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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, November 10, 1912, Image 6

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' rB Washington ald compamy
No attention will be said to aaony-
-oua contribution, and no eommnnica
tlona to the editor wlU ba printed x-
eent -over the bum of the writer.
XsAuacripta offered for publication will
be returned if rnssjsIlaM, but atampa
ahould 1m sent with the manuscript for
.that purpose.
lAIl communications Intended for this
SBf wspaper. whether tor the daily or the
Jtenday Issue, should be addressed to
gnDeilT and Sunday. . MM eatts per auatk
'sallr and Sunday. V fas
tier. without Sunday. eenta per month
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"" Raw York Bepmmtathe. J. O. WtteWaUWJQ
8PEC11T, AGENCT. Brunswick BaHdinf.
Chicago TTiiiienlitln A, B. KEATOB, f
StHsrtford Banding.
gK Entered at tbs partisan at WaantafUm. D. Css
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kmm. .,,.rs:
5 ajMokm ibln Mi teMraSs iss fcsaaaest)
Moslem's Holy War.
-te Herald readers will recollect what this
"paper had to say in respect to the ter-
, eribre calamity which will be'fall not
"pnly the near East but every land in
ja-which Christians dwell under the rule
"bt the half moon if ever the Sheik-ul-
-.Jslam should proclaim a "holy war."
e"This has now been invoiced, and the
""faithful" have been "commanded" to
erchasten to the green flag of the prophet
'under the leadership of the Ulernas,
c"he most fanatical ' Moslem priests or
Dervishes, in order to save Turkey
frpm the onslaught of the "Giours."
-i" Sultan Mahmoud V is a peace-loving
aand extremely pious man. He is even
aSa well-meaning man of Western man-
"ners and education. He dreaded ' to
'seek the sanguinary aid o'f the high
priest of the Mohammedan hierarchy,
the Sheik-ul-Islam, the real defender
''of the Moslem faith; for he knew full
c well what such an interference would
""mean. But now the terrible torch has
. been ignited, and unless some sort of
, an understanding is arrived at soon
, the conflagration will not only envelop
.the ill-fated Balkan lands who had
'so much to suffer already from Mos-
.-lem fanaticism, but it will spread
juicklv from the Bosphorus to the
"alEuphrates and Tigris, from the Caspian
Sea to the Guff of Persia. And then,
" indeed. "vae victis!" Christians will
be massacred in hekatombs in Asia
Minor, in Persia, in Arabia, in Tibet,
in Afghanistan, even in India (which
is full of Mohammedans), and not only
in Armenia, Macedonia, Thrace, or
And what is more. The powers, the
' terror-tricken Christian world, will
not in justice be able to lay the en
tire responsibihtj of the massacres at
the door of the Turk. He is fighting
for his home, his very existence. He
uses all means at his command not to
Ioe his own and his country, not to be
driven across the Bosphorus.
The Herald is no apologist for the
Turk. The sooner he is kicked out of
Europe and Asia Minor for that mat-
. ter the better "for Christianity, but we
,-rsay again what repeatedly we have
i. That the Turk had something up
his sleeve, in the way of a "trap."
. 2 That this war will cause more
bloodshed than all the Balkan states
have thus far suffered together from
Moslem fanaticism, and.
3. That the soldiers of the Balkan
allies were being sacrificed with no tan
gible results to their countries, owing
to the determination of Russia and
- England to keep each other from the
Dardanelles, the key to the Levant, and
the ultimate key to the Suez Canal.
The New Equity Boles.
For eighteen months the United
States Supreme Court has been at
work on a reformed .procedure for the
-Federal courts. Thr matter has been
""in charge of Chief Justice White
and Justices Lurton and Van De-
vanter. And now, as forecasted weeks
ago by The Herald, the new rules
-were promulgated to go into effect
February i 1913. The main object
is to reduce the cost of litigation
and to eliminate delays. The pres-
F,nt equity rules have been in use
t-fifty years, being practically the same
L'as those in force in the English
. chancery courts at the time of our
revolution. . In regard to the taking of
y, testimony, particularly in patent and
-copyright cases, the Chief Justice says
Jftiiat "the whole intention has been to
-bring the taking of testimony down to
Ta more simplified and inexpensive
-method." As a general thing, cases
"jiereatter win oe inea Dy me court
rather than be sent to a referee to take
'"testimony and report back to the court
yt, One very important change will
"make' it possible for the appellate
...court not to reverse suits merely be
e-cause of errors not prejudicial." But
"ihe most important change is that with
."-reference 'to the exercise by the courts
of the power to grant injunctions.
