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The Salt Lake tribune. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1890-current, January 27, 1913, Image 1

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iM WEATHER TODAY. 35 . . I ff v fjL A I X A A A 4. 7 80U Thou a Be
P Fair Monday and Tuesday. q llfl S5 Vl 1 'I 1 li I fl fll III if ll it ill lllll fl mau if thoil followeth a Want
I Salt Lake Metal Prices. ft Jl I I 1 rM I I I 1 I (A 1 ft jP j I lllll 111 W Ad for iL Selh tbcc to
teEEE iM fef jV Vll'JI'jV WWJV V Wl V gvealerb. H
peftcr (St. Louis)! lower ... .3C.8S06 90 j? Z
tl :
nifacturers Make Proposi
in to New York Garment
Workers Which Is Likely
to Be Accepted.
king- Cooks and Waiters
jpear Ready to Go Back
Work on Almost Any
Kind of Terms.
EW YORK. -Ian. 28. The strike of
garment workers of this city
seemed today in a fair way of
settlement, so far as I ho larger
portion of the strikers is con
d. At n conference today' a propoal
provldlng for a .sliding scale of wage
aaes to be applied to both regular
piece workers, and a fifly-two-hoiir
. was made by representatives of
ifacturcra employing about 75,000 of
nore than 100,000 garment workers
liaye been on strike for four weeks,
iders of the United Garment Work
if Amerlra. That the union rcprc
tlves tentatively accepted the pro
, agreeing to place it before their
itive board for final action, Js ac
d as a favorable development.
3 proposition of the Manufacturers
W (Merchants association and I he Cloth
J; Contractors association as tcnlntive
y cceplcd, calls for an immediate ln
!j ae of 10 per cent for all workers rc-ijj-,
jnp S1J a. week or less: 74 per cent
all workers receiving more than -1'-if
rles."? than ?lo, and for all receiving
3 k than 1. an im-rcacc of f per cunt,
fel b case is the Increase to be less than
v4 'V"cv' ov' '-lO'lilnp Tradee asso-
jp. which has refused to recognise
union, or to deal with. Hs r.curesorita-
)rta ,,r,t !l n;n'ty to Lnc il?rtinoni.
jjjjj itter addrcRsed to the union officials
$Igcd liv the representatives of I he
jW Jtnamifacturors' associations, agrec-
llii to raf-y out Ihelr purl of the now
i ract, will be dVllvercd tomorrow. Th
U? i'er of thy union repetitive board is
Acted early thii week.
YORK, Jan. 25. Cro.sa purposes
trr, lb" rank and fib: of thV work
employers complicated conditions
lOtel waiters strike tonight, Lcad
larcd that modified demands ac
e to tho propriclors would bo prc
and an agreement reached under
most of the 2500 or more cm
no;v affect Gil speedily could ro-
Ivor!:. .Strikers In numbers ..m
1 their intention of remaining out
complete victory had been won.
iany of lite managers of the larger
assorted that they would not re
tlflr old waiLcrs, preferring to
upon non-union help in the fu
m.iN! meeting tonight at union
artm-fi the tone adopted by the
rs was generally antlcipatorv of
d of the strlko. After the mcct
was announced by several leaders
iVlB- PKCcutlvo committee would meet
i 'WF0W an1 draw up a set of modified
" wft? wl,'cn would be acceptable to
1J -hotel and restauratit managers
pjlli'-Hhad not acoRplcd the original de
ijKe ftnd that the waiters would re
otii'Kf.o work tomorrow. There was ap
010 this plan on the part of other
. iBr,e however.
j'i'yBauoth Gurloy Plynn, lender of the
! lftar '1Hfl ndor,tc,:i an aggi'essJvo
Vti ft'" a E,,cecn nrly in the day, said
T'fl!Bl thftt t,lc 3trllC(J vould be. over In
i?dght hours and that all of the
W1B?rB wou'd return to work, to
jbV'sB',Sn tm-ir "nlon for renewed ef
,j(("6 attain their ends.
' filHL:rlBllt of 3pccIal POlIcement to pa
' Blltcwalk3 ln front of hotels was
lb. 'oday ln court when twenty apo-
Opft'ceis who were arrested by the
' -jjl9PfiBi I1,s:ht nL lhc orders of Police
Si'BSl0nCr WaI(1- verc discharged.
t uljfcTnml8slonfcr claimed that their unl
iOJKr00 cIosc,l' resembled thoso ol' regu-
fSjjflRomatlonal News Service.
