Ji , " THE SALT LAKE TRIBUNE, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 7, 1908. 17 'HI
I Cheats and hoaxes recalled 7
V BY NATIONAL GALLERY FORGERIES
fit 1 I i
I at ilLwiff I m sea - aws 1
Bljtt, 1008, by John Elfroth Wat-
NGTON, Juno 5. The present
KSrf10.!, ,U,e withdrawal of tlio two
Old Mill at St. Cloud" aiyl
'K ewPort," from the Smlthsonian'B
iKani.K?ll?ryi y William T. ICvans.
ittiHfe "V . 0 "as caused the arrest of
SJKi' Qealcr who sold these alleged
Kwt orks of tl,e latc Homer D.
IBfiJj ls numerous enterprises In
$K aX spurious art works and anti
.K . .l ha'6 bcen exposed by the
fiuSsiiir,an of our
a man- tried to sell tho
fcrPr"8 . bureau of American eth
tSi. bor'to collection of alleged
'tfflKflM'.f ?nd caskets said to have
'''' Mi ti,. .no 1635 lnrm 162 Michigan
yBlrDhi;. y h0,re a -iumbl of Oriental
amniexp al"C(1 bavins been
fl.pKuu? Pi1ye' y a ralxcd colony of
.KlaiS hen'claH and Assyrians
of tho human raco. In
sin p", i.0 ailchlean. Some
Print. ,n,ch,san- fountl that one
&n Mi5,ecir had Purchased fifty
K taefiffi 'B.fm u,ls 8ain3 forger.
Wto 8c"ni flabl613, bearl"S rudoly
DeluJ?S ro,n tho Biblical Htor3'
"nd a copper crown alleged
to have bcen found on a skull. These- pic
tures and the forger's Inevitable oriental
helroglyphlcs, always turned upside down,
at once called to ProfeKsor Kolsey's mind
a call which he received In 189S from a
I dilapidated man with two trunks and a
hugo box containing a few human bones
and a miscellaneous collection of clay
Idols, tablets, etc.. bearing similar scenes
from the "Deluge" and the same reversed
helroglyphlcs; also a large, coated Idol
of baked clay holding a tablet The mys
terious stranger, after showing certifi
cates signed by persons claiming to havo
soon these articles dug out of mounds In
Michigan, asked 51000 for tho . lot, and
being laughed at, came down to $100.
Being assured that they were spurious,
ho asked to bo allowed to leave thorn
temporarily but ho has never yet re
turned to .Qlaim them. The professor
also found In the trunks show tickets
and handbills advertising "The Finest
Collection of Prehistoric Relics Ever Ex
hibited in the United States." Upon ex
amination ho found tho same reversed
helroglyphlcs which had appeared upon a
lot of alleged antiquities said to have
boon excavated In Montcalm county,
Michigan, in 1890. and which he had in
vestigated at the time. Great excitement
reigned in that county when these "finds"
were announced and pooplo wero making
tho dirt fly In every direction over a wide
area Quo man dug so deep that a cave-
I IB i Mrv v an ordeal "which all women
R IJl iJnorrMSA child-birth. The thought of
11) Fulfil the suffering in store for her
BSr MMmmJK robs the expectant mother of
BE ?nt5cipations," and casts over her a shadow of gloom.
mEl wmen have found the use of Mother's Friend during
jllnnff y robs confinement of much pain and insures safely to life
flfctoi?" md ch,ld This liniment is a god-send to women at the
-'RSh S!6, Not onlV does Mother's Friend carry women safely
ittln,- perils of child-birth, but it gently prepares the system for
.. ' ga. '
In owallowod him up and anuffoa out his
Made by Sign Painter.
