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TUE8DAT. NOVEMBER 6, 1912.
Obitaclei to land Title.
In a letter to Crawford Hill, of
Denver, President Taft has called at
tention to difficulties in procuring title
to public lands in,the West under the
laws of Congress, and ascribes the
cause to the "Muckraletr." The
President says there is lust foundation!
for the increasing complaints in the
West, and declares that the forces of
the administration have been exercised
to overcome the evil, and he hopes
that in a brief period the liberal inter
pretation of the law which formerly
prevailed will be in 'full force again.
President Taft ascribes the slow and
indifferent administration of the land
acts to the fear engendered by the
period of "muckraking," a few years
ago, when the officials of the Interior
Department were accused of miscon
duct, without much reference to the
justness of the charges brought against
them. He says this period of open
criticism resulted in a natural timidity
on the part of the officials having to
do with the public lands, and that they
fell into the practice of delay in ad
ministering patents for land titles when
they had been earned, because the of
ficials feared the criticism which might
follow their acts.
The President declares this to be
wrong, and says that 'from the White
House and the office of the Secretary
of the Interior have gone forth or
ders that patents shall be issued where
they have been earned and that title
to Western land shall no longer be
held up for fear of consequences when
the cases are clear and undisputed.
No American can do anything else
than deplore indifferent and ineffi
cient administration of the lands acts,
whether such official conduct results
in favoring capitalistic interests or the
worthy citizen who complies with the
terms of the law and wins his title to
the public lands. Lax administration
appears to have fallen heavily upon
many individuals in the West in pro
curing their land titles promptly, and
this should not be tolerated, as the
President frankly says. The law
clearly provides how title shall beob.
tained in the mining and forest lands,
and when the conditions are fully met
there is no room for cowardice or in
activity in the issue of the land pat
ents. Especially is this true when it
arises from no better reason than fear
of the "muckraker." The administra
tion's purpose to root out this eil
should be warmly commended by citi
zens of the republic regardless of polit
ical opinions or affiliations.
'The war corrapondeat of the past
ww a. public beaeuctor at times, jnuch
asr he may' have embarrassed admkiii-
tratwna. .The late Sir William How
ard Russell is 1creditea"'with fiaviar
turned the Aberdeerr-rataiitry-out-ol
uuitc uy ius exposure pi tne negli
gence and ineflcicacy of the British
commissary system V' the Crimean
war. The British Army was almost'
starving and in rags, while food and
clothing in. abundance were in ' the
Harbor of Balaklava, only a few 'mites
from the camp,
Russell .ehowra up the failure to
feed the army and how .much it was
due to red tape and antiquity .of or-.
ganiution. His indictment stood.' -The
ministry 'fell; and Russell became' pop
ular. He had seen many o'f th'e -great
battles 'fought in Europe during his
long career. He was the model of
most of the correspondents of; our own
civil war, many of whom incurred the
hatred of generals, and by what jour
nalism considered virtues paved the
way for the subjection of their suc
cessors to the military censorship
which now governs the relation of the
press and the army in the field.
A JJtTLE NONSENSE;
Triple Alliance vs. Triple Entente.
The news published Sunday and yes
terday in American dailies well might
have been roersed. We read first that
the British admiralty has ordered a
fleet to sail "with sealed orders" to the
Levant This was followed up by the
news that the Turks, after a five days
battle, had been forced to retreat t6
the last line o'f defenses protecting
Constantinople, and that the Porte had
asked the great powers to intercede in
her behalf for peace.
The Sultan had a perfect right to
ask this interference, even were the
Sublime Porte not fully convinced that
the jealousy between her northern
neighbor and Britain must save Turk
ish rule in the Sea of Marmora, the
Euxine, and the southern outlets. Tur
key had been promised such interfer
ence in the treaty of Berlin, which
guaranteed her independency, and this
is borne out by the speech made by
the British foreign secretary. Sir Ed
ward Grey, in the House of Commons
last Thursday. Warships of the great
powers are hastening toward the Bos
phorus after the five days' battle near
Lile Burgas, of which the world heard
only fragmentary news in a round
It is now solely a question as to
whether the dreibund (Germany, Aus
tria, and Italy) or the triple entente
(France, England, and Russia) will
carry the day as to stipulating how to
let the Turk retain his capital. How
sore Russia must feel toward her
"ally," England; for taking so decided
a stand against her is fully expressed
in 'the most powerful and official pa
per' at 'St Petersburg, the 'Noyoe
Vremya. . '' -'(
But what has become of the 'old
time, war correspondent' who used to
tell, graphically just what had happened
Farm Mortgage Borden Decreasing.
