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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, February 03, 1913, Image 1

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Snow or rain to-day; to-morrow
clearing and colder.
Temperatures jesterdaj Maxi
mum, 36; minimum, 18.
NO. 2312
Noted Inventor Tells How He
Proposes to Eliminate All
Objectionable Sounds.
Patents on Some of the Appliances
Already Applied For Theory
Is Explained.
Hartford. Conn, Feb 2. Tense and
enthusiastic over the magnitude and the
well-nigh incomprehensible results and
evolutions of his recent remarkable dls
coi cres. Hiram Percy Maxim, British
inventor or the noiseless gun and most
famous of a famous family of inventors,
told this afternoon how the noiseless
citv ma become a fact in the not dis
tant future.
Strewn about on the desk and table
in the inventors office were the little
devices to be attached to all sizes of
firearms which eliminate practicall tho
sound of the powder explosion. Outside
the little ofilce is the wonderful workshop
of the Maxim silent firearms company,
which is fittingly located in a section of
the old plant of the Colt's Revolver
Works. Tho building tmells of machlno
oil and lubricants, is lift jears old.
being one of the first erected when the
civil war created tho first demand for
In this appropriate setting and atmos
phere Mr Maxim explained as much as
his patent applications would permit the
details of the coming silent town, only a
generation or less aw a, saving.
Predict AoUelrss CIO.
The one great Mlencer I hope for and
one that the world will see invented and
established within five vears, is a general
silencer for- noises, a device, for feick
rooms, hospitals, hotels, offices, factories
and a hundred other places, which will
shed silence in the same way that a
lamp sheds light. Horace Wells, with
bis anac&thctk, first produced painless
ness in Hartford Let us hope that Hart
ford, within a few J cars, will also pro
duce noiselessncss.
"This is no idle prediction and I have
progressed so far towards the solution
of the problem that I have patent ap
plications, tho pendency of which pre
vents me from talking as much as I
would like to do.
"Tho noise made by an engine exhaust
and a gun report is caused bj tho sud
iln liberation of the cases and bv one
thing which I at first did not even dream
of This noise advances through tho
Mir and while its velocit of advance
s slwais practical! the same its sud
denness tiCtirmlnes its noiae value. It
is like i boat breaking through the
waterx and causing a wave If the wave
is sudden it breaks and causes a noise,
but if it is gradual it glid-s awav r.olse
ltslj Our ears are built to detect vi
brations of a eertaln suddenness and a
rtain frequ nev An nole. outside of
our limit of suddenness passes unheard
In Close nt Hand.
It is too earlv to go into details, as
I have much to do et before it is per
fect I can "av, however that there is
no doubt that the noiseless cit is close
nt hand
You know a boiler shop is as quiet as
i tomb to a deaf man If there are non
reponsive ear drums there is silence
It is like light Our oscs detect cer
tain kinds of light only Many kinds of
light are absolute darkness to us For
sample, an X-ray in a dark room is In
visible And vet. it will photograph jour
bones on a plate It gives enough of a
ertain kind of light to pass through a
man s bod
With sound it is the same thing. Our
ears are built to detect certain kinds of
sounds, air vibrations. If these vibra
tions are outside of a certain limit of
FUddenness our ears cannot detect them.
Again, if they are bevond a certain, limit
of frequenc the are silent to us.
t mugh the mav- be so intense as to be
agony to a cat or a bird.
Tins is all coming Just as sure as fate
1 ith general noises which make life in
our cities almost unbearable, it will be
tho same, except, perhaps, for those
noises which pass through tho floor and
up Into our brain through the bones of
our bodv. This will alwaS prevent ab
solute silence, which I can imagine may
be a very good thing.
Hns Mnlilrr sid.
Then will be a sinstcr side to gen
eral silencers just as there is to auto
mobiles, railroads, and new things in
general The lawbreaker will avail him
self of them Just as he does every new
thing, if he can. While a general siien'
icr will quiet a sick room so that the ill
mav hive the blessings of quiet and
while it will make livable places which
are now so noisv as to breed insamt.
sef it will also make possible the sllen
cing of cries for help from the distressed
if the latter has no means of controlling
the silencer.
