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Ta&n&v ---- " - js jety w1 i ss" v-Ji THE WASHINGTON HERALD Inaugural Edition Inaugural Edition WASHINGTON, D. C. TUESDAY, MARCH 4. 1913. HISTORY OF WHITE HOUSE, WILSON'S NEW HOME ?fMS L - Igt' 1fP&' Site Was Chostn by Washington Simplicity ot Design Retained Throughout the Years Archi tect Was James Hoban. Who Superin tended Building, of Mansion. The W hue IIou o is located upon the Kite picked L President Gcojgc W as i ngton and Maj 1 ctcr Charles 1 En ia it when thev laid out 'Washington in 1 jl Tl e tcaturfs of the plan'' of 1 Enfant win tl at the Capitol and the rrcident s 1 ouso shoul 1 lower aboc t erj thl g It James Iloban an lush arcl itcct dr w the i lans frni which thu White House was built i id he superintended i itt ion f Iht liUilllu0 ail its esnrauo iftci i vas burned b tie L It in 1S1I lot at eunilctcd th pi in fo lie l Idh i, J 1 1 J i" at d ol la I it h pla s wen i ltl cd in co r itlor I w 1 tl t of i i u nl r f r ! Heels ' Tic rner stoi was laid Octol ei 1 I J I inds for the risn ii on ac I ton w re -ai-ed flom tr 1 f lot-" i the I d il C ti i i fr 1 1 i o s f rni htl 1 Marjlii I i 1 li for e eetiot of pul li I ull lints ll as o ui t 1 j nl H t it L.on r s rridc ji in o r atio o ii ort f t bullous lie i no l t tin i) d SU ol 1 i i 1 fun tu o i ai I e id n and Mr la i o d move in I mil nt dams wis the ( r occ pant f the building m ilns n in oitmb r IS10 In ISO" Con I roc annrnnrhtprl ll.iOnrt for rrnalrslto the fumih life if the 1 resident The to the h lildlns In late cars Congress I as ben liberal in its appropriation oncsding th I resident evcrj tl ins he a Vs for Ihe partial destraction of the build ng b the Britisl In I'll necessitated large approp lations for restoration 1-1.1. l In ... .IIV ' hich Cong-ess made at different time The south portion was not fin ishtd until 1S3 costing J19 000 The beautiful East Room, was finished and furnished in lS"t out; of an approprla tlon of $" OOu Three ears later the north portico was p it up at an expense of J" 00 Gas Installed In IS4S The first oceupants of the hite House got along at night with can dies and the lighting apparatus of the early dais of the countrj Gas was installed In 1S4S aid a sj tem of heat lng and ventilating in 1S3 For the first seventy ears of the existence of the building the average jearlv cost for furnishing was J5 000 The original biulding contained ter races something like those now con nected with the building except not so imposing They are thought to have been erected during Jefferson s admin lstration as Jeffer on had his office In a small building near where the offices are now located Congress appropri atcd monej In 1SI9 to enlarge the of flees -vest of the President s house It ls supposed that the west terrace and buildings were turned into a greenhouse in the SO s, while the east terrace where "were located the con servatorj and tables was removed to make room for the extension to the i Treason Eulldins The main building continued to be both the offices and residence of Pres ldents until the fall of 190' In the spring of that jear Congress appropri ated JGj 000 for the erection of tem porarj offices for the Preslden and S4 a 000 for remodeling and refurnish ing the W hue House Work Done In Four Months. The contract was let for the work the stipuation being that everything must be done within four months so that the famib could again occupv the building and the President the offices Tn that time great problems were to be worked out, While the work was gong on in tie summer of I if President and Mrs Roosevelt vve-e at Osster Baj erpon their return m September thev we-e quartered temporanlv at " Jackson Place Lafajette Square It was in this building that the President settled the great in 1 racite eoal strike In Oetober Mr Roo evelt moved into the new eiecu tive offices at the extreme west end of the wet terra e and his famili moved into the enlarged quarters of the White House