In twenty years the average mort
gage per farm has increased from $1,224
to $1,715. But the average farm is
worth almost twice as much as it was
twenty years ago, and the proportion
ate burden of the mortgage has de
creased. The substitution o'f tenant
farmers for proprietors of the soil, is
to be regretted. In his confession of
faith, Mr. Roosevelt declared that it
must be stopped, but he did not ex
plain how it could be stopped. The
farmer who is getting on in years,
whose sons have gone to the cities,
whose daughters have married and
moved away, or with their mother pre
fer to live in town, and whose farm.
that cost him a few hundreds, is
worth many thousands . of dollars,
rents it to a farmer who has not capi
tal enough to buy such a farm out
right How is Theodore RooseveL
going to stop that?
It is a mistake to suppose that farm
mortgages mean the- poverty of farm
ers. Nor does the increase in the
amount of tenant-farming mean the
degradation of the agricultural class,
though it does involve a regrettable
loss of independence. Farm mort
gages are not negotiated to meet liv
ing expenses: they are placed as an
Incident of buying property. The cul
tivating class contains a steadily grow
ing class of tenants, not because farm
ing does not pay, but because it does
pay; it pays so well that the value of
farms constantly is rising. It takes
much more money to buy a farm now
than it did ten or twenty years ago,
and for that reason those cultivators
who buy a greater proportion must
borrow money. In addition to this
the more profitable farming is. the
more land the well-to-do farmers seek
to acquire, and they buy on credit be
cause they can buy more land than
they could pay cash for.
Of farms operated by their owners
one-third are mortgaged and two
thirds are free. The number o'f mort
gaged farms has increased 17 per cent
and the number of dear farms has
increased more than 4 per cent More
than 2,300,000 farms were operated by
tenants in the last census year. The
farms both mortgaged and clear, op
erated by their owners, numbered
3,048,722, and the number operated by
tenants was 2J54.676. The increase of
tenant farmers in ten years was 16
per cent and the tenant farms con
stitute more than 37 per cent
1 Election Day I A fewlaaada play
s. WDuex oraxora orata,.
Aad yeoman brava step ap to aave
IThe BatfamVaadt'the Bute.
Election JOay! -UpoB- a dray
, The Jaat peirhtnder apeaka;
Files 'Mow. on blow aad aire' the foe,
Election' Day! The' urchin' ar
,Aad-.1enta abeuad whospa around
The at traw dear.
Pacta), 'rmt iloevEatyt
The Plunkrine PaUadtdm baa an
Bounoed the arrival of" Indian summer
m ""-.- - .4.. '
utv unci already uua aeaaon.
Where BaMea -Are Few.
"Why U it that ultra, 'fashionable peo
ple- seldom go to -the pollaf -
-junroe tney win una year. 1 aaw one
aeaperate campaigner KltiinsT poooiea
and pus? dogs." '
November S la Hlatory.,
.November.S, .ISC-Henry VHI baa Ms
vote challenged and a violent acene en
auea. November K im Robin Hood I elec
ted Sheriff of Nottingham.
"Why ao disconsolate?"
"I've ueh a fine formula for getting
rid of red ante," pouted the bride.
"And I have no red anta to get rid of.
Tae Belatea Voter.'
Tl getting late, the dusk cornea down.
The twilight onward rolls:
While, elster. In her hobble gown.
Is limping to the polls.
Oa tae Defensive.
"Why do you wear buttons on your
To keep undesirable contributors from
slipping money Into them, answered
the manager of the campaign.
AaytalnaT to Oblige.
"Are you going to marry the duke or
the county" aaked the society reporter
of the actress.
"The duke; the wedding takes place to
night." "I am sorry. We have a photograph
of the count but none of the duke."
In that case. I will marry the count"
No matter who'a elected, bo. I really
do not think our native land will have
to go completely on the blink.
'"" environ c me; rraajaey Mtn
Frehch jHepubUc fori the tsMSti savmt
THE PEOPLE'S FORUM
year, on the eve of the KTsat'deelalona'
to d arrived at In foreie-n aJfaIra..ln-do-
meetlc policies, and In matters relatlnar
10 education, to social question, and
even to religion Is- of great -importance.
