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THE WASHINGTON HERALD, THURSDAY; FEBRUARY 13, 1913. SENATORS CLASH SCANDAL AMONG . 1 CANAL TOLLS!. THE DEMOCRATS - " vtitJM;;p fjT Af"J. ".T?ntc"'f;;r PREPARATIONS . FOR WAR RUSHED New York Colleagues in Sen ate Committee Have Hot Debate on Arbitration. BRISTOW ENTERS FRAY It Is Charged Public Building Bill Has Been Framed to Disarm Criticism. Continued from, Pase Onr. UNDERWOOD GETS BUSY "Repeal Free Tolls or Arbitrate," Says Root O'Gorman Charges Rail road Lobby at Work. benator James A. O Gorman and Lllhu Hoot clashed before the. benato Committee on Interoceanlc Canala to day at a hearing accorded to Senator Root 10 present arguments In support of his bill to nbollsh the legislation or laat session Rlvinjr free toils to .American coastwise shlp&ing passing through the Panama Canal It as a frlendlj bout characterized b the bet o. feeling but at times '-was earnest Senator Bristow of Kansas came to the support of Senator O'Gorman at one point and reallj dlplaed more feeling than either of the other combatants. benator O Gorman Intimated that the influence of a Canadian railroad Iobb had been at w ork In 'Washington to bring about the repeal of the free tolls legis lation benator Root declared that he had never before heard of such a lobby and knew nothing of the existence of It and even If there nai such a lobbj It did not detract from the arguments In opposition to free tolls, which. In Mr. Root s Judgment, amounted to a sub iclv and was Indefensible benator O Gorman alo made igorous opposition to the proposal that the treaty obligations o' the United States In the matter be submitted to arbitration, contending that quetftlons of 'national honor" and vita! interest should not be submitted to ar bitration " benator R&ot replied that the tolls quest!.) 1 involved neither "ital Inter est' nor "national tiionor HailroadH Inspired Protest. It Ik not a fact.' Inquired benator 0 Gorman of I1I3 colleague, "that Great Britain's protet against free tolls was inspired b Caradlan railroad Interests co-operating with like Interests In the 1 nited States" I lav-- not heard of the actlvitv of anv railroad interests in the matter" re plied benator Root, "and do not believe there has been an benator Root added that he would not I rmlt railroaJ actlvitv to swav his opin ion on tin tolls i.ue either vvav Dis cussing the proposal for arbitration benator Root declared that the 1'nlted blates was compelled, in common Jus tice, to submit to arbitration To the suggestion interposed bv Senator O Gor man and Bristow members of the com mittee, that the question involved was one of "national horor" or "vital interest and not arhltartion Senator Root said "If this is a question of vital interest, then there Is no subject that cau be ar bitrated Is it the contention here that it is a vital matter whether vrc give a subsid to our coastwise shipping' That is the sole issue. ' It is a question of vital Interest whether a foreign nation can compel us to submit to dictation in a purel do mestic matter." said Mr Bnstow The committee took no final action to dav on benator Roofs bill It will be onsidered further at a meeting on next Mondav -enator Root explained to the ommittec that he introduced his bill to repeal the frew toll legislation lccause to it s,tnied the wisest waj out of a situation 111 which tin 1 nlted States tands to suffer far more than it will -ain v remitting the toll" Krei tolls is nothing mon nor less than a subid girn to the mot hlshlv protected ln dustrv in the countrv Nmii of the ad vocates of fret tolls trv to justifj their position on tin ground that it will reduce freight rates. I believe. Mr Root con tinued, ' it to be cxtremel doubtful whether an) such benetlts would result fro 11 free tolls Hre- Tolls Reduce Hates. benators O Gorman ai d Bristow de murred delaring their firm belief that railroad rati s would li reduced as the reMilt of fre- tolN it is doubtful at 1 st replied sena tor Gorman ' too remote to Jutifj the violation of a solemn national obli gation We. have gicn free passage througn the cinal to the republic of Panama for its ships of war interjected Mr Bris tow what might hat we to atcord priMleq. s to Panama that wc den the I nurd Matei- c. tutor Root replied that Panama owned the tcrntorv now in the Canal .one at one time had a right to demand iht certain reservations be made, as a ondition to passing title Concluding