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THE WASHINGTON HERALD Rain to-day, followed by clear ing and much colder by night. Temperatures yesterday Max imum, 73; minimum, 60. The Herald has the larjrest morning home circulation, and prints all the news of the world, with many exclusive features. NO. 2363 WASHINGTON. D. C. THURSDAY, MARCH 27. 1913. -TWELVE PAGES. ONE CENT. "' U"c"",vr"i v--';-14-.' -V BULLETIN, 4 A.M. Phoneton, Ohio, March 27 (Thursday). Dayton reported doomed by fire. One hundred persons are said to have been caught in collapsing apartment building and killed. FUMES RAGE IN FLOOD-SWEPT DAYTON; 3.000 DIE IN WATERS IN THREE STATES THOUSANDS FLEE; CAMiiur nr tnnn. inminLui iuuu) DEATHFOLLOWS Indianapolis Latest City to Be Caught in Throes of Raging Water. PERU IS IN DARKNESS Situation Throughout Indiana Worse and Result of Levee Break Is Unknown. BULLETIN. Indianapolis, Ind.. March 26. Forty thousand residents tonight are fleeing from flooded homes. A food famine is threatened. Deaths due to exposure are adding to the flood horror. South Bend. Ind., Man.li 26. Aduccs recehcd here tonight in dicate that the situation through out the Mate is growing worse The situation at Peru is critical Xo definite figures as to the loss of life in that city arc obtainable, but estimates range from 30 to 200. The propcrH loss is plated at $2,500,000. rhouands Hnmele... Sevcnt-fic hundred persons are homcles-i. At Logaiuport the wa ter continues to ne, and the hi Third Street bridge was swept awaj this eening. The Sixth Street bridge-is being washed out, The inhabitants arc fleeing to the hills. Much of the residence sec tion in Terre Haute is under waste, and the damage is estimated at oer $2,000,000. Railroad traf fic throughout the State has been almost completely suspended Cll In Darkness. Reports are that 1T") person were drowned In W est Indianapolis when an earthen levee protecting the lowlands broke and allowed the water to ingulf the place A telephone message received from Peru this evening -.ajs the eitv is with out light or I tat The water uppl has heen nit iff and auitarv conditions are horrible Two thousands people ar- hud dled on the courthouse square, which is three miles from the nearest dry land One thousand others are marooned In a hospital, while 300 children are impris oned in a school building The upper floors of all factories and office buildings are crowded with refu gees. The onlv motor boat m the citv has been dUablcd and row boats cannot enture into the raging torrent, so the South Bend relief volunteers are unable to get blanket and food to the sufferers It cf line In 11111a. Warned by the rapidly rising waters, hundreds of people In Peru last night sought refuge in the hills three miles out of the cit. The thousands who were not so fortunate were driven to the public buildings and factories, where they are now packed like sardines In a box All day long there was but a single block In the entire town which had not been submerged by the swollen Wabash River. The entire southern section of the city was swept awaj. EnUre families were trapped In homes. Two hundred and twenty-five injured were started for South Bend tonight. The bravery of Edward Mack, a fisherman, saved ap proximately 600 people from death When eery one else refused to go Into the affected territory to warn the Inhab itants of the coming Inundation. Mack at the risk of his life set about the task single-handed. TrnvellnK Men o Rescue. Traveling men proved of great assist ance today when the -work of rescuing began Many of them, who had been stalled in local hotels, chartered row boats as soon as they realized the true state of affairs and rescued many people. PENNSYLVANIATOWNS ARE UNDER WATER Pittsburg. Pa., March 26 A heavy flood is raging In a major portion of the valley section surrounding this city for many miles. Many suburbs have been damaged. In some cases to an enormous extent. From Meadvllle. Pa.: Oil City, Pa.: Beaver Falls. Newcastle. Sharon and other small cities In this section of Penns 1 vanla, reports- of several deaths by drowning and a heavy property loss are being received almost hourly. Thousands have been made homeless and chaotic conditions prevail In all of the deluged towns. The water supplies and the lighting plants have been put out of commission entirely. tSSJSS to California. Via Washington-Sunset Route. March 14 to April 14. Personally conducted tourist Sleeping cars without change, dally ex- pt aunaav. nenn. w. a. j. "oston. mMST and 705 15th St. ISTORM, BROKEN iiu Minm p umt in imuuLL iilui, SWEEPING EAST Forecasts at Midnight Indi cate Heavy Rains Along the Atlantic. WARNINGS ARE SENT OUT