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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, November 27, 1910, Third Part, Image 19

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iieir 7 I i iTHE
ait THEW THE WASHINGTON HERALD I Third Pages irpart irpartI dl 1 Part PartPages to at att 8 8WASHINGTON
I I 1 WASHINGTON D DC C0 SUNDAY NOVEMBER 27 7 1910 t f t
TALKS TO PEOPLE PEOPLE OF OF WORLDEdward WORLD WORLDEdward WORLDEdward
I
Edward 11 D Easton Real Live Produc Product of Washington Who Is IsDoing IsDoing IsI IsDoing
1 Doing Big Things ThingsWhat What Counts in inlnventio Invention Inven on
By JAMES B MORROW MORROWNew MORROWNew Ionno IonnoNew
New York Nov 26 26The The telephone a acurious acurious acurious
curious contraption the people thought thoughtwas th thOughtwas ught ughtwas
was put on oxhibitlon In Philadelphia Philadelphiaduring Phiadelphiaduring Philadelphiaduring
during tho summer of 1S76 1S76A lS6 lS6A 1S16A
A decade later the graphophono or orpiioriograph orphonogrph orpitonograph
piioriograph phonogrph meaning a machine that thattalked thattalked thattalked
talked again amused an u Interested but butskeptical butskeptcal but8keptical
skeptical skeptcal public publicThe publc publcThe publicThe
The strange romance of the telephone telephonehas telephonehas
has been told In the th courts Alexander AlexanderGraham Alexanderlirahum AlexanderGraham
Graham Bell Del who ho had been H I teacher techer of ofdeaf o odpat ofdeaf
deaf and dumb children chidren In Boston found foundthat foundthat foundthat
that he could cou1 send the human voice oleo over overa oer1ire
a wire 1ire with the help of oloetrlclty oloetrlcltyEllsha olotrlclA olotrlclAElsha aloctrleltYElisha
Ellsha Elsha Gray of Chicago a a blacksmith blacksmithand blaoksmlthand blacksmithand
and a carpenter In his youth 3outh and after afterward afterward afterwarn ¬
ward a scientific 5clonUfc man made the same samediscovery samediscovery samediscovery
discovery discoveryThe discoveryThe discoveryThe
The applications applcatons for to a n patent from Bell Belland Bel Belland
and Gray wore received reeivecl tn t Washington Washingtonon Washingtonal
on al St St Valentines Vahmtnos Day Dy 1S76 lS It I was W S a aremarkable aremarkable
remarkable coincidence colncldspee DeUs thick thickofficiallooking thickofclll10oklng thiekotllclallooklng
officiallooking ofclll10oklng letter beat bet Grays Grys by an anhour anhour anhour
hour or two as It was officially omcialy stated statedThere statedThere statedThere
There were 1ere other Inventors afterward afterwardand afterwardand afterwardand
and suits of Interference Interl rence but Bell Bol was waagiven wasgtven
given his patent patentTime patentTime patentTime
Time measured m6urod by scant scnt minutes if ifnothing itnothIng Ifnothing
nothing else made Bell Bbl a millionaire mUlonalro and andcut andcut andcut
cut his name In the granite ganla foundation foundaton of ofscience otRclenct ofRclenctt
science Rclenct Gray Gry battling bttng hard was ws beaten beatenHe boatenHe beatenlie
He Is scarcely crcel known today todov except ecept to toelectrical toelectrIcal toelectrical
electrical engineers and students studentsLacking student studentsLacking
Lacking Lncklng In 11 Organization OrganizationBut OrRnbnton OrRnbntonBut
But the telephone t lephone although alhough patented patentedas ptnted ptntedas
as necessary necsar now It I almost seems as asbread asbread asbread
bread and water wtOtale waterfailed failed to gain gIn the seri serious serious serlous ¬
ous interest Intfret of important men of busi business business business ¬
ness Bell a f Scotchman by b birth was waalacking
0 lacking in organizing genius His future futurefatherinlaw futurefatherInJaw futurefatherinlaw
fatherinlaw Gardiner Gardlntr Green Hubbard Hubbardwas Hubbardwas Hubbardwas
was a Boston lawyer laer Bell Bel had taught
his little lte daughter and from teacher techer had hadturned hadturned hadturned
turned lover Thomas Thoma Saunders Saunders of Mas Massachusetts Massachusets Hassachusetts ¬
sachusetts sachusets imaginative Imagintve imagina tive and adventurous adventurousput atlventurouput
put his personal fortune In hazard hazrd by bytash byAsh byusish
tash Ash advances advncN that amounted amountO to 180000 180000But UOO 150000But
But the telephone was still stl a toy in inpopular InpP9Ir inpopular
popular pP9Ir opinion opInIna opiniona plaything plfthlng for wizard wizardana wIzrd wIzrdn wizardiandY
ana andY andYelectricians n electricians electriians For two years It hung hunguncertain hunguncertIn hunguncertain
uncertain uncertIn upon the border borle line lne that sepa separates separates separ5tes ¬
rates the desert of failure faiure from the happy happycontinent happyContinent I Iontnent
continent < ontnent of profit profitThen proft profitThen
Then Theodore Theoore Newton Vail came Into Intothe Intothe Intothe
the business buslu8 He has been bon in the business businessever buslntS9eer businesseer
eer since although althou h In a a sense IcnS8 ense Inter Intermittently Intfrmltenty intermittently ¬
mittently mltenty Occasionally OCC8onaUy he retires roUre to his his5000acra his5oacre his5000acre
5000acra 5oacre farm in Vermont where he heraises heraIses heraises
raises horses horl6 ponies pntes and pigs but when whenthere whenthtre whenthere
there thtre are telephone perplexities perple lle or prob problems problems probleins ¬
lems In finance 1nnl he always comes comlS back by byrequest byrequest byrequest
request Recently Roonty be welded Goulds tele telegraph teleph telegraph ¬
graph ph to the Bell Bel telephone Ulopono system and andthus andthus andthus
thus his hlf hI wires wir zigzag 21S8g the th whole country countryOut cQuntryOut cOuntryOut
Out of tho invention Inenton by b which the nu numan nuIal flu2nan
man Ial voice was transmitted tranlmlted from place to toplace toplace toplace
place came cme the talking machine by which whichtho whichth whichtli
tho th human voice olce was wa engraved engved on wax waxand waxand waxand
and reproduced reprouced whenever wanted Vail Vailorganised VaUorgnhw Vailorganized
organized orgnhw and nationalized natonIzed an idea Ido to touse toue touse
use his hi own language langage as he used it to tome tome tome
me when I interviewed Interiewed him In Boston BostonWhat BostonWhat BostonW1it
What he did di for the telephone commer commercially eommercaly coinmerclafly ¬
cially caly a a wldevisioned widevIsione and daring datpS stenog stenographer s stenographer enog enographer ¬
rapher by b the name ame oC EdivagdDojutaotu OEd ofEdwap1DonisoiiEastort EdivagdDojutaotuEaston o s
Easton did for fO the graphopHIWBrTJhtmo graphopHIWBrTJhtmograph baph I Igraph
Jhto1 Jhto1graph
graph And Bell was In both inventions I
Discovered hy Ilubbnrd IlubbnrdTo Jnblmrd JnblmrdTo HubbardTo
To Hubbard Hubbrd the lawyer belongs Iong the thecredit therrMlt thecredit
credit or discovering dl5overln Vail Val the th business businessmanager businessmanager
manager Easton discovaaH dJov8 himself hln lf Vail Vailwas Vailwas
Val
was WA an officer te In th Ui0 Peffofflce P6tofce P Tomce Depart Department Dopartm Department ¬
ment m nt at Washington Wthln ton Hubbrd Hubbr cross crossexamining cr0 crossexamining
examining him In a I lawsuit and an learning learninghis Jernlng Jernlnghis learninghis
his quality quaJ hired hire him to popularise ppularJ a aplaything aplathlng aplaything
plaything and to develop delop an electrical electricalcuriosity eletrlCI eletrlCIcuriosity electricalcuriosity
curiosity into an apparatus appratu of worldwide worldwideutility worldwideutU worldwideutility
utility utU Telephone Telepne shares share sold sld at 510 510apiece 40 40aple 40apiec0
apiece aple < c in 1578 188 Vail multiplied muIUpled each ech share shareeight share shareeltht shareeight
eight eltht times tmes In eight years Year so that 49 4 in in1S7S In1s7S
1S7S 78 was equal in selling selng value alue to l3t l3tin 1 1In L LIn
in 1SS6 1SS6Meanwhile 1 16Meanwhile 6
Meanwhile eawhne Bell Bel brought 10000 01 home homefrom homefrom homefrom
from Europe Eurpe He had hf won the Volta Voltapri Vola Volaprx Voltaprix
pri prx prix of the French Academy for his hisstartling hisItartng hisstartling
startling Itartng electrical achievement With Withth Withthe Ith Iththe
th the money thus thul obtained he established otablshe a alaboratory alabrtoo alaboratory
labrtoo laboratory Out of the laboratory came camatho camdth cameth0
tho th graphophone The telephone and the thegraphophone thegraIhoph thegraphophone
graphophone graIhoph n therefore are blood reia reiatives rei reithes rotatives
tives tivesThe thesThe tivesThe
The telephone and talking machine machinewere machlnler macbinvere
were ler exploited exploie from Washington Vnhlngton Instead Insteadfrom In Insteadfrom tead teadtrom
from a commercial or industrial Indutlal city cityVail cityYal cityVail
Vail Yal was Wi an officeholder ofceholder Easton was WRS a agovernment agovernment agovernineiit
government shorthand writer 1rfer Valls Vallsshare Vals Valssharo Vailsshare
share owners wore mostly most New N w England Englandmen Englandmen Englandmen
men Easton Eston sold some of his hi stock to toJames toJame toJames
James Jame G Blalne line and am to Senators and andRepresentatives andRepr0entates andRepresentatives
Representatives Repr0entates in Congress Conlres Today he heis heIs lieIs
is president prCldant of o the most mOt important talk talkIng tdk tdkIng talklog
Ing machine company In the world He is isthe Iithe isthe
the real creator cretor in fact of the talking talkingmachine talkingmachine talkingmachine
machine business businessDoubtless buadnes buadnesDoubte businessDoubtless
Doubtless Doubte he is a a multimillionaire muitmllonalro At Atall Atal Atall
all al events eenU he owns a park Jrk of 300 3 acres in inNrw InKlw InNew
New Klw Jersey Jery where whee there are groves 1roves and androws androws androws
rows of trees tree tree lakes lake and ponds a Meth Methodist Methodist Methodit ¬
odist church a new but ancient looking lookingniill lookfngnll lookingmill
mill nll as ai a scenic senic accessory IcelY and a group groupof groupoc
of cottages cotf e for to himself and his hi married marriedrelations marrIedTflatona marriedrelations
relations Tflatona Moreover he is In banks banks and andhas andhas andhas
has other desirable detble connections connectionsNo connectons connectionsNo
No man I was WfS surprised surprlled to hear hear Mr MrVail MrVai MrVail
Vail Vai say and I include Bell Bel himself himselfmade himsel himselfmade
made so much as I 1100060 lO out of the th tote telephone tle tlephone totephone ¬
phone invention Inventon and its subsequent sbsouent ex expanslon exf
f panslon panslonTho pn panitionThe lo loTho
log Int Tho statement s t6et to me waarather was S1Jthaamaz S1JthaamazInt ratharamaz ratharamazlog amaz amazing ¬
EurJchctl 13 n rl died Ills lb Associates AssociatesComing ASoclntcj ASoclntcjComln AawciatcaComing
Coming Comln ten yours later the country countrybeing countrybeing
