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Ancient Animals ohhe The History of Macbeth Valley of Parisj mllE vale in which the brilliant city of Paris now stands was once a lake or estuary, whose shores were fringed with forests of palms. Strange an imals, whose species hac long since passed owav, sported in its waters, while huge crocodiles lurked nmong the thick xeeds and large water-lilies, watching ioi their pre. Th' vi.lltv is known in geology as the Tarn basin just as the corresponding formation in the I hames is named the tandon basm. Thev both belong to the Tetiary pcuod, so called l.uuuse it. was the third in the tlucc great Hvstcms or rock formation; the rocks being composed of the sedimentary deposit of watei, and not, as m thoss of the lirst ages, produced by the action of lire, those in the Mcimtv ot Pans being in strata, or laers, contntning alternately ficsh water and marine shells, showing that the al!ej of the Seine was at one time a freshwater lake, and, ut another, an arm of the sea. At Montmartrc. a lull n little to the north of Paris, theie are extensive quarries of gyp sum, the material known to us as plaster of Paris. Gvpsum is composed of sulphite of lii.ii. ) nnsitpil liv firxli water: and in dig ging' these quarries a great nuirilier of skele tons of various animals weie discovered, some of them being nearly perfect, hiving been prceivcef by tlie cApsum which naci naruuncu about them. And Cuvicr, the great French nnturdhsl, restored them, and we can hac dibtuicl idea of what these strange creattiren were like , in every partiiular except their color that, of course, we cannot tell. At the commencement of the Tetiarv pc"d, the heat, though not so intense as it hail been m the preceding ages, when the tepid swamps teemed with monstrous reptiles, was still ia great in Kngland and Branco as it is now in the tropics. Hut the temperature was slowly cooling, and the forests of palms were mixed with trece which still flourish in these cli mates, such as the oak, wych-elm, alder, cy press, walnut und others The gigantic sau nans of the red sandstone age weie extinct and api eared no more in the eaith, and there grew into life the great pachvderms. or thick skinned animals, instead of the dragon like ptorodact) Ic, the air filled with quails, woodcocks, and curlews, and all nature woro a new aspect. The aniunls which were so abundant in the Tans basin belonged chiefly to two genera: the l'alacotheria, or ancient animals, and the Anoplothena, or unarmed animals, these lat ter, were so called from the Greek words for "unarmed," and for "beast," because their teeth were arranged in an even line all round, just as in man; the ennme teeth not project ing bcvrtid the others, as they do in animals which can bite and tear, so that they were defenseless. 1 here were several 8ecieB of Palaeothcna, the largest, or Great Palaeo thcrium, being about the size of a horbc, but it wis much heavier and elumsici. having a very thick body, suppoitcd on short, stout legs, and its feet were divided into three rounded toes Its head wus large, and was pinvidcd with a short trunk or proboscis, like that of the tapir und altogether it formed a link between that animal and the rhinoceios, and probably resembled them in its habits The Anoplothena also comprises several species, differing greatly from each other. The l.u gest was about the size of nn ass, but, though belonging to the Puch dcrmata, the Anoplcthenuni was like no one animal now existing, for while in some icspects it resem bled the hippopotamus, its Bkull partook of the chaiacter of that of the horse, and its upper hp was divided, like the camel's, and th bones of the feet, which were septiated into two toes sheath 1 in hoofs, were like thoe of the hog. The body was about four feet long, and it had a thick tail of equal length, probably to assist it in swimming; and its lull- was smooth, like that of the otter. Another kind, the Xiphoden gracile, was ahmit the sue of n chamois, and was as light and slender as a gazelle, and instead of swim miiig in the water, it bounded ovci the plains; lint though in this respect it resembled a deei, and had a long neck and a short tail, tts lip ii'o was diMilcd like the camel's borne of tin species were verj small, one being onlv as 1 ire a- a