On the personality of-the next President
bang the Issue' aa to whether trie French
Rpubllc la to, survive or, hot Never has
It been more important to have the
choice reached In independence and by
mature reflection. Unleaa'atepa are taken
thla -election wlU go aa Its predecessora
went and' be a prey to cheap and danger
oua motive? one may well ask whether
the electoral t congress, however.. excel
lent -lta intention, will be able to free
Itself from entanglement, and. In spite
of everything, furnish the right Presi
Never ince the adoption of the coa-
stltutlon have circumstances more clearly
favored the condition of calmness and
truat under which France should select
the man who, for seven years, la to
watch over the destinies of the nation:
Do justice to M. Fallleres: he found
matters In a thoroughly bad atate and
t them to right. There had been the
r kanoaa and the Ala-eciras arraim ana at
home an excels of narrow radicalism: ta-
day, things are again normal. M. Fal
Here. It I urged, haa allowed himself
to be guided by eventa-'But events have
been propttlou. and at the declalve hour
re had a skillful head and a (hrewd
eye he wa able to conatltute the Poln-
To-day the government In France Is
wholly the work of the Cabinet The
exercise of authority constat In "talk
Ins over" questions. In drenching them
with abundant saliva till they are suf
ficiently macerated to digest The art
of politic Is an art of expression. What
Is there left of the "mailed and mounted
chieftain" who was once the feudal mas
ter of the people? When France to-day
wants to say that a certain man haa
governmental aptitudes. It ay "How
well ho talks!" The Chamber are the
conservatories In which these oratorical
giants get their training and win their
Talk la the supteme resource diplo
macy makes It the Instrument of the
world's peace. M. Bourgeol means to
run. Everybody expects him to. At
The Hague, he has held a post of world
wide Importance. He Is known abroad,
esteemed at home. The Radical hare
long wanted him as their leader, and he
Is still nt the head of one faction of
that party. But he belongs to the Poln-
para mtnl,t,v Ha ha. hralr,. urltli
from .the homely hygienic one that Km.
FalUarea and the "cordon bleu" who re
placed -Mme. Loubet's cbf,.had-mada-ft
at the Petit iMembourg. 1 '
The President cannot but feel queer
for some time after hi retirement' at
receiving -no calls from royal wanderers
and grand dukes, ambassador, and
their imperial or 'royal masters. We
adapt ourselves rapidly to wealth and
high fortune. We descend or fall from
It with; pain, however phUosophlo the
make-up of our minds may be.
"Smallest among nations. Rough-rock
throne of 'freedom, Warriors beating
back the swarm of Turklh Islam for
Ave centuries. A great Csernagova!"
'This, In short Is Montenegro ("Black
Mountain" or, "Cxerna Oova"). 'whose
traditions. according to Gladstone, ex
ceed In ' glory those of Marathon and
Thermopyle and all war 'traditions of
the Old. World. '
No nation haa a more engrossing his
tory. It ha always been the flrat to
flght the Turkish oppressor of Its neigh
bors. It was born In battle. It arose
out of the tragedy of the fatal Held of
Koasova In 1389, when the Invading Turks
overthrew the great Serb kingdom.
Rather than bow to Ottoman rule, a
large number of Serb families fled to
the mountain fastnesses, not far from
the Adlatlc shore, and there for 5X years
their bannJr of freedom has flown un
interruptedly, despite many attack.
While the dreadful Ottoman Janltchars
are anxlou to meet Bulgar, Serb, or
Greek In battle, they would rather be
spared an encounter with the heretofore
untamed men of "Kara Dash" (Turkish
for Black Mountain). For centuries of
war have molded the Czernagovans into
a nation of but one caste warrior.
The Montenegrin have had ruler after
their own heart The present dynasty
has been on the throne some 300 years.
Fop almost a similar period before 1697
the little mountain country was ruled by
an elected "Vladlka," or prince bishop;
but then the mountain warriors deter
mined to have a hereditary monarch.
They chose Danilo Petrowltch, a de
scendant of a band of Herzegovinlans
who, 204 years before, had sought refuge
In Montenegro from Turkish misrule.
This prince lived In the village of
NJegu. half way between Cettlnje and
Cattara. on a magnificent road which I
one of the finest engineering feats of
Foa four hours the vehicle winds up
this strange road through a rugged,
treeless, desolate region. Beyond the
guardhouse at Kerstak a plateau Is
reached, and amid the rocks develops a
clean little habitation. This Is NJegus,
the cradle of the present Montenegrin
Between the first hereditary ruler and
the present King there were four prince.
