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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, January 15, 1913, Image 6

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THE WASHINGTON HERALD. WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 15, 1913.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
l"Dbfatd Eifrr Morale in tb. Teir bj
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"WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 15, 1911
Abolish Discrimination.
Senator Root of New York has in
augurated a fight for repeal of the pro
vision of the Panama Canal act which
exempts American coastwise shipping
from the payment of Panama Canal
tolls. He bchccs that discrimination
in favor of our own shipping violates
both letter and spirit of the Hay
Paunccfotc trcatj To him the proper
way, out of the tlimctilty created by
Great Britain's objection to this dis
crimination is to repeal the obnoxious
clause He will address the Senate on
his resolution of repeal on January 21
masterful discussion of the issue
ina be looked for. Senator Root
stands second to no man in Ins broad
grasp of international relations, and
his fine perception of the niceties of
national honor He will have the sup
port of two classes in the Senate
Those who believe that the Hay
Pauncefote treat guarantees equal
treatment of all nations including our
selves, will be glad to have another
opportunity to shape the law to their
interpretation.
Those who beheve that the coast
wise shipping will benefit more than
amr other interest from the cistcncc
ot the canal, and therefore should bear
a part of its maintenance cost, will
likewise vote for Senator Root's reso
lution The codstuiNC shipping already con
stitutes a monopol in this countrj
It is closed to foreign-built ship Un
der the ccmption clause mcncan
vcs-cls in the foreign trade will have
1 1 pav at Panama the same tolls as
am i rcigii ship, but the ships en
gaged in the coastwise trade will go
through without the payment of even
i ccn a ton
i-ccrctarv Stimson and Prof Emor
Johnson, the tolls expert of the War
Department, regard this as a subid
for the coastwise shipping "Is it de
scry cd r ' thev ask. The Democrats
have declared themselves Their Bal-
imorc platform indorsed the principle
cf exemption of coastwise shipping
irorr tulN Lach those who, at heart.
question the advisability of cemptin
the coastwise shipping feel indisposed
t i go smashing the platform thus early
in the game.
The President-elect refrained from
ommitting himself dUmitch on this
point in his speech of acceptance. His
attitude will have considerable effect if
the resolution of repeal is pending after
he come, to office It is hardly to
be expected that Mr Root can get his
resolution through before March 4. It
is such an casv thing to oppose with
jingoism Whatever the result a dis
cussion, led b such an able Senator as
Elihu Root, will be well worth while.
The Panama Canal act was one of the
most hastily enacted, lllv considered
measures that has received the ap
proval of the President in recent vcar
Not the Men, bnt the System.
That competition must be maintained
not onK In trtM- and trade affected
li the tariff, but aKo in banking and
credit, once more has been demonstrat
ed b the tcstimon of Mr. Morgan
and Mr Baker before the Pujo com
mittee Their revelations, in a meas
ure, have been beneficent because tlicv
are bound to force that action which
financial experts and the ablest ccono
mists in Congress have been unable to
accomplish
Mr Wilson can do no better than
grap the opportunity thus afforded his
new administration and not only re
vise the tariff, but also the banking and
currency laws In a country of the
dimensions, needs, and resources of the
United States, not onlv business but
financial operations of necessity must
be conducted on a big scale. It must
lie conceded bv fair-minded observers
that concentration of capital, of which
one hears so man complaints, perforce
was necessary in some respects. But
like everything else in our pushing,
grasping dav, this condition has been
continued "ad absurdum" when it is
shown that it is impossible to borrow
for great enterprises, say a million of
dollars from more than twelve or thir
teen banking institutions in this coun
try While the men now on the grill and
who have controlled and do control
large sums have aided in developing
the country, it is certain that national
banks have been "used" by them in a
manner not only dangerous, cutting off
the credit of the "small man," but also
in direct opposition to the letter and
the spirit of the statutes.
The remedy lies not so much in grill
ing men who have grasped a power
that existing conditions made easy for
them to obtain, as in creating a better,
a sounder svsterh. There may not be
a. money trust in the sense implied in
the Pujo investigations, but Mr. Baker
lias strengthened that impression 4 al
ready fixed upon the .public conscious
ness by Mrv Morgan's previous state
ments that a power of control is vest
ed in a few men over the sources ot
credit of this nation and over the great
industries and public utilities.
For some forty v cars Mr. Baker has
been a dominating force in a great
national bank and other institutions
affiliated with it either by actual stock
ownership or' by that "community of
interests" which is so potent a force
in the world of finance. The public
was amazed to learn that in this period
and with an original capital of $500,
000 (since expanded to .$10,000,000 by
the simple process of adding earned
but undistributed dividends to the
amount of $9,300,000) the bank in
question has made profits of more than
$80,000,000 In the past four jears
alone its dividends were more than
twice its entire capital (226 per cent)
a significant feature being that the
dividends were larger in the jears fol
lowing panic conditions
Mr. Baker also admitted the organi
zation of a security company by his
bank, identical with it in everything
but the name, for the transaction of
business forbidden the bank by the
Federal banking laws. If one bank in
so short a period can earn such profits
it is evident that somebody must have
paid for them. These profits were a
tax on the business of the country,
they entered into the cost of public
utilities and of every industry.
