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I&K J'tOij-j .Msa ? ?&? sy " jft M V ffettVpon Senses v bc Recalls'the Long Back' Days of Old Lace-Poets Raved Over , the Odors on Cleopatra's Boat. The beautiful women of the East have Siren much -time and thought to the bo wliderlng artjof perfumery, knowing wall the effect! of various ccenta and perfume upon the mind and the senses, but w practical Occidentals. In companion, have neglected rthl branch of knowledge this art, this pleasure, moat shamefully: . , "In the sacred temples of the Sast we find, the. wondrous lncence burning upon the altars of the gods, sending up ciouas of tins,' heavily scented essence, delighting the senses and giving a certain mystic at mosphere to the Place, which Is unattain able br any other way. The heavily laden. air bewitches the imagination. In toxicates the soul elevates the mind and refreshes the body. In the same man ner why should we not study perfumes and Incenses and their effects upon the body and mind, since they are capaoi of such Infinite rjromlse? There is a Held here for study and experiment, and at the aame .time exquisite pleasure, says the New Tork Herald. "When we walk through a garden the at mosphere of which la. heavily laden with the scent of flowers we cannot but iunalo cTeep.'deep breaths, full of delight, and breathe in the subtle fragrance till It reaches our very souls. Of all our senses pot one Is more enjoyable' than that of amelL And nono of them have we so neglected, almost even perverted, as the sense of smelL It should be a thing of beauty and a Joy forever" wherever we go, wherever we breathe-and If we took the pains to perfume our rooms and con vert noxious odors Into swjyi fragrance we ahould all be far happier, healthier, and better In mind and body. Smell la Everything, Perfume doubtless ' has a great effect upon the mere animal spirits. When wa smell a beautiful flower we breathe deep ly, we expand tbc chest, we Inhale; our whole being expands with :l!lght- This in itself is 'beneficial, for we are all apt to underbreathe If the air about us were more sweet smelling than it is xv would be tempted to breathe more deeply all the time as a matter of habit, and this would expand the lungs, bring tbem into greater activity, and thus prevent many of tha dls.ases of the lungs. We must not for i'et. alto, that the taste of food Is almost entirely a mater of smell, and It Is a fact that foud which does not smell appetizing Is not to good for use as that which does. There are ony four real tastes sweet, salt, sour, and bitter. The taste buds In the mouth furnish only these four sensa tions directly to us. All the other flavors, as It were, we smell. So long as we do not breathe we cannot do Justice to and taste fully the most delicious of foods. Smell Is everything: it is the. real source of enjoj ment In eating and a gift bestow ed upon us for which we should be grate ful. It should play a large part also in our breathing, we should make that a pleasure Instead of a mere habit. The air e breathe should contain a certain quantity of perfume. If not from flowers, then from some more artificial source. Of course, it Js possible to overdo a good thing and make the air so heavy with .scent that it becomes sickening. This " should never be done, especially at night. We must not forget the story of the East ern potentate who had one of his subjects suffocated by placing him In a room con taining so many roses that the unfortu .najeman died from the oppressively heavy odor. Perfumes and Memories. What memories crowd in upon the mind. : , lor instance, when war .Inhale -the frag rance .of violet perfume! -Does not lilac bring back springtime at its sweetest "the time, the place, and the man" as a vH id flash of memory? The musk revives In us long sleeping memories of our grand mother, when in childhood we sorted her brocade, arranged ber laces, turned out old boxes In the attic, full of good things and "treasures"" or all sorts, long since forgotten' Lavender, too. reminds us of many friends we" have known of "laven der and of lace " Patchouli brings before us the daj s of George IV across the mind flashes a glimpse of gay court life, with its powdered wigs. Its black beauty Former Archduchess Plans to Go on Stage Mme. Louise TossellU Who Might Have Been Queen of Saxony, Writes Play in Which She Is to Play Leading Part. Special Cable Id The Yfuainzton II mid. Rome. Nov. 2. Mme. Louise Tosselll, who wss an Austrian archduchess, and who would be Queen of Saxony to-day, had she not eloped with her children's tutor. Glron, is going on the stage. More unblushlngly she will re-enact some of her own wild adventures, and hold up to ridicule the staid Saxon