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B " 2 THE SALT LAKE TRIBUNE, MONDAY MORNING-, AUGUST 17, 1908- j
I il CLEAVE MAKES
H J Declares That Important Planks
Hi'! of Denver Platform Assail
Htj Business Interests.
Hf DENIES ANY HOSTILITY
TOWARD LABOR UNIONS
Bt Is Particularly Severe in His
Kj j I ' Criticism of the Guaranty
kj Fund Plank.
Hlfi I ST. LOUTS, Ahr. 1G. Jamos W. Van
HM H Cleavo. president of tho National As-
j sociniion of Manufacturers, today is-
Kf, ft suotl an answer to a recent reply" by
rjjll AViJliam J. Bryan to an article by Mr.
Kpj Van Cleave a few weeks npo which,
Bu Ij pointed out certain especial reasons
Kjf vvhy, according to Mr. Van Cleave, busi-
HtW j . ness men should voto against Mr. 13 ry-
Ki II an. Speaking today, he says Cor biisi
ness men that the injunction, tariff and
banking plankfl of the Denver platform
assail the interests of every man in
tho country who is engaged in any
R sort of trade.
QHij j Attacks Platform.
H" "The falsity of tho insinuation in
Rj f the Denver platform that labor unions
ftl aro outlawed.'-' Mr. "Van Cleave says,
I "is shown by the fact that their mem-
HQ; bcrs continue in their regular emplo3'-
HMi ! ment on every working day m the year
H'll in every town in the United States.
H I I Everv member of the Lincoln Typo-
m-if graphical union, at whose banquet ho
j j 1 1 was a guest on the evening bororo his
K-'if j, formal notification of nomination, could
l I have told Mr. Bryan that thore is not
i f f a vestige of truth in the pretense that
ft" any act of congress or any ruling of an'
federal court ever forbndc any labor
: union to organize, to ask such wages
. from employers as tho union saw fit to
K ask, or to make any terms of empIo3'-
E. ', t ment which would bo agreoable to both
H.'i f Ho then asks:
KT ij Asks Pointed Question.
H,' "Does not Mr. Bryan as a lawyer
Mni ' and a public man know that his plat-
Hfi. j form cliarges aro false?"
I L jj llo tells Mr. Drvan that tho National
R; IBM Association of Manufacturers, like the
BS'f'il courts, has ahvays recognized tho rights
U (I of tho unions to get any terms from
HWi ' i employers in which amicable agrec-
V.c . ' ment could be gained, but that the asso-
Brt !j ciation always opposed tho intimida-
Bv.'ji,1 tion and violence which, ho says, have
it K' sometimes been practiced by some of
Hti-'JrO tho unions. "Does lie personally favor
jj tho localization of the boycott?" Mr.
fv'li Van Cleavo asks, and he adds that tho
Wm j 1 countr- is interested in getting a plain,
B- ' . 1 direct answer from Air. Bryan on this
4' point, and in getting it just as quickly
;I as Tie can givo it."
Siv Speaking of tho guaranty fund which
B , j the Denver platform urges for flic pay-'
,.! ment of doposilors of insolvent national
Br jj or state banks, Mr. Van Cleave asks:
I Blow at Honost Banker.
MX' , ( "Docs not Mr. Bryan know that this
Mm vicious provision would penalize the
WmF Ij 1 ' honest and careful banker for tho benc-
B j fit of the banker who is dishonest and
Kp reckless ? Can he not sec that this
H' il schemo would remove all tho safeguards
B yj which our present laws have raised up
Bj H l against such plungers and grafters as
B- .j V have worked their wa into the control
KT, ( i of man.3 of our banks, that it would
fc"' immediately and immensely increase the
Hr j; number oi sucli bankers and that it
j would precipitate an era of oxtrava-
I gancd, wild speculation and corruption
K ' j i which would wreck our wholo financial
U . system? Is not Mr. Bryan awaro that
HK, liis wild m cat banking scheme of 1908
Ifi In would bring chaos and ruin to the coun-
Er 1 try even quicker and in larger measuro
H,' . fj than his silver debasement of tho cur-
B-;. , I'l reuc3r of 1S9G and 1000 would have
h brought ii?"
PRINCE TURNS LABORER
TO REDUCE OBESITY
! ? BERLIN, Aug. 16. Prince Eitel
Friederich, second son of the cmporor
1 has decided that hard work and piontj'
-t of it is the best euro for his threateu-
j ing obesity. At tho present moment lie
! j ! is sta3'ing at his summer residence, Tng-
j heim castle, near Charlottenburg,
:g li 'whore from morning to night ho en-
j I gages in the moat strenuous labor. He
j. applies himself with tho utmost assi-
It . j flmty to gardening, tree felling, cutting
j! ( hedges, sawing wood, carpentry and the
jf building of tho potting sheds,
jy ' When not working m tho grounds, he
': ' and tho princess set out for long rides
on horso back.
t Sometimes the3' drivo together in a
1 dog cart with a tandem team and pic-
i nic in the woods. The princess takes
i , her sketch book with her, and as she
3 is a trained artist, she has made quite
r a collection of landscapes of her own
1 1 work.
