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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, May 22, 1920, Image 4

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TIIK TIMKS TV'Sttr
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for republication of all iipws ilUjinlflif . [
It or not ot lior? Iso credited In thi* lm'r 'rlrlit? "f
the h.ct.1 iicvs published herein. All'r eW!? ?i
republication of t?pcrinl dispatchec In rt In
t?frtMl.
llomc of The
Tlnirs-llliratrli.
Absolutely Fireproof.
SATUKOAY. MAY I-'-6
Government reports show that acreage
devoted to staple crops is being heavily
reduced everywhere, and that the farm
labor shortage is likely to increase rather
than diminish. Heller plant a garden in
the backyard.
In Mr. Bryan's Stale of Nebraska the
Prohibition party, in the recent presiden
s tial preference primaries, recorded a total
ji of threo votes. If his uctivities and man
agement in the Democratic parly should lie
i: continued, probably it would display the
same numerical strength..
If it be true that the former throne of
tho recent Kaiser, seized for debt to mer
s chants, has been sent to this country for
sale, the best and most appropriate use for
it would be to ask Carranza to take a seat
i in it, with his head shaved, make the proper
i arrangements and connections and turn on
tho electricity at full strength. Carranza
. always did love the Kaiser.
The Supreme Court passed another opin
ion day without giving a thirst-mad nation
any inkling as to whether it will interpose
its authority to relieve the distressing situ
ation. Adjournment was taken until Juno
1. when it is generally expected that a de
cision will be handed down involving every
point of contention submitted in relation
to the legality of both tho amendment and
the enforcement ac't based upon it.
Under the provisions of the Federal cold
storage bill, which will soon be before the
President for approval, and which limits
to one year the period for which foodstuffs
may be stored, the country should soon
have the opportunity offered of bargains
in storage eggs and butter. Present high
prices are undoubtedly due to the with
holding from the market of stocks kept in
storage for a much longer period than per
mitted under the nett* legislation.
! Thirty-live States will elect Governors j
next- fall, to mcceed twenty-two Ilepuhli- i
cans and thirteen Democrats. The highest '
salary is that of the Governor of Illinois. I
who gets $12,000 a year for four years. I
The next highest salaries are those of the
Governors of Ohio and Massachusetts,
? 10,000 a ye:vr. The Governor of New
? York gets only $".,00(? a year, and the Gov-J
ernor of Texas 1 4,000. The compensation. I
it will thus be seen, bears no relation t? >
fi the size of the job.
i; I
Hints by influential leaders, in course
of trivial discussion in the House of Uepre
?; sentativis. indicate that serious thought is
being given the idea of enlarging the popu
lation basis of representation to restrain or
reduce the number of members, after the
results of the census are known. There were
plain assertions, which seemed to iind favor,
that the body is unwieldy, that about
twenty-live men do its work and direct it,
anyhow, and that it would gain in strength,
usefulness and dignity if the number of
?> voters required to elect a man was largely
^ increased.
Fragments of local gossip from Moscow
telling of Soviet oflic. is caught stealing,
and their wives stripped in public of fine
clothing, bought with proceeds of the thefts,
suggest several facts of human nature
which Communist and Socialist philosophers
| ignore in their theorizing. Among them
r are the cravings of women, especially when
(opportunity arrives late in their lives and
5 suddenly, for personal adornment and so
' cial elevation, and the proneness of men.
not only to their own greed, but to yield
to feminine argument and blandi.-hmen:.
I These are themes of many turned:- . hut
schemes for revolution which fail to i tint
them as very pra ti ai and powerful, and
always present, elements are headed for
Bnags.
The address of Vlce-l'r- idem Marshall
? r before the Indiana State lie: orrati' Con
yXyention was a clarion call for a return to
li^VhOHe fundamental principles of :ound g->v
Irnment which, in their application in the
constitute the basis of our pre-, nt na
^'.tfcinal strength and greatm..- These prin
ciples, he pointed out, are suflici- ntlv elas
r tic to meet all of the r- inurement of pr ?
ent and future progress under every con
?ceivable condition of sclentlllc achievement
and political aspiration. I'pon the Demo
cratic party devolves the task of bringing
tho contUBed thinking of the country 1 \ck
to these fundamentals tor a cure of ail the
/ ? V.... ??- -
w
existing ills of the body politic. Tho Dem
ocratic party, ho said, should demand that
the States take liack the discharge of tho
duties which were reserved to them in tho
compact made with tho general government,
and tho party should not submit any further
Federal constitutional amendments which
"further relieve the States of their duty to
enforce tho police power inherent in tho
States and to protect the lives and fortunes
of their citizens. Tho almost obliterated
lines dividing the three branches of gov
ernment should bo again clearly drawn.
Government by discretion should cease.
; Hoards which make rules, try violations
thereof and enforce punishment should go.
They are not democratic. They are benov
olcnt despotisms." llis speech was sound
to tho core in its exposition of true Demo
cratic teaching of tl\e past, and of what
should be tho party's aspiration in the fu
ture. and if the San Francisco convention
! hopes to make a winning appeal to tho
? country in the coming campaign, it will
pitch the keynote of its platform pronounce
ments along the lines laid down by him in
these sound utterances.
Widening the IJrencb
THE publication of tDo President's ad
dress to the sailors on board tho battle
ship Pennsylvania and his confidential mes
sage to Admiral Sims, which have been
made a part of Secretary Daniels' reply to
Sims, will not make for more cordial rela
tions between the present governments of
the I'nited States and Great Britain. Since
the extraordinary conduct of Lord Grey in
discussing American domestic politics upon
his return to Great Britain, an unfortunate
breach between America and Great Britain
has been obvious to all.
The Grey incident was absolutely inde
fensible from the standpoint of tho present
administration, and the President found an
early, opportunity to indicate his resent
ment. Hut long before that development,
it is now revealed, he found cause for com
plaint against the Hritish conduct of the
war, particularly that part of war activi
ties centering about the submarine cam
paign. He has now permitted the world
to know what his feelings were upon that
subject by authorizing the publication of his
confidential address and bis confidential
message to Admiral Sims.
