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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, March 04, 1913, Inaugural Edition, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1913-03-04/ed-2/seq-1/

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Ta&n&v ---- " - js jety w1 i ss" v-Ji
Inaugural Edition
Inaugural Edition
?fMS L - Igt' 1fP&'
Site Was Chostn by Washington Simplicity ot
Design Retained Throughout the Years Archi
tect Was James Hoban. Who Superin
tended Building, of Mansion.
The W hue IIou o is located upon the
Kite picked L President Gcojgc W as i
ngton and Maj 1 ctcr Charles 1 En
ia it when thev laid out 'Washington in
1 jl Tl e tcaturfs of the plan'' of
1 Enfant win tl at the Capitol and the
rrcident s 1 ouso shoul 1 lower aboc
t erj thl g It
James Iloban an lush arcl itcct
dr w the i lans frni which thu White
House was built i id he superintended
i itt ion f Iht liUilllu0 ail its
esnrauo iftci i vas burned b tie
L It in 1S1I
lot at eunilctcd th pi in fo lie
l Idh i, J 1 1 J i" at d ol la I it
h pla s wen i ltl cd in co r itlor I
w 1 tl t of i i u nl r f r ! Heels '
Tic rner stoi was laid Octol ei 1 I
J I inds for the risn ii on ac I
ton w re -ai-ed flom tr 1 f lot-"
i the I d il C ti i i fr 1 1 i o s
f rni htl 1 Marjlii I i 1 li
for e eetiot of pul li I ull lints ll as
o ui t 1 j nl H t it L.on r s
rridc ji in o r atio o ii ort f
t bullous lie i no l t tin i) d
SU ol 1 i i 1 fun tu o
i ai I e id n and Mr la i o d
move in I mil nt dams wis the (
r occ pant f the building m ilns
n in oitmb r IS10 In ISO" Con I
roc annrnnrhtprl ll.iOnrt for rrnalrslto the fumih life if the 1 resident The
to the h lildlns In late cars Congress I
as ben liberal in its appropriation
oncsding th I resident evcrj tl ins he
a Vs for
Ihe partial destraction of the build
ng b the Britisl In I'll necessitated
large approp lations for restoration
1-1.1. l In ... .IIV '
hich Cong-ess made at different
time The south portion was not fin
ishtd until 1S3 costing J19 000 The
beautiful East Room, was finished and
furnished in lS"t out; of an approprla
tlon of $" OOu Three ears later the
north portico was p it up at an expense
of J"
Gas Installed In IS4S
The first oceupants of the hite
House got along at night with can
dies and the lighting apparatus of the
early dais of the countrj Gas was
installed In 1S4S aid a sj tem of heat
lng and ventilating in 1S3 For the
first seventy ears of the existence of
the building the average jearlv cost
for furnishing was J5 000
The original biulding contained ter
races something like those now con
nected with the building except not so
imposing They are thought to have
been erected during Jefferson s admin
lstration as Jeffer on had his office In
a small building near where the offices
are now located Congress appropri
atcd monej In 1SI9 to enlarge the of
flees -vest of the President s house
It ls supposed that the west terrace
and buildings were turned into a
greenhouse in the SO s, while the east
terrace where "were located the con
servatorj and tables was removed to
make room for the extension to the i
Treason Eulldins
The main building continued to be
both the offices and residence of Pres
ldents until the fall of 190' In the
spring of that jear Congress appropri
ated JGj 000 for the erection of tem
porarj offices for the Preslden and
S4 a 000 for remodeling and refurnish
ing the W hue House
Work Done In Four Months.
The contract was let for the work
the stipuation being that everything
must be done within four months so
that the famib could again occupv the
building and the President the offices
Tn that time great problems were to
be worked out,
While the work was gong on in tie
summer of I if President and Mrs
Roosevelt vve-e at Osster Baj erpon
their return m September thev we-e
quartered temporanlv at " Jackson
Place Lafajette Square It was in this
building that the President settled the
great in 1 racite eoal strike In Oetober
Mr Roo evelt moved into the new eiecu
tive offices at the extreme west end of the
wet terra e and his famili moved into
the enlarged quarters of the White
House the former executive ofices there
having been changed into bedrooms.