SBr V'00J nftd a narow onchpc from
tbe5K"5 IlfieIr 60 ba,1,y tl,at slr Kvoly
1 VESKf . .hoot lu Tho veteran soldier,
j tiB? 5 'n"aH thrown heavily, but cn-
X Wfr-' Awanses 'or Interview,
jfternatlonal N'cws Service,
'l0eiii9RInifr,TOX' Jan 2C Samuel Un
VYtRr' counso1 ,0 tne "Jo money trust
$iJ't'i5R.-atlng coni,TilttQc, is believed to
g'MrLrrat'g'id today 'n New York with
. Ijjm1 for William Rockefeller for the
j, fciKl visit of Chairman Pujo and
lBpyer to lhc Standard Oil magnate
WB1 PurpoMP of getting tcatlmony
t-flifB?'-efcrcnce ,0 copper corner of
' 1m'
Dr. Bowerman Declares That
Those Who Commit Mur
der Should Lose Lives.
-"Whoso Shcddcth Man's
Blood,' by Man Shall His
" Blood Be She'd."
That capital punishment should be J
quickly and unfalteringly inflicted where
it is deserved, not with any question 12
Jo a. state's right to do so. but wlt'.i
full recognition of great, fundamental and
universal moral laws thai undciibi all
law and order, was emphatically declared
by the Tlev. L. S. Bowerman In a ser
mon at the Jmmanucl Baptist church last
'night. The clergyman's '.subject waa,
I "Shall Capital Punishment 13c Abol
I ished?" !
As a basis for his assertions. Dr. Bow
I erman quoted the text from Genesis 6.
i:.. "Whoso shcddcth man's Mood, by
man shall his blood be shed, for in the
image of God made lie man." Tic de
clared thut the question at hand should
not be dealt with from a sentimental
standpoint, but 011 a basis of the great!
fundamental things of righteousness con
stituting moral law and from a scrip
tural viewpoint.
Authority From God.
Referring to the te:ct. he said that the
authority to inilict capital punishment
came from God and God only that tho
deity imposed not that right, but that
duty upon a slate. Ufe was the most
sacred thing in the world, he said, and
the man who deliberately took life given
by God thereby forfeited his own. The
deity, he declared, laid upon a suite the
responsibility of avenging that murdered
life, and tho reason for so many cold
blooded niurdp.ru. especially ln the United
Stales, was because the state was not
tru? to a God-given duty.
Repeating statistics, carefully prepared,
I Dr. Boworman raid that In the Unitpd
j States during the Inpl ton years there
had beoii 0000 mnrdcrf a. year, whilp In
i:ill nearly 21.000 prnons cither suffered
a violent death or dlf.d at their own
haitdo. tie assorted lhal the United
Statpjs was virtually thp only civilized
country where the so-called severer
crime were known to be on the In
crease, while no other country in tho
world approached tho figures of the Unit
ed States for murders committed an
nually. In Great Ilrlta'.n, h 'said, the
number of murdora a year was one-tenth
as lro. although similar laws prevailed
In both land.i.
The LawTs Weakness.
The clergyman cited many statistics
to nhow the- large number of convictions
of murder in this country and th small
percentage of punishments by death, a:j
compared with other countries, and de
clared that the great and woeful weak
ness of tho laws of tho United BtatoB
was the failure of the country to recog
nize the moral basis.
. In EtiRland. he said, would be found
the highest number of capital punish
ments aa. compared lo convlcllonu lu
tho United States tho figure was the low
cut. The rcntion for tho difference in
the two great nations of tho sumo Ati-glo-!?aon
spirit, he asserted, waa that
ISnglaud was remembering God's law, the
great moral fundament, while America
was disregarding lluit law. A3 a result,
he said, nowhere In the world was life
ao sacred as in Great Britain,, and no
where In the world was It so unsafe as
ln the United States. Continuing, Dr.
rjowcrman fuid:
Work of the Flood.
