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First With the News Full Associated Tress Report The Weather Knlr today, with rlnlnir trmptrntiirr*; tomorrow rontlnuril fnlr nnil IncrrnMlnK wnrmrr. For Weather report see K'.Iltorliil Pat*. 71ST YEAH. VOI.UMK 71 N I'M II Kit 110 RICHMOND, VA., TUESDAY, APRIL 19, 1921. ?TWELVE PAGES. PRICE, THREE CENTS. FEAR SHUT-DOWN OF ALL INDUSTRY IN GREA T BRITAIN BOARD OF TRADE PREDICTS SERIOOS BREAK IN I WEEKS Depletion of Coal Reserves Will Cause Situation to Grow Worse. AVERTING OF STRIKE ONLY MORAL VICTORY Miners May Accomplish Orig inal Purpose if Doggedness Persists, Say Authorities. I N KMI'l.OVMKNT ON JNCKKASK I'rospfi ts of Itioaking I'p I'ctlcrii.! I Ion of Coal Hlggrr^ .Are Dimin ishing?Will Not Swilc. I II.V A. K. Joliitxun, Culled N<".vh Staff Corri spoii'lrnt. f.ONDON. April 1 *.?The averting of the general strike now appearn lo have l.fen little more than a moral victory fur tin- British government,! the l!oard <?( Trade in out i with a prediction of a gi neral indttn- ! trial shutdown within two vvii'k* If' present conditions continue. ThlH will he caused, the Hoard of Trade predicts, l>y the ?l?-i>li-tl<>r> of coal ri-io-rvej. Thus. It will he seen, the coal miners, who Mill persist in th' ir Mrlk-- with a doKedness that de lies distress, will have accomplished, after nl'., the objects they had in tnind when they temporarily enlisted the triple alliance In their fight. I nrni|il")mrnt Im rriikix. I'neinpioyrnent ^s increasing. due to j the loss to date of 11.000.000 tons of 1 ??oal production caused by idleness itiui damage to the mines The rail- 1 v. ay men of South Wales, c|os>-ly sym- ' pathetic with the miners of that coun- j trv* and InccnHcrl at the action of the ! trip!' alliance In withdrawing from the tight, are advocating reconsider-j rHon of the vote, and much talk Is! heard in favor of a railway men's /trike to begin Wednesday. The prospects of breaking up the Miners' Federation are diminishing. Herbert Smith, acting president of ; the Yorkshire KederatIon, tho most , Independent component hody of the greater fed. rat ion, declared flatly that j lils men would not secede. .lames J Winstone. president of the South j Wales Kederat ioij. realllrmed the de termination of his followers to of. - tain the national pool of mine prohtsj and the continent ??kc scale, their original objectives, even though the tight must !;e wajred in poverty and ? t iflferitig. Regular union funds arc exhausted, but other organization* j of tl.e I.abor party are contributing) si> liberally as they can to the "war j chest" The Kipley Industrial Coun-[ c? I. for inslance. is lending fTJi.OOO. | find similar councils are raising relief f i nds. tlertliiRH I'oiillnue Dally. district meetings of miners continue daily in tin- affected districts, and tiio tenor of ali speeches Is against sur render. The industrial situation is critical ns the end of the reserve fuel stocks coines into view, and still further re fctrictions on the use of coal are ex pected. The House of Commons accorded the coalition government a vote of confidence on its attitude in the coal Mrike crisis, -01 to 4 4, Monday even ing. The vote came about on the direct question of approval of the appropriation for the maintenance of the emergency defense force. WADD1LL AD VOCA TES TO SEE PRESIDENT FRIDAY (Special to The Tlmes-I >ispatch.] WASHINGTON', April IS.?Senator Kvvanson today culled at the White House and arranged for a delegation of Virginians from Richmond. Nor folk and other cities of the State to see President Harding next Friday morning at 10 o'clock in behalf of Judge Kdmund Waddill. Judge Waddill will he recommend ed for the vacancy on the. United States Circuit Court of Appeals made vacant by the death of Judge Jeter C. l'ritchard. NINE HURT IN WRECK t CHAKI.OTT13, N. C\. April IS.?Nine persons were slightly Injured at China Grove, near here this morning when Southern Hallway passenger trains, numbers 31 and 137 were side-swiped by a hanging door on a northbound freight train. Kour of the injured were brought to local hospitals. The injured include: T. B. Ham rick, Thoma?vllle, N. C.; Hob Price, Southern Hallway, Spencer, N. C.; Mis. J. W. Holling, Ahdrews, S. C.; j. W. Hillman, l?ixlngton. N. C.; I)r. Ira M. Hardy, Kinston, N. C.; W. If. Moore, Atlanta, da. All suffered 1 > minor cuts and bruises. The Russian Symphony, City Audi torium, April 28. Get tickets Stleff'a. ?Adv. ? ' , Seize Street Cars To Satisfy Judgment I My Associated press.) XKW Oltl-KAN.S, DA.. April IS.? I Street rar traffic between Gretna and Algiers. two towns Just aero*:* the river from ibis city. was com pletely .itojjpn] late this afUTnoon following ???