Cold Wave Expected to Go as Far South as Northern Florida. Forecatts issued by the United States Wtathr Bureau late last night, based on observations made by forecasters in the Central Wertern States, indicate that the cret of the rainstorm has passed over Indiana and Ohio, but that it is spreading southward and eastward, with prospects for heavy rains along the At lantic const tomorrow. This will be fol low eil bv a sudden drop in temperature, as low as freezing, as far south as North Carolina and Tennessee, resulting In danger to the carl fruit crops. With th breiking up of the storm In the Cen tral Mates strong winds threaten to sweep the East, with gales at sea. Ac cordingly, storm warnings were Issued last night to all points on the coast from Boston touth to Jacksonville. Reports to the Weather Bureau from the storm area were greatly belated, owing to wire troubles The entire Ohio Valle is being flooded from Pittsburg to Cairo, with the greatest danger threat ening Parkersburg, W. Va Owing to the flooded condition being general, the officials have but slight fears for a. dangerous condition In the Mississippi. in a special forecast. Issued at midnight, the W eather Bureau said llrai Fall In Tennessee. 'Additional rainfall reports received to dav confirm earlier indications of heavy rains on the watersheds of streams In Kentuckj aid Tennessee which enter the Ohio River from the south This fact insures a repetition of the flood In that river that was experienced in January of thit, ear, with a probable stage at CairoVf at least fifty feet within the next ten da The crest of the stage in the Ml-sl'sippi at bt Louis may slightly ex ceed twentv -seven feet b the end of the week. The precipitation north of the Ohio Valley todav was not heavj, and the volume of water In the risers of those States was not materially Increased. "Flood stages are indicated for the Upper Susquehanna and In the Hudson River at Troy and Albanv. 'Definite stages In the Mississippi below Cairo cannot et be forecast, but with the water now In sight a flood with stages not very greatly In excess of the stages experienced In February of this jear "ferns wholly probable. The outlook for the cessa tion of rain In the flood districts with in the next twentv -four hours Is good" It Is stated that the weather tomor row will be fair throughout practically the entire country, and that the tem perature will raise today west of the Mississippi, and on Friday throughout the central vallejs. The cold wave In the meantime is expected to go as far south as Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and North Florida, but it is not ex pected to reach the freezing point in those States Snnvv Flurries lleported. Snow flurries were reported In Ohio, Indiana, and Northern Kentucky, ap parently In advance of the snowstohm that has been sweeping through the Northeast and the States west of the Mississippi A blizzard Is not expected, however, in the Central States. Ohio River stages were reported tonight t 7 o'clock as follows Pittsburg, 25 feet anil rising, with In dications for 26 feet bj tomorrow morn ing. No higher is expected Twentj-two feet la the danger stage there. The hlgh- ater mark of Sj.5 was reached at Pitts burg in 1907. Parkersburg, W. Va . 22 feet, and 43 feet expected. The danger line is 06 feet. Portsmouth, Ohio. 23 5 reet. Mavsville. Ky.. 25 feet. Cattletsburg, Ky.. 26.5 feet. Cincinnati. Ohio. 54 5, with 57 or 53 feet expected by tomorrow morning. Flood stage, 50 feet Louisville. Ky, 2Z.5 at 5 a.m . and 23 feet expected by tonight. The Great Miami, on which Dayton, Ohio. Is located, and the Little Miami, mntylng into the Ohio above Cincin nati, are reported falling. The Licking River, emptying Into the Ohio at Cov ington, Ky., is rising rapidly. The Weather Bureau forecaster at Columbus. Ohio, has been unable to get any report through since this morning. said that the Muskingum Kiver at Zanesville was 40 feet and rising rapidly. The danger line there Is 3 feet. Piqua on Fire. Phoneton, Ohio, March 27 (Thursday.) Troy reports that Plqua Is on lira and that the flames of the fire there are plainly visible at Troy. Piqua esterday reported a heavy death loss, which has up to tonight been un confirmed. 