The beautiful Ean Room of the W hite
House is open to the public The private
parlors arc closed except b srecial ar
rangement In the basemnt of the W hite
House where it is dailv seen OJ hun
dreds of visitors on their wa to thelcoting In the Red Room is in white
East Room is the exl ibit of china and
table ware of the various admlnistra
tions from Washington down This
constitutes 01 e of the most interest ng
teatures of the W hite House The Presi
dent s offices are not open to i ltors
cept hi engagement
Interior of the- nodding
White House as
ptete- naturallv
of the interior of the
it 1 to da to be com
beg ns will the base
tin nit wesiern nan 01 ue grouna
.ueaveu i.ie sienarus seieiai
del artments the storerooms for food
stuffs the large and small kitchens
anterooms for the cmploe and the
1 eating hot and cold water apparatus
and the refrigerators. On this floor also
ls situated a large oval ipartment for
rnerl called the diplomatic room on
th south side of tl e main building and
lmmediatelj under the south portico
This room never used for this purpose
now was onginallv Intended for the re
ceptlon of diplomatic guests The reason
for the abandonment of the diplomatic
arteroom as suth is found In the fact
that the White House since It was built
has faced right about the south side
origfnalls intended as the front now con
talning the back door This was caused
by the clt of Washington Insisting upon
building itself in a northerlv and west
crlj direction the main thoroughfare of
the citv Peinsjlvania Avenue passing
the W hlte House on Its north side The
large kitchen where the food for State
or other large dinners is cooked is In
the northwestern corner of the basement
floor and is completelj equipped with
modem culinary apparatus of the most
approved patt-rn The smaller kitchen
in which the meals for the I resident s
farallj when dining privatelj are cooked
lies lmmediatelv west of the larger
kitchen and it also contains a complete
outfit. The steward s office storerooms
and refrigerators are located In the
southwest corner of the ground floor
and these as well as the kitchens, are
surrounded bj numerous pantries The
west terrace wing leading from the
the ground floor contains the laundry
and ironing rooms the malds. dining
room and separate quarterStor man
end woman servants
Caring for Iteceptlon Gneata
The gr und foor of the building proper
contains en the eastern side two large
anterooms for men and women one for
the women on the -outh and the one for
the men on the north These rooms open
bj a hallway from the east terrace I
throu.h which the su-'ts for the large i
-ceptlont: pass. The ea't teTace ! o-eu
Tied bs coat and clow: rooms costalnins
0i ui d n of I c main I alldlng Is laid
with Mono in I i oad and tat lldit
of stairs kads tt the main floor above.
Thee stiirs a e 1 vlli-d bj a biass rail
lng rut ins u tlic middl" Thi j,ue.?ts
at iceitl i mitring trrou0li the ta t
terraei lian tl clr nrips In nc of lh
olhcr of thi wraproons and pass up the
i tirr 1 ilf of the talrw ii to the ri
eeiiln., lin Ii tl e Blue Ilium on the floor
lbovc tt r lrii ns He re civlne H'l
U j a tlirculi li c Li t 1 Hm t the
doo oj 'ning it tl I ca 1 ft! cse siairs
hi 1 1 n II i i l rn 1 ilf o' tl lair
w i t th rprw ind thci c tast
varl ilrii I if u t I rraet 1 their
arr lc Tic pi i It In ll i tl lib inak
a m pi r- ill MiiIkf I iken
1 nl i ith tl. I rMenl ijsei g in so
m 1 t IimcJ iLr tloe wI-J
t oiK r- r'ertl and there
conf Ion
Th- llnln Tloor
i. . ,,. , .
