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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, May 15, 1910, Fourth Part, Image 19

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T T TTHE
1 I THE WASHINGTON W HERALD SUNDAY Y MAY Mfi MAY Y 15 1910 3
BUILT GRAND CANYON TRAIL TRAILRalph TRAILRalph TRAILRalph
Ralph Henry Cameron Had H ad a Wild West Career That Reads ReadsLike ReadsLike ReadsLike
Like a Romance f
By JAMBS B MOIIHOAV MOIIHOAVA uonno uonnoA
A boy bo fishing In the Atlantic At1 ntlc Ocoan for fora forgl00h1Y fora
a gloomy living said to hlmsolf This ThisIs ThillIs ThisIs
Is no place for a poor manThere man manThere mnThere
There was plenty of room you under understand undorstand understand ¬
stand but he saw nothing olse which whichis whichis
is a sentence by b the way that a a writer writerwith writerwith llter llterwith
with time and spirit for the task could couldamplify coultlampltr couldamplify
amplify into a a doctrine if he knew his hisbusiness hi hibu hisbusinerg
business businessThen bu businergThen ineu ineufhen
Then tlio boy wont to Boston and sold solddross soltldress solddress
dress goods to women w men The odor of ofmackerel ofmacl ofmackerel
mackerel macl < crel dragged from the depths was wasIn wasIn wasin
In his hi manner In his hands woro loath loathcry loathtr loathrry
tr cry grooves made by b running lInes and andsail andsan andsail
sail ropes and In his face wore the dyes dyesof dosot dyesof
of sun and tempest An awkward lad ladIn ladIn ladin
In silks and laces ordinarily ordinarII but this thisparticular thlaparticular thisparticular
particular lad could enter into changing changingcircumstance changingdrcum changingcircumstances
circumstance drcum tance Again ho said nld This isno Is Isno 15no
no placo for a poor man manICivkcd manIClcke1 manItiekcI
ICivkcd Around llnllrondn llnllrondnNext UnllrondnNext ltnllroadaNext
Next It was Kansas anMS at a n hazard with withhere withhr6 withhere
here a Job and there a kick around rail railroads railroads ratlroada ¬
roads Thenco to New Mexico merely mere as asa asa asa
a step In an impelling and uncertain uncertaindirection uncertaindirection uncertaindirection
direction Cruising and ever cruising cruisingsearching cruisingB cruisingsearching
searching B archlng for shoals that do not run out outof outor outof
of their latitudes and seasons Rest Restlessness RestlessneuIn RestlessnetsIn ¬
lessness lessneuIn Jn this Instance no doubt an anInfection anInfcctlon aninfection
Infection from the unqulot of a familiar familiarocean CamlllarOCEan familiaroceanIs
ocean oceanIs Is a form of energy Qnon and like likesteam llkoIteam likesteam
steam electricity ol ctr1clt or any an other force can canbe canted canbe
be wasted ted Prudence chief among amon the thefactors thlfactors thefactors
factors In the sum total called common commonsense commonffnse commonsense
sense Is needed to regulate Its speed speedand speedand speedand
and set Its course courseEventually courseEvcntUltlb courseEventually
Eventually and by b accident Ralph RalphHenry RalphlIpnry Ralph1leny
Henry Cameron always saying This ThisSs ThliIs ThisIs
Is no place for a poor man and always alwa alwaysfollowing s sfollowing
following a beck he felt but could not notFff notFff notree
Fff or put his hands on was halted at ata ata ata
a tent and a a sawmill on the top of a aMil ahill ahill
hill In Arizona Ho has be bn n moving movingever molngfYfr movingever
ever since not geographically but like likea
a pistonrod back and anI forth amid the theroar theroar theroar
+ roar of strange str nge machinery zlNlchlner As a human humandocument humandocument humandocumont
document he sounds like a stirring tale taleof taleIf taleof
of If random and remarkable achievement achievementTut achhncmentBut achievementrut
But the Impulse and the purpoao purpo o of his hisold hi hilY1 hishl
old lY1 hl words This is no place for a a poor poorman poorn1an poorman
man can be traced throughout his per persona perMnal ¬
sona Mnal nl history historyEngineers hbrtoryEnglneent historyEngineers
Engineers men of mathematics and andpractical andrradlcal andpractical
practical experience ex rlence went to tho rim of ofth otth ofthe
the th Grand Canyon of Colorado with withtransits withtransita
transits tapes and all the instruments instrumentsof
of f modern surveying They The measured measuredmarked mOll urd urdmark
marked mark and calculated and then announced an announced anI10uncd ¬
nounced that a trail to thp th the bottom was wasimpossible wasImposstble wasImpossible
impossible theoretically and and physically physicallyIni phslcalllnlcI physicallyinid
lnlcI Ini < l and Unlit Trnll TrnllCameron TrnlICamlon TrullCameron
Cameron an ax on his shoulder and ahimdle a n nbundle
bundle of stakes under un < ler his arm laid the thetrail thetrail thetrail
trail and then built it He has hunted huntedtrain hUn huntedtrain d dtrain
train robbers and murderers Cattle Cattleonce Catthonce Cattleonce
once falling in price made him practi practically practlall3 prarttrally ¬
rally < all3 a bankrupt He has prospected for forcopper flrop forcopper
copper op r and found it itNow ItXow itNow
Now at the ag age of fortysix Cort slx grayYed gray grayoyed gra graEd
oyed Yed Ed and lithe looking back with a alaugh alaugh alaugh
laugh and forward with 1th nervous eager eagerness agrrness
ness and confidence he says YII I hat havoJust hatj havejust
Just j t begun life Two years ears ago he was wassent wasfnt wassent
sent fnt to Congress as s a II territorial dele delegate delegate ¬
gate When hen Arizona becomes a State as asit asIt asit
it will at this th session Cameron if the theRepublicans thpRepubJlanlll theRepublicans
Republicans carry the legislature will willb willbe willbo
be b elected to the Senate Senatean an altogether altogetherproper altogetherrrO altogetherproper
proper rrO er place for a poor man oven though thoughhe thoughhe thoughhe
he now believes that he is some day to
be very rich richTell richTen
Tell me I said aJd wanting to get the thetemperature thetemPfrature thetemperature
temperature of his zeal and his conver conversational converflatlonal convorsatlonal ¬
sational gait something absolutely true trueal trueahout trueabout
about al > out Arizona ArizonaIn ArizonaIn
In square uare miles he replied fortify fortifying tortlt tortltIng fortifyIng ¬
ing himself at the start with th the solem solemnities ltOIemnlUel soleannitles ¬
nities of arithmetic we are as big bl as asNew a5Xpw asNew
New York Pennsylvania Vermont and andNew andXrw andNew
New Hampshire put together Did you youget youget OU OUget
get that Wo V 0 have h vo land to be irrigated irrigatedland Irrigatedland irrigatedland
land for dry farming and land for pas pasturage7Z100 pas pasturage pasturage72CJOOOOO ¬
turage turage72CJOOOOO 72000000 acres in all We Ye are aregrowing nngrowing aregrowing
growing the common fruits fruit of the East Eastand Eastand jut jutDnd
and Middle West e t as well as oranges orangeslemons oranOIlemon orangeslemons
lemons olives ollv figs and dates Last Lastyear Laatyear Lastyear
year we shipped 128 car loads of canta cantaloupes cantaloupee cantaloupes ¬
loupes We e can match the world on onrantaloupes onantaloupe onrantaoupes
rantaloupes And beets beet beetssugar sugar beets beetsIrrigation beetsIrrigation et etIrrhn
Irrigation Irrhn tlOIl In Necessary NecessaryAnything NecessaryAnything ccc nr nrAnything
Anything will grow In h inN Arizona ArizonaIf If It Itf ItwalOff itIs
Is f watered walOff in the regions r lo 8 where irrigation irriga irrigation Inigation ¬
tion is necessary nce ar1 I am not mentioning mentioningrorn mentlonlnttnrn
i rorn m rn wheat barley rye and fIld nd oats Those Thoseare Th Thoseare o oare
are universal crops with us as else elsewhere e1 elsewhere i iwhere ¬
where Also we e are rich In inwool wool mut mutton mutton mutton ¬
ton and beef We e produce 800000000 800000000pounds aooOOOOOOpounds 700000000pounds
pounds of copper eop r annually aunull besides lArge targequantities lArgequantlU largequantities
