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Bn ft ' Bb KIM . TILE SALT LAKB TRIBUNE, SUNDAY MORNIxXG, JANUARY 25, 1914. M BKl " 9 I -Mill SOI JMOftl TOglll ISM ' p -Our Brothers 'Merciless ); P Keeper qr; r fij- s iGERS love their cubs, hens their . ?. I chickcnE, dogs lovo their masters, Jr, ! I and all those will tight and dio in I'. JL defense of what they love. Hit- man mothers generally lovo thoir off- spring. Love in the common sense is M , common or instinctive, and involves no h)A moral quality. It is love of ones own, p: and contains a better form of self ft ( love. If . But. mercy ifl of higher birth. Ani- fj; I mals know nothing of it; savages and at ' the lower types of man ignore it, Wo fl;1 nscrihe a divine source to it when we K pray God to have mercy on us; we do ' not ask Him to lovo us. All higher re- L ligions enjoin it. Mercy is love puri- $ fiod from self, or wholly altruistic. It ;jjtf is a man loving anothor not because Ml of blood relationship or because of ex- jjj;.; pected benefits or even bocauso ti' fl.V benefits bestowed, but on the simplo Bt,i ground that? he is his human brothor, K j , uhild of the samo Divino Father. -It Ml is purer than the racial feeling, and fl.lV it includes the a'uimal creation outside (fli: humanity in its scope as the Bible puts t. -'the merciful man is merciful (fli' to his beast." Mb It is the Golden Rule in manifesta lIMj - lion: wo see in the one to whom wo are jEli; , merciful ourself iu anothor formrunder Hj)1 different conditions, and we do to him as wc would have him do to us. It seems to require a certain maturity of mjm acquired or inherited; children Olljl below puberty seldom have it. It is easily forfeited, and indifference to tho M j suffering of others is readily ostnb Hij lished; Tt is to be guarded and de li! ! voloiieil as a sacred possession of man M ji at his highest, aud constantly nourished ll bv thought and deed. And no man is M A sti high and strong but he may and does tf'1 I v need the mercy of somo beiae lof tior Si! and more powerful than himself. ; which ,5f : )l0 cannot ciaim if ho havo not himsell lil I done mercifully to those below him. Iff ' J. have remarked heretofore that o M ficials of prisons should be men of the PS highest character in the state at least M as high as what we would oyisn to.as U JI criiJC to our judges of the criminal ! f ; , bench Judges seii.d men to prison, but i fi ! prison guards and wardenB have charge , ff !. of them during their imprisonment, with j ft H powers practically unlimited. Unlimited 7, P power is a trust too arduous for any '.! , mortal, for it should presuppose perfect Si' knowlodge, all-penotraling intcirigence, Ii-'v boundless experience, and the morcy f' which is born to these for thcro is a j bastard brother of mercy which is of I the parentage of ignorance and cow- ardiee. which shrinks from the sight of suffering from mere pusillanimity of , tho nerves, and does not recognize that Utl suffering may be mercifully inflicted Si or permitted and bonoficently en- p durcd. I it But the community does not select its 'W,i prison officials on the basis abovo li indicated; it is satisfied if they be com- Hi petent to "handle men," have a saga- '! j cious familiarity with human depravity. I ft I will tolerate no nonsense, can indite l' I! plausible reports for tho department, Jj and show a good balance at the cud of f the fiscal year, or, as guards and under- u Btrappers, keep the men submissive aud orderly and allow no outbreaks. As for m knowledge, a public school education is W ample, with sucli intelligence as may bo If supposed to go with it; and the experi- l' once of a ward heeler or a thug will w ordinarily suffice to pass a candidate. Mi As a matter of fact, tho community nj never knows anj-lhing about its 'prison i officials until some special scandal tran- i-pires under their administration, or un- I less some heaven-sent plionix of a war- l den unaccountably manifests humane 1 and enlightened tendencies. Their ap- I pointmcnt is left to the political ma- a chine, which hands it out on the prin- IJ ciple of what is or was he worth to )! us? As for justice and mercy my good j! sir, you seem to forect wo aro talking I of convicted "criiniuals! I T affirm, however, that justice which is intelligent mercj- is required