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The Salt Lake tribune. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1890-current, March 06, 1910, Image 17

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jnishiiig the National Museum at Capital 1 By wauam Athenon Du puy i I
jbn of the great new national
ESildinp Washington will be
i ben to the public before tho
Ifprcsent week. This will mark
f the final steps in the com
Ej'thc greatest storehouse for
iforimitiou that, the nation has
fix. 3t will be followed rapidly,
and .by the end of the sum
fthing will be in place' iu the
it structure, the completion of
fk8 to the artist, the scientist,
Fan, the student of all manner
an era in American develop
'completion of this building
it. at last a suitable structure
(by this government for tho
Jsonie of its wealth of eollec
e building belongs to the pco
r.nation, as lo the collections
Id and all these people will
k to feel proud of their new
,t Us completion means in
lace, that the greatest natural
6Ucc iou in the world may bo
f shown to the public.... It
It there will, be exhibition
S'thnt collodion of historical
iii-h is to this country more
JlaVanytM' else that
passed together. It means fha
RTainonnt of space mav be had
.wlnis for a national gallery
"Jiich is already formed and is
iX inp.rcasinir as to promise a
Iwncd bv the government that
favorablv with those ol the
us of Europe. It means that
be space for all those special
that are important in ccr
of endeavor. ,
nfiide Is Complete,
building is roughly complete,
rooms are finished and but
flacing of the material which
their ten acres of floor space.
to is but the approach to .be
and the debris of the year?
cliou to bo cleared away,
is the massiug and the nr
of the vast stores of am
is work will require- the en
and summer and wheu the
nics it is expected that all
readiness". Then there will
praud opening to which all
iwill "be invited. The event
iscnt week will bo without
nd will consist merely of the
pen of one great hall to the
3vcut marks the first definite
ncnt in a campaign of" more
i century for the cst-ublish-adequatr
museum that would
th the dignity of this great
o actual construcliou of the
ts required six vears. It
L- IhaT congress appropriated
:or its building. The amount
100, a sufficient sum to erect
- that is adequate for tho
Is. Since that time tho work
ntslicd to tho utmost, but
s 'Jiave been experienced,
ugh a failure of stone con
deliver material on time.
Tho idea of the museum had its birth
in 1S-16. wheu the Smithsonian insti
tution canio into being. "When congress
incorporated that institution it defined
one of its objects as tho establishment
of a national museum and one as the
establishment of a national galley of
arts. Tt directed tho purchase of col
lections and the erection of Kiiituble
.buildings. Early expeditions through
out the domain had already collected
much material of scientific valuo and
this was being cared for at the patent
office. When tho Smithsonian bnild
iug was completed it became tho re-
stored away in some obscure navy yard
and lost forever to the givers. "As the
succession of cabinet officers iollows
Qne after another there comes a time
when the wall space is not sufficient
to accommodate all the heads tho de
partment has known. Naturally the
older ones arc displaced by more re
cent men. Those valuable old partraits
arc stored in attics for lack of other
place to put them. Such was the re
cent fate of a rare old paiuling of
Andrew Jncksou which hung in the
war department.
These are a few of tho sources that
have been adding to the national col
lections for a hundred years. Recent
ly there is a still greater influence, that
of largo donations. Mrs. Harriet Lauo
Johnston, a niece of President Buchan
an, iu lOOy bequeathed a &mnll but
excellent collection of paintings and
busts to thi! government, with the idea
of their going into a nationaj art gal
lery at some fuluro time. Sinec then
Charles L. Frier of Detroit has made
a deed of gift of a collection of 2000
pieces, containing, among other things,
the greatest collection of whistlers in
existence. This collection is still be
ing added to by the donor, who is giv
iug all his time to it, specializing now
iu tho art of the far east. but. the
government, does uot come into posses
sion of this until Mr. Frier's death.
William T. Evans of New Vrrk has
presented the government with fifty
American masterpieces, to which he is
consiaullv adding, but the pictures are
being cared for iu the Corcoran art
gallerv against the lime when the gov-
eminent has a place to hang them.