We arc not now studying the story
of Cain and A.bel. That race waa
blotted out. The scriptures glvu us
no hint oven that UOOO years or more
ago, In tho Antediluvian period, such
a thing as civil law or order, mag
istrates or civil government obtained.
Tho days of Beneuullty and murder
and crime were divinely ended when
tho flood canm, after which monog
amy was again set forth. God In
tended that law and order should
begin with the second beginning of
the human race. 711s whole plan is
tho working out of a universal sys
tem of law and order. The great
empyrean of the sun, moon and stars
tostify of It.
Jt Is raid that in the Tcstamont
there is nothing of the translation
'wo .hove given our test. "Wo forget
that the law of Moses had lo do wfUi
tho making of a commonwealth, while
Jcmis never intended to make a state.
The Savior merely laid down a law
of man, for man. Tho New Testa
ment docs not purposo lo give laws
regarding the state. Great moral
laws arc fundamental and universal
and are not Mooalo, but unless the
question of the great moral Is back
of the law, It will utterly fall to ac
complish Its- purpose.'" Unless the
criminal foolB the penalty of tho law
is to inrllct unlcB3 there le a. recog
nition of.the dcHcrylngncsa or worthi
ness of that punishment the Jaw is
wrong, Is sentimental, even though
IL serves 11 selfish purpose.
Change Is Needed.
Tn tlie middle ages, capital punish
ment followed theft. This waa a
failure, because the crlmlnnls who
stole didn't deserve death they did
not do In stealing that which wart
worthy of death. Hero cnlerB the
grcut moral in dealing with lav,- and
(Continued on Page Two,)
Is Quoted as Saying, How
ever, That the Government
Had No Intention Setting
Up "Medical Trust."
Listens to Several Speeches
and Declares His Enthusi
asm for Reform Legisla- i
lion When Practicable j
HOUOKEX, N. j., Jun. y. Prcs-
idem-elect Wilson addressed to- 1
day a private gathering of prom
inent social workers at the home
of Mrs. Caroline TJ. Alexander,
whuro he and his family were Avcck-cnd
guests. In a statement given out by
Mrs. Alexander setting forth Governor j
"Wilson's remarks, ho is quoted as dc- I
daring that In forwarding the movement !
lor ji national bureau of health it was'
desired to remove the impression that j
the government expected to set up a
"medical trust." The governor is re
ported as having said that there was no
Intention to put any school of medicine
lu charge of national health projects,
but that all schools- of medicine should
work in harmony on the question of sani
tation, which he considered most iinpor
tunt. Several speeches were made' embracing
Immigration, child labor, prison contract
labor. workmen'B compensation and In
dustrlal -relations. Is'o newspaper men
were admitted and Governor Wilson
could not be reached tonight to make
any comment on the conference. Th
statement given out at the Alexander
home quotes Iho proHdonl-Hcel as aj -
MKi . - c
Shows Enthusiasm.
"ISvcry subject treated here today en
gaged my deep Interest and eiithusiafqu
My enthusiasm la in proportion genpr
ally to the practicability of a sciienw
I always have been eager to forward
general principles, but I do not feel the
breath fill my lungs until I .sec the prac
tical plan. T hope you will always come
to mo with plans and yon may count on I
mo lo consider those plans wan interest
and friendliness. 1
"Most of the things that you hap !
spoken of are without political cmbai-J
rassment. One that does havo political
embarrassment Is the health department!
project. Already in dealing with med
ical education lu New .Jersey 'we have
had political difficultly, because of the
various Independent schools of mediclno
lhat. have sprung up on all sides. Thoru
13 a fear in many minds that we arc
about lo Hot up wnat bus been called
a medical trust and It Is very desirable
lo remove that Idea. 1 have never seen
any serious proposal to put any partic
ular school of medicine In charge of tho
national health.
Children's Bureau.
"With regard to tho children's bureau
another similar difficulty exists. My
own party In some of It elements rep
resents a. very strong statca' rlghls.;fcel
ing. It Is very plain that you would
have to go much further thai) most in
ti'rprotatlona of tho constitution would
allow If you were to give lo the govern
ment gcuoral. control over child labor
throughout the country. It is Important
to make It generally understood that tho
purposo of your bureau is to collect and
co-ordinate Information on the subject.
"I want above all thlnga to enjoy the
confldonco of and to have at my Hervlcc
tho information and counsel of thoso who
aro engaged In thoso fundamental things.
