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H ' 3 THE S.AIT TiATTB! TJEffBTTNE: THURSDAY MORNING, 'OTm'
glimpse of tho Interior. The general
effect Is a mammoth nrched canopy of
buff, ribbed and fringed In white with
walls formed of alternate strips of red,
white and blue. Tho balconies are
caught up every few yards. Medallions
bearing the coats of arms of the states
are placed about the balconies at reg
ular Intervals but only flowers are used
In tho settings for the platform. One
of the crowning features Is an Immense
furled flag which Is pendant from the
center .of the flag. The flag will be
dropped Into prominence when a nomi
nation for president has been made.
Standards Are Striking.
The standards locating tho State dele
gations are among the striking decora
tions. Pointed, fringed and lettered,
after the manner of old-fashioned rail
way semaphores, the standards extend
several feet above the heads of tho
delegates. They are fastened to rods
of Iron which are llrmly fastened to tho
floor so they cannot be dislodged in
moments of enthusiasm.
Though there were many early ar
rivals In the convention hall tho ushers
had difficulty In making them take
peats. There "vvag a disposition to loiter
in the aisles, which continued long af
ter Chairman Jones swing his pon
derous gavel In tho first call for order.
No Applauso for Dignitaries.
The arrival of dignitaries attracted
comparatively llttlo attention. David
B. Hill, chairman of tho New York
delegation, and others boomers of Par
ker, Tammany Leader Murphy, Mr.
Bryan, Democratic members of the
Senate ajod many otberr prominent In
National affairs and conspicuous before
the country, took their places In the
hall practically unnoticed. In some In
stances there was local applauso in the
vicinity of the seats of some prominent
figures, but that was all. Mr. Bryan
entered the hall first, without any rec
cognatlon from the gallery. He re
traced his steps some minutes later and
held a reception in the center aisle.
Friends gathered around him to shake
hands, and then his presence was no
ticed. The cheering, however, was not
Many persons of distinction were
given places on the platform. Among
tho distinguished visitors were Mrs.
Charles Mercer Hale, daughter of
Judge Parker; Mrs. Daniel Manning,
Circuit Attorney Folk of SL Louis and
District Attorney Jerome of New
York; Former State Senator Reagan,
the only surviving member of the Jef
ferson Davis cabinet; Senator Bacon
of Georgia and Senator Bailey of Tex
as; Former Governor D. R, Francis of
Missouri, president of the Louisiana
Purchase exposition and cx-Gov. Mc-
IMlllan of Tennessee.
Little Scheming on Floor.
Little political scheming was in pro
gress on the floor of the convention
hall. The anti-Parker delegates were
so much in the minority that there ap
peared to be no basis for clever manip
ulation. The action of Ohio late last
night closely following Pennsylvania's
declaration for the New York Jurist and
the band-wagon tendency displayed by
other delegations which had been
counted In the anti-Parker ranks had a
telling effect upon the opposition.
Though the opponents professed not to
be disheartened by stories of Parker
gains and continued to claim that more
than one-third of the delegates had
pledned themselves never to vote for
Parker, few persons could be found who
were willing to listen to those who
were' backing the Held against the fa-
Heat Was Intense.
By the time a majority of the delc
gates had arrived at the coliseum every
breath of cool, outside air had been ab-.
sorbed. Fans were waiving vigorously
Hj In all parts of the hall. Coats were
not long in coming off, collars and ties
were loosened and the picture was that
of a shirt-sleeve convention. The ex-
Hj ample set today is sure to bring con-
Hj verts and It is safe o say a majority
will disregard the conventionalities in
the interest of confort by doffing their
Hj coats. The day was oppressively warm
outslde,and in the hall was uncomfort
able to the last degree. Windows were,
but half opened and the door ventila-
Hj tors had been sacrificed in beautifying
the interior of the hall.
Hj The hall is an Immense amphitheater.
The accommodations for the general
public and especially for the press are
much more complete than they were
at the Chicago convention, and tho best
b for the latter that have ever been pro-
B vlded at a national convention, every
facility for the reporting of the pro
ceedlngs and the prompt dispatch of
news to the world at large being af-
The participants in the convention
proceedings occupy positions on the
main floor which forms an ellipse, the
chairman's platform with ample seat
ing capacity rising at the center In the
rear. The section allotted to the dele
gates Is directly In front of this plat
1 form. A large standard a red, white
B and blue disc designates the location
B of the various delegations by States
and incidentally adds to the attractive
H ness of the spectacle.
B On either side of the delegates' posi-
tlon provision has been made for tho
H alternates, the press seats being lo-
H cated on the immediate sides of the
J chairman's platform.
K Directly opposite the platform and In
H the rear of the delegates Is a stand
B where a band of thirty pieces played
j throughout the convention, filling in the
Hi gaps with stirring music.
H Por Distinguished Guests.
H The galleries encircle the ellipse, the
H scats rising in tiers. Seats on the plat-
H form and one section of the gallery im-
H mediately In it arc reserved for Gov-
H ernors, members of Congress, Mayors
H of cities and others of distinguished
H prominence In the party. A hospital
H has been provided In the ante-rooms
unci is fully equipped with all medical
H stores and surgical appliances and with
H a corps of doctors and trained nurses.