; , ' Life at tho castlo is on tho whole,
t very simple. There aro no superfluous
! I lackies in attendance and the house-
! ' hold is conducted moro in the manner
. ( of a villa than like that of a prince of
j t the blood.
rh' MUTINOUS CHINESE
" f JOIN SAVAGE TRIBE
l HONG KON'G, Aug. 16. Tho soldiers
r P Btationod at Konphau. near Wuchow, who
I mutinied last Tuesday and killed their
, f ,' commander becnuse il comrade had been
r ' arrested for cnrnblln?, have Joined th!
". U ' Yuus, a rebellious tribe of aborigines,
I? it fierce and warlike, living In the aouthwost
l nj portion of the province of Kwangtting.
: J u l Their home Is In a region of Inaccessible
mountalnw and they havo never been aub-
t - Jotted to governmental control.
' i Admiral LI hns arrived here In his flag-
? 11 ( whip, accompanied by Kunboats. torpedo
i boats and launches. Troops have also
in. J been summoned and the country Is In a
( J i turmoil.
l8" The mutineers are 1000 In number and
7 m rj l after murdering their commander pillaged
I ' J .ihe'vllage, securing 3100,000 In money, and
U - withdrow to tho Talking mountains.
Hi j; - .-'acc'essoS to murder
Hl CHICAGO, Aug. 1C Stephen C. Sum-
jbBb-' ner huelne?s agent of th Milk Wagon
JfvM ' Drivers" union, was held today, with two
jbHbw 1 "ther union ' officials, ar nn accossorv to
BraB !' 1,10 attempt ed munlf-r of Wirt R. Stc'yer.
BraYf n mk deulor. Stcyur was shot, probably
BAB fatally. In a barn In tho rear of his homo.
Buff The shooting Is bolltjvcd to havo been
jVf?S i ( caused by Stcycr's refusal to rejoin a
Br) milk drivers' union.
Dick, Slim, Tom and
Dave Have Vacation
Old Dick and Slim nnd Tom and Dave
havo had a vacation not a vacation in
box stalls, where they could be chewed
up b- pesky flies and suffocntod'by tho
heat," but in tho woods and fields, where
they could splash about, in rippling
brooks, where tho grass is tender and
sweet, and where there arc only laugh
tor and joy for those who go there.
Dick and Slim and Tom and Davo arc
old patrol wagon horses that have
pounded tho hard streets for four or
five years in answering burglar alarms,
murder calls or other cmergenc3' calls
to places whero people wero injured or
Thoy were in service both clay nnd
night," somo times, and nobody seemed
to think that tho faithful old horses
were deserving of a vacation until re
contlv hard work began to tell upon
theniT Then Chiof oi Polico Pitt hu-mancl3-
ordered them taken to the green
pastures near Bountiful, the garden spot
of Utah, whero they had all tho joy of
a well-earned vacation, just liko people;
whore tho3' romped with children, wal
lowed in the creek, if tho'ftvished to,
and "ato their heads off ""on tho good
things that ai3 horso would enjoy.
For fort3'-two da3's they en.m'cd this,
coming back Saturday from their vaca
tion. Tho rest nnd fresh air worked a
change and they returned sleek and
spirited and full of a now vigor.
Dick and Slim and Tom and Davo are
ten or twelve yrara old, and it is doubt
ful if tho3' over saw the woods beforo,
at h'list not for thai long at a time. For
many j'ears Tom and another horse drew
the covered patrol wagon, ihon another
wagon, an open one, was put on for
night uso, aud another team secured to
draw it, and tho coverod or closed wag
on was used only in tho day time, di
viding Tom and his mnto's labors.
Man3r horses came and went in tho
former's time, but old Tom. as tough
as hickory, withstood tho hardships and
put his running mates upon the shelf.
But the patrolmen sa3' the little gra3'
team that hauls tho open wagon and its
flotsam and jetsam at night is not onh'
tho most valuable, but the most roliablo
the city ever owned. They havo seen
throe or four yearB ' service without a
vacation, while old Tom has. been on
five or six 3'ears.
Denny Sullivan, the big patrol driver,
with his characteristic Irish wit, has
named tho wiry gra3's Dick and Slim, or
Slocp3- and Poko3', in ridicule of Lieu
tenant Dick Shannon and Detective. Har
old Wilson. Tom's running mate ho has
refused to honor with a name because,
he sa3-s, "ho is not now-, and never was,
any good." Lieutenant Shannon and
Detective Wilson sa3" thero is no ac
counting for tho vagaries of an Irish
man or his wit.