It may be assumed that the British gov
ernment will take serious exception to the
criticism of its naval policies leveled at It
by the President. They will doubtless ad
mit with frankness that tlioy played an ex
tremely cautious game in so far as their
navy was concerned. That navy was all
that stood between tho British and defeat
for more than three years. It was all the
bulwark the United Kingdom had, and if
the control of the seas had been lost or
threatened as a result of any naval dis
aster, the empire would have been at the
mercy of 'the enemy.
For that reason the British hesitated
from the start to force any decisive engage
ment with the enemy fleet. They did not
run away from battle, it is true, although
many authorities were and still are of the
opinion that they shrank from any undue
risks in the Jutland engagement. But the
British were very careful to conserve their
naval power, knowing that it was their
chief reliance in the early years of the war.
After America's entry into the conflict,
however, a show-down with the German
fleet was a far less hazardous enterprise.
Even if half of the grand fleet had been
sacrificed in a great sea battle, Germany
would still have had to meet and defeat tho
American fleet before it could have wrested
control of the seas from the allies.
It is not unnatural, therefore, that the
President should have been keenly impa
tient as lie viewed from the inside the in
activity and excessive prudence on the part
of the Hritish Admiralty. Nor is it sur
prising that he should have been displeased
with the attitude of Admiral Sims, who
seems to have spent moist of his time veto
ing American naval projects or complain
ing that the Navy Department did not ac
cept unqucstiontngly all the plans of tho
Hritish government.
Speaking of Profits
THE Federal Trade Commission has Is
sued another of its illuminating ad
I dresses to the American people on the sub
ject of the packing-house industry. This
| report deals with profits, and it cannot fail
| to interest the folks who are commonly
: classed as consumers and have observed
i with increasing anxiety the constant In
i crease in tlie price of meat products dur
j ing tho past five or six years. There have
been occasional reactions, it is true, when
. the beefsteak lias seemed to slump in cost,
| but the fixed tendency has been upward.
Also it will interest those folks who lmvo
read the packers' statement to tho effect
| that they made such-and-such a per cent
! on each pound of beef or mutton handled,
? a stun usually so intinitessimal as to prompt
the guileless to apologize to the packer
I for ever suspecting him of profiteering. Tho
commission timls that regardless of tho
; skillful calculations of the packing-houso
j economists, profits of amazing totals have
h'eeti made and a business enormous in its
proportions has grown up almost entirely
j out of earnings put back into it after gen
erous dividends had been declared.
It is shown, for example, that $100,000,000
was added to the surplus accounts of tho
"Big Five" out of the earnings made dttr
: i 11 k the first three years of the war. "Dur
; ii:K those years, profits, both in dollars and
in rate on investment, doubled, trebled and
quadrupled," the report adds.
In respect to profits announced by tho
packers of 2 to X cents on tho dollar of
sides, it is pointed out, such a rate on sales
I in an industry like meat packing, which
' rapidly turns over its product, is the equiva
' lent of a high rate of return on net worth
j of 1 r? per cent or more. During the fiscal
year 1 't 1 S the packers sold $11,200,000,000
worth of goods, and 2 to 3 cents profit
<>n each dollar of that volume of business
j is quite < onsiderablc.
j The packers continue to plead with the
public to "lay off," to persuade Congress to
i fcive tin m a chance to go ahead without
Just one investigation alter another, but
i' is not easy to grant that appeal when
the business in which they are engaged
seems so pointedly unfair against tho con
I burner.
|
Hurried return from Mexico of a swarm
of our draft dodgers changes the familiar
, couplet to Who fears to fight and runs
away must run again another day."
While tho Poles annihilate Bolshevist
divisions at the front, Denlno is busy try
ing to cure BolshfeviBt divisions In tho rear.
SEEN ON THE SIDE
UV II10MItY KDWAItU WAltKUK
'I'hr Work I, over.
I lovo to work; 1 dearly love
To see the wheels ko round.
I love to turn the grindstone and
I love to till the ground.
X lovo to toll, because it means
Such added strength to me?
I lovo to see things always done
Ju?t as they ought to be.
I love to labor; Work Is proud
And an ennobling thing.
Work gives the touch that genrus needs
To set its soul a-wlng.
I love to feel the callous on
My palms, to feol my hand
Hcspondlng 4u the vigor of
The quickening of the land.
The sluggard sleeps, the drone Is driven
Krom out the hive, and ho
Who studies ease with stiffened knees
Shall buddy not to me!
15ut who has sweat upon his brow
And muscles built of steel
Is brother to tlio soul of me.
And feels the strength I feel!
Burn leaping fire?. How molten Iron,
Throb ship, and dig O plow!
And ye who give the laurels, placo
A wreath on l?abor's brow!
But as I close'these shrieking lines,
O heavens! how I wish
That 1 could chuck my Job a while
And go away and fish!
Charcoal Kph'd I)nlly Thought.
"When a man got two pigs an' a cow," said
Charcoal Kph, moodily, "dey aln' no mo* he
kin wish 'ceptin' 'tis sump'n I' feed 'em an'
somebody t' milk de cow. Try a sausage, MIs
tah Jackson."
7n the old days when Mother used to do all
her work and count it a proud burden, people
were awful funny, weren't they?
Flutton*.
Muttons, Muttons, who's got the buttons?
Answer: Xoiody's got all of 'em! liar, har,
liar!
Itldlenlonnl
"The Xut!" growled the new clerk at the
Library. "1 ast him ef he thought this waa a
grocery store! I guess that'll fix him."
"What did he want?" a*ked the Chief Li
brarian.
"1 guess he wanted a padded cell, lie ast
me if we had Bacon!"
Equipped.
The Conductor swelled his chest.
"I guess tftat guy liked me if I did jam him
up in front," he said. "He gimme his card
an' f^aid come down an' he'd land me a good
job."
"What's his business?" asked the Motormnn.
"liere'? his card; it says he's a sardine can
ner."