the former executive ofices there having been changed into bedrooms. The beautiful Ean Room of the W hite House is open to the public The private parlors arc closed except b srecial ar rangement In the basemnt of the W hite House where it is dailv seen OJ hun dreds of visitors on their wa to thelcoting In the Red Room is in white East Room is the exl ibit of china and table ware of the various admlnistra tions from Washington down This constitutes 01 e of the most interest ng teatures of the W hite House The Presi dent s offices are not open to i ltors cept hi engagement Interior of the- nodding description White House as ptete- naturallv of the interior of the it 1 to da to be com beg ns will the base ment tin nit wesiern nan 01 ue grouna floor .ueaveu i.ie sienarus seieiai del artments the storerooms for food stuffs the large and small kitchens anterooms for the cmploe and the 1 eating hot and cold water apparatus and the refrigerators. On this floor also ls situated a large oval ipartment for rnerl called the diplomatic room on th south side of tl e main building and lmmediatelj under the south portico This room never used for this purpose now was onginallv Intended for the re ceptlon of diplomatic guests The reason for the abandonment of the diplomatic arteroom as suth is found In the fact that the White House since It was built has faced right about the south side origfnalls intended as the front now con talning the back door This was caused by the clt of Washington Insisting upon building itself in a northerlv and west crlj direction the main thoroughfare of the citv Peinsjlvania Avenue passing the W hlte House on Its north side The large kitchen where the food for State or other large dinners is cooked is In the northwestern corner of the basement floor and is completelj equipped with modem culinary apparatus of the most approved patt-rn The smaller kitchen in which the meals for the I resident s farallj when dining privatelj are cooked lies lmmediatelv west of the larger kitchen and it also contains a complete outfit. The steward s office storerooms and refrigerators are located In the southwest corner of the ground floor and these as well as the kitchens, are surrounded bj numerous pantries The west terrace wing leading from the the ground floor contains the laundry and ironing rooms the malds. dining room and separate quarterStor man end woman servants Caring for Iteceptlon Gneata The gr und foor of the building proper contains en the eastern side two large anterooms for men and women one for the women on the -outh and the one for the men on the north These rooms open bj a hallway from the east terrace I throu.h which the su-'ts for the large i -ceptlont: pass. The ea't teTace ! o-eu Tied bs coat and clow: rooms costalnins and 0i ui d n of I c main I alldlng Is laid with Mono in I i oad and tat lldit of stairs kads tt the main floor above. Thee stiirs a e 1 vlli-d bj a biass rail lng rut ins u tlic middl" Thi j,ue.?ts at iceitl i mitring trrou0li the ta t terraei lian tl clr nrips In nc of lh olhcr of thi wraproons and pass up the i tirr 1 ilf of the talrw ii to the ri eeiiln., lin Ii tl e Blue Ilium on the floor lbovc tt r lrii ns He re civlne H'l U j a tlirculi li c Li t 1 Hm t the doo oj 'ning it tl I ca 1 ft! cse siairs hi 1 1 n II i i l rn 1 ilf o' tl lair w i t th rprw ind thci c tast varl ilrii I if u t I rraet 1 their arr lc Tic pi i It In ll i tl lib inak a m pi r- ill MiiIkf I iken 1 nl i ith tl. I rMenl ijsei g in so m 1 t IimcJ iLr tloe wI-J t oiK r- r'ertl and there conf Ion Th- llnln Tloor i. . ,,. , . it floj of the White House- t 11 Kir t whel the pablic Is admitted n t a p ars 1 1 the north entrance ii. r nu vliania vtnuc Is devoted what n aj be tcrmtd the tate apart mf as oprosed to the rooms given over mil famllj room on this floor i the pri vale (lining room a i all handsomely jfurni 1 d apartment in the i orthwest cor ner "f In Du Win., into which visitors are sometimes permitted to peep There is