point and Nor
??in- ?'m??Ghby. $2.05. 3 trains?
S:30, 0 A. M., 12 noon.?Adv.
Proposal Is to Adopt Interpre
tive Resolutions Separate
WANT ACTION PART OF PACT
Republican Groups' View Does
Not Accord With Latest
m.v Associated Press I
H Auyu.st i*o.?The
first open move for a compromise in
the Ie.gue of nations fight came from
administration nuart.ru today, em
braced iri .1 proposal tliat the .Senate
adopt int<rj>ret'vo reservations, but
that th..y |)f. apart from lhe acllJ.
al ratification ...f the treaty.
Th. overture nut with no imrnedt
fcuc'p.sj. r,:i t[jc Republican side
?\? Camber. Senators of the iw'
I'i""':1 :l" rt;"'rvation c roup d'-ciar'nc
t un tl'it ."?J r, cedc :their po,*
prom1 S'4?"n''fV'"C't ?he ' W..
^"'inrii! u ' "f' V *' ''' ihe un<j,r"
enan: ,J-*PUtcd points in the .-ov
Want it to He |.nrt ?t Treat,.
m the iCvpuij'I.an ?-'raft, however, it
I'n.t Provided that the r-sorv.:
t ons ?... ma :- ,t part of the trea v
? tiK' instrument of ratification ??*.
i#r'f l I"s",n Sena: or "l^Na-y. of
"rt-son. and others the grout of
ed ab :'"S SJ 1 thev consider
n..M '.v " enough Ke
rn,0, r1:^" ?;* v ^ ^ ??
1 -ition of tii.; treaty
Jo overcome this objection.' Senator
I.Urnun proposed in a .speech In the
' ' that tne resolution be adopted
once am .submitted to the other
I-we;, who wiii be represented on
r^?Ve cV,,n'U- A Kenerai debate
l-orti?1 ? during which Senator
I but ah. Kepublie.in, Idaho and other
disU(lctlonlUlhn, l? President Wilson's
ohti.. ., b<=tV>'oen mora! and legal
obligations under the covenant as
cunferene'" ?yesterday'b White House
V l-V,;. .C. bfcf,w?e" lno Resident and
? uu. j oreign Relations Committee.
i< arrirK President'* Views.
Although Senator fittman said ho
fh! hvsij1',''1'11'"1 hls ^solution for
'jit i lesiduuts approval ho a--.-rt..fi
hat carried into Effect Mr? U'iNon's
mows on tiie subject of reservation*-!
I da\-eAIweF'^C,J -l? l',L ''unini it tee v'..
??>? He indicated his iirm belief that
I her n?'^lrati?:i ""uld ?? no fur
t.a,d a V?m:'ro,nis;e because it
.e.ire, that inclusion of the reserva
! uon.s in the ratification would reopen
the negotiations with liermanv ' '
Leaders of the Mc.VarV ? rutin dm
! erthelcj-s, insisted they 'had ' informal
have th" f'n'! :,,Pir ?>,a? uou'.d
?ia \ e Democratic support.
I of'Vh ?Y?C!) ?!> l,le '<!l:.,nUinfi provision
? of ih. tre.it> was made in the Senate
by .senator Met 'ormkk, Republican.
, i-ino.s, uho asserted that bv accent
I'.1*-' .V"; ilrovislon the i'nited Stafes
become a party to one of the
???xhibitions of "hvpu
?o ? V:< IKe ' 111 th,: world's his
Drvincion I-'roin HiKtorlc I'olloy.
,1 r hc?nhf |uunf provision aiso was un
1 < .1 a?in ''i n before the Forei"n
bv j ' i ,L-?uhieh was told
,? '? I'?-???'Kuson, adviser to tii?>
'-?'?ncse 1 r.-sident. that China regarded
Am.-rie.in acceptance of the settlement
no-, v i'r 'fn", fronJ the traditional
African friendship to tile
.hinc.se; government and people.
