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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, May 09, 1909, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1909-05-09/ed-1/seq-4/

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1 I I I THE < WASHIffffTOff HERALD S SUNDAYtlrI SUNDAY HBAY MAT AY Y 8 1908 190BmYl 19O 19OI V VAND
I > mYl GUESTS SAND AND PARTICIPANTS ARIICIP ANTS OF DINNER DINNERV TO FffiE THE PRESIDENT P E8 EN ENW
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before the Court vf f Last Resort Ute thsgovernment Uteggvemment thegavernent
government of the United States St except exceptso xceptSO 3zceptQ
so Q far as the protection of Us t own wu wutiUdgs pnMte pnMtebtxUcHags iIIIehuUdtags
btxUcHags and property wastoek was concerned concernedtook amceI1Mtoek
toek ao part in the local government governmentA govenameatIuulc1pal
A Municipal Government GovernmentThe GOTernmentTlie GovernmentThe
The officers of the departaaeatE de s even eventhe eYeRthe eveuthe
the President Presld At himself exercised ex ao u local localauthority JDcaIII IocIuthorlty
authority II lty in city affairs fffr la 1K1 1 1CQQgTeSS tb tbCongress tIM tIMCOQgf
Congress COQgf SS created here hfFeexpressly nanr goannient goannientexpressly t texpressly
expressly for fo municipal parpooec parpooecIt prpoeeIt p4Ir jOEeS jOEeSIt
It had its ssveraor and Its lagfeteiore lagfeteiorethe 18tisIItturoethe gIsturothe
the latter of course cour elected eIect ted by the peo people p opie ptopie ¬
pie It bad also a board of public work workwhose WOCb WOCbwbose worksV
whose members including tb the governor governoras V
as its head were appointed appotu d by the Presi President PresIdent Presient ¬
dent ent and Senate This beard laid a1d o t dale ttoeBteaagr dalemeoSi t tmQ
Bteaagr mQ raised ia taxes aDd assessed lSe the theowners tINewners theowners
owners benefited by imprevesnaat imprevesnaatThe Jm Geme t tceurt
The court held that ks 1 5 acts were werebtadiag werebl
wereV
btadiag bl on the District and that to fDel spite spiteof Ite IteV V
of its appointment by the President eut it ftwas itwas Itwas V
was was only 2 breach of the Tmnrictpal n TOY sorennaent governmeet
ennaent enam8l1t Thus nwCters rInd r uaai 1 m m1IN
1 1IN I4 H when Congress Congr SS tore down all tt had hadprevtonsly Iprevlooaly ht htprevousIy V
prevtonsly dons dotte aad started new The Ifcesoveraor l1aegovernor TheV
governor and the board of pabtte wcd96 wcd96were wwdte wwdtewere iQd iQdece V
were ece abolished and the power wtateii thor tberhad theTbQ thorb8d
had exercised was latn h1tntste4 sted to a com comralsslea CGDImission cornne3iora
mission of three to be appointed by the thePresident tbePre5ldent thePreIdeit
President and Senate SenatePoor S6DteFoul
Poor year yearS later in 3SZS the sew sewarrangement DeW8lTlUIgement mewarrangement V
arrangement was made ma e permanent permanentNevertheless penDaJMSltNevert permanentV
Nevertheless Nevert eless the contention was made madebefore madebEfore madeetore V
before etore the Supreme Co Court rt of the United UnitedStates rnltedStates tUItMStates
States that the effect of the new act actwas actwas actp
p was to destroy the District of Cotumbia oantba as asja asa asa
ja a raenicipal muc corporation c except ia IIIaad aaaae aaaaesaid nameand
said to make it nothing more than a de de deI dep
I partmeDt p rtment of the national soverasoeaC gvyenuDeiICe guvernaieMTe
Te e contention conten Ga was ruled down ownSource downSource
Source of Authority AuthorityThe AnthorityThe uthorityI
I The fact that its officers were w e ap appointed appotRted nppointed ¬
pointed by the President Presl eut said the thecovrt UtecovJt thecovrt
covrt did not make th the District of ofColnmMa o oCoIvmba I
ColnmMa any less a municipal body bodycorporate Do87corpGratf bodycorporate
corporate Recognizing the general generaldesirableness g generaldstrabIenes
desirableness tSlr3oblen s of local selfgoren se1fg8T selfgovernment selfgovernmentIt Hi erall at atit t tIt
it held that the principle of repre representative represent reprosentative ¬
sent sentative ttve government was legally y eat saiieftftd eatIMd
ieftftd is 6d when the appointment of local localoflicers J6calomceI localotflcer
oflicers was made by ether oScers o who whothemselves whot1temselves whothemselves
themselves had been elected by the
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I PLEADS FOR A GREATER WASHINGTON
Ing to do with the priaciple prlRcl le of which I Isp Ispyk IEpoak
sp spyk ak > I believe it should be the policy policyof policyor policyof
of the government alongside of the na national national natloaal ¬
tional spirit that inspires all hearts erts to tofoster tofoster tofoster
foster Ad perpetuate a sturdy local pa patriotism patrIotism patriotiern ¬
triotism a local aad peculiar civic pride prideand prideand prideand
and to this th > end that all such institutions institutionsas
as are purely purel local in their character charactershould charadershould charactershould
should be scrupulously retained under the theDistrict theD1strIct theDistrict
District government and that all offices officesof ofikesot ollIcceof
of this kind should be filled by those who whohave whehave whohave
have become b residents of Washington for forgood forgood I Igood
good and alL altSir alLSIr
Sir 51 I am not inclined to discuss to tonight to tonlgbt tonight ¬
night the various proposed changes in inthe Snthe Inthe
the constitution of the city ctt government governmentThese governmentTh governmentTheac
These Th Se concern A a poeeJWe poMI Ie increase of ef efficiency officlericy f fficlency ¬
ficiency in the municipal machine In Inwhat Inwbat Inwhat
what I am yet to say I prefer to dwell dwellupon delll
upon a breeder < question But no one oneought oneought oneought
ought to refer to the form of govern eoxernment goernment governmeat
ment that has given shape to our affairs affairssince a1fairsince affafrslince
since ince 1S74 without w1th t doing justice to the thesplendid tbespl thesplondid
splendid spl n6id advances that tb t have been made
i
Import and they the > constitute defects dafectsradical 4 defectsradical Cectsadtca1
radical and without remedy r 1 in the thepresent thepresent I Ipresent
present relation between nation and andDistrict adDistrict andDistrict
District They can be removed only onlyby onlyby I Ib
by b a change c In that relation Itself ItselfWe ItselfWe i
We Ve shall all agree that to legislate legislatewisely legislatewisely I
wisely requires two things tblngsAlst first a alively alively
lively interest in the object of legisla legislation legislatlon legislation ¬
tion second a a clear Intelligence touch touchIog touchIzg
Iog i g the subject in hand There being beingno beingno befngno
no representative from the District It Itjself Itelf Itself
jself self elf la either branch of Congress It Iti Itbecomes Itbecomes
i becomes necessary to commit the In Interests Iaterests Interests ¬
terests of the District District and an the later interests laterests laterests ¬
ests of the nation in the District to tobands tobands tobands
bands unfamiliar with WIth the subject and andwithout anwithout andwithout