Among tho specimens exhibited wero
thirty caskets a fool to a yard long with
covers orjiamented with grotesque figures
in relief aricl the sides with tho Inverted
helroglyphlcs which, for tho saving qf
time, the forger had stamped on with a
die. Thcro were also some seventy-five
tablets with tho same characters, a few
crude vases and a small sphinx, all made
of- unbaked clay which would soon havo
melted If exposed to damp earth. A
syndicate of unsophisticated Mlchlgandors
wns formed to excavate and sell other
such prehistoric art works alleged to bo
hidden In tho tract but upon exposures
by Prof. Alfred Emerson of Lako Forest
college the stockholders pocketed their
losses and repudiated tho enterprise. Tho
chief promoter of the fraud was lator
found to bo one Seotflold, a sign painter
of Montcalm county, who haa for tho
past few years lived In Detroit. Profiting
by tho scientific exposures of his unbaked
clay figures, which could not havo with
stood long burial, he next baked tho clay,
as in tho caso of the speclmons brought
to Professor ICcIsoy, but more recently
I has been dealing In "prehistoric" copper
"relics" artlilcally corroded and offered
to collectors all over tho country.
Aging "Aztec Antiquities. "
An oven moro prollflo distributing cen
ter of this kind was exposed Bomo
time ago by Prof. W. TT. Holmes, chief
of tho bureau of ethnology, who refused
the Michigan "relics" and who, as cura
tor of our big national gallery, lias been
Intorested in tho weeding out of Its al
leged forged paintings. Those- Mexican
counterfeiters havo supplied museums
tho world over with "prehistoric" art
relics carved out of wood, stone and
metal. Ono. plying his trado In tho v.'il
ley of Mexico, supplies ancient Aztec
musical Instrument! wrought with amaz
ing cleverness from worin-oaton wood.
Other spurious relics turned out frjm
these- centers avo Aztec antiquities In
clay, mostly pottery, to whoso surfaces
havo boon added cast3 taken from other
specimens, or conventional designs moro
quickly applied with stamps. Tho coun
terfeiter, after finishing his ware, ages it
by burying It for awhllo In moist earth,
or bv washing It with a thin solution of
clay. Counterfeit Aztec vases sent ut
from San Juan Tcotlhueaoan, tho prin
cipal center of distribution, sell hi tha
City of Mexico for $15. One sent to tho
national museum way aliened to havo
ben found fifty-two felt ac-n by a man
digging a well; another waa alleged to
have been picked up In a cavern beneath
an Aztec pyramid.
Made $12 an Hour With Pincers.
Marvelous specimens of chipped flint
which havo been sold broadcast ovor the
country for a number of years, and some
of which found their way to tho Smith
sonian archaeologists, havo been moro
recently traced to a farm in Dnno coun
ty, Wisconsin, by A- E. Jenks of the bu
rear of ethnology. Ho caught the coun
terfeiter red-handed In his laboratory,
where ho was waxing rich t his trade.
Tho farm is occupied by a Norwegian
widow, with three daughters and three
fions, one of tho latter, .Lowls lOrlckson,
being tho manufacturer of tho spurious
flints knives, fish hooks, cleavers, spear
and arrowheads a thousand of which
had been sold for from 52 to $G apiece.
All were wrought from flint found in tho
.neighborhood, with a chipping instru
ment consisting of a pair of common
pincers with one jaw rounded and flat
tened. To give the stone an aged ap
pearance tho counterfeiter smeared tho
freshly-chipped surface with earth ap
plied with his thumb, and by thus plying
his trade ho earned sometimes $12 an
hour. In a few years ho cleared the
farm of its mortgage and then had built
a large now houso for tho family.
A comfortable living was made by an
other counterfeiter, who up to a few
years ago turned out spurious Indian
pipes at Flag Pond. Va., but he over
played his part and made them in de
signs requiring much higher art than
tho Indian ever developed. A Philadel
phia marblo yard was, until recently, a
distributing center for fake Indian u.xes,
and' Indiana had another from which
emanated various excellent slato carv
ings and ornaments, all spurious but sold
A monster, with tho head of a rhi
noceros, forefeet of an elephant, hind
feet of an alligator, a parrot s bonk and
lizard's tall, tho whole about a yard
long and boautlfully carved from smooth
stone, was offered to tho Smithsonian
some Umo ago by a Toxan. who alleged
that It waa a genuine antiquity. But tho
carver of this had also overplayed his
part, and It wns sent hack: the Indian
never having reached such perfection In
Teeth Betrayed "Ossified Woman,"
An alleged "ossified woman" was
brought to Washington some years ago
by a man who had paid $500 for It. lie
submitted It to several scientists of tho
Smithsonian for examination, among
them F. A. Laicas, iho well-known anato-
Amorican Distributing Oouters of Bogus
Works of Art and Antiquity Michi
gan Plant-Producing Relics of LoBt
Asiatic Peoples Who Wandered to
America Mexican Plants Producing
Works of "Aztec Art."