If a single bank can take such tolls,
what must (be the aggregate, based
upon such a svstem?
The First Line of Defense.
Secretary Mcv cr's recommendation
for the authorization of three new bat
tleships, a dozen torpedo-boat destroy
ers, an ammunition ship, and several
gunboats brings up again the question
of what the Democrats will do for the
national defense.
The problem of naval increase last
jear was made the football of politics
Enraged at the refusal of their lead
ers to permit a saturnalia of 'pork,'
a small but active group 111 the Demo
cratic caucus proposed a "no public
buildings-no battleships'' resolution and
carried it.
The proposition was too raw for the
country lliis negative log-rolling
failed to appeal to the prcs The Sen
ate authorized one new battleship, and
the House was compelled, by pressure
of public sentiment, to agree One bat'
tleship was better than none, but two
were needed last jear in the opinion
of Admiral Dewev and the officers of
the general board men who have spent
their lives in the studv of naval set
ence
In order that the fleet ma be kept
up to the strength deemed adequate bj
the Navy Department for the 1 rotcc-
tion of the coasts and commerce of
the United States, Mr. Mecr has rec
ommended the authorization of three
new battleships this jcar instead of the
two usuall asked for
The lessons of last year's battle
ship fight when a considerable element,
headed b Representative William Sul
zer of New York, disregarded the cau
cus, arc apparent in a Democratic re
luctance to permit the question again
to be passed upon by the caucus This
is right The navv is not and should
not be in politics The Democrats now
about to assume office will find that
a fleet is as necessary to back up the
foreign policies of a Wilson as a
Roosev elt
The recommendations for more torpedo-boat
destroers presumably will
be adopted without dispute The ca
pabilities of these swift craft have been
greatlv expanded during recent maneuver-
Not only for torpedo attack, but
defense as well, and for mining tactics
of vast moral effect thej arc invalu
able The fleet now has too few of
them Gunlioats arc indispensable for
Central American duty The battle
ship New Hampshire was ordered to
Santo Domingo the other day to make
a show of American authoritj at a
critical moment small cruiser or
gunboat would have done the trick as
well, and far more cheaply, but none
was available. The ammunition ship
is a much-needed fleet auxiliary. It
would be interesting to know why Sec
retary Mevcr recommended no colliers
or oil tankers The American navy
lias long been deficient in fuel ships,
and the Navy Department too prone
to make their authorization a secondary
consideration to fighting ships.
Well Earned and Well Done!
The presentation of a purse of
$5,000 to Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf by
his Philadelphia congregation as a fit
recognition of the doctor's great serv
ices during a quarter of a century,
coupled with the granting of leave of
absence for a whole jear, so that he
may make a tour of the world, dem
onstrates once more the desire, the
willingness, and the ability of our Jew
ish fellow-citizens to regard merit and
to amply do justice to him who de
serves recognition.
Our own Dr. Abram Simon, it is
true, is a good ways off jet from the
twentv-five-jear goal, hut when it ar
rives wc do not doubt that there are
men in our midst of the Mosaic creed
who will "go and do likewise." We
know of no one who merits so tangible
a recognition and the well-earned en
joyment of a rest a'fter arduous labors
than the rabbi of. the "Washington Congregation.
A LITTLE NONSENSE.
THUS IT GOES.
We cannot be quite happy, don't you
Know;
But If wo die and hustle.
We can accumulate a lot' of goodly
r- dough ,
Throughout Ufa's tussled
And hereupon we strike a funny kink
In human nature, chappie
Dough bujs a. deal that other people
think L
Would make them happy.
'ci'ialtc So.
A young' widow's lot la Indeed sad
h-n black la unbecoming to her.
Reacne tie I.oie.
"Hurry up and save that girl," bawled
the fire chief. "Why don't you hurry
up?"
The fireman bent over and whispered
down three stories:
"I'll have her on the ladder In a min
ute, chief. I'm waiting for her to curl
her hair."
January IS In History.
January 15, 1MI Henry VIII, Is Intro
duced to the lady who became his sixth
wife. Their romance began at the
Steamtltters' ball.
January 15. 15S0 Queen Elizabeth
orocrs something stunning In the way of
a gown for tho horse show.
Of Conne.
"Why must you have a steamer trunk?
You ain't likely to cross tho ocean at
any time soon
Maybe not. But I found a label from
a Trench hotel, and 1 gotta have a trunk
to paste It on.
n r.naler "VVnj.
borne Europeans buy our stocks '
And on them keep a carriage.
But most of them get bigger blocks
By marriage.
,il a Hail I'lan.
"Mrs. Wombat has a presentiment that
she Is going to be rich some day."
"What of lt7"
' She keeps harping on that to her
husband, and that's what keeps him
hustling."
