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QfCfhe Average Person
ThouehfAlone of Premature Interment Arouses
Terror iriMind'ot Man Some Historical
, - " ' Coses of Burial Before Death,
- 'By BJU.FH W. BKHTOX. ,
jTheri la nothings which arouses more
tarror.ln th mind ot man than the
thonxht of belnc; burled allre. HUtorr
..rplete with Instaacea of premature
Burial' and- there la bardlr -a person
Whohaa not been terrified by the Idea
of beta- placed beneath the sod with
the spark of life still i faintly burning.
Several decades ago the dvillxeu world
was deeply stirred over the.matter. xRe
Jlable physicians "testified as to numer
ous, cases of 'premature burials- The
press of- this country and Europe de
rated column after column to -discussions
'of the ghoulish question. litera
ture began to abound with stories of
the interment of persons still aura, ana
the public was' thrown Into sr frensy.
Societies for the prevention of prema
tura 'burial were formed, and scores ot
fences were Invented for tne purpose or
detecting signs of life should a burled
person prove not to be dead.
There have been hundreds of authentic
cases of premature burials brought to
light; and there have doubtlessly been
many ,, more Instances 'which will never
become known. The possibility of such
burials has grown gradually less and
less, until now the matter Is looked upon
with ridicule by physicians and under
takers. A large percentage of the dead
to-day are embalmed, and If a person
la not actually lifeless when pronounced
so .by-.the. physician, he will unquea
tionaby'be so by the time the undertaker
Has nmsnea. working upon nun.
The "only possibility to-day of prema
ture burials Is the nasty interment of
bodies. In the wsrm climate ot the
Southern 'part of the country bodies are
usually burled the day following death,
and as a' result of this It Is extremely
probable that persons alive are occa
sionally burled, particularly In eases of
catalepsy. In times ot war and plague
there are numerous cases of premature
burials on account of the expeditious and
indiscriminate interments. (
Maay Historic Cases.
Medical history affords scores of Inter
, esting cases of the interment of persons
merely thought to be dead. One of the
first of these Instances which has been
recorded occurred In England In 1793.
After a short Illness Lady Russell, the
beautiful wife of a prominent colonel In
the British arms, died. The husband hsd
a premonition that the fair lady -would
1 return to life, and In defiance of the
adilce of physicians and undertakers he
decided to retain the body until decompo
sition was in an' advanced stage. Six
days he sat at the casket of his wife,
weeping and looking In rain for some
sign of life. On the seventh day. as the
shadows were beginning to darken the
room and the church bells were toning
solemnly, Lady Russell opened her eyes
and a smile wreathed her face. Although
faint and almost lifeless, she was re
vived and Hied for several years.
Shortly afterward. In Lelpslc the wire
of Mathaus Hornlsch, a well-known pub
lisher, died. The day following her death
she was burled. That night about II
o'clock there was a faint knock at the
door of the publisher's bouse. Hornlsch
wss dozing In his easy chair and did
not hear the tap, but a servant Immedi
"Well, who's there?" Inquired the
menial from within, fearing through su
perstition to open the door st test hour
"It Is your mistress." came the faint
reply. "Open the door. I pray you. I am
cold and freezing to death."
The sen-ant did1 not obey the com
mand. Instead, he fell to the floor with
a shriek ot terror. The publisher, aroused
by the confusion, opened the door and
In stepped his dead wife, clad In her
mortuary garments. In her hand she
held a lantern. The husband began a
hasty retreat, believing the object before
him to be an apparition. But a word
from her calmed him. and he returned
to listen to the weird story which she
had to tell.
Arm Moved Away.
It seemed that as the body was being
lowerei Into the narrow cell the grave
digger noticed several large and valu
able gold rings on the fingers of Mrs.
Hornlsch. Soon after nightfall he en
tered the graveyard and began to dis
inter the body, with the Idea of stealing
the rings. After working about half an
hour, the earth was removed and the
coffin lay before him. At the side of the
grave sat a lantern, throwing Its yellow
rays down upon the ghostly body. The
bands of gold were glittering upon the
white fingers. The grave digger caught
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hold of one of the digits and waa about
to remove the largest of the rings when
the arm slowly moved out of his reach.