a laie rantr directly west of the private dining rsom The 1 Iclt The visitor enters the White House through the north or Pennsjlvanla Vvenue entrance s he passes the portals of the rather small swinging plate glass doors whtrc a vigilant usher Is alwavs on guard 1 e enters the reception hall which in itself const! lutes a nagnificent apartment. A few feet from the door set in the flooring of Jollet stone is the seal of the Pre si dent of the Lnited States n brass and circular in form The American eagle with shield and arrows in the talons is in the center of this iect s irrounded bj the words The "Seal of the Prest dent of the I nlted States V few feet farther on an oval design in brass also set In the floor gives the dates of tie beginning of work on the first W hite House and the date of its remodeling ab it is to da Its bor de- con-ists of fortj live stars rep resenting the State The colors of the walls and ceiling arc buff and white and six large columns of marble impress the eje The spaces between these columns are filled with tubs ot Istrian stone filled with palms and plan s and extending the full height of the east and west walls are two broad plate glass mirrors set in frames of gold The Str'c DInlnK-room. Paslng westward through the wide corridor the visitor approaches the en trance to the state dining room a magnificent apartment In the south western part of the building large enough to seat about 100 guests at the table The walls are paneled from floor to celling in oak richly carved the chandelier and wall branches are of silver and heads of American game are ased around the frieze The celling in stu co Is elaborately decorated There is an India carpet in solid color on the floor and the chairs are upholste-ed in tapestrj The draperies arc In green v elvet Two tapestries one bearing a text from Irgil s Eighth Ecloque are ot Flemish workmanship of the seventeenth I centurj nadirs, Njsa is given in marriage W hat ma not we lovers expect " Gr fflns now shall mate with hordes and in the sueceedii g age tl e timorous does shall come to drink with dog Begin with me mj flute Maenalian strains Neofsus cut fresh nuptial torches for a wife is on the po nt of being brough 1 one The state dining room measures fortj by lxt fet is twentj one feet from floor to ceiling and Is the second largest room in the W 1 ite louse the Eaet Room 1 eing the largest Two doors open from the state dining room into the Red Poom lj ing directly ea t of the former apartment The wains enamel The wall coveting and th tains are of red dama k but the feature of this room ls tl e man) fine oil paint ings of tl e I residents and one of Martha Washington hanging upon its walls Thev are all mounted in heivj god frames and Include Washington Jeffer son dams. Mndison Monroe Zachars Talor Polk and Grant Tl ere is a rich I carved mahoganj cabinet of delicate Onental dslgn eontain ng a number of male ind temale Japanese figures. The cab!nct was a 1 resent to Mrs Roosevelt frm ,h .Tanineu T-oirntlnn The Beantlfnl Bine Room The Blue Room ovel in shape is direct y south of the main hall and between THE boit s for 5C0 w raps, umbrella sund' utl er conieileiic This part of E jjH& v v """ rFKjit2?Tx Z"?m2$JjmL.jk E Ef&l HH H HT "" f r--vw ..b SBHrL " '"''a uPHS jjaiH V ?'"?' Jt SHI jIjH E EFv? mm ,JPu; HJB VIH$ J V"J8i T9t illllllH e rB.fes'" "n off! IBB gyE 4 H Which is the social and political center of the Capital, and which is the col0nial architecture to be found in , mS iSJ?mrc the Bed Room and the East Room with windows and doers opening on the couth portico Rarcl beautiful In its propor tlcns and colorings the Blue Room has been made still more beaotlful by the recen ehanges In the interior of the V hlte House 3rd It Is bj many consld ertd the most beautiful apartment In the build ng The furniture is in white and gold up holstercd in blue And gold The mantel In tl 1 room a new one placed during the recent alteration Is of pure unite marble with 1 ronze tips