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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, December 28, 1919, Image 16

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jKidjnnmli ?m^-fli&atrh
lllK TtMKX TILE DUPATCU
K*t. ) K * X Kst. 13 3 0
Jvjtlcrril .liinurir* JJ. IDO.'i. ut Hip l'n?t>Oflite at
Kiclimoitri. \n? :i? *rmiii|.<-lu<is matter.
Cl't'lll.isni'.n r\crv ilar in llic >t"?u- at 10 South X^nlh
r street. Iilrlimmnl. \ii.. t?.' The Tinii-N-IM?p;?W-li I'ub
Ilslilns: Co. Inc.. 1-. lliolirool., lailtor auU
MiinurT*
AIlllKKSS AM. (O.MMOXIl.V
TIONS lu 'i'lic Tlmra-llis
patt-li, :ml not to ln:Il\Kltial*.
i i:i.Kriio>K! i<uuiioi|>ti i.
Urn licit lAchanxo
vviinri'tlnc with nil depart -
I IK'II i >.
ItliANCII orriCKS: Wash*
inclon. I I IB New \ ork \ve
iilie; Xi w York lit*. l iftli
Atemie lliiilitin:? ; ?. liIc ;?c<>,
l'rfi|tli''s lluihillig;
I'tiiiailrlphl'.i. Colonial 'ItK*'
tllilltliilK.
M ItM'KH'TION It ATMS IN
Al?VAM I. i? mail: l?ait>
.mil .Mmdu.r. niii> jear.
<? montlc. Sl.7.">: o montli*.
yi.'tU; iiih> month, 90 icnl!?.
I >.?!?> iinlv. imr \?ir, Mi.50;
(i ?miiitlis, $:i.,1(l; ;< in?it:l(H,
nno month, ?>:"> i eilt?.
>unila> i>tilj . olio year, S.i.^u;
r> months, si.;.->: 3 month*,
!>0 <onts: 1 mom It, 110 crnl*.
5, . i:v i.ocai. cai!i;11.n si-, it
Itnme of Tin* } >< '??">? ,1>,1,M|;VV
rim*o-I>i*pateh. 'S?,-iitx a ? reW; I tail* tvilh
M.sohitrlj I in-proof. "??, ("onlay. rents *
it i'fk i smitlaj only, ? cents.
7 I' our friemls ?\ lin favor ns with manuscripts anil
illii>ir;itious for ?itihlh iltioii tt Isli in liave unavailable
jirll'lm rrliirnnl, ili?> nnj?( 'n j;II in>rs ?rl)il stamps
y>>r tliat iuirpn.se, ,
~ Ml Mltl.lt t>l Till; \SM)('IATI'.'O I'ltUSS The
<A??imJafctl J'rr-.- i- t'xrhlsitcl.v entitled to tin* (It for
-republh alien oI all ncos di-ii'itch.", credit*-'! to it or
*jio| otlnrwiM i r. ilitrn in I ti? -> paper, and ulsn the
local ?i.-\? s published lirreln All riKiits ol republic.! ?
?mii nl sprt'i.ii iii>p;ttrln'v lierrin art' aii<u rcscrtcd.
* :?! ? *i;\i mil: i
Now that the packers have agreed to the j
process of "unscrambling.'-s the country is
jjiani testing a good deal of doubt as to
whether any substantial benelits will result
from the surrender. The opinion is growing ;
Mi:1t it will bo a more diflieuli undertaking ,
tu control the smaller profiteers than Hip i
larger ones.
The white paper famine might have bet-n j
alleviated in a measure by eliminating from i
newspaper columns such advice as "shop :
early" and "mail your Christmas packages- j
early." for judging by the crowds of belated j
Christmas shoppers and the long lines of i
people more or less patiently awaiting their !
turn at tliu post-otlio windows.'it was well- !
meant advice wasted.
'Hit German custodian of enemy property j
announces that failure of the United ^States
Senate to ratify the peace treaty will'in no j
way jeopardize American property in Uor- j
many or result in tliat property being con- |
li sea led by the German government. Is that '
htatement in answer to a distress signal from
{Senator Lodge and followers to head off the
manifest disposition of friends of ihe treaty
on both sides to get together on a com pro- ,
mise resolution of ratification?
Holland is not likely to remain immovable j
in its determination not to surrender Wil- j
liam Hohenzollern up to the allies for trial. |
A refusal.is to bo expected. That ipuch is !
necessary to the preservation of its dignity,
bat t4iat little fnnunlity having been coin- j
plied with, the barest insistence on the part i
of the allies should bo suflicieut to bring j
the criminal to bar. Holland is hospitable, .
but the strain pat npon it by ih<; prisoner of ?
Amerongen already i> beginnint; to tell on '
?jis temper.
-I
President Wilson on Christmas Day signed j
the Edge bill, designed to promote American j
participation in foreign trade. Now. if the !
Senate will hurry up and ratify the peace 1
treaty. American business will soon get in i
position to seize opportunities for the expan- j
sion of,its commerce in foreign countries, for )
which the competition from now on will lie !
very brisk. li tre.ily ratification is much !
longer delayed. American business will be |
placed at :i ci< disadvantage in the* coin- ;
petition for 111i;r.?<1 ? ;t disadvantage which 1
it will not he able to overcome in flie future, j
Delivering an alleged sermon in hi.- Fifth !
Wenne. Epi.-i ?ip;ilian Cliurch, Kev. I'ercy ?
