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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, September 04, 1910, Third Part, Image 21

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1910-09-04/ed-1/seq-21/

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Third Th tr d Part PartPages P art artPages 1
Z Third Fhi Iurd d P f i iPages rt
i Pages 1 1 to 0 87 8 r THE WASHINGTON BE D r rPa
Pages Pa sl lto ltoWASHINGTON o Jt 4
Italian Painters
vVork work Is Found inthe in inthe ine
the e Frescoes and andFriezes andFriezes an anFriezes
Friezes o of the eRo eRotunda Ro Rotunda Rotunda ¬
tunda of the Capitol CapitolBy
llvprtafed lt prhaltd IIMB f rasa use August Ai ust Rno Art Arts Journal JournalConatantio JournaLConstanUo JourntConstantlo
Conatantio Brumldl has been referred to toby tob toby
by b lovers of his inimitable work as the theMichael theMichael theMichael
Michael Angolo of tho Capitol His Hismagnificent Hismngnl Hismagnificent
mngnl magnificent eent frescoes re cooa more especially the thecanopy thecanop thecanopy
canopy and the frieze In the rotunda rotundaare rotundaare rotundaare
are viewed each year with admiration andwonder and andwondor andwondor
wondor by the thousand of tourists and andart andart andart
art lovers who visit vi lt tho National Capltol Capl CapltoL CapitoL
toL toLThe
The rotunda guide explains expl lns to the at attentive attentlvo attentlvo ¬
tentlvo stghtsdor that Brumldl was an anItalian anItaUan anItalian
Italian that ho received SWOOO for paint painting paintIng painting ¬
ing the canopy canop and that unfortunately unfortunatelyhe
he died before finishing ftnlbl the frieze frlozeAnd trf friezeAnd e eAnd
And that to about tinsum total of the theknown theknown theknown
known history bol of the man who practically practicallytransformed pracUC8Jlytransformed practicallytransformed
transformed the interior of the Capitol CapitolTho CapitolTh CapitolThe
The Th b bare re staring walls blossomed into intovolupdous intovoluptioue nto ntoYOlupdou
volupdous beauty beaut under the magic of his hisart hisnrt hisart
art many of the stateliest rooms of the thebuilding thebundtn thebuilding
building bundtn bear the touch of bIB tireless tirelessbrush UreleRbrutlb Ureleesbrush
brush and testify to his consummate consummateskill coneu eoneumnattoskill ulMLte ulMLteskill
skill as a mural decorator decoratorLife decoratorLite decoratorLife
Life Lite Story Stur Like Romance RomanceIt
It tc 1 a strange fact that the encyclo encyclopedias enerelOpedlaa encyaeIOpedias ¬
pedias 9 art oft t biographies and gazetteers s do donot donot donot
not contain the DAm name > of ConstantinoBrumidithat Constantino ConstantinoBrumidl ConettlnUnoBrumkllthat
Brumidl Brumkllthat that he Is excluded cludcci a as It werefrom were werefrom werefrom
from their halls of fame famncI nd yet the tholife tbelICe thelife
life story of this th artist whom the gods godsso godeso od
so favored r vorecl with artistic cunning reads readslike rea reaHke readslike
like a romance romanceConstantino romance romianeeCon romanceConstantino
Constantino Con taaUno Brumidl was W born In Rome RomeJune RomeJun RomeJune
June Jun SO IMS 1 His HJ mother wa wu an Ifal Ifallan 1l1Ian it11Ian
Ian and his father a Greek Gr ek When a very vorysmall vor vorslOan verysmall
small child he evinced a taste for draw drawIng cJrawIng drawing
Ing and a teacher t r was wa procured for forhim torhim forhim
him himHow
How swiftly and well he pursued his hisstudies blastudl hisstudies
studies studl is evidenced evl eAe8d by 1 the tact that ho howas bewas heWas
was admitted as a a student of painting paintingand palnUneand paintingand
and architecture at the Acoademia dl dlSan dlSan dlSan
San Lucia when only thirteen yews of ofage ofage ofage
age Here he h applied himself Doer perseverIngly DoerIngly pereeverIngly
Ingly surrounded by an atmosphere of ofart oCurt ofurt
urt and with examples of the noblest noblestworks noblestworks noblestworks
works of the great master mat rs constantly constantlybefore eontant eontantbefore constantlybefore
before his eyes It was whne w Slide ne at this thisacademy thisacademy thisacademy
academy that be began the study of theart the theart theart
art of fresco fre co an art by the way in 1U 1Uhighest I Ihlgheet its itshlgheat
highest elements Iemen almost forgotten or80tten He Healso Htal80 litalso
also commenced the study of sculpture sculptureunder sculptureunder sculptureunder
under Canova and his plastic work at attracted attracted ¬
tracted the attention of Thoryaldten ThoryaldtenAttain TborYa ThorvaideenAttni4 n
Attain ttI I Fame m r EnrI EarlyThe Early EarlyThe
The art of ttrMtO fresco was the toast 1It fettrcctlve fettrcc BUrneth attrnolive
live th of the different branches branch that youngBrumidi young youngBrumidl youngBrumkU
Brumidl had delved into and he entered enteredivith enteredwith enteredwith
with avidity into perfecting himself along alongthis alongthis alongthis
this line At t thirtx he had painted free frescoes frefcoes freecoos ¬
coes In several voral palaces of his native nativeland nativeland nativeland
land and at thirtytwo came under thenotice the thenotice
notice of Pope Gregory Gre Greory VI who com commifwloned commiMIone4hlm commisaloned
mifwloned miMIone4hlm him with three other well wellknown wellknown
known Roman artists artI8tsPode8ta Podesta Coghaettl Coghaettland Coghaettland Coghaetttand
and CapalU Capaltlto to restore the Raphael fres frescoc frNcoes frescoes
coc coes in the loggia Io < < gta of the Vatican This Thiswas Tbblwas Thiswas a
was Indeed an honor for the youn younartist young youngartist oung oungarUst g
artistAfter artist artistAfter arUstAfter
After the accession of Pius Pi IX to the thepapal thepapal th thpapal e
papal throne throes Brumldl pa painted In tod that thatprelates thatprelates tha thaprelates t
prelates portrait portrait for Q the be e Vatican gallery galleryand calleryand galleryr
r and so highly did Pope Plus Pm appreciate appreciatethe apprectatethe appreciatethe
the work that he commissioned the artist artistto artlatto artisto t
to paint a replica for himself hi mil el f and pre presented presented proseated ¬
sented Brumidi with a gold medal medalSoon ntedalSoon iaedalSoon
Soon after Brumidi became a captain captainIn captainin
In the national guards Uar 8 but continued his hiswork hllwork hiswork
work upon the Vatican walls In 11116when 1WS 1WSwhen 1141when
when Rossi was assassinated and Pius PlusIX PiusL Pt PiusLX
IX L fled to Gaeta Brumldl was or ordered 01d orto ¬
dered d cd to execute commands that would wouldturn youl youlturn wou wouturn W
turn the guns n of his company coin pan upon the theoppressed theopprC t toppressed he
oppressed opprC Md This he positively refused rerulI refuseddo to todo lOdo
do and at midnight his ho house Me was our surrounded aurrounded ourrounded ¬