H Naturally the opening speech of John
Sharp Williams of Mississippi, leader
H of the minority on the lloor of the Na-
H lional House of Representatives and
H chosen by -the Democratlo national com-
H mittee for temporary chairman, was
H 'waited wjth keen interest, as. he had
j been delegated to sound the keynote of
B the campaign and as it was known that
H he would deal with questions which
H will be of vital importance In the com-
H Ing struggle for party supremacy.
B Stream of Visitors.
A stream of visitors and a drizzle of
B delegates were passing Into the hall an
B hour before the time set for the opening
ot the convention. Tho anxious ones
B liurrled to plant themselves in their
j feats before any other person should
B The first ripple of applause that went
H lcross the convention hall came from
B !ne galleries when the Texas delegation
1 narched In bearing their flag of red,
1 (vhlte and blue, with the single star. A
B .vhlte ollk banner bearing the lnscrlp-
'ion "Florida Democracy safe and
H ound" was borne into the hall shortly
H lfter Texas had arrived, and was also
j ;rceted with applause.
B T1,ls was r,ve minutes before 12, and
1 ip to that time not a handclap had been
BB Iffetcd to any man who had entered tho
hall. 'The platform was crowded with
members of tho national committee.
But the crowd paid no attention to
them The Philippine delegation camo
In with their banner, which was not
iloatlng freo like thoe that had entered
before It. It wna an American Hag of
silk wrapped closely around the staff
and tied hard and faBt. . This was done,
according to one of tho Philippine dele
gation, "with deliberate intent," oh if to
show that tho Democratic convention
did not recognize the Philippines as a
part of tho Nation.
Chairman Guffey of Pennsylvania
strode In closely behind tho Philippine
flag, and was heartily cheered.
Hot a Note of Music.
Not a noto of music was heard In
the hall during the long wait between
the opening of the doors and tho fall
of tho gavel. The concert which usually
enlivens tho prelude was absent, and
It was Just before noon that a band
marched Into the gallery Just opposite
the platform. Its leador several times
nourished his baton to strike up a
tune, but the energy of Chairman Jones
In expediting the proceedings left no
place for the band.
DOWN TO WORK,
Convention Culled to Order by Chair
man Jones at Exactly 12
O'clock Noon. '
ST. LOUIS, Mo., July 6. Exactly at
noon Chairman J. JC. Jones of the na
tional committee called the Democratlo
convention to order. His appearance
on the platform and the sound of his
gavel brought forth a cheer from tho
floor and naileries.
Chairman Jones directed the scr-geant-at-arms
to procure order. He
continued rapping the table with his
gavel, but it was some tlmo before
quiet reigned. California's appearanco
with a huge silk banner and silk Amer
ican flag and a yell, "California, Cali
fornia,'" "Hearst, Hearst, Hearst,'
caused cheering Just as the California
delegation reached Its reservation after
marching up and down the center aisle,
W. J. Bryan, who had come In unno
ticed, arose in his place and was given
a cheer. Then an enterprising member
of the Montana delegation created a di
version by vigorously ringing a cow
bell. Call Is Head.
Again Chairman Jones demanded that
the convention be In order, and at
once directed the secretary to read the
call for the convention. Applause fol
lowed th reading of the call. After
quiet was restored Chairman Jones an
nounced that tho convention would be
opened with prayer by Rev. John E.
Cannon, pastor of the Grand Avenue
Baptist church of St. Louis.
During the Invocation the convention
stood. Dr. Cannon's voice was entirely
inadequate to reach even the center of
the hall. The prayer occupied several
Enthusiastic cheering greeted tho
chairman's announcement that he was
directed by the national committee to
appoint John S. Williams temporary
chairman, C. A. Walsh temporary sec
retary, and John T. Martin temporary
Williams Escorted to Chair.
Thp chairman appointed Col. John M.
Guffey of Pennsylvania, and M. F.
Tarpey of California to escort Mr. Wil
liams to the chair. As the platform
was Inclosed by a railing, It was neces
sary for the committee and Mr. Wil
liams to climb over the railing. The
committee lifted Mr. Williams safely
over, and the entire convention burst
Into cheers as he ascended the plat
form. "I have the honor to introduce to
you John S. Williams as temporary
chairman," said Chairman Jones, and
again the convention cheered.
Mr. Williams was attired In a light
gray suit and a white waistcoat. He
delivered his address calmly and with
out gestures. Several cries of "Louder,
louder," Interrupted Mr. Williams as he
began, his clear but not powerful voice
at first falling to reach all parts of the
Talked Under Difficulties.
A great part of Mr. Williams' speech
was delivered under great difficulties
for the speaker and those of his hear
ers who were supposed to be most di
rectly Interested In his remarks. The
aisles leading past the delegates were
packed by dense throngs, who kept up
a constant hum of conversation that
smothered Mr. Williams' voice. Polico
men who were stationed In this space
around the platform to kcop others
away did It by occupying the space
themselves to the exclusion of all oth
ers. Several times the speaker stopped
and a9ked that the talking cease In or
der that he might make himself better
Passing from the discussion of Mr.
