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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, April 21, 1912, Image 1

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The Herald has the largest
morning home circulation, and
prints all the news of the world
each day, in addition to murjr
exclusive features.
Increasing cloudiness to-day,
probably followed by showers
NO. 2024.
Quartermaster Hichens, Who Was at the
Wheel When Crash Came, Taken from
Outgoing Ship Under Subpoena.
New York, April 20 The Senate committee appointed to investi-
gate the sinking of the liner Titanic
ments of supreme importance by having Quartermaster Hichens, of the
Titanic, taken from the outgoing liner Lapland at Sandy Hook and
brought back to this city under a subpoena.
Hichens had started for Southhampton with 181 other members
of the crew of the ill-fated vessel, having been released by the com
mittee after several officers and members of the ship's crew had been
selected to remain for further examination After the Lapland had
sailed, however, Senator Alden Smith, chairman of the committee, dis
covered new facts which made it imperative that Hichens testify. The
wireless was used and the Lapland held until a tug arrived. Hichens is
said to have been at the Titanic's wheel when she struck the berg.
The investigating committee concluded its hearing in New York
to-dav and subpoenaed J. Bruce Ismav and other officials of the White
Star Line to appear before It In Wash-y
lngton at 10 30 o clock Monday morn
All available survivors of the Titanic
will be called before the committee.
Including Mrs. John Jacob Astor. CoL
Archibald Grade, and relatives of all
the prominent men who were lost.
German Operator Riled Him.
Members of the committee expressed
the determination to call "every man,
woman and child" who can tell any
thing about the disaster
Harold Bride assistant wireless ope
rator on the Titanic, told the commit
tee to-da) that the German ship
Frankfurt responded promptly to the
Titanic a distress signal, but that In
stead of the Frankfurt rushing to the
relief of the British ship, the German
steamers wireless operator repeatedly
asked what was the matter
So persistently tw nils'-" Inquiry,
pounded Into the ears of Phillips, the"
Titanic s chlgyoexalorr t tioto-ln-1
dignantiy replied to tne uerman
"Ion are a fool"
Slide's testimony also Indicated that!
the FranKmrt was nearer to tne Ti
tanic than the Carpathia.
Alexander Gordon a former engineer
of the White Star Line declared that
the "V hlte Star officials knew as early
as 3 50 o clock Monday morning that
the Titanic was sinking
If It shall prove necessary In order
to determine deflnitel) the time the
White fetar officials in New York re
ceived the first news that the Titanic
had gone down the benate iniesttgaUng
omm ttee will subpoena the officers or
lioth telegraph companies to produce all
t e business that dealt witli that subject
That the scene In the dining room on
fcunday night was the gajest or the oy
ge as has been persistentl) reported
was confirmed late to-day by Assistant!
Steward Thomas w hi tie), who told ot
tli dinne- served at 7 ocloe. at which
the general toast was The" might Ti
tanic Much wine was disposed of, and
I reparations had been made for a ban
quet in New Tork upon the arrival of
the Titanic to celebrate the record
breaking trip of the greatest ship in the
Not to Redorr "speed.
The c unard Line announced that the
peed of their ocean greyhounds, the
Mauretania and the Lusltanla, would not
be reduced on account of the accident,
but that their hlps would take a more
southerly course, thus Increasing the trip
about ISO miles
Although Vice President Ismay brand
ed the stor) as absurd. Ma Godfrey
Peuchcn of Toronto has reiterated his
charge that the managing director was
criminally negligent In not making an
effort to avoid Icebergs
The Lapland, which left New Tork to
da) tor England, had 1.4 passengers
on board. She Is equipped with twenty
four lifeboats, having a capacity of 1.S00
people The Lapland was cleared as
O K by the Lnited States InspecUon
Service of the port or New Tork.
Scene Shifts Mondaj.
Survivors of the Titanic disaster will
be taken away from all Influences which
might hamper the freedom of the evi
dence they have to give, and on Monday
morning will appear before the Senate
Investigating committee In Washington.
This decision was reached late to-day
after a session which developed surpris
ing details in the failure of the greatest
piece of naval construction the world
has ever known, and which sank In mid
ocean early Monday morning, carrying
with her to death more- than 1.500 souls
In announcing his Intention of moving
the scene of the Federal probe to the
National Capital Senator Smith saM
that he has decided to call to "Washing
ton not onlv j Bruce Istna, President
of the White Star Line. Vice President
r A. S. Franklin, and all the surviving
officers of the Titanic but has also
selected from the survivors of the crew a
score of seamen whose stories of how
the Titanic met her fate, he believes, will
be worth recounting These men, he
said, were chosen as" witnesses after
sleuths In the employ of the committee
had wormed their way Into the confi
dence of the seamen.
