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American Peace Congress
Mteclaratian at l 9 rinciplas CHICAGO, (LPF) — “Peace is the best defense of the Am erican people.” That was the unanimous decision of the 6,500 delegates, observers and guests who jammed the Coliseum at a three-day People’s Peace Congress which ended July 1. The imminence of a cease-fire in Korea stirred the vast audience into great enthusiasm and calm determination to intensify its ef forts to the end that lasting peace shall be achieved. Out of this new hope, and out of exchange of views during the three-day meeting, was born the American Peace Crusade and a declaration of principles, whose purpose is to unite all Americans of good will, of whatever faith, religion, color, national origin or social status, for the attainment of lasting peace, a happy and ab undant life. The declaration of principles adopted by the American Peace Congress, follows: DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES American Peace Crusade We meet in the atmosphere of new hope. The cease fire in Korea, as the first step to a wider set tlement is proof of the faith we have. Ours is the faith that there are no forces beyond the control of man that make war inevitable. It is the faith that real decision can not be made by bomb and flame. We pledge ourselves to main tain that faith in the sure knowl edge that therein lies the only real defense of our homes, our children’s lives ,our very future— a defense far more secure than radar screens and stockpiles, the defense which is peace. In the spirit of this pledge, we do here adopt the following state ment as the Chicago Declaration of Principles of the American Peace Crusade. DECLARATION “1. We believe that Peace is America’s best defense, and that the need for peace is the over riding need. The atomic age ex cludes. on pain of mutual annihi lation, a general resort to arms. “We found this belief not alone in the unimaginable horrors of a third world war but in the very high price we are paying as our land now prepares for a possible war. No honest observer, can fail to count the heavy cost. "Even American productivity cannot pour out forever both guns and butter. The pinch of higher taxes, the prices forever rising, the post card from the draft board, the air raid drills of the school children these are the clear cost of war preparation. The free and easy tradition of Ameri can discussion, the ability to change one’s job and to find ade quate education and homes for one’s children, all these dwindle under the scorching heat of what is called military necessity. The pattern of violence and lynching, of political, social and economic discrimination against the Negro people and other minorities, spreads in the wake of advancing war preparations. Indeed, the very advocacy of peace has sub jected the advocates, Negro and white, to prosecution. “2. We declare our belief that most Americans want peace. An American movement for peace can grow in strength until it wins the peace ,and opens the way for A mericans and for people in all lands to enjoy the rights our na tion has long stood for: the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. “As war today unites a nation in a common misery, so the fight for peace must embrace all in a joint effort. We appeal to farmer and to worker, to men and women of conservative and of liberal so cial views, to Spanish speaking Americans, to Slavic Americans, and to Americans of every other national origin, to Protestant, Catholic, and Jew. for peace can only be obtained through such unity. The essence of this unity needs to be found in the common effort of Negro and white Ameri cans in the cause of peace. Peace in a world of many races rests on full citizenship and freedom for Americans of all colors. “We recognize that there are and will remain differences of opinion and condition, but we are prepared to find a practical com promise area of agreement on the road to peace. Nothing else will do: we here intend to do our best to gain such unity. Nor does this imply conformity of action or of organization; each of us knows best how to act on his own will to bring his great objectives to the sympathetic attention of his friends and his neighbors. What counts is to act. “3. We declare our belief that the acceptance of the coexistence of differing social systems is es sential to peace. We Americans whose stake in peace is so very great must be willing to live at peace in a world with others who see in the light of their own con ditions and their own histories a different path to the good things we believe all men deserve. We have to be willing to live and let live, to negotiate and to compro- Admisiunile Proprii Ale Fugarilor Romani gym ■'’;. '£•s&*' i *.,> ■' mise. “By the same token, we accept the conclusion that colonialism must yield to the deep aspiration for national independence for all peoples. “When