being btlns full ful of eager clel Investor invOtor and of ofmourners atmourner otmourners
mourners mourner who had hftl drawn money out of ofbanks otbanks ofbanks
banks for tO telephone shares shfre but had hur hurriedly jiurrediy ¬
riedly riedly put it i back after afer thinking the thematter themater thematter
matter mater over Easton also with wih a toy to It Itwas Itas Itwas
was as supposed sUPDosd has kept his stockholders stockholderstogether stockholdersto stockholderstogether
together to ether pushed PUhc his business bu lno to the ends endsof endsor endsit
of the earth and ant enriched his hil hi associates associatesIt tuoclnt tuoclntI
It I Is well wtl enough to say sy In passing passingthat passingtll passingthat
that tll Mr Easton was born bor at Gloucester GloucesterMass Goucester Goucesterass GloucesterMass
Mass ass In 1S56 1S6 S66 As a I boy he lived lved In New NewJersey NcwJerse NewJersey
Jersey Jerse At the ago of eighteen he was wasassistant wnsasIstant wasassistant
assistant asIstant editor edior of the Hackenssck Hnekenlck Re Republican Republen Republicen ¬
publican Thence ho went to
publen Washing Washington Washington Washington ¬
ton as a a stenographer t8nogrfnher Afterward Aferwnrd he was wasgraduated WfB WfBgraduated wasgraduated
graduated in law from Georgetown Uni University Unlyer8ly Un Unversity ¬
versity versityMy yer8ly yer8lylY versityMy
My lY first service In
frt Washington he hetold hetold hetold
told me was with wih the lighthouse Ighthous board boardof boardof boardof
of which George Dewey Dowe now Admiral Admirl of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the Navy Novy was wa chairman I worked workq hard hardto hardto hardto
to make myself a competent shorthand shorthandwrier shorthandwriter
writer wrier and was employed emplo d m t In many impor important Imporlant
lant government eases cse and an an In several severalhlstorlc severalhistories
historical l Investigations In stgUonH by Congress I Iwas Iwas Iwas
was one of the stenographers stenogaphers for the theelectoral thea
q ° electoral lectorl commission ommlSlon that decided dehled the dis dlsputed disputed disputed
puted election electon of lilt 186 and gave gve tho Pres Presidency PresjdEno Prosidenoy ¬
idency jdEno to Rutherford UUh6rf rd B Hayes I ayes We Wethought Wethought Wethought
thought at first frst that THden TI en would be beseated beseatod beseated
seated and that all of us would lose our ourji ourjlbt ourLikewise
ji jlbt > b
Likewise Ikowlse I helped to report the tle trial trialof trIalof trialof
of Gultoati Willie I am not a f medical medicalexpert meical meicalexpeJ medicalexpert
expert expeJ I dare to suy that had Gulteau Gulteaushot Gul Guitoaushot u ushot
shot a n private citizen clUe Instead of the thePresident therreslden thePresident
President of the United Unltec States he would wouldhave wouldhave wouldhave
have been declared delared a lunatic lunatc and his life lifespared Ue Uelprcd lifespared
spared lprcd He was the moat mostotenshcb offensively ego egotistical egotstcl egotlstlcal ¬
tistical tstcl Individual I ever saw wrltfng wrlttg his hisautograph hisa hisautograph
autograph a with noisy delight delght for hun hunurcue hundreds bundreds
urcue dreds ui ot oiny sly silly men men uuu and women tvuiiicu who > viiu uuiiie cre came cameto i ito i
to the courthouse In droves drve butting buttng into intothe Intothe I Ithe
the testimony tetmony of witnesses with wih dra dramatic dramatc drainatic ¬
matic matc observations obsen atoU and theatrical t atlcal ges gestures se gesturos s sturos ¬
turos and I actually nOluaJy believe beleve going to tothe tothe tothe
the gallows glows proud of the added notoriety notorllYj
I
j
that his execution Qxeouton would bring to his hisname hl hlname lflname
name in the newspapers newsapers next morning morningWhen moring moringWhen morning4Wlien
When did you first frst hear of the graph graphophone grph grphopbon graphophoner ¬
ophone opbon 7 J 1 asked askedWould akcd akcdoull askedWoul4l
Would oull Reproduce ReluOtuce Sound SoundWhile SOUIHlWhie SoundWhile
While Whie working worklrg around the CapitOl In InWashington InWashIngton inWashington
Washington Several stenographers stenogaphers An Andrew Andrew Andrew ¬
drew Devino especially epeolaly told me of a atalking atalking atalking
talking machine they thl had seen In Graham GrahamBells Grah1BoJs GralitniBells
Bells BoJs laboratory IRbQrto Edison Edhln had once ex experimented experimented oxporisnonted ¬
perimented with wih an apparatus appurtus that would wouldreproduce wouldreproduce wouldreproduce
reproduce sound sOlnd However the records recordshe recordshe recordshe
he employed wore made of tinfoil tntol They Theycould Thoycoull Theycould
could not be taken from the machine machinewhich machinewhich machinewhich
which was very er heavy being constructed constructedof constructed constructedI
I of iron nor or could they be used more than
instrument Instument that would talk tall Experiments Experimentsyere Experlmetswere Experimentswere
were later made In Paris and Vienna ViennaFnbor ViennaFaber
Faber an Austrian A strlul produced an appa apparatus appa apparatus apparatus ¬
ratus In the year Yft 1SX 1s that gave some someImpetus somempotu8 someImpetus
Impetus to modern inventors and he was wasfollowed wasfolowed wasfollowed
followed folowed bji b Leon Scott and finally fnaly by
Edison along In 1S77 1S After Aftr Edison aban abandoned abndoned abalidond ¬
doned his investigations Inestgatons nothing was wasdone wasdone wasdone
done for several years by any un one so far faras faras faras
as I can learn learnThen Icarnrhen learnriten
Then came the announcement announ emcnl that Bell Belland Bel Belland
and Talnter had Invented a practical practel ma macfilne macfne maefline
cfilne cfne that could actually actualy talk Moreover Moreovertheir loreoer loreoertheir Moreovertheir
their records ieeord could be removed
their Iecor cotld romove repeated repeatedly ¬
ly used kept Indefinitely Indefnitely and transported transportedby transprted transprtedb
by b mail or express cxpres They Ttey h bud d worked workedfor workEd workEdlor workedfor
for five years Oar8 In Graham polls eWs labora
FIGURES IN ROMANCE OF PHONOGRAPH
j
I
EDWARD tDW ARD D DEASTON EASTON EAStON
i qe Whe When Edlsot EdIoti uriderthok ndetolcnls Ida cam camJobringlefltrkr
S Jobringlefltrkr fo brln electric Inmlnaton ilintilinafiort ito itobullnc Into Intobuildings
buildings bullnc and houses hOU86 from out in the theit thestreets
I stretl streets where ChRrl Charles F Brushhad pt ptI put putit
it with his arc ar light l ht he laid his phono phonograph phonosaph phonograph ¬
I graph saph aside asideReturning alde aldeRetring asideReturning
Returning Retring from Paris with wih 510COO 1OiOO Or In Inc Inca incsh
c ca csh sh given givn him hi as a prize Graham Grhm Bell Bellequipped Bel Bello4uipped
equipped 6ulpp a laboratory labratory fo the purpose of ofInventing oftntnUn ofInventing
Inventing tntnUn a machine that would record recordand recordand recordand
and reproduce rproue sounds suns I suppose music musicwas muac muaca musicwas
was a in hit hlf mind at the time tme The work workwas workwas workas
was as carried crie on fcy Dr Chichester Chicheter Bell Bella Bel Bella
a relative relte of Graham Bell ReJnl Bellanti and Charles CharlesSnmner CharlesSumner
Sumner Painter n mechanical mehMical export of ofWatertown otWatrtowu ofWatertown
Watertown Mass It I was the Bell Bel and andTalnter andalnt aridTainter
Talnter alnt r machine that I heard berd Devlne and andother andother andother
other stenographers HtenOghers talking about aboutLater about aboutLater
HLter Later I was invited InvJ invItt to the laboratory laboratoryand lfbrltor lfbrltorand laboratoryand
and saw the machine mactll In iI operation operaton I Ifound Ifnund Ifound
found that tat while whie I had htd spent years ear in ini Inl inlearning
i learning l rnlng quickly to put p t human speech on onj onJ onI
J j I paper pper by means mens of signs that the machine machtncould maclilacI
I J could beat bet me easily eaU and do the work bet better betI bettr ¬
ter and more accurately acurtely In my diary diarythat diarythat diarythat
that night I wrote that I mant m at to t get getas getas getas
as large an interest Int r t in the te invention Inventon as aswas asWa aswas
was Wa possible pbc My M connection cnneton with the thesubsequent thesubf thesubsaqeent
subsequent subf te t development developent of tire Ur grapho graphopbone gplio gpliophone grapliophone
phone therefore was wa not accidental accldentnl Tho Thosupposition Thoamplon Thesuppoa
supposition suppoa ± tion was WiS that the machine would wouldmake uouldI wouldmake
I make the dictation dictaton of letters leters in business businessofilces busines busineso businessofitces
ofilces o ces to stenographers unnecessary unneceSmry Tile Tilemusical TIlemusical te temusical
musical possibilities poaslblte of the invention inventon woro woronot woronot werenot
not then apparent apPrent I employed it right rightoff rightof rightoff
off of being lng the te fir t t stenographer 9teno apher to do doso doso doso
so In government SQvOlmnent work I dictated my myshorthand myshorthand
I shorthand notes notec intq the machine mchlno and andhad andhad andhad
had my typist write them out on paper paperGone paperGone paperGone
Gone Seven Dnyiij DnyiijAbout Dn Dnboul Day DayAbout
About boul that time tme it I was 8 in Intho1or Intho1or1S the year year1SS7 yearlS7
1SS7 1S I accompanied accompnie ae onipanied the newly created In Interstate Interstto interstate ¬
terstate terstto Commerce Commission Commb lon on its itsfirst Is Istrst itsfirst
first trst trip tlp of Investigation InUston invo ± ijigatioii We e were gone goneseQn goneevon j jseven
seven working work1 B days d during which period periodI perod perodI
I made3 made 1VOO 00 My 1y M salary was wn only onl 10Q 10Qa lO IGQa
a month but I Irocolved rojcelved qelod 10 cants CQI S a page pageextra paGe paGeextr pageextra
extra extr for tot transcribing lrnscrblng my 1 stenographic stenographicnotes stenographicnotes I Inote
notes note and jvas val vas permitted pormltc to supply all ni allthe j II
the persona pcrons in interest with Cull copies oOpiesof oples oplesof copiesof
of the to testimony tcthnony taken at the th different differenthearings differenthearings Utferentherns
hearings herns Well We l I put P t my t3tt 3600 into the thegraphophone thegaphophone thegraphophone
business businessYour businessYour
graphophone gaphophone bUinos1 bUinos1Your
Your faith I remarked was all al that thatcould thatcould thatcould
could have been desired on the part of ofBell ofBol ofBell
Bell Bol and afd Tainter TainterI Tinter I
I did more than invest my money
Mr Ir Easton replied reple I gave two years yearsof yearsof car8 car8or
of my m time tme to the t16 company without wihout any anysalary anysaT anysahary
salary saT I I had been earning erlng 30000 00 a year yearas yearas ear earas