In additicn to these witnesses, all Amer
ican survivors of the wreck will be sub
poenaed as witnesses before the com
mittee In "Washington
Chairman Smith. f the committee, to
day officially declared that, "Mrs. J J.
Astor will be brought before the com.
mlttee provided her condition is such
that sbe-tan travel,
Kntir of Icebergs.
That the Titanic' officers were cog
nizant that three mammoth Icebergs
menaced their pathway, and that they
were given more than six hours' warn
the Sunday afternoon by the,Callfornlan,
was one of the Important bits of evi
dence which came out at the session aj
Best Service to California.
Standard or tourist Latter personally
conducted five times weekly "without
change Berth. P Washington-Sunset
route. A. J, Fonoc. SOS F 6t 70 Jith St.
closed a day of unearthing develop
the "Waldorf to-day This was told by
Harold Bride, the second wireless oper
ator of the Titanic. He declared that as
early as 4 JO o'clock the Calif ornian called
him, with an "Ice report." He said that
at the time, he was busy writing a re
rort. and that, he Ignored the call
Half an hour later he heard the Call
fornlan call the Baltic, begging to give
her the report. He then took It, tran
cribed It, and gave It to the officer on
the Titanic's bridge.
The ouster) which has so far sur
rounded the message, which af10 o clock
Monday morning-was caught bj the Bal
tic, giving the first news of the Titanic's
late, wes dispelled to-day when Harold
3. Cottam, wireless operator of the Car
pathla, was put on the stand and gave
his testimony of the happenings that
areaarui Sunday night.
Cottam had told the .committee that he
had sent a message to the Baltic; telling
oi the sinking of, the Whiter star liner
-Ar-the-concluslon i of rhe"Jiearlng-to--j
aaj, senator bmltb. Issued a formal state
ment In which he reviewed the evidence
alread) acquire and declared that the
facts gathered so far are encouraging
enough to warrant going deeper into this
last mjstery of the seas.
I.lst of "Witnesses.
He then read the list of witnesses
whom he said had alread) been served
with subpoenas to Insure their attend
ance In Washington, which Is outside of
the Jurisdiction of New Tork
Besides Ismay and Franklin, this list
Includes Bride. Ihe Titanic s operator.
Cottam, the Carpathian operator C H
Llghtholder, second office- II J Pitt
man, third officer. J -G BoxhalL fourth
officer., and H. G Lowe fifth officer, all
survivors of the Titanic
The following of the crews were sub
poenaed V. Perkins P Archer. W H
Taylor. VV Brjce, E. Bulle). S Hem
ming. F O Evans, T Jones, Frank O
Oemon. G Moore. H Cunningham. F
Klret. A Oliver. G Simmons, J Haardy.
Albert Haines, G A Hoge J Crawford,
VV Burke. E. Wheelton. F Clinch rred
erick Ha). G Crow, C Vndrews, J
Continued on Page Three.
3jk&$ 3BBsMLlBBHBswHBflBBHtLfcSBliaDfi
The photograph -shows the managing director of the White Star Line fitting at the end of the table, his hands- reAtingin front of him, testifying before the Senatorial investi
gating committee which .went from Washington and began proceedings tjie daj after -the Carpathia arrived, in New York with the onlv living, survivors of the Titanic dis
aster. In answer to Senator Newlands' question regarding the speed of the Titanic -at the time it crashed into the iceberg, Ir. Ismaj said: "I understand it was- twenty-one
Knots, or a little oVer twenty-six milcsan hour' --.
Daughter of Henry Siegel. the millionaire
merchant. She was brought In on the
Carpathia with the rest of the survivors.
In relating her experiences she said
"There were many lifeboats preparing to
be launched when my husband and I
reached the deck. He ran for ope of
them and then my husband thrust some
biscuits into ml hand, kissed me and.
lifted me into the boat. In which were
twent) -three women. He kissed me again
and told me that he would be all right
and joined tbe other men as we were
lowered Into the water They all seemed
happy that their wives were being car
ried safely away from the damaged ship.
and kept calling and reassuring us that
everything would be all right, that the
ship could not sink The next thing
was that terrible explosion, the horrible
shrieks and the disappearing of the great
ship The time we spent In that small
boat after those noble, heroic men went
down were hours of torture I raw Mr.
Ismay when he came on board the Car
pathia. He was trembling from head to
foot, and kept mumbling I m Ismay
I'm Ismay "
1 Hi? .
English GirL Does Hot Let Catas
trophe Interfere with Her
Original Plan.