"When every noisy thing has a silen
cing device attached to it, or when we
provide ourselves with a silencer which
will prevent objectionable sounds from
reaching us. our world will be more-comfortable
to livo in. This is what is com
From some of the things Mr. Maxim
said and left unsaid it appears that the
device probably will be based on the
principle of the reflection of light by
parabolic mirrors, and will consist of an
Instrument which can be placed between
the source of the noise and the person
affected b it. With such a device as
this it will be possible for an invalid to,
sleep next door to a boiler factor, or
for a business man to work in silence,
although he is surrounded by an army of
noisy typewriter"
New Field RemoVes Trust Menace
In Grent Britain.
Tendon, Feb 2. Oil in sufficient quan
tities and of a raialit to make the Stand
ard Oil menace here a negligible quan
tity has been proven to exist at Not
tingham, according to G Cobbe, a well
known London oil expert.
The quality of the Nottingham oil is
equal to the best American sandstone
oil," said Mr. Cobbe to-day. "and that
(t likely will prove prolific is shown bv
the fact that the field is two and a half
times larger than the most prolific oil
bed in the Baku Zone bf Russia. When
t c new English area is fuilv exploited
the supplv or oil will be sufficient to pre
vent fluctuations on oil exchanges as
well as precluding tho arbitrary forcing
up of prices by oil combines."
itBV. jjhi.n iv. rnizzKLi.,
Tutor of loTiin Memorial Church, bu admired
ideal imn railing xoatinc and dlioice.
Rev. J. W. Frizzell Tells His
Congregation Conditions
Should Be Reversed.
"More Important Being Fitted for
Marriage Than for Dying,"
Preacher Says.
Woman ought to propose to man. not
man to woman, according- ro Rev, J. W,
Frizzell, paMor of Ingram Memorial
Church, who delivered a sermon ester-
day on Marriage and Divorce'
"The woman is the more Interested
party to the affair," Dr. Frizzell stated
"She Bhouid have the right to select
who shall be the father of her children.
I hope the time will come when wo
can propose to man. That time will, of
course, have to be under different eco
nomic conditions Man women now
marry just to get a home. I hopo that
tins will not alnas have to be.
In true marriage, Dr Frizzell declared,
man and woman should be physically,
mentally, emotionally, morally, and spir
itually mated Thev should have a pas
sionate love for each other, he said. The
supreme problem of civilization, Mr Friz
zell feaid. Is so to train men and wumer
and unite them that thy will bring into
tne worlil-cmlUren better born than tho
themselves were.
"It is more Important that Oung peo
ple should be fitted for marriage than
for a business career or even for dy
ing Dr Frizzell said, in advocating
that the high schools should teach oung
people tho relations of sex.
Would Itcdn-r Divorce..
Training of this kind. D-. Frizzell
contended, would reduce the causes of
divorce Marriage should have the
same relatlpn to sociot as health, he
said, divorce the same relation as Bur
ger. Marriage is the normal condi
tion. He declared that divorce should
not be granted bv law until the actual
divorce of the parties already existed.
Speaking of the social evil. Dr. Frtz
zell said that Christ was more lenient
to those who sinned through weakness
of the flesh than to the Pharisees who
vaunted themselves that they were not
as other men If women of wealth and
fortune, he said, would extend love and
sympathy to their unfortunate sisters
and uplift them, the problem would
be solved.
Dr Frizzell lectured at the church
last night on "The Coming Kingdom."
The lecture is one of a series on 'The
Kingdom of God" It was illustrated
with stereopticon slides furnished by
the American Institute of Social Serv
To-night, at S o'clock. Maj W. O.
Owen will speak at the monthl meet
ing of the Church Brotherhood on "The
Care of the Bod,- at 8 o'clock to
morrow night, Mme. Ljdia Mamreoff
n Finkelstein Mountford. a native of
Jerusalem, will lecture on "The Man
hood of Christ, at S o'clock Thurs
day night. Rev. Algernon S Crapsey
will lecture under tne auspices of the
Northeast Socialists' Local on "The
Coming Age" All the lectures except
the last, for which a small admission
fee Is charged, are free
Turkish Lines at Chatalja Strength
ened 125,000 Troops to Assault
London. Feb 2. "To-morrow night the
guns will speak at Adrianopie," said a
member of the Bulgarian cabinet to-day.