i nowhere so urgently as with convicts: that aii3' punishment which aims at f more than restraining convicts from i practices calculated to injure their own ;j best iuterests, iy a crime.; and that i: r-nielty to persons imprisoned and help- less, bo the plea in extenuation of it I what it may, is damnable and uupar- donablo wickedness. Meanwhile, there f is not and has never been in the ? United Slates a jail in which revenge- ! ful, malicious and unjustifiablo punish- ments have not been inflicted, and iu I. ; which cruelty does not stain the record jl of each year and day. li There have appeared lately in the il newt-papers stories of enormities perpe- H tratcd in Russian prisons. Terrible bnr- 1 baiians, those Russians! Vet, barring i one feature of. them only, they cfm be j! paralleled by what is currently done iu ; l! jj prisons here. This one feature is, the III j absence in the .Russian infernos of all ! q ' h5"pocritical protcstntions to tho public i . of hmnano treatment, and of aversion sij1 from severities. Tho Russian cannot do more than beat, torture and kill his ( prisoners; but wp do tho same, ft is ' lono at Blackwell's Island, at 3ing h. Sing, at Auburn, at Jcfforson City, at Leavenworth (until the other dny. at i least,) in San Quentin, and countless I: others, iucludinc my own Atlanta: only, : there, the policy of suppression of news :j and promulgation of falsehood is per il haps carried to a more nearly perfect jj extreme than in most other prisons, ij A few years ago, but under the prcs f ent regimo at Atlanta, the -workers iu jjj thc stone shod there wero pursuing f! their ocenpation in the torrid heat of a 41 summer day, when one of them, a ! young man named Ed Richmond, asked iJ the guard on duty for leavo to rotirc for a few moments. Such requests j must of course often be mado. But k t Richmond was a man -who had not been '' lucky enough to win tho favor of the :', higher officials in the prisou, and this I was known to the guards, who felt f'f v that the might with impunity treat ;l f, him harshly. Richmond bad been a it; e good deal abusod, and his mind had bo U; 1, come somewhat unbalanced; ho would b $ sometimes talk incoherently and act ii f oddly. It had been noticed, that- the stone shed guard "had it in for Ed,,r i ; hb the prisoners say; but nothing very F n 1 serious "was looked for. S Be that as it may, something serions fcj -rf, was about to occur. Five or six years after this day, I was walking, under $ j-; ; convoy of tho deputy warden, in the prison grounds thnt lie outside the is : walls, when we stumbled upon the pris- A on graveyard. It lay at' tho crest of i t some rising ground, partly overshad- ' owed by second-growth timber, and was 1 merely an lininelosed clearing iu the rough undergrowth, with rows of head stones standing one behind another, each with a name and date on it. But under all of them lay all that remained 011 curth of prison tragedies; for oven if a prisoucr dio a natural death in prison, ho dies with a broken heart and poisoned mind, abandoned, in gray despair, friendless, shut out from sky and freedom, hearing with dullod ears the clanging of steel gates, seeing the blank walls, deprived of the sympa thetic words aud glances of friends a miserable, unknown death. Silence and obliteration close over him; and hero ho lies. r . On one of the headstones I road tho namo of Ed Richmond, and tho date of his end. IIo liad not died a natural death, but there was nothing on his tombstone to show it. I already knew his story, having heard it from several eyowitnesses. On the day abovo mentioned, the guard had granted his request; but aft er the man had boon absent a few min utos, ho called to him to come out. Richmond did not at once respond. Tho guard called to him again, more per emptorily, and advancod toward the place wnoro he was, butsido the stono shod building. Richmond, as tho guard camo nearer, mumbled something; the guard seemed angered, and stepped up to himt raising his club to Btrike. Rich mond instinctively put up an arm to ward tho blow, and as it descended ho caught tho end of the club in his hand. This was the head and front of his of fending, and for this he was to die. Tho guard droppod tho club, drew his revolver, and shot Richmond four times in tho bod. Ho also fired another