Root's speech, tho speaker took up tho
Irony in His Speech.
As Mr. Williams proceeded his volco
Increased In volume and the delegates
The convention appeared considerably
amused at Mr. Williams' humorously
sarcastic reference to the "mutual ad
miration society" of Mr. Root and Mr.
Roosevelt, and when he read a eulogy
by the President on Mr. Root the dele
gates laughed and applauded. Mr. Wil
liams spoke in an ironical tone that
caught the fancy of the convention, and
he was Interrupted time and again by
Cheering was evoked by the speaker's
statement that, Mr. Roosevelt had found
praise for only three Presidents,
"George Washington. Abraham Lin
coln and himself," and when he asked If
the "hell roaring Jake Smith" order waa
a sample of the moral sentiment for
which the Republicans stood, a lusty
cheer broke forth,
Mr, Williams drew a picture of tho
country's condition at the time of Presi
dent Cleveland's first inauguration, de
claring that much of the distress that
came In tho early nineties was duo to
Republican misrule that had gone be
fore, under Benjamin Harrison, He
"said for three, years all hope had .well
nigh vanished from the business world.
He scored the attitude of the Republi
can party on the financial question, de
claring that it had been full df Incon
sistencies and absurdities. He men
tioned the name of Mr. Bryan in dis
cussing the price of wheat during the
first Bryan-McKinley campaign. The
utterance of the name called forth a
little applause and some cheers. A
second later he mentioned the name
again, and the applause was not re
peated. Cheers for Cleveland.
A mention of the name of Grover
Cleveland was cheered lustily. A mo
ment later the first scene of tho session
ocurred, Mr. Williams .declaring that It
was brazen effrontery for the Republi
can party to attempt to seize the
laurels of Grover Cleveland. A genulno
outburst of applause followed, cheer af
ter cheer was heard in the hall, and al
, though the- chninnan used tho gavel, ,
the convention was soon beyond hia !
control. New Hampshire delegates
climbed upon their scat3 and yelled
vigorously. One Iowa man of tho
Hoarst-lnatructed delegation from that
commonwealth, stood up and waved his
hat frantically, and a wild chorus an
No Cry From Nebraska.
"Three cheors for Grover Cleveland,"
shouted an Alabama delegate, and they
came with genuine power and enthus
iasm. No cry came from Nebraska,
where Mr. Bryan and his friends sat
quietly without taking part In the
noise. Again and again the cheers came
in dense volumes, despite numerous
cries of "order, order" and tho ponder
ous pounding of the chairman's gavel.
Then Mr. Williams sat back und
watched the scene he had created. Ah
the cheers and cries fell, thoro were re
newed outbreaks and tho demonstra
tions lasted ten minutes.
Ejected From tho Hall.
Tim Murpmy of St. Louis, standing
In the center aiolo, and encouraging the
demonstration, was first requested to
take hla seat and then ejected from the
hall by John I. Martin, sergeant-at-arms.
Murphy was rushed toward tho
platform by Martin, through tho rail
ing and through a narrow stairway
which led under the stage. Another en
counter between Murphy and Martin
took place In the passageway under the
stage. Murphy then permitted him
self to be taken from the linll by two
officers. Murphy said that ho en
deavored to assist In securing quiet, but
his efforts were misunderstood.
For several minutes after the Mur
phy Incident, tho demonstration con
tinued. Finally, in desperation. Mr.
Williams threatened discontinuation of
his speech. "You have placed me here
I am your sorvant. If you don't want
me to continue, It is your pleasure," he
cried. This announcement was effect
ive, and Mr. Williams secured control
of tho demonstration that at his men
tion of Cleveland had caused, dying
Speaker's Voico Fails.
He then said that he had heard that
Dewey, Schley and Miles were Demo
crats; that a Republican administra
tion had snubbed the first, tried to dis
grace the second and insulted the third,
The convention again broke out Into
shouts and applause. By this time Mr.
William's voice was falling. It grew
weaker and he was heard with difficul
ty, even by those near the platform.
Mr. Williams's flow of oratory was un
interrupted for some time. A response
of applause followed his denunciation
of the Republican claims of prosperity
because of the tariff. Cries of "louder"
were again heard. "I wish I had the
lungs to speak louder, but I can not,"
answered Mr. Williams. "What did
you say?" came a voice from the gal
lery. Noiso Drowns Voico.
So rapidly did the noise Increase that
Mr. Williams began to address himself
directly to the personB on the platform.
This brought forth from the galleries
loud cries of "time" and "louder." Mr.