Cutlinc l'n the Swan.
There's nothing In a life of crime."
Didn't sou fellers git nothing In that
house?"
"AH we got was a mince pie, and we
had to split that four ways '
Wnxtlns Time.
What are jou working on there?"
A woman s shoestring that won't
come untied " .
There's no demand for It "
MANY BENEFITED
BY CHARITIES BODY
Mild Winter Shows More Suffering
Than Last New Visitors Are
Named.
At the monthly meeting of the txjaid
of manigers of the Associated Chari
ties, held yesterday Mfternoon at 923 H
btnet Northwest. Miss Jessie I-ogle was
appointed District Ciltor In the South
east ofltce of the society, to succeed Miss
V fa Fpencer. who has resigned, and
Mls Mar li. Morris was appointed
stenographer at the central office to suc
ceed Miss Roa McClees, who resigned
to aicept a government position.
A report to the board showed that
SJ.SI7'1 had been received In cash, with
1197 In rledges for the "Fourteen Op
portunities" advertised at ChrlMmas
tinu With the amount contributed
"undesignated. ' sufficient was given to
close each of the opportunities," and
In some cases a lialame with which to
provide help for a longer period than
asked for Five hundred and flft-four
different people contributed to the fund
Tteport of the treasurer, John Joy Kd
wi showed a balance on hand December
31. 1912. of S170, emphasizing the great
med of funds for the current work
, Notwithstanding the mild winter, the
general secretary s report showed :
families befriended last month, g com
pared with C47 the previous ear In
their administration to the poor, the vis
itors report 1.M) iaes, 377 families, had
been aided with material relief Tem
porary work was found for . leeal
aid rendered to . hospital or other
medical care secured for SO. 774 reports
had been rendered to those charitably
interested
Those present were John Joy Edson.
Rev. J. H Bradford Prof. B T. Jan-
nej. Ernest V Bicknell, William H
Baldwin J Philip Herrmann, Dr.
George M Kober, Helen Nlcolay, Dr.
William C Rives, Miss Florence Spof
ford. Henry White, and George S Wil
son TWENTY-ONE NATIONS ACCEPT.
rem II ne Ilepnbllp VIII He Repre
sented at Exposition.
The State Department vesterda) re
ceived from th Argentine Republic an
acceptance of the invitation of Presi
dent Tart to pirticlpate in the Panama
Pacific Exposition Of the fort) -three
nations Invited to take part In the ex
position, tw cut) -one have notified this
government of their acceptance, twent)
one have not )et been heard from, while
one. Russia, has given a tentative ac
ceptance. In view of the fact that the
exposition will not open for more than
two years, this showing Is considered ex
ceeding!) satisfactory
Those nations vyhich have given formal
notice of their acceptance of the Presi
dent's invitation are Argentina, Bolivia,
Canada, China, Costa Rica, Dominican
Republic. Ecuador, France. Guatemala,
Haiti. Honduras, Japan, Mexico, the
Netherlands, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru,
Portugal, Salvador, Spain, and Uruguay.
Those countries not )et heard from In
response to the President's Invitation,
though most of them are expected finally
to accept, are: Austria, Belgium. Brazil,
Bulgaria. Chile. Colombia. Cuba. Den
mr.K. Gcrmary, Greece. Italy, Liberia,
Montenegro, Norway, Paraguay, Persia,
Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and Ven
ezuela. Alexandria Men's Clnli.
The Young Men's Club, of St. Paul's
Episcopal Church, has organized with
the election of these officers: G. Wash
ington Lewis, president; John McCuen,
treasurer; C. E. Tennesson, secretary.
An executive committee will later be
named by the president.
A petition to President Taft request
ing him to commuto the sentence of
II. Linden Wheatley, of this city, a
former mailing clerk In the city post-
offlce, sentenced to serve two years In
the Atlanta penitentiary for rifling a
decoy letter. Is being circulated In the
city. It Is being circulated by Syl
vester A. Breen by request.
NOTICE
I am the Washington Agent for all
the leading magazines. Send for cata
logue. Ttly priced are the lowest, I
can duplicate any offer made by any
publisher or agency.
FRASER, Tke-Migaziie Mai,
SIS Kenota Bid., 11th and G Sis.
IV e alve Herald R3.000 contest voles.
GOSSIP ON GAMBLING OF
SOCIAL LEADERS IN EUROPE
"Toronto, tho Canadian center of trade.
and intellect, has made a delightful .sug
gestion for the celebration of the close
of a century of peace between 'Great
Britain and the United States. The Idea
Is that King Georgo and the American
President shall meet on the International
boundary line near Niagara Falls and
exchange mutual good wishes and felici
tations on the ausolclous historical occa
sion. It certainly would make a tint-
class film for moving picture shows,
though perhaps Just a trifle too spectacu
lar. Presumably King George would stand
on the Canadian side of the boundary
and clasp hands with President Wilson
standing on the American side. There
would be no difficulty about IU as the
boundary between British and republican
America Is unmarked by anything In the
nature of alcn-DOsts or fence. In travel
ing from Montreal to New York the train'
suddenly slows down and stops in mo
midst of green fields. It Is then boarded
by United States revenue officers, who
want to know If jou have "anything to
declare." That Is about how the trav
eler knows that he has reached the "In
ternational boundary line."