shott the bullet going through a wooden partition into a part of tho shed where some ' prisoners wero working, barely missing one of them. Richmond slowly dropped where he stood and- lay hud dled on the ground; the guard stood looking coolly at him. One of the pris oners, a negro, ran up and took the dy ing man's head on his knee; others looked on. After a while an official camo up and ordered the man taken to tho hospital. But his hurts were mor tal, and in a few minutes ho "was dead. The men in tho stone shod continued thoir work. An investigation within tho walls waa held, tho guard, was exonorated, and "was still on duty when I was in the prison. The officials who had dis liked Richmond were relieved of the annoyance of his prcsonco. There wore no inconvenient newspaper reporters about. If tho dead man had friends outside, they never were able to do any thing. It seoms unlikely that the guard who Killed him would have dono it had ho not felt confident that tho higher officials would condone tho deed, Per haps, had ho been arrested and in dicted, he might havo uttered some names; but he was exonerated, and he has kept his mouth shut. This hap pened bofore the date of Attorney Gen eral Wickersham's visit to the prison, and thercforo tho change in "Warden Mover's ideas as to the expediency of sovore moasurcs in the handling of con victs. Were the thing to bo done again today, it would probably not occur out in the open air and sunshine, with per sons looking on, but under circum stances of decent seclusion. The outside public is becoming a little squeamish about prison killings. But in Russia there is no public opinion, or none that is audible, and the prison guards there aro not ham pered in their work by tho necessity of doing it under cover. "as they aro fiore. It is a question which method is prefer able. 1 believe somo of our prisoners would vote for tho open way of killing aud torturing. It is exasperating to be "done up" in secret, in the dark, sti fled and gagged, with no chance to die fighting. I havo no comparative statis tics as bot-ween us and Russia, but it would not be surprising if our record of men beaten, starved, poisoned, hung up in chains in dark cells and killed by neglect and cruelties, were to size up fairl' well agaiust what Russia has to show. Considering the restrictions nut upon them, our prison autocrats cer tainly do 'well. Some doubt has been created in the public mind as to whether there really are dark cells in tho Atlanta peniten tiary, or, if there be, whether- their use has not been long discontinued. J novor heard any categorical statement in de nial of it from any of tho officials, though I havo read something to that effect in local newspapers. Visitors never see them, and T know of no pris on inspectors who havo done so; they are shown instead tho light cells on air uppor floor, which are habitable enough, with windows admitting daylight, and a rot bed. But the dark cells arc an-1 other story altogether, and their exist ence can no more bo denied successful ly than that of the prison itself. - A man named H. B. Rich was em ployed in tho prison for niue venrs as foreman of the blacksmith shop; he says that he helped build two dark colls 111 the basement, and often rivotod chains on convicts thore. "They wero chained to tho door," he goes on, "hanging by their hands, sometimes for twenty-lour hours. Often they were thus chained up during the day, but at nighl tho chain attached to the frame of tho door was loosened; the other chain was attached to a vortical rod, the ring eliding up and down, so that tho man was able to lio on .'tho baro cement floor. There wero no cots. The food was generally one slice of bread and a cup of water a day, sometimes two or three. Men wero often kept thus for weeks at a time, and would come out so pallid and weak that thin could scarcely walk, and blinded from long confinement in darkness. A con vict named S. was kept in the dark hole two wcoks; I was often called to chain him, as ho was a powerful man; but when he would como out he was so wcakcued-that he could scarcely movo." I, may add here that I havo often talked with the convict here mentioned, and he told mo details of his experi ences. I would print bis name and story, but he is still in confinement he has lived two and twenty continuous years in prison and he might be mado to suffer for his revelations. Among other things, he said that ho had been in the punishmeut cells, in the aggre gate, eight years! If ho wero noi a hon of strength and courage, ho would have been dead long ago. The Atlanta penitentiary claims to bo the mo3t hu mane in tho world. But eight years in chains nnd darkness seems a long time, even taken in installments. A man lately released has this to Bay: "The administration of tho peniten tiary is a sham and. protence. 