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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, December 09, 1912, Image 1

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Fair and much colder to-day.
To-morrow fair; brisk winds.
Yesterday's temperature Maxi
mum, 49; minimum, 33.
The Herald has the largest
morning home circulation, and
prints all the news of the world
each day, in addition to many
exclusive features.
ST0. 2256.
Embassy Resents Army Officer's Poem
Democrats Still Awaiting An
nouncement of Selection of
Inaugural Chairman.
More Indorsements Likely to Be Pre
sented To-day by Friends
of Aspirants.
A Ions, anxious dav of seeming infe
ction on the part of those whose office
it is to choose an inaugural committee
chairman with feverish activities on the
part of those who would be chosen to
that honorable position, had brought the
campaign for the place at midnight to
an intensity never hitherto knots n in
similar competition and had undoubted
ly clouded the prospect for an early ap
Senator Ken) on said that the country
had a right to look to Washington for
a model cits, not onb in civic affairs
but also to set a. high moral standard
to the ret of the countr) The bill,
which mil hae a hearing this morning
lefore the District Committee of the
benate. is entitled the Ken) on Red
Light Injunction Mil fe 5i61
Hill la Indorsed
Resolutions were adopted indorsing the
Kenjon red light' law, the Johnston
fcundav rest law for the District, the
Jones Works acts for increased restric
tion of the liquor traffic and to petition
Congress for the maintenance of the
divorce law requiring Scripture grounds
for remarriage In divorce cases. The ap
pointment of a Morals Police and Morals
Court to hae special cases was recom
rrended to Congress
Expected announcements from Chair
man William F McComb". of the Dem
ocratlc National Committee and John F
l ostello member of the committee for
the District were not made and in the
absence of an) official or authoritative
statement from an) bod), there was but
one conclusion to be reached that no
Unal selection had taken place Among
the friends of the several candidates
Cldridgc E Jordan Robert N Harper
William Cox. and others not jet so
iromrnentl) set forward there was an
apparent consensus that the decision
would come this afternoon at the earliest.
Jonlait Gain o Groaml.
Among those who claimed to have
talked with persons within the. charmed
-Irele of which Sir McCombs wss the
center, it was gossiped that Mr Jordan
had not pronted bv the halting of what
had be n anticipated to be formal but
expeditious proceedings and that if any
had suffered a change Mr Jordan s
chances were lessened
This possible loss of grounl however,
was predicted rather upon the assump
tion that Mr Jordan who was slated
to hae the place had ever) thing to los
and nothing to gain b a wait than upon
the declaration, on the part of ony one
that Mr Jordan s case had been weak
ened or that Jlr Harpers or Mr Cox s
or anybodv else s had been strength
ened Aside from what one candidate
mas have gained or another lost, the re
markable fact developed b) jesterdaj s
onfexences all of nearly a mjstlc char
acter, is that the intensitv of feeling
over the Inaugural committee chairman
ship Is growing with every hour
Before Chairman McCombs to da it
was reported latt night there are to be
presented such detailed statements of
he merits of the sev eral candidates suits
as will provide practically records of
their careers So strongly has Mr Jor
dan seemed entrenched In first place that
the general prophec) has continued to be
that he will be appointed But as stated
lv The Washington Herald last Monday,
tiie Influences brought in behalf of other
candidates have been verj powerful and
unless Mr McCombs alread) has decided
or will decide early tc-dav, the influences
for the other candidates will be even
Eiprfu rdent Opinion".
National committeemen arid Congress
men have expressed verv ardent opinions
At midnight perhaps the most nearly
conclusive statement that could be made
outside Mr McCombs coterie of con
fidants was that Mr Jordan still seemed
to have the best chances In circumstances
distinctly unsettled
Of the "dark horses' Corcoran Thorn,
George F Schutt, Ben Minor, and E. J
Stellwagcn were most frequently men
The bossibllltv that Mr McCombs had
made a decision was recognised He dis
appeared from the New Willard and was
said to be with rriends it was reported,
in fact, that he had left the city and
would not return till this morning
Some of the old timers last night said
it was very possible the Inaugural chair
man and all the committee would be se
lected by the Democratic National Com
mittee or its chairman or Its executive
committee This was the procedure in
1S92 and ISSt, It was said.