?.,oul.innrt,a,rKU.m,flU t,l;i1 reservations
should not be incorporated in the rati
c i;arVVn,- n*"kf- S"'ator I'm,?an de
t-1 a red . ermany was awaiting an on
po.tunity to attach "hundreds of rescr
.atloiis, and that to reopen the suii
would submit the I nited Stan's
to a tu-ejiess risk. lii.s resolution :
went over without action. Questions
>> .N-mttor Borah turned the debate i
to a discussion of t!ie moral .,nd lecai
, oti.igaiions assumed under Article \
of the covenant, by which the niembe'r.s
?i.-.ec to preserve otie another's ???!?
: ritorial integrity against external ai
se,T /t?n.' , , he a!'IioIfl. Mr- 1 nan as
r. J ted, had no legal force because it
cont'-ic't "l Carr> the <f--St'ntiaIs of a 1
v? Court to Unforco Covenant. j
r,"[0,1??,l!l not tike it into a court I
).[? \ : ? V ?"auJ. "and find any means:
? which it could in- enfotced i.v the
conscience of the paities affected.'
l''i I-Wher 'jet'tnany actually in- j
vaded 1-ranee." replied Senator itorah '
it seems to me titit under Article
X. we would have been obligated to
go at once to the aid of France." ? '
rn<- ?*? matt*:r would have been laid be
foie Congress, said Senator l'ittma.i
and Congress would have had to de
cide whether we would act. in mv
judgment, ( ongress would have decid'
!&nWea??r- "" " lv"u,J
1 aS roe with that, but still Con
, f.oc;rs r;?tukl ,vre "?dr,.ai disc,e.
! 'lL, Wuul'l have been compelled to
! ' ' , t were going to carrv out its
contract, returned Mr. Borah. j
HAMMOND CALLS FOR HELP
. - TO MEET STRIKE SITUATION
Disorder* More .Nrrlou* Than 1'liose
of !? ridny I'eiirril hy
I i r i mm / . v-V\' ^'"'jclatcd I'r ess )
HAMMOND, I.Mt., August 20.?fit v
! and county authorities here tonight
lailed upon Ciovernor ?;oo.irich it
: !eV !i,M!V S' 'roops to aid in co'p|?g
. with the situation liere due to 11?>
strike or employees of the Standard
Steel < ar Company, who Kridav 1
'"lormcd the streets i? t|,e vicinitv of!
i } L>}* company in defiance of efforts '
j fain orCd?crU 1>U,y to i
| The action of tiie authorities fo|
I lowed rejection tonighl by tiie strikers
? of a compromise offer of the car com
? p.iny officials made at the end of -i
Priday?f which began last
of^asTKH . Tr? 8ri0U? *thosfr
? ,lasl ' ' ?'?;l> are feared v the ofit
ctals and leaders of the st\\ \ers who
have tried to concllitate the .Men a
Senate Names Subcommittee to
Determine Advisability of
INEQUALITY IS CHARGED
Legislators Are Told Present
System Is Fraud on the
Creation oT a State board of tax
equalization was a subject winch
sprang suddenly to the front at the
meeting of the Senate P'inance Com
mittee yesterday afternoon. After
attention had been called to the gross
inequality of assessments in various
parts of the Stat<\ Senator Addison
moved that a subcommittee 'be ap
pointed to look into the. whole matter
and determine the advisability of the
Stat* having an equalization board or
sotr.e other matter of equalizing assess
ments. This motion was adopted. It
may be that the matter will not be
: presented in definite shape at the spe
cial session. but it is believed that it
will be one of the most important
subjects to conic up before the regular
1 ' Senator Addison declared that the
present system was a fraud on the
State and that it was productive of
public dishonesty. He declared that
he bad been informed tha.t the State
tax equalization board in Kentucky
was giving satisfaction, and that be
favored a system somewhat on the
order of that in that Commonwealth.
