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The Salt Lake tribune. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1890-current, May 03, 1910, Image 1

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(rflLXXXI, NO. 19. . established apeh. i5. 1871. SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 3, 1910. wbathee today-show.,,. 16 PAGES TIVE CENTS. H
Tomorrow (Wednesday) is the last chance for you to get your name on the population schedules. If you have not been enumer- H
g ated send your name and address to Supervisor of Census, Room 506 Dooly Building, Bell Phone 5626, or to the Commercial Club H
1 a-Pacifie International
JR Position Delegation Is
Si Erected in Ogden.
w r
;uished Party From the
f? St Makes Brief Stop in'
8! the Junction .Cify.
fc -
'M-kJ' ra-v - TI,C Panama canal
Wljfi'jn 191. In that year there
lijjijeld in San Francisco tlio Pan-
kafc ific International exposition.
Vrt! commemorate the opening of
Usi test artificial waterway in the
if tlio world. Tlie rcasoa why
rejijj t international exposition will
lUtJ n the metropolis of tho Pacific
because San Francisco saj's it
Held there. And when San
ptrtyj ipcoplo say that they aro go
I& a thing the balance of tho
ijzjAfc California puts its shoulder
e lj5 jrhccl aud that settles it, for
:Vikl( COod as done. And this is
forfr (f Californians. People in tho
rat Mtatc do things.
the commercial organizations
jxftw.yrancisco passed resolutions in
iM'rf5no P,nn holding a world's
jTjclebratc tho completion of tho
jtojg? canal. Two years later, in
fy-Q,jJh Francisco gave formal no-ur-u-jtho
world of Tier intention to
rf'HiiWorld's fair in honor of the
Ftrslon of tho great waterway. In
l5if.t there might bo priority of
Jtn matter cstabli lied, Bcpro
IrtLK Julius Knhn of Snn Fran
' Jtlcd the question of 'priority
tratfc'Sp,c'nC congress a bill which
iri still01, an appropriation of five
JSlars by the government; of
as mm&. States to aid the project,
wtwiwus fitting that Philadelphia
vtSpbralo the birth of tlie na
nLlrChieago should celebrate the
iP0 'ne eontincnt of which
or gjaccnicr; that St. Louis should
t3Mbe Louisiana purchase; so
urtjitfbl and proper, dce.laro San
a dA!tjasr that San Francisco, tlio
W-t!w. 'of tho Pacific, tho city by
J il"n Gate, should celebrate the
Lis? tho world's greatest water-
-nSnr1illk thai win 'ed thc At"
4 mtfi tho Pacific, aud servo to
JM fjifioyoiid tbo dreams of avarice,
plgerco of tho Pacific coast aud
n tie KIdcn west.
Nr.lit&Blegation Starts East.
1ticBrranKd all thopreIiminnrii's
U,"550n A')riI 28 3!'0' fivo (l!,3's
upatflwo hours' time the citizens
forranciHco subscribed four mil
titsnts to insnro the success of
Iboritfi'fa proposed to be tho greatest
ii& 1,30 worl(1 has ever known.
'T'jJJp, it was decided to send a
n fflfiii' acro.ss the country to visit
idllw'Fna cities and proclaim what
ouk3 JCisco had decided to do and
stttofi! morning a spocial train of
i cooJ5ars left San Francisco over
'.fBern Pacific bound east Tho
.7Sfested of five cars, baggage,
' ; Jajf- sleopers and an observation
linen''?13 rain Avorc tllCSO gOIltlo-
rnrtffb?r8 o the Panama-Pacific
t'8- exposition delegation;
the rljlett, governor of California.
ScallyJJlcCarthy, ninyor of San Fran
ce w.EeP.2nt of Slin Francisco ami
,u to wJgllfornla BuIIiliiiK Trades coun-
astOX. Alelcnlf. vlt-n president of Iho
i bt'fflPnS' hanlc of Oakland, Cnl, for
occm'!jfM'y "f commoivo and labor
jliat Jjrly secrctarj' of tho navy.
nU fIe,whaw, jiiHtlco of the supremo
, firfReT nUlXQ 0 California,
tnlflf Leads Cnrstle, i'rcsldont of
ACtW-fecr of comniorcu of San Fran-
;ii a ftolph. Jr.. president of the mcr
pottI!SjK5.ango of Sun -Frnncisco.