For Shopping
Before Christmas
the mecca for eery one on
Christmas It is the time of
all times when the old folks
and the younger ones meet
and talk over the past, pres
ent and future. Happy is the
family that is prepared with
those pleasant remembrances
(no matter how small) that
are associated with the. Great
AND ALL WILL feel a.
bit happier if they have .light
ened the labors of the army
of clerks who have waited on
them during these busy da3S.
Washington Herald
Result of Investigations at Car
negie Institute Put to Test'
by Scores of Unions.
Thousands ot Pedigrees Compiled
for Use in Studying Causes
and Effects.
3vew lork Dec 8 Practical applica
tion of eugenic principles to near!) 100
marriages which have taken place In the
country the past year. It became known
to-daj, had been Influenced by the re
sult of searching scientific Investigations
being conducted at the eugenics record
office In connection with the scientific
work of Carnegie Institute at Cold
Springs Harbor Long Island
The work of the eugenics department.
which Is giving to the world some of
the most important discoveries of mod
ern science Is being supported b Airs
E. H Harrlman
This work Inaugurated less than two
vears ago in connection with the great
experimental work being carried on by
the scientific men connected with the
Carnegie Institute and the American
Breeders Association has been progre1
ing so nuletlj that few men outside
scientists have known of the marvelous
discover es which will affect the future
generation and no doubt as predicted
bj scientific authorities conversant with
the work produce a race, equal if not
uperior to the phvslcal and intellectual
attractiveness of the Greeks of old
Gather Many Pedigrees
With the aid of a corps of field work
ers. mun of whom have compiled pedi
grees of the most brilliant families and
the most nriklngl defective families
tracing the Increase of the latter to aey-
unis and charlt Institutions Prof
Charles H Davenport in charge of the
eugenics record office has been able to
gather several thousand famll) pedigrees,
showing pronounced heredltarj traits.
Besides this work of Investigation the
office has wllllngl) tendered advice, based
on scientific proved facts to scores of
)oung people about to marrj "
The advice thus given Is furnished on
specially prepared blanks, and the ap
plicant Is expected to answer the print
ed questions relative to the peculiarities
(ir any) ot mind aud body of their Imme
diate relatives and ancestors, their occu
pations imperfections of hearing and
sight color of hair and eyes tempera
ment and age
After considerable urging Prof Daven
port to-dav finally consented to tell
reporter of the marvelous progress of the
work of this department
It Is gratlfjlng to know said Trof
Davenport that so mini )Oung people
to day see clear!) that marriage means
children and that marriage should be de
cided w lib. j-ef erence to the good of the
offspring rather than the personal con
venience and pleasure of the )oung man
and woman
Shonlil Get hildren-. HUtorle
"The practical application of eugenics
Is merelv a matter of understanding and
time Where knowledge is to be had. It
is certain that people will make use of
it The facts that we have been able to
pass on will no doubt result In benefit
to the race
Speaking of further benefit to be de
rived from the compilation of human
pedigrees. Prof Davenport said
No doubt the da will come when
everv child who comes for the firt time
to school will bring with him a record of
family traits which he will present to
his teacher to assist the teacher In the
task of educating him
" Investigation prov es " said Prof Dav
enport. that high llterarj abllltj rare
musical and artistic genius has become
possible through the advantage of both
parents possessing these traits Even a
selection on the ground of social position
and wealth has a rough eugenic value.
since success means the presence of cer
tain effective traits In the stock. '
Of Interest In one phase ot this re
search. Prof Davenport said
Cnrlons Anttpnthlr
A curious antipathy Is that of red
haired persons of opposite sex for each
other Among thousands of matlngs that
I have considered I have found only two
cases where both husband and wife are
Continued on Pcr Three.
Guides Biplane to Earth, Then
- Dies, with Turk Bul
lets in Breast.