'Reform' is a show, for tho benefit of govern ment inspectors and visitors, with, undorneath, a callous and brutal disre gard for the welfare of tho convicts, moral and physical. No tortures? I was trussed up, face to wall, with arms outstretched, for ten hours. Whon loosed, I just dropped to tho floor from Tho guard stood looking coolly at him. One of the prisoners, a- negro, ran up and took the dying man's head on his knee. exhaustion, and did not rise till the next morning. That was during tho present administration. When visitors and newspaper reporters go through the prison, 'there isn't any holoj' but tho prisoucr who thoughtlessly infracts a rule knows that thero is oncl "In tho isolation building there is a number of three-cornered colls where men are chained to the doors; they have little cots; these cells are shown. But down beneath thoro is tho real holo. These underground cells havo no cots; when u man drops, he drops on the cement floor. If they wish severely to discipline a man, they can mako these cells practically air-tight, and then turn on the steam tnrough the pipes." Let us havo more testimony as to the dark hole. "Tho hole,' writes another inmate, "is not a holo in tho wall or in tho ground, but it is a placo to Hum a man's cheeks -white and to makn his knees shake and his lips tremblo, whou, for some infraction of very strict rules, ho is ordered to tho holo. It is a row of holes; far down iu the bottom of tho big bastilo is a row of little cells, six feet wide, nine foot long and perhaps ten feet high. Solid concrete, with iron grating in tho narrow door. Abso lutely' dark. Furniture, one iion rod, ono "blanket. Tho man is handcuffed between tho rod and tho wall, hands apart as far as ho can hold thorn; at night tho wall fastening is loosed, and ho can lio down, sliding the ring of his hnndcuff down the rod. No mattress or bed just floor. Food, three ouncos of bread and a glass of water at noon. Tho rules aro said to bo less sovoro than formerly; but two half-breed In dians, former frionds, recognizing each other in Sunday school, ventured to whisper a greeting; thoy wero put in tho nolo two days and nights, and one of them, a stout hardy boy, came out trembling and shaking as with mortal illness." A man who served as guard in the prison under tho present warden, but left in 1007, affirms that barbarities wore not tho exception at thnt time, but the "horrible custom. The dark holo is a reality; men wore kept thore weeks at a timc, to my cortnin knowl edge, within stifling walls, chained standing for intolerable periods, with great suffering. The public undorstands solitary confinement' to mean a coll by one''s self, but this cell is a dark dungeon below earth level. Ono con vict had to be brought out on a litter, hinlegs swollen to a frightful size; he could not Btand erect. I was repri manded for entering his cell and'hclping him to sit up. A man named L. who had drawn back his hammer threaten ingly when a guard advanced upon him armed with a 'square,' but who ceased to resist when the guard drew Iub re-' volver, was sentenced to 1-15 days in the dungeon, with three slices of bread and water por day. Christian Endeav orers," this witness adds, "never have an opportunity to observe the real con ditions. No outsider comes iu contact with things as they are. No outsider in Atlanta has ever seen the dungeons." G. W,, formerly employed in the prison, 6ays that "tho hole near the plumbers' shop was built while Morse, tho banker, was in tho prifrou, for 1. helped build it, and the warden, with another official, was down to seo it at 10 in tho morning." Speaking of tho statement that the dark holo was no longer in use, he adds, in his letter to me; "You know of tlio hanging up in tho dark coll of tho old Englishman, in October" tho month t left tho poni teniary. I do know of it; the fight 'of this stubborn old fellow against the op pression of tho prison authorities was the talk of tho ranges just before my departure; he had done nothing worse than to use bad language; ho would not give in, and I beTiovo that it was found advisable at last to roloase him. The caso of poor little B. had a loss agreeable sequel. 