Thus, despite all the efforts of the pow-
era. which even now have not been aban
doned, the near-Eastern question will
again be submitted to the arbitrament
of arms. A prolonged siege at Adria
nopie Is not expected, as the garrison
tliere Is believed to be unable to hold out
longer than a few das at the most, un
less it eats Its horses and dogs.
At Chatalja the lines of the Turkish
army are more formidable than ever,
numbering in the neighborhood of 110,0011.
They will be opposed by 13,000 Bulgari
ans and Servians. The Turkish grand
vizier. Shefket Pasha, declares that the
allies are cntlrel responsible or the re
sumption of the war. He has ordered
the troops at Chatalja not to, take the
initiative in reopening hostilities.
"Let the Bulgarians make the first at
tack." he said. To this he added:
"Our military resources are far from
exhausted. Volunteers are enlisting in
large numbers. For every man that falls
I can send two "
Meanwhile it is reported that fighting
has occurred during the last few days
between the supporters of the Toung
Turks and their opponents among the
. hatalja troops.
The ambassadors of the powers have
telegraphed their governments certain
suggestions regarding further efforts for
peace. Tho official vicw it that all hope
is sot altogether lost.
.IV ' lABailH
Post-office Department Profits
Eaten Up by Handling
Legislators' Matter.
Recommends Thirty Days' Vacation
for All Employes, and Also
The franking system extended to United
States legislators is blamed for the fail
ure of the Post Office Department to show
a profit during the fiscal year of 191.
according to the annual report of Post
master General Hitchcock, which was
made public to-day.
Nowhere in tho summary of the re
port is there a reference to govern
ment ownership of the telegraph lines
of tho country. It will be recalled that
Mr. Hitchcock's annual report ear
ago contained such a recommendation,
which was opposed by the President.
The report states that during tho fiscal
year of 1911 more than 200,000.000 pieces of
mall, having an aggregate weight of about
St,000,Ouu pounds were carried by tho pos
tal service free of charge under the franks
of Congressmen and of v arious Congress
ional departments. Postage at prevalent
rates on this mass of matter, much of
which, says the Postmaster General, was
campaign material, would have amounted
to more than S.000.O0O.
Mr. Hitchcock held that It was unfair
to saddle the department with this debt,
and recommended that the use of frank
ing discontinued and that legislative au
thority be granted for the use on official
mall of special stamp to be furnished by
tho Post-offlco Lcpartment on tho requi
sition of those entitled to them
Despite this handicap, sajs tile Post
master General, the Post-offlco Depart
ment, since the close of the fiscal ear,
has again been established on a paying
Soma Recommendations,
Other recommendations were:
The consolidation of third and fourth
class mail
The enactment of legislation raising tho
rate of second class mall matter from ono
to two cents) per pound.
Tho transfer of the. investigation of
postal rrauds to the Department of Jus
tice. The readjustment or transportation
compensation to railways by Congress.
legislation enabling the department to
pay for ocean mall service in lS-Vnot
vessels of the second class on routes of
4,000 miles or more In length, at a rate
or not exceeding J( a mile of each voy
age. The allowance of thirty days annually
for vacation periods.
Civil pensions for post-office employes
The Postmaster General stated that de
posits in postal savings banks had in
creased to approximately K8.0o0.0un, and
predicted that the sstcm would soon be
self-sustaining The parcel post, which
had not been established at the time the
reimrt was written, was held to be a
long step toward the reduction of living
expenses. Tho Postmaster General also
Intimated that lower rates and a greater
weight limit might be expected after the
new deliver system was perfected
The Postmaster General's report closed
wlthvat statement regarding the depart
ment s crusade against business organi
zations fraudulcntl using the mall
He stated that during the fiscal ear
more than 4 Of! cases had been prose
cuted and he estimated that the amount
amount of money saved to Investors of
I'nited States through the elimination
of the Illegal mall matter was JIOO.OW.OQO.
Sentiment of Balloting in Favor of
Walkout Result to Be Announced
February 10.
New York, Feb. 2. The trend of senti
ment in the ballots pouring in upon the
officials of tho Brotherhood of Locomo
tive Firemen from the 23,000 firemen of
the Eastern rallwajs is In favor of
walkout as the only way of adjusting
their wage differences with the railroad
magnates Since the balloting began, two
weeks ago, approximately 13.TO0 votes
have been recorded, ana of these 90 per
cent favor a strike.