Picked 1'p at Hnndnin.
Hack to Nature includes chiggers.
The picnicker is happy until he gets there.
Making love is dangerous; it leads to matri
mony.
What's funnier than a 100-pound clerk pad
dling a canoe full of tiirl?
lteing Moss involves a lot of conflict with
stupidity, beginning with that of The Boss.
Success.
We kwiow a millionaire who gets up at u and
works until 10 every day of his life. After
working at everything else he has to do, he
lias to regret that he is a millionaire.
He can't go anywhere without paid com
pany, and his valet knows all hin personal
business. His house is filled with servants
who board there, and pass the buck when any
thing's to he done.
lie told us confidentially that he wished he
could chuck it all and earn his living in over
alls. And yet that very man had the chance
of his life to do that very thing, and didn't.
We still have the overalls we'd willingly have
traded.
Happy 1'iiuiil j.
Mother's gone to the movies
To see a Thunder-Blood.
And Father* down at the ciub tonight
Playing a game of stud.
Sister's out to a dance and Mud
lias gone to call on his girl.
And Baby is left to watch the place
Since we're in the Social Whirl.
Fi*om Other Viewpoints
Ancient l.au* mid Modern Ships.
IIV -V. SIJMNBH MYRICK.
Having advanced so far already in the or
ganization of business, it is not strange that
the United States should, at the same time,
have outgrown it? navigation laws. We are
no longer a corner-grocery nation; neither
are we a stern-wheel steamboat nation. But
our progress has caused a natural, and often
amusing, hiatus between our statutes and our
development.*
Measurement rules and certain provisions
of the Seaman's act, involving debatable
points, will, however, be pasaed over here.
Our concern is chiotly with the enforcement by
the Steamboat .Service, of such provisions of
law as relate to the safety of ships and hu
man life.
Our legislators will surely see to it that,
among the great maritime nutions, the United
State,-! can never again bo pointed out as the
only one giving no body or individual tho au
thority to investigate maritime casualties. Yet
that is the case at present.
The commercial giant has swiftly outgrown
his legal apparel in so far as it relates to
ships. A thorough modification of our na
tioual laws and a weeding out of anachron
it ins from the provisions governing steamboat
inspection is one of the legislative tusks to
be attacked with the full energy of tho Ameri
can spirit. A survey of the situation is not
without Its diverting features.
Consider, tlrst, ship accidents. The United
States merely authorizes investigation of the
conduct of licensed officers, it would be Just
as logical if the cause of a large local fire
were "probed" merely to the extent of the city
tire marshal's considering the possible miscon
duct of a janitor or watchman of the building.
As to jurisdiction, several years ago a fuel
tank exploded on a steamer lying in one of our
large, ports, and although six or eight lives
were lost and great damage done to several
vessels, a city coroner was the only official
having authority upon the premises.
Now the pit rase "navigation laws" seems,
on it* face, an authoritative term, docs it not?
^et as a matter ?.f fact it is merely a popular
concept in this country. it has no legal or
oftielal authority.
It is a term applied to various sections run
ning through the I nited States statutes, Tho
earlier of these were cnactcd, as we now find
them, at a very early date in the country's
history, or are in the nature of amendments to
such enactment; but there has not yet been
uny adequate revision as a whole.
As a matter of logical sequence, arrange
ment and applicability to present conditions
these statute* simply do not apply to the high
ly organized America of today.
Take for instance the provisions that "in or
I der to procure the registry of any vessel
i built within the United States it shall be
[ reeessary to produce a certificate under the
I hand of tho principal or master carpenter" by
| whom tho vessel ha? been built. It is hardly
i necessary to suggest that ship carpenters do
1 not build tho stoe) voasels that now constitute
the. far greater part tho world's marine.
Owlnc to the lack of expreso enactment tho
Steamboat Inspection Service Is also officially
a myth. It does actually exist. In tho early
part of tho last century it came into being,
when steamboats were navigating rivers, bays
ana sounds when. Indeed, thu law gravely re
quired that "tho safety-valve should bo opened
when tho vessuUi stopped." Conditions have
since quite outgrown the scope of such regu
lation, and under private auspices these stipu
lations woulil long ago have been changed.?
Copyright, 1920.
South and Vice-Presidency.
(From tho New York World.)
A movement having Its origin In Virginia,
which presents a favorite -son tor the place,
contemplates the nomination of a Southern
Jtepuhlican for the vice-presidency at Chicago.
The plun has found favor with former I'rcsl
dont Taft, Senator Frelinghuysen, Nicholas
Murray Liutler and others, who in most cases
Would con titie its operation to t li?? border
States. If by such a Concession Kentucky,
Tennessee and Virginia, or any one of them,
could be detached from the Solid South, the
experiment could be cautiously extended later
on clear to the Uulf.
In Its early da.v? tho Republican party was j
strong on combinations of this !-ort. Its lirut
nominee for Vice-President, in DOS, was Wil
liam L. Dayton all old-lino Whig, who was
used as a balance for the radical Fremont.
In 1X60 It selected Hannibal llamlln. a freo
soll Democrat, as Lincoln's running-mate, and
In 1864, tne Civil War raging. It chose An
drew Johnson, of Tennessee, a L'nioti Demo
crat, oti the theory that his name would help I
the party and the government in the border
States.
Johnson was tho beginning and end of
Southern candidates for the Republican party.
On the death of Lincoln, Johnson was thtf be
ginning and end of Southern candidates, for
the Republican House of Representatives Im
peached him.
Health Talks by Dr. Brady
>\ hen Should the Old Man Itrtlrcf
? Copyriclit. 1920. by Nat'L Newspaper Scrvlce.)
Nearly every one who has tho habit of tak
ing a long vacation once a year knows from
experience that it Is a bad habit. Doctor^ find
on unseemly lot of work to do right after tho
annual vacation orgy. The recuperation ap
pears to be too stienuous. The dose is too
large. It is better to divide It into twelve or
titty-two small doses. Fifty-two half-holidays
a year, if devoted to work or play that Is a
radical change from tho regular vocation; or
a week ofT in each of tho four seasons Instead
of a month of (summer vacation; moderate
doses at more frequent Intervals aro better
tor the health.