Stickney (!t;:tii comjtared ilie departure oi' j
ihe anarchists to the sailing of the Pjlgrinirt !
in.in I'lymoatli Discovery ()t similarity be- !
tween tlui.He \\!:u . ame here voltiutarily to
ti.-MTt npligioa ;iri? I establish law. and those j
who v11 invohnitai 1> because th?-y lioastfully
liiit ? religion :? n<i aw. illustrates the kind of j
originality t > be ? x.;>? ?"??(! from an intellec t
?-.! teii;iat<-d "V ? ':?? pen ing of f.. liionai)l" i
? "iigii gijtitiii i? t".*i? er.'ivings are cmicen- )
ir.it.-ii on pubi. ity and mcii ati-ui. .Mr. Grant ;
? night l<:arii ami r?-? i;e a few liiolisatid time I
"My Duty in dy \i igiiboi in tin ratr-chbni !
"? Hiown i."iioin;i;;t' ioii. ,i- preliminary ;
measure toward t*?? ? a"; anie nt of -ome cot::
n at 5-etTSf.
In the pet:1 ion v\ it; <-b tl. .State of lUia!
I.-utiid has pre-.-nl . <1 i., I'liiN-d ,?? ?
S iprei e Con: to -t the vnlidiiy ot i)
? *g!:te< r,th .. an ni nt. i he >. u.. j,;. (
' ;. I.- .'tl :?< fn w!:?-' ::er 111*- [ ,er. - I a 111 n of J| '
Si. '" i ;m '11?.? ? i-,it? :o ?!i. I-V.ler.i. -. (ivf rt.ni'-iii
.! pOWC'I N\l.. !. i iief>ji|. . 12 t! Si, t'- 11; t \,
n-ver d-;--gated ? i,.. i..;',Haiure
?I-tm-v a . i ame contention in . .
?' Hied ? tenth an.euilmec.t to th?'
r"i>' ?: . til." ' '! now.-- - not
delegated ; . t,. ' in'wl .- I, t j?.
st it tit ion no: i . bit ed by .- '<i ii,'
are t'-tr.i' to t . Sutti . re-pi--; j ?,?<?! oi
to the peojde. hi <!. - cot.r.ection, !t i .. con
tended that th? : ? O preiiibit the ntana
factiire of alctdin!.. in.- , ci ;i;-,e |. ailniii I . <11%
one of the power; u served to the per,pie and
ihat. except on the authority .-t coj'.-t;tn
tional amendment adopt'd b> . din-ci vote
of the people, no stale Degivlattire ha- ( vet
been able to probibi- th nrc nnl
sal" (>t such beverages; therefore, it )v
pointed out b;. thtj-e support it.ji v.
that in the ratiticalion of die eighi*-eiiii.
amendment Stat! Legi.-!;.. .ir. <i-?; .<i
Gongress power.' w nii-n the;. ?In ... ,-l,. .. . ..i, ,|
not exercise -power-, tha: have at v. r b< . t:
delegated t <? the in by the po.,pp |{e^i:r?i
Jess of the merit of this contention it .'.uiMd
seem that tlie petitioners have made .-.ironr
point in representing that in Stales having
Constitutions which withheld from the legl*
lative bodies power of final legislation with
out k referendum to the people ra t lot upon
fhe proposal was taken and lias been treated
as ilual without such referendum, and rliat
It is only by including in the count tho States
the people of which have thus been denied
the opportunity for expressing their will, as
provided in their own State Constitutions,
that a ratification of the alleged amendment
by three-fourths of the States can bo made
to appeal*. Herein, them certainly is raised
an issue upon which opponents of the amend
ment may at least base 11 reasonable hope
of a Supreme Court decision delaying its go
ing iuto elYocl. until ratification by these
State* lias been completed by a referendum
vote <if approval.
A
.Another Link Is Hrokcn
NOTHKll link in that human chain which
connects the Old South with the New
is broken by tho death of General William
Iviiffin Cox. t>?> rapidly are tho famous
loaders of the Civil War period passing that |
soon tlie old order will have become but a |
glorious memory, a tradition to be cherished
for ever and ever by generations that must |
learn their history of the South only from i
its written records. Of those heroes of the j
N\ ar Hot ween the States, who through valiant
.service achieved the title of brigadier-general, i
but two now remain alive.
General Cox was typical of the South, of j
the South s_ best in strong, self-reliant, inde- I
pendent manhood. Like thousands of others |
of its voting men in the years immediately j
preceding tlie war. lie saw tho clouds gather- j
ins over his beloved homeland and he set !
about preparing for the breaking of the i
storm. Tho first shot at Sumter found liiui i
ready, his troops organized, and from that j
hour to the day when his soldiers, his sturdy 1
North Carolinians, acting under his orders. *
tired the tinal volley at Appomattox, he was i
in active service, lighting, fighting, always}
lighting, tor tin: Cause he knew was right, ;
but which he was doomed to see defeated. ?
Kleven wounds he bore to the grave, honor- !
able wounds from Northern bullets, scars in !
which he gloried throughout the long years ,
during which he was spared after the com- '
ing of peace. The list of engagements in
which ho fought, names written in letters of
living light, is sufficient evidence of the war
rior s role lie played?Moadow llridgo. Seven !
i>uys, .Malvern Hill. Shnrpsburg, Fredericks- j
burg, Chancellorsville. Spotsylvania, -with its
Hloody Angle, the Valley Campaign. I'eters- !
burg. Appomattox, what memories they stir,
and what a heritage of glory for any war- ?
rior to leave!
As ho fought for tho South 011 the field of I
battle, ho he fought for it in the dark days I
of Reconstruction, his ardor and determina- i
tion undiminished by the unsuccessful out- |
come of the armed conflict. Setting his face
to the tasks of peace, he took a leading part
in the work for his native State. As a Judge,
member of Congress and as a wise leader
in the councils 01' his porly, lie did much j
for the restoration of tranquillity and for the i
maintenance of supremacy of the white race. 1
threatened by the old carpetbag regime, j
Had he cared to do so he might have received '
far higher honors than those he accepted, but j
he was ever content to work along his chosen j
lines, curing little for personal preferment, 1
and to his crcdit be it recorded that his j
achievements in peace wero equally meri- 1
torious with those of war. And in his ripe. '
old age. honored by North and by South, he !
gave to the service, of a reunited country,
gave gladly and proudly, a son, who fought I
in Franco under tho Stars and Stripes, u son |
who brought fresh credit and happiness to
the aged warrior. Now he has answered .
the last roll call and passed over the river "
where one likes to believe that ho is reunited '
with Lee. and Jackson, and Ramseur, and all
those other fellow heroes, whose glory even
the passing of time cannot dim.