For nearly 100 years not a shot has
been fired in anger across the undefended
frontier of 3.SS0 miles between Canada
and the United States, and an Interest
ing speaker at the first meeting held at
London the other day by the British,
committee for the celebration of this an
niversary . was the Burgomaster of
Ghent, the Belgian town In the old Car
thusian Convent of which on Christmas
Eve. 1S14. was signed the treaty which
ended the war between Britain and the
new American republic The munici
pality of that ancient Flemlth town Is
to Join In the centenary. V-
It was In 1SU that England and Amer
ica drifted Into HI feeling for which both
sides were to blame, and on June 19 the
latter country declared war. It was a
futile struggle, marked by bravery and
devotion on each side, but ruinous to all
concerned. The French Canadians re
mained true to their English allegiance,
and the American attack on Canada
failed. But at sea the Americans won
number of brilliant single-handed vic
tories, and Inflicted serious damage on
English commerce. On land they gained
a substantial victor)", but they had to suf
fer the rapture of their Capital.
Finally, In 1S1I, peace negotiations were
opened, and the delegates (Admiral Lord
Gambler. Henry Goulbum. and William
Adams for England, and John QUlncy
Adams, Jonathan Itussell, James Hajard.
Henry Clay, and Albert Gallatin, for
America) met at Ghent. This town was
choen partly for Its convenient situation
and parti) because the presence of an
English garrison there at that time was a
guarantee of security. After five months
the signatures of the above men were
appended to the historic treaty.
A Canadian statesman was the first to
suggest the celebrations. Speaking at the
larvard Memorial. In TO. and at one of
the famous Mohonk peace conferences.
Mr Mackenzie King, secretary of labor In
the Dominion Cabinet, urged a proper
recognition of the event. About tho same
time the llea occurred spontaneously to
others and finally, early in 1311. an Amer
ican committee was formed and the Idea
of 10-operatlng In simultaneous celebra
tions was suggested to Canada and Eng
land. On the American committee Mr Roose
velt is honorary chairman. Mr Andrew
Carnegie chairman, and the vice chair
men Include Mesrs vv J Br) an and
Joseph H Choate
This committee has published the fol
lowing plan for the celebrations-
A special text-book on the relations of
the United States with Great Britain and
Canada for the last century be prepared
by historians of each country, and used
in an scnoois wnere i.uKiiau i iii
during the centenary celebrations.
An International park and memorial
bridge, with monuments, at Niagara
(where much of the fiercest fighting or
the 111-14 war took place)
Sulgrave Manor, Northamptonshire,
England, the home of Washington's an
cestors, to be purchased by public sub
scription in England and America
The erection of a building In New York
for International congresses.
A permanent Joint high commission for
the promotion of good relations between
Canada and the United States.
Of course, these are mere!) preliminary
proposals. The aim is for the three com
mlttees to co-operate as to International
functions In addition to local observ
ances, so that the result of a century
of peace may be the knitting of the
English-speaking nations to still closer
friendship.
King George and Queen Mar)" of Eng
land will hold a series of court func
tions during the ensuing year, the first
of wh'ch will be diplomatic and official
and will be held February 7. Ladles
who have been presented, and who wish
to be summoned to one of these courts,
have to make a written application to
the lord chamberlain, St. James' Palace,
after January 1, but not before that date.
A lady attending a court may present one
lady, foi whom she must be responsible.
In addition to her daughter or daughter-In-law
The names of the ladles to be
rresented should be forwarded by the
lady who wished to make the presenta
tion when she sends in her own name.
A lad) presented for the first time can
only present her daughter, or daughter-in-law
at the court, at which she Is pre
sented No applications can be received
from ladies who wish to be presented.
Ladles may be accompanied to court by
their husbands, if the latter have been
presented, but gentlemen do not pass
before the King and Queen. Ladles, who
w'sh to be accompanied by their hus
bands must state the fact In their ap
plications, and also If the ladies they
desire to present wish to be accompanied
by their husbands.
It Is not any kindness to Sir Frederick
Brjdgeman to probe too deeply Into the
precise "ailments" that led to his re
tirement as first sea lord. No doubt his
Illness was a convenient excuse, aa It
often is In such cases. But the real
trouble seems to have been that he Is a
humdrum, elderly officer, and that the
first lord of the admiralty Is a young
man full of Ideas, also a hustler. With
out any differences on policy or speci
fic matters ot administration, this la
quite enougn to explain why Mr.
Churchill found that Sir Frederick was
not quite the sort of first sea lord he
wanted, and In the present state of na
val affairs It seems probable that neither
was he the first sea lord whom the
country wanted. When, In addition. Sir
Frederick's health was not precisely all
that could be desired, this afforded a
convenient pretext for a separation, and
nobody but Sir Frederick need regret
that It was used.