rounded by b cordons cordo 8 of soldiers the artist arttotcaptaln art18tcaptain artistcaptain
captain dragged from his hi bed and a and d throw throwInto thrown throwninto thro throInto n
into prison Hero he was U confined for forthirteen forthfrteen fo fothirteen r
thirteen months J1IO tba At the end of that time timethrough Umethrough timethrough e re
through the Intervention of the Pope wb wbhad who whohad whohad o
had resumed his hi throne Brumidi was wasreleased waareleuec1 it vas vasreleased
released with Un the understanding that he hewould hewould h hwould e
would at once and forever leave ItalyComes Italy ItalyComen ItayComcs
Comes to America AmericaIn lmerlenIn
In 1S 1M Brumidi then a man of forty fortyfour tortyfour fortyfour
four bade farewell farewell to tokla hto native land and andtook andtook an antook d
took passage for America Arriving 1 1New In InNew Inew n
New ew York he had little difficulty In his hiswork hiswork hi hitiiork s
work gaining recognition gnIUn His work o othe of ofthe oCthe t
the most importance in New Yorkthe York IB IBthe 18the
the altar piece The Crucifixion In St StStephens StStephens S SStephens t
Stephens Church It is I the largest painttog paint painting painting ¬
ing in oils on in tho United StatesFrom States StatesFrom 5tatOllFrom
From New York he went to Mexico Mexicowhere lIedcowhere Mexicowhere
where he executed the picturo of th tha the theHoly theHoly e
a Holy Trinity In the cathedral in Moxi MoxiCity Mexico MexicoCity lIoxlcoCity 0o
City Upon the completion of this wor worhe work workhe workhe k
he Journeyed to Philadelphia and ther there therepainted therepalntoohe I Ipainted
painted palntoohe the he notable pictures of SS Peter Peterand Peterand Pete Peteand r
and Paul m the Philadelphia Cathedral CathedralOn CathedmlOn CathedralOn
On his hi way to Mexico Brumidl had hadflopped hadtoPPed ha haetopped d
flopped for a time in Washington Wa lngton and andBO an anso d
BO charmed was he with tho city that h hdecided he hedecided hedecIded e
decided to make it his permanent resi ¬
dence In 18W noting the adaptation adaptation of ofthe orthe o othe f
the walls wall of the Capitol to fresco h hasked ho hoasked hoaked
asked permission to put on them some o ohis of ofhis orhis f
his work Gen Meade then In charge of ofthe ofthe o othe i
the building was not greatly Inclined t tgrant to togrant tosrant o
grant the request but persistent applt
colon on tn the part of Brumidi whoappreciated who whoappreciated whoapprecIated
appreciated the tremendous possibilitiesfinally possibilities possibilitiesfinally pout bill U 011 011finally
finally succeeded and the Italian artist artistentered arUitentered artistentered
entered the Capitol Capitoltor for lifeExample life lifeExample UteExnmple
Example of Mural Work AVorlcHis WorkHis VorlcHis
+ His first work was the decoration of ofthe orthe ofthe
the Agriculture Committee room the thecentral thecentral thecentral
I central flguro of the design de lgn being bol Clnclnnatus Cln Cinclnnatus
clnnatus at the Plough This work to toconsidered IIIconstdQUd Isconsidoaed
considered to be e the finest ftne t example of ofmural ormural ofmural
mural decoration In America Tho frescocalled fresco frescocalled frelCOcAlled
called forth such admiration that Bru Bruinidl BrumIdi Brumidi
mIdi was successively U lvely to
engaged dec decorate decorate decorate ¬
orate tho Presidents room the state ro reception roc roception ¬
ception c ptlon room the Senate corridors and andother andother
other 01 her committee rooms roomsThe rGOmIIThe roomsThe
The vaulted vult corridors In the lower lowerfloor lower1100r lowerfloor
floor ho skillfully skllltull
ornamented In
ara arabesque 010besque arabesque ¬
besque after the manner of the Vatican Vaticanloggia Vatican1osgJa Vatloanloggia
loggia in flowers fruits fr lta birds Una nd ant antmat animal nl nlmal ¬
mal figures The introduction Inlro uctlon of animal animallife tinlmltJtfe animallife
life into wall decoration was a departure departurein
in America and aroused some protest protestbut protestbut protestbut
but Brumidi continued the painting of ofthem ofI ofthem
I them securing the knowledge knowl dge that the theartists thetrtists theartists
artists of the Renaissance among them themRaphael themRaphael themRaphael
Raphael laid all the kingdoms of nature natureunder natureunder natureunder
under contribution Today these corrl corrlI
dons owing to the excellence o conenlo til Brumldla Brumldlamethod Brumidismethod Brumidlsmethod
method in applying the colors are as aspure aspure aspure
pure and brilliant as when first laid onand on onand orand
and are pointed out with pride pridePhut pridePlnn pridePhuas
Phut for the Rotunda IlotnmlaConstantio UotuntlntantJo RotundaComstantlo
Constantio tantJo Brumldi did the work In Incommittee Incoanmlttef incommittee
committee room and corridor faithfully faithfullyand faithfullycwt
IDd and well but his heart and soul were inbigger in inbigger
bigger things The decoration d Uon of the rotunda ro rotunda rotunda ¬
I tunda was tho dream of his hI life The Thetremendous Thetremendous lhetremendoua
tremendous height and the great width widthof wkUhof widthof
of the vaulted room he knew would morethan morethan more morethan
than happily lend Itself to mural decora decoration decoraUon decoration ¬
tion and he worked every eVV spare moment momentupon momentupon momentupon
upon the ortostf cartoons eart08 s for the adornment of ofthe ofthe r
the canopy and the fries trine In UB thedesign the thedesign thedso
design for the canopy caA PY was accepted by byCongress b7CoqrOM byCongress
Congress and Brumidi commissioned to tobegin toberm
begin the great reat work workAt workAt workAt
At fiftyseven years oor of age a an age agewhen agewhen
when most men prepare to lay laysiWs aT aside lde the theburden theburden theburden
burden of years and begin to enjoy life lifethe ItCethe lifethe
the Italian artist mounted a scaffold ISO ISOfeet 111telt 130foot
feet high and began upon the frescoThe fresco frescoThe trOliCOTbe
The conception of the artist because of ofthe oCthe ofthe
the great height eight from the observer wasdrawn was wasdrawn Willdra
drawn dra n in heroic hlt te proportions and coversnearly covers coversnearly coyernearly
nearly 6006 square luare feeL Brumidi finished finishedthto ftniabtMlthis
this piece e of work in 1S6S and received receivedfor recetndtor receivedfor
for it at SMttfc This to the only onl decoration decorationfor dcconLUOnfor decorationfor
for which the artist received a lump sumWhsa sum sumWhen sumhe
When he began his work in committeenooa committee committeexoome
xoome JIOOtd nooa s and corridors he was paid I a aday adar ada
day da but upon tho suggestion of Jefferson JeffersonDavto J JeffersonDavis ltouon ltouonDav
Davis Dav who ws IR a great admirer of the theartist theartist theartist
