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THE WASmNGTONHERAll). yEjbNESDAT, jfoVEfflER 13.. 1912. jPTHE WASHINGTON HERALD Published Errrr Morning In On Tear r THE WASHINGTON HERALD COMPANY publication orncii 1322 NEW YORK AVENUE X. W, Entered at tha posfroSIee at Washington. D. OL. u second-class mall matter. Telephone Mala jsjo. (PrfnU Branch Errriirra.) . j No attention Trill be paid to anony mous contributions, and no communica tions to the editor wilt be printed ex cept over the name of the writer. Manuscripts offered for publication will be returned If unavailable, but stamps should be sent with the manuscript for that purpose. All communications Intended for this newspaper, whether for the dally or the Sunday Issue, should be addressed to THE WASHINGTON HERALD. SUBSCBXPTIOV BATES BT CAItEIEU: Daily and Sunday..... 3 centa per month Dally mi Sunday P- Per year Dally, without Scalar ............ .S cents per month SUBSCRIPTION BATES BT WAIL Dally and Bandar C centa per month Dally and Sunday. ... . U3 per year Daily, srlthoot Sunday ........ .....3 crnta per month Dally, irtlhoat Sunday... 41M rr year Buoday. wtthoot Dally. ..C.O per year Nr Tore BesreaestatlTe. J. O. WILBEEDIX3 I orciUlAlj Aliatux, HTttnswica; mniaina:. Chicago Brprtacntatlre, Hartford TtMyg A B. KEATOB, nt WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 13. 1312. To Aid American Ship Building. i The regulations prepared by the j Treasury Department to carry out the "free material" section of the Panama Canal act have been revised by Secre i tary MacVeagh and will be signed bj him in a few day The Secretary has J decided to give liberal construction to ' the act, so liberal, in fact, that perhaps concerns like the Fore River or New port News Shipbuilding Companies could import free of duty every article that would enter into the construction, I outfitting, and equipment of a vessel and assemble the same as the product j of an American shipyard. The revised regulations also will authorize the free I admission of articles of outfit and j equipment and the replacement of the J same, thus enabling the Navy Depart i ment, for instance, to purchase all but consumable supplies abroad The law a provides thus a All materials of foreign production P which may be necessarv lor the con- S struction or repair of vessels built in the United states and all such mate f rials necessarj for the building or re- t pair of their machinery and all articles s necessary for their outfit and equip ment maj be imported into the United htates tree of duty under such recula- i liens as the Secretary of the Treasury -mav prescribe This clause applies, as , stated, only to vessels which shall en cage in the foreign trade The word vessel is contrucd to mean a all watercraft such as are now docu mented under the law, also revenue I cutters, naval vessels, and other gov- f ci mucin trail 4 Materials are interpreted to be any imported article which mav enter into the construction or repair of a ship or its machinery , and is taken by the de partment to mean not only raw mate rials of the character of pig iron and lumber, but completed machinery, like marine engines, dynamos, and other machines which might be read for in stant operation None of these articles will be admitted free if to be resold, k Outfit and equipment is construed to mean everything that would be placed aboard the ship to make her ready for sea, except provisions, wines, coal, ""medicines, and like articles that arc consumable. A ship, in other words, -may De compieteiv outhtted abroad ex- r cept as to certain minor articles of relatively little value in her permanent equipment Suitable provision for warehousing and release is made. This decision overrules the previous decision of the Treasurj Department (not promulgated offlciallv) that Con gress contemplated the free admission only of articles in the rough, but would forbid replacement It is not the. opin ion of the officials that any great vol- tvume of free import will be created by ihe new law In fact, leading ship builders have informed the department Jhat they did not care how broadly Jr how narrowlv the law was con strued, if onl they could be informed promptl of what the construction of the law was For ears there was a provision for the free entry of shipbuilding materials for ships to engage in the foreign trade, and in at least one instance the department has decided that a com- "Acted engine might come in. The point is made that as the chief cost of con struction of a ship is labor, the United States cannot seriously compete with foreign countries in shipbuilding, be fcuse of our high wages, notwithstand ing that we can produce materials al e-roost as cheaply as any other country Before deciding upon the new regula tions high Treasury officials held con- k Jerences with members of the House jand Senate who were active in getting the free materials clause