and feathers the wabvcotlrg is m white enamel the wall cove ing Is of heai cord"d blue si 1 on w h ch Is embroidered at top and bottoi i Ihe Gnclan fret the curtain hanslui,- of the arre material as the wall covering i c emb oldercd Tilth stars and the curtain poles are sur round d bj glli iasle- The Grecian fret il-o a pears in tl e cell ng 1 Hnd doo s ir In the walls near tl e southern en 1 of th roon anl at rent tions the gucet couil from th- Ifd I oora pass the ri calling pirt tin line in n Inglf I dirt tij i front o the w n lows tl tutu cip all iniittrt to ! ire tl t Mi r oil iv i h tit ri c vmg I irti face tl 1 rcl lit ill on ord is stretchi 1 aire s tb :om from loor to doo- to In sure fro lom of pas age for the guests hlle bcln i rs nted On tl e mantel in the Bl e Room stands tho mas"die gold clock prcs'nted Lnfajette to George Wisliington The clock Is 1 ept r nnlns over da am, ls I3ld to b( an ts?lIknt,t,ra. tw-tr.t47t.Tlov ncaaLrcn.Tja4 nmn A iHiiiiiHitKl('iiiiiiiHHHBHiSi i Tie Green Room occupies the same ftjfcliUts3 llflllllllllHlW i " 'illlllBIHHra I laBlHHHHiiiiiiiiiiBiiK; -'itP'Hiiiiul ?R?'llRHIKl3lllSlllllllllllllllllllllRflllllll v VIIHkI I fsjlMftgBKBBgfaMKJjgV? 'gftvnTilllBlHf I EM:i- -sii)HHiti)ii)i)i)i)iHHnil!iHBTii -& -mK9H Mrs Wilson Bl relatives and friends la the best likeness of all the photugrapha 3Iaraha.ll nlao la Inclined lo believe that the bad made relative space on tie eistern and southern side of the W hite House as the Red Room doc3 on the we'tern side and like that room has doors communicating with the Blue Room One door also opens iato tho large East Room and anotl er into the main corridor behind the reception hall The all coverings and curtains of this room are copied from an o d piece of Genoese velvet Ntarlj everything In room Is new including the mantel the furriture the rug the mirror the crjjtal chandelier and sidelights and the andirons Large oil paintings of the Presidents adorn the walls of the Green Room the largest being a full length portrait of Lincoln which hangs on the west wall Jackson John Qumcj Warn" an Bu ren Buchanan Pieree Haes William Henrj Harri'on and Jol son are ranged around the rorth and east walls The fire screen In this room a verj beautiful piece of work, 111 a dclieate shade of silk was presented the White House b the Austrian government In IS 6 Two exquisite Japanese vases on the mantelpiece were presented b the Japanese government during rthur s administration There also is a hand some Japanese cabinet in this room which was presented bv the first Jap anese Minister to the T. nlted states In iss In the Great Last Room The Last Room the apartment with which the public is better acquainted than anj other room in the Executive Mansion occupies as nB name implies the entire eastern wirg of the White Hou-c The walls are covered with wood paneling enameled the ornamen tal celling ls done in stucco and set in the walls are twelve low relief panels of sculpture the subjects taken from Aesop s fables On the east and west ides of the room are two mantels of HOME OF PRESIDENTS. THE WHITE HOUSE. the cit Its grounds and gardens BEST PHOTOS OF WILSON AND MARSHALL 1 HBQKlSMHHIiHF t liiiiiiB-i'? VBl $&aiBii9likiBMkli9iA I 1 'IHTMMrMfllMBBBBlBW I lkHikkkkkK. iiHHKklfckikkF&iBKkkfl I liiiiBfciiflHHBin xTSBBX xiifct: 5 v''CT $&' and the new President Wllnon hlmielf haTe unanlmoaslv agTeed that thl that have been taken and published of the neir President Ice President above Inserted llkeneaa of himself U better than nnj others that he has colored marble with large mirrors above them a-d eandelabra on the shelves Three crjstal chandeliers of exquisite beaut form constituent parts of the decoration as also do four bronze standards bearing electric lights which are placed at the four corners of th room The wirdow d aperies are of heavj el low silk damask the barqaenes are gilded and called and are covered with silk velours Four beautiful console tables with marble tops stand In