A W'2v-tiCcr,blJ.1"' president of tho
a io5l!.uional bank of Sacramento.
f.151110"1 of the Earl IrrulL eom-
''Twrpcy, vlco president of the
titlonul banlf, FreKno, Cal.. and
president of the California
n -54 1'Twers1 association.
t&ii??1 9"l,am'' pic-HMcut of
f0ij;tliPPtc i0111".1 of Los AuKoles. Cal.
a ' ;JWi' JnrBle Proprietor of the
ront!5.iffJbune. Oakland, Cal.
all '.1?vans- N,lPa. Cal- prcoldcnt
'JfeufiieturcrK and Shippers :is-TTfA-JSt
apa anJ president of the
lVvV 031 eompany.
ilpi' .fchandoln.-ir. secretary of the
ttaud Manufacturers' asfocla
JfcA7!.Be''JK' Cal" and consul for
-Jrlands for coulhern California
J'Frlorllnndcr, Bccretary of tho
I1naTixc,!?ll? of Sa" Francisco
fll ji WR, nf tl,c exposition dclcga
j afld JJWhiiiBton
VcdFw,ok AUscn. editor of tha
iW',ra2lne and special rcprcscnlii
tio" c jt '-dopartment or publicity and
ilnfJ or tne exposition.
U Haeramonlo. Cal.. prhTite
nnrtB(P Governor Gilielt.
l'Pfjfr,?'ir offlctaI -stcnosrapher for
flClLnRlon. llm delegation will be
'prlno following:
Pi M5J5fe2S.u"5, pror,rlclor SHn i,'ran-l-P
. ..r. N'aryo, San Francisco capl
t. San Francisco,
rat. proprietor of tlio Snn
amluer and the I.os Aimc
Hammond. Son Francisco.
itoh. vice president of the
Hoeliitlon of Snn Fnmclsco.
will be made on the jour,
ucd on Pago Three.
Taft's Pet Measure Cannot Go
Through in Its Present Pro
posed Form.
Situation So Serious That Aid
rich Calls President on
Long Distance Phone.
WASHINGTON, May 2. President
Taft's railroad legislation will bo
emasculated. At tho closo of a pro
tracted conference of loading "regu
lar" "Republican senators tonight, it
was apparent tho revolt of thc senate
"insurgents" had been virtually suc
cessful and the scctionn of tlio bill
relative to traffic agreements and mer
gers which Senator (Jummins and other
insurgents have been fighting to amend
will bo abandonod.
Practically nothing distinctive of the
original bill will remain, save the sec
tions providing for the creation of a
court of commerce. Even that has had
a perilous time in the house, and uo
bodyi tonight is prepared to guarantee
it will be enacted. In fact, tho dif
ferences botweon tho senate and house
are so great that it would surpriso No
body if the entire bill should fail in
President Called Up.
So serious becamo the situation of
the bill lato today that President Taft
himself at Pittsburg was advised of
tho situation over tho telophone by
Senator Aldrich.
Despairing of putting tho bill
through tho senate as reported from
the committee on interstate commerce,
thc leaders in this conference tonight
decided to eliminate section 7, which
tho insurgents claim practical!y would
have repealed the Shorman anti-trust
law. permitting traffic agreements, and
ejection 12, which would havo legalized
mergers in cases where ono railroad
corporation owning already f)0 per cent
of another desired to control outright.
Upon the insurgents the administra
tion will endeavor to place thc respon
sibility for the failure- of tho Taft rail
road legislation. To Senator Aldrich
over the telephone 7lr, Taft is said
to have expressed himself emphatically
to this offecfc:
Eelieves Administration.
lie said he had initiated the pend
ing measure and had advocated it
throughout the country in tlio form in
which it was reported to tho senate,
and if a combination of insurgent Re
publicans and Democrats rendered it
impossible for the Republican majority
lo enact tho bill, he felt tho adminis
tration should be relievod of responsi
bility for its defeat. Ho rested the
entire in.it I or in tho hands of Senator
Aldrich and his Republican associates,
who wore then in conference.
