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THE WASHINGTO WEATEEE FOEECAST. Fair and cooler to-day; to morrow increasing cloudiness. SEE PAGES 3, 12, AND 13 For Eeal Estate Bargains. WASHINGTON. D. C. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1911.-SIXTEEN PAGES. NO. 1820- ONE CENT. LY WINS SEA BATTLE; SEVERAL WAR SHIPS SUNK GENERAL STRIKE IIDTE BEING CIST BY TELEGHIIPHERS Walk-out of SoutliernKey Men Seems Inevitable. PERHAM. TAKES ACTION President of Order Prepared to Be gin Hostilities. Status of Telegraphers. Estimated number of telegra phers 2,200 Number of men belonging to union -who mav be assessed in time of strike 60 000 Present reserve fund for use in time of strike. J2.000 000 Pause of ruptureV refusal of ice President Coapman to con tinue negotiations with railwav telegraphers Despite efforts of the heads of the menian Order of Railwav Telegra pher: and the Southern Railway to lirinj; about a settlement of wage dif-lcrciiLC- a strike ot the kevmen of the latter curp. ration seems inevitable President 11 B Perham. ot the Rail a Telegrapher a man noted for lit con-crvatiMii, reached ishington from fet Loin-, late eterda afternoon and spent the entire evening in conference with Ch-iinnjn lcandcr, ot the teleg rapher committee This tan alone prc.igc the beginning ot hostilities. a- it u.t announced when the tclcgra p'lrr first began their protests that Mr Pcrhan. uould not be called upon cccpt in cac ot dire ncccssitv oti. o srniKE. central "tiikc ote is now being til n In 1. 1 era, iliers throughout the t rrr r owned bv the Southern Rallwa "Vote-- which will decide whither the men will iuit work or endeavor to placate the "outhei n ofticials are pounng into Wash ington and 1J Mondav oei ballot will have been received The cru ot the matter a it now stands in the wace question SoJthern Railwa operators have denial ded an average In crease of 11 pci cent G W Taj lor general superintendent of transportation, with nbom the telegraphers committer confeired sent in his ultimatum stating that a 2 per cent imiease would be the most that thev might hope to receive The Southern Railwav telegraphers have declared en masse that rather than accept such a compromise as this thev will quit work and tight the m itter to the end Vdditional gravltv was added to the situation when it was announced last night that the arbitrators would neither arbitrate nor mediate the question of an increase Either the Southern Railwav will gnnt the adv mce demanded or of fer some compromise that is sufficients nar it to be generally satisfactory or new men 11 he put to work, the telegraphers saj The estimated cost of the rearrange ment of salaries to the Southern Rail wav will be about SR00000 The plan of the telegraphers is to give the Southern several vears in which to make this additional pavment allowing them time to rearrange so that the Increase will nfc inflict a hardship upon the com pany Seek, n shon-ilonn. Until the message of Vice President E H Co ipman reached the telegraphers, Ftatlng that lie was about to leave town, the ofll lals of the telegraphers union believed that the would be able to reach an agreement thtough their appeal His sudden Ieaving-taking Is regarded as a determination not to take up their appeal for some -weeks at least In this eent, the telegrnDhers, declare thej are pre pared to ce the hand of the corpora tion 1J a strike order After his conference last night. Presi dent Perham stated that he was not jet rcadv to say whit the ultimate action of the telegraphers would be "I wilt make every effort." slid he, "to prevent the possibility of a strike It is the desire of the entire union that a peaceful adjustment of differences be made Until there is positive evidence that the Southern Railwav intends to Ignore our demands, I -will continue to believe that we may prevent a strike" ot I p to Mediation. The fact that union officials are deter mined not to resort to the board of mediation or an arbitrary body, removes the last barrier which might prevent a strike t'nder the law Commissioner of Labor Nelll might, if appealed to, take up the matter ot