Ry the time a follow Is forty he should be
fairly decided as to his vocation, If not well
launched on It. Rut ho should be no nionocule.
A man needs a vocation to keep him from go- I
ir.g to tho dogs. And ho needs an avocation ;
to keep him young.
Work hard when you work. Sail In and .
riako the dust lly. liven It you aro working J
for some one else there Is an extraordinary |
amount of satisfaction for yourself, and you i
never can tell when It may even be noticed by
the boss. If you work hard. Doufing on the I
Job Is much harder than burning the Job up all
the time. Work hard when you work. Don't
he afraid of that bogey of "overwork.'* "Over
work" is Just a conventional bit of camoullago
used to explain misfortunes which aro nono
of the public's business.
if you know how to livo overwork need
never worry you. Rut you must know how to j
play as well as you work. There"? whore a lot i
of old geezers fall down badly. They get
married to their work anil after they've lived ?
with It a few years they tlnd it has them
tethered.
Cultivate an avocation which will usurp
more and more of your Interest and time as |
the years roll along. Something modest'to be- I
gin "with, something In which there is room
to grow, something as foreign as possible, to
your ordinary pursuits. Oh. 11mre are thou
sands of tine nvocationB. Take hold of one I
before you arrive at the "sot" period of life, j
Del it encroach Insidiously upon your regular ,
occupation. Kvantually let is usurp your |
chief Interest, displace your vocation, so that
your friends will never know just whether or
when you retire. Det your avocation sustain
your income or not. as may ho necessary,
but let It be tho means wherewith to forestall
that void which coines with sickening ab
ruptness upon hiin who retires from busy life
to a life of idleness.
Theodore Roosevelt set a perfect example j
in this up to the time of the accident which :
terminated his glorious career. He balanced 1
politico and statesmanship against literature,
hunting against history, and he retained tho !
vigor and courage of youth at sixty.
Voice of the People
I.ellerN muni irlir the tinmc and nddrCNM of
the writer. Vnnir will not lie pulillnhrd If
writer *?i rcqur*!*.
lilown at Our ('onatltutinnnl Fabric. |
To the Kdltor of The TlmeB-Dispatch:
Sir.?Tlie eighteenth amendment to our Na
tional Constitution seeniti an unwarranted and !
wrongful invasion of the reserved and In- j
alienable rights of tho respective States to the
e.\ luslve regulation and control of their in- |
tertial and domestic affairs, such as tho per- i
agonal privileges and habits of their citizens, j
in re their interdiction from alcoholic bev- ,
I erages, and it it; a plain proposition that tfie |
1 same is sumptuary, undemocratic and tyran- i
i leal legislation; but if the nineteenth amend- j
! inrnt, controlling the exercise of the right of ;
sufi'r.iKo is foisted upon lis by its ratitlcatlon I
by t,he Legislatures of three-fourths of the !
States, and tho question as to who shall vote in
a State it* determined hy a national Instead of j
a State law. then the dearest and most sacred i
ri^lit of tho States is violated, and the ca.rdi- i
nal principle of States' rights is uprooted.
If this nineteenth amendment is ndopted in '
the above manner, as proposed by Its authors (
and promoters, then we may bid farewell to |
tho hope and dream of the fathers that the j
States possess any inalienable, indestructible >
rights reserved for their exclusive control.
Sueh reserved rights were certainly con- j
templated by the authors and framcrs of our j
National Constitution, <ind their Invasion or i
abridgement, not to speak of their destruc- I
tion. is a breach and violation of the solemn
contract bv which the Union was formed.
W. D. PATT1SON.
Howardsville, Va., May 11, lt?20.
News of Fifty Years Ago
(From Richmond Dispatch, May 22, 1870.)
The officers appointed lo conduct tho Con
servative primary election concluded their
arduous duties yesterday afternoon and de
clared the following to be the candidates of
the party to bo voted for (and elected) on the
26th instant: Mayor. Henry K. Kllyson; Ser
geant, Thomas L'. Dudley; Common wealth's
Attorney. (leorge D. Wise; Treasurer, II. R.
M on ford; Commissioner of Revenue. Dr. Thoo.
Rnldeman; Clerk of the Chancery Court, Ren
jainin H. Merry. Jr.; Clerk of the Hustings
Court, Andrew Jin kins', Auditor, 10. R. Bentley;
Collector. Charles M. Pleasants; ICngltieer,
Charles II. Diiiiniock; Sheriff, John \V. Wright; !
High Constable. A. W. ltosene.
At the annual meeting of tho Virginia Home
Insurance Co., held yesterday tho following
officers were elected for tho ensuing year:
D. J. llartsook. president; 1>. J. Rurr, score- !
tory; It. C. Wherry, Jr., assistant secretary;
C. T. Wortliam. W. 15. Isaacs, William J. I'aine,
A. Y. Stokes, John Knders, Parker Campbell,
S. C. Tardy, (ieorge S Palmer, K. S. Tiirpln,
W. Picket ell, A. J-'. Harvey and P. W.
I; rub lis, directors.
The wholesale boot, shoe and leather trade
of Itoston raised ?2.C3.'? for tho Capitol dis
aster relief fund, which was forwarded with a
kind arid sympathetic letter by Francis Dane
f: Co., of that city.
The Y. M. C. A. of Richmond al Its annual
meeting yesterday elected tho following of
ficers: 1'- K. Wellford. Jr., president; C. II.
Winston, C. II. Himinock, J. K. Chase, William
F. Fox and J. K. I> Sleight, vice-presidents;
Robert K. Richardson, treasurer; .Marshall M.
(Milium, corresponding secretury; William l'3.
Mrown. recording secretary: W. Kills Jones,
registrar; W. Mayo, librarian.
The following are the Conservative nomi
nees for the ("ity Council: Marshal) Ward ?