court, which She found ao wearisome. Mme. Toselli, In collaboration with Paul Reni. the poet, hss been writing tr.e libretto of a comic opera which her hus band, Enrico Tosselll, will set to music The libretto Is almost completed, and Tosselll is writing the music as fi: as Inspiration impels him. Plot of "The Blsarre Princess." The comic opera Is to be called "The Bizarre Princess"; Mme. Tosselll will Jake the leading part. Princess .Flora, wife of a crown prince. Her former hus band, now King Frederick August of Saxony; Glron, the Count de Montig noso, whom she married and divorced, and other men and women who have fig ured In Mme, Tosselll's varied life, fig ure In the opera too very thinly dis guised, easily recognizable. The first act represents the popular German festival called "Vogelshlessen." the wooden bird. A great bird of wood, a sort of royal eagle. Is perched on a high pole "In the center of the stage. While the king and his courtiers look on peasants try their marksmanship In an effort to win prizes for hitting the bird with, bow and arrowa Presently appears Princess Flora, dis guised as a, peasant girl, but she Is rec ognized and acclaimed hy the peasants, who love her because she breaks every prim rule of court etiquette. Among those at the festival to pay delicate attention to the princess are four, young artists one, Fernand. a painter. When the royal party arrives on the scene. Princess Flora la flirting cavlv with these four happy bachelors. A half-dozen archers shoot at the bird and miss it; then 'Flora borrows a bow and speeds an arrow through the mark: tha bird, maa. or smaii oiocas. falls apart: Princess Flora, wins the prize, and the archers whom she de feated pay homage to her. Flirtation with am Artist. Fernand' congratulations are so warm, his manner towards the Princess Flora is so caressing that he Infuriates Count Cauchut tha . prirac , minister, who la enainored'ot Flora. "At his sug gestion tha old king; orders the lour Ago arid Lavender Brings Batches, its gayty and revelry. Thoaa differ.- of course,- with' Individuals; but surely all"Drrum snag Dacx certain memories and arouse certain emotions in all of us! i - tt And there is a scientific reason for this. The olfactory nerve is to intimately con nected with tha. brain that Dr. Holms stated that "It is not a nerve at all. but a part of the brain. In' Intimate connec tion with Its anterior loo." tm ciose affiliation with tha thinking substance with thought Itself rny account for tha power It exercises over the emotions, ana also for the fact that familiar odor stlm ulata memory more than sensations of taste or touch. The Persians 'and the Egyptians war certainly an are of the power and beauty of. tha meat exauisite) perfumes, for we read that the falls of Cleopatra's barge were fragrant as It "Burnt on the water tha poop was beat en gold; Purple 'the sails, and ao perfumed that The winds were lovesick with them.' In Nlnevah. Babylon. Greece, and Roma perfumes were used extensively. Hippo crates and Galen both prescribed thtm for their patients. Arabia is known as a land of Incense and parfuma loving Inhabitants. -Washes "Walls with Rose Water. The late Queen Victoria' is said to have been particularly impressed with the wholesome effects of cinnamon, and she took it In some form or other daily. It Is said that the Sultan Saladln. whtn making his triumphal entry into Constan tinople In 1157. had the walls of the Mosque of Omar washed with rose water. Quean Ellabexth was extravagantly fond of per fumes and had always a large number of them on hand. ' The atrance psychological effect of vari ous perfumes and or to many Kinds or Incense is still to be studied and investi gated. There Is evidence that the fakirs and magicians in the East utilise this means to bewilder the senses of those be holding their feats of magic, for we sel dom hear of a magician who doea irot em ploy incense for at least some of his Illu sions. The necromancer who causer Cel lini to behold "a troupe of devils" resorted to this de!ce. and ao do the Hindoo magicians who cause the spectators to believe thst they see various things which they do not see. This is a subject which deserves to be carefully worked out some dsy by skilled physiologists and psychologists. Mean while women are quite right In manifest ing their liking for perfumes. They are byglenlc and wholesome, snd It would be a good thing If they were mora ex tensively employed than they are. Senses Are Dulled. The potent effect of perfume upon the senses and the mind la now being utilised in surgery. The administering of the anaesthetic has been one of the incidents of surgical operations most dreaded by many persons. By the use of a compound