as a government stenographer I aban abandoned abanconed abandoned ¬
doned coned a good ood business busines in the belief belef that thatthe thatthe thatthe
the talking machine ultimately ultmately would wouldpay wouldpay wouldpay
pay me far bettor bet bettpr r a judgment that was wasjustified wasju wasjustified
justified ju Ufed In ever eve eveij respect respectMy respectMY respectMy
My friend Ainur irthur thur Devlne DevIn also alo be became hecame beeRnie ¬
came an Important Importa t share owner James JamesG
G i Elaine Baine William WlIam Walter aler Phelps of ofNew otNtw ofNew
New Jersey R R Hltt of Illinois
Ntw Jerse o R Hlt IlnoIs long longa lOl
a 0 member m mber of the House of Represents Representatives Repreenta RepreentaUve Representsfives ¬
fives Uve and chairman of the Committee Commitee on onForeign onForeig onForeign
Foreign Foreig Relations Rolatons Senator Se Htor Allison Alson or orIowa orIowa
Iowa and an Senator Merrill Morri of 6 Vermont Vermontbought Vermonthoughtatock
bought houghtatock stock Years afterward atterard Wu Ting
fane tnn the Chinese minister came Into Intothe Intothe intothe
the company c mvany as an Investor InvestorWhile InvestorWhie investorWhile
j While Whie I was yet a a stenographer stenogrlpher I took tookone tookot tookone
j one of our laboratory machines machlna with me mei meon meon
i i on all al my travels trvels I would send for the thenewspnpe thenewspaper
i newspaper newspnpe reporters when 1 reached reache a acity ncity acity
city like lke Chicago Chlogo and let them t m hear and andsee andsee andsee
see the very latest latet wonder wonderfn In m electricity electricityAmong electtclty electtcltyAmong electricityAmong
Among the sounds I reproduced was the thecrying theenlng thecrying
crying of my m own baby bby That particular particulardemonstration partcUlar partcUlardemonstaton particulardemonstration
demonstration demonstaton was as tremendously temendously popular popularThe popularThe popularThe
The machine in short created create a a big sen sensation senHaton sennation ¬
nation Haton as was natural naturl under the tH circum circumstances circumstances clrcumstances ¬
stances Indeed Inded It is the greatest grcaleft of f all allmechanical al allmechanical
mechanical mechanicl inventions InelUons greater Greater than the thetelegraph thetelegrph thetelegraph
telegraph telegrph the telephone or the steam steamengine steamI steamengine
engine engin It I takes down the voice of man manjust manjUit manjust
I just as it sounds founds recording every word wordand wordand wordand
and every eve shade hade and preserves preerve it or orcontinues Qri orcontinues
i continues contnue It for ages ago to coma comaTrying oomo comaTrying
Trying TrJng for Centnry CentnryScienU CentnryScen CenturyScientists
ScienU Scen Scientists l s In different lerfnt parts purt of the theworld theworld theworld
world had boen trying trIng for more than 100 100years 1 1yeurs jot jotyears <
years to catch c tc1 and ond hplO the t sounds of ofhuman othuman ofliuinn
human voice alee Mr lIr lr Easton Eastn went on to tosay tosa tosai
say sa The Imperial 1mp9lal Academy Aca eny of St StPetersburg St StPetersburg
Petersburg Pet raburg offered olered a u prize prze In 1773 17 for an an is
tory When I first frst saw the machine they theywere theywere
were wer unwilling WIJn to make their invention inventionknown Inoton Inotonknown Inventionknown
known until it I had been further devel developed dovelopel developeti ¬
oped opel My ly idea was was to strike while whfe the theIron thetron theIron
Iron was hot a view they accepted aeep wjth wjthsome wth wthsome 1t1
some lome reluctance reluctanceWe reluctnce reluctnceo reluctanceWe
We o rented a a back bc scorn Im on a side sidestreet aidestreot sidestreet
street in Washington Washlntonand and began bgn business businessOur buines buinesOur businessOur
Our first factory employed six
frst 0ployo1 six men and andIts andIt andits
Its It capacity epacJy was wa three thre machines rncllnO a day dayNow dayNow a aXow
Now we are manufacturing manufcturlnKtwo manufstcturfngtno two machines machinesa
a a a minute In a little while wo vo moved moo to toa toA toa
a better beter building buidIng where the rent was wasJ3GQ wss3Q wasXO
J3GQ 3Q a month It I was a risky rl l undertak undertaking un undertakig ertak ertakIlg ¬
ing Ilg we thought toght However How 8 by that time timewe tme tmewe timewe
we could culd reproduce simple songs sngB banjo banjoplaying banjoplalng banjoplaying
playing plalng and band music and had slot slotmachines slotmachln slotmachines
machines machln that would sing or talk for fornickel ji jinickel jtnickel
nickel nickel We Yo assumed aMume the fnnclni financial obliga obligation oblsa oblsaton obligatlon ¬
tion ton of WOO a month with fear and trem trembling tremI tremIbIIIJ trembhing ¬
bling bIIIJ The slot machines much to our oursurprise oursurprice I
surprise paid pi the te first Irst months rent in inthree Inthre Inthree
three thre days and nd there thre was wa money mney enough enoughleft enoughleft enoughleft
left for our electric electic lighting lightingSlot lihtng lihtngSlot lightingSlot
Slot Machines 31nchlnej Paid PaidStores PnldStores PaidStores
Stores were quickly q eklY established ostablshed In all allthe nI allthe
the principal pincpl cities IUc and an In each Instance Instancethough Instnae InstnaeoSh Instancetkiouglt
though oSh we rentedrooms rented roms in the thick of ofbusiness otb ofbusiness
b business llnoq the slot slotnchlne nuchines paid all the theexpenses theexpenses theexpenses
expenses lit fo the he meantime mNntmo we were sell selling sonIns selllag
Ins graphophones and keeping our factory factorybusy fnctorybus factorybusy
busy bus Stores Storo were also opened opned In Europe EuropeThe EuropeThe EuropeThieslot
The Thieslot slot machine finally fnaly lost lazttheir their Inter Interest interWt interest ¬
est Wt but they had permitted prmlttel us to build buildtjp buU buUtIP
tIP ourtall ourfQf ouruiaiL l business bU buInss lnQSs without wihout expense expenseand expensei expenseand
i and had h dlore more qiOre than tan accomplished nccomplshed their theirpurpose theirpurse theirpurpose
purpose purposeIs purse purseIs S
Is it I truet true I asked a ked that very large largesums Jarsesums largesums
sums of money mone are paid to famous sing singers sln slners singers ¬
ers for records of their best bt songs songsLike songLIke songsLike
Like most 10st stories storlo of moneymaking moneymakingthe monc moiieyinakingthe maklng maklngtho
the figures fgurcs have ha e been somewhat exagger exaggerated exaggeratld exaggerated ¬
ated atld At first fr we got ot three songs from fromSembrlch fromSembrlch fromSembrich
Sembrlch for 2000 20 Edouard de Reszke Reszkethe Reszkethe Reszkethe
the celebrated celebrted bass singer gave gve us three threesongs threesongq threesong
songs songq for 31000 1000 iO In time tme Schumann Schumannlleink SchumannHelnk Schumannileink
lleink Campannri Lilt LIH Lehmann Big BIspham Bs Bsphnm Bigp1mm
pham Mary Garden and Cavalier CnvaUerJ sang sangfor sangfor sangfor
for us very er willingly wiingly Indeed Inded we e have havelaboratories havelaboratorle havelaboratories
laboratories laboratorle In Paris Warsaw Vienna ViennaSt ViennaS1
St S1 5 Petersburg London Milan Mian and other otherEuropean otherEuropean otherEurop
European Europ an cities ctes and singers supply mppl us uswith uswih uswith
with wih such records recold as we may want from fromtime iromtmo fromtime
time tmo to time tme The old way of paying payingcash pa payingcash lnb lnbcash
cash In advance however was unsatis unsatisfactory unsats unsatsfaotry unsatisfactory ¬
factory and so a system s stem of royalties was I
substituted bsUuted Famous singers I have no nodoubt nocobt nodoubt
doubt cobt earn as much money by means of ofthe atthe ofthe
the talking tlkIng machine as a they do In operas operasor operasor operasor
or concerts cOlcerts The graphophone gaphophone I should shouldsay squld squldSf shpuldsay
say Sf actually actualy doubles their earnings earningsRecords earning oarningRecords
Records sell sel at t from tro 35 cents to 750 750apiece 750apiece 5
I apiece the latter later being a 0 a sextet from fromLucia fromLucia fromLucia
Lucia by great vocalists voclsts We have a aI alaboratory
I laboratory In China and the thcJccords therecords records of 400 400Chinese 40 400Chinese
Chinese ChlDse songs ong which were oro given us by bythe brI bythe
I the best b t Mongolian Mongo1an artists artsts The hc music mualcmay musl musicmay
i may sound something like lke a chicken eat eatJ eatj eatlag
J j fnl lag ng corn ror off of a pine board but that Is IsI Isbecause
I because we cant understand or appre appreelate nppreelate appreelate
elate It I Laundrymen Lalndryulcn In thisv this country countrynre cOlntr cOlntrare countryare
are large la e purchasers of Chinese records recordsthus recordsthus recordsthus
thus getting Jetng songs from fro home In their theirown theirown theIrown
own language to cheer them as a they the Iron Ironour Ironou Ironour
our ou shirts shIrt and collars colars The manufacturers manufacturersof
of American talking tJdng machines are doing doingbusiness doingbusinesl doingbusinesg
business businesl everywhere eJr eerywhierein heeln In Japan Turkey TurkeyAfrica TurkeyAfrica TurkeyAfrica
Africa Africa Egypt and the Islands I ands scattered scatteredup scatered scateredup
up and down the earth carthtr from Australia Australiato Australa Australat
to t Greenland and nd then t1 to Madagascar MadagascarMore Madagscar MadagscarMore MadagascarMore
More than 20000000 00 is Ij invested In tho thoinaustry thoInaustry theinaustry
inaustry and thousands of persons perons ara aragiven arl nragiven
given steady and pleasant pleaant employment employmentWill eployment employmentWill
Wi Will political poltcal speeches speehe and lectures lecturesever lecturesever lecturesever
ever quired be delivered delvered by machinery I In Inquired inquired inquired ¬
Stamping1 StnmplnJ by Phone PhoneMechanically rl Pls n nMQhanlcalb niJechanically
MQhanlcalb Mechanically there would be no diffi difficulty dif diffiCulty ¬
culty culty in having Senator La Follette FolletteSpeaker Folete FoleteSpeaer Follettespeaker
Speaker Speaer Cannon J 3 Plerpont PIeront Morgan or orEllhu orEIhQ orElilu
Ellhu EIhQ Root make a a tour of all al the Chau Chautauqua Chautuqua Chantauqua
tauqua tuqua assemblies nsscmbles In the thp United Unie States Statesby Statesb Statesby
by b voice yolcJ alone alonl Nothing would be b miss missIng missIng mIssing
Ing but the fire fre In their eyes ecs their ges gesturbs gesturQs gestuits
turbs and the magnetism magetsr of their per personal personalpresence personni ¬
sonal sonalpresence presence But audiences a9dionces dloncesln In my myopinion m mopinion myopinion
opinion would nqt lQt nbt caite ca1 to hear a long longspeoeh IQnglme langspeed
lme speed speoeh lr lecturtf locurc pr sermon out of a aeraphophone aGJphophone araphophonc
eraphophone GJphophone Nor Nor Tvoqld WQld ron the people p Qple sit sithrough sithrough althrOugh