The tendency of American millionaires
to buy up whatever is worth while
abroad and bring it to this country
offers unlimited possibilities ou the
part of the government to eventually
get these collections if any inducements
aro offered. But so. from many
sources, aro the streams of treasures
of all sorts directed into the govern
ment treasure houses, inadequate as
they are.
t was this flood that induced con
gress to make the appropriation for
the present building, in which every
Ek Hi S
cipicnt of all this material and of mut
ter of a thousand different kinds from
as many different sonrees. The geologi
col survey, the fish commission, the bu
reau of ethnology, the biological sur
vey and other of the bureaus of the
government which were engaged in
scientific investigation delivered to the
Smithsonian institution vast stores of
Following the C'entennia) exposition
at Philadelphia in IS7G, the left over
material representing the industrial art?
and crafts was given lo I he govern
ment. The quarters in the Smithsonian
then became entirely inadequate and
congress was prevailed upon to erect
a museum building, wliicli was com
pleted in JSS1. and has been occupied
oyer since. Vears ago its space be
came inadequate for tho material owned
bv the government. This has been
stored in the attics of various depart-'
inenls. iu rented warehouses, in what
ever place offered itself. In the patent
office, for instance, the halls are today
piled to the ceiling with boxed, models
of patents, many of them of fascinat
ing interest. :ii tracing iu detail through
these actual models of inventions Use
development of such great industries
as railroading from the time of its in-,
Many Art Treasures.
The art features of tho accumulating
treasures of the government have been
no slower in developing. At. tho white
house, at t li - capitol, in all the de
partments, are great art treasures that
have come to the government in one
way and another. "When officers in the
navy, for instance, aro made presents
by foreign dignitaries or nations, these
must be turned over to the department
and may not be retained as the per
sonal property of the recipient. They
may bo seen only upon the written re
quest of the man to whom they are
givcu. They arc boxed and stored in
tho slate department and never sec the
light of day. When a battleship is
given the name of stale it is presented
with handsome silver services by the
commonwealth so honored. The life of
a battleship is less than a decade, it
is retired, dismantled and its trophies
i Mm";
individual in I lie country will have an
investment of something like 2o cents,
pa ill in taxes. A museum building re
quires so little iu tho way of interior
walls and partitions that $o,"00,000 will
build a mure ambitious structure of this
sort than any other, ft would have been
impossible lo build an oflico building
with anything like ton acres of floor
space for the same amount of "money.
The new building is located in the
Mall, directly in .frout of the Smith
sonian building, which it faces. It is a
massive and dignified irrauile struc
ture, four stones high, with a frontage
of 5Ui feet, a depth of 3G5 feet. Its
shorter axis is in lino with Tenth street,
through which it may bo reached from
Pennsylvania avenue, a .distance of
three blocks. The principal external
feature of tho building is a large,
square pavilion at the' middle of the
south side, terminating in four pedi
ments at some distance above the main
roofs. Inclosed by the- pavilion is a
rotunda eighty feet in diameter, with
four massivo ornamental piers, sur
mount cd by a. curved ceiling reaching
to a height of 127 feet. Tho exterior
structure of the rotunda will be carried
above the pediments of Hie pavilion
in I he shape of a circular granite wall,
capned by a simple rounded dome, with
a slate covering, attaining a height of
1G2 feet above the ground line. The
south pavilion . contains the main en
trance, sheltered by a portico supported
by heavy Corinthian columns, of which
I here are six in the front, row. Below
these arc the steps and platforms of tho
approaches from the driveway, all to
bo built of granite.
Aside from tho south pavilion the ex
terior of the building is practically
without ornamentation, aud the samo is
true of the iuterior. Well designed lines
and proportions ' have producod an air
of refinement most pleasing and effec
tive, which anv added features in the
way of embellishments could only serve
to depreciate. The purposo of tho
building is evident from tho outside.
The window openings predominate, be
ing everywhere much wider than the
intervening piers. The color tone is
very light. Tho grauite for tho ex
terior walls has come from three sources.