Williams, with all the voice he had loft,
turned to the audience and began talk
ing upon the race .question. When he
referred to the incident at the
Republican convention, when a
colored child and a white child
were both on the platform
waving flags during one of the demon
strations, there were cries of: "this is a
white man's country." So great did
the noise become that the sorgeant-at-
arms went down Into the hall and or
dered the aisles cleared. But the police
had difficulty In carrying out these In
structions. Mr. Williams had by this
time been speaking an hour and twenty-five
"Now for a few words In conclusion,"
said Mr. Williams, "and If you arc as
pleased to hear that conclusion as I
am to conclude, this will be the most
delighted audience that ever ex
isted." Mr. Williams spoke but
a few words more and con
cluded his address greatly ex
hausted. The perspiration was stream
ing from his face, his collar was a soft,
white roll of linen, his voice was worn
to a frazzle, and could not be heard
twenty feet from where he stood. As
ho finished, after speaking one hour
and forty minutes, the band struck up
a medley of patriotic airs, the stringing
strains of "Dixie" calling forth the wild
cheers that never fall to follow the
song, no matter when or where ren
dered. "The delegntes aro Invited to
visit the exposition," said Mr. Williams,
"and the clerk will read the Invitation."
Demon straion for Bryan,
The last few words were lost in cries
of "Bryan, Bryan," that came swift and
thick from different parts of the hall.
Cheers mingled with the calls, and It
was fully a minute beforo the voice of
the clerk was able to rise above the tu
mult. Mr. Bryan remained quietly in
his seat during the demonstration made
by his friends, and gave no outward
sign of his recognition of the applause
that had greeted his name.
Delegate Powers of Michigan was
recognized by Chairman Williams to
return the thanks of the convention to
the exposition for the courtesy shown,
and made a brief speech of acknowl
edgement. Distributing Exposition Tickets.
The motion to accept tho Invitation
with which Mr. Powers concluded, was
adopted unanimously. Sergeant3-at-arms
delivered bundles of exposition
tickets to the chairmen of the delega
tions. When the ticket passers had
nearly finished their task, the chair
man announced that the roll of States
would be called, each State as Its name
was called to send up to the chairman's
desk the names of its committeemen
elected In caucus.
Adjourns for Day.
While the rollcall was In progress,
tho spectators concluded from the in
teresting scenes that the proceedings
were finished for tho day and streamed
out. Noise and talking throughout the
hall was so general that the clerks
could be heard only with great difficul
ty. Tho announcement of Mr. Bryan as
a member of resolutions committee from
Nebraska called forth a cheer from
such of his friends as wore able to hear
the announcement. DaVld B. Hill's
name as a member from New York,
also brought a shout of applause. After
announcing the tlmo and places for the
various committee meetings, a motion
was made by Bourke Cockran that the
convention adjourn until 10 o'clock to
morrow morning. The motion was
adopted and tho convention adjourned.
Break" Showcase" in Quarrel. """"
Disagreement between two brothers
at the Valley Houae saloon, whore they
are keeping bar, resulted In the break
ing of a plato glass window last nlcht.
Tho tfo had a quarrel about some
money and ono of them shoved the
other Into a show case filled with cigars.
Mrs. Bartlett Acquitted.
Mrs. H. E. Bartlett waa yesterday
acquitted by the Jury of keeping a
house of Ill-fame. Tho case had oc
cupied the attention of the court' for
several days, and tho defendant was
fully satisfied with tho result
by Mr. Poe.
Wm. J. Bryan Declares That
He Has None to Pre
sent. Senator Daniels Made Chairman on
the Motion of Hill of Now
ST. LOUIS, July G. The committee on
resolutions mot In a room connected
with the convention hall immediately
after the adjournment of the conven
tion and after effecting ah oragnizatlon
and transacting considerable parlia
mentary work, adjourned to meet at 7
o'clock. This meeting was called to
order by ox-Senator Hill of New York,
and on his motion, Senator Daniel of
Virginia was elected chairman of the
committee of eleven to consider the var
ious drafts of platforms and report.'
Upon taking the chair, Senator Dan
iel extended his thanks for the honor
bestowed upon him and expcclally men
tioned the fact that It had been done at
the Instance of Senator Hill. He ex
pressed the hope that the committee
would take advantage of Its great op
portunity to adopt a platform of a char
acter which would be sure to win the
suffrages of the people, and In turn
bring relief to the entire country In
the shape of Democratic administration
which would be In great contrast to
the uncertainty of tho present admin
istration. Ills remarka were received
Bryan Makes Suggestion.
The suggestion having been made that
tho committee should take a recess un
til 7 o'clock, Mr. Bryan suggested that
If there were any members of the com
mittee who had drafted platforms
which they desired to present they
should submit copies to the members
of the full committee In order that they
might have time to consider them be
fore coming together.
"If," said Chairman Daniel, "the
gentleman from Nebraska has a plat
form, I should be very glad Indeed for
one to have a copy of it." Mr. Bryan
replied that he had none.
At this Juncture a number of mem-
various resolutions which they desired
to submit, among them being Mr. Wil
liams of Mississippi, Mr. Newlands of
Nevada, Mr. Daniel, Mr. Tillman of
South Carolina and by Mr. Poe of
Maryland, the latter stating that the
views of Senator Gorman wero em
bodied in his draft.
Poo Draft Views of Gorman.