Moot of the vitality of public action
comcft from outside tho government. The
government does not originate. It re
sponds to public opinion. You all aro
to regard yourselves as forces playing
upon tho government, and J hopo that
during the next four yoara you win find
a sensitive part of the government at
tho top."
On Fresh Trail.
A. .7. McKclway, secretary for south
ern states of the National Child Iabor
committee and chairman of tho Juvenile
Advisory -committee of tho Children's
council of 'Washington, D. C. whllu
speaking on "Washington as a Model
City," "criticised thu system of govern
ment of the District of Columbia as
conlrollpxl by men "with connections in
speculative real estate."
In commenting on tills, Governor Wil
son Is reported In tho statement an say
ing! 'Dr. McKclway excited me because, ho
put under my noec a fresh trail and tho
kfnd of a trail that I always will follow
with 550Bt."
.The governor planned to bo ut the
Citato house, Trenton, tomorrow.
.Trench Bout Trlbesnion.
MEKINCS, Morocco, Jan. 20, Tho
Kronen punitive expedition under Col
onel Relbell yesterday routed a largo
force of Benlmlguld and Bonlotln tribes
men after a five-hour flghl Tho French
casually list numbered fifteen kllleii und
wounded. The Moors left fifty dead on
,1)10 field.
VVork on Tariff Bills to Be
Started as Soon as the
Hearing's Are Brought
to a Close. .
Some- Doubt as to the Posi
tion of President-elect Wil
son on the Question
of Legislation.
WASHINGTON". Jan. 'JC. -'Although
the scopo.of tho legislation to bo
taken up at tho approaching ex
tra session of congress has not
yet been outlined, congressional
committees rapidly arc pushing tholr pre
liminary work lo a point whero recom
mendations can bo made to President
elect Wilson and plans laid beforo him
for tho early work of his administra
tion. Work on tariff bills soon will bo
started, tho hearings reaching an end
llils week. The "money trust" end of
the house banking and currency commit
tee already ie working on a rcpor.t, while
the "currency" branch of the same com
mittee will punh its Investigation this
week lnlo other branches of tho curren
cy question, In the effort to secure com
prehensive suggestions for currency re
form. Plan Not Complete.
Senate and house leaders do not know
what legislation, If any, hi addition to
tho work of tariff revision will be taken
up at Iho extra session. Soveral of those
who have talked with Governor Wilson
express tho confident 'belief that the
currency question and the question of
liberating the Philippines will be included
In the new president's scheme of action
for hla first congressional session.
Jt is tho general opinion in Pcmocratic
circles ln Washington that Pronldenl. Wil
son at least will not "foreclose'' cdngrcBs
ayainst acting on everything . but the
tariff, ln tho special session. A majority
of the Democrats In the senate expect,
llttlo legislation but tho tariff to bo
taken up, but they believe President Wil
son In calling tho special session, will
not specifically limit this work.
Currency Reform.
An effort Is under way by somo Demo
cratic senators to postpone action on
currency reform until tho next regular
session and It Is expected that a move
ment will be promoted ,to secure an ex
tonsion of the present Aldrlch-Vrecland
emergency currency law for at least a
year, ho that an emergency measure still
will bo at hand in case of Industrial or
financial disturbances. Under this plan 1
no attempt would bo made to legislate
on currency questions until noxt wlntor.
Tho full extent of tho fight between
Iho Republican and Democratic factions
In the senate over President Taft's ap
pointments is expected to develop this
week. A Republican caucus, tho first
of tho session, probably will bo hold ear
ly lu Iho week, and the majority of tin:
Republicans now insist thero will bo no
concoHslonn to the Democrats, but that
the demand again will bo made for con
firmation of all of the appointments now
before the annate.
Tho house will devote n Mmo this
week to the consideration of appropria
tion bills, and by tho ijnd of the weok
It is expected that several big ru'pply
measures will be ready for tho consider,
tlon of the somite.
Royal Sou in Disgrace.
By International Naw Servioe.