without any al lively Uvetf l1veI Interest therein thereinThe tJaeretaTh thereinThe
The Th Congress as a a whole cannot be beexpected Deexpooted beexpected
expected to supply these requisites No Noone Noone
one pretends it does It Is engaged engagedupoa DgagedUPOR engagedupon
upon a thousand subjects suojec many Jll Y of ofwhich otwhich t twhich
which appear to its members to be bevastly beasUy bevastly
vastly asUy more important than any that thatconcerns thatcornetDs thatconcerns
concerns the District We cannot won wonder wonder wonder ¬
der at it it is in the nature of things thingsthat UdBgSthat thingsthat
that It should be so The step logical logically logically logicalV ¬
ly V rettuired by this condition is ext aexttaken extI nexttaken >
I taken takenA takenA takenA
A committee In the House sad a com committee comrolttee cenimittee ¬
mittee la the Senate are specially ecialIy charg charged chrged cherged ¬
ed with these affairs Not that t their theirword theirword theirword
word is accepted as final If It were weresome weresome re resome
some difficulties would be escaped But ButIn Butin ButIn
In the end their report must run the thegantlet thegantIet tb tbgantlet
gantlet of the whole House or Senate SenateTfecd Senateeed e eeed
Tfecd eed for Knowledge KnowledgeHere KnowledgeHere KnowledgeHere
Here Ignorance of District affairs has hasoften hasoften hasoften
often shown sbo itself so egregious and glar sarIng glarng glarng
Ing ng that It could excite nothlag bet betlaughter betlaugbter beilaughter
laughter If tears team u we > erv not often a more merefitting morefitting morefitting
fitting Kcognltlon of the folly follyAnd rDyuAnd foU foUAnd
uAnd And when that occurs there Is ao aorepresentative ROrepresentaUve ncreprezentaUve
representative of the Dlllrict DI to meet meetthe meetthe
the ignorant unfounded claim Three Threehundred Threehundred ThreEhundred I
hundred and fifty thousand people are arevoiceless arevoiceless arevoiceless
voiceless in that hall The committees committeescannot c mmltteescannot cemaItteecannot
cannot meet the emergency To expect expectIt expectIt
It would be to expect ect more than mar zaortal mortal martat
tal men can do Who are the members membersof membersof
of the committee committeeAre committeeAre committeeAre
Are they Senators and Hopreseatatives Hopreseatativesset iQptese1tatlves iQptese1tatlveset
set et apart for this work and free to devote devotethemselves deOtstbems t tthemselves
themselves tbems ves entirely to such business businessBv businessBy ss ssBt
Bv no means rnean They have their own ownconstituencies owneons I Iconstituencies
constituencies eons tuencleStO to serve SGne and a they have havebesides beva bevabesIdes harebesides
besides their share of otr oresijonoIb4IIty responsibility for forthe fDltbe fosthe
the general legislation like all their fel fellowmembers fellowmembers fellowmembers ¬
lowmembers lowmembersThey lowmembersTh lowmembersThe
They Th The are appointed a1 > olnted they do the best bestthey bestt b bthey
they t ey can and If they giva gfV scffideat time timeto timeto timeto
to our affairs to understand our our problemthey problem problemsthey I
they run the t risk of losing their seats eas en entirely entirely ontirely ¬
tirely by being thought at home to have haveneglected baveneglected haveneglected
neglected their own States or districts districtsI districtsHI
HI I am credibly credlbl Informed that the risk riskhas riskhas rislihas
has turned into a certainty In more la lastances IRstances Instances
stances than one But But more than that thatthe tht thtthe thatthe
the membership of the House and Senate Senatechanges Senatechanges Senatechanges
changes and the membership of the cora coramtlees commU cornmitees
mtlees mU s changes too tooHardly tooHardly tooHardly
Hardly has a member become rea reasonably reasona1y rcasonabl ¬
sonably sonabl acquainted with our subject than thanhe thanhe L Lbe
he s s called away another takes his place pteceand pkceand placeand
and the whole process pro e5 of education must mustb mustbe t tbe
b be begin te asaJn a1n That is the radical aad an L
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Mr ir JCKI Strasfeorger Sttu Str
10 101tr 10AIr
AIr Xur A O bb1tr Cobb3XyHDairdlic
Mr 3XyHDairdlic 3XyHDairdlicM H H H H Darsdlie Darsdlieilr DamdlleG
ilr M Gtorse G J IM Eaiterdiy EaiterdiyJft Eutethic
J Jft William A A Zasterfay ZasterfayMr tatdayiIDrnr
Mr 1 iIDrnr iIDrnr3iGLThmu P A Brers S SMr
Mr 3iGLThmu 3iGLThmuXe G Eo E Ddstes DdstesSir DIn ur =
Sir r O EL W Forjbsrs Forjbsrs3In F Fur Frgr
3In r T T J IDmortn Donovan DonovanMr Dmonn Dmonn2l
2l 2lIt 21Mt
Mr Han Han1 En Kiag KiagMrJodHfflEao Kin6JIrJoclHm EInr3ir
MrJodHfflEao MrJodHfflEaoMr 3ir Joel HiHzn HiHznMr n ntr
Mr tr GeorBC G H HGH HGHUr GfiH GfiHMr GeBMr
Ur Jolin Jo 3IeElror 3IeElrorlIrIC1ba MeEhxrMr
Mr lIrIC1ba Jobs cbn L L Wearer WC1TrJr WeateMr WearerMr
Mr B B P Snath SnathMr Smith SmithIr SthMr
Mr Ir Robert R R1r Cpoi CpoiMr cbocMr
1r J Js aIel = es barJJ LenstzTIb
32 32JLI 323rJLHcri
JLI 3rJLHcri 3rJLHcriMr iCrl iCrl1II
Mr 1II J Albert Shaffer ShafferMr Sbaff SbaffMr7d a abo
Mr Mr7d JsJaiC JQat Co C Stepson StepsonMr Sbsalrr SfsnMr
Mr lrr Percy Psc S 50 Foster FosterMz FosterJoI FosterMr
Mz JoI W H H Ftaaklfcij FtaaklfcijMr FrnkIis FrnkIisMr
Mr r HB H B H H Classic ClassicMr GWstetr GbineMr
Mr tr Georg C G1Wkh1 G1Wkh1lli EasidB EasidBMr Rznkln3lz
Mr Max taxI M Bid
Incurable defect of the present system systemKeep systemKeep systemleep
Keep your three Commissioners if you youwin youwifi OU OUwill
win or substitute for to them a single head headiatpreve headmpreve
Improve the machinery ma btnry of municipal ad adratatetratkm admlRlMratkm
ratatetratkm all you can can until it runs runswith TUIl3wtt runswith
with the regularity of a Swiss watchYGII watch watchyea
yea have not touched touc the trouble troubleWhat troubleWhat
What is needed ne ed is two men in the tileHouse
House and one man In i the Senate real realMve realUYe reallive
live men ea with blood In their arteries arterles and andorates andbralas andbrains
orates ia their heads 1t ds men who have lived livedton UvedIoIag
ton long In the District I of o Columbia and be belong be be1OA belong ¬
long 1OA te her men who know her needs needsaad needsaad needsand
aad her b r capacity ixrao who know the history historyaad historyad historyaad
aad condition of her Institutions her hercharities herchartt1es
charities her prisons the views ana anaaspirations aMasplr3ottons an anaspirations
aspirations of her people men who are areproud arepP8Ud areproud
proud of their Connection onDecuon with her and andproud andproucl andproud
proud that to her soil has been commit committed committed committed ¬
ted the ark of civil vU and religious liberty libertyWhat 11 11We libertyWbat
What we need is members of these thSsebodies th t tbe
bodies with the prestige p U that belongs to toranbars toJD1GIbers tomsnibers
ranbars not figureheads s not lobbyists lobbyistsnot obbyistsDOt lobbyistsnot
not delegates but a member of the Sea Seaate Se Seate Seaale
ate ADd two members of the House able ableenHgbteaed ableenJIgbteaed ableenlightened
enlightened Informed fit to represent the thewill theaJId thewill