Here the change is almost revolution
ary, though" it must be said that there
are Federal judges who have been cau
tious in this matter. Under the new rules
there, will be small chance -for the
abuse of this great power. No pre-
3. Til Till 11, if aAif mtt. ! aVwfl "jarla
m "je??" """ ""Wi " " WB""'i
result, to the applicant before the, mat
ter can be beard on notice." When
such restraining order is issued with
out notice the writ shall be made re
turnable at the earliest 'possible mo
ment, and in all cases the bearing- must
be within ten-days from-the l date of
the order, and it shall take precedence
of all other matters "except older mat
ters o'f the same character." At the
bearing the party securing the tem
porary restraining order must immedi
ately proceed with his application for a
preliminary injunction. Failing to do
so, the court must dissolve the order.
The enjoined party, may take the
initiative in bringing the issue to trial
He may, oh a two days' notice, move
for 'a ' dissolution or modification of
the order, "in which" event the court
"shall proceed to' hear' and determine
the motion as 'expeditiously as the ends
of justice may require." 'Temporary
restraining orders henceforth must be
filed in. the clerk's office. '
Here is a great reform worked out
quietly and in the most orderly fash
ion. Under the new rules it is hardly
possible to abuse the injunctive power
of the courts. - , '
And, finally, we have another proof
that die Federal courts are properly
sensitive to settled public opinion.
Chance for Federal Income lax. "
Thirty-two States have notified the
Secretary of State of, their ratification
of the income tax amendment to
the Federal Constitution. Two other
States have ratified, but sent no pfljciil
notice. The number of States, whose
assent is required to make the amend
ment effective, is thirty-six, so tnat
only, two more approvals, are needed.
It is, however, stretching the proba
bilities to say that the amendment may
be ready to be proclaimed by Janu
ary 1.
Vermont is the only State whose
Legislature is now in session or will
likely to be in session until after
January r,-but .Vermont rejected the
amendment last January. We read
also that New Hampshire and Utah
have reported rejections to the State
Department That seemsvto be an er
ror, for in New Hampshire one branch
of the Legislature has twice voted to
ratify, and the other twice has declined
to ratify, and in Utah the two houses
have had a similar difference. The
only Legislatures to reject outright
were those of Vermont, Rhode Island,
Connecticut and Massachusetts. But
Massachusetts did not consider the re
jection final, for its Legislature since
has voted twice on the amendment,' the
two houses disagreeing each time.
Thus counting Vermont Rhode Is
land, and Connecticut as final rejectors,
there are eleven States in which no
definite action has been taken either
way. They are Delaware, New Haisp
shire, Massachusetts, New- Jersey,
Pennsvlvania, West Virginia, Virginia,
Florida, New Mexico, Wyoming, and
Utah. But Delaware, New Mexico, and
Wjoming have not voted at all. In
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New
Jersey, West Virginia, Virginia, Flor
ida, and Utah one house has favored
and the other opposed ratification. In
Pennslyvania one house has voted in
favor of the law, but the other has
not voted at all. Inasmuch asthe Leg
islatures in the States named, except
Virginia, will not meet until nexf win
ter, the amendment may secure the
support of the two still needed by the
end of February, and will become part
of the Constitution before the present
national administration ends.
Seed Distribution
The distribution of seeds by the De
partment of Agriculture has been a
form of "paternalism" much appreci
ated by members of Congress, but to
a considerable extent criticised and
even ridiculed by the public. Even
the recipients frequently indulged in
comments that did not indicate any
measure of gratitude. It may have
been a species of graft yet we would
be a happy country had we never
suffered from anything worse. It
might be unjust to charge that positive
benefit had not resulted from the cus
tom, especially since the work has been
placed on a more systematic basis.
The government is more careful now
than it used to be concerning the qual
ity of the seeds that it dispenses
through its Congressional agents and
otherwise, arid there can be little
doubt that many of these dissemina
tion? hare fallen on good ground and
become factors in the agricultural .pros
penty of the country.
It has become an important function
of the Department of Agriculture to
purchase and prepare seeds, plants,
shrubs, and even trees for the multi
tude. A report prepared by the Fed
eral Bureau of Plant Industry gives a
history of this institution. It might
have been supposed with the great va
riety and almost limitless extent of
the plant life found here, that the
fathers of our nation would have as
sumed that this feature of develop
ment would take care of itself. But
not so. Benjamin Franklin, when in
England, sent to Pennsylvania mul
berry cuttings and silkworm eggs, hop
ing to make them the basis of a new
industry, and whether it, was due to
bis initiative ornotit has found lodg
ment m certain sections of the country.
Thomas Jefferson, during his sojourn
in France, forwarded many samples of
grasses, rice, vegetables, and fruit.
The first appropriation by Congress
'for the distribution of seeds was one
of-$1,000 ib 1839,-. Only jcpeo pack-
tons, rvelopinwt 6f; tdear agricul
ture, and the sMWpHcxtiOB of atncai
turjU colleges; wWcvrpuld be quick to
detect 'and. 'expeelihpposrares, have
tended to improve f tle. . quality, . and
when- aTfcraWr otBor&wktiti- te
ceives a -packet tarinc;the frank of
bis Senator or Congressman it may
be worth while to"set aside a few rods
of bis tillable area'and experiment with
its contents.