Cities* Various Valuations.
Various instances of Inadequate as
sessments were related by those pres
ent. Henrv Huberts, of Bristol, related
how some* land in the southwest had
recentlv sold at public auction at $20t>
an acre and it was assessed at but
Slift an acre.
The Finance Committee favorably
! reported the bill providing for a 50
per cent increase in automobile license
| taxes, but decided not to recommend
tiie additional 50 per cent proposed
f.ir county roads. The increase from
S.I to J 5 on motorcycles was retained.
Bills in relation to taxation of capital
used by merchants in their business
were considered, and after various
views had bre'i ures-'.ited the whole
j matter of this and additional sources
of taxation was referred to a sub
committee. Senator Buchanan declared
that practically nil merchants falsified
: their returns. Members of the comniit
I tee generally expressed the opinion
' that the minimum license on merchants
should be increased front $5 to $15 or
ConNldrr Automobile Hill.
The Senate Committee on Courts of
Justice had before it yesterday after
noon the bill of Delegate Price, of
Richmond, providing for tlie recorda
tion of all sal.;s of automobiles and
, the punishment of the theft of auto
mobiles by imprisonment in the peni
tentiary. After a lengthy hearing it
was decided that a subcommittee would
consider this bill and one introduced
yesterday by Senator C-.-i.nnon and from
these two draft law designed to ac
! complish the general purpose.
Captain of Detectives Wright, of
Richmond, appeared before the com
mittee and advocated a more drastic
, law than that proposed in the Price
bill. He declared that last vear $300.
000 worth of automobiles " had been
stolen in Richmond and that within
the past month $15,000 worth had been
LEGISLATION IS BEGUN
TO STOP IMMIGRA TI0N
FOR TWO-YEAR PERIOD
Bill Introduced in Congress
Also Provides Deportation
for Alien Stackers.
[By Associated Press 1
WASHINGTON'. August 20?A bill j
to stop all immigration for two years'
anfl to deport all aliens who withdrew
their first papers in orders to escape
military service during the war was
introduced today by Chairman John- I
son. of the House Iminigraton Com
After the end of the two year sus- !
pension period, aliens would * be en
titled to admission to the United
States only under a passport or on
their written declaration to become
an American citizen. They would be j
required to register annually unt.il
citizenship was conferred. Fratrdu- I
lent entry would be punishable by live
year's imprisonment and Jl.oOo line, |
"to be followed by deportation.
Few exceptions to the prohibition
of immigration for two years are per
mitted by the bill. Allen residents j
ol' the United States might send for
their parents, grand-parents, unmar
ried or widowed daughter or , son,
under sixteen years old. unless these |
relatives had been alien enemies, for
whom special authorization for ad
mission would then be required. Skill
ed labor a so might be imported un
der existing law, and foreign officials,
tourists, students and professional
men might conic into the country tem
porarily under passports.
SERIOUS FOREST FSRES RAGE
IN TWO WESTERN STATES ;
Claimed Tlint Incendiaries Have Start- j
ed Hln*es and Severed Connec
tions Between Fighting Crews.
[By Associated Press.) |
MISSOUDA, MONT., August 20.?The i
general tire/ situation in Forestry Dis
trict No. 1. Montana and Northern
Idaho, never in the history of the
West has been so serious as it is to
dav. according to forestry otlicials.
New tires are breaking out, old
blazes are escaping beyond control,
and it is reported incendiaries in the
woods, not only have set tires in iso
lated spots, but have in several in
stances severed connections between
I the flrefightlng crews and the outside
I world, with serious results.
Avert Strike on Itnllronds,
TjONDON. August 20.--An agreement
has been reached between Sir Auckland
C.eddes British Ministry of Recon
struction, and the locomotive engineers
'and firemen, averting i strike.