will and judgment of 3 aC tv CO citizens gath gathered gathEred gaLlsered ¬
ered within these bounds boundsAn boGnQsAn boundeAn
An Amendment Xe Nede NedeBut > ded dedB dedBet
Bet B t that tb requires reqt an azcdndsieat am ndmem ef the theCoBStttatioa tileI theConstitetion
CoBStttatioa So it does An amendment amendmenthi
I hi strict accord acx d with the principles of ofthe oithe ofthe
the CoastitBtioa made necessary by the thechanged tlaecblmged thechanged
changed conditions of 13 UI years made madeunavoidable madeuYOIdabIe madeunavoidable
unavoidable and inevitable by the changes changesthat changesthat changesthat
that will take place in the fifty or one onehundred ODehUD onehundred
hundred hUD red years to come Do you Imagine taiaginethat Imaginethat Imaginethat
that when 2 l oo XM or 10 1 WCO shall be beswanatas 00swrata beswarming
swarming in our borders bor ers they will be the theonly theemI theonly
only emI people pIe ia this broad domain to have haveno haveDO haveno
no hand In the government of this mag magnificent magI megutflcent ¬
I nificent republic no word w 4 in the e election electionof eleettGuof electionof
of its President eDt no tongue ia the na national naUonal natienal ¬
tional assembly assemblyWhen assemblY1Vhea
When lCXO 1C 0 men are there tbece when whenthey wbenthey whenthey V
they ask why they alone can have no nopart 110put noV
part hi a republican form of govern government government governmont ¬ V
mont ment do you Imagine they will call it a asufficient asumcteot asueIeot
sufficient answer wer to be teid Be Beca Because sa you youlive yO1live youlive
live in Washington Wasld WashingtonIt gtoa gtoaIt r rTf
Tf It you lived ia Pumpkin Hook or orBloody orGukA orBloody
Bloody Gulch you might mts t bat net ne while whileyou whHe70U whileyou
you live here hereBear bereBear hereBear
Bear in mind niln I am not speaking g of ofatuakioKl otuaidp chmunicipal
municipal suffrage uifra I am 3 speaking of ofthe orthe olthe
the right of a million of simple American Americandtiaeas ADlerlcalJto Americancidnens
dtiaeas to have a share sMce1es less than a aoee aor s sor
oee or hundredth part rt would be bein in the thelegislation theJegtsldG thelegislation
legislation that concerns their t elr country countryand eoant eoantGel countryand
and its Capital CapitalSuppose Capitalsppose
Suppose they have ulye no more right than thanthe t anthe thanthe L
the same number of people who JIve Hveaxywhere JIveaywhe liveanywhere
anywhere else In the Halted States StatesHave StatesHave Statesflare
Have they y not as much ADd that thataU is isall i iall
all the right of which I speak speakBelieves 5eakBclleTcs speakBelieves
Believes in Humanity HumanityBut HumanityBut
But I hear it said The people of the theDistrict theDtstrJet theDistrict V
District do not care for suffrage Well Wellalt WellaJ Wellalt
alt I can say tc that is this If the peo people people peepie ¬
ple of the District of e Columbia do not notreally notreUy flOlreally
really care to have a a part In the guy goveraaioat go goemriont
eraaioat erru ont of this splendid spien ld country they theydo tlieyo r
the3r
do not deserve te have havett it It aad nobody nobodynsed nobodyDeeQ r
nobodyL
need fear that It win be thrust t upon upoethem uponthem uporthese L
them BUt I cannot believe that state statement stttemoot statemeat ¬
moot mentSay mootH meatSay
H Say seigaors 5e1 are the old Niles iles dry dryI dryI
I cannot believe that the human heart hearthas heartAas hearthas
has changed changedI
1 I cannot believe beUe e that principles pllacl es have bavelost haveJest havelost t
lost their power powarI
I cannot believe that the deep in insdacts instJncts
I sdacts that built up this w wonderful nderful fabric fabricof fabricI fabrl S
I of free government have h e died out here in inthe Inthe Is Isthe I
the very seat of Its majesty and that thathere thatI thaihere
I here alone the bright consummate flower flowerof fiowerI floweror
of liberty has gone to seed seedThere seedThere
I There is no doubt that they need needquickening n nI neec neecoukkcnlng I
I quickening There is no doubt that the thehave the1 the1I thelhave
I have sunk Into the torpor of faculties facultiesdisused facultiesdisused facuItIcdisused
disused But hold before their eyes the thehope thei
theI
i hope of what I am describing and you youshall youi yorshall I
i shall see whether selfrespect and the thedesire thei thedesire
i desire for selfgovernment elrgov rnment are dead deadSir deadSir deadit
Sir If it I had It In my power tonight tonightto
to 1 dispose of this matter as I would do doyou doYOtl dcyou
you knew what Wh t I would do doI doU1 doI
U1 I would not change the constitution constitutionI consttuUonor
or I would not give the people of the theDistrict theDitrlct theDistrict
District suffrage suffrageWhat sUfIragehat suffrageWhat
What hat I would do is this thisI tblslOr thiswould
lOr I would set to their dry hearts the theSame theflame theflame
flame of that old Promethean torch torch the thelove thelove thelove
love of liberty libertyI
I would fill them with divine unrest unrestat unrestat unresiat L
at their tha r condition conditionI
or I would set beside that condition a apicture apicture r rpicture L
picture of the dignity and power they theyraight theymight tbe
might enjoy as real citizens of their theircountry theircoantrY thel thelcountry V
country
1 would move them first to desire and andthen andthen an anthen r
then to demand their portion of our her heritage herltage ¬
itage itageI
I 1 would nerve them to toil for It and andfight andfight an anfight I
fight far It through years of bitter oppd oppdsitlon oppslUonand oppdsitionand
sitlon slUonand and then th at last last when the agita agitation ngltation ¬
tion had created a new Washington W blngton when when4WOM wisertidO S
4WOM 44 tidO > or 500009 00 people were calling as aswith aswith as aswith
with one mighty voice vqlc vqlco fc fo r the great prjze prjzeof pr pre preof e eof
of representative government governmentthen govprnmeutthcnwould then I Iwould rwould
would bestow it on them themAnd them themAnd thereAnd
And sftv str I believe that Is exactly what whatthe wbattile L Lthe
the god of time will do doA doA o oA
A city of the dumb Mr Chairman ChairmanI Cbalrmanr
I have heard you speak of a little village villageOB v1llagon
OB an island off the New England coast coastinhabited coastInbabited coas I IInhabited
inhabited entirely by deaf mutes mutes mutesThey mutesThey x xThey
They live unto themselves themselvesThey themsehesTh6Y themselvesThey
They marry and Intermarry and rear rearchildren rearchildren rea reachildren
children who W ho are dumb as they theyThey theyThey theyThey
They They go about their tasks but butEpeak butEpeakno speak speakno r rno
no word wordTfce word worduna wordThe
The busy Y turn hum of life li goes on or L
t
I
11 11Mr
w21 1L 1LMr I I3lr
Mr W Betas jr jrMr
Mr GAJ a 0 AJ A Joefssen JoefssenML raev f j
Mr Eraesi ErnttIc GereUaberz Gezoge GezogeMr
Mr Ic A A a Code CodeMr Gw GudeMr
Mr 1 F G GII Gons CddmMn =
Mr Geer Geeers v w Eayel EayelMr ErelMr d
Mr Ir mI Ho HoDl Bofersj Bofersj3IrD
3IrD Dl Ele7z
22 22lli
Mr HOT RIU1 P Blair BlairMr BWrMr 3a1r 3a1r31r