New Vork, Alxil a Saved from a
ater) grave when the Titanic was sent
to the bottom by a monstrous Iceberg,
Miss Marlon Wright, of leovll Somer
set County. England, to-da) obtained a
license for her marriage to Arthur VV ol
cott. a fruit grower, ot Portland, Oreg.
Wolcott, who was born In England.
was hurrying East to meet his fiancee
when he heard the first news of the dls
aster He did not learn that Miss
Wright had escaped until some time
later, and It was not until yesterday,
after he had searched all of the hos
pitals In vain, that he found her at
the home of Mr and Mrs Henry Milne
He went to Milne s home to ask for as
sistance In his search, and was greeted
at the door by his fiancee.
The couple were married later at St
Christopher's Chapel. After a few da)
sightseeing In New Tork the Wolcotta
will leave for Oregon.
Measure Creating Service
Commission Changed by
One Amendment
Bristow Insists. Presidential Totes
for District -Be Taken Up
, Monday.
Containing only one amendment by
which the commission Is given the right
to hold public hearings, the public util
Itles bill, giving the District Commission
era the authority of a public service com
mission, passed the Senate jesterday aft
ernoon by a, viva voce vote, une oiu
represented the redrawn amendment to
tbe original measure as Introduced by
Senator Galllnger It was passed with
the approval of Senator Works of Cali
fornia, who was chief opponent to the
original Galllnger bill.
Powers of Commission.
The new bill, as passed, gives tbe Com
missioners absolute right to determine
not only the amount of stock which each
company owns (thereby determining the
amount of capitalization per mile, on
street car and telegraph companies), but
authorizes the commission to consider
the differences In stock and prevent tbe
transfer from one company to another ot
stock held, thereby making the corpora
tions or the District In any way "de
pendent" on each other
With the passage of the bill in the
Senate It Is entirely probable that the
House members will force Its'consldera-
tlon and require its passage within the
next two weeks. This sentiment was ex
pressed by Chairman Ben Johnson, of the
House District Committee. Jesterday
There Is no question" said Mr John
son. Tmt what a regulation ot corpora
tions In the District is one of the most
needed laws at the present rime. Whether
the Senate measure confers" on the Dis
trict Commissioners the powers necessary
to make this power adequate Is a mooted
hoestlon- which we cannot, determine untjl
the NU has been carefully consiaerta. un
questionably the vmepjyrcJUflLhe t ab-
l'len for Prlronrles.
Prior to the consldreatlon of thr bill
Senator Bristow of Kansas made a fer
vid plea for the consideration of bis bill
giving the District the right of a direct
Preldentlal primarv vote when the iTes,-
Identlal and "Vice Presidential votes of
the two great national parties are to be
In his remarks Senator Bristow de
clared that there had been a systematic
policy ot obstruction on the part ot the
regular Republican Senators which must
stop In reply, several Senators of the
regular Republican faction declared
themstlves willing immediate!) to take
up the consideration of the bill
It was then ngreed that the District
primary bill should come up with the
unfinished business to-morrow, and un
less the present strength of the Senate
weakens It seems entlrel) probable that
It will pass.
The onb important amendment to the
Senate bill on public utilities was Intro
duced b) Senator 'Galllnger, and Is as
That before final determination of
such value the commission shall after
notice of not less than thirty das to
the public utility hold a public hear
ing as to such valuation In the manner
bbbbbbbbbbbbbbR r-lJfcaisSwB
rv & ,. . "3vsLrHissssssi
Mrs. George D "Wldener. with her maid.
was rescued from the Titanic disaster.
She was returning with her husband,
who wont -down with the hundreds of
other heroes, from a trip to Paris, where
the Philadelphia society moan had spent
weeks In selecting a fitting trousseau
for her daughter, who was soon to be
married. Parisian dressmakers declare
that the creation purchased by Mrs.
Wldener and nearly entirely designed by
herself was one of the most complete
and expensive ever bought la the city
of fashion. The unequalcd collection of
finery with several thousands of dollars
worth of Mrs. W Idener's wardrobe Is now
at the bottom of the sea that ended the
life of her husband, who worked heroic
ally In his effort to get all the women
and children into the lifeboats before the
great ship went down.
hereinafter provided for. a hearing
which provisions, so far as applicable,
shall apply to such Hearings. The
commission shall, within ten days aft
er such valuation Is determined, serve
a stateroe.pt thereof upon the public
utility Interested, and shall file a like
statement wlth.the District Committees
in Congress "
Eliminates Mnr Section.