2-80 Philadelphia and Return, 5 Chester and return: 12.00 Wil mington and return. Pennsylvania Rail road Sunday excursion. March 30. Spe cial train leaves Union Station. Wash ington, 7:20 a. m.; returning, leaves Broad St. Station. Philadelphia 7:15 p. m. west r nuaaeipnia, :iv p. m.; unes- flRE ADDS ' ,,,L MUU0 nrnm r iA TnnnniTO rtuntMO mnnmid TOWN IS UNDER MARTIAL LAW Refugees in Tottering Structures Without Food or Drink. Pestilence Is Feared Water in the Streets Four Feet Deep Dynamite Is Being Used Freely to Check the Contlagration. BUILDINGS IN DANGER OF COLLAPSING AND CARRYING HUNDREDS TO DEATH BULLETIN. Phoneton, Ohio, March 26. Maj. Smith, b command of the State National Guard, has declared the city of Dayton under martial law. The militiamen have a number of boats, and rafts are being constructed in order to reach the business center of the city. The temperature is falling rapidly, and the indications are that snow will fall be fore daylight, adding to the sufferings of the refugees. A telephone station has been established at the north flood limit, on the outskirts of Dayton. Messages will be transmitted from survivors to relatives and friends out side as fast as possible. By lounaJataace telephone to The Waahliurfnn Hernia. Phoneton, Ohio, March 26. z a. m. A telephone company employe who has just returned from the north side of Dayton, which is the submerged district, reports that the known loss of life is 500, but may.be much greater, as conditions pre clude a close estimate at present. 10.000 ARE IN DANGEB. Ten thousand persons are marooned in buildings and on the roofs of houses. The indications are that unless much relief reaches Dayton before morning that the loss of life will be doubled. Many bodies not "accounted for in the above estimate were seen floating through the streets. REFUGEES FACE DEATH. There are 600 refugees in the high school, the foundation of which has ,been undermined and the building is in imminent danger of collapsing. ' Three babies were born this afternoon in a church where over 100 persons are marooned. Early this afternoon a child was born in an open boat as the mother was being coneed to a place of safety. The rain was pouring down in torrents at the time, and no assistance could be rendered the mother for two hours. FOUR HOTELS DESTROYED BY FIRE. Four hotels and seeral churches, as well as many of the prominent business blocks in the city, have either been completely destroyed by fire or have collapsed when their foundations were washed from under them. I'lre Piirtly Under Control. At 7 o'clock tonight the fire, which was raging In the business center of the city, was reported as being partially under control, due mainly to the heavy rain throughout the da v. At S 50 o'clock, how ever, a second report said that the fire was increasing rapid! j, and that unless It was checked within a few hours the en tire business district would be destroyed. At S o'clock Maj. Anderson, commanding a battalion of the State militia, left here In an effort to reach North Da) ton. The water In the streets of Dayton which yesterdav was at a maximum of fifteen feet, had receded to an average evel of four feet at 6 o clock this even ing. The plant of the National Cash Register Company, five miles from the center of Dayton, has been turned Into a hospital and general refuge for the suf ferers. President John H. Patterson, of the National Cash Register Company. has ordered a special train from Cin $1,000 promptly receipted, acknowledged by publication, proper authorities in Uhio and Indiana. Contributions received by THE WASHINGTON HERALD will in no way interfere with the work of the American Red Cross, The Herald desiring to aid thcsociety in every possible way. Checks or casli should be sent to THE WASHINGTON HER ALD FLOOD RELIEF FUND. TERROR TO STRICKEN Llll,u u ' "luiu-n The fire which broke out here this cinnati with surgeons, nurse, food, clothing, boats, and 6U) coffins , A number of boats have been con structed at the National Cash Register Companv' nlant and these are being used In the rescue work. Farmers and all Inhabitants for mile around have poured Into the flooded dis trict and are aiding In every possible manner In removing the destitute to places of safety. The rescuers have found much difficulty In persuading many per sons to leave the scene of the disaster until they are certain that all other mem bers of their families are safe. From the edge of the flooded area In North Dayton the telephone man could see many persons running from roof to roof In the business district In an effort to escape the flames. During the early afternoon the fire raged with terrific persistence No estimate can as yet be made as to the number burned to death. People are huddled In churches and public buildings and In attics or on th subscribed by THE WASHING TON HERALD, is to head a fund to be raised by readers of this news paper for the relief of the flood suf ferers. Money contributions will be gladly received bv The Herald. oiinmnr dUDiuu afternoon is still raging at this hour, roofs of private houses, and the sight of these refugees Is