through Con gress and have inferred that it was the Intent of the lawmakers though per- iiaps written only crudely into the bill '"-to open our doors as widely as pos sible to the encouragement of Ameri fCaix shipbuilding The Paramount Duty of Congress. It is a just criticism of the Demo cratic party that it is not constructive. Intrusted now with power in the ex ecutive and legislative branches of the government, it has an opportunity to demonstrate that its leaders are real statesmen First of all. Congress should take up") the question of the Presidential term. "An amendment to the Constitution .should be submitted to the States chang ing the term to six jears, without re-election. This was really the original idea when the Constitution was framed, and experience las shown that it ought tojhave teen adopted. It rwas a part of the Constitution of the Confederate States, and there is lfttle doubt that if now presented to the various State Legislatures would be promptly -accepted. If the occupant of the White House could be limited to one term of six years, he would have ample time in which to inaugurate and execute defi nite policies ; he would have no tempta tion to use the office for the advance ment of his personal interests, and the country would be spared the frequent upheaval of an election. And while the slow process of amending the Constitution is in course of operation, Congress, should meet a present emergency by passing a joint resolution prohibiting any President from having more -than two terms. This would effectually dispose of the menace which has just threatened .the country and which has not yet entirely disappeared. Abraham Lincoln was right when he 'said that some day the nation would be confronted with the danger of an ambitious ruler who would seek to hold power without in terruptioa The conditions in Mexico which made the egime of Diaz not only possible but necessary do not ob tain here. No one man is essential for our political salvation. If the Democratic administration can be marked by the accomplishment of a single-term amendment to the Consti tution and the placing of a quietus upon unrestrained ambition, it will jus tify the wisdom of the people in plac ing it in power. Bryan and the Cabinet Of course, Mr. Bryan does not want Cabinet position. Thnce candidate. for the Presidency, and with a linger ing hope that even jet his ambition may be realized, Mr. Brjan probably regards a Cabinet office as beneath lus dignit Besides this, he wants to be in an independent position He has newspaper through which he can dis seminate his views, and he does not ncsiiaie 10 express nis mind there are many things which he will want to sa during the next four years, and a portfolio would bind him hand and foot Above all, Mr Bryan likes to make mone, and why should he sacri fice the remunerative lecture platform for the paltr honor of official title? So Mr Bryan, being wise in his day and generation, will not enter President Wilson's Cabinet There are other things for him to do A LITTLE NONSENSE. JCOTITINO TO XT.'-, First you let your temper rise, Hurt your fellow-man. Then you must apologize; That is. If you can. What's the use of wasting breath ' In such foolish Ways? , Why beworried half to death? Anger never pays. t , Tou unloose the angry word, Let It fly. alack. Then with haste, almost absurd Wlah vou bad It back. Thus you stumble through your Ufa Wasting half your days. What; the use .of all this strife? Anger,'nev er pays. " A ' Maldon; the Most of It. Girls wear, heir hair, we must confess, to look )lkemdre and not like less. In the Near Futnre. "What's the- "matter rfow?" "A prominent society suffragette wants us to record her vote by telephone. Says she's too busy to come to the polls. She threatens dire penalties If we refuse." v November in la History. November 1X 'lTSS-Doswell and Dr. Johnson get the agency for a patent clothes wringer. November ,10, 1307 Robin Hood defeats William Tell 1n a "turkey shoot Some contest, however. An Actor's Home. Torick Hamm has certainly furnished his new house elaborately." Plenty of pictures, I suppose!" Yes: he has. one slcture of Shakes peare and VX pictures of himself." Buy Low, By low, don't you know. Mother sings, sings she. By low, don't you know, A bargain lullaby. Plnnlcrllle JSvts. 