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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, January 26, 1920, Image 4

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97. t?03. At I lie r?sl-Office at
" *?. rw eecontl-rla** matter.
PIUIJSHW) <?<?!? day In the year at lO South Trnth
street. Richmond, Vn., by The T1mrs-I?l?nntch I'ub
lUhlitg Co., Inc.. CbarlM i;. llobrook, 1 Alitor and
ADDKKSS ALT. COJniVXlCA.
TlOXh to The Tlmei?-Dls
imlch. and not to individual*.
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connecting with nil depart
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l'eopleV (ia* Itiiililtnc i
rhlladelphla. Colonial Tru-t
llnildlnjr.
sriisrmrTioN uatks in
AllVANCK by mall: nall.v
und Sunday, one year. $9.00;
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S'.IO; one month, !X) rent*.
I?all.v only, one ) rar,
ti mouths, JW.50: :> months,
? 1.7.1; one month. rent*.
Sunday only, one year, M.M;
<"> months, JI.7.V 3 month*.
t?o cents; I mouth. .10 cent*.
IIY I OCA I. CAIlKIKIt SKH
VICK: Pally, with Sundnj.
IS cents a uffk: Dally with
out Sunday. I'- cent* a
Hcfk; Sunday only, 7 cent.*.
If onr friend# ulio favor us with manuscripts and
lllustrotlfln* for publication wish U> have tuiavnllablr
articles returned, thej must In all cases *eud stamp*
tor that purpose.
MKMUKK OF TIIK ASSOtl ATOl rKliSS.?The
Associated l*re*? is e*clu?lielj entitled to the use f->r
republication of nil nevrv dl*-pat< lic?. credited to it or
not otherwise credited in tills |?a,?er, hiiiJ also the
local news published herein. All right* uf republica
tion of ipeclsl dispatcher hefrln nrc uSn reserved.
noma af The
Tlmes-OUpntch.
Absolutely fireproof.
MONDAY, JA.NLAUY 2*. 192P.
While Mr. Bryan is tiling Germany as an
example of the triumph of democracy in en
franchising women, he should not forge^ to
call attention to that other phase of German
"democracy" embodied in the form of a gov
ernment decree prohibiting all persons em
ployed by the government in the operation
cf the roads from striking.
The Speaker of the Virginia Hoifse of
Delegates introduced William J. Bryan to a
Richmond audience Wednesday evoning as
"America's most distinguished son." Ho is
a distinguished son, all right; but thoro aro
others. There are a few people, both in this
country and in Europe, who regard Presi
dent Wilson as America's most distinguished
eon.
Senator Frclinghuysen's assumption of
leadership of the irreconcilables who threaten
to block even Senator Lodge's efforts to
ward a compromise agreement on the peace
treaty gives added point to a recent sugges- j
tion that when Woodrow Wilson concludes
his term of office, the problem of what to
do with this one of our Presidents could be
solved most happily by making him a Sena
tor from New Jersey.
Chairman Cummings, of the Democratic
National Committee, says that the Republi
can party is bankrupt on leadership. With
tho President incapacitated by reason of his
Illness from discharging the duties of leader
ship, and Democrats in Congress refusing to
acknowledge a leador, the Democratic party
apparently is in pretty much the same fix.
In the meantime, Mr. Bryan is making des
perate efforts to seize the reins of leader
ship and carry the party ofT into new fiHds
of socialistic experimenting.
Claims of Attorney-General Palmer that,
prices some timo ago had reached the peak
and arc now on tho decline are disputed by
tho Bureau of Statistics of the Department of
Labor. Figures announced by tho bureau as
to the cost of food prices show that they
were 2.G per cent higher last month than
they were the preceding month. Since th<?
sugar situatiort^got bo completely away from
the Attorney-General, the average householder
considers it adding insult to injury to hear
tho Attorney-General quoted as authority on
prico movements.
A State referendum on daylight saving
conducted by the Massachusetts Chamber of
Commerce brought out 4.400 votes in favor
to only G19 opposed. This show.-; the strong
sentiment for this change in an industrial
community. Like results would, no doubt.;
be obtained, if a referendum were taken in
industrial communities throughout the coun
try. The value of daylight saving has proved !
itself, and in yielding to hostile sentiment in
strictly agricultural States Congress did a
very unwise thing, However, industrial
States have it v.-ithin their own powr to n>
establish such a law for themselves.
Mississippi, tho home of the South'.* most
distinguished champion of State rights dur
ing his lifetime and during the period when
Southerners were a unit In support of the
doctrine, has spoken its mind on the pend
ing Federal suffrage amendment, having in
tho lower house of its legislature on Wed
nesday rejected the proposition by a vote of
106 to 2f>. The action of Mississippi will
hearten the opponents of the amendment in
the Virginia Assembly, although there has
never existed any serious doubt that this
body stands firmly on the sovereignty the
State reserved to itself when it became a
member of the Union.
' In refusing to surrender the ex-Emperor
of Germmy to the entente powers for trial,
? Holland makes this observation: "If in the
future there should bo instituted by the so
ciety of nations an international jurisdiction
competent to judge tn ca?f*s of war deeds,
qualified as crimes antl submitted to its juris
diction by statute antedating the acts eom
v mitted, it would be fit for Holland to asso
date herself with the now regime." in fur
ther Justification of its refusal to violate tho
constituent laws of tho kingdom, which are
1' based upon the principles of law universally
recognized, and a respectable secular tradi
tion, which has made that country always a
fn*ound of refuge for the vanquished In inter
national conflicts, the reply says: "The
Netherlands people, moved by the sentiments
to which in history the world has done Jus
tice, could not betray the faith of those who
have confided themselves to their free insti
tutions." What more needed to be said?