Mr C Co OL ao 0 Leacasttr LeacasttrMrOGSUpte IisnstzrMr
MrOGSUpte MrOGSUpteMr Mr o G Staples StaplesX Stass3L
X I MssBes4lenl MssBes4lenlMr r
fr H Q Be Ber = ner nerMr
Mr Ham B B CoUestz CoUestzMr CobictzIr CoentzMr
Mr Philip Phi p F FGcs Gcrsley GcrsleyMrGEaFHe2iria Gv = Ie Ieyr
MrGEaFHe2iria MrGEaFHe2iriaMrEWtfcs yr GEts F1Ie FBdiiz FBdiiz33V n n3i3
3i3Yr 3i3 33VMr
MrEWtfcs MrEWtfcsMr Yr F 1L H W Ww WMr =
Mr W H H Watts WattsMr Wdbrfr WalkuMr
Mr H H K K LMr ttaid ttaidMr aro3r
Mr a 0 B B31r Zistzfcss ZistzfcssMrS =
31r W F F Robcts Roberts RobertsMr
MrS 1r s s3ft SMr GaflsrebggM GaflsrebggMMr
3ft 1 H HMr H cirrsn cirrsnMr
Mr T Tbwsca be ESII EaUt
JtJSTrCE JUSTICE S STAFFORD AFFORD ELOQUENT ON WASHINGTON WASHINGTONPAST PAST PRESENT AND FUTURE
Mr Chairman the theIesIde Presldent slde of the theUnited theUnited the1nlted
United States stat s and yo Y osy feBowciti feBowcitizens fe feilowcltIness owcitens
ness ens V
ensI
1 pledge you In a seoBoai t that is isalRK Isalmost Isalmost
alRK almost > st a prayer prayerMay CYCiYay pcayerMay
May this prove a artioaSe day for forthe forthe forthe
the District of Colombia ColombiaWithout CoIumbi CoIumbiWithout ColuenbliWithout
Without doubt the t e people of the Die Dfetrict DIitnct Dietrict
trict look upon the occasion that has hasdrawn asdrawn hasdrawn
drawn as usure hare as a most happy Da hap a a8g11rY a8g11rYTbe angeryThe s y yThe
The Chief Magistrate M of the nation nationnot nationnot UOa UOanot
not more respected than beloved has hassignified basslg11ied hassignified
signified his willingness wnu to sit at their theirboard ilieIrboard theirboard
board to break their tb bread and taste tastetheir tastetheir tastetheir
their salt It te a a proof of Interest and andkindness aJ1Clklndness andkindness
kindness that has touched all hearts heartsWe heartsWe heartsWe
We who are seated ted around theee th 66 ta tables abIes 1 1bles ¬
bles are only a handful oat of many manythousands manythousands sunnythousands
thousands who ia thought t gbt and sym sympathy sapath sy sypathy ¬
pathy are wftbWf with un at tote feast t ltSt Presi Presidents PresleilrtS Presiaetits ¬
dents eilrtS have come and gene doing their theirduty theirduty theirduty
duty by the District as they the saw it it but butin butIn butIn
in the press aDd throng of larger duties dutiestop dudestoo dutiestco
top too often prevented frqm giving g to local localmatters Joeal1I localm2tters
matters 1I rs the attention they deserved deservedPoints c1esenePoints deservedPoints
Points to Precedent PrecedentNever PrecedentNever Precedentever
Never ever Jjefoje b beioc e has a President at the thebeginning thebeglnnini theheg1nnIng
beginning beglnnini of hfc J teem thus tlmsbeld held oat the theIjfcnd tMd thelaizd
Ijfcnd Md of frfead friendship iip te our people peo ie Our OcrPresident OurPremdel1t OurPresident
President hs seen much of Washing Wshtogton W8Shmgton Washington
ton But more than that tb be has tray traveled tnlvfled trayeIei ¬
fled far and 00 wide wiGe he has studied the thecapitals theC th thep4tas
capitals C 1 p t3s of other thet countries their insti institutions iDStltutlons histitutlons ¬
tutlons and their Jaws And thus he headds headds headds
adds to the true promptings pr of a generate generateheart geerousheart generousheart
heart the wisdom vf a ripe experience experienceThose e experienceThose e eThose
Those are a re the qualities that are ar needed neededhere Deededhere neededhere
here and now It Is the hour for a astatesman atSltesman astaLesman
statesman The population of the Dis District District Distrit ¬
trict has Increased so rapidly it is grow growing r grewlag W W1ng ¬
lag so in wealth and a beauty he the great greatnass greatD greatms
nass D of its future is already d so assured assuredttet assuredthEt assuredthst
ttet th t the time has come oom when the true re relations relations relatlons ¬
lations between the District Dl t1ct and the na nation Dation antion ¬
tion must nlt t be clearly conceived ed and ac accurately ae aeIatelr necsrate1y ¬
curately Iatelr defined aad when an ideal must mustbe mustbe mustbe
be formed fO m d ior ior the District of Columbia Cotactibtaan
an ideal to be worked for through geafatiorts gentilrl gen gemeatiors
fatiorts > tilrl true enough aDd grand enough enoughto e h hto
to clain Jaf1 the attention and the devotion devotionof
of all the th land V V V
ted of a a Home HomeThe HomeTh HomeThe
The Th men who made the Constitution Constitutionwere CoRstIWUoarere
were rer absolutely certain of o one thing aad aadthat aadt andtriat
that t I t was as that this Federal government governmentrnist gGvernmentr governmentrrst
rnist r t have a home of its own Over such sucha sucha
a district the Constitution hi so many manywords manyWords manywords
words declares declares the Congress shall exer exercise exercl exercle ¬
cise cl e exclusive e legislation in all cases caseswhatsoever casesnhatsoever caseswhatsoever
whatsoever V So far as s general legisla Jeglslation legislation legislation ¬
tion Is concerned there is no power in inCongress inCDgr inCongress
Congress CDgr to delegate deI e this authority It Itmus Itmus Itrnus
mus legislate Itself When it attempted attemptedonce attemptedJnce attemptedonce
once to bestow upon a Territorial legis legislature legislature ¬
lature for the District the authority to tomake tomake tomake
make general l laws Jaws the court declared declaredthe declaredth declaredte
the th attempt unconstitutional and vain vainThe valRTh vainTis
The Th utmost it can do in this t ls direction dlrectlonls dlrectlonlsto Is Isto Isto
to authorize the enactment of local regu regulations regulations regislations ¬
lations No 0 attempt to t9 legislate for Wa Washlngton Wash Washington h hIngtot ¬
ington will be worth the making unless unlessit mess messIt
it is made ia the same spirit in which whfchthe whichthfi whkhthe
the founders worked workedIt workedUIt workedIt
UIt It was said of an Eastern temple It Itvas Itvas It Itvas
vas designed by Titans and finisbl by byjewelers byjee1ers byjewelers
jewelers The tribute is capable of a adouble adoubler adouble
double meaning A great work should be begrandly begrandJy begrandly
grandly conceived and then execute executewith executed exectJttdmth executedwith
with the minutest pains painsWe Pf palesWe RS RSWe
We wish as much for WashIngtonBut WashingtonBut Washington WashingtonBut
But the Jeweler jeweler1111t5t mast not meddle with the thearchitects tbtarchJtectJ thearchitects
architects design If he does men may maysay maysay maysay
say It was planned by Titans it was wasfinished was1ln1s wasllnlebed
finished 1ln1s ed by pygmies pygmiesLess pygmiesLess V
Less than half a century had elapsed elapsedfrom elapsedtrom elapsedroni
from roni the theulJ thefounding founding lng of the Capital before a acongress acongrets acongress
congress was found pusillanimous enough enoughto
to surrender and cede back thirty square squarejniles squareroUes squaremiles
miles of Federal soil soiL and the noble patrl patrimony patrlmany patrlmoisy ¬
many the nation had received from the theFather theFather theFather
Father of his Country was broken in two twoand twoand
and the Virginia portion cast away awayOur awayOur awayOur