Vienna, Dec. 8 The first military man
to be Tilled by an enemy's shots while
flying Is Dr Jules Constantln, former
assistant to the famous Paris surgeon,
Constantln was a Frenchman In the
service of the Bulgarians and had bees
given a medal for bravery by King Fer
dinand On his last flight he left Sturma, near
the TchataUa lines, with the object ot
dropping bombs on the Turkish troops.
When the biplane descended Dr. Con
stantln was found dead, with a wound In
his breast, but still holding the steering
gear. The wings of the machine were
riddled with shot, and the barograph
showed that he had sailed to a height
of 4,300 feet over a Turkish fort, from
whence the shot apparently had come
Ho retained strength enough, however,
to guide the machins back to tha Bul
garian camp.
I ' 59
Author May
Verses by Capt. George
Steunenberg Insinuate
That the Turks Were
Beaten Because They
Followed Advices of
German War Experts.
member of the German Embassy
staff Indicated last night that the em
bassy regards as impertinent a poem
by Capt George Steunenberg I. S A ,
published In. tbe Army and Jav) Jour
nal, in which fun is made of the Ger
man Emperor and on Moltke The In
slnuatlon of the verses is that the Turks
were beaten becaue the followed the
advice of German military experts
It is intimated that while no action
has been taken vet the poem will be re
ferred to the State Department by the
Embassv for the former's consideration
It will then be the duty of the State De
partment to refer the complaint to the
War Department If the State Depart
ment regards the verses as malicious
and Impertinent
Army and navv officers last night dls
cussed the verses at the Army and avy
Club and while the) would not express
an opinion on the subject the said that
the case was a close parallel to the
"Hoch der Kaiser sensation of Reari And now while Europe trembles on the verge of dcadl) fraj.
Admiral Coghlan which ended without The dove of peace Is cooing In lie good old U S A
lm ..,, iicclnllninir nf the admiral f or 5 " b" ,ne foreign powers will leave Lncle Sam alone.
One o7 the memLers of he neral ' " ur hlh bro8 down n I-avenwortl. ar. studying von Bohn
army s'aff said that there Is an unwrlt-l nd while the German eagle soars above the Balkan storm,
ten law tha' arm) and nav officers and .It strikes us a fitting time to change the uniform
n fact all officials of one government llets get one of those shlnv things the) wear across the breast,
shall not appear publicly In the attitude 1 nd add a Kleamlng helmet with an eagle on the crest,
of criticising -mother power or Its people .. , , ., tj.v.nnni, l.i n,,tch fe.nr. ,..!.
or officers
' Sometime" however said the ofTi
cer when It Is patentl) a case of onl)
good natured fun no harsh measures are
Rear Admiral Coghlan did not write
the poem Hoch der Kaiser It msprimt the) ve got to sing
wriuen ov anomcr onicer anu oenvereu
bv Coghlan at a banquet tendered him
In Nw ork on his return -vft r the
Spanish American war The Nav) De
partment wrote dmiral Coghlan a mild
letter ot reprimand
$300,000 FOR
Hitchcock Sets Aside Big Part
of Appropriation Cap
ital Gets $2,500.