A pink or warm gray variety from
Medford, Mass., lias been used for the
basement; a ncarh' white stone from
Mount Air3 N. C.,for tho uppor storj',
aud a pure white granite from the ro
cently opened quarry at Bethel, Vt., for
tho main stories and t he pavilions. Such
parts of. tho roofs as can be seen from
tho outside aro covered with light green
slate, as is the dome, all harmonizing
with tho stone work.
In the ground plan the building has
a general rectangular outline, but funda
mentally it consists of threo maiu
wings joined to the south puvilion in
the shape of the letter T. This T is
supplemented by two scries of rooms,
which fill out its lower part, malting,
tho wholo building rectangular. They
inclose uncovered courts. The interior
width of tho halls in the main struc
ture is 111 feet, while the lesser halls
are fifty-four feet wide. Tho smaller
halls arc lighted entirely by windows,
but a different arrangement is ncccs
?ary for the larger halls. The lower
story, which cannot bo properly styled
a basement, as it rises several feet
above the street, is wholly covered by
the floor of the next or main story, and
tho middJo parts will require artificial
lighting. This condition will not, how
ever, prevent tho utilisation of all the
space in this story. - It will be given
up to machinery, alcoholic specimens
and large objects not requiring a spe
cially good light.
Tho main story, also prcscuts a con
tinuous fluor space, and in order to
completely light it the middle part of
each rviug, to the width of fifty feet,
is carried up through the second story
to a ceiling light underneath the roof
skylight. Tho sides of this story to
a depth of thirty-two feet arc lighted
from the windows, and at the outer ends
of the wings the distance is oven great
er. The lino of demarcation between
the two sections is set off by a row of
piers which kelp. to support the second
story. This open construction is the
main feature of tho wiugs and fur
nishes threo of tho largest and hand
somest halls for exhibition purposes
that wore ever built. Here amounts of
material may bo advantageously shown
iu the best of light and here hordes of
people can come lo see it without the
spa.'o becoming crowded.
By means of screens tho lateral sec
tions can bo partly cut off from tho
skylighted area and divided iuto do-
par linen" s so as to meet the varying
requirements of installation without do-
stroymg the architectural effect of the tl
hall as a whole. Tho height at the sides
is about tweuty-one feet and the ceil-
ing light is twice as high. The second
stot'y of tho main wings, as will be
unuerstood from the above description,
is smaller than the storv below bv just
the amount of the skylighting, "ft is
separated from the skylighted" area bv IH
walls, pierced at intervals bv large
doorlikc openings, from whiclt'a
of the maiu hall mav be obtained Thi--
floor derives all its light from windows
aud is excellentlv equipped as an ox-
hibition hall. The third storv tern-
spends to the second iu si&o ,-in I
lightings aud"t.he distribution of linn-
space. Here will be loealed the labors
torics and tho administrative office, of fl
the museum. ! the attics and v. in.rs IH
arc additional storage spaces.
Absolutely .Tire" Proof!
The building will, he entire!' firo
proof and will coutaiu every uunlerj
convenience that is deemed essential or
museum purposes. A monumental stair
case has .been omitted ou account of. l!e
space it would occupy, but then ar
out of tho way stairways at difi. rent
points amb elevators at the eutrances. IH
Altogether it is one of the grr.itsl IH
storehouses for treasure that a- cer
built. Here is to be brought ab IVr
material that, a century has uccnnu- IH
latcd. "No man knows '.just -.hit tV
government owns in this line, frilabi IH
it is that there arc great tnaur s lH
stored away, the ideutity o.f which h r e jH
been forgotten. There" a r records n? IH
the receipt of rare masterpieces, th dts IH
position of which is a mystery, Thie jH
will probably be discovered- whnn the
vast boxes are unpacked and it is al.-o
likely that other treasures will be. found
relative to which there is no record
So extensive are. tho stored materials
that with the passing of generations and
of administrations all idea of the ex
tent of tho collections is lost and ill
be revealed only when the boxes aro
opened, that these new halls mav he
filled. H
"Wliorc Paintings Arc Placed.