11 0 was dying of dia betes (hiring tho latter mouths of his confinement; he was an incorrigible lil tlo thief, a man of extraordinarily ucutc mind, and a sort of saturnine humorist withal. He. had been repeatedly cou yictcd and imprisoned, but "T can't let it alone,'' he would say. Ho was plump and flabby, ghastly pale, with protrud ing eyes, vey clear and penetrating. IIo was ridiculously impudent, but be ing so soon to die, as he himself well know, nono of the prisoners bore him a grudge. The authorities, however, thought it well to disciplino him, and he was so ropoatedly mal treated by them, and put in 'the dark bole, that his diseaso was greatly in flamed and the end hastened. 1' said somethiug designed to bo encouraging to him shortly before I left; but ho fixed me with those singular oyes, and said, "I am doomed I" TI10 last I heard of B. was in a lot tor from a lady who has done much to help and relieve the sufferings nnd wrongs of prisoners in tho jaw. "13. is in a dyiug condition," sho writes; "ho was severely punished while sut fering from his diseaso. W.," she goes on, "died three days after a teu days' punishmeut. He had to bo lifted from the dark cell and carried to tho hospital by attondants." Upon the whole, oue has grounds for bolieving that the dark holo is not; a fairy tale, and that it still exists and is at work in Atlanta peni tentiary, in spite of tho impression to tho contrary of the huniano warden and his officials. t Tho geogrnphy of the places is, how ore, obscure, and is known to the elect only: it is said by inmates of old stand ing that underground passages connect the prison buildings and lead from ono dungeon to another. This sounds ro mantic, but would bo obviously uBeful in practice. A map of tho premises, sur face and subterranean, would be inter esting, and may hereafter be nchiovod by some inspection which really in spects. I havo not spoken of somo fea tures of tho dark colls, as described by men who have oxpenenced them, be cause they nrc so revolting that editors of newspapers would docliuo to print them. Human beings are compelled to cuduro many things which tho fastidi ousness of other human beings cannot tolerate oven the hearing of. A prisoner named Kcegan was killed at Atlanta not long bcl'oro 1 was re leased, not by a guard's bullet, but by moans as sure, though slower and more cruel. We wero all con versa lit with his ease at the time, but 1 will quote the man who knew him and his sufferings most intimately. 1 lore is his crude nar rative written to mo on prison paper: "William Kcegan died in August of this year (10.WS) at the pen. Ho was first taken sick with pains in the legs, hands and arms, and went to morning sick call, but could never get anything done, because ho was a little deaf and could not hoar what tho doctor said, and so could oxplain no further, and he was in a very bad fix. They did nothing for him. and he was afraid to sco the doctor, because ho would have been impatient, aud would have sont him to the hole, and thou he would loso time. But he did go up to see him after the pains got mto his back also, and he told him ho would like to get out of tho stone shed: and tho doc tor told him thero was nothing tho mat ter with him. but ho was only faking aud trying to get out of work which I know and can swear to as not bcin" true. " n "Jf ever there was a sick man, Kee gan was him. Ho told M., tho foreman, about it one da3', who told liini to have the doctor look him over, aud sent him up one afternoon: tho doctor looked lum over and told him he was only a crank nothing at all tho matter with him. Soon after lie was taken very sick, and oue night I called tho prison nursjo to his cell, and ho had him takeu to the hospital, whero ho stayed some time, but it did him no good, for ho camo back to tho collhouse in just as bad a fix as before. Then they put him to work in the paint house, and aftor he had been there about a