Postmaner General Hitchcock ) ester
day set aside 0)0 Ono of the parcel pot
appropriation for the hire of automobiles
and other 'vehicles In which to transport
parcel post matter The appropriation Is
divided between the 1.600 post offices In
the I nlted States having cit) deliver)
service Washington gets JiCM The
other large appropriations are Chicago
5U000, New lork Boston and Philadel
phia $10 COT Brooklyn JSIOO St. I.oul
Jo,a, Pittsburg $4 000 Baltimore Clev
land and Son Francisco !,5GU The order
Decomes operative Januar) 1
The amount has been apportioned be
tween the post ofllceF on the basis o
amount or Business tr-insacted number
or letter carriers emplojed and the popu
In addition to this emcrgeno allow
ance the Postmaster General has au
thorized postmasters to emplo) as man)
temporal-) and auxiliar) clerks and car
riers as the volume of business neces
sitates V
Mnat nhmlt Reports
fter the s)stm has been In operation
fifteen d)s the postmasters will submit
reports showing the v olume of the parcel
post business the additional cost, to
gether with an outline of the plan adopt
ed in nanaung tne new Dusincss In
this manner Mr Hitchcock hopes to se
cure an accurate report of the cost of
the new s)stem In order that an esti
mate may be submitted to Congress for
the appropriations neccssar) to handle
the additional business during the re
mainder of the present fiscal )ear and
the next
Up to the present time the Postmaster
General has authorized expenditures to
the extent of about HSO.000 for the pur
chase of necessary equipment for the es
tablishment of tbe new s)stem In this
connection more than 30.000 scales have
been bought at a cost of $72,000. the print
ing of the guide and regulations will
cost H3.000. 25,000 special mall sacks will
be required, at a cost of 325,000, more
than Jl 6,000 will have to be spent for
the 10,000 000 tags that are necessary, the
130,000 special zone maps for the various
post-offices will cost no less than 113,000,
110 000 tape lines hav e been purchased for
use in tbe various post-offices to measure
the size of parcels at a cost of little
more than $1,000. 1SG.000 rubber stamps
and other miscellaneous necessities will
cost approximately $11000
Discharge of Knglneer Itcsnlts In
4,000 Trnlnmrn Quitting.
London, Dec. S. The Newcastle strike,
which Is paralyzing traffic on the North
eastern Railroad, originated, like the
London dock strike, in one roan's loss of
position. Engineer nickoii Knox, with
twenty-two years of service as driver,
was degraded and had "Els wages reduced
after a conviction on the charge of
drunkenness while off duty. The lapse
occurred Saturday night. Knox not being
due to report for work again, until Mon
day noon Knox's comrades consider the
company's action unjust. The company,
however, holds Intemperance of a driver
of main line trains to bo Inexcusable be
cause It Jeopardizes public safety. They
take a firm stand In the matter and have
Informed the 4.000 strikers that they are
all discharged. Meanwhile they are ad
vertising for men to fill the vacated po
sitions. Christmas and Kerr lear Holiday
Reduced faro Ihmriirlintlt the Smith.
east via fiotithoVn Rnilwav. Consult
agents, 705 15th St. and 905 F BU aw.
59 59 59
Get Letter of Reprimand
(The fighting in Macedonia is a sore subject with Germany The Turkish
army was trained and its dicers educated under the German military system
I,lterar digest )
Oh bark' je Yankee soldiers from far across the sea.
Comes the news that Turkeys fighting men were trained by German),
That she faced the "bull con" allies single-handed and alone
With a simple faith in Allah and our deified von Bonne
And tlie sa that on the morning that the mighty battle broke
That German-tutored army vanished In i whirl of smoke
That their swords were all unsullied and their guns were all forgot.
As the sought the dim horizon In t hasty turkey trot
A Montenegrin major gave the flying foe a glance
Then rolled a cigarette and scratched a match upon his pants
And spake unto hi" Burners Let em have a few more Jolts
That Is If your shells can catch em they've been trained b) von der Goltz.'
A colonel of Bulgarians then tossed aside his roat
Vnd veiled. Come on me hearties Looks as If we had their goat
Just follow Lncle Fuller to your battles merry whirl
While we show em how to do It they ve been reading Grlspenkerl "
Wvav from Constantinople the hosts of Allah sned.
nd the only ones that halted were the
ald a panting Turkish corporal from German teaching freed
We aln t much on formation but we sure are h for speed
o the) sprinted night and morning til their lungs were fit to burst
But they won the six-day Marathon they reached the clt) first
A tale that points a moral most any one can see
That Its time to disregard the wa)s of Jackson Gnnt, and Ie"
I or the sacred scripture tells us e shall know them b) their works
bo we lift our hats to von der Goltz, the man wno trained the Turks
nd build a model brewer) in annex to the school
V marblcHiust of von der Goltz resplendent In the hall
Vnd photographs of Kaiser Dill adorning ever) ey wall
.nd he who seeks promotion must subsist a solid yeir
On pretzels and Wienerwurst and good old German beer
titv tne colonels souna tne warning near ana rar
Die Waclit
Then here s
And all tak
Our motto
Our slogan
uck to the Fatherland let s follow in her train
up the goose step when we march to war agiln
Mide In Germanv triumphant over fcir
Hoch der Kaiser an 1 the countersign 7wel bier
ents seventh I P Infantr), Tort
President Contemplating Final
Trip to Isthmus During
Christmas Recess.