the -00m elvet cushioned seats or settles surround th' walls but there are no chairs in this room and the walls are bare of pictures Tn the Last Rcom as in the other state rooms on the drawing room floor except in the hall where stone ls used the floor is of high! pollshe 1 hardw ood The Gold Piano In th east room stands the gold grand piano a splendid Instrument en tlrelj covered with gold leaf and valued at $!uC On the Inside of the cover -rd exposed to view vyhen It ls raiced painted in oil a p cturo of the muses executed l a celebrated artist This piano was presented the White House several jears ago b an merlcan firm of piano makers In celebration of on anniversarj it bell g the one hundrtd thousandth instrurnent made b the firm It is used In the concerts so often givel in the East Room during the season Two beautiful blue Sevres vases stand ing on cabinets set against the east Mall of the room were presented in com memoration of the laing of the Franco merlcan cable during President MeKln Ie s adn inlstration They arc valued at JjOOO each The East Room is the largest apartment 1 the W hlte House being fort b elghtv feet and tv ent one feet from floor to eeiling It ls used as a general assemblv room on state occasions for most charming specimen of pure constitute one of its most charm- concerts and somet mes 'or the reception bj the President of small parties of vl ltors It is the one mom of the White Ho se that is alwavs open to the public between the hours of 9 a m and " p m. exc pt on bundajs and on extra occa siois During the re-ent repairs when the p aster had been removed from the East Ro m traces of the fire when the British burned the W hi e Hoase In 1S14 were plain Mans names evldentl tho'e of workmen emplojed on the new building between the jears 1 03 nd IS"1 were found cut in the stone walls Leading f om the east wing of the main corridor Is tl e main stiirwa to the seeond to v w leh is devoted to th living rooms of the Presidents familj and contains also Kis prlvat office and librarj The stairna s of Jollet stone and eonsists of a broad flight from the main floor to the landing where i di vides into two flights The railing Is of forged iron ind brass with hand rail covered v ith velvet. A double gate of vrought Iron which rolls back Into noekets in the walls stands at tho font of the -talrcise The walls ibovo tho handing are painted and paneled Fac ' ing the head of the stal-s is the doer to the Presidents private office and stud which forme lj w-s known and . u ed as the Cabinet rnn-n Tho ,ri mini wniea is rlehlv but not elaborate 1 iurmsned has windows commanding a fine view of tic south White House groands the Washington Monument and tho I otomae Plver in the distance Tie i-resiaents desl of rl hlv caned ma nogan in 1 flat toi ped stands nearly in mo cei ler or tl e room The floor is 01 v lute maple 1 ighlv polished Vround the walls and in tht spaces between tho winoons are set low open bookcases. lime Lacil as Cabinet Room V b autiful marble mantel with open fireplace stands In th room tie mantel bearing the folio ting inscription This room was first used for meet mgs of the Cabinet dirlng the admin l'tration of President Johnson It con kiuucu iu ue so usea until tne vear ue-Mii Here the treat of peace with Spain was signed door from the stud opens into fiie llbrar which is an oval room the same size ard directl above the Blue Room on the main floor As on the main floor below the family floor has a large corridor rich ly carpeted running east and west con nectlng two large sitting rooms, one on the east above the Jast nm th other on the west above the State Dinlnir room and communicating with the bed rooms. There are seven bedrooms each witn a Datnroom adjoining fitted in the most approved and modern etle Four of tlwe bedrooms thoe ln the south east northeast southwest and north west corners of the building are un usually large apartments and have con 1 ected with them smaller dressing rooms. V narrow stairway