most pathetic Many children arc separated from their parents and In other parts of the dis trict frantic mothers are calling for their cl lldren, not knowing whether they are dead or alive. There Is great danger that disease will spread rapidly among the marooned per sons, owing to the many dead animals and refuse which is floating among th3 buildings, and as the water subsides It Is collecting and already beginning to btcome putrid . On all sides is heard the cry for food and drinking water. Sucn fcod as can be procured is being dis tributed by relief parties In boats among Continued on Pnne Fonr. jan Philadelphia and Return, . ..o.t. aim icmui, ,., iiming ton and return. Pennsylvania Railroad nc-ci ouuuuy. oyeciai train leaves vvash- 1...e,.w.. . - . in. vunouii ic-ivei agents for further particulars. and forwarded to the FEDERAL AID TO FLOODMTIMS President Acts Immediately Upon Receipt of Appeals. WAR DEPARTMENT ACTS Tents and Supplies Sent to Devastated Districts Red Cross Gives Material Assistance. President Wilson was deeply moved by the news received here on the flood sit uation In Ohio, Indiana and Penns) lva nla, and he devoted practically the en tire day to dealing with It. Early In the day he made It evident that he regarded the calamity as of nation! proportion and that he thought It the dutj of the Federal Government to furnish all pos sible aid From the first, when he had learned from Miss Mabel Boardman, the chair man of the relief board of the ned Cross Socletv. and others, of the extent of the flood disasters, the President as sumed active charge of the work of carrjlng the assistance of the govern ment to the stricken district', and every move made by the War Department here was at hN Immediate direction. The President contlnuallv was In touch with Secretary of War Garrison either by tel ephone f the War Department or In actual conference at the White House. The two men discussed the tragic stories which were borne Into Washington by tne press dispatches and private tel cgramts fmin persons on the scene. Scarcely had the President breakfasted Jesterday morning before 1 eVa told that Miss Boardman desired to confer with him at the Executive Offices regarding ire need for assistance made evident bv the confirmation of the early morning stories of the Ohio diaters Isues Proclamntlon. Secretary to the President Tumulty met the Red Cross leader He was told that Gov Cox of Ohio had mad urgent appeal to the Red Cros for a i.tance Miss Boardman asked that the President i'sue r proclamation empha sizing the woefulness of the conditions prevailing In the stricken districts and appealing for aid from the country at large. The President almost immediately pre pared a proelamaUon. setting forth the compassion he felt for ihe unfortunate persons In the flood districts and call ing on the countrv to aslt the Rc-1 Cross relief work bj contributions This was his proclamation "The terrible floods In Ohio and In. dlana has assumed the proportions of a national calamitv The loss of life and the infinite suffering Involved prompt me to lsiue an earnest appeal to all who are able. In however small a w.iy. to aslst the labor of the American Red Cross to send contributions at once to the Red Cross at Washington or to local treasurers of the society "We should make this a common caue The needs of those upon whom this sudden and overwhelming disaster has come should quicken everv one caD- able of mpathv and compassion to give Immediate aid to those who are labor ing to rescue and relieve Tvooimow vtjlsov TrleKraph to Governors. At the same time the President ad dressed the following telegram to Gov Cox and Gov Ralston of Indiana I deeply svmpathlze with the Deonle of our State In fie terrible disaster that has come upon them. Can the Fed eral government assist In any wav Gov. Cox's reply came Quickly. He said- "We have asked the Secretary of War this morning for tents, supplies, rations. and physicians In the name of hu manity see that this is granted at the earliest possible momnt The situation in thi State Ls very critical. We believe that S0.CO3 people were unsheltered last night, and the Indications are that be fore night the Muskingum Valley will suffer the fate of the Miami and Scioto Valle) S. JVMES M COX. (ioimior ' Lpon receipt of Gov. Cox's telegram the Secretary of War was summoned to the White House and plans for immediate participation by the government In the relief work wre made definite. The Sec retary hurried out telegraphic orders for the work to begin, and the President oon notified the Governor that hi re quest for asistance had been complied with, and that the War Department would use every agency to