quantities quantlU of gold silver lead le d and zinc zincAnd zincAnd zincAnd
And our climate and alfalfa are best on onearth onfarth onearth
earth for ostriches Yes sir ostriches ostrichesWe ostrlcheYe ostrichesWe
We Ye can beat Africa and Arabia wherein whereinthe whereinthe heroln herolntht
the prince of birds bird financially ftnanclal and In the thematter thematter thematter
matter of weight wol ht and height has its itsnatural Usnatural Itsnatural
natural habitat There are 6000 ostriches ostrichesin
in Arlaona They are picked once in ineight SnIght ineight
eight Ight months The average bird will willgrow wtngrow willgrow
grow a II pound of feathers a year yearlong yearlongplumes earlongplume long longplumes
plumes worth 25 S at a not cost in al alfalfa alfalfa alfalfa ¬
falfa of 10 18Fot la laFor 10For
For those who like snow there Is Issnow Issnow issnow
snow Those who like heat can get all allthey allthe allthey
they the want and more too It Is II the finest finestregion ftn finestregion t tregion
region in America and Is Inhabited by bythe b btho bythe
the finest fino t people I wouldnt live Ih any anywhero An Anwhero anywhere
whero else and I have lived oft and on onfrom onfrom onfrom
from tho coast of Maine Ialne to the Rocky RockyMountains RockyMountains RockyMountains
Mountains Why sir Arizona ArizonaSwitched ArlzonaSwltclcel Arizona5witchcd
Switched the Subject SubjectHow SobJe SubjectHow t tHow
How I asked breaking in that thatmight I Imight Imight
might switch tho subject to something somethingmore 50methln 50methlnmnrE somethingmere
more human did you ou got there thereThat thereThat thereThat
That would take more time to relate relatethan relatthan relatethan
than It t Is worth Mr Cameron answered answeredAlso answeretJAlso answeredAlso
Also a wagon sgon road map of Now Mexico Mexicoand Mexicoand Mexicand o
and Kansas I arrived there unexpected unexpectedly ¬
l ly Stopped there I might say inciden incidentally Inrdpctally incldertally ¬
tally I was on tho way to California Californiajust Ca1lfornlajU8t Californiajust
just becaum It was the limit of the theWestern theVostcrn th thWestern e
Western country There was no n better betteri bollerlcaMn bett bettreason er
canon i that I now remember I got going goingas goln golnas gon gona erg g
as a men do and women too SometimesWhen sometimes sometimesWhen sometlmeWhen
When I wasnt moving tho scenery cenor b bcamo bfll bfllcame became
came proiy pro and I lost interest in the theneighborhood thoneighborhood th thneighborhood e
neighborhood Technically I am en routs routsto routeto routto e
to California now but Ill never get getthere getthere ct ctthere
+
there No sir Arizona Arlzon suits me itsWag Its ItsWas ItsWas
Was your our father a gypsy I inquirod In Inquired Inqulrod ¬
quired quirodNo quiredNo qulrodNo
No ho built and owned vessels MrCameron Mr MrCameron 1IrCameron
Cameron replied seeing the Joke jOl < e ant antsensing and andsensing antIsrnsln 1
sensing srnsln tho object of the question Fish Fishing FthIng FishIng ¬
ing vessels mostly my grandfatherengaged grandfather wascngagod + was wasengaged +
engaged in the same business The Cam Cnmorons Camcrons Camerons
orons of Southport Me woro prosper prosperous prospor prosporous prosperens ¬ I
ous men but shipping fell off and they theyfell theyfpll theyfell
fell off with It until nothing much mu h was wasleft wasleftAt wa waleftaAt s
leftaAt left leftAt At the age of thirteen I went fishing fish fishing fishIng ¬
ing myself Shipped with Capt Cam Cameron Calneron Cainaeon ¬
eron but he was no relation of mine mineVWcf mineYc minend
VWcf sailed to the groat banks of New Newfoundland NI Newfoundland w wloundland ¬
foundland and fished with linos In fiftyfathoms fifty fiftyfathoms tiCt tiCtfathoms
fathoms of water I had to remain o odeck on ondeck ondeck n
deck because of my m youth outh and lath lathof lade ladeof acl aclor c
of strength but tho others went out in indories IndorlO8 1 1dortos n
dories I didnt do very cry well nor did didany didI didanyone didany
any anyone one else elseIlcnnl elseHenrtl
I
heard Loot Noises XolBcsMy NoisesMy ollleli ollleliMy
My second season at deep sea fishing fishingwas fishingwas fishin fishinwas g
was also loan nnd djacouraging So wa wathe was wastha wastho s
the third season The fourth year we w e
1
tried for mackerel One night after of tor myhour my myhour myhour
hour on deck nt t watch I went below Before Be Before Beore ¬
fore ore I could got my boots off there wasa was wasa wasa
a loud noise Men were bellowing and andrunning andrunning andrunning
running back and forth I stuck my headout head headout hoodout
out of the > companionway and naw the thebowsprit thebowsprit thebowsprit
bowsprit of a vessel ossel high up over ourport our ourport ourport
port side Then I heard the grinding of ofthe oftho ofthe
the bobstays and felt the shock as the thestem thestem thestein
stem stein struck us and partly keeled us usover usocr usover
over Our mast wa Wad broken and our sailswore sails sailswore sanswore
wore thrown Into the water After welimped we welimped weIIm
limped IIm d Into Into port and I got on dry land landI
I said I have had all I want of fish fishing fi511In fishing ¬
ing In Besides I observed to the captain captainpointing captnlnpointinG captainpointing
pointing my finger at the Atlantic Atlantic that thatIs thatIs thatis
Is no place for a poor man manSo menSo I
So I went to Boston whore I had an anuncle anunclo anuncle
uncle who worked In a store I asked al < ed the themanager thomannser themanager
manager for a Job and he asked if I had hodever had6ver hadever
ever clerked before I told him I hadnt hadntbut h hadntbut dnt dntbut
but I said nothing about fishing deeming
board and lodging and assumed an air airof allor aIrof
of Indifference We will increase your yourpay yourpay yourpay
pay 510 10 a week they said In that event1 event1I oventI event
I replied I am your our huckleberry huckleberryKept huckleberrylelt huckleberryKcpt
Kept lelt Everybodys Eer IOthJI Books BooksWo Dool DoolWo BooksWe
Wo had several log 101 buildings bundln buildingsone sone one forflour for forflour torfiour
flour one for coal oil and so on Everything Every Everything Evor Evorthing ¬
thing came In barrels and boxes Pack Packages Package3 Packages ¬
ages were never broken Contractors and andproprietors Andproprietors andproprietors
proprietors of boarding houses wouldback would wouldback wouldback
back up their wagons and teamsters teamsterswould teamsterswould teamsterswould
would load them I did no scooping ty tying tyIng tying ¬
ing or weighing Likewise I kept thebooks the thebooks thobooks
books of everybody In tho community communlt I Iwas Iwas Iwas
was no expert accountant but my min mhilmum minimum minImum ¬
imum receipts personal were 10 a 0 day dayincluding da daIncluding dayIncluding
including the Fourth of July and Sundays Sun Sundays Sundays ¬
days We Ye were sawing lumber for the theMexican thee theMexican
Mexican e lcan Central Railroad then building buildingSkilled bulkUngSkilled buildingSkilled
Skilled axmeu cutting ties were making makingfiom makingCl makingfrom
from Cl om 360 60 to S7ii 71 75 a week weekThere weekThoro weekThere
There was no place to go but the
SEEKS PLACE FOR A POOR MAN1 MAN
I
RALPH H CAMERON CAMERONHulldcr CAMERONDulleler CAMERONBuilder
Builder of Bright DrhbtnJeI Anjrcl ngel troll into the Grand Canyon nnyon
It I t wise 18 to keep my red hands behind my myback mybAck myback
back and ne to orate no mere than was need needful needful needful ¬
ful under the circumstances Ill work worka
a month I said on trial In a day or ortwo orbo orwo
two t wo I was standing behind a counter in inthe inthe inthe
the dress dre goods ood8 department Waiting on onwomen onwomen onwomen
women made me feel like a girl com compared comIred compared ¬
pared of course with 1th fishing and then thenpickling thenpickling thenpickling
pickling our catch c tch in the hold holdBut holdBut holdBut