The' new roeattireJettmtnates the section
bjrh. 8eturtorTWorks leclkred 'tdv'be
Bf.M)T, ttflMilhrtbeTriKhtyad
power? of. the utilities commission. Jt
la 101 sections In lei gtli. as compared
to the 10S sections of the Galllnger bill
and the 10S sections of the bHl as Intror
duced by "Representative Oldfleld In the
House and recommended oy benator
Works as a complete amendment to the
Galllnger bill
Man) sections duplicating those intro
duced In other places have been elimi
nated from the new bill
Halifax Nova Scotia. April S The
"White Star liner Laurcntlc from Liver
pool, arrived to-day fehe. passed the
scene of the disaster, but found no
"We saw neither bodies nor wreck
age." Capt Mathlis said There were
many Icebergs, towering, and huge fields
of pack Ice right In the track of navi
gation The cable boat Macka) -Bennett was
scheduled to reach the scene of the dis
aster to-da) She will proceed to New
Tork with any bodies found.
National Monument to Cost
- 500,000 May Be
Prominent Business Men of Wash
ington in Heartfelt Sympathy
with Movement.
Costing at'Ieast ha!f,amlllton dollars,
and for which Congress will be asked to
appropriate COO.000. - national N monu
ment will be erected to the memory of
MaJ. Archjbald-W. .Butt, aid to Presi
dent Taft and hundreds of other cour
ageous men who surrendered their lives
that the women and children-aboard we
Ill-fated Titanic might be sved.
John Hals Hammond, who was Inti
mately acquainted with MaJ. "Butt. Is
one of the originators of the movement.
which lis the heartfelt co-operation ot
the President It is understood that In
addition to tbe appropriation by Con
gress the entire country will be given
an opportunity to contribute to the mem
ory ot the military hero, and belief Is
expressed to-day that 3200 000 additional
can be raised
Following the suggestion of MUs Mary
S Hamilton, director of the Hamilton
Institute, a movement was started by
The "Washington Herald yesterday to
raise funds for the erection of a fitting
At a meeting held at the Chamber of
Commerce a call was prepared for a
mass meeting at 3 o clock "Wednesday
afternoon In the rooms of the Chamber
for the purpose of discussing prelimi
nary plans for the erection of such a
memorial. A temporary organlxatlon
will be perfected, and steps will be taken
looking to the appointment ot a na
tional committee, which shall undertake
to raise by subscription the necessary
funds for the memorial.
Call (or Meeting.
The call for the meeting will be signed
by about fifty prominent" business men
and officials of 'Washington. IlUodreds-ot
postal caras-'gtvldg-i!dttce. Jhe'roeet
tae. -which are-"being prwrcd. win be
rat broadcast througbsatthe. city-Hits
morning v ""
That the suggestion io erect a. memorial
to the-brave men who died on tbe Titanic
has touched a responslv e-'chord was evi
denced )esterda when" a 'Washington
Herald reporter Interviewed several
prominent business men and clv)c work
ers, it as the consensus of opinion that
memorial should be erected oy sud-
scrlptlons from, all over the countrv
It Is believed the movement to raise
subscriptions should be national in char
acter Inasmuch as tha-Titanic, disaster
Is one,, that )s felt eyeorwhereand not
confined to. an). iocautyjr ini-rmucn as
Washington" Is the- Capital . of the Ration
It Is conceded that the memorial should
be creeled here
H Warntr treasurer of the com
mittee which raised the funds for the
Longfellow memorial ald he believed It
Is the duty of the citizens of the "United
btates to erect a memorial to the men
who died on the Titanic
Will Find Support.
feel sure the project to erect a me
morial to those courageous men who died
on the Titanic Is one that win meet with
hearty response and support ever) where
It it right and proper that the memor)
of those brave men, who. had they been
Continued on Page Four.
Twelre Villages Ars Onder
Water and Thousands
Are Homales.
Army Surgeon Sent by Department
to Inaugurate Sanitary Measures
in Stricken. Districts.
New Orleans, April 30. Harassed on
all sides by the mighty Mississippi, which
at the present time Inundates twelve
prosperous villages In Mississippi near
Greenville, and handicapped by lack of
money and facilities with which to battle
the water which Is sweeping over their
very homes, the people of Greenville to
night have sent out countless messages
to every available spurce. calling for aid.
A message recetred here to-night saya
at least 30 000 persons are homeless, and
that many lives have been lost. Some
estimates place the number of dead at
3 This, however, has not been con
firmed. A raging flood covers twenty square
miles In the vicinity, the water pouring
into two bayous, and Is expected to
reach the levee at Greenville Before
Twenty-one negroes are known to
have been drowned near Benolt Great
loss of life Is believed to have occurred
In the section between Beulah and
"Villages re Inundated.