meet the needs of the situation. Acta on Oun Initiative. The President acted on his own respon sibility In taking the emergency meas ures he adopted vesterday. and did not wait for the sanction of the Appropria tions Committees of Congress. After the Secretary of War had set the relief ma chinery of the War Department into operation, however, the President did send telegrams to Senator Martin, chair man of the Senate Appropriations Com mittee, ami to Representative Fitzgerald chairman of the House Appropriations Committee, telling them of what he had done. The President stated that he as sumed Congress would adopt the neces sary emergency measure for pa ment for the supplies to be consumed and expenses Incurred by the government In the relief work. Senator Martin replied that he approved absolutely of the Preldent's course. Representative Fitzgerald's ap proval is taken for granted. Matinee, "The Lote Leash." Today. 215. Columbia. Theater. SI to 50c. DEATH TOLL IN THEOHIOVALLEY MAY TOTAL 3,000 At Least 500,000 Persons Are Reported Now to Be -Homeless. DAMAGE IS $100,000,000 Indianapolis Threatened with Disaster fcquai to that at Dayton, Ohio. It is feared that the death roll of the great flood that swept the Northern Ohio Valley Tuesday and esterday may reach 3,000. Estimates of the number of dead in the flood and fire swept city of Daton vary from 500 to 2,500. Scores of persons are unaccount ed for, and many bodies are float ing about the ruins, which will add materially to the death total. Damns. Mnr Reach lO.l.OOO.OOO. At least 500,000 persons have been left homeless in the flooded territory of Ohio and Indiana, and the property loss may reach the enormous total nf Ainnnnnnnn J Daton has been placed under maruai law, with .Maj. Smith, of .iiiv. oia.c .anonai ouard, in command. Additional militia have ncen ordered irom various points in Ohio to assist in the relief work. Fire Threatens Cltv. While the flood has abated, the fire which has burned during the day in the business center of the city continues, and thousands of persons who are marooned in the buildings are in peril. Dynamite has been ued freely in blowing up many of the large buildings, while the heay downpour during the afternoon tended greatly to check the flames. InillnnnimlU In Dancer, Indianapolis ls threttened with a dis aster almost as great as befell Daton. Transportation with the city from all outId. points is entirelv cut off, and there is danger of a famine. Forty thou sand persons are refugees from their flooded homes. Two hundred are report ed drowned, and several deaths have fbeen reported during the day. owing to privation and exposure. The Inrfna. River is still rising, and a heavy down pour has. continued during the day. Reports are arriving hourly from scores of cities and towns In Ohio, and prove that State to be the worst sufferer. Flood In Cincinnati. Cincinnati ls partially flooded, and the Ohio River had reached the flftv-stx feet level early tonight, and sixty feet Is ex pected b morning. Thousands of per sons have been driven from their homes and much damage done by the water. Columbus. Ohio, i in total darkness and railroad communication with the rest Of the State has been cut off Twenty- two deaths have occurred as a result of the flood. A panic occurred there to day when the rumor that the great stor age dam vvhich furathed the citya wsy Contlnued on Pajre Four. 600 BODIES TAKEN FROM DAYTON RUINS Message to Cincinnati Places Prob able Death List at 1,200. Cincinnati, Ohio. March rfi. A Monroe. of this city, received from his brother. J. C Monroe, at Daj ton. the first definite) information received here since the break ing of communication. thlrt-six hours ago. According to Mr. Monroe, who was In long-dl-tance telephone communication with his brother, the list of known dead, Is fcfiO. with the probable total estimate) for Davton as 1.M0. "My brother declared that there were 600 bodies recovered from the flood." said A. L. Monroe. "This Ls in Dayton proper and does not include the outer districts. where the devastation was more complete. 'He declares that a careful estimate ot the total number of dead within the city limits of Dayton will probably be LSH. "This, however, dees not Include Mlam- Isburg and the smaller town. Suffering. he declares, ls extreme, and, little food, clothing, or even drinkable water, ls ob tainable." Philadelphia excursion. Nexr Sunday. March 30. Pennsylvania. Railroad S2.SO .round trip. Special train leaves Washington T:20 a. m. S2.3 ta Chester and return: &Q0 to Wilmington and return. Consult ticket afaataV 1 A ' l-j&i&i4S&j&rii)Si&tf ,'v.- -.-- I 'J.' i .-k :jvws! iak iCe-a-- uA&&fofa. . w.S JatV" ..