TO OPEN DOOR FOR
Adopt Conrad Amendment
Broadening Scope of As
RESOLUTION AGAIN GOES TO
HOUSE FOR CONCURRENCE
Provides for Action on Legisla
tion Relating to School
MAW TAKE PART IX OKBATK
Amherst Man Declares Schools and
Kouds Should (Jo Hand
After persistent efforts, the advo
; elites of widening the scope of legisla
I tion to be considered at the special
session of the General Assembly suc
ceeded yesterday in securing; the
i adoption by the Senate of .Senator Con
I rad's amendment to allow the consid
eration of legislation relating- to an
increase in the salaries of the public
school-teachers of Virginia. The
amendment carried by a vote of
The situation in regard to the pro
cedure at the special session is as fol
lows: A general resolution has been
adopted by both House and donate
i limiting legislation to roads matters
; and such other matters as may be Mib
mitted by the Governor. In* addition
i to this, the House has passed a resolu
tion allowing consideration of bills of
j a. local nature which "have been" re
j ferred to committees.
Itr hoi it t Ion's A mend men (h.
This latter resolution has been
amended by the Senate in two par
ticulars. One aliows the consideration
bills which have been or "mav
, he1 referred to committees; the other
is the Conrad amendment. A motion
j to reconsider having been defeated,
| the Conrad amendment is clinched in
the Senate, and the whole resolution
j now goes back to the Mouse for con
currence in the amendments.
The Strode amendment, which broad
ened the resolution to all .matters per
taining to the public school system,
was yesterday withdrawn.
At the beginning of yesterday's ses
I s on in (he Senate, the Committee on
j Roads and Internal Navigation re
! ported the Highway Commission bill
as adopted by the committee, and the
j Senate ordered oOO copies printed.
Senator Strode Open* Debate.
I Senator Strode opened the debate on
the Conrad amendment. He declared
, that the General Assembly should not
sidestep a matter* that was of such
urgent necessity. He declared that at
the last session the General Assembly
j endeavored to make a substantial in
crease in teachers' pay. but it did not
,anticipate the great increase in the
i cost of living. "The paltry stipend we
jrive these faithful public servants has
been found t?? wither In tholr ^rrasp
I to one-half of its purchasing power."
; lie said. Further he asked:
| "What employer has been able to
j hold his employees without recognlz
i itig the imperative necessity of giv
ing them sufliclent compensation to
keep the breath in their bodies?"
Senator Strode further declared that
the contracts with teachers for th-j
coming session must be made now or
in the early fall. Senator Mapp then
asked if the contracts had not al
ready been made. Senator Strode
said that he was not definitely in
formed on this matter but Senator
l Addison replied that he assumed that
the contracts had been let on tne
basis of the official estimates.
Continuing his address the Amherst
Senator declared that Virginia was
financially well able to meet the
| school emergency and that he believed
I that schools and ronus should go
; hand in hand as in the past
Senator Gravatt declared thn< nr
! could not see how the simple >ad
| dition to teachers' salaries would
remedy the school situation. He said
that in some counties there was not
a 50 per cent attendance of the chil
dren and this he attributed to ha i
roads.. He said that the attendance
in the cities was far better than in
the country and this was due to tho
difference in the thoroughfares.
Snj* Oilier I'nrnl.vr.eM Initiative.
Replying to arguments that school
legislation should not be considered
unless submitted by the Governor.
Senator Strode said:
'I hava frequently wondered how
the office of Governor has been the
cause apparently of a creeping par
alysis in initiative on those who oc
cupy it. The responsibility at Ing
res ts where it ought to be, on the
shoulders of the General Assenibl>.
1 have often hoped that some time we
would have a Governor who would
see the fallow field there lies here in
\irginia for any sort of fearless
leadership and initiative."
Senator Royall. lloor leader of the
Republicans, supported the Conrad
amendment as did also other Repub
licans present. The Senator from
raze well denied that it was a hetrav.il
of trust for the General As.-emhlv' to
go outside th- scope of the call." He
declared tiiat lie wanted the salaries of
teachers to lie Increased and that the
situation was acute In counties or his
district bordering on West Virginia
Itlxon In For nnd Went AgnlnM.