benator Root said The world can appeal to the plain words of our treats to convict us In the ,ies of civilized nations of violating our national obligations Growing more earnest tac Senator ex laimfd t will be falsifjlng every - x inn we liave made as to absolute qualitv for shipping We will be con .ir own words solemnly writ ten into a trcatj and deliberately signed of mmnciri!., and unfaithfulness to our Fitzgerald Warns that Economy Mast Be Practiced to Prevent Deficit A scandal has been aded to the row among the Democrats of the House- oer the enormous total of appropriations that Is being rolled up. It Is charged now that the public! building bill carrying $30,XO,0u0 lias been framed with a view to disarming criticism bj the responsible Democratic leaders In the case of at least one prominent leader In the House hundreds of thousands of dollar have been apportioned to his district that he had not sought. The boldness of the plan has thrown a scare Into the Democrats and there Is now strong probabilit) that the, pub lic building bill will be ide-tracked The charge is made that in drawing the public building bill the members In charge proceeded sole!) with a view to passing the measure regardless of the cost. All the leaders who are known to scrutinize public expenditures care full were, allotted appropriation for their districts and this was done, according to current gossip on the theor that the bill so 'loaded' would go through in a Jiffv lor ex unple the bill carrier an appro priation of Sl.OtM.oO fur a public building in readiness bers.. There remain" onl the openlnc of the saloons and cafes to transform the, Mexican capital into a. Parts In th hands of a mob. An uprising among the lower classes It Is feared, will precipitate a clash t tween the foreigners and the natives, with consequences of the most dit astrous nature. The American, quart' is guarded to-night by American citi zens, volunteers, who are heavily arm ed The appearance of a mob bent on loot In that part of the city Is regarded by the administration as Just the kind of occurrence which might easily prove to be the spark to start a general antl foreign conflagration. A further com plication to the situation Is furnished by the double obligation of the United States governmert to not only Attiitlcati citizens, but to other foreigners as well, recognition of this added responsibility of the United States was contained in the statefient Issued by President Taft at ! o'clock jesterdav morning Lost night, it was further admitted that mora than one representative of a foreign government had called at the State De partment and expressed deep Interest In the progress of e ents In Mexico City. The significance of these calls, and what State Department ofllclals term the casual inquries" of the foreign dip Iomats Is too clear to escape notice In Washington They were on all slde interpreted as courteous reminders upon the part of other governments that som action Is expected of the United States government if affairs in Mexico City con tinue to grow more menacing President In Philadelphia. I-ast night President Taft and most of the members of the Cabinet were In Philadelphia, but the President was hourlj Informed of the latest in forma tlon from Mexico CIt Secretary of State Knox and Secretary of War Stlmson re mained In the clt and will keep closely In touch with whatever may occur llclals of the Department of State waited anxiously at their offices for dispatches from Ambassador Wilson, while officers of the Arm) and N"a stood constantly dmoni-ning the committee members, benator Root said " c are doing a business of H.O0O.O00.0M in our trade with the rest of the world and cannot from the point of sclf-inter-cst if from no higher considerations take a small business advantage of another friendly power We cannot afford to be charged with trickiness It would recoil on our business men. exporters and producers who supply the foreign markets. It is essential that we keep faith expressed in our treaties "We must either repeal free tolls at once or consent to arbitrate There is no escape from it with honor ENVOY ATTENDS CHRISTENING. for tmbBuidnr Ivrrrnn In la 'Nt-tnilne of Gtvadson. brniU QM to Tie VXashinxton HenU. London. Feb 11 Richard C. Kerens, United States Ambassador to Vienna, ar rived in England to-day to attend the christening of his grandson. John Kcnna, son of E. D. Kenna, who is a son-in-law of the ambassador. Mr. and