*> seizure of four cars belonging I" the South Xew Or leans Traction Company to satisfy a Judgment for damages secured In the District Court. As a result of this actibn the towns of Gretna and McDonough villr are tonlKlit depending solely upon hastily Improvised jitneys to get from place to place. The cars were seized to satisfy a judgment for J 0.015 for personal damages alleged to have been sus tained by Mrs. Pauline Johnson, of liretna. who was injured when one of th'- traction company's cars jumped the track on August 3. 191 'J. According to court officials, no attention was paiil to the suit l?y officials of the traction com pany, the plaintiff winning a judg ment for damages through default. It i? also alleged that several de mands for settlement of the Judg ment w<re also Ignored by the company. FREE TARIFF WILL RUIN SOOTH. DECLARES KIWI Action of I>tani(icratlr Hoti.sc Cau cus in Opposing Legislation Termctl "Unwise." 18 STATUS AKU ItKI'RUSF.NTKI) SoutIterniTK Hold Great Hope for DcD'atlng Open Trading ? Au thority of Congressmen to Com mit Party "<'liallengetl." I My Associated Press.) WASlllNdTOX, April 18.?The ac tion of the Democratic House caucus In opposing tariff Icginlat Ion, was de ct:?r?-?1 ?o "unwise politically arid unsound economically," by John II. Klrl>y. president of the S"iitliern Tar iff Axnoeiation, in opening their con ference here today. There Is a "si lent and tremendous conflict" now i-'omn on throughout the South, .Mr. Kirby said, "between the political and economic influences on national tariff policies, which will end with a com plete rout of the free traders." Mr. Kirby said he was a democrat and be "challenged" the authority of Democratic Congressmen "to commit the Democratic party to a policy of free raw materials, especially at a time when it means ruin to the South." He warned the "authorised custodians of Democracy," that unless the party "can keep the faith of the fathers and serve the people, it will perish." Delegates heard speeches by Rep resentatives Hudspeth and itlanton, Democrats of Texas, and Senator Ken ilrick. Democrat, Wyoming, urging protection for Southern interests, and named a committee to recommend specific schedules of rates on fifty seven industries seeking a tariff. This commit tec will remain in Washington until the completion of tariff legisla tion by Congress. The conference ex pects to hear addresses tomorrow by Senator Itansdell, Democrat, I.ouis iana, and Representative Clark. Dem ocrat, Florida, and probably other Southern Congressmen. Interests representing twenty minerals pro duced lu the South appeared today before the subcommittee of the House Ways and Means Committee, which is making up the mineral schedule, anil presented pleas for pro tection. ? Delegates were present today from the eighteen States represented In the association, and the fifty-seven agri cultural. mineral and manufacturing industries seeking a tariff. America Will Not Tolerate Hos tilities Growing Out of | Boundary Dispute. FLEET IS IN CANAL ZONE | Both Isthmian Nations Are Un derstood to Be Assuming Bellicose Attitude. I liy Associated Press 1 WASHINGTON, April is. War I tweei, Panama and Cost;, K|c.a. ,.r?w. '"?.-?out of the present boundary ' r" ;? wi" ??? ?o.,rf?..(I ?? ?' Mates, it wan learned to-lay I authoritatively. 'M?> governments are understood o havp be, ? inform,.,1 that tin- ! tinued obduracy of Panama ..v,.r u,.. ' acceptance of th? White award, in-i ' nu-nt American v-vorn-| ' '""x! not l??r made the basis for ! renewal ?f lioatiliti. v f. S. Method* \,?r lift fair,I. M wan not reveal,.,, |? whn, m:iI1_! !,' r lh" l States had made known ! u w"u1'1 regard hostilities with! ''sure, out It ivao assumed that representations had bee, sent j to both Panama City and San Jose Official reports received here re-i ? .?"'iv haV.. Indicated that peace on I ? V, *. ;""1S wa" a*a"' about to I,..! disturbed These said that Panama j was mobilizing her army me. t ;il,y! agression from Xort? whJ|* a "I'f " ?'