hrough air opera They would Vuld go to
I sleep or get UP and go out out There are areplenty nt ntplent areplenty
plenty plent of dull dul spots spot In the best bet of operas operasWe operasWe operasWe
We have gone on the Idea Idea that only onlythe onlythe onlythe
the gems gem In a a lengthy musical composi composition composlton composition ¬
tion ton are nr practicable prctcable for reproduction reproductionPresident roprocmton roprocmtonPresidet roprodttionPresident
President Presidet Taft Taf talking In a 0 horn has hascourteously hascourteously
courteously given us several soverl short ad n addresses
dresses dre8 es Plenty of his countrymen will willnever wl willnever
never see him and they want to hear his hlavoice hisvalce hisvoice
voice His address on foreign foreig missions missionshas missionsha missionshas
has ha boon b en repeated in hundreds ot ofchurches otchurhes otchurches
churches churhes and has ha done a great deal of ofgood ofgood ofgood
good We Ve have records from rota William Wilam J JBryan Jnr 3Bryan
Bryan nr nn but Col Roosevelt Roosvelt turned us uadown usdQwn usdown
down Joseph Jefferson Jeferson gave us part of ofa ota ofa
a sceno from Rip Van Winkle and andwe andwe
we were wer about to get some of Bill Bi Nyes Nyesjoke8 Nycsjokes
jokes when ht h ho > died diedI diedIt
It I Is unfortunate that the phonograph phonographWDS
was not Invented centuries c nturiQ ago that the thevoices theolees thevoices
voices olees of great orators might have hlo been beenheard beenhard beenheard
heard for all al ages ngG to come come Demosthenes Demosthenesand Demosthenesand
and Cicero might be living yet And Andall AndnI Andoh
all nI oh Americans would be glad I know knowwero knowwero knowwero
wero It I possible osible for or them thor to hoar hor George GeorgeWashington GeorgeI GeorgeWashington
Washington Patrick Patrlck Henry Hcrr Andrew AndrewJackson AndrewJackson n rcw rcwJacKson
I Jackson and Abraham Lincoln Llicoln One of ofmy ofm ofmy
my m missionary friends Is sending me rec records reeords ¬
ords of hymns sung 8un by Sunday school schoolchildren schoolchidren schoolchildren
children chidren in China and I am ur sending sendinghymns HodIng HodIngmns SOfllinghymns
hymns mns sung In this country to Christian Christianworkers Christin ChristinwotelB Christian1otieLB
workers In the Orient Orientwhat OrientiaWhnt OrientYhat
wotelB iaWhnt what other uses us < I asked are being bolngmade baingmade beingmade
made of talking tnldng machines machinesAid machlno machinesAid
Aid Iel io HoMitltnln HoMitltnlnPhysicians lmIt lloatiltnlaPhysicians Un UnPhysicians
Physicians at hospitals are getting gettingrecords sottng sottngrecbnl gettingrecords
records of coughs that are are peculiar pecular and andof andof
of breathings that will wi help them in 1f the thediagnosis thedlngnolls thediagnosis
diagnosis of certain Crtaln diseases diseaes Eminent Eminentocalista EminentI Eminentocaltts
I ocalista 0 lSt8 are singing musical IUIMI exercises exercisesupon oxorlses oxorlsesI oxoicisesflPOO
I upon records of wax w wa which together togetherwith togetherwith
with wih the textbook In hand arc art Invalu Invaluable Jnvaluablo Invaluable ¬
able to students Moving Movng pictures plcturn by and andby andb andby
by b will wi be enabled to talk and an the ad adJustmnt adjuatnient
justment will wi be so 10 perfect pQfect that that every eerymoton everymotion
motion moton of the hands and movement moveont of the thelips thelps thelips
lips lps will wi fit ft the words wor s Languages Languago have haveteen havetfen haveI
teen tfen I eon taught Uuht for years yor wltJj WItl witjtho UiG help of ofthe orthe ofthe
the grnphophona gmphophone The advantages advantage of such suchteaching suchteachjns suchteachIng
teaching are obvious oblout One can en learn learnFrench loarnFrnch learnFrench
French Frnch as It is I apoken Oken In Paris and andGerman RndGerman andGerman
German as It Is spoken in Berlin BerlinWhat Berln BerlnWhat BerlinWhat
What other uses USO will be b found I Iinquired IInquired IInquired
inquired inquiredI
I think the personal pesonal correspondence correspondencebetween eorrePOmloce eorrePOmlocebetween correspondencebetween
between relatives and an friends trlendi will wU be belargely belargly belargely
largely largly carried carlod on by machinery machlnor beforp beforplong betorplong beforplong
long rn f the past pit there thece has been troubl troublein troublin troublIn
in making a I a cheap chttp record rorc that was strong strongenough strongCnoush strongenough
enough Cnoush to be transported lranprte in the mail mailThe malK malKTh malltThe
The Th difficulty tltculty has almost almot been b n overcome overcomeI
I am sure that at an Bf early ealy dpy one will willfind wi wihifind
find fnd It not alone convenient but pleas pleasurable pIcs pIcsurabJ pleasurable ¬
urable urabJ to talk a n love letter lette or a 0 family familyletter famiy famiyleUr familyletter
letter into a graphophone craphopne and n then to tohave tohan tohave
have It carried to its destination dOtnRton for a a2cent aent acent
2cent cent ent postage peUgo stamp stampThe stmp stmpfh stampThee
The fh voice ol c of ones mother mther sister sisterfather siste sisterfather
father or sweetheart sweethot would sound sune mighty mightygood mlgbtygood mightygood
good if one were cr far away from frol home homeWriting hor homeWriting
Writing Wrln would be unnecessary unne and the theret theren thereL
ret ren rd ld would cost ot little ltte more moe perhaps perhapsthnn perhapsthan
than stationery stationeryCopyright staUoncr stationeryCetght
Copyright Pgt W It isie i b J Jame ame naw B Sfenw SfenwHELP ShtrewHELP Un UnHELP
HELP FOR IPRISONERS IPRISONERSAgeBt PRISONERS PRISONERSAgent PRISONERSAgent
Agent Massie Doing Noble Noblef
f I Work Y orl in Capital Capial CapialCHARACTER CapitalCHARACTER
STUDY NECESSARY NECESSARYorklnK ECESSABPY ECESSABPYWorking
STDY NOESSAY NOESSAYVolkJnJ
Working VolkJnJ orklnK Amnng m mnn n iynfortuho Vrifotu fotuI uPtr uPtrIiOflN > T Jr r rsonii
sonii lu n the Interest of the he Prison
erX er tz Aid All Society Soclet Agent Accom AccompIlmucM AccomhlbJ Accentpllahiea
pIlmucM hlbJ Great Work ork by I Anointing AnointingInmate AHllltng AHllltngliunntcI 4tsaintlngInmates
Inmate liunntcI to Xuiv Xe New Start In 11 Lie LieMr Life LifeMr fe feMr
Mr Charles Charl A Massie Mase the to agent gent of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the Prisoners Aid Jd Society Soiet of Washing Washington Wlhln Wlhlnton Washington ¬
ton Is doing doln a large and noble work fer ferhumajilty ferhUmaJ1lt ferliumajit
humajilty Although Alhurh up to a few weeks weeksago weoksa weeksago
ago a o he was WfS not an official orell of the Police PoliceCourt Polce PolceCourt PoliceCourt
Court the court would hardly have haveknown hve hvelmown haveknown
known what to do without him for many man
13tars years ykrs past as his hi ls presence preence and activity activityenabled actvity actvityonabled activityenabled
enabled the quality q aIy of mercy and the thefurther thefurther thefurther
further upbuilding uVbuldlng of good citizens cJzenB to tooutshine toutshlne tooutshine
outshine the more exactions e CUOn8 of justice justiceThe jutc jutcThe justiceThe
The Prisoners Prisoner Aid A Id Society hag been bn in inexistence Inedstence inexIstence
existence edstence since the Spanish Spnl h war Mrs MrsMary MrsMnr MrsMary
Mary Mnr F Case at t that time tme established establishedresting etfblshed etfblshedr6sHng establishedresting
resting places and provided refreshment refreshmentfor retr0hment retr0hmenttor
for tho soldiers soldier In the city ciy in order orcr to tokeep tokeep tokeep
keep them out of 086100n saloons and Mr Massie Massieand Maslo Masloand Massi0and
and others became bocme Interested Intereted In the tle care careof Cfre Cfreo careof
of o the soldiers Mrs Cases activity actvity and andthe andthe andthe
the discovery by Mr r Massie that a apolice apolee apolice
police polee station at that tht time tme was the only onlyplafie onlypln onlyplaet
plafie pln of refuge retule for the children cJtldrcn who whowore whowore whowore
wore brought In from the street Itet was the thebeginning theb thebeginning
beginning b innlnh of the formation formaton of the Pris Prisoners Prs Prsoner Prisoners ¬
oners oner Aid Society Mr ltafie Mangle tasI has been beendoing b been beendoing n ndoln
doing doln work among prisoners prisners for twenty twentyeight twont twonteIght twentyeight
eight years The problem of heredity hereditywith horelty horeltywih hereditywith
with wih which he has to cope so often in inIts inIs inits
Its Is tendency to evil evi among his proteges protegeshas protegeshas
has in himself proved an enormous enormouspower onormouspower enormouspower I
power for good god as his forefathers were wereengaged wereon wereengaged
engaged on gaged In prison work workIn workIn workIn
In every case where a person prson has been beenarrested beennrrested beenarrested
arrested for an offense ofense against the Dis District District District ¬
trict Mr ltr Massie goes Into the prisoners prisonerscage prIsonerscage prisonerscage
cage gets their story atoT before the trial trialand trialnnd trialand
and their confidence confdence also if l possible ossible In Inso Inso inso
so short a time tme Cases Case of ot lawbreaking lawbreakingthrough 1awbreaklngthrough lawbreakingthrough
through ignorance Igoranoe carelessness carclosness and andwhere andwhere andwhere
where tho one accused ccuse Is young are areturned aretured areturned
turned tured over to Mr Massie by b the court courtHe court courtHe
He pays p S the fine fne If there Is one one and If Ifthey I ifthey
they the live lve out of the District sends them themto themto themto
to their homes hoes or finds fnds the right shelter shelterfor sheler shelerlor shelterfor
for them Saving young ounJ offenders ofenders the theclose theclose theclose
close contact with criminals in prison prisonlife prisonlife
life is an incalculable blessing
Character Study St tl Necessary AccessaryMr NecessaryMr eeelRIT eeelRITMr
Mr Hassles assIes judgment judgent judgmeihnd and Insight Into Intocharacter Intocharacter intocharacter
character Is quite unusual and very verynecessary veryneccssary verynecessary
necessary In this work Of the money moneywhich money moneywhich moneywhich
which he has advanced adance to pay pa tines ne and andto andto andto
to return persons to their homes during duringseven duringseven
seven years cars time tme 90 9 per cqnt has been beenreturned beenreturned beenreturned
returned to him and and those owing the theremaining theremaining theremaining
remaining 10 per cent were In all al prob probability probabity probability ¬
ability abity unable to reimburse reimbure him That Thattruth Thattruth Thattruth
truth Is stranger than fiction fcton Is well wellsubstantiated wcl wellsubstantiated
substantiated mbstnntate In the tragedy and romance romancetold rmance rmancetold romancetold