When Sir Frederick Brldgeman wenl
to the admiralty, the appointment
caused a good deal of surprise In the
service. It bad been regafded aa a fore
gone conclusion that Sir William May
would succeed Sir Arttiur Wilson. Sir
Frederick Brldgeman's command of the
home fleets certainly did not enhance his
reputation. AU this. I should think.
Lord Charles Bercsford must pretty well
know If he keeps In touch with tho
service.
The Carrlden estate In 'Scotland, which
Is announced for sale, has been In the
possession of tho Hope family for many
generations, and has not a few Interest
ing historical associations. The old part
ot the house was built by the master
mason at the court ot James I, and the
celling In the library was the work ot
the artist who designed the ceilings In
Hoi rood Palace. Carrlden occupies a.
charming position on the southern shore
nf the Firth of Forth, nearly opposite
Rosyth, 1 ' FLAMKJH.
tOorjTlsh U, br Court Cowlp SrndWte.)
COUNCIL ADJOURNS
WHEN MEMBERS LEAVE
Trouble Starts When Plan b Hatched
to Elect Member of Body.
Alexandria. Va., Jan. H. Six members
of the Common Council at S o'clock to
night simultaneously picked up their
hats and coata and. as a unit, left the
council chamber to show their dlsapr
proval of the proposed action of the
majority, who had Intended to go Into
the election of a councilman to fill the
vacancy caused a short time before by
the presentation and subsequent accept
ance or the resignation of Councilman
C. R. Yates, of the First ward.
The departure ot the six members left
but eight present, and a majority of
members of that body Is nine. It being
composed of sixteen members. However,
Mr. Yates' resignation had been accepted
and under ordinary condition It would
seem that eight would in that event
constitute a majority.
Tho business of the city was Instantly
brought to a standstill as a result of the
departure of the six members who In
cluded Councllmen Burke. Splnks. Smith.
Blrrcll. Brj an and Marshall.
Councilman Williams Informed Presi
dent Brumback that he would have a
right. If he so desired, to send out and
have the members who departed ar
rested and brought back. Councilman
Brockett. however, thought that such
drastic action was entirely unnecessary
Inasmuch as he believed the eight pres
ent constituted a quorum.
There was, however, the element of
doubt existing In the mind of Presi
dent Brumback on the subject of a
quorum being present, and he ruled
accordingly.
In the meantime a recess was taken,
almost as soon as the six councllmen
departed and several other members
left the chamber, while Councilman
Brockett at once proceeded to the resi
dence of It. M. Graham, member of
council from the Second Ward, to see
If he could not get him to attend the
meeting to make nine present. Twenty
minutes afterward Mr. Brockett re
turned and reported Mr. Graham could
not attend owing to the serious Illness
of his daughter and tho council simply
quit business for the night.
It was the Intention of the eight who
remained to go Into the election of a
successor to Mr Yates at to-night's
meeting, and there was keen disappoint
ment expreised among several of them
when it was finally deemed Inexpedient,
In view of the face of affairs, and with
out proper legal counsel on the subject,
to postpone action
SiTnn Mill n Member.
It is exrectcd that at the next meet
ing of council, which will be held two
vyeeks hence, a successor will be elected
to Mr latcs.
Tho resignation of Councilman Charles
n Swan us a member ot council from
the Fourth ward was not presented as
expected Mr Swan, however, contem
plates resignation, his position is such.
owing tr. his removal from the Fourth to
the First ward
As a result of the disbanding of roun
ell, two or three papers which had come
into council fron the board of aldermen
w-re not acted en at this meeting.
The committee from the two boards
recently appointed to confer with
clals of the Washington-Virginia Rall-
iTav fomra,.v ranUnr rniM mrtr
tllat t10 con)pany had restored Its for-
1 mer rates On motion of Councilman
I Uirrell the committee was thanked, and
continued, and their report received
Petition of propert) owners for the Im
provement of the square on Washington
htreet. between Wolfe and Wilkes
Streets, vrith granite curbing, vitrified
trick gutters, and a roadway similar to
that laid In North Washington Street,
north of Queen btreet. the) agreeing to
to pay II 73 a front foot, was referred
to the street committee
The board of directors of the Alexan
dria Free Kindergarten asked an appro
priation of li for that institution, and
this was referred to the finance commit
tee. A resolution of Councilman Chaun
cy. appropriating 1233 for the Improve
ment of the Interior of the police station,
was adopted
RlTC) aa Witness.