<(= assuming a bellicose attitude, and had been assured either formally or informally of the active support of Salvador. Honduras and Gaut. mala. Amerlen ||?.s ,?flfIIIlc Tr,.?,, j he A inert can position is under- i stood to be that the United States ,s I bound by treaty obligation safe. KuardI the int. gr.ty of Panama, and ustifv 0', '"OV,: t,y ''"K,a H,ca : in' , ^ action Officials de "rV ?' 10 "'"'??'t- what action would ^ taken if hostilities were renewed Lev are hopeful that the represent, ' ons made to Panama and Co.Ma , Ulca w 11 serve to prevent armed con "" 1 between the countries i ThT >lnn, Tr,,",,K ,n I . ? if a considerable fore.- of American troops i? the regular l-u irlK?" I'anan.a Canal ^ I special'1,'e!"Vn,M b> roree on the i'rn \m r?,C'! Sqlm<,ron ???* in C,.?. "on tfi,. Atlantic Fleet i? i? J&SJ; L--'" ? ."src \r < . raiifx i he con'.d, ? , ' ?> ' ;t"'! 'Vntral V , V Mav i ?:aifl I,;;:;1Uiu;';c:rn;cr,oma^ it would be the ,.b|i ' ,, mp,nl,fr. !" -?? PRESIDENT TO REVIEW FLEET IN VA. WATERS j ... ',:j ' nitcd News. I W ASIII.ViJTO.V Anril 1. I Hardl.,Bt 01. April -S w HI* 7. ^ ' Atlantic ' I, 1CU' th0 i He o eer.tY, Hampton Roads. , an invitation by Secre :;; ?????>?> - j tin He, t and will *ail f?r . 1,.. . .. w.th Denby ?n board the presidential I >a.'ht Mayflower April "7 win IV01 bo-n't'^ whether he 1 vessels "" ?" ?nft "f The planned trip of the President rccaJU the momentous visit President , n,,,,lc ,n to the Atlantic 1 1 the war. wl,lc h occa -lon1 he addressed olficer.s? and men ,e '"?<d of "co"rajfe and daring In crushing the U-boat menace of uunna ny. Sw Uonn,r"?' I>o,l*io?. WASHINGTON, April 1S.?The .Su preme Court reaffirmed to,lay it.s re ??.'"t decision .hat appreciation cf !' a.' ??scts is taxable as income n deciding th? ease brought hv Il-r '"?rt Darlington against internal revenue officials of the Chicago cli"! U. S. STEEL STOCKHOLDERS PLEDGE SUPPORT TO GAR Y Will Uphold Manager of Corporations and His Associ ates in the Handling of Any Future Conflicts With Labor Unions, Is Declaration. [My Associated Press.] NEW YOUK. April 18.?Stockhold ers of United States Steel Corporation. , at the annual meeting liore today i unanimously pledged tlpjir support to! Klbert II. Gary and his associates, in ? the management of the corporation, j in any future "conflicts" with labor unions. , "Wo are prepared." said a resolu tion adopted by the stockholder*, "to accept, regardless of the sacrifices necessary thereto, whatever losses nmy be sustained In maintaining the right of each American citizen to en ter into his Individual Contract, should such be his desire, without hindrance from any other human be ing." t While the 1 abor question was dis cussed at length, no mention was made of the now campaign to union ize the steel Industry set by organ ized forces to begin Juno 19. Ofllclals and directors of tho cor 4 poi nt ion wore praised in the stock holders' resolution for having "hap pily met with tact and discretion," the great steel strike of 1919. "We believe that in refusing to accept the terms dictated by non employes of the company," said tho resolution, "the officials and directors of tho United States Steel Corpora tion have performed a service of in estimable value, not alone to tho shareholders of the company, nor alone to the general citizenship of the United States, but to every inhabl tant of '.he civilized globe as well, throuKh defending the widest indi vidual liberty and maintaining that right and justice are not tho prop erty of any privileged class, but tho common heritage of all. "Wo have no quarrel with union labor properly functioning in accord ance with the principles of justice, liberty and low. We bellevo it is not (Continued on Page 2. Co). 2.) I Bi.y.b Pump Latest Place to Carry Liquor I My l*nit?d News. | MOUNT VUKXON. N. V., April IS. ? When motoicycle policemen Shire and Van l'clt eome into court here tomorrow, to prosecute Franelsco I'ostu. they will ask tlie judge to insert the tube of their joint bicycle |iuni|> In his month, close his eyes anil enjoy tlx- taste while they pump vigorously. Arrested for transporting a tot tle or ll(|uor, Post a smashed the bottle on the pavement. t>ut the motor-copH siphoned part of a half-pint into the barrel of their bicycle pump, anil there it remains awaiting His Honor's thirst. ililBiMl' CONVENE IBE Till I Andreas Hiirkhardr. National Pros-' i?l?