told by b hundreds of letters leters and tele telegrams teleb telegrams ¬
grams b ams which Mr Massie receives from fromparents fromparents fronparents
parents and children chidren whom ho has helped helpedand helpednnd helpedand
and who correspond corrspond with wih him regularly regularlyThese reglarl reglarlThese regularlyThese
These come from all parts of the world worldand worldand worldand
and are filled fled with gratitude gatude This ThisChristlike ThisChristlike 1hls 1hlsChrlstJke
Christlike ChrlstJke man succeeds In winning the theofficers theomcers theofticers
officers of the law to cooperate cooperte with withhim withhIm withhim
him in helping the fallen talen to forgot orgQt the thesteps thesteps thesteps
steps already trod and onward urge their theirway theirway theirway
way wayTo wayTo wayTo
To this work regardless of differences differencesof diferences diferencesof
of race or religion relgion Mr Massie who Is Isan 1san Isan
an Episcopalian Episcopalan has given hlnself hlselwlth hlselwlthout with without without ¬
out remuneration remuneraton for many years For Fora
a short time tme thcf th thassociatIon association assoclaton was > able ble to togive t tgive tOgive
give him a small t5l salary but owing to tolack tolalk tolack
lack lalk of sufficient sutllent subscriptions subslrlptons It i has haabeen hasbeen hasbeen
been impossible during most of his hI serv service s strvIce r ¬
ice the funds being all applied appled to tl the thework theworkuand theaork
work workuand and nd yet there is room roomOn roomOn roomOn
On October Ocober 17 he was appointed RPpotted chief chiefprobation chle chleprobaton chiefprobation
probation probaton officer ofcer of the Police Court C urt un under under Unclot ¬
der the Uf law passed pased at the last session sessionof sessionof sessionof
of Congress Co geS8 which provided for three threeprobation threeprObnton threeprobation
probation prObnton officers ofcer one at the Criminal CriminalCourt CrimInalCourt CriminalCourt
Court and two at the Police Polce Court Court Mr MrMassies MrMasl MrMassies
Massies Masl ts appointment for practically practicallythe practcal practicallyth
the th same fame work he h has been doing car carries carres carrie ¬
ries res rie with wih it a a salary of l lw 1500 0p a a year a awell awell
v vMr
rewardMr
well we1 deserved reward rewardMr
Mr Massie Is a a type of muscular Chris Christ
t V
COMMONS COAdNS NEEDS REFORM REFORMBoth
Both Houses of Englands Parliament Require Requ re Overhauling Overhaulingto
4 toSatisfy to Satisfy Modern Business usinessObject Object to Science
Ily n EXATTACHE EXATTACHEEnglands EXATCIE EXATCIEEngl1ods EXATTAC1IEEnghtds
Englands Engl1ods national legislature has often oftenbeen ottonboen oftenbeen
j been described as the Mother of Parlia Parliaments Parla Parlanwnt Parliameats ¬
j meats nwnt and as a model for popular assem assemblies a assembIbs m mbies ¬
j
j bIbs bies in all those countries countrie where repre representative representatve reprosentative ¬
sentative sentatve government governmentthat that Is to say a gov government government goyOrnment ¬
ernment for the people by br the people peoplehas peoplo peoplehas
has been Icen obtained from the Crown Crowncithor Crownelhar Crowneither
either elhar by b favor or by force force The news newstherefore newstherofore newstherefore
therefore that the House of Commons Commonsis
is bent upon obtaining it not a divorce divorceat divorce
at tiny rate rte a judicial judical separation separton from from the theHouse thoHouso theHouse
House of f Lords rdl and that that two of the thethree thothree thethree
three component parts part of Parliament Parliamenthave Parlament Parlamenthavc Parliamenthave
have found themselves thcmsolve unable to t work worknn wo work workany k kany
any nn longer In unison after ttOl many hun hundreds hundreds liondreds ¬
dreds of years cars of existence fXlftenc in common commonIs
Is naturally naturaly calculated clculated to excite interest interestIn Interet InteretIn
In every ever quarter of the globe globeThe globeThe globeThe
The Commons have always alwls been dis disposed dl dlpOle1 disposed ¬
posed to arrogate nrogat to themselves themselvo the thegreater Uaegreter thegreater
greater greter share of the powers of partner partnership partnerHhlv partnership ¬
ship Now they wish to monopolize monopl them themaltogether thema1o themaltogether
altogether a1o ether to transform the upper cham chamber chamber chamflher ¬
ber Into a I mere office otce for registering regitcrlng the thedecrees thodecree thedecrees
decrees decree of the lower house honlc without any anyright anyrght anyright
right rght of discussion or rejection rljecton In fact factif factIt factif
if the government gOlrment had Its it way the Lords Lordswill Lrdi Lrdiwi Lordswill
will wi be reduced to such a n state itata of im impoteney Smpottnc impotency
potency pottnc as 8f to practically prctcaly transform transfor Par ParHament parHament Parliament
Hament into a single sngle chamber chamberSpectacle chamborSIcetncle chamnborSpectacle
Spectacle of Greece GreeceExperience Gre GreeceExperience cc ccxparlnc
Experience xparlnc however howoe has shown that thatgovernments thatgovernnumt thatgovernments
governments governnumt by b means meas of a single Nln Je cham chamber chambor cimmbor ¬
bor are Impracticable Impracteable and we have be before b btore before ¬
fore us as an Illustration iustrton thereof the thespectacle thespoctacl
te tespotnclo
spectacle spotnclo of Greece where wher men of every everypolitical over overpoltcl everypolitical
political poltcl party prty interested Intoreted in the welfare welfareof welare welareot
of the nation naton havo expressed exprood themselves themselvesin themselve
in favor of the constitution conHtluUon of a senate senateor sonateor senateor
or some 10me sort of an upper house to t the theBoulc theBoul theBoith
Boulc as lS the only means of o extricating extricatingthe extrlcatnJ extricatingthe
the country countr from legislative legislatve Impasse Impase In Inwhich Inwhich inwhich
which it has been ben floundering foundorlng for so many manyyears mny mnyyors manyyears
yors years Involving the country In ruin at athome athome athome
home and discredit abroad abroJ1 Here in inAmerica Inmerla inAmerica
America merla it is I impossible Impolible to conceive the thegovernment th thegovernment
government of the Union or of any any State Statebeing Statebolng Statebeing
being administered save through ai al aupper aupperand upper upperand ulr ulrand
and a lower lowe chamber the former exist existing eist eistIng existlog ¬
ing in order to constitute some sme restraint restraintupon retrant retrantupon restraintupon
upon hasty hast reckless rekle and nd possibly poibly social socialistic loclal loclalIsUc socialistic ¬
istic legislation legislaton by b the lower chamber chamberYet chamb chamberYet r rYet
Yet It I Is something smethinG very cry much akin to the theabolition theaboUtlon theabolition
abolition of the upper upp chamber that tlt to tonow h isnow
now bring bflnc sought Jught by the Liberals In InGreat InGrot inGrunt
Great Grot Britain Briain on the ground gound that Oat the theparliamentary theprnam theparliamentary
parliamentary prnam nty machine which has hI done doneduty don dondut doneditty
duty dut for so I many man centurion cenltrhM is no longer longerworkable longerorkobl longerworkable
workable workableOf workableOf orkobl orkoblOf
Of course Ourse on the face of it the die disposition di diepositip ¬
position poslUQ abroad abrod especially in republican republicancountries relmbUeanconntr1e republicancountries
countries conntr1e i 11 is to sympathize 1mpaUlto with the Lib Liberals Ilbfral Liberais ¬
erals fral and to regard the House of Lords Lordsa Lrds Lrdsaa Lordsas
a aa a relic of medieval mele11 absolutism absolutsm and ad of ofCBM otclaN ofclass
CBM claN privilege lrlvnese altogether alogether out of keeping keepingwith Icoeplngwith keepingwith
with the democracy of life lre In the twen twentieth twenteth twentieth ¬
tieth teth century centuryBut centur centuryBut
But a J little calm reflection r8eUon soon gives givesbirth glvl givesbirth
birth bIrh to the te conviction conviton that a n House tt ttlrda f furds fLords
Lords > urds which Is I ready rdy to reform itself Iselr by bythe bythe bythe
the abandonment of hereditary herdlar rights to toa toI toi
a I i seat eat on Its Is benches bence Is i quite quie as a desir desirable dOr dOrablo dosirable ¬
able a safeguard to the tf British BrlthParUf Parlia Parliament Parliameat ¬
ment as tho United Unied States State Senate is to toCongress toOO toCongress
Congress OO rO at at1Vashlngton Washington ashlngton and that if the theparliamentary theprlaplentl theflarllapwntary
parliamentary prlaplentl machine in England Englnd Is no nolongeron no10ngetln nolonger1n
longeron 10ngetln a working woking condition cndIton It Is due duenot duenot duenot
not alone 310n to the Lords but also to the theCommons tbeCOmtOn theCommon
Commons COmtOn That the latter later with Us ap appnrent apprtnt apparent
parent prtnt inability Inabity to distinguish dfsUnGulsh between betweenquestions betweenqU betweenuesUons
questions qU uesUons Uons of imperial Imprial importance Imprtance ad admator and andmatters nd ndmatters
matters mator that tb t are merely m ely prochial parochial and andwith andwIth andwith
with its It archaic formalities formalte and unsatis unsatisfactory unsaUsCe unsatisfactory ¬
factory Ce ton composition compsion is I quite Quie as a much muh in inneed 1f heneed
need of reform the House of
ne rtor as the Lords Lordsand Lrds Lordsand
and an quite Qule as much to blame for the te par parliamentary par parliamestary ¬
liamentary IameHtar deadlock which whIch has been beenreached bee beenreetohod
reached reachedFor reetohodFor
faoo
For a deadlock dedlock It is and it i Is because becauseGreat becae becaeGrat becauseGreat
Great Grat Britains Parliament Parlnmont has ceased cMsec to tobe tobe tobe
be workable that tat just at the present preont mo
tlanlty tanlt capable cpable of commanding obedience obedienceThe obedienceThe obediencerho
The names nanlo of persons aided by b the Pris Prisoners Prisoners Prisommers ¬
oners kid tid Id Society ate hold sacred and andmany andman
sacd
many man persons above the class clns commonly commonlycalled commonlycUed commonlycalled
called cUed criminals have been saved much muchsuffering muchsuferinG mucksuffering
suffering suferinG and disgrace disgrace The Thf present pesent offi officers omers otflcers ¬
cers ers are ire Bishop Bshop Alfred Alrd Harding president presidentthe prOdent prOdentUtc presidentthe
the Rev Richard Ic nrd P Williams Wiiam archdeacon archdeaconof archdecon archdeconof
of Washington 8hIQgton vice vlc president preident the Rev RevW Revl RevlW RevW
W J 1 D Thomas Thoma chaplain Miss Mis Mary F FCase FCase FCase
Case treasurer treaurer Miss Mis Rachel Rahel Levy LVY see secrotary seeretr seerotary
rotary retr Mrs lfrs John Sherman financial financialsecretary fnnncial fnnncialsecretar1 financialsecretary