Whilo the regular horses woro on
joying their vacation a small .but wirj
aiid spirited sorrel tenm belonging to
Bishop Sperry has been dragging the
hoavy patrol wagons both da3' aud night.
Today the old horses will bo rcshod,
their shoes having been torn off when
they were sent to tho country, and they
will begin the old Tontine of pounding
the hard streets with their cumbersome
burden, whilo the little sorrol team will
gladly return to the master's stables
SPRINGFIELD CITY IS '
AN ARMED CAMP
Continued from Page One.
Rev- D. P. Roberts, today, to arm them
selves and be prepared to defend their
homes In tho event of an outbreak hero
similar to that at Springfield.
"Arm yourselves and be men," ho said.
"li a raging mob surrounds your homo
protect your household; and when tho
man who would ruin your family and de
stroy your family steps across tlwj
threshold, let him step across the body
of a dead man."
He declared that America Is a coward
ly nation which, with power to defy the
world, refuses to grant protection to In
nocent nnd defenseless peoplo forty years
removed from slavery, because of their
Talks with the congregation Indicated
that the negroes fear an outbreak In Chi
cago and arc preparing for It. The chief
of polico, however, declares that tho
chance of a raco war here Is remote.
STABBING NOT OVER
KANKAKEE, 111.. Aug. lR. Coroner
O'Neill tomorrow will conllnuo Investiga
tion of the fatal stabbing of Earl Nelson
yesterday by a Chicago soldier, while on
his way to Springfield. At tho Incpicst
last night. Arson Arrcs and Elmer Osborn,
both witnesses of tho stabhlng, snld thnt
they boarded the baggage car of the troop
train with Nelson, Intending to ride to
Gllman, 111. According to Arrcs, one of
tho soldiers, without provocation, struck
Nelson In the back with a long knife or
an Instrument like a life, tho blade belni?
about fourteen Inchos long. Arres testi
fied that the soldier struck at him. but
also said that he Jumped off tho moving
train beforo the blow descended.
POPE GRANTS REQUEST
OF CARDINAL GIBBONS
ROME. Aug. 16,Cardlnal Gibbons left
hero today for Switzerland. Just before
leaving, he was Informed that tho pope
had granted his request nnd had appointed
the following ecclesiastics as domestic
prelates to tho pontiff, entitling them to
bo called "Monslgnor:"
Rev. T. S. Lee, rector of St. Mathews,
Washington, D. C.
Rev. Jamos F. Mackln, of St. Paul's,
Rev. George Devlne, of St. John's, Balti
more. Rev. William E. Starr, of Corpus Christ!,
A higher honor. It was announced, has
been reserved for the Right Rev. O. E.
Carrlgan, vicar-generul of Baltimore.
This was the fortieth anniversary of tho
consecration of Cardinal Gibbons as
SULTAN OF RECORD
NOW DEFEATS USURPER
TANGIER, Aug. 16. A wireless" dis
patch received from Abdul Aziz, the sul
tan of record, announcing the victory of
his troops over the troops under Mulnl
.llafld, the usurping sultnn. In an engage
ment which was fought recently during
the march toward Morocco City, states
that tho defeat of the enemy was com
plete. The losses of the adherents of
Mulal Hafld are estimated at H00 killed
and 500 wounded. An Immcnso amount of
booty was captured.
Abdul Aziz, at tho head of a column,
defeated tho Pehnma irtbe, who were
supporting Mulnl Hnfld, killing fifty of
the tribesmen and taking 200 prisoners.
Ken Stand by Railroads.
ST. PATjn. Aug. 10. Three hundred
railroad employees met In this city today
to organize an association fight legisla
tion hostllo to the railroad interests. The
men are of the opinion that by standing
by tho railroads In their fleht" tney will
bo benefitting themselves. It Is the In
tention to support only those candidates
In tho coming elections who are favorable
to the railroads nnd their employees.
Eight Thousand Men Out.
TERRE HAUTE. Ind.. Aug. 1(5. Re
ports from the bituminous coal flddB to
day Indicate that the number of striking
minors Is now about 8000 out of the 10,
000 of the districts. It Is feared tho strike
will bo a long one.
I WAR VESSEL OF THE FUTURE
WILL BE SMOKELESS, NOISELESS
Special to Tho Tribune.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16. The war ves
sel of the future will bo a swift, smoke
less, noiseless craft, lying low In tho
water, with every vulnerable part below
tho waterlhie. tho entire deck being given
over to tho work of tho puna. There will
be no smoke, because there will bo no
smokestacks. In tho night time thoro will
be nothing to betray the presenco of this
Invincible fighting demon to the enomy.
This prediction was made today by
Robert liny wood Fernnld. mechanical en
gineer, who has for several years been
connected with tho fuel Investigations of
tho United States geological survey.