He leaped from the narrow confines of
the grave and sped like a streak of sum
mer Jightning tor 'bis bumble abode. Jfra.
Hornlsch had been burled alive, upon
regaining consciousness she called loud
ly for help, but none came, and all that
she could hear was the echo ot her own
voice among the surrounding hills. Fl
nslly she made a supreme effort and
climbed out of the grave. With the grave
digger's lantern In her hand she, stag-
gerea to tne aoor or ner house.
On May U. 1891. the PaU Mall Gazette
published a detailed account of an ex
tremely Interesting case. Mrs. Sarse-
vUle, the wife of a farmer, waa In the
cow house attending to her dally duties,
when, through a small hole In the floor,
she suddenly caught sight of a nest ot
squirming snakes, stricken with fright,
she uttered a weird shriek, and fell to
the ground. Mr. Sarsevllle beard the
unearthly cry and hurried to the struc
ture. He found bis wife apparently life
less. Her face waa beginning to turn
black, and her body was chilled and
An undertaker, was notified and the
body was placed In a coffin. All night
the daughter kept watch by the side of
the casket. In the stillness of the early
morning Just before daybreak, the young
maiden waa startled tq see her mother
gasp and then open her eyes. The daugh
ter shrank backward In fright, while
the figure In the coffin assumed a sitting
posture. Mrs. Sarsevllle was helped from
her somber resting place and was given
stimulants. She was soon completely re
vived, and by breakfast time was ready
to participate In a hearty meal to
gether with the family.
Kslse from Hearse.
On July 8, ISM, at Sprakers, near Rand
out. N, T Miss Eleanor Markham. a
popular young woman, waa pronounced
dead by Dr. Howard, the family physi
cian, after experiencing a short Illness.
The weather was excessively warm, and
It was decided upon the suggestion of
Undertaker Jones to hold the burial
service as soon as possible. On the aft
ernoon of July 10 relatives tock their
parting look at the fair face, and the lid
of the casket Was fastened on. As the
hearse was passing slowly and solemnly
through the graveyard, and while the
bell was tolling sadly a noise was heard
to Issue from the mortuary vehicle. It
Increased In volume, and the driver of
the hearse was ordered to stop. The
doors were hurriedly opened: the casket
was remoed, and the .ltd waa un
There. In her narrow prison house.
struggling and weeping, was Miss Mark
ham, unmlstakatily alive. Her face waa
white and contracted. Her large eyes
'My God! Where am IT" she gasped
with great effort, as the lid of the coffin
was removed. Tou are burying me
"Hush, hush. Eleanor," said Dr. How
ard blandly. "You are all right. Eleanor.
This Is a mistake very easily rectified,
The young Woman was helped Into a
carriage and rushed to her home, where
she fainted. After about an hour she
regained consciousness and seemed to
have recovered from the Illness with
which she had been stricken, although
she wss still very 'alnt
T waa conscious all the time you
were making preparations to bury me."
he said. "The horror of my situation
Is altogether beyond description. I could
hear everything that was going on. even
a whisper outside the door, and, although
I exerted all my will power add made
a supreme physical effort to cry out. I
was powerless. At first I fancied the
pallbearers would not hear me. but
when I caught the sound of the hearse
doors being opened and felt one end
of the coffin dropping suddenly, I knew
that my cries had not been In vain. I
feel now as If a new Vase of life has
been granted met"