of ether and elixir of orange peel It Is said that the anaesthetic can be robbed of half its terror. The fact that it is tha vaporized essence of orange and a mere perfume may produce such an effect upon the mind of the patient that partial hy- nosls win result, and In this condition the patient will lapse Into unconscious ness without the struggling thst usually attends the administering of ether. The mixture Is administered by means of a special apparatus having three bot tles, one holding a two-gram essence of orange In two ounces of water, another a weak solution of ether and the third a strong solution of It. The liquids are vaporized with a foot pump and are die- cnargea into a large ruDDer Dag, wmen regulates the force of the flow. This new anaesthetic, which has been successfully used In several cases, is the result of experiments carried on for sev eral years by an eminent physicians of New Tork In the effort to determine the availability of perfumes and odors as aids to effecting anaesthetizatlon. Surely If the sickening odor of the ether can be lost In one of sweet perfume a great gain will hae been made In diminishing the dread of surgical ordeals. artists out of his realm. Princess Flora Is sent to a convent after being caught vu a, eeuret visit to irernand. Count Cauchu visits the prince in in, convent and offers her freedom If sne win reciprocate his passion She Biuiuiuuy repulses aim. Disguised as a peasant girl she escapes from the convent and flees with Fernand and his companions The second act discovers Prlnr Flora In Fernand's studio; really It ia expected that the part will fit her like a giove. une shares all the hardships vi mo mo oi an impoverished genius such aa Glron, perhaps. Count Cauchu brings to her the news mat me King is dead, her husband will lurgive ner, sne can be oueen. but araln only on the condition that ahe yields to uaucnu. fiora at first refutes, then wavers, and ultimately a compromise Is affected. She will return to court pro vided Fernand and his three friends are given place around the throne. The third act takes place In the gloomy reception room at the palace. The first scene depicts the arrival of Flora and her four friends. The gay company Is strongly In contrast with the assem blage of grave men who surround the young king. The act la entirely devoted to a satire of court personages and of court customs and morals. In it Mme. Tosselll's former husband, the present auim- m Djony ana otner living per son who have had part In the prin cess's romances are easily Identified. Glron is introduced in the play under the name of GlrrellL - The opera win be produced In Paria and Rome and if successful ultimately " pieocniea in America. Barkeeper Becomes Bishop. - The Methodist bishop-elect for South ern Africa, William Perry "Bvelind. Is one of .many men who have gone Into the ministry from tha rank of labor. But lie is probably the first man who ever worked as a bartender to be elect ed to the position of bishop. He was compelled to go to work at the age of twelve years, and It was while a very young man that ha served hi appren ticeship behind the bar of a saloon. Boasbay Frolic. Bombay, India, is, enjoying It first "scenic railway,"' such" a are found tw plentifully la- American amusement parka' The few accidents that have oc curred havo not seriously Impaired it popularity. dMMtm &,- Otaetal barber of Moateaegrla Iteatsaeat ahavtag eae of Ktc MtTMlaa aahttag a daring a tall between oar rf rtf No Clinging Vines Were Women of Century Ago Modern "Athletic Girl" Has Nothing on Great grandmothers Records Show They Were as Fond of Vigorous Exercise as Modern Daughters. Please 're lie our preconceived Idea of your great-great-grandmammas. Thanks to a patient and diligent English research er. It has been discovered that great-great-grandmamma was not an hysterical crea ture. She did not eep easily. She sel dom sweoned. She squawked not at th spider and squealed not at the caterpillar. Besides all which She was athletic. Erase from the tablets of your mem ory all pictures nhlch show grandmamma leading an Indoor existence, afraid to show good spirits lest It be unladylike and not daring to display muscular activ ity lest It be unwomanly. Grandmamma was a sport. Old-time English publications the Spectator, for Instance and a good-sized package of old English letters prove this indubitably. In fact. It begins to look as though great-great-granddaughter would have to swing her Indian clubs with more vigor and handle her basket ball with more snap If she wishes to work up to the record of her ancestress. Funny, lsn t it how grcat-great-grand- mother'a prowess has remained so long In shadow? But tha prowess cannot be