In tlio cpnfereuce were Senators Al
drich, Flkins, Carter, Kean, Crane, Cur
tis, Root, Flint, Rrandcgee, Lodge, and
from time- to time other Republican
Although admittedly stopped from
passing the .bill in tho form in which
they wished, the administration sena
tors at ouco began tho formulation of
plana to tako away from tho insurgent
Republicans 1ho chance to claim a
clean-cut victory. They even wore an
air of jubilation tonight over the
prospect of putting the " insurgents"
to rout; on the pending Cummins
amendment to the traffic agreement
section, which will bo the first matter
voted upon when tho bill is again taken
up, perhaps tomorrow.
Test Not Final.
When the original Cummins amend
ment, to this section, introduced as a
substitute for the Elkins Crawford pro
vision, was voted upon Saturday, thc
administration senators won by a mar
gin of six votes. It was generally sup
posed this vote constituted a lost of
succeeding votes and that tho Elkius
Crawford amendment which its oppo
nents charged was a bold method of
repealiug tho Sherman anti-trust law
so far as its application to railroads
is concerned, would bo adopted. But
there wore so inaii3- absentees on Sat
urday that the result with tho full
membership present could not be fore
told. From messages received from some
of the absentees, it was evident tho
regular Republicans would meet with
a reversal on tho next vole-, for under
tho sonatu rules a vote easily could be
delayed until the arrival of thc ab
sent eos. After tho vote Saturdny, Sen
ator Cummins immcdiatelj' offored an
other amendment to accomplish tho
samo purpose as that which had jusl
been voted down.
An thc pending Ciimniings amend
ment is offered as a substitute for the
Klkins-Crawford provision, no motion
can sidetrack this provision; Li. must
be disposed of beforo any other slop
can bo takon. That is, the administra
tion senators believe they have thc
whip hand of their opponents. The
Republican leaders discovered thero
were certain members who preferred
the. Cummins to tho Klkins-Crawford
amendment, but wero opposed to the
entire traffic agreement section.
Machine Politics,
Thoso senators did not hesitate to
enlcr into .an agreement with tli2 regu
lar Republicans to vote against tho
Cummins provision in return for an
agreement to eliminate thc section al
together. If the administration senators are
Continued on Pago Two.
1 1
1 ...... 'V, ...... f
FlfilLf . PiiELD
Two Jm port an t. and Significant
Decisions of Supreme Court
of United States.
Lumber Dealers' Association
Disbanded; Oil Company
Ousted From Tennessee.
WASillN'OTON. May 2. Thc. hands or
the utates In tlielr fight against 'the
"trusts' were uphold "today by; tho. su
premo court of thc United Sta,tc:j with
telling effect.
Tho Association of Retail Lumber
Dealers in Mississippi and Iouisiana
waa disbanded by affirmation of tho de
cree of the supreme court of Mississippi ;
tlio StaJidard Oil company of Kentucky
was ousted from Tonuossoo by tho ap
proval of the decree of tlie supremo court
of Tennessee. Both, tho stale courtn had
held, violated the anti-trust act of thc
respective states.
Justice burton announced tho opinion
of tho court In thc Mississippi case, it
wa.M his first utterance from tho supremo
court bench on tho trust question.
Jle accepted th findings of the state
courts and considered only whether tho
statute was In conflict with the four
teenth amendment by abridging tho free
dom of contract.
Distinction Is Plain.
"That any one of tho persons engaged
in thc retail lumber business might have
mado a fixed ruin of conduct not to buy
his slock from a producer or whole
saler who should sell to the consumers
In competition with himself, is plaJn,"
said tho Justice. "No law which would
infringe his freedom of contract In that
particular would slum).
"But when the plaintiffs In error com
bine and agree that no one of tbeni will
trade with any producer or wholesaler
who shall sell to a eohsumor In the trade
range of any of them, Quito another case
is presented.
"An act harmless when done by any
ono may become a public wrong when
done by many acting In concert, for It
thou takes on the. form of conspiracy and
may be prohibited or punished If tho re
sult be hurtful to tho public or to the in
dividual rigalnst whom the concerted ac
tion is directed."