The balloting will contnue until next
Sunday, and on February 10, the day fix'
cd for the close of the balloting, the
result will be announced. If the ballot
f av ors a strike, the firemen, through their
officials, will communicate the decision to
the railroad owners A reasonable time
will be gven the railroads to be liberal,
and if their stand over the mode of arbi
tration of all differences is unchanged,
the strike will be called Immediately.
The East has never had a serious rail
road strike. If the firemen go out now,
the union officials claim It will result in
a complete tie-up that will work tremen
dous Inconvenience to tho traveling pub
lic, ns well as a shutting oft of food sup
plies. Fifty-four railroads will be in
volved In the strike should It occur. They
embrace every line, big and little, be
tween the Atlantic seaboard, the Poto
mac River, and Chicago.
The bone of contention Is wages and
the mode of arbitration. The men insist
on a grade scale of 10 per cent over the
wages now receved. The men are will
ing to submit the matter to arbitration
under the provisions of the Erdman act,
but the railroads will not consent, ask
ing for a larger board than that pro
vided by the Erdman measure.
He Getaj Donghnnts by Stall "Like
Mother Used to Make."
New Britain, Conn, Feb. 2 Dough
nuts by parcel post is the solution by
Mrs. William a Merkle. of this city, of
the one difficulty that marred the hap
piness of her husband and herself. Mr.
Merkle is fond of good, old-fashioned
doughnuts. He was brought up on
them, and married life has not changed
his appetite.
Hubby. s constant complaint for sev
eral ears since their wedding hns
been: These doughnuts are fair, but
they are not like mother used to make.
Now- Mrs. Merkle receives a dozen
home-made doughnuts every other day
from Mrs. Merkle, sr.. who lives in
Waterbury, thirty-five miles from
Panic in Moving Picture Thea
ter When Film Catches
on Fire.
Spectators, Many of Them Foreigners,
Fight to Reach Exits When
Flames Are Seen.
New York, Feb. 2 Two women were
crushed to death, eighteen men, worn
en, and children were injured. o badly
as to necessitate their instant removal
to the operating room of Rellevuc Hos
pital, and "almost a hundred others
were seriously and painfully hurt In a
panic at T'lS o'clock to-night In the.
moving picture theater at 113 East
Houston Street, known as the Houston
Between 750 and 1,000 spectators. It
Is estimated, were crowded Into the
hippodrome, which for fortv )ears was
used by the First German Methodist
Episeqpal Church, watching a film call
ed "Dr. Gar-EI-Hima. or the Dare
devil Criminal." when a spark from
the small electrlo motor, which oper
ated the film, set the film un fire
Instantly there was a slight hiss, and
en a slzzing sound as tho flimes
quickly ate their way through tho In
flammable substance of which the film
is made.
A flash of the fire got through the
vents In the front of the projector
booth before the operator could throw
the traps across tho vents.
The subject of the picture was of Itself
enough to earn' the spectators to a high
state of excitement. A railroad train,
crowded with policemen was bearing
down on a handcar, on which Dr. Gar-El-Hama
was escaping, and was about
to crash Into It when the over-strained
nerves of the watchers were still fur
ther burdened by a cry of fire from a
man in tha rear of the theater. Tho
cry was taken up by others, who im
mediately started for the cxL.
Panla strike. Crowd.
Arthur Davles, a lecturer, who was on
the platform explaining the Intricacies
of the plot unfolded b the picture dn-
ma. called to the spectators "Iherc is
no danger, keep lour heats '
At the same lnntant an old man shout
ed in Yiddish "We shall all be burned.
Out for your lives."
The spectators quickly lost all sense
of order, and In another moment the
entire audience was rushing for the
All those on the main floor, except the
pitifully Tew who had kept their heads
long enough to Join DavhV and Mlnhky
on the platfor , commenced shoving,
lushing, hauling, fighting one another
madl for a chance to get out through
the narrow, swinging doors.
The spectators In the balron Joined
the frightened numbers of those on the
main floor, falrh throwing themselves
down the winding stalrwas Into the
same foer that docs exit duty for both
While this pinic raged within the
building 200 persons who were outside the
theater waiting for a chance to get in
became alarmed for tho safety of friends
and relatives inside, and started up the
steps leading to the foyer and the sec
ond flight leading Into the main audi
The In-going rusli met the out coming
mob at the doers at the head of the
Inside stairway. The dense throngs grap
pled in a frenzied mass for an instant
and then, the In-going crowd being less
numerous and the lighter in weight had
to give way before the on-sweeping rush
of the terrified spectators
Throw Selves Into Crowd.