artist the stipend was increased to lt a aday 0 0da aday
day da
Superior to 0 Preaentdny l rcaentdn Work WorkTh WorkTlte I rk rkTIre
TIre Th > excellence l Dce of Brumidl s methods motleodscan methodscan motJtoUs motJtoUsn
can n best be t be attested by opinions expressed expressedin
in 1888 by a a group of American artists urtistswho nrUltswho artistswho
who had been employed to decorate decors tfl the theLibrary theLibrary theLibrary
Library of Congress COngr They were In theCapitol th thCapitol the theCpttol
Capitol studying the work of Brumidi inthe in inthe Intho
the rotunda rot u CI a and says sa George Haaeiton Haaeitonhi
hi his book The National Capitol Ca ltol One Oneof Oneol Oneof
of the artists artists mid We Weblve have nothing notht to toequal toeq1lAI toequal
equal this tb in the Library There to no noone noone noone
one who can do such work today todayThe toda todaThe
The real art of the fresco rMCO is alone un understood un understood undentood ¬
derstood by b the Italian The French French and andtheir andthetr
their mural decorative work either paint paintin paIntIn
in oils oil upon the walls or else el o upon can canvas canvaa canTao ¬
vas which Is 1 afterward coated with 1th a agluey au3
gluey u3 substance 1iIubtltal1 e and pressed firmly down downupon downpon downupon
upon pon the wall surface until it closely closelyadheres closeJ closeJacJhwo
adheres It to this last t method that was wasmainly wasmainly wa wamalnly
mainly anly employed in the fresco Cre eo work in inthe inthe inthe
the Library of Congress CongressFresco CongreNFrMCO CongressFresco
Fresco to the Italian word for fresh freshand tre freshand h hand
and the painting to done in mineral or orearthy orearthr orearthy
earthy colors mixed with or ground in inwater InWlttor inwater
water and which are applied to the sur surface surtace ourface ¬
face of piaster or stucco while the theplaster theIII
plaster is sufficiently IJUmclontl wet or fresh to toImbibe toI
I Imbibe or incorporate Ineorp rate It is comparative comparatively ¬
ly indestructible and will retain Its Itsoriginal Itaorlglnol itsoriginal
original color and brilliancy brnltaoc for centuries centuriesin
in fact as long as the wail upon which whichIt
It to painted remains intact In the theprocess thooC theproceM
process proceM of the execution only as much muchsurface muchI
I surface rface rrae of plaster pla ter to prepared at ones onegi
i is t II oe call be completely complotel finished while It IsS is toProKriH
S t
ProKriH l by > y PiecemealThus Piecemeal PiecemealThus
I Thus Th the picture has to to1ogreu progress ogress by bypiecemeal bypiecemeal
I piecemeal each little HUle section being com cornplated completed complfttlCl ¬
plated so as to harmonize h rmoplze with the rest restof re t tof
of the composition cj1H1JO1t1onand c poeitlan and there ie I abso absolutely abHlut8l ¬
lutely lut8l no possibility IOIIIlblUt of retouching It after afterit lter lterIt
it to dry dl The colors when applied to the theplaster theplaer
plaster are much darker than they thO will willAnally wmtlnall
Anally tlnall appear when thoroughly dry Add Addto Addto
to this the fact that only nine color can canbe canbo canloo
be used upon the plaster as the lime limeeats limeeets limeeats
eats up all others and It will Jllbo be soonwhat seen seenwhat 800nwhat
what tremendous difficulties the fresco frescoartist troocoorUst
artist has to cope cop with The froflober frofloberprepares trQctoOerpreparC6
prepares designs known as cartoons cartoonsWhen ClUtoODfilWhen
When these are finished they are per perforated portorated perorated ¬
orated and the designs transferred to the thesurface theurraee
surface to be painted uponBrumldl upon uponBrumldl uponDrumldl
Brumldl worked in the spirit of decora decoration decoratton ¬
tion whleh was waS a com compromise promise e between betweenhistory belwtenhlstor
history hlstor and qjsthology ology and most of his hisdesigns hisdestg
designs destg are historical as well as alle allegorical alle10rlca1 altegorical ¬
gorical goricalHe 10rlca1He
He tried also this ItalianAmerican Ar Artist artist anlist ¬
tist Brumldl Brur Brumidi > > ldl was w Ae 8 naturalized whon he hehad hehad
had been aresident a resident ro id nt of the United States Statesthe Statesthe
the requisite time to make his work workAmerican workAmerkmn
Conception Well Vell Worked Out OutTho OutTho OutThe
Tho conception con optlon 6f the canopy which whichforms whichCorm whichforms
forms the ceiling ofVho or tho rotunda ropre represents ropresonts ropresana ¬
sents the Apothesls of George Wash Washington Washington WashIngton ¬
ington On his right sits Freedom on onhis onhis onhis
his loft Victory Vlcto while grouped around aroundhim aroundhim aroundhim
him are the thirteen female figures emblematlc em emblematic emblemaUc ¬
blematic of the thirteen lhlrteeq thirteec4orlginai original States StatesAround StatesAround Statesaround
Around the base of tho canopy are aregroups areroups aregroups
groups indicative of the Spirit of Revo Revolution Revolution Revolutlon ¬
lution and Progress Pro gross as suggested by bythe bytho bythe
the history hI5tor of the young oung republic Lib Liberty Liberty Liberty ¬
erty Vanquishing Royalty Minerva uMlnervatbe Minervathe Minervathe
the goddess of arts and science Ceres CeresMercury CeresMercul1 CeresMercury
Mercury Vulcan dnd Neptijpe Nepti ie In InIllustration Inillustration Inillustration
Illustration of Brumldls work being his historically hlstorJcaIl historically ¬
torically torJcaIl allegorical Mercury In the can canopy calop canopy ¬
opy op group who represents Commerce CommerceIs
Is i tho portrait t of Robert Morris and andWisdom andWIsdom andWisdom
Wisdom ropresented abstractly by byMinerva byulUnrvn byMinerva
Minerva Is Individualized In the figures figuresof figuresof figuresof
of Fulton Franklin and Morse MorseThe 1lorsoThe MorseThe
The designs for or the frieze were accepted acceptedby acceptedby acceptedby
by Congress In 1860 1 but owing to a a pro procrastinating procruUnattng pro procrastinating ¬
crastinating legislature actual work upon uponthe uponthe uponthe
the frieze was not begun untiinSrS This Thiswork Thiswork Thiswork
work was Imitative of scUlptureT sculpture t < M1I ur In altoreltevo alto altorelievo altorellevo
relievo a 0 series of Scenes cenos representing representingImportant rapresanUngimportant representtngimportant
Important events in the history of Amerr Amer
tea It Is that sculptured painting of ofwhleh orwhleb ntwhich
which Longfellow in his Michael An Angelo Angelo Angob
gelo gob has said saidI
I I oft have said saidThat sakiIThat saidThat
IThat That I account that patntiag pUat1a as the best bestWhich heatI bestWhich
I Which moat resembles sculpture ptro Here Herebefore H Herebefore r rbotore
before us we have ba vo the proof proofBehold