* Tho reply is a fall, complete and convincing
mnawer to a movement conceived by Lloyd
George In partisan oxigency to secure a ma- |
Jority in Parliament to retain himself at tho j
head of the British government. It Ik to tho
credit of Holland that It refused to bo used
to help tho canny Welshman rodcem a reck- i
less campaign promise.
Empty Outcome of the Steel Strike
IT is perhaps impossible to know how much
tho steel strike has cos! tho nation. For
week;* and months many plants were practi
cally or partially closed. Tens of thousands
of men wore out of employment for varying
periods of time and builders from end to
end of the country were compelled to sus
pend operations until tlie steel companies
could muster enough men to resume pro
duction.
The strikers themselves have calculated
that their losses in wages amounted to more
than S40.00rt.000 and the steel companies
figure that they have lost not less than ten
times as much by reason ol' reduced activity,
striko expenses and other circumstances, it
is, therefore, not too natch to say that tho
country at largo lias suffered economically to
the extent of half a billion dollars because
the steel workers and their employers en
gaged in a bitter wage duel instead of meet
ing as men mutually interested and agree
ing upon a settlement.
Nor has either side to this dispute any
thing positive to show for the sacrifices it
has made. The men themselves have lost
their fight. They frankly confessed tliie
when weeks after the striko had collapsed
their leaders publicly advised them to return
to work if the companies would take them;
if not, to find jobs somewhere else. And
the steel corporations have gained nothing
hut tho vindication of an abstract principle.
They opposed collective bargaining in their .
trade and beat down the demand for it. but |
thoy have paid a staggering price for that I
empty victory.
Theu, too, the public, which was com- I
pelled to undergo discomfort, to sustain
losses and to "hold the bag," gets nothing
whatever. It has gained not even the vin
dication of a principle. If, as a result of
the prolonged struggle between the steel
strikers and their employers, the public had
been enabled to impress upon all working
men and upon all employers the necessity
for a new method of dealing with such con
troversies, the cost of the strike to this "in
nocent bystander" would b3ve been regarded
as negligible. But not even this much was
salvaged from the wreck.
Even so, organized labor ha? learned a
great deal from Its experience in the steel
and the coal strikes. It has found that tho
country is too big and its vital interests too
manifold for any single body or class of ,
men to paralyze all industry. It has found j
that the government is still supreme in the '
nation, and that the great mass of the Amer
ican people for whom government speaks
is still able to protect itself when emrr
geneies arise.
Moreover, the employers have learned a I
great, deal. They now know that they can I
no more defy the government than can their
employees; that the national interests are
paramount after all, and that property rights
are sacred only when their exercise is not
in conflict with the general welfare of tho
people as a whole. And tho public has 1
learned something. in fact. it ha* I
learned much, and the knowledge it. has ac- ,
quired will bo useful in meeting future do
mestic problems involving powerfully in
trenched labor, on the one hand, and power
fully intrenched capital, on the other.
Deadlocking on tho Railroad Bill
I 'III'-" House and Senate conferees appear to |
be hopelessly r^p^cis upon important !
phases of the pending railroad legislation.
Tli? Senate insists upon ;tn antistrike enact
ment, under which compulsory arbitration
will be ordered. The House insistd upon its
own method of guaranteeing a fair return to
all rail lines. Each side is standing rigidlv
upon its own proposition. No compromise
is in sight, and it may become necessary for
each group to return 10 its parent body and ?
ask for instructions.
.Meantime, the President's announcement
that he will return the railroads to their
owners on March I stands. He gives no
Intimation of a willingness, whatever the cir
cumstances, to modify that decision. More
than seven months ago he fixed January 1
as the date for the termination of govern
ment control, but Congress had not paved
the way for that consummation, and he felt
impelled to allow two more months of f/rar*.
Within a little more than another month
this grace will expire, and those who are fa
miliar with the working of the Wilson mind
are convinced that he will give Congress no
further extension of time.
Nothing has emphasized the incapacity of
tho present Congress to deal with the vital
issues before the country as has its course
upon the railway legislation. For almost a
year that body has known that the roads i
soon would have to go back to the corpora
tions which own them. For almost the same
length of time both the House and Senate
have been in the hands of Republican leaders,
behind whom stood working majorities. They
liavo had the power to do as they pleased }
with resnert to this legislation, but thoy have
not had the statesmanship to evolve a meas
ure which might be aceeptahle to both the
House nnd Senate.
This halting and irresolute attitude on the
part of the Republican loaders is playing di
rectly into th" hands of the government I
ownership advocates. Those who are now !
clamoring for perpetual control of the rail i
lines by the government are vastly strength
ened in their campaign by the spectacle of a
deadlocked Congress, utterly bewildered in
Its effort, to find some basis upon which the
corporate owners of th'* roadc may again op
erate their properties.
Bolshevist programs and propaganda re
semble remarkably the announcements of
?he familiar clairvoyant?always something
amazing anil tremendous to happen, with
vagueness as to where and when and how,
but no doubt, at all us to the necessity for
an immediate cash contribution.
Maeterlinck, threatened with suit for
*I00,oo0 on his lecture contract, may f??ol
that in becoming involved with lecture Man
ager l'ond he got himself into pretty deep
water.