The Poo draft In Its declaration on
imperialism says: "Tho practical re
sults of tho policy of Imperialism In
augurated by the Republicans and now
illustrated In the government of the
Philllpplne Islands demonstrates the
folly, danger and injustice of the con
quest, subjugation and forcible control
ow alien races In remote Islands of the
sea, and, distinctly denouncing this pol
icy without warrant In the latter or
eplrit in the constitution and v.'rioua 'u
itself, we favor the return at the ear
liest possible moment from so radical
and perilous a departure from the tra
ditions and long established practice of
our Government and the speedy substi
tution therefore of friendly relations
with the Philippines as a free people,
corresponding as near as reasonably
practicable with our existing relations
with the people of Cuba,"
Regarding the Isthmian canal It says:
"We favor the early completion of the
Isthmian canal. But while meeting
this declaration and acceptlg from ne
cessity the result of the negotiations
conducted by President Roosevelt, we
cannot too forcibly express our detesta
tion of the methods by which in flag
rant disregard of law and treaty obli
gations, the can&l route has been ac
quired, or too solemnly record our hopes
that this precedent of diplomacy may
never be used against us to our humil
iation and Injury." A promise Is made
of a more economical administration of
The raco question Is touched on as
follows: "We deplore and denounce tho
raising by tho Republicans of tho race
Issue. We believe that Its wanton in
troduction Into this campaign cannot
fall to obstruct and delay the comploto
restoration of that harmony and good
will among the people so essential to
the peace, happiness and proseperlty
of every section -of the United States,
and we demand that the regulation of
the suffrage shall be left without Con
cessional declaration to the several
states, subject only to the final Judg
ment of the Supreme Court of the Uni
The financial plak Is brief, being In
full, as follows: "The Democratic par
ty congratulates the country upon the
vindication of the Democratic conten
tion for an Increased volume of real
or metallic money In a manner accept
able by the Democrats, by the addition
to the world's stock of money metals
of 52,000,000,000 In gold within eight
years from which these United States
have been able to obtain $700,000,000,
thereby doubling their stock of stand
ard money, raising their percaplta from
$23 to $30 and contributing to the ad
vent of Industry which could not have
othorwlfjo been attained. The fact that
this result has been reached by no ac
tion of government, but by the action
of God, through his main Instrumental
ity of discovery, Invention and indus
try, does not lessen our gratification."
Tariff and Trusts.
On the tariff and trusts, this declara
tion Is made: "We realize thatr under
the domination of tho corporation In
terests and mighty and dangerous
trusts and monopolies which control
the policies and shape tho legislation
of the Republican party, relief to the
masses of the people from the glaring
Inequalities and gross Injustice of our
existing tariff 1b absolutely hopeless
and that only under the relentless pres
sure of Democratic triumph can any
improvoment whatever be obtained.
With a Democratic President and
House of Representatives, our party
can and will, take the vleorous Initia
tive toward the prompt, effective and
Just relief which the existing Indus
trial situation of the country imper
atively demands. It is pledged to this
wise and boncflclent policy. It will re
vise the tariff In a conservative spirit
of fairness to all Interests.
"Its anxious purpose will be to legis
late with such a due regard for the la
bor and capital Involved In our Indus
trial enterprises as to promote their
healthy growth and to carefully guard
against the Infliction of injury upon In
dustries established by abrupt and
radical measures. But odious and pow
erful monopolies may expect reduction
of the excessive rates under which they
have boon enabled to extort oppressive
tribute from the people. And tho Il
legal combinations of trusts, which
within the last few years under Uio
Republican tariff have grown so great
and which In unlawful restraint of le
gitimate trade have crushed honest
competition, must bo stripped of the
power which they have so abused."
A general promise for the correction
of abuses is made, and under the head
of Executive dictation Is this para
graph: "We call public attention to the
repeated and unpardonable dictation of
President Roosevelt to both branches
of Congress. We denounce his flagrant
encroachments upon their rightful pow
ers nnd independence, and. while
amazed at the subservlengy of a Re
publican Senate and a Republican
House of Representatives to his orders
and usurpation, we declare that his
autocratic Invasion of their freedom
deserves, and should receive, the Indig
nant rebuke and condemnation of the
Held Night Session
Tho committee on resolutions re
convened at 7 o'clock and Senator Dan
iel announced the appointment of a
sub-coinmltleo to prepare a platform
for submission to the full committee, as
follows: Messrs. Daniel, Virginia; Hill,
New York; Bryan, Nebraska; Williams,
Mississippi; Pattlson, Pennsylvania;
Dubois, Idaho; Hamlin, Massachusetts;
Cable. Illinois; Poe, Maryland; Shivo
ley, Indiana; and Davis, West Vir
ginia. Senator Newlands made a plea
for a fuller representation of the Irri
gation Interests, and by unanimous
consent his name was added to the sub
A number of suggestions from per
sons not connected with tho committee
were received, among them being the
following from Senator Bacon of Geor
gia: "That, with the view to the en
couragement of American shipping and
the restoration of the American flag
upon the high seas, wo favor that upon
all articles brought or Imported into
tho United States from foreign coun
tries in American-built ships and under
American registry, upon which duties
are required to be paid, classified re
bates of such duties shall be allowed,
of not less than 5 nor more than 10 per
cent of the same."