Senator RIfon spoke in behalf of the
I amendment and Senator West against
; it. Senator Lecily declared that the
I only question before the Senate was
whether there was a real emergency i
in school affairs and that this bail
been amply demonstrated. He declared
that this was no time to discriminate
between the classes and the masses
and that there was a rumbling in the
State that told that some believe thai
the advocates of good roads renreseiit
j a well-favored class,.
Senator Goolrick, called attention to I
the fact that the cities would furnish j
60 per cent of the road taxes, although i
: not one dollar would be spent in their ;
confines, but Senator l.eedy retorted
jtbat rural communities made possible!
the aggregations of great wealth In i
j small areas known as* cities.
Senator Andrews declared that had !
i he known the question of-schools was
coming up, he. would have signed the
(Continued on Third Page.) I
in State Assembly
I> Tin : SION ATM.
House resolution amended l>y
allowing the consideration of hill
lo Increase I lie salaries of |ml?lie'
school-teachers of (lie Mule.
Kccelpt of report of Superinten
dent of Public Instruction Inform
ing Sennte of over $1,000,000 de
llcicney in .school funds.
Committee on I ourls of .fustlee
considers bills providing for recor
dation of automobile titles, mill tiie
punishment of tliefls of uiitoiuo
liiles by Imprisuniiient in the pejii
ten l in r.v.
t mil in it tee on Finniiee npppoints
subcommittee to consider uuestion
of State Hoard of Ta? Initialization.
ix Tin: hoi si:.
The Willis resolution, llniitinu
taxation for romls nt the speei.-il
session to those embraced in the
State bisliH ii.t system, defeated
ufter a spirited debate.
(?u\ernor Davis submit ted a enin
iiiunlcnllon from the state Cor
poration Commission ulioivini; thin
were the "I'lumli" plan of public
ownership of railroads and canals
adopted the State of \irRiiiia at the
end of ten years would lose ap
proximately 92,500.000 derived from
la \ 11 lion.
The resolution of Delecate Price,
of Klchmond. asking; for n Joint
Committee of the House and Senate
to investigate (be reasons for the
Itigli cost of lixinis and report their
ImdinRs as flic basis of legislation,
was passed almost unanimously.
CURTWL STATE'S INCOME
Corporation Commission Declares lis
Provisions Hctlure Revenues
2,"> I'cr Cent.
DDKS A WAV WITH RAILWAY T.W
Present Annual Payment From This
Source to Treasury Is Approvi
mattHy $2,250,POO?Counties and
Cities Also Lose Largely.
\ irginia at the end of ten yours
J would be deprived of approximately
; $2,500,000 in taxes, or about L'5 per
1 ''cnt of its entire revenue, were the
! dumb plan of public' ownership of
railroads and canals adopted, accord
ing to a communication filed with Cov
entor Davis by the State Corporation
This communication the chief execu
tive sent yesterday to the General As
sembly. Sn recommendation for ac
tion was made by the Governor. In
the House it was received and ordered
to be printed as House document Xo. 2.
Would He Cut 10 I'cr Cent Vearly.
r-,!u!df;.r fth0 !>'"?. taxes paid on
tailw.ij franchises and property would
be reduced 10 per cent each year, until
a. the end ot ten years no taxes at all
will be paid liy them. Virginia would
i $-2,1.000 the first year.