I nolo Sam dodges Jury service in the
Hohenzollern case, thus emulating the tr
ample of many of hia most respected and
j influential sons.
J Now tnat Mr. Hoover Is being brought
| seriously into politics, he might begin by
| fixing a price on votes In senatorial election <
in Michigan.
SEEN ON THE SIDE
UY UHNUY ICDWAftO WARNBU
? .fohnoy.
When Johnny ha?l his khaki on the girls Trent
wild with Joy,
! Pulled hair and battled-royalod for tliclr darl
ing soldier boy;
They nil gave teas and ouiidled him, and lis
tened while ho boasted?
By daughters he was hoatcysed and by daddies
he was hosted!
There wasn't anything that he could wish when
they sot through?
There wasn't anything for him but they were
mad to do?
And everywhoro you turned you'd r-eo some
feminine devico
For Johnny's entertainment, and to shelter him
from vice.
They wrote hip letters, manicured liis nails
and combed his hair.
They shlncd his shoes and motored him and
said he was a lloar! . .
They took hiin out to dinner, and they rushed
him to the show.
And everything was all for hiin wherever he
might go.
Did Johnny lack for money? . . , Every
fellow from the ranks
Woi begged to take a little from a thousand
different ban lie;
And every group of worshipers from Maine to
Tampa had
Some little stunt to grab him and annex him
to a fad.
And the.n he took his khaki off, and then he
donned his e.its?.
Then ho returned to civil life to hire out his
wits:
And when he took his khaki off. no longer
classed A Winner.
Who grabbed this soldier Citizen and tool; him
home to dlnnor?
Who motored him, who tshined his shoes, who
combed his hair and sighed?
Who gazed Into his manly face with all-admir
ing pri.le?
Nobody, Hill. . . . Nobody, Jack! .
We're ;in unkhakled Mob.
And we are much obliged If they'll just let us
hold our job!
?Hurled into tli.s space by a disgruntled sol
dier who was over-cuddled.?II. E. W.
Charcoal Kyk's Dally Thomckt.
"II!t sure a long ways t' Heaven," eaid Char
coal Eph. rumiaatlvely, "but ef'n all day say
'bom people am true, hit ain' no longer":* hit
gwlnc bo 'one-some! Try a pone. Mistah .lack
son." .
When a lover sets the mitten is It right, and
it is fit'.in" that the girl should k?ep the ring ;
ho gave hor when ehn said tho word? Tf that's ?
s<o. wo think it's stupid to go throwing thing! J
nt Cupid, ?nd we think the god of passion is j
a profiteering bird? '
((notation* From tk? Anrle-nfs.
"Name your poison, old man!"
"And squeeze a little lomon in it, l'op."
"l?"you know how t* make ft Mamie Taylor?"
"Yeah, m'dear, l was?hlc!?'talned at the of
i!"
fish
The Spirit of the Art.
"I have it! Chewing gun;!"' shrieked the J
Hiiarp-Keatured I'residentesn of the League for j
the Consummation of All Virtues.
"Chewing gum? Chewing gum?" The eecre- j
tury't, brow wrinkled.
? Precisely, chewing gum! Eureka! Joy!
Hallelujah! Our next campaign whon we get
through with nicotine!"
And with a feverish dash of determination
she wired all her agents for statistics or. the
Evils of Chicle.
A Daily Once-Over
Tlir More Yon Knwwi the !,<?*? You KiorL
When you are called upon to criticize. do you
think of the flaw* or the good points first?
When a thing Impresses you unfavorably, do |
you seek to learn the reason?the Justice?of i
your Judgment, or do you express your ImprfF- '
sion very emphatically first, and learn later thai |
you were short on facts? 1
ft takes a pretty full knowledge to make a j
good critic.
? 'ritichm which hurts only, and does not
show how the improvement can bo efTocted. or
which doos not at least lead to thought in the
right direction, is better left unnaid.
You ?r:tic:?.e your neighbor for not keeping .
h;.s walk clean, and find, perhaps, that he has
a a*it_:k child, or a latne back, or no many out- i
M'.de duties that he could not do It himself, and '
'.lie one engaged to help him failed to keop his I
agreement t?> clean the walks. 1
You criticise a certain woman for walking so
slowly and doing everything with such meas
ured slowness--and then find that she has .i
^??riotis heart aU'ection.
An<l so it goes all through life, we are bitter
est about the things we least understand, .-'o
g ?_ knowledge, general and specific, before you
ensure others.?Copydiglit. 1920.
From Other Viewpoints
11 all roads and High (.'out.
IIY Kit A NK II. FAYANT.
In four months now our railroads are carry
ing as much freight and as many passengers
as they did in a year twenty years a?o. In the
throe? months of the 1010 harvest movemfnt tho
traffic equaled that of the entire year of 1 SOi*.
A:id this despite nation-wide industrial unrest
and unanswered prayers for greater production
of tin*, necessities of life.
our public men have been asserting
that the increased cost of transportation Is re
uponrible for the increased cost of Jiving. This
in not true. Kvcn with a considerable advanc.o
in r ites to put the railroads on a self-sustain
ing basis wheo they return to the control of
their owners transportation will still be a
relatively small factor in the cost of living.