But I watched the other clerks and andsoon andsoon andsoon
soon learned what to say They meant meanti meantto meantto
i to work in stores all their lives but Ididnt I If Idldnt
f didnt I noticed notl that they lacked push pushand pushand pushand
and were mighty mi < < hty well pleased with theirown their theirown theirown
own looks While they were smoothing smoothingtheir smoothingtheir smoothingtheir
their hair pulling down their cuffs and andadjusting andadJusUn andadjusting
adjusting their neckties I was hustling busUlngU hustling hustlinga
a U hard as I could I got t six promotions promotionsin
in two years and 8 a week at last not notvery notvery notvery
very bad pay 118 considering conalderlngtho the time and andvicinity and1clnlty andvicinity
vicinity
Specialist Was Suggested SuggestedBut Sn Rcitcd RcitcdBut JclteelBut
But I began to have ba trouble with 1h my mytubes mytubes mytubes
tubes I doctored but doctors of the theordinary qte qteordinary theordinary
ordinary sort did me no good Somebody Somebodysuggested SomebodySU Somebodysuggested
suggested SU etlted a specialist I can take your yourmoney yourmoney our ourmoney
money he said but I would rather give giveyou sivoyou giveyou
you advice He was an honest man andbluff and andbluff andblurr
bluff Go West Yest he said I wag wa inCalifornia in inCalifornia InCaJlforn
California CaJlforn once and was a fool for coming com coming comIng ¬
ing back Anywhere out there is betterthan better betterthan botterthan
than the Ea East t Just start and then stop stopand stopand stopand
and you ou cant make a mistake no matter matterthe matterthe matterthe
the place placellranwhlle Meanwhile you OU will not need needthe noedtho needthe
the services serIc e8 of a physician ph lclan Your throat throatwill throatwUl throatwill
will get well away from the raw rawalr air ofthe of oftho oftho
tho New England En1l nd coast coastI coastI
I thought tho subject over and then thentold thentold thentold
told the people at the storo I was through throughwith throughwith throughwith
with clerking This I said nld Is no place placefor placoCOr placefor
for a poor man more especially e pecfally If he Is Ismerchandising Ismerchandlalng tomerchandising
merchandising A young fellow named namedKelly namedIen namedKelly
Kelly Ien likewise a clerk said hed go too tooWe tooWo tooWe
We bought tickets to Kansas City Clt Per Personally Personall Personally ¬
sonally sonall I had no point in view I simply simplywanted simplywanted simpl simplwanted y
wanted to go West Vce1 From Kansas Cit Citwe City Citywe Citywo y
we moved to Topeka It didnt take a agreat agreat agreat
great deal for tw two < J Yankee boys to live on onTopeka onTopeka
Topeka wasnt much of a placoboard placeboardsidewalks placo placoboardsidewalks board boardsidewalks
sidewalks and plno buildings and some o othem of ofthem ofthem f
them unpainted I moved about and got gotacquainted gotacquainted go goacquainted t
acquainted A Boston man was master mastermechanic masterechanlc mastemechanic r
mechanic echanlc of the Santa Fo Railroad He Hegave Hegave H Hgave
gave Jell Jvolly and me passes to Albuquerque Albuquerquein
in the Territory of New Mexico I had hadno hatJno ha hano d
no reason to go there except that It was wasfarther wast wa wafarther s
farther t rther along toward sunset Albu Albuquerque Albuquorque Albuquorquo ¬
querque was not Impressive so I went wentstraight wentstraight
straight through to Winslow Ariz whichwas which whichwas whic h
was the end of the railroad at that time timeAssistant timeAIIIIItnnt timeAssistant
Assistant to TeamsterMachinery Teamster TcnmntcrMachinery TenmterMachinery
Machinery was being hauled by b wagon wagonto wagonto
to Flagstaff for a sawmill I engaged engagedmyself enEagedmsl engage d
myself msl to a fiercelooking teamster as hi hifirst his hisfirst hisfirst s
first assistant assat S4Sl tlnt nt Anyway I would be may moving mo moIng maying ¬
ing and getting my board while engaged engagedIn engage engagein d
In so doing Also my m lodgings lodgingson on the theground thoground th thground e
ground under tho wagon Kelly unused unusedto unusedto unuse d
to roughing said hed meet me later in inSan InSan 121San
San Francisco And that was tho last lastsaw I Isaw Isaw
saw of him Flagstaff was nothing more morethan morethan mor morthan e
than a log store a saloon and a tent or ortwo orI o otwo r
two in the forest The man who was build building bulldIng building ¬
ing the sawmill gave me a Job although althoughhe althoughhe althoughe h
he said I was rather slim for heavy work workPretty workPrett
Pretty Prett soon wo were cutting S5000 feet fel t o opine of ofplno ofpine
pine dally I working here and there theremaking thoremaking theremaking
making up in speed what I lacked Instrength In Instrength Instrength
strength and lifting ability abilityAs abilityAS abilityAg
As a testimony testimon Individual I let it be beknown beknown beknown
known that I had once clerked in Boston BostonMass BostonMass
Mass MassWhen Perhaps I mentioned fishing
When the sawmill company started a astoro astoro
storo I was asked to operate the same someMy sameMy sameoMr
My specialty Isaid I said is ladles dress dressgoods dressgoods dressgoods
goods I know nothing about kerosene keroseneflour keroseneflour kerosenefour
flour pork or molasses But stead steady steadyyoung steadyoung y
young oung men were scarce In those parts I Iwas Iwas
was again solicited Whereat I began to tonegotiate tonogotlate t o
negotiate I was getting 860 60 a month monthI h
I
woods We I had no amusement amUfl4 > mc > nt but gam gambling gambling gambling ¬
bling but I was not given to that form formof formOf fernof
of entertainment We e were ere pretty good goodpeople goodpeople g gpeople
people first to last Nothing was a8 ever everlocked everlocked eve evelocked
locked up Men ten were careless with Uh their theirmoney theirmone thei theimoney r
money mone because Ule there was w plenty of i iBill it itBill It ItBill te
Bill would wouldy say to Jim I want to se send sendSSCG end ii
SSCG 600 home and have only J3W 710 Lend Lendthe me methe methe
the difference And Jim would say to toBill toBill t tBill o
Bill Go to my tent and help your yourself yourseU yourself ¬
self selfBy
By and by b our contracts were filled filledme lled and andwe andwe
we shut down for the winter Drake Drakechief Drakechler Drakechief
chief engineer of t5ie > H railroad asked me meto meto m mto e
to clerk for him at Albuquerque for lormonth formonth ea a amonth
month or two as II an accommodation accommodationLater accommodtlonLater accommodationLater
Later he wanted wa ted to give me a a station stationA staticsA taUonA
A railway man I said Id to him workfor works worksfor workwfor a 5
for other people 4ny j ny day his h job may maybe maybe ma mabe y ay
be missing To mo it seems a prety pret un uncertain UAcertain s scertain ¬
certain proposition I guess obliged obligedI as asI uI
I am to you for your Our confidence conftde ce I shall shallkeep shallkeep aha ahakeep iI I
keep on going Railroading as far as ascan I Ican Ican
can judge is no place for a poor man manAnd maaAnd manAnd
And Drake Drake replied Cameron you OU have havesized have81zed hay haysized e
sized up the situation situationOff situationOtl situationOff
Off for CaliforniaWhile California CaliforniaWhile CnUtornlnWhile
While standing on the platform of the thestation thestaUon th thstation
station for a train to California aloe aloecomes along alongcomes alongcomos g
comes Ed Ayres A re of < r Chicago owner ownerthe of oftho oCtho
tho sawmill and a tie contractor known knownall knownan knowall n 1
all through the Western estern country H Hsaid He Hesaid Hesaid e
said he thought I could wait until the mill millstarted mi1lstarted ml mlstarted 11 1
started I told him I wouldnt loaf and andtake andtake an antake d 1
take anybodys an bodys money Im off 0 < < I said saidto saidto sat satto d
to California CaliforniaBefore CamornlaBerore CaliforniaBefore
Before you OU go he answered show showme showme sho shome w