6tliaodN.Y.Ave.N.W. ' Wishiogtoii, D.G
Easy to Buy Lumber
Some people approach a lumber yard as1 if it were fraught
with mystery. My friend, it is just as easy to .buy lumber, at
J L'ibbey's as it' is to buy dry goods, 'clothing, shoe's,. or hats at
X any other place of business. Any man. woman or child can buv ?
place of business. Any man, woman or child can buy
lumber here and get just what they want at affair and honest
X price. They don't have to be experts. They can't go wrong at
X Iiibbey's we won't kt them.
a sy-vc fr"-
Br georqe rrrca.
af "At Oeea Ola aiwaaa."
many of hi old friends and It Is said the last Danilo II. who gave to his
that their feeling toward him Is bitter. country the Danilo code of civil and re-
FOR THE PEOPLE
Better Than Eeno.
It is easier to obtain a divorce in
Norway than in any other European
country. " a married couple desires
to part Norwegian law grants a di
vorce without inquiring into the rea
son, but as a security that the step has
been well thought over, it provides
that a year of separation must inter
vene between the application and the
actual granting of the divorce.
The husband and wife first have to
apply to a magistrate. He sends them
to the conciliation board, and, if this
body cannot reconcile them, they are
granted a separation order. At the
end of a year the ministry of justice
is compelled to make the divorce final,
if asked to do so by either party. The
whole proceedings are very cheap, the
cost ranging from about $1 to $25.
This may be a paternal mode of ad
justing domestic difficulties, but it is
an eminently fair one and beats an al
leged residence of Reno and Nevada
law all to pieces.
Owners of All Vehicles Should Ee-
spect Bights of Pedestrians.
To the Editor: I have been much In
terested In the article In your paper
concerning the recent automobile acci
dent, but have hesitated to send In
my opinion, because of my being a new
comer to this city.
The speed at which so many machines
are driven through the crowded business
streets ha been a source of great sur
prise to me ever since my arrival. It
would seem that there snould be some
regulation that would regulate, gome
motorists are under the mistaken Im
pression that the streets aro for the
exclusive use of the autoists. Evidently
they do not realise that at the intersec
tion of every street there Is a crossing
for the use of the people, which should
be respected as such. I am not surpris
ed at the accidents that have happened,
but I am surprised and very much so.
that there have not been many more,
when I see the way the motor cars, of
all descriptions, plow through the crowd
ed thoroughfares. I am not a crank on
the automobile question, for 1 was a
driver of one of my own before coming
to this city and will say that in the city
where I formerly lived, and In Cleve
land, Ohio, there Is a law which com
pels motor cars to come to a dead stop
when approaching a street car. which is
discharging or receiving passengers,
and where there Is a traffic policeman
to await a signal from such officer be
fore proceeding. In our city, we also
have a law, with a penalty attached,
prohibiting automobiles from exceeding
a speed limit of eight miles per hour
on the crowded or main streets.
While It Is true that there are boys
and others who tantalize the drivers of
cars by seeing how long they can stand
in the way without being struck, this
ls a feature that can only be overcome
by a campaign of education of the
perils of sucii a course, or a law mak
ing It a misdemeanor.
In grown people I cannot understand
such actions, but In the youth, we must
attribute It to the natural American
spirit of bravado. To overcome this,
school-teachers should Impress on the
pupils the foolhardlness of tempting fate
in this manner and the chances they
take of slipping, falling In the path of
the machine ana being injured or killed,
and In this case there can be no blame
attached to the driver of the vehicle.
H. M. HEGE.NET.
In their eyes hla merits are defects, and
they desire his defeat on account of the
very things that have made him so
popular with the country.
In the Cabinet there are several distin
guished men who would make excellent
presidents now or later on If they wen
net allied with the same cause, and if
they were not voluntarily effacing them
selves while awaiting developments and
favoring the more than possible candi
dacy of their chief, M. Raymond Poin
care. To see him analyze a question, rip
If fTWn nrA ..t at ftiA lrml nt t I. an
..ni.n. ... k. n4Tn.. 111. .ni t on "lore than one occasion proved him
experlence out of the ordinary. Ill- abili-l,, R lend(j BrmnL Turk'ey has .,nt
tie as a statesman are In the full glare 'her flnr5t mUia , valn ..t nim
of the limelight. He Is ounK; he Is an nnd his hlghlanders. He extended the
enthusiast: he Is serious; he Is not ambl-i frontier of the country In 1STS. cutting
tiou. Altogether a unique preparation hla way to the fea bv the sword, and
for a glorious presidency. But will he be "ot. "en .""e t iienin ana ban
the choice of the parties of the Right
liglous liberty, was assassinated in 1MO,
and was succeeded by Nicholas I. The
present ruler, who was born In 1511 at
NJegus. though only nineteen at the time
his uncle died, had acquired French In
Paris and had studied Italian and Ger
man at Trieste. But Western Europe
gave him nothing but education to carry
hack to that little land he was to rule
for so long.