questioned, now that the English re searcher has let the full sunlight of pub licity shine thereon. True It is that Lady Mary Wortley Montague, who lived In the JTM's, wrote that "it Is as scandalous for a woman not to know bon to use a needle as for a man not to know how to use a sword." But Lady Mary was so far from taking all her outdoor exercise with a needle that when she had reached the ago of sixty she rode twenty miles home from a dance "part of It by moonshine." Stag- Hnntlna on Horseback. Indeed. Lady Mary nent stag hunting while at Twickenham, ""passing many hours on horseback." She made one of the party which hunted with bis royal highness In Richmond Park. And at about this time she notes that, although she is nearly forty, she finds herself "as young as needs be t6 all Intents and pur poses." She adds shades of our precon ceived ideas of great-great-grandmamma! My cure for lowness of spirits Is not drinking nasty water, but galloping all day and a moderate glass or champagne at night In good company; and I believe this regimen, closely followed. Is one of the most wholesome that can be prescrib ed and may save one a world of filthy doses and more filthy doctors" fees at the year's end " Twenty lears later, she is riding about Chamber' and complaining that "the greatest Inconvenience of the country Is the few tolerable rides that are to be NEW 33sK3fcNUattSLsBssaaLfii 35&C RH?rSH The new. super-Dreadnought, of the Unitel, States navy, the New York, hitting the water for the firsMime at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, October 30. More than $0,000 people witnessea, 'the, launching of the great hull, which when completed will be one of the most, power ful battleships afloat. The great vessel will be of" 27,000 tons, and will be equipped with a main battery of ten 14-inch girhs. The cost of construction over all will amount to about $10,000,000! I s. . .-,- ,t- . ., te JLs . S&SS3EU JBfv- S4L. picked out. the roads being all mountain ous and stony." Bhe writes to her hus band, however, that she has "got a little horse" and that she rides about "after the manner of the Ducheas or Cleveland, which Is the only fashion of riding here." Evidently the Duchess of Cleveland rode crots-saddle. It Is a custom that has been In use among French and Italian horse women for two centuries. When she was sixty. Lady Mary wrote from her Italian home at Lovere that she preserved her health "by constant riding, and am a better horsewoman than ever I waa in my life, having compiled with the fashion of this country, which Is In every way so much better than ours. I cannot help being amased at the ob stinate folly by which the English ladies venture every dsy their live and limbs." All Sorts of Gaaaea, But the athletics of our great-great-grandmamma were not cornered by Lady Mary. It seems, from the accounts In publications, that great-great-grandmamma hunted, raced, played cricket, fished, boxed, coursed and drove and did these things not sporadically, but universally. "Mr. Spectator," in the early part of the eighteenth century, was highly shock ed at the semi-male costume adopted by equestriennes. The entire issue for June 29, 1711. Is devoted to reproving the latest styles in riding dress. The Issue abounds In such mouth-filling remarka as "the part of Justice never to do violence. It Is of modesty never to commit offense;" "vir tue and decency are so nearly related that It Is difficult to separate one from the other." "to be negligent of what any on thinks of you does not only show you to be arrogant, but abandoned." and with dark hints as to "a certain equestrian or der of ladles, some of whom one meet In an evening at every outlet of the town." Upon the heels of this sermon follows a description of one of the offending ladies. Mr. Spectator at first mistook the horsewoman for "a very fair y6uth, who rode In the midst of tbem. HI hair, well curled and powdered, hung to a considerable length on hi shoulders, and was wantonly tied in a scar let ribband which played like a streamer behind him; he had a coat and waistcoat of blue camlet, trimmed and embroidered with silver: a cravat of tha finest lace; and wore In a smart cock a little beaver hat edged with silver and made more sprightly by a feather. Ills horsetoo, which was a pacer, wns adorned after the same airy manner and seemed to share In the vanity of the rider. As I was pity ing the luxury of this young peron I percelv ed on my nearer approach. PRIDE OF THE . r'" . . t r, sts-i - ,.vTV -.