Two women Jumped three feet in the
air and threw themselves bodily Into
the crowd on trc iron stalrwa Tho
maneuver so startled the in-rushing mob
that It tpllt and let the two women
tumble headlong to the sidewalk below
Then the whole mob piled up on the
bodies of those two women who had
only an instant In which to put their
arms in front of their faces In a vain
effort to protect their heads from the
heels of their fellows.
A fire alarm brought a crew of fire
men to the scene while the crowd was
still struggling
The firemen forced their way Into the
building over the heads of the struggling
mass and began pulling and hauling men
women, and children out of the Jam. and
directing them to the rear exit, which
none had thought of using, although it
was plainly marked.
When the Jam. had been cleared the
ambulance surgeons were called into ser
vice to attend the wounded, while the do-
iico formed fire lines and kept thousands
of wailing spectators in the streets at a
safe distance.
The two women who had hurled them
selves into the mob at the head of the
stairway when panic left their minds no
alternative, were found afterward on the
sidewalk where they bad fallen. "Both
were dead, crushed by thousands of
At midnight they had not Been Iden
Repeat Ja-
How Easy It la.
Chicago. Feb. 2 Chief of Police
McWeeny was surprised to-day when
he listened to the testimony of Alex
ander W. Davidson, given at an Inves
tigation of the united Police, an or
ganization recently dissolved.
Davidson said that, while worklns
for the Chicago Law and Order League
recently, he walked Into a North Side
police station and appropriated the
books and records of the office without
being detected. He kept them over
night and returned them the next day.
also without detection.
The chief blushed when this testi
mony was given, but said nothing.
Davidson said .there were four other
police stations Just as somnolent as
the one on the Nor.th Side, and that
he would have them robbed Just to
show how easy It was.
To Hold Bye-election.
London, Feb. 2. Another bye-election
Is Involved through the death to-day of
Col. J. M. McCalmont. Unionist member
of Parliament for East Antrim and a
famous sportsman.
V. III Moon Be Here
The Lenten Season. Spend -It in the
South Climate Ideal. Travel on tho
Magnificent Through Trains or th
Southern Railway. Direct Line to all
the South Consult Agents. 70S 13th
St. and 905 F Bt, aw.
3. 1913. -TWELVE PAGES.'
Story from Trenton Says the
President-elect Has Made
Three Selections.
Portfolio of State Goes to Commoner,
Treasury to Pennsylranian, and At
torney Generalship to Texan.
New York, Feb. 2 The New York
American to-morrow will print the fol
lowing from'Tremon
William J Brj an. Representative A.
Mitchell Palmer of Pennsylvania, and
Representative Robert L. Henry of
Texas have been decided upon as mem
bers of the Cabinet by President-elect
Wilson and his advisers. Sir. Bryan
will be Secretary of State. Mr. Palmer
Secretary of the Treasury, and Mr.
Henry Attorney General. Both Repre
resentattves Palmer and Henry have
received an Intimation that a formal
tender of appointment will be forth
coming The selection of Representatives
Palmer and llenr was made after re
peated communications between Gov.
Wilson and his four closest advisers
Mr. l.'rjan and Senators Hoke Smith,
O Gorman, and Gore
Mr Palmer at first was slated for At
torney General after Senator O Gorman
lilraseir had made It plilu to Gov. Wil
son that he preferred to remain in the
Senate But Mr Br an pointed out cer
tain rrasens wli) lie thought it would
bo Inadvisable for Mr Palmer to serve
as Attorney General. At the same time.
Mr Br an supported Mr Palmer, and
agreed that the State of Pnnslvanla,
wrested from its place at the Republi
can Ke stone, should be recognized.
Meanwhile Hcnr Morgenthau. of New
York, was under consideration for Sec
retary of the Treasury. Senator Hoke
Smith, however. Interposed objections to
him, the nature of which is not disclosed
It was then the shift was made In Mr.
Palmer's case, and he was decided upon
as a suitable Secretary of the Treasury.