Nicholas I is a true Montenegrin. He
is a warrior and a poet. In his younger
days he was one of the best shots In a
nation of expert riflemen. A fearless
rider, the least frequented mountain path
of his country Is knon to him He has
This is the end of the straw votes.
It Is qute true. General 'Apathy never
won a victory for the people.
The' world is amazed and amused to
ate the British chancellor haggle with
the physicians over the question, whether
they shall receive for yearly attendance
upon the state-Insured workmen IZ.SO.
S2.M, H.75, or hla original offer of 11.41.
One dollar and forty-four enta for an
entire year's medical attendance! Are
not our physicians glad that -they are
living In a more "civilised" country?
How mat time wju Becker be con
victed before he finally will be acquitted
through the efforts of the New Tork
Havana, Vera. Crux., and Adrianople are
pretty good town 'tor tourists to avoid
until after the shooting Is over.
- - - - - -
An-Indiana- oaadMaU aaked r nls "au
dience:'' "Should a dor rdroo. his hm.
to oBtam-a visionary boner' WcU,'dofk,
iwwjw pay; ,.-
Right to Vote
by Court Rule
New Tork, Nov. i. More than Z.'XO
legal voters of Hudson County, N. J.,
will be denied the right to vote to-morrow
because they did not register, owing
to the confusing terms of the Geran elec
Justices Sweazey and Blair, of the
Supreme Court to-day overruled the de
cision of the Court of Common Pleas
that voters who had enrolled at th pri
maries In September, and by that act
believed they had registered for the
election, are entitled to vote. The Su
preme Court decision Is that no one 'can
vote unless personally registered.
The greatest loss of the "Voters 'dis
franchised Is among the Democrats,
whose enrollment at the primaries had
been larger than that of the Progressive
and Taft parties.
The decision .will disfranchise many
thousands throughout the State.
MPEBSONATOB Of WOMEN
DIES FROM TIGHT LACING
St Louts, Nov. 4. Tight lacing caused
the death of Joseph H. Pennella, an
actor, who died at the City Hospital
three hours after collapsing on the stage
of a vaudeville theater. He had been
a female Impersonator for many years
and lately had been growing stout
Physicians found that in his efforts to
present a woman-like figure he had
laced so severely that he 'had caused
Hoy. . . a. m ..-.. w
and Extreme Left, which compose the
The Senate has a habit of running off
with the presidential election. If this
tradition Is to continue, the name of An-
tonin Dubost comes to the front. He has
earned nspect nnd estefem by his liroad
mlndedness. his coolness, and his lofty
and unvarying impartiality. Hut the
Chamber of Deputies also will lie heard
from. In that ca. M. Desclianel will
enter the lists. M. Ueschanel Is a born
prtsldent. He has fame, tournurc. pres
tige, wit. and eloquence: he is perfectly
fitted anl surrounded; bound to no party,
a man of rare charm and insight and
shrewdness: he may be elected.
M. Rlbot is such an Important figure In
the republic that he would honor it if he
should accept the presidency. To have
spent forty-two years In public life, to
have leen always on the firing-line, al
ways useful, always honored, even by
the enemy: to have served none hut two
causes, and Improved them by chooln(r
and defending them, and to h:ivo reached
the end of a splendid career with a heart
filled with indulgence, tolerance, and
smiling good nature, are claims that
would take the electors by storm.
Has France ever had the President its
heart desired? M. Thiers was an em
barrassment Marshal MacMahon em
barrassed. Jules Grevy defeated Gam
bctta, M. Carnot was elected Instead of
Jules Ferry. M. C.isimir-I'erler and M.
Felix Kaure were made lctims of an
abnormal crisis tho wave that over
whelmed them and elected M. Loubet
and M. Fallleres.
Fallleres besini to let himself down
easy from the Presidency. Ho went to
Luplllon almost as a private person,
traveling In an ordinary train In a re
served compartment with a secretary.
