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The Salt Lake tribune. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1890-current, May 08, 1913, Image 1

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Inese Embassador
iting for Return of
etary of State Be
i Making Represen
ts in Regard to the
ifornia Anti-Alien
d Bill.
on Morning Post
sts on Referring the
ole Matter to the
itration of The
ue With Few if Any
UNGTON, May 7. First
Secretary Bryan's callers when
hcs Washington from Saera
)morrov morning probably will
mat Ckinda, the Japanese ein
. It has been assumed that the
ilor has been awaiting this op
s' to deliver personally to the
f of state a protest from Lis
ent on the California Iegisla
: it is said the first effort of the
Jor will be to get 'from the Bec
ame idea of what the adminis
propotjcs to' do aftor Governor
signs the laud bill, as it is
r expected he will do. Before
iK this question, however, Mr.
nust report and confer with
t Wilson regarding his Cali
lission, so ho probably will sug
t his conference with Viscount
)e postponed for a short time.
'ell understood that tho effect of
tie simply to delay the presen
f the Japanese protest, unless
' Bryan Is ublc to suggest some
f dealing with the present phase
uestlon that will make the pro
ecesBary. It lias been suggested
: might take the form of a pro-
negotiate a new treaty to rc
e one of 1911. which has been
ictory lo both parties. A new
grossly disclaiming tho right of
of either "couutry to acquire real
in the other might meet the
' the case, ana save Japanese
removing ground for the charge
. filiation. This, it is pointed
:i5WUld WOrk hBrflahP "Pon Amerl
agjgnlsslonary Interests and some large
ssJKef5 concerns which now hold, real
fjJPRp'in Japan under the "superflces"
modified form of the American
flBjjJWj?" rent system.
May interPret-
ZUFr0 oC tlje legal mJnds of tho admin
..ujJEEO. liaYe com to the, conclusion
2sMt& S Callforni- la-w is contested In
the case must rest not upon
1m8r S trcaty which they say the
JMk not technically violate, but
i?"01"1 Pr,nclP1es of lntcrnatlon
ramv. , 3 rtaty BJecIiically describes
S.J? rights whlch an alien may en-
9. , ,C0Untr' of Wb residence and
B&'Bff 0,1 0f 80106 of theB Interna
l'?Wof ,ra tho dIsreard or vlola
flit'Kl a ht commm to all civilized
'p y provi
so"- fpKv '
WmTACK 0z wilso:n
tWSS' Cal" '-Cover-gjWlT"
w Johnson requested of the
Kl!8 tonlft the privilege of
rfJSBttit oomm uPO". in ef-
SBSa iS a C6nfer8nc8 th0 Pro
CBied St? mit0r8 relat,ve 10 the
tt" Wlth ls. Lef. put him
d&Sir! dUrlnf? t antl-alien
JtSEeL ,U,0r8 hut tho
SB C not 0,0 DtatQ wronuwint and !
uflBfcl? Ke" on either Bld0.
.-tfnv!&.ng..a.ct wcr Paving politics,
appointed Embassador to Ja
pan by President Wilson.
Man Who Gained Fame as the
Reform RIayor of Pittsburg
Is Honored.
"WASHINGTON', 2VIay 7. In a four
minute executive session tonight tho sen
ate referred the nomination of George
W. Guthrie, Democratic state chairman
of Pennsylvania, and former mayor of
Pittsburg, as embassador to Japan, to the
foreign relations committee. Chairman
Bacon is e:cpocfed to call a meeting of
the committee at once to report Mr
Guthrie's nomination and It wos T be
lieved tonight that "he would bo con
firmed in short order,
George "W. Guthrie first gained promi
nence In the public eye as the "reform"
mayor of Pittsburg, to which offico he
was elected after one of the most spec
tacular political fights in Pennsylvania.
In 190G lie defeated Alexander M. Jenkin
son, tho "millionaire'' candidate for the
mayoralty, and from that time until the
end of Ills term In 190D ho kept the poli
ticians of Pittsburg in a constant tur
moil. The work he did in "cleaning
out" the city of Pittshurg made him
prominent throughout tho state and na
tion. Previous to that period ho had
heen engaged in the practice of law and
had been a delegate to Democratlo state
and national conventions since 1880. As
late as March of this year It was re
ported that ho was' to receive an appoint
ment as embassador to Mexico.
Visits Capital.