In this Senator O Gorman. Smith, and
Gore agreed and Mr. llran was en
tire! satisfied
Support for Henry.
After the Attornc Generalship was
thus left open again, Senator Gore ad
vised Gov. AMlson that he favored Rep
resentative Henry of Texas for the place.
Mr Ilran wrote to Gov Alison from
Miami, strongly urging the appointment
of Mr. Henry. News reached tho Prrsl-
dent-elert that -"fifteen nirnibc- of jhiy
Mr. Henrv, and that the newl -elected
Senator from that State Mr. Shepard.
was his ardent supporter. Senators
Smith and O Gorman coincided in the
view that Mr Henry was an excellent
choice. Gov Wilson who has known Mr.
Henry for man ears, thereupon confi
dentlall advised the three Senators and
Mr. Hran that he had made up his mind
to appoint Mr. Henr Attorney General.
An Intimation of what he might expect
was convened to Mr. Henr' at Washing
ton on Saturda.
The rest of the Cabinet Is In the mak
ing Mr. Hran is in constant touch
with Gov. Wilson Senator Hoke Smith
is frequently consulted, and these two.
Ith Senators Gore and O Gorman, are
giving Gov. Wilson great assistance in
thrashing out the qualifications of per
sons suggested for Cabinet positions
Obadlah Gardner, of Maine, and Will
iam G. McAdoo. of New- York, are In
high favor, the first for Secretar of
grieulture. and the latter for Secre-
tarv of the Navv. Nothing has been
decided, however, except as to the
three selections herein mentioned.
Merchants and Miners' Wharf and
Large Quantity of Freight Abo
Destroyed in Savannah.
Sav annah. Ga , Feb. 2. Fire to-day
destroed the docks and warehouses of
the Merchants and Miners" Transporta
tion Compan. a large amount of freight
and five blocks of small houses In tho
lamacraw section near the river front.
No lives were lost, as far as known. The
loss will reach 31.009 000
The fire originated on the Baltimore
pier of the Merchants and Miners Com
pany There was a loud explosion, fol
lowed quick! by two others which shook
buildings in a radius of a quarter of a
mile. The flames spread with such
rapidity that before tin" firemen arrived
the greater portion of this dock was
afire. This pier was piled high with
freight, all of which was soon dcstroed.
Fortunately all the vessels In the vicinity
had steam up and they wero quickly
moved to places of safety as the fire
spread along tho docks
Pier after pier with its contents was
burned until the docks of the Merchants
and Miners Compan had been wiped
nut The flames threatened the large
wharves of the Ocean Steamship Com
pany. A shift in the wind saved them
but sent tho flames up Into the Yama
craw section, Ijlng along the river, and
destroyed several blocks of small homes
and business buildings. Many persons
were rendered homelesn
In addition to the wharves and private
property destroyed, the Planters' Rice
Mill was also burned.
The heaviest loss falls upon the Cen
tral of Georgia Railway, owners of the
Merchants and Miners terminals and
the freight stored in the warehouses.
The loss to this company will probably
reach 00,000.
The origin of the fire is unknown.
Connelsvlile,. Pa , Feb. i Somerset
County, this State, has a thirteen-year-
old boy six feet six inches tall and still
growing. For two iears he has been
wearing long trousers, and hi fond par
ents are puzzled what to do with him,
because he outgrows his clothes before
he-outwears them.
He is well developed and strong and
weighs In the neighborhood of 200 pounds.
Although normal at birth and when a
child, within the past two jears lie be
gan to sprout up to an enormous height
nnd it soerial bed wan constructed bflfnm
bn could obtain rest. '
fsBssssssP- V Ci' P lnsssssssssssH
VI. L I J V 'fljkl- BJiiiiibI
fv - 3k. jBjVJhE'BjbJsH
itt"i I.OI.A l fom.ctti:.
New York. Feb 2. -Miss Lola
Follette. daughter of Senator I-a FoIIctte,
has become a leading ngurc in tne gar
ment worKers; striKe nere atlss u
1olletto has taken up the cause of tne
wonting gins in earnest, ana seiaom
misses a day or picket duty outside of
the various factories where the strikers
were lormeri emploca
Two Thousand Wire Workers
Organize for Long Battle.
Rioting Is Feared.
Ef orb to Be Made, to Enlist Support
of Workers in Steel Furnaces
and Other Mills.