Tho plan is to turn over tho old build
ing to tho -arts, but uo portion of this
is so lighted as lo show paintings lo a
good advantage. Therefore it has been
decided that the main hall iu the new
building shall . bo given over iu part jH
lo tho exhibition of paintings. Some
of its spaces will be occupied bv sink
ing features of the natural history col
lection, as for instance, the t'amih'
grouns of peoples of all nations, done
in clay and with absolute fidelity to
life, themselves no mean thing in" art.
These exhibits arc now practically
ready and will make up the portion that jH
will first be shown lo the public. jH
Among tho first ambitious undertak
ings that faces the administration of
the museum will be the mounting and
arrangement of the Tvoosevclt Smithson
iau collectiou. which is now practically
all in, but unmounted. This also fux
iiishes a good example of tho manner
in which a inusoum continues to grow
and the constantly adding valuo and
cxtcnsivencss of it. Even without, these
ncw additious this is tho greatest natur
al history museum iu tho world.
Ld ventures ..oi a New CQngressman z I
Wwashlngton. "March T,, 1010.
Bill. Did you ever feci as
lu were sinking Into the bot
iMla of oblivion and that It was
Jetlon of a little timi when tlitre
but u. little bubble on the sur
Ha water to Indicate that you
joxlstfcii'' -SVcll. Bill. I've had
g. They say tliat every man
Kflfc has it at Mime sUigc of
H.' . It's awful! I can't Imagine
Rwqi3c Sea siclEnef.s Is bad;
Kness is worse, and stuge frilit
Bng, but this thing of being
by the constituents you haven't
positively tragic,
pwas ut my orsl f took Colo
fctoorc Into my confidence, and
"JkIio hauled me over the coals
Motion. He said that I had not
Ihed anything sinec 1 landed Ed
Ifi'the job as second assistant rId
Wfod testing room :f the burcsu
jlnduEtry In tho department of
Hfc. with a stipend of 730 per
iHe said ilmt if this inacllviiy
J;I would bo dead, buried, for
allorc my tarm was half over.
9KI cried, "wnat will 1 dnV"
ffcUihcd the bald spot on the top
itoa for a while and then said in
Ellve way,
.you any waterways in vour dis-
fng better than Cinnawiiison
fPPCd mc on the shoulder with
fny hand.
Pt the thirg. That will do. Put
leaking un appropriation of lialf
W Collars for the Improvemeiu cf
? BS,Mn t?rf?k' :juc 'J',,'- en" H a
lrLflt,ilh.0 C,xy$ -;oai' ri-'cr or
Jg of that rvid.
rpghed hcartilv. '
t?car sir." ho said, "if you asld
l0 glance, Stubborn, Nerv
w$ Disorders, Fits
kSt-tieat. 'mmeainlely to Uiw
Out - MaSrt,ai tlml '"an for 38
n a, Great servc Re
' ItheK Hcir,bed csPcclally for
it ItccK1: , s beneficial cf-
11 1 tine PhJ7mocliaLo an(1 ,ast-
it nyB,cmnB recommend
i "rft f11"1 dniggiata aoll It.
t Mi S "SUfSfoSS
for half a million dollars you won't get
over, possibly, ton thousand, and I'm not
in a position to guarantee oven that."
Well, as the result of this tnlk I in
troduced a bill-Into the house appropri
ating ?500.000 for tho deepening and im
proving ol the harbor of Loncaomevlllc.
I felt .a. little bit queer while J was do
ing It. but I simply had to Introduce
something In order lo save my fa.ee in
tho district. "When 1 thought of tho
crock that was about to win its way into
tho limelight of public attention I hardly
had the nerve to take my eyes from
tho ground. Bill, you know that crock
as well as T do, and J'H l)6t nil I'm
worth that it's tho shallowest and nar
rowest and crookedest creek In seven
teen counties. When the title of the bill
had been road some fellow from the
southwest, who never did llko mo, called
out in a lone of derlsloii:
"I move that the bill be referred to
the committee on useless expenditures."