Mr. Fcrnald believes that tho g;us en
gine, or internal combustion motor as It
Is called by engineers, will bo Installed
In naval vessels of tho United States
within the next few years.
"I expect to sco tho Unltod States
ahead of every other nation In this in
novation." eald Mr. Fcrnald. "Tho gas
engine, In my opinion, Is feasible on any
vessel because of Its economy over tho
steam engine, but It Is especially do
slrablo on tho fighting ship lor tho rea
son that It makes no smoke. Tho gas
Is generated In a producer which has no
chimney nnd needs none. Tho coal Is
turned directly Into gas which goca
straight to tho engine.
"The smoke nulsahce has boon a seri
ous problem to the navies of the world
for a numbor of years. In tho day time,
tho presence of an enemy's ship has boon
discovered miles away by tho smoke
from lis stacks, and In tho night tho
llames belching from tho tops of tho
Stacks have spoiled many a woll-lald plan
"Tho elimination of the smoko is suf
ficient to call for tho Installation of tho
gns engine, yot there are many other fea
tures in Its favor. The vossol would
have a froo deck for tho play of Its big
guns. There would bo no towering
stacks to puncture or destroy, thus per
haps crippling tho boat. Thon it would
bo unnecessary to carry as much coal, for
tho samo power can bo developed with
one-third less than the steam engine
uses. Tho gas producer and the gas en
gine would take up less room and weigh
less than the samo power Scotch bollor
and steam engine. If It wero necessary
It would be posslblo to carry more coal
which would give tho vessel a radius of
travel for greater than at present.
"Of course. I do not expect to seo
tho gas engine confined to tho use of the
navy- Tho fact that It shows such econ
omies will compel Its Installation In all
sorts of vessels. One of tho big Items
of expense to a modern ocean liner Is
its coal bill. These vessels will consume
10.000 tons of high-grade coal on a round
trip. With tho gas engine this could be
reduced to 0,000 or 7.000 tons, a saving
of several thousand dollars. Then what
a boon It would bo to tho citizens of
New York, Philadelphia, Boston and other
WILL GO TO FRANCE
TO STUDY ROAD PROBLEMS
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16. I-ogan Wal
ter Page, director of tho office of public
roads of the United States, department of
agriculture, commissioned by President
Roosovelt, Is on his way to Franco to
discuss with highway engineers of tho
world what the automobllo is doing to the
macadam thoroughfares and what should
bi, dono to counteract its destructive ef
fects. President Roosevelt summoned Director
Pago to tho White 1-Touso and conferred :
with him about 'this highway problem.
llo learned that an almost incalculable
amount of damago was being done, and
thon he Informed tho director that It was
his wish that tho United States bo
strongly represented at the coming inter
national road congress, which meets Oc
tober 11, and he asked for tho names
nf two other experts. Mr. Page named
Colonel Charles S. Bromwell, superinten
dents of buildings and grounds of the Dis
trict of Columbia, and Clifford Richard
son, an authority on bituminous road ma
terial. They were appointed and Mr Pago was
made chairman of the delegation.
UPON A NEW BASIS
NEW YORK. Aug. 16 Prof. Robert
Wood, of tho Johns Ilopklno university,
is designing a telescope on a new basis.
The telescope may be said to consist of a
flat, circular basin, filled with mercury,
. and set in motion by means of an elec
tric motor. By alternating tho speed of
the rotation tho focal length xt the in
strument can be varied at will, but Pro
fessor Wood says It Is Impossible now
to tell what diameters are attainable in
this wnv. The action of centrifugal force
makes the surface of the mercury assumo
tho form of a concave paraboloid which
brings tho rays of light to a focus In tho
same way as the concave silvered mirror
of a reflecting telescope. The difficulty
hitherto lias been in obtaining a rotation
of the disc without complicated mechanisms.
DESPERATE ATTEMPT TO
DERAIL FAST TRAIN
COLLINSV1LLE, III. Aug. 16. A. west
bound Vandalla passenger train, running
ffom Indianapolis to St. Louis at high
speed, was derailed at Canteen creek,
near here, today, when it struck a huge
pile of rails, evidently placed on tho
track by train wreckers. The engine was
damaged, but tho passengers oscaped unhurt.
POSSE PURSUES NEGRO
WITH INTENT TO LYMII
BATON ROUGE, La.. Aug. 16. Blood
hounds have been sent from here to Bur
ton, T-a., where a posse Is In pursuit of a
negro who attempted to criminally assault
a iL'-year-old white girl. If captured tho
negro will probably bo lynched.
Leper Makes Escape.
FALL RIVER. Mass.. Aug. 16. Wicn
officials of the local board of health went
today to the home of Mrs. Mary Costa,
who Is afflicted with leprosy, they found
that she had disappeared. Members of
the woman's (family said that, becoming
frightened because she knew sho was lo
be sent avuv, Mrs. Costa, went to Provi
dence. The authorities of Providence and
other cltl03 wero warned to bo on the
lookout for hor.