The department invites bids- foe its
supply of Jseeds 'each year and receives
responses from many sources. Most
of the Jower seeds come .iron Ger
many, France, and Nbrthern Africa,
where they can be produced -at much
less expense than in this country. It
may"bea questioa'wnether these pack
ets are always sent to the parties that
will make the best st of. them, -because
the best farmers or gardeners
are not always the men whose good
will is of most value to the senders.
Efideacy, Sot Spoils.
A local contemporary comments on
the Presidential election as follows: "A
lot of Republicans wilhhave to go to
work now. As -a. smile-provoking ditty
of .a paragTspher who labors under the
erroneous. impression that it is his busi
ness to be impertinent without count
ing the cost the above may pass, but
among the serious-minded it will be
frowned upon..
Let, us take for granted that the
President-elect means to be fair, means
to give everybody a "square deal," and
means to observe the civil service law,
which ies his hands as to the rank and
file of the Federal emploves. We have
already heard wild .talk and have read
irresponsible editorial advice- urging
Mr. Wilson to "repeal the civil service
act" in order to give his Democratic
partisans after all these years of pa
tient or, rather, impatient, waiting after
so many lean years, a chance for at
least four fat years. Such expressions
are to be discarded as rubbish. Mr.
Wilson has no such intentions, and, if
he had, he would find it a difficult mat
ter to have Congress do his bidding for
reasons too manifold to be enumerated
But there is a vast- army of Federal
employes who do not come under the
civil service act in Federal courts,
post-offlces, in customs houses, depart
mental bureau chiefs, &c Sure, they
are for the most part Republicans, and
there are numerous Democrats waiting
to share in the spoils of the victors. In
behalf of those among this vast army
who for so many vears have served
their country with loyalty and with ef
ficiency, The Herald asks the President
elect to ponder and consider well be-
rare depriving them of their well
earned continuance in office.
If an official be inefficient or a
drone, fire him by all means, whether
Republican or Democrat, but to oust
capable men just because they are not
protected by the civil service act would
mean to cripple the government ma
chinery to a most unwarranted degree.
lYom tha nochnter Bmld.
The colonel should retire to his closet
and contemplate this sentence once more:
"You can fool some of the people all of
the time, and all of the people some of
the time; but you cannot fool all tbe
people all of the time."
Fran tha New Tort World.
We congratulate Col. Roosevelt upon
his opportunity to refrain from all hand
shaking with bis lame arm.
Fran the DuladripUa Pir.
The colonel's fight on the Republican
party seems to have brought about the
defeat of Congressman Longworth.
Fran the Buffalo Expreaa.
We have been to Armageddon. We
have battled for the Lord. He has been
pleased to grant us a victory, though not
such a one as we. In our finite wisdom,
prayed for. Speaking in less Roosevelt
Ian language, the Republican party sac
rificed itself to save the republic It was
worth the price.
From the Clerelaad Plain Dealer.
It begins to look as if T. R. told the
truth when he said he'd never accept an
other term.
Fran the Boston Ttanacript.
Socialist Congressman Berger is the
editor of, a paper that claims to have
8,600 Individual stockholders. His re
tirement to .private life would indicate
that these were not voted en bloc, or else
that a target proportion are among the
sex that has not yet been invested with
tbe privilege of the ballot.
Fras tha Philadelphia Eiecinc Telegraph.
A man Is sobered by the thought that
in the hollow of his hand he holds the
bread and butter of a nation of workers.
Mr. Wilson evidently realises this.
Fran the Ne York Tanes.
Senator Dixon, with' his prediction of
6,000.000 votes for the Bull Moose, gains
admittance to the rank of major elec
tion prophets.
Fran the New York Tribune.
Well, It- certainly didn't go into the
Fleas tha New York American.
A Republican Governor In Tennessee
looks something like a brand plucked
from the burning.
From the Hartford Coaraat.
In this closing year of his (Taft's)
term, the people are prospering as never
before, and it Is largely his doing that
they are so. They have not had a more
deserving President in a generation. The
discredit Is theirs that they ungratefully
refuse him the second term -which he
has so well earned at their hands; and
tne toss wiu oe tneirs.
From tha, Detroit Journal.
Joseph O. Cannon hss been defeated,
hut before he tell he defeated many ene
mies and qnltevas many friends in dif
ferent parts of tha country.
-" Good Training;.
"Why do you stand before this window
for hours every 6y gazing at the 'wax
flguresr, . ;
"I am studying- to be a concert singer.