Give Thrni a Square Deal
O l OKhSAllvN for the live great packing
houses which have now agreed with the
govt rnmont to divest themselves of all their 1
interests except that or butchering, poultrv. !
??ggs. butter and cheese, and have submitted '
? <? a perpetual injunction decree to that ef
fect. have made an appeal to the "American
people and the Federal government for a
fair opportunity to live and prosper within
the legal lines laid down.
llirse packers cite the undisputed fact that
they have been on the defensive, in judicial
congressional and other legal proceedings for
a decade. They have been sued under the
antitrust law.-. They have been prosecuted
under the criminal code. They have been
probed by the Federal Trade and other com
missions. They have been investigated by
congressional committees until they have
b"cn driven in desperation to waive what
many of them believe their established rights
and to consent to a contraction of thoir
business.
If. as the Attorney-General has pointed
?'"? ?? his public .statement, the packing in
y ,1:ts '??en placed upon a lawful basis'
'l Hie divorcement of all unrelated lines of
business has been safely accomplished; if the
tear of. monopoly oven in the supplying of
meat products has been removed, and if the
mg l ive* are placed immediately under
??><? of Federal court with rospc^ to
?' >h? ?' business practices, it is not too much
'I,.- packers to ask and receive immunity
fro , further interference with their affair's
bv governmental agencies.
'n? '"spute the fact -hat the great
. in? hmn.'s perform a very useful service ?
>" 11 ?" American people. They have created
group of raarvelouKly efficient plants. They
?*?>?r?es and highly skilled in
? TI;.-: ? o .airy forward their work, and
? ? '""titi'd to !hriv< and to profit by
''ffi'-"i"ncy. their superb or
< "id thel, broad experience, so
; operate within the law, so long
pr?-par?*d 'o !e: 1 h?>|r competitors
? '' ? 'hey ,|r, in<lu|gft |n
' ' ;";?i>.?;(, monopoly. The packing
'? 'air treatment at the
?,,hI ,!!p government, and ,
' "?"? bmb the public'
? '"'Mont are positively asnured of ?
? ? I behavior -,f the pnclrei j .
?? "Moid N V.. wlcpf contiuu
'I "" ' i,; ' ;,yh' dbte an e(forts to
?'"'?'?Ly, |a?i? pjnoit, a talk
Wi" '"Otlon *n4 Hbc
a. irom lt"r long slumber. True to
?-I'-- ?a ..oi,,,.! to i.avr ,i? UtAl word
j ;V,V "r a,: country" heron,r w
;,ii '? II hy JbM borrowing
?>?' > tern of bookkeeping and
z:: zh,-z'.
' i?a ? tm< nt
I - *
,!' ??b'njt boutleioo-i r ,1
'"'"?r. Il.ai ill.. f?oi<? rMi.ntlr.Mly they 'are
pVrlt': rive ?f ,l" ,f" ^ ".ore their
! I'j.hai, requeued departure ?f Kmina
? <ddin.hi l,m,d be docrit^: ,? u nhegini,
J
SEEN ON THE SIDE
XT MCiniT EDWARD WA.KVCK
Swf?r<?e Off.
l.ast year I swore on January Pirat
That I'd efcohow :ho cook tall and it* Ilk.
And of all drink* let. coftce be tha' worst,
AsuuHse my av?ra;e hankering with milk;
I swore that vow. I took that oath, I flH?
With lwnd uplifted cut the Demon Drlult!
Clapped close the box and sat uppn the lid?
Swore ofT the e-kate and closed the skating
vink.
How clear the picture of the oath J made
To cut the Bronx and pairs Martini by. /
To swap Manhattans for tho lemonade
That cheors. but leaves no red rrpols on the
eye! .
T aec me now. Inst year and other years?
Years stretching far in endl?6ts tdngle Hie.
Putting the kibosh on all ales and beerf,
And swearing J would raise no foot to smile!
And You were with rr.e' I . , You too'swore
os I!
I ' Bartender, witness: . . . Here upon this
rail,
i "Wo swear together we would rather die
! Than look again upon wine, red or pale!
| Close up the shop! . . . You lose our trade
I tonight!
I We've bought ?+ truck to ride upon, we
twain!''
And left him thus, a melancholy eight,
Who never hoped to scorch oUv threats
.*gain!
Thus its It were; ettsoohf. also anon.
The oath wore off, virtuous mrearings do;
Tbnt same old rail to rest our feet upon
.Smiled a brass greet when I returned with
You! l
But now I mean it! . . . Henceforth I shall
ride
lligh on the cart, nor even think to smite;
Tossed lo the rocks by prohibition's tide,
One may vcforft upon this diinkless Isle!
v
thun-vil bfk> Daily 'i'k??Bkt.
"When a mewl toy back he cara an* raise he
tail." raid Charcoal Eph, In a mood. "hit's J?*s
l;ik bitln' a policcman t' look him In de heels.
Try a couple o' poraehed sigs. Mhjtah Jaiek*
-on "
Llrnatk. .
Jbeer, reading over all Uie magazines.
ihm tcdicals, newspaper columns, almanacs and
theatrical advance notices for humor.
In the old days you coQld And something to
laugh ui on nearly every page of any publica
tion. Uvtn the m<*st serious c-j'torlals used to j
?>r funny. :
llace taken in all the :>ra.e operas, muslca.1 ]
comedies end comic mov".e3. acd hava pan
dered ail oC the. Sunday cilotci supplements.
fVen doing tliia 'or a montt: acd have failed to
!:nd a single smile on earth.