Pns!dent Taft may make a final In
spectlon trip to the Panama Canal dur
Irg the Christmas recess He Is contem
plating such a trip but no definite plans
have been made The l'reslden has not
visited the canal for more than two
ears and Is anxious to make a final visit
before the end of his official career on
March 4 next
The dreadnaugnt Arkansas one of the
newest and largest bittleships of the
nav) Is scheduled to make a cruise to
tie West Indies and the Canal from De
cember 2u to January 10 and she w III stop
ot Cristobal and at Port au bpiin If
Mr Taft decides to make the trip he
p-ohably will go on the Xrkansas
Mr Taft some time ago offered the use
of a battleship to President elect W ll'on
In tase lie wished to visit the Panama
Cinal before the fourth of March Gov
Wilson sent a letter to Mr Taft declin
ing the offer Mr Wilson explained that
hit, trip to Bermuda will be the only va
cation that he will have time to take
ard after his return to this countr) next,
week he will be so bus) upon the plans
fui his administration that he could not
consider the trip to I'inarai before
March 4.
VVI1I Invite Wilsons
The President and Sir" Taft probably
will invite Gov and Mrs Wilson to be
their guests at the W hite House for sev
eral days In Januar) to permit the new
1) elected President and his wlfo to be
come familiar with the househ Id ar
rangements of the Executive Mansion
The Invitation has not )et been extended
to Mr Wilson but It probably will be
within the next few weeks
The President s action In offering a bat
tleship to Gov Wilson and his dlsposl-
tlon to Invite the President elect and
Mrs Wilson to the White House, have
caused a lot of favorable comment among
Democrats here
It was learned last night that the Pres
ident has Issued orders to all his Cab
inet officers that the) shall aid the In
coming administration In every way pos-
slble. and that not a "inglo embarrass
ment shall purposely be thrown In th
way of the new Democratic officials
In accordance with this order. Cabinet
officers are doing ever) thing possible to
put their affairs In such shape tnat they
can be taken up by the new administra
tion with the least possible delay and In
conv enlence
Simon Wolf Takes
Message to Jews
from President Taft
Yonkers, N 1 , Dec S. Prominent
Hebrews addressed members of the Con
gregation Staff of Aaron at the exercises
In connection with the dedication of their
new synagogue here to-day
They Included Jacob Schiff, Capt. J B
Greenhut Rabbi Steven Wise, Rabbi
Mender, and Simon Wolf, of Washing
ton. D C, formerly American Consul at
Mr. Schiff made the dedicatory ad
dress. He said people who live up to
the requirements of their religion are
bound to be much more respected than
those who do not. He said he had nevex
been retarded In an) of his plans or
undertakings by reason of the fact that
he was a Jew. He had alwajs felt proud
of his race.
Mr. Wolf brought from Washington a
Personal message of congratulatlonifrom I
President Taft, which he resd. .
ones that stopped the lead
am Ttlieln before they get the star.
Detective Creeps Past Sleep
ing Guard and Holds Thirty
Chinamen at Bay.
Ihirtv i t inamen who were whlllng
awa) a dull bahbath In pursuit of the
fickle goddes of chance were trapped
last night in a cellir room of an alleged
gambling house at 32 i'enns) lvanla ve
nue Northewst and held prisoners until
the )lc!ded up one of their number.