Joseph J lOngllsh. Thomas Puberty, Henry
Rodcker and < Seorge S. Prince; M ad Ison
Ward?Albert Ordway. John II. Montague,
John A. Sloan, bowls Wagner and Thomas II.
Wynne; Monroe Ward William K. Tanner. F.
T. <S'.a?gow, William Knglish, M. 1,. Strauss ami
T. C KPP?; Clay Ward -W. II. Scott. William
Jenkins, F. P. Rrannan. II. J. Rttker and
Charles 1?. Todd. The count has not yet been
completed In Jefferson Ward.
The Richmond, Fredericksburg and Po
tomac ItOillmad has received two new and
very fine engines, named tho "Oc.ooqunn" and
the "Quantico."
Married: On the 10th Instnnt hy Rev. J. M.
Rutler. William I". Cox to Mrs. Sarah F. Mar
tin; both of Richmond.
i In Now York tho negroes voted solidly for
tho Republican tickets and this flrovo thou
sands oC white Repubilcann to tho DeAioor^tlo
tlckote, bo says tho New York F.cral?*
PERSIA APPEALS FOR RID
AGAINST RED MENACE
IiniiriliiK of IJoLsliovlst Forcc.s on
Persian Hoil Urines l)m?ner
CIoso to Nation.
(ny Aasoolatod l'ws?.|
IjOXDON, May 21.?Persia has ap
pealed to the longuo of nations to
protect her against Bolshevist ag
urivsiun. The appeal, which follow.*
the landing of Bolshevist fortes on
Persian soil from the fasplan- Sea,
was made through the Persian For
eign Minister, who Is In Paris.
The appeal alludes to the presenoo
in Kn/.ell harbor of warshiim belong
ing to the anti-Bolshevist forces for
me r 1 y operating under General j
Deniklne, ami maintains that Persia i
acted within here rights as a neutral
with regnrd to these vessels. It' j
points out she declined to allow three i
ships to enter the harhor until site .
was assured she would not bo ham- i
pered In disarming and Interning
them.
charg^TdminTstration I
with POLICY OF INFLATION !
Hepiiltllcan Coniinlttcr lloldn Jlrtliod '
of l-'liiiuiclng \\ ar l.nrgely Respon
sible for Increanrd I.IvIiik Costs.
] I*>? Associated l>rcm. 1
NKNV YOKK, May 21.?Tho Wilson J
administration la charged with con- j
tinuing to date a policy of inflation j
"by which it financed the war" and
which Is held largely responsible for
tho Increase! cost of living since
1PH, in tho report of the banking I
ami currency committee of tho Re
publican National Committee's ad
visory committee on policies and
platform, made public here tonight.
In so far as the war period Is con
cerned, It says, "wo merely call at
tention to the fact, without express
ing an opinion as to tho wisdom or
lack of Judgment, llut the continu
ance of this policy since tho armis
tice lays tho administration open to
severe criticism."
WOOL PRICES SLUMP 10
TO 20 PER CENT ON SALES
Transportation Delays and Decline of'
I.lverpool and London Markets
In fa tine of Drop.
r lly * ? I ??,! |'nI
BOSTON, May 21.?The price of
wool slumped today, a break of from i
10 to 20 per cent occurring at thej
reduction sales conducted here un- j
der the auspices of the British gov- i
eminent. Only seven mills took part j
in the bidding, and only 30 per cent
of the wool offered for salo was dis
posed of.
Buyers were agreed that tho peak
of high prices for wools has passed. |
According to the Commercial Bulletin. .
nn authoritative organ of the wool J
industry In this country, the drop In '
prices reflected cancellations of i
orders for goods, delays In transpor- i
tation and declines In the Liverpool j
and l.ondon markets for raw wool.
FRENCH DEPUTIES BACK
GOVERNMENT'S STAND
Vote of Confidence In Strike Situa
tion In Cnrrled by Poll
of t? no.
(Hy Associated Press.1
J'AR.I.S, May 21.?The Chamber of
Deputies toiay gave a vote ?f con
fidence In favor of the government
on tho government's stand with re
gard to the striking railroad men.
Tho vote was 526 for and 00 against !
the government.
The Vote came after a lengthy de- !
hate, which was participated in by !
Premier Mlllerand. The Premier, in
a stirring speech, uphold tho gov
ernment's position.
PUT GUARDS ON FRONTIER
TO PREVENT SMUGGLING
!
Sending of Hare Jewel* mid Other
Valuable*! Out of Hungary
Will He Stopped.
BUDAPEST, May 21.? It is esti
mated by the nowspapeis that money, |
jewels, precious metals and other
valuables of small size and easy con- ;
ce'almont to the value of several bil
lions of crowns have been smuggled
out of the country In recent months.
The government Is considering a
plan to orgaJnlzo a force of l.'JOO fron
tier customs guards to stop this
smuggling for export. A large num
ber of men already are employed for
that purpose.
TRIAL SCHEDULE REVISED
Olympic Committee Change* Dates of
Preliminary Contests?Try-Outs
to A<wat More Than Two Months.
( By Associate*! Press. 1
NKW YORK, May 21.?The Ameri- j
can Olympic committee today anade !
public a revised schedule of try- j
outs In the Olympic games elimina- !
tion contests. These try-outs will ex- j
tend over a period of more than two ?
months. Tho schedule in part fol- ;
lows:
Track and field try-outs, June 26?
10a stern, Frank Un Field, Pa.; central,
Ntagg FieM. Chicago; coast, Pasa
dena, Southern, New Orleans.
Final cycling eliminations, July 1;
swimming try-outs, men and women,
July 3, l and f>: army tlnals, track,
wrestling, boxing, Chicago. St. Louis
or Kansas City, Juno 30 to July 3;
tus-nf-war .final try-outs, In con
junction with army finals at Chicago;
wrestling try-outs, July 6-7; final i
try-outs, steeplechase, decathlon and
walk. New York A. C., July 'J and j
10; final swimming try-outs, men,
Chicago, July 10-11; final wrestling I
try-outs. Now York, July 13, I t. 15; ;
final boxing try-outs New York, Bos- .
ton, and Philadelphia, July 13-17; j
final try-outs track and field, liar- j
vard stadium. July 17; final row
ing try-outs, Worcester, Mass., July
23-21; final swimming try-outs, wo- 1
men. Manhattan Beach, July 21-2X; j
army riding team?now gathered at
Fort ltlley for training and selec
tion, date optional.