A? a l;?s: resort, st?i!r;-.i through our twn
s.?rapboo? reading bae!c into Sov?n on the fjide,
and ihMf i.a-sn't been a fuanv line in this ctl
umr? since early in 1617.
Is it because our sense of humor u> changir.g.
ir- it right that the war anJ II. C. I?. havo
knocked all the comedy out of viewpoint? A
?.an of rardlnes tor the best answer.
night.
say, what's this darned fool clock I bought
of yon? I've only had it a week and It's all out
oi" wtuack!"
"That's right; it's an eight-day clock.'*
De?r?ttl.
The couMly gentleman of the old school re
moved his hat and bowed low as he passed a
half-moulted leghorn chicken.
"1 respect success." ho explained, as he shifted
his dozen of dollar egga under the other arm.
A Daily Once-Over
Never Mind the Old Family Tree.
You should put on the soft pedal wheti you
feel that inclination to allude to the fact that
your own family arc bo much better bred.
Just because your father and mother havo
benn a bit bettor educated, or have possessed
more money than the family of your better
half, is not an infallible Indication that you
are brighter, better or more honorable than the
one to whom you are married.
Personally you may bo several rungs farther
down the ladder than your parent*, and your
Iif<": partner may be sever*! higher than family
indications.
If you have *o stand on the reputation of
your fumily to gain recognition as to your
worthiness, it proves your own foundation
pretty weak.
You are fortunate if you have a family noted
for culture and all that calturo stand? for, but
if you do not live up to the traditions of your
ancestors you are a smudge on the family
escutcheon, are yon not?
The one who can rise above early environ,
ment Is most worthy of respect.
It is WHAT YOU ARE that counts?not what
your grandfather was.?Copyright, 131?.
From Other Viewpoints
Sfmatlon Tcaae in Marepe,
HY P1IIMP B. KE.NSPDY.
The principal characteristic of European In
dustrial and commercial conditions since the
signing of the armistice has been uncertainty.
llusineKS intn, accordingly, have had to drift
along doing what they could without making
sanulno commitments for the future. This
waiting attitude Is expressed in many ways.
Some of tho large munition plants expect to
gr. in extensively for the manufacture of rail
way materials, but must wait, to know what
the government J? going to do with the rail
roads. Until a settled railroad policy is adopted
the railroads will buy only "from hand to
moiit h."'
Conditions in (treat Critain are similar to
aft<?r-walr conditions in tho United States except
that th?y arc more serious In degree. 'In
France. Italy, and other European countries the
financial and labor problems are even more se
rious. The macMnory of Industry and trade
nur.t be adjusted.
I'.ritish business m<m have been restive under
government control?more so than business
:nen In the United State*. The British govern
ment now fully reeogniJios the temper of the j
situation and is anxious to take 1U) hands off
trade junt as quickly as possible.- The impa- J
l i'-ncf t'or i >.?. urnption of normal conditions Is I
so g: ? at thai, steady chances in the right direc- I
Hon do not make as much impression as might
be exported.
Ueneral conditions are complicated by a lurg*
amount <>f social unreal. The people generally
arc surfeited with abnormal conditions and am
impatient. The cost of UVIng has about doubled
since 1 'JlZ. Premier Uloyd Oeorge promised the
liritish people, "? new heaven and a new earth"
following a victorlourt pence. Doth the com
n op people of Great Britain and o'lher Euro
pean asaoclalftB have borne a heavy burdt-n
during the war and feel that, they can not whIL
fur the realization of the fuller life that tbhy
have anticipated.
H is iiUlicult ftom this side of the Atlantic
to realize the tensity of the European' Situa
tion. Prominent ofiioials and business men lu
flreat Itritain feel that an adjustment can fee
obtained, but that a dilllcult period Is ahead.
On the continent of Europe it will take tho
most tactful handling to steady the position
:md enable Industries lo revive.
It is a time when Europe needs help. The
United States mutt eo-operata In ft broad-mind*
eii ami courageous mannttr. And complacent
feeling on our part that European conditions
will gradually adjuut themselves if left alone
In unwlue and unnafe. American commorc'o
and flriancc are today no Interwoven with Eu
rope that anv calamity there would be greatly
to our detriment. The better conditions of
peaoe we must win together with our Eutopeyn
;i*f*octntes. ?. -
A couHtructlvo policy is a long-tlmo policy.
< onditlon!? are today abnormal. The first step
In to vtart restoring fundamental machinery
and so relievo thi tincertalnty. The w6rld
ii'ed? prod'i?:tion. There is room for all. Un
|"i?h we s'piarely face tho situation and set
about remedying fundamental difficulties our
?trade will have to depend upon false
uonOdence and forccd enthu?i?cm. A short
>tIr lit <jd and narrow policy Vs a peor li^veslfnjnt
in the light of prawent day elreunistances. The
probleni applies not only to thoae directly con
cerned with exporting: it ?ppll?e an wall to
producers of raw material* an?l food, to tnanu
raettirern and workers, In fact to all * ho de
pend wpon our national prMJperJty.??Oofe9ri*lit,
191*.
Interesting Health Queries
. AK8WBRKD BY DR. BRADY. >
Ccpyrigtit, 1919. National Newspaper Serrtce.
To the Anonymot^--Dr. Brady bcgq to remind
reader* that letters to him must bo signed. Thin
la a uecocwary rulo of thla department but tho
namen ot the writer are Been by no one but the
Doetor hfmaclf.
PhickinKn Byebrews?*I>oes any harm come
from plu?:klng the eyebrows with tweezera?
(Mrs. f>. M. T.)
Ar/awer?No harm.
Far H:idden Rapid Heart Action?1 am of a
nervous disposition and I frequently suffer tVoni
a sudden running away of tho heart, extremely
rapid heart beat, lasting for several minutes.