C. Jones Rtxcy. former head of the de
funct Virginia Safe Deposit and Trust
Corporation, and now an Inmate of the
asylum at Staunton. Va.. will be
witness to-morrow morning for the state
In the trial of Lewis Hooff. former head
of the defunct Mercantile Railway
Building and Loan Association, whose
trial begun In the corporation court for
this city today. Judge L. C Barley pre
Mdlng. to answer an Indictment charg
ing him with the larceny of 1700 cur
lency, the property of tho defunct Vir
ginia Safe Deposit and Trust Corpora
tion. Rlxey was telegraphed for this after
noon at the Instance of Commonwealth's
attorney Samuel G. Brent and he will
come to testify regarding the transac
tlon ot a certain note
A motion of IJoofTs attornos this
afternoon to exclude certain evidence
was taken under advisement by Judge
uariey
The case of Hooff was begun shortly
after 10 o'clock this morning. A Jury
01 xweive out or tne twenty-nve tale-s
men from Fredericksburg was quickly
secured, and Is composed of the follow
ing: George P. King, W. A. Bell. J.
Fred Brown, N. B. Musselman. H. L.
McGee, E. A. Solon, J. J. Garner. John
A. White. E. L. Jones. J. B. Leitch, J.
W. Center, and J. H. Mlddleton.
Immediately after the Impaneling of
the Jury the taking of testimony In
behalf of the State was begun, and
among the witnesses examined to-day
were the following: John S. Covington,
cashier of the Second National Bank,
of Culnener? Mrs. ML E. Aneelo. former
bookkeeper for the Mercantile; Harvey
li urowns, rormer runner for Mercan
tile; H. Noel Garner, special commis
sioner; Harry Kirk, and George It,
Robinson, employes of tho defunct Vir
ginia Safe Deposit and Trust Corpora
tion. Hooff Is being represented by At
torneys John L. Jeffries. Norfolk, and
John L. Lee, Lynchburg. Common
wealth's Attorney S. G. Brent is con
ducting the prosecution.
Encase In Revolver Battle,
A revolver battle took place at Ter
rett's general merchandise store, Fair
fax Count, three miles west of this
city, between a. posse of citizens of
Fairfax County, headed by officers of
that county, and burglars who were
In the store. Fully fifty shots were
exchanged during the progress ot a
fierce battle, and during the fdslllade
of shots the burglars made their escape
from a back door ot the place.
The store, together with Its doors and
windows, were riddled with bullets.
The burglars, however, -rot nothing for
their trouble.
Chief of Police Goods, headed a
squad of officers, and accompanied by t
Mayor Fisher and corporation Attorney
S. P. Fisher, arrived on the scene & few
minutes after the battle, and the Alexan
drians' assisted In the search for the xob
lers. The Alexandrians, as they ap
proached the place In an automobile,
could plainly hear the sound of the shots
being exchanged.
Constable CJeTt'and, ot Falrljx Countr,
The Story of
The First President
By
The Presidentelect
1789
WOODROW
w
Fire Coloual GoYeraora ia . Coafereace Beaja-aii Fraakiai'j Safe Reply.
Braddock Surprised by the Freach and Their Indian Allies The Stub
born General Does Not Listen to Wasiiajtoa In.the Coafnaon Which
Followed the Attack, the EajEsh Are Shot Dowa by Their Own FeDows.
(CoprrijM, I'M. br Uirrer Ic Brothers. All rijhu
(CoprrUht. 1313. bt McCIars Xmpiprr Srodkate.)
HO. 9.
By mid-April the commander-in-chief
had brought five Governors together at
Alexandria. In obedience to his call for
an Immediate conference William Shir
ley, of Massachusetts, the stout-hearted
old lawyer, every Inch "a gentleman and
politician," who had of a sudden turned
soldier to face the French, for all he
was past sixty; James De Lancey. of
New York, astute man-of the people; the
brave and energetic Horatio Sharpe. of
Maryland; Robert Hunter Morris, fresh
from the latest wrangles with the head
strong Quakers and Germans of Penn
sylvania, and Robert Dinwiddle, the busy
merchant Governor of the Old Dominion.
whose urgent letters to the government
at home had brought Braddock and his
regiments to the Potomac.
Plans were promptly agreed upon. New
York and New England, seeing war come
on apace, were astir no less than Mr
glnla. and in, active correspondence with
the ministers In London. Two regiments
had already been raised and taken into
the King's pay: the militia or all the
threatened colonies were afoot; In all
quarters action was expected and In
stant war.
To Strike at Micin.
Gov. Shirley, the council agreed, should
strike at once at Niagara, with the
King's new provincial regiments, in the
hope to cut the enemjrs connections witn
their Western posts. CoL William John
son, the cool-headed trader and borderer.
who had lived and thriven so long In
the forests where the dreaded Mohawks
had their strength, should lead a levy
from New England. New York, and New
Jersey to an attack upon Crown Point,
where for twent)-four years the French
had held Champlaln. and Lieut. CoL
Monckton. of the' King's regulars, must
take a similar force against Bcausejour
in Acadia, while Gen. Braddock struck
straight into the Western wilderness to
take Duquesne
Twero best to be prompt In every part
was apprised ot the store being robbed
shortly after 1 o'clock this morning. He
notified Justice of the Peace George C.