I?et me rite an instance of the present rela
tion between the cost of living and freight
rates. IP-fore the war a suit of clothing from
one of tl.i; Chi ago factories costing ?30 retail
carried to 1,ob Angeles ?t a freight rate
of sixteen anil a half cenls. The suit of cloth
ing now retails for 100 to K?0 and the freight
rate ha-! advanced or.iy five and a half cento for
tlia' distance of U,20o miles.
Take shots fr,r another example. Those are
shipp'-d from New Krigland to Florida at a cost
of ithan 0 cer.tfi per pair. No matter what
the rat?- was before the war. It is plain that a
very insignificant part of the increased cost of
shot's- c an lie attributed to the increased cost of
transportation.
The railroads are carrying beef from Chicago
to New York "or a charge of about two-thirds
of a ' er:t per pound. The freight rate on type
writ*? from St. 1 <ouis to New York is CO cents.
A Jl'.o phonograph is hauled from Now York
to Atlanta for $-.86. A comparison of theso
rat"K with the cost of moving tho name article
by truck o? wagon a short di< tance in any city
lAnkes it plain iiow cheap railway transports -
tion really is.
Whether we continue to have our railroads
op? rated !?>? public companies responsible t<?
government regulation or whether we. turn the
i,jr,in<:hii of furnishing transportation over to
governrii'-M bureaus, i* b- plain that the nt ces
sary '-apltai for enlarging the capacity of our
'j.:n'irig railways and tor building now lines
into productive new territory, must come from
t\.? savings of investor*.
!tal road revenue!* ? hould be such that well
lo'.ited companies honeetly financed and wise
ly managed can earn enough to attract all tho
riew capital necessary for their growth. It in
ir. ' t,i trnem public ii.t? r.-i>i that railroads
ptrmlited to charge living rates for
. h*.v- bee-aim* n-i?i..?..?
?i I,
? .... us rates lor
? a< r t:v. ii'eauni- without rates to earn
a ?a;* profit new capital will cease to flow
iiit raiiroadu the Iran; por'.a'.ion machine
?*, . ?oon break down.
T..roug.-.out th- - '.entry there is a constant
a;>p<a. for greater production. Th?* doctors of
a;poll' al :tt"l onorn > schools havo given
? .?? pre-caption for our i n ?l ?; m r I a I 111-; and that
prescription l?, "'*<n >? more, produce more,
fnor' "
i; .i production Ifi a four.try like ourn Is ab
solutely dependent upon ?/i? adequacy <?f trans- .
po'i it.o'. W?- i hi.i>ot In'fi-ane our production |
.i? >?>.* we '"ir railroad facilities and (
'ar.no' |rier?*ae ih'xsr ?jr.if'M* we attract the I
'?pital for t<.i< worv And ??.? cannot attract I
r w > 4 :. i * I .i/.ff4 railroad* - r c allowed to j
r urge ^ fair pr>-?? for thr ne-vlct. they ren- 1
<jt tb< pnbiic^ -Copyright, 1>20.
Heaitn laiks by Ur. Wm. tfrady
Aotoblojcraphj a n?in riaby?IV.
t rhc ^ntrr la KJnc.
(Copyright, imp. ?y Nationa, Now,papcr
rubbed nio h*' f? y j10',1 rnc' 1,10
In tho next D m u ,?k fa t h??h, '1 r\l 'Swccl ?>?
moves thy tirotc -i v.V ? .\ur thinks. This re
baby's skin when h? i? 1U,VK whlol? ?? on a
better than ?Tny solS tari?,,vtc1^w,? ?"<l <b><- it
rather irritating to t?w> 'it finest soap is
baby, ana tlier&o? it in "F1? of a newborn
iZu'L""" *"?' 'or tWvT,VlV?Vy.ri!!J
"vti?"'Vh/ Jalnr" w!T,*'n,'r ' Ar~
KUtsa it the way l bawled it yuu <l "?vcr
however. Is tho oiiiv w-.v o U,VT ???>'? That.
pressing his emotions ,n',1? {1 ko has of in
essential for a baby's hi?.,I . .^"'siders it
general phvsical ...Yti i ?i development "'"i
-houl.1 baV? at Kant ??;-,?*. "at lhn babv
i H" the baby doesn't start?V?? V1 ov?r>* <'ay.
! spontaneously when 'Is entertainment
stance, then the nur?e ''"????. for lo
tion by giving the younrster n lun1'10 ,:r,?brn
enough to make lilm wimn? u little spanking.
The Uurrni Hat before the v tf?r?H8ly.
'no on a warm II?iiiii.fi nA /! aml uadressort
, :-?P. She had evervi ill. 1 thilt Covered her
bowl fun of lukewarm waI er^ V , K ^ash
?<<nio soft dry towels sonm #V Li i ,0,b't soap,
arbl. solution and little b ill ''r y ,r,|l?'o boric
"?sutp:!1
Wic.4,eM's*, =
b-r right handKlVi ulJo?l th?".?ft. wash c,ot" <"
<tablespoonful of boric -lei.iiiL f a<! 1 solution
?r boiled wator) to batho mv tviV ?> 1 1 pini
to run over my . ves m.i .Vll,0%vi,lK "
tbe lids verv centio w-m, P ? . ' edges of
she had the solution niee nnd warV,"0'' Cot,on:
the bo wl?\he'bh h(ookUfon ro,,noVo,i from
:nc on hor ip \ 1 / l"1 V"' "H-an(1
warm towel no Wdereil . '.I ,m? .VVilh " 8oft
applied a fresh naval i> id^'\.i ? J' talcum,
these mad# of "old,!/^R.fe?eh0aSdPsteH,'!.L,,,,,e :,f
bnkinp until the cloth wreinm r - .5">
scorched Alv t?<*Hv i, ,n i PPcr was slightly
,0^-t Wr*: -"k"
^ M "obi
ways took !i snSozc nff L0^ hl n,y Crlh- 1 ??'
srlfK'rh"?