Well, 'everybody laughed nt that, but
I'm so used to setting the merry ha-ha
that I didn't mind it a bit. Why. Bill,
since I came down bore I've gotten
blaek and blue from the way tho fel
lows use their hammers on me. The
llrst time I over walked down one of
the Washington streets I noticed a num
ber of little enrdfe stuck in the doors
They read: "Please Knock." Of course,
they meant that the bells were out of
order, but sonic of these resident Wash
ingtonians seem to take It as a com
mand to hammer every stranger that
comes within the gates of the district,
and I'll bet that I've been the chief vle
tlme In fact, I don't think that any
body In history, with the possible excep
tion of the lamented Job, was ever
knocked so hard as I have been.
Anyhow, I had my bill referred to the
committee on rivers and harbors. I at
tended meeting after meeting of the com
mittee, but was no.t able to get them
to muke a. report on my bill. Every
time T mentioned It they laughed. One
day Col. Bob Moore came to me and
said that what I needed was some ex
pert to appear before that committee
tradition, the founder of the church at
"Rome. Peters in every laud of the
westorn world have been making his
tory. Like the name's first boater,
some of the greatest of them have
founded or led some great political, in
tellectual or religious organization.
Two of these last named Peters wore
among the most picturesque characters
of the myth and romance tilled middle
ages, and both of them helped bring
about the so-called revival of learning
which led the world to greater knowl
edge and activity. Peter the Hermit
was tho first preacher of tho Crusades,
which brought Europe in touch with
the east and all her learning; Peter
Abelard was ono of the first of the
groat school men, whose lectures at
tracted such crowds of students that the
old cathedral and abbey schools whore
thev studied expanded into tho great
mediaeval universities.
Peter tho Hermit was born iu the
year 1050 in Picardy, Prance, at a lime
when Europe was beginning to be
stirred with stories of cruelty and suf
fering inflicted by the Mohammedans
on European pilgrims to the Holy
Land, and he was sent by tho pope to
preach a crusade throughout northern
and central Prance. Carrying a cruci
fix in his hand, and dressod alwaj's in
tho long robe, rope girdlo and coarso
cloak that marked tho hermit, he trav
eled about ou a mule. In tho market
places and pulpits, under wayside
trees or in fields, Peter slopped lo
preach, lo urge maukiud to follow him
lo Palestine. And his simple olorpiouce
so worked upon his hearers that ho
soon had a .baud of some U0,000 mou
pledged to follow him,
In the year 0Dti tho vanguard of tho
"Say, Bill, I've really got to make good on this fizzle."
'V Peter, which means a. rock, is
; the name of many great founders r
j- Peter the Hermit, who preached r
- tho first crusade, and Peter Abo- !
-r Inrd, first of tho school men Tho
I- group of sixteenth century Peters !
'b who helped tho world to know
-I- itsolf What the uamc means iu -j--I
art. music, religion and letters. v
, j , . T
first crusade started out for the cast
under tho lead of Peter tho Hermit and
Walter the Penniless a strango, un
disciplined band of princos aud pau
pers, soldiors, bishops, priests, monks,
hermits, beggars. And although, be
cause of hunger aud exposure, sickness
and warfare, almost tho wholo ol"
Petor's faithful army perished miser
ably, thoy were the forerunners of all
the great crusades that went to Jeru
salem in the next two centuries.
Like the Hermit, Peter Abelard was
a native of Prance. He wus born near
Nantes in 1085, and was one of the
most famous and successful teachers
of his day. Although Abelard 's phil
osophy was advanced for his time, and
although he was one of the greatest
of the earlv school men, nowadays it
is because "of tho tragic story of his
lovo for the fair Ueloisc that he is
most remembered.
Several hundred yoars later there
lived a group of famous Peters who,
unwittingly, wore founders in the
truest sense of the word. Like Peter
tho Hermit, and some of the great
Peters of still later times, they helped
found man's wider lcnowlodge of tho
world, for thoy wore among the great
explorers and discoverers of tho six
teenth century.
One of them was Pedro dc "Valdivia,
who was born in Spain about 1500 and
who is famed as the conqueror of
Chile and founder of its metropolis,
Valparaiso. Pedro do Ursua, auothor
explorer, was also boru iu Spain at
about the samo time and like Val
divia, he went lo South Amorica.