hire, while another was no bigger thin , lat It is difficult to imagine cieaturcs nun e (hlensclcss than these animals were, pn-AOMng neither horns nor claws, nor teeth th.it the) could ten with, and they weie pinhihlv soon i tn initiated when the large bcusts ' pie came into existence As it was, the chief enemies of tho-.e that frequented the watir must hive been the crocodiles The Aiioplothina were all heibivorous living on Ktds and gicen twigs, oi the succulent roots of plants Heliums of the Palacothcriuin and an Aplnthcritim have been diseovend ill the Isle of Wight in strata similar to that of the Pins binii, but not m such abundance. Alto S ether Cuviei found the bones of about fifty ifltrent kinds of animals embedded in the gypsum, all of which nrc citinct besides tut ties, and crocodiles, and bits, and various birds of kinds which still exist on the earth. Little Gems of Wit The pipn doll loved the china doll "Will vou be mv wife?" said he "Oh, vou'rp just Nticar nonsense' she Jaugli ed, "that's all. You weren't cut out for mo. should live rage xnree A Wonderful Ride coFTiuanT jtr jambs elvbrbon CTTXP FEATS of adveatnre and daring, lVI that of Frederick Bnrnaby, a du ll II tinguished English soldier, -will nl I If I Ways be spoken of by his country 1 -J men. Upwards of twenty-five years ago he rode on horseback through Asia Minor, alone and with no protection save his own good arm. There were peril and dangers at every step. He bad to ford riv ers, scale mountains and cross almost track less plains. Fierce tribes of Asiatics were constantly met with; the Russians, who were fast acquiring the territory through which he passed, looked Auspiciously upon him; and he may be said to -have carried his life in his hands. But he completed his task unscath ed, and in the year 1885 fell in battle, in the oudan. Burnabys great undertaking has. t how ever, been exceeded by Prince Galitrin, of Russia, a one-armed man. In September last, he completed a journey of 12.000 miles, nearly oil traveled on .horseback, through the wild regions of Russia, Turkestan, Cash mere, Northern Thibet and other trans-Caucasian countries, some parts ot which no ono had ever traversed before. Other parts, even although known, were so -. isolated from Russia, that the inhabitants r knew little of Russia and Russia knew little of them. The prince's journey was for two purposes scientific and diplomatic end for the cat rykig out of these he was specially commis sioned by the Czar. On May 2, 1800, ho set out from St. Peters burg, with twelve horses and men enough to take care of them, provisions and camp equipage. Ho proceeded to the Ural Moun tains, and thence down by the Caspian Sea. From there he went to Turkestan; but some of his horses died, others gave out. and be had to be equipped again. When this was done his party consisted (A five Russians, two. Turkestan and enough people of different nations to make, up a total of twenty-four. He alio had seventy horses. After getting safely through that country, he made his way over the Caucasus and on to Karakorum Pass, so as to go through Thib et to Southern Siberia. To do this, several frightful mountain chains had to be crossed, including the main range of the Himalayas, There were deep snows and treacherous gla ciers to bo battled with, but the party finally reached a plateau 12,000 feet high, in tho midst of vast ranges of mountains and on tho way to tho Karakorum Pass. The grass was growing everywhere. It was mora than two feet high and seemed to be Just the food that the horses needed, so camp was pitched and the animals were turned out to graze. Next morning twelve of them were found dead and mnv others were sick.f Prince Galitzin had a black Turkestan pony, which was unusually sagacious. Although hungry, it had not touched the grass, evidently know ing what it was. It turned out that it was a polsonolis gross, which had been planted bv the natives to prevent travel through Kara korum. Pass. No one had ever gone that WOV. nnd thpv wen rinfrnitnw1 Mist nn mi SI H AKESPKARE derived the inatcnals Abbot of Dunkeld, the father of the murdered ever should, for his grand tragedy of "Macbeth" Duncan, though now on 'Old 'man, put himself Tho disaster to the horses crippled the ex- from Hoimshed s Chronicle. There ot the head of the