1CAXSAS C1.TV. Mo.. May 2, All de
mands of tho P,5,000 striking miners of
Missouri, Kansn-s, Oklahoma and Arkan
sas wero refused by tlio executive com
mittee of the Southwestern Coal Opera
tors' association at a Joint mooting with
a commlttoo of tho miners today. Tt was
announced after tho mooting that all
negotiations wero at nn end and that tho
striko would continue.
Wheeling Commissioned.
HKA.TTL-13. May 2. Tho gunboat
Wheeling went into commission at tho
Pugct sound navy yard today and will
sail for tho Atlantic coast via thn Suez
canal about May 15 under command of
Lieut. Commander K. W- IShcrle. Sho
will be used for naval reserve purposes.
The cruisers Milwaukee and St- Louis
have been placed out of commission.
Index to Today's 1 ribtine
Departments. Page
i Socioly a
Editorial G
J I'nllroads 7 ;-
-I- Alines 8
v Markets 9
1- Inlcrinountaiu 12
Domestic. I
-I- Taft railroad bill Avill be eniascu- $
v la ted 1
J Trares of cyanide found In Colonel -r
-r Swope's .stomach 1
I- Farmers may give Tnft some
! pointers 1 .j-
J. Doctrlno of states rights upheld
-'f by highest court I
5 Taft gives highest praiso to Sec-
4- rotary Knox 1 ,
i Convicted Banker Moss llgurcs In i-
IIcinKO case 2
i- Sonale passes bill for bureau of ;-
h mines 2 .;.
-r Story Is published thai. Teddy
J wants Taft to run again li !
I- Pu nama exposition In San Fran-
f cisco in 1910 1 4-
v ' Local. 4-
(manges In theatrical map 1R .T.
I- Last revision of Commercial club (
excursion approved 1R
-;- Demurrer filed In Hanson case 16 !
4- Only ono bid . mado on high school ;
bonds lij .j.
Last will ' of James McTomav
tiled '. ".16 -j.
George" Martin' commits .suicide.. . .16 a
City council- -.v. . :i .
A' Fourth. North strcpticar held up... 16
h Sporting. News. !
! Jeffries begins work.; 10
Kdward Payson Weston arrives in J
4- Now York 10 4.
4 Barney Oldflold arrives 10 !
Special to Tho Tribune.
BOSTON. M'ji-ss.. May 2. Tho March
output of tho I'tah Copper company, jvp
proxlmatoly 8.000,000 pounds, la stated to
luu'o been mado at a cost of 7JM cents
per pound operating, refining and selling
expenses of overy kind included. As it
matter of fuct. tho company earned more
per sharo on Its Block In March than In
any previous month, l-'rom its Utah oper
ations alono tho company earned approxi
mately $100,000, which 13 at the rate of
mora than $3 per sharo how being paid
in dividends. Including the -174 pc-r cent
of Nuvadu. Consolidated earnings owned
by Ihc Utah copper through Its Invest
ments in the shares of that compauv,
total net earnings In March woro at tlio
rate of over $1 por nhnro on the 1.510.100
shares of Utah copper stock now outstanding.
RISES AT 2:43 f
4- (Copyright, 1910. by Frederick
''c Cnmpbell.) .:.
J May 3 llalley's comet rises today A
J- 2;IR it. in.; tomorrow, 2:-l3 a m.
.J. Sun rises 4:r0. Speed today, about
a 1715 miles por minuter 4,
Thc time given in these bulletins 4-
in meridian standard lime. Whero
j that differs materially from locals
tlmo- and If local figures are pre-
ferrcd. niter by subtracting tho no- 4.
ccssary minutes for both sun and j-
comet. If cast of the meridian: or 4.
. by adding, if west of tho meridian. 4.
j- The tinio given In the bulletins, 4
f- however. Is thought to bo sufficient- v
4. ly serviceable everywhere. L
4- In tho mountaTn region, partlcu- ?
4- larly In Salt Lako, tho mountains 4
4- prevent a gllmpso of tho comet un- 4'
til nbout nn hour later than thc -f-1
tlmo indicated. , ..
President. Closes Stay in Pitts
burg With Speech on
Foreign Affairs.
Takes No Credit to Himself.