WASHINGTON, May 7. President
Wilson wont to tho capltol today for the
fourth time and after an hour of con
ferences with a score of senators came
away wearing a happy smllo at having
cleared up to hlB own satisfaction a
number of troublesome situations that
had arisen over appointments.
By the nomination of John Purroy
Mitchell to bo collector of tho port of
Now York, tho president satisfied Sena
tor O'Gorman, as well as anti-Tammany i
Democrats here, (Who look upon Mr.
Mitchell as an aggrosBlvo opponent of
the Tammany organization.
The president Btood by Senator Ollie
James by appointing Ben Marshall to
bo collector of Internal revenue for the
Seventh district of Kentucky. A vigor
ous contest had been, waged by former
Governor Beckham, who Hupportea for tho
place Desha Breckenridge of Lexington,
a cousin of the assistant secretary of
war, Henry C. Brcckeriridgo. The ueloo
tion of his choice brought keen satis
faction to Senator Jamea.
Ho osiers Resuscitated.
Senator Kern of Indiana brought the
presidents attention again to tho caso
of Romuo F. Stewart and John 15. Hol
llngaworth. two Indiana Democrats who
woro removed from their positiona as
postoffloo Inspectors by President Harri
son. On Investigation by Postmaster
General Burleson it was found that thoy
were removed "for political reasons, i
and that they wore guilty of no delin
quency or misconduct. After the con
ference with Senator Kern the president
Issued an executive order reinstating
both men.
Tlie nomination of Gaylord M. Saltz
gabor to bo commissioner of pensions
ended a long contest, in which petitions
i and political proseuro were oxerted from
many sides on tho president.
Mr. Wilson chatted briefly about tho
tariff situation with some of the sena
tors and was informed that tho Demo
cratic majority was working harmonious
ly to put tho bill through.
The president's visit attracted little at
tention. Ho came and went so Incon
spicuously that some of tho senators on
the floor were unaware that ho was in tho
Tho president today eont tho following
nominations to the senate:
Commissioner of pensions, Gaylord M.
Snltagaber of Van Wert, O
Embassador to Japan, George W
authrie of Pennsylvania.
Register of the land office at, North
Yakima, Wash., Richard Strobach.
Postmasters, John McKee, Clay Cen
tre, Kan.; Grant Robinson. Lowistown,
Mont.; Herman Wise, Astoria, Or.
Collector of customs for port of New
York. John Purroy Mitchell
Collector of Internal revenue for the
Seventh Kentucky district, Ben Mar
Fourth-class Incumbents Put
Into the Classified Service
by President Taft Must
Run the Gauntlet.
Postmaster General Makes a
Statement; Rules and Regu
lations to Govern New Or
der Not Worked Out.
WASHINGTON, May 7. All fourth
class postmastcrships, except those
pajnup less than $180 a year, were
thrown open to competitive examina
tion by an executive order issued to
day by President "Wilson. These po
sitions are retained in tho classified
service, but about 50,000 incumbents
who were "covered" into the classi
fied service hy executive orders of
previous administrations will havo to
meet all comers in competitive exam
ination in order to hold their positions
with civil service protection. Tn a
statement making this order public,
Postmaster General Burleson an
nounced that it was the purpose of
President Wilson and himself to ex
tend the classified service to include
presidential postmasters of tho second
and third classes, probably within a
year. This may requiro legislation by
corifrress, he said'. His plan, which will
be laid before the president soon, will
provide for a qualification test for
incumbonts and. applicants "in keep
ing 'with tho importance of tho of
fices. ' '
Order of Taft.
Under President Taft's order of Oc
tober 15, 1912, fourth-class postmasters
wero divided into two classes, class
"A" those drawing nioro than $500,
and class "B," those drawing less
than $500.
Competitive examinations' woro pre
scribed for future applications for class
"A" appointments, whilo the class
"B" positions were to bo filled upon
recommendation of postofiico inspectors.
Today's order leaves only tho offices
paying $180 or less to bo filled upon
inspectors' reports.
Bules and regulations to govern tho
administration of the now order will
bo worked out and announced by the
civil service commission as soon as
Burleson's Statement.