Z am wahoasUsT tmraaU to 'face ava'auatt-
r,. '
Whether it be true or not that the jraad-
Am m w . .-r- , 'n I
w iuoaunosenBnaB'DbTnaui .a-rtaww
Resent Uitpold. Prince joeorge of Bava-
ana nir presumptive 10 xne uwoto
of that fclnadom, has separated from, his
709Bwlfe. who" ta,TiPs wMnoaneis of
Austria and a Brandchua of the, seed. Sm
peror.Frans Josef, or whether, the domes
tic differences of the pair have' bean
patched up by a. command -at the vener
able head of the Imperial house, of Haps
bura. to whom the prince's father and
next recent (or Kins:, if mad "Kin Otto
should die) Journeyed in his . effort to
avert the calamity and scandal, does not
appear from the Vienna or Munich "court
or society reports. The archduchess
seems determined 'not to return to 'the
beautiful Bavarian capital. theieonrVllfe
of which she calls '.'inexpressibly' doU."
(No wonder, after a youth spent at say.
dear, romantic' light-hearted Vienna and
its attractions.)
.But It this laa "calamity" it Is as yet
a good ways off. '"For. between Prince
Qeorre and 'the Bavarian crown' stands
his, father,' the heir apparent and this
prince; himself a sexnagenarian. will not
become recent or ruler until his father,
the aforementioned senile LuitpoId,'.the
present prince recent who has ruled over
classic Bavaria twoscore years, ever sjnee
his nephew, Klnc Ludwlg-'II, committed
suicide, goes to his. last. accounts. ,
Prince Recent . Lultpold's -death Is
rapidly falling-, pit' Is- almost1- impossible
to rouse him from his constant drowsi
ness, a feat that for a long time has
been accomplished successfully by the
lacqueys and servants deliberately drop
ping breakable dishes upon the floor in
order to make a great noise. -The of
ficial nondescript bulletins to the con
trary notwithstanding, he death of the
aged ruler Is .Imminent
And this certainty once more reopens
tbe question of putting an end alto
gether to the regency. The cabinet and
leading crown dignitaries are urgrng the
proclaiming of the sixty-year-old heir
apparent Prince Ludwlg, not regent but
sovereign, on the death of his father,
the prince regent, and of deposing Ot
to, the King, who -has been insane and
in- durance for many years, having been
pronounced Incurable as far back as the
time when his brother. King Ludwlg It
was on the throne.
It is a sad fate Indeed, that has over
taken the House of Wlttelsbach.
The aforementioned King Ludwig, in
1881. became a victim of dementia that
finally led to suicide in a mountain lake,
his Insanity being the result of his over
fondness for music, especially Wagner
ian operatic music. He spent millions
for the erection of veritable palaces in
ut-of-the-Kay mountain glens, whera
he would listen to the performance of
his favorite operas by a full cast In sol
itary grandeur.
Another of his many whims was the
creation In an upper story of his palace
at his capital, Munich, of a garden with
an artificial lake and live swans for the
sole purpose of having a tenor imper
sonating Lohengrin, sing a "real" swan
song. Of course such "doings" could not
be permitted to go on. The Ill-fated King
wis placed under restraint, and one
morning while walking with his phsl
clan on the shore of Lake Staremberg.
he jumped Into the water, dragging his
nimna nlnn nrrtn ft-lail tr sqA him wlK
him to tho bottom. His brother and sue-
cessor. King Otto, at that time already
a pronounced maniac and often violent,
their Uncle Lultpold (the brother of
their late father, Maximilian of Lola
Montes tame), took the reins of govern
ment as regent.
Perhaps he might have been persuaded
then and there to proclaim himself King
had he not feared the dlspleasuie of the
populace, who declined to believe that
their chivalrous joung ruler was de
mented. Many of the lower classes in
sisted that their beloved King had been
a victim of Bismarck's Intrigues, and
had been deposed by Prussian enmity.
When Ludwlg committed suicide his
very death was laid at Bismarck's and
Prussia's door, and Lultpold, his uncle,
who took over the relcns of th govern
ment, publicly was denounced as a
traitor to the house of V ittelstuch and
to all Bavaria. These were the reasons
why Lultpold allowed his insane nephew
Otto to be .proclaimed King, and con
tented himself with the lesser dignity
of a regent plenipotentiary.
But the venerable prince's unselfish
ness long since has been recognized, and
all Bavaria worships him and. admires
his patriotism, and there Is no reason
why his son Ludwig should not ascnd
the throne and be a full-fledged King
Instead of a mero regent for a man
who Is violently and incurably Insane.