The motor came Into play at Bordeaux.
No official reception of local authorities
took place anywhere. He broke a crust
at Agen. where he used to practice at
the bar, on his way to his natal borough
of Mezln. where he put up to rest at
the house of an old cousin, and then on
as a vlgneron to his vines.
This Is the last time he appears in his
early haunts as "M. Ic President" He
retires with a good fortune, honestly
galned, to a first-floor flat In a hand
some West End ""street Nonetheless.
his official fall of the leaf must bring
on melancholy musings. He haa been
under no rent since he succeeded M.
Loubet first as President of the repub
lic, and then as head of the state, he
hail a large staff of trained servants, to
whom he paid no wages, and was under
no obligation to board.
He must sorrowfully reflect that when
his lease of office expires he will no
longer have private pleasure grounds to
go about In. He did not care for the
gauds of state. But lifter spending
seven years amonc them he will mt-s
them. As for his table. It never changed
Htefano played with frontiers a though
the map of the near East were a Jig-saw
dared to sugsest that the Montenegrins
should be robbed of the fruits of war.
He is adored by his people: he Is their
"father" His "palace" at Cettlnje Is a
most unpretentious place, and before the
Ei-antinc of a constitution in 1S he was
This Is election day, the day on which
the people rule. On election day the peo
ple rise In their might and turn the ras
cals out Then they go back to sleep
again, proud and satisfied. But the ras
cals stay awake.
On election day the voter goes to the
poll and helps hire the men whom he
conslderi best fitted to govern him. Some
hire the men with the strongest lungs.
and some the men with the most fervent
handshakes; while others carefully exam
ine the candidates for K bills before mak
ing their decision.
Elecuor day Is the palladium of our
liberties. If we didn't have election day
wo wouldn't have any liberties. If we
had twice a many election days we would
have twice as much liberty. Election day
usually means revenge for the voters and
retribution for the office h"lders. It Is a
grim, gray ghost which rises up before
the sticky fingered public official saying,
"I will meet you In November."
Election day Is not exciting excel t In
the Wild and uncivilized sections of New
York and Chicago. No brass bands are
used In elections and the voter does net
uhocp and wave his arms while exercising
his divine right of suffrage. He simply
marks his ballot and drops it In a forty
gallon box guarded by three solemn and
generally sober Judges. These ballots are
light and harmless when taken singly, but
there Is nothing more devastating or ter
rible than a few million ballots dropping
steadily all day long and marked In the
wrong place. Many a candidate with
twenty victories behind him ha risen up.
proud and mighty on election day, and
retired from sight forever that night be
neath a drift of little white ballots mark- '
eI for the other fellow. Our most fright
ful snowstorms and landslides occur on
election day and at this minute many
a candidate is In desperate need of steam
shovels and rotary snow plows.
I I J - j
"Tie etr das not whoop sod wm his anas when
ns mutt Us bHot."
We should rise early en election dav
and ypte for the best man and then spend
the rest of the day towing less energetic
voters to the polls always being careful
10 ascenain tneir pontics before affixing
the tow line.
(Coarlaht. ail. br Cews- Matte.
so fervently said as now. Whatever
may be the outcome of the conflagration
which Montenegro has started, the world
will, watch how the brave people of the
Black Mountain land fare in the tre
mendous trial of strength to decide which
the Balkans blaze into war.
The Turkish soldier presents a blend
ing of qualities such as no European sol
dier can boast of In the ATn degree. He
Is astonishingly '(the Baikanltes call it
"disgustingly") sober. He never touches
wine or spirits. A handful of rice or
a crust of bread, with a bit of mutton, )
form his sole food. He is proof against lne .ovemner term of the Circuit Court
heat. cold, or fatigue, and pity the for this city. Judge J. B. T. Thornton
giaur" whom he encounters on the. presiding, convened this mornlna-. The
Pennsylvania Avenue at 1 a. m., and
Aqueduct Bridge at 1:30 a. m.
A Sunday school was organized yester
day afternoon at Del Ray, Alexandria
County, undrr the auspices of the Semi
narian Society of St. Mary's Catholij
Church with a large attendance. The
Sunday school will be known as St.