Mrs. Kerens hurried to the Rocks, -which Is tho country seat of the Kennas. at Morehcad. bussex After the christening thej returned to London, and are at the Rltz Hotel The ambassador said matters at Vienna -were very dull at the present time, owinr to the war cloud which has been hovering over Europe for the past few months. "The constant rumors regarding the ill health of Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria hae no foundation." said Mr. Kerens "At the grand old age of eight) two the Emperor attends to his duties regular!), and is at his office every daj. He is in the best of health., and the day of his demise seems far off. It is safe to say that he Is beloved b) hfa people as no ruler ever was. and their constant crv Is "God bless our great emperor.' " The person casting the most votes Jn The Herald's J!6 000 Contest between February S and 24 will be given a. $750 Conover Baby Grand Piano, purchased from Percy, g. Foster. ngham. Ma. the home town of Representative 1'nderwood, the Demo cratic leader Representative James R Mann of Illinois, the Republican leader, was given an appropriation of J.-0.0UJ for publle builllnt: project In his district. An appropriation of SSO.000 was authorized for a cit) in Mla-wurl in which Speaker Clark is suppued to be interested It is the understanding that a large appro priation is mad' for the purchase of public building sites in BrookI)n. where i Representative Fitzgerald, the Ap- priatlon-. -ommlttee chairman, who 1 been crving against the extrava. game 01 his nenocratlc colleagues Dis trict- represented bv other "watchdogs of the Treasurv are understood to be recognized in a substantial wa) b) the public building bill Mn) Mart Vntiilnl. The public building bill In its present form, threatens to stir up one of the bitterest Tights of the session Even members who share in the appropriations authorized declare that the measure has been handled In such t wa) as to excite scandal Protests havo been made that mav result In the failure of the bill This is not the onlj worry on the minds of ht Democratic leaders The) are Ik sot ironi other directions. i in form il .-stimiti made )estcrda! lixes the appropriations of this csson at a figure m enormous tint 1 icmbcrs of both par-tien-ar appalled Th it the Pcmocritii leadership in tli llous s practlc illv demoralized was in ilicalecl li a serie" of developments ves ttnla) n Inform il announcement wis 'nadc bv Representative Fitzgerald of New ork elairm n f the Committee on Appropriations tint thr-w the House Democi-its Inui i nate of panic. Mr Fitzger-ild fruiklv told his colleagues that unless th"re was 1 change of nolle) at one the appiopriations of this session would cxceeJ b HSU") CO' the hlsh water nnrK f expenditures established bv the Republican Congress of lc10 In that )eir th INpublicn Congress mad appropn ui-ns ' 1 4I CJ0.el The esti mated ippropriition- "f this session will foot up to fl i6 f f Oe chairman FiU gerald wamel Ilia colleigues th it if the I resent einslnut.ht on the Trea-urv was continued there would soon be a gtnern nunt elMint th it it vould be fitil to rcvi- the t irlff downward, and that the 1 roposed in. 'jit- 1 1 w iuld have to vleld S.SU I'M instead of JlOinfVMOO n order to kep the v. heels of government in maticn I ndenrond (efn IlnvT, leader Inderwood got bus) in an ef fort to restore order in the Houye. He had conferences with Representative Pad gett of Tennessee, chairman of the Naval Committee, and Representative Burnett of Alabama, who has charge of the pub lic building bill The naval bill as agreed! to vesterda) cilled for an appropriation I of 1116,000.001 the biggest naval budget In the hlstor) of the government Mr Un derwood told Chairman Padgett that at least sixteen million dollars would have tn be shaved off the naval bill Padgett demurred but (lnall) withdrew the re port on the bill that he had authorized Mr Burnett went up in the air when he was told that It would be wise for him to cut the public building bill In half Following Mr Underwoods conference with Chairman Padgett, the Democratic members of the Naval Committee met Mr Padgett Informed them that Mr Underwood Insisted that all the new con struction authorized in the naval bill. Including the two battleships, would have to be sacrificed Loud wails of anguish urected this announcement. The conference broke up without reach ing an agr-en eiit, and will reassemble arly this morning. For