*nt. Will .\tt?ni(] antl Deliver .\iltlri;s.s During Session. KXI'KCT I.AKGK attkndanck \V. Hfict Kirk, State Kxeiutlvc, Will I'resitk Oltlcers of Asso-i elation to lt<* Klcclol?Discuss! Trade Conditions. Program for Today 'J A. M.?Assembly and regititra tion of delegates. 10 A. >1.?Opening remarks by j president. W. K. Kirk; \V. il. i Seh warzschild, president Itetall | Merchants' Association. Report of | president Iteport of secretary- | treasurer. 10:30 A. M.?Appointment of committees. 11 A. M.?Address, ".Shall We Feature Style. Quality or Price?" Raphael Revy, Richmond. 11:30 A. M.?Address. "Mow Can We Reduce Overhead?" H. R. Schulman. Norfolk. 12 M.?Address, "Should We In crease Our Advertising Appropria tions?" Thomas Smith. Rristol. 12:30 I'. M.?Open discussion. "The Vlilue of Teamwork Between Salesmen and Employes." led by Irving S. tireentree. of Richmond. AFTERNOON. 1 P. M.?Adjourn for lunch. 2:30 1'. .M.?Assemble. Opening I and answering question box. lid ward Kigcnbrun, Petersburg. 3:30 I*. M.?Address. "A Plan to i Revise the Revenue Tax Raw of ! 1918," Charles Y Norman, Rich mond. open discussion of the ! above subject. W. A. Clarke. Jr., ! secretary Retail Merchants' Asso- j ciation, of Richmond. Andreas Rurkhardt. president of the j National Association of Retail Cloth-j iers, will be the chief speaker at the 1 third annual convention <?f the Vir- j glnia Retail Clothiers' and Furnish-j ??r.s' Association, which opens a two-j day session this morning at the Old j Colony Club. In the Richmond Hotel. Discussion id conditions in the re-! tail market as they exist today will j be the chief fiatut'e of tile conven- ! tion. which will be brought to a cli-' max by Mr. Rurkhardt's address to-i morrow morning. The largest number of delegates! that has yet attended one of these j conventions was predicted yesterday by W. Fleet Kirk, president of the association, and will come from every section of the State. Registering will begin at 0 o'clock. Mr. Kirk and W. II. Sell warzschild. president of the Retail Merchants* Association, will pen tlu> convention promptly at 10 o'clock, when they will mako ad dresses. Olllcers of the association will be elected at the session tomorrow af ternoon. and that night the visitors will he entertained by the Richmond clothiers. The place of the next con vention will also be selected in the afternoon. Among the men who will address the convention, besides Mr. Kirk. Mr. Schwurzschlld and Mr. Burkhardt. will be Raphael l.evy. of Richmond; R. R. Schulman, of Norfolk; Thomas Smith, of iSristoR Irving S. Oreen tree. of Richmond; Kdward Eigen brun. of Petersburg; Charles T. Nor man. of Richmond, and .1. K. Wood, ?f Rynchburg. VIVI AN I URGES CO-OPERATION BETWEEN FRANCE AND U. S. (By Associated Press.] NEW VORK, April 18.?Business and commercial co-operation be tween France and the United States was urged here today by Rene Vivianl, special envoy of the French government to this country, in an ad dress before leading New York bank ers and business men. He spoke at a luncheon given by the American Branch of the Inter national Chamber of C-oininerce at tended by 200 men of finance, includ ing .1. P. Morgan, Charles M. Schwab, General Coleman du Pont, Otto H. Kahn, Charles N. Sabin and other Wall Street figures. The former French Premier said, he was not pleading for help from America "as a matter of charity," for "although, France Is still staggering tinder the wounds she received in the war, she is still upstanding, cour ageous and % determined." Twenty-Four I?le in Cloudburst. RON l?ON, April 18.?A dispatch from .lava reports that twenty-four persons have been killed and sixty are missing as a result of a cloud burst and a landslide, according to the Rotterdu/ii correspondent of the Ron don Times. Java is the most valu able possession of Holland in the East Indies. CONSECRATE 16 AS MISSIONARIES! ? Young Women From All Parts of South Will Go Abroad for Methodists. * CROWD CENTENARY. CHURCH Bishop John M. Moore Presents Commissions to Candidates for Foreign Work. \ A htjgc gathering assembled at the | Olltelinry Methodist Church last! night to attend t??