Ilio communication from the com
mission. minus t he tabulated losses for
the cities and towns of the State. says
It appears from the printed bill
embodying what is known as the
| "imb plan" for public ownership of
tailways and canals, the States, conn
ties ?ind cities would be deprived im
Mw. Vl. V'y.?i revenue from taxes on
tlx fiaiHhiscs and property of ?urh
transportation lines, Report's of hear
si'mWi. 11 'ti appear 1 ns in the press
' 'hat the author of the plan will
revise the bill so as lo provide that
; taxes paid on railway franchises and
ledn.'i.V in' Me vera I States shall be
I 1 educed 1 ? per cent each year, until
I ; "u>. .en<l 01 ten years no taxes shall
1 be pa id. ' "
Provide Other He venue Source*.
j ?Should public ownership become a
fact through an act of Congress em
i w'i'iV V,'K n ' anieiidinent, it
, will be necessary for the Ceneral \s
sembly of \ irginia 10 provide other
I i!m*i/?( ^ecuring revenue for the stip
nublle fr?10 Lal4>i 'f,vern??<,nt and tho
! .! . schools, to pay interest
1 on 1 he public debt, to build roads and
1 !(l Provide for pensions for veterans
so forth Lie,ueon lhe a'ates. rand
; 1 lie taxes assessed by the Slate
j Corporation Commission :n 11 s upon
; t e property and franchises of steam
? railways amounted to ?;oi 5t!
I he operation of the IMumb plan is
reported would take from the reve
nrcseni "i ,StaI? a sl'm which, on the
ri; ' b: 8,-si amount ill the
iirst year to *lilNl.iMio; t|,e Sccotl v ?? r
V;?,h" l,,linI -v"ir 1,1 ???&<?
and which at of ten years
"""tnin,iini"St ,I,C St lU' taxes possibly
'?V ner ! ,VtCI' "r approximately
the ti-easury. ?nUro of
movilS'jV0"1!1' I;c;vc,;u,'s "'?*t also be
pro\ Jded, should the Plumb nl m l.e
"1*1 * ? entities and cities
of ?. i '^aU'' wh.U'h- U|,t> except ion
1. * ii counties In which there are
no railways, would lose in varying
IS RAISED IN CLASH AS
TO TELEPHONE RATES
Question II /// lie Fought Oui
Before Corporation Commis
sion September 16.
The question of Jurisdiction, as be
tween the state and city of Richmond ,
will be fought out before the State I
Corporation t'omnii.-sion on September'
1?. wl:en the municipality will appear)
to show cause why the commission
should not authorize the Chesapeake
\V lotoinar 'IVlophono ("ompanv of
\ Irgini.i to col lee! rate-, put Into' ef
lect h> | ostin.ister-Ceneral 11urleson.
All order to tills effect was issued
yesterday by the commission, ;o whom
the company appealed f;oni directions
given 1>\ the City Council that rates
for telephone service lie immediately
i evert ed lo .i p:e-war basis, a coiisld
fiably lower level than that allowed
under the liiirleson order.
The commission now has before it
for con.-ider.it ion a new schedule of
rate?, flird by the company, which are
even higher than thosw put into effect
by the Post niastoi-(ien? i al. It is the
petition of the company that it he per
mitted to colled wnr-tlnie rates until
such time as (lie commission sh.t'l have
decided upon the new schedule.'
The hearing will he hold in the
courtroom ot the coin in isslon at 10
o clock on September lo.
ONLY, SAYS OFFICER
Delegate Will Remodel
Measure to Place Money
EFFORTS TO DELAY ACTION
Ask Right of Legislators to Fix
Taxes Benefiting Only
OPINION OK JOS! AH HANK
Adherants of Federal Aid Plan Put
Up Bat fie to Prevent Con
fusion in Issue.
Advocates of a 5-cent levy for county
roads won hands down in a test of
strength yesterday with proponents In
the House of Delegates of the move
ment to raise at this session funds only
' for State highway construction.
I l.ner, when the fight shifted to the
' office of the Attorney-General, they
j tost under an opinion of Josiah D.
! Hank. Jr., who held that the tax as
? imposed under the Ozlin bill is uncon
stitutional. for the reason that it is
for local purposes only, though it will
| he levied on general property of tho
j State at large.