Save for His Selection of
Cabinet Premier.
riTTSBUJlG. May 2 -President Taft
ended his two days' stay In 3'ittsburg
with' a speech at. the Grant day dinner of
tho American club tonight, In which he
deaR almost wholly with thc foroign af
fairs of -tho nation. Tho president paid
a striking tribute to the secretary of
state, Mr. Knox, who"WiJa present, lie
vigorously defended and Justified tho
secretary's Nicaragua!! policy-and flayed
those who Invented the plirasu "dollar
Mr, Taft had an exceedingly busy dav
and was pretty well tired out. when ho
retired to his private car tonight prep
aratory to leaving at 2:30 a. m. for Cin
cinnati, whero he Is due at 102G
tomorrow morning. Count von Berns
torff. who was in tho presidential party
all day. ion with the president tonight
for Cincinnati.
Tho president's day began with a brief
juldrcss to the students of Pennsylvania
stato college for women and ho next
mado an address at the rounders day
exercises at Carnegie institute.
Aftor luncheon at thc University club
ca1,c,t,.1 ,,n11 Runo between Pittsburg
and Chieago. Tho fact Unit thc presi
dent was to attend brought an cxtromolv
largo crowd. Mr. Tnft expressed a de
sire to "sit among tho fans." but the lo
cal committee look him to a box on the
second tior of thc big grandstand. Count
von Bornslorff sat with tho president,
and Secretary Knox sat in tho next box-
Borah Eulogizes Grant.
Thc president was preceded atJho ban
quet by Senator Borah of Idaho, who
made an eloquent address on tho Ilfo of
Grant. Sonalor Gcorgo T. OIHvcr of
Pennsylvania was toastmaster.
The president said:
"I am greatly Indebted to thc stato of
Pennsylvania, to tho city of Pittsburg
and to the American club for giving mo
that gentleman who sits at the head of
my cabinet tablo, and who. In tho ex
ercise of ability and learning which
brought him to the head of your bar and
distinguished his services as attorney
general of the Pnlted Slates arid as sena
tor from Pennsylvania, has given wise
counsel of tho 'utmost value In guiding
the course of thr administration.
"As the law officer of the government
who conducted to a successful issue tho
greatest of tho cases in which tho moan
ing and limitations of the anti-trust act
wore considered mid who. by his suc
cessful advocacy, called n halt upon tho
movement which threatened a merger of
all rnllronds In tho hands of ono syndi
cate, ho took his place among tho states
men of Iho country: and while respecting
the rights of capital and the great ad
vantage of its efficient organization, was
alive to the danger to tho public, which
lies In the suppression of healthful, com
petition and In tho abuse of tho privilege
of organization to secure private mo
nopoly and excessive profit.
"As tho head of tho great state dc-
.Continued on Pago Two,
Slight Traces of the Deadly
. Substance in Contents of
Col. Swope's Stomach.
State's Experts Arc Fiercely
Attacked by Attorneys for
the Defense.
KANSAS CITY, May 2. Dr. Walter
S. Haines, tho Chicago toxicologist, told
at tlio Ilydo murder trial totlay; tho
alleged results of his search for poisons.
In so Jar as the toxicologist's per
sonal investigations wero Concerned, ho
admitted tlioy had resulted in tinding
but littlo dangerous drugs. With but
one exception, said Dr. Haines, ho found
cyanide only when collaborating with
Dr. Victor Vaughn of Ann Arbor. Mich.
In a part oT the stomach of Colonel
Thomas H. Swopc, testified T)r. Haines,
lio found two-hundredths of a grain of
strychnine. Tho physician said a small
tra'co of the same drug was located in
the brain. With the aid of Dr. Vaughn,
Dr. Haines testified, he discovered Bomo
cyanide in tho stomach.
Only slight traces of strychnine wero
claimed by Dr. llaiues to hnvo been
found by uini in tho stomach and liver
of Chrisman Swope. It waa tho belief
of himself and Dr. Vaughn, said the
witness, that there wero signs of cya
nide in their test on tho stomach, but
thoy were unable to locate definitely
any of this drug.
Dr. Haines said that both himself
aud Dr. Vaughn found cyanide in the
capsules which Dr. Hvde is alleged to
have thrown away. Tho stains on the
envelopes lu which tho capsules were
delivered to him also responded to tho
cyanido test, said the witness.