'Anything strange or startling hap pened?" Inquired the hardware drummer as be registered. Waa an Unusual episode last weck." responded the landlord of the Plunk- vllle House "An old trapper came down out of the hills and offered ito trade 4.000 coonsklns for an automobile." Cattlnic Him Short. "Little one." he began, "you are too pretty to be shooting biscuits In a Dean ery You ought to be on the stage." "Been there." snapped the waitress briefly "What'll ou have' Gimme the particulars of jour 10-cent order" Alvrnr Game. Be an optimist ' "Aw. a man can't be an optimist all the time ' "Sure ho can. Look at the campaign managers " G OSSLP' GA TfiERED- IN "". ' I JcOUNJTRIES ACROSS THE SEA Princess Zlta, . of (Bourbon) Parma, who one day la to" wear the Jfapsburg double crown, temperamentally is an Im proved edition of her accomplished fath- e", Duke Itobert de Bourbon, who was despoiled of the throne of Parma. She uuienis on tne paternal sme tne rare smile of that great "Constable of France" who could -seduce whole prov inces from .their allegiance with a laugh and a nod. She derives, from hen mo ther. Maria Antonla of Brunnu. In fanta of Portugal, the music of ber voice.. tne lightness of foot that makes her dancing such, a marvel, .and' the ready svrapatby with affliction that prompts her Instant effort to relieve It Tho sisters of Princess Zlta Include the charming Beatrice, who married'' Count Peter Lucchesl, grandson of the Duchess de Berry, and Princess Adelaide, who took the veil and lives In a convent on the Isle of Wight Among the brothers may be mentioned Prince Elle, who s ooused Archduchess Marie Anne, and Prince Sixtus, who achieved distinction J In Paris as a student of science, a practice- agriculturist and a man of Ereat ability. The father of tne Princess Zlta had no less than twenty children, as I have had occasion to narrate on a for mer occasion. One should see Princess Zlta on the back of a horse to realize Diana In the truly classical sense. She has conquered steeds so mettlesome tnat the boldest grooms In the Imperial stables dreaded the responsibility of even saddling them for her Not that the princess Is de liberately and systematically equestrian. She cares less for sport than do her brothers and sisters, nor has she ever manifested that eagerness for life In the oten, for shooting and for fishing which characterizes the venerable head of her house, tmperor Franz Josef. -Franz Josef has been the number of sovereigns that havo lost their crowns during that time. The fate of one af fects all the others, and although there Is no ties to bind any of them to King Alexander of Servia. there waa not one of them not profoundly movni hv tin assassination seven years ago. To this? verjp aay nis successor. King Peter, Is boycotted by certain foreign courts be cause he has been powerless to clear nunseir, or me suspicion of connivance In the crime Franz Josef may look back at many dethroned rulers. Karl Albert of Sar dinia, an ancestor of the present King of Italy, vacating his th-rnn. ,rtr hi. defeat at Novara, sought refuge In a mon- Boieiy in x-oriugai wnere he died King Otto of Greece, a Bavarian prince, prob ably would have been murdered by In surgents at Athens had he not found reiuge on Doara a British man-o'-war. The blind King Georee of Hinonr whose "kingdom was annexed by Prussia in isu., isaoel II or Spain, two kings of Portugal. Miguel and Manuel, Grand Duke Ferdinand of Tuscany: Dukes rrancis. or Uodena. and Robert, of Parma; Grand Duke Ijjrtwio- nt Ttnrt.n who was deprived of his sceptre on the ground of Insanity: Sultan Murad of Turkey, who waa dethroned for a 'like cause, and Ms successor, Abdul Hamld. who was compelled to abdicate by the louns xuras Ludwlg I. of Bavaria. lost his crown owing to his Infatuation for Lola Mon ies, ana William I, of Holland, was led. by a similar entanglement to abdicate the throne of the Netherlands INDIANAPOLIS Dy cnonGb fitch, Author of "At Good Old f awash." The Antlunlty of Coal. From Hanw"! VmMt It is thought that the earliest reference to coal is that found in the writings of Arlntnllo nnd of TheoDhrastus, who lived about 138 B C. There is evidence that coal was used In England as early as the jcar 152. According to Bishop Pudsey. Escomb and Blshopwearmouth were two of the earliest coal mining settlements. New castle coal appears to have come Into notice about the jear 131, when Henry III granted the Inhabitants a charter au- thorlzlnc them to mine for It The Chinese knew of and used coal In the thirteenth centurv The earliest ref erence to coal In Belgium Is assigned to the J ear 119"!, when a blacksmith at Liege Is said to have been the first In the kingdom to employ It as fueL Paris received Its- first ooal from New castle In 1530 In facotland coal was worked as early as the twelfth centurj THE ARBOW HEAD. 4 Mr. MacVeagh's Drinking Cup Order By an official order, issued by the Secretarv of the Treasur, the ban is put on the common drinking cup gen erall in use on railway cajs, ships, and other conveyances The order affects only those carriers operating in inter state commerce, but as twenty-six States already have pased laws gov erning the drinking cup, all carriers are, or soon will be, obliged to respect this restriction While the campaign for sterilization of germs easil ma be carried to a ridiculous extreme, most nrnn will fi.nr tl nic.n.