-TtJStf?rv battles and aa I turned my eye downward a part of the equipage I had not observed before, which waa a petticoat of the same with the eoat and waistcoat." This disclosure leads Mr. Spectator's correspondent to some pertinent reflection on the "distinc tion of appearance" of those who prrv the beauty of their own different charac ters; that Englishwomen need aim a: nothing better than "that they would be themselves, that is what nature design ed them;" and that these manly ladles should study men who "affect the softness and effeminacy of a woman" In order to realize the extent to which women misapply their talents when endeavoring to take en "the resemblance of a man." In July. 1712, Addlscn himself repeats the attack on the offending riding cos tumes, ending with the advice that these masculine ladles ought to "complete their folly by wearing breeches also " Poo" Addison would be yet more horrified could he see that Innumerable ladles two cen turies later have followed his advice. At stag and fox hunting, great-great-grandmother was expert. Bhe alsc enjoy ed coursing The Sporting Magazine for December. 17K, tells about Miss Pickering who attended the Aahdown eourslng meet ing with her string of grej hounds, and was successful In several of her matches. From all of which It la to be Inferred that great-great-grandmamma waa not altogether a drooping daisy. ANOTHER FAREWELL FOR 'DIVINE SARAH' Mme. Bernhardt Says Nice Things About American Drama and Announces Intention. SrrcUl Cable to The Wuhicctca Herald. London. Nov. 2. Mme. Sarah Bern hardt will leave for America next month after a strenuous tour of the English provinces at the conclusion or her Lon don season. At a supper given at the Carroltor, on Wednesday night In cele bration or her sixty-eighth birthday, ahe expressed some interesting views with refard to the 'stage In England and America. "The drama in England," she said, "ha lost It grip on the Intellectual pub lic. In America It is gaining In grip every day. The English theater stands lot nothing; expresses nothing. It Is full or shams and Insincerities. The American drama, crude and faulty though it may be, ia at any rate sincere It endeavors to express the sentiment of the American people, and for that reason It 1 Infinitely more alive and more In teresting than the English stage to-day. New Unstnkahle Ship. Plans for an unslnkable trans-Atlan t!c ship have been made by Otto Kret schmcr, dean of the engineering depart ment of the Cbarlottenburg Technical High School. In them he embodies the principles of constructing a hull within a hull. The inner body, which is en tlrely Independent of the outer, contains all the engine and boilers and Is walled in with steel plating and with no door to th outer structure. NAVY LAUNCHED. sw-agWia-'J 1MB fceSsg JU 5i3s' .A--sJ tfca . hl - &--- isfe. - HospitcimHas Reversed Twenty Years Has Seen Entire ChangeMedi cal Experts 'TeliWFuliclidmoTMo'dern . ' ' Institution. (CoetrtTrated by the Medical Society Of District) "Nothing ha undergone a greater chanaT ia the last twenty years.thsu Ihn attltud and sentiment of th feneral publte toward hospital. , ; . : Tweaty year ago. even tea year ao, hay were generally looked, upon a plaoe of last rort for th poor and homelee ajek, place of torture and suf fering from which fsw returned allre. Th ending of a patient to a hospital 'or operation wa like latulag hi dtath A-arranC Many consultations with tearful rela tive war necessary, and many bitter rotest had to be overcome befor a .nidging consent could ' be. obtained. ?fUn the, patient wa in extremis, after II thU delay, before he arrived at th capital, and the result consequently waa jnfortuistt. Indeed, th doctor hardly dared" ug get a hospital or an operation until it had become apparent to all that th catlent waa rapidly approaching tha end. Then the operation wa accepted a a last dssperat chance for saving life, but without much hope on the part of th family, or of the patient himself. Mortality Rate HI. Such condition were not conducive to successful operating, and the worst fear of the relative were too often realized. The mortality rate waa high. For modern surgery was In Its Infancy, and it was th exception, rather than the rule, to get an operation performed, be fore the proper and favorable time bad passed. Th greatest credit ia due the surgeon of that day, who, by patience, bravery, and untiring efforts, succeeded, not only In overcoming the dangers of surgical work, but also In showing this so plainly to the people that their hopeless atti tude toward hospitals and surgical op erations was almost entirely overcome. Great credit Is also due the physicians who were first to recognize the im portance of early operation in such dis essss as apperdlcitls. gall stones, tu mors, tfC, where spreading Infection or damage to other organs is the -usual re sult of delay. Through the efforts of such men the