Consider Labor Question.
The full committee then entered upon,
the consideration of the labor question,
in connection with the folohvlng plank
presented by ex-Gov. C. S. Thomas of
"Constitutional guarantees are vio
lated wherever the iiumDiest citizen is
denied the right to labor, acquire and
enjoy property or reside where Interest
or inclination may determine. Any de
nial thereof by Individuals, organiza
tions or government should be sum
marily rebuked and punished.
"Freedom of speech and of the press
are essential safeguards of civil liberty,
and the invasion of either cannot be
too severely reprehended.
"Wo denounce the inflicting of pun
ishments without due process of law,
-and deny the right of any Executive to
disregard or suspend any constitutional
privileges or limitations. Obedience to
the laws and respect for their require
ments are alike the supreme duty of
the citizen and the ruler.
"The military must always remain
subordinate to the civil power and be
used only to support and maintain tho
law. We unqualifiedly condemn Its em
ployment for the summary banishment
of tho cjtlzen without trial or for the
control of elections."
Urged by Thomas. 1
Gov. Thomas urged In strong terms
the adoption of the plank and. In doing
so, referred at length to the labor trou
bles In Colorado, saying that tho ac
ceptance of tho proposition would do
much to render Colorado safely Demo
cratic. Ho was replied to by Mr. McMahon of
Ohio, who said that while the adoption
of this plank might do much to secure
the labor vote and It probably would
have the effect of depriving the party
of having the support of tho employers.
The labor question was then tempo
rarily laid aside In order to listen to a
plea from Senator Tillman for a strong
plank In support of the principle of
white supremacy In the South. He de
nounced the plank on this subject In
tho platform submitted by Mr. Wil
liams and said: "If we are to have a
declaration at all let us have one that
means something and not a weak-kneed
namby-pamby, flimsy thing llko that In
the so-called Williams platform."
The committee then entered upon a
series of hearings of outsiders includ
ing representatives of the antl-lm-perlallst
league and the National Wo
men Suffrage association. The antl-Im-perlallsts
were represented by Ira D.
Howarth of the Chicago university.
They asked for the Insertion of the fol
wiiat iLnu-amperiansis want.
"Wo accept the great truths of the
declaration of Independence as princi
ples of Justice, limited to no time, place
or race of men. To hold a foreign peo
ple In subjugation Is unjust, undemo
cratic, un-American, subsersive of our
national Ideals and a menace to our
own rights and Institutions. The re
tention of the Philippines in a relation
of subjection to the United States is
wrong in principle and an unnecessary
burden and peril. We should treat the
Filipinos as we treated the Cubans. We
therefore demand an Immediate and
dellnlto pledge of speedy independence
(for these Islands and Insist that the
United States Government direct Its
host efforts to the earliest possible ful
fillment of such pledges."
The equal suffragists were represent
ed by Mrs. Prlscllla Hackstaff of New
York, Miss Kate M. Gordon of New Or
leans and Mrs. Louise M. Worth of St.
Louis. Thoy asked for a declaration in
favor of the recognition of their sex.
The committee was asked to consider
the question of a shipping plank by F.
S. Pendleton of New York, who spoke
in behalf of a plank he presented, which
Is a follows' "The Democratic party
the traditional friend of American
shipping pledges itself to tho rehabil
itation of the American merchantmen
through discriminating duties and ton
nage duties, tho policy of tho fathers
and of the great leaders of the Demo
cratic party, under which tho flag of the
United States filled the ports und was a
frequent sight upon the seas of the
world In all the years of Democratic
ascendancy, while Its dlsappearanco
and the deplorable decline of that once
great and powerful Interest has been
continuous under Republican adminis
tration." Equalizing Freight Rates.
Ex-Gov. Thomas of Colorado pre
sented a resolution for the equalization
of freight rates on cattle at the request
of the National Live Stock association,
and Mark Smith asked tho insertion of
a plank declaring against Joint state
hood for the territories of Arizona nad
New Mexico and Oklahoma and Indian
The full committee, at 9:-iC, adjourned
until 2 p. m. tomorrow, leaving the sub
committee in session. The sub-commlt-teo
adjourned at 12:40 a. m. until 9:30
a. m. tomorrow. The sub-committee
made very good progress and tentative
ly has agreed upon the preamble and
the tariff plank,
Williams Presents Draft.
The draft of a platform presented by
Mr. Williams of Mississippi was mado
the basis upon which tho committee
worked, ond the preamble was very
near his language. The tariff plank de
clares for a revision of the tariff and
gradual reduction on a wise and business-like
plan. The time of the com
mittee was largely devoted to the tariff
plank nnd there was a great deal of dis
cussion of tho phraseology.
Bryan Is Ignored.
Mr. Bryan offered a provision for re
affirmation of the Chicago and Kansas
City platforms, but definite considera
tion of the proposition was postponed,
although it "waa made plain that - It
would not be accepted. It was also evi
dent that Mr. Bryan will not receive
very much consideration, although he
made many suggestions and offered
many amendments, "but they were not
accepted. No feeling was shown, but
the sub-committee found other sugges
tions to take the place of those offered
by tho Nebraska member.