mediation and use his influence to bring about a settlement of differences. This can only be done where the parties involved Join in the request lor mediation The commissioner has not the right to take the initiative In the matter. There are now in the coders of the railway telegraphers about $2,000,000 for readiness In case or a walk-out Besides this, there are about 60,000 telegraphers, emplojed by other railways, who can be assessed during the time the strike Is in progress. $1.25 la Baltimore and Return 'Saturdays, and Sundays, via Pennsyl vania Railroad. Tickets good to return until Sunday night. All regular trains except the "Congressional Limited." SCENE OF NAVAL jl ' I I tNaV NSlf t v J SEA Map of Northern Africa, Showing Two on Motorcycle ! Run Down Old Man i in Good Hope Road (Singleton Webster, Aged 78, ES I capes Serious Injury One Rider Thrown. Another motors cle accident occasioned bv two persons 'Jo -riding on one ma chine, occurred last night when Single ton Webster. s-cventv -eight vear3 old, a resident of Anacostla, was run down in Good Hope road and narrow lv escaped se rious lnjurv Th" aged man was picked up unconscious and taken to the office of a phvsician Because of his advanced ears, it will be impossible to foretell the out come of his injuries for several davs Harold E Dunn, twentj vears old, and his sister, Violet Dunn eighteen vears old of Raleigh street Congress Heights, were on the motorcvele atvlhe time it col lided with the aged man Miss Dunn was thrown from her seat and received several scratches on the hands Her brother, who was operating the machine, escaped without injur The aged victim was making his way across the road and did not hear the sound of the moiorcvclistV horn Young Dunn did ever thing in his power to bring his machine to a stop, but, accord ing to the police, the fact that he carried a passenger handicapped him ZAPATA IS DEFIANT. Mexican Bandit Threatens War to the Death. Mexico Cit, "opt. 29 The President's cahinet at its session this afternoon re fused to permit Zapata to surrender without the punishment ordered The inndlt, if captured, will be tried in the federal courts This message was tele graphed to Zapata. The latter replied, refusing to accept terms He declares he will flg.it the government to the death. He professes to have eighteen thousand men with him in the Oaxaco Mountains Gustav Madero, brother of Francisco, declared to-day that Rees and Emilio Gomez plan to start a new revolution He sas Madero is preparing to light them One thousand rifles were found hiclden at PcraHillo, a suburb of this city, this afternoon for use against the Maderlsts on election da. Thlrtj-ninc arrests ha o been made AVIATOR IS KILLED. Capt. Englehardt Was Leading Au thority in Germany. Berlin. Sept. 3 Capt. Englehardt, the leading authority on aviation In Ger many, and formerly a pupil of theJ Wrights, fell and was killed to-day while making an ascent at Johannesthnl field. Capt. Englehardt was a naval officer at one time. He was a passenger with Or ille "Wright when Mr. Wright, in 1909, established a world's record in a pas senger carrying flight, remaining aloft one hour and thlrty-flvo minutes. Cant. Englehardt until recently held the dis tance record for flying in Germany. Special Train to the Races at Laurel, Sid- Oct. S to SI, -rte Baltimore and ' Ohio. ROe Round Trli. In addition to excellent regular train service to Laurel Fair and Races, Spe cial Train will leave Union Station week daysat 1:30 p, m. Returning leave Race Track Siding (Laurel) at 0:00 p. m. BATTLE BETWEEN f A,N EA-N S e A ""TRPO. s )FE2Z AN I - J Ports of Tripoli and Cyrene Which, Fleet. TOBACCO TRUST OUTLINES US OF 0 SSIL Will Use Distinctive Trade marks in Future. CIGAR STORES IX DOUBT New "i ork. Sept 3 The plan of the alssolutlon of tthe American Tobacco Compan, as at present agread upon, and subject to the approval of Attornw General W Ickersham and the United States Circuit Court, Is to divide the great corporation into three companies, which before their merger into the com bine were recognized as strong individ ualities In the trade These three