A most Interesting case has been cited
by Dr. Richard Bird Mason, M. R. C S ,
L. S. A. a famous London physician.
In August. 1S58, he began to treat Miss
Amelia Hicks, twelve years of age. of
Bridge Street. Nuneaton, for pulmonary
consumption. The condition of the girl
gradually became worse, and at 3.30
o'clock on the morning of October 18
she apparently died. She groaned heav
ily, waved her hands In parting, turned
her head slightly to the right, dropped
her Jaw, and expired. She was imme
diately washed and attired In clean linen
Her Jaw was tied with a handkerchief,
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feat wet tied tewthst with a aiscja of
tap. Thabody wM.tbsa laid oa a sofa
aad, covered wtth .-.sheet. ,
Abwrt Vetoes: the grandrsrther re
moved the sheet to Use the pate cheek
nanism if. ue removed eaa of the coins,
and waa startled to notice a coarnl-
slve movement of the eyelid. Ha con
veyed .the news to the relatives who
had gathered in' the house of mourning,
but. they merely laughed at the occur
rence, declaring It to bo nothing more
muscular "contraction duo to de-
eotanoattton. The grandfather Insisted,
however, tns the girt was alive, and
quietly summoned Dr. Mason for the
purpose of wialrmr as examination, The
physician arrived about 130 o'clock,
and at oac noticed a tremulous condi
tion ot the eyelids. Ha applied his steth
oscope to the region of the heart, anil
detected beats, of tolerable force. The
radial pule was then taken, and It could
be easily detected, beating' seventy-five
per minute. The girl was revived, and
lived In fairly good health for several'
A decade or two ago the public waa so
frightened by the recital ot oases of
premature burial that thousands ot de
vices were Invented for detecting signs
ot lire alter interment, one oc tne most
unique of these waa invented by Count
Xarnlce-Karnlckl. and while .It seemed
plausible upon first view and met with
great sale ana use. wss soon provea to
be a ludicrous failure.
Waa EUsent Machine.
. Jt consisted of a hollow pips' leading
from the hurled coffin to a hermetically
closed Iron, box on top of the
Inside the pipe waa a spring, one end
being attached to the box and the other
being connected with a glass ball deli
cately arranged, so ss Just to touch the
chest of the enoofftned person. The
faintest movement of the chest, such as
that caused by the lightest breathlna-.
was sufficient to move the glass ball and
set off. a circus of Interesting phenomena.
The Hd or tne box would fir open, ad'
mlttlng air and light to the subterranean
cell. A big Incandescent lamp stationed
nesr the grave would light, and a huge
red flag would mysteriously rise until
about four feet from the ground. And In
addition to these numerous signs of 1m
prisoned life an electric alarm gong would
clatter In the abode of the grave-yard
The description of the apparatus
pleased men on the verge of the grave
who were fearful of being laid low pre
maturely. It seemed to be a great In.
ventlon. If the big red flag should not
be seen, some one would surely catch
sight of the glowing electric lamp or
hear that clattering gong. Those
who purchased the apparatus found
that It was too active. Hardly waa
the sod placed upon the grave be
fore the box lid would spring open, the
lamp would light, the flag would rise,
and the alarm would ring. Grave after
grave was reopened, only to find the
body of the dead person ss cold and
stiff aa ever. Physicians soon solved the
mystery, and proved the worthlessness of
the Invention, by explaining that the de
composition of the body was sufficient
to keep the glass ball In a state of con
Charlton Case Comes up
in Supreme Court Shortly
Whether or Not Young
to Stand Trial for
.Determined by Highest Law Body.
The fate of young Porter Chariton,
who murdered his wife on Lake Coroo,
Italy, In June, VU. and who has been
held a prisoner in Hoboken, N. J, for
two years, will be determined within the
next few dsys by the United States Su
preme Court, whose sessions begin to
At an early date as possible after the
opening of the court the question aa to
whether or not Charlton win De turneo
oer to the Italian authorities and sent
back to Italy, to be tried there, will be
argued before the court.
The Dresentlng or this matter Deiore
the court will revive Interest In one of
the most remarkable wlfe-slaylng cases
on record. It Is the story of a young
man of high birth and breeding, youth
ful In years, handsome In face and fig
ure, of high mental gifts and quiet de
meanor, cauxht In the fascinating graces
of an experienced woman of the world.
whose checkered and hectic career fur
nished diversion for newspaper readers
for more than a decade, and who finally
met a hideous fate at the hands of the
young man she had so strangely en
chanted. Father Prevented Extradition.
Porter Cbarleton Is the son of Judge
Paul Charlton, solicitor of the War De
partment and a classmate of President
Taft. and It was the Intervention of the
father and all the powerful Influences he
was able to aummon which prevented
the extradition of young Charlton Imme
diately after his arrest In this country,
to which he bad fled after murdering his
wife, cramming her body Into a trunk
and throwing It Into Lake Como.