Pittsburg. Pa.. Feb 2. Under the direc
tion of Secretan Frank L. Morrison and
National Orginizers Thomas H Flvnn
and T W. Pierce, of the American Fed
eration of Labor, the Steel Wiremens
strike at Rankin and Braddock took on
a business-looking aspect to-day.
To-night the 2.M0 strikers are organ
ized into a great corps of pickets To
morrow the American Steel and Ire
Compan, the I'nited States Steel Cor
poration Mibsldlarv. will try to operate
its mills The gates will be thrown open
and all workmen who apply will get Jobs
But it looks tn-nlght as though there
will be few applicants In a mass meet
ing this afternoon the strikers unani
mous! declared their allegiance to their
cause Thev- enlisted as pickets, and at
da break to-morrow will be on the Job.
If there be desertions It Is likely there
will be bloodshed The company an
nounced to-da It would bring In strike
breakers If necessary to man the mills
Rioting is certain In this event. Sheriff
Judd II Bruff Issued a proclamation to
the strikers that order must be main
tained Secretarv Morrison announced Urn
fift foreign-speaking organizers of fie
federation would arrive in town to-morrow
These will be assigned different
districts and will begin at once to carry
the doctrine of unionism into every ml"
in the Pittsburg district.
nint'ng Ia Probable.
The picketing is not to be confined to
the wire mills. Fljnn said The men are.
Instructed to talk with the employes at
the Carrie furnaces, the Kdgar Thomp
son Steel Works, the Homestead plants,
and the plants at North Braddock and
Bessemer It Is here that there is .1
probability of rioting These mills are
onh- partially unionized There is not
much chance to bring about a complete
walk-out in ans of these mills. Moral
persuasion is what the strikers were In
structed to use In dealing with those
who mav seek to return to work to-morrow
Flynn was asked if nothing more
emphatic than moral suasion was to be
emplovcd. He said he thought that
wouia oe sumcient in most cases
President W. P. Palmer and General
Manager George W Jewett. of the Amer
lean Steel and Wire Company, declined
to mako any statement except to repeat
what was said yesterdav Palmer said
"We'll start the mills to-morrow, a
we expect some of the men to come
back. But this scheme of placing 2.CW
pickets In the streets Is merely to in
timldate those who might come back."
It is probable some court action will be
taken to-morrow by the Steel Corpora'
tion to stop the picketing.
The Independent steel manufacturers
are showing nervousness to-day "Morri
son announce.1 he Intended -to put his
organizers among the thousands em
ployed In the Jones & Laughlln Steel
Company, the biggest rival of the Steel
A telegram was received at to-day's
meeting assuring the strikers of the
financial support of the United Mine
Workers In their struggle.
Navigation tt .Standstill Oning to
High Water.
Pari. "Feb. 2. Nearly all tbe wharves
of Paris are "under water to-night and
navigation is at a standstill owing to the
flooded condition of tbe Seine. The
heavy rains of the last few days have
filled the Seine 'bank-full and all Its
tributaries arc pouring in at enormous
volume, which Is causing the, authorities
much anxlet).
A further rise of two feet Is prcdicted'J
0 Jionaay mgni. -ine jiooas are enre-t-enlng
the subway workings and the en
gineers in charge are throwing up dams
to protect them.
The Herald has the largest
morning home circulation, and
prints all the new of the world,
with many exclusive features.
Predictions Made that Work
Resolution Will "Fail in
Lower Body.
Legislation of General Character 'Must
Wait Until Appropriation Bills
Are Passed.
A conference of Democratic House lead
ers will be held this week to deter
mine what action, if any, shall be taken
at this session on the Works resolution,
passed by the Senate yesterday, propos
ing a constitutional amendm-ot fixing
the term of President at six years and
making the Chief Executive ineligible to
succeed himself It had been assumed
that If the Senate went on record in
favor of one term for the President that
the House would promptly fall In line.
There are complications In the present
situation in the House that may result in
the failure of the Works resolution In
that body
It Is said to-day that many of the in
fluential House leaders are opposed to
the consideration of any business during
the remaining da)s of the session aside
fr--m the routine appropriation bills.