companies it is under stood, will be the Liggett &. Mers, of St. Louis, the P Lorlllard Companj, of New Jersej, and the American Tobacco Companj All will operate independent ly lini r trade-marks, the American Tobacco Company aaopting the trade mark of one of Its conctltutent com panies, and the other two concerns re suming their original trade-marks. All three will deal in all kinds of manu factured tobacco, including cigarettes and cigars In addition to these three companies, the trust will form another Independent concern dealing in licorice, which will supply the three companies above named with this essential ingredient to manu factured tobacco, especially chewing to bacco What will become of the United Cigars Stores Company, wnlcli Is owned by tlio tobacco trust, has not been determined, and it is said that this question Is holding up the dissolution plans The trust be lieves that tho United Cigars Stores Com pany should bo allow ec to continue as an individual concern, but a strong pro test against this plan has been lodged with the Attorney General by the inde Iendent retail tobaco dealers and is un der consideration. Under the trust plan of dissolution and reorganization, the threo concerns Llgectt A. Meyers, the P. Lorlllard Company ana tho American Tobacco Companj will operate under In dividual trade-marks, so that the Jobber and retailer may have their choice of whetc he buys his goods by the trade marks Each company will manufacture plug, chewing, and stroking tobacco and cigars nnd cigarettes taking up the brands now on the market. Cooking School a Success. The "Washington Herald Cook ing -School this week was posi tively the finest class I have ever had. and the dally attendance'has grown to exceed 1,000, and every body seems happy. I congratulate Tho Herald on thfa success. HELEN ARMSTRONG. The SHpremacyof BIack!f oae'a Flowers Is conceded. They're fresh. 14th .& a, TURKEY AND ITALY. Are Blockaded hy the Italian One-armed Negro Attempts to Steal One-handled Bike Forced to Ride in Criss-crossed Fashion. William Cobb Is Quickly Nabbed. blcvelo with onlv one handle proved the Xemels of eighteen-) ear-old Will- In- i Cobb a one-armed negro, last night when he attempted to steal the vehicle! from In front of 12S 11 street northwest Had the crippled bicvele corresponded I in the matter of handlebars with the rider s crippled condition, the negro might have escaped with his loot ' When Cobb mounted the vehicle and I m ide his dash through H street with it he discovered that the handle on the side where he has an arm was gone The handle on the other side where the negro didn t have an arm was still in its place Hence, Cobb was handicapped and could not ride fast with his one arm criss crossed to the one handle Bj the time he got anv kind of a start with the stolen wheel a crowd of men and bovs. headed b Policeman McOsker. was close behind him The negro ambled from one side of the street to the other on the blccle He lost control of the vehicle altogether and crashed Into a tiee Policeman McOsker grabbed him and took him to the station house. JESSUPS "MISSING." Neighbors of Bride's Parents Aie Fooled Again. V B Icsup, the New York million aire railroad magnate, and his joung bride, 'ormerly Miss Mvrtlc Bell, late telephone operator at the Raleigh, have not returned to Washington. At the Bell home. W7 First street northwest, last night all requests for Information met with the replv from the family that they knew nothing of their whereabouts Residents of First street-between I and K streets northwest spent the great- r nart of the evening on their front J steps waiting for a glimpse of the biidal couple, out were uij ui-ai(ivtiiu It Is understood that Mr. and Mrs. Jessup are In Philadelphia, nnd that Mrs Jessup sent her father a special delivery litter from that cltv vesterdav. BULLDOG GETS THIEF. Negress Nabbed at Her Home for Stealing Clothing. Gripped between the teeth of a huge bulldog ns she leaped from a second story window to. prevent capture by the police, elghteen-v ear-old Agnes Purnell, a negress. was only rescued'from the at tacks of the inrurlated