- f ,, I They loed Uirir land, broad t bctwfrn the aci persons win lavor tne passing of the Th hlMlljrf il .nd mi . mdm u drinking cup Especiall is this true in railway coaches occupied by all sorts of travelers Whether the drinking cup carries disease or not, it is not clean But some earners may have a wa of evading the law. Many travelers do not possess a private drinking cup Be fore the order went into effect the drinking cup used to be in evidence in some States, but when the train passed into another State, where the cup was forbidden, it disappeared. Not for long, however, for the porter proved most obliging, and at each request would produce the cup, allowing it to continue in common service. A little quiet search, even when the porter was not available, will reveal the cup in some locker in the washroom. The drinking cup in the railway da coach sometimes is the least of the traveler's concerns American railway aims aie hui aius cican. inair cars and sleeping cars generally arc kept clean, but the day coaches often are not And in many trains the ventila tion is poor Clean drinking water and clean drink ing cups are good, but fresh air is still better. Progressive Pennsylvania. As one of the results of the election in Pennsylvania, one of the new State Senators, a Philadelphian, has promised lo introduce at the coming session of the Legislature a constitutional amend ment for woman suffrage The Republican, Democratic and Washington parties of the Keystone state by their platforms are pledged to woman suffrage. The measure which Senator-elect Farley proposes to intro duce, therefore, ought to have the unanimous support of both houses. At any rate, it is hardly likely to encoun ter senous opposition, and there can be little doubt that tne first step toward tne amendment of the constitution of Pennsylvania to permit women to vote will be accomplished early in the com ing year ' Thus, in all likelihood, PennsIvama will be the first Eastern State to trrant universal suffrage to women. Start I nc a Mlaaoorl Train. From the Ka&aaa City Star A drummer and a friend climbed im a ramshackle train In an Isolated MIs- xjuri mwn. ane train was a feeble, asthmatic piece of mechanism and the Humane Society should have prosecuted its owners for allowing it to run at all. It finally came to a dead stop just on the edge of the town and after a lnno- interval of trying to make it go the en gineer stuck his head in the door and bawled , Say. you two gents'U have to git out till I git it started" " ourj Ther huuUii. fought, and muncd in carrlna case. In natire joys the tearless rears were spent The red men owned and ruled a continent And when we drore them hack with hUmg lead Ther left this lariinc sifn the arrow head. Cy storm, or glowing sky their souls were stirred. They knew and dearly prized each beast and bird, Thrfr human hearts held lore tor maidens fair The warrior cara hi child a brare man s care Vnothrr race has come their land to. tread Of Indian brarc there'a left the arrow head. The hark canoe the restless waters skimmed. The hnnter watched his prey with eres undunmed. He mastered tutors for his simple need. He reared a darlnc raco of strongest breed. And now into dcrourizu eight be s fled. And left no sign but this, his arrow bead. We might hare snared to him his rallant pride. Or Mt him breathing apace in land so wide. We something might hafe learned of him. the free vve owed him manhood, spirit liberty Hut cn.rt ort sll hie soil hare spread. His only lasting sign s the arrow head. The panther-footed, lithesome Indian brare thought not worth our while to try to save nut wrlcomed hither hordes cf Mni-cnuhed soula The wonwait serfs who cricgrd to lorda for doles, Vt gs.e sn eagle race the grare as bed Our acids jrt hold his sign, tha arrow head. He passes rowed and Kerned, we, careless, read Unmored his tale. "A aarage' Let him bleed And eat his heart and weep and swiftly go. Our strength our right Tha tale U old. " E'en so! rcr mm no tears, no honorl Gbosta hire aped; nis only lasting sign's the arrow head. We pick the flaked flints from far and near Museums hold them. "Weapons! Tools' How Queer 1" Tet aimed with flashing eye and iron arm Once flew that flint b keep his child from harm. Or oft it felled the deer that wife be fed . A hearts own tale has erety arrow bead. A'l nch he was. moat rich; wo made him poor Hi ways to him were good; his meat was sure. His tribe Waa all wo made him stand alone, Ve could hare siren bread, we gave a stone. We're rich but he haa well-tuga Tanished And yet his sign abides, hi arrow head. Look en that sign bf his onco mastery; Hare pity now, before he die, all ye; let breathe- npon the embers of his pride; Restore his manhood ere it quite has died. Be Inst, take thought lest wo be tisited. And fate smite us aa with his arrow head. Some day arenging fats may string IU bow. And pluck the fields for flinta, take aim. and so Send singimr on the-winds the feather reeda. Straight sighted, true to smite us for our deeds Through foes return the m our