leads from the north west corridor to the private dining room on the floor below n electric elevator running from the basement to the attic adjoins this stairway The entire eatern half of the attic floor is used for storage purposes as is iso a section or tne ex reme western portion The middle western space ls taken up with the servants bedrooms six ln number There is but one bath room on the attic floor loca'ed on the south de and having wlndois ldoklng out upon the roof of the round portico nefurnlahed. Mnny Tlrae Since 1S"0 the White House has been redecorated and refurnished frequently according to the tastes of the times and within the lim'.'s of annual approprla tions. xarjing from J10000 to J30 00C Ue til 1003' the sums available have never bees sufficient to accomplish a thorough Structure Was Partially Destroyed in 1814 by the British It Was Remodeled in the Fall of 1902, When $475,000 Was Ex pended Upon It. recosjt-uctlon Refcrnrg to the cnanges mado that ear the President In a. rre tagc to Congres said Through a wl-o provis oc o Congre s at its last session the White IIoue vhl h had become di'flgured b incon gruous additions and changer has now liecn r stored to what it ws plar.rad 0 be Iv Washington In makli g th r'stontioii tho utmo t cars las been es trci"-d to crync as mar as I ossible to the earli plans ai d to supplement thee plans lj a circ Jl tud of such uill ini.s as that of the l.ri-crsttj o' Mr NEW BIBLE EACHPilENT Clerk of Supreme Court Sup plies Volume for Taking Oath of Oflice. SOME BRING THEIR OWN Cleveland and Roosevelt applied Scriptures Themselves Family Books Often Used The details sarroandinr the adminis tration nf h nath to a Pre'lden of the Lnited Mates are as careful arranged an extraordinarilv large family Bible ind as much a matter of precedent as, bo ind in heaxj morocco trimmed xn weie tie larger phases of the elabo ate' sold and stored in a much ornamented ceremony attending the inauguration of , box, I remember well that I was much the Chief Lxe utive to-da I fagged out from carryl-g it to the The Bible the King James version s -mate chamber and from that cham alwas suppllid b th clerk o' the u bf to the platform In front of the preme Court of the T. n ted States and s Capitol Afte- the Bible had been used carried b him when he accompanies '(,T" 'his purpose I turned it over to the the Court to the Senate Chamrer and I resident but notwithstanding he had thenc- to the platform where the oa hialrcad received it the donors after is adminis ered jward called at the White House and When the Chief Justice of the Lnited' P'cented it in formal speeches to States to whom the title of Chief Jus hich Mr McXinle made appropriate tlce of the Supr-me Court of the Lnited repjj Mates Is often e-roneousli applied 's President Roosevelt was swo-n In ready to adminl-ter the oath the clerK on a BlbIe hich had been used for th of the Lnited bates Sup eme Court 'same purpose when he was inaugu steps forwa-d and opers the voume at!rated lovernor of New Tork We had random Be aue he opens It near the'bouSht a Bible for his Inauguration midd e it happens as a rule that thejWhea "e received word from Mrs scriptural phra-es which the President s Rooev.eIt that she .preferred the us lips chance 10 touch are from the Prov of thelr 'R"5 volume and It was ac orbs or the Psalms 0r one of the sacred cordingly substitated books near the end of the Od Testa "e "ae on hand the Bible ment. President Rocevelt is the on! bought for that occasion and will v. cp one since the record h-s been kept il on hand for emergencies such fo who las chan ed to kls a page of the1 1"Etancc as occurred wher- Arthur took New TeMarreit the oath of of5ce ln this cit5 He had ... ... ,, -.,, oeen sworn in ln New Tor, but it was djnated by Clerl. -uddenl decided that It would be safer When the opened book is held up by to again administer the oath In Wash the clerk the Chief Jus Ice places Ms ington Accordlngl Chle Juse9 hand upon one lde and