Stuart, and the latter, accompanied by a
number of students from the Episcopal
Theological Seminary, went to the scene
of action They were accompanied by
other residents of Fairfax County The
Fairfax County people laid In wait for
the burglars. In the meantime this city
was called upon for assistance, and Chief
Goods notified Ma) or Fisher before
starting for tho place. A high speed au
tomobilc was obtained after the Mayor
had given his consent to go. and Chief
Goods, with Sergt. Scott and Policemen
Nicholson. Garvey. Reed, and Kerns.
stt out In the automobile, being accom-
nanted by- Mayor Fisher and his brother.
Corporation Attorney S. P. Fisher, set our
for the scene of action. They were 013
appointcd upon arriving on the scene to
find that the scrimmage was over, ai
though they gave what assistance they
could In search for the burglars. The
Alexandrians returned home shortly
after 1 o'clock this morning.
Bank Elects Director
Directors chosen to-day by the First
National Baak. to servo for the ensuing
car. follow: Benoit Baer. Jr. Gardner
L. Boothe. M. I! llanow. uougiass aiU'
art. James F. Mulr., Walter Roberts and
George E. Warfield. The directors will
organize to-morrow, with the election of
officers.
The stockholders of the Citizens Na
tional Uank at a meeting held to-day
elected the following directors: Edward
L. Dalnserfield. Worth Hulflsh, M. A.
Ahcrn. James W. Roberts, Carroll
Pierce, Urban S. Lambert, and Clinton
SmooU They will meet Thursday and
elect officers.
At the annual meeting of the stock
holders of the Alexandria National
Bank held to-day the following direc
tors were cloctcd. C E. NIcoI. J. A.
Marshall E. L. Cockrell. O. G. Staples.
II. W. Smith. William Smoot, T. C.
Smith. W. E. Bain. C H Rector, J. M.
Duncan, and J. L. Perry.
The directors afterward elected these
officers. C. E. NIcoI. president: John A.
Marshall, vice president. William B.
Smoot. vice president: T. C Smith, vice
president. J. L. Perry, assistant cashier.
A semi-anpual dividend of 3 per cent
was declared
Insurance Company Loses.
After being out but five minutes this
afternoon a Jury In the Circuit Court
for this city returned a verdict for the
plantlfl In the suit of tne uoara-.rm
strong Company, Incorporated, or this
city, against the Mutual Life Insurance
Company of New York, the object ot
which was to recover the sum of 13,000
representing the amount of a life In
surance policy held by that concern on
the life of the late B. F. Board, who
was president of the complaining com
pany.
Mr. Board was killed at Wake Forest.
N. C, March IS last as the result of a
fall from a water tower. He was visit
ing that placo at the time.
Complainant was represented by At
torney S. G. Brent, G. L. Boothe,
Judge C. E. Nicol and Charles E. Hum
mer, the latter of Petersburg.
The defendant company was represent
ed by Attorney John M. Johnson.
These officers have been chosen by
the Young Men's Sodality Lyceum to
servo for the ensuing year: Dr. E.
A. Gorman, president: M. Greegan. first
vice president: Charles Corbett. secre
tary: C R. Hellmuth. financial secre
tary: R. L. Came, treasurer: John A.
Rice, sergeant-at-arms; Rev. H J. Cut
ler, chaplain.
The following were elected members
ot council: William Desmond. C. T.
Hellmuth. M. J. McFarland. John
Bergln, John McKcnna, and John Nu
gent. Worth Hulflsh has purchased the two
story brick dwelling house on the north
side of Cameron Street, between Wash
ington and Cameron Streets, and ex
pects to occupy It after making exten
sive Improvements.
Samarlan Rebekah Lodge. I. O. O. F..
held a meeting to-night, when the offi
cers were Installed by District Deputy
President Mrs Theresa Anderson. Two
candidates were also Initiated.
S.fr T-r-rHftrt T? Btsnshurv. who has
K,.n in .a vlilt n hfs father, re
turned to-day to Tucuracari. N. Mexv
Henrv Stevens, colored. Indicted for
feloniously stabbing and cutting Peter
Snelllngs. entered a plead of guilty to
the charge in the Corporation toon to
day, and was sentenced to serve a term
of two ears In the penitentiary, sub
ject to the State convict road force. The
affair took place December 17 last on
upper Kiss; Street-
1913
WILSON'S
Life of Washington Wj8tek
of the hazardous business, and Braddock
turned from the conference to push" his
own. expedition forward at once. "After
taking Fort Duquesne," he said to
Franklin. "I am to proceed to Niagara;
and after having taken that, to Fronte
nac. If the season will allow time and
I suppose It will, for Duquesne can hard
'5 detain me above three or four days;
and then I can see nothing that can
obstruct my march to-Nlagara."
The Sagacious Franklin.
"To be sure, sir." quietly replied the
sagacious Franklin, "if ou arrive well
before Duquesne with these fine troops.
so well provided with artillery, the fort
can probably make but a. short
resistance."