lires hare bred And to our heart send deep the arrow head. -Caltin Dffl Wilson, in New Tork 8un. Princess Zita evinces personal tastes of the sedentary, literary, artistic sort Her preference In scupture Is correctly classical, seldom extending to an Inter est In Rodin and his Imitators Neither does she affect Wagner In music, her favorite composer being Beethoven. Her greatest and most charming aptitude Is for conversation Among her Intimates the wit, the plav fulness, and the solidity of her learning reveal themselves In thousand epigrams Thev srjrlnc natur ally and brilliantly out of the talk, the circumstance, the fleeting moment One cannot listen to her without smiling and one cannot talk to her without thrilling The husband of Princess Zlta, Arch duke Karl Franz Josef, Is worth of the happineu that Is now hW In contrast with the Bourbon chirm of her gracious prettlness is the Hapsburg gravity of hi frank unaffected manner The series of tragedies which brings him within the shadow of the throne appears to keen observers to render tho archduke serious and reserved, almost cold He Is a mag plticmt loutli of twenty-five, duoted to the regiment he commands. The oung couple called to such high destinies make their home at the castle of Brandeis It is splendid pile dat ing from the eighteenth centur, once the favorite place of residence of Archduke Karl, the "hero of the Napoleonic wars, but nkw the domain of love and jouth and tiauty It i-preads Its terraces and pillar-1 amid the foliage of a vast forest of pln and rir and rnipU. Onli those rarely Virlvlleged 'mortals who boast roval rank or high degree find shelter a" guests anNaj- thj. beauties of this place The gloriouJllKuri of this court Is Princes Zlta. gracious swett and al wavs smiling ilwavs ga a Bourbon to the tips of her ros finders. Perhaps ope of tho most remarkable features of the elxtj jears of reign of, King Louis Phlllppo (Egallte) of France, Khedive Ismail of Egypt Fred erick "William of Cassel, Duke Adolphof Nassau, Emperor Pedro of Brazil, two Sultans of Morocco and Emperor Fer dinand of Austria, the King of Naples, and Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, all lost their thrones, the latter, an Aus trian archduke, and Franz Josefs brother being shot at Queretaro. one of those responsible for his death, Porflrio Diaz, Is on exile from his native land, after ruling It more than thirty years Maximilian's widow, ex-Empress Char lotte, has been In on Insane asvlum near Brussels almost half a century Franz Josef's wife. Empress Elizabeth, wag killed by -vn anarchist, following the loss of his only son. Crown Prince Rudolph, In the tragedy at Mcyerlingk. said to have been caused by an Illicit love affair Czar Alexander II was blown to plects by a bomb in 1SS1 King Humbert of Italj was assassinated at Monza King L.udwic II of llavaria was found drown d with his attendant ph siclan, after rx-ing deprived of the reins of government as a lunatic Sultan Abdul Asalz of Turkey committed sul- Idc Prince Daniel of Montenecro. pre decessor cf King Nicholas, was asyas'l nated King Carlos of Portugal and his eldest son were phot down in their car riage In the streets of Lisbon The bate Crand Duke of Mecklenburg-Sena rrln was found with a broken neck under a brldgt. at Cannes Duke Karol of Par ma was killed In VSA b assassins To this leng list may be added President Sadl Carnot of Trance, three Pres'dents of the United States Lincoln Garfield and McKlnle Nothing so vividly Indicates the long span of life of Emperor Franz Josef than that he and his cousin the late Duke of ltelrhstadt were bovs together The latter was the historic 1 Alclon. son of N'apo'eon I and thi Austrian archduchess, Maria Louise, who at his birth had been proclaimed Klne of Rome by his father 1 I Indianapolis Is the twenty-first city in trie Union In population, but blandly claims to be first In about everything else worth mentioning. It Is the capital, metropolis1, literary center, hub, mecca and pride of Indiana and the average Hoosler lives In the hope of buying a home before he dies within walking dis tance of James Whltcomb Riley's house. Indianapolis has a population of 3,000. composed of politicians, authors and plain people. It has always taken great Pride In Its home folks and has enough famous citizens to carry a ward elec tion. The visitor In Indianapolis Is not taken to the packing houses or the vll Uge skyscraper 'or the eminent tomb stones In the cemeteries, but Is shown the homes of two pages of Who's Who with the occupants still Inside of them. Indianapolis has forty-nine assorted au thors and statesmen of national note. Including Riley, whose birthday Is a national holiday In Indiana. Booth Tark Ington. Kin Hubbard, one of the three living ex-Vice Presidents, and the only prospective Vice President Benjamin Harrison was also an Indlanapolltan. Indianapolis Is also proud of Its Sold