Politically it will bo a sad day for the
continuation of German unity should this
prince be proclaimed King Instead of
being a ruler by proxy. He absolutely
hates Prussia, and his one desire is to
cut loose from the federation whose su-
London, Nov. 9. Unless the .Balkan
allies and Turkey together ask that the
powers intervene in the near Eastern
struggle. Foreign Minister Sir Edward
Grey Informed the House of. Commons,
no nation waa now disposed to question
the right of the allies to make -their own
terms with tbe Sultan wka and bow
urn "TT:TT i
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-raaaaajarssaBjmaBB , s
f-t snnnnnawnl & "! " V'
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'v KV;f' wrr r
2'nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnVafesw at?'
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the plea.- - K ;
Is' a HohensoUsm, av
which exists, under Prsoslan Influence, a
moat havtetM condition In tbe eyes of a
Cathollo prince who, besides, la married
te an Austrian archduchess.
Tha question is: Will the-Wfttsjasjaeh
Rouse, laws, will the Bavarian people
the most loyal people on earth-permit
King Otto, though Insane, to be deposed?
It would be a most radical procedure in
so ultra-conservatrre a land. JIn fact,
precedents are all against it When
childless King Friedrich WUhehn IV of
Prussia In UK became Incurably III and
Incompetent to carry on the business
and cares of state, bis younger brother
WUhelm (later the first German Em
peror) did not assume crown and king
ship but caused himself to be proclaimed
prince regent and as suc,h he ruled
Prussia until the King's death In Janu
ary, ISO. 'A similar . pprocedure was
followed In the case of Prince Walde
mar of Llppe-Detmolt. with George HI
of Englsnd and recently with' Henry of
Beuss. ,
80 tiere Is hardly any fear of a speedy
rupture between the Hohenzollerns 1 and
the Wlttelsbacbs. or of serious trouble
within, the German Empire.
Royalties of all nations now are busy
making arrangements for Christmas.
Most of them already have placed their
orders for Christmas cards. The rulers
of men often go to great pains in select
ing their cards, and an insight Into their
character Is provided by a study of
their choice.
The King of England's Christmas
greetings this year will be accompanied
by a Picture by Mr. Howard Davie de
picting Cedrlc the Eaxon accepting the
crown a very appropriate choice In view
of this being coronation year. Queen
Mary also believes In' being up-to-date,
for tbe picture on her card represents
the acceptance of the crown by William
and Mary.
Queen Alexandria's card will be of the
simplest design, and wiu Dear a picture
of a woman seated at a window with an
open Bible.
The Prince of Wales recalls to his
friends what happened at Cress-. His
card shows the Black Prince engaged in
battle. Jt will be remembered that the
prince's motto, "Ich DIen." and his
crest were first used after that victory.
A curious whim has prompted the Ger
man "Emperor in his choice of a Christ
mas greeting card. He has placed on it
a picture or a modern ureaanougnt sig
naling Christmas greetings to Nelson's
old flagship, tbe Victory.
The Czar has chosen a subject with
an English setting, for his card depicts
Peter the Great working as a shipwright
at Oeptford In 1637. FLANEUR.
(Copitight. ISO. hr Coot Coaaip bjndlcate.)
October was a month sublime.
Grew finer every day.
And through this pride of autumn time
We "walked a primrose way.
November hits us with its wrath.
Unloosing storm and flood:
And now at find our primrose path
Is ankle deep with mud.
Plunkilllr Item.
"logenes womoax is greauy uueresieo.
In the suffragist cause.
He gets out me
blonde vote.
Simply Riddled.
"I've been in love eleven times."
"Cupid must have shot you with a ma
chine gun."
-November lO In History.
November 10, 119) Richard the Llon
Hearted makes a o-yard run wearing a
suit of sheet-Iron weighing 500 pounds.
A remarkable football feat.
November 10. 1533. Mrs. Henry VIII
soaks her husband with a flatiron. Do
mestic discord was not uncommon with
his nibs.
A Safer Game.
"Son. why must vou play football? You
know it worries your mother."
"Dad. a healthy boy has Just got to
have some excitement."
"I know that. Now you give up foot
ball and I'll let you enlist in one of these
nice wars that are going on."
In Jfodern Novels.
The approved heroine invariably has a
short upper lip.
The War Game.
War is an Innocent pastime to-day;
Lr Football shows more fractured joints
Most of the battles are figured, they say.
Merely on possible points.
A Smpnthctte Boom.
This war in Turkey, of course, affects
the price of turkevs, and there is a
sympathetic movement In kindling wood
and axlegrease. Powder puffs will be
hlc-her. and rockets are going up. It Is
remarkable, this sympathetic boom In
articles of entirely dissimilar natures.
A "Wider Field.
""What has become of that bill collector
you used to have?"
"He's not here any more."
"I didn't think jou'd ever let him go.
He was too good at getting the coin."
"He was good at getting money out of
people. So good that a big college elected
him president."
Facts In the Cnar.
Tom. Tom. tho piper's son, stole a pig
and away he run.
