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The Salt Lake tribune. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1890-current, January 31, 1904, Image 1

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.-L' f WEATHER TODAY Partly cloudy a nd unsettled.
fo7"1- No. 290--.' Sam? Lake Pitt, Utah, Stohday Moemg, Jajary 31, 1904, " jtivts Cents I
llarvels of Radium, Rumors of War and Talk of Peace I
tfKi
laH ,"4.44
ey.d..' i tor ?i ,100,000. 4
?iS
j if. Ulopcd Copper Claim in 4
G.i rfzona Brings Big Price. . 4
2 hec, Arl&. Jan. ax-Probably 4
Vew, hcst price over paid for an 4-
idopwl property in Arizona 4
tS DlU today 1,1 th tran,fer C
shattuck-Costcllo group of 4
V claims from their Blsbcc 4
' & 0 Eastern capitalists from 4
7' . superior copper belt. Tljo 4
-J aeration is JU0O.00O. 4
? 1' purchasers are Archie M. 4
p. J wbn of Dululh. Minn- Mar- 4
a Wkl Wtlfon of Superior, Mich., A. 4
atrj fc of Sr. Paul and Thomas 4
on of Ashland. Wis. 4
s. heaviest owner among the 4
WirS, rs is L. C Shuttuck, a proml- 4
itV franker and mining man of 4
The property comprises 4
icrcs, sltualcd in tho richest 4
Vnf the Blsben district. 4
144 4 444444444 44
cue ;
, i f PR1BUNB SPECIAL.
Sb! ,a,L 0'-Mr- Horace, G. Burt,
borK years and until recently prco
dj; jf'the Union Pacific Railroad com
l Ui Mra. Bart, passed through
ttn early hour yesterday morn
1IJ JJ17116 ar- their way to San
whenco they nail on Tuesday
around the world,
ccfi tore happy couple ever- crossed
J Wnent or frill ever pasB through
SS n Qate 011 Pleasure bent. Mr.
been one or the busiest and
abla railroad magnates of the
w(trf rto? do many yra that mem
TV. j Pjeth not And yet he is but BG
Drlmo of life and tho moat
M health.
ip-i I'blm, more llmn f. .
"M J11' rea'r chops of tho Union
O-ana, which, lasted foi
led Brui?r &nd Unt11 a few ,nonths
Ti,T7 11 was a -u"tlon of prin
ts ?! I aad the sreat corporation
Kl ?fl v'hether tho employer
-iS5rttcm; The railroad com
T0CM A.P cl?nlo- mon on tho piece
Pn 2SliJ0"c.Btru,-o the rall
wa the piece syatem In In
:V jlri,Upon, my hanflfl. not
W'Safe Ye wl remain or
I hfi111 0ut for recreation
Stt biS ncvcr bwn abroad."
tagnil eyea of the great
Elated vith ffciulne
"Jiwil??6 Tribune, "that
5jfettWaSjJic? of ceelne
OtfmS l0n Ac, whcxi! I have
4444444444444444
4 SCHAEFER MYSTERY. 4
4 4
4 Detectives Unraveling- Details of 4
4 a Girl Murder. 4
4 Bedford, Ind.. Jan. SO. The court -t-
4 of inquiry Investigating tho Schaef- 4
4 cr murder today heard moro evl- 4 I
4 denco on tho letters received by -f-
4 Ml?s Schaefer. 4
4 Ono of tho yltneaes3 declared that 4
4 dozoris of times after achdol closed 4
4 Miss Schaefer ran to her room for 4
4 her maid, eagerly read ihc letters 4
4 ami immediately destroyed them. 4
4 A dispatch from Indianapolis says 4
4 that detectives are working today 4
4 on thu Information brought hero by 4
4 Sheriff Smith regarding a young 4
rf man whoso acquaintance with Miss 4
4 Love. Miss Scliaofer's roomatc. 4
4 Is being Investigated. He lives in 4
4 a fashlonablo part of this city, and 4
4 has been closeted with the delec- 4
4 tlves today. 4
44444444444444444
i m OF PEACE AND ARM
FOR WAR.
j-jg jctiflg Rumors Regarding Probable Outcome of
Negotiations Between Japan and RussiaOne
Minute It Looks Warlike, the Next Peaceful.