Behold those tho e rounded limbs limbsHow JbDI JbDIHow limbsHow > >
I How from the canvas they detach them themselves themtvo themaeIvos ¬
selves selvesTill aeIvosTlil tvo
Till they th deceive the eye and ad one would wouldsay wouldIt wouldIt
I It is I say i a statuc statue with 1th a screen behind it itAnd ItAnd it itAnd
And these who have been fortunate fortunateenough fortunateenough ortunat ortunati
i enough to study IlOO that part of the ro rotunda raI rounda ¬
I tunda t frieze irlaz which Brumidl executed executedKnow executedI executedknew
I knew with what consummate skill 111 Bru Brumidl Bnamidi Bruinidl ¬
midi caused the figures ft r8 to detach them themselves Ute UteJlelVCM themselves ¬
selves from the background back roun4 and stand standout 8ta1ldout steedout
out in bold relief reliefDifficult reUetD7rnCUlt reliefDifficult
Difficult Difficult to Reach ReachThe RenchThe ReachThe
The belf belt upon up upon n which the frieze trfalioPflJtUod to topainted ispainted
painted to 100 feet from the floor and andSO and7b0
280 foot In circumference clrcumf rnco When Brumhif Brumhifbegan Dru umstt umsttbegan l lbogan
began work upon up n the frioso friso he was eslr WL aeyr aeyrcntyU l nev nevianty4bre y ynt7
ianty4bre cntyU nt7 t re r i years tS eld aid M and he himself hlUWIoUIHAnnod himselfpiannod
planned and assisted a t in rigging the lear scaffold leartold scatfold ¬
fold a sliding affair from which he hewould bewould hewould
would work This scaffolding troldlng the artist artistreached artbJtreached artistreached
reached by b means of the spiral stair stairway at stairway r rway ¬
way leading to the dome The stairway stairwaypassed stalrwll stalrwllpaaed stairwaypassed
passed a balustrade a number of feet feetabove teetaboe feetabove
above the frieze and this the aged eel artist artistwould arUstwould artistwould
would scale and then descend a ladder to totho tothe tothe
the slender scoffokling that clung like a ahuge ahuga ahuge
huge tarantula to the side of the wall wallBut wallBut wallBut
But gradually aduaUy his age and the dlzqbelght dizzyheight dizzy dizzyheight
height at which h he was forced fore to seek his htopalette bllpalette hispalette
palette began to tell upon pon him so a awooden aw awooden
wooden w Cn cage with a chair Inside was wasdevised wasdolatCd wasdevised
devised and in this each morning th thartist the thearttat theAr e
artist Ar t grown Town I silverhaired UyerlaJrecl and weary We8C tfn dothe tfnthe n nthe
the service of his adopted country would wouldseat wouldsat wouldseat
seat himself and by a system lI tQJn of pulleys pulleysbe pulleysbo pulleysbe
be hoisted to what ho termed his h shop shopHe sbopHe shopHe
He war ar drawn up at 10 In the morning morningand mornln mornlnand morninand g
and brought bro ht down again at 2 In the theafternoon theaftornoon theafternoon
afternoon and it wan the event of the theday theday theday
day when his labors suspended he wouldseat would wouldseat CHIld CHIldeat
seat > > eat himself hlm elC in the cage and be carefully carefullylet caretuU caretuUlet carefullylet
let down to the rotunda floor oor Visitors Visitorsinformed VsltoraInCormed VisitorsInformed
informed In advance adva advance ce of the time of the thedescent thede th thdescent e
descent de cont would be on hand Senators aDd aadRepresentatives aDdRepr086ntaUvoc andRepresentatives
Representatives many man of them personal personalfriends per1OnalCrhmdl personalfriends
friends of Brumidls Bru idla s would also be in tho thorotunda tborotunda th throtunda e
rotunda following with IUs anxious eyes 0 011 the thoslowly theslowly th thslowly e
slowly moving guide ropes and a sigh ol olrelief otrelief o orelief I
relief went up from rom the watchers as the thecage theeg6 thecage
cage safely reached the brown flagstone flagstonefloor flagstonefloor agstone agstonenoor c
Ready Rcnd to Anyvcr An Answer er Questions QuestionsBrumidl QucllltloJllIBrumidi QuestionsBrumidi
Brumidi had the usual reserve re orve of the thetrue thetrue th thtrue e
true artist and Intensely Intone disliked df llkcd any anything aJlYthing anything ¬
thing that bordered upon the spectacular spectacularBut spectacularBut spectacularBut
But his cordial and charming manners mannersalways maDnenalway mannersalways
always came to the rescue as he ac acknowledged acknowledged acknowledged ¬
knowledged the greetings of tho inter interested Int Interestod r rostod ¬
ested and curious and answered the piestons pies questions IU IUlfons ¬
tons directed to him about his work workBrumldi workBrumlc1f workBrumldl
Brumldi was taken ill In January JanuaryShortly 1380 1380Shortly IaShortly
Shortly before that time he had had hadpartial a apartial apRrtlal
partial fall from the scaffold and th thshock tho thoshock thosho o
sho shock k was too much for him A watctman watch watchman watchman ¬
man in the dome who had been gazing gazingdown gazingdown gazin gazinsaw g
down saw him suddenly lose his balance balancepitch balancepitch balancepitch
pitch forward and desperately clutch clutchs clutchla1der clutchladder i
s > ladder which hlch was attached to the scaf scaffold sea seaCold ocaffold ¬
fold Brumidi hung on for or his life while whilethe whilethe whll whllthe
the watchman shouting encouragement encouragementsprang encouragementsprang encouragementsprang
sprang down the stairway and succeededin succeeded succeededin
in reaching the artist just as his strength strengthgave strongthae strengtgave h
gave ae out BrumidI was hurriedly placed placedin placedIn place placein d
in the cage and lowered Tho physician physicianfciimmoned pbslclan pbslclanummoned physiciasummoned n
summoned ordered Brumidi home and andthe andthe an anthe d
the artist arU t never afterwards left his house houseHe houaeHe houseHe
He worked dally don upon the frieze cartoons cartoonsand cartoonand cartoonsand
and it was his constant desire to be al allowea alIowaI a1low
low to sufficiently recover recover to complete completethe completethe completthe e
the belt Ho wanted with wl his own hands hand a i
to leave that historical procession around aroundthe aroundthe aroun arounthe d
the dome until tho encircling frieze should shouldbe shouldbe I Ibe
be completeKnew complete completeKneTT completelncw
Knew End Wna Vns Near SearIt NearIt XcarIt
It was 8S not to be other hands than thanBrumldls thnnBrumhUs tha thaBrumldls n
Brumldls would apply his beloved car cartoons cartoons carand ¬
toons and bring Into bold relief tho sub subject subjeotl1gures subfeet ¬
feet jeotl1gures figures Tbwtrd Toward tho end he realized realizedthat re realizedthat Uzl1 Uzl1that 1
that ho would never again apply the thebrush thebrush th thbrush e
brush He gradually abandoned hope hopoand hopeand i iand
and contented himself with 1th enlarging enlargingtho enlargingthe enlarginthe g
the original cartoons so that another anotherartist anotherartist anotherartist