Ursua spent and lost his life iu search
of El Dorado, tho fabulous city of gold
which was the object of so many wild
journeys and adventures.
Pedro do Alvarado. born in Spain in
I'ISfJ. companion of Cortoz in his con
quost of Mexico, aud Pedro Cabral,
born twenty-five j-enrs earlier iu Por
tugal, who discovered Brazil independ
ently, some two mouths after Vincent
Pinzou hud accomplished the same trick,
aro two other Peters who helped found
the modem world's knowledge of itself.'
In 16S2, when he was but 17 years
old, tho most famous of all famous Pe
ters of history, perhaps except, of
course, the apostle ascended the
throno of Pussia. This was Peler tho
Great. He, too. was a founder, not
only of the Russia of today, but of the
Russia of tomorrow, for by bringing
western civilization and ideas inlo a
land still dcop in mediaeval darkness,
he brought the spirit of unrest and de
sire for porsonal freedom which is oven
now being felt.
After traveling about Europe iu tho
guise of a ship's carpenter and black
smith, to sec how other nations did
and d?monstral' that public necessity
demanded thr improvement.
To prove his good faltb. Colonel Bob
introduced me to h number of operls.
I met them In a veil-known cafe on
Pennsylvania avenue. They were cer
tainly accomplished men. I don't know
how expert they were In tho matter of
rivers and harbors, but. Pill, I'll swear
that they were the best cxpertu on
whisky that L ever met.
They drank nil kinds of brands, and
thoy drank early and often. After that
session with the experts was over my
pocketbook looked . as If tho "CJ. O. P."
elephant had stepped on it.
The experts left mc with many pro
testations of love. None of them went
in the same direction, and I'll bet not a
single, fellow In the crowd could have
walked the chalk line. It reminded me
of the procession of Irish total abstainers
that took place In a little town out west.
An Englishman stood un the sidewalk
looking at the parade, and after It was
over be turned to u Hibernian friend and
".Mike. I had no idea that, there were
so many Irishmen in this town,"
"Och. shnre," returned alike. "That's
nothing." Then waving his hand in the
direction of the. pnmdors. he added
"Thim's only iho wans that don't drink.
You .ought to see ihn others."
"Well. In spile of the testimony of the
experts, the committee seemed deter
mined to hold up my bill. That only
served to arouse my dander. In fact, it
takes opposition to bring out my good
points. 1 hope this don't sound proud,
but It's -the truth. I'm like u kite, you
know. A. kilo always rise9 ugalnst the
wind and not with It. That's the way
it is with your Uncle John.
At the second meeting of tho commit
tee thev asked me for some statistics.
I begged for time, and, of course, con
sulted Colon.l Bob Moore. lie got no a
series of tables which proved that, while
there was not a dollar's worth of com
merce on the Clnnnminson creek at the
present time, the deplorable fact was due
entirely to the lamentable and noglected
Vfe-ll Trtmo I Its Origin aud the Famous Folk Who ;
JlLjJUr rirSt rSgllQC Have Borne It
IS1 cos and on this Petra
im 1 ,bu',dy clmrcb," are
SSL T?IC-h 11,0 na,nc Z tho
lite BaW was clianged lo
Las1 it1"' UlC'Lu
T3dFnS?ia Cflt favorilo and
ml?! Christianity it-
rlfp'V'b': us Pedros in
Pl A ln- Qcni' and Eng.