mlat. The ossified lady's Jaw was
dropped, as In death, and her two front
teeth were exposed. As soon as Mr. Lu
cas had focused his , critical eye upon
these Incisors ho pronounced the speci
men a fraud. "They are both left
teeth," said he. The owner paled a Hi tie.
but was not satisfied. Tho scientists told
him that an absolute test could be made
by boring into the stony-hearted beauty
and tho owner agreed, provided that this
could be done without defacement. So
her ladyship was turned upon her face
and a drill applied to the crease under
her bent knee Tho drill was of tho
tubular sort, and when pulled out be
trayed a generous thlcknoss of cement,
below which was a button of tho lady's
skeleton, which proved to bo of gas pipe.
This lady came Into being at a cement
works In California, as investigation later
proved. Her owner had numerous testi
monials from physicians, who had found
cutaneous scales upon the surface of hor
body. The spoclmen was the most per
fect mold of a human body over seen in
Washington. There was not a scam to
bo found upon any part of tho surface
which exactly reproduced the contour of
tho skin. Dr. Frank Baker, of the Smith
sonian, who examined It. tells me that
it was probably molded from the corpse
of a beautifully-formed girl, evidently a
mulatto. The scales found upon the sur
faco by tho certifying physicians might
havo been transferred from iljc skin of
tho original when tho cast was made.
The San Diego Giant.
Tho mummy of the "tallest human
giant who over lived" was being barked
by a side-showman at the Atlantic ex
position while., a number of these Smith
sonian scientists were there. They asked
permission to examine It and when con
sent was given applied their tapes and
found that It measured eight feet four
Inches from crown lo heel.
Tho giant had been found In a cavo
near San Diego. Cal., by a parly of pros
pectors, according lo the exhibitor. Ovor i
lhe head wero tho remains of a leather
hood which appeared to have been part
of a shroud. Worn teeth were visible j
In tho mouth and the outlines of the !
ribs wero plainly seen through tho skin. I
Tho elongated, emaciated body stood
erect In a great, narrow cofiln. ten feet
long. Tho exhibitor agreed to sell it
for $500 to the Smithsonian, which dis
patched Mr. Lucas to 'the scene. Ilo,
Prof. W. J. Mc'Oee, and others made a
careful tost. A piece of lhe giant's dried
skin was removed and when tested In
the chemical laboratory of the Smlfbson-
Ian was found to bo gelatine. Professor I
McCee Is shown on tho loft of tho giant,
gwss sags- roofing!
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DEPARTMENT 43 tOS ANGELES, CAL.
Jn tho accompanying picture, and the ex
hibitor who was perfectly Innocent of
the fraud, Is shown on Its right.
The "Cardiff Giant,"
New York Statu was in commotion in
tho autumn or 'C9 over tho discovory of
a petrified giant. lOi feet tall, upon the
farm of ono Newell, near Cardiff, Onon
daga couyty. Newell stated that he un
covered the monster while digging a well.
A tent was promptly placed over the
pit and an admission fee charged. Peo
ple swarmed about tho scene and fought
for admission to the lent, within which
they saw lying llvo feet below the sur
face an enormous ilgure with massivo
features, its llrnbs contracted as if In
agony. Its color indicated that it had
laid long In tho earth and ovor Its sur
face were miniature punctures, "like pores.
The appearance of great age was further
given by grooves on tho under side, ap
parently worn by water, which trickled
along tho rock upon which the giant lay.
A spirit of rovcrence onwrapped visitors
onco they were inside the tent. They
hardly spoko above a whisper. The good
country people found corroboration of
tho Biblical text. "There were giants In
those days." Tho admission fees soon
netted Newell $150,000 and a JoJnt-stevk
company was formed to exhibit tho giant
about the country. Among the leading
spirits In this enterprise was tho original
of Westcott's character, "David Ilarum,"
"Colonel" Wood, an eminent showman
was engaged to exploit the "Cardiff
Giant." as it was called and It was ex
hibited In New York City and in othor
centers. Barniim tried to purchase It
and finally had a copy made which ho
exhibited as the "Cardiff Giant." Prof.