Another Eace War Feared.
JONESBORO. Ark., Aug. 16. Governor
Plndall has been asked to send troops to.
Truman, a small town near bore, to pro
tect employes of the Springfield Lumber
nnd Co-operative company and prevent
a clash between the races. Yesterday
twelve negroes were forced to lcavo at
the point of a pistol. '
Mute Boy Killed by Auto.
CINCINNATI", Aug. 1G. Tgnatz
Wandrach, -il 3ears old, a deaf mutqjjf
this city, was instantly killed by an
automobile driven by John 'Ryan, the
well known turfman, at St. Mary's
, cemetery, in Lewisburg, on tho out
skirts of Covington, Ky., tonigh:.
Cyclist Instantly Killed.
PATERSON, N. J.. Aug. 16. At the
Clifton cycle stadium today "Sonny"
Bridge. 23 years of age, a motor cyclist
and former lightweight pugilist, was
thrown from the motor cycle which he
was testing on the track and Instantly
Nearly Ready to Sail.
LEMANS, Aug. 16. Wilbur Wright, the
American aeroplanlst, has .been busy for
the past few days reconstructing tho
broken wing of his aeroplnne. which met
with an accident on Thursday. The
work Is now well advanced nnd probably
v.'lll bo completed tomorrow.
seaports to bavo all the vessels entering
equlppod with smokeless engines. In New
York harbor, a considerable percentage of
tho smoko comes from the river craft.
"Ono of t)o big steamship companies
of tho Great lakos Is about to take the
Initiative In this movement. Plans havo
boon made for a freighter that will- uso
a 2000-horsojowor gas engine. This com
pany Is not making the experiment be
cause of the smoko from the stacks of
Its vessels, but In ordor to demonstrate
tho economy of the gas engine over tho
steam engine. At present this concern Is
paying ?3 a ten for coal, and Its man
agers flgurn a considerable saving If tho
gns engine proves a success in marine
work. And I see no reason why it should
not. Already tho marine type of gas en
gine has been designed up to 2000-horsc-power.
Tho futuro will see much larger
Tho government, through the geological
survey, hns been experimenting with the
gas producer and gas engine for several
years and has demonstrated that this
typo of onglno In a stationary plant Is
capable of generating from twice to three
times ;us much power from a given
amount of coal as the steam engine. It
has also shown that the gas engine can
develop moro power from a low grade of
coal, such as the llgnlto of North Da
kota, than tho steam engine can with
tho samo weight of tho best bituminous
Tho purpose of tho government has not
been to develop tho gas engine, but to
lncrcnso tho efficiency In tho utilization
of tho coal supply of tho country, which
Is now being U9Cd at an enormous rate
Exports declare that If tho present ln
creaso In consumption keeps up, tho bet
ter part of tho coal will be gono be
fore tho close of the next century and
that tho nation will long beforo that feol
the effects of the waning supply. Tho
government Itself spends 10,000.000 year
ly for coal, and it was primarily to get
the best results from this expenditure
that the Investigations of the gaa pro
ducer and gas englno wero taken up.
Tho tests In the gaa producer at tho
government plant havo Bhown that many
fuels of such low grado ns to bo prac
tically valueless for steam furnace pur
poses. Including slack coal, bone coal and
lignite, may be economically converted
into producor gas and may thus gener
ate sufficient gas power to render them
of high commorcial valuo. In this way,
lignite beds underlying from 20.000,000 to
30,000,000 acres of public lands, hereto
fore supposed to havo little or no com
mercial valuo, are shown to have a largo
valuo for power development. This Is of
Importance to tho west, and makes pos
sible a great industrial development
Tho geological survey recently Issued a
bulletin on the "present status of tho pro
ducor gas engine."
AMERICANS ABROAD GET
GENTLE PARISIAN "CON"
At this hour there aro probably twenty
bands of "contldence" mon in Paris. They
aro made up of Americans, Canadians,
Australians, Englishmen. "Well dressed,
amiable, good' talkers, they haunt the
best hotels, the theaters, and tho Ameri
can bars. Usually they know tome ono
that you know, for thoy are well trav
eled and have seen tho world. Of course,
their methods vary. The "game" most
I popular at present was Invented about
liaocn years ago . by a thief known as
"Glass-Eye Alfred." He made over two
hundred thousand dollars out of it In ten
years or so; then he went to prison for a
! short term. He will be out this summer,
and though he is 72 years old, he will
And plenty of work In his curious trade.