iers' Monument which Is the most mon ument the soldiers have ever gotten and Is admired even by artists. Taking the visitor to the top of this monument Is a favorite Indianapolis pastime The city also has the greatest automobile race course In the country and claims to be the only real competitor of Detroit In the manufacture of gasoline driven Income consumers Indianapolis has no mountains or hills and nature did nothing for It except to leave the White River In a convenient place for the street and bridge com mittee. The city has broad, shady: streets with fine, comfortable homes on eitsicr side and handsome new wood block pavements which hump tnr" in the middle in damp weather Ilka cat con versing In a corner with a bulldog. Indianapolis has treated Its interurban cars with great kindness, allowing them to run into a fine union depot In the cen ter of the city, and In return they bring most of the population of Indiana into town at least onco a jear. It also In vented the railroad union depot and' most J t mi I 'A I " wto 1 ( A routTliN JR tj llefriRiatj Is shown the homes of two pages of "Who's Who. of the new political wrinkles of the last fifty years. It Is noted for its clubs. Its colleges. Its art schools, and publishing houses, and Is the Boston of tho great Middle West. However. Indianapolis doesn't feel complimented over this nick name. It regards It as a compliment to Boston. (Copyright. BH, by Georga Uatthew Adam) OLDEST KNOW BOOKS. KTIJJNS EAST AFRICA GAME arrotintrd (.rrnlrat of Fun tn Mur der II In Vnlmnls of Country. rnsn the i tnmsti-r f.szetle D D Lvell In his I.ttle book 'Nasa land ' tells us that quite 90 sporting parties visit Br tish East Africa annu ally eo that If each parti spends a min imum of ,3fo. that will mean a total sum of 19,W Most of this large sum SOes Into the hands of the natives In Massaland the sporting licenses are much more moderate in cost than in Br'tish East Africa. In the latter the sportsman pays 50 for shooting a vcr limited number of each species and there Is an extra charge of 10 for shooting one elephant, and 20 for a ond elephant To shoot one giraffe there Is .also a special license required of 10 Manj districts aro c!oed for certain game 'n British East Africa, and to find elephants one has to travel a long way Elephants howtver, we aro told are still numerous In the wilder parts of Nvatsaland and are particularly abun dant In Central and Northern Angoliland They aro usuallv found In herds of from four to five to ovc a hundred Old males often lead a solitarv existence und wander about bj themselves. These an imals as a rule have the heaviest Ivor The heaviest single tusk known we'ghed 235 pounds and the longest 11 feet 54 inches Elephant snooting. In Mr. Lyell s opinion. Is the hardest sport in exist ence, and often entails great hardships on the hunter Lions are very common in Kyassaland, but are seldom seen, owing to thslr noc turnal habits. In Central Angonlland they kill large numbers of native annu ally. The are most dangerous on dark, rainy nights and during the rainy sea son, when they find game most difficult to catch Generally they follow herds of buffalo They aro very fond of zebra and eland meat, but refuse nothing when really hungry "Great care." savs Mr Lvell, "should be taken over the first shot, for It Is not dangerous, as a rule, to flro at a Hon In the first Instance The danirer begins when It has to be followed up In tno tnick grass or bush If the first bul let Is badly aimed, a Hon will often take a lot of killing" Leopards are described as extremely plentiful In all hilly and mountainous country In Nvasaland "Their saw-like grunts will often be heard at night but they aro seldom seen. owing to their wary and nocturnal hab- 113 AETTFICIAL SURF BATHS. He Oprrnt'il Novel Scheme W, In Dresden. IVea the Scientific American. Probibly no feature of the interna tional hvRiene exposition held In Dres den last vear attracted more general In terest than the Fndosa artificial surf bath The receipts from the sale of tickets, and especiall) of spectators tickets. were unexpectedly large, amounting some'imes to M..0 In a single d i) As the cost of operation was only about $W a di) It Is evident that the artificial surf bath ma) be made I very profitable as well as a ver) bene nciai institution The Idea of generating waves in still water b) alternately submerging and withdrawing solid bodies of appropriate lorm and dimension originated with Hofrat Hoeglaner of Munich who in uu oniaineci a German latent for ne-pruuucinB apparatus whitii as euDsequentl) patented In the United states and man) other countries The nrst experiment in the production of an artificial surf bath b) this method was made In 1X in a concretebasln built in Lake Stamberg The bath could be used only in sum mer, and, although It was ver) well pa tronized on clear, hot da) a it was evi dent that long periods of fine summer