.Joseph Hall, the Stale geologist, examined
tho original and gave a favorablo opinion)
but Professor Marsh of Yale pronounced
ll a fake. The more skeptical people
of the neighborhood watched Ncwell's
movements and he was detected in send
ing considerable sums to one Hull, his
hrothcr-ln-law In the West. At length'
Hull confessed that, he got his Inspiration
of the fraud while listening lo a revivalist
who insisted that "there were giants in
those days " A huge picco of gvpsum
was found by Hull near Fort Dodge. Iowa.
This he had transported to Chicago,
whero a German stone carver wrought
the giant. Its pores being mado with .1
leaden' mallet faced with steel needles.
After being stained with an aging prep
aration the giant wns transported to a
town In New York State, where Hull
hauled It lo Newell's farm at CardlV by
Newell sent his family on a trip cov
ering lhe time of the giant's arrival and
burial. Hull, who was a religious skep
tic, was uudaunled by tho exposure and
felt that he had gotten even with tho
revivalist who preached the giant doc
trine. Even after Ids confession, the Ren.
Alexander McWhorter and Professor
White, both of Yale, continued to believe
in the giant's antiquity, the former an
nouncing that it was a Pheniclan Idol
upon which he had found an Important
Inscription. Ono of thoso who from the
first, branded tho giant as a hoax was
Andrew D. While, president of Cornell. '
Colorado "Petrified Missing Link."
Shortly afterward .a petrified "missing
link" was alleged to have been dug up
in Colorado. It had a tail and ape-like
legs and feel. Professor Marsh went to
see It, and It was discovered lo be the
work of tho same Hull, promoter of tho ' t II 1
Cardiff giant hoax. The present sped- J :
men was of clay, baked In a furnace and 1 L JH
containing human bones. This ho had jH
burled and "discovered" in Colorado. ( ! TH
Another petrified man was alleged to 2
havo been found In tho" Pino river region ' ; 'H
of Michigan in 187(5, by one William Rud- $' M
dock of St. Clair county, that state. , 'fj S
This was found to be of cement. It waa 1 T l
an echo of the Cardiff Glunt, as was an- 1 ,1
othor "petrified man" alleged to have ' t
been found near Bathurst, Australia, and i,i $
taken to Sydney, whero It wus exhibited I, fl
D?. Koch's Sea Serporlt. 1 . 9
A sea-serpent 11-1 feet long, called tho 1 , -jjH
"hydrarches or "soa king," was cx- 1 4 'M
hlbltcd In skeleton form on Broadway. 'It.!
Now York, by Dr. Albert C. Koch in il a
1S45. Great excitement prevailed at tho ijijjj
Umo and it was accepted as genuine tin- '4 ,1 H
til Professor Wyman carefully examined B
It and disclosed that It was made up of , If V. H
the vertebrae of several zeuglodons u I
strung together. After the exposure Dr. I f! H
Koch sold It to the Dresden museum.
JOHN ELFRETil WATKINS. j
THE DUKELET. I W ,
From the Chicago Record -Herald. ,
"Who s..-e these people on the shore?" ; '
implored tho duke's fair bride. . .
"My creditors, my creditors," tho lltUa 4 I 1
duko replied. 1 j
"What makes you look so sad, so sad?" j j,
implored Iho duke's fair bride. y
"I'm dreadln' what I've got to face," tha if,"
little duko replied. 4jW ;
"For my tailor's there among 'em, and- Ir
he'll clamor for his pay; '
My hatter weighs two hundred and his ;
fist Is hard, they say; Kg 1
I wish your pa had settled things hefort f
we sailed away, .