Strychnia wns found in tho ejecta
of AIjss Mnrgaret Swope, both by him
self aud by Dr. Vaughn, Baid Dr.
Hoktoen Under Fire.
Armod with scores of medical books,
Attorney Frank J. Walsh today ro
sumcd the cross-examination of Dr.
Ludwig Hoktoen in tho Hydo murdor
trial. Tho process wns slow and
wrangles between attorneys frequent.
As a result, Judge Latshaw announced
he would hold night sessions of court
until tho evidence is completed.
Mr. Walsh attacked Dr. Hektoen's
testimony in part with a text book
whicJi tho pathologist collaborated in
writing. Among thc things done in
thc autopsy on Colonel Swopo and ad
vised against by Dr. Hoktoen in the
book were:
Hot water was used in thawing out
the bod'.
Tho brain was taken out while frozen
Tho brain was severed at tho baso
without tho use of a knife.
Thc brain was cracked in tho conrse
of removal.
Dr. Hektoen's book was urgent in
its warning rogardiug thawing out a
body with water. Thc law of Germany
prohibiting such action was cited by
tho text book.
Only tlio accidental sovcring of the
base of the brain prevented his using
a knife, said the witness.
The contents of tho bladder were
thrown awa The text said traces of
strychnine wero Teadily found in urino.
On diroet examination tho witness
said that ono of Chrisman Swope's
lungs was congested. Today ho said
both were nffoctod.
By next Wednesday nigltt Prosecutor
Virgil Conkling believes nil tho cvi
donco of tho stato against Dr. B. C.
Hydo will be before tho jury. If the
present plans are not changed, only
throe more witnesses will testify for
tlie prosecution after Dr. Ludwig Hek-!-oen
completes his tcstimon-. These
witnesses are Dr. W. S. Haines. Dr.
Victor C. Vaughn and Mrs. Logan O.
The dofensc's cross examination of
Dr. Hoktoen, it was thought at tho
opening of tlio court today, would bo
completed in a few hours.
Mrs. Swopo Lust Witness.
Mrs. Swopo. who is financing, in th
main, the prosecution of Dr. Jlvdo. will ,
bo thc last state's witness. Her testi
mony, it is HmntrhK will Un 1
Wednesday. Interest now centers In her
appearance on thc stand, as It Is believed
her story will be full of human Interest.
When ."Mrs. Swopo gave her deposition
recently In a civil suit brought bv tho
physician sho refused to confine her
self to answering tho questions asked her
The fight between Dr. Hydo's attorneys
and Doctors Hains and Vaughn will con
fer on thc alleged finding of cyanido of
potassium In tho vlsccras of Colonel
Swopc and Chrisman Swopo. The de
fense avers this was only an eleventh
hour report nmdo by tho chemists In or
der to support the state's enso. Tho
chargo that cyanide had been used by
Dr. Ilydo wns not mode until Attorney
James A. Hoed delivered the opening
'statement for thc prosecution.
Judge I.nts)iaw today upheld tho stato's
objection to tho defense's inquiry of Dr.
Ludwig Tlektoen if representatives of Dr.
Hydo did not call upon him March 1 and
demand parts of thc vlsccras of Col,
Thomas II. and Chrisman Swopo.
Tho defense did not request tho court
to appoint a commission of medical ex
ports to examine tho remaining' parts of
the vlsccras of thc Swopes.
Scarcely had tho session opened when
Attorney Walsh began an attack on ex
port medical testimony, with Dr. Hok
toen In the witness chair, P.cndlng from
a textbook, said to havo been written by
Doctors Hcktocn nnd Waller S. JIalncs,
Mr. Wnlsh asked tho witness if his book
did not advise experts on both sides In a
trial to confer in order to be able to Im-
Continucd on Page Three.
President Will Face Fire of H
Questions From Many Repre
I scntativc Farmers. H
Read of Organization Says Ag- H
riculturists Are Not Getting H
Their Share. H
ST. LOUIS, May 2. "We shall H
have somo pointed questions to ask
President Taft when ho speaks hero
Wednesday. ' jH
Thus declared AY. H, Wrightson of
Fresno, Cal., president of the Caltfor
nia "Fruit Growers' association, in an
address hero today before the 2a
tional Farmers' union.