secretary secretar1 Dr DJ Ida Heiberger HElberger physician physicianand phsiclanand physicianand
and Charles Charies1Ahfred Alfred Alre Massie lIassle agent agentTwentysix agenLTwentysix agentTwentysix
Twentysix thousand persons have ae been beenhelped beenhelpe beenhelped
helped helpe to positions posItons of trust and SOOO SOOOhave 8Mhnxo S000have
have been b en returned to their ther homos nomo In Inother 1f inother
other othr cities during the existence c 15tence of the thesociqty thesct thesociejy
sociqty sct The report for ono on years ears work wGrkIs workis workis
is as ai all follows followsNumber folows folowsumb followsNumber
Number umb of thUg thil paid pi sid sidNnThor 9K 9KNnajbar I
Nnajbar lbQ1 of pcrsoni prnl auted ako 2TI8 2TI8Number 2ns 2nsumb 2718Niimnbtr
Number umb of o persons f sent Mt hone h euf et oufsf pi the ri dt city TM TMKwplajTBcct 70 70Emploruient
KwplajTBcct EmpOt found foun far forclothing fi fiCfotkin I
Chng clothing Cfotkin furnished furise to tofol 1W 1WKeren 171iletnet
I Keren < found fol for forflthu4 3t 3tItelM t tneN
neN flthu4 ItelM from fr the te TOrkbewe rkl IK IKRetoaswl II litRetati
Retoaswl nelH fuss I Jail JailAmount j Z Ztmeunt
Amount 1nt paid rJ akl for fo railroad nUrd tows f and an Ae Sees ft 365W 365Wrnomt x6 SttJ SttJAmount r
Amount m rnomt paid far fe railroad rird fires fam awl a flnes Int fine re retamed r zeturned
x
tamed tH turnedBalance 3231 3231Balance 3
Balance Dal out ot aitWhiiio 4W8S 4W8SWhile 4
While Whie the foregoing figures fgrac would woul In Indicate Indicte indicate ¬
dicate dicte the handling handlng of a large sum of ofmoney ofmone ofmoney
money mone It it must be noted that no such suchamqunt suchamQunt suchamqunt
amqunt has ha ever beeft bef in our possession possessionIt possosslonI
It I has been by b the repeated repeate use of small smallamounts smal smallamounts
amounts that the aggregate agregate has been beenreached beenreached beenreached
reached reached
COt Is II Xot Inrge LargeExcluding InrgeE InrgeExcluding
Excluding E cludlng all al other othtr assistance rendered renderedand renderedand renderedand
and work done there is the astonishing astonishingfact atonishing atonishingfact astonishingfact
fact that for less 1 lcs than tha 216 26 16 a a person person2S4S peron person2S4S
2S4S people have been taken from the
moat demoralizing demora1zl g surroundings and In Instead Instad instead ¬
stead of being left lef stranded strande among amongstrangers among8trangers amongstrangers
strangers restored to their homes homesIn home homesIn
In addition nddlton to all al this many times tmes the theamount theaount theamount
amount aount paid out by b this department has hasbeen h8been lotsbeen
been saved to the people of the District Districtjit District DistrictIt
jit I It is safe sae to say sa that the saving to the thepublic thepubUc thepublic
public through the work of the depart departiment departmcnt departmoot
iment moot has been not less les than t an 30000 30000The 0O00The 0
The stories of persons who have hac been beenhelped beenhelped beenhelped
helped speak 9p ak more effectually efecunI than any anything anyUlnS anything ¬
thing UlnS that can be said sal about them The Thefollowing Therulowng Thefullowlog
following rulowng nre a few of the ninny ninnyAn nlmy nlmyAn nmnyAn
An old soldier who was w wds s addicted adilctfd to todrink todrink todrink
drink was found one mornln morning by Mr MrMnsslo MrMnssio MrMasslo
Mnsslo in the station staton house thinking thinkingover thinkingover
over his past pat career caeer with wih shame and dis discouragement discouragement diacouragement ¬
couragement When approached approached by Mr MrMassie MrMassie MrHassle
Massie In a friendly way wa he confessed confessedthat confesed confesedthat confessedthat
that no one had cared what became of ofhim ofhim ofhim
him for years Mr Massie lassl asked aske him if ifhe Ithe ifhe
he believed belevcd In God or had ever prayed prayedto prcd prcdto
to Him He responded resonded that he heIiad hod said saidthe sld sldthe saidthe
the Lords Lrds Prayer Pa er to which Mr Massie Massiereplied MassIerepled Massiereplied
replied repliedI repled repledsny
I sny Our Father too so te IC e are arebrothers nr nrbrothers arebrothers
brothers What Is the matter with you youShake youShae youShake
Shake ShakeThus Shae ShaeThus ShakeThus
Thus he hE h touched the right ohord and andeventually andcentualy andeventually
eventually centualy the soldier Ioldler was entirely entrely re reclaimed reclaimed ccclaimed ¬
claimed and Joined jolne the Prisoners Prsoners Aid AidSociety AidSocety AidSOcfefy
Society Socety to which he hepaid paid his hi annual dues duesuntil duesuntl duesuntil
until untl tho day da of his death deathA deathA deathA
A young man was WIS arrested are tcd as a va vagrant vagtnt vagrant ¬
grant gtnt who had come to Washington to tofind tofnd tofind
find fnd employment eploym nt but got Into bad com company company cornpany ¬
pany and ald was W11 sent to the te workhouse workhousewhere workho worl liduse lidusewhere se sewhere
where Mr Hassle Masie found him and sent senthim senthim senthim
him back to his home hom having first frst pro provided proyftd provided ¬
vided yftd him with wIh decent clothing including includingan icluding icludingal
an al overcoat as the cold was wa extreme extremeThen extremehen extremeThen
Then hen through trustworthy trstworthy people em employment employment cmployment ¬
ployment was wa at once found for him and andIn andIn andin
In one months month stme time the overcoat overoat was wasreturned wai wa wareturned
returned accompanied accop nled by a note note saying enylnS
that he was now able to buy one for
ment the tloeyO eyes of thoughtful people peple in inevery Inevery inevery
every part of the universe universeIn universein In North as aswell aswel aswell
well wel as in South America In Japan in inChina InChIna inChina
China In India In Africa Afrca Australia Austala and andin andIn andin
in the wilds wids of Siberia as a well wol as a every everywhere evenwhero everywhere ¬
where In Europe Puropeare uropeare are concentrated concentrted Just Justnow justhOW
now 10 upon upn the palace of Westminster Vetmlnster in inLondon InLondon inLondon
London LondonIt LondonI
It I Is unnecessary unnecosary to enter here more morefully moreruly morefully
fully ruly Into the causes of the disputes dlsput s or orrather orrather orrather
rather series Berle of disputes dispute which have re resulted reuled resuIted ¬
suIted uled In war to the knife between the theLords theLrs theLords
Lords Lrs and the Commons The cabl rbl cable dls dlspRtchcs dlsPtcbes dispatches
patches Ptcbes contain ntaIn columns of information informationabout Informaton informationabout
about the matter matt r and ad moreover events eventsare oventsare eventsare
are now moving rapidly the utmost utmostIgnorance utmostIgorance utmostignorance
Ignorance Igorance prevailing prenlng as to the nature of ofeach ofoah ofeah
each oah next step by the te thjee thiee component componentparts componentpart componentparts
parts part of Parliament Parlament namely namel Crown CrownLords CrownLord CrownLords
Lords and fd Commons AH AlJ 1 fynereforo fneretorc that thatIt thatIt thatIt
It Is possible to do under the circum circumstances clrcumstunce circumstances ¬
stances stunce Is to call cal attention atenton to some few fewfeatures tewtoturo fewfeatures
features toturo and oddities oddites of tbjs tlls oldest ot otall otal otall
all al legislative leglsJatle bodies In the world worldPerhaps worldPerhaps worldPerhaps
Perhaps the strangest stranget thing thln about Eng Englands Englands Englands ¬
lands Parliament Parlament is to be found in the thefact thefact thefact
fact that although it Is supposed to be betho betho bethe
tho temple of oratory ortory and the one place placein placeIn placein
in the empire whore eloquence reigns reignssupreme reigs reigs8tpr reignssupreme
supreme 8tpr Je since the entire cnUr sessions of ofboth ofbot ofboth
both bot houses house are given up to discussion discussionthat dlsousslonthat discussionthat
that is to say S talk It Is the tl0 silent sient man manwho manwho manwho
who Is held In the highest highet regard regrd The TheEnglish TheMngUsh TImeEnglish
English are naturally naturaU a silent sient race raceType rce rceTpe raceType
Type of Legislator LeglMlntorTheir IeIIHlntor IeIIHlntorTheir LegislatorTheir
Their most popular popullT type of ol 0 national nationalhero natonal natonalhero nationalhero
hero Is 1 the strong silent sient man and the thelegislator thelog8lator thelegislator
legislator log8lator who says nothing nothing at all al merely merelydemonstrating merelydemonstrtng merelydemonstrating
demonstrating demonstrtng I IIB > Is views by his votes or orelse ore1se orelse
else who ho in a n few brief perhaps clumsily clumsilyconstructed clumsiy clumsiyconstucted clumsilyconstructed
constructed constucted sentences sentence says what he has hasto hasto
to say plainly ph nb and to the point without withoutany wihout wihoutany withoutany
any pretension to oratory ortory inspires inspire a far fargreater fargreater
greater greter degree dege of confidence confdence both In and andout andout andout
out of Parliament PArJlnmcnt Pariament than the most care carefully carefuly carefully ¬
fully fuly trained trln elocutionist elocutonist or the most mostsllverytongued mostlvertonuet mostsilverytongued
sllverytongued lvertonuet speaker Verbiage VerbloGe no nomatter nomtor nomatter
matter mtor how melodious melolou inspires distrust distrustwhereas distrustwhcCs distrustwhereas
whereas whcCs blunt blunt direct tpeh speech appeals to tothe tothe tothe
the Bngllshspoaking Englshspoking races racesAnd races racesAnd
And nd that was wa why the late Iate Duke of ofDevonshire ofDovonhlre ofDevonshire
Devonshire Dovonhlre who spoke as little as as a he hecould hetuJ liecould
could tuJ and was WiS wont to yawn in the themiddle themlddlo themiddle
middle of his speeches Zpeeches by reason roson as S he heexplained heexplaine heexplained
explained explaine It I of their dreariness drrno was wa re regarded regarde regarded ¬
garded garde by the bulk of his hs countrymen countmen as asa asA asa
a far safer fer man Jan to follow folow than the most mosteloquent mostol mosteloquent
eloquent ol n of all great gr t commoners cmmoner of the thenineteenth theflneteent1 thenineteenth
nineteenth flneteent1 eontury e eon ntur tury namely William WilliamBwart Williamvart llam llamEWfrt
Bwart EWfrt vart Gladstone GladstonePerhaps Gladtone GladtonePerhps GladstonePerhaps
Perhaps Perhps the te following folowlfg little lte Incident IncidentwllUIHustrate Incident111lluatrte incidentwilLihiustrate
wllUIHustrate 111lluatrte just what I mean At the thotime thetme thetime
time tme of the discussion dlscUlon in the House of ofCommons ofComo ofCommons
Commons Como of the tl Chinese Chinee labor in South SouthAfrica Southrc SouthAfrica
Africa rc controversy onrovGr an entirely now mem member membr mernher ¬