*; consecration serv- j ice of the hI \ teen deaconesses and foreign missionaries frotn all parts j of llu* South. Hundreds were turned) away from the meeting. white every; available seat. including Choir loft ami speaker's platform, was taken. j Solemn and impressive were the i services of consecration, which mark the pinnacle in interest of the Wom an's Missionary Council, which wi'l close its week's session tomorrow. Miss Maria 1.. Glhsnn. principal emer itus of >)?>?: Scarrltt Bible and Train ing School. Kansas City. Mo., con ducted tin- (levotional services. Moore CharKCM Candidate*. The charge to the candidates was i given by Bishop John M. Moore. In an address potent with "the wisdom of experience in missionary work. Bish op Moore instructed tin- sixteen young women In the spirit with which to perform the work which they are set ting out to do. "There must he a di vine consciousness to keep up the missionary morale. You will face hard ships and the way will not be easy, but you must have the will to power in God's name." was vthe thought In part which Bishop Moore gave to the candidates. "Seek to cultivate the at mosphere about you of piety and good will in one." lie continued. Miss Belle II. Bennett, president of the Woman's Missionary Council, pre sented the candidates for consecra tion. A responsive reading, in which the vast audience participated, fol lowed, after which a consecration prayer. VoipiiK Women CommIxuloncd. An invocation of the Holy Spirit Asked for the candidates ami then Bishop Moore performed the commis sioning the young women into the service, wlucli they have chosen. A presentation of certificates followed by a final hymn, brought the impres sive service to a close. Two of the candK'ites will labor In the homo mission Ileitis, while four teen will take up their work in for eign lands. All of the young women participating in the consecration serv ice were clad in pure white. Vamfh of Candidate*. Below are given the names of the young women who were consecrated for service last night and the lields to which they will go. Willie 1.5. Mail. Walnut Grove, Miss.. Africa, Viola V. Mathew. Charley Mope, Va.. I.ouisv Best. Saluda, S. C.. kucy Belle ! Morgan, Brazil; Mary I'. Overall,! Sycr. Tenn., Jessie Blood worth. Marts- ! home, Ok la., Jillfi M. IJannwalt, j Kichlitond, K>.. Susan W. * Brown, 1 (Continued oil Page 2, Col. 4.) U. S. GIRL" STRANDED, RETURNS AS STOWAWAY: I By Associated I'ress.) BOSTON. April IS.?Without funds in a foreign land. Mary Scott, of Seattle, Wash., who had ambitions to become a great singer, lost hope, longed for home and came by the tirst available means as a stowaway. This was the story told today by the young woman of 22, who had secreted herself on the United States Mail Steamship Company's liner Princess Matoika at Na|>les, ? and who was surrendered to immigration authori ties on arrival. She was one of sixteen stowaways in striking contrast with the rest, a young woman of refinement In a group of fifteen male nondescripts. The young woman said she went to Italy as a student of music, suf fered depiction of funds, and rather than cable home again for more money, boarded the first steamship sailing for the United States. She said she merely mingled with the steerage passengers at first and tried to hide from the officers when tick ets were checked up. but was caught with nothing to show for her pas sage. ATLANTA CITY COUNCIL INVESTIGATES POLICEMEN [By Associated I'ress.) ATLANTA, OA.. April JS.?The coun ciiinanic Investigation of the city detective department, which has been in progress for a week, following charges of connivance between mem bers of the force and swindlers, gamblers and "confidence" men, was extended by a vote of City Council late today to include the police de partment anil any member of City Council or any boards of city com missioners. Kfforts to broaden the scope of the inquiry to cover the activities of the office of Solicitor-General Moykin, who has made charges against city detectives since he started a grand jury investigation into an alleged, 'ring" of gamblers and fake pool room and stock exchange operators, were voted down after a heated con test. Soiinte ContlrniN While fop Trennurer. WASHINGTON, April IS.?