"i ?
EP.'SSj
ATIOr,; fctereburff, Jan. 30. "It will be as-
t& lf Japan remains Inllcxlble"
to significant words of an official
W'jtt (Foreign office to the Associated
faftt: this afternoon In speaking of tho
a j1; response to the Japanese pro-
K jVhlch will be dispatched to Toklo
pmark was not Intended to convey
i 'l -,bat Japah necesyarily will ac-
baytef' rfull details or the Russian propo-
lg';i Jjut rather, f she Is actuated b3'
'.' reldeslre to preserve peace, Russia
1 ft fer a reasonably basis In a modus
if iiowkdRc of tho alleged mediation
r: dily Prince Ching at Peking is
-r- hin. and a speclllc denial Is given
'E3I8 ufcrtlon that the Russian Minister
Cn. "a nvltcd Prince Chlng to talte such
i )iA- HiThc report that a thousand Rua-
rent it fcys are to occupy Antung Is also
1 Con liclcd, It being intimated that aa
lsu,t quo of tho opMi ports of tho United
: tho report might have been put
arouse a renewal of hostile feeling
EIOTJI United Slates.
;J been cjccrtalned by tho Assoct-
T rJ3 that thero was practically no
01FIE i I" sentiment among the Em-
OEif .advl-rs at Thursday's meeting,
i; pa connection it is pointed out thnt
lectri criticism abroad regarding
So.Bt ' Incident to tho formulution of
irttri lEt as v.-ell ns the former, Rus-
Jajto snr.unlcatlons is largely altrlbuta-
rt,k ipiorancc of tho complicated ma-
ttllj nnd dellberato methods of tho
. o i Government. Tho Emperor's de-
oa iji all ImporLmt matters affecting
1 W Hr w always based on most cx-
4 London, Jan 30.-7:55 p. m. A dls- 4
4 patch to Reuler's Telegram com- 4
4 pany from SL Petersburg says the 4
4 transportation of merchandise over 4
4 tho Trans-Siberian railroad wul bo 4
4 stopped after February 2nd in or-' 4
4 dor to leave the lino open for the 4
4 convcyanco of troops and stores. 4
4 Tho dispatch adds that TVar Mln- 4
4 istcr Kuropatkln will be appointed 4
4 to coinma'nd the Russian land forces - 4
4 In tho event of war Tylth Japan. 4
tcnslvo and comprehensive rpports cover
ing every phase of tho subject.
At the Japnneso legation tho present
moment 13 regarded as critical, and there
Is no evidence of a belief thero that the
Tcply will be acceptable.
BESTS WITH JAPAN;
Russia "Will Not' Declare War, -but Is
Ready to Fight.
Paris, Jan. 31. The Gaulols quotes a
high authority as follows:
"Russia will not declare war unless
she is attack'ed by Japan. This Is the
will of the Czar and the fundamental
basa upon which negotiations will be
continued. At St. Petersburg it Is be
lieved Japan, despite her belligerent at
titude, appreciates" the madness of en
gaging in war. The Manchurian ques-
(Contlnucd on Page H.)
5 KXJND THE WORLD
m ON A VACATION TRIP
ad it !
tag $r President Burt of the Union Pacific Passes Through
J Ogden on Extended Tour-Free From Care, the Rail
.' road Manager Will Drift at Fancy's Will. .
spent eo much energy and devotion to
duty."
Just then the conductor of No. 2 en
tered tho president's car to bid him
Good-bye and Godspeed.
"A railroad president," said Mr. Burt
to the conductor, "may do much for
ths EuccesB of the rood, but ho must of
necessity act in a genernl capacity. It
Is upon men like yoursqlf, thoso who
come in personal contact with the pa
trons of the .system, that the actual
work of succcess devolves."
At every point where the train slopped
from Omaha to Ogden trainmen of all
grados and railroad men entered tho
car of President Burt to bid him safety,
health and happiness. It was o;io con
tinuous ovation.