Hita's, and sessions will be held every
Sunday afternoon at IM o'clock. The
promoters of the new- Sunday school feel
very much encouraged over the. prospects
of their work.
field of battle, once his religious fanati
cism has reached fev er heat; for his cour-
often to be seen sitting In a chair on I aKe , absolutely dauntless. Death has no
the steps leading to the roval dwelling.
while, one by one, came those of his sub
jects who had complaints or petitions to
lay before him. The Montenegrin now
sadly misses this opportunity of having
the ear of his ruler. In his heart the
Black Mountain warrior caret but little
for a constitution and a "Skupshtlna,"
since under theni lie is heard by min
isters and not by his "father.
King Nicholas carries his seventy-one
ears lightly Hla hair Is white and he
stoops a little, but he has still a fine
phsiqiie and still is capable of leading
his highlandcrs no well-dressed troops
under Russian training to war ngalnst
the archenemy. He is of simple liahits.
but likes his Turkish cigarette. He Is
slow of speech, but his eye has lost
nothing of Its former luster.
Roughly estimated, the population of
this diminutive country Is S0.l. Be
tween his eighteenth to his sixty-second
vear every Montenegrin Is liable to mili
tary service. Two years he is a recruit,
thirty-two years In the active army, and
ten years in the reserve. The war
strength of the army is about 5O.AO0 men.
but 50.000 Montenegrins, the entire adult
male population, is not a force to be
reckoned by numbers.
It Is one of the strangest sights in
Europe to see the Montenegrin In his lit
tle capital. Cettlnje. That town, high
up. lies In a hollow of a mountain. A
dull-looking and rather uninteresting
town it would be were It not for the
Montenegrin. Ever' one must, by law.
wear the national dress. That garb.
though It varies, generally consists of
loose dark blue trousers, white gaiters
of woolen material, shoes, a jacket of
scarlet with heavy gold braiding. A
kapa, or cap. of crimson is worn. Its
black border is mourning for th defeat
at Kossovo. and the crimson is the sea
of blood which have washed the Black
Mountain since that battle was lost
Five gold bands, typifying the five cen
turies of the nation's history. Inclose the
King's Initials in Servian letters (as I
have narrated on a former occasion,
when Prince Nicholas placed a king's
crown upon his head, urged by his
daughter, the Queen of Italy, and his
kinsman, the Czar of Russia, to assume
the greater dignity).
Every Montenegrin goes about armed.
Farmers most of them, work Is an un
dignified affair for these men. whose Joy
is in leasnlng how to flght and In fight
ing. One must admire this splendid r.ico of
fighters, living in one of the few un
spoiled corners of Europe. To-day they
nre roused as, perhaps, they have never
been before. Seldom has Montenegro
been so thoroughly ready and so eager
lor, war. Never has the "Sbogom:
(God be with you!) of those who remain
behind, to those departing for war. been
for ninn because lie nas ever I,.,.. i,, ,.'. ri"7 -.
his eyes the picture of a delight- r,''3,1 ,Fmpa,ny' dsmhMed on rno
le of the Houris. the nymphs of f?" """? .J" ?-
terrors for him; because lie has ever
the Mohamedan paradise, created ot
musk and spices and endowed with per
petual virgin beauty, as a reward for
his r.iith In and fighting for Allah and
his one prophet, as prescribed by the
History Is full of the wonderful feats
of bravery bv the terrible Janitcharls
(originally Jenl-tscheri "new- soldiers"),
formed by the Osmanli Sultan Orkhan
about 1325 of young Christian prisoners
compelled to embrace Mnhamedanlsm:
but more perfectly organized by Sultan
Amurath I about 13ft.'. when their num
ber was raised to bV0. Their feats and
many consequent privileges soon Induced
voung Turks to Join their ranks. At
one time they numbered almost Vo.ono.
but were such a menace to the Sultans
that Mohamed II in 1SX had 1VV1 of
them executed for treason The present
day successors of the violent Janitcharies
are a regular, drilled force: but Just as
unruly. Just as fanatical, and just as
blood-thirsty as the men of ls?6. once
they aro let loose under the terrible
"green flag of the prophet."
ICopjTlfiht. 19E. bj Crtlrt (Ioji;l Syjudicite.)
docket was called and cases set for trlat
The following business was disposed of:
Star Sand Company against Emerson
I MJsJsTTI HBa?3a. JLu-' " I l aj?rysJ"' J, fl
..Tn-i'..V-'- ... -
iA -BUSINESS OPPORTUNTTT.