The fight of the Italian authorities
for the extradlctlon or Charltton re
sulted in diplomatic complications that
threatened for a time to develop se
Toung Charlton has been lying In Jail
in New Jersey for two years awaiting
the verdict of the Supreme Court as to
whether or not he will hare to go back
to Italy and stand trial. If the court
decides that he should not be extra
dited, it seems there will be no other
alternative than to set htm free.
Trantc Found ta Lake.
On June 10 some fishermen on Lake
Como discovered a trunk at the bottom
of the lake, weighted down by a heavy
stone. They turned It over to the po
lice of the village of Moltraslo, who
opened It and found the body of Mrs.
Messengers were sent to notify the
young husband.' He waa gone. It then
waa suspected that he. too, had been
murdered, color being lent to this sus
picion by the fact that Charlton's coat
was discovered In the Lake the follow
ing day. Ambassador Lelshman went
In person to Lake Como and had the
lake dredged thoroughly.
Acting upon the belief that a double
murder had been committed, the police
arrested Constantino Ispolatoff, who was
held until it became known that Charl
ton, lnstesd of being destroyed, was on
bis way to America.
On arriving at Hoboken, Charlton waa
promptly arrested and almost aa prompt
ly made a full confession aZ his crime.
The! substance of this confession waa
that his wife was given to such violent
fits ot temper that it became unendur
able. And on the night of the murder
he said she berated him In such violent
language that he himself became dazed
with anger and struck her with a mallet
which he had been using In the mending
of some furniture. He struck her re
peatedly until she was dead. He thep
placed her body In the trunk, and at
midnight-dragged It to a small pier and
threw it Into the lake. Four days later
be boarded the steamer Princess Irene
at Genoa-and cam to America.
laaashter t CaltfonJaau
lira. Charlton was the daughter ot H.
H. Scott. 'Of San Francisco, and a sister
ofxCapt. Henry Harrison Scott, of the
United Mate Army, who Insisted from
the first that hls,atster had been mur
dered sy.CTaaisvsa, aad It wMdaat gj
MRS. JEZSKF mUE.
Philadelphia. Pa., Oct. Ji Disclaiming
belief In any religion. Miss Evelyn Bax
ter Xason. a pretty girl of twenty,
prominent in local society. Insisted on
the performance of a civil ceremony
when wedded recently to Dr. Jezset
Irare, an eye specialist, of Budapest,
Hungary. Mayor Rudolph Blankenburg
officiated. "We are both atheists." said
Miss Nason, the daughter of a literary
man, "and why should we go through
a foolish ritual when neither of us have
religious convictions. Besides that, we
are going to lire in Hungary, where
only the civil ceremony Is recognized.'
American Must Go Back
Murder of Wife to be
energy and persistence that Charlton was
located and arrested. 1
In VS3T she married Neville Castle, ot
San Francisco, whose small fortune she
quickly dissipated with her extravagant
way or living.
After having reduced her husband to
poverty. Mrs. Castle went on the stage
in January, 1900, making her debut in a
play called "The Princess snd the But
terfly." While with this company she fell
In lore with Lawrence Griffiths, with
whom she lived, but not for long, violent
quarrels breaking up the union. After
Griffiths left her, she came to New
Tork and pased as an artist's model.
In the meantime her husband. Castle,
had obtained a divorce naming Griffiths.
This was In 1901. Then she seems to
have fallen out of public view for eight
j ears She emerged from oblivion on
August S, 1909, when she walked Into the
corridor of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel,
and with the exclamation. "I'll teach
you to go back with me." placed a pistol
against the body of William B. Craig
and fired. The bullet struck a fountain
pen and was deflected, doing Craig no
harm. Craig did not press the case.
COUNTRY B0ADS CHARMING.
Wild Carrot, or "Queen's Lace," Is
Whitening Many Fields.
From U Bosteo Trtmrrirt.