THREE DiEIN~EXPL0SI0N
Discharge of Quantity of Nitroglyce
rin in West V irginia Oil Field
Takes tin mil n Toll.
Illy Associated Press. 1
SlSTKUSVlId-K, \V. VA., May 21.?
Three men are known to have boon
killed and a number of others are
believed to have been injured by tho
explosion of o quantity of nitro
glycerin ticrr hero today. The men
were employed by a torpedo com
pany engaged In shooting oil wells.
The dead are: Ouy Porter, llcss
Beaver and Marry Claffncy.
To Develop Idle Knrnis
TRAVKR8K CITY. MICH., May 21.?
Tho Western Michigan Development
Bureau, a semi-official organization,
launched a campaign today to bring
Into production a part of Michigan's!
1S.000 abandoned farms. In co-ope
ration with real estate firms and em
ployment agencies tho plan calls for
recruiting surplus labor in Industrial
centers and the placing of these men
on fully equipped farms.
Student Avlntor I.oses l.lfc.
I ARCADIA. FliA.. May 21.?C.idet
Mathew I.. Itnslmos. nped 24. of Chi
cago, fell from a considerable height
at Carlstrom Field here today and
received Injuries from which ho dlod
a few hours later. He was flying
alone, practicing "figure eights" when
the machine aldo-alTpped.
The Weather
(Furnished l>r V. H. Wcutlier liuretiu.)
Forerun!: Vlriclnlu
? F u I r Saturday,
irccnlcd liy nliowrrn
In the mornlnc In
nuutlinuit iiort I <i us
h>uiuluv fair: II i tic
cliiimcu in leniuer
itture.
North C'urolLiut?
Fair Niituritiiv unit
S ii ii ?l it > : I I ( I I ii
rliuiiKc lu teuiueru
tur*.
I-ornl Tr mm-rut ure Yrnlerduy.
3 1*. >1. tcniix-ruturu CI
.Mavtiniiiii tem'icraturo t<? b J'. M
Atiniinuhi tcmixirit'.urii ia H 1*. M.... tit
MenII i. nu'i'ruilire yuttrdiy 72
Normal teiiiDorature lor tltm <latu... t'j
y<-ni?r<lnv 3
lufli'li'lliy rIiii-a Muri.li 1 117
LKllciuiicy miiico .1 miliary L 3i?
lit) riil lUUiifitll.
P.atnfnlt 12 li'xirn iltnic S I*. M 1.02
Until I.. 11 21 hours enittnir S 1'. SI.... 1.02
L>r>IUIi'l|i:y Blue Vnrclv 1 1.12
Uxuion autre January 1 1.49
l.orul OIimitvuIIuiim nt H I*. M. Ymtfriliiv.
WIihI direction. ea?t: wlml velocity. 3:
xv cut he r ul s 1'. M.. mirlnkllnic.
Special llatn.
Tr-inp^raturj. ilrv bulb. .s A. M 09
Temperature. ,irv bulb. i 1*. M 7'j
T<?mj?eriittirc. liry bulb. ft 1*. M f>*.
Temperature. wot Imlb. x A. M M
Tcmpcraturo. wit bulb. l p. M
Temperature. wet bulb. li 1'. SI Mi
ItolnMvu bunililltv. h A. M 71
Itelntive humidity. 1 P. M t>*
ltclutivo liuiiki.ltty. H 1* M t*7
CONDITIONS IN IMPORTANT CITIF.S,
Temperature
S A. SI JIlL'h. Iiow. W?athcr.
Anlievlllo iiH 72 r.O i"l<*ar
AI In ii tu 7 1 7t ?:fi I'li-jr
Atlantic City .... r>t r.2 r.'S IV rloudv
Itimtnn f.S 62 ts Italn
HufTnln HO 6*1 ft?? Clear
i 'harli'fton 70 7K r.2 CiMir
I'hlcniso 7?i 7H f.<i Clear
Hi'livrr r.S % 4 f. t Cl-nr
i ?al ventnn 7K R2 74 iMear
llnttcras ?;* 74 r,t Cloudy
Havre ... f.O 72 41 CNar
.1 Hi'k nonvlltx .... 73 7H f. I I'lrjir
Kansas C11V ... 71 fco J.O Cloij.lv
Montgomery .... Ml HI i\f, C|?nr
Nw Orleans .... I<2 *?'. 70 Clrar
New York <2 7" Cloudy
Norfolk r. ?? 7? f.2 Cloudy
Oklahoma fcO M (4 I'. cloudy
PlttM uruli .... fi 5 74 63 Clear
H?l>li!h f.4 *0 to I". rloudv
St. I.ouls 7?> *0 r.2 Clear
San I'miirlsi'O .. fi 1 f,C l<> Clear
?Savannah 70 *2 C! P rloudv
Tuinna 7 4 M CIS f'l"ar
\Vn?tilniMon.l>. C. f.a 7 S C2 Cloudy
Wytlievlllc C4 75 OH C",c?r
MINJATIKK A I.MAN AC.
Mav 1020.
Uliill T1IJK:
Sun r|y^ 4:'.7 Morninir t;f.7
Hun Sola 7:11 K'v<'iilns I.M
PROPOSES DUMPING DUTY
ON OBSOLETE AIRPLANES
Senator >lrrt? Srhrniri of Ku
roiM-nn Nntlonn (<> I.'n loud Old
Alrt'rnft I'pon I'. S.
|lly ttnjvctHal Service)
WASHINGTON, May 21.?Scheme#
In Croat UrMaln. ?;orn>atiy ami
Krcince for uiil'iailltip all wur-tlmo
nlroraft of obsolete tyt?o upon tins
l.'nitol States at prlro^ rtiinouH t'i
tin- industry here, while tIr own
lntlUKtry forK<-?l nhcail tow.iril ;<?ir
f-upreinncy. were met by a npwl.il
(iumpltiK tiuty protioBed by Senator
New, of In.liana, toilay.