Three Different Platforms.
Three different platforms were pre
sented, one by Mr. Williams, ono by
Mr. Poe representing Mr. Gorman's
views, and one by Mr. Newlands of
Nevada. Suggestions from both tho
Williams and the Gorman drafts were
used and the Gorman declaration In
favor of reduction of expenditures was
adopted. It was also made, manifest
that the platform was to bo a con
servative document. It Is expected that
there will be quite a lively contest over
a gold plank If It Is offered, but the
money plank was not taken up at the
Dubois's Anti-Polygamy Plank.
Just before the committee adjourned
Senator Dubois offered an anti-polygamy
plank, but no action was taken.
Several members said that, after a few
changes, they believed that such a
plank would be acceptable.
Somo doubt Is expressed as to what
Mr. Bryan's attitude is to.be, as he
made no serious objections nor showed
any particular fight upon any action
that was taken. It Is believed that ho
will make a fight before the full com
mittee or on the floor of the convention
for amendments which ho has offered
and which were rejected.
NEW NATIONAL COMMITTEE,
Men Chosen to Direct the Campaign
for the Democratic
ST. LOUIS, July 6. The following Is
the new Democratic national committee
as far as chosen, there being no con
tests In a number of States, and dele
gations of others not having agreed on
Arkansas-r-Wllllam H. Martin.
California M. F. Tarpey.
Colorado John I- Mulllns.
Connecticut Homes S. Cummins.
Delaware Richard R Kenney.
Florida Jefferson B. Browne.
Georgia Clark Howell.
Idaho Simon P. Donnelly.
Illinois Roger C. Sullivan.
Indiana Thomas Taggart.
Iowa Charles A. Walsh.
Kansas John K. Atwood.
Kentucky Urey Woodson.
Louisiana N. C. Blanchard.
Maryland L. Victor Baughman.
Massachusetts William A. Stone.
Michigan Daniel J. Campau.
Minnesota I. T. Hudson.
Mississippi C. H. Williams.
Missouri William A. Rothwell.
Montana C. W. Hoffman. 0
Nebraska James Dahlman.
Nevada John H. Dennis.
Now Hampshire T. D. Morris.
New Jersey William B. Gourley.
New York Norman E. Mack.
North Carolina Josephus Daniels.
North Dakota H. D. Allert.
Ohio John R. McLean.
Pennsylvania James M. Guffey.
Rhode Island George M. Green.
South Carolina B. R. Tillman.
South Dakota E. S. Johnson.
Tennessee R. Mount Castle.
Texas R. M. Johnston.
Utah D. H. Peery.
Vermont B. B. Smalley.
West Virginia John T. McGraw.
Wisconsin H. T, Ryan.
Wyoming John E. Osborne.
Alaska Arthur H. Dadany.
Arizona B. M. Crawford.
District of Columbia James L. Mor
ris. Hawaii Palmer P. Woods.
Indian Territory R. L. Williams.
New Mexico H. B. Ferguson.
Oklahoma R. A. BIUup.
Mopped by Shots
From Turkish Fort-
Incident Which for a Time Threat
ened to Cause Friction Between
Russia and Turkey.
CONSTANTINOPLE, July 6. It
transpires that the Russian volunteer
fleet steamer St. Petersburg, which
passed through the Bosphoruo from the
Black sea this morning, In company
with tho Sevastopol, tho latter flying
tho red cross and her hull painted
white, was stopped In the Bosphorus
by blank shots from the Turkish forts,
fired without previous warning. The
Incident threatened to cause friction,
but, after a delay of several hours, in
which explanations were exchanged be
tween the Russian Embassador and the
Porte, the vessel was allowed to pro
ceed, Vladivostok being her declared
Jota Sharp Williaip
Temporary Chairman Diml 85$;.
cratic Convention Arrainnl fefc
the Republicans. K&S
Devotes Huch Attention to the Spaa 1
j- 5 Has 1
. of Elihu Root at Chi- 3j JtS;
St. LOUIS, July 6. John Sharp W
llam3, temporary chairman of the Dei Ss
ocratlc convention, In his openli .V
speech severly arralnged the recent
Republican convention aa having bee'tb
prearranged in all of Its details. jK
devoted much attention to the speWpgjK
of Ellhu Root, temporary chairman oJtfe
the Republican convention, declaring- ,
that It dealt much in ancient hlstorcat
and a great deal of It bad history. HjiftSfg
referred to other speeches by Mr. Roo&pjiri
and President Roosevelt in sarcastii J,
vein. He spoke as follows: 'J,
This Is an appropriate place and tlm joo.c'
for a Democratic convention. Tho plac fUl .