Country rosds were never more charm
ing than they are at the present time:
and a feature that contributes to their
attractiveness. If one has no Interest in
the land and Is ignorant of the associa
tion, la the wild carrot, nowjn full bloom
and whitening many fields. A common
name lor it la "queen'a lace." and It is
not an inapt designation of Its delicate
Deauty. n Is much In reouest for decora-
tire purposes and lends Itself to green
and white color schemes as few other
dowers of the field do. But alas. It Is
monopoiisc ana me farmer entertains a
righteous .hatred of It Its roots run
deep into the ground and unless unre
lenting war Is made upon It. It will come
to occupy the meadows and other fields
to the exclusion of other crops. In some
States laws have been passed requiring
owners of premises where It grows to
hare It cut before the seed ripens, and
In Connecticut town officials are warning
the citizens to promptly conform to the
provisions. or that statute. It Is unusu
ally plentiful this year, with promises of
a larger crop next unless Its progress Is
cnaiiengea. Even cutting Is but a tem
porary cnecic such la its grip upon the
soil that only the eradication of the
plant will do any permanent good.
Tranhle Ahead la England.
Fran th St..Piul'rksietr Pnes,
The workmen's Insurance law which
wen tintoieffectin England a week ago
seems likely to 'be the-.center of much
disturbance before It Is thoroughly In
augurated and working smoothly. The
declaration of Chancellor Lloyd-George
that the Insurance law' Is only the first
step In an extensive plan of social
change has alarmed many, who are em
ployers. of large numbers of wage-earners.
'They held a- conference, at which it
was reported they have practically
agreed to" a" reduction of wages which
will equal, the amount of the Insurance
In each, case. That would, of course,
force 'the employer to pay for his own
Insurance and undoubtedly wouM tr.
clpltate. trouble. It la expected that such
action would bring on general strikes and
depression, 'but 'the theory, of the em-
Piyer, TCiasio DMneimore troubis tne
better,80 long as It will be blamed to the
reforms' that arc being Instituted by. the
government.. .,"" ...
Then law provides for the navrbent-of
part of the "premiums "by the state, part
by the employer. and-part by the-employe.
The employers, of course, cannot
escape paying their share of -what Is put
up by the state, nor. can they'' get away
from being, taxed' for the share that U
Imposed upon them! directly. That they
propose Jo reimburse theatselrea onlyTjy
acut In wages Is evldeacs'of the-bltter-nesa.ofithelr.opposlltoa-.aBd
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11 l7'?"Mt. - -M. UJk '.V''y &&.
Iii Diplomatic Corps
essasssssssssssssa asaaaa.a.a.1 j in
They All Like the Atmosphere of Washington,
Its Parks, and Its Democracy Little Bmr
oness Mila HengelmuUer Was Belle.
The son of one of the leading repre
sentatives of a foreign nation In Wash
ington announced one day, "When I grow
up. I am going to be an Ambassador or
an American citizen."
Pressed for reasons he said: "So that
I can always live In Washington."
Most of the children of the Diplomatic
Corps have this ssme liking for our
Capital City, according to a writer In the
Strand. They dread changea which may
take them to other countries, and which
would deprive them of the freedom and
spontaneity of their life In America.
The Chrlstmss celebrations in 'the Dip
lomatic Service are a series of wonder
ful events, for most of the children have
an American Chrlstmss as well aa one
with the national customs of their own
land. There are presents from their
American friends, as well as huge boxes
from over the seas, and the holiday sea
son Is one of prolonged gayety. The
Chinese children, for Instance, have a
most wonderful tree which combines Ori
ental and American Ideas of decoration.
But the lives of the small members of
the Diplomatic Corps, like those of their
parents, are demoted to many things. The
children attend school as regularly as do
the others In Washington. The public
schools are well patronized by the for
eign parents, who recognize the high
standard of education Imparted In the
schools of the United States. Then there
la a better opportunity to learn English.
an accomplishment which the younger
members of the family acquire often be
fore the older ones.
It Is Impossible to point out the most
picturesque figure In the jounger gen
eration of diplomats. The daintiness of
little Baroness Mela HengelmuUer ap
pealed to some and the boyishness ot
that native of the capital, George Wash
ington Chang, to others. The children
of the French Embassy sre among the
most beautiful In the city: the Norwe
gian quartet are sturdy descendants of
the north: little Cynthia, whose father is
First Secretary of the Turkish Embassy,
might be an animated French doll In
loellness and grace: the little Rltter
boy rrom Switzerland is prunounceo.
perfect small boy.
gome .American Wives.