artist might completo the work by follow following tollowIng followlag ¬
ing copy copyConstanUo COP COPConstnnto copyConstnntlo
ConstanUo Brumldl died February 10 181SSO 10after
1SSO after having spent more than thirty thirtyyears thirty3oars thirtyyears
years at work on the Capitol and given givento givento give giveto n i
to his adopted country countr fleet designs ns that can cannever conI ca canever n
I never bo duplicated and real re l fresco work workthat workthat workthat
that will in all probability never be beequaled beequaled beequaled
equaled Following Brumldls death Fll Filippo FllIppo FIIIppo
Ippo Costagini an Italian was was w s engaged to tocomplete tocompllte tocomplete
complete the frieze Brumidls cartoons cartoonsand cartoonsand cartoonsand
and designs were ero promptly appropriated appropriatedand
and his family tamU were never oven compen compensated campensntcd compensated ¬
sated for the time the t 1e thought the laborthat labor laborthat laborthnt
that artist had given them themPerhaps themPerhaps themPerhaps
Perhaps the canopy in in the rotunda Is Isglory isglory isglory
glory enough to Brumldls lasting InsUn fame CameI
but a bust at l Iapt iaft itt M In Mmt some > un unadorned unadrned unadrned ¬
adrned Tilrhc nkh at the Capitol and there thereare thereare thereare
are several would ould be a fitting ttlnr tribute of ofa ofa ofa
a gr sre greatefut ateful tetul government to an artist who whogave whova whogave
gave va up p a life of comparative ease to toemblaaon toembJuon toemblazon
emblazon upon tho walls of the United UnitedStates UnitedState8 LtnitedStates
States Capitol at tho risk of his lifewonderful life lifewonderful It ItwoadorCul
wonderful mural decorations that will 111 godown go godown 50down
down to posterity as faithful specimens specimensof 8 ee1me1t8 ee1me1t8or
of an almost forgotten art artPond artFOlltl artFond
Pond of PoetryBn Poetry PoetryBruaWl PoctrTBru
Bru BruaWl I Iwas wag a a tRstablaa notable taw agnra e Toward Towardt Twwlntdie Ttmatdtti
tti t die e e close lbee of his h life his hair uk and beard beardwere I beardtreys ttt tttere
> were treys ere of a w wonderful ndwruwt whitan whiteness ene ea and 1WI the theswepktg
sweeping VHplng voluminous cape he was wa In tho UMhab6l t e ehabit
1 habit of wearing wea gave gwehim him a military m111tarJI ap appearance aapearaece ¬
pearance e H He was we cultivated traveled traveledand trav travaDd traveledand
I and thoroughly conversant eo erant with historicart historic historicart h tDdc tDdcart
art He was Se fondof tOlHl or Shakespeare andDante and andDante a d dDante
Dante and the old Italian poets J HbI were w bill bisfamiliar billfnr hisfamiliar
familiar friends friendsBrumWl CrtendsBrumMI friendsBrumldl
BrumWl was twice married riled before learhag lear leaving lvI ¬
lag Italy and again aga In late if I life His lest Histwife IutwlCe lestwife
I wife Miss Jennie J emle German was a 8 notedlaehlagton noted notedWashington notedbl
Washington bl gton beauty By B this marriage marriagei aaatnMagethere tria triathere < <
i there was 8 one son 5OI who followed In hisfathers his hisfathers hJaCaUters
fathers footsteps and Is himself an anartist aJlartlat
artist of ability abilityCostagini ablUtyC08tastnl abilityCoetagini
Costagini who was commissioned toFAST to toFAST toFAST
Some that Average a Mile IIJe a Minute JUnntenotl Minuteand Ilnnteand
and BetterLondon Better BetterLondon DetterLondOll
London Sept 1 English railroad menare men menare JHnarc
are proud of the speed > > records on their theirlines theirlinea theirlines
lines They willingly admit they have no nolongdistance nolonrdletnce
longdistance trains like the New York YorkChicago YorkCbt YorkChicago
Chicago Cbt limited trains of the tbaPoon Pennsyl Pennsylvania Pennaylvania yl ylvaala ¬
vania and New York Central but they theyboast therboUt
boast that they wO operate a a < greater number numberof numberof
of fast trains at a greater speed than theAmericas the theAmerican t1MAlnerJca
American t railroads n1l1rOQtlLTbe
y yThe
The fastest nonstop D top run in England Englaftdbeteen to tobetween Isbetween
between Darlington and York X rk The TheNortheastern TheNortheastern TheNortheastern
Northeastern Railroad does this forty fortyfourandahalfmlle tort tortCourandahaUmlle fortyourandahaltmile
fourandahalfmlle run at a speed of orfl
617 fl miles an hour hourThe hourThe hourThe
The Great Centrals expresses cover the thetwentytwo thetTenltwo thetwentytwo
twentytwo and a half mile miles betweenLeicester between betweenLeicester betweenLelcater
Leicester and Nottingham at the rate ra to of of6LS or6U
6LS miles an hour ft The he next ne t best run is isthe Isthe isthe
the Caledonian Railroads express which whichcovers whichcovers whichcovers
covers the thirtytwo and a half f miles milesfrom milesfrom milesfrom
from Forfnr to Perth at M9 9 miles an anhou anhou anhour
hou hour
The Great Western Railroad has some someremarkably someremarkably someremarkably
remarkably fast trains Its nonstop ex expresses expres expresses ¬
presses pres EI cover tho distance distance between Lon London Lontlon Lonop ¬
don op and Bristol 11814 118 14 miles fit a speed speedof speedot
of 50 miles anhour an hour The Great Westernalso Western Westernalso Vest ern ernalso
also runs nonstop expresses between between b tween Lon London London Lendon ¬
don and Plymouth 23534 22i 34 miles at aspeed a aspeed a aspeed
speed of 5LS miles an hour hourWhen hourWhen hourWhen
When it runs a special it cuts this fig figure flGure figare ¬
ure away awa down Your correspondent has hasoften hasorten
often done done the distance on a special In n a atrifle a atrifle
trifle under four hours and once the themanagement thomanagement
management of the line offered to make makethe makethe
the run In three hours and thlrtyflve thirtyfiveminutes thlrtyflveminutes thlrtyfhemInutes
minutes minutesAmericans mInutesAmericans minutesAmericans
Americans landing at Plymouth are arefamiliar aretamtuar arefanilllar
familiar with the Great Westerns boat boatspecials boatspeclnlsthnt
specials speclnlsthnt that take them from Plymouth Plymouthto
to London They Thc cover cover level l Vel stretches stretchesoften stretchesorten stretchesoften
often at a 0 aspeed speed of 75 miles an hour hourFrom hourFrom hourFrom
From Plymouth to Exeter the lino Is Ishilly ishili ishilly
hilly hili which reduces the speed speedThe speedThe speedThe
The French railroad men mono too have havesome hacsome
some fast t t expresses that they may boast boastabout boastabout boastabout
about The Northern of France covers coversthe coversthe coversthe
the run from rom Paris to Arras dally dRI1 131 131miles 1tmiles
miles In 117 minutes Its 1arsBuslgnyexpressos ParlsBuslgny ParlsBuslgnyexpresses PnrisBullgnyoxprOSS06
expresses do the 11212 miles in 112 II min minutes minutos ¬