terrors of surgery and of hospitals have been vanished. Vast im provements have been made for the comfort, as well as for the safety of patients, and the hospital of to-day Is unquestionably the safest and most luxurious place for the sick, who require either medical or surgical treatment. Even In the homes of the rich, no such appliances for the comfort of the really 111 are obtainable, no sucn constant ana skilled care from nurses and physicians. and no such systematic co-operation for the relief of suffering can tie nan aa in a modern hospital. And this is real luxury to the sufferer. Not costly fur nishings, nor rich carpets and rugs, but cleanliness, skillful nursing, and the constant care of skilled phvslctans, zup olled with every Instrument and appli ance known to science for the relief of suffering. Is what constitutes real luxury to one who Is seriously Ill Fond Prepared by Eagrrts. Appropriate and palatable food, freshly prepared In a diet kitchen by an expert. and served In a dainty and attractive way. the constant toothing -attention of a trained nurse clsd In spotless white, light and ajr in Just the right proportion to suit each case, clear, airy rooms, and fresh, clean, comfortable beds: only such visitors ss are desired, freedom from household and business cares, and the sense of protection In being under con stant care and observation ,of a physi cian: these are the luxuries of the tick. And nowhere can they be so well sup plied as in a modern, up-to-date hospital. The public has come to know this. Even the wealthiest people now are ready and anxious to go to the hospital for surgical operations when they are necessary, snd many prefer to go there for medical treatment alo. This has led to an increasing demand for better hospital accommodations Shabby quarters are no longer toler ated, even though they be clean, and though every appliance and facility for the beet treatment be supplied. The demand Is for nicely furnished rooms, alrv and well ventilated and heat ed, and furnithed In an attractive, though simple, manner. Indeed, to the public this Is a most Important matter, for the layman cannot associate good service with shabby buildings The modern hospital, therefore, has be come a costlv and complicated michlne. and yet one that works smoothly and harmoniously In all Its parts, and must look handsome, as well ss do handsome work. The emplojes needed to run such a hospital will nearly equal the number of beds for patients. But It Is not enough simply to supply i fJ 3rK4lCrt,Sul W&M? ggg nek a butldlna; and furnish tha requisite number of doctor.- aura, and aerraata, Each worker must be specially fitted and equipped for his task, and must work InTSarmony with th other for tAe'eo moa good. Otherwise the great mahiae will not ran smoothly. A iMssntal Ja much like a chain, in that Ha strength I only that of it weakest link. On tactleaa employe, or one caret nor, or one poor or grouchy- doctor, may bo th cause of trouble, worry and dlsaator to th whole Institution. On fault ta technique la the sterilising deiniianal may Infect a whole ward. It 130 eaey task to Mlsct and get together a reliable, harmonious, and trusty corps of worker) for, a whole hospital, vn a raaU.oaa, And yt it I don in most cases with r mrkabl. aucce. in spit of all ttsi difficult!. This la 'usually dons fey a board of director, consUtlng of from twtlr to thirty philanthropic man and women. It I usually composed of roreon tlve citizen, men or women of th hlaV t character and kindliest dlspostUos who are willing to give no small a moan of time, and often a very ooaldwabls portion of thlr wealth, to aid taear slck and suffering fellow beings. Upon them devolves th duty of furnleaias; not only th building and equipment. but also th money tor current expsa for no modem hospital can no sew- talning. All modern hospitals tax in a iarw proportion of patients who ar unabl to pay anything for board or treatment, and these patient receive as much -care and skillful attention aa the richest and moat lmDortant. tha only difference betas' that they are treated In open ward In stead of In private rooms, in a eeruun way this Is an advantage, for it is de cidedly less lonesome for one In a ward, containing twelve to twenty beds, than in a private room. Certainly, unless th patient In bis private room la able to have a special nurse, and a few con genial visitors, this Is true for there Is always something going on In the ward to keep one mildly Interested and help to psss the time. The sympathy and care that la given these poor patients by nurse. Interne and visiting physicians. Is remarkable. I have never known a nurse or interne who would not cheerfully get out of bed, no matter how