me and andm andmy my friends the Grand Canyon Canyonof Canonot Canyoof n 1
of the Colorado And I promised I had hadbeen hadbeen ha habeen d 1
been there once with Uh tho Indians an ancowboys and andcowboys andcowboys d 1
cowboys We Vo got an outfit of pack p ck ani animals anln1aI8 an I Iorals ¬
orals n1aI8 tents and provisions pro1slons Right there therecame therecame the thecame re 3
came a ft turn In n my life but I didnt didntrealize eUdntrealize didn didnrealize t fc
realize it It The Grand Canyon you ou se see seekind seekind e
kind of worked Its way wa into my m imagi imagination luaglnation i ¬
nation When I got back Kirkpatrick Kirkpatrickmerchant a amerchant amerchant 1
merchant in InFlagst1tC Flagstaff wanted to visit Ialt the thej theNew t tNew h e J
j New OrleanS Orlca Orleaexposition s exposition and asked mo merun to torun torun
run his business while ho was away aw from fromhome fromhome fro m 1
home My lI friend I said I appreciate appreciatetho appreciatethe to 0
the compliment but 1 t am Just start starting startingfor startingfor pg
for the the Pacific Ocean OceanMccti Oceanleet OceanMeetSheep
MeetSheep Mccti leet Sheep Owner OwnerNell OivnerWell OvnerWell
Well he coaxed and I promised to stay stayif ItayIt st ay 7
if he would hurry right back By B that thattime thattime th thtime at t
time I had 1400 Kilpatrick was taken takenwith tAkenwith tak e n 1
with slow fever In New Orleans Orleansblamed Orleansblamed810w Orleansblamslowand blamed blamedalow eel i
alow slowand and was gone four months I got gotacquainted gotacquainted g gacquainted of t
acquainted with Wll 1 ja a man named McMillan McMillanan n
an old bachelor who lived in n Flagstaff Flagstaffand FlngstatCand Fingstaand ff C
and had 6000 sheep thirty miles away awaygovernment o on ongovernment ongovernment i
government pasturage We Ye talked back backand baekand ba baand clt c
and forth and as as an outcome of our con conference conferonce co e ¬
ference he gave me his sheep on aqu equal equalshares oqualshares al 1
shares I was to get half the wool and andlambs andlambs at atlambs d 1
lambs and keep up the herds In the sum summer sUmmol sun ¬
mol I took the sheep Into the mountains mountainsand mountainsand mountnl mountnland e B
and In the winter I brought them back backto backto b ack t
to the valleys they the feeding all the while whileon whileon whi to a
on fat grasses I made 13000 In t two twoyears coo 5
years 01118 dividing the sheep into several severalflocks 80oralfiocks savor al 1
I flocks four or five miles apart so that thatthe th ththe at t
Ithe the herders couldnt
get together and
gos gossip gossip go 5 5alp ¬
sip among themselves to the neglectmy neglect of ofmy ofmy
my business businessStill uslnessStm
Still money as I saw it was rath rathslow rather ratherslow rathersl er r
slow sl slow w in sheep on the ranges My desire desirewas deslrowas dssl dsslwas r
was to get rich on a gallop to hurry hurryalong hurryalong hur 3 3along r
along and overtake Jay Gould and Van Vanderbllt Vaidorbllt n I Idorbllt
dorbllt Sheep are also monotonous whone when whenone wh e n 1 II IIone
one Is with Uh them day and nightbought night I Ibought Ibought
bought out Kilpatrick As a merchant merchantwas I Iwas 1was I
was a booming financial ft nclal success How However Ho Hoeer w ¬
ever I took to t shipping cattle on the theside theside ti tiside 19 19of
side mostly to California Cal1 omla One day beef beefon beeron he heon of
on the hoof hoo took a a horrible slump slumpsold I Isold Isold
sold my m store paid my m debts and hired hiredout hiredout hire el
out as a a cattle buyer to a firm In the theEast theEast
East I got 8300 steers and sent them themto themto the m
to Kansas to bo fed for market Under Undertho Undertho Und er
tho contract my work was done But a
hot wind swept over the Southwest SouthwestPastures SouthwostPastures SouthwestPastures
Pastures wore burned brown as was waseverything wascerlthlng wasever
everything cerlthlng ever thing else Corn wont from 12cents 12 12cents 1 1cents
cents to 90 cents a bushel in long Jumps JumpsLoot jumpsL08t jumpsLost
Loot on Cattle CattleI C41ttJer
I rode in Ina a buggy all winter win tor buying buyingrough buyln buylnrough buyingrough
rough feed from men who didnt want tosell to tosell tosell
sell It It We Vo had paid 203000 for cattle cattleand cattleand cattleand
and and 42000 in freightage to get them to toKansas toKansas toKansas
Kansas I spent 63000 for fodder such suchas suchas suchas
as It t was Next year I shipped the cattle cattleto cattleto cattleto
to Chicago Chl ago where they were sold at a aloss aloss aloss
loss of 83000 IOOO net By t teat at time taking takingone takh1gono takingone
one experience with another I was pretty prettytired prettrtired prettytired
tired of cows Again I Istartod started for California Cali California California ¬
fornia However I left the train at Flag Flagstaff Flagstart Flagstaff ¬
staff to visit the boys whereupon they theypromptly theypromptly theypromptly
promptly nominated me for sheriff Iheld I Iheld Iheld
held the ofllce three terms or six yearsThe years yearsThe yoarsThe
The words an Arizona sheriff I Isold I181d Isaid
sold sound rather rather melodramatic melodramaticSheep melodramaticShoep melodramaticShoop
Sheep and cattle rustlers often raided raidedthe raidedtho raidedthe
the country Mr Cameron replied but butwe butwo butwe
we eventually drove them out I trailed traileda
a Mexican murderer all over ArizonaNew Arizona ArizonaNew ArizonaNew
New Mexico and Texas but caught himat him himat himat
at the end of a 8 month My most interest interesting IntereltIng interesting ¬
ing experience taking one thing with an another another another ¬
other was with Jim Parker a train rob robber robbor robber ¬
ber Parker organized a company of six sixperformers sixporformers sixperformers
performers and rehearsed them for a amonth amonth amonth
month and a half In a quiet place in the themountains themountalml themountains
mountains Between times ho and hisbrother hU hUbrother hl hlbrother
brother outlaws collected forty rort horse hor horses on onwhich onwhich onwhich
which to escape A former railroad raUrO < < d en enirlnoer engineer enginoer
irlnoer was mechanical director of the
gang Only Parker and one other man manhowever mlUlhowever manhowever
however were directly dlrootl concerned in the theholdup theholdup theholdup
holdup holdupWhile holdupVhilo
While Porker Park or put his guns on the en englncer engineer
glncer and fireman lib partner cut oafthe oft oftthe orrtho
the first car of tho train which in thedark the thedark thedark
dark he supposed contained money sent sentby sentby
by express Instead It was tiS tho on ones car carrying
rying mail There was a lot of shooting ShOOtlDgtor shootingfor
for moral effect The express expre messenger mCMenKerran messengerran
ran to the mall car and got on the thetrucks
I
trucks When the engine > started > the themssenger themessenger
messenger climbed up one side of thecar the thecar
car while the robber went up the other otherBoth otherBoth
Both men came to the line of the roottogether root roottogcther
together The messenger meaen 1 fired and shot shotthe shotthe hot hottho
the robber through the heart After the tbirngino theengino
engine stopped on a sidetrack Parker ParkerICoktd
looked for his partner in vain Then Thenhe Thenhe Theahe
he took all the registered mall and rodeoff rode rodeocr
ocr
Got Out of Jnll JnllI
I tracked Parker into the Grand Can Canyon Canyon Canyon ¬
yon At daybreak da break on the fourth morn mornIng mornIng mornSrg
Ing a a oneeyed on ecd man and I saw Parker Parkerleisurely Parker1lsurel Parkerleisurely
leisurely 1lsurel walking alklng down a creek We e hid hidin hidIn hidn
in n somo willow brush and when he camealong came camealong camealong
along we threw our guns into his face faceI
I took him to be Prescott Pre eott where there therewas tberewas therewas
was a strong jail Ho and two other othermtn othermen
men one of them a big Mexican overpowered over overpowered