What fa the be*,t thing to do when tho heart
goes fast like that? (J. K.)
Answer-?Got down on nil four?, rest on the
elbows, and make moderate steady pressure
with your tlngeim on both eyeballs through tho
ckw??d lids for a mlnuto or ninety weconda.
Santo Old Foolish Worry?I urn to bccome a
mother lit April. Some time ago a thoughtless
persona, In play, flapped me over the eye, and 1
quickly put rny hand to my eye. I have heard
that SDCh an experience in likely -to ciw? a
birthmark and I wort*y all the time about it.
Answer?You are foolish to listen te ouch
fairy takfcn. Of course all that is mnk super
stition.
Voice of the People
IMtvro aitnt grlve (he nine aad alireu at
t%? tntfrf. -tame %tI1I Mt be ??Muhrl If
tuttci1 aa rt<t?h.
I'lTam tVr Telegraph n?arf.
To the Editor of The TUnef-Dlspatch:
Sir,?May 1 enlist your Hupport in bchal:' of
the Telegraph Ilonil from Richmond to Wash
ington? This matter will come before the
Hoad Commissioners tomorrow, and in my hum
ble Judgment, is of vttal interest to every tax
payer in Vlrglnio.
There ore two routes proposed bet we.fen lUch
mond and Washington, the Telcgranh and Nogro
Foot routes. The Telegraph route ifc an old.
well-established route, almost an air line. It
i? on * ridge most of the way. splendid grales
and a first-class foundation. It iu two miles
shorter than the R., F. & P. from her eto Fred
ericksburg. Th<* Negro Foot route, on the other
hand, la twelve miles further to Fredericksburg
and ia n very dangerous and ttlVcultous route.
It crosses the It.. F. &. P. between hero and
Ashland at grode crossing. and accident* have
occurred. I unlerstand that there is a great
deal of political feeling In the selection ol this
route. It scents to me. aa r? taxpayer, that this
should bo eliminated entirely.
From reliable sources. I understand (hat it
will require $40,000 per mile to hullil a con
crotc road. Therefore, it would coat the State
practically $480,000 to build this? extra twelve
mile*;. The interest on this sum alone would
take, nare of the new road inUellnltc.ly. Tho
Telegraph Road will eventually prove a great
.highway between the North and .South and
should be tho most dlrett road in Virginia.
TAXPAYER.
Richmond, Va.t December "5, l'.?l!?.
Keyboard Touches
\ iri?kl? Cllnate ?f a McvnUln
BY FIIAKK IX. BROOKS.
Inhabitants of a .email town that lies In th^
Ehadewa of mountain miipen change their at- |
tire more frequently than those who live in
the oity. They start out In the morning with i
an old carpetbag lilte that you see in a New '
Kn gland play, or like th;u taken by your grand- I
mother when she went for a month-end with
one of her kin. If the weather chances after i
the? have gone, a mile or so they drop into the i
home of ri friend and remove their raiment to ]
liarTn.-miac wfltli the c!!rn;?tl<- contStlons. If I
they have no friend aloni; the road they jo into
it atora and get behind a pile of boxes and
shift. I have been told that If the storo is
< rowdtd they toddle along until tboy come to
w strip of wood und take ftT and put on aa the
Wfjatlier cu!!s for. I make this statement feel
ing that It needs an affidavit. When they
have reached their destination, tnc weather
has horn Ockle. they discover that they have
n't anything left that has not bc?*n worn, if it
ia jr. o. summer time they gr> to a near-by rreek
ana have a waahup. They take th"ir wash to
the house, where they are to atop and hang
out their laundry. It is said that this i? why j
i.Mothed lines coat more iu a small town than
lilgh-coet-of-llvlng-efiEs.
These changuu ocaur in tho homea just as
well. A man will put on a linen duster in the
morning, and a woman will Con a Mother Hub
bard for morning prayers. By the time the
huckstf-r comes around with a lo.id o' rutu- j
bagaa arid parsnips, the weather has changed |
so that the inmatts who hove not already con* '
out will get into their overcoats and carmuffs >
and the wtnncn will g#?t out their muffs and !
heavy wraps. Every am who wears a watc*i j
hang? a thermometer on the tether end of his |
''twin. a;id sometimes you will sec one of these
indicators Worn as an ornament to a fob. When j
the nirn come homr in the nvciiius they arc !
likely to come in their shirtsleeves, the tern- i
peratore having gone up since morning.
The lady who has worn her winter clothos j
matit of the day is upt to greet her lord on his
return 'attired in decolette, and sandals on her J
feet. When they go to bed they an- quite llk<*ly 1
to do so accompanied with an old-time heating- '
pan. Sometimes a fnan will knock ofl' ennupli j
Icicles from the eaces of hta house to give him |
enoneh ice for the next cummer. In the late i
afternoon he is sitting in the shade of hia I
house, barefoot"d. and with a straw hat to keep i
the flies oft lii<5 head. The official forecaster
haa refused to put thki town on hia map.
Tlut If you are fond of clrange. the mountain
town is the place to get it.
Thoughts (or Today
Tie Better-men tn af Life.
BY MARK BBNIVBTT.
Aa a nation we are commlttced to the social I
prlnciplo of an automobile ior every family. !
Aa we have approximately twenty million |
families, including Indiana not taxed, it will
be noted that this ia a large order.
Important readjustments will be required in |
carrying this new social order into effect, i
Numerous ntodiilcations will be necessary in
our present manners and customs.
Wc havn aeon the universal adoption of many
thinga. The bicycle In its palmiest day wan I
in everybody's way. You could scarcely cross
v street without the help of a springboard or a
parachute. Aa for policemen they had them
also.
The telephone rings In svery home. Its tin
tinnabulations arouse ua at all hours. The
world would be lost without it. It is a part
.of us.