An Interesting coterie Includes several
whose mothers sre Americans. The wife
ot Lieut Commander Benolst d'Azy,
nara attache of the French Embassy,
wss before her marriage Miss Caroline
Jones, of Chicago. Her children are typ
ical Americans and would nerer be taken
for an thing else.
Of a different type, although also half
American, are the two children of the
Military Attache Count de Chambrun.
whose wife was Miss Longworth, of Cin
cinnati, a sister of Representatlre Nich
olas Longworth. Both Clara and little
Adelhart might easily be descendants of
two French families, so thoroughly for
eign are they In looks and manner. Part
of this Is due to the French goerness
who looks after their education, and Jet
they love Washington and Cincinnati and
have many warm friendships among me
children here; In fact they feel declded
1) American themselves.
There are three children at the Persian
Legation perhaps the most picturesque
flpures In the capital whose mother waa
Miss FlorenceBreed, ot Boston. Little
Rahlm Kull Khan Is already a general
In the Persian army. Though the title is
merely honorary. It la most awe Inspir
ing to the boys In the neighborhood, out
shining In Importance the Rough Riders
and Boy Scouts. His gorgeous uniform
he often puts on for the benefit of visit
ing bos and It never falls" to produce
the desired sensation.
Information about the number of chil
dren In the home of Mr. and Mrs. Kung
Kwal differs One Informant sajs six.
another eight The first Is probably cor
rect for the Chinese Legation has a
number of other boa and girls besides
these of the first secretary and his
American wife, whose home before her
marriage was In Springfield. Mass. The
r .. ..
Kung Kwais are graauaies or American
colleges and are educating their children
along similar lines.
Then the children of the minister, Mr.
Chang, are often in the public eje. Par
ticularly George Washington Chang, who
was born In the city of Washington on
the birthday of the "Father of His
Countrj." and Is appropriately called for
the great man George Washington
Chang attends public school, takes part
In many of the special programmes ana
particularly In the programme for George
The Changs seem to delight In accom
plishments peculiar to this country
Alice, a big sister of little George Wash
ington. Is said to be a champion fudge
maker. There Is a Chang baby named
Mildred, or Melsen. Also a grown son.
Henry Chang, who has a small daugh
ter of his own.
From Asia comes one of the most
charming of the diplomatic little folks.
Cjnthla. daughter of Abdul Hak Hussein
Bey, first secretary of the Turkish Em
bassj. Her mother, though a native of
England, Is bringing up her seren-year-old
daughter In American fashion. She
attends the public school and Is one ot
the most popular children in the city.
Calvos Long llesldenta.
The South American countries have a
large contingent of beautiful and distin
guished looking young folks In Washing
ton. The Calvos, from Costa Rica, have
lived In this country since 1S99 and all of
their many children have attended the
public schools, one of the older sons be
ing a graduate of West Point and serv
ing now as a soldier in his own country.
Mme Calvo, an accomplished musician,
has encouraged the love of music in her
family, and they have an orchestra of
home talent Invitations to the concerts
are eagerly sought for the selections are
far above the usual amateur numbers.
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mother la also a composer aa well as a
The MeJIas, 'from Salvador, are an In
teresting family. The father and mother
take an active Interest In the affairs of
their, children, and. with a group of
eight, many varied attraction present
themselves. The grown-ups hare per
haps the Jolllest times of any of the
young people In the diplomatic set. The
MeJIas keep "open bouse," and Invita
tions to any of their affairs are never
There are three children from Chile
who have only been In Washington for
a brief term. There are three dark-eyed
little girls from Nicaragua, and Dr. Car
los Maria da Pens. Ministry of Uruguay,
has a large family of children. Including
three grown-ups. who figure prominently
In the social affairs of the season. There
are also a number of children from
Cuba, whose older sister. Senorita Maria
de Martin RJvero, la the hostess of the
From Europe come others besides the
chlldrek already mentioned. The coun
selor of the French Embassy. Count de
Perettl de la Rocca, baa two little ones;
the "children" from Italy are grown up.