the present the leaders arc de voting all their energies to cutting down expenditures The) are not over san guine of success, but have gone at the task vigorously. The) have plans for the future that the) believe will pre vent a recurrence of the. present situa tion It has been decided that a budget s)stem shall be adopted in the new Congress. This will take the form of a committee, composed of the chairmen of all committees, with Mr. Underwood as the presiding officer This committee will scrutinize the estimates and decide from time to time precise appropriation that will be allowed for a given purpose. Dam BilltFacc Defeat. A 4flow was aimed at the General 1 lectric Company by Senator Jones of Washington )esterday In an amendment offered to the Connectiout dam bill. providing that the charter of the Con necticut compan) shll bo void If through any device its privileges shall in tne ruture m turned over to a cor poration controlling a larger amount of electric power, than does the Connecti cut compan). Defeat of the Connect'- cut dsm bill as drawn bv Secretary of War Stlmson and approved by various prominent conservationists was predicted the Senate yesterda) . Pure go'd may be softened b) keeping it at the boiling temperature of water for four days. The-Belgian government has made the use of the metric" system compulsory In that country. It was made cleir during the night that the administration feels that it has done all that It can do In the present stage of the Mexican situation The bat tleship Virginia, with Rear Admiral Usher on board Is rushing to Tamplco The battleships Vermont, Nebraska, and Georgia are en route to Vera" Cruz with Rear Admiral Fletcher in command The ships going to Vera Cruz can spare to gether 3,XO men. If It is found necessar) to send bluejackets and marines ashore upon arrival at the Mexican port Four transports of the arm), the McClellan, biUtniier. Kllpatrick. and Meade have been placed In commission at Newport News and are read) to take on 1oard SAM soldiers The lirst brigade. Ilrst di vision comprising the Third. Fifth, and Twent) -ninth regiments of lnfantrv, all quartered in posts In New "ork State, are under orders to be rcadt to leave for Newport News on short notice Practi cal!) the entire army within the con tinental limits f the 1 nlted States Is likewise in readiness to Iimbollze on the Atlantic Coast or on the Mexican border on short notice These steps of a milltar) nature which were taken vesterdav were decided upon with a view to but a very limited opera tion In Mexico The ships being sent to Mexican waters are prlmarll) for the purpose of merely affording a place of refuge for Americans and other foreign ers who ma) feel that lllsht is the onlv safe course for them to pursue The naval commanders mi) go one step fur ther, however, and land forces at Vera Cruz and Tamplco for the purpose of maintaining a means of egress from Mexico t Itv to the gulf portK President Tift mac order soldiers of the brigad alreailv undesignated to reinforce the men of the nav) s,o Invimlonl Onl Relief. Further than this it can be authorita- tivel) stated, President Taft will rot go on his own responslbilit) He draws -harp line between sending relief forces sslst Americans out of the danger zone 111 Mexico and the sending of a largi mllitar) and naval force for the I urp' se of In v -ding Mexico ind attempt ing to pji a stop to the frightful dlso-- ders in .he catltal nnd man) other iarts r that "ountr) This latter action lie ill not attempt to take without putting the whole matter before Congress, and caving It to that body to Jecide whether the united States shall embark upon Mexican polio which ever) military nan and everv diplomatic official knows full well would mean a long and costl) ilth Mexico As .1 matter of fact. the :acK of funds avail ible for linancing 1 descent upon Mexico requires tint even f for no other reason Congress must de cide what must be done The highest oDlciuls of the administra tion greatly deprecate all talk of armed Invasion of Mexico under the name of intervention The) declared that the t-ravest consequences might be brought down upon the ration if loose talk about interventlin were Indulged in at this critical moment The fear was ex pressed thai hrt) and 111-corridered ut terances In the United States might arous- the deepest resentment 1:1 Mexico nnd transform tho existing, Internecine w-irfan InO a general onslaught upon Americans wherever found la Mexico. MeniVra of the President s official family tojk pains to point out that grave as is the present situation, there his been thus far ro intentional mo testation of foreigners as such Even the shelling of the American consulate in the lighting of Tuesday was declared to be ptirelv the icsult of accident, thj lo cation of that building being between the lilies of artilltr) tire, and not at all due tj a. premeditated altn-i- 1,,, American citizens or the official repre sentatives cf the I nlted States govern ment. The leaders of both .he contend ing factions have professed then earnest desire to p.