it floj of the White House-
t 11 Kir t whel the pablic Is admitted
n t a p ars 1 1 the north entrance
ii. r nu vliania vtnuc Is devoted
what n aj be tcrmtd the tate apart
mf as oprosed to the rooms given over
mil famllj room on this floor i the pri
vale (lining room a i all handsomely
jfurni 1 d apartment in the i orthwest cor
ner "f In Du Win., into which visitors are
sometimes permitted to peep There is a
laie rantr directly west of the private
dining rsom
The 1 Iclt
The visitor enters the White House
through the north or Pennsjlvanla
Vvenue entrance s he passes the
portals of the rather small swinging
plate glass doors whtrc a vigilant
usher Is alwavs on guard 1 e enters the
reception hall which in itself const!
lutes a nagnificent apartment. A few
feet from the door set in the flooring
of Jollet stone is the seal of the Pre si
dent of the Lnited States n brass and
circular in form The American eagle
with shield and arrows in the talons is
in the center of this iect s irrounded
bj the words The "Seal of the Prest
dent of the I nlted States V few
feet farther on an oval design in brass
also set In the floor gives the dates of
tie beginning of work on the first
W hite House and the date of its
remodeling ab it is to da Its bor
de- con-ists of fortj live stars rep
resenting the State The colors of
the walls and ceiling arc buff and
white and six large columns of marble
impress the eje The spaces between
these columns are filled with tubs ot
Istrian stone filled with palms and
plan s and extending the full height
of the east and west walls are two
broad plate glass mirrors set in frames
of gold
The Str'c DInlnK-room.
Paslng westward through the wide
corridor the visitor approaches the en
trance to the state dining room a
magnificent apartment In the south
western part of the building large
enough to seat about 100 guests at the
table The walls are paneled from floor
to celling in oak richly carved the
chandelier and wall branches are of
silver and heads of American game are
ased around the frieze The celling in
stu co Is elaborately decorated There
is an India carpet in solid color on the
floor and the chairs are upholste-ed in
tapestrj The draperies arc In green
v elvet
Two tapestries one bearing a text
from Irgil s Eighth Ecloque
are ot
Flemish workmanship of the seventeenth I
centurj nadirs,
Njsa is given in marriage W hat ma
not we lovers expect "
Gr fflns now shall mate with hordes
and in the sueceedii g age tl e timorous
does shall come to drink with dog
Begin with me mj flute Maenalian
Neofsus cut fresh nuptial torches for
a wife is on the po nt of being brough
1 one
The state dining room measures fortj
by lxt fet is twentj one feet from
floor to ceiling and Is the second largest
room in the W 1 ite louse the Eaet Room
1 eing the largest
Two doors open from the state dining
room into the Red Poom lj ing directly
ea t of the former apartment The wains
enamel The wall coveting and th
tains are of red dama k but the feature
of this room ls tl e man) fine oil paint
ings of tl e I residents and one of Martha
Washington hanging upon its walls
Thev are all mounted in heivj god
frames and Include Washington Jeffer
son dams. Mndison Monroe Zachars
Talor Polk and Grant Tl ere is a rich
I carved mahoganj cabinet of delicate
Onental dslgn eontain ng a number of
male ind temale Japanese figures. The
cab!nct was a 1 resent to Mrs Roosevelt
frm ,h .Tanineu T-oirntlnn
The Beantlfnl Bine Room
The Blue Room ovel in shape is direct
y south of the main hall and between
boit s for 5C0 w raps, umbrella sund'
utl er conieileiic This part of
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e rB.fes'" "n off! IBB gyE 4 H
Which is the social and political center of the Capital, and which is the
col0nial architecture to be found in
mS iSJ?mrc
the Bed Room and the East Room with
windows and doers opening on the couth
portico Rarcl beautiful In its propor
tlcns and colorings the Blue Room has
been made still more beaotlful by the
recen ehanges In the interior of the
V hlte House 3rd It Is bj many consld
ertd the most beautiful apartment In the
build ng
The furniture is in white and gold up
holstercd in blue And gold The mantel
In tl 1 room a new one placed during
the recent alteration Is of pure unite
marble with 1 ronze tips and feathers
the wabvcotlrg is m white enamel the
wall cove ing Is of heai cord"d blue
si 1 on w h ch Is embroidered at top and
bottoi i Ihe Gnclan fret the curtain
hanslui,- of the arre material as the
wall covering i c emb oldercd Tilth
stars and the curtain poles are sur
round d bj glli iasle- The Grecian fret
il-o a pears in tl e cell ng 1 Hnd doo s
ir In the walls near tl e southern en 1
of th roon anl at rent tions the gucet
couil from th- Ifd I oora pass the ri
calling pirt tin line in n Inglf I
dirt tij i front o the w n lows tl
tutu cip all iniittrt to ! ire tl t Mi
r oil iv i h tit ri c vmg I irti face tl
1 rcl lit ill on ord is stretchi 1
aire s tb :om from loor to doo- to In
sure fro lom of pas age for the guests
hlle bcln i rs nted
On tl e mantel in the Bl e Room
stands tho mas"die gold clock prcs'nted
Lnfajette to George Wisliington
The clock Is 1 ept r nnlns over da
am, ls I3ld to b( an ts?lIknt,t,ra.