I 1 ?oleg;tte Ozlin. taking .the cue from
j Mr. Hank, expects fortune to tako
j another turn in his favor today, when
j he will have so amended his measure
as to provide for placing the 5 cents
; for county roads in the State treasury,
to he apportioned to the counties under
j an appropriation hill, which will be
drawn at the proper time.
i The fight in the House waged around
a resolution introduced,, by Floor
! Leader Willis, who declared that tho
I special session was called for the spe
l ci-tlc purposo of meeting the Federal
; aid, and who attempted to have the
body place itself on record as favoring
| a policy under which the next regular
j session would give the county roads
the biennial appropriation of $600,000
which they now receive as State aid
and also about J550.000 now dedicated
to the maintenance and construction of
the State system.
Fail to Ilefrr Hill.
Onco the resolution was before tho
House every effort on the part of its
proponents [to have it referred to the
proper committee or delay action upon
it met with overwhelming defeat front
the members who sponsor the move
ment on behalf of the county roads
or "feeders" to the State system. Fin
ally. it went to its death amid a storm
Legislators who stand on the plat
form of State roads first and the ex
; elusion of the county highway prob
lem from consideration at this session
I already bail laid the situation beforo
the Assistant Attorney-General, with
the request that he answer the fol
"Will you kindly advise us whether
the tJeneral Assembly has the con
stitutional power to imjiose a property
tax on property throughout the State,
or a license tax on all automobiles
in the State for the purpose of aiding
the counties of the "
ing and maintaining
in the respective co
tier set out in tlie St
law, approved Marcl
The request was
Delegate Willis and
ftoolrick, who made no direct reference
to the Ozlin bill, but stated that amend
ments filling the same purposo had
been proposed to the road revenue*
bills. ft has been suggested by cer
! lain Senators that tho measure, in
creasing the automobile license tax 50
per cent be so amended as to make it
100, and the increase be equallv dis
tributed between the counties and tho
State highway system.
Kxt r acts from Mr.' Hank's opinion
I "I take it from your letter that the
! county roads to be constructed bv the
proposed amendments above mentioned
ai<' not a part of the State highwav
"It appears well settled that one
territory cannot be taxed for the
benefit ot another."
fit ins Cooley on taxation, ho pro
?.urpo8? nn,sit ho accom
. ? y Sla,? taxation; a county
purpose by county taxation, or a public
purpose for any inferior district bv
taxation of such district. This is not
' evt .?fl'"t >' . U is* 0S8entiHl- To any
x ? n.t t.i.it one man is compelled to
I ,',i i;? . r to rel?eve others of a
i public burden properly resting upon
them his property is taken for private
w!,niV.S'T :tf. Plainly and palpably as it
would be if appropriated to the pav
Mt'itlni ? ,'? .?r l,h? (llst,h*rge of oi.
tini'! i ! w hich the person thus re
"rlViic""Bhl ?"e ">
Opinion of Attorncy-Gcucrnl.
Further he says:
,different question would arise if
he county roads in question were a
? state highway system, bo
V r Sl" il would he a
tl ,1 m-v, concern to ,lu* whole
fat.ite. I he state. Instead of tho coun
t>. would be selecting and building the
roads and maintaining them out of the
general funds of the State raised In
.he same manner as other revenue for
general State purposes Is raised
A 1 lK,V0 said above Is predicated
upon the assumption that the counrv
roads proposed to be constructed out
"t t ,ie money raised by the proposed
amendments, are to be built by the
boards of supervisors of the various
? ?ounties and maintained by them and
to be under the supervision and con
trol of the local authorities, and not
built and maintained by the State and
under the control of the State author
You will understand that I have
given no consideration to the question
of the right of tho State to appropriate
a portion of the revenue raised by *
levy for general State purposes for the
building of roads through the Stale
ur.der what Is known as the State
money aid road law but the above
opinion is predicated entirely upon the
assumption that a direct tax U pro
posed to be levied on the taxable prop
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