the P-es dent Walte and about tw en' other peopl elect on the oth r It appears that in this o' prominence were called ver sad formalit the I resident elect who is un denly toeether ln the " ice Presidents vered in the observance of elaborate room at he Capitol I had to send up ceremor and has not been coiched to town for a book and had but a few Pla his part, places his hand under the r-inutes ln which to execute the com book or an where but the isht rlace mission I succeeded however ln get The clerk adjusts it properl and the ting the book in time for the ceremo-v oath is administered The clerk then and was ore of the few present when raises the open volume to the President Mr Garleld s successor was initiated to be kissed and the verses and chap erj Into his high once h.s lips chance to touch are carefull Vn T.e Rooaevelt Bible Uter the ceremon the clerk marks the L "1rs J"3" haf th Bible upon which passage He aIo inscribes the form of her husband took the oath of office four the oath taken b the President on the ",r a and "nlejs President elect flv leaf of the xolame Sometime later wlIs0.n, f""""hes a book for himself Bible Is pre ented to the mistress of the While House b the wife or daugh ter of the clerk as the case might be and It is usaall preserved in the famll j as one of the most valued treasures Custom alone has established this curl 01 s procedure There Is no law requir ing that the 03th be administered b the Chief Justl e of the Lnited States In the case of Pre dent Poosevelt, after the death of Pres dent McKinle the oath was administered b Judge Brad of the Supreme Court of New lo k W hen Fillmore was sworn in the bu preme Court was not ln se'sion and th oath was admlniste'-ed b Justice Cranch cf the District of Columbia, in the Hou a of representatives The oath might b administered equall well bv a notax or an judicial officer qualiflei for the part A there have been onlv nine Chief Jus tices of the Lnited fctat -s s nee the foundation of tne eou't each in his time has ushered man Pre ldents into orTce The reeord was held by Justice Tanev who occupied tl st place on the highest 1 ench from 1S6 to l and administered the oatn to all Pres dents during that time with tHe ex eptlon of Fillmore dmlnltered Hie Oaths Ch ef Justice Fuller administered the oath to Presidents Harrison Cleveland (second term McKinle l.j)0eie.t (second term) and Tift. The oath Itself is short ln the extreme It follows I hereh solemnlv swear (or aflirn) I wil faithful! execate the office of Pres dent 0f the Lnited States and will to the best of m abillt pre Eerie protect and defend the Constltu tlon of the Lnited States. That the incoming President takes the oath of office on a Bible aodthat the Chief Justice of the Lnited States ad ministers the oath Is generally known but ivhe'e the Bible comes from U a fact concerning which the public knows but little The one who is able to give more In forr!fatlon on this s ibject than any oth er Is James H McKenney clerk of the Lnited States Supreme Court who ls the man who always has the sacred book at the right place at the right time ?nd in nho-e ha-ds strarre to sa it alwas so oners that t' e augjst personage who 's about to pledre his fldellt to the Constitjtion and bst in terests of the people of the Lnited States finds his palm res irg upon some passage which is an augaar of gooj for all concerned The purchase of the book is one of th- perquisites of he cle-k o' the highest tribuil of t'-e land ove- whtc- Chle J s Ice v Mt presides who will admlrlster the oath to Preslden W llson New nible laed said Mr Mcivnc !nr"ioTi to a ques Ion no we do not ace our centarv old Bible 'or fhe swea-mg i- 1 of Presidents hut 1 often happens tiat Ihe clerk supplies 1 new bool for the occasion It ls th Intention that tio vas tier an uvatloc bj his form"- co rran who taes the oath of offiee should leasu s ri " business c the Ho-jj. was have the volume as s keepl t a-d It hated for a nonj'nt whl'c mamb-rs general! tranapl-es