powered the jailer and got out The as a aBlstant assistant
slstant district dl trlct attorney was upstairs uxtahwriUng
writing a letter to the girl he was tiC soon aoonto soonto
to marry Parker shot him Bead The Thethree Thethrc Thethree
three desperadoes stole two of the sher sheriffs sherIrrs sherifs
ifs horses and nd the Mexican behind Par Parkrr Parker
kfr fled I again took the trail Par Parker Parkr
ker flung the Mexican to the ground a ashort ashort
short distance dl tllnce from Prescott Pro cott and left him himto himtl himto
to tl his fate It was a mean trick TheMexican The TheMexican Theixkan
Mexican oddly enough escaped Par Parkpr
ker vas caught and hanged But those thosewild thottewlld thesewild
wild days are past pa t and Arizona is nOw nbwas now nowas nOwas
as orderly as the City of Washington WashingtonHow WuhlngtonI
I How did you ou happen to build the theBright tbeBright theBright
Bright Angel trail into the Grand Can Canv CanSlmpl
> v > n
Simply Slmpl as a II mineral undertaking Thatteas That Thatwas ThatWR
was WR sixteen years OIIIS ago and I have been beenworking beeaworking beenworking
working on it ever since Its a hoes bouleur hoesyard
yard ur now by comparison comPflrl on I staked it with witha 1th 1tha
a common day laborer and made It blast butIn blaatlag
lag In hundreds of thousands of tons ofrock of ofrock oCrock
rock where tho mountain was a sheer sheerdescent sheerdes sheerdeecent
descent des ent We e worked in winter and Dd drankincited drank drankmelted
melted snow because there was All no water wllterat
at the edge of the canyon can on in the summer summertime summertime summertime
time The trail is seven miles long lon al although 111thouJh although ¬
though the canyon can on is less than a mile miledeep mileesp
deep esp A 1 railroad coming that way a and andwanting Andwanting
wanting a monopoly monop ly of a the entire situa skuatkwi situation
then fought me in the courts the terri territorial territorial ternlegislature ¬
torial legislature and the Interior Depart Department DeJrtmoot Departmoat ¬
moot In Washington After years of liti litigation uuga ¬
gation ga tlon I won The trail Is now mine In Intheory intheory 121theory
theory and In fact I got 1 for every everyanimal over overanimal everyanimal
animal that starts downward from the thetop thetop thetop
top Each animal of course carries a atourist atourlat atourist
tourist or a 1 guide guideCnriKht l1lldeCC guidetcoiuricht
CnriKht CC t MM by James B Merror MerrorRAILWAY Merno I IRAILWAY r
RAILWAY LUNCHES LUNCHESCOnllnrJllon LUNCHESComparison
Comparison Between American nnd nndEnglish nndBnIUIIJt
English Food for Travel TravelFrom TrnTelfrom Trn el elshim
From the Railway AgtvGueUe AgtvGueUeThe tgo lOGaJetteThl Caaetta CaaettaThe
The restaurant at the Grand Central CentralStation
Station New Xc York Cll
City now puts up an anattractive anattractlvo
attractive luncheon for travelers tr elcrd It is ispacked IsJ ispacked
packed J cked In a box convenient for carrying carryingami carryingamI
ami consists of four sandwiches of dif different dlrferent different ¬
ferent kinds olives cake cake fruit and a aa aA aa
a A paper napkin The price is 35 centsIn cents centsIn centsIn
In England where dining cars are not so sonearly sonoarh
nearly universal unlver > > 81 as here the sale of ofAiled orfilled
filled lunch baskets is common on all allrailways
railways In this country countr the field Is Islimited
limited but there certainly certlnlys is a field In Inlargo
largo cities particularly on Sundays and andholldas
holidays during the summer when a adays adays
days excursion Into the country is popu popular popular popular ¬
lar Tho convenience of being ablo to topick topick
pick up an attractive luncheon at tho tholast
last minute Instead of preparing it at athomo
homo In advance is sure to be appre APpreelated
elated datedNo elatedNo
No one who has gone up from New lewYork
York to New ew Haven on the day da of a big bigfootball
football game will w 111 forget the discomfort discomfortand discomfortnnd
and difficulty difficult of getting luncheon after afterarriving atterarriving
arriving at New Haven Again the lunch lunchbAsket
basket ought If J possible to bo popu popularized
larizcd as a means of promoting tho thosimple thosimple
simple life We Yo cannot say sa that any rail railway
way ofllcor has a ft duty dut to spend either clthermoney
money or thought in this direction but butfrom buttrom
from tho passengers point of view thematter the thematter thematter
matter is not beneath notice Occasions Occasionsoften Occasionsoften Occasionsoften
often arise wlion lon under present arrange arrangements
ments the choice lies between spending spendingfifty
fifty minutes or more in time and
100 cents or more money for a afull
full meal and going without anything any thin thinwhatever
whatever to oat when tho more agree agreeablo agreenblo
able way would be to spend spent twenty twentyminutes
minutes and a reasonable sum on a a alight
light luncheon By D simple life we wemenn
mean not merely abstention from ten tenounce tenounce
ounce steaks when the appetite calls call callon
only on for a a sandwich but also avoidance avoidanceor
of the Irksome waiting which Is neces necessary necessar necesnary
nary sar when dining cars are crowded Din DinIng
Ing cars worked beyond their capacity capacltaro
aro now common Few roads are so soreckless
reckless of their expenditures as to put puton
on two dining cars when by making a npart
part of the diners wait one car will an answer
swer and the waiting is decidedly un unpleasant unpleasant tinpleasant
pleasant The dining car Is a great con convenlence convenience
venlence but it Is maintained underserious under underserious underserious
serious disadvantages Inasmuch as most mostor
of these difficulties are unavoidable It Is Isregrettable Isrcgrctt
rcgrctt regrettable lla lo that a considerable percent percentago percentago
ago of the patrons of the cars must put putup putup
up with the added Inconvenience of r walt waitIng
Ing for the people at the first table to tofinish
finish In a leisurely way a fivecourse fiecoursedinner
dinner Tho lunch box has great pos possiblllties posslbUlUQS
siblllties as an educator educatorResponsibility educatorReponsibilltT
Responsibility ResponsibilityFrom
From the Tatlcr TatlcrSo TaUerSo
So your our son In Londonpis London pis Is a director directorat
at the stores Thats a a very very responsible responsibleposition r ponsJble ponsJbleposition
position positionYes positionYes
Yes sir e as to direct the customers customerswhat customerswhat
what get lost
BRITONS SRI T0NS QUIT SOMALILAND SOMALILANDJohn
John Bull Not Always aLandgrabberNo a L ndgrabberNo Nation Has Given GivenAway GivenAway
Away so Much Territory as Great Britain
By EXATTACHE EXATTACHEEngland EXAllCIIEEngland EATTACIIEEngland
England enjoys the reputation of being beinghe beingVie beingtyke
Vie he most landgrabbing nation in existence exist existonce extatonce
once aDd there are many man even amongliegos among amonglieges amoglieges
lieges of orlng King George who wh if questioned questionedas
as to which of tho great rt powers was pro preeminent proeminent proeminent ¬
eminent above all others for territorial territorialgreed territorialgr territorialgreed
greed gr would bo ready to admit if not notto notto notto
to foreigners at any rate among them themselves themselvos themselves ¬
selves that it was Great Britain BritainThey BritainThey BritainThey
They would console themselves lhemHI as did didSir didSir lidSir
Sir George Reid the new Australian Australianhigh AtraUanhigh Australianhigh
high commissioner In London with tho thoreflection thoreflection thereflection
reflection to which he gave utterance utterancethe utterancetho utterancethe
the other day da in a A postprandial speech speechat speechat speechat
at Birmingham that If l John Bull had hadbeen hadbeen badbeen
been guilty of a a good deal of piracy and androbbery andrObbery androbbery