Donna Beatrice Cusanl-Confalonleri be
ing a favorite in Washington society and
her brother almost ready to assume a
place at the embassy: Dr. and Mrs. Rtt
ter, representing Switzerland, have a
small son of kindergarten age.
But the belle of the diplomatic set was
the little Baroness Mela HengelmuUer,
whose father was former Ambassador
from Austria-Hungary. She Is a falrv-
like creature, who adored the land of her
aaopuon. Born in the ancestral home In
the Wallachlan Mountains, she startled
eery one when she waa only six by an
nounclng that she did not beliee In
kings, but liked presidents better. The
White House children have been her play-
mate,; , fac ,ne friends In every
circle, for" the baroness takes her on er
rands of mercy. She stands high In her
studies In music, is a beautiful dancer
and a fine rider.
From the land of Ice and snow came
the Bjrns In 1J10 by a circuitous route
wmen Included residences at the embas-
ales of Paris. The Hague. Stockholm.
Copenhagen, and Buenos Ayres. The four
children have known no other life than
that of the Diplomatic Corps, jet are
most enthusiastic about Washington.
When they arrived their English was of
tne simplest sort, though thej- were pro
ficient in French. German, and Nor
wegian. A few- months In the Washing
ton schools soon added another language
to their list.
In a few years these small girls will be
debutantes, and the small boys returning
to their own countries to seek that sec
retary ship that Is to lead eventually to
the post of Ambassador at Washington.
Childhood -daj s are neer forgotten, and
though the leaders of the Diplomatic
corps assume different posts, the chll
dren will never forget the happj- days In
Washington with its beautiful Mall, end
less parks, and everything that a child
TESTING CARNEGIE LENS.
PMjuleea (Call Oormrmdnioe New Tort Tlaies,
It will be determined In a few dajs
Whether the 100-Inch reflecting lens that
Is being ground at the Pasadena shops
of the Carnegie Observatorj for the
largest telescope In the world, to be
erected at Mount Wilson, will be usable,
or whether work will hae to be aban
doned and a new disk ordered.
A report to-daj that It Is practically
certain that the lens will not be satis
factory, owing to uneven flexure from
different points on the circumference,
was denied to-night by Prof. George E.
Hale, who has charge of the obervatory.
"That la not the case now," he said.
"Several dajs ago there appeared to be
evidence of flexure, but later tests show
them to have been false."
Prof. Hale does not saj- that the lens
will be satisfactory. "We cannot tell.'
' Je said last night "We do not know et
nnw It will litM,
how it will turn out'
It will be probably a week or more
before it Is known definitely whether the
lens, upon which workmen hare been
grinding for more than a -ear, can be
usea. this lens is to be thirteen Inches
Prof. Hale said: "If this one Is unsatisfactory-
we shall procure another
piece or glass and start over.
The lump of glass that this lens was
cut rrom weighed five tons. It came from
A Tortoise's Lone ltamble.
Fmn tbe Blrmmchim
At the age of 300 or thereabout a tor
toise belonging to the Duke of Beaufort
decided to take a summer holiday. It
waa missed on July 14 from the duke's
forest of Wentw ood, near Chepstow, Mon
mouthshire, and has Just been found at
Newport In the same county. The tor
toise had walked to the outskirts of
Newport eight or nine miles and then
had been picked up and carried Into the
The age of the duke's tortoise is given
"approximately" by the forest rangers,
but . has hibernated under a particular
rock In the forest for thirty vears and
Its great age Is Inferred from Its size
and weight It Is eighteen Inches long
and weighs ten pounds. There Is noth
ing unusual In such longevity: a pa
triarch In the Zoo. known as Methu-
selam, died three jears ago at the re
puted age of 250. Gilbert White spoke
of the tortoise's many years as "a waste
of longevity." The famous old Sussex
tortoise In the "Natural History of Sel
borne" used to go to bed at 4 o'clock
and never rose till late In the morning.
while It rested during and after ererj-
shower. The Wentwood tortoise must
hare had many rests on the war if he
waited for the rain to stop during his
mnnglram Woman's Allmsnts,
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- 40-MII Trip
" - TO ,
Leaves 7tk St. Wharf at. 2x3) . .
RetsraiBs at 8 p. m.