At least this report was given out. We
have later Information.
He really stele a thousand pigs, and
he did not run, as rumored. Instead he
engaged eminent legal talent, who say
they will have no trouble whatever In
exonerating this eminent citizen.
Senator Borah on BoMfi.
CNvim tli lndianacotis Xcwa.
"It may be," said Senator Borah yes
terday, "'perilous for some of us to stay
In the Republican party, but. mat is mo
party in which I have fought so far-,
and I shall continue to light there.
That tho'Senatnr Is a Progressive every
one knows. He was one of Roosevelt's
lieutenants at Chicago, doing what ne
could to bring about the third termer s
nomination by the Republicans, but urg
ing him not to bolt. Nor does he hlm
. nniinu in holt. He savs. and with
entire truth, that he was in favor of
many of the things in the uuu aiooae
platform long before there was a Bull
Moose party. Senator Borah was a Pro
gressive before Roosevelt was. Some of
tbe reforms demanded by the Roosevelt
party have already been written Into
law. thanks to the Jtepubllcan Progres
sives In, the Senate. The Progressive
movement was going forward in most
encouraging fashion until .Roosevelt split
it Senator "Borah said:
"t.do not think It necessary to leave
the Republican party to fight for these
reforms.. Others may. differ from me.
But I win say this, to talk of leaving
theRepubllcan party because of its
bosses,-Is -asinine. . There are bosses In
the new party, and there will be In every
Every man who knows anything about
politics knows that this is true. One
cannot eaaape from bosses merely by
changing .parties least of all be chang;
lag to the Roosevelt party, which it
bossed as no party ever waa before.
; j i , '
Stars and Bars. Which WW Float Here Daring
thelVeek Wa& Designed and Made by .
Orren Randolph Smith.
Here Is tbe story of the Stars aad
Bars, the Confederate flag watch hl
week will float peacefully here In the
shadow of (the Stars and Stripes, against
which It waa flaunted In futile enmity
throughout tha four years that are bow
become as a. watch In the night, si brief
but erer'ntemorahle epoch -in tbe .welding
together of a" great people!
The story la told hr the man who gave
the Stars and Bare to tbe Confederate
States of America, 'who designed and
made the first banner that wsa raised
la the. name of that lost cause. And
when the United Daughters of the Con
federacy gather In the Capital Tuesday,
this man, Orren Randolph Smith, of
Henderson.' N. C.", .who Is eighty-five
years old. too in to' come. will, send to
tbe Daughters by his kins-woman, Mrs.
Frank William, of Newton. N. C. a
silk flag exactly' like the one he first
Sung out to the winds.
His daughter.' Jessica R .Smith, had
expected to bring" this banner, but she
win not come. Why she win stay at
home, she tells thus:
"Instead of buying clothes to go to the
convention, I've bought the flags for
Dad gave one to the North , Carolina Di
vision at Salisbury last month Just like
But here Is Orren Randolph Smith's
own story:
'Three times have J been a soldier at
my country's call, twice lighting under
the Stars and Stripes and once under
tbe 'Star and Bars.' While with Taylor
south of the Rio Grande, a unit in that
proud army that never! let an enemy
touch our flag: in Utah with Albert Syd
ney Johnston. 1S57-6S, I learned what tbe
flag meant to the men who were willing
to give their (lives for 'Old Glory every
day and every hour in the day. A sol
dier's flag must be his Inspiration. It
stands" for home, kindred, snd country;
It must be something more than a piece
of bunting or the blending of bright
Near Flag Needed.
"When, at Sumter, that shot was fired
that was heard around the world. I
realized that a new country had been
made and that the new nation must have
a new flag, of the deepest, truest sig
nificance, to lead the 'Men in Gray
against the greatest. odds and through
the greatest difficulties- that any soldiers
have ever overcome since the world was
made. The Idea of my flag I took from
the Trinity. Three in One.' The three
bars were for the church. State, and
press. Red represented State, legislative.
Judiciary, and executive; white for
church. Father, Son. and Holy Ghost;
red for prea, freedom of speech, freedom
of conscience and liberty of press all
bound together by a field of blue (the
heavens over all), bearing a star for
each State in the Confederation .
"The seven white stars, all the same
size, were placed In a circle, showing
that each State had equal rights and,
ThronR of .Notable n rhrlatenlnR
of Yonnaj Declea.
London Correarxaidenoe ew lorfc American.
This was juveniles' day In the Gould
family. a
Th.i center of interest, of course, was
tbe christening of Eileen Vivien de la
Poer Beresford, daughter of Lord and
Lady Decles, and granddaughter of Mr.
and Mrs. George Gould, but little Edith
Kingdon Gould, the eleven- ear-old sister
of Lady Decles, unexpectedly added to
the ceremonial Interest.
