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' 1 V 70TH YEAR. VOI.UMK 70. Nl'MIIKK 113 RICHMOND, VA., FRIDAY, MAY 21, 1920. ?TWELVE PAGES ?T;\7"<KH ?UNSETTLED. PRICE. THREE CENTS MARSHALL HALTS MOVE 10 INDORSE HIM AS CANDIDATE Quiets Indianapolis Demon stration With One of His Famous Stories. VICE-PRESIDENT DELIVERS KEYNOTE ADDRESS Declares Equal and Exact Just ice Is Real Remedy for Unrest. NAMUH WOMAN FOR OFFICK Ilcwly Nominates Miss Adelaide Htcclo Iiaylttr Hiiprrln (undent of Public Instruction. Ill)' Associated Pn-ss ] INDIANAPOLIS. May 20 ? Vice-' l'reslden t Marshall to,lay promptly squelched ail attemut to stampede the St a to Democratic Convention for an Indorsement of himself for the presidential nomination. After he' had delivered the Keynote address the demonstration began. "" "appeared on the speaker's platform during tho demonHtration and, obtaining quiet, said he was re- I minded of tho remark a farmer hoy ! made to his mother, after offering her a taste of his first glass of soda water: "Drink her down, ma; I it's nothln' hut nwi-et wind" -This Is Hweet wind to me." said i Mr. Marshall, -but, I tell you again. I do not seek tho nomination for President." Although several political preen dents were broken, the business of the Democratic .State Convention moved with clocklike precision to <lay.. Keynote addresses of Vice President Thomas ?. Marshall and Claude CJ. Bowers, of Fort Wayne, I had been heard, delegates at large to the national convention had been named, a platform adopted and a complete State ticket nominated, when adjournment Kino die was ' taken at 2:20 oYloek. For the first timo In the history of Indluna, a woman, Mlsa Adelaide Stcelo Baylor, or Indianapolis, was , . given a place on the State ticket of either of the two major parties, she ! was nominated as the candidate for i superintendent of public instruction.) Mr&. Alice Foster MoCullocli, of I I'ort \\ aync, was named us member! of Indiana's "big four" to Kan Fran- j Cisco, and threo other women were] named alternate delegates at large. Wilson Ja Indorsed. The name of NVoodrow Wilson was j cheered every time it was mentioned. I and his administration was strongly indorsed. A demand was made for tho ratification of the peace treaty and tho league of nations. Tho delegates at large to the na tional convention elected today' are Mr. Marshall, former t'nlted States Senator Thomas Taggart, former Governor Samuel M. P.alston and Mrs. MoCulIoch. Other nominations Include: For United States Senator, Thomas Taggart. For Governor, Dr. Carleton D McCulloch. Justice Iteij ulred. "Equal and exact Justice to all men" as .a rwmedy for unrest, was prescribed by Vice-Presldest Mar shall in his keynote a Jdress toJay boforo "the =>tato Democratic Con vention. He alio urged Ja'l sen tences for p.*jll-?ers and inn-cased production 10 relieve t' e hig.t cost ct living. "I hold that the Democratic doc trine of equal and xa :: Justice to all men and of special privileges to none will meet all the angry and ir reconclled views of today," said Mr. ' Marshall. The Vice-rresldent also expressed the hope that President Wilson and the Scnato would reconcile their dif ferences over the peace treaty, and ! that it would 'bo ratified; but said I no man should be read out of the | Democratic party because of his opinion on the league of nations. "This was, as I understand it." the i Vice-President said, "an American i war. The peace should he an Amer ican peace. The war could not have been fought successfully as cither a Democratic or Republican war. The peace cannot bring that real peace which the American people want if It be made cither as a Democratic or a Republican peace. .Still Hopes for Agreement. "I still hope that the President and the Senate will Teach an ac cord upon such terms as will enable the treaty to bo ratified and a de Jure peace to be made with the gov ernment of Germany, but as I grant to no man tho right to read mo out of the Democratic party nor to say to me that I cannot stand upon its platform, advocate the election of its candidates and vote for them, I. myself, will not say to any man j that his views upon tho league of nations Inevitably place him with out tho Democratic fold." Vice-President Marshall said his comments on tho treaty would bo brief, for ho had no hope of light ing tho "cimmerlan darkness which now envelops it." but'added: "A lifelong ndvocate of a resort to courts and not to force. I gave my unqualified indorsement to the altruistic views of tho President, in tho defense of which views he has broken his "body." Any let up |n the enforcement of national prohibition until lecal change has been made in Its pro visions was opposed by Mr. Mar shall. who warned tho Democratic party that it would "merit tho con .