In his statement tho postmaster gen
eral said:
I feel that President Taft's order of
October 16 last did not so far enough
In that It failed to apply a merit sys
tem to the entire service It was
aimed to cover. It had the effect of
placing within the classified service
a largo number of postmasters who
liavo not been required to demon
strate their fitness for such appoint
ments. Fundamentally a reform
movement has for its purpose the
righting of an existing- wrong. There
fore, if tho application of tho merit
system to tho postal service was
needed in order to correct an exist
ing evil, thon the scope of the order
effecting the change should havo boon
broad enough to have corrected as far
as possible the condition then exist
ing as a result of the former system
as well as to accomplish tho doslrod
results In tho future.
Democrats Responsible.
Political considerations in tho paut
very" largely have controlled the selec
tion of fourth-class postmasters, and
under this order Democrats must be
held responsible for tho wise and
safe administration of the offices.
Under the circumstances, the Taft
order violated at least tho fundamen
tal purpose of tho civil service law,
because it placed permanently In of
fice, without examination or other
teat as to merit or efficiency, a great
hordo of persons. If left In this con
dition and permitted to operate with
out proper examination into Us work
ings tho order would malto honest
civil service a farco and prove a set
back to its proper administration and
future progress. My effort is to cor
rect the evil and save the merit of
the order and duly safeguard civil
aorvjee arid efficiency.
Special to The Tribune.
DENVER, aiay 7. Hurry C. Bush,
for thirteen yeani traffic manager of tho
Colorado Midland, resigned today to ac
cept a like position with the Idaho &
Washington Northern railway at Spo
Itnno, effectU'o June 1. With hla resig
nation the office In abolished and the of
llcn of general freight agent created, lo
which Lou A. Itnfort has been appointed.
Minority Leader Mann De
mands Reading of Enrolled
Measure and Democrats
Are Forced to Adjourn.
The Parliamentary Maneuver
Gives Rise to Mutterings of
Discontent; Income Tax
Section Amended.
WASHINGTON, May 7. After all
of tho fireworks preparatory to the
passage of the Underwood bill in the
houso had been set off a Republican
parliamcntar' maneuver blocked prog
ress 13' the "Democratic majorit' and
tho houso was forced to adjourn until
tomorrow with the bill still pending.
When the valedictory speeches on
the bill had been delivered the crowd
ed floor and galleries wero provided
for liual action, Republican Leader
Mann replied to Majority Leador Un
derwood's opposition to a roll call on
the Republican amendment proposing
a tariff commission, by declaring he
would demand tho reading of tho
"enrolled bill." Tt was impossible
for the enrolling clerk to complete the
enrollment of tho bill before tomor
row aftornoon. and amid the dissatis
fied mutterings of the members who
had waited through the evening in
the expectation of a final vote. Bepre
sentativo Underwood mo.y.cil that the
house adjourn until 2 o 'cloclc$omor
row afternoon whon the vote on the
bill will be taken.
Income Tax Amended.
In tho closing hours of the session
the ways and means committee amend
ed the income tax section of the bill
so as to exempt from its provisions
tho citizens of Porto Rico and the
Amid clamor that at times drowned
voices of champions and opponents
of the Underwood tariff revision bill,
the first Democratic tariff measure in
twenty years was rushed toward pas
sago in tho house at a lato hour to
night. Party leaders primed for the final
political thrust of tho tariff debate
hurled their defiances across the cham
ber on belated amendments, with al
ternating currents of applauso rever
berating through tho chamber, tho
packed galleriea frequently joining in
the demonstration.
"When the echoes of approving cheers
had died away after tho defeat of tho
last Republican amendment, whilo tho
house was in tho committee of tho
whole, Representative Garden of Ten
nessee, chairman of tho committoo,
turned the gavel over to Speaker
Passage Moved.
Majority Leador Undorwood then
placed the bill before tho house and
moved its passage. Debate on this
motion was being hastened as rapidly
as posaiblo, with prospect of a roll call
about midnight.
Before tho voto on tho last amend
ment, Minority Loader Mann, Majority
Leader Underwood and Speaker Clark
woro given rousing ovations.
With, an overwhelming Democratic
majority on hand to send thj bill on
its way to the eonato, tho sessiou to
night was marked by an exuberant
spirit of triumph on the Democratic
side of the center aisle. Evcr' mom
ber who could possibly attend was in
his place to hear the conclusion of tho
debato on tho bill and to cast his vote..
Although several Democrats had an
nounced their intontion of voting
against tho bill. Majority Leader Uu
derwood and his lieutenants had
plenty of votes on hand to insure its
passage and the dofeat of Ropublican
and Progressive efforts to amend.
Galleries Crowded.