Charlie Sing accused of managing the
Alone and unprepared for a raid He
tectlve Harry Evan" of the bixth pre
clnct whose numerous raids have sent
terror Into the hearts of Chinatowns ha
bitual gamblers entered the house and
made his wa) tuidly to the under
ground room where the score and a half
of Celestials were Indulging In fan tan
hvans who has been awaiting an op-
portJnlt) to raid the house for weeks.
chanced to glance In the narrow door
and saw the gu-ird Lee Chung I-ov
asleep on a soap box Just -Inside the hall,
his .iead against the wall and his pipe on
me noor
In a econd Evans tip toed past the
derelict guard creeping Into the dark
ness of the hall The Chinaman did not
awake and bvans found himself at the
head of a stalrwa) to the cellar He de
scended to the cellar floor and found
another stalrwa) leading to a subcellar,
two lev tls below the street surface
it nt Croswl
From the rear of the subcellar came
sounds of hilaritv, and Evans, unable to
see In the darkness crept back until
he felt a hcav), closed door He knock
ed The door was swung open and the
lighted Interior revealed, showing thlrt)
Clilnamct In a space so narrow the)
could barely move Evans leveled his
revolver at the crowd
Three Celestials dived through a win
dow Into another rear room before
Kvans shouted I li shoot the next
man who tries to go through that win
dow The threat, uttered in l-nglish
had the effe-t of preventing other es
capes Evans then demanded that tho
man In charge ot the house surrender
There was an excited Jabbering, but
no Chinaman came forward Evans
made more threats, without avail H
nally, after a long wait, he announced
that heould keep all the men In the
room at the point or a revolver until
the man In charge surrendered This
created much excitement, but the anl-
maiea discussion ceased when Charlie
Sing Said he WOUld ro to the atnttnn
Charlie Sing Walked tO the fll-rtfi nn
clnct station with Evans, and was ar- tlonal force of six full strength regiments
rested On the Charge Of nermlttinc'nf lnfnntr- nnn reirlment nf eavitlrv on.I
gamDiing on the premises The China
man deposited $U) collateral for hl nn.
pearance In Police Court this morning
and was released He denied h. .
the manager of the niioro,. 4rm,ii,i
"". ""i wouio. not taiK when asked
me name oi its manager
Long-time Consul General for Neth
erlands Passes array.
New York, Dec. t-John Rufeer Plan-
ten, for twenty-nine years Consul Gen
eral for the Netherlands In New York,
died to-day at his home In Brooklyn
of heart trouble Mr. Planter, ,. i.
Consul General for the Gran Tv.h r
kuimwui5, ana acted as Charge d'Af-
iira lor me netneriands at Washing
ton. He had received mam, .u,.in..-
during his lifetime, and ... ......
of several societies anil -!,. i- w.n
Secretary, Stimson Favors Im
mediate Fortification of Canal
and Naval Base.
Volunteers' Bill, Militia Pay Law,
and Restoration of Canteen
Among Recommendations.
The Immediate fortification and mobili
zation of troops in Panama and Hawaii
for the I rotection of American property
at those points the passage of a national
volunteers bill allowing thr- drafting of
an efficient fighting force In time of need
and the extension of pay to the National
Guard under the condition that that body
be made available for general army use
were among the major suggestions made
by becretary of War Henr) I Stim
son in his annual report to the President,
which was made public last night.
Continuing his list of recommendations
nd comments upon the present state
of the L nlted States arm). Secretary
Stimson took a slap at the anti canteen
ists stating that the bad health of some
of the men was directly attribuabl
the abolishment of mildly intoxicating
liquors from arm) iost canteens
b1o advocated legislation to keep the
Military Academy at West Point up to
Its full capacity In point of attendance
the enactment of !aws allowing Porto
Rlcans citizenship the retirement of Fed
eral emp!o)es upon pensions after
stated number of ears of service the
establishment of a council of national
defense composed of members of the
arm) navv and both houses of Congrcs"
with a view to bringing into closer rela
tlonshlp these branches, of the govern
ment, and legislation permitting the I-ed
eral government to require the expendi
ture of a certain portion of the Income
from business organizations building
dams across streams and rivers for Uie
improvement of these streams and rivers,
rinua for Philippines.