(Continued on Sccond Pago.) " -v y. >Y- ii". Government Continues Drive on Profiteering < lly Aaaoelnteil I'rcaa.) H'ASIIIXOTOXi Slay iTO.?lie. gurdlea* of (lie uprrudlug wivr of price reduction*. Aaalatnnt Attor iiry-t^eneral (iarvnn nnniiunred tonlKht that (lie Roveriimenl'i ef fort" at huntluir ilonn profiteer InR mrrchuiita through InventlKa tlon of protlta made by Individual Mturen bail been extended to more thnn n acore of cltlea. '1'netU'N employed by the "flying miundron" of tbe Deiiartment of Juatlce In New Vork were lielnu employed, be Nalii, In tbe larger cltlea, from roimt to coaat. While Mr. (iarran deelaretl be n>a icrallflrd at the prlee drop re ported In nearly every community and did not believe the deport ment ''denervrd too much of the rrodll," be would not Indorse clalniK of Home mercbanln thnt they were actuated by patriotic motive*. BUSINESS TRYING TO KILL REDUCTION, SMS GMM Declares Truths Associations Seek Cover for Profiteering Under Knox Pence Resolution. BANKERS' EFFORTS WILL HELP Says .Mereiinnts Arc Merely Striving to Cover l*p Their Iniquities toy (jetting on tlic Itnnd Wagon of Falling Prices. lily AsModote-l 1'rewi.) WASHINGTON, May 20.?Today Assistant Attorney-General Garvan said ther^ was a "very general cira paign" on now by several national trade associations, which, he said, were at tempting to nullify efforts to bring down prlccs. "There is a retail clothiers' associa tion," Mr. Garvan continued, "which has written to all Us members urging them to appeal to their Congressmen and Senators to support the Knox peace resolution. lSy that they hope to end any and all war powers by which prollteerlng can be punished. That's why these claims of patriot ism In cutting prices are all rot." The National Suit. Cloak and Skirt Manufacturers' Association, Mr. Gar van said, lias decreed that "skirts and coats must bo longer" for fall and winter, and he had telegraphed State chairmen of women's activities in the price reduction campaign, urging them to slick together to de feat such a plan. Department agents j now are working on books of num I erous large manufacturing plants, seeking evidence as to profits, accord ing to Mr. Garvan, who said the In vestigation would be extended rapid ly and along broad lines. Soya Hanker*' KfTorta Will Help. The action of the bankers who pledged themselves at a conference here Tuesday to restrict loans and compel liquidation of "frozen cred its," was certain to have a most beneficial effect, Mr. Garvan be lieved. 'With the bankers refusing to ex tend loans, the public buying less than at any time slncc the war be gan and a general resentment against the profiteering prices, something had to pop." .Mr. Garvan declared. On that analysis of the situation he based his belief that a continuation of the price drop would continue. "We liavo liad a big yelp from a lot of manufacturers." Mr. Garvan said, "bccausc they believed the price j reduction which they saw coming! was^ going to cut oft their markets. [ But'there is nothing to that. There j has been an underproduction for so : long that every plant that wants to I can. keep going :for a long while he- [ fore production catches up with the' market. Besides, they ought to he1 willing to take a little less margin of profit?everybody else has been, (Continued on Second Page.) SENA TE ASKS FIGURES ON PROFITEERS FROM , JUSTICE DEPARTMENT Two-Year Embargo on Sugar Export In Proposed by McNary. I Hy Associated Presg.] WASHINGTON. May 20.?The De partment of Justice was asked In a resolution today by Senator Owen, Democrat, Oklahoma, "for all facts, figures, data and Information rela tive to profiteering." The resolution, which was not discussed, called for a list of all corporations which made more than 15 per cent on their capital \ investment In the last year. A two-year embargo on the export of sugar was proposed by Senator McNary, Republican, Oregon. Viola tion would subject exporters to a fine of $10,000. and ships carrying away sugar would ho forfeited. In the House, creation of a gov ernment commission to fix maximum prices of necessities was proposed In a hill by Representative Fuller, Re publican, Massachusetts. MEMPHIS FIREMEN SAY "RAISE PAY OR WE QUIT" Secretary of Fire Fighters' Union Say* Men Will Seek Other Employment. I Py Associated Press. 