Senator New Introilu^rt an amcml
rrtftit to th** army appropriation hill
which provides that when It la round
the purchase price of aircraft or ac
cessories Is less titan com of produc
tion here, a duty representing the
differen<-<! Hhall be added to tho prea
ent tariff duty.
LIQUOR RAID DISCLOSES
FORGED PERMITS OF SALE
l-'rdrrnl Selmiren lteiinlt In Kipomre
of lllruul 'I'rndlnK Or
Kaiilant Ion.
(Hy A.imui lat~>t Prewi. |
OlllCAdO. May 21.?Federal pro
hibition oIllclnU today searched for
:i warehouse to hold 51.000,
OOu whisky Hupply of ??*ven iri?*u ar
rested last nl?ltt In raids, which, the
oflicers said, ilisnlosed hundreds o.
alleged lllecal whtsky ?xaic8.
Nearly J300.00U worth of liquor
hail heen sold recently under- fakeil
permits. It Is said.
Three of the men arrested. John
P. Watson, Herman Stein and Wil
liam l.awler, were held in default of
Jla.OOfl bond each, and lite others
were released on $2,500 honda.
NEW FRENCH POLICy"IS
AVOID MILITARY CLASHES
Prcnenf Indlentlon? Arc Thnt Troop?
Will i:vnrunti> t'lllcln Wilhln
:i4> I)n|M
Illy AfMociafd Pre?s 1
CONSTANT! Nop UK. May 21.?There
are many Indications that French
troops will evacuate Ciltcla In thirty
days and concentrate their forccs In
Svrla. This would relievo a strained
ai'tuation in Adann, Aintab. Ourfa and
other points where Turks opposing
French troops arc operating outside
of territory that will too under the.
French mandate for Syria.
The diplomatic policy of France
now is, apparently, to conciliate the
Turks and Arabs, and avoid military
clashes. This policy has estrangi'l
many of the Christian sects In Syria
which are said to be extremely crit
ical.
citrus^menIoFn "0N~to
WASHINGTON" MOVEMENT
Director* of ISxcliniiRp Vole <o Open
llcudiiiiartcr* nt \ntlonnl
Capita!
tlly AHSocl.vtod Pros* 1
TAMPA. FLA., May 21.?The board
of directors of the Florida Citrus F.x
change, a co-operative organization
marketing about 30 per cent of tno
citrus fruit crop of Florida, voted this
morning to Join other co-operative
farmers' and growers' organizations
from all parts of the country in main
taining a central headaunrters and
clearing house In Washington.
MART I ALT LAW IN MAD RID
llread DlnlurbanceM In Spanlnh Capital
Cause Mrlct Order l?y
Government.
my AKSuclntnd Pro?H 1
MAPTtlD, May 21.?Martial law hns
heen proclaimed hero as the result
of bread disturbances.
A government statement Issued to
day mado tlio announcement that]
maVtial law had been put into effect.!
The statement chronicles disturbances
during which rioters pillaged shops,
especially Ilioso of bakers and gro
cers. Fven some private homes were
attacked, the statement adds, ai-i
though no actual robbery was com
mitted.
ENGLISH" WOMEWSMOKE |
i:ion, Kiiglimd. IVrmlln Feminine
Members of llnrnl Counell to ln
linlc "Deadly Weed."
(Ity Ansnelnted Press ]
ETON', KNOIiAND. May 21.?Wom
en members of the rural district coun
cil it is announced, are to bo permit
ted to smoke "to keep them in goo.1
humor, to expedite business and as [
an antidote to a badly ventilatod
room."
In jmietloii IlenrliiR Postponed.
MON'TflOMKKY. AI.A.. May 21.?At
the request of Htelner. Crutn & Weil,
counsci for CJovernor Thomas 10. I
Kllby, President CJeorgo Denny, of
the University of Alabama, and Its
trustees, hearing of the petition
brought In Mobile Circuit C?ourt for
an Injunction to restrain the de
fendants from moving the medical
college of the university to Tusca
loosa will he conducted May 2S :bcforo
Judge CJoldsby nt Mobile. The peti
tion was filed hy Dr. Kugcne Thames
and members of the Alumni Associa
tion of the medical school, whereupon
a temporary restraining order was
granted and the hearing thereon sot
for today before Judge Goldsby.
Firrmtiii Killed in Collision
CINCINNATI, May 21 ?Frank Koln,
a city fireman, was killed. Clarence
Pcsquct. another tlreman wns prob
ably fatally injured and fourloen
others worn less seriously Injured
as tho rosult of n collision between
fire apparatus here early today while
two companies were responding to an
'alarm, .
i&s/ ifc... ii v jaiSi -.<1. .v.-- ?&& + ?
Fin LABOR STRIKE
ENDS BY VOTE OF SS T011
; (JcnrrnI Federation Calls Off "Walk*
I out Started in Sympathy With
Hail Workers.
|Hy Associated Prow.)
I IV\ltlS, May 21.?The Uetieral Fed
oration of Ijiibor decided today to call
oft' tin? strikes It liad ordered In <sup
por t of ihi-' railway men's walkout.
The decision for the resumption of
work wttii readied by u voto <?r SO
to 11.
Twelve members of tho national
council of the federation were absent
when tliu vol? wan taken, und fifteen
members abstained from voting.
The motion provided for tho re
sumption of work tomorrow, it as
sertcl tho liiu'ty presentation In tho
I Chamber of 1 deputies of tho govern
ment'.i railroad reorganization plan
j showed that the action In Tallinn tho
I strike for nationalization was insti
lled. and that nationalization was do
; mantled by the country.
R EST RAIN "sT0N G SHORE MEN
FROM VIOLENCE IN STRIKE
Court Declare* Action linen \nt Af
twl 1'eneefut \etl\ltlrn o?