BERLIN. Jan. 2C. The kalaer'a young
est son, Joachim, who' Is a. student at
Heidelberg university, whore tho pro
fessors havo boon unable to roport fa
vorably upon tho young man's progress. 1
received c. chastening telegram from his
father today forbidding him to come to
Berlin to Join In his majesty's blrthduy
celebration tomorrow
WilliamRockefeller Can
Make Free Use of Voice
miB ens fob
Si. Louis Woman Recom
mends 'Her Servants After
Five Years of Probation. .
TJy International News Service. .
. ST.-.-' LOUIS. Jan. -llC-rMrs.- Louis J;.
TIcHaeck'of ffjjs city trains'1 servant girls
In. her own 'homo. .to 1 bo wives for hcj
eons." She' has made three of, these matches
and they havo 'been so' successful that
i she 'has plans for keeping her personally
conducted, matrimonial system in opera
tion until all nine sons have takon ser
vants of the family as wives.
The father of this Interesting family
of nine sons and a daughter also has a
system. As each son reaches the ago of
10 he Is given un Interest, in the father's
business and becomes an active partner
in it. Tlchacck has jUBt taken his eighth
son, Harry, Into the firm.
"Tholr mother finds their wives and H
put them in business and everybody is
happy," says Tlchacck,
Mrs. Tichacek has a rule which thus
far ban never failed lior. This Ig the way
Hhe states it:
"If a Rlrl Is good enough to work in my
household for five years Bho is good
enough to marry one of my gong."
When a girl has micccsyfully passed
through the fh'o years of probation and
has shown that she 1j protlclcnt 'as a
cook and as a housekeeper, according to
tho standard set by this mother of ton.
Mrs. Tichacek does not hesitate to rec
ommend her to her son as a qualified and
doslrablH helpmeet.
Mr. Tichacek is a wealthy marble man
ufacturer and former state representative.
LOS ANGELES. Jan. 2fi. Sylvester
Clurk Smith of Bakarsfleld, member of
congrens from the Eighth California dis
trict, died hero today, after a long 111
neHBi' Representative Smith was born near
Mount Pleasant, la.. August 2tl, 358. and
camo to California nearly thlrty-threo
yoavs ago.
Mr Smith waa oleoted to the fifty
ninth congress apd nerved continuously
eincc. although bocauso of his Illness he
spent but little of hl'lnst inrro In tho
national capital.
Frequently Talks ; With Wife
and .Son, . Even - Converses
With Gardener.
PALM BI3ACH. Fla.. Jan. i'.
William Rockefeller. Is ' still
much in evidence at the Royal
Polncianu. making good tho
statement of his son, William
G. Rockefeller, that his father is not
trying to run away . from tho Pnjo
coounittee. The Rockcfellors make no
. concealment of the fact that they arc
relying upon lopnl slops lo keep
Chairman PuJo and Siimucl Untcr
mycy from taking the deposition.
! William G. Rockefeller said today:
"I do' not believe Ih'at .father could "
i -: talk for two hours. . He mluhfc for an
I hour: lie could talk for fiftAcn min-
utes without much trouble, I sup
pose." Tho Rockefellers arc about Palm
Reach dally. William Rockefeller
converses a 'good deal both with his
- wife and his son. Today the three
went for a walk along- Lake "Worth,
varying their usual programme. They
generally-ride In wheel chairs.
Mr. Rockefeller strolled through tho
Polnciana gardens with the Rardonor
yesterday and asked many questions
about the tropical plants, concerning
which he seemed to have, an lntlmato
knowledge. He speaks In a low voice
that Is husky.
By International News Service.
LIMA. PERU", Jan. 2G. The Union, in
an Hdltorlal. today, declares that war ap
pears to.be Inevitable between Pern and
Bolivia, owing to the ambition of the
latter country for n port on the Pncific.
Tho conclusion that war i3 approaching
Is drawn by the Union from Bolivia's re
cently warllko preparations and the ex
pressions of General Montos, the Boliv
ian embassador, and other Bolivian offi
cers In Paris,
Broat Famine Threatened.
By International Nows Service.
' LONDON, Jnn. 28. Loudon Is threat
ened by a bnmd famlno. . Should a man
ifesto issued today by tho bakers to their
employers calling for better pay and
shorter hours be not compiled with there
will be a strike. Tho bilkers demand a
fifty-four-hour week with a minimum
wage of 5S per week. At present it is said
there aro many cases of men working
1 101) hours for ?5 per woek. a
Balkan Peace Delegates at
London Drawing Up a Note
to Be Presented to Turk
ish Envoys Today.