Mr. Burt takes Interne interest in the
Improvements which have been made
and are being made within the Union
Southern Paciilc system. He believes
that tho reduction of grades will more
than the cutting of curves reduce the
ness and profits. He is anxious, with
Mr. Harriman, to eec the effect of the
improvements which have been made,
and hopes for a year of normal business
conditions.
THE ITIXERAJIY.
Mr. and Mrs. Burt stop over a. day at
Honolulu, visit Japan, China, the Philip
pines, India, Calcutta, Bombay, the Isth
inuy, Manchuria and at Dalney take the
Siberian railway for Moscow, St. Peters
burg, Warsaw and various points in
Russia. Then they go to Egypt, and
next winter will be joined on the con
tinent by their son. They do not expect
to return to Chicago, their future home,
under a y ear
In Chicago thero is a belief that as
60on as MrBurt returns from his tour
of tho world he will re-enter tho railway
world as president of one of the largest
easterns of our country. In inner circles
it is said that Mr. Burt may take tho
place of Mr. Hughitt, president of the
;rreat Northwestern Byitem, a it is said
that Mr. Huujhltt deeiren to retiro after
so many years of activity in railroad
life. Mr. Hughitt has a llfi lease on his
position and is one of the most forceful
and popular rnilrotid presidents in tho
I entire- country.
WONDERS OF RADIUM BROUGHT TO" '
LIGHT BY UTAH'S GREAT GEOLOGIST
Dr James E Talmage
of the University of
Utah, fully abreast of
the world's great sci
entists in revealing
the powers and mys
teriesi of the newforce
Some of the danger
ous experiments con
ducted by the Doctor
in his laboratory on
the hill and something
of the secrets thus
laid before the world,
of which he tells spe
cially for Tribune rea-
-ders.
- 44444 444444
4 As to the marvelous properties of 4
4 radium itself, it appears'to ho we1I4"
4 proved that tho compounds of tho '4
4 motal, such as havo been prepared 4
4 In a fair state of purity, possess 4
4 tho power of emitting light, heat, 4
4 and chemical energy, duo, probably, 4
4 to the fact that tho substances 4
4 absorb from the atmosphcro and 4
4 from space energy In different 4
4 forms and then radiate such as In- 4
4 dlcated. Jamca E. Talmnge. 4
44444
Dr. James E. Talmage, occupying the
chair of geology in the University of
Utah, and recognled by scientific men
the world over ns the best equipped
geologist in the lnter-mountaln West, is
doing his full share to bring radium and
the human race into working relations.
The story of how his life was endan
gered from blood poison growing out of
a trifling accident in connection with
his scientific researches along this line
is still fresh in the minds of local people.
NOT ANXIOUS TO TALK.
Like all truly scientific men. Dr. Tal
mage is averse to talking about his
studies and experiments until he has
arrived at the truth he is seeking. Sci
entific men and papers from all parts
of the country have importuned him to
give his views concerning the substance
that is upsetting old theories- the world
over a substance that is valued at 52,
721.000 a pound but up to this timo he
has refused to be quoted. For this rea
son The Tribune considers itself for
tunate in being able to present a learned
discussion of the subject from tho pen
444 44444444444
J DR. JAMES E. TALMAGE,
4 ' Professor of Gaology, University of Utah.
4 . i
. I 1 l J 1 l 1 J J i i l A J 1 I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 T
of Dr. Talmage. He speaks now, as he
himself soys, to dispel j&rnejjtthe silly
'notlonsliat havogoncDroad concern
ing radium, its properties and possibil
ities. Following is the Doctor's state
ment: "As a matter of fact, I know practlcallv
nothing about the subject. To press i to
service the words of Prof. Huxley, I dc i"t
know enough about it to lecture on tho
subject even. True. I havo read with aire
nnd attention all apparently reliable pub
lications on radium that have come into
aiy hands, and havo experimented at some
length on supposed radium-bearing min
erals, but I must still confess colossal Ig
norance regarding the occurrence of the
rare clement and Its properties.
WORK AT PARIS.
"Thoro is no room for doubt that tho
Curies of Paris havo discovered and Iso
lated a new and strange elomcnt possessed
of properties hitherto unknown in other
substances. In other words, radium is a
reality and not a myth or fancy."