This is "Glass-Eyo , Alfred's" trick,
says Vance Thompson' In tho August
You are a man of woalth and (being an
American) of innocence; in your hottl or
In a theater you. meet a chatty man from
hpme. While you are hobnobbing with
hun a third larron comes carelessly up
and Is Introduced. At dinner for of
courso you dine tho newcomer confesses
that ho Is a man of wealth; also his uncle
has lust died leaving him a fortune of
which a certain portion say $20,000 la
to bo distributed- to the poor. Doublcss.
too, ho will add that he Is on his way
to Rome in order to give somo of the
money to the pope. Need I tell you what
happens? I-Ic asks you to distribute part
of tho money In gifts lo the deserving
poor of your acquaintance. But ar you
a. man to be trusted? As a test of confi
dence you are asked to hand over a few
thousands to the chatty man from home,
who first mado your acquaintance.
Too slmpld, you say?
Too simple by far li you aro sitting In
a Broadway cafe, with tho noise of that
thundorous thoroughfare in vour cars
Tls a different thing in Paris. You
would bo wholly convinced of 'it could I
mention the names of some of tho men
who have fallen Into the trap. Ono vic
tim, who made no concoalmontv of tho
matter, was Mr. James Rice, of Colum
"n'nc it Tllc buccaneers got wm him
?o.0p0. hTs diamond ring, his watch and
chain. One of the swindlers was caught
and convicted. Usually the victim pre
fers to say nothing and pocket his lo.
Ihcro was a man Irom Soutli Africa who
lost $60,000 in this wicked game of Glass
Lye Alfred's devising.
Ho was a stranger and they took him
ALFRED HENRY LEWIS ON
"BLACK HAND" SYSTEM
The1 Black Hand owns Iron laws and
maintains Iron discipline. He who would
join must demonstrate his mottle. He
proves his hardihood by killing somo ono
whom the Black Hand points out perhaps
a member turned traitor, who has been
sentenced lo die. It no traitor be con
venient, aspirants are set fighting each
other with knives. Whatever the ordeal,
should ho who seeks Black Hand accept
ance betray slackness of stamina or
weakness of heart, he Is refused.
Doomed worthy, he Is sworn to fldelltv
on crossed knives. By his oath he iii
bound to keep silent, or bear falso -witness,
or fight the police, or kill a friend
even a lather or a brother at the behest
of the chiefs of the socletv. To fall Is to
invite death, says an article In the ugu3t
This Black Hand obligation is no Idle
pno; Its penalty of death has been often
Invoked. Scores have died bv the dagger
to be thrown Into the East river, or burled
In tho basements of tho buildings where
they fell. Theso who thus die are never
heard of, never traced.
The criminal money made bv the Black
l Hand Is divided Into threo shares, railed
variously "full allowance," "half allow
ance." and sala or "small slice." Tho en
tored. apprentice takes tho "small slico."
Advanced to the second grade, his share
Is the "half allowance." Upon becoming
a chief, he succeeds to tho "full allow
ance." Thero Is. a grand council; under
Its orders are subordinate groups. There
arc little chiefs and big chiefs. There Is
a treasurer; and, for thoso who are to die
a chaplain. For Ignorant recrulta, ln--structors
In stabbing artists In ussassl
natlon are provided. These virtuosos of
blood set up dummy figures, dono In
straw or leather, and direct practicing
raw ones where to bury the blade.
I Union Dental
$ 218 SOUTH MAIN. $
ij Honest Work. 8
8 EtoaiesS Prices.
j Painless Extraction of Tooth B
i or no pay. All Work Positively S?
l Guaranteed. X
O 'Phones, Bell H2f5-X; Ind. 1126. O
1 SECRET AND FRATERNAL l
SOCIETIES Of SALT LAKE
Fraternal Union of America.
Evergreen lodge, No. 51, hns now com-
fileted all the urrangement.8 for Its coin
rig anniversary celebration, to tako place
on Monday, August 21. at tho beautiful
hall In tho Odd Fellows' temple.
Tho celebration will bo a doublo ono In
as much as It is tho tenth anniversary
of the social lodge, and September 1
next will be tho anniversary of the found
ing of the Fraternal Union of America.
Tho two anniversaries will bo combined
Into ono grand celebration, to which all
members and friends aro most cordially
Invited. The elegant now banquet hall
recently fixed up at an enormous expense
will bo beautifully decorated and tables
set for 300 persons. Ice cream, cakes
and punch will bo served Immediately
after the elaborate programme already
arranged. All members attending the col
ebratlon will be presented with a protty
souvenir of the occasion.
Modern Woodmen of America.
The largest crowd of the season gath
ered at tho Excelsior camp hall last
Tuesday evening. There wero threo pp
pllcatlons for membership and all were
voted upon favorably. Neighbors Man
helm, Davis and McGuIre were selected
by the camp as deputies for the ensuing
torm. Such men aro apt to bring tho
camp to the front position In point of
members In a. very short time. Consul
D. McGuIre has boon chosen as state lec
turer and wo feel sure he will fill this
position creditably. Tho team boys aro
requested to sign up on Friday evening
If they intend to tako part In the Ini
tiation during the coming season. The
next meeting will bo held at 8:15 Tuesday
evening, at the IC of P. hall.