Temporary Success of Turks
Should Hostilities Be Re-
sumed Is Feared by the
Little States. , H
- - 1
LONDON. Jan. 2S. The Balkan pl&n
Ipotentiarics, who have received
full powers from their respective
governments, appointed a commit
tec today to draft a note to th
Turkish plenipotentiaries explaining whv
the poai-e conference must now be con
sldured broken off. Tt is hoped the draft
will bf ready for approval by the full
delegation Monday night.
This action of tho allies is part of a
scries of well-considered formsi of pres
sure with which the Balkan delegate
hope to obtain their object without rc
sinning the war.
J'ho meeting today lasted (or an hour
and a half, and the course to be followed
was given earnest consideration. Two
distinct views wore manlfcited ono for
the Immediate rupture of the negotla
Uonu, leading to a, resumption of tho wa'
and the other favoring a temporizing po'
lei, in order to avoid irrevocable step.t.
Committee Appointed.
Tho latter course- triumphed and a 1:0m
mtttco was appointed.' consisting of ono
memhT from each delegation, as follows
Michael Maojaraff. Bulgarian minister
London; rrofesaor Georglos Strrit. Greek
minister to A Jstria-'flu ngarj'j Count o
no1i'H, chletot!K(hi: Nicholas's cabinet.
representing Montenegro, and Dr. M. P.
Vesnitoh, Servian minister lo Franc,
with ihf addition or M. Politic of th
Greek -delegation, owing to his knowle-ig
of French and his thorough acquaintance
with International-law.
General UneS -ere laid down on which
the note Is to be drafted, comprising the
arguments already' set forth many time
:ui to why the league demands the avr
render of -Adrianople and the Aegean ir
lands. as an indispensable condition to Mi'
com-ltision t' peace.
Policy Is to Gain Time.
That the policy of the allies Is to gzin
lime ia potent, and does not deceive am
body. The dolcgntes decided that tho
advantages lo be derived from the re
sumption of hostilities would be in pro
portion to tho risks they ran, and that
they would not take that step unless ab- fH
solutcly forced to do so. It In realized IH
that even a partial roverse would have
grave moral and material consequences, H
apart from the loss of thousands of men.
In addition, the fuel is not overlooked
that there is danger of Rumania advar.c-
Ing from the rear and of Austria irnpos-
big on Servia and Montenegro her con
dLtious for remaining neutral. The only,
disadvantage In delaying decisive action
is in keeping large armies inactive and IH
on a .war footing for u ' long time, thu.
heavily taxing both the financial and ag IH
ricultura! resources of 'the country. UH
RERUN, Jan. 20. Bourse traders feel
all at eca regarding the future, pending
the clearing up of tlio new Balkan sllua-
It Is poignantly feared that now, dun-
gcrous complications will develop in tha
northeast before order Is re-established.
It 'wouM be . difficult to depict tho
sharp reverses of sentiment on the J
bourse duo to the revolution of tht J
Young Turks. Hope had grown apac?. J
Traders had boKun buying extensively. jH
telleving peace assured, and shorts had J
covered their engagements. The rovo-
lutlon was a thunderclap out of a sky H
of blue serenity. Holders rushed to sell
at any sacrifice and enormous blocks of H
stock flooded - tho market. Prices broke
worec than on any day since the mom
orablc October lu. H
On Saturday things were quieter, bu
selling continued ln moderate volume.
It is feared that a renewal of the J
Balkan war would reverse the present
world-wide business boom, and also that J
it would aggravate greatly the tension in
the money markets through a rcnowa. H
of poki hoarding lu aU'contlncntal cotin-
South America's continued drawing H
of gold from tho Bank of England thus IH
preventing a satisfactory rccovcrj H
awakens some apprehension. H
Neither the English ban; nor the
Bank of France, it is believed hero, will IH
soon reach a position enabling them to
reduce their official discount rates
Any hopes of a reduction in the Relcli5-
bank's rato havo been Indoflnltcly post
poncd following Its latest return
Says Turk Must Go.
Jamlii Ido Wheeler, president of tho
University of Callforlna. and a close atu- H
(Continued on -Pago Two,)

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