weather would be required in order to pay the operating expenses and provide for amortization and fair interest on the Initial outla) The constructor of the bath Herr Becknagcl. suggested thit it be provid ed with a removable roof and also with apparatus for produclnc- artificial surf This plan was finally adopted after much discussion and with grave financial mis givings, and tho result surpassed all ex pectations. During the five months of Its operation the bath iris visited b) nearl) half a million persons and earned about 130 000. which more than covered the cost of construction $20C) and the operating expenses (about 17 000) The cost of construction was diminished about one-half by the gratuitous con tributions of many parts of the equip ment by exhibitors and the site cost nothing, but it appears probable that a similar enterprise would pa) very well normal conditions The additional outlay for the wave-producing apparatus would not exceed S7 000 Moat Ancient Is the Papyrus Prlsse In the- Lonrre, from the London Editorial Reriew One of the oldest writings In the world i an Inscription In Egyptian hieroglyphics preserved In the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford. England What is regarded as the oldest place of literar) composition and the oldest book extant Is in the Papyrus Prlsse In the Louvre at Paris It Is In Egyptian Hieratic writing and It is ascribed to B C 230. but supposed to nave been composed as earl) Lurious!) enough it cons I s of a treatise on 'How to Hehavo iselr Much of the advice given in language quaint and forceful Is applicable to this day Just as to that b)gone past ine Oldest guide book In the world Is Pausanlas Description of Greece scribing a Journey made through that lana of wonderful memoirs by an observ ant old antiquarain of amiable temper ana simple faith The oldest Latin document is a wax table in cursive letter formed by a stylus and dated A D 55 It was discovered at Pompeii In 17 and can now be sen in the National Museum at Naples. The Book of Kells produced In the sev enth centur). Is the glor) of Trinit) Col IeBe Dublin The taste and dejicao. the orlglnalltv and flaboration of toloring place It among the wonders of the world." The book Is o perfect that one can examine It most closel) under the strong est magnifing glass without finding lack of alignment or an irre,u!arit) in Inter lacement The mediaeval miniaturists raised the art of Illuminating to the highest pinnacle of perfection The most renowned minia turist was Guido CIovo (H-VI5TS) The examples of his work In the British Mu seum are not placed on public exhibi tion, being regarded as too precious to run risks at the hands of our curio hunt ers or Iconoclasts Among the superlative rarities are the printed books ent forth during the first twenty-five years after the printing art naa come to sta) buch are the twent)-four copies of the Mazarin Bible of Gutenberg and bchieffer about lt7 the Mentz Psalter by the same printers in 1437 (this was the first book printed with date) the first edition of Llvr ll3). the only cop) of which on vellum Is In the British Museum, where also are the Bedford Hours the Sforz Book of Hours and Queen Mar s Psalter It is now almost Impossible to obtain an example of Caxton s press, except In portions of books It is known ?iat there are 500 examples extant In the world England possesses four-fifths of that number 31 being unique Caxton's Sato third edition THE PEOPLE'S FORUM Tribute to Senor Canalejas. To the Editor Every patriotic Span lard will mourn tho death of our beloved minister, who In his thirty-four months of office did more good for Spain and Its subjects. In his short term, than Spain had seen In the fifty years previous tc his appointment Mr Canalejas was liked by all parties and all classes He was working for the betterment of conditions In Spain without discrimination to clais or party The pending antl strike bill was direct ed to a certain class of people who try to make the working class believe that b) striking and resort to violence that the) accomplish their purposes and bet ter their position, but many of those leaders after proclaiming a strike ar range with the operators to call the strike oft and tell the men that the) had lost their cause, and that the) better go back to work such cases as tne above happened In the province of Ovlcdo in 1M, and this was the beginning of many families emigrating to the "land of tha free ' Mr Canalejas also tried to separata the church and state, but did not suc ceed on account of the fanaticism that many a Spaniard profess. He also placed great part in the present treatv tnat is awaiting ratification In Paris about tha Moroccan question Senor Jose Canalejas was almost aa well known as King Alfonso, and many of us w ere aw aitlng ant looking for Senor Canalejas to straighten up Spain. Ha will be mourned by every Spaniard and his deeds will be Immortal