we stand for peace, then, we must stand as well for im provement of the conditions of man. ' “4. Finally, we affirm our deep conviction that peace can be re alized only by a policy of negoti ations and not by a policy of arms. Our diplomacy and our defense cannot be sound if based on the delusions of preventive war, of military domination, or of race superiority. None of these can achieve the peace. Nor can the amassing of atom bombs, the forming of military alliances, the revival of the German war ma chine and Japanese militarism, bear any fruit but war. “We know this too, peace can not be built upon negative meas ures alone. Peace is not simply the absence of war; it is not even just the end of armament races. It must include a world moving from hostility and suspicion to resumption of the normal rela tions of peaceful trade. The sup port of employment in America and in the world by the manufac ture of goods of war must and can be replaced by a development of international trade on a broad er basis than ever before. Mer chants of death must be replaced by merchants of peace. Let peace ful competition go on; history will adjudge a society not by the meas ure of its killing power, but by its contribution to a happy and a bundant life. KANSAS City, Mo. Poporul din Kansas a suferit una din cele mai oribile tragedii, din cauza 1- nundatiilor pricinuite de râurile Mississippi şi Missouri. Până acum —şi nu se ştie cât va mal dura inundaţia şi câte alte oraşe vor fi supuse inunda ţiei— au murit 24 persoane şi pa gubele au ajuns la suma colosalâ de 750 milioane dolari. Pentru a veni în ajutorul sta telor Kansas şl Missouri, afectate de Inundaţiile de mai sus, Con gresul a votat 25 milioane dolari. Rep. Morgan M. Moulder <D, Mo.) a spus c& pagubele au atins f""" 11 m r V* '••*'*"*'"* IIWH • ' ■■•ţyt.'.i’-- V ’** •' *nţ •w - r*ş \ v i minKrV/M t : $ f S-.f Sk •'>■ • *\ -% •:'.*' * • ■•<*«** •"•.>;• •ş w '■HR ? ' : ~. * \jfkj YIW PEACE MISSION HELICOPTER: A wingless bird of peace, this U.S. Army helicopter carried U. S. and United Nations negotiators to preliminary truce talks in Kaesong, Korea. THE LIBRARY OF THE ROMANIAN INSTITUTE BUCHAREST, R.P.R.—Peo ple who are fond of reading and want to improve their mind find nowadays in our country a great number of well supplied libraries libraries of the enterprises in which they work, reading rooms at the Peo ple’s Athenaeums, as well as many public libraries, among them the library of the Romanian Institute for Cultural Relations with Fore ign Countries which offers the reader books from every domain of science, art and world litera ture. Spacious Rooms In cozy and spacious rooms with comfortable armchairs, in the deep silence ensured by padded doors and amid a display of show cases full of objejcts of art such as miniatures, albums beautifully bound and rare books, the reader finds everything which may in terest him in the most various spheres. Here we find, in old or modern editions, books in most of the European languages (Russian, French, German. Euglish, Italian, Spanish, Greek, Czech, Hungarian, Bulgarian, Romanian) and In a few Asian languages (Chinese, Indian and Vietnamese). World Classics The great classics of world lit erature, such as Shakespeare. Goethe, Rabelais (who may be read in the big volume illustrated by Gustave Dore), Cervantes, are to be found both in the original and in numerous translations. The lovers of first editions find here the great XVIIIth century works, the Encyclopaedia, the works by Voltaire, Diderot, etc. The class ics of marxism, some of them in original editions, as well as an important series of works and commentaries by authors con temporary with Marx and Engels, form another rich section of the library. The library is being constantly enriched with the latest produc tions of the peoples who contri bute by their literature, art and press to the social and political progress of the world. Together with the great progressive writers belonging to the past such as Stendhal, Pushkin, Victor Hugo, Gogol. Walt Whitman, Jules Val les, the library contains both in the original and in translatioqs, the most outstanding progressive writers of our century, such as the Soviet writers Maxim Gorki, Alexander Fadeev, Ilya Ehren burg, Constantin Fedin, Mihail Sholohov, the French Romain Rolland, H. Bnrbusse, Aragon, Eluard, Claude Roy, Jean Lafitte; the Germans Thomas Mann, Ar nold Zweig, Bert Brecht, Bern hard Kellerman, Anna Seghers, the Americans Howard Fast, Theodor Dreiser, Albert Maltz, the Czechs Karel Capek, Julius Fucik, the English Farrington, Morton. Bernal, the Northern Martin An dersen-Nexo, Nordal Grieg, poets from every country of the world, fighters for peace, Pablo Neruda, Jorge Amado, Nazim Hikmet, and others. Lovers of art also find here various valuable works as for in stance the album “The War” with copies from Goya, albums with Week-End Excursions For Workers in