To tho question, what arc some of tho
properties of this element, the doctor re
plied: NEVER GOES ALONE
"The now clement occurs in association
with uranium, and these two metals, ra
dium and uranium, possess remarkablo
powers of radio-activity; that is to say,
they on It rays of energy or force which
possess many of tho properties of light,
heat and electricity, and yot are distinct
from each and all of theso forces. Thus,
tho uranium and radium minerals, it'
placed in a glas3 vessel over a sensitive
photographic plate, will affect the plato
as if it had been e::po;ed to light. If.
now. metallic bodies be placed between tho
bottom of tho glass vessel containing tho
mineral and tho plato. even though tho
latter bo Inclosed In a light-tight nlate
holdor, the parts of tho plate immediately
beneath tho metallic bodies will bo pro
tected from the action of the strango rays,
whllo the root of the plate will be dark
ened as if exposed to light Tho neces
sary effect Is that on development tho
plate presents a truo picture of tho metal
lic bodies, which picture Is In reality u ra
diograph or shadowgraph.
PHOTOS MJDE IN THE DARK.
"Hero you see two dozon or more nega-
rTyY-?-- t M t 444 KIMMtt
4
4 Tho discovery of radium and Its 4
4 marvelous powera will doubtless 4
4 add to our knowledge of matter 4
4 and force and will enlarge tho hu- 4
4 man mind as to possibilities hlth- 4
4 crto unaurmlsed. But it will not 4
4 overturn tho foundations of truo 4
4 sclenco, tho stones of which are 4
4 truth. Thero Ib nothing yet mado 4
4 known as to ,the properties of ra- 4
4 dlum that can disturb for a mo- 4
4 ment tho stability of that corner 4
4 stone of science tho conservation 4
4 of energy. Jainc3 E. Talmage, 4
4 4 4
1
tlvca made in this way, mostly from radio-active
minerals occurring within our
our State. Here arc pictures of keys,
coins, screwdrivers and differently shaped
pieces of Iron, nickel, platinum, alumi
num, lead, silver, copper, etc, all taken
in absolute darkness, as far as ordinary
light is concerned, by simple exposure to
the minerals themselves or to chemical
preparations from them.
THERE ARE OTHERS.
"It must bo rcmombered that thero are.
other rndio-active substances besides ra
dium, among which aro uranluai. thorium,
polonium and actinium, and, furthormoro,
let it not be forgotten that several of
theso aro found occurring In nature as
sociated with radium. Thoro is no doubt
in my mind that many of tho wonderful
effects of radlo-actlvo substances reportod
through the Journals and tho dally papers
have been produced by substances other
than radium. Look nt these, for examplo
Hero arc two excellent pictures of coins,
keys and othor motulllc objects, the nega
tives of which I developed only last ".light.
Now. theso woro taken In absolute dark
ness, by exposure to chemically puro ura
nium compounds prepared by myself, and,
as far as I know, absolutely free fro-n ra
dium. This is no new discovery, of course:
the fact that radium in radio-active waa
(Continued on Page 13.)
GREAT IRRIGATION SCHEME FOR UTAH IS
I Newell Will Help Push j
I the Big Work. ;
TRIBUNE SPECIAL.
Washington, D. C, Jan. 30. Another
informal conference between Senators
Kearns and Smoot, State Engineer
Doreinus and F. S. Richards with Chief
Engineer Newell was held this after
noon in the latler'9 otllcc, when tho
project for the most available plan of
irrigation for Utah was finally dis
cussed. This, as already detailed in
these dispatches, covers the Utah. Salt
Lake and Cache valleys. The party wasi
assured by Mr. Newell that he would
aid the State commission in every way,
and that at once.
SCHEME A GIGANTIC ONE.
Tho scheme is a. gigantic one. Involv
ing tho expenditure of 510,000.000 at
least, and Which will require a number
of years to complete. The Strawberry
river proposition Is included, which
contemplates running a canal across
the Uintah reservation, tapping most
of the streams leading into the Du
chesne river proper. This will require
the eanctlon of the Government, which
is practically nssured. Utah county
farmers have opposed the matter, but
this opposition, will no doubt be with
drawn, as the plant for a high lino
canal contemplates the use of water on
Utuh county land, the great bulk find
ing its way into Utah lake, then being
used the second time in the Salt Lake
valley. Lauds in Cache valley and the
! ASSURED.
northern part of Salt Lake valley will
be watered from a canal furnished with
water from Bear lake.