The towns or Scott. Avondale, Wlle
zinskl. Wlntervllle, Choctaw, Dunlelth,
Hollknowe. Helm. Elizabeth. Napanee,
Stonevllle. and Lenand are several feet
beneath water, the scantll) clad and
desltute people In some of them, being
marooned on the roofs of their houses.
Calls for aid In the delta counties
north of Vicksburg are hourly grow
ing more urgent The relief forces are
working feverishly to send out supplies
before rail communication Is shut off
In the rear of the levee are valuable
lands planted In truck, orange or citrus
groves, and an Inundation resulting
from, a crevasse In the levse will entail
a loss of many thousands of dollars,
besides endangering the Uvea of hun
dreds of 'residents.
Vicksburg. iliss.. April SU. Reports were
recelrertR5V to-day- of the drowning of
a persons In Bolivar County, Miss- when
the town was swept b) the flood which,
followed the collapsing" of the levees
near Brulah.
Five thousand refugees at Cleveland
have exusted practically all their food
Memphis, Tenn April JO The Inlted
States neamer Stlmson. with 530 CCO
pounds of supplies for flood sufferers, ar
rived here to-day These supplies will b
hastened to places where Immediate help
Is needed. Hundreds of poor families are
starving Over 75 towns now are sub
merged. It l estimated to-da) that
09,000 are homeless and the loss to plan
tation property reaches millions. Thou
sands of bales of totton heM In store
houses for higher prices are ruined.
Many floated awa) when the breaks In
the levees came All railroad traffic be
tween Memphis and other points to the
center of th flood districts has been
shut off Thouands of feet ot track are
washed awa)
Feirlng that an epidemic of fever or
other diseasei mav develop among the
sufferers of the Mississippi Valle flood
Col Jefferson It. Kean of the Army
Medical Corps who cleaned up Cuba and
Panama and conquered )ellow fever, was
dispatched to the scene )esterda)
Col Kean s flrst stop will tie at Bowl
ing Green K) , where he will confer to
morrow morning with the State Board of
Health, bj arrangements made with tbe
Governor of Kentuck) jesterday From
there he will proceed with members of
the board to Hickman. Columbus, ind
other heavily stricken points along th9
Mississippi Then he will go to New
Madrid. Mo thence to Tlptonvllle Mem
phis, and other places In Tennessee, to
Helena Ark , and thence on down the
Mississippi In the wake of the flood a 1
tide to Vicksburg and other points where
great suffering Is reported
Phyalclnn Ire &cnree.
This action was taken b) the War Ie
rartment. following a report from MaJ
Miller, ti . arm surgeon In rharge. at
Vicksburg A few davs ago MaJ Miller
asked for a large consignment of medical
supplies, which were sent He reports
th.it they have been of little benefit, how
oer, owing to the lack of phjslclans
A large amount of fever is reported all
through this territory, and there Is much
d)senit.r) and other ailments. It now
develops b) these reports that more live
have been, lo't by disease following ex
posure end privation than by the waters
Concentrate In Sioatll.
Keports from the army engineers re
ceived yesterda) Indicate th-it while con
dltions are improved at Northern points,
they are growing worse farther south
The flood having now assumed Its most
dangerous condition In the Lower Missis
sippi, the efforts of the Lngineer Corps
are being concentrated In that quarter.
MaJ Smith, in charge of the Memphis
district, reported )fsterday that he had
already spent K,000. Capt Sherrlll. In
the New Orleans district, has spent $.
000. Capt Woodruff. In charge of the
Vicksburg district, has spent p3,C0O. This
expenditure has bcn necessar) Tor the
purchase of sacks and sandbags for the
topping of levees, strengthening the
sides and rear slopes of levees, for
steamboats to transport the material,
and for labor hire
Although a large amount of work al
read) has been accomplished, much more
remains to be done Secretary of War
Stlmson is deeply Interested and Is re
ceiving detailed .telegraphic report
every day from the officers In charge.'
Provides Store Lifeboat.
London. April 30. All of the ocean
liners In. the service of the Canadian
Pacific -Railway will Immediately have
their quota of lifeboats Increased as a
result of the Titanic disaster This an
nouncement was made here to-day In a,
cablegram from the main oftce of the
Canadian Pacific in Montreal to Its Lon
don manager
9L3 Baltimore and Ttetara
Baltimore and Ohio.
Every Saturdar and Eundav Good to?
return until Jam. train Monday All
trains, both ways. Including the Kara!

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