-The Sen ate tonight confirmed the nominations of Krank White, of North Dakota, to bo Treasurer of the United States, and of I'eter Augustus Jay, of Ithode Island, now minister to Salvador, to he minister to llumanin. FINANCIERS TABLE TAX AND FEE BILLS I I Will Not Present to Council Until After Budget Has I Been Completed. BUILDERS PRESENT PLEA' Large Attendance of Objectors Succeeds in Temporarily Stopping Passage. The special license tax tfnd Oe sys tem ordinance* which have liven un der lire before the Finance Commit tee of City Council tor two weeks, were tabled last night, on motion of Alderman W. W. Workman, and will not be again taken up until the bud Bet Is out of the way. j It was stated Ity members of the ! committee yesterday that the pending ' ordinance had no connection with the j budget?-that the appropriations un der that document were not predicated upon the expected revenues to be derived from that source. I.nrge Attcndnnrr of Citizens. A large number of business and professional men appeared before the committee during the lengthy session, which started early in the iffternoon with every member of the committee present, and ran up to about 7 o'clock. These objectors to the proposed ad ditional tax. and to the fee system, were strenuous In their opposition. They pointed out that the fee system, particularly, would entail endless confusion, would necessitate the loss of much time, and would call for en larged clerical forces both on the part of the city and the business con cerns Mayor Ainslie. T>!rector TrafTord and Director Myers explained that the fee system was designed solely to take care of the several depart ments which are now being main tained by the city from funds de rived from the general revenue. They declared that citizens who were in no way affected, should not be called upon to hoip maintain departments designed solely for persons asking special privileges. IIullderN Present Arguments. Dee Davis and \V. Ij. Itaglaml. rep resenting the Builders' Exchange, stated that tho proposed fee sys tem would increase the cost of bulld ing, that It would place a hnrdship upon the contractors by further en larging the existing red-tape methods, ami would be detrimental to the building trade, which even now whs handicapped in many ways. "Many cities have taken tax t? 1Y rtal estate," said Mr. Davis, "in order to increase building activities. In such places, it is reported there has (Continued on Page 2. Col. 1.) WOMAN KNOCKED DOWN AND ROBBED BY NEGRO j I Special to Tho Times-Dispatch. 1 HOWLING OUEK.N. VA? April IS.? While she was wailing for a train at the. railroad shanty at Clal.kornes ? 'rossing Sunday morning. Mrs. Caria I'. Thomas, a widow, was robbed, knocked down and beaten by a negro who confessed to the crime, accord ing lo the police, and gave his name as Itichard I-assitcr, and his home as Murfreesboro, N. C. According to Mrs. Thomas, the negro was in the shanty when she canto up. I.'pon seeing her, he got up and went. out. but returned later. Me askeil her how far It was to Wash ington and upon receiving a nega tive answer, he asked her if sho had any money, at the same time grab bing her pocketbook out of her hand, lie then knocked her down, choked her, stamped her and told her not to make any noise. The negro then took to the woods and Mrs. Thomas at once notified people close by, and a mot was formed, consisting of about ISO men. all well armed. A search was at once started in the woods into which the negro ran. Dassiier was arrested Sunday night by oflicers and placed ?" jail in Howl ing Green. No violence was threat ened, and today he received a pre liminary hearing and was bound over to the grand jury. HUNS DENOUNCE CUSTOMS RULE AS TREA TY VIOLA TION Ex-President's Card Reads Mr. Wocdrow Wilson*' WASHINGTON*. April 18.?For mer President Woodrow Wilson has no more use "Tor titles of dis tinction. not even the "doctor" by which he has been known for the greater part of his life before en tering the White House. Since his retirement from the White House the curds the for mer