Is St Louis, tho chief city of tho moal J. 01
populous State carved out of tho I.ouislam . '
territory acquired by tho father of Da Jirfi
mocracy Tho time is the centennial nnhl i
cersary celebration of the acquisition o (j(rtw
that territory a vast area contlguoui J
territory whose possession was necessarj &
for seli-defcnso ond which was fitted It ik&fi
cllmato and soil for home-making by thi is
sons and daughters of tho Republic th( jM"
anniversary of real and not pseudo ex"; ,irtI
pansion an oxpanslon of our population
our Industrial life and our freo Institutions (rfai
over uninhabited lands, or lands sparsAs ilftf1
settled by savages whose tribal Indcpend- fe ti
enco wo recognized by treating with them, tk
or settled on spots by white men casll)
and willingly assimilated; not a ao-callec "iff
oxpanslon by mere superimposed forco o; Jstl
our flag and our military authorities. 1 -Mts
Tho Democratic party afterward gath
ored the country to further expansion ol L&n
this real, free character in tho acquisition sjjci
of Florida, tho admission of Texas as a j fe
State and tho acquisition from Moxico of ji'ir
a magnificent far west fit to bo mada ves
States in tho Union and governed undep sihm
tho Constitution. 4
Always a Great Event. 4f&
Tho most important quadrennial event
in tho world 13 tho election by the Amerlj ul
can people of their Chief Executive. Be- a r
fore tho great election takes place, at lata
which all men are supposed to arrive at a! f r
choice by ways of honesty and intelligenc ;
would to God thev did at least two mln-
or elections of a different character araj
hold. There havo always been two great 3h
parties, which since tho first national po Pr
Utlcal convention, have elected delegates)
to conventions for tho purpose of selecting 1
a candidate and promulgating a platform
One of these parties has gone through'
its party election of delegates, has seJl 'X1
locted a candldato and announced a plat Iji
iform. It was ono of tho quietest and' I
"most unanimous occasions" that thojP"
muso of history has over recorded. EvoryfJJj"5
thing seemed to havo been fixed bofore-'Jf.eB
hand. Thero aro somo conveniences about? "J-j
a convention of that sort. Ono of them la)
that the temporary chairman knows slxi P.j
or nJno months beforehand that ho Is co-A
Ing to bo tho temporary chairman. He)
also knows what ho is wanted to eayt
compared with what he wants to say. - tj Wj1
could appreciate that, I assure you. Thc-v
permanent chairman also knows what IsjJ
expected of him for half a year tiefore-jj
hand. Tho platform comes ready written- J"
no discussion about it and is perhaps re-
vised by the candidate himself, who haaj
also been agreed upon. v
Root's Speech Historical. .1
Tho address of tho temporary chalrmanS
of tho Republican National conventions
was in one sense historical. It dealt mucttW"
in history, nt any rate, most of it anclontfijP.SijJ
history, and a great deal of it bad history. fgl
There was a labored argument to provoMI"
that the party of Roosevelt must, by some-J
thing llko evolutionary process, act as thoT 6o
party of Lincoln and McKlnley This wasfc
necessary In order to disguise the pnlpabloi J
fact that It is not so acting. Not without!
reason, then, this labored argument by'T Jf'
this great and ingenious lawyer. It was
to draw away attention from Roosevelt-J
Ibhi and Its volcanic, eruptive and reck-J
less character by dwelling upon the facl4
that, at some period of history, tho Re I? .
publican party has been a "party whlctyjy
he fiisum 1
Why is it that the firstborn child is saffian
often the healthiest of a family of chil-gfT'
dren? The reason seems to suggest it3BJ
self. As child follows child the motheigSk
has less and less vitality; often noUPKTs
enough for herself and none, thereforeif I'fc
for her child. 'A?
Expectant mothers who use Doctte .ijeai
Pierce's Favorite Pre- flSu. Sv8,
scription find that it J. jK
keeps them in vigor- -j L'
ous health. They eat tSS v i jl -j fn
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When baby comes its aA ISMa 1
advent is practically 'vvijgl 1
painless, and the U j
mother is "made hap- jflm J f '
Ey by the birth of a . fiSy f,
ealthy child. If you E&jeT 'i
would be a healthy $2tf ri
mother of healthy ff
children use "Favor- Ui i I
ite Prescription." K M. fij
"I will be very glad to wi Kit i I k
oay a fevr words for Dr. b fsa j 1 HI
Pierce's Favorite Prescrip- S ftMwl I 3r
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Doujjiaa. of Monsonvjlle, Sw SM I 12
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hie the first four months, W Hl f Irl
when I looked fomard to y JRW i. '
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fcred very much from nau- 0r on
tea. and vousittnp, and I r f v r
felt so terribly sict I could Z"4sS"" 1
scarcely eat or drinlc any- JSJ3S3& ft iL i!f
thinr. I hated all idnds(g5j5Slrf A 5
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' wrote to Dr. Pierce, and be told tnc to set hii m
' Favorite Prescription ' and a bottle of ' Golden S
Medical Discovery-' I got a bottle of each, and I
when I had taken-them a. few daya, I felt much V M
better, and when I had taken hardly three part
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any one, and could do my work without any
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very thankful to Dr. Pierce for Ida medicine; a: V
nud I tell all who tell tnc they are sick, to gel t J,
theee medicines, or write to Dr. Pierce.'' . J
Those who suffer from chronic dis fjj t
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by letter, free. All correspondeuca ll $
strictly private. Address Dr. R. V. tj
Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y. . 'J
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets cure bil- i Jj
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