robbery in the matter he at least had hadalways hadalways ad adalways
always robbed on an imperial scale that thatthere thatthere thatthere
there was nothing mean or or sneaking sneakingabout sne sneakingabout klng klngabout
about it and JMl that when John Bull did didlay didlay didlay
lay hold of anything he trusted to Prov Providence Pro ProvIdence ¬
idence to lot him keep it itIt ItIt ItIt
It may possibly po cdbly be news to Sir George GeorgeReidf GeorgeReid GeorgeReidy
Reidf Reid and certainly to many of his a fel fellowcountrymen rellowcountrym fellowcountryman ¬
1 lowcountrymen also to their kinsfolk kinsfolkin
i in the United States that there hi no em empire empire em empiss ¬
pire on tho face of the globe obe that has hasdone baademe hasdone
done < so > > 0 much in tho way of the voluntary volun voluntary olun oluntar ¬
t tary tar relin relinquishment < tuishment o of colonial posses possessions poe possesone ee eeslons ¬
i sions al one as Great Britain and it seems seemstimely Hemstlmly seemstimely
t timely to call attention to this fact in inconnection Inconnection faconnection
c connection with + + 101 the muchdiscussed with withdrawal withdrawal 1tb 1tbdra ¬
d drawal dra wal of England from Somaliland that thatte thathi that1s
I te to say the deliberate abandonment of ofa ota ofa
i a territory embracing em radng about 1M0M 800 square squaremiles squaremiler < e emil
r miles mil ell with an altogether unknown number num number number ¬
1 ber of inhabitants of which several tens tensof tensoC tearof
of thousands have been making com comcause coapmon coapmoncaUClO cotttmoacause
c cause with 1tk the English Eht > ilrh relying rel1B on their theircontinued tbelrcontinued theirntinued
e continued co ntinued friendship frl dablp and protection but butwho butwho butwho
who are now about to be left atone IGIM to toface toface t0faro
f face that mysterious rebel leader known knownas
as the Mad lad Mullah MullahThus MullahThus ullah ullahThus
Thus the Philippines Pblllppl once belonged to toEngland teEngland toltng1a541
England after having ha surrendered to the thenaval tbenaval thenaval
naval forces under the command eOmma of ofDraper ofDraJH ofDraper
Draper DraJH and Cornish The Spaniards Spatar were wereturned weirs weirsturned e eturned
turned out their fleet eet sunk aDd a Wtorkof Wtork Morkof 1CHkor
c of reformation was inaugurated that thatsneedllr thatpeedlly thatspeedily
speedily rained the archipelago archipela to double doablefir doubleits doubleItAI
j its value Then the En Entsb toh government governmentfound sovernJnentouDd governmentfound
f found ouDd that emigrants would ould not go there therebecause therebeeaWie therebecause
k because of the distance and also a o on ac account accouat account ¬
c count of o the treachery treache1 of the climate at atcertain atoertain atrtain
c certain ce rtain seasons of the year yearA yearA yearA
A few years ean later lat r Great Britain with without without 1th 1thout ¬
out any pressure pr re being brought br to bear bearupon bearupon bearupon
l upon her deliberately and of her own ownaccord noaecord oweaccord
accord restored the islands landa to Spain the thelatter thelatter thetter
J latter la tter undertaking to repay repa the money moneyspent mGIIe3pent moneypent
pent In public works and other improve IIDproQmentll improvements improvement ¬
ment during the English En I domination to tothe totbe tothe
l the tune of 4 4ed9C0 The amount am uut was wasnever wasever 8 8never
never n ever paid and remains owing oi Owfn to Great GreatBritain GreatBritain GreatBritain
Britain to this day dayCuba dayCuba dayCuba
Cuba also 00 belonged be ed for a time to Englanal Eng England Ear EarJand ¬
land Havana was taken by an English Englishfleet EagUaheet Englishfleet
fleet eet and army under Lord AJbemarie AJbemariewho Albemarle Albemarlewho bemufe bemufewho
v who extended his rule throughout thro out the theisland theIsland theBut
island Is land landand But In spite of the lore I of life lifeand lifeand
and the treasure that had been expend expended expendcal ¬
e ed in n securing IttcUrla the Pearl of the Aatllles Aatlllesin Antillesla
in establishing eeblbUab1n law Ia aw aDd order aad In the theconstruction tbeCODStrueUoa th thonstruction e
c construction of public works ADd fortMeatlone fortJfteatIoM forth forthcations
eatlone cations It was w restored to te Spain for forolder no noother noother
other reason than that the admIaI8tntlon administra administration rtdhainletratbn ¬
t tion In Downing Do street reet did not cueetain care to toretain toretain
r retain r its possession n any longerWith longer longerWith JoncerWlth
With regard to Porto Rico It to inter interesting InterestlJls interest4a5 ¬
e esting to recall that England En on one oc occasion caecukm occession ¬
cession offered Spain to give up Gib ¬
raltar in exchange for Porto Rico and andthat andthat andthat
that the proposal was declined at Mad Madrid Madrid acl aclrld ¬
rid ridFew
Few people ple aro aware that during the thehundred thehundrecl thehundred
hundred years thatj that elapsed e after a leI Sir SirGeorge SIrGeorge SirGeorge
George Rookes capture of Gibraltar the theEnglish theEnstl theEnglish
English Enstl government made m made de no less than thansix thanfx thansix
six fx deliberate otters to restore that thatstronghold tbatatronhold thatstronghold
stronghold to Spain On the first seen occasion oceaalon seensloe ¬
sloe Great Britain asked keel nothing in n exchange ex exchange exchange ¬
change for the fortress save the friendly friendlyneutrality friendl friendlneutrallty friendlyneutrality
neutrality of Spain But King KJ l Philips Philipspremier Philip Philippremier Philipspremier
premier Cardinal CanU Alberonl Alb ronl was so Intoxi Intoxicated Intoxicated Intoxicated ¬
cated with his sense JIM of power after hay having 1avSn haylag ¬
lag Sn < < completed his bi alliance all mee with Charles CharlesXII ChaneXU CharlesXI
XI XII I of Sweden that he proudly rejected rejectedthe rejectedthe rejectedthe
the proffered gift giftIn pttIn giftIn
In imagination he saw Ilk friend the theStuart theStuart theStuart
Stuart pretender already enthroned at atSt atSt t tS1
St James When that was 111M accomplish accomplished accomplish accomplished ¬
ed he would take the Rock of Gibraltar Gibraltaror Glbralt r ror
or anything anythl else that he b pleased from fromEngland fromEncland fromEngland
England Charles Nips death the de destruction destruction destruction ¬
struction of the Spanish Spa l fleet by Lord LordTorrington LordTorringtoll LordTorrington
Torrington off the coast of Sicily were werefollowed werefoUowed werefollowed
followed by the cardinals own oWn downfall downfallOne dOYonallOne downfallOne
One of the oilers to surrender BUrre der Gibraltar Gibraltarwas GibraltarcoutaiDeCI Gibraltarwee
was contained hi n an autograph letter letterfrom letterfrom letterfrom
from George I to King KIA Philip V whichbears which whichbears hlen hlenbears
bears the date of June J aile 1 1721 aDd which whichIs whichla j
is preserved in the archives at Madridwhile Madrid Madridwhile MadrlclwhUe
while a copy of It to I printed in the journab Jour Journals journab ¬
nab of Parliament Written In French Frenchit
it runs as follows followsI
I no longer hesitate to assure e your yourmajaty yourmajesty j jmajesty
majesty of my readiness to satisfy uty you youwith youwith youwith
with regard to your demands touching touchingthe touehtagthe touchingthe
the restitution of Gibraltar promising promID to tomake tomake tomake
make use of the first favorable fa rorabie oppor opportunity opportunity opportunity ¬
tunity to regulate this article with theassent the theassent theaaent
assent of my Parliament ParliamentSpain ParIlaJMDtSpain ParliamentSpain
Spain could not understand that wtth wtththe wtththe withthe
the sovereign aDd the administration acIratI ad alnistration tralIon in inLondon iRLoDdon InLondon
London ready to restore Gibraltar to toSpain toSpain toSpain
Spain there should be any need need of con considering CO COaiderin consideriag ¬