nmn A iHiiiiiHitKl('iiiiiiiHHHBHiSi i
Tie Green Room occupies the same ftjfcliUts3 llflllllllllHlW i " 'illlllBIHHra I
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?R?'llRHIKl3lllSlllllllllllllllllllllRflllllll v VIIHkI
I fsjlMftgBKBBgfaMKJjgV? 'gftvnTilllBlHf I
EM:i- -sii)HHiti)ii)i)i)i)iHHnil!iHBTii -& -mK9H
Mrs Wilson Bl relatives and friends
la the best likeness of all the photugrapha
3Iaraha.ll nlao la Inclined lo believe that the
bad made
relative space on tie eistern and
southern side of the W hite House as
the Red Room doc3 on the we'tern
side and like that room has doors
communicating with the Blue Room
One door also opens iato tho large
East Room and anotl er into the main
corridor behind the reception hall The
all coverings and curtains of this
room are copied from an o d piece of
Genoese velvet Ntarlj everything In
room Is new including the mantel
the furriture the rug the mirror the
crjjtal chandelier and sidelights and
the andirons
Large oil paintings of the Presidents
adorn the walls of the Green Room the
largest being a full length portrait of
Lincoln which hangs on the west wall
Jackson John Qumcj Warn" an Bu
ren Buchanan Pieree Haes William
Henrj Harri'on and Jol son are
ranged around the rorth and east walls
The fire screen In this room a verj
beautiful piece of work, 111 a dclieate
shade of silk was presented the White
House b the Austrian government In
IS 6 Two exquisite Japanese vases on
the mantelpiece were presented b the
Japanese government during rthur s
administration There also is a hand
some Japanese cabinet in this room
which was presented bv the first Jap
anese Minister to the T. nlted states In
In the Great Last Room
The Last Room the apartment with
which the public is better acquainted
than anj other room in the Executive
Mansion occupies as nB name implies
the entire eastern wirg of the White
Hou-c The walls are covered with
wood paneling enameled the ornamen
tal celling ls done in stucco and set in
the walls are twelve low relief panels
of sculpture the subjects taken from
Aesop s fables On the east and west
ides of the room are two mantels of
the cit
Its grounds and gardens
t liiiiiiB-i'? VBl $&aiBii9likiBMkli9iA
lkHikkkkkK. iiHHKklfckikkF&iBKkkfl I
xTSBBX xiifct: 5 v''CT $&'
and the new President Wllnon hlmielf haTe unanlmoaslv agTeed that thl
that have been taken and published of the neir President Ice President
above Inserted llkeneaa of himself U better than nnj others that he has
colored marble with large mirrors
above them a-d eandelabra on the
shelves Three crjstal chandeliers of
exquisite beaut form constituent parts
of the decoration as also do four
bronze standards bearing electric
lights which are placed at the four
corners of th room
The wirdow d aperies are of heavj el
low silk damask the barqaenes are
gilded and called and are covered with
silk velours Four beautiful console
tables with marble tops stand In the
-00m elvet cushioned seats or settles
surround th' walls but there are no
chairs in this room and the walls are
bare of pictures Tn the Last Rcom as in
the other state rooms on the drawing
room floor except in the hall where
stone ls used the floor is of high!