In life readjustment the minimum family
wage will l>? fixed at the coat of living plus
the maintenance of a filwnr. The work-day
must allow time for exorcising (?aid flivver.
flat life will come to an end. "Own a home
with m. garage" will be the new thrift slogan.
Play la aa important as ,work. Who can play
without an automobile?
The new architecture will contain a garage
neatly tucked away somewhere In the family
dwelling, a noncombuotlbl? room that can bbrn
out without waking the family, ' if somebody
should get carelo38 with the gasciline.
The only hope for the flat owner is to in
vent a folding automobile that can be collapsed
and slid Into a closet like a baby's go-cart. An
alternative would be an articulated auto that
could bo knocked down and stowed away In
moth proof bags or cheats in attic rooms.
The standard of living controls tho wage
w-ale. Low atandards, low wages. High st-ind-*
nrda, high wages. . The flivver has come to stay.
We are continually talking higher ntandards
in everything. The higher standard of travel
ing is by gasoline.
The flat family is gqing to tho nuburbu Just
:m soon aa It can get tfcore in Order to, have
the coveted auto and all that goes with It. The
wine manufacturer will seek the smaller cities
and the suburbs artd provide auto sheds for nla
employees. . . . ?
The 2cr.ith of congestion ha9 been reached
and the dissipation of congested centers ban
begun Once the electric car caused a rush to
suburbs till flnuliy a limit was r?acimd and
congest Ion extended to the suburbs.
Having had a taste of auto travel und the
convenience of hia own conveyance, the city
man l\rtda travol by street car or suburban
t'falh irksome.
There ia a new element in Ma discontent.
The auto becomes a part of the family ae
much as the dlnlnfar-tahle and tho kitchen stoVc,
the library chair and the talking-machine.
If the breweries will start making gasoline
they nfce<3 m>ver skip a dividend ofid no family
hend order their fiuhday consignment sent up
after dark to avoid shocking the neighborhood.
That we ura to see substantially every fam
ily owning an automobile can hardly be doubted
In view of what has happened. Few neople
lire years Ago expected to llvo to seo a prohi
bition clause incorporated in the Constitution
of the United fU'atea. We did not belifeve a
great war possible till It actually had begun.
Anv dftubt of the unlvelsnllty o5" the automo
bile in this (iohnlry at an oarlv date (a dis
pelled ineroly by turning ofie'H inquiry t6 Cali
fornia. whore approximately five of every
six families has a maobifte. Our road building
pfoaramB cannot but have Bipolar rewulta In
etefy fltaie. whnVe thire'a a will thefe'a a
way. The will Is developing. The w^y w!ll?be
foftnd.
The taate for luxury apd gasoline means per
manfejjtly high wagea and sho^i Hopra. HoUi
k*r<r#
vfOTTB VflPU IWT IMpBlt J vTF,
?
FRENCH TEXTILE MILLS IN
DEVASTATED AREA RESUME
frrlicmtr Machinery Fonad In Rnlim
Veins Replaced and 40,000
rMplip Are at M'ofk.
ray Anwo:rl?Ud Prop.*. 1
L.1UL.1J, FRANCK, Dec. 2?.?Forty
thousand persona are at work in tho
French textile mills, which only a fow
months ago were rar.ed or looted by
tho Germans of their wonderfully deli
cate machinery.
Tho correspondent wa* given the
fact? with reference to this industry
today by French authorities, who have
arranged a trip to show him tho strides
n>adr by the. notion In reconstruction.
Within a year, government officials
-and manufacturers acrco, production
of textiles will icach half of the pre
war total, and within two yearp, these,
men forecast, the 1SH output will be
surpassed.
WmI IndaMry F*?t ftalalag.
Tho wool industry In said to be re
covering rno.vl rnpklly, with cotton in
second place. l.iiicn weaving is re
ported to be Slowest in getting back
to normal becnusc of the shortage of
flax, formerlv obtained from Russia.
In Lille and the adjoining cities of
ftoubalx ami Tutcoing, whero the tex
tile manufactories ure centered, it la
estimated'SO.OOO men, women and chll
dron now arc busied with combing,
I Snipping and weaving, and approxl
j matcly .10,00a ?ire employed in the
j smaller mills of surrounding towns,
I where progress is si u war, but is being
pushed with equal vigor.
Statistic*) compiled by the govcrn
I ment from necessarily accurate state
ments. upon which factories are paid
reconstruction indemnities, show that
in the I,llle district on October 1 last
there were o6.:lS-l ptrsons working in
182 textile plants compared with 106.
06S employed before tho war In 2?5
factories. In nil of tho 491 textile mills
of the liberated region there were em
ployed In August of this year only 21.
J 0-7 of tho ir.2,91* per?one at work four
I ye:ir?? ago.
fondltlao* CltaiiRe <(ulrUI<.
Reconstruction of the textile Indus
! try was declared by manufacturers ft
i few months ago to bo almost a hope
] lej?.- task. At least tlu*y said It wonld
I bo yo slow thai Franco would Ioko her !
world trade- In textiles. Now, however,
i <i brighter view |? being taken, gtn?i 1
j government figure? show the industry
? has ren< Ii-r-i two-fifths of normal pro*
Uuotlon. . |
I Manufacturers themselves concede I
I that tho output is at lca.'t one-third of j
that before the war. All agree that I
] rehablllt.ition is proceeding more rup- j
j idly each month, as tlio looted machin
, try Is being returned from Germany j
! or new injtallutinns are coming from i
( L'ngland ^od the l7tilted States.
Some of the equipment was not re- I
moved, but merely damaged by the !
Germans, and this is hoing repaired. j
This Industrial recovery, which
seemed unirnpOoing at llrst. lias been '
made through tho combined efforts of j
the government and plant owners I
against difficulties that appear more
forrnidnbio tho closer thev arc cx- j
arnined. i
Derange 20,tKi0,000.000 frame.