R.P.R. BUCHAREST, R. P. R. Thousands of workers from this capital of the Romanian People’s Republic spend their week-ends in the beautiful health resorts of the Prahova Valley and the Carpathian Mountains. Every Saturday at noon, the Northern Railway Station, cen tral railway station of Bucharest, is bustling with animation. Speci al trains arranged by the General Confederation of Labor carry groups of workers and employees to the Prahova Valley and to the picturesque sites of the Carpa thian Mountains. From Sinaia, Buşteni or Pre deal the tourists can climb the mountains where they find won derfully fitted cottages, thus hav ing an opportunity to spend 24 hours of rest in the most pictur esque sites of the Carpathians. No effort is spared to make it possible for the workers to enjoy RESIGNS: Katherine F. Len root resigned as head of the U.S. Children's Bureau. She Served with the agency for 36 years. President Truman nominated as her successor Dr. Martha M. Elliot. illustrations by Kathe Kollwitz and Steinlen, “The History of Art” in three volumes edited in Moscow, “The History of Cinema tography” by Moussinac and others. The library equally receives regularly magazines and periodi cals which appear throughout the world. , Readers from every walk of life are to be seen at the library at all hours of the day. Founded in 1949, and totalling up to now 60,000 volumes, the li brary of the Romanian Institute for Cultural Relations with Fore ign Countries is. by the variety of books it contains, the richness of their editions, by its well organ ized card-index, by the comfort it offers to the reader, one of the best libraries of the country, and at the same time contributes, by acquainting the Romanian reader with the culture of other nations, to strengthening the bonds of friendship among peoples. week-ends of rest and enjoyment. Transport fare, cottage lodging and food are all at a very low price. Touring has become a sport of the masses, for which impor tant sums are allocated by the budget of the Social Insurance Department. The working people enjoy on an even larger scale the oppor tunity of visiting the most pic turesque health resorts of the country. The figure of 600,000 tourists registered in 1950 com pared with 30.000 in 1948, testi fies to the development of this phase of recreation for the peo ple. This year, the General Con federation of Labor organized dur ing the holiday period, eight-day excursions in the most beautiful sites of the Carpathians with a participation of working people from every region of the country. HELSINKI, Finlanda. Re zultatele alegerilor parlamen tare din Finlanda scot în evi denţă succesele Uniunii Demo cratice a Poporului Finlandez, în fruntea căreia stă Partidul Comunist Finlandez. Uniunea Democratică a ob ţinut 377.000 voturi şi 45 lo curi parlamentare, mărindu-şi numărul de locuri cu 7 faţă de alegerile din 1948. Anti-Negro DP Hoodlums On Rampage in Fascist Outbreak in Chicago CHICAGO, (LPF) Fas cism is raising its ugly head in this hub of industrial Mid dle-West just as it is being encouraged by the powers that be throughout the land. While more than 5,000 delegates had earnestly gathered to ham mer out a program of action to save America from the holocaust of anoter world war at the recent ly concluded American People’s Congress for Peace, fascist hood lums- products of the infamous Project X,were busy doing their dirty work within the confines of Chicago. DP Gangs This gang of “DP’s" of Lithu anian descent brought here by U.S. officialdom, invaded the home of Mr. Yonik, a Lithuanian language newspaperman, broke the windows and threatened to burn down his house. Not satis fied with this criminal attack they went to his newspaper, the progressive Lithuanian language daily “Vilnis,” and used storm trooper tactics that they learn ed so well from Hitler’s storm troopers. They broke large store windows in the ground-floor of fice of the Vilnis, and they beat up a reporter of the same paper when he tried to quieten them down. The excuse for this mob vio lence was that Mr. Yonik housed Negro delegates who attended the Peace Congress. Baricade Street This, of course, isn’t the first time that the DP’s engaged in violence without being touched by the police who are always prone to use the club against workers engaged in activities for peace and civil rights. Several times previously these DP’s organized violence as they did in their own country before, against progres sive activities in the Lithuanian community which is adjacent to the Negro community here. This is part of the same, mob of users of force and violence who parti cipated in the picket-line in front of the Coliseum when the Peace Congress opened. So dastardly was their crime that the police finally barricaded the street where Mr. Yonik’s home stands, and stationed guards at his house and at the Vilnis office. The behavior of the authori ties in this case