-oteet American life and prop ertv, though In C-e Ian few hours ad mitting their irabllltv to do so tinrrlcnns Uully IVnrneil. That the administration expects not only Americans but other foreigners to get out or th- way of tiring In Mexico tltv- was made plain to-nleh Th. wounding and even killing of Americans whose curlosit) ma) overcome their dls-I cretion will not be sufficient to Induce the Tuft administration to adopt more dratle measoires with regard to Mexico I As long as the casualties among Amerl- ' an-, unci oner lorcigners art limited ' to those who continue needlessly to ex pose their persons to a it 1 Her) and rifle tire, the administration will decline to plunge the courtr Into a war Am bassador Wilson, acting Uon Instructions from the Sta'" Department, has repeat edly since Sunday warned Americans and other foreigners to get out of the way or the .bullets and shells. It will be rerille-d that on the occasions in which Americans In El Paso. Texas, and Douglas. Arizona, were kll'ed b) rifle tire from acro's the border, the Federal au thorities declined to allow the incidents, to drav them Into hostilities with the Mexican forces, since residents on the American side of the line had been wa-ned to get out of the alanger zone. It is the view of the administration that the Mexicans have a perfect right to contest us fiercely as they see fit the control of their capital and its govern ment, and that for tho united States to demand th it fighting In the city cease is mcsraingiess unless backed up bv a determination to engage Mexico in war. v ' 1 - Zell Motor Car Co's. Jnterior Salesroom 1-ziiiiiiiMij 1405 H St. N. W. Washington, D. C. 1111 M MADER0 SEEKS REFUGE IN FOREIGN LEGATION Laredo, Tex , Feb li Vccord ng to re ports received here late this afternoon, it appears that Prealdent Stadero Is pre paring to seek the protection of the 1 rench or some other foreign legation In 1'exlco Cit) following the terrific tight Inr olch has been waged against him to-da) A telegram received here this afternoon b) the government representative states that .1 Joint note from the foreign powers has been delivered b) a delegation of representatives to the beleagured Mexi can President asking him to abdicate his office and no longer resist Diaz and his forces. Madero gave the representatives a cool reception, and announced that he would never resign as long as there was breath in him. The ff reign representatives In Mexico have asked for a suspension of hostll - i to consider a iieice settlement The havoc wrought bv the heavy connon id- and rifle tire In the liiiHincxs district to da) has added consternation and ehoas to the situation, and tieoplc are fleeing to le outskirts Man) wild rumors are leaching here from the capital and manv predict that before the end of the week the Madero government will cease to exist WOUNDED AMERICAN IS SENT ACROSS BORDER Consul Gil) ant. at Knsenada. Informed becretarv Knox to-da) that James Ran kin the Amerlian who was wounded and held b) the Mexican authorities at Tiajuana. will be sent over the border to a hospital in San Diego, Cal Consul Guv ant Is Investigating the circum stances surrounding the wounding of Rankin, and will make a report to the department later Xhe consuls concluded b) sa)lng that all Is quiet at Knsenada. and that the disturbances in Mexii o Cit) had created only a slight echo of excitement In the northeastern section of the republic No confirmation of the reported revolt or S.0GO government traps at Chihuahua has reached the State Department Con sul Letcher, at Chihuahua, reported to da) the province was quiet, and that there apparentl) was no danger of an anti-foreign uprising rhen we are called on to interfere If we onee take the step we cannot take it back. I do not believe that under present conditions we arc