Ah tho efforts of two weeks of politi
cal spellbinding and weary offorts to
amend the bill that marked its
progress through tho house drow to a
close tho expectation of a voto drow
great throngs to -the gallory of tho
house cbumbor. Early in the ovening
all seats wore filled and tho crowd had
taken possession of tho gallery aisles.
After tho gallery doors were closed tho
crowds continued to come, and soon
scores wero linod up in tho corridors
trying in vain for a gltmpso of tho
lloor. The gowns and anillinery of!
(Continued on Pago Two.)
Washington- to Hail Heroine
. e$ . cp g .8
Wife of Mew Nevada Senator
-J r& S
Mrs. Pittmaii Drove Dog Team
MRS. KEY PITTMAN, a senator's wife, who came out
victorious from a strenuous life in the Arctic wilds.
As Miss Gates She Traveled Over -Thousands of
Miles of Snow; Met Husband in Dawsoni
By International News Service.
Key Pittman, wife of the
new senator from Novatla,
will soon join her husband
The riding clubs are anticipating
Mrs. Pittman as a member, as she
was celebrated as a lino horsewoman.
She will, no doubt, also join - the
Daughters of the American Revolu
tion, being eligible as a direct - de
scendant of General Horatio Gates
of revolutionary fame. She is a na
tive of California, hoi father, Edgar.
11. Gates, having been an extensive
dealer In redwood limber of that
state. The family is well known in
social and financial circles. She at
tended a girls' seminary In Eureka,
Cal., and later studied music In San
Mrs. Pittman bears the distinction - j
of being the only woman to enter
Washington official life who has trav
eled through many thousand mllea
of Klondike anows.
A few years ago she went to Alaska
with her brother, Edgar Gates, who
wuh interested In mines near Daw
son. They built boats at Llnderman,
which were placed on sleds and car
rlud down to where the waters open
on tho Yukon, and through floating
Ice thoy arrived at Dawson. It was
here she first met Mr. Pittman and
was soon after engaged to him.
Later she made the return trip to
meet her fiance, at Nome, since ho
was actively engaged la legal battles
pending at Nome and It was Impos-
By International Nows Service.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 7. For the
sake of his 10-year-old daughter Char
lotte, the Innocent sufferer In the divorce
case now being tried before Judge
Thomas F. Graham, the father, Captain
Henry C. Merrlam, coast artillery corps
of tho prosldlo, agreed late tonight to
drop his Bult against hl3 wife, Mrs. Bes
slo C. Merrlam, alleging Immoral con
duct, and to submit to her taking tho
decree on tho technical ground of de
sertion. Bocause Judgo Graham pointed out to
her this afternoon tho futility of her
fighting the caso further and because ho
showed hor tho wrong that would come
to tho child through tho airing of the
unsavory details of the caso, Mrs. Mer
rlam consontod to the compromise sug
gested by the court.
slble for him to leave. This mo
mentous trip was made with two
dog-team drivers over the' icy Yukon
in. midwinter.- Mrs. Pittman is of
vigorous physique and withstood the
hardships of "the cold and country
' with ease.
Sunator Pittman In speaking of
this said:- "I think women, and espe
cially the women of tho Klondike,
have . greater powers of endurance
than tho men. Up there in the cold .
countries many times -when the men
were .'played. out' -the women had considerably-
the best of them as to
"Wo both have seen many deeds
of daring there, and perhaps the
health . arid . vigor which Mrs. Pitt
man enjoys are due to the fact that
she spends a great deal of her time
out oPdoors. She Is a line companion
and has taken a keen Interest In rid
ing, driving, llahlng. hunting and
motoring with me, though she has
also had a literary training,
"While not a militant suffragette
she believes with me that women
should have the ballot. In truth, I
included suffrago in all my speeches
during the campaign In my state. I
think the one fundamental reason of
my efforts In behalf of suffrago In
our stale was our particular political
I "Tho suffrage women of our state
have been particularly active, and
my wife Is heartily In accord with
them. She believes In the untiring
energy and stability of women when
they arc healthy."
NEW YORK, May 7 Gunmon of the
East Side killed their fifth man within
four days today He was Antonio Sca
morlno. formerly of Dayton, O. The as
sassin used a shotgun, firing from the
shadow of a doorway, and oscaped. The
four other recent murders Include that
of David . Mlnaor, shot during the rush
hour last night by three gangsters on tho
WllllaniBburg bridge.