utes Its ParlsSt Quentin expresses do dothe dothe dothe
the 9512 miles In 95 minutes Its Parls ParlsLongueau ° arls arlsLongueau
Longueau expresses do the 7S34 73 34 miles In
78 minutes minutesThis minutesThis minutesThis
This summer the French railroads railroadsspeeded ral1roodsspeeded railroadsspeeded
speeded up their ParisBerlin expresses expressesThe expressesT
The T e morning train from rom Paris is timed to totho
th tho < Belglan Belglanrontler f rentier thus ParlsSt Quen Quentin QuenUn Quentan ¬
tin 9514 95 14 miles in 93 ti minutes St Quentln
Erquellnes S3 5312 12 miles in it minutes or orat orat orat
at the rate of 629 29 miles mitesan an hour The TheFrench TheFrench TheFrench
French railroad men think this Is going goingsome goingsome goingsome
some someThere someThere someThere
There aro a a dozen d zen trains from London Londonto
to Birmingham Just 110 miles that cover coverthe coorthe coverthe
the distance dlstanceIn In 120 minutes m minutes nut08 to the tick tickFrom tickI tlckf tlckfFrom
From London to Brighton a popular popularseaside popular popularseaside popularsoulde I
seaside resort is s nO 5012 12 miles and a 0 dozen dozenexpresses dozencxprosies dozenexpresses
expresses expresses a 0 day do the distance in Just ju
60 minutest
UAAF WAR WARexecute <
execute Brumldls rumldr designs for some un unexplained unexplained ¬
explained reason crowded the figures ree and andleft endeft ad adleft
left l eft a space which has never been filled filledFor 4UOOFor liltedFor
For some years after Costaginis death deaththe cJoatilthe dos dosthe ih
the caltoMtng remained In position tlen bat batof botor loo looof t ttam
of late lat years y ar the danger of its falling fallingwas taHlncwaa f fwas
was apparent and it was u removedThe removed removedThe removedTh
The Th unfinished unftttblh frieze to unsightly unsightlyalways aad aadalways D4I D4Ialways
always cause causes comment Congress Coaar cia catto ciato claims claimsto imt
to have no subjects ubj < < ta of sufficient strength strengthand strengthand 1iItrenctha h
and a interest Jn reet to complete eGf plete the felt TIde Thtoreason TIderon Tideroaraon
reason may hare held good od a 8 8but year ago agobut
but with the discovery of the north pole poleand p pnd al a o oaDd
and a nd airships ak I nctreUns S the Goddess of ofLiberty o oLiberty t tors
Liberty Libert Y the material JDa for a tremendous tte txenaend txenaendhlatoor Renclous ors
hlatoor Aaio oat Is t l tilf
A Result of French Revolution ReolntlonDIJI ReolntlonDIJIcover RevolutlonDLacovery DLi
covcry cover of SodnLnJte Soda Lake In Africaflora Africa AfricaEVcra AfricaFroIt
flora the London Dally Dan Xero XeroThe hcwsThe cn cnThe
The European powers have ha va pretty well welldivided welldlvlded welldivided
divided Africa between them and it Itlooks Itlooksqulto looksquite looks looksquite
quite civilized on an uptodate up todate map butapparently but butapparently butauparenUy
apparently there are ar stiff big tracts which whichare whichare whicharetorra
are aretorra terra incognita judging from the an announcement announcement annotmeemont ¬
nouncement that a a company is being beingformed beingtorme beingformed
formed torme to exploit a a great lake of sodadiscovered soda sodadiscovered sooadlacovere
discovered flast year in the East Africa AfricaProtectorate Atrl AtrlProtectorate AfricaProtectorate
Protectorate ProtectorateIf
If as as is said It covers cov rs an area of some sometooro
40000 square miles it to by far the big biggest I biggest Jg Jgge ¬
ge gest t lake In Africa exceeding by b 14MO 14MOsquare 14iOOsquare 14000square
square miles the area a of the Victoria VictoriaNyanza VletDrlaXyanza VictoriaNyanza
Nyanza and being bel g capable cp ble of accommo accommodating accommodating accoenmodating ¬
dating the thewhol6 whole of Scotland with it itas Itis itas
as is an island with at least 10SM 10 square squaremiles squaremiles squaremiles
miles of soda to spare spareThe spareThe p1e p1eThe
The manufacture of soda Is one o o of the themost themost themost
most important of chemical Industries Industriesand industries industriesand nduatrte nduatrteand
and those tholl engaged ongage in it will watch with withInterest withInterest withinterest
Interest the opening op nlng up of this immensesource immense immensesource lmmon lmmonsource
source of supply Time was when oceanplants ocean oceanplants oceanplants
plants supplied the raw material of soda sodaand lOdaand sodaand
and it was the French Revolution which whicheffected whichefCected whicheffected
effected the first rst great revolution in tho themaking thomaking thomaking
making of that necessary article of every everyday everyday everyday ¬
day useThe use useThe ufleThe
The National Convention seeing France Franceisolated Fraaee150lated Franceisolated
isolated from the rest or of the world v Id entreated en entreated ¬ I Itreated
treated patrotic scientists aclentl ts to save the thecountry thotountry thecountry
country from threatened a a soda famine famineand famineand famineand
and as a 0 result Leblanc invented his pro process proroes ¬
cess 8 for the manufacture of of soda fromcoal from fromcoal tremcoal
coal lime salt and sulphuric acid addRUSSIANS acidRUSSIANS
Hnltie Ermlnle nivexWheeler > r Talks TnlknICnthtiManflcally TnIk TnIkEnthnlllatlcnJ1y TalksEnthnslantically
ICnthtiManflcally of New Home HomeThe lIomeThe HomeThe
The Russians are the greatest lovers loversIn loversIn loversIn
In the world said Halite Ermlnle Rives RivesWheeler RivesWheeler RivenWheeler
Wheeler author who has h just arrived arrivedfrom arrivedfrom arriv arrivfrom ed
from St Petersburg where her husband husbandto
to in charge of the American embassy embassyOf em embeefOf r rOf
Of all the international marriages in inRussia InRu i iRussia n
Russia Ru lo I do not know of any that are arenot uenot ar arnot e
not happy Russians Ru l as have much mUC senti sentiment sentiment seatmeat ¬
ment as well as Ii chivalry They do no nomarry not notmarry DOtmam t
marry for money They Hve Itv Itvp by D byheart the theheart theheart
heart and that to the safest guide gulchon e poet poston poeton
on the road t tv ivipptnesa ivipptnesaMrs iepp P lneM lneMlnI nese neseMrs
Mrs lnI RlvesWheeler RivesWheeler Rlv V hler talkod enthuaslafi enthuaslafitically enth enthtreall enthueslaeaity
tically treall ti eaity eai ty tySt of her new home homeSt homeSt
St Petersburg to full of a charm a aits alt altits allIta a
its own she said A city of golden goldendomes 8Gldendomes guidedomes a
domes bells and MOW aad lid tbreo tbreosleighs threehorse threehorsesleighs threehoraesleih8 Iwrse
sleighs with velvetcapped coachmen five fivefeet Aveffet Av Avfeet e
feet across in green or violet furltned furltnedlivery fwItnedliver fur furlivery
livery liver There to S a splendor and sparkle sparkleto sparkhto e