her br succeeded suee e in an altogether alogether unexpected unexpectedfashion unepected unepectedfashion unexpectedfashion
fashion in catching ctching the Speakers Spokers eye eyePerhaps oeI eyeIerIp
I Perhaps ebaP it was as the strangeness strangoos of his at attire attre attire ¬
tire tre the te pilot plot coat cat and the soft felt hat hatcontrasting hi hatcontrasting
with the silken silkentiles silkentiles
contrasting conttns so strangely strngely wih siken sikent1
tiles members which whichcaused whicheU which005cc1
t1 worn won by the te other othe membfrs
eU 005cc1 caused the t occupant Mupnt of the chair eh lr to ac aceord a accord
cord eod IV IVm lm to permission rmaon to speak speakCheapness spek spekCbenpnea speakChenpmiess
Cheapness of Labor LnborIn LaborIn LaborIn
In a a few short shon crisp sentences sent coo he gave gavethem gne gnethem gavethem
them his bl reasons II for his objections ob Uons to tothe tothe tothe
the Chinese on aecdunt acdunt of the Ue Cheapness Cheapnessof hcne3 hcne3of hedpnesof
of their Oelr labor lar explaining that tAt he had hadworked hadworke hadworked
worked worke in South Africa Afrlc asa aa laborer and andspeaking andspeking andspeaking
speaking speking to t them thof ss 0 a I laboring laborns man man8ude A Asudden Asudden
sudden 8ude bush buh fell upon upn the House overy overyone oer oerone
one listening ltonl latently latentl There was wa no nodisposition nodisposition I
dtpUo disposition on o either ether side of the th House Ho to toeven toeven
even smlleat sml6t his oddities of expression expressionand eprOlon eprOlonan expressionand
and an at the transparent trnsprent lack of culture cultureand culure cultureand
and even of education edulaton In his hlsutorances hlsutorancesHere utterances utterancesHere nttoraneesHere
Here was WI a man mn who knew by actual actualexperience actualeprence actualexperience
experience eprence what he was speaking about aboutand abut abutan aboutand
and an who was saying syl it as briefly brlet and as assimply assimply
simply as 10 a knew how When he sat satdown satdown t tdown
down Joseph JOeph Chamberlain Chamber arose from the
himself himel and the one lIe was sending sendingmight se sefdingmight dlng dlngmight
might help some sme other unfortunate unfortunateBefore unf unfortunateBefore rtnate rtnateBet
Before Bet re the appointment appointmet of welltrained welltraineddeaconesses welltraineddoaconesacs
deaconesses docnef at the Union Station StaIon Mr MrMassie MrMassie lr lrale
Massie ale has bs often cfe been bee a savior wlor to un unsophisticated unMphlstcated unsophisticated ¬
sophisticated Mphlstcated young yun women who while whilestopping whl whilestopping
stopping sopping over even one train would have havebecome havebme havebecome
become bme entangled to their downfall downfallOne downfal downfallOne
One young girl sil was lured lurtd from a a mill milltown milltown
town by an apparently apprenty responsible renslble woman womanwith womanwih womanwith
with wih promise promis of better bete wages W8 O which the thegirl thegr thegirl
girl much needed for the support of her herfamily hertant tierfamily
gr
family tant The he woman WO a1 had been sent out outfrom outfrm outfrom
from frm a disreputable diseputble house in search serch of ofa o oa ofa
a pretty pett face When hen on arriving In InWashington InWahington inWashington
Washington Wahington the Innocent girl discovered discoveredthe disovered disoveredte
the te nature of her surroundings she sht man managed manage ninaaged ¬
aged age to escape Ope although wearing clothing clothingwhich clothingwhih clothingwhich
which whih the tht woman had loaned her and andwhich andwhlth andwhich
which whlth she was was obliged oblgt to pawn In order orderto orderto orderto
to meet her traveling expenses expen5c home homeBeing homeBeing homeBeing
Being in consequence cnsequence arrested as a thief thiefshe thleshe thiefshe
she was returned returne to Washington Yashlnson and andfound ald aldfond aridfound
found fond by Mr Massie at the station statan house bousebefore housebefore housebefore
before court curt opened where he learned her hertrue hcrtruo hertrue
true story at or
Starts Life Lie Anew AnewThe AnewThe Anewrite
The whole case ce the Innocence innoence of the thegirl to togirl thegirl
girl her distress dlstrts and the publicity pubUclt given givento givento givento
to the affair atalr so worked upon the woman womanwho womanwho womanwho
who had preferred I tho charge chnrte against againstthe aginst aginstthe againstthe
the girl grl that she was reclaimed relaImed actually actuallyforsaking actualy actualyforsking actuallyforsakIng
forsaking forsking her evil etI life and ad starting startng anew anewIn anewIn anewin
In a a respectable ro tble business far fa from her herold herold herold
old associations assollatons while the girl was saved savedto sacdto savedto
whie grl
to society societyA scltty sclttyA
A visit Isl to Mr Massie 1assle from a R multimil multimillionaire muilml multiniithionaire ¬
lionaire 10nflr a philanthropic phianthropic settlement settemen work worker workor workor ¬
or of Now York reuled resulted from rom a n casual casualremark caual caualrmark casualremark
remark rmark made mnce to tho New Yorker by one oneof oneot oneof
of the poor boys bo s there In whom he was wasinterested wasintereste wasInterested
interested intereste Say Sa if f youso OUSG had ha a guy uy y like likeMr lke lkeI likeMr
Mr r Hassle lfasfe welkin1 fer youse oase here here we wewouldnt wewouldnt wewouldnt
I wouldnt a been blen sent nt to de Tombs Why Whybos Wh Whhs Whylies
lies de right sort sortWho Sort9Vho ort
man 9Vho Who Is Mr Hassle lassle asked the gentle gentleman gente gentlealan
manGit
Git Gi out Dont you know 1m sure sureenough sureonough sureenough
enough Why hes de prisoners friend frienddown frienddown frienddown
down In Washington WashingtonThe WashingtonThe WashingtonThe
The gentleman genteman lunched IUlche and ad dined with withMr wih wihMr withMr
Mr Hassle Ifssle and saw sw him surrounded at athis atI athis
I his own board by his usual usual circle of ofragged orragged ofragged
ragged boys On leaving he said No Nowonder NoI Nowonder
wonder those boys in New York told me mewe mewe mewe
I we ought to have a guy gy like lke Mr Hassle Massiethere Masie Masiethere Hasslethere
there It I Is a revelation to me meI meI meI
I I was In prison and ye e visited visied Me MeInasmuch MeInasmuch e
Inasmuch as yo have done I unto one oneof oneo oneof
of o the least of these thse My M brethren ye yehave yehave e ehave
have done It unto Me MeTho Me MeThr 3eVito
Tho Thr Size otflic of4e Sen SenAn SenF SeaPuss
F Puss tdlilw tdhllis tdhllisAn
An officer ofcer of a liner lner once remarked to tothe tothe tothe
the writer wrier that most men seemed semed to be as asIgnornnt B asignorant
ignorant about the size of the sea as they theyare theyare theyare
are of the distance distnce between the heavenly heavenlyplanets heavenlyplanet heavenlyplanets
planets planet Here are a few facts flcts The Pa Pacific Pf PfcHtc Pachic ¬
chic covers 68000000 6800 miles mie the Atlantic Atantc Atlanticoooooo0
30000000 00 and the Indian ocean Arctic Arcticand Arctc Arctcand Arcticand
and Antarctic Antrctc 42000000 4000 To stow stowaway stowawaythe away awaythe awaythe
the contents of the Pacific Paciic it would be benecessary benecesary benecessary
necessary necesary to fill fl a tank ono mile mie long longone lon lonone longone
one mile mie wide and one mile mie deep decpevory decpevoryday every everyday everyday
day for 440 4 44 years year Put in figures fgures the Pa Pacific Paclfc Pacifie ¬
cific clfc holds In weight 948000000000000000 9 800OOO
000 0 tons The Atlantic Atantc averages a depth depthof depthof depthof
of not quite qult throe miles mies Its Is waters weigh weighsrsOQQOOOOOOOOOOOOWO weighrsooq000ooo000oooooo
srsOQQOOOOOOOOOOOOWO 300000 < 0 tons and a tank to tocontain tocontain tocontain
contain contain It I would have each ch of Its It sides sides4l
480 4 miles mies Jong The figures res of the te other otheroceans otherOCMnsnre otheroceans
oceans OCMnsnre are in the same sam startling propor proportipns pr proportlpns por porUpns
tipns It would take tka all hi the sea soa water water In Inthe Inth6 Inthe
agara the world 2000000 WO years yean to flow fow over OVfr Ni Niagara NIagara Niagara ¬
I p
f
opposite opposie side of the House and his open opening opnIng opening ¬
ing words were wer to pay a compliment complmont to tothis tothis tothis
this strong son of the soil 801 and ani to toexpress toexpress toxpress
express the interest with which the whole wholeHouse Vlole VloleHouse wholeHouse
House had listened lstened to his remarks romark Thin Thincalled ThlB Thiscalled >
called forth cheers and nd cries of Hear HearHear HearHea HearHear
Hear ber Hea from all al parts of the great geat cham chamber chamber chamher ¬
berThere
There was a a moments surprise surrlle and andhesitation andhcaltaton andhesitation
hesitation hcaltaton on the part of o the South Afri African Afrjcn African ¬
can cn miner and then the wideawake widMwlke hat hatlarge hatlarge i ilarge >
large and strange enough to t bring Mr MrGladstone MrGad MrGladstone
Gad Gladstone tono out of his grave was WfS doffed doffedin dored doredIn doffedIn
in acknowledgment of the friendly wel welcome wlI weiconic ¬
come which he had received at the hands handsof bandsOf A AOf
I of his fellowlegislators fellowlegislatorsOn felowlegislators felowlegislatorsOn
On the other hand a lawyer renowned renownedfor renownedtor renownedfor
for his forensic torenlc successes at the bar some gomepompous Sme Smepompous somepompous
pompous municipal bigwig or county countymagnate countymagnate countymagnate
magnate or Or6 OrjfO ftlpe the prize orator of o one oneof oneOf oneOf
of the great geat universities unlersltes in the debating debatingsocieties debatng debatngsocietes debatingsocieties
societies societes of which he carried all al before beforehim belorhim beforehim
him will wi experience c pcrlence the utmost utost difficulty difficultyin cUfculy cUfculyIn
in securing securng a hearing Today probably probablythe probablythe probablythe
the most brilliant brIlant public publc speaker in Eng England England England ¬
land is the Earl of Rosebery Rosebo Yet In the theopinion thl theopinion
opinion of many it Is just because b cau of his hisgifts hlHgUt hhtgifts
gifts gUt of o eloquence that the bulk of the theEnglish UtaEnglsh theEnglish
English Englsh people are so little lte inclined Inclned to toaccord toaccord toaccord
accord to him their political polUcl confidence confidanceObject contd confidenceOhmjeet nce nceObJeet
Object to Science ScienceAnother ScienceAnother ScienceAnother
Another thing to which the members membersof membor memborof
of both Houses House of Parliament Parlament object is isomnlssionce i iomnlsllencc Isoninissionce
omnlssionce omnlsllencc Thus when on the very veryfirst ver veryfirst
first frst night of the late Sir George Camp Campbells Cap Capbels Campbcll ¬