The proposition as a whole Intends to
bring into tho three valleys of Utah
J.300,000 acre feet of water. Of this
G30.000 acre feet will como from tho
Strawberry valley alone.
Messrs. RIchnrdB and Newell will now
prepare a, brief of the matter for pre
sentation to tho Secretary of the In
terior, which will be done at once. At
tho conference Mr. Newell compliment
ed the work done by tho Utah commis
sion in having proposed the plan and
pushed it as It has done.
SWENDSEN ON THE SITUATION.
"The proposed Government Improve
ment of Utuh lake Is the key to all irri
gation Improvements likely to be made
in Utah the hub from which numerous
developments may be later extended,"
said Prof. George. L. Swendsen, engl
ncor in charge of the Government's
reclamation service In Utah, In dis
cussing yesterday tho larger scheme
which the Utah commission Is now lay
ing before members of Congress and
the Interior department.
GOVERNMENT HAD IT IN MIND.
"The Government hns all along had
in mind tho possibility of at some fu
ture time increasing the supply of wa
td in theso volleys, beyond that to be :
f J
S Utah Lake Project Key ?
j to Situation. j
obtained by the proposed Improvement
of Utah lake, by diverting tho waters
of the streams on the other side of tho
mountains, but it has not investigated
the possibilities yet for the reason, first,
that the more comprehensive scheme is
In no way essential to the carrying out
of the Utah lako scheme proper, and,
second, that the Utah lake project Is
the more urgent, and should be placed
in operation as quickly as possible. It
Is well enough. I should think, however,
that the Government should take up the
preliminary work of the greater pro
ject at this time. It can in no way In
terfere with the Utah lake proposition,
which is now in the hands of tho far
mers. PARENT PROJECT MOST URGENT.
"The principal difference between the
Utah luke project and the one upon
which the Utah commission is now en
gaged is that the former will provide
readily and at comparatively low cost
a supply of water for the low lands of
tho valley lands which now have in
sufficient water to be successfully
farmed, and some of which have been
abandoned on account of lack of water
while the latter will affect mainly tho
higher lands which havo never "been
farmed. This proposed reclamation of
new lands is important to the develop
ment of the State, but It will be readily
seen that It Is not so urgent as that the
hinds already partially irrigated be pro-
(ContLnucd on Pago 13.1
V
444444
AT FINAL REST. 4
' 4
4 Great Crowds Pay Last Tribute
to Whitnkcr Wright. 4
4 London, Jan. 30, The body of 4
4 Whltaker Wright was buried in 4
4 Whitey pnrlsh churchyard today 4
4 after a brief special service at 4
4 the graveside by the Vicar of 4
4 Whitely. Besides the relatives 4
4 and a number of friends from 4
4 I-ndon, the bulk of the popula- 4
4 lion of tho village, which 13 In 4
mourning, turned out In a 4
4 drenching rain to see the last of 4
the remains of their late squire.
4 The son and two daughters 4
4 were the principal mourners. The 4
4 widow was too 111 to attend. Her 4
4 wreath was inscribed "From his 4
4 broken-hearted wife "
44444444444444444f
THROUGH WILD, UNKNOWN I
TERRITORY. I
Oscar T. Crosby, the American Explorer, Tells of Sis 11
Trip to Central Asia, and Explorations in Tnr- ' 1H
kestan and Tibet-Paris Rich sad Populous. ! JH
Paris, Jan. 30. Oscar T. Crosby, the !
American explorer, has returned to
Paris from a trip to Central Asia, where
he explored parts of Turkestan and
Tibet never before visited by a white
man.
On his way to Tibet Mr. Crosby skirt
ed Afghanistan, visited Chinese Tur- 1
kestan, and later traversed Kashmir
and the Karakorum route, probably one
of the most difficult used by human
beings, to India.