Election Day Revellers Will Be
Forced to Buy Their liquor
Alexandria. Va.. Nov. 4. Many thirsty
pilgrims who forgot .all about the saloon
closing on election eve were caught high
and dry to-night when they found all of
the liquor emporiums closed. It was
then that it dawned on them that they
would have to seek other places to
quench their thirst, and many made their
way to Washington, bringing home
necessary supplies In order to tide them
over election time. Tho saloons here
closed promptly at 6 o'clock this even
ing and will not reopen until Wednesday
morning. On the eve of election, with
the saloons closed, everything Is usually
serene In the old town.
The polls will open promptly at S o'clock
to-morrow morning and close at 4:49
o'clock. Owing to the late opening and
arly closing of the polls the Indications
are that many will be unable to vote
who otherwise would, were the polls to
open earlier. However, there will be
efforts made to get out a full Demo
cratic vote to-morrow- by members of
the local committee and others inter
ested in the welfare of the party.
The outcome of the election was the
principal theme of conversation on the
streets to-night Many bets have been
made, some on the general results and
more have been made on the results
In the various States.
Alexandrians who go to Washington
to-morrow night to hear the returns
will have a special train for their bene
fit which will Jeave Washington at 1
o'clock -in the morning. Special trains
will also be run over the Washington
Virginia Railway for the benefit of the
residents of Alexandria and Fairfax
Counties who go to Washington to hear
For Fairfax the last car will leave
Washington at 12:15 a. m.. and from the
Aqueduct Bridge att 11:30 a. m. Falls
Church cars will leave Twelfth and
ling against George E. Calvert and wife.
Jury and verdict for plaintiff for SG.S-.
The case of E. L. Sinclair against Fair
fax & Co , which was slated for trial Kri
dav, has been postponed until another
term of court.
Alexandria Lodge or Elks to-night held
its first social session of the season fol
lowing a regular business meeting of
that organization. During the evening
there was a musical programme given
and many new and unique features were
Introduced which were greatly enjojed.
There was also a buffet luncheon and
refreshments served. The affair was at
ttnded by a large gathering of members
of the order and their friends.
The weekly meeting of the ministers
of the Methodist Protestant Church .f
this city. Washington and vicinity was.
held to-day at the Methodist Protestant
Church. A number of church matters
were discussed and other business dl
posed ot Dinner was served to the
ministers at the church by the ladles of
The regular meeting of the bar associa
tion of the Sixteenth Judicial Distri.-t of
Virginia willJ be held at the Alexandria,
County Courthouse at noon Wednesday.
At the close of the business the mem
bers will adjourn to the home of Charles
1. Simms. where they will be entertain
ed witli a "buffet luncheon.
The funeral of John Thomas Berry,
who died In Frrdericksberg. Va.. will
take place at 3 o'clock to-morrow aft
ernoon from Wheatley's undertaking
chapel. Mr. Uerrv was eighty-seven
Arrangements have been made for a
Dutch supper which wil be given be
ginning at 5 o'clock to-morrow after
noon nt the parish hall of Christ Epis
copal Church under the auspices of the
ladles' guild of Emmanuel Braddock
The. burning of some trash In an ash
barrel in the rear of the residence of R.
E. Knight. WT Prince Street brought
out the 'fire department shortly before
9 o'clock to-night The fire was ex
tinguished bjfore the arrival 6f the de
partment A delegation of members of Mount
Vernon Council. No. 1, Daughters of
America, to-night went to Washington
and paid a fraternal visit to American
Flos Council, that city.
"I.tmiin Into Port.
Vallejo, Cat. Nov. t The United States
cruiser Maryland put Into the harbor at
San Juan Del Sur. Nicaragua, to-day.
after a hard battle with heavy seas. As
a result of the Maryland's struggle with
the heavy gales that have prevailed along
tho Southern Mexican Coast during the
past few days, she will remain In port
for a general overhauling.
Cosmopolitan . .
Rovlow of Reviews
Publiihm price. SIOO: Club price after Noveiaber
10 H05. Send for list of nusizicas that adTmoce la
rale Nomnbrr 1ft from 15 In 75 cer cmtl Snhmrrty
no and art the braent of low rricM. Snbaalptioae
mar ba nrw or renewals; start with any lau aad ba
cot to different names. 1 ran dnpllcat any nO
made by inr pucllshrr or gmer. ull for fras saaa
azina saapla. UrcVr Xraas alfta now:
JAMES S. FRASEK.
SIC Keaeaa Bids, llta a O Sta.
We alve Heral
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mtrlft.r T' infBTiia'f,-'-'?-T-f Vie ma.JJ a- rr