1 MEMPHIS, TENN., May 20.?Threat that its 260 members will seek ofher employment after Monday unless its petition for an increase in pay is granted, was made today by the lo cal City Fire Fighters' Union, fol lowing receipt from John B. Edgar, flro and police commissioner and acting Mayor of a reply, which, ac cording to tho union leaders, was taken to l;o a rejection of their do mapd, ? . DANIELS TELLS OP E' Declares Naval Reserve Officers Awarded Commissions to Unfit Men. EXPLAINS STEPS TAKEN i " " Says He Halted Enlistments Only When Conditions Ap proached Public Scandal. I fly AmnocI.itfvi X'r..,, | WASHINGTON*. May 20.-Cro88.ex. amlnatlon of Secretary Daniels will begin tomorrow heforo the Senate committee Inv.vtlgatlng conduct of t io ,)y t,l,! Navy Department. ?Mr. Daniels concluded today read'ns; his prepared Mutement In reply to Hear-Admlral Sims' charts which he declared had boen fully refuted by the testimony of brother ofllccrs The verdict of the members ?r thft general board, as shown by their testimony, was ten to one against Admiral Kims and would have been eleven lo one had Admiral Gleaves commander of the Asiatic Fleet. tosti-! Med. the scrretary said. Ornlrd I'nlmrr I'"lntly. Mr. Daniels replied particularly today to the charge made by Cap- J tain Palmer, former chief of navljta tlon, that he delayed efforts to in- j crease the navy's personnel before the war. and discouraged the naval reserve, lie denied llatly having dis couraged the reserve, but explained that he did order enrollments in class four stopped when conditions became such as to approach "a public scan dal." j Commissions were being 'given youths of Influence by navy officers without regard to their qualification*, he said, llis admonitions to stop the , practice were not, heeded, he added, and ho was compelled to issue a drastic order when he heard the I naval reserve referred to as a| "sla-.kers' paradise." Moyo Klnyn Sims Charters. A, letter from Admiral H. T. Mayo. | former commander In chief of the At-[ lantlc Kleet. read by Mr. Daniels; characterized as "a wild statement, not at all susceptible of proof, and an unwarranted attack upon the Navy Department and the navy," Ad miral Sims' charge that delays on the part of the department prolonged the war. In defending the department j against Admiral Sims* charges, Mr. Daniels said he had performed a "solemn duty" to the offlcere and men of the navy. The "navy's record stands honorable, high, unlmpeached and unimpeachable," he said, and. in conclusion added: "When the evidence presented be fore this committee is fairly ap praised, the American people will de clare with Just pride and satisfac tion, 'when the testing time of war came' all wiui well with the Ameri can navy." PERSHING DROPS FROM PRESIDENTIAL LIMELIGHT Hoover Publicity |.prKup Will Publish ?\civ*paper During Republican National Convention. Illy Universal Service J CHICAGO, May 20.?General John' J. I'ershing disappeared from the list of Itepubllcan "dark horse" possibil ities today when the option on a suite of rooms here to be used as his political headquarters was canceled by Woods Urothers, of Nebraska, who managed his campaign in that State. The shortage of print paper and the consequent small space which Chic3go newspapers are giving to pol itic^ caused the Hoover managers here to decide today to issue their own daily newspaper during and a few days prior to the Republican con vention. it will be devoted to the presentation of Mr. Hoover's ability and will be issued under the auspices of the Hoover publicity league. One page dai]y will be given to all other candidates. They will be at liberty to say what they please. James Keeley will be the editor. A staff of forty-two writers and illus trators ha\!e promised voluntary con tributions. EXEMPT AMERICAN SHIPS Merchant .Marine lllli Provides Itnle Maklnpr U. S. Vraaela Kiempt From ProlltN Tax. [By Associated Pro.ss.] WASHINGTON, May 20?The Sen ate today voted to retain in the House merchant marine bill committee pro visions exempting from excess profits taxes the net earnings of American owned ships engaged In foreign' trade, providing a similar amount is reinvested in new ships. ITALIANS DENY RUMOR Kmliasay In AVnalilnRton Soy* Report of Plot for Coup d'Ht^t In Italy lvalue. (Ry Associated Press.] "WASHINGTON, May 20.?Tho Ital ian embassy today denied rumors noted in press dispatches from Don don, of the discovery of a plot for a coup d'etat In Italy. Advices from Home, -tho embassy said, niado no mention of tho incident. WAGE WAR ON BOLL WORM IiCglslatHre Meeta In Extra ordinary .Session to Combat Spread of Cotton Peat. (Ry Associated Prows.) AUSTIN, TEXAS, May 20.