About forty of tho neighbors and friends
of Salt Iako Valley camp No. 3072, Royal
Neighbors of America, met at Neighbor
Trapes homo last Thursday evening and
had the tlmo of their lives. Neighbor
Trap had lights strung around the lawn
and a long tabic set and decorated with
ferns, palms and the colorn of the order.
After playing games and having a good
time generally all were lnvltod to tho ta
ble, whore a lovely spread was served.
Some valuable prizes wore given to the
winners of the different games. One of
tho main features of tho entertainment
was tho vocal music furnished by the dou
ble quartette. Next Thursday night Is
regular meeting night, when some Impor
tant business will come beforo the camp.
G. A. B.
George R. Maxwell W. R. C. will meat
In regular session "next Wednesday aft
ernoon at 2:30 o'clock at I. O. O. F.'
Maxwell post of the G. A- R. held Its
rogulur camp fire Saturday, with a good
attendance of members. Several new
members wero electod, and one Initiated.
A committee was appointed to co-operals
with committees from McKean post and
tho Women's Relief corps to entertain
tho delegates from tho coast states, who
are oxpectod to stop off In Salt Lako
August 25, on their way to tho National
encampment at Toledo, Ohio.
I-odgo Utah, No. GO, held Its regular
meeting on Tuesday evening, which, on
account of the hoavy storm, was only a
brief one. Committees' reports wore ac
cepted on various matters, and other easi
ness gone through.
The sewing cjub mot at the home of
Mrs. Olaf Nillson, 1914 South Fourth
East street, on August .5., and enjoyed
a most pleasant afternoon. Tho noxt
meeting of the club will bo at tho homo
of Mrs. Amapda P. Nielsen, 1990 South
Third East street.
Woodmen of the World.
Camp -IOC, Woodmen of the World, met
in regular session last Thursday evening
with a fair attendance, and, after trans
acting routlno business, listened to somo
interesting remarks by different nolgh
bors. A committee was appolntod to ar
range for a big entertainment for the
second mooting night In September. The
committee Is a good one, and tho neigh
bors are looking forward to an cnjoyablo
Women of Woodcraft. '
Silver "Maple circle, No. 108, lighted ibj
camp firo last Friday night with Guardian
Neighbor Herrlck in charge of the wood.'
and a good attendance. Ten candidates
vero shown through tho mysteries of
Ogdn circle. Women .of Woodcraft, will
be at T-agobn on August 2G, nnd will wel
come all Salt Lako choppers to tholr camp
fire on that day.
Forestors of America,
Court Salt Lake No. 1 will meet In reg
ular session at Knights of Columbus hall,
21 West First South street. Reading of
laws and other important business will
come before tho court. All members aro
requested to bo In attendance. Thore will
also be an installation of some of the new
officers, and a good time will be had by
all who attend.
Salt Lake lodge No. 2 had a very large
attendance Friday night. Tho degree
team conferred the first degree on two
candidates in an oxcellont manor. Next
Friday night the second degree will bo
conferred with tho new work. All Odd
Degree of Honor.
Star of the Wost will havo no regular
mooting Thursday. Instead thoy will
give an entertalnmenrat tho homo of Mrs.
Myra Allen. 119 O street, at 2 o'clock. A
largo attendance Is expected.
Tho ladles of Banner hive. No. 11, L. O.
T. M.. wjll hold regular review. Instead
of going to tho lako as planned, Tues
day afternoon, August 15. at 2:30 o'clock.
Knights of Pythias.
Miriam Rebekah lodge will give a lawn
eoclal at the homo of Mrs. W. H. Leffert,
824 East Fourth South on Tuesday even
lng. August 13. Everyone .invited.
I WOULD HAVE CASES DEGDEB
-ON MERITS; NOT TEC51IMSCALIT5ES '
NEW YORK. August 16. Courts of ap- j
peal will no longer decide civil or crimi
nal litigations brought before them on
ipurely technical points, hut will base
tholr rulings on thejjiorlts of the case.
If the recommendations of the commit
tee of American Bar associations shall
The cornmltteo wi appointed by tho
association nt Its lait annual meeting to
draft proposed laws to prevent delay and
unnecessary cost In llt"vaAon. Its re
port will bo presented .at the next an
nual mooting, to bo held. In Seattle from
August 25 to 28.
It opens with a statement that tho
existing evil which seems most serious
to tho committee Is the disposition In
many Jurisdictions to dispose of appeals
or writs of errors, both In civil and
criminal cases, upon technical grounds
and not to decide them upon merits. In
tho Judgment of the committee, tho rule
for deciding appeals and writs of error
should not bo based on rcverslblo errors
committed by the court below, but upon
the merits as the case appears upon the
Continuing, tho report calls attention to
the fact thnt the tendency of tho courts
In common law cases Is to costrue ad
herence to strict legal rules as the right
of each parly, and to reverse If thero
has been any Infraction of these rules.