bels bcll bells appearance in Parliament Parlamenthe Parliamenthe he was wasa wasa wasa
a very ery brilliant briiant man and a wonderfully wonderfullyclever wonderfuly wonderfulyclever wonderfullyclever
clever speaker speakerhe he found something someting to tosay tosny tosay
say about abut crops cops In India About wh wine e In InFrance InFance inFrance
France Fance about land tenure in Ireland Irelan and andabout Bndabout andabout
about roads and bridges in Scotland Sctand he hewas hewas hewas
was then and there forever damned damne and andunable andunable andunable
unable to make any position positon for himself himselfIn hlnef hlnefIn hImselfin
In Parliament or to put his great geat abili abilities abt abiftties ¬
ties tes to any an public publc use useI use useI
I have referred reforre just now to the te silk silkhata sik sikhats silkhats
hats of the members of Parliament Parlament So Sofar Sf Sfar Sofar
far ar as I am aware it I is the e only national nationalassembly natnal natnalassembly nationalassembly
assembly either in the Old World orld or in inthe Inthe Inthe
the New where the te members m mbers sit with withtheir wih wihtheir withtheir
their hats on But while whie the member membermay mebr mebrmay memnbrrmay
it he it itwhen Itwhen itwhon
may wear I sitting sitng must carry cr
when he walks He must not move movo a ayard aynrd ayard
yard along aong a bench without removing reovIng It Itor itor Itor
or some stickler stckIer for parliamentary parlaentr de decorum decorm decarom ¬
carom corm will raise shouts of Order OrderOrder OrderOrder
Order wi rase rer rerOrdor
Always llalnes Unles lint HntWhen lnt lntWhen lintWhen
When he is alluded aluded to t In a speech Ipee he hewill hewI hewill
wI will raise his hat from lila fil hud its 1 ac acknowledgment acknowledgmont acknowledgmont ¬
knowledgment knowledgmont When Vb on he formally toralY sub submits submits submits ¬
mits a a motion moton he raises rases it I again In Indeed Indeed Indeed ¬
deed the hat is an Integral Integrl part rt of ofGreat ofGreat r rGreat
Great Britains Brlalns legislative machinery machineryThere maohtne maehtneryThere
There are times tmes when without wl tout it the theworkings theworkings theworkings
workings of the English Englsh constitution constitutionwould cMItuU constitutionwould
would come com to a a standstill standstl When lon a a di divlson divlson divison
vlson has been called caled and ad a member mmbo de desires fe feslros desires ¬
sires to iiddress tddress ddr6s the chair not only must musthe musthe mustlie
he speak seated seate > ut he must have hav hte htehat hi hbhat
hat on and ad naturally naurly Jut the humartets hum rs of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the Commons endeavor that the t raiser rmtserof rer rerot raiserof
of a point of order should shoul be unable un unae be to tofind t tofind
find fnd his hf bat hatA batA batA
A point of order orer on a division divls is a aEerjpu a aaerlpus
Eerjpu E r9 matter mater but the house hOJe i Is some sometimes Ime ecmetimoir ¬
tm times sr reduced duced to convulsions Of o laughter laughterwhen lughter lughterwhen laughterwhen
when with wih a a a silk sik hat borrowed blrowoJn Jn If Hast Hastwhich aste astewhich
which comes comO down over his ears er and andwould andwould nd ndwould
would extinguish extnguish his head entirely entrey if he hedid hedId hedid
did not hold it up with wih his hands hand a mem member memI ¬
I ber with wih the gravest gaet countenance sub submits submUs submalts ¬
malts a a point of order to the decision d ln < f fMr tIr fMr
Mr Ir Speaker It 1t Jt was on one such su coca occasion oca ocasion cocasion ¬
sion that Gladstone was subjected 8ubJete to tothe tothe tothe
the unique experience of o exposing him himself hlmsol himself ¬
eperence oxpng
self sol to ridicule ridiculeHe rIdicule ridiculeHe
He had a 0 very er large head hed and had bd left lefthis lft lfthis lefthis
his hat hat In the premiers room rome roomlie fee was wasin wasIn 8 8In
in office ofce He wished wihed to address adres the Chair Chairin Cai Chairin
in of order and quick quickly quickly ¬
a hurry hurr on a point pint orde quck quckh
ly h snatched at the first frt ht that thathandod was washanded washanded
handed to him him It was many sizes too
I small for him Yet there he sat address addressing addr addring addresslog ¬
ing the Speaker Speaktr balancing the insig insignificant ilg ilgnllcant Enslgnilleant ¬
nificant nllcant little ltle hat on his Olympian Olympan head headfor hed hedror headfor
for all the world like lke an acrobat arobt balsa balancing bla blaelng balsacing ¬
cing a 3 glass glas of water on his forehead foreheadand tor foreheadand ed edand
and even his greatest getot admirers admire were com compelled cm cmpele centpelted ¬
pelted pele to admit admi that for once the Gnutd GnutdOld Gnd GndOld GrsitdOld
Old Man looked excruciatingly excrucatrcb absurd absurdUsually abd abdUJunU airdUsually
Usually UJunU Sits Si on It ItOf I ItOf
Of course when the member rises rJe to tospeak t tospeak
speak speal he invariably invarably doffs dofs his hat bat gen generally ce ceeal gsaerally ¬
erally eal putting puttng it I on his seat sot behind blnd him himand hm hmand himand
and it i Is by b1 no means mens infrequent infruent espe especially Q QclaJy ospecially ¬
cially claJy with wit new members meber that tat a attr attrfnishing after afterfinishing ter terfinishing
finishing fnishing their speech with wIt a glowing glewingperoration g1own glowingperoration
peroration peroraton they will wi sit down OH O their theirhat tir tirhnt theirhat
hat and then regard regrd the wreck T with wit a arueful p prueul arueful
rueful rueul countenance countenance This is on one of the thequickest te tequlket thequickest
quickest qulket ways wa s of attraating attastnb prlamentar prlamentaratenton parliamentaryattention parliamentary parliamentaryattention
attention atenton It I Is I also cheap ceap for or a a silk silkhat slk slkhat silkhat
hat serviceable for the purpose may be beobtained b beobtained
obtained obtaine for 5 Sitting Sitng on his own hat hatrenders hatrender hatrendetu
renders render a member at once popular pplar He Heis HeIs Heis
is hailed haie as fS a humorist humorist Everybody Eveby wants wantsto wantsto wantsto
to know his name nam < and talks talk about abut him blmHe himHe himHe
He will wi be pointed pinted out to t visitors vltos In the thelobby thelobb thelobby
lobby lobb Possibly Possibl there will wJ even eYn be b a pie nloture pkture pieture
ture of the event In one of tho Illus Illustrated lul illustrated ¬
trated papers papersAnother papers papersAnother
Another one on one of the unwritten unwritn laws of ofParliament otParlament ofParliament
Parliament Parlament is that the reading of news newspapers ntw newspapers ¬
papers paprs is forbidden while whie the Ull house is in insession it itsession insession
session A member can cn n talk tlk he can cansprawl en ensprawl cansprawl
sprawl he can C11 perch porh his toes l00 on the tli back backof bck bckot backof
of the bench bnel in front he h may sleep and andhe andhe andlie
he may snore But he ht must not read fQd a anewspaper I Inewspaper anewspaper
newspaper Of course books book are toler tolerated tDlerated tolerated ¬
ated For it I may be assumed asumo that tat they theyare theyale theyamc
are parliamentary parlamentary reports report But I d dubt dubtwhether dubtwhether bt btwhether
whether a monthly magazine would be bepermitted bepermited bepermitted
permitted permittedNo permited permitedNo permittedNo
No Is to speak matter matterhow matterlion
ope permitted ICrmltcd tL spek no mater materhow
how Important the communication communicton which whichhe whichhe whichhe
he may ma have to make without witout having havingcaught havingcught havingcaught
caught cught that most vagrant of optics opticsnamely optc opticsnamely
namely naely the Speakers fpeaker eye eo The power of ofthat otthat ofthat
that eye e and the rights right which It I pos possesses ps pssosses peasosses ¬
sosses are not based on any written writen law lawbut Jw Jwbut lawbut
but longestablished longestablshed custom cnstGl and tradi tradition tdl tdlton tradition ¬
tion ton Very often oten several members membes rise in intheir intheir intheir
their places place at one and the same time timeendeavoring tImeendeavoring timeendeavoring
endeavoring to arrest the eye of the theSpeaker theSpeaker theSpeaker
Speaker and It is then free to that august augustfunctionary augst augstfunctonal augustfunctionary
functionary functonal to make tJakc his selection Sleoton and to toindicate toIndicate toindicate
indicate the member momblr who has ba his permis penulasion permlssion permission ¬
sion to speak This he does doc by address addressIng ardros ardrosIns addresslog
Ins the lucky one as The he Member Momb for forSoandso forSandso forSoandso
Soandso Sandso This practice practce has prevailed prevailedsince prenHedsince prevailedsince
since the days of Sir John Trevor Prior Priorto Prir Prirto Priorto
to his time tme a look was sufficient fuflclent But Sir SirJohn SirJohn SirJohn
John Trever who by the way a was the theonly theonly timeonly
only Speaker ever expelled epeled from the Uo House Housefor Houseor housefor
for or bribery squinted so terribly that no noone noono noone
one could feel sure that he had caught caughtthe ought oughtthe caughtthe
the Speakers eye until uni orally oraly assured by bythe bythe bythe
the Speaker of the fact factIn CactIn act actIn
In the House Houle of Commons it i is always alwaysthe alwaysi alwaysthe
i the Speaker Spaale who must be 1 addressed addr e and andnever andI andnever
I never the house whereas In the Lords Lordsthe Lrds Lrdsthe Lordsthe
the contrary contrar Is the case cse since strictly strictlyspeaking sticty stictyspeak strictlyspeaking
speaking speak In there ther is no Speaker there the thopresiding th thpresldlnK thepresiding
presiding officer otc namely the lord chan chancellor clianvelior ¬
cellor having none of the powers that thatara thatare
are usually vested In the president of any anydeliberative anydeliberative
deliberative body Of course this is dim difficult dimcult ¬
cult to impress upon new members of the theHouse theHouse
House of Commons some of whom in inthe intime
the flurry of their maiden speech Ignore Ignorethe ignorethe
the Speaker and address the house ns nsGentlemen asGentlemen
Gentlemen Occasionally a nervous new newmember newmember
member addresses the Speaker as Mr MrChairman MrChairman
Chairman Lawyers who have practiced practicedat
at the baa are wont tn < n their early days In Intho iiithe
the chamber to address him as Ma IAI IAIwhile Lild Lildwhile
while It la i on record that on ono occasion occasiona
a freshly elected Nationalist brought broughtdown broughtdown
down the house by b addressing him aa aaYer asYer
Yer Itlverence ItlverenceCopyright ItiverenceCopyright
Copyright 1910 by th the Brastwocd Comptny Conptn

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