~The Texan Legislature met In extraordi nary session today to enact legisla tion to combat the spread of tho pink bollworm, and to consider emerg ency school legislation and deficiency appropriations. Foodstuffs Show Record Price Gains Despite Nation's Drive Against H. C. L. (Ily Associated Press.I WASHINGTON, May 'M.?Coinci dent Tilth additional reports of na tion-wide price cutting, the l>c pnrtment of I.ahor's bureau of In hor statistics nnnonnced today that foodstuff prices between March 15 and April 15 showed the greatest Increase of any thirty-day period since April, 1015. Reports from retailers In flfty one cities, the burenu said, showed thnt In thirty days, dating from March 15, prices for twenty-two common articles of food advanced 5 per cent nnd renclied the high est point on record. Increases In the retail prices of food were reported In each of the llfty-one cities and were greatest In Cleveland, Detroit, Indlnnapolls nnd St. I..oalH, with an H per cent advance. Tlie smnllest increase? I per cent?was reported from Fall Itlver, .Mass. Potntocs led In the advance, the retail price Increasing 34 per cent. Milk, eRRS, Inrd. navy benns and' prunes were the only articles among the twenty-two to decline In price. Suxar advanced 8 per cent In the thirty days und has Increased 01 per cent since April 15, 1UII>. Avernse Increases In prices of the twenty-two nrtlclcs of food were reported from other cities as follows s Seven per cent, Cincinnati, Kansas City, I.lltlc Hock, Minne apolis, Mobile, Omaha. Peorln nnd Pittsburgh; II per cent, Ilnltlmore, lllrmlnghnm, lloston, Ilulliilo, Chi cago, Columbus, Milwaukee, New York and Philadelphia; 5 per cent, Ilutte, Ilenver, Houston, Memphis, New Orleans, JVevr York, .Norfolk, St. Paul, Savannah, Springfield, Illinois, nnd Washington j ,| per cent, I.on Angeles, Scran ton nnd Scattles :j per cent, Atlanta, llrldgeport, Hollas, Jacksonville, Manchester. Portlnnd, Oreg., Illch ?nond, Hochester, Snlt I.nke City and San Francisco, and '2 per cent, Charleston, S. C? New Haven, Portland, Me., and Providence. PUT STOCK DIVIDEND TAX | IN SOLDIER RELIEF DHL I Ten Per Cent Assessment, Retro-1 aetivc to March 15, inserted I by C'onimittcc. IS REPORTED TO HOUSE Levies on Tobaceo, Incomes, Real I Estate Sales nnd Stocks and; Grain Transactions In Futures i Will Yield 500 Million Yearly. (Ily Associate-! Press. ] WASHINGTON, May 20.?The sol dier relief bill was reported out to I day by the House Ways and Means Committee, after it had voted to in - 1 elude a 10 per cent stock dividend' | tax, retroactive to March 15, as part j of the plan for financing the legisla j tiori. Republican leaders plan to; bring: the bill before the House Sat I urday. The final committee fight centered j about the stock tax. ten Democrats., re-enforced by three Republicans,' ? succeeding- by a margin of one vote in forcing adoption of the levy. By j i the same vote the combination. I blocked elimination erf the tax. and after considerable jockeying ordered the bill reported by a vote of 15 to 10. As the measure will come before the House, it will provide five new tax levies, amounting to more than $500,000,000 a year for the next three years. Besides the stock tax, the levies include increased taxes on to bacco and incomes, real estate sales and stock and grain exchange trans actions in futures. Revenue thus produced would be used for paying a cash bonus to former service men j or, at their option, in aiding them to j obtain homes, farms, vocational train-; ing or paid-up insurance. j Except for tho added stock tax, the j | bill is substantially as drafted by the j Republican committeemen, who used the relief plan suggested by the American Legion as the framework, j Efforts of Democratic committeemen i I today to include an SO per cent war < profits tax were defeated on a strict j party vote. STATE DEPARTMENT WILL ASK RELEASE OF AMERICAN^ CAPTIVES Reports of Citizens Held in Russia Arouses Govern- i merit to Action. . il iny Associated Press.] ?WASHINGTON, May 20.?Aroused by reports of the Imprisonment and detention in Soviet Russia of various American citizens, the State Depart ment today took steps to bring to bear indirect pressure on the Bolshevist authorities to obtain their release. A request has been addressed to the Austrian government through the American commissioner in Vienna, asking that Hungarian Communists detained since thelt escape to Vienna from Budapest last year, and whose releaso has been made the subject of overtures by the Bolshevists, shall bo refused releaso pending the free ing of American citizens detained in Russia. Auction by this government was taken, it was said, as a result of the suggestion of another govern ment. and was in accord