Our task tonight Is to put the WashIngton WashIngton Wash Washington ¬
ington of our day to the test of the th great greatprinciples geetprInciples greatprlndples
principles that controlled the founders of ofoar otour ofour
our government to view view the work they
left us in the light of all that has de developed de developed dcveloped ¬
veloped since since and to plan for f r the t e future futureas futureas futureas
as men of their vision would w Uld have haveplanned bElveplanned haveplanned
planned in our SurrOundings sttrrouadtngsSee StlITOtla SurrOundingsSees J gs gsSee
See See Three Meaning MeaningWhat 3Ieanlns4Wbat MeaningsWbat
What do we mean when we say the theDistrict tbeD theThstrlct
District D or Columbia There are at least leastthree 1eastthree leastthree
three meanings 1 8Dbigs in which the expression expressionraay expreeslonbe exprsslonrnsy
raay be accurately ccurat y used It may mean meanthe meanthe susanthe
the mere territory the seventy seveDt square squarejrUes squareroUes squareint1e
jrUes int1e of land and water It may mean meanthe meanthe meanthe
the municipal corporation which has been beencreated beencreated beencreated
created by the act of Congress It may maymam mayni mayinean
mam ni n the political community oommunlt which may maybe mayM maybe
be called c led and by the Supreme Court has hasbeen basbeen hasbeen
been repeatedly l called for certain pur purposes pur1Oses perposes ¬
poses a State In this third sense It is isnot Isnot Isriot
not a mere municipal mm cfJal corporation but is isfilled Isfin isl1led
filled fin with the e sovereignty ereigaty of the t e United UnitedStates UnitedStates UnitedStates
States of America AmericaIt AmericaIt
It is of the utmost importance to dis distinguish distIngulsb distlrsgelsh ¬
tinguish between these th meanings espe especially espedaJiy especia3iy ¬
cially between the second and the third thirdIf thInLf thirdIf
If f tee would keep kee our thinking clear Let Letia Lett Letus
ia take t a moment to trace this distlnc distlnctlonla dlstlnc1Ion distinclion
tlonla lion hi the transactions of a century
When the th United States In 1S09 took tookposSesskir tookposteeskit tookDoe0sici
posSesskir of this territory It found local fecalseifgotfemiae localse localsefgoernmdnt
se seifgotfemiae go ent t here For l or two genera seaerations generadons genera4t10fl5
dons tions It left it undisturbed Prior to togfilfc too tosaid
gfilfc o said Mr Justice ust1 Bradley in a case C3S
people p1e payings The people are the thercognized tlaerc6 thercognized
rcognized rc6 ized source of all 11 authority and aadto aDeito andto
to this authority It must come at last lastwhether last lastwbethel lastwhether
whether Immediately or by y a a circuit circuitous clrCtl1t08s dreultous ¬
ous process processWhether processWhether processWhether
Whether a flaw Is to be found in inthis mthis Inthis
this reasoning as applied P lIed to the situa situation situation attuntiun ¬
tion before the court Inasmuch as s the thepeople thepeople
people of the District of Columbia the thepeople thepeople thepeople
people to be governed governe never did have havea harea
a share in electing the President and andSenate anc1Senate andSenate
Senate who were the appointing offi officers omcers o ocars ¬
cers I 1 will not stop here to inquire inquirefor inquirefor Inquirefor
for my present purpose is to point t out outthe outthe outthe
the separation that has always been beenrecognized beenreoognled beenrecognized
recognized between the District of Co Columbia Col Culumbla ¬
lumbia l mbla as a mere municipal corpora corporation coJioraUOJ corporation ¬
tion and the District of Columbia as asa asa asa
a quasi state stateThere stateThere stateThere
There is only one sovereign so eetgR in the theDistrict theD1strkt theDistrict
District of Columbia Indeed Indeerl in respect respectto 1 respectto ect ectto
to sovereignty the situation is precisely
the same as if there were no other do domain domain domain ¬
main affected by the tb central government governmentas
as if all its functions were performed performedhere per0IDahere performedhere
here hereWhy
Why then It may be asked should shouldtrict shouJdthere shouldthere
there be such a municipality as ute e Dis District Die Dietrict
trict of Columbia at all Why should not
e general government take tak direct con control control control ¬
trol and administer all the affairs of the theDistrict theDistrict theDistrict
District through Its own bureaus It Itwould Itwould Itwould
would not be so easy to answer that thatquestion thatquestIon thatquestion
question If two facts were other than thanthey t1taAthey thanthey
they are areFirst areF1rstIf areFirstIf
First F1rstIf If there were no citizens of the theUnited theUnited theUnited
United States except those who live In Inthe Inthe Inthe
the District DistrictSecond DistrictSecondff
i
Second SecondI If the District elected the na national national national ¬
tional officers But there are 3tOOG lg009 peo people people peepie ¬
ple here and there are some ro 90gWOM GtG oo > out outside outstde outside ¬
side stde and all are citizens clt ens of the United UnitedStates UnitedStates ed edStates
States and the 339000 3 VXtO who Jive here have havesome haesome havesouse
some Interests which w fch they do not hold holdIn JtoidIn holdIn
In common with the 30003000 ooo OOOOO > COO wOO live liveotitsWe liveOutsl1e liveoutside
outside Outsl1eDr1w
Draws a Picture PictureIt
It t is is in part at least least for the recog recognition reC recognitlon g gniti9n ¬
nition and protection of these the e separate separateand saperateand separateand
and peculiar pecullarlnterests interests that a a municipal municipalgovernment m1lRtclpago VnJpjgovernment
government go ernment exists and Is required AU Allthe AUthe AUthe
the more Is it needed by reason of the thefact thetact thefact
fact that there is no suffrage Let us uspicture 1ISpicture uspicture
picture what might be The streets and andpublic andpubUc andpublic
public works might all be put under the theWar theWar theWar
War Department the public health under uaderthe UBderthe underthe
the Surgeon General the charities cbarlti S made madea
a bureau in the Department oft Com Commerce Commerce Cornmerce ¬
merce and Labor or perhaps of the In Interior Interior Intenor ¬
terior and the thee schools turned over to tothe tothe tothe
the Commissioner of Education And so soit soIt soIt
it might go on on until the local govern government goernment governnsent ¬
ment was completely bureaucratic bureaucraticun bureaucraticuntil un until ¬
til the rod of national nationalVV VV VVadmInIstratIon administration administrationturned admlnistntlontuI1led admInIstratIonturned
turned serpent had swallowed swal wed up all the theKttle theHttle thelittle
little rods of local admlnstraUon and wasleft was wasleft as asJeft
left alone upon the floor fioorn floorIn floorIn
In n the meantime tee t e city growing gro i g by I
leaps and bounds has doubled and trebled trebledits trebledUs trebledits
its present population and we have here herea
a million people without a word to say SEL SELIn
In theory or fact fact directly or Indirectly Indirectlyabout Jndr Indirectlyabout t1y t1yabout