animal yesterday afternoon when Detective Joseph Walsh Jumped from the window and beat the dog with his blackjack. The negress, who Is charged with breaking into the residence of Gertrude Vandeusen, of 3132 O street northwest, and stealing nearly $100 worth of cloth ing, was located at her home, TOO Twenty-second street northwest, shortly after 5 o'clock by Detective Walsh. Soldier Killed In ainnenvcni.j Sparta, Wis, Sept. 2? -One private was killed and several others injured during army maneuvers here to-day by un ex plosion of -shrapnel Inside a three-Inch gun. The dead soldier la Howard Gan, of Cleveland, Ohio. WAR NEWS IN BRIEF. Italy declares war with Turkey. Armed force from Itnllan war nblpa land In Tripoli. Kalian fleet begin to sweep tlir Mediterranean. -"'"" Thousands of Italian troops embark for Tripoli. Expedition under Gen. Cnnetn. Admiral Aubrey In command of Italy's Innd and sea forces. Complete blockade of African connt established. Italy establishes naval bases at SrncuKc, Taranto, and Augunts. Turkey ranj take oer Crete, and Is expected to seek the nld of untrln-IMiiigary and Germany. IlusNla declares Intention of oc cupying Treblznnd until Turkey settles indemnity for last war, Europeans flee In consternation from liPlenRtiered port. Turkish AmbnHsndor to United States hopes for Tnft's mediation In "Interest of practical pence."' Turkish cabinet resigns. Otto man Parliament ordered to con. vmc. U. S. Men-of-War Ready for Action Two American naval vessels are en mute to Malta, where the will remain until further oi tiers to be prepared to protect Am' rlcan Interests In Tripoli The -cout ruNer Chester, which sailed from Boston a little more than a week ago, paiy-ed Gibraltar vesterday and entered tlie Mediterranean Sea The gunboat Scorpion, station ship at Constantinople, Is now at Trieste She also has been directed to proceed to Malta They will arrlvft about October ', nnd will bo held In readiness to proceed to the coast of Tripoli In case of necessity The Chester was ordered to Tripoli sev eral weeks ago, after a conference be tween officers of the State and Navy departments, to furnish protection to the monbers of an American archaeological expedition nead.1 bv Prof Richard Nor ton which has been making excavations in tin vicinity oi Cvrene In view of the disordered conditions which are bound to result In Tripoli from its forcible occupa tion bv Italian troops t is probable that the scimtitlc expedition will postpone In definitely its work The I nited States has very little inter est, either commerclallj or politically, in the territorv affected bv the war There aro no American citizens residing In Tripoli, and the commercial relations be tween Ttlpoll and the United States amount to about $3U,00O a jear W W Rockhill, American Ambassador at Constantinople, advised the State De partment vesterdav that foreigners were leaving bv everv departing steamer, but tint Constantinople was quietly awaiting the outcome of the dispute with Italv The sentiment of the people, he added, seemed to be in favor of war Mr Rock hill also Informed the department of the contents of Italj's ultimatum to Turkey. John Q Wood, American consul at Tripoli cabled that twelve Italian war vesels are lving off that port awaiting instructions to land men and take posses sion of the countrv The citv. he added, was quiet, and the people, while excited over the crisis, had remained calm and there had been no disorder Mr Wood sent a telegram dated noon vesterdav saving that an Italian torpedo boat living a white flig was entering the harbor Several Turkish and Arab fam ilies he added have taken refuge in the American consulate Morocon.ii Dlnpnte ear End. Paris, Sept 29 Prime Minister Cail laux to-dav reassured a deputation of financiers that there has been no fresh c'lsagreement In regard to Germanj's latest note on the Moroccan dispute, and that there remained onl a few differ ences in phraseologv to adjust The finan ciers were afraid the pesslsmlstlc reports i' bout the negotiations would have a bad effect on the bourse Sunday Features Worth While Beauty Talk, with Answers to Inquiries