with the views of othcj countries. Hungarian Communists still in Vienna included followers of the Hungarian Soviet Leader Bela Kun, who escapd from Budapest upon the collapse of his government last August. CHARGES AMERICAN GOLD IS FINANCING IRISH MURDERS Sir Kdwnrd Cnrnon Declare* Cnni pnlgn In Ireland, Egypt nnd In<lln in Directed Kron? Amerlcii. | By Universal Service] LONDON, May 20.?Sir Edward Car son reiterated in Commons tonight his charge that "American gold" lSr financing tho "murder campaign" In i Ireland and anti-BrltUh movements I elsewhere. He said ho hnd "ample proofs that tho disturbances In Ire land, Egypt and India arc connected with an antl-Brltlsli conspiracy," and added: "It is my belief that the whole or a great part of tho murder campaign in Ireland is directed from America. I believe that funds from there, possibly funds sent from Germany to America and thence to Ireland, are used in tho campaign in that country." *2.00?Hound Trip?*2 00 via. C. & O. every Sunday to Old Point and Norfolk, 3 trains, S;30, S A. M. and 12 noon.?Adv. YOUNG BROOKLYN THIEF MASTER SAFE CRACKER Modern "Jimmy Valentine" Con fessed lender of Million-Dollar Gang of Crooks. H AIDED FINANCIAL DISTRICT Richard Armstrong, 2:1, Roasts of Personally Conducted Expedi tions That Yielded llim Money, Jewels and Other Valuables. [By Universal Service] NEW YORK, May 20.?About to bo tried as a common thief, :i youth of twenty-three got up in court here today and told the judge and Jury that ho was much more than that, towlt: a million dollar "Jimmy Valentine" of the highly expert typo and incidentally a leader in his pro fession, having held undisputed sway over a gang of a dozen crooks, with whoso( "co-operation" he Relieved safes in New York's financial dis trict of $1,200,000 worth of cash. Jewelry and gilt-edged securities. The youth is Richard Armstrong, a Brooklynite who, with ten other cracksmen, was arrested on April 12 and ever since has Bulklly stood pat on his plea of not guilty to three charges until today. Just after the jury had been completed he changed his pica to guilty of thlrd-degreo burglary and turned Informer against himself and his brethren of the craft. His story revealed him as one who disdained the crude or the common cracksman. Indeed, he boasted that of all the safes he has personally robbed not one was blown up. All were "Valentined" in highly refined fashion; as proof whereof Richard displayed a set of remarkably long, thin, wiry fingers with the tips sand papered to razor sharp edges and the rails closely clipped, all this to help make the fingers so sensitive of touch that they would feel the vibra tion of tile tumblers within the safe as ho worked the combination. Before confessing Armstrong tried (Continued on Second Page.) SIX BANDITS SHOOT UP SMALL OHIO TOWN IN TRUE WESTERN STYLE Take $12,000 in Bonxls and Cash From Savings Bank. I By Associated Press.] TOL.EDO, OHIO. May 20.?In true Western style, six bandits this morn ing shot up the main street of Delta, Ohio, near here, seriously wounded James Warner, a baker; invaded the People's Savings Bank and escaped with $12,000 In cash and Liberty I bonds. | Townspeople scurried for shelter as! the bandits sped through the main street in a touring car, shooting in all directions. More than fifty shots! were fired. Entering the bank, the bandits slugged Mark Casler. assistant enshier, with the butt of a revolver, rendering him unconscious. Other employees were forced into a back room. The bandits escaped toward To ledo. LABOR IS OPPOSING ARMY REORGANIZATION MEASURE | (iomprr* .Say* Provlnlonw Will Bring About CoiiMcrlptlon of Industrial Workrrx During Kniergeney. f By A-<?>~ITCi1 Preys. 1 WASHINGTON, May 20.?KfTorta to work out an agreement on the army reorganization bill, which the House has refused to accept because of its Katlonal Guard provisions, will be resumed tomorrow by House and Senate conferees. The conference was called today by Chairman Wads worth, of the Senato Military Com ti ittee, and after the Senate had re fused to recede from its amendments and ordered the bill returned to con ference. Prospects of agreement, however, were furthw complicated by a pro test by President Oompcrs, of the American Federation of I^abor, to Chairman Wadsworth against pro visions which the labor leader said would bring about the conscription of industrial workers in case of any "national emergency." The term, "national emergency," ho said, might ha construed as covering an indus trial disturbance. TRUTH OF REPORT Declares Facts of Matewan Shooting Were Falsely Presented. GIVES LIE TO MINERS Another Detective