ISSVtI "oHou"; Per in
h J i,iQll(l 7 oca in Russia; as
J i Xi?. V' lrncc his namc
)BaaLf.t,,c CI,riBtm ora. And
according .to
things. Peler the Great returned to
his kingdom .to enact ro forms. He es
tablished schools, opened mines, built
roads aud canals, iutroduecd new coin
age aud reformed the calendar; found
ed St. Petersburg and seized Finland,
ports ou tho Black sea. tho Caspian
provinces and other territory. But this
was not enough. Ho himself made rules
for the dress aud behavior of his sub
jects, and saw to it that they wero
obeyed. It is said that he stationed
tailors and harbors at the gates of
Moscow to shave tho beards and cut off
tho skirts of thoso who had not com
plied with his decree that oriental robes
be abolished, and that all but the clergy
shave their beards or pa3' a tax on
Other Peters have established, or
helped lo establish, new movomcnts.
governments and Ideas. About a hun
dred years ago the brother of Kiug
John of Portugal became tho first em
peror, us Pedro T of Brazil. In 17-10,
iu this country, Peter Panouil, a Bos
ton merchant, founded Fancuil Hall,
called, becauso of the importance of
meetings held in it during tho revo
lutionary period, the Cradle of Liberty.
Another American, Peter Cooper, some
hundred years later, founded tho edu
cational institution known far aud wide
as Cooper Union. Peter Comcillo,
French comedian, was ono of tho first
to froo French language and thought
from tho traditional restrictions of
Crock and Latin in the seventeenth
century. Pierre Loti. modern French
novelist:, although perhaps, not the
founder of a school of writing, never
theless was tho first to write iu his own
peculiar style.
Besides those already nicnhuucd, ta-
policy which congress had pursued to
ward that noble .stream. Mo proved be
yond pet adventure that If the United
Stales government would only develop the
stream it would become the Clydo of the
southwest. I asked him afterwards
where he had obtained tho statistics. 3Io
said that thoy wero tho same set that he
had used In putting up an argument, for
the Panama canal. When J protested,
he laughed and said that If the figures
were good enough for the big ditch they
wero too all -fired good for my measly
little creek.
T tell you. Tiill. I'm up against it down
here. I'm like the Irishman, who said
that there was nothing but trouble in
this world. "It's bad news and doctors
bills all the time," he told a friend. "I
thought that I'd reached the end of It,
but here I've got a letter from my wife
telling mc that she had to go and get her
kimono cut ouL"
When the committee hold its seventh
meeting Ihey told nic'that 1 would havo
the privilege of milking a speech on my
bill at their next gathering, Colonel Bob
oore prepared the speech for inc. I
heard afterward from a man who has
been down here many years that It was
Colonel Knott's famous speech on Duluth.
It seems that Colonel Bob IWoorc took it
out of the Congressional Record and
adapted it to suit the exigencies of my
case. The members of the committee
laughed very heartily. 7n fact, they
laughed so much that It made mo sus
picious. I didn't know whether they were
laughing at my speech or laughing at me.
I tell you, Bill, you can never tell peo
ple, by surface indications. You can never
toll how many eggs a chicken has laid
by the strength and shrillness of Its
cackling- You must look into people as
well as at them. Those fellows" on the
committee wore tho most inattentive peo
ple I ever saw, and I've been told that
thero's no surer sign In the world of a
weak man than Inattention.
Finally. went before the committee
with mv fighting clothes on and Insisted
on 1aving a report on my bill. One of
the members from down cost said that
inous Peters have worked in all hinds
and callings. Peter Daniiauus, Italian
ecclesiastic, who effected valuable re
forms in tho eleventh century; Peter
Lombard, bishop of Paris in 1159, and
St. Peter Claver, who in 1610 was Bent
to Cartagena, Venezuela which, by tho
wnv, was founded some eighty years
before by Pedro Hcredia and there
lived his 'life as missionary among the
slaves, arc some of the famous men
of the name in tho church.
In art the name is represented by
Peter Perugino. most noted as Raph
ael's teacher; by Peter Paul Rubens,
tho brilliant Flemish pain tor of the
seventeenth century, and by . Peter
Rousseau, one of tho lcadors iu tho
school of French laudseapo painting
which he represents.
Peter Tsebaikovsky, uiuotoonth cen
tury Russian composer, holds up 'the
fnn'io of his name in music. Peter
Beaumarchais, who wrote tho famous
operas, "The Barber of Seville" and
''Tho Marriago of Figaro and Pctor
Borangcr," popular I3TIC poot both
French have added to tho glamour ol
tho namo in literature. Pedro tho
Cruel, kiu of Castile, and Podro, king
of Portugal, in tho fourteenth ceutury;
several Pedros who wore lungs of Ara
gon, and Peter, present king of Scrvia,
have helped the groat Russiau emperor
to uphold tho namo among rulers.