"This makcB the trial of a case u
game." declared the committee, "in which
the one wins who plays the most skil
fully, tho merits of tho controversy hav
ing no part."
The unrestricted rlplit to n writ of
error In criminal cases is characterized by
tho committee ns a flagrant abuse In Ju
The committee declares that the re
forms in civil procedure which It' recom
mends are not theoretical, but have been
tried and adopted In England to the satis
faction of tho bar and to tho benefit of
"So far as reform In criminal proced
ure Is concerned." says the report, "the
grievance of which we complain haa never
existed In England, but tho statutory pro
visions there are similar to thoso recom
mended by 'us."
Tho committee will submit tho draft
of an act to amend in the particulars con
cerning tho Judicial procedure of courts
of the United States.
A private safo may bo rented in the
Arc- and burglar-proof vnults of tho
Salt Lake Security and Trust companv,
32-3-i Main street. $3.50 per year.
BOSTON'S CRIME WAVE
IS PUZZLING POLICE
BOSTON, Aug. 16. Boston and western
Massachusetts Is undergoing a "crlmo
wave." Half a dozen murder mysteries
are still unsolved by the police.
The undeniable wave of crime Is credit
ed to tho fact thnt many foreigners aro
out of work and aro attempting to adopt
tho methods of European banditti.
Oostly Channel Opened.
SAULT STE. MARIS, Mich., Aug. 16.
The new West Nablsh channel, which
cost $1,000,000, was opened to traffic this
Sean tho Kindfou Hava Always Bought
BUSS1HGER MAY If
Dr. Wallace, Yictim of As
ant's Bullet, Is Dangerous
111 at Hospital
Dr. Thomas Wallace, horbaljt"
was shot by Frank Buaalnggr, pnji
of a rooming house, thrcs
bocauso of alleged Improper ttz&i
had made about tho wornaa froa.
Busslnger leaded tho property, u nrf
ly 111 at the Holy Cross hospIUl,ui
recovery Is becoming more doubtfcL j
Tho bullet from Busalnger't rm
shattered tho bono of tho left lex
In six or olght Inches of the t&ki
account of tho wounded man's jtu
tho broken pieces refuso to Wli
necrosis has set in. 'i
To stop this, Dr. W. R. CiMsr
county pnyslclan, who Is tha. itta
physician, will operato upon Dr.
lace today If thero 1b a favonN tiit
In his condition, to remove thi'id
Cortions of bone. If the victim fa
rlghten up considerably theijti
will be abandoned for tho llr Vi
Either way, Dr. Wallace's rhxii
rocovery appear slim, as it h in
If he can survive the anipuut!
leg, which lilcoly will oo hectsur
stop tho bone rot. If Jio Jives, H
probably will bo two Inch'-i tbtxW
account of the refusal of tin'ta
bono to knit properly.
In tho event of his death Buaisfs'
be liable to a charge of Ilrat-d'pefi
der At present he Is charged
counts, assault with a deadly va&i
assault with Intent to kill. Dj.1i1
in jail awaiting a hearing p4lr
velopments In his victim's cocdltll
having been unablo lo tabs
TWO INSTANTLY KILLED
IN AUTO ACCIDM
VIN'CENNES, Ind'., Aug. lS.-TVH
in his automobile this evening AloaH
Dowoll of Freelandsville lost costrtM
the car pitched over a high emlaaH
The 7-ycar-old daughter of Mr. taB
Gottlieb Ostcrhage and James HdH
17 years old, were caught under uB
and Instantly killed. Mrs. Ojuta
right arm was broken and she JM
Talks on InvestmejiB
Any form of Investment'iB
will not bear the closest sH
should be carefully aTI5jH
The security which this jH
pany offers its depositor! CflH
slats of first mortgages JS
proved and productive real
In thl3 city and vicinity, V
will bear tho fM
Bosides tho company's
certificate, yon hava
tlonal advantago, of boJdlMfBB
mortgage in your
freo from tax, yielding
net, and guaranteed by
Salt Lake-, jK
Security and Iw
No. 34 UP. INSTgH
You never can gJgfjjgSH
ly your Bight Is ?dS&&
ing of effective glasses aem gM
improvement for you. o S
U3 EhOW yOU. (alW
259 Main Street, Salt ww
Tcf phQT 31l!.
If ever there's war with Japan, victory o m
miliation depends upon our men behind tne 9
The success oi Merry Widow Chocolates is W
the man in the background the man who
put out a poor piece of candy.
McDonald's Salt Lato Cocoa couldn't bo' better. Other coco