Fatal Eevolver Battle.
VIENNA, Go,, May 7. Two men were
killed and a third was probably fatally
wounded in a revolver battle near hero
today. Oscar Blow, a farmer, first en
gaged P. P. Sangster, a neighbor. In a
duel In which Sangstor was killed. Sher
iff Bennett, mounted, pursued Blow, who
shot the offlcor out of the saddle. The
sheriff returned the fire while falling to
the ground, killing Blow.
Attempt Made to Blow II
Up the Great London jl
Cathedral Attributed III
to the Militant Suffra- l
gettes in Retaliation for
Action of Parliament.
Engine of Destruction II
Small But Fiendishly 1 1
Powerful; the "Arson 1 1
Squads" Busy in Va- 1 1
rious Places in United 1 1
Kingdom; No Arrests
Made So Far. II
LONDON, May 7. An attempt to If I
wreck the ancient St. Paul's cathedral KRI
by a bomb early today is attributed to yH
the militant suffragettes. The verger 3H
who conducts sightseers through the f;H
massive edifice was making his round3 H
at about S o'clock this morning when II
he heard a ticking sound near the high 6
altar. Upon investigation he found 1; H
hidden a hcav;.- parcel done up in g H
brown paper. He. immediately placed B
it in water and handed it over to the I H
police, who found a suffragette nows- B H
paper wrapped up with the. bomb. K H
Small but fiendishly powerful, is tho g H
officers' description of the bomb. When R
the machine was taken to pieces it was ft H
discovered it was timed to explode at K 'H
midnight, but a dcrnugementk of the ft H
clockwork retarded the explosion. Ap- H
parentlj' only this accident prevented KiH
untold damage to the cathedral. A HrJH
number of brass screws, nails and coarse HlH
metal slugs were found among the con- M
Violence Renewed. JH
This attempt and the placing of two HH
other bombs in other parts of tho city LH
this morning mado it appear that the sJH
militaut suffragettes had entered anew H
on their havoc working campaign fol- H
lowing the defeat of the woman suf
frfago bill in the Houso of Commons last fH
night., Shorty after the discovery at jMH
the cathedral tho police found a simi- i H
lar bomb like package on the steps of 'H
a .newspaper offico on Fleet street, 5
and a thin canister, believed to oon- t H
tain explosives, was picked up on tho Ij H
steps of a wholesale drug establish-1 H
meat near St. Paul's. I I
No Arrests Made. 1 1
No arrests wore made-and It is doubt-1
ful if the police have clues to the iden- 1 H
tity of the bomb throwers. 5 H
The bomb from the cathedral was I H
examined at tho Bridewoll police stft- t H
tion and later at the home office by H
government experts. fill
Tho bomb was painted blaok and SH
contained two detonators attached to HJH
an electric battery. It was 'filled with
slugs of a hard, black substance re
sembling coal. Thcro is no doubt, the IH
police say, that it was placed in. posi,
tion by militant suffragettes or per- IH
sons in their employ. 1 JtfM
The general public ib admitted to IH
the choir of St. Paul's between 11 IH
o'clock in the morning and 3:30 in kH
tho afternoon. Tho cathedral was ijfl
closed entirely at 6 o 'cloak last even- VM
"ing, and it appears certain that tho f
bomb was "deposited before that hour, fjl
Tt was found beneath a chair beside IjH
the bishop's throne, at the head of tho iH
Tho dean conducted evensong near IH
the bishop's throne last evening, but
neither ho nor the vergor then no- IH
ticed tho package or heard tho tick- gH
Police Fooled.
Plain clothes policemen havo beenon
duty in St. Paul 's for several weeks, IH
for the express purpose of preventing lH
militant suffragette outbreaks, but they S
observed nothing wrong last night. fiH
Several parts of the cathedral, fH
usually oponed lo the public, were
closed today. El
Suffragette " arson squads" were iH
also busy early this morning. ThpyaM
burned down a' pavilion on the cricket I
field at Bishop's park, Pulham, in tho IH
west end of London, and abo set fire B
to an unoccupied houso at Finohley, B
in tho north of London. Suffragette
placards and quantities of chemicals R
wero found in tho vicinity of both
fires. Il
Another notorious fire broke out BH
at a timber yard in Lambeth today, IH
tho fourth of this kind in London
within a few days. It was extin
guished before much damage had been tjH
done. (

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