Kv'f-Tff
p.u^h. ?>??.,r?o T,i'.h7" '?
botweon meuis was inoroisrd np?f # r?r^a
hours then to 3 l-'2 hours. three
T. .. * ^Vrnpon Airninnt the Stale.
?ir | ?r i>f T,,e Tlrnes-|?ispateh
?m" Sufr-Jr v-nl'-, ratification of iho Worn
\?j_ 4 ^ A.n nclTTi^tit l>v t*t incrubor of thi#?
Assembly mt'ans that this member
peo .Te ,hiH hands i\y th<:
i-m-'-'ii ? ""^inia, for her defend' to destrov
t" nrn"' b->r power to regulate her own o
and wcirus1" nf0'** btSl l" hcr ror 'be safety
'-?xistliiK conditions. U''!dcr distinctive ,
It further means that lie Is doinc Ills utmost 1
to force woman surfrase upon other StaS
feat-d lt*itXa,l,,<l|ly and overwhelmingly ,ie"- i
i-.it a it at .he polls; and. at the same ti-ne
? hi.; JumVU;1' In'ex perienced'' JnT'Tn'j
and" purrbasabt'1 addli ion"?,?Th?'e 1.-tor'iVe "'?US
?"k ln ?ir* ?" 1 r,ther hand, who votes
I ,v^. r.?J,.>^t)on, ?f *hla amendment merely
.;!? vote to let the jx?ople of \ i.-K!n:.i anil
ai-! r ?r*{^ n? 1<>r States fl#*cicle the ciuc.stion t.f !
Mornun hufTru^o .it tho polls."
Tn??!in:'r'U"i" ,"f th0 Unia;d State,, are now de. '
mandinj, a return to normal conditions.
laturcs rutifyuiK tho woman suffrage ani'-nd
TTient are forcing upon the country a revoiu- '
t.onary ohange?the parent of Socialism and
the grandparent o: Itolshovlum?which is al- I
3. '4. CU8icd experiment !n Knfland and I
the Mates wheri it has been tried I
/he people are also demanding from ITk
I*ederal covernment powers which they dele
sated Jo it temporarily for the period of tiie
war; while I^plslaturea ratifying the woma-i
.^uirra^e amen(.*nen? are fr.relnp upon the n,.o
p.c a mea^ ire flf extreme Federal interter. nee
in State alTalrs. rt.nco j
Such ratifyinp bodies are usincr tho C'onstitu- 1
.ion of the t ruteil .States as a vehicle to f&?ten
upon the nation laws which the people of the
several states have defeated by popular vo: ".
nno as a stcarn roller to crush out State Tliu-lnw
and wipe out the I'nlted States.
L'Sider presHurts of ?peeial ir.terests. they are !
opening the way for our Constitution to be
come a collection of for.-e bills on hltterlv c >n -
troversial issues, which issues m?iv require
l-edera! troops for their enforcement.
^ T, iS W )
nichmond, Va? Jannarj* 1 !>20.
Keyboard Touches
Wken .should n llrad Uody lie liiirieW*
nv riiA.Mv II. llitOOKM.
.. Tbf,r'? i? a law in one r,f tho States?Vew ?
y?rk 1! I K?t my information straight?forbid- '
ilinK l.w burial ?f an unidentified body in le?.s
,han seventy-four hours after death. ' This is
n,. place to comment on such a law. It m: v he '<
permitted to Kay that such a law in a "Vtv of
million^ is ne >?*<;,r>. Tt.^ ej.v i<; about" th,.
p-a,^!:I.wl",r'- unjrtcntined bodies are f,e- .
? i Vi ! n,/ss ' nere i^ a r. ason for beln?- un
uleritinod at'. r death?and !t rnav be ccner.l v i
concede.! thRt there jS no reason"?there should '
be no mystery about death, except where t?,. '
n.ystory has u* < rt crcatod by a riiurdor. I0v rv
?'?dj in ' i.s ;iKe ffoes away from home some !
| ar"J fbe drift is toward the city. NoihinK i
? more a mple than an Identmcatlon card "n
the pock, !book >,f every man and woman Thus I
siirt m",?,;" "*?>? "? c"u "? ;
In hanueis and vilJ.-itfes such a Ih'.nrr as a i
mysterious death is ilmo^t unknown. Kveti i'
u \\*. v?"Jn vi:iap- ?o mystery. V:\Vrv-i
bodj '.nov. s hj.s master. I mentioned the law
r< fyrr'-d to, to an ..llh ial whose business it is
to keep tab on mortality statistics
It y all fiuht in the city." he said, "but ev
r*}Jrr /rt'mcmiii reasons or to await the
arrival of kin or friends, seventy-four hour^ is
,on '0,,K lf? keep a <le.i<i body. Hut much de.
pends upon whr.;e dead body it iy. With tho
exception of a tew select hundreds in this vi
cinity. par, icu.arly arnonjr men, there isn't one
1 know whose body is worth keeping any lonr
cr after death than It would take, to buy the
coflin, till it and bu?.v it."