sidering aiderin the national tegtalafWe legislare re at West Westminster Westminster Westminster ¬
minster m iR the matter and Anally Jt aU Insist Insisted insisted Insisted ¬
ed upon immediate Im ledJate restitution or wat watThe war warThe warThe
The latter was declared and ad In 1727 the therock therock therock
rock underwent an unsuccessful siege siegewhich aMrewblch siegewhich
which lasted four month months Yet In spite spiteof spiteoC spiteof
of the bravery of the defence Lord LordTownsbend LordTonsbend LordTownebead
Townsbend in the following oIlo year writ writing WrltIn writing ¬
ing In < < to the English envoy at Madrid in ina ina ina
a letter of June 14 172S pronounced theancoadtifoaal the theunconditional OleuRCODdItJoDal
unconditional surrender of Gibraltarvery Gibraltar Gibraltarvery Gtbraltrver
very ver reasonable and exactly conform conformable COftformable conformable ¬
able to the opinion which you know I Ihave 1have Ihave
have alwayl alwa 4 entertained concerning coacern theHe the theplace tbeplace
place placeHe placeHe
He adds ad that the popular feeling eet arena aromed arenaad OIM OIMeel
ed by th the defense stood in the way just justthen Juatthen jWtthen
then of any an such moreThe move moveThe JDOVLTbe
The fifth offfcr to surrender Gibraltar Gibraltarwas GtIIrattar GtIIrattarmade Gibraltarwas tar
was made by no leas Je a person than Will R1Ulam YP YPlam William ¬
lam Pitt to 137 when he directed the theBritten theBrld theBritish
Brld British ambassador ambM a60r at Madrid to offer offerGibraltar otferGIbratar off offGibraltar er
Gibraltar to Spain as the price of ofSpanish a aSpanish aSpanJIIh
Spanish alliance to be contracted with withthe withthe ith ithtbe
the object of recovering possessionMinorca possession of ofMinorca oC1DoIca
Minorca 1DoIca from France F The offer eNt overagain was wasagain wupin
again pin rejected by SpainThe SpaIn SpamThe SpaInThe
The sixth and last offer to surrender surrenderGibraltar aurrenderGlbraJtar surrende surrendeGibraltar r
Gibraltar was made In 178X during the thenegotiations theDeotJaUOIIII
negotiations that preceded < < the treaty treatsVersatlks of ofVersailles oryenall
Versailles yenall when Lord Sheibume offered offeredGibraltar offeredGibraltar offer offerGibraltar
Gibraltar to Spain in a exchange for Porto PortoRico PortoRIco Per PerRho
Rico While Spain welcomed the pros prospect XOII XOIIped ¬
pert of regaining Gibraltar It didrelish did DOt aotrelish DOtrU
relish rU the prospect of relinquishing Porto PortoRico PortoRIeo Por PorRho to
Rico and again the proposal wasdown was turned turneddown t1IIDedcJoD
down at Madrid MadridUnder XII4rIcICDcIer Madridender
Under Queen Victoria the question was w U
FORCED TO CANCEL INVITATONS
MRS MR GEORGE CORNWALLISWEST CORNWALUSWESTorraer r
< orraer American society unman omnn who ho in now prominent In the highest circles II I
In London society and whose ho r plans for entertaining lntcrtalnln former President Presidentdeath t
Roollcelt tll1rluJ hi hla visit INlt In Itudoo hn bnrc b been D tllRnJcel by the
death Mrs Mr CormvnlllsWrt Corn + nllisWcet had arranged nn elaborate dinner In JIDJH long
the the col
onela onel r honor Invltlncr nanny maD of the Englteli Enll ili peeresses I
occasionally raised as to the policy of ofexchanging ofexcbangtag ofexchanging
exchanging Gibraltar fd for f some Spanish Spanishpoweseion Spanlabe Spanishpetweselon
poweseion e lon and Mr Gladstone was 011 rightly rightlyor
or 01 wrongly wrongl credited with being in favor ofthe of oftho oftao
tao idea but public sentiment In England Englandwould Englandwould Englandwould
would never tolerate any abandonment abandonmentof
of a fortress fOftr which stands for so much muchhi muehJa muchIn
hi the history of Great Britain andwhich and andwhicR andwhteli
which constitutes CO IItJtllte so important a factor factorof factorof factorof
of her line of communication with herdependencies her herdependeades herdependeBcle8
dependencies in the Orient commanding commandingas
as It does the entrance to the Mediterranean Mediter Mediterranean Medlternmean ¬
raneanIf ranean raneanIf nmeanIt
If these tb notions notto were Imputed to MrGladstone Mr MrGladstone YrGladatone
Gladstone it t was because he ae had been beenidentified beenIdentliled beeAtdeattfted
identified with ith some other surrenders of ofEnglish OrEDgllah ofEnglish
English possessions Thus Th in ISM theIonian the theIonian theIOIIlan
Ionian Islands including Corfu which whichhad whichhad whichhad
had been assigned to Great Britain by bythe bythe bythe
the treaty of 1814 and upon which an animmense anJ animmense
immense J QD8Ue amount of English money JDODe had hadbeen badbeen hadbeen
been spent ap IIt in hey the way ay of maintenance matateDaaeeand I Iand
and in n the construction eoutn cUon of public works worksof woruor worksof
of harbors and of fortifications fortihe atlons werepresented were werepresented ere erepresented
presented to the kingdom of Greece without with without ith ithout ¬
out any 8 return whatsoever whatsoeverIn habloeYerIn
In JSJ7 JSi the Boers of the Transvaal Transvaaltreaieaed TraaaltreteDed Tra raa raatreaiened
treaieaed with ith annihilation by warring warringblacks warringbIacb warringblacks
blacks on every side scte bad appealed for forprotection torprotecttoft forprotection
protection to the English Engl and ad volun voluntarily voluntarily voluntarily ¬
tarily placed themselves thetnMl under the English Eng English EnSIfah ¬
lish flag ag Three years later a numberof number numberof numberor
of them rose against the English E I18b and andjust andjut andjust
just when Great Britain had her troopsalready troops troopsalready troopsaJready
already on the spot to crush the revolt revoltEngland revolt revoltEnsland revoltEngland
England in the face aee of the 1 e protects ofher of ofher other
her military advisers and eommacders eommstderspu eommacdersputyed eommaedersPUtted
pu PUtted ed down her flag nag at Pretoria Pre and andrestored andretorecl andrestored
restored to the Transvaal Its Independence Independ Independence JDclependeGC6 ¬
ence of which wt ch she was U compelled to de deprive dtpr1ve deprive ¬
prive it twenty tweat years later ate after the thewar thewar dt dtwar
war resulting reaolttn from the Boer Invasion ofthe of ofthe orth6
the British colony colon of Natal NatalJava latalJaY NatalJava
Java JaY and In fact all of the Dutch EastIndies East Eastladles EutIJMItea
ladles were in the possession of England Englandfrom Englandfrom d dfrom
from 1811 until ISIS 815 when they were vol voluntarily voluntarily YoluatartJy ¬
untarily restored to Holland without any anycompensation anycompensalfon anycompensation
compensation whatsoever being given in inreturn Inreturn inreturn
return Yet these Dutch East Indies areperhaps are areperhaps areperbap
perhaps the richest colony of any Euro European European European ¬
pean power they provide the source ree of ofmost ofmoet ofmost
most of the wealth ftJth and prosperity of the theNetherlands theNetherlands theNetherlands
Netherlands and are likely Jfkel1o to become becomesooner Deceme100MI becomesooner
sooner or later atei part rt and parcel of c the thecolonial thecoloniaJ thecolonial
colonial empire of Germany GermanyA
A statue of the British governor of ofJava orJava ofJava
Java and IMI the code upon which the en entire enUre entire ¬
tire system of justice of the Island is isbaaed 18bued Isbased
baaed are all that remain today to recall re recall recall ¬
call the well nigh Ida forgotten fact that the theDutch theDutch theDutch
Dutch ladles lame once belonged belOft ed to England Englandaad Englandand d daM
and were re deliberately deUbecateJ given nll away by her herMinorca herXtaona
Minorca has at least at two t we different differentperiods dttCeltntperlocI differentperbdn
periods formed part of Englands colo colonial eoIonIal colonial ¬
nial empire on the hue occasion from ffomliS
1738 11 until an when hea it was presented by byEngland b bto