President leaves at trie homes of friends when making a call beax only the simple inscrip tionr "Mr. Woodrow Wilson, 2210 S St reel." Mr. Wilson has avoided active social life since his retirement to the house on S Street, but ho Is punctilious in returning the calls of old friends. Almost invariably he is accompanied by "Mrs. Wilson. U. S. AND JAPAN EQUALLY FIRM ON YAP QUESTION Diplomatic Exchanges Between the Two Countries on the Mandates Subject Continue. NOTKS AUK MADK IMJUIilC State Department Will Not Rccog nize Award Made l>y Supremo Council to Nippon Ciovernment. Japs Disagree With lluphes. I By Associated Press.) W ASHING T O N. April 18.?The American nnd Japanese governments have adopted equally tlrm attitudes with respect to the status of the Pa ellic Island of Yap. The diplomatic exchanges between them on the sub ject is continuing, but those to date were made public today, both in Washington and Tokyo. They con sist of two memoranda and three formal notes. Japan, in Its last communication re ceived here In the closing days of the Wilson administration, insisted that it had been awarded a mandate for the island by the supreme council at Paris, on May 7, 1919. and that It could not agree with the American contention that Irrespective of any award of mandate other nations should have free access to the island for (he landing and operation of cables. I". S. Not Humid li) Action. In replying to tills note. Secretary Flushes on April 5 stated emphat ically that the United States would not be hound by any action either of the supreme council or of the league of nations, and that as no one had ever "been authorized to surrender or cede" the rmltt of the United States In the island the American government could not -"recognize the allocation of the island or the valid ity of tile mandate to Japan." The Japanese government now has this communication under considera tion. The governments of Great Urlt (Continued on Page~2. Col. -I.) AGRICULTURAL INTERESTS DEMAND FREIGHT-RATE CUT [ Hy Associated Press. J WASHINGTON, April IS.?Agricul tural Interests continued their de mand today for a reduction in rail road freight rates, which they said would help relieve the distress of the farmers. Secretary Wallace declared in a statement that "substantial reduc tion" in freight rates would be "help ful now." and Carl Vrooman. former Assistant Secretary of Agriculture, asserted before the American Farm Bureau Federation conference that rates "which will enable traftic to move," is the only "formula that can save farmers from ruin, the railroads from bankruptcy, and the country ftom panic." TENANTS GET RELIEF BY SUPREME COURT DECISION Two Cases Decided Involving Validity of Laws Affect ing Leases on Apartments?Rule Curtailment of Prop erty Rights Justifiable in Case of Public Exigency. tBy Associated I'rtss.J WASHINGTON', April IS.?Curtail ment of property rights is justifiable in case of public exigency, tlie Su preme Court held today in deciding two cases Involving: the validity of laws affecting leases ?n apartments and business property. Dividing 5 to 4 the Supreme Court upheld the Hall act applying to nul estate in the District of Colum bia and the so-called New York City housing laws. In both cases Chief Justice White and Associates McKcn na. MeBeynolds and Van Deventer filed a dissenting opinion, which was ?leclared to be unusual both as to its length and the forceful language em ployed. 'The Ball act prohibits the dispossession of a tenant at the ex piration of his current lease on any ground'except undeslrabllity and has set up a fair rent commission <o pass upon all disputes as to rates being paid. The New York .laws, Including several sections of the,State statutes, make obligatory upon landlords to furnish certain services to tenant* and prohibit the tiling of dispossess suits. "That the emergency Congress sought to meet (in the Ball act) did exist must be assumed," Associate Justice Holmes said in the majority opinion. "The general proposition to be maintained then is that circum stances have clothed the letting of buildings In the District with a public interest so great as to justify regulation by law, Police powers already have been invoked in several cities to limit the height of buildings, he said, and