?!, soS"pasrs^huontfUt l? **acUy ln tl,ls
News of Fifty Years Ago.
(I-'rom the IMchmond Dispatch. Jan. ^0, 1S70.)
j i
Die Xiruiiiia nuestion rtill linctTs in Con
cress where the old Slate is ;i victim of .-round
less distrust hate and impolicy. The general
opinion in \Va.Hhl,,K?on is that today, or when
the Senate bill for ndmisniou is received in the
House, ii will be referred to the Committee on
Kccoutilruction, and the m.-mbttrs of that eotn
inittC" beuitf con versa n t with the whole sub
ject will immediately report tho bill and
amendments w.th reeommendation that it pass
at once, but how ions before it is voted upon
nobody venture., a j:nesn yet ,
There is discussion <? the" newKpapers as to;
the .tu I ho rship of t ??o popular but frivolous and I
absolutely sen^leRs t-onc. "Shoo t'Jy. Don't i
I.other Mo. I he Norfolk .lournal Kays the
rluvr C^orrilKr 'n\,: ''nlTwhurc named
., ''f'^d-r. I .> nchburc claims that the
author 'j^es in that city, while the Wilmln"
on. N. t.. Journal says it was hr.Mitfht first to
that e,ty from Nassau by the blockade runners
durine .he war. nv, matter where it came from I
it is senseless docRCrel, and why it should l?r
upon everybody's lips Is a mystery to us.
A charter has been filed with the Secretary
d^^1 Vl^u ''"'"'"of' WfoV lnI.f:l,'"r of th0 "Vno
ilj 1 1.'^' w"*r amiVbath|nc"places'
SiW'Ss.
dent and ttilllam l.imb treasurer with tfener'tl
Olllces in Norfolk. ?<??? ra.i
One of iho routes-?ami that one I he short
est--proposed for the railroad from I.ynchbunr
uUcN-f:,'rr?';<'K;;ik.,;''',M """? ???
f*?5iiWO L Public auction for Jx.ooo.
Ln.rVwo'
ras?"
'.STTSSKJ.T'^JTgJJi.n:
WHOLE NATION IS WATCHING
i WOOD AND PERSHING BOOMS
I Friends, However, Ilo No? Credit
lloport Thnt llivnlry linn Hern
tether Than I'rofennlouul.
IIV J. I'ltKUttlllCK KSSAHY.
' WASHINGTON', Jan. 25.?The rival
' candidacies of General .John .f. Persh
j ing niul .Major-General l/'onnril Wood
i for the Itepubllcan presidential nomi
nation have 1mm; it mailo the occasion
; for much comment regarding the nro
! fcssional rivalry of these I wo coldlers
! during the years wlicti they have been
'lead, tig figures in the American army.
; Certain partisans of those ollieerR
' have made it atipear that thin compe
j tit ion for miliary honors lias ex
tended over a period of almost twenty
| yiiirs, and that llrsi one and then the
jollier was Kivon preferment. usually at.
i the expense Of the other, all of which
comes to a climax in the conflicting
I political ambitions of tin* two men for
the highest of ?? iv 11 olticcs.
: Iti garding certain phases of this
compi i it io it the record is very clear.
'This is true of their respective mlll
tary raneis since the Mexican dlfti
jctiltles resulted in the dispatch of ?;en
eral Pershing and his command in pur
| suit of Villa nearly I'our yearn ago.
i There seem* ,rv 1 ?: "o doubi that <Jcn
j eral Wood wished for the command of
the American expeditionary 4nrco at
'that time, t.'erlainiy Ills friends made
i an effort to have htm placed in com
iiKiml. loit t to- I'resident favored J*< rsh
j ing, and Wood remained in tl.o back
| ground.
i lti\alr> (her Ktiroprun Commend.
\lso there is no question regarding
the rivalry over the command of the
I American expeditionury forces to lie
| sent to France. Wood, as the ra liking
i major-gciierai, and as the best known
| American soldier in the War Ofhcos of
I Great Iti itain. Krance and Italy, was
j.strongly tii'Ki d for this coveted a.-slgn
ment. jtui again lienrriil Pershing was
, favored hv the President, and the tatter
was order.?<! to assume the commander*
, ship-ln-ch ' f of the expeditionary army.
; More recently still a situation arose
(about which opinion still seems to dif
fer. This concerns the cancellation of
tie orders given to <Ienir.il Wood to
accompany anil to command his di
vision iii Krance. This cancellation
?took place jus' :is Wood WUH aliollt t' ?
"ii.bark *.% 11!i hi- men, and it created a
na: Ion-wide sei. s:: t i?>n at the time. An
other u e n e *' 11' officer was placed in
'comm itid, and Wood was aent baek to
! train n M entnl division The cancella
tion order was issued by the Secretary
, of War. ,
\\ hole IHmnr on lluker.
| General Wood's friends nt the t 'ye
I atol many of them nyen now placed
thi whole Idatia for tli!?- surprising
action si|iiar>'ly upon 1'resMent Wilson
and Secretary l!.liter. T' ey frit Ilia!
an etTort was being mad" to prevent
tl.e distlnguishe.l officer from earning
honors in the liehl. realizing tl.at .1" lie
(returned to America a threat military
[ tiu?ir? h" would become a formidable '
I polit leal ' >? t or.
The other version is that General ,
Wood was actually prevented from <
1 commanding his division in Europe by!