The needs of the Philippines were sum
marized in recommendations for the fol
lowing legislation
"The early pa-sage b) the House of
Representatives of the bill authorizing an
Increase of the limit of the bonded In
debtedness for public works b the Phil
Ippine government to $13.on0"
ii 'h"-' h t 'it't , of frlu
act to those to whom it is neces-ar) to
ccctlnue In the service of the Philippine
government for long period" provislor
I e made for a Just retirement system
The Congress take up and affirmative
ly settle the question f the dlspo Won of
public and friar lands In the Philippines
by increasing the limitations now set
upon the amount of public lands which
car be sold to an Individual to an amount
which will better permit him to develop
tu-d farm it at a profit
More has been done In this decade to
maintain order, to develop lndustr) and
extend commerce to increase wages and
raise the standard o' living, to advance
education and to provide a common lan
guage to relieve distress and eradicate
dlease to train the different people of
tie Philippine Islands in the art of self
government tnan was accomplished In
tfe four preceding centuries of their hls-to-y
Would IlrorifanJje Troops
The reorganization of the foreign
troops of the United States through the
reduction of the number of partial!) man
ned regiments and the establishment of
full regiments In their place was highly
cemmended by Secretar) Stimson as a
rrore efficient ind economic arrangement.
He also slated that orders had practi
cal!) been prepared which woud bring
together the disassociated units of the
home arm) into a tactical organization
nf three Infantr) brigades and so far as
possible a fair proportion of cavalr) and
artlller) The army Is now scattered
among some fort) nine army posts
throughout the United States
Officiall) commenting on the finding of
the battleship Maine commission, the re
port stated that the injuries to the bot
tom of the Maine were caused by an ex
terior explosion of a low form of ex
plosive between frames twenty eight and
thirt) one, strakc B port side of the
ship This explosion, the rcpurt stated
ignited the Interior magazines and caused
the destruction of the ship
Should Fortify Cannl.
Particular stress was laid upon the
nccesslt) ot fortifying and garrisoning
the Panama Canal and Hawaii the re
port stating that tbe near approach to
completion of the hlg ditch and the pol
icy under which It Is to be administered
together with the establishment of a
naval base In Hawaii made these meas
ures necessary Three full strength reg
lments of Infantr), a squadron of cavalr)
and a battalion of field artlller). besides
the neccssar) troops to operate the guns
which protect the entrances of the canul
were necessary to repel landing forces
from a possible hostile fleet In the Canal
7one according to the report This force
should never fall below &500 men Tho
canal, said the Secretar). probabl) would
be open to traffic during the latter half
of 1913.
For the proper fortification of the
naval base at Hawaii the report stated
that It would be necessary to maintain
I In addition to the present forco of 12.000
.lmn viliiltA nt nnl!t fennns an oHl.
three battalions of field artlller)
The report stated that at the close of
the fiscal 5 car. June 30, 1912. the actual
strength of tho United States nav) was
1 470 officers and 7T S35 enlisted men. a
total ot Si. and an Increase since June
30 Ull of t9 officers and 7 3, enlisted
men In adlltlon v thl", the actual
strength of the Phllipp'ne scouts at the
close of the fiscal jenr was l0 officers
and 6.1W enlisted men
I.tner Tvto Days I,lc.
PI) mouth, Dec $, Tho American liner
St Louis, from New York, arrived here
to-day, almost two d)S overdue The
delay to the boat was occasioned b) a
smashed piston rod. which broke adrift
and wrought havoc In the engineers"
room during a fierce storm last Wed
nesday Temporery repairs were effected
in two hours, and the St. Louis pro
ceeded under reduced speed. Complete
repairs to the vesspl will occupy, seven
Charles M.Schwab Says Pros-'
ent Era of Prosperity Is
Stesl Master Also Makes Strong
Plea for Establishment of
Merchant Marine.
Vew York. Dec S Charles M Schwab,
In an Interview at his home. Riverdderi
Drive and Seventy-third Street, to-day.