Timidly, but with a good deal of self
contained assurance, Edith made her
debut as a poet and reader. The poem
was entitled "To My Sister." and con
tained much pretty infantile sentiment
and was delivered with proper emphas's
and gentle little gestures.
It was under the time-eaten rafters of
old St. Giles' Church, near Stoke Poge?f.
where Gray's famous "Elegy in a. Coun
try Churchyard" was written In 17DP. that
British sclona of nobility and American
princes of finance this afternoon wit
nessed the chrl-tening. The little church
was unable to hold the throng of rela
tives and nobll'ty from the neighborhood,
many lining the path from the crcat jew
trees over Gray's tombstone to the vil
lage road. Lord Greville and Howard
Gould acted as godfathers, and tho
Marchioness of Waterford and the Hon.
Mrs. Edward Lumb. lster of Lord De
cles. as godmothers.
T-e scene pf the christening, under the
vellow glare of oil lamps and the, faint
light of the stained glass windows, was
fand by the ,j toilet. -ot the women
" received her baptism
was one huge bower of lilies of the val
ley and pink carnations. Lady Declen
looked the picture of health and happi
ness, standing In a pew near the fount,
smilingly watching the ceremony as Mr.
Anthony Drexel. Jr. took the crIng In
fant from the nurse's arms and gave her
to the Rev. Mr. Barnet. who officiated.
The wails of "Viv." as the child will
be called, caught the fancy of a dozen
other infants In the church and they ail
joined In as a chorus to the accompani
ment of the organ and choir.
Lady Decles wore a gown of chiffon
and velvet In ash gray, with a large vel
vet hat and ostrich plumes to match.
Later she graciously consented to pose
for the New York American.
Strong; Man Dying.
Montreal. Nov. . Lewis Cvr. for
twenty years champion strong man of
the world, is dying here of Brlght's dis
ease and his death 1 believed near at
Dan would ban wooed either Madgv cr Ann
If It had not been that
Eh sir! had another sniter: there
Waa Tim and there waa Pat.
Dan met his rlral Tun one dar-aaid
Tim to Dan wUh a frown:
"111 throw up a brick and you can coort
Madge, it it don't come down."
Tim threw the crki. Dan loat the girl;
Twaa a eineh for hfan. of ooune.
Bot Dan didn't mind it. "Tim." aaid he,
"1 U wnra- that thrk on rat Bourae."
Dan and Tat atood talking loudly
Near an unfinished brick wall.
All unmindful of the mortar the maaoua
Abora let fan,
"We looks aloike to Ann." iid Pat, "an"
The an that seta her han
Will hare t' ftsght an' whip the other
Wan. Do rou underttand:"
"YW." aaid Dan. "tat there'a a Utther war;
I learnt it from Tim Troon:
1T1 throw a brick no in the air; If tha
Brick ahtaya up she'a loces.-
" Agreed I" aid Tat. and up new the bnek. -
"O what a dnchr said Dan:
"I'll go abraifbt war an' bur the line
T tin V w Jlary Arm."
Whm'the brick had apent its force
Twaa clcee to the top of the wall:
A bricUarrr caught and lard it in.
Ot conn, it did not fall.
"A fool for lock!" aaid Dan to rat. with
Paarioa nmsb and atormy; .
"Tha brick afctued up. bad eeas t Troota;
tnstswa't'loiatssorsu'.''.; ;
- . -' 5-
Flag Told by Maker.,
privileges. Irrespective of sixa or
latlon. The circle, having neither
nor foot, stood for eternity, and
fled Tou defend me and I'll protect rest.'
i naa ue mi am complete in my ssmd
before the Confederate Congress adver
tised for models, and when the adver
tisement sppeared I went to my friend.
Miss Rebecca Murphy, (she Is -now Mrs.
W. B. Wlnborne. of Wflson. N. C), and
asked If she would make me a little flag;
rd. tell her how. I tore the "bars and
eut the stars' and she sewed the stitches
and when finished the little flag waa
sent to Montgomery, with the suggestion
that a star be added for each State that
Joined the Confederacy.
"The flag committee accepted the flag
and named it The Stars and Bare." They
also adopted the suggestion, and it was
not long before tbe flag bore eleven stars
for the eleven Confederate States that
voted for Jefferson Davis to be Presi
dent. XsWIe of Dresa Goods.
"After the small flag was sent to
Montgomery I bought dress goods from
Barrow's store and asked Miss Rebecca
to make roe a large flag. S by 12 feet, for
whether the flag committee accepted my
model or not I was determined that one
of my flags should be floating in the
breeze. Splicing two tall saplings to
gether. I made a pole 10D feet high and
planted it on the courthouse square at
Louisburg. N. C. (where I was then liv
ing), and the flag was sent aloft on Mon
day. March 18, 1861. two months before
North Carolina seceded. Over the flag
was floating a long blue streamer. like
an admiral has on his ship when "home
ward bound.' and on this pennant I had
stars for each State that had seceded
and one for North Carolina, for though
my State was still In the Union, I knew
she was -homeward bound.'