tired or sleepy, and give any amount ot time and labor to lessen the suffering of a ward patient, and the visiting physician or surgeon, no matter how busy, never grudge them his time, and .gives them invariably his best thought and work, and courteous, sympathetic treatment. In most dtles and communities, among Engi'sh peak ing people the government freely recog nizes Its responsibilities in the matter ot caring for the Indigent sick. 1 SOME FINDS IN EGYPT. I IrapMlnst Array Now Centered Is University College, London. University College is once more a een- ter of Interest tor all who have coma under the spell ot old Egypt, says the Pall Mall Gazette. This year the an tiquities unearthed by Prof. Fllnder'a Petrie and the School of British Archae ology In Egypt come from Tarkhan a great cemetery, thlrty-flve miles south of Cairo, dating from tlje earliest hlstorla i age down to the Pvramia period ana covering the d nasties O to IV trora , HellopoIIs and Memphis The most interesting discovery of all a huge alabaster sphinx, st Memphis U represented by a photograph. Carved out of a single stone, this wonderfulmon-. ument of the eighteenth (or nineteenth) dynasty weighs eighty tons and is twentv-sK feet long and fourteen feet high. One side of It is slightly weath ered, but the other Is perfect. It is to be raised some ten feet and placed up right, (It was anciently thrown over on Jits side) on a platform near the great Colossus It Is the second biggest sphinx in the world and the biggest that has ever been moved. Near It was found a splen did piece of sculpture in red grasjte, representing Rameses II and the god Ptah (also photographed). In very fine condition This Is going to Copenhagen, as Denmark supplies the funds for ex cavation at Memphis. From the student's point of view, the exhibits this sear are of more than usual interest in enabling him to reconstruct Egyptian life and habits before the reign Lot .Mena. The funereal finds In woodwork, bas ketwork. and linen are distinguished by their fine state of preservation. There are specimens of bed linen, firm and white and serviceable enou&h to be of recent manufacture. The skillfully Joint ed wooden bedframes. at one time burled with the corpse, have their supports carved as bulls' hoofs There are many wooden coffins, wooden indal tras tthe foot rested on the tray while the sandal was fastened on), head rests, and domestic travs. One short and narrow coffin, which might have been originallv a clothes box, contains the bones of an adult. Just as found. The llnbs must have been separated, how ever, to fit it- Another coffin I cut out of a single block of wood, with ends added A three-legged stool was found In a grave, cut out of one piece of a tree, the branches having been presumably trained to the shape. Some of the coffins are woven of reeds. These were doubt less used by the poor, as cheaper than wood A fine collection of atbaster vase and dishes was brought to Hcht. Some of the smaller ones contained scented fatj other big Jars served to Inclose sacrifi cial ashes. Earthenware saucers to hold charcoal, extinguished by a cover, were also put In the tombs, and specimens are shown. Baskets pleated In various stles are also very numerous A few copper tools were found, but as a mis these had been stolen on account of their value. valne of Mushrooms as Pood. Trcm the Journal ot tha AKrrlcan Medle&l . lion. There nre In this country more than 100 edible species of mushrooms. Th popular distinction between mushroom and toadstool Is one or name only. Many of the, supposedly Inferior specimens have proved on careful .examination to be harmless, where as some of those which bear an extremely close family resemblance to favored articles of diet are the carriers of danger In the form of exceedingly powerful poisons. Let blrpi therefor, who lack the training requisite fcr the unfailing detection and Identification or specie carefully refrain from excursions into fields of uncertainty so fraught with danger. Mushroom form an unusually nutri tious and sustaining diet. A well known botanist says that mushrooms might properly be called vegetable meat and used as a substitute for animal food. It Is doubtful, however. It that 1 true. The more w learn of mush rooms, the more It becomes appar ent that they scarcely differ a regard dietary virtue from the general run of the green vegetable which have never achieved the distinction of any unique or superior nutritive properties. They belong rather to that large, group of food materials which we consume for reason quite apart from the- yield of nourish ment which they have to offer as sba) body. v si! at?? 'MUmtArC- ;A LksZesal J, tir,S-2sAE23ii2iiain-i&Z!-SM sTiSSS&CilsW' -..