Is Wounded From Ambush by Unknown Assailants. f Vy Aftso:lnl?d 1'rev*. I HOAXOKE, May L'O.?W. (j. Italdwln, ; general manager of the Ilaldwin-Felts detectives, issued from the local of fice of the company this morning tho following statement regarding the shooting at Matewan: 'The articlc under a Matewan date line published this morning with ref erence to the killing of seven of our detectives at Matewan waa very much in error and was evidently inspired by some of tho striking miners or their sympathizers at Matewan. The facts i are as follows: "Air. A. C. Felts, with some eight or nino of our detectives, were at Matewan doing soma work for the coal operators. Their work was fin ished and they were on the streets near tho station preparing to take train Xo. 16 when Mr. Felts was ap proached by a man named Hatfield and they got Into some controversy, a shot was fired, Mr. Felts fell dead and tho shooting then became general. c- Felts, 13. 11. Higgins, C. II. Cun ningham, A. J. Bower, J. Furgcr son, 13. O. Powell and I.. C. Felts were shot down by an armed mob, secreted in houses and other pointa of van tage. Detective* Xot Heady for Trouble. The detectives were not apprehend ing any trouble and had packed up their Winchesters for shipment back to Bluefleld, and several of the offi cers had their pistols In their satchels. The attack came like n. thunderbolt | and the detectives were shot down almost in an instant. An eye-witness, who reported to our offices in Hlue fiold this morning, stated that after the detectives fell to the ground they were riddled with bullets. One man, with a pistol in each hand, walked up to their dead bodies and emptied his pistols into them. He also stated that everything of value was taken from their bodies and they lay I., the street for an hour or more before the min ers would allow their bodies to be approached. 1 "The statement that A. C. Felts shot the Mayor and that eomo of our [men swam tho river and were shot in the river is a lie out of the whole cloth, and was evidently Inspired by sympathizers of tl.e striking miners. Our information is that the article supposed to hnve been sent out dated Matewan was probably sent out from Charleston. W. Va.. where the United Mine Workers liavc their head quarters. "The above Informal ion has been (Continued on Second Page.) GERMANY COMPLAINS OF FRENCH BLACK TROOPS Assembly Intends to Appeal to I.cngue of Nations to Knd Alleged Brutality. [By Associated Press.] RhRLIN, May 20.?Stormy scene in tho meeting of the German As sembly today arose over tho discus sion of the employment by the French of black troops in tho occu pied area. Adolf Koestcr. Minister of Foreign Affairs, replying to an in terpellation complaining of acts of savago brutality by these troops to wards women and children, only a tithe of whoso horrors wero known, said that protests from the United States, Great Britain. Sweden and Norway had made as little impres sion on the French government as the German protests, and Germany intended to appeal to tho league of nations so that tho moral pressuro of the whole world could be brought to bear. Frau Zeltz, Independent Socialist, then caused an uproar by reminding the interpolators that thev had said nothing about the acts of immoral bi utality committed by German sol diers in Russia, Belgium and else where. PROTESTS AGAINST ADDED TAXATION ON BUSINESS Tobacco Mcrchnnttt' Association Adopt*! Resolutions Condemning Additional Tobacco Clinrgen. r By Associated Press I WASHINGTON, May 110.?Protest against "additional taxes upon tho business of our country, including tho tobacco business in any of its forms," tinder existing economic conditions, was contained in a resolution adopted today nt tho closing session of tho post-war convention of the Tobacco Merchants' Association of the United States. A new board of directors was elected to meet soon in New York and elect officers. SENATE PEACE RESOLUTION TO BE BEFORE HOUSE Chairman Porter, of Foreign Affairs Committee, AVIII .Move Concurrence Making Conference liniirccRsnry. [By Associated Press.] WASHINGTON, May "0.?Decision to bring tho Senate peace resolution before the House tomorrow was reached today by Republican House leaders. Chairman Porter, of tho Foreign Affairs Committee, an nounced that ho would move concur rence In tho Senate measure making a conferenco unnecessary. The reso lution probably will go to tho Trcs ldont tho same day, and a veto Is expeoted by both sides. Industrious Woman Feeds Family of 3 on 13 Cents CHICAGO, .May 20.?How she prepared n mrnl for three on lit centa um told in court today br fr*. Kllinbeth