to the winter streets entirely eaUrel unlike x > Hke other othercities otheretUeli ochecities r
cities I have seen The houses are heat heated beted heatoil ¬
ed by b birch wood wood ood in porcelain p reoJaJn stoves stovesThen stoesTheft stovesThen
Then method of beating bett to II perfect and andwhen Dd DdJ fl4
when J ea I look out of my wjldOw window it to s hard hardto baedto bar barto d
to believe that it to 21 degrees below zero zeroMany 3efO1an
Many 1an sides of the life there have in interested mrC8tec1 interested ¬
terested rC8tec1 me but for color OI and musk m and andpoetry aDdpoetrY
poetry of motion the royal ballet to s seam eomptototy COfttpleWIIT
ptototy satisfying satisfyingThe satl8fylagThe
The long white vi hlte nights of Russia R1III ta seem seemstrange seemtraace seenstrange s
strange to the foreigner C4 relpet During June JuneI Jas e
I could C UWI read and write TitB without withoutlight artificial artificiallight arUftdalJlrht
light until uUI n oclock ciock at night People Peoplewho Peeplewho e
who go camping durlag url that period MJ1H hcve hcveto beveto hay e
to paint th their tr teats taste Mack am they can eaap c csleep
sleep p
Portlands memorial to Thomas B Recd Rec l which rrn was unveiled unvene liu JlUlt t Wedneedny Wed Wednesday ve d ¬ I
nesday nellcIa In prenen cc of T 111 R crowd
The exercises Incident to the unveiling unveilingof
of the statue of Thomas Brnckett Reed ReedWore ReedWore ReedWore
Wore held here Wednesday ednesday on the th West Western Wpstern 1Vestera ¬
ern promenade at Portland Me Seats for
2000 004 guests were ere provided and manymore manymorethousands man manyntorethousands nore norethousands
thousands gathered gnth red to witness the exer exercises oxer oxercl oxercloes ¬
cloes cises cl eq There were many prominent pomln nt visi visitors visitors IS1 ¬
tors from Boston New Now York and ottorEastern ottor otttrFastern
Eastern cities who came to honor the thememory thememory I Imemory
memory ofUthe ott e man they had known in14fp In Inlife
life The statue stands on the highest highestpoint highestpoint I
point point of the Western promenade the slta siter
being a magnificent one overlookinggreat overlooking overlookinggreat a aI
I great stretch of beautiful country countryThe countryT1 countryThe
The T1 statue was modeled modeled In Paris ParisBurr by
Burr Bu T C Miller Al MHler her who not only onl worked workedfrom workQdtrom work workfrom 90
from accurate aecura photographs but who whothe had bad badthe b d dthe
the advantage of having hain seen Mr r Reed Reedmany Rtooman Re ad admany
many man times during his Congressional
ca career eareor c cveer ¬
veer and who met him hhfttrequenU frequently m New NewjYork N NYork e w
jYork York after his retirement from public publiclife pub elk lk
life The memorial gives a 8 fine Idea ideatho of ofthe f
the statesman as he looked up to about abouttwo abouttwo abe abetwo ut t
two years before his death de th thr
Vain Attempt to Conserve Conservethe Conservetile Conservethe
the Beaux of the Town Towni TownBACHELOR TownBACHELOR TomBACHELOR
Plan l lnn to Teach Young Youn Men Ien of Owens OTvenKville OwenKvUle Owensrule
rule Ind Their Duly Dntrhcy They Find FlnilIt FlntIt FindIt
It Better to 0 Par Fines Into the theTren th thTrenK theTreasn
Tren Treasn n > 7 y Than Be Neglected Ne leetedby by brthe brtheEligible the theEligible theEligible
Eligible Men IenA A Decided Success SncceMOwonsvllle Sncce SncceOW0A8f1l18 SuccessOwenaville
Owonsvllle Ind Sept X 3rVhother 3rVhotherOwonsvllJe 3VWhatherOwensviile Whether WhetherOwensvitle
Owensvitle society 8Odet is to be disrupted l niptod and andfriendship andfrfondMtlp andfriendship
friendship of many years feni standing are areto areto areto
to bo changed cha ged Into In bitter enmities enmltl is S aquestion a aquestion a aquestion
question to bit b decided in the near future futureby futureby futureby
by the Bachelor Girls GIr Club an organiza organization OIgaalzatl4n organization ¬
tion formed several years yo rs ago and designed de designed designed ¬
signed to show bow toe young mea of r thisplace this thisplace tht thtplace
place and the surrounding country that thatOweneville tlnltOW6 thatOweneville
Oweneville OW6 1me young women women could be as in independent independent independent ¬
dependent as the t e young menThe men menThe menThe
The club grew out of conditions eondkl cin itfene ns that thatare tltatare thatare
are not exceptional in in small It towns It Itbad Ithad Ithad
had been noticed that the young men menwere menwore menwere
were inclined to visit l8It the young womenin women womenin womenIn
in the county seat ten or fifteen miles milesaway JIIIIea siuNegaway
away a w and on such uch occasions < < e eo S report that thathad tba thathad t tbad
had it that they were very 1 liberal with withtheir withtbelr withtheir
their money moneyHere mone1Hee moneyHero
Here in Owensvllle though they the were wereclose wereclose
close with their earnings and it was not notInfrequent notIDrequent notinfrequent
Infrequent that four or five girlswent girls girlswent glrJ glrJwent
went to shows by l y themselves and lined linedup Inedup linedup
up before the soda fountains or around aroundtables aroU 41 41tables
tables in the ice cream parlors and then thenhad t thenhad en enhad
had to foot the ottto om The Sunday night nightbeau nl bt btbeau
beau was omnipresent because there wa wano wB wBDO
no charge at the churches and he could couldalways
always be depended upon upon for a a little homo homodance 1temeduce hemsdance
dance when hen the girl gtrhi furnished ftrnt hed the music musicand DNI musicand C CAd
and Ad supper supperOrganize SUIiperOrJnnlze supperOrganize
Organize Bachelor Club ClubThis ClnbThM
This condition soon began to wear on onthe ontbe
the nerves of the he girls and especially especiallywhen especiallywhen
when some of the most mo t desirable of the theyotmg the7CMIDg
young men found wives in n the nearby nearbytown nearbytOWB nearbytown
town Action was anally taken when whentwenty W eft efttwcmt
twenty twcmt of the Owensville Owen vtlle girls hold a a ameeting ameetblg
meeting and after a very full and free freediscussion freedt freediscussion
discussion dt cualOft as the minutes of the meeting meetingput JlMetingput meetingput
put it organized the Bachelor Girte Club dubwith ClubIth Clubwith
with Ith a constitution and bylaws that thatwould thatwoulcl
would make them independent of the theSunday tMSancIa
Sunday SancIa night beau beauIt benIt besetIt
It was provided in the constitution that thatno thatDO thatno
no member should s oulcl accept the attentions attentionsof atte + ntams ntamsof
of a young man to elant church + ch unless he had hadaccompanied hadaeeempeDle bedaccompanied
accompanied her or other members of the thedub theclub
dub to social functions fu etJonc where the tbeot c tn > + sr srof r