But there was the trouble. 'Twould
have been better, no doubt, had a route
through Pennsylvania been chosen,
where cultivated farms already stretched
well into the West, with their own roads
and grain and cattle and wagons to
serve an army with; but the Virginia,
route had been selected (by Intrigue of
gentlemen- Interested in the Ohio Com
pany, it was hinted), and mutt needs bo
made the best of.
There was there, at the least th
rough track Washington's men had cut
to the Great Meadows. This must be
widened and leveled for an army with
its cumbrous train of artillery and Its
endlesi procession of wagons laden with
baggage and provlilons. To take i00
men through the dense forests, with all
the military trappings and supplies of a
European army, would be to put. It
might be. four miles of its rough trail
between van and rear of the struggling
line, and It would be a clumsy enemy,
aa fighting went In the woods, who could
not cut such a force into pieces "like
thread," as Franklin said.
The Advance Beslns.
The thing was to be attempted, never
theless, with stubborn British resolution.
It was the 13th of May berore all the
forces Intended for the march were fin
ally collected at Fort Cumberland. 2,300
men In all 1,400 regulars, now the re
cruits were In; nearly 800 Virginians,
horse and foot; two Independent com
panies from New York, and a small forc
of sailors from the transports to rU
tackle for the ordnance when there was
need on the rough way. And it was the
10th of June when the advance began,
straight Into that "realm of forests an
cient as the world" that lay without
limit upon all the Western ways.
Braddock. m. Mischief Breeder.
It was a thing of Infinite difficulty i
get that lumbering train through ths
tangled wilderness, and It kept the tem
per of the truculent Braddock very hot
to. see bow it played havoc with every
principle and practice of campaigning ha
had ever heard of. He charged the colon
ists writh an utter want alike of honor
and of honesty to have kept him so Ion?
awaiting the transportation and supplies
they had promised, and to have done to
little to end with, and so drew Wash
ington Into "frequent disputes, main
tained with warmth on both sides." but
the difficulties of the march presently
wrought a certain forest change upon
him. and disposed him to take counsel ot
his young Virginian aid the only man
in all his company who could speak out
of knowledge In that wild country.
on the ISth. at Washington's advice, ha
took 1,300 men and pressed forward with
a lightened train to a quicker advance,
leaving Col. Dunbar to bring up the rest
of the troops with the baggage. Even
this lightened force halted "to level
every mole-hill, and to erect bridges over
every brook." as Washington chafted to
see. and "were four days In getting
twelve miles," but the pace was better
than before, and brought them at last
almost to their destination.
Surprised h- the Enemy.
On the1 9th of July, at midday, they
waded the shallow Monongahela. but '
eight miles from Duquesne. making a
brave show as the sun struck upon their
serried ranks, their bright uniforms, their
fluttering banners, and their glittering
arms, and went straight into the rough
and shadowed forest path that led to the
French post
Upon a sudden there came a man
bounding along the path to meet them,
wearing the gorget of a French officer.
and the forest behind him swarmed with
a great host of but half-discovered men.
Upon signal given, these spread them
selves to the right and left within tho
shelter of the forest, and from their
covert poured a deadly fire upon Brad-
docks advancing lines.
With good British pluck, the steady
regulars formed their accustomed ranks.
cr)ing "God save the King'" to give
grace to the voile) s they sent back Intn
the forest, the ordnance was brought up
and swung to its work; all the force
pressed forward to take what place It
could in the fight. But where was the
use
nrndilnek Will ot Listen.
Washington besought Gen. Braddock to
scatter his men. too. and meet the enemy
under cover as they came, but he would
not listen They must stand la rrk.
as thev were bidden, and take the fire
of their hidden foes like men. wlthont
breach of discipline When they would
have broken In spite of bira. in their
panic at being slaughtered there In the
open glade without sight of the enemy.
Braddock beat them back with his tword
and bitterly cursed them for cowards.
He would have kept the Virginians.
too. back from the covert If he could
when he saw them seek to close with
the attacking party in true forest fash
Ion. As it was. they were as often shot
down by the terror-stricken regulars be
hind them as b) their right foes In front.
They alone made any headway In the
fjght. But who could tell In such a place
how the battle fared? ,
Redtklns In Fore.
No one could count the enemy when
they sprang from covertto covert, They
were. In fact, near 1.000 strong at the
first meeting In the way more than 6W
Indians, a motley host gathered from far
and near at the summons of the French.
seven score Canadian rangers, seventy-
odd regulars from the fort, and thirty or
forty French officers, come out of sheer
eagerness to have a hand In the daring
game. Contrecoeur could not spare mora
Frenchmen from his nttie garrison, bis
connections at the lakes being threatened,
and he sorely straitened for men an.i
stores. He was staking everything, aa
It was, upon this encounter.on the way.
If the English should shake the sav
ages off. as he deemed they would, he
must no doubt withdraw as he could ere
the lines of siege Were closed about him.
He never dreamed of such largess ot
good fortune as came pouring in upon
him.
To-ranrrovv Washinsrtosi
t
tae Test,
4
VKX. 'T3fr-is',.y,,
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