tha M- fa-nll l"croWed tou h Ne. To-!: Executive- rot himself set much sto-e by 1 ot.to shake Ms hand Later Gov Sul-tr always however nor even ln 1 ma'or-1 Ity 01 cass. are ire called uson to sup- I glma w'-Ich was bu It by Jeffe-'oc To Wh'te House 13 fie propert of the ca tijn and -o fa- a la coTpatioIe with living t! ireln it sho. d be Kept as originally wa? for the "am rtason that wo kep Mount cnon as it onnal j wa. The stately slmpl city of Its arch! teeturc is an expression of tho character In v 1 Ich it was built and s in ac-ord. wl 1 tho purposes it was d slgce o rv t. It is a. gooil thln to preserv ui-h baildirgs a- hlsto ic monuments wnlcn ntcp alive our tn e of continult1 with tie cations pa t. plv a. new boot- for It f eqi sntl, hap pens that'th- President o- ca-e nee. bir of 1 is family ls the owner of som- treas-'ed volu-i of trs bTiptu-e' which It ls desi-ed that he s ould use pon this "acred and lmiortant occa sion Tnis was t! e case wh"nllr Ceveland wio inaugurated He v as the ovner of a small Bible rot larger than our rnd d Hoh apparently had seon mueh u age Hi. mother had preson ed tt to him wl ei he was a boj -nd h tad treasured t ever "incc When he Wa.s consul trt abont taklne- the oath f v b n first inaugurated as President he I stated that he desired his mother's resent ho Id be used for this pur pose when the oath was administered to him at the beginning of his second administration th same volume which on this occa'Ion had been hunted out by jlrs Clevelard was igaln brought forward and presented as the one upon which her husband should make his p edges Bis Dlblr for McKInley. Quite In contrast with this little. volume was the one used in adminls tring the oath to Ur McKinlej Th negro bishops Joined together and pre sented to Mr JIcKinley o-e of the big sest books I have ever seer It was ill probably use the Roosevelt Bl- ble for that Ii-rpoe ALABAMA PAPER SENDS CROWD HERE Birmingham Ledger Pays Expenses of S.xtv-two Youths to Inaugu ration Ceremonies. Each tmbjed with the hope that ln thl not distant future the mav return lo Washington and witness another inaugu rition in which Alabama s favor to 'orz O car W Lrderwood will be the central figure slrt two vouths from the lead lng educational InstituUons of Alabama, a e here to see the Inauguration of Wood row W llson. They arrived Monda morr ing on a special tram from Birmingham Alabama s metropol and will remain until Thursda seeing ever thing to be seen in Washington ard making seve-al side trips one to nnipolis Tese bojs are the guests of the Bl mlgham Ledger which Is pa lng ever expense incident to the t ip from tho. time the lef Birrrlngham until the re turn is made. The Ledger is rejoiced to see a Southern man enter the White House as President, and believes that b sending these schoolboys to witness the event It will stimulate them as future voters to perpetuate the event Among the mam pleasant lnclderta prepared for them is a reception by the Alabami delegation In Congress and a. promised visit to see the new Persident hlmse f wh eh has been arranged To da the delega Ion will view the Inaugu ral parade from cro o' the Vvenue re viewing stands Among thoso ln charge of the partT are H 1) Lowd, formrl of this city who is news ed tor cf The Ledger E. R. Norman of The Ledger staff L. C Mil clrculat on manager and sev eral other at aches of the paper CADETS CARRY FLAG Virginia Boys Hive the Only Cor rect Mnte Standard One o the 'eatu es of the 1-aagural parade to day vl 1 be the on cor'ct flag of the State of 'V lrgima in existence This will b carried by the ca- s o the V rgtrua -.11 ta- l-t te v 0 e he.e as a persoral e'eort to G-v "anr of M slrla. It b-a-s the eal of he ttat en a tackg-ound cf conl an bl.e fringed with go d 1-ce Dunng Gov P'e'-po-t s ad ministration the al was p verted Gov u!cr GeU Ovation Gc Sulz-" of New York acrea-vd on the floor o' the House s-esterda a mounted ho Spacers rostrum and chatted -frith. Speaker; Ctaxjfc , !'