by PARIS FASHIONS, By Mrs. A. T. Ashmore. THE WIDOW WISE And Her Near - Romance with Count Victor Vermi celli. TELEFER MORAN, An Episode of Fleet Street, by T. Donovan Baylcy. PSYCHOLOGY OF THE FAN, An Intensely Clever Article on the Oddities of the Faithful. ! These and many other exclu sive features- will be found only in the Sunday edition of" THE , WASHINGTON HERALD i Order your copy to-day. dk4s ITALY'S CRUISERS SINK TURKISH DESTROYERS ON COAST OF GREECE Ottoman Forces, Endeavoring to Repulse Foe in Landing at Tripoli, Send Troop laden Barges to Bottom. BLOCKADE OF AFRICA IS COMPLETE War in Earnest for Protectorate of Disputed Terri toryTurkish Ambassador to United States Hopes Taft Will Intervene Foreign Press Scores Italy. Paris, Sept. 30. War is on in earnest between Italy and Turkey. A dispatch to the Matin from Athens describes a battle between a squadron of Turkish torpedo-boat destroyers and Italian cruisers off Preveza, on the coast of Greece, on Friday afternoon. Two destroyers were seriously damaged and were run ashore. Following the defeat of the torpedo-boat destroyers, Italian cruisers attacked a number of transports loaded with Turkish troops. The trarsports also were disabled and driven ashore. VIOI.TIO OF PltOMKE. The demonstration at Preveza is regarded as an absolute violation of the Italian promise to confine the war to the province of Tripoli. It is reported that Itah has lateh been sending arms and ammu- rnition to the rebels in Albania. Epirus is an Albanian province. 4 Lordon. Sept. 30. special dispatch from Salomki to the Telc raph from Constantinople dated Friday, 10 o'clock, corroborates the . Matin stor) of the sinking of two The destrovers were overtaken in the Adriatic by Italian war ships. One of the dcstroer was sunk, and mam casualties are reported. The second destroer succeeded in reaching Preveza, where it was beached. IT LY Rome, Sept STniKES FIRST. 23 Admiral Aubrey has been placed in command of the entire land and sea forces of Italv, in its cam 1 palgn to end Turkish suzerainty in North ern Africa. , I Acting under orders from the minister of marine, the Italian fleets have begun to I sweep the Mediterranean, and troops have j been landed at Tripoli Italian cruisers have established a complete blockade of , the African coast Cruisers are also pa trolling the coasts of Albania. Macedonia, and Sjria to guard against any Moslem uprising against Europears Thousands of troops have embarked on fortv transports for Tripoli This ex peditionary force will be under command of Gen Caneva Order to 'War Ship. Three squadrons of Italian warships have received the following orders The first squadron will intercept the Turkish fleet, now on Its wav from Beirut to ConstantinoDle It will also blockade Turkish ports and prevent blockade run ning The second squadron will patrol the Red Sea and the third will do reserve duty tit Taranto Naval bases have been at Sj racuse, Taranto, and! Turkey expired the Turkish representa ll ordered from Cardiff, Eng- tives were handed their passports, the established Augusta. Coal land, by the Italian government Is be ing shipped to these stations As a result of the nntl-war demonstra tions, which are growing throughout Italy, three persons were killed and many wounded when troops fired on a mob at Parma to-day. Turkey ot Opposing;. In a conference that continued for fifty minutes to-day, the Turkish charge d'affaires informed Marquis di San Glul lano, Italian minister for foreign affairs, that Turkey had decided not to oppose the landing of troops by Italy at Tripoli, lie expressed the hope that should troops be !;" TuiJ-i-w-rs-jbJ'cts In Tripoli wr ' latlon of treatment usually" accorueu a. con quered people. Malta. Sept. 29 Refugees from Trip oli describe the situation there as most perilous for all Europeans. Moslem hat red has already shown itself with un sheathed knives In the streets, and at tacks are anticipated if the Moslems are further exasperated "by the Italian 'land ing. British protection has been invoked by the Anglo-Maltese colony, who have hoisted the British flag. Refugees state there are 