They take the position that unless the
whip and spur are applied that it will
be utterly impossible to complete the
routine work- of the session by March
I. and that to provoke u debate on a con
stitutional question such as Is cmbodll
In the Works resolution would compli
cate things, and possibly result In the
failure of one or more of tbe appropria
tion bills
Some weeks ago announcement was
made by the leaders that they would not
consent tej the adoption of any more spe
cial rules at this session. This was no
tice to the House membership that legis
lation of a general character would have
to be deferred until the new Congress,
and that the rest of the current setxlon
would le devoted to consideration of the
supply bills Beneath the surface a Ilv-e-1
row is in progress over the Webb
Kenvon bill prohibiting the transporta
tion of liquor in interstate commerce to
"dr" territory This bill will be report
ed b tho Judiciary Committee on Wed
nesdi. Man members are anxious to
avoid going on record on the liquor ques
tion As things now stand the one-term
resolution can be brought up only un
der a special rule If a special rule is
adopted in the case of the one-term reso
lution, members who are fighting shy of
the Wbb-Inyun bill want to Itt-ow
how- the same privilege can be denied the
latter measure This Is one of the ob
stacles in the way of the one-term reso
lution. No Action nt PreiMnt.
The belief is quite general in the
House that. If the Works resolution
comes up for a vote. It will be speed
ily passed At the last session the
House Committee on the Judiciary re
ported the Clayton resolution, which
limits the President to one term of slv
ears. Consideration of the measure
was prevented b an objection made
by Representative Cooper of Wiscon
sin, a Progressive Republican. Repre
sentative Clayton of Alabama, author
of the Hous resolution, has attempted
on a number of occasions to get time
for the measure but without result.
It ma be stated upon authority
that the House leaders will take no
action on either the Works resolution
or the Clavton resolution until they
have ascertained the views on the sub
ject of President-elect Wil-on W 111
la'm J Bt an will also be consulted by
the House members who are recog
nized as his spokesmen Of course
Mr. Br an is known to favor the single
term Idea, but his opinion as to the
form of the two pending resolutions
will be asked.
The Works resolution is regarded as
somewhat vague in one Important partic
ular The constitutional lawcrs appear
to be uncertain as to what effect it would
have on President Wilson. Some of them
are inclined to the belief that, it nti
fleld by the States befo-e the expiration
of the term for which. Gov. Wilson was
elected, tw o ears w ould be added to the
life of Gov. Wilson as President. On this
point the Clayton resolution Is entirely
clear It provides specifically tint the
President holding ofilce at the time of the
proposed Constitutional amendment shall
serve for six ears.
A hullaballoo has been raised ov ei the
one-term resolution bv friends of Col.
Roosevelt They declare that the meas
ure Is aimed at the colonel, and for that
reason they are opposed to It
Miss Nellie Manning Tries Suicide as
Scores of Happy Children
Play Near-by.
Miss Nellie Manning twenty-eight
ears old. daughter of John Manning,
tontractor. of 1011 Eighteenth Street
Northwest, sat on a bench in the trian
gular park at Pennsjlvania Avenue and
Thirteenth Street Northwest last night
and drank i ' tr of. carbolic add in
an appar&i. t at suicide.
Ten yards fium tud bench occupied by
the lone woman scores of happy girls
and carefree joutlis passed along Penn
sjlvanla Avenue In the Sunday evening
promenade, ignorant of the near-tragedy
behind the wall of shrubbery. MlssMan
nlng. unable to bear the burns of the acid
In silence, moaned.
She was heard, and a party of prome
naders stopped to listen. Policeman Ben
Johnson, of the First precinct, was sum
moned. As be bent over tbe despondent
woman she looked up and cried: "I didn't
take" enough. I didn't take enough."
Johnson, smelling the carbolic odor, sum
moned an ambulance.
At Emergency Hospital ph)slclan
found that Miss Manning was not in a
serious condition. Her lips were but
slightly burneU. and it Is thought si did
not sw allow much of the acid. Howevtr.
the police found an empty bottle bearing
a carbolic acid label near the bench
where Miss Manning was found.
John Manning declared he could not
understand why his caugMer had at
tempted to end he- life He was much
distressed by news of her act.
Solid Train ( f-Tflat fAaaf 1Im1
Atlantic Coast Line's "Florida Special,"
S.20 p. nt. Electric-lighted Pullmans. 4
trains-dally. H0S-Nw- JTorlc Jptshsmt, .

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