"Thc pcoplo in our state are coming
to thc conclusion," said Mr. Wright
son, "that tho tariff is nn good to
either the producer or tho consumer.
Wo producers do not, get thc high M
prices for food products. "
President Charles S. Barratt urged M
thc farmers not to lot their attitude M
toward their congressmen be colored
by trivial gifts, the briber of a pet
ty office for a relativo or a cordial
handshake from tho great man him
self.'' H
That thc farmer docs not get tho
benefit of tho high prices and that .he
ought to be . ashamed of himself was
the declaration of O. F. Dornblasor
of Cleburne,. Texas.'" He' said tho spec- M
ulators and middlemen get thc benefit.
Bryan Will Also Speak. M
A. .-joint convention of the Farmers'
Fdueational .aud Co-operative Union of
America, tho American Society of
Equity ilud 400 subsidiary organiza
tions opened jn this city today. W. .T.
Bryan will deliver an address at tho
closing session Saturday night. M
Samuol Gompcrs, president of tlio
American Federation of Labor, who
is to speak this afternoon, is expected
to outline his plans for bringing about
a- new political party through an at"- M
filiation of tho farmers with thc la-
boring men.
Other speakers 011 the day's pro
gram were Mayor F. U. Kriesmann, C
B. Barrett, Uiiion City, Ga., president
of the Farmers' union; C- O. Drayton,
Greenville, HI., president of tlio Ameri
can Society of Equity; O. F. Dorn
blazer, Texas; Don Farnsworth; Chi
cago; W. H. Wrightson, Calilornia;
Nathan B. Williams, Faycttcville, Ark.;
Clarenco Poe. North Carolina; Curtiss
Hill, Columbia, Mo.; John C. White and M
W. H. Jackson.
Prcsidont Barrett began, his address M
by saying: "As thc representative of
thrco million militant American farm
era, whose organized nrnvy rests ono
flank upon the Atlantic and thc other
upon thc Pacific ocean. I give to you
a cordial greoting which shall know
no boundaries of stato or section, no
narrowness or political partisanship or
bigotry, but a tolerance as broad as
justice nnd as wide as that sincerity
that underlies our common heritage ot
American citizenship. M
Farmers Long Neglected.
"For first wo aro Americans. Aftor
that we are farmers. And it is as
Americans that wc greet you in good
faith, bidding you rejoico with us in
thc dawning of that day when tho
most distinguished men of our nation
pa homago to the might and tho prob
lcnis of tho long neglected farmers.
"Without lot or hindrance, suppros
siou or censorship, Ave shall discuss the
problems that affect tho feeders nnd
clothiers of the people save only that
in our deliberations wc shall avoid
those topics that: refer to tho hysteria
or tho passion of partisan politics. As
tho ultimate analysis let us not forget
that thc partisan or personal oloment
in politics or statesmanship is transient
and passing. That which abides al
ways is principle. And it ' is lasting
principles that wc shall debate, free
of the embarrassment of that acri
inony invariably attending the compli
uatiou of shqrt lived political platforms
lit their authors.
"Tho American farmer nT tradition
has been tho farmer of the more or
less humorous cartoon or caricature, va
I rionsly represented as fail prey to tho
greongoods man or the goldbrick ar-
Slow to Wako Up.
"And the fanner has been slow In IH
awakening. His environment, in tho iH
first place, was against lily awakening. jH
The tardiness of facilities for commu
nidation, tlie in frequency with which
newspapers penetrated to thc far rural
districts and ihc natural suspicion IH
which is a part of his temperament, all
militated to keep him in shackles as
to his own power and his duty of self
governiuonf in the premises.
"Tho era of sloop is at an end tho jH
j era of wakefulness to self duty, to tlio IH
obligation of self help, to the obliga- IH
tion of duty to country, is already
dawning. I do not. say tliat tho farmer
as a. class is roused to his national im
portauco aud to his national obliga-
lions ; but I do assort, witb nil the em- IH
phasis at, uiv (omtuand, una supported
by all iho exncricncc of a lifetime, that
the leaven of readjustment, of rovolu
tional change, is stirring throughout
the mass of thc American rarmcr.'
' Parcels post, good roads and sclen-
.Continued on Pao Tkro

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