week thoy said ho was crazy, and put him in the hole. Ifc was treated shamefully in tho hole, for the prison nurse told me so. Then ho was takeu again to tho hospitnl, and he never camo out of it, for ho died there, and the. prison nurse told mo he suffered terribly before his death. Thin I will swear is true bofore God "Very near every man in the pen had a bad Rtomach, and could got noth ing for it, for if you went to the doctor he would tell you you ato too much, and give you a big dose of saltB, and if you. did not tako thorn ho would put you in tho hole, and thon you would lose good time. But if a man had a pull he would get along right enough, Thero was A,, a bank wreckor: ho was clerk in tho stone shed, and I have seen him have eggs right in 'the kitchen, when wo had only rice to eat with cold water and bread, which was sour. If he didn't want to work ho didn't have to for when T worked as runner for the plumber I have scon A. lying down and smoking and rending or pretty near anything ho wanted to do; but if other men had done Joss thau half the things ho did, they would have been put in I ho hole and lost, good timo also. Things should be looked into, lor it is sure run shamefully.1' Readers would perhaps like to know more of tho doctor, wnoso professional activities arc so engagingly described in tho nbovc statement, lie is n medi cal graduate of recent vintage, poor but aristocratic, engaged to attend four hours a day at tho peuileutiarv at a salary of $1500 a year. "I need the money," ho once admitted to a col league in the prison. Kcegan, as wo have seen, was under his penetrating eye for mouths, aud ho died a low days after tho young 'gentleman had assured him that there was nothing the matter with him. The doctor dresses well, and has an air; he has (he use of an auto mobile, and sometimes escorts good look ing younir nurses, ;or other young ladies, about t lio prison grounds, lie has a knack at surgical operations, and urges prisoners to bo operated upon: thoy sometimes recover and sometimes do not. His use of drugs in his practice seoms to have been mainly restriftcd to prescribing salts and the 'hole, both ef fective in their way. but not always happy in their application to tho cases under consideration. Ho was always civil to me, and put me under the obligation of saviug nu ll le. for hu ordered mo a milk diet when I waa succumbing to tho influ ences of prison hash aud "hot dog." It wns part of his duty to visit the dining room every day or was it ev ery other day? and inspect the food served to tho prisoners. During mv six months' stay, ho appcarod twico in the doorway whero he exchanged ameni ties with tho guard; and once he trav ersed tho aisle bol.wocii mv row of ta bles and tho next, accompanied by somo very nice looking girls. IIo had other duties, which ho discharged with simi- lar iV-t,m,ltv ;im fervor. And all for 9lu00 a year. There wns a hearty. fiilI-bloodo.d. good naturod young follow, with red hair, who worked in tho blacksmith's shop, and worked well. His overseer was a negro this ofton happens in tho Atlanta penitentiary. The heat in the forgo room during summer was intense, aud tho red-haired bov used to get rush of blood to tho head, and finally asked a ugh official for leave to step out in the open air occasionally and cool off. It was granted. But on ono of these outings his negro mastor or dered him to go back and do a job of work lor him: tho other quoted his of ficial permission; there was a -wrangle, onding in an appeal to a higher of ticial still. The lattor. in the face of tho lower official's personal testimonv : na Jiuthorized tho recess-, sup portcd tho negro, and tho young black smith was sentenced to five days in tho dark cell and thirty days' loss of good time. Discipline must be prcservod. Aro Biich conditions as J have de scribed general? Tho newspapers dur ing my stay at Atlanta doscribed a dis suasion in local prison .fl n-onrlcty or cxpcdioimv of 9 nale prisoners in tlnf gCqM inson (not connected' wliuH UM.itcnt.ary), ana confli'M the dark hole. Tho vriWM ion, a gentleman named Ins gunrds, said that mind confinement in tho got no harm Troni U-MhftM shown that after huintr . S 11 day or two, thoy wero S stand and who ly m,fit JJ guards declared that the LB not be eftcctivc y discipHnJM flogging and