partisans of his grandsons, pedition. but it moved on and entered tho is, however, an older account pre- and made a gallant attempt to restore them pass. There was no trail, and tho men I served by Wyntown, and the true to their rights. Ho was defeated by Mac- blindlr floundered through canyons, at lensth history of Macbeth appears to be as beth, but the sons of Duncan escaped, Mai- reaching the plateau of lindatang in Thibet, follows: colm, the heir to tho throne, taking rcfugo which is nineteen hundred feet nigh. Macbeth was the son of Finley, Thane or in England. Tho altitudo was so great that there was Karl of Rose, who was killed in a battle with In the midst of Ins successes, Macbeth seems much difficulty experienced in breathing It Malcolm II about the jcar 1020. The Scot- to have been haunted with remorse for tho was dangerous to Sleep on tho ground be- tish King also overcame and put to death the enme he had committed, and strove to atone cause of the possibility of tbo heart ceasing Earl of Moray, and the w ife of that chief, the for it by chanty and large gifts to the church, to beat. When lying down the lnngs grew Lady- Gruoch, was driven away by her cne- he sent money to Rome for distribution, and too cramped to allow free breathing, tho mies, and she fled to the neighboring country he and his wife, the Lady Gruoch, gave the sleeper grew black in the face and his heart of Ross, then ruled over by Macbeth, and lands of Kirkness and the Manor of Bolgy fluttered like n frightened bird. The only sought protection for herself and her infant to the Culdees of Loclilcven. way in which the men could sleep at nil was son. Lul.ich Rut all this could not insure him peace, in a sitting posture, and those who fell over Macbeth received her well, and married her and from a sense of insecurity he became a came near losing their lives. dunng the reign of Duncan, Malcolm having tyrant. It grew worse as thev went higher, for been assassinated in 1033. Through his mar- Macduff, the Earl of Fife, had fled to Kng- they had to climb a thousand feet more li nage with the l.ady Gruoch, Macbeth acqutr- land, and his family are said to have been fore thev reached the Chang Lang Lo Pas ed pos-esmon of Moray, and as she was the destroyed by Macbeth, and he constantly urg- in the Himalaya gianddaughter of Kenneth, he was backed ed Malcolm to attempt the destruction of the No one had ever traveled through that by the influence of the pirtisans of that mon- tyrant and the redress of their wrongs. pass. Thdre was a tradition that over a ten- arch, who weie opposed to Duncan Siward, the powerful Earl of Northuraber- tury ago two caravans had Attempted it, anil Owing to Ins vigor and ability lie soon be- land, was related to Malcolm, and he warmly that all had perished. Rut Prince Gal'tzin came sum. not to Duncan; ana, having the espoused his cause, and, with the approval of was not daunted. He pushed on, nnd at death of his father and the wrongs of his Edward tho Confessor, he led a numerous length reached the summit of the crest, wife to avenge, he laid claim to the throne, army into Scotland in the year 105-1. They In that thin air and with the rapid pumn- and, causing the unhappy King to be mur- met the army of Macbeth in the neighborhood ing of the blood, the men were the victims dered, he marched hastily to Scone, supported of Dunsinanc, and a fierce conflict ensued, of strange hallucinations. Things that look, b) the clans of Ross and Moray, and was In spite of Ins valor, Macbeth was overcome ed only to be a thousand feet away were there ci owned King of the Scots. and forced to retire into the north. Though really ten times Uint distance, and they had Die beginning of his reign was vigorous and the Northumbnans were victorious, Siward 'a stones to tell of having seen strange men beneficent, the chieftains who would have son, Obeit, was killed in the fight, and the clothed in white, who they said were ghosts, imbed disturkuiccs were overawed or re- Earl returned to Northumberland and died For seven d.us the men were1 at this nlti- ptcssed by his valor; justice was administered at Yorn. in tho following year. -But Malcolm tude. Thev found that to eat meat or drink and he practiced unbounded hospitaht), and continued the context, and in a battle that coflco