about the streets they walk Walk the water waterthey watertbey waterthey
they drink drink the light they the bum or the theeducation theeducatJon theeducation
education of their chlldreneverything C1Udrehe rythtn
done for them them and done by officers in inwhose inwhose Inwhose
whose selection they had no voice and andwto andwho andwho
who hav have nave been beense1 selected = te with no particular puticularI
I
reference to the their opinions or their needs needsTo 1eedsCo needsro
To ro some me of e that is not a pleasing pleasingspectacle pl6M pleasingA lb lbspeet8ele
spectacle spectacleCertainly
speet8eleratJon
A ratJon aHong City CityCetataIT CityCertainly
Certainly w we anst sst not forgot that tbatis thjs thjsis thszis
is a national etty There is little risk of ofthat oftbat ofthat
that Belt B there are institutions many manyand mtmyaad manyand
and important which are not Dt t national in intheir inbeIr Intheir
their aim or character They y are exactly exactlysuen exactlysaeIa exactlysneti
suen Institutions a no the Hmo numerical numericalpopulation JWmerlca1popuIaUou numericalpopulation
population would require r utre ware this not notthe DOttlM notthe
the Nations Capital al That Is true of the the1ntItutIons
hwUtuUoas of charity c and punishment punishmentWe P4IDIshmentWe punishmentWe
We should need to have schools record recording recordlag recordlag
lag omce oces poetoffices and courts we weshould weneed
should need streets and bridges and a athousand atJlouaand athousand
thousand things beside H by reason of the thefact thefet themaict
fact that we are a city citylastitntfaas cityImtitutIeAs cityInstftutiene
lastitntfaas that answer the needs of ofthe o othe ofthe
the community n merely areiy as a community communitywithout communitywithout
without reference to the national govern government governsnout
snout ment should u1d not these be treated es eslocal S1oca1 aslocal
local tnstitudeis Should they not be beadministered beadm beadsutniaterad
administered adm ae part of the municipal municipalgoveraaient mu municipalgovernment Lclpa1 Lclpa1p
government p rameat and oScered by men m A Iden Identified jdant Idontilled ¬
tilled with the District XKstrfctTboee DistrictTboes t tTboM
Tboee courts of the District Dlstd t which whkhelMl whichdeal
dee nof no exdestvety exd with local lo El 1 con contrwersJes ntt conueversies
trwersJes tt JB large e measure DtGR re with wititdinputes withdIIputes
diaputes to which the nation is a party partymay artymay partyma
may ma perhaps be fairly made up one onehalf onehaf onehalf
half of member drawn from the local locality 1oca1tty localIty ¬
ity and onebat from the nation at atlarge at1rge aslarge
large ThIs sea scorns s the more appropriate appropriateinasmuch appropriateInasmuch
inasmuch as these tbo e who hold these offices officeshold officeshold officeshold
hold them during good behavior be a or and andwhen andwbea andwhen
when they come here come hoping to tobehave tobebave tobehave
behave well enough to remain through throughMfe throughJUe throughlife
life JUe V VBut
MfeBut
But t many malt offices oces relate exclusively exclusivelyto
to this commuatty at least as much so soas 50as soas
as the ottees oees of any aD community communl can be besaid beSIIJ4 beneld
said to relate to itself alone aJone and why whyshould whyshould hy hysiIouJd
should not these be filled by local dt citizens dttaeus dtbans ¬
bans Even eJI if there should be no statute statutethus statuteI statutethus
thus raatrietiac the selection ought not notsuch notftcla notsuch
I such policy a course cour be pursued as a a permanent permanentpoacy permanentP permanentpolicy
I Demand of Consistency ConsistencyWhy Conalatenc ConsistencyWhy
I Why should the t e people of the District Districtnave DIstricthaye Districthave
have nave their deeds recorded recDrd by a man from fromCalifornia romCUtonda fromCalifornia
California Why should Washington be beI bethe betb
I the tb only city IB the land that cannot have havea haT haTP
a pogtaMMrter P muter appointed from among its itscttbeaa Itscithene
cttbeaa cttbeaaIf cithene1f
i If 1f we are to keep up p the form of mu municipal mui muilcipal ¬
i nicipal I government at alt does not a a fair fairccnafateacy talli fairconsistency
i consistency CGD8t t demand that we should treat treatit treatIt treatIt
it as municipal mu pal as existing among other otherpurposes otherpt otherperes
purposes pt to care for all that Is peculiar peculiarand pecuUarJJd peculiaruj
and uj local ht the themterests interests and needs of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the community Will it not be wisdom wisdomtf
tf treat it so soLet soLet soLet
Let us not forget that there are thou thousacds thouda thousands
sands da upon thousands here who have no noother noOIber noother
other abiding place Their roots have havestruck havestnIck havestruck
struck deep ep into the sell soil They love the thecity thedty thecity
city with all the national pride we share sharewith sharewith sharewith
with them and with that tender senti sentiment senUmeat sent sentmont ¬
meat which we call the love of home homebesides homeeskIes hometesdez
besides Is it wise to treat them as aliens aliensin aliensIn aliensIn
in the house of their fathers fathersOthers fathersOthers fathersOthers
Others have lived here till all ties tieswith tieswith tieswith
with other places are dissolved dl lved and they theyexpect the theexpect therexpect
expect tftefr th children will live here when whenthey whenthey whenthey
they are gone These people so com compietaly completely cornpletoly
pietaly and Irrevocably Identified with withthe withthe withthe
the place constitute an element not wise wisely j
ly to be overlooked when one Is con conskEeriBg conslderlog eonsidering
skEeriBg how local affairs may be most mostprudently mostprudently I Iprudently
prudently aDd loyally administered j
hay Be Parting PartlngrWho PartingWho PartingWho
Who knows Perhaps we have come comei comealready comealready
i already to the parting of the ways waysi W8SLittle waysLittle
i Little by little llttlethe the local hold Is lost lostHere lostHere lostHere
Here a hospital Is drawn under the con control control control ¬
trol of a department There the jail jailI jaUsUps Jailslips
I slips out of the hands of the Attorney AttorneyI AttorneyGeDeraL AttorneyGeneral
I General Now It is proposed that the theschools thesc theschoOls
schools be placed under a a bureau and andnow andDeW andnow
now that the city shall be officered on onthe onthe onthe
the principle prIndp of efficiency alone by one onewho onewho onewhe
who can be found who Is most compe competent competent competest ¬
tent tent though he never saw sa Washington Washingtonbefore Washingtonb Washingtonbefore
before beforeIt b beforeIt ore oreIt
It would be something to assume that thatamong thatantOAg thatamong
among 35UOO ftCGO G4lcl such as we find gathered gatheredhere gatheredbeee gatheredbore
here not a single SDg man could be found foundcapable foundcapable foundcapable
capable of conducting the business of the thecity thecity thecity
city But If it should be conjectured that thatin thatIn thatin