is a scandal. The three arrests that were made by the police got away practically Peaceful Co-Existance Between USA And USSR Is Possible -Dr. Dußois Dr. W. E. Dubois gave some sound advice to those who pre fer peace to war, despite the fact that they are opposed to the Soviet system of government and economics. Peaceful co-exist ance of the two social systems is possible, provided we get it into our heads that the Soviet system is here to stay, and re nounce the plots of overthrowing it. Here is how Dr. Dußois puts it: “Men have a perfect right to disagree with communism, with its objects and methods; men may honestly believe that the United States has a better method of in dustrial organization than the Soviet Union; but the men have no right to assert in the face of overwhelming testimony that no honesty and sincerity of effort; no hard work and no sacrifice; no intelligent leadership, has oc curred in the Soviet Union; and that disagreement with it must involve painting 200 million peo ple, as inhuman devils, and as suming that we are God's own angels. In that direction lies un ending hate and war; while civ ilization needs sympathy, under standing and world peace, with the right of men to differ and of nations to work as each will. “We cannot thrive on hatred of a nation or of a system of scot-free. One of these mobsters was fined $lO for “malicious mis chief," while the others were freed. The attack upon the progressive language Lithuanian newspaper and upon the home of one of its employees, is a part of a general fascist pattern here. Such mob violence in many parts of Chicago, New York, Pittsburgh and other cities, while the police and the FBI look on as “neutral obser vers” just as they did during the Peekskill massacre, has been go ing on for some time. On two occasions mobsters attacked the hom£ of Dr. Julian, noted Negro scientist. Because of the vigorous protests against such violence on the part of the decent citizenry of Chicago, and especially of the trade-unionists, the Police Com missioner himself was forced to take personal responsibility to prevent such outbreaks. Other Incidents Smaller incidents, but part of the same fascist pattern, occur red in other parts of the city dur ing the Peace Congress. In one case, a veteran of World War II was threatened because he housed a Negro delegate, and in another case attempts were made to evict a young couple because they al so housed Negro delegates. Planned Action Peace Congress leaders com menting about these incidents pointed out that it was the work of “pro-war racist fanatics who have no answer but violence ag ainst the splendid gathering for peace and civil rights which was held in this city recently.” Aroused by this obviously plan ned provocation and violence, leaders of various groups and from various communities, held several successful emergency rallies, and took steps to organize a perman ent committee of leaders in all walks of life to expose the instig ators of this racist and fascist violence. Users of Force & Violence Many leaders among the nat ional groups, whose contribution to this country no one would dare to doubt, are pointing out that the federal and local authorities who are so dilligent in framing decent Americans of national group origin because of their pro gressive activities, and are threat ening them with deportation, are not at all interested in cases of obvious use of force and violence. Dr. W. E. Dußois economy. We must be willing to* face facts and examine them, Whether we like It or not. most of the people of the world today live under socialism or commun ism. “We cannot stop this by force and should not If we could. We can so improve our own system of economy that the world will see the advantage of it over all others if this prove true. The way to start this. Is not by war nor slan der. It Is stupid to abolish democ racy among ourselves in order to prove the blessings of democracy* to others. We cannot call ourselves free, when we are enslaving the thought and action of our own citisens ...” \n\n Pagina 4 Cum Se Uşurează Munca Oamenilor In U. R. S. S. Uşurarea condiţiilor de mun că pentru mecanicii care lu crează în cabinele de condu cere ale macaralelor instalate pe poduri rulante, a constituit totdeauna o preocupare de sea mă a întreprinderilor metalur gice. Cum să trimiţi aer curat şi rece pentru muncitorul care lucrează la o înălţime de B—lo metri? Această problemă a fost rezolvată de inginerul Sa belski dela uzina metalurgică “Kaganovici” din Lublin. In această uzină s’a folosit pentru prima dată un dispozitiv spe cial în cabina de conducere a macaralei. Aerul, înainte de a ajunge la mecanic, trece prin tr’un filtru de apă, unde se curăţă de gazele vătămătoare şi de praf, menţinându-se ast fel în cabină o atmosferă să nătoasă. (Continuare din Pag. l-a) cari au lucrat pământul, ex ploatând pe aceşti ţărani şi lă sând pe copii lor să moară de