Trnvfll. She had cone Into the Court of Domeatlc Itelatlona to aecare n larger al lowance front her huabnnd. "I came from an otd-fnahloned fnmlly," Mra. Terwell anld. "My mother learned me how to cook. I guena thnt la why I have been able to furnish men la for myaelf and t?o children at an average coat of HI ccnta for the three. It la true the meal generally cnnalnta of a ll-cent rnn of tomntoea and ?! centa worth of macaroni. Some tlinca we hnvc brend, milk and eheeae. Sometimes wc have a cheap aoup bone." .tlr*. Terwell described her huii bnnd na the "atlngleat man In Chicago," nnd anld he invariably gave her SJ."i centa In the morning to buy food for the dny. He ate away from home aa n rule. The court ordered her huahsnd to tint Mra. Terwell at leant $1 n dny. She thought ahc would be nble to feed heraelf and family an that umoant draplte the high prlcea. MEXICO GIVES PRODUCERS FIVE DAYS TO PHI TUXES Do Facto Government Makes De mand on Operators for March and April Settlements. j STATE DEPARTMENT'S RULING Carranza Reported to Have Reached Zacatlan, Where Ho May Estab lish Headquarters Until Driven Out by New Government. IUy Associated Press.] WASHINGTON. May 20.?An im plied threat by the do facto govern mcnt of Mexico to force oil producers to mako prompt payment of export taxes was revealed today in a be lated message from the American embassy at Mexico City to tho State Department. The Department of Financo was quoted as ruling that the taxes for March and April must 'bo paid within five days after May 13, and that no extension would bo granted. Tho de partment added, however, that the companies would not bo cxpected to' comply with a recent decree of the Carranza government, almost dou bling the amount, but might pay the March-April assessments, in ?accord ance -with tho tariff flxed for January and February. ' Iho largest oil companies have not paid the taxes, but neither their representatives nor tho State Depart ment received notification of any punitivo action taken by tho Mex ican authorities. Tho companies ex plained that they hesitated in mak ing payment only becauso of their inability to determine to whom the money should be paid. Tho Stato Department has ruled that any com pany may regard its conduct correct if taxes arc paid to those actually in authority. Since tho United States had not recognized tho now govern ment in Mexico, it is o'bvlously im possible, it was explained, for the Stato Department to go further in the definition of tho existing regime in Mcxico. j There have been increasing indica tions that those in control along tho oil coast are in accord with tho Mex ico City authorities, and tho opinion was expressed hero that a disagree ment between tho oil producers and tho revolutionary forces would be obviated. Press reports today indicated Car ranza had reached Zacatlan, in tho mountains of Puebla, near Tuxpan. Governor Cabrera, a brother of Luis Cabrera, chief of Carranza's Cabinet, has established the stato government at Zacatlan, and the indications were that Carranza might make tho little mountain his headquarters until driven out. PEACE OF NORTHERN MEXICO RESTS WITH CALLES, SAYS VILLA slftilntfe Depends on Gitoroii' lees Offered Him by De Facto Government. lOy Associated Press.] IN* CAMP WITH OICNUHAL VILLA, HOQU1LLAS, CHIHUAHUA, MEXICO. May 1!? (via El Paso, Tex., May 20). Peace and a return of normal condi tions in Northern Mexico depend on what guarantees leaders of tho latest Mexican revolution give General Francisco Villa. General \ ilia, at his camp here, told tho Associated Press his plans for the future. Villa is resting here with his personal band of eighty men, awaiting a conference with General P. Elias Callos, Minister of War for the revolutionists. Tho conference. Villa said, will de termine whether the revolutionary and bandit leader will return to private life, or once more tako the field in bushwhacking campaigns which have made him notorious. Calles is en route hero from Juarez on his trip to Mexico City. He must come to Villa. f?r Villa will not go to Calles, Villa said. Villa trusts Calles "more than any other man" In tl\o revolutionary movement, ho said, but his reul atti tude has not been certain, as ho has not been seen becauso horses of tho band are kept constantly saddled at night, under tho watchful cye3 of sentries, anil all approaches to tho camp are guarded by Villa scouts. At a moment's notico tho band is ready to mount and fl$e or to tight, according to tho decision of their leader ?" . . v. . . . ,st-t -.i. ? V, GOVERNMENT WILL DIRECT RAILWAYS IN PRESENT CRISIS Emergency Orders Place All Carriers in One Gigantic System. J MUST MOVE CARS WITH NO REGARD TO OWNERSHIP All Normal Regulations Swept Aside by Interstate Com merce Commission. 