called upon to assume this burden ' SENATE COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN SEES NO CAUSE TO INTERFERE Members of the Senate and House were deepl) impressed vesterda) b) the seriousness of the situation in Mexico The members who have been steadily In sisting upon Intervention saw- in the course of events evidences that this country eventually will be forced to cross the border. For the most part, riowever. the members of Congress were guarded in their statements - "I do not think," said benator Culloni. chairman of the Senate Forcien Rela tions Committee. " that the time has come PINCH0T DEFINES M00SERS' POSITION Philadelphia. Pa . Feb lr. The objects and outlook of the Progressive party were outlined b) Gilford Plnchot. one of Roosevelt s chief lieutenant. In an ad dress to-night at the Lincoln Day ban quet Mr Plnchot referred to the pre- 1 ent time as the cold gray dawn of the morning after and went on to refer to the Republican part) as a staggering. half-paral)zed disorganized bed), while! the Bull Moose faces a prospect full of t romise The Democrats, he said, could I not long maintain the truce between the J progreP3tve and conservative wings of their part) ' "To rirrv out th platform must bet the obj-ct and focus of our endeavor," Mid Mr Pin-hot I.Ike the great leader whose day we celebrate Lincoln, the I Incarnation ot 1 ommon sense we must "stand with an) body that stands right stand witli him while he is right, and pirt with lilm whin he goeB wrong If President llson will stand in Congress for measures in agremcnt with our plat form then to th it extent he has a right to our upport But if Pres'dent Wllon stands for measures In opposition to our platform then to that extent we have the right and dut) to oppose him to tho limit of our power It should never be said of us during the next rour )ears that on am slncle occasion we have failed to support an) measure which in good faith peeks to carr) out the prin ciples expressed in our platform, or to stand against an) measure which opposes them t I Money Talks We Save Tea S3 Fer Cent T Painting tutomobllea, X TVe use only Valentine's Van- J alum Va-nlsnes. the only var- J nlshes that will stand soap, mad. T and water. We bake enamel on X hoods and fenders. X Au'os painted. J12 50 and uo. I Cied automobiles and motorcy- clei for sale. 4 J.L.MUNGER& SONS? Cor. 14th and W Sis. N. W. Expert Electric Vehicle Repairing Etorage Batteries repaired and r twed. Ignition and Lighting BitUr tea Charged and Built to Oretr. SOUTHWORTH KEISER CO. Obedient Almost to Impulses A Rauch & Lang Electric in operation seems to almost answer your impulses before you turn them into action. The only actions necessary in driving this car are NATURAL the kind you make involuntarily. Pushing forward on a single lever starts the car and increases the speed, according to how far you push it. Pulling back on it shuts off the power and brings two positive brakes into instant action.. AH power can be INSTANTLY dis connected by a simple downward motion of the hand. '&& SALEROOM OPEN EVENINGS CARNIVAL WEEK. II Surpassing Their Greatest I II Expectations. I I The new FORD RUNABOUT has arrived, and I llll is now on exhibition in our salesroom. Our custom- I - III en say it surpasses their greatest expectations. llll II REMEMBER THE PRICE - I $525 1 llll Wc inite you to visit our salesroom any even- I (l III ing this w eelc -Carnival Week and inspect our at- I llll tractive Line of cars. I . MILLER. BROS. j IIJI Auto and Supply House I Sill ' 1in?L7 14k r M W T-l M Al'jn llll ' l fa l BARTRAM GARAGE EXCLUSIVELY FOR ELECTRICS. Service Station, 1204-8 N. H. Ave. Showroom, Dupont Circle. TEL Garage, W. 458; Showroom, N. 1619. OLDSMOBILE AGENCY M. T. POLLOCK, 101S Connwtlcnt Amu ST. TS. Pkaa IT. T837- Auto Supplies Of Every Kind Alwy Her iavis&childsUl1- We sit ITertld tZSJtOQ fonttit ott Why abooia Automobile own era be tor mrntrd with tire trouble nlen 1b9 eaa be poeitlTclr dooe mvray vrltb a? uelair f&ipmgA WKBwT&i!MgMaiMatajC3iBBM ( bEK3iilftTTn-iCurtaSSB l vv Ght vtt ui MUd U.M CaUM. T improve the slum dlctrlct a 1 .01 Anstlrs s.dtty will build cheap bousrt for vrorkmen. Tke World's Best rffltr for Automobile Tuts. I NoRxpCTunenC Time Tried Cads Tire Troubleel JUreasmVtz filler C 90S SocrrvtM Bikuwe WASHINGTON. O.C FIHIbe riant. S2it-SZ Koarteevta Street It. W. Wa slva aterald S2UM ceateet rate. aaaaar aaaK TOT M r -. .tfi SseIK:, , 1- - - .Jv"