Direct -damage to the textile Indus- ]
try is estimated by the Ministry of
Reconstruction at 20.nou.000.000 francr. ?
In this section of France, tho heart
of the Industry, mills for tho most
part were knocked to pieces and tho
rest wore damaged. All of tho elec
tric machinery, belting, shafting and
j similar equipment were taken by the
I Germane, and seven-tents of the spin
dles. looms and combers, which pos
' sesshd utmost human* dexterity, were
; either shipped to Germany or pounded
i into utter uselet+snestj.
l Two out of ovcry 100 machines were
| left intact, packed and tagged for
j shipment, but wore abandoned by the
| Germans In their strategic rerrent.
These machines which wore net re
I moved were stripped of all brtias and!
i copper parts and delicate pieces were
mutilated, requiring months to rc
j place.
The extremely thorough stripping of j
copper parts from the machines is on
Important factor In delaying work, an j
It might almost be said that the French ;
u.-e copper and brass except whon such :
metals will not possibly answer the
purpose, |
l.akor Problem Net DiW.oll. |
| The labor problem In not at this time I
particularly embarrassing to textile
manufacturers. The task of replac- ,
ing the remarkably skilled workers,
many of whom are among France's
1,500.000'of dead war heroes. Is said to j
i he In the way of a solution, because |
women always were largely employed, J
and tlicy are more keen than ever for
Bueh well-paid work, since m.>ny of
I them aro widows.
DECLARE THEY ARE UNABLE
TO SUPPLY SERVICE ASKED
Gfraaim Offer l-'onr Train* Daily in '
Place of Six Demanded for
Troon Traimport,
PAR 18. Dec. 27.?The supreme council t
today received information as to the j
results of tho first meetings between |
German and allied military experts re
garding arrangements for the execu
tion of the treaty of Versailles.
Tt appeared on tho first exchange of
views that the railroad material offered
by the Germans for the transportation
of Hilled troops to districts whore
plebiscites arc- to be held was con
sidered insufficient by the. allied rep
resentatives. ? .
Tho council also consider?d the
nature of the reply to the Swiss mem
orandum concerning the entry of
Switzerland into tho league of nations.
The council will reply to the Swiss sug
gestion that Its entry into the league
be subject to certain renditions.
The report on tho negotiations with
the Germans over the troop transpor
tation question was laid be lore the
council by General Wtlgnnd. The re
port revealed that tho Germans had
declared that because of 'Aclc of ma
terial it was impossible to aupplj the
six trains dailv demanded by the allies.
They made an offer of four trains a day
for the time required.
MONTENEGRINS PROTEST
OPERATIONS OF SERBIANS
Complain <? Conference of Oat
rngeii Ceminltteed by Armed
Band*.
fBy Associated Press 1
PARIS, Dec. 27.? Further protests
relative to Serbian operations in Mon
tenegro have been sent to tho peace
conference by the royal, Montenegrin
government, which has Its headquarters
at Neuilly. , . , .
Tt is asserted that armed ban da have
recently been Mnt Into the interior
of Montenegro to co-operate with regu
lar Serbian troops In pillaging *nd
burning houses owned by ?Montenegrins
who are still faithful to King Nicholas.
It is charged that the Serbian troops
have been dressed In TOnglii'h, Ameri
can. Italian and French uniforms and
have been told to represent themselves
occupation forces sent by tho great
1 powers. The royal Montenogr n gov
! ernment ns*ed that It be received by
the confercrtce, so that a formal pro
tost may bo made. .
LAYS BLAME ON CHINAMEN
i Mexican ftAeiai Declare* Are
Trying ?o Force Rupture with
United State*.
TBy Aasoclatod PronsJ
F,T. PASO, TKKAM. Dec. 2?.?-Chinese
ltave bocn ordered excluded from
Cananea. Sonora. to stop efforts to
I effect a runture of diplomatic relations
with the United States, according to
1 a mossage sent to tho Cpatnbci* of
I Deputies at Mexico City recently by
Governor AdolphO dc la Huprta, of
Sbnora. .. , , .
Explaining the exclusion order, ef.
feetlve December 31 next.. tho Gov
ernor charged the Chinese residents of
ttits stato tire engaged in fcn effort to
bring about Intervention by the United
t 9C?tea m Mexican affaire.
RECALLS HO. FIGHT
NEW YORK BANKS ONCE
BIG POLITICAL FACTORS
I i " 111
, Rrvtnl Mrr?*r of Aacicot
Itrvlve* Mrmoriei of Dnrr.
IUuIKok Claah.
j
XK W YORK, Doc. 27.?Recollection*
of the political feud which resulted in
the duel between Alexander Hamilton
and A?ron B,urr at Wcehawken, N. j..
In 1801, have been revivod hero by i.h?i
merger of the Manhattan Company and
the Merchants' National Banks, two of
the oldest financial institutions In Now
York.
For more than 115 yeara tho two
establishments have tlweltj trlde by
side at 40 and 42 Wall Street, nnd In
1882 they united In the construction of
the new building which they havo oc^
cupled Jointly ever Hlnce.
In the union of these oncc rival In
stitutions the metropolis lones prob
I ably the last tanclblo trace of the
moHt' famous of early American an
? tugonisnu1. Although the banku them
selves lmve lone since "burled the
hatchef there was a time when tn<*'
were neighbors In name only?when,
the mere suggestion ? of their getting
together would have been dismissed a*
unthinkable.
Lender* Id Floaaelal Claak.
llurr wa? elected to the Now York
Legislature in 1707 when the State and
city were controlled by Hamilton, an
tho loader of the Federalist*--. Hamil
ton had helped to establish in New
York a branch of J he Hank of the
United Stated. This was then the only
bunking institution In New York City.
The institution was controlled, bo tlie
Kepublcans lead by Burr alleged, by
the Federalism who wero charged with
using their llnancial powers for th?
furtherance oT the l''edera 11st cause.