to Spain. A. GONZALEZ. which printed signatures were used, and It was also the first English book to be Illustrated by woodcuts. Spot for Thrilling Escapes. To the Editor: People go to the circus and pay 50 cents and a Jl to be thrilled. hen they can stand at the comer of Ninth and F Streets Northwest and have all the heart swelling, spirit stir ring, blood quickening they want for nothing The autos come with a rush from four points of the compass, drlvef b) heav) age and callow youth whifo colored chauffeurs charge In the strug gling mass of humanity disgorged from cars and It makes one s heart stand still A champion football team Is feebl) compared to this bit of miss game. There hardly one who frequents this lo- callt) who has not at some time had a narrow escape from mutilation or death Certainly the crossing policeman at Ninth and F could tell some exciting episodes, and he deserves a Carnegie medal, for I have seen him twice In one was the first In da) save a pedestrian from being run Historic 'Nnxur Pnsies. The residence of the late Edward J Phelps. Ambassador to Ergland and for so long a time a leading factor In the life of Burlington and Vermont, dismantled of Its furniture and equipments, is now on the market This circumstance is worth) of espe cial note, for it marks the passing of a great name as far as the clt) and State are concerned a name notable In our history for the better part of a century. The Ambassador's father. Senator Phelps, was a great man In his da). and his son w still more richly en dowed with natural gifts It is said of Daniel s Webster Ihat when he waa Min ister to England crowds were wont to follow him through the streets of Lon don thinking he was Emperor or King. impressive was his appearamt e could not say as much of Mr rneips. it is certain that no one. even the least observant could pass him on the street without taking note that hrre was a remarkable man The Ambassador's children all came to deaths which seem to mortals prema ture, and now the last link cosnectlng his immediate family with Burlington is broken Ever) thing passes in this world, but the passing often, as In this case, brings a sense of loss and of the breaking of ties. p a. s. WORK OF BULGARIAN SHELLS ON OUTSKIRTS OF ADRIANOPLE. JWJJrJ I lwpWsC?sBssssssssswspfat1,: jSlWspejsaa . T. , j vSjjSeSiraT PrfcsaassssatstTMiTMgfc'-C t -prVsarcMjFasasrTKsafsTiESaCaMSS I IBIaaVaaJJajBwpsssssssssrfcjsjasjsjsj r!SaaMsiJBBw V!kBawaV a jJKnTMfcMTaai iiWisT itf w"3mBBKBmsV sSaaaawTV Iskil rv. ". Marq.nard o Hero to Mother. Clereland CorresrcDdence New Tcrk World. Rube Marquard may be the equal of angels and far greater than Napoleon with New lork fans, but out at 310 West Forty-sixth Streefw here his parents live, he Is Just ' that boy Dick ' He Is no hero VA hen the Rube. I onnerl) McGraw's 11 01 lemon." defeated the Boston Amer icans friends hastened to carry the tidings to Ma MarqOard She was placld Iv muni-facturtng "Jell ' In the humble Marquard kitchen. Oh. Mrs Marquard. Rube pitched great ball for the Glant, and he beat the Boston team to death ' Well he ought to. retorted Ma Mar quard. without looking up from her can ning operations ' aes but don t )ou want to hear about it"' said the enthusiast 'Let that Jell) go for a minute "No. replied Mrs Marquard. we got to eat next winter, aln t we' What do I care about ball games'" Why are they making such a fuss about that boy Dick? He aln t such a wonder." i-' e- (Onpyrlght by International iters Berries.), IVUllnir, to Do His Share. from an Ft charge Neighbors are all very well when it s a qpes'lon of jojr doing them a good tu n. but when It comes to a question of them helping you, it's a very different thing. Whn Mr Smith s house caught fire th first thing he did was to rush out to seek help from his neighbors Al read) there were two upon the scene. I say, he cried anxiously to one of them, "will you rush to the corner and givethe alarm'" 'Awfully sorry." was the renlv. "my legs very bad. Can't move" "Well, look here." said Smith to the other "Would you mind running to the corner and shouting "Fire" whilst I jret a few things out of the house" Sorry, also, came the reaoonse I'm suffering from frightful sore throat Couldn't make any noise If tried all night ' "Oh." said Smith "I'm sorry mv- self that )ou can't help me" Then he added, with biting sarcasm- "Sun- post )ou go and fetch out easy chairs and enjoy the blaze" NOTICE Cosmopolitan AU$3 R.vlew of Reviews . - American ' PnoUsheri' nice. I in i es o. i price Notrmhrr 10 from U to : rer cent Subsctloa now and get the henent of low prices, bnbaoinina may be new or renewals, start with any lease audita sent to diHrrtot nines. I can dnnllcau any onS msde hy any rnblisher or agency. Call for tret maa- auae sample. Order Xmas girts now JAMES s. FTtASEB, HO Keaola Bid lltu aad O staT Wi gtrs Herald 3.O0O cestui TatssTa J(tUnl'ik . -WU&lfaai?JeUjaJjiBaJb "