Ills investigation developed that Chi
na was threatened from another quar
ter, by her rear door, and that an ad
vance by Russia and Great Britain In
this direction may become as important
in its possible results to tho United
States as a move of the European pow
ers from the sea. Mr. Crosby said:
"I left the United States last Maj-,
stopping at St. Petersburg to obtain
permission to pass through Russian
Turkestan. The Russian authorities
were courteous and gave me a letter of
introduction to Gen. Petrovsky, Rus
sian Consul at Koshgar, in Chineso
Turkestan. I tool: the Trans-Caspian
road to Andijan, its terminus, meeting
on tho way there CapL Anginour of the
French army, who joined me in my
journey. From Andijan wo went by
caravan to Koshgar, Chinese Turkes
tan. A WILD COUNTRY.
"At this point the caravan was re
organized and started for Tibet, pass
ing through Yarkand and Kotan, and
oventually arriving at Polu, at the base
of the Kuenlun mountains. Hero we
began to ascend the Tibetan plateau
elevations, which range from 15,000 to
1S.000 feet high. We traveled at this
height for eight weeks, suffering from
the rarlfled air and cold.
"As we could only carry supplies for
twenty days, we endeavored to make
Rudek, in Tibet, whence we Intended
to strike toward L'Hassa. Unfortu
nately I lost my chronometer and nau
tical almanac, and was unablo to take
observations. We consequently took a
moro southerly course than desired. It
was Impossible to correct the mistake,
because the country was trackless and
uninhabited for hundreds of miles.
"Wo could find no openings In the
mountain to Rudek, but we crossed an
unexplored region known as the Whito
desert. Our horses died rapidly, and
we had but a few days' supplies left,
when two of our most trusted men were
sent on the last animals able to travel
In search of aid. They rode 100 miles
before they found any one. At the end
of eleven days our two men returned
with provisions. The Nomads, who aro
like our Indians, refused to go Into
Tibet, so thero was nothing to do ex
cept to accompany them to an inhabit-
AT PRESIDENT'S
TABLE.
SENATOR AND MRS. KEARNS EN
TERTAINED SALT LAKERS
AT CAPITAL.
TRIBUNE SPECIAL.
Washington, Jan. 30. Senator and
Mrs, Kearns were guests at a dinner
given by President and Mrs, Roosevelt
at the White house last ovenlng and
they, with Senator Smoot, were also
present ut a musloale given by Mrs.
Roosevelt later In the evening.
Senator Smoot today escorted Guy
Eldrldge and wife of Salt Lake to the
White house and presented them to tho
President. Mr. and Mrs. Eldrldge are
guests of the Senator.
Col. Henry Altman of Salt Lake 13 a
visitor here.
Senator, Kearns today, rccclvt-d. at-coj?y
44444
4 ' DEATH CHEATS CUPID. 4 J lH
4 Marriage of Dying Man in New 4 IH
4 York Interrupted. 4
4 New York, Jan. 30. Robert Du- 4
4 pont Cater of Charleston, S. C, 4
eon of Julius M. Cater and grand- 4 1 i IH
4 nephew of Gen. Francis Marlon 4
4 of revolutionary fame, is dead in 4- ,
4 this city from pneumonia. An at- tW
tempt was made to perform a 4 1
4 marriage ceremony In the hospital 4 j
4 between the young man and his ' 1
second cousin, Anna Cater, an art 4,
4 student, but before the minister
4 had gone far the groom falntsd. 4
4 Oxygen was uped and every effort 4 y
4 made to restore the dyln man k 4 ' u
4 that his- last wish could be grat- 4 '
4 ified, but he sank rapidly and died 4 ' IH
in a few hours. 4
44444444444 4
. 'i H
cd region known as Little Tibet, which 1 Ikl
forms part of British Kashmir. . IH
"My purpose in visiting Central Asia Ilkl
was to study the past political and lll
racial questions connected with that re-
glon. I did not believe it possible to' fH
reach L'Hassa except by force or In 11
disguise, and therefore proposed merely f jH
to go as far as I could. IH
RICH AND POPULOUS.