in some far off place a commissioner commissionermight commJsslonelmight commissIonermight
might be found somewhat S mewhat more efficient efficientwould efficientWOtid efficientwould
would that difference in efficiency make makeup makeup snakeup
up for tae sacrifice cf one more bond bondsometimes bondoomettmes bondsometimes
sometimes it seems as it were the last lastbetween Iastbetweea lastbetween
between the government and the local locality localIty localky ¬
ity ityThe
The be problem of city government Is not notaltogether notaltogetber notaltogether
altogether I venture to think a matter matterof matteroC matterof
of perfecting the machinery Men are not notaltogether notaJt notaltogether
altogether aJt gether mac Machines Ines They have senti sentiments sentlmeats sent sentmeats ¬
meats they have hearts And If there therebad therebad therebad
bad not been sentiment and heart as well wellas wellas wellas
as brain brain there would W ttld be today no Wash Washington Washington Washlngtoa ¬
ington lngtoaI
ingtonNo
4 No o Need of Suffrage SuffrageAs
As far as the muaiclpal government Is Isconcerned 19concen Isconcerned
concerned d the people of the District Districtseesi Districtseem Districtseem
seem to have settled down to the ar arrangement arrangemont
raageraoat that there t1 re should be no suf suffrage sutfrage sufrage ¬
frage frageThey frageTRey rage
rageThey
They accept It Itvery very much as Lord LordDundrearys LordDundrearys LOrdDundrearys
Dundrearys brother Sam accepted his hisem hisen hisesr
em en arrasstneat In being belngborn born and nd espe especially eSpe eSpeclaliy cipedaily ¬
daily in being born baldheaded You Tousee Yousee Yousee
see Sam he wasnt consulted and andthere a 1d 1dthere andthere
there he was and It was too late to do doaaythlag doannhJng doanything
anything about It But suffrage S or no nosuffrage nosufrage nosuffrage
suffrage in municipal mUl1fC1 al affairs has noth nothj
j
i
JUSTICE JUSTICESTArrORD STAFFORD Pbe
under its direction In KS the plan was wasadopted wasadopt wasadoptcd
adopted adopt of raising upon the ratable prop property property j jerty
erty here a tax of 1 per P r cent and of otmatching ofmatching i imatching
matching that with aa equal amount amountfrom amountrom amountcorn
from rom the national Treasury TreasuryUp TreasutUp TreazuryUp
Up to that time the District had car carried carried carsted ¬
ried the burden year by year almost or orquite orquite orulte
quite ulte alone and was sinking under a adebt adebt adebt
debt of many millions Under the new newarrangement ne neanngement newarrangement
arrangement Washington has sprung to toher toher toher
her feet Parks have been laid out out ave avenues avenues arenuee ¬
nues extended bridges built public build buildings buUdmgs buildlags ¬
lags erected grade crossings abolished abolishedrailway abolishedraIlway abolishedrailway
railway terminals improved a magnifi magnificent magnificent nmgulflcent ¬
cent new station built built the sewerage jtmd jtmdwater ndwater Luidwater
water systems practically made over mil millions millions mu mulions ¬
lions upon millions spent toward making makingthe makingthe makingthe
the city cI In health and beauty uty what It Itought Itought itought
ought to be Meantime absolute fidelity fidelityIn
In the discharge of 0 duties no stain or orhint orhint orhint
hint of corruption scarcely a dishonest dishonesttransaction dishonesttrnJisactIon dishonesttransaction
transaction even charged Surely that Is Isti IsIi isrecord
ti record for any city to cherish and for forthose forthose forthose
those who have had a share in making tt ttto ttto Itto
to look back upon with pride prideMoney prIdeIoue prideMoney
Money Ioue for Improvement ImprovementSome ImproTementlfSome ImprovementsSome
Some forbidding obstacles have been beenencountered beenencountered beenencountered
encountered and and are met with stilL One OneIs OneIs i iIs
Is this being compelled to pay for per permanent permanent j
manent improvements Improveme ts out or the current currentincome currentIncome i iIncome
Income What other city Is expected to topay topay topay
pay for its i great gre t works to last for gen generations generations geeeratlons ¬
erations out of Its ordinary rdlar receipts receiptsmeanwhile receIptsmeanwhUe receiptsmeanwhile
meanwhile taking it out ot the schools schoolsand sch schoolsand ols olsand
and scrimping its legitimate expenses expensesAny expensesAny penses1 penses1Any
Any other city would wo ld raise the money on onbonds onbonds onbonds
bonds and pay them a little at a time timeWashington timeWashingttm tImeWashington
Washington need not be bonded since sincethe sincethe sincethe
the national treasury can supply It with withthe withthe withthe
the loan and let It be paid back at a a rea reasonable reasonable reasonable ¬
sonable rate but the principle Is sound soundIt sOUndIt soundIt
It Is enforced by the late Secretary of ofthe otthe ofthe
the Treasury In his able report for 1908 1908where 19G5where 1908where
where he sets ts forth with great lucidity luciditythe lucIditythe luciditythe
the need of a national budget to tobrtng tobrtngabout bringabout bring bringabout
about an adjustment between disburse disbursements dIsbursemenU disbursemeats ¬
menU and receipts with A a rigid sepa separation sepa separation separation ¬
ration between expenditures for the or ordinary crdlnary ordinary ¬
dinary service of the government and andthose andthose andthose
those for permanent < t public works the thelatter thelatter thelatter
latter to be met by bond Issue IssueBut issueEut V Vut
Eut But ut there are ar obstacles o ot graver tirer yer
I around a them the shuttles of the theworlds t theworlds e eworlds
worlds activities fly to and fro tro ru but butInto butInto butnto
Into I nto the growing web they t ey weave no nostrand nostrand notrand
strand strandSir strandSIr s trandSIr
Sir I Bill not extend the parallel parallelIt p1rt p1rtItls
It Itls I t Is too obvious and too pelnf painful cl to be bedrawn gedrawn berawn
drawn d rawn But that is not the Washing Washingon ¬
i ton t on that shall be beOnly beOnly beOnly
Only let the agitation beginLe beginLet begin beginLet
Le Let it start here tonight tonightWhy tonightWbJ tonightWhy
Why not make the occasion siaa his historic Wstoric hisone ¬
toric t one
toricLet oneLet
Let every true son of WashIngton Wasfctegtooratlve W WashIngtonrative S Srathe
ratlve or adopted go out froo mre ram this thisfeast bf thiseast
feast f east ast strengthened and heartened for fora fora fora
a Ion long enlistment Let him know for foronce feronce foronce
once in I his life the glory of being beingpossessed beingpossessed
possessed of a grand idea ldeatDe the cttalkae cttalkaeenthusiasm Z Zenthusiasm eue eueenthusiasm I
enthusiasm of being bel g lost In absolute absetetedevotion a absolutedevotion te tedeotlon
devotion to a great cause causeLet auSELet causeLet <
Let Let them mee meeJind and join baade aad aadstir aadoUr andtir
stir s tir one on another anotherbearts Tjearts earts quicken one oneanothers eaeanothers oneanothers
anothers minds and sustain one an anothers uotbers anOthers
others courage Let It go oa oaIt OIL1t onIt
It will me meet t with opposition it will wOlmeet 0021m willmeet