For they'll all be Jumpln' on mo at tlia ' : 1' .
landln'l" : , ,
"What makes them have that hungry j
look?" Implored tho duko's young j' ,
bride. ;' Hi,
"Thcy'vo waited long, they've waited j
long," the little duke TCpllcd. ! , J ':
"What makes that tall' man shako his
fist?" Implored tho .duke's young 1 j
bride; ?! '
"He wants his cash, ho wants his cash,". I 'i
tho little duk.j replied. 4
"He's the man from whom I purchascdi j' j ,'
the engagement ring you wear. h
For I told him that your father was a I;
multimillionaire; ' ! I
He's as slrong. thpy say. as Samson wa.V ' ! 1
before he lost Ids hair . . t
And I'm dreadin' what'll happen when . r
we're landln'!" V i
"What makes the crowd lncrca?c so '
fast?" Implored tho duke's sweet U
"More creditors, more creditors," tho I i
trembling duke replied. j
"Why do they seem so rude, so rude?" t A '
Implored lhe duke's sweet bride: '.
"Because, alas, they are canaille," th ' ,Hf
trembling duko replied; I; W
"Your pa was cruel hard to make tho r 1
dot he gave so' small. Tfvi
If I should settle with them we'd havo If it 1
nothin' left at all; Ivfi
Address them from the, gangway try" to I .r-
stand 'em off till fall- -. m
Or they'll do things that may shock, us 'f!
at the landln'!" s ' , '
aid the pedagogue: "Since A minus B equals 4, and A divided by B ) I
also equals -who can tell 1110 tho values of A and B?" '
Answer lo Cat and Dog Puzr.lo in Thursday's Tribune. In the cat and j
dog puzzle, sho goes there and back, a distauco of 10'J J'cot, iu 5-1 jumps, but
as the dog goes n feet at a bound ho has to make 7 leaps each way, which. . . '
is the same as haing to lose S feet. Dividing tho cat's Hi .imups by S j K
nnd multiplying by o, shows that tho dog would bo beaten by ouo foot
lhrei inches. " Jj ii
Sq QfflLLSTHEEESMS i
,ad$ OF SCROFULA.
Oucof the unchangeable laws of nature is that "like shall beget like;'' . m ,
Parents who arc related by the ties of blood, or who have a consumptive ; f
tendenc', or other family blood taint are sure to transmit it to their chtldreu ,
in the form of Scrofula. Swollen glands, brittle bones, weak eyes, hip y , .
disease, pale, waxy complexions, sickly bodies, running sores and ulcers, ' j
etc., are the usual manifestations of the disease. Those who have inherited , .
ascrofulons tendency may succeed in holding it in check during young, jj
vigorous life, but after a spell of sickness, or when the system begins to '. P ,
weaken and lose its vitality from other causes the ravages of the trouble wilt .
become manifest and sometimes run into Consumption. S. S. S. goes down
into the circulation and forces out the scrofulous deposits, kills the .germs ' j
and completely cures the disease. It changes the quality ol the blood by j
removing all impurities and poisons, and supplying this vital fluid with : !
rich, health-sustaining qualities. S. S. S. is a purely vegetable medicine, ' '
and is especially adapted to systems which have been weakened and poorly ()
nourished by scrofulous blood. Literature on Scrofula and any medical j .
advice desired sent free to all who write. t
THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, GA. .
" 1 1
j Fortunes Are Being Made
i In Mew York Meal Estate I ; !' 1
i 13. V. Yoakum, head of the Rock Island and j J I
' Frisco railways, is expending over $25,000 on his J . m
j residence and grounds at Paimingdale, New York. I M
We have twelve lots adjoiniug this property,
j which we offer at $600 each; terms, $100 down and ' f
$10 per month'; or, if you prefer, $54.0 cash. Title j
; is insured by the TitLc Insurance company. I I
j The Pennsylvania-Long Island lines are being ! j r I
changed f rom steam to electric power and com- i '
i menced running electric trains to Hempstead last j , , j M
week. n ; -I
j Electric trains will soon be m operation to J ,
I Farmingdale, winch means tbat these lots will read- j . Jj -
ily sell for $1200 to $1500 each. f jl
How many lots do you. want ? ;.-l?4i4:fo- I J M
LANDERS & CO., '. I
261 BROABWAY, NSW YOKK. ' ' : 1
II i linn1"" 1 11 j!w4ijj.twv-.:v,'.'g.'r:iiff..T:f-jri !U
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