17,000 Turkish troops In Tripoli and the open harborless coast will make landing Blfflcult. Ital ian shipping companies have hitherto re fused passage to all but Italians, but an authoritative assurance Is now given here that all Christians will be embark ed if necessary. The boat service to Tripoli Is practically suspended. Desti tute refugees will be a fresh burden on the already burdened Island. Italian war enthusiasm is reechoed with pride and confidence In the Italian colony here. "Wo have the men, the money, and the ships," Is the cry. Count Bolognes, Italian consul at Ben KhazI, and the consul at Parna, Slgnor PiacenUnI, have been refused landing at Benghazi, w. era they arrived in the steamer Bisagno. The telegraph wires at Benghazi being unavailable, the two consuls returned In the Bisagno to Malta and arrived here $1.00 to Harpers Ferry, Cbrletovm, Summit Point, nui WlacheB ter and Return. Sunday, Oct. 1, Baltimore and Ohio R. R. Special train leaves Union Station 8:00 a. m. Turkish destroy ers in the Epirus. r to-day at 2 o'clock They are now com municating with the ministry at Rome, asking for orders o Time I.ont b Italy. Turin, Italj, Sept 23 (By special cou rier to frontier) immediately the Italian ultimatum was delivered to Turkey the Italian fleet established blockade of the coast of Tripoli Even thing is now In readiness for tho landing of the expedition commanded by Gen Caneva If Italian subjects are mo- lested In Turkey the Italian fleet will ex- tend its area of operations The force that Is to occupy Tripoli will leave Italian and Sicilian ports early next week Tripoli will not be bombard ed unless life and property of Italians and other foreigners are endangered The cruiser Marco Polo and "v Ictor Plsanl have left Taranto with a squadron of torpedo boats under the command of the Duke of the Abruzzt. cousin of King Victor Emmanuel At the moment of their departure the mine ship Minorva went ashore, but suffered only slight damage She carries 150 torpedoes. In ad dition to manv mines Italy II oven Rnpldl). Italv marched qutcklv The moment the time fixed for her ultimatum to Italian Ambassador to Turkey notified the porte that a state of war existed and the Italian minister of marine flashed a wireless to the commander of the blockading squadron off Tripoli to begin operations The Turkish commander at Tripoli was called upon to surrender This he re fused to do, and the Italian commander commenced the debarkation of the force of occupation The Turkish commander ordered his troops to lire upon the Italians, and evidently there must have been a shar but sharp engagement, n- wo ships an transport barges are r M to have been sunk before the w complished ItOHHcn Not Knovra. Just how severe the engagement was or what were the respective losxes can not be said, as immediate!) after the Italian landing was accomplished the telegraph wires at Tripoli were seized and from that moment there was p-acti- jlly silence from Tripoli. Nothing has been sent out and all messages have been unanswered. It is known, however, that Gen Caneva. commanding the expeditionary corps, no Ufled the government of Tripoli that If any Italian subjects were molested tho town nould be Dombarded. and that if the Turkish fleet attempted any action a strong Italian squadron would be sent to deal with it. Alrxhtp in the Fight. Gen Caneva will beaceompanled to Tripoli by Gen. Brlccolla and Gen. Count Geraldl The first fore? to be dispatched will consist of 25,000 men. Altogether, 49. 000 troops will be landed In Tripoli- Aeroplanes and probably a military air ship will also be dispatched. The Duke of the Abruzzt, it Is said, will be tho first governor of Tripoli. Tripoli, Sept .29. An Italian torpedo boat destroyer entered the port of Tripoli this" afternoon flying a white flag and Continued on Piute O, Column 4. fl.25 to Baltimore and Return, Baltimore and Ohio. Every Saturday and Sunday. All trains both wajs. both days, except Roval limited. Tho U. S. Aviation Field and flights at College Park are In full view of passing trains oa this road. n. AtrTjMjS av-? -.--- -4fct;a,i a.t b a-u - i.