meet m t with ridicule it Will meet with con censure CMasure consure ¬
sure It will take years it maT maTmn take takemanybet laleemanybet
manybet mn but It will have but one pKfWe J85SIbteoucome psenibleoutcome pKfWeoutcome
outcome if the seas of WasbtegiBR w Washiag are areworthy are areWOrt areworthy
worthy WOrt y of the t name they the bear bearI hMrSu1frase benrSuffrage V
I Suffrage Question QuestionAgain Questlonga1n QuestionAgain
Again ga1n I say I am not speaking s n lOW lOWor nowof w wof
of municipal suffrage at zlL all Let the thepresent thepresent I
present arrangement or some sealesubsUtute haprwmd haprwmdsubstitute kaprevudsubstitute
substitute for It It be CGUaIlfti continu continued If you youplease youpISe youpitase
please What has that to dewtth de the thebroad tilebroo4 thebroad
broad aad fundamental fact that the
hundreds of thousands ac1s here shedd have havetheir haretheir
their due and proportionate p oportJoa te receataUO1 representtion represent representation ¬
tion la the National atIo1 Assembly Asaemblytd saw should
have the same right that t other otheenjoy dtfseas dtfseasenjoy dulnentenjoy
enjoy of giving their votes vot ta the election electionof electionof t
of the Chief Magistrate ef the repeaife
The republic It is not alone far the V VDistrict
District of 0 Columbia CoI1hR i that I bring the theproposition theroposWon theproposition
proposition forward The interests of ofthe ofthe
the nation would w 1d be served as well wetLThey wellThey wellThey
I They would b be served first of an by bythe
the increased efficiency and propriety of ofthe r
the laws Ja ws that would be enacted to the thenext thenext thenext
next place by the fact that t the theroll members membersmen
from roll the District being familiar with withthe
the local situation and serving OB the tbelOcal thelocal thelocal
local committees would relieve the mem raerabers memfrom
bers from rqm other States of ranch of their theirpresent eIlpretent theirpresent
present burden baring Iee g them freer to toperform tperform toperform
perform the duties for which they were werespecially werespecially werespecially
specially selected selectedXeed SEilectedXeed selectedNeed
Xeed for Real Men MenFurther ten IenFurthel tenFurther
Further it would serve the tMby th dotted dottedby not notadding
by adding te Congress men c f weight weightand weightand t tand
and Influence in national l coneeraa coneeraaWe coaee coaeeWe cencenoWe
We should have here a caBSttateacy caBSttateacypeculiarly cea ceoadaoypeculiarly 9KT 9KTftarly
peculiarly ftarly rich IB material far Repre Representatives ROiKesentatlve Bepresentatives ¬
sentatives sentativesBut sentatlveBut sentativesBut
But mare perhaps per aps than aH > the rest TSCthe restthe rest restthe
the use c would serve erv the Interests es of ofthe 0the ofthe
the whole nation by recognizing the thegrand thegrand thegrand
grand principle of representative reIKooeaaCWement govern gweraraent governmeet
meet here ere hi the most coBspteuevs ce past position > pasttkn s1 s1Uon ¬
tion in the country where hitherto it ithas itbas Ithas
has been cast aside asideMen asideMen l e etlen
Men could no longer point the t e fiager fiagerof ngeror nger ngerof
of scorn orn at us and say sayWasfeingteii GBYWasblngten sayWashington
Washington gives the th lie U to your pre pretensions pre pretenlons protensions ¬
tensions tensionsLook tenlonsLook V VLook
Look In the very seat of orgrea national nationalgreatness sattonalgreatness
greatness grea ess you ou acknowledge by your acts actsthat actsthat actsthat
that your form of government is a fail failure fnure fallure ¬
ure Until we are honest enough gk to JIve Hveup JIveup Jiveup
up to your principles we shall deserve deserveall GeSeVaU deserveall
all our trouble and sir sfrr from the bottom bottomof m mof
of my mv heart I do believe that the t e greatest greatesttroubles greatestI greatesttroubles
troubles troubles we have spring fzora this fact factthat tactthat factthat
that we e have turned our back upon these theseprinciples thesepnnclples thoseprinciples
I principles principlesWe pnnclplesWe principlesWe
We shall never find peace or safety safetyuntil zmtetyuntil safetyuntil
until we return to them again againShall againShaJl againwe
Shall we say ay we fear the suffrages of ofignorance otignorance ofIgnorance
ignorance and vice vicethe cetbe the ignorance and andvice aQ4Vice andvice
vice that we ourselves are to blame for forthat fwthat forthat
that could not last i St a generation if we did didour didou didour
our ou duty by our fellowmen feltowmeaShame fellowmenShame V VShame
Shame on the race or the coraaavniry coraaavnirythat c mm1lDitythat communitythat
that holds in its hands the wealth of the thecontinent tbecontinent thecontinent
continent and carries in its brains the ac accumulated ae aecumulated ascumulated ¬
cumulated culture ot the centuries and andyet anI andyet
yet y t refuses l tuses to lift that ignorance and vice viceto viceto C Cto
to the level or enlightenment and virtue virtueTear virtueTear rwe rweTear
I Tear down your shacks and sfeaatles sfeaatlesLet s aDtiesLet shantleeLet
Let in the sun upon your some someI ae3 noIsomealleys me mealleys
I alleys alleysB alleysBuild
i B Bad sId Decent habitations for the poor poorto poorI V Vto
I to dwell In InMake In InMake InMake
Make your prisons rlsons moral hospitals in instead mstead Snstead ¬
stead of breeding cells for crime crimeSpread ct neSpread crimeSpread
Spread education broadcast in the thestreets tilestreets thestreets
streets streetsLet streetsLet streetsLet
Let us do the work of Christians at atour atour atour V
V
our doors before we admit that t t telhet a sec secfatheS r rfather
father elhet were f fools ols and that democratic democraticgovernment dORM democraticgovernment < tk tkgoenment
government is all a dark mistake mistake3Ienacc mk3iake1enAcc mistake3iennce
3Ienacc to the State StateNever StateNeer StateNever
Never until the men of wealth end aadeducation endlucat1On t te1ucatlon
education have spent their etr last surplus surplusdollar scphtsdoUar surplusdollar
dollar and V exbattsed the ingenuity o otheir ot ofther f fL1er
their brains in the effort to make their theirfeilowrnen theirfellowmen I
fellowmen worthy to be b sharers ia the thegovernment tlMgvemment thegeverument 1
government never until then t e will they theyhave t theyhave q qME
have a right Igbt to hide behind an excuse excuselike ex exenselike
like that thatI thatV I
V 1 I admit that an Ignorant Ign rant and degraded degradedclass degradedc1as
class c1as arm3d with the ballot Is a meMC meMCto naeaacs naeaacsto menasto
to the safety of the t e state but I deny that thatIt thatIt V Va
It is a greater menace In the th end than thanthat Ulanthat thanthat
that same class cl s robbed of of Its righa righathrust rlfhilthrust Tlghrnthrust
thrust down do into the dark and Jet as asno asno asno
no longer necessary to be regarded or as assisted as assistcd ¬
sistcd because no longer lor er having any part partIn partthe f
In the affairs of state stateeeUaetl stateCot1ned
eeUaetl oa Page no 8Coitusa fSt Colum I IV
V
d

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