'General pershir g himself: that J'ersh
' intr vetoed tliree major-generals at th"
same tlnu - Genera:- Harry. Wood and
Kranklin P.? II ? and tti.it tl.e War I '? ?
I parttnent refns, d to overrule the eoir
| maiider-in-chief in the matter of the
personnel of the general ofllcers to be I
sent to Krance. '.'ertain it is that
neither "f the thr?e oUlcers Just men
t oned went to Europe at '.he head of
di\ islons.
Thnt General Pershing should bar
t General Wood from service abroad
! seemed unMilnkahb* to tlo- hatter's
friend.-. These friends quite under
stood th.it there wa> competition be
tween the two men, hilt they assumed '
that it was >>{ tin: most friendly and
fraternal k'nti, and because of services) ,
rendered Pershing by Wood years be- |
f.,re, when the latter far outranked the ,
former, it seemed impossible that
Pershing should or could give serious
affront to his friend and benefactor
of former days-.
I'pon !l?|-? phase of the relationship
between tins, two distinguished officers
sin intimate friend of both has thrown j
some very interesting light in a mem- i
oranduin prepared for The Times-lJla- j
patch, which rends <is follows:
"Ther< has not beep during the past
fifteen years any jealousy, professional ,
or otherwise, between General Wood
arid General Per.-hlng. There could ;
not, in fact, be any jealousy (previous,;
of course, to the European war) be
tween tlo senior major-general of the ;
army and the junior brigadier. The
facts are that General Wood, far from
being Jealous of Pershing, has boon
his consistent champion
Wood Supported Pershlllu.
"When President Itoosevett sent the
name of the th"n <'aptain Pershing to
the Senate for appointment as a
hriKad.er-ger.er.il it was due in no ,
small part t" General Wood', earnest
advocacy of the appointment and con-,
hrmatmri that dissipated the Senate ,
opposition and brought about a favor- ,
aide conclusion. The foundation of!
Pershing's pre-war reputation Is his!
work as Governor of Jlnro Province, '
in t he Phil.ppiT'e General Wood alone ,
was responsible for Pershing's appoint- .
ment io this position.
"The lory, briefly, is this: P. rshinp
had been weakened in the minds of j
the Moro people because they felt for.
reasons that it iv unnecessary to go
into that he was not In the good graces
of his own government, and was indeed, I
weak at home. The situation in Moro
Province wti" * j u i *, ? critical, and the
flame of i:.--?irr, ? t ,on was about ready j
to breaw out General l.uke Wright ,
was Secretary of War. General Wood ,
explained the .situation to the secre
tary and pointed out to him that if
any other man than Pershing was ap
pointed to the governorship of Moro '
the whole position of the United States ;
in that province would l>e discredited .
with I he local people and an almost
Impossible situation would have been j
created.
"He, therefor*, urged tite secretary
to appoint Pershing as Governor-Oen- [
eral of the province, explaining to h'-in
that by this mi <Jis Pershing would be I
completely rehabilitated in the minds'
of the Moros, and tin fact that the j
l.'nited States was behind Pershing and
had confidence in him would be thor
oughly established. It was, therefore. |
entirely on General Wood's recommen
dation" and his earnest request that
Pershing was given this command.
"Since th.it little there has not been
the slightest friction between them.
They did not conic, of course, in contact
during the Mexican trouble nor during
tho Ivuropean war, except on the occa
sion of General Wood's tour of inspec
tion of Ktirope, during which ho was
wounded. Their rclat.ons on this occa
sion were entirely friendly.
"That General Wood should feci that
he should have been sent tr? Kuropc In
some capacity is only natural, but be
lives in ih" present and the future,
rather than in the past, and if lie pauses
at all lonij enough to feel any resent
ment that he was not sent it is not
against Pershing, but against the e.vil
ian authorities who prevented him irotn
going-."
AMERICANS PLAN MONUMENT i
TO HONOR VICTORS OF MARNE
Colossal Stone Slatue <o l?e l'.rrrtrd
Near Menu*. IIIgli-\Vn<er Mark ,
of ltM? lint tie.
11tv Associated Press. 1
NEW YOItK, .Tan. 2-'>-?I" commem
oration of the victorious stand of the
Kronch on the Martin Uiver in 19J1. a
colossal stone statue, one of thei
largest of the world s sculptured |
monuments, will.be placed there by.
American citizens, according to plans I
announced here tonight by Thomas W.
l.amont. of .1. 1*. Morgan &. t'o.. chair
in-in of a committee of representative i
Americans who havo the project in |
,l Tho exact location of the statue has ?
not been determined, but it will lie '
at a spot near the little town of Meaux j
which formed the high-wat?p mark
of the German advance in 1 !? 14. Mar- j
shal Joifro and Marshal Koch will to- !
getlier tix upon the exact location. The]
erection of the memorial has received
the olllclal sanction of the French gov- ;
ernmcnt.
Frederick MacMonnies has been se- |
leeted as the sculptor. It. is expected i
[that the monument will cost $250,000. I
I which will ho raieed by a free-will1,
offering of cltiKena in all parts of the
I country.
GOVERNMENT TO LET DUTCH
WORRY OVER EXTRADITION
a?>~*
Own llordrr.i,
KAHI' ?? VON WUSGA1VD.