thrcatonlifl M body if the practice wqmjH Dr. MaclWld of the?, that although tome abuse the power of flngrtiB lashed women on the bareB of over covering of ooe'l prescribed by tho rules, atliM whipping for them; ho 'M the "leather" was really n9 than the dungeon. ScctehH of tho prison commission S tho lash. ?S 4."tuc, other hana, State trvo Blackburn said that itifl gerous policy to give mich.B about tho state. It iroulj. terrible abuses and- mistmfl sovereign power of tho itB not bo delegated to indivB remotely accountable The dH tern should be qarcfully gS tho lino of punishment n9 othqrwise ovils will creenfl rective measures that fffl cruelty should he used "H tivc Smith added that if power to use tho whip oril the hands of brutal and 'H wardens, the same crucltietH ties which have shocked til world will be repeated. W&S with power, abuse their pfl are appointees of a sy&til enccd and incompetent ia chosen, not because of th'eilH more likely to repay soaeB vor. When a good waidesH is moro or less an accideajH mission to whip, and the. ;H bo horrifiod at the rowl'H should learn tho circunistaH That is fine, but tho cod! mean more than they eayiH public to know? If you or a sister or daughter iB would you feel entirely ifl the declamations in ihe.ljH these kindly gentlemen! occur to you thai, when tbiiH had blown over, the warcH guards might possibly, BniH as might be. revert to wIijH to be the only effective aM ing order? It is easv. inM gag a woman so that s'He cfl and to lake her down toB place and there to lay o&ifl heartily, with qr without firfl the inner garments. TVhfl or to tell? We aro noijjfl boast of these things opecljH At the turpentine canpB Ala., thirty-live convicts J tract had been annulled UH O'Neal, wero brought to HdH 10. 1013. and placed in thV All but fourteen had bcenviH heavy straps loaded tviih tM fidavits were offered saomlH of them had been' whipS But Superintendent of Prttfl Now York, iu a Icttor to H tigan of Auburn prison, wraH no't believe that anyone iiS formed by physical torturcJH not the view "taken, appaitfl ferson City, Mo., prison,vB few weeks' ago, a negro H very hard task each aM Post-Dispatch of St. LoumJH ho could perform. At eveH be taken out, strapped toH beaten with a heavy MraplB cuts aud sorc3 all over tifl vored prisoners wore allovB rules, while others were.sB ished for the same thin?. ten tin ry there is describwLB hell entirch' surrounded brB incompetent officials." were brutally whipped iM Wo have all heard aboifl island, New York City, ljH inns by officials, and moH suited in tho death of a teo Kurd found two moaiB one stupefied, the othef OJH sobbing. Thev had DeK;B whispering, 'the dark ordered discontinued on!H fore. Warden Hayes, on oflH the official why ho tadMB to be used, replied: ""JM I 've been so busy I Wfl to get round to it!" In Atlanta we do noUfJM , ,we find tne club hanMM guards aro SKillful w-8HM the bodies of thoir potiealM the external evidences are 9BJ occasions internal troiiplJ bo ascribed to "natural" thero aro indications i0U9J use the dark cell, descruwBJ Donald, above, as mora tho lash. Tf this expert fj gives us a stnndard W"JB liro how inhumane they. TH I cannot go on, thougaBJ only a fraction of Jny ntKjflfl ovo'r, 1 am inclined to tpH phvsical punishments J oBJ nro not tho worst that are.JB iu Atlanta and perhaps ons. Great ingenuity BB application of mental tonfll have thoir outcome in JBB which never can jie "J'JBB commissions and "'sPec"!flBj man is as safe as a ?JBB tells tales, no one will PJJB him. Tho cat-and-mouse vorito with tho humane dens. Ciivo your man ifl hopo and despair, and soon roward your aro the insults, thn gJffB the obscuro forms pt TjH -rago, tho degradation EBB thero aro a hundred ?nbUBB stroying and corrupting H man. To be compelled BB same cell with rl&a(lAM mils is a most successful H inanity; and when, one of tho two is cent boy, the results an sufficient number of 'gBB planatiou given ana a'BB 1 east , thore are tho houses, which nuehUjJJBB yoars ago, had tho appBB properly applied. . taflB 'Lofd, bo morciftl9B nor!" wo pray m f'-U He says "With wl"B it shall be men sflJM In nasi Sunday's .jB sensational ,Pjso VJ,mU life, Mr. Ilawihonc conditions I hat "S-fJ vict when he leave ijfflm sooner or later, forfchiDM prison aud make of w .BB convict. B'