foame, să trăiască în cea mai neagră mizerie. Ei au luptat contra comunis mului, ţinând ţara înapoiată, văzând ca resursele sale natu rale să fie exploatate de impe rialiştii străini şi laolaltă cu aceşti străini să profite din a ceste bogăţii şi din munca is tovitoare a masselor. Ei au lup tat contra comunismului, vă zând ca poporul să nu fie în grijit, ca sănătatea lui să fie periclitată, ca sute de mii să sufere de tuberculoză, pelagră sifilis, etc. Acestea sunt numai câteva exemple din lupta lor “con tra comunismului”. Si când au văzut că zilele lor sunt numă rate, când vor trebui să răs pundă de crimele lor contra poporului, au şters-o şi au ve nit aici, cu pecetea anticomu nistă. Au venit aici, cum spune apărătorul fugarilor, cu spe ranţa că vor primi ajutor dela imperialiştii americani cari nu mai pot stoarce profituri din zăcămintele şi exploatările pe trolifere, din bogăţiile celelalte ale ţării noastre natale, ca să se reîntoarcă înapoi, chiar de va fi să distrugă ţara lor de ori gină şi poporul român, şi să călărească din nou pe spinarea poporului român şi a popoare lor conlocuitoare. COME ON IN: The water’s fine, says Lyn Keyes at Hampton Beach, N.H., as she counters heat wave with sea waves. Aceşti fugari au fost întot deauna în fruntea mişcărilor fasciste şi antisemite, în frun tea tuturor mişcărilor teroriste, în fruntea mişcărilor cari a veau ca scop destrămarea po porului, pentru ca această mâ nă de lepădături, trădători ai neamului, să domnească. Ii asigurăm pe aceşti fugari cât şi pe apărătorul acestora că speranţa lor e deşartă, că nu se vor mai întoarce nicio dată în patria noastră natală. Deasemenea îi asigurăm că po porul român american îi cu noaşte, cum apărătorul lor a trebuit să admită. Si dacă zia rul nostru a putut ajuta ca să lumineze poporul nostru, în a ceastă privinţă, avem mulţu mirea sufletească. Si promitem că vom continua să demascăm această pleavă de nemernici, fiindcă ei nu au nimic în co mun nici cu poporul român şi nici cu poporul român ame rican. NEGOCIERILE CE lAU LOC LA KAESONG (Continuare din Pagina l-a) rului american că coreenii din regiunea nordică au pregătit vreo 72 divizii, gata să intre în luptă şi că autorităţilor mili tare intervenţoniste le e teamă că aceste divizii vor ataca pe neaşteptate. Sentimentul de pace al popo rului american umple cu groa ză pe aţâţătorii la război. Char Mari Inundaţii in Kansas; 24 Morţi, Sute de Răniţi Si $750 Milioane Paguba Românul American les E. Wilson, ţarul mobilizării totale şl secretarul apărării na ţionale George Marshall se plâng că poporul american ia negocierile din Kaesong în mod serios şi aşteaptă ca să se a jungă la înţelegere. Oficianţi lor politici de război le e tea mă că un astfel de sentiment pune în primejdie planurile lor de război, rhai ales acele din dcacum suma de 2 miliarde do lari. iar 2.200.000 acre de pământ arabil au fost prinse în blestemul potopului. Generalul Maior Lewis A. Pick, şeful inginerilor Armatei a rapor tat că 500.000 persoane au fost strămutate ( displaced). Preşedin tele Truman, sburând peste regi unea Inundată cu avionul său "Independence", a spus că e ceva "teribil" ce s’a întâmplat şi că el nu a văzut încă aşa ceva. întrebarea se naşte: S’a putut oare preveni o astfel de tragedie, un astfel de dezastru? Răspunsul în numărul viitor. Europa. Le e frică acestor a genţi ai Wall Street-ului că massele americane vor cere so coteală guvernului care risipă miliarde de dolari pentru arme şi armamente care nu pot duce decât la un război. Le e frică acestora că massele îşi vor in tensifica rezistenţa lor la acest program de sinucidere naţio nală, că se vor opune la pro ffiŞ- •)M gramul de noui impozite şi la scumpetea traiului. Tocmai de aceea, guvernul recurge la tot felul de metode sălbatice contra acelor forţe din popor care luptă pentru pace, care demască conspiraţia răz boinică a oficianţilor din Wash ington, care luptă pentru men ţinerea libertăţilor. Pentru a-şi asigura continu area planului lor de război, oa menii din Wall Street şi lacheii lor politici din Washington, ca ută în fel şi chip să anuleze Codul Drepturilor Omului al Constituţiei, pentru ca massele populare să fie private (lipsite) de orice conducere cinstită. SUCCESUL FORŢELOR DEMOCRATICE DIN FINLANDA Toate celelalte partide sau grupări politice au pierdut sau şi-au menţinut abia mandatele obţinute în alegerile preceden te. Agenţia “France Presse”, co mentând asupra alegerilor din Finlanda scrie că “ele confir mă alunecarea Finlandei spre stânga”. Social - democraţii au acum 53 locuri, în 1949 au avut 54. Partidul reacţionar Agrar a Sâmbătă, 21 lulie, 1951 obţinut 52 locuri, în 1948 a a vut 56, iar conservatorii, cari în 1948 au avut 33 locuri par lamentare, au acum numai 26 locuri. Hertta Kuusinen, preşedin tele grupului parlamentar al tJniunii Democratice a Popo rului Finlandez, a obţinut cele mai multe voturi dintre toţi candidaţii, obţinând 21.000 vo turi.