declared the business Interests of thai
countr) were experiencing an era of un-
precedented prosperity
But accompanying this optimistic state
ment was a word of warning for the tar-'
iff revisionists which Is entirely In keep
ing with the steel magnates views as of
"There Is nothing to complain about;
now said Mr Schwab The steel mllln
both in the East and In the West ara
working to capaclt) AH other lines ot
lndustr) are prosperous and the agricul
tural reports indicate the biggest crops
we nave had In veir"
The question I" can we perpetual
t! Is prosperit) If a radical Congress la
going to create a feeling of business un
certaintv b) a radical revision of tariffs
that effect our big lndu-tries
Will Nut Quit 1 uni
V 3 ear ago I was quoted as telling the
benate Finance Committee that If the
House Democratic s-tcel bill became a
law I would get out of the steel trad
for good If I made that statement I
did not Intend to be as emphatic I hava
no Idea of gett ng out of tbe steel busl
ress Uut If the protective tariff on
larger steel products Is so reduced as tu
lKrmlt of serious compet'tion in the trado
In tris countr) I positive!) announce that
all plans for extensions and enlargements
of our mills will be canceled
Mr Schwab was reminded that Presi
dent elect Wilson has promised that
nothing sufficiently radical to Injure busi
ness will be attempted b) the tariff re
visionists I have not much faith In such prom
ises so far as the sieel lndustr) Is con-cern-d
because the Idea, seems to b
abroad that wo can or should be able to
manufacture steel rails in this country
as cheaply us they can be manufactured
v the forc'spe--". S'idi itstTi' "n
ve 'en itributec to roc but acr
were, to say th least, inaccurate
i Coudltlon. "vot TCainal.
What I have said about the cost ofi
manufacture was that with equal con
ditions steel could be made as cheaply
in the United "tates as In any other"
W Ith the same conditions especially
with labor as cheap wo ask no protec
tion but the labor account w elghs heavily
against us. It costs me as much to
bring a car of steel rails from Bethlehem
to New "ork as It does to bring thm
from Holland or Belgium
To reduce the con of our products
we would have to reduce the cost of
the labor In our mills. The cost ef
living will not permit of reduced wages
and labor w U not stand for reduced pa-
Personall) I believe in paving gevod
wages and letting ocr operatives live
But it has betn shown that you sell
steel cheaper abroad than -ou do in the
L nlted States Interposed the reporter.
'That is true, answered Mr Schwab
promptlv bJt a large proportion of our
sales abroad are iiu le at a loss It Is
necearv itlet because the avcrago
cost of a large production is less than
that of a small production It Is neces
sarv to maintain the output to keep the
machines going all the time
Need Merchant "Mnrlnc.
Schwab announced himsc f a
strong advocate of a merchant marine
likewise expressed the hope that thn
Mate Departrrent under the Wilson ad
ministration, would continue the plan ot
bringing the business interests of the-
country in closer touch with those of
foreign countries
It is a disgrace to the nation that
our trade relations with South America,
ire so limited he said As a matter
of fact, the English. German, and.
French all know more about the oppor
tunities in South America than do most,
of our bc"t Informed manufactJrers and.
business men
The gcocraphlcil relation of South.
merlca to the I nlted States is sufficient
to show that the tride between tho tw
countries should be large but we cannot
get the business because the freight
rates controlled by foreign shipping inter
ests are prohibitive If we had ships of
our own a merchant marine such ni
could be provided for b) a ship subsidy
bill conditions would be very much,
ch inged "
Mr bchwah took occasion to den) tv
published statement that he had applied
to the Bucks County (Pa.) prison for ino
released convicts to work in his Beth
lehem plant
Sympathize with
Waiter Who Fainted
on Getting $25 Tip
Washington waiters said last night
that they, could fully sympathize w Ith
the waiter In Philadelphia who suffered
a bnlnstorm when given a $23 tip
A, head waiter In a Washington hotel
complained that the guests here showed
so much discretion In tipping that ho
wife not able to keep up his Washington
and Jvew York establishments on their
proceeds He scoffed at the Idea that
an Washington patron ever forgot him
self so far as to give a tip of $30.
One waiter stated that he had heard
ot cases where, after an acquaintance
ship ot ten years or so, some local
waiter had been rewarded with a $10 tip
at Christmas time. He said, however,
that Washington was decidedly not tho
place to acquire the correct blase tlr
when handling a $100 tip Most waiters
in Washington s very best hotels ho
said, could take tips up to JS cents with
out much show o emotion, but he re
fused to hazard a guess at the amount,
of effect a $2 gratuity would produce.
largest Morai$ Circulation.

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