I'nlon Men.
Jl'y An ? .elated I'rce^ 1
NIOW OIlLKANii, I,A., .May 21.?'
Judge Foster, of the L'nitcd States
1 District Court. late today granted
an injunction to the Southern I'ncltlo
steamship Company restraining
eleven longshoremen, from using
throats or violence iii keeping men
from working on the docka or ships
of tliIh company.
Tho attorneys for tho company
presented twenty affidavits alleging
brick throwing, violence anil threats
had been used against the employees
of the company. The counsel for tho
strikers stated that while they denied
the contents of tho affidavits they
acijuiesced In the Injunction, saying
that they felt it useW?<s to oppose an
I Injunction lo restrain them from do
t inn something already unlawful to
do.
In announcing his decision Judgo
Foster said tho injunction would la
no way stop union men from peace
fully trying to persuade the men of
the value of Joining the union and
that the Intention was simply to pre
vent the uso of violence or threats.
TEN VIRGINTanTtO ENTER
U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY
Are Member* of (irini|i<i of 401, Who
Panned 1;*an?Inn11on? In March
of Ttiln V car.
WASHINGTON, May 21.?Ten Vir
ginians will enter the United States
[Military Academy on July 1 us a re
sult of the examination hold last
March. There will tin 101 candidates
' from the various .-/tntes admitted to
tho military academy on this ilato
according to a statement from tho
i War Department today. Tho Vlr
glnlan<< who will enter this sumtueh
aro: llardy C. Dlllard, Charlottcs
1 villo; Hobcrt V. l.oe, Hampton;
j Joseph 1". Shumate, Farmvillc;
Ueorije A. Ford, Jetersvllle; Welling,
ton A. Satnoucc, Iiynchliurg; Bernard
W. Justice, Charlottesville: William
II. Itarksdale. Falls Church; Huford
I .v? I.yrich, Mcl.oan; Robert Ollleiiple,
! (iraham, ami Howard Kerr. Berkeley.
The Staunton Military Academy is
anionic the Institutions recognized by
the War Department. James IC- Mc
Oraw has been designated to enter
the academy thin itummcr from this
Institution.
COOLIDGE URGES GARDENS
TO SOLVE FOOD PROBLEM
; Mnnnnclninnrttn (iflvrrnor Ank? I'ok.
11c lo Mart Home (.routine
la Kurornt,
j BOSTON. May 21.?Clovernor Cool
| idge today Issued a proclamation In
I which, after stating that food re
serves are dangerously low. he called
upon tho people of that State to raise
what food Is possible by gardens and
j other means. lie announced ho will
ask the De?lslature for $7.t>u0 to es
tablish camps for public school stu
dent. !n places where they can bo
employed on the farms.
He urged schools, churches, labor
and frat. mal organisations to induce
the public to ico into the home gar
den movement generally, saying "tho
emergency i* wry urgent and every
means should he taken to meet It and
to meet It now."
METAL STRIKE SPREADS
IN NEW ORLEANS SHOPS
: Stenm-FiIlern (lull. Aliening hock
out In One of Clly'n
I'lnntM
lily Associated Pre**.)
NK\V ORUKANS. May 21.?Several
I hundred steam-litters Joined tho strik
j ing metal trades' worker?) lato today
? acting on orders from their union
j on account of an alleged lockout by
? a local shop.
J Members of ICmployors' Association
denied that there was any lockout
j and said that the association members
j were hiring all union men who pre
sented themselves for work. Repro
, sontativiM of the American Federa
| tion of Dabor aro on their way tf?
| look into tho Rtrlko, as it is alleged
tho strikers are acting without union
| sanction, but this is denied by tho
strikers.
SUPERDREADNOUGHT WILL
BE CHRISTENED ON JUNE 3
Tonnennee, One of "World's 1,argent
Fighting Ships, Will Have
TeiiiicnnecniiM Ah Cretv.
Illy Associated Press, |
NKW YORK. May 21.?Tho super
dreadnought Tennessee, one of tho
largest warships in the world, will
be commissioned at the New York
navy yard June 3, it was announced
here today. Governor Roberts, of
Tennessee, Is expected t<> attend tho
ceremony. Six hundred Tenncs
seeanit, recruiting ?through tho efforts
of Governor Jtoberts, and others, will
l>o included among tho ship's crow
of 1,420 men.
Confer On Ilrcess.
WASH I NO TON, May 21.?Demo
cratic Senators held a two-hour con
ference today t<? discuss tho legisla
tive situation and the minority at
titude on adjournmont or a recess of
Congress over the political conven
tions. Senator linderwooil, minority
leader, said a linn I conclusion had not
been reached. Republican Senators
will hold a similar conicrcncc tomor
row.
Four 1'iirllon Support N'lttfl
no.MK, May 21.?lladlcal, l,iberal
Democratic, Constitutional Democrat!.;
and Reformist party leaders held
separate meetings tonight and de
cided to support rrcmler Nlttl's Cab
inet. tho formation of which will bo
olTicinlly announced tomorrow.
There Is n I,and of I'ure Delight.
Thoro is a land of pure delight
Whoro saints immortal reign;
Infinite day excludes the night f
And pleasures banish pain. .<?'
Tliero everlasting spring abides. "Vj
Anil never withering flowers; 1*!
Death like a narrow sea divides
This heavenly land from ours.
*
Swoot fields "beyond th0 swelling
flood
Stand dressed In living green;
So to tho Jews old "Canaan stoocC
While Jordan rolled between.
nut timorous mortals start and shrink
To cross the narrow sea,
And linger shivering on the hrinlc
And fenr to launch nway.
Oh. could wo make our doubts re->
move?
Those gloomly doubts that ri;;o?*
And see the Canaan that wo love
With unbecloudod eyes!
Could we but stand whoro Mosca
stood
And view tho landscape o'er
Not Jordan's stream nor Death's cold
flood
Could Xrlght -UB-Xroro tho ?hore?,
i . _ rrJaaao !Watta? j

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