of entertainment en t was a not borne by tle tlelady tlelady
lady hostess sad under u r no Nt circum circumstances etreumtaDces ¬
stances should any member of the t e dttb dtIbAceept < dttbaccept
accept attentions of that class cia of ofJMR y ywsrg ywsrgmen ung ungmen
men who are recognized r zed ats church gal gallanls galIdnts pltSi
tSi Idnts only A church gallant was de defined deARcd defined ¬
fined to t be tis young maw cadre W WkJIGws always alwaysknows aimsknows
knows when 1Tbe Sunday Suud l night comas but butnever Matnev6C batnever
never hears of an entertainment where wfeerehe wherehe a + here herehe
he can spend 8P n4 a dollar r tttt t t three days daysafter cllQsatter daysafter
after it to over overAnother OT OTAMjor overAnother
Another class c was v defined as theyoung the theyoung theyang
young man who washes Me fathersbuggy fathers fathersbuggy UIers UIersbuggy
buggy Sunday Su cJay morning IDO and ad then drives drivesfifteen 4IrtftSfifteen drivesfifteen
fifteen miles to see some county seat seatgirl seatgkl coatgirt
girl ia the afternoon never seeming see duc to torealize torealize torealize
realize that an OwonsvtHe girl would en enjoy enj4ay enjay ¬
joy a buggy ride or eat t bonbons andchocolate and andchocolate andchecoh1te
chocolate creams with itA as much zest as asthe ast asthe
the t e more distant object of Me df attentions attentionsAny aueadoasa7 attentionsAny
Any a7 member who should violate an artiolo arti article article ¬
cle of the constitution or any of the by bylaws bylaws ty tyJaws ¬
laws was to be N fined 5 cents for eack ACIt of offense oCfeMe offeces ¬
A Decided SuccessFor Success SuccessFor SncceKFor
For the Ant year of its existence the theclub theclub theclub
club was a decided success aucci successsot II not a howl howling bowlIa owl owllag ¬
lag Ia success as some of the membersexprssced members membersexplained JDentbersetplalned
explained for 1 Its was quiet and dlgnMed dlgnMedand digglUedand 1JIifted 1JIiftedad
and ad brought some of the young men to toa toa
a 3 realization of the sins against which whichthe whichtbe whichthe
the organization was a protest In fact factthe tactthe factthe
the bimonthly bImoothl meetings p of the t e club were werescenes weresenes werescenes
scenes scenes of congratulation congrat lotion for there t erewaa erewaahard washardly was washardly
hardly hard a member who ho did not report reportbuggy reportbuggy reportbuggy
buggy rides rk1e or the calling of some beau beauwith beauwJta beauwith
with a box of candy candySome CaJId CaJIdSome candySome
Some of the older members those t1to e who whobad wbohad whohad
had become b me connrmed spinsters heard beardthese heardthese heardtllese
these reports with anything but t relishThey relish relishThey rollMThe
They The wore ia the minority ml CXItJ though and lid If Ifthey Ifthe ifthey
they the protested the voice was TJS ooeNrt o one oc f envy envyand envyancI envysaid
and the younger set gave it no attention attentionBut atteJlUonBat attentionBut
But one night one of these tbe e spinsterswas spinsters spinsterswas aplMtenwaa
was seen at church with a Sunday Sun e7 night nightbeau J nightbeau ght ghtbe
beau be u and at the next meeting she de deposfted depoaftei1 deposited
posited 6 cents with the treasurer without withouta
a a word wor of complaint The next Sunday Sundaynight S41ada S41adamght Sundaynight
night three of the spinsters had beaux beauxand beauxan4 beauxand
and the treasury was enriched with 15 IScents 15CeDts 15cents
cents more The younger gins looked loot on onthe Ofte onthe
the e unfortunates with th pitying eyes but butmade b butmade t tfma4le
fma4le made no commentThe comment commentThe eommeatThe
The next t Sunday night every spinster spinsterin
in the club had a beau while 1II1e all the ether ethergjrte ethergkki ethergirls
girls went to church alone aloneSpinster aloneSIlnftter aloneSpinsters
Spinster Have l are Escorts EncortaThis EHcorhTbls EscortsThis
This proved to be the beginning of dis discord dtscord discord ¬
cord Some of the beaux of the spinsters spinsterswere splMterswere spinsterswere
were in good circumstances drcoms tMes and the aver average average vet vetage ¬
age girls would regard n1 them as catches eaidteThese eatebTbece catchesThese
These flocked to the spinster Sunday Sundaynight SthMIaynight Sundaynight
night after Sunday night and on on two oc occasions OCcasfons occasloos ¬
casions one of theta accompanied aec < mptLllriWI d a spin sflinster sglnster spinster
ster to a a prayer meeting meetingAt meetingAt meetingAt
At the next meeting there was a scene sceneAs sceaeO sceneAsone
As Asone one O e of the spinster 8tft handed the lh treas treasurer ueuurer treasurer ¬
urer a nickel one 0 ti i the young 70 girls who whohadnt whobadnt whohadnt
hadnt had a beau for two months asked askedwith ukedwlU askedwith
with a sneer If the spinsters escort to tochurch tocburCh tochurch
church the Sunday nit nlrhtefOfu 1st before was wa paylag pay paying payIng ¬
ing her fines Thai was the signal floe a adebate a adebate adebate
debate as the minutes put it but to oth othors othors ethers
ors It t appears vary much like a row rG1 forthe for forthe to tothe
the spinsters declared that it wa wee no nobodys nobodys nobodys ¬
bodys business buelne whom they went with it ittheir Ittheir iftheir
their fines were paid paidSomehow psk1Somehow paidSomehow
Somehow but ju just rt bow bo nobody knows knowsit knowsit
it got out that t the younger members ben5 ofthe of ofthe ottbe
the club would not object to paying a few fewfines te tefines fewtines
fines themselves them lves and the next ne t Sundaynight Sunday Sundaynight SaRda SaRdanight
night the spinsters trudged to church churchalone chtIrchalone churchalone
alone and the younger set all had J beaux beauxAnd beauxAnd beauxAnd
And for three Sunday nights in succession successionthis sucee suaeeelonthis lon lonthis
this happened the grk rlf paying the Ones Onesand ftnesand
and the treasury showing sbowl a surplus that thatwas thatwa5 thatwas
was really distressing distressingBut dJstre distressingBut iAg iAgBut
But the girls had taken all the beaux beauxaway beauxaway
away from the spinsters and the u etfoati etfoatitlon cqu cqulion cdlmditim
lion and bylaw = were ere UdD things of Jest Jestamong jutamonr
among the young OUftg men en and the theottne bachelors bachelorsof
of ottne the town Some ome of them hinted that it itwas
was cheaper to pay the girls fines than thanto thanto
to put up p for soda and JHl cream and an < < buy buychocolates NThocolates
chocolates and when this tld got to the ears earsof earsor
of the spinsters they raised merry Ned at atthe
the next nex meeting and it to believed Ueved that
another an 1ther meeting will mark th the end so
bitter are the animosities antmolltl that have been locosengendered beenengendered

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