200,000 CARS BLOCK ROADS Freight Will llo Rerouted Over Short Lines to Relievo Main Arteries. TBy Universal Scrvicel WASHINGTON. May 20.?Tho Ini ' terstato Commerco Commission to night Issued three emergency orders, to stand until the traffic crisis is past, which will have tho effect of centralizing control of th0 railroads with the government. Tho full forco of tho commission's sweeping rowers to divert traffic and relocato rolling stock is carried in the orders. All rules and regulations governing normal movement of freight arc suspended, and In their place it is ordered that: "Until the further order or direc tion of this commission, all said common carriers by railroad are hereby directed to forward traffic to destination by the routes most avail able to expedite its movement and relieve said congestion, without re gardI to the routing thereof madn by shippers or by carriers from which tho traffic is rcceivcd, or to tho ownership of tho cars, and that all rules, regulations and practices with respect to car servlco are hereby sus pended and superseded In so far only as conflicting with tho directions made. Order Will Relieve Tronic JJnem. This drastic order will have tho effect of relieving congestion on tho main transportation systems east and west by utilizing tho smaller and le?8-blockod railroads. Tho commission suppie<mentod this order, which Is believed to be the vital move necessary to break th<i congestion, by tho Jssuanco ot tho following rules governing tho opor atlon of tho or-Ior: "It is ordered that inasmuch aa suth disregar 1 of routing !s deemed to be duo to carders' disability, tho rates applicable to traffic so forward ed by routes other thnn thoso desig nated by shippers or by carriers from which tho traiHc is received, shall t>o the rates wilc.n wcro applicable at date of shipment over tho rcute3 designated. "It is further ordered that In each Instance where tho traffic Is routed un,l?rr?fU.tC(1' by carr,ers b>' railroad' under the authority of this order, the carrier responsible for such ront ng, or rerouting, shall within twen tj-four hours thereafter deposit in tho United States mail a no;tcu ad dressed to tho consignee of the 'J, sU|lns tho car numbers and mi f v.1"210"3 nPd date3 ?r ship en , the routing and respective routes over which tho traffic is mov ing and that charges for tho trans portation of tho traffic, lncludlnr transportation and schedule of rates. ?flC?^n,d Ch*-Se*' as 0,080 ter? defined in saia act, will bo the sa??, as they would have been if auch rout: place."r rCr0Utinff* had taken To Relieve Main Arferfe.. In addition to this order the com, mission issued two other service or ders specifically directed to certain railroads. Instructing the contrlbu on each must mnno in the reloca tion of approximately 50,000 cars. The combined effect of the threo ordern will be: 1. I- reight of every description will be moved on connecting or supple mental roads to tho main transport tation arteries, relieving the enorm ous strain in the latter, and releas ing heavy shipments tied up. 2. Distribute the surplus of rollins equipment on tho Eastern roads to wards tho West, where inadequate equipment is checking movement o? freight. 3- Release thousands of cars for hauling grain and coal, the lack of which is causing food shortago In some sections and shutting down pub lic utilities. Immediate orders for the move ment of approximately 20,000 bo* cars from Eastern ruilroadn to roads from Chicago westward, are contain ed in tho commission's sweeping In structions tonight. At the sams time, it is ordered that about 30.00Q open - top'v_ ?<? bo moved to the East I ern roads from the Central West t? handle coal and raw materials, fourteen Eastern Itonda Affected. Tho Eastern roads affected In to* day's orders, requiring a contribu tion from each system averaging flftjr earn dally, aro the following: Now York. New ilaven and Hart* ford; Boston and Albany; Long Is land Railroad; Now York, Ontario and Wcstorn; Pennsylvania Kail road; Atlantic Coast Lino; Southern Itallroad; Seaboard Air Line; Wheel ing and Lake Erie; Charleston and Western Carolina; Atlanta and Wost Point Railroad; Georgia Rallroad| Florida East Coast; Atlanta, Birm ingham and Atlantis. The exact number of cars, with th? date of starting delivery and plac? of interchange, sro iglven In tho In structions. Thcso railroads aro simultaneously instructed to begin tho delivery of open-top cars to Eastern systems: ' Atchison, Topeka and Santo ->& y.