"The British expedition under Col. I
Younghusband will be able to enter
L'Hassa. The TIbellans cannot resist. aH
Thoso I saw- were mild and peaceful peo- IH
pie, governed by priests, who, so far as KIH
we knew, do not inculcate them with llH
the military spirit, which is contrary to Hiil
tho precepts of Buddhism and Lamaism lllfl
The result of the expedition will be some IHI
form of British control. Russia is doing lH
nothing to prevent its success,, and I do llH
not think anything can be done. I do IIH
not believe Russia seriously contem- 1 lH
plated acquiring that country, for If a IH
natural frontier ever existed to their ipH
empire it certainly lies north of the vast , lH
deserts and tremendous mountains ' llllfl
which must be crossed before inhabited Illlfl
Tibet can be reached. Russia can stand I IIH
British control of Tibet, because she will I lH
take Chinese Turkestan as a set-off. IIH
"The inhabited part, of the territory Is lH
rich and populous. Three oases contain lllllfl
1,500,000 persons, who live by irrigation. I ll
The Russians can and will control tho liH
commercial situation of all this region 1 H
because of its proximity to their rail- j ilH
road. Chinese Turkestan is still Chinese IIH
to tho outward appearance, having ofil- ' lilifl
cials appointed from Peking, etc., but ll
the Russian Consul-Gcneral at Kashgaic '
who is guarded by sixty Cossacks, in flH
the real power to the natives and Chi-
nese there. IIH
"Even if they wished to do so, which IH
I doubt, they would be powerless to rc- IIH
slst the Russians. Consul-General Pc- JIH
trovsky. while courteous to us, seemed IIH
to discourage the appearance of any M
other than Russians and Chinese In slH
Turkestan, taking the ground that the IIH
question of Chinese Turkestan Is of no IH
great Importance to the world at large. IH
and that It concerns morcly Russia and tM
u
"The Importance of the question lies IH
in the fact that the taking of the terrl- nllH
tory of Tibet, which Is under Chineso IIH
suzerainty, will bo dismembering China. IIH
The object of the British is to make it M
impossible for the Russians to establish JIH
themselves in Tibet, and to do this cf-
fcctlvely the7 will have to institute some IIH
kind of control. Noverthelesy, thr ' IH
United States, which Is interested, must IH
turn her attention to the back of the em- IIH
pire and keep an eye there while watch- IIH
lug the sea coast. PfU
"With respect to Afghanistan, both j IIH
the Russians and British recognizes ltn , j IIH
value as a buffer State and do not do- r ffH
sire to disturb thl situation, though j
each feai-3 the other may get in th as- if ,M
cendancy above the Ameer." n IIIH
Mr. Crosby has been invited to de- )j
liver lectures before the London and i
French Geographical societies. He will ij ffH
not return to Now York before tho. last jj J
of February. H
of tho resolutions adopted by the board it H
of governors of the Commercial club 1 1 IIH
concerning the deepening and other lm- i M
provements of the harbor at San Pedro. j IIIH
Harry L. Woodburn of Boise, manager j H
of the War Eagle Mining company of j tfH
Owyhee county, also of the Boston-Ida- i I ffM
ho Dredge company, is here to confer IIIH
with the Reclamation commission re- . i ffM
gardlng sites for dams in the Payette ! 1 KIH
river, the purpose of which is to con- M
i struct ditches and dams for power pur- IIB
. poses and to carry the same to his prop- 1 kkkJ
erties. The claims for water conflict ' J
with claims of the Government, and bin I Jl
visit is to straighten this if possible. fjl
COLOMBIA WILL 60 TO WAR. j jH
New York, Jan. 31. This cablo dispatch I1 H
wan rcoulvcd hero last night from on of- , H
flcial sourco in Bogota, according to tho ' i H
i I IIH
"Government Is holpless in effort to . i IjljH
provenl war. In less than a month from
now 10.CO0 men will be on tho Isthmus."
Thin Information, confirming rumors ' IIH
cabled from Panama yesterday that Co- 1 IjljH
lomblu intends organising mid sending! JljljH
an expedition against Panama, cornea as IjljH
a surprise, in view of tho changed attl- i jlllB
tudo of tho Colombians, who had appar- IjljH
cutly accepted tho inevitable and depend- fM
1 cd on Gen. Raphael Reyeak. jllH

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