to that ex tent have interfered with property right?, while the Supreme Court has held in suits Involving maintenance" of water sheds and various phases of tile Insurance business, that public interests might require limitation of property rights." The majority opinion pointed out that the property owner had recourse to the i?.its c< mmi? if>n Wishing ton. and to iht c; nrt* in N">? w York for determination ns to a "fair" rental. . TO NEW TARIFF IN OCCUPIED ZONES Send Copies of Dispatch to French, British, Belgian and Italian Governments. COLLECTIONS TO BECOME EFFECTIVE TOMORROW Regulations Call for Duty on Goods Coming Through All Territories. WILL PROSECUTK K V A I) K It S Courts, Upon Convictions, \VJ11 I111-" poso Heavy Finns nntl Long .lall Terms. I'AltlS. April IS,?Wtlh thr rupture or diplomatic relations by (irrmnnT "" thr drat step, n state of nor will Immrdtnlrly follow If Krnnce fulfills hrr threat of lnvanlon of thr Itnhr and Westphnlln. From undenlnlily authentic rhnn nel* it In learned thut the Rernmn nniliiiM.ondorM at l?nrlM nnd London hnie been wnrnfd to be renily nt nn hour'* notice to leave for nerlla when rnlled. I By Associated Press.] PAItlS, April IS.?The now customs res into established in tl?? occupied territory of Germany under the Inter allied llhineland commission's ordi nance of April 9 "constitutes 9 new and flagrant violation of the Ver sailles treaty," says a note transmit ted by th?> German government to the, council of ambassadors here to- ? day. Copies of the note wore also truns> initted to the French, British, Bel gian and Italian governments. A dispatch from Mnvence. the French military headquarters in the Rliineland. 011 April 10 stated that the new allied customs collections In (he area would become effective April 20. Under the regulations of the interallied llhineland commission, the present German tariff, payable in gold, would be collected on eastbound and westbound goods through the western frontier of Germany. A 25 per cent tariff in gold would be col lectable at the eastern frontier' of the Khineland on westbound mer chandise, while on eastbound mer chandise from the occupied into the unoccupied area the duty would b<f 25 per cent, payable In paper money* Under the ruling of the commission, evaders of the customs regulations would bo prosecuted in courts set up by tho commission, and. on convic tion, subjected to a lino of 500,000 marks or imprisonment for live years. HF.iwii.vnoxs noi>v notifiks HANKS AHOUT MAY 1 DEPOSITS [Hy Associated Press.] BF.RL1N, April 18.?The repara tions commission has verbally noti fied the president of the German war burdens commission that the gold reserves of the Relchsbank and other German issuing banks must be de posited before May 1. either in Co logne or Coblenz. as security for (Continued on Pago 2. Col. 2.) BEGIN RELIEF WORK IN STORM-SWEPT AREA (By Associated Press.J BIRMINGHAM. ALA., April 18.? Alabama became completely organ ized today in coring for tho victims of the tornado that swept over tho west, northwest and central portions of the State Saturday morning. The Red Cross has dispatched aid. Including funds, to approximately two score people in vicinity of beighton. wl'/re the storm strucK hardest in ('<?1 fit County. Tuscaloosa, county seat of Tuscaloosa County, has com pleted arrangements for extending necessary help to those tn tho devas tated regions near Ralph, a small community, almost totally demolished. State ottlcials have fi%-warded tents and other equipment for the home less in Sulligent and outlying vicini ties. None of the stricken areas re quested aid with tne exception of tents for shelter pending rebuilding of homes. Birmingham, racked on the west end, is virtually cleared of its de bris. Street cars, telephone und tel?" ograph companies, co-operating with 'ho city officials, have cleared the streets, and traffic is normal. Mnnnnrhnitrt tn Mill* lleopen. ? [By United News.] NKW BKDFORB, MASS., April IS ?After a shutdown of six months, the New Bedford Spinning Company will resume operations Wednesday morning on a full-time basis, it w.?* announced today. _ The company which engages chiefly in the manu facture of tire yarns, has lii.'WO spindles and omploys about 300 op eratives. -s ^ -* ? * ' b ?