Piorrc Beauregard, Mexican and Civil
war general; Peter Vidal, the trouba
dour who went with Richard Coeur de
Lion to Cvprus iu 1100, and Peter Stuy
vesant, tho doughty Dutch governor,
who surrendered New Amstordam to
tho English in 1664, arc threo mou of
widely varying fame who stool like
rocks "for the causes thoy represented.
Tho fominino forms of the name bo
camo popular because tho first Potro
nclla was said lo havo been tho daugh
ter of SI. Peter himself. In Italy the
name is Potronilla and Peronetta; in
Krauee, Perot to, Petronelle. Potrine.
Pcrretta and Pierrette in Scotland and
Sweden, Petri un; in Germauy, Potrou- 1
the tlchtwads In my district didn't do-
serve any consideration. I asked him
what a "tightwad" was, and he answered
me by lolling me a story.
Mc said that there were two brothers
who were so menn that thoy cried every
time thoy spent a penny. On the surfacu
they pretended to be very liberal. At
Christmas time thoy made it a point to
glvo presents lo each other, .lohn. with
many protestations of affection, gave Joo
a $10 gold piece, and Joe. telling his jB
brother how much he loved him, gave.
John a .$10 gold piece. In this way that
single gold piece was used in the family
for more than twenty yoars.
1 said that stories were all right, but
that all the stories in the world wouldn't:
deepen the crock in my district. I said
wo wanted steam shovels that would
make the dirt fly, and that, in the namo
of my constituents and by the memory
of the great American eagle, I de
manded :l favorable report Tho chair
man laughed and said he had referred 'H
my bill to'ilr. Brown. I asked who Mr.
Brown was. and he said that Mr. Brown
was a committee of one who had been
appointed to make an investigation and flj
report on my bill.. Mr. Brown bobbed up HJ
at this point and said he had inadvert- flfl
entry lost the bill. At that everybody
laughed. Then another member made a
motion that, "In view of the lanicntablu .H
loss" of the Ciunaminson creek bill, the
committee be relieved of further con
sidcmtlon of the same. Tho motion was IH
carried with a hurrah and the committer
adjourned. JM
There Is no need of going into any fur
ther detalln. If yon have any hnagina
tlon you can appreciate my feelings.
P. S. Say, BUI. I've really got to make
good on this fizzle. As soon as vou read
this lotter see Jim Jermon and have him
put an announcement ln the Banner that ,IH
I am a candidate for speaker of the 'H
house of representatives. They will
never see It down here, and it may causo -M
a stir in the district, and if the stir only 'B
creates enough wind to blow my sails r '-M
may weather this awful dcathllko calm. TM
illo, Nello and Nil lei; in England, Pa- iM
trina, Pctronell and Pernal.
There is ono authenticated historic
instance of its use. Pteronella was the
uame of the sister of Eleanor of Aqui
taine, daughter of Count William of .1
Poitou, in tho twelfth century. 'M
(Copyright, 1010, by Frances Marshall.)'
Miss Marshall will be pleased -to an-
swer bj' mail all inquiries addressed -M
to her "concerning tho origin and his- iH
lory of first names. In addressing
Miss Marshall in caro of this paper,
please inclose a stamped and self-
addressed envelope for tho reply. jM
Who aro nervous, pale, weak aud fret
ful, can bo mado rosy, strong and
hearty by the uso of. Palmo Tablets.
They niako yon look and feel years
younger. Money back if not satis
factory. 50 cents. Book Free. Ad
dress The S. R. Foil Co., Cleveland, O.
F. J. Hill Drug Co., SO W. 2nd So. jH
Fingers Toughened by needlework jH
eoteb ovary eUitt and look hopelessly
lirty. Hand 8apolio removes not onl.7
Jho dirt, but also the loosened, injured
eutlclo and reatorcs the fingers to tbeU '
astural beauty

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