This was the first Confederate flag
ever raised in the Old North State, and
this Is how tbe "Stars and Bars' came
into existence. "Dixie's Flag that floated
orer the bravest snd hardest to wear out
soldiers ever encountered in any war."
It U related that Miss Murphy, who
made the two flags, married first Dr.
Germain Watson, and secondly. W. B.
Winborne. "Her sister. Miss Sally Ann,
refused to sew on the flag, saying she
was "for the Union" and meant to marry
a Yankee officer, and she did marry
James A. Miller, lieutenant. U. 8. A. But
while Mr. Smith and Miss Rebecca made
the flags. Miss Sally Ann played on the
piano and sang "Dixie." "Bonny Biuo
Flag." and other Southern songs.
She is living to-day with her daugh
ter, Mrs. H. T. Webb, in South Tarboro
Street. Wilson. N. C. and has become a
member of the United Daughters of the
Confederacy, for Mr. Smith said he
wanted her to have a U. D. C badge as
it was "The Stars and Bars."
Mr. Smith has made Henderson bis
home for jears. and he is a member of
the Henry L. Wyatt Camp, U. C V.,
where he is alwavs honored as the man
who designed the "Stars and Bars."
To the editor: I read whh much surprise
the subhead to my article in your col
umns "Says streets are for vehicles snd
sidewalks for pedestrians." and would
say that the editor evidently did not fully
understand my argument, and probably
this waa the cause by my reference to
the traffic law in Xew York, which was
made simply to show that while our law,
or Its enforcement, should be bettered,
people of other cities have even wors
conditions to contend with. This was
made because in nn article prior to mlno
it was inferred that Washington has
about the worst traffic law. Personally
I believe that If the present law is ob
served by every one there would not ba
any accidents. While drivers of vehicles
are not compelled to come to a stop at
crossings, they slould, according to the
law, not exceed three to four miles in
crossing down-town streets, and not more
than six miles In less congested sections.
And at each crossing a signal must be
given. At such speed and with cans
taken by both driver and pedestrian no
accident need happen. It often happens,
however, that persons getting off cars
will jump before the car comes to a
stop and continue running across to the
sidewalk, in which case there is danger
of a vehicle traveling even at three miles
an hour striking them. I heartily agree
with Mr. Hegeney that the utmost cara
should be taken at' street crossings by
pedestrians and drivers, alike, however.
I believe the pedestrians should keep
to the sidewalks as much as possible.
Traveling at night one finds u large
number of persons using the street (prob
ably because of its smoother condition).
In addition to a large number of child
ren of all ages roller skating. It Is
sometimes difficult to sec them until
within a few yards of them, when it is
almost dangerous to warn them with tha
horn, as they ore likely io become be
wildered and step In front of the vehicle.
I think there should be a law against
allowing children to use the streets for
roller skating In view of the great dan
ger they take, and I believe it would ba
well to arrange for a skating rink for
them on each of the playgrounds. If
need be by means of popular subscrip
tion to the cost thereof.
I have taken a great deal of space la
vour columns, which I hope will be par
doned because of my great Interest In
this subject, end I hope that my argu
ments may do something to eliminate
the danger of accidents to children par
ticularly. And I hope that the teachers
of this city will tell their scholars of
the danger they take when carelessly
running In front of vehicles.
When arorna fall and awallowa troop for flight.
And hope matured alow mellowa to regret.
And autumn preoed by winter for hia debt,
Drora leaf on leaf till ahe be begsared unte:
bhould then the crescent moon'a tmselflah light
Guam up the ear lust aa tho ami doth art.
Her brlghteulnc aaxe; though day and dart hare mat.
Prolongs tha gtoamins and retards tho night.
Bo. fair rouns life, new naen unto mine
Just as it owns the edict of decay
And Fancra frrr should pala and pass away.
y menaced glory takes a glew from thine.
And. In the deepening sundown of my day.
Then with thy dawn, delayrst my decline
urrM Austin.
COoRiavpolitail . .
Rvlw af RavUwa
Amarlaan ....
rnbllabrra- trice, ten-dub price after Noteatser
1C ti-OS. Sena for list of magirinee that adranea ta
Fncw iimwuri as iroas is to la per cent, miimues
now and sat the beneflt of low crloaa. bubacTir41oas
mar he new cr renewals; atari with any iai
no M
aio dirTrrent names. 1 can dnplieaU any oast
a hr any publisher or agrncr. Call for area shb
aslae aampie. Order Xmas gifta now.
" JAMES 9. CTlASKtt.
aa Keaeto Bldav. asm sMa
We alve Hernia!
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