increased the beating of the heart, give shelter to fugitives. took place at Lumplmnan, Macbeth was slain and that the only safe diet was sugar, but- nut lie was not allowed to enjoy peacefully oy uu injureu jiacuuii on me inn ot JJe- wr ana eggs. They moved along slowly on the har.l snow and tottered on their feet. The horses were affccteel just as the men were, but tho donkeys and dogs which thev had. as nlsrf a couple of monkeys, suffered no inconveni ence. At last Prince Galitrin reached .Southern Siberia and disbanded his expedition at Tlii-n r for Fran- HHBBbmH9HBBHHBHHB "v sfclL vLwt ! a throne he had gained through crime. Orian, cembcr, 10"ii. Harvesting Licorice Root HE plant is cultivated on the shores tnent takes from two to five. days. I J ii V ; - i """" ".,,,,, f rif I . .' "" "l-"oul" b'liK. Je to Vladivostok, in the province ot A moor. I Central Asia A great quantitj ot it BUpi)y CJn)c8 anJ mcn nn(1 t, m of tho hc went to JnpaD uaht the ateame 1 ?!.?.w" ."'.. Sj.T!n.,,n,'(d."" r.'T.rL.f root 0 furnish and fill the sacks. Fitly Vancouver, and made aN-isit to San sent to the aboard ! fbi export may camels and five men go in a caravan. Oneco. , . be of general interest nan, leading a donkey leads the first camel, Johnnv "Mammi thinks I among deif people'" !.,., , "1., l.n ant" .Toliiinv "Yes She thinks I should be seen, certain rate per pound not he ud " News coits, vou cant even get from u gun fixe of charge. .1.. i ,ii .... ... .. ' In digging the mot the way is to stirt a lMl i snowing tne leader, and tfie oilier trench two feet m lenoth. and work from nie" w?lkl"B to keep an camel from straj- w mn fit flrnim, ,.,. r- i..l..i . ! "llie power to converse wen is a great morning and goes ci,arm," Mr Rusmn. "You think any- that, each nun placing m a pile the root he ,n3.,r nS J: "eh,ud. lu, dug At the end of thday it taken tenh0V1i'K Sft "A'n" to the scales, weighed and paid for at a tUt. ion,fe arc tatn off a,)(j t, Chatter vs. Talk halt 18 made. l.,l.. 11- Tr- ml.fnlmn . ,, Anv. nn,I fhn r-ntn.. .n "" v"" "'? .."'" "" J ..,- Jamie "Mamma, 1 thought vou said our l ew nrl could not talk English " Mammi "That is what I caul, Jaime. ("Jritcheu has onlv been in this country a few woks, ind she knows iiotlung at all about oui lingudge " . Jamie "hj, she coughs in Engbsh A thief is generally distant in his man ner, if lie suspects un officer is after him. allowed V browse "foT thZ fnT body can chatter. Anybody can exchange The root is then spread out for a few days At the end of that time they an. nuain load- ,(,'e gossip. Anbody can recapitulate tuo to slightly drj, and afterwards PiUd in stacks ed and the same distance is tiaveled, wfi.-n troubles of the kitchen, tlie cost ol tlie a report three feet wide and four or five feet high, tht oie once more unloaded, und the night last new dress, aivl the probable doings of tntindnl n(T at the ton in ordei to shed lam is sncllt lr til., nnen air !. m,r?tihnri Ttnf In fnfV wiarlv. instrtir. At tlie end of the rainv season the mot is TIils is the dailj routine, until the tea- tively freshly and delightfully is an immenso spreael out for tvvo months to dr, being IxnrJ is read ed, and the root finallv dio- nctomplislyncnt It implies exertion. oWcr turued over from time to time posed of Along the Euphrates and Tigris, , ' tu i of i10OtH a neonle and re- Dunng this process all tho adhering earth licorice is obtained near the banks of thes nt on. " " Jj Ptt,n..-nl tT dm and falls off, leaving the loot clean and livers Htcr being thoroughly dried, it is ceptivnty of impressions. Plato Danisncd the icady to be bent to the point of bhinment It loaded m bulk on boats called bungalow?, musicians from his feasts that the charma is then put into canvas sacLs, each contain- carrying from fiftv to a hundred tons, whijli of conversation might have no interference; ing two hundred and uftj pounds '1 wo backs sail doun thr nver, if the wind is favorable, but in our later fashions many prefer mti- are a load for a camel. or arc towed bj men as far as llassouli, sic rather than tho gossip of the hour, The transportation of the root from the when the root is unloaded and pressed m which often degenerates into trivialities wear places where it is dug to the port of ship- bales ready for uhtoment. isome and commonplace.