! The political ambitions of the "llt
I tie Intriguer" at Albany caused him to
l desire to break through the backing
i ring which barred all anti-Federally-!
| banks Irom New York, and his oppor
tunity came in 179J. In that year he
' introduced a bill in the legislature
' which authorized the granting of :>
I charter to a company which was oi<
itenslbly to be formed for the pur
| pose of Improving the water supply
of New York City. The city, then with
a population of ZO.OOO. had Jut! passoi
through ,a severe epidemic and Burrs
project quickly met with popular ap
proval* The real object of the Man
hattnn company wan to supply Itepub
i llcans with the sinews of war.
Dinvrtinliivtlvn Charged.
| Republican merchanth. it was :>aiil
were discriminated against by the
i Federalist bank whereas their Fedei
| allst competitors wero fre?jv accome
; doted when they sought lunds to carry
; on thth' business. The adroltnra*s
| which Burr employed to obtain a char
'ler was emphasized by the fact that
the Federalists had a majority In th*
Legislature. Hence the omission or
the word bank from the Manhattau
company.
Tim petition for the proposed "water
workr," company stated that as It war
! not known how much capital would
I be required, the projectors did not
! want to risk failure by a deficiency o:
j capital and, therefore, asknd authority
to :ahe J2,00f>,o00. Inserted in the'
[charter was a provision of Burr's that
i "the surplus capital tuay be employe
[In any way not inconsistent with th<
| laws of the Constitution of the United
1 Stuu.f or of the State of New York."
I Promptly Pnued Bill.
The Senate and Hoyse passed tin
I bill e\|)edltlotisly, few members even
taking the time to read it, and none
I except 'hose who were in thp seertM
suspecting its real purpose. Burr's
manipulation of this affair won hlni
the favor of a few Republican leaders
cut cost him his former prestige, "the
people at that time having a chronic
prejudice against banks." Four years
later, however. Hamilton, unwilling to
yield the slightest degree to hlr. op
ponent.* organized the Merchants" Na
tional. whieh opened for business nest
d'?or to the. Burr institution.
The Manhattan company's actua!
achievement In the water works field
consisted of the sinking of a well
twenty-five feet In diameter In what
Is now down-town New York. The
water was pumped to a nearby reser
voir and thence distributed throug'i
wooden pipes to a few consumers. Th-s
dama and other projects provided :;i
the charter were never constructed
Occasionally excavators in lower Man
huttan have dug up pieces of hollowed
out logs, mementoes of a generation
long past.
CALEB MARSH VON HAMM,'
JOURNALIST, DIES AT MIAMI
Mnr Vrlira IIim Ileeu Managing lldllqr
of Ilea rat Papera In
?w Y?irW.
triy As?oriat?d rre?s.l
CINCINNATI, Die. 27.?Caleb Marsh
van Ilanim, 58. a native Clncinnatian
one of tlie best known newspaper editr>:"*
In the country, died from Bright's dis
ease today at Miami. Fla., according to
word received by relatives here.
For the past nine years Mr. Van
Harnm was managing editor of Hearst
publications In New York City. He was
born In Cincinnati. <.
In 1S9.1 he married Amy M. Pcrkius.
daughter of H- A. Perkins, retired har
ness manufacturer, of Cincinnati.
Mr. Van Hamrn. after engaging in
the practice of law In Cincinnati fur
two years, became city editor and later
managing editor of the Cincinnati
News-Journal In the early 'SO's. In
18S5 he edited a weekly here called
"Sam," and then engaged In the prac
tice of law again for seven years. He
went to New York in 1892 and soon
took a position of leadership on some
of the largest newspaper*.
Suffering from a cold,' he went to
Miami, Fla.. recently.
Mr. Van Ilnmm leaves n wluow and
a daughter. Tlie body will b$ brought
to Cincinnati, and tho funeral will bo
held probablv next Tuesday .or Wed
nesday at the II. A Perkins residence.
Interment will bo In Spring Grove"
Cemetery, this city.
LONDON NEWSPAPERS PR.1ISE
MESSAGE FROM LANSING
Rrifialt Kdltnm Mxpveaa Admiration.
Too, for John D. Rockefeller'*
Monlfloeuee.
fBy Ae*oolated Press.)
LONDON. Dec. 27.?This morning s
newspapers, the lirst appearing In this
city since Wednesday, give prominent
place to accounts of John D. Rocke
feller's gift to education, announced
on Christmas morning' ini the United
States, and Secretary of State Lanslnff r
message to foreign capitals explaining
th? raanons for the deportations of
radical agitators. Many of the Lon
don journals comment editorially on
these two news features.
The Daily News says:
I'Mr. Lansings message will rank
ambng the great contributions of
America to the efforts of the striving
world." ?
Admiration ot Mr. Rockefeller's mu
nificence is coupled editorially with a
lament that Great Britain has noed of
nn Imitator. ^
The Look,
As T were climbln' Jacob's Tor,
A soldier 1ad (tame r'.dln' doun;
lie stopped an' passed the time o' d:??
An' asked how far to Plymouth toun.
I told him. that were all; he took
The path that goes toward the sea.
I turned to watch him out o' olght??
An' he were lookin' back at me.
He waited. Like a stone I stood,
Shamed Lo he caught, yet, somehow
bound
To glvo him look for look; his lips
Moved ns to speak, but made no
sound.
It deemed a lifetime we did look:
An drounln' folk may do, they smv,x
I thought of every little thing
I'd ev6r done. life'rode away.
Tremblln' an' smllhi' 1 did sit
And tvatched tho larl',3 an hour or
more
Fly up against tho Kolden light
Wi' songs I* never heard avore.
heavy breathIrt' by my'slie-I- ' *
All else be quiet and still, I fret -
And long for day. How can I sletn
When tears do make my ntllow wet"
?Gertrude Pitt. In the Broolcman, Lon
don.

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