WKKL1X. Jan. 25?The German KOv
l^nmont and prcsa a?o maintain!*
t KnVse'r1 r?ri or" "^"dHlon of'the'r*!
i:^iWSteF'?V=r
; iSnSSKi
j protest l?y fJerinnnv iVT m!i '1
would serve miIv in ! Ihls MlaKi'
IMitch t;ov..r,,,n"nt . " n'5l"as!i l?">
Mil* irnpr^MHiou that JlnH-md u- rrca^'
ss. v;;";!,""':P'!;?? ??"
:%zQp kim*? arsrHS
ni.ui.N-nH-ct ing proposed to |. hJ.t.i ?
i&'JW ,!r"K ^ &???
Hnvc I'nofnHnl Mat.
1 aB| oTl^ZaL^'SF
n.M.V.'j"'oontai,! il!?
.'?vent" ? '"?U1 ',c? ?>*??riido-l.'0a,*in'Xe,!\:
qu.-slion ,o ' xatlona" AHheni'ly U"'
or ran login'r Tsau'e'^k "u COUrl wi!1
th^refnre"n|, to'''?flKa,v"frnm,!n,r w,r
'.!????> Assembly and a^lc for /h'?? ,N'
' i'-Hl'tJUoU\rlVtv "?i'lcr,
riod i,iii -iw it m--iu ' ca'
1 ?* " I I n il f< h f f\ v eij . ,
trenT^'for ' wl,';'h ' ' f,?r?V *,f
basin inUrmallJ- tf'Cr,J waa no lo8al
I.ooK for Political Tnrmoll.
wTJSf ".r'sssf, ?r,h ?,1"
political turmoil f, ;?rU!?. l',Ucr
..i'j 7?r
H*' prisontJ ??xtrem?*ly "'"/''u "*1 '^
it-.
UPPER SILESIA EVACUATION
IS STARTED BY GERMANY
Tr"? T.n?V'-rt",??. >
> niMl Alllrw
?' "I 'line |ru
l!|* ^ f5> A',"ociat''d Pr#>?n 7
ttfi
unvifR assva?
<*arh Of ,vmC),aCwmPl'Shtrl1 ''>? *0"ck.
Italian troups will ?"MLod "H'1
troop* oK,ttorVr|tor^f.r,bUtion ^
trod-V-o'M0'' H iH not Propo^cir'to"!?"
issy ,* ;?? t?,,?,,r?t';rr
un.V^^L,:rr",al ConJitiona to continue
culed i\^Vol^!S^M^y ???
???n-J I ?-It-phono wiresnnO*ln\n?FrS!Ph
with iho ronveyai.ee of thi mall's In
taken? ** u h?fe *?'*???&?are^to he
SOUTHEASTERN STATES MINE
LESS ORL' DURING LAST YEAR
Sroo7'n?n"d^7?\ Ar'" ??
of i- I. r Shown f)r? rru?r
of 1, | er Crnl Over I1I1S.
f 11v ?-?:oria t^?! I?r(*<r 1
'?ompn r? ij t\ ?Mi i f? ] v s,*y? ?... ^ *'w
".ma,., ?mount.?(! ^"^o ono? "'
v,hn-.i at 515.914.000. ' W
!.r "v; , > 5 1'%.ronl >?*? than <!.?
ir.lMS 1 " romP--?r^l With ?j.63
Ore mined hy Strifes, \vn.?:
tii i vo'liniP-' vJ'"'!rt ,Trocfi tons; OJeor
^i'io *N"rth 1 arolina. fiT.ooO- Ten
nossee. 2.1.0mm; Virginia. 2^.000.
CELEBRATE INDEPENDENCE
So.Mh Vinrricnn -V^n, rj?n nrKt
< mtennry of I'Veednni
I'Tom Spain.
f7tv Associated I'rof*;. 1
SAN' SAI<VAI)OK. Jan o - r-,
looking to tho celehration of'the fir?t
jcnlcna.-y ot th.r independence or Con
raJ Amerl.a havr, been taken h
?rosldent flarquero. of ro,"a Ri.-j
iiiir y?a rat Ion of Central
Spa'" occurred In ls-'TV
J resident llarrpjero. In a commimi
ration to the other Ceritm \J? i
states has l?ropo*ert a ?S..hlTC-ean
nicmoratlon of tin- centeilarv S,7'~
MLS'MjiS? ^.i?.?"?
expri-HSPR the hope, however m)u? ..
movement to r?? no-w th?t tlf
lake vigorous u r,n V,'' wi"
Hon of thy iu-w Vn . J ?.ln,ni,KUrft
dent life tor t.Vntra" Amorlca."dftP?""
Mghl in Kinndrr*. '
^nomy T??l th.
of nlghT ?" q",ot flolda thc
W^srsrnisu:&r>u?nmn<;xds the
' torn''^err'ainroopors "'arch tho
A' "'"iwsrof^aAa?u,c bcn
r tornUplnlnad bencal'? shell
?<S?w'5 nmrrovV rc3t"
ratUe.Ur 'mal J',eRp du" caissons
"iou freely gave your happinesp you'
lo%e ami joy and sorrow y
, nioonswopt clouds. Hk0 war
PlanoH of your fight.
\v hOHo broken pinions long hnvr
ric-- ll,c!r nK>l1 ahovu tho bat
Co]umbla^ hovers, prou.i and said to
Here v.lth gallant comrades the last
good light was fought
PwaH~ ?hrl8t "pon :i crumbling
Still viowK the desolation the quarrel;
of men have wrought
JVlln- 8,Ul" b,ow ,he spears
llm?
~~Frtiui. McCnrll,i' 1" tlio .Vcw York

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