EXCELLEI7 CAFE SEIVKE
Fart, Round Trip, 25c
No Trips Like These
Old Point Comfort
MODERX PALACE STEAXEB9.
"Northland" and "Southland"
City Ticket Osaee. 731 lstli St. IT. W.
Norfolk & WasBkgtoa
36th and M Sts. N. W.
STEAMER CRA1LES MACALEJTE1
For MOUNT VERNON
RDUID TRIP 50c TO GATE
Leirics Srreoth, Street Wharf at 30 s. m. ac4 S3)
p. m. daily except Strndar Cafe on ateamer. A
debcbtfol entire on Ite Liatcrio and beiutiftl Po
Madeira. Gibraltar, Algiers.
TS. . CI.EVKKAM1 (World
CroUrl Oct. 19. 11 A. M.
is. s. tlcivvri
Nov. S. 11 . M.
S.. MOLTKE.Nov.12.il A.M.
.MHMBUnC Jan.11,11 .M.
m bate accommodation lor hdtcd
Dumber ot raseocef U MADEIUA.
GIBRALTAR, an MLLETO-V.NCUi,
IWill net all at Madeira.
Will ell at Altieta.
8 CRUISES TO THE
Panama Canal, Bermuda snd the
rr. S. S. MOLTKE
L.ralnK Aeiv lork
Jw. 4, 23; Feb. 25; Mar. 29, 1913.
S. S.. VICTIM LIISE
January 15; Febraar t;
March 11; April II, Hit.
16 days. . ..... $145 ! na
21 ..... SI SO Mad up
2S .. ..S1T3 auKl np
n Cruise to tfc Orient. Around
the World. Italy and EiTI la
Write for booklet tUting cralV.
r FASTEST STEAMER
Record Trip 33 Honra 35 mlzmteaL
BY NEWEST STEAM Ell (Built 19M).
BY ONLY STEAitEIt LANDING PAS3EXGERS
AND BAGGAGE DIRECTLY OK THE DOCK
Hi HAMILTON WITHOUT TRANSFER.
S. S. BERMVDIAX
EaU rnrr t edneidaT. UA.lt
Twin Screw. I0.5U tons dtapUomeot. BSga
Keels. DouUe Bottom. Wlreka Telemcn.
SUrrXS DB LUXE WITH PRIVATE BATH.
TICKETS BY BERMODIAN AND ABCADIAX
For rfluarratcd rmnphleta arrJr to A, S, OUT
EBBRIDGK A CO., Atrats Quebec B. S. Ox. Ltd..
9 Broadwar. New York: TH0S. COOK sot.
3a aod 2389 Broadwar. 3M and 89 Fifth aranaa,
Man Tork. or aar TVrt Aaau.
EtcnthtDS tb bfst at less than tfaa nscal rrices.
Proropt. coarteou amice.
Edward F. Davis,
Bamored to 34 13th EC ccroer Iaik Road.
we arra votes la To. HenM K3.W0
Fresh Meats and Provisions.
Home Dressed Poultry and Game In
901 U St. N. W. Foots 1. 61?
Phone Orders Promptly Delivered.
We Gin Votea ta The Herald S3S.B Coow.
If jr-or tno aolei and beds an worn tt a vast
f aaonr. to tnrow tbtaa awar. Thosa carts sat
the ano hsf ctnatant wear aod by no Sanaa la
Urtla tba hft of tba shoe. 80 taka tbeaa to
TonyGuiffre, !K-. "
tbors to cedes. Ortlwoadat work. No cWforHj
HAMBURG V AMERICAN
M PARIS HAMBURG M
aTAmerlka Oct. IT, lOAUl
aT ICIeveland ...Oct. 10. 11 A M. fA
m IPatrlrla.... ..Oct. 19. .' P M.
BJ Ire. Grant.. Oct. , 10 A. M. H
iilustnrz direct. ct)oi crnbin odr. 1
41-45 Broadway, Pf.Y.
m Or E. F. Droop A goo Ook.
m 13th G atx ra.; On. w. -fj
A. Kcaa. HI lttk M
n. iraahffixton. D. C rW
Sttm&&4& f?W Sr!1 ?M&&'&MrSM$M
K $ -