England to Spain Spat at the time of the thetreaty thetreat
treaty treat of Amiens AmiensCorsica AmJenaCoC AmiensCorsica
Corsica CoC Ic8 too took for a number of years yearsafter yearsafter 7eartIalter
after the great t French revolution was wassubject wassubject
subject not only to British protection protectionbut IIO e OD ODbut
but to British administration administrationThe admlmstradonThe administrationThe
The history of Guiana Gu to t even still stillmore aWlmore stillmore
more strange Sir George Rodney seizedt seized seizedit
I it t in 1771 ill and England Eo nd then set to work workto workto Rorkto
to improve the country and to develop developIts developIts elop elopIUI
Its mineral wealth we th Several eYeraI years laterwithout later laterwithout JatfT1thout
without asking eldn for any compensation inreturn in inreturn Inreturn
return Great Britain voluntarily restored restoredK
K to Holland In 17 li1i 7s the English EnsII seized seizedIt
It t again held It for several > > years then thengave tbtnpTe
gave it back to the Dutch at the peaceof peace peaceof peaceol
of Amiens
In 1SB8 8m Great Britain seised setae hIed it once oncemore oncee onceitrore
I
more e at the cost of much life aDd treas treasure treaswe treasure ¬
ure and retained it until the downfall downfallof
of Napoleon In 335 IS SJi i when she presented presenteda
a third U rd of Guiana as a free gift t to the theFrench thelreneh theFrench
French by way of consoling them t em for forthe forthe forthe
the lose of the battle of Waterloo and andturned andUInMJd andturned
turned over what has proved since tobe to tobe toDe
be the richest 1icbe third thereof the to the t Netherlands Neth Netherlands Nethel ¬
erlands el retaining re the th th other o third tl forherself for forherself forDHt
herself herselfHeligoland
DHt DHtneto
t 1 1Heligoland
neto Heligoland which wh commands c the t mouth mouthof mth mtho mouthof
of o the te Elbe Eb and aD which wh the t Kaiser x has hasconverted h hasconverted
converted cvete Into one 0 of the t principal principalstrongholds principalstrongholds 1
strongholds stbd of the North o Sea S a strong stronghold strng strngh stronghold ¬
hold h destined detl to play p an an important Bptt role rolein roleSn roleSn
Sn the t future war wr between btwe Germany GerT and andGreat aD andGreat
Great Gret Britain Btan was presented et by England Englandto Ind Indto
to Germany Germany Geiny dual during durlq g the tl premiership peN of ofLord orLrd ofLord
Lord Lrd Salisbury SIO in return retur for fo the t abandonment aban abandonment ab ¬
donment donmet of certain ctn shadowy dwy pretensions pretensionsof ens ensor
of that ta empire epie to share sre the t protectorate protectorateof ptte ptteot
of England En 1 over ZanzibarFew Zanzibar ZanzibarFew Zzr ZzrFtw
Few people pp recall rel that tt New NeW Guineathe Guinea Guineathe Gua Guathe
the biggest blget island la1 in 10 the te world ol next Mt to toAustralia toAustrli toAustralia
Australia Austrli was formally foJ annexed aDe by byQueensland b bQuensl byQueensland
Queensland Quensl Lord Lrd Derby D who o was w at atthe atthe atthe
the head be of the colonial col y office oe at a the thetime thetme thetime
time tme declined deln to ratify rtJ the te annexation annexationand uDon uDonand annexationand
and subsequently subueUy England E D la I the t face faceof faceof faceof
of the protests poeb of all Australia Aut relin relinquished reUnlhe relinqulshed ¬
quished lhe onehalf obC of New Guinea Gu to Ger Germany Gr Grmany Germany ¬
many It I is now nw known as I Kaiser Ka Wil WSIheims Wilhelms 1
helms LandIn Land LandIn L
In ISM 1 England Egn voluntarily utT a abandonedall abandoned abandonedall
all her he rights rl ht hi Samoa Sm to t Germany Germanyalso Germanyalso
also al8 deliberately delbrtely gave g up Poet Pot Arthur Arthurwhich Arthurwhich thu thuwhic
which whic after ater being bng converted cnerte into it a pow powerful pw pwerul poworful ¬
erful erul stronghold strghl by Russia Ru is I now BW hi thehands the thehands thehands
hands of the Japanese Jan owned 0J Spitsber Spitsbergen SpU Spltabergen ¬
gen for a time t and a then te abandoned abD it itmade I itmade
made mde a free fre gift git of the te Bay By Islands Islan to tothe tothe tothe
the republic rlpubUc of o Honduras Hourt in 1S 1 1451 land landpresented and andpresented an
presented presnte the Cape Cp of Good G Hope Ho colony col colony colony ¬
ony to the Dutch in In 138 1 after ate having havingheld hving hvingheld havingheld
held it for a number numQr of years ye resuming resumingpossession rM resumingposeessloa
possession pl thereof threr however hweor in 1S14 1S14Moreover ISHorever 1514Moreover
Moreover orever England I has h on O several Me occa occasions oc oeensions ¬
sions during durng the th nineteenth century contur held heldfor Mi heldfor
for a time tme and an then the deliberately deibratey aban abandoned abn abndon abandoned ¬
doned don Afghanistan AfghanistanWith Afgbanit AfghanistanWith
With regard regrd to Somaltland Somt Its It evacua evacuation Ou evacuation ¬
tion ton is merely mrey the t climax cl of a series sS of ofsurrenders orsurrnders ofsurrenders
surrenders surrnders of this tbl Kind ki At one 0 time timeEngland t timeEngland
England Englad owned own Harrar Harr which ht Is i theprincipal the theprincipal theprncpl
principal prncpl port prt of Abyssinia AbyMI and an the t key keyto keyto keyto
to its It wealth weth and A commerce comrce but bt in I spite spiteof spie spieor spiteof
of having pledged poge herself herlf by the t Anglo AngloEgyptian A AEgpta AngloEgyptian
Egyptian Egpta convention conventn of 1S77 1 never to sur surrender sr srrender surrender ¬
render It It was 88 given back bk to Abyssinia Abys Abyssinia Abyssinia ¬
sinia in 1SS4 1 and an whereas whs England En once onceowned oce oceoe onceowned
owned oe the wholevof Sontaliland Smll that tt is isto Isto isto
to say M that tht huge triangle trigle of land 1 lyingto lying lyingto lyingto
to the south suth of Abyssinia Abylnl on o the t east eastcoast et etcost eastcoast
coast cost of Africa rt and a administered AdMlltre it I to tosuch tosuh tosuch
such suh advantage advntag that it yielded yle a largesurplus large largesurplus wgesurlus
surplus surlus of revenue reVOue over ove expenditure ptre yet yetLord ye yetLord
Lord Salisbury Saibur under uner a a treaty teat negotia negotiated J negotiated ¬
ted te by Sir Sr Bcnnell Hodd Rod surrenderedonothird surrendered surrenderedonethird srrere
onethird onotblr of Somaliland Somama to the th Abyssin Abyrsintans Abyssinlans Aban Abanla
tans la who 1 were the th sworn swon foes fo and a hered hereditary we hereditary ¬
itary Ia enemies eni of the t Somatic Sl gave y an another another another ¬
other other portion prto to Italy It17 and is I now w aban abandoning at absndening ¬
doning d nlng the remainder thereof with allits all allits aUIt
rener te wt
its It Inhabitants Ibbt t to their fateGreat fate fateGreat fate
Great Gre Britains Brhans history hltory is S popularly popularlysupposed pply pplysup popularlysupposed
supposed sup even among amon Englishmen EIW and andher aadher a
her colonists eoooft to be b one long J succession successionof won wonor
of land 10 robberies robre and aJ hind J grabbings grabbingsInstead gbp gbpIne grabbfngsInstead
Instead Ine of that it i yreshents resents aU a most mt ex extraordinary extrln ex extrac ¬
traordinary trln trac tdinary and ane certainly certain unrivaled unva sec record r secore ¬ f for
ore or of free fre gifts git No o empire epre hi i the t worldIndeed world worldindeed wr
indeed inde has ha given gve away aa of its Jt own accord accordsuch ar accordsuch
such an immense Imn8 amount of territory territoryin tertoy tertoyIn
in all al parts prt of the world odd during the last lastfew lst lstfew lastfew
few hundred hundre years year as a Great Britain BritainCopyright Britin BritinCIt BritainCopyright
Copyright CIt 1l 1915 by b the te Breatwocd Brwo CoaiaarO Cp

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