pollshe 1 hardw ood
The Gold Piano
In th east room stands the gold
grand piano a splendid Instrument en
tlrelj covered with gold leaf and valued
at $!uC On the Inside of the cover
-rd exposed to view vyhen It ls raiced
painted in oil a p cturo of the muses
executed l a celebrated artist This
piano was presented the White House
several jears ago b an merlcan firm
of piano makers In celebration of on
anniversarj it bell g the one hundrtd
thousandth instrurnent made b the firm
It is used In the concerts so often givel
in the East Room during the season
Two beautiful blue Sevres vases stand
ing on cabinets set against the east Mall
of the room were presented in com
memoration of the laing of the Franco
merlcan cable during President MeKln
Ie s adn inlstration They arc valued
at JjOOO each
The East Room is the largest apartment
1 the W hlte House being fort b
elghtv feet and tv ent one feet from
floor to eeiling It ls used as a general
assemblv room on state occasions for
most charming specimen of pure
constitute one of its most charm-
concerts and somet mes 'or the reception
bj the President of small parties of
vl ltors It is the one mom of the White
Ho se that is alwavs open to the public
between the hours of 9 a m and " p m.
exc pt on bundajs and on extra occa
During the re-ent repairs when the
p aster had been removed from the East
Ro m traces of the fire when the British
burned the W hi e Hoase In 1S14 were
plain Mans names evldentl tho'e of
workmen emplojed on the new building
between the jears 1 03 nd IS"1 were
found cut in the stone walls
Leading f om the east wing of the
main corridor Is tl e main stiirwa to
the seeond to v w leh is devoted to th
living rooms of the Presidents familj
and contains also Kis prlvat office and
librarj The stairna s of Jollet stone
and eonsists of a broad flight from the
main floor to the landing where i di
vides into two flights The railing Is of
forged iron ind brass with hand rail
covered v ith velvet. A double gate of
vrought Iron which rolls back Into
noekets in the walls stands at tho font
of the -talrcise The walls ibovo tho
handing are painted and paneled Fac
' ing the head of the stal-s is the doer
to the Presidents private office and
stud which forme lj w-s known and
. u ed as the Cabinet rnn-n Tho ,ri
mini wniea is rlehlv but not elaborate
1 iurmsned has windows commanding
a fine view of tic south White House
groands the Washington Monument and
tho I otomae Plver in the distance Tie
i-resiaents desl of rl hlv caned ma
nogan in 1 flat toi ped stands nearly
in mo cei ler or tl e room The floor is
01 v lute maple 1 ighlv polished Vround
the walls and in tht spaces between tho
winoons are set low open bookcases.
lime Lacil as Cabinet Room
V b autiful marble mantel with open
fireplace stands In th room tie mantel
bearing the folio ting inscription
This room was first used for meet
mgs of the Cabinet dirlng the admin
l'tration of President Johnson It con
kiuucu iu ue so usea until tne vear
ue-Mii Here the treat of peace with
Spain was signed
door from the stud opens into fiie
llbrar which is an oval room the same
size ard directl above the Blue Room
on the main floor
As on the main floor below the
family floor has a large corridor rich
ly carpeted running east and west con
nectlng two large sitting rooms, one on
the east above the Jast nm th
other on the west above the State Dinlnir
room and communicating with the bed
rooms. There are seven bedrooms each
witn a Datnroom adjoining fitted in the
most approved and modern etle Four
of tlwe bedrooms thoe ln the south
east northeast southwest and north
west corners of the building are un
usually large apartments and have con
1 ected with them smaller dressing rooms.
V narrow stairway leads from the north
west corridor to the private dining room
on the floor below n electric elevator
running from the basement to the attic
adjoins this stairway
The entire eatern half of the attic
floor is used for storage purposes as is
iso a section or tne ex reme western
portion The middle western space ls
taken up with the servants bedrooms
six ln number There is but one bath
room on the attic floor loca'ed on the
south de and having wlndois ldoklng
out upon the roof of the round portico
nefurnlahed. Mnny Tlrae
Since 1S"0 the White House has been
redecorated and refurnished frequently
according to the tastes of the times and
within the lim'.'s of annual approprla
tions. xarjing from J10000 to J30 00C Ue
til 1003' the sums available have never
bees sufficient to accomplish a thorough
Structure Was Partially Destroyed in 1814 by the
British It Was Remodeled in the Fall of
1902, When $475,000 Was Ex
pended Upon It.
recosjt-uctlon Refcrnrg to the cnanges
mado that ear the President In a. rre
tagc to Congres said
Through a wl-o provis oc o Congre s
at its last session the White IIoue
vhl h had become di'flgured b incon
gruous additions and changer has now
liecn r stored to what it ws plar.rad
0 be Iv Washington In makli g th
r'stontioii tho utmo t cars las been es
trci"-d to crync as mar as I ossible to
the earli plans ai d to supplement thee
plans lj a circ Jl tud of such uill
ini.s as that of the l.ri-crsttj o' Mr
Clerk of Supreme Court Sup
plies Volume for Taking
Oath of Oflice.
Cleveland and Roosevelt applied
Scriptures Themselves Family
Books Often Used
The details sarroandinr the adminis
tration nf h nath to a Pre'lden of the
Lnited Mates are as careful arranged an extraordinarilv large family Bible
ind as much a matter of precedent as, bo ind in heaxj morocco trimmed xn
weie tie larger phases of the elabo ate' sold and stored in a much ornamented
ceremony attending the inauguration of , box, I remember well that I was much
the Chief Lxe utive to-da I fagged out from carryl-g it to the
The Bible the King James version s -mate chamber and from that cham
alwas suppllid b th clerk o' the u bf to the platform In front of the
preme Court of the T. n ted States and s Capitol Afte- the Bible had been used
carried b him when he accompanies '(,T" 'his purpose I turned it over to the
the Court to the Senate Chamrer and I resident but notwithstanding he had
thenc- to the platform where the oa hialrcad received it the donors after
is adminis ered jward called at the White House and
When the Chief Justice of the Lnited' P'cented it in formal speeches to
States to whom the title of Chief Jus hich Mr McXinle made appropriate
tlce of the Supr-me Court of the Lnited repjj
Mates Is often e-roneousli applied 's President Roosevelt was swo-n In
ready to adminl-ter the oath the clerK on a BlbIe hich had been used for th
of the Lnited bates Sup eme Court 'same purpose when he was inaugu
steps forwa-d and opers the voume at!rated lovernor of New Tork We had
random Be aue he opens It near the'bouSht a Bible for his Inauguration
midd e it happens as a rule that thejWhea "e received word from Mrs
scriptural phra-es which the President s Rooev.eIt that she .preferred the us
lips chance 10 touch are from the Prov of thelr 'R"5 volume and It was ac
orbs or the Psalms 0r one of the sacred cordingly substitated
books near the end of the Od Testa "e "ae on hand the Bible
ment. President Rocevelt is the on! bought for that occasion and will v. cp
one since the record h-s been kept il on hand for emergencies such fo
who las chan ed to kls a page of the1 1"Etancc as occurred wher- Arthur took
New TeMarreit the oath of of5ce ln this cit5 He had
... ... ,, -.,, oeen sworn in ln New Tor, but it was
djnated by Clerl. -uddenl decided that It would be safer
When the opened book is held up by to again administer the oath In Wash
the clerk the Chief Jus Ice places Ms ington Accordlngl Chle Juse9
hand upon one lde and the P-es dent Walte and about tw en' other peopl
elect on the oth r It appears that in this o' prominence were called ver sad
formalit the I resident elect who is un denly toeether ln the " ice Presidents
vered in the observance of elaborate room at he Capitol I had to send up
ceremor and has not been coiched to town for a book and had but a few
Pla his part, places his hand under the r-inutes ln which to execute the com
book or an where but the isht rlace mission I succeeded however ln get
The clerk adjusts it properl and the ting the book in time for the ceremo-v
oath is administered The clerk then and was ore of the few present when
raises the open volume to the President Mr Garleld s successor was initiated
to be kissed and the verses and chap erj Into his high once
h.s lips chance to touch are carefull Vn T.e Rooaevelt Bible
Uter the ceremon the clerk marks the L "1rs J"3" haf th Bible upon which
passage He aIo inscribes the form of her husband took the oath of office four
the oath taken b the President on the ",r a and "nlejs President elect
flv leaf of the xolame Sometime later wlIs0.n, f""""hes a book for himself
Bible Is pre ented to the mistress
of the While House b the wife or daugh
ter of the clerk as the case might be
and It is usaall preserved in the famll
j as one of the most valued treasures
Custom alone has established this curl
01 s procedure There Is no law requir
ing that the 03th be administered b the
Chief Justl e of the Lnited States In
the case of Pre dent Poosevelt, after
the death of Pres dent McKinle the
oath was administered b Judge Brad
of the Supreme Court of New lo k
W hen Fillmore was sworn in the bu
preme Court was not ln se'sion and th
oath was admlniste'-ed b Justice Cranch
cf the District of Columbia, in the Hou a
of representatives The oath might b
administered equall well bv a notax
or an judicial officer qualiflei for the
A there have been onlv nine Chief Jus
tices of the Lnited fctat -s s nee the
foundation of tne eou't each in his time
has ushered man Pre ldents into orTce
The reeord was held by Justice Tanev
who occupied tl st place on the highest
1 ench from 1S6 to l and administered
the oatn to all Pres dents during that
time with tHe ex eptlon of Fillmore
dmlnltered Hie Oaths
Ch ef Justice Fuller administered the
oath to Presidents Harrison Cleveland
(second term McKinle l.j)0eie.t
(second term) and Tift.
The oath Itself is short ln the extreme
It follows I hereh solemnlv swear
(or aflirn) I wil faithful! execate the
office of Pres dent 0f the Lnited States
and will to the best of m abillt pre
Eerie protect and defend the Constltu
tlon of the Lnited States.
That the incoming President takes the
oath of office on a Bible aodthat the
Chief Justice of the Lnited States ad
ministers the oath Is generally known
but ivhe'e the Bible comes from U a
fact concerning which the public knows
but little
The one who is able to give more In
forr!fatlon on this s ibject than any oth
er Is James H McKenney clerk of the
Lnited States Supreme Court who ls
the man who always has the sacred
book at the right place at the right
time ?nd in nho-e ha-ds strarre to
sa it alwas so oners that t' e augjst
personage who 's about to pledre his
fldellt to the Constitjtion and bst in
terests of the people of the Lnited
States finds his palm res irg upon some
passage which is an augaar of gooj
for all concerned The purchase of the
book is one of th- perquisites of he
cle-k o' the highest tribuil of t'-e
land ove- whtc- Chle J s Ice v Mt
presides who will admlrlster the oath
to Preslden W llson
New nible laed
said Mr Mcivnc !nr"ioTi
to a ques Ion no we do not ace our
centarv old Bible 'or fhe swea-mg i- 1
of Presidents hut 1 often happens tiat
Ihe clerk supplies 1 new bool for the
occasion It ls th Intention that tio vas tier an uvatloc bj his form"- co
rran who taes the oath of offiee should leasu s ri " business c the Ho-jj. was
have the volume as s keepl t a-d It hated for a nonj'nt whl'c mamb-rs
general! tranapl-es tha M- fa-nll l"croWed tou h Ne. To-!: Executive-
rot himself set much sto-e by 1 ot.to shake Ms hand Later Gov Sul-tr
always however nor even ln 1 ma'or-1
Ity 01 cass. are ire called uson to sup- I
glma w'-Ich was bu It by Jeffe-'oc To
Wh'te House 13 fie propert of the ca
tijn and -o fa- a la coTpatioIe with
living t! ireln it sho. d be Kept as
originally wa? for the "am rtason that
wo kep Mount cnon as it onnal j
wa. The stately slmpl city of Its arch!
teeturc is an expression of tho character
In v 1 Ich it was built and s in ac-ord.
wl 1 tho purposes it was d slgce o
rv t. It is a. gooil thln to preserv
ui-h baildirgs a- hlsto ic monuments
wnlcn ntcp alive our tn e of continult1
with tie cations pa t.
plv a. new boot- for It f eqi sntl, hap
pens that'th- President o- ca-e nee.
bir of 1 is family ls the owner of som-
treas-'ed volu-i of trs bTiptu-e'
which It ls desi-ed that he s ould use
pon this "acred and lmiortant occa
Tnis was t! e case wh"nllr Ceveland
wio inaugurated He v as the ovner
of a small Bible rot larger than our
rnd d Hoh apparently had seon
mueh u age Hi. mother had preson
ed tt to him wl ei he was a boj -nd h
tad treasured t ever "incc When he
Wa.s consul trt abont taklne- the oath
f v b n first inaugurated as President he
I stated that he desired his mother's
resent ho Id be used for this pur
pose when the oath was administered
to him at the beginning of his second
administration th same volume which
on this occa'Ion had been hunted out
by jlrs Clevelard was igaln brought
forward and presented as the one upon
which her husband should make his
p edges
Bis Dlblr for McKInley.
Quite In contrast with this little.
volume was the one used in adminls
tring the oath to Ur McKinlej Th
negro bishops Joined together and pre
sented to Mr JIcKinley o-e of the big
sest books I have ever seer It was
ill probably use the Roosevelt Bl-
ble for that Ii-rpoe
Birmingham Ledger Pays Expenses of
S.xtv-two Youths to Inaugu
ration Ceremonies.
Each tmbjed with the hope that ln thl
not distant future the mav return lo
Washington and witness another inaugu
rition in which Alabama s favor to 'orz
O car W Lrderwood will be the central
figure slrt two vouths from the lead
lng educational InstituUons of Alabama,
a e here to see the Inauguration of Wood
row W llson. They arrived Monda morr
ing on a special tram from Birmingham
Alabama s metropol and will remain
until Thursda seeing ever thing to be
seen in Washington ard making seve-al
side trips one to nnipolis
Tese bojs are the guests of the Bl
mlgham Ledger which Is pa lng ever
expense incident to the t ip from tho.
time the lef Birrrlngham until the re
turn is made. The Ledger is rejoiced
to see a Southern man enter the White
House as President, and believes that
b sending these schoolboys to witness
the event It will stimulate them as future
voters to perpetuate the event
Among the mam pleasant lnclderta
prepared for them is a reception by the
Alabami delegation In Congress and a.
promised visit to see the new Persident
hlmse f wh eh has been arranged To
da the delega Ion will view the Inaugu
ral parade from cro o' the Vvenue re
viewing stands
Among thoso ln charge of the partT
are H 1) Lowd, formrl of this city
who is news ed tor cf The Ledger E. R.
Norman of The Ledger staff L. C Mil
clrculat on manager and sev eral
other at aches of the paper
Virginia Boys Hive the Only Cor
rect Mnte Standard
One o the 'eatu es of the 1-aagural
parade to day vl 1 be the on cor'ct
flag of the State of 'V lrgima in existence
This will b carried by the ca- s o the
V rgtrua -.11 ta- l-t te v 0 e he.e
as a persoral e'eort to G-v "anr of
M slrla.
It b-a-s the eal of he ttat en a
tackg-ound cf conl an bl.e fringed with
go d 1-ce Dunng Gov P'e'-po-t s ad
ministration the al was p verted